One year later, a different story for Andreescu at U.S. Open
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S5

TORONTO -- One year ago, Bianca Andreescu arrived at the U.S. Open ranked No. 208 in the world, struggled with back pain and didn't make it out of qualifying.

This time, the 19-year-old heads to New York as the tournament's No. 15 seed and one of the most intriguing women in the year's final Grand Slam. As one of the WTA Tour's most successful hardcourt players of 2019, some tennis experts even call her a dark horse to win it.

"Being there as a high seed will be awesome," Andreescu told The Globe and Mail during her brief down time in Toronto after winning the Rogers Cup. "I absolutely love it in New York. Every Grand Slam is special, but I think New York is my favourite, because of the atmosphere at the night sessions. I'd love the opportunity to play in those."

With a unique, variety-packed game, Andreescu slayed Tour stars in Auckland to open 2019, and didn't stop, running over top-10 opponents on her way to trophies in Indian Wells, Calif., and Toronto. Yet she doesn't have an abundance of main draw experience at Grand Slams. Her best run is the second-round exit at this year's Australian Open.

After gutting out her first WTA title at Indian Wells, her audacious entrance soon came to a frustrating halt. She retired in the fourth round of the Miami Open with right shoulder pain, then tried to come back at Roland-Garros, only to have the same injury flare up again and cause her to withdraw from her second-round match.

She disappeared from competition for nine weeks and reflecting back now, her coach says she narrowly made it back in time for the Rogers Cup.

"That was a tough time, because this is her breakthrough year, and she was missing all these big tournaments, like Madrid, Rome, Wimbledon," said her coach, Sylvain Bruneau, by phone this week from New York. "We were all really afraid she was going to miss Rogers Cup, and that would have been really tough on her."

Andreescu's shoulder pain began in Indian Wells and grew worse in Miami, where she complained of tightness and throbbing pain down her arm. After that she visited shoulder specialists in Europe and in New York. She had a tear in her right subscapularis - the large triangular-shaped muscle in the front of her shoulder. The teen was sent to Arizona and spent three weeks there having therapy. She worked on her fitness during that time, but not her tennis.

"The break wasn't easy, sitting on my butt watching everyone else play - I hated that," Andreescu said. "We were trying to figure out what was actually going on with my shoulder. We didn't want to keep doing the same thing and expect a different result. Getting lots of opinions was the best decision we've ever made."

Bruneau says Andreescu finally hit the practice courts three weeks before the Rogers Cup.

"We went very, very slowly, and the practices were not that long or intense because we were trying to be careful with that shoulder. Initially, we said 'no way, she won't be ready tennis-wise, this is just not enough practice for a big tournament after all that time off,'" Bruneau said. "Up to about 10 days before the tournament, there was a big question mark. But then, the week before the tournament, things started to go really well in practice."

They were astounded by how her shoulder held up through six consecutive days of rugged matches at the Rogers Cup - 141/2 sets. Her stamina astounded them, too.

"It's amazing actually and it shows she has talent and the ability to feel the ball after being away from the court that long," Bruneau said. "Many players lose their rhythm after a long time off, but not Bianca."

Andreescu's wide variety of shots is no longer a secret to the WTA's elite, yet that hasn't hurt her effectiveness on court. Bruneau is making regular use of analytics as they study opponents, and deepen her understanding of how players react to her.

"She has a great capacity to then go on the court and put it into action very quickly," Bruneau said. "For a coach, that's really fun. It's easy with her because she's so skillful and has so many tools in her toolbox."

Andreescu decided to pull out of the Western & Southern Open in Cincinnati - the next stop after Rogers Cup. She rested for a few days with family and friends in Toronto, before starting to train again.

From there, she went to Albany, N.Y., and played an exhibition set against Victoria Azarenka at an all-female multisports charity event called the Aurora Games (a 6-2 victory). There she teamed up with Monica Puig and Sofia Kenin for Team Americas, and they defeated Team World, featuring Azarenka, Garbine Muguruza, and Belinda Bencic.

Now she's enjoying five days of practice in New York before her first match at the U.S. Open early next week, where she will face 17-year-old American Katie Volynets, ranked No. 407. Andreescu could meet 19th-seed Caroline Wozniacki in the third round, or recent Wimbledon champ and No. 4-seed Simona Halep in the fourth.

Andreescu has more hardcourt victories in 2019 (a 24-4 record) than everyone but Karolina Pliskova (25-7). The Canadian is third on Tour in three-set victories (12-3), and her 7-0 record over top-10 players is second only to Bencic (8-5).

Andreescu has had to adjust her goals in 2019 to keep pace with her rapid rise. The new world No. 15 now strives to be ranked inside the top 10 by the year's end. She is also shooting to be among 2019's top eight finishers on the Race to Shenzhen leaderboard, which would qualify her to play in China at the WTA Finals in late October.

A solid run at the U.S. Open would certainly propel her in the right direction.

Associated Graphic

Bianca Andreescu, serving to Sofia Kenin of the United States during a semi-final match at the Rogers Cup at Aviva Centre on Aug. 10, only returned to practice about three weeks before the event, her coach says.


New format for FedEx Cup brings clarity and curiosity
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

ATLANTA -- Justin Thomas has a two-shot lead, and the Tour Championship hasn't even started.

If that seems difficult to fathom, consider that someone could win this week without having the lowest 72-hole score.

And remember, such a radical change was to make the FedEx Cup finale easier to follow.

