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A look across the country

An interactive survey of involuntary admission criteria, waiting times, and resources according to province/territory

Globe and Mail Update

Overview

Information about services and studies about mental health issues are scattered in folders and books and on websites across the country. This interactive is a compilation of sources and data, specific to each province.

The left tab will take you to involuntary admission criteria, with Mental Health Act information that varies for each province. Click on the map to see the provincial differences.

Select a province and click the centre tab to see data on the wait times mental health patients face for various services from province to province.

Select a province again and click the resource tab for access to phone numbers, addresses and websites for agencies and organizations with a focus on mental health.

The list far from complete. Please use our comment function to add any suggestions you'd to see added to this guide. All will be taken under advisement.

British Columbia

Mental Health Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 288, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

"person with a mental disorder" means a person who has a disorder of the mind that requires treatment and seriously impairs the person's ability

(a) to react appropriately to the person's environment, or

(b) to associate with others;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 22(3)(a) a statement by the physician that the physician

(ii) is of the opinion that the person or patient is a person with a mental disorder [and]

(c) a statement, separate from that under paragraph (a), by the physician that the physician is of the opinion that the person to be admitted, or the patient admitted, under subsection (1)

(i) requires treatment in or through a designated facility,

(ii) requires care, supervision and control in or through a designated facility to prevent the person’s or patient’s substantial mental or physical deterioration or for the protection of the person or patient or the protection of others, and

(iii) cannot be suitably admitted as a voluntary patient.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

8 weeks from GP to specialist, 8.3 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy5.347.8
To start long-term psychotherapy7412.2
To start course of pharmacology424.2
To start couple/marital therapy647.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy649.9
Access day program536.6
Access eating disorders program16413.4
Access housing program18421.3
Access evening program649.5
Access sleep disorders program12415.7
Access assertive community treatment528.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

British Columbia - Mental Health Resources

BC Anxiety Disorders

BC Mental Health and Addictions Research Network

BC Ministry of Health

British Columbia Schizophrenia Society

  • #201, 6011 Westminster Highway, Richmond, BC V7C 4V4
  • tel: 604-270-7841, toll-free: 1-888-888-0029 (in BC)
  • fax: 604-270-9861
  • e-mail: bcss.prov@telus.net
  • website: www.bcss.org

Canadian Mental Health Association - British Columbia Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Centre for Addictions Research of BC

The Mood Disorders Association of British Columbia

Mood Disorders Centre - Vancouver Coastal Health

Alberta

Mental Health Act, S.A. 1988, M-13.1, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1(g) "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory that grossly impairs

(i) judgment,

(ii) behaviour,

(iii) capacity to recognize reality, or

(iv) ability to meet the ordinary demands of life;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

Note: these are criteria as of Nov. 20, 2008, but Act has been changed and new criteria are expected to come into effect next year

s.2 When a physician examines a person and is of the opinion that the person is

(a) suffering from mental disorder,

(b) in a condition presenting or likely to present a danger to the person or others, and

(c) unsuitable for admission to a facility other than as a formal patient

New Criteria

s.2 When a physician examines a person and is of the opinion that the person is

(a) suffering from mental disorder,

(b) likely to cause harm to the person or others or to suffer substantial mental or physical deterioration or serious physical impairment, and

(c) unsuitable for admission to a facility other than as a formal patient

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

12 weeks from GP to specialist, 17.8 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy1047.8
To start long-term psychotherapy15612.2
To start course of pharmacology4.324.2
To start couple/marital therapy647.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy849.9
Access day program1246.6
Access eating disorders program18413.4
Access housing program52421.3
Access evening program1249.5
Access sleep disorders program52415.7
Access assertive community treatment628.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Alberta - Mental Health Resources

AADAC Helpline

AADAC provides 24-hour information, support, and referral services relating to gambling, alcohol or other drug problems.

For information or counselling to help quit smoking, call the Smokers' Help Line between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. seven days a week.

