Fully 10 per cent of Canada's population, which in 1939 was about 11 million, enlisted to serve in the Second World War. The price of victory was high:
Number of Canadians who served: 1.1 million.
Number killed: 42,042, of which approximately 23,000 were in the army, 17,000 in the air force, 2,000 in the navy. Another 1,600 in the merchant navy, then considered civilians, were killed, and over 700 Newfoundlanders also died. Many of these soldiers are buried in Canadian war cemeteries around the world.
Number wounded: 54,414. Thousands of others were physically impaired or psychologically scarred for life.
Prisoners of war: 9,036.
Source: Canadian War Museum