The first staggered start in PGA Tour history - Thomas begins at 10-under par, the bottom five players are at even par - unfolds at East Lake on Thursday, when 30 players who reached the final stage of the FedEx Cup playoffs chase the US$15-million prize, the biggest payout in golf history.

"I could see a scenario where come Sunday, 15 guys might have a chance to win the entire thing," Rory McIlroy said Wednesday. "It will be exciting. It will be different. But at the same time, you've just got to go out there and try to play some good golf and not look around at what other guys are doing, and trust that by the end of the week things will hopefully even out."

The idea behind the new format was to bring clarity to the FedEx Cup by having only one winner on Sunday.

Each of the past two years, one player won the Tour Championship and another player won the points-based FedEx Cup.

It was especially awkward last year, because while Justin Rose won the FedEx Cup, all anyone cared about was seeing Tiger Woods in his red shirt celebrating a two-shot victory, his first in five years.

"My bank manager didn't mind," Rose said.

One function of the FedEx Cup hasn't changed: It was designed to give an advantage to players who had the best season, and who played their best golf in the postseason when the points were valued four times higher.

Now, the advantage is strokes to par.

Thomas, who won the BMW Championship last week to become No. 1 in the FedEx Cup, tees off Thursday already at 10-under par. Patrick Cantlay is No. 2 and will start at eight under, followed by Brooks Koepka at seven under, Patrick Reed at six under and McIlroy at five under.

The next groups of five players in the standings will be at four under, three under, two under, one under and even par.

The leaderboards on the course, online and on television will show only the score to par, not what was shot each day.

"The FedEx Cup is not a tournament. The Tour Championship is now for the FedEx Cup," PGA Tour commissioner Jay Monahan said. "So when you make that transition, you have to recognize there are 45 tournaments that precede it."

If nothing else, the new format eliminates the kind of math that would give even Bryson DeChambeau a headache, computing where players needed to finish to earn points to win. Last year, for example, Rose was the No. 2 seed and his birdie on the last hole gave him a three-way tie for fourth, enough points to win the cup. Dustin Johnson was the No. 4 seed and finished third.

If he had finished in a two-way tie for second, he would have won the cup.

Using this year's format, Rose would have won the FedEx Cup by one shot over Woods because as the No. 2 seed, Rose would have started six shots better.

Now it's time to see if it will work.

"I think it's hokey," Cantlay said. "It's weird to have a format no one has ever seen. And I think it's a shame we lose the Tour Championship. I haven't gone through it. No one has. I'm going to reserve final judgment until I've gone through the week."

Whoever finishes with the lowest score to par wins the FedEx Cup and gets credit for winning the Tour Championship, even if he doesn't have the lowest score in the Tour Championship. Meanwhile, the tour will keep track of conventional scoring - everyone will the first year - to award world ranking points.

"For all of us guys chasing, the first day will be important," said Rose, who is No. 17 and starts at two under. "You can't give up more shots."

Most curious about the format is how many players have a reasonable chance of winning.

McIlroy won his first PGA Tour event at Quail Hollow in 2010 when he made eagle on his 16th hole Friday to make the cut on the number. He shot 66-62 on the weekend to rally from nine shots behind.

"And that was just two rounds," McIlroy said. "With two extra rounds, you can free-wheel it. There's a lot more volatility."

There have been a number of players who made the cut on the number and rallied from big deficits over 36 holes. Carl Pettersson shot 60-67 on the weekend to come from nine back in the 2010 Canadian Open. Brad Faxon rallied from 12 shots behind with a 65-61 finish in Hartford in 2005.

It could be wild on the weekend. Or maybe Thomas opens with a pair of 64s and makes it a runaway.

He is keeping it simple.

"I'm just going to have to try to play another golf tournament and act like everyone's starting at zero and try to shoot the lowest 72 holes," Thomas said. "Because I know if I do that, then I should be okay."

Associated Graphic

Rory McIlroy, practising before the Tour Championship in Atlanta, will tee off on Thursday at five-under par. The Northern Irishman is among 30 players competing for the biggest payout in golf history.


Woods calls on Presidents team to stay sharp
As his season winds down, star golfer asks for commitment from prospective players
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B14

MEDINAH, ILL. -- Tiger Woods wants the eight players who made his Presidents Cup team and four more under consideration as captain's picks to play tournaments and stay sharp over the next three months leading to the December matches Down Under.

Left unclear was whether that applies to the captain if Woods decides to pick himself.

Woods said he told prospective Presidents Cup players at a meeting two weeks ago how important it was to be committed to the team and to the event.

"And that means playing and being prepared," he said during a conference call Monday evening.

"The only time we have ever lost the Cup was in Australia, and quite frankly, some of the guys didn't play or practise that much.

It was our off-season, and we got beat pretty badly."

The matches were held the first week of December in 1998 at Royal Melbourne, and the International team routed the Americans so badly it clinched the cup before lunch was served. It remains the only time the International team won since the Presidents Cup began in 1994. The teams tied in South Africa in 2003.

"It's something I try to reinforce to the guys, that it is important to be solid, be fresh and be sharp," Woods said. "We're going overseas and we're playing against an amazing team, and it's their soil. These guys are going to be tough to beat."

The Americans won in a return to Royal Melbourne in 2011 when it was held in mid-November.

This time, the matches end 10 days before Christmas.

Woods and Phil Mickelson were part of that first U.S. team that went to Melbourne, and only one of them was assured of returning 21 years later. Woods is a captain for the first time and eventually will decide whether to be the first playing captain of the Presidents Cup since Hale Irwin in 1994.