  • 50 Acadia Avenue - Suite 205, Markham, ON, L3R 0B3
  • tel: 1-866-332-2322
  • website: www.aadac.com
Alberta Ministry of Health and Wellness
Calgary Health Link Homepage
Canadian Mental Health Association - Alberta Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Medicine Hat Mood Disorders Association
Psychologists; Association of Alberta Online Referral Service
Schizophrenia Society of Alberta

Saskatchewan

Mental Health Services Act, S.S. 1984-85-86, c. M-13.1, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1(m) "mental disorder" means a disorder of thought, perception, feelings or behaviour that seriously impairs a person's judgment, capacity to recognize reality, ability to associate with others or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, in respect of which treatment is advisable;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 24(2)(a) he [the physician] has probable cause to believe that:

(i) the person is suffering from a mental disorder as a result of which he is in need of treatment or care and supervision which can be provided only in an in-patient facility;

(ii) as a result of the mental disorder the person is unable to fully understand and to make an informed decision regarding his need for treatment or care and supervision; and

(iii) as a result of the mental disorder, the person is likely to cause harm to himself or to others or to suffer substantial mental or physical deterioration if he is not detained in an in-patient facility;

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

18 weeks from GP to specialist, 11.6 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy84.57.8
To start long-term psychotherapy111012.2
To start course of pharmacology3.324.2
To start couple/marital therapy84.57.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy889.9
Access day program846.6
Access eating disorders program8613.4
Access housing program8321.3
Access evening program649.5
Access sleep disorders program56815.7
Access assertive community treatment3.528.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Saskatchewan - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Saskatchewan Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Saskatchewan Ministry of Health
Schizophrenia Society of Saskatchewan

Manitoba

Mental Health and Consequential Amendments Act, S.M. 1998, c, 36, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1 "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thinking, mood, perception, orientation or memory that grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, but does not include a disorder due exclusively to a mental disability as defined in The Vulnerable Persons Living with a Mental Disability Act;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

17(1) the psychiatrist may admit the person to the facility as an involuntary patient if he or she is of the opinion that the person

(a) is suffering from a mental disorder;

(b) because of the mental disorder,

(i) is likely to cause serious harm to himself or herself or to another person, or to suffer substantial mental or physical deterioration if not detained in a facility, and

(ii) needs continuing treatment that can reasonably be provided only in a facility; and

(c) cannot be admitted as a voluntary patient because he or she refuses or is not mentally competent to consent to a voluntary admission.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

4.5 weeks from GP to specialist, 11.3 from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy547.8
To start long-term psychotherapy12812.2
To start course of pharmacology424.2
To start couple/marital therapy6.537.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy849.9
Access day program1066.6
Access eating disorders program11513.4
Access housing program153.521.3
Access evening program234.89.5
Access sleep disorders program253.315.7
Access assertive community treatment5108.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Manitoba - Mental Health Resources

Anxiety Disorders Association of Manitoba
Canadian Mental Health Association - Manitoba Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Mood Disorders Association of Manitoba
Manitoba Ministry of Health
Manitoba Schizophrenia Society
  • 100 - 4 Fort Street, Winnipeg, MB R3C 1C4
  • tel: 204-786-1616, toll-free: 1-800-263-5545 (in MB)
  • fax: 204-783-4898
  • e-mail: info@mss.mb.ca
  • website: www.mss.mb.ca

Ontario

Mental Health Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. M.7, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1(1) "mental disorder" means any disease or disability of the mind;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 20(1)(c) if the attending physician is of the opinion that the conditions set out in subsection (1.1) or (5) are met.

(1.1) The attending physician shall complete a certificate of involuntary admission or a certificate of renewal if, after examining the patient, he or she is of the opinion that the patient,

(a) has previously received treatment for mental disorder of an ongoing or recurring nature that, when not treated, is of a nature or quality that likely will result in serious bodily harm to the person or to another person or substantial mental or physical deterioration of the person or serious physical impairment of the person;

(b) has shown clinical improvement as a result of the treatment;

(c) is suffering from the same mental disorder as the one for which he or she previously received treatment or from a mental disorder that is similar to the previous one;

(d) given the person’s history of mental disorder and current mental or physical condition, is likely to cause serious bodily harm to himself or herself or to another person or is likely to suffer substantial mental or physical deterioration or serious physical impairment;

(e) has been found incapable, within the meaning of the Health Care Consent Act, 1996, of consenting to his or her treatment in a psychiatric facility and the consent of his or her substitute decision-maker has been obtained; and

(f) is not suitable for admission or continuation as an informal or voluntary patient.