The Masters champion was not among the eight qualifiers after the BMW Championship, finishing 13th in the standings. And while he wants his players and potential picks to stay sharp, Woods has only one tournament on his schedule - the Zozo Championship in Japan from Oct. 24-27.

So does that rule him out when he makes his four picks a week after Japan?

"I don't know. That's up to myself and the vice-captains and eight guys," he said.

"I'm going to keep an open line of communication with my players and my vice-captains to find the four guys that they want to go down there with and who best fits the team."

The eight qualifiers are Brooks Koepka, Justin Thomas, Dustin Johnson, Patrick Cantlay, Xander Schauffele, Webb Simpson, Matt Kuchar and Bryson DeChambeau. All but Cantlay and Schauffele have played in a Presidents Cup or Ryder Cup. Cantlay played in the Walker Cup in 2011.

Among those needing a pick are U.S. Open champion Gary Woodland, Tony Finau, Rickie Fowler, Patrick Reed, Chez Reavie and Kevin Kisner - along with Woods and Mickelson, who has played on every U.S. team dating to the 1994 Presidents Cup.

All but Finau have won tournaments this year.

When asked if Mickelson would be a vice-captain if he doesn't warrant a captain's pick, Woods instead spoke of the experience of the three assistances he has - Fred Couples and Steve Stricker, who both were winning Presidents Cup captains, and Zach Johnson, who is part of the Ryder Cup committee.

Mickelson plans to play the Safeway Open in Napa at the end of September (which his management company runs) and the CJ Cup in South Korea, and said he might add a tournament depending on how he plays.

Woods has made it clear that the four picks will be a consensus of his assistants and eight qualifiers, though "ultimately it's going to be my call." He has played only six tournaments since winning the Masters. He missed the cut in three of them (two were majors) and finished a combined 39 shots out of the lead in the other three.

So how does he measure whether he's worthy of a pick?

"It's practising, it's playing, it's staying sharp," Woods said. "Obviously, I'm playing in Japan, and so that's going to help. I think it has to do with a lot of my competitions I'm going to have down here [in Florida]. I'll be playing with a lot of the guys here.

They're going to be getting ready for some of the fall events. We'll have some matches, and that's always fun because we're able to talk trash and have a great time.

"That will be something that I will definitely rely on, and obviously the event in Japan will be a big deal."

Associated Graphic

Tiger Woods is not among the eight qualifiers for his Presidents Cup team after he closed with an even-par 72 to tie for 37th at the BMW Championship in Medinah, Ill. It remains unclear if he will pick himself for the team.


Bethel-Thompson eager to battle Edmonton
Argos quarterback looks to redeem himself, says July loss was low point in season of challenges
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

TORONTO -- McLeod Bethel-Thompson is looking forward to facing the Edmonton Eskimos again.

Bethel-Thompson finished just 6-of-18 passing for 90 yards with an interception July 25, when Edmonton (5-3) dispatched Toronto 26-0 at Commonwealth Stadium. It was Edmonton's first shutout win since 2014 and marked the first time since 2009 the Argos hadn't scored a point in a game.

The two teams meet again Friday night at BMO Field. It will be the first game for Toronto (1-6) since Bethel-Thompson rallied that the squad to a thrilling 28-27 home victory over the Winnipeg Blue Bombers on Aug. 1.

In a season that's been chock full of challenges, Bethel-Thompson said the loss in Edmonton was his lowest point.

"I learned what death felt like and maybe that's a metaphor, but maybe it's not," Bethel-Thompson said Thursday. "[What] it feels like to be too far into it, to want it too much, to make it life or death and when you get punched in the mouth.

"When you're too far into it what the game can feel like, how everything can feel too fast or too out of control and what you need to do to just kind of breathe and come back into the moment. If you're playing two steps ahead of yourself, you're never going to see what's right in front of your face. It was a good learning experience."

And the lesson learned?

"Be myself, play my game and be in the moment," he said. "If I can play my game, I'm going to have a lot of success.

"I'm excited to see what that looks like."

Bethel-Thompson looked good against Winnipeg, completing 37-of-49 passes for 343 yards and three TDs while rushing for 44 yards on five carries. BethelThompson's 11-yard touchdown pass to S.J. Green with 13 seconds remaining tied the score 27-27 before Tyler Crapgina booted the game-winning convert.

"It was a great death that night [loss to Edmonton] and it was a beautiful rebirth after that," Bethel-Thompson said.

Ideally, Bethel-Thompson would've preferred Toronto playing the following week rather than going on a bye. But he said there are benefits to having some down time.

"The quick answer is yeah, I would've wanted to get right back on the field," he said. "We got on a roll at the end of that game ... but my body feels better than it did.

"That was a long road stretch [three straight games away from BMO Field before facing Winnipeg] and we needed a break from football. That's why this game is so important, to get us back rolling going into this stretch."

But head coach Corey Chamblin felt Toronto desperately needed the break.

"That was the last little bit of juice we had with all the stuff we went through," he said. "You can see now the guys are a lot fresher.

"I think the biggest thing with the win is you'll reset yourself and find yourself back in a positive mindset. It creates more positive energy not only in the locker room, but outside the locker room."

Edmonton comes off a 16-12 win over Ottawa as CFL passing leader Trevor Harris (2,631 yards) finished 33-of-40 passing for 327 yards in his first game against his former team. C.J. Gable ran for 116 yards and two TDs on 18 carries while adding four catches for 34 yards.

Harris has recorded 20 or more completions in 21 straight games, just three short of the CFL record held by Ricky Ray, the former Eskimo/Argo who retired earlier this year.

But registering a second straight win won't come easily for Toronto.

Edmonton's offence leads the CFL in net yards (423.6 a game), average plays from scrimmage (63), fewest sacks allowed (three) and passing (328.9), while being tied for most average yards per play (6.7). The Eskimos' defence comes in first overall in fewest offensive points allowed (16.5 a game), yards allowed (251.6), offensive plays (48.5), yards per play (5.2) and sacks (26).

"The good thing is this is our second time seeing them," Chamblin said. "We should be better prepared for what we're going to see. They'll have their wrinkles and we'll have to adjust to it, but they won't have 1,000 wrinkles."

Toronto is also expecting a season-high home crowd with the Canadian National Exhibition opening Friday.

Associated Graphic

Toronto Argonauts quarterback McLeod Bethel-Thompson scrambles to escape from a diving Lorenzo Mauldin IV of the Tiger-Cats in Hamilton on June 6.


Williams, Sharapova to face off at U.S. Open
The opening-round matchup in New York is a first for star players, who last met at 2016's Australian Open
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

NEW YORK -- Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova will finally meet in the U.S. Open, and they'll do it in their very first match.

A long-awaited Roger FedererRafael Nadal showdown could come only in the final.

Williams and Sharapova, past U.S. Open champions and two of the biggest stars in women's tennis, were scheduled for an opening-round matchup when the draws were conducted Thursday for the final major of the year.

Williams and Sharapova have met in the finals of three other majors and the 2012 Olympics, but have never played each other in the U.S. Open. Williams owns a 19-2 record in their WTA Tour matchups and has won 18 in a row, but that lopsided number shouldn't do much to dampen the hype around what will be the marquee match of the opening round at Flushing Meadows, which starts Monday.

Williams will begin another bid for a record-tying 24th Grand Slam singles title. Sharapova isn't the same player she was when she won the 2006 U.S. Open championship - or beat Williams two years earlier in the final at Wimbledon - but remains one of the most popular players among fans in New York.

She was given a wild card into the tournament two years ago shortly after returning from a doping suspension and promptly scheduled for a match on Arthur Ashe Stadium, where she upset No. 2 seed Simona Halep. U.S.

Open officials kept putting Sharapova on the main court in her next couple of matches, drawing complaints from some players who felt an unseeded player wasn't worthy of such a prime position.

That shouldn't be a problem this time, as a Williams-Sharapova matchup is too big for anywhere other than Ashe.

They haven't played since the 2016 Australian Open. They were scheduled to meet last year in the fourth round at the French Open in what was Williams's first major tournament after returning to tennis following the birth of her daughter, but she pulled out of the match with a pectoral muscle injury.

The men's draw sent No. 3 seed Federer into the top half, meaning he could play top-ranked Novak Djokovic in the semi-finals.

They met in a classic final at Wimbledon, where Djokovic won in a fifth-set tiebreaker.

Federer and No. 2 seed Rafael Nadal have never played each other in New York, and could do so this year only if both work their way to the final.

Djokovic might have to beat both to repeat as U.S. Open champion - and could face a tough obstacle just to get there with a potential quarter-final against No. 5 seed Daniil Medvedev. Medvedev upset Djokovic in the semi-finals of the Western & Southern Open en route to the title, in what was his third straight week reaching a final.

Unlike some players, Djokovic said he does look at his draw beyond the next match to see his potential path. But he resisted the first opportunity to do it, declining an offer to peek at his bracket during an interview on ESPN when the draws were unveiled.

Nadal faces a potential firstround test against John Millman, the Australian who knocked Federer out in the fourth round at Flushing Meadows last year. Nadal could possibly face fourthseeded Dominic Thiem in the semi-finals.

Women's top seed Naomi Osaka, who beat Williams in last year's final for her first major title, could face a third-round match against Coco Gauff, the 15year-old American who made it to the fourth round at Wimbledon and was given a wild card into the U.S. Open.

The potential women's quarter-finals: Osaka against No. 7 Kiki Bertens, Williams against No. 2 Ashleigh Barty, No. 3 Karolina Pliskova against No. 5 Elina Svitolina and Halep against No. 6 Petra Kvitova.

Vera Zvonareva, the 2010 U.S.

Open runner-up, and Anna Karolina Schmiedlova withdrew with injuries before the draw was conducted. With Amanda Anisimova's earlier withdrawal, the women's draw will feature three players who lose in qualifying.

Associated Graphic

Serena Williams, who competed in the Rogers Cup earlier this month, will continue her pursuit of a 24th Grand Slam title at the U.S. Open. The American has never played against Sharapova in the New York tournament, but has in the finals of three other majors and the 2012 Olympics.


Keys, Medvedev earn biggest titles yet at Cincinnati
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

MASON, OHIO -- Two unexpected champions embraced their first Rookwood championship trophies, concluding a week that brought more questions than clarity to the coming U.S. Open.

Who's going to be healthy on the women's side? Will stumbles in the men's bracket at the Western & Southern Open carry over to New York?

And are Madison Keys and Daniil Medvedev capable of carrying their new-found momentum into a Grand Slam event? After winning the biggest tournament title of their careers, they were already getting asked about how it might transfer to the bigger stage.