20(5) The attending physician shall complete a certificate of involuntary admission or a certificate of renewal if, after examining the patient, he or she is of the opinion both,

(a) that the patient is suffering from mental disorder of a nature or quality that likely will result in,

(i) serious bodily harm to the patient,

(ii) serious bodily harm to another person, or

(iii) serious physical impairment of the patient, unless the patient remains in the custody of a psychiatric facility; and

(b) that the patient is not suitable for admission or continuation as an informal or voluntary patient.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

7 weeks from GP to specialist, 10 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy847.8
To start long-term psychotherapy12612.2
To start course of pharmacology424.2
To start couple/marital therapy847.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy1049.9
Access day program636.6
Access eating disorders program12413.4
Access housing program24421.3
Access evening program849.5
Access sleep disorders program6415.7
Access assertive community treatment1248.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Ontario - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Ontario Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
Children's Mental Health Ontario
Distress Centres Ontario
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Ontario Psychiatric Patient Advocate Office (PPAO)
Mood Disorders Association of Ontario
Schizophrenia Society of Ontario

Quebec

An Act Respecting the Protection of Persons Whose Mental State Presents a Danger to Themselves or to Others, S.Q. 1997, c. 75, as am.

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 7. if he [the psychiatrist] is of the opinion that the mental state of the person presents a grave and immediate danger to himself or to others.

A physician practising in such an institution may, notwithstanding the absence of consent, place a person under preventive confinement for not more than 72 hours in a facility maintained by the institution, without the authorization of the court and prior to psychiatric examination, if he is of the opinion that the mental state of the person presents a grave and immediate danger to himself or to others. On the expiry of the 72 hour period, the person must be released, unless a court has ordered an extension of the confinement for psychiatric assessment.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

8 weeks from GP to specialist, 9.2 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy847.8
To start long-term psychotherapy127.512.2
To start course of pharmacology424.2
To start couple/marital therapy847.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy1249.9
Access day program426.6
Access eating disorders program15413.4
Access housing program8421.3
Access evening program1249.5
Access sleep disorders program13615.7
Access assertive community treatment538.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Quebec - Mental Health Resources

Action on Mental Illness - Québec
ARevivre.org - Québec Mood Disorders
Canadian Mental Health Association - Division du Québec

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Québec Ministry of Health and Social Services
Société québécoise de la schizophrénie

New Brunswick

Mental Health Act, R.S.N.B. 1973, c. M-10, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1(1) "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory that grossly impairs a person's

(a) behaviour,

(b) judgment,

(c) capacity to recognize reality, or

(d) ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, but does not include the disorder known as mental retardation

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 8(1)(c) if the attending psychiatrist is of the opinion that

(i) the person suffers from a mental disorder,

(ii) the person’s recent behaviour presents a substantial risk of imminent physical or psychological harm to the person or to others,

(iii) the person is not suitable for admission as a voluntary patient, and

(iv) less restrictive alternatives would be inappropriate.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

12 weeks from GP to specialist, 11 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy847.8
To start long-term psychotherapy13412.2
To start course of pharmacology43.54.2
To start couple/marital therapy1247.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy11.549.9
Access day program1246.6
Access eating disorders program5213.4
Access housing program14321.3
Access evening program-49.5
Access sleep disorders program19415.7
Access assertive community treatment1148.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

New Brunswick - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - New Brunswick Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

New Brunswick Ministry of Health and Wellness
Schizophrenia Society of New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

Hospitals Act, S.N.S. 1989, c. 208, as am. and Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act

Definition of Psychiatric Disorder (Hospitals Act)

s. 2(q) "psychiatric disorder" means any disease or disability of the mind and includes alcoholism and drug addiction

s. 36(2) a qualified medical practitioner has reasonable and probable grounds to believe that

Definition of Mental Disorder (Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act)

s. 3(q) "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of behaviour, thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory that severely impairs judgement, behaviour, capacity to recognize reality or the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, in respect of which psychiatric treatment is advisable;

Involuntary Admission Criteria (Hospitals Act)

(a) the person suffers from a psychiatric disorder; and

(b) the person should be admitted to the facility because

(i) he requires the in-patient services provided by that facility, and

(ii) he requires care that cannot be adequately provided outside the facility because he is a danger to his own safety or the safety of others Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act