Keys rallied late in both sets and beat Svetlana Kuznetsova 7-5, 7-6 (5) on Sunday for her second title of the season and easily the biggest of her career. After flameouts in her past three tournaments and a tough draw for the week, she couldn't imagine the outcome.

Back on the court to receive the trophy, she told the crowd: "If you told me this is where I would be a week ago, I would have laughed in your face!"

Yet, there she was, back in the Top 10 on a surprising upswing heading to New York.

She'll move up to the No. 10 ranking after a gritty showing that was typical of her week. She broke Kuznetsova to pull even in both sets at 5-5 and then pulled them out with a steady serve.

Keys hadn't made it past the second round in her past three tournaments, including Wimbledon. Now, she's got a good feeling with her favourite Grand Slam event at hand.

"It's definitely a great building block," Keys said. "I want to do well in New York and have a good end to the season."

At 34, Kuznetsova was the oldest finalist in the Western & Southern Open's history. She beat three top-10 players in a tournament - Sloane Stephens, Karolina Pliskova and Ashleigh Barty - for the first time in her 19-year career.

The 153rd-ranked player got a late start on the season as she completed a sevenmonth recovery from a knee injury. In her ninth tournament of the season, she got her game together and got her best result in two years.

"Honestly, I didn't expect to be so good at this tournament," she said.

After what happened in Cincinnati during the week, nobody knows what to expect in the women's bracket in New York.

Serena Williams dropped out of Cincinnati because of back spasms that also forced her to withdraw from the final in Toronto. Naomi Osaka, the defending U.S.

Open champion, withdrew from her semifinal match on Friday with discomfort in her left knee that left her worried about her condition heading to New York.

There's some intrigue on the men's side, too.

The bracket in Cincinnati was billed as a reunion of the Big Four - Novak Djokovic, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal and Andy Murray back together for the first time since January. None of them made it to the final.

Nadal won the Rogers Cup last Sunday and withdrew from the Western & Southern, citing fatigue. Murray played singles for the first time since hip surgery in January and lost his opening match. Seventime champion Federer was knocked out in the quarter-finals, and Djokovic lost to Medvedev in the semi-finals with the crowd cheering him on.

The Russian thanked the crowd for its support after beat David Goffin 7-6 (3), 6-4 for his first Masters 1000 title Sunday. It was his third straight final, but the first time he'd won. Medvedev lost to Nadal on Montreal a week earlier, then went on to reach his sixth final of this season, most on the ATP tour. He's won twice.

"To finally lift the trophy this week is an amazing feeling," Medvedev said.

At age 23, he became the youngest Cincinnati champion since Murray at age 21 in 2008.

"Congratulations," Goffin told him, "and I think you're ready for New York."

Associated Graphic

Madison Keys of the United States hoists the Rookwood Cup on Sunday after defeating Russia's Svetlana Kuznetsova 7-5, 7-6 (5) at the women's final of the Western & Southern Open. Daniil Medvedev won the men's title.


Liverpool beats Chelsea on penalties to win UEFA Super Cup
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

ISTANBUL -- Adrian may never play more than a smattering of games for Liverpool, but he'll be remembered for his "crazy week."

The backup goalkeeper turned penalty hero with a save on the final kick of the shootout, as Liverpool beat Chelsea to win the Super Cup and kick off a new European season.

After Champions League holder Liverpool and Europa League winner Chelsea finished extra time at 2-2, Adrian made the crucial save with his leg to deny Tammy Abraham and give his team a 5-4 win on penalties in a game which finished after midnight Turkish time on Thursday.

It was a dramatic turnaround after Adrian fouled Abraham to concede a penalty in extra time.

Adrian was signed just nine days before as backup for Alisson, but when the Brazilian injured himself last Friday in the English Premier League opener, he was thrust into the spotlight first as a substitute, then as a Super Cup starter.

"Welcome to Liverpool," Adrian said.

"It's been a crazy week. I'm really happy for the team, I'm happy to play for Liverpool and happy for the fans."

The 32-year-old Spanish goalkeeper was a free agent after leaving West Ham, where he didn't play a single Premier League game last season and last appeared in an FA Cup loss to the lowly AFC Wimbledon.

"The goalkeeping coach told me he needs time to get fit, but he didn't have time. He played so well tonight," Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp said.

"His performance over 120 minutes was incredible and the penalty save was the icing on the cake."

Even before the shootout, Adrian kept Liverpool in the game with a 113th-minute save from Mason Mount to stop Chelsea winning in extra time. Still, he's expected to relinquish his Liverpool starting spot to Alisson when the Brazilian returns from his calf injury in a few weeks.

Liverpool played its second penalty shootout in three games, having lost to Manchester City for the Community Shield on Aug. 4.

Chelsea took the lead in the 36th minute, when Christian Pulisic exposed poor positioning by Liverpool right back Joe Gomez to pass for Olivier Giroud to shoot low past Adrian.

Liverpool stormed back after the break, Fabinho's 48th-minute pass opening up the Chelsea defence and leaving Sadio Mane with an easy finish off Mohamed Salah's flick.

In extra time, Mane put Liverpool ahead off a Roberto Firmino cross, but Chelsea quickly responded with a penalty from Jorginho - whose name was misspelled as "Jorghino" on his shirt - when Adrian brought down Abraham.

Just as in its 4-0 loss to Manchester United on Sunday, Chelsea played a strong first half before slumping after halftime, but this time, its mistakes weren't nearly as harshly punished.

"I don't like losing," Chelsea manager Frank Lampard said after his second game in charge yielded a second loss.

"We were very unfortunate today. It's a really good sign for us."

Lampard's team tormented Gomez in the opening 45 minutes, drawing him out of position and exploiting the space created. After an early chance for Salah, it was all Chelsea as Pedro hit the bar and Giroud shot at Adrian. Soon after, Pulisic and Giroud combined for the opening goal.

Chelsea emerged after halftime looking disjointed and almost immediately conceded.

After Mane scored, Liverpool nearly followed up with a second as Fabinho fired just wide, then Jordan Henderson forced a save from Kepa Arrizabalaga.

The Chelsea goalkeeper made a spectacular double save to keep Liverpool at bay in the 75th, diverting Virgil van Dijk's shot onto the bar after substitute Abraham cleared Fabinho's shot off the line with his first touch of the game.

Liverpool won its fourth Super Cup and the first by an English team since the Reds beat CSKA Moscow in 2005. Chelsea has now lost three Super Cup games in the last eight years, twice with Lampard as captain and once with him as coach.

Ottawa looks for ways to kick-start its struggling offence
Redblacks, who play host to the East-leading Tiger-Cats, have struggled to move the ball
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S3

OTTAWA -- It's hard to score points when you don't have the ball, and lately for the Ottawa Redblacks, it's hard to score points even when you do.

The Redblacks (3-5) look to get their sputtering offence going on Saturday when they play host to the East Divisionleading Hamilton Tiger-Cats (6-2).

Ottawa sits dead last in the CFL with a time of possession of 25 minutes and 32 second and its net offence of 304.4 yards a game is the worst in the league as is its 5.3 average yards a play. When the Redblacks have managed to get the ball, they have struggled to sustain any kind of momentum with a league-worst 51 two-and-outs.

"It's mainly on my shoulders. We just have to finish drives and take care of the ball and execute the plays as coach calls them," said Ottawa quarterback Dominique Davis, who has thrown a league-high 15 interceptions.

"I'm always hard on myself if we win or if we lose," he added. "I just look at it as a learning experience and try to correct the mistakes from the week before."

Redblacks head coach Rick Campbell says everyone's attention to detail needs to be better.

"Everybody on offence knows exactly what we're doing and they can do it with speed and tempo and confidence and then you start building momentum that way," Campbell said. "On the flip side our defence is going to get some two-and-outs so we can get our offence the ball more often."

The offence might improve if the Redblacks could get the ball in Brad Sinopoli's hands more often. The veteran receiver, who posted four consecutive 1,000-plus yard seasons, has just 311 yards on 31 catches so far this season.

"I never really worry about the numbers," Sinopoli said. "As a player, you just want to be involved as much as you can and when that doesn't happen you're disappointed in yourself and you're maybe trying to figure out what can I do better, what can I change, but at the same time it's football.

"There's a lot of different factors that come into play. You have to ride the wave and make the play when the ball comes your way."

Campbell agreed that Sinopoli has been under-utilized, but said that other offensive weapons have been as well.

"We're not being productive enough as a whole and football really is the ultimate team game and that you have to get 12 guys working together," Campbell said. "When that happens, all of a sudden Brad's stats look like they normally will.

"We obviously want to use him the best we can and it's going to be a function that his stats are going to start looking better as we start looking better as a team."

Mossis Madu Jr. will be back in the lineup as John Crockett is still dealing with some minor ailments. Ottawa has had success when they can run the ball and Madu is looking to keep the trend going.

Last week in a 16-12 loss to Edmonton Crockett rushed for 85 yards in the first half and Ottawa led 12-10, but touched the ball just four times in the second half for four yards.

"Earlier in the season when we were having success we were running the ball," Madu said. "In each drive and it gets going more and more we run the ball and we have success. There's been games where we go two and out and it's because we're not running the ball well and collecting first downs."

Associated Graphic

Ottawa Redblacks quarterback Dominique Davis, right, hands the ball off to Mossis Madu Jr., during a game in June. Madu returns to the team, which while struggling on offence, has had some success running the ball this season.


Blue Jays rout Rangers in second straight victory
Back-to-back homers from McKinney and Hernandez help take Toronto to a 3-0 win
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

TORONTO -- Billy McKinney and Teoscar Hernandez hit back-to-back home runs in the sixth inning and the Toronto Blue Jays kept the Texas Rangers off the board Tuesday in a 3-0 victory.

Randal Grichuk also hit a solo homer for the Blue Jays (51-72).

Danny Santana had a pair of doubles for the Rangers (59-60), supplying the visitors' only two hits through the game's first five innings.

Texas starter Lance Lynn (14-8) gave up one run and four hits with three walks and a strikeout in five innings. It was the first time since April 23 that Lynn had pitched fewer than six innings in a start.

Wilmer Font served as the opener for Toronto, allowing one hit and two walks over his two innings of work.

Left-hander Thomas Pannone (3-5) followed Font with four scoreless innings - allowing just two hits and two walks while striking out three - and Tim Mayza, Derek Law and Ken Giles kept the shutout going to give Toronto its fifth win in seven games.

Giles, making his first appearance since Aug. 7, earned his 16th save of the season.

The Blue Jays made it a 3-0 game in the sixth with the backto-back solo shots from Hernandez and McKinney off Texas reliever Shawn Kelley.

It was the 11th time this season that Toronto had homered in consecutive at-bats - and second time in as many nights - tying a franchise record from 1999.