Involuntary Admission Criteria (Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act)

s. 17 Where a psychiatrist has conducted an involuntary psychiatric assessment and is of the opinion that

(a) the person has a mental disorder;

(b) the person is in need of the psychiatric treatment provided in a psychiatric facility;

(c) the person, as a result of the mental disorder,

(i) is threatening or attempting to cause serious harm to himself or herself or has recently done so, has recently caused serious harm to himself or herself, is seriously harming or is threatening serious harm towards another person or has recently done so, or

(ii) is likely to suffer serious physical impairment or serious mental deterioration, or both;

(d) the person requires psychiatric treatment in a psychiatric facility and is not suitable for inpatient admission as a voluntary patient; and

(e) as a result of the mental disorder, the person does not have the capacity to make admission and treatment decisions,

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

6.5 weeks from GP to specialist, 19.2 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy857.8
To start long-term psychotherapy8612.2
To start course of pharmacology834.2
To start couple/marital therapy1167.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy859.9
Access day program2766.6
Access eating disorders program5313.4
Access housing program52421.3
Access evening program649.5
Access sleep disorders program72915.7
Access assertive community treatment6.548.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Nova Scotia - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Nova Scotia Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Nova Scotia Ministry of Health
Schizophrenia Society of Nova Scotia

The mission is to improve the quality of life for those affected by schizophrenia and psychosis through education, support programs, public policy, and research.

  • Room B23, E.C. Purdy Building, 300 Pleasant Street, P.O. Box 1004, Station Main, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 3Z9
  • tel: 902-465-2601, fax: 902-465-5479, toll-free: 1-800-465-2601 (in Nova Scotia)
  • e-mail: ssns@ns.sympatico.ca
  • website: www.ssnsc.blogspot.com
Schizophrenia Society of Nova Scotia

Prince Edward Island

Mental Health Act, S.P.E.I. 1994, c. 39, as am.

Definition of Mental Disorder

s. 1(k) "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory that seriously impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life and includes a mental disorder resulting from alcohol or drug addiction or abuse, but a mental handicap or learning disability does not, of itself, constitute mental disorder;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 13(1) if the psychiatrist is of the opinion that the person

(a) is suffering from a mental disorder of a nature or degree so as to require hospitalization in the interests of the person’s own safety or the safety of others; and

(b) is refusing or is unable to consent to voluntary admission.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

6 weeks from GP to specialist, 48 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy827.8
To start long-term psychotherapy1701212.2
To start course of pharmacology614.2
To start couple/marital therapy--7.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy--9.9
Access day program-26.6
Access eating disorders program-213.4
Access housing program501021.3
Access evening program--9.5
Access sleep disorders program50515.7
Access assertive community treatment448.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Prince Edward Island - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Prince Edward Island Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Prince Edward Island Ministry of Health and Social Services
Schizophrenia Society of Prince Edward Island

Newfoundland

Mental Health Act, R.S.N. 1990, c. M-9, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 2(g) "mental disorder" means a disease or disability of the mind;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 5(1) A person, who in the opinion of a physician is suffering from mental disorder to a degree that the person requires hospitalization in the interests of his or her own safety, safety to others or safety to property, may without his or her consent be admitted to, detained within and treated at a treatment facility.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Weeks waited from referral by GP to treatment by province, 2008

12 weeks from GP to specialist, 21.3 weeks from specialist to treatment

National Average: 7.9 weeks from GP to specialist, 10.7 weeks from specialist to treatment

Median patient wait in weeks for treatment after appointment with specialist, 2008

TreatmentsActual“Reasonable”National
To start brief psychotherapy2247.8
To start long-term psychotherapy52812.2
To start course of pharmacology724.2
To start couple/marital therapy2547.8
To start cognitive behaviour therapy3649.9
Access day program846.6
Access eating disorders program9.53.813.4
Access housing program12321.3
Access evening program13.549.5
Access sleep disorders program37415.7
Access assertive community treatment1238.3

* "Reasonable" are medians of physicians' estimates of clinically reasonable lengths of time to wait for treatment after appointment with a specialist

Source: National Psychiatry Waiting List Survey 2008 (Fraser Institute)