Grichuk gave Toronto a 1-0 lead in the second inning with his team-leading 22nd homer of the season, a solo shot to straightaway centre field.

The Blue Jays have hit 106 homers since June 16. They came into the game four back of the Yankees for the most home runs hit in that two-month span.

Rookie sensation Bo Bichette walked in the third inning to extend his on-base streak to 16 games to begin his career, the longest ever by a Blue Jay. The on-base streak is the third longest in MLB history by a player aged 21 or younger, surpassing Ted Williams's 15-game streak from the 1939 season.

Rangers centre-fielder Delino DeShields slammed hard into the wall when he fell backward while making a catch on a deep Reese McGuire fly ball with two out in the fourth inning. McGuire was batting with the bases loaded and DeShields's catch saved at least a pair of runs. DeShields stayed in the game.

Rougned Odor continued to be booed loudly in each of his plate appearances. Toronto fans have loudly voiced their displeasure for the Texas second baseman since he punched former Blue Jays slugger Jose Bautista in the jaw during a 2016 game.

Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

WINNIPEG The Green Bay Packers are making no promises that star quarterback Aaron Rodgers will play during Thursday's NFL preseason game in Winnipeg against the Oakland Raiders.

When asked if Rodgers will play in the first NFL game in Canada since 2013 on Tuesday, Packers coach Matt LaFleur was noncommittal.

"That [Rodgers's status] is to be determined," LaFleur told reporters. "I want to wait and see. I'm not going to say one way or another right now. That will be a game-time decision."

Not having Rodgers on the field would be a big blow to game organizers, who had hoped a Week 3 preseason game would mean the most time for starters - as is traditionally the case.

Rodgers has not played yet during the preseason, but did return to practice on Monday after sitting out the Packers' second game with back tightness.

Another marquee player eligible for the game, Oakland receiver Antonio Brown, also remains a question mark.

Brown was back on the field for the Raiders on Tuesday after missing the previous practice as part of his dispute with the league and union over his helmet.

Brown took part in a walk-through without wearing a helmet and then went into the weight room as the rest of his teammates stretched. Brown came back out toward the end of the stretch but wasn't wearing a helmet like all of his teammates who were practising. The Raiders then held a brief practice out of view of the media.

Ticket sales have been slow for the game at 33,000-seat IG Field, with thousands still available.

Oakland is the home team. Canadianbased On Ice Entertainment Ltd. is the game organizer.


Powell expected to stay the course on rates
Fed chair is unlikely to change tack from July announcement that said rate cut was an adjustment, not a new direction
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B3

JACKSON HOLE, WYO. -- U.S. Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell comes to this year's meeting of central bankers in Jackson Hole, Wyo., caught between discord within the U.S. central bank over appropriate monetary policy and mounting outside pressure for more interest rate cuts.

In navigating that divide, Mr.Powell is unlikely to use his keynote speech on Friday at the Kansas City Fed's annual economic symposium to veer much from the message he sent last month after the Fed cut rates for the first time in a decade: that the move was a "mid-cycle adjustment" and not the start of a rate-cutting cycle.

He will likely nod to the possibility that trade tensions, which have escalated since the July 30-31 policy meeting, may worsen a global economic slowdown and ultimately make more U.S. rate cuts necessary.

But he is expected also to try to ensure he is not seen as bowing before repeated attacks from President Donald Trump for not easing policy further, or caving to a bond market where investors appear to be heavily betting the policy-setting Federal Open Market Committee will end up doing so.

"We cannot rule out this year's Jackson Hole being another fundamental shift in policy as it has been in years past," UBS economists wrote in a note earlier this week. "But more likely, Powell will give another speech on risk management to try to lean dovish without committing to bold actions that the committee may not ratify."

Since last August's annual central bank gathering in Grand Teton National Park, Mr. Powell has faced an increasingly difficult terrain both politically and economically.

Mr. Trump has steadily ratcheted up his criticism of the Fed and Mr. Powell, who was handpicked by the President in late 2017 to head the central bank.

Last week, Mr. Trump called Mr.Powell "clueless" and urged the Fed to reduce borrowing costs by a full percentage point to boost the economy, which is feeling the drag from the U.S.-China trade war.

Some Fed policy makers point to low U.S. unemployment, which is near a half-century low, strong consumer spending and other bullish data as reasons to hold the line on any further interest-rate moves.

But the economy has slowed as the stimulus from Mr. Trump's tax cuts and increased government spending have faded, and business sentiment and spending have declined amid mounting uncertainty over the outcome of the White House's trade policies.

As trade wars and other economic developments have slowed growth in countries from Germany to Turkey to Australia, central banks have responded by cutting interest rates, setting up an international trend the Fed may find it hard to buck.

Mr. Powell's colleagues inside the Fed are nowhere near a broad consensus on how to proceed.

The Fed chief mustered a majority among the current voting policy makers to back last month's rate cut, but the minutes of the meeting released on Wednesday showed a wider gulf inside the broader committee than was reflected in the decision.

Caught between these moving levers, Mr. Powell may opt to stand still.

Mr. Powell "does not want to surprise with a 100-basis-point cut ... [he wants to] telegraph it methodically and achieve the easing in a way that everybody around the world can see and anticipate and prepare for," said Julia Coronado, who runs the consulting firm MacroPolicy Perspectives and follows the Fed closely.

Mr. Powell faces other complications that have emerged since last year's Jackson Hole conference.

On trade, his conundrum is this: If he cuts rates to offset risks from uncertainties over Mr.