Newfoundland - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Newfoundland and Labrador Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Newfoundland and Labrador Ministry Health and Community Services
Schizophrenia Society of Newfoundland and Labrador
  • 205 - 206 West Block, Waterford Hospital
  • Waterford Bridge Road, St. John's, NL A1E 4J8
  • tel: 709-777-3335, fax: 709-777-3524
  • e-mail: ssnl1@yahoo.ca
  • website: www.ssnl.org

Yukon

Mental Health Act, S.Y.T. 1989-90, c. 28, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1 "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation, or memory that grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to recognize reality, or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 13 if the physicians believe on reasonable grounds

(a) that the person is suffering from a mental disorder that, unless the person remains in the custody of a hospital, is likely to result in

(i) serious bodily harm to the person or to another person, or

(ii) the person’s impending serious mental or physical impairment, and

(b) that the person is not suitable for admission as a voluntary patient.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Yukon - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Yukon Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

Yukon Ministry of Health and Social Services

Northwest Territories

Mental Health Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c. M-10, as am.

Definition of mental disorder

s. 1 "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory, any of which grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, the capacity to recognize reality or the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life but mental retardation or a learning disability does not of itself constitute a mental disorder;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

s. 13. Where a medical practitioner examines a person and has reasonable cause to believe that the person

(a) has threatened or attempted or is threatening or attempting to cause bodily harm to himself or herself,

(b) has behaved or is behaving violently towards another person or has caused or is causing another person to fear bodily harm from him or her, or

(c) has shown or is showing a lack of competence to care for himself or herself,

and, if based on the information before the medical practitioner, the medical practitioner is of the opinion that that person is apparently suffering from a mental disorder of a nature or quality that will likely result in

(d) serious bodily harm to that person,

(e) serious bodily harm to another person, or

(f) imminent and serious bodily impairment of that person,

unless the person remains in the custody of a hospital, the medical practitioner shall

(g) admit the person as a voluntary patient to a hospital in accordance with section 6, or

(h) apply to admit the patient as an involuntary patient to a hospital by completing and filing with the Minister an application for a certificate of involuntary admission as set out in section 15, where the medical practitioner is of the opinion that the person is not suitable for admission as a voluntary patient.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Northwest Territories - Mental Health Resources

Canadian Mental Health Association - Northwest Territories Division

The Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) is a national charitable organization that promotes the mental health and recovery of people experiencing mental illness.

  • 5125 - 50th St., Yellowknife, NT X1A 2P9
  • tel: 867-873-3190
  • e-mail: cmha@yk.com
Northwest Territories Ministry of Health and Social Programs

Nunavut

Nunavut: Mental Health Act, R.S.N.W.T. 1988, c.M-10 as am

Definition of Mental Disorder

s. 1 "mental disorder" means a substantial disorder of thought, mood, perception, orientation or memory, any of which grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, the capacity to recognize reality or the ability to meet the ordinary demands of life but mental retardation or a learning disability does not of itself constitute a mental disorder;

Involuntary Admission Criteria

8. ... Where a medical practitioner examines a person and has reasonable cause to

believe that the person

(a) has threatened or attempted or is threatening or attempting to cause bodily harm to himself or herself,

(b) has behaved or is behaving violently towards another person or has caused or is causing another person to fear bodily harm from him or her, or

(c) has shown or is showing a lack of competence to care for himself or herself, and the medical practitioner requires more time to gather information before forming an opinion as to whether that person is suffering from a mental disorder of a nature or quality that will likely result in

(d) serious bodily harm to that person,

(e) serious bodily harm to another person, or

(f) imminent and serious physical impairment of that person,

the medical practitioner may order the detention of that person at a hospital within the Territories for a psychiatric assessment by a medical practitioner where the person is not mentally competent to give a valid consent to undergo a psychiatric assessment or is mentally competent to consent and refuses to undergo a psychiatric assessment.

Adapted from and reproduced by permission of LexisNexis Canada Inc., from Canadian Mental Health Law & Policy, 2nd Edition (Markham: LexisNexis Canada, 2008) by John E. Gray, Margaret A. Shone, and Peter F. Liddle. Please visit www.lexisnexis.ca for more information on this title.

Nunavut - Mental Health Resources

Nunavut Ministry of Health and Social Services

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