Trump's policies, the President may simply go harder at China, creating more uncertainty in markets and among businesses and making further rate cuts necessary. After the rate cut last month, Mr. Trump vowed to impose tariffs on an additional US$300-billion in Chinese imports on Sept. 1, although he later deferred some of the levies to December.

One index tracking world trade uncertainty has spiked recently, driving up overall global uncertainty that in the past has set the stage for downturns.

"If the Fed cuts rates as Trump demands, that will ease pressure on the stock market, which Trump may take as giving him a stronger hand in his trade spat with China," said Nicholas Bloom, an economics professor at Stanford University and one of the authors of the policy uncertainty index.

"Central banks can't really provide insurance against potential trade wars."

Markets are also creating a difficult-to-navigate feedback loop.

A yield curve inversion last week that reversed itself and then returned on Thursday underscores investors' fears that a recession may be around the corner, and while some Fed policy makers have cautioned against taking too much of a signal from falling longterm borrowing rates, others say they can't be ignored.

The feedback loop between the Fed and bond markets "might not be broken until the economic data signal very decisively that further easing is inappropriate," Goldman Sachs economist Jan Hatzius wrote this week.

Last year at Jackson Hole, Mr.Powell tried to fundamentally reset U.S. monetary policy expectations toward a data-centric practice and away from theory-based models. This year, though, the challenge is that those very data are giving mixed signals.

"Part of the problem is that the Fed has raised transparency and guidance to such a level that when they are in a situation where things are really, literally, uncertain and it is hard to give that guidance, the markets don't know what to do," said Maurice Obstfeld, an economics professor at the University of California, Berkeley. "You don't know what is going to happen next."

Associated Graphic

U.S. Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell holds a news conference in Washington on July 31 after the Fed's two-day policy meeting. Trade tensions between the U.S. and China have worsened since that meeting, at which the Fed lowered its interest rates.


Major restaurant chains choosing sides as 'protein war' heats up
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B4

Professor in food distribution and policy, and scientific director of the Agri-Food Analytics Lab at Dalhousie University in Halifax

The great "protein war" is heating up as several major restaurant chains are embracing the plant-based movement while others firmly position themselves as guardians of the mighty meat eater. It's getting confusing with all these announcements, and it's hard to keep track.

A&W, Canada's first Beyond Meat ambassador, started it all a little more than 12 months ago with its surprisingly successful Beyond Burger campaign that uses plant-based meat substitutes produced by Beyond Meat of Los Angeles.

Since then, grocers have all jumped on the Beyond Meat bandwagon, but now many other chains are making their position on plant-based dieting quite public. So much so that A&W's pioneering move has somewhat been lost in all the plant-based noise.

In cattle country, where A&W was hated as much as the taxman, beef producers now have many targets to choose from. Tim Hortons, Burger King and Subway, to name just a few, have all embraced plant-based products in recent months.

The case made by Restaurant Brands International (RBI) is interesting. Tim Hortons and Burger King, both owned by RBI, appear to be hedging on plantbased dieting. Early in the summer, Tim Hortons was adding many Beyond Meat products to its menu while Burger King introduced the Impossible Whopper, using California-based Impossible Foods' patties; both chains are going plant-based, but with different companies.

Both Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, the two leading contenders for top supplier of plantbased products, have had a busy summer. As soon as Burger King announced its partnership with Impossible Foods, Beyond Meat made public its association with another major restaurant chain, Subway, and a few weeks after this it finalized its partnership with Dunkin' Donuts. Then, the American-based institutional food-prep giant Sodexo announced it was working with Impossible Foods.

Confused yet? Not a week goes by these days that we don't hear about a major chain going plantbased.

Tim Hortons's commitment to Beyond Meat points to how inclusive the chain wants to be. Tim Hortons is mostly known for its non-meat offerings and now is offering something for everyone.

Burger King's case is a little more complicated since it makes its money selling mostly burgers. After running pilot programs for a few months in different U.S. markets, it is now offering the Impossible Whopper to its customers across the United States. It did not take long for skeptics to criticize Burger King's plant-based move.

Some vegans make the point that the chain intends to cook Impossible Whopper patties on the same grill as patties from "dead cows." As a result, Burger King is now giving customers a choice: They can have their Impossible Whopper patties cooked separately if desired. Simply adding a plant-based option on the menu is no longer enough, chains are now made accountable for what goes on in the kitchen as well.

Burger King's decision to partner with Impossible Foods may seem surprising, but the chain was clearly motivated by McDonald's very public stand on meat consumption.

As Chipotle and Arby's did earlier this summer, McDonald's is doubling down on beef and has no intention to offer meat alternatives anytime soon. In fact, McDonald's is now selling an enhanced version of its Big Mac and the ads are everywhere - an obvious, direct response to what we have seen since last year's Beyond Burger launch by A&W.

Seeing McDonald's Canada going in another direction would have been surprising. For a long time, McDonald's Canada has prided itself on promoting Canadian beef and other commodities grown and produced in the country. It would have been awkward to see McDonald's adding any plant-based products to its menu.

McDonald's Canada is also a key stakeholder in the Canadian Roundtable for Sustainable Beef, an initiative launched to give beef a greener reputation. Its commitment to beef and its customer base remains the same. In 2003, McDonald's offered a less-thandecent veggie burger. The product was awful and was dropped a few years later as if its failure was almost by design. The chain clearly has no intention of luring flexitarians who are looking for "fake" animal proteins.

The summer of 2019 has become a high point in the so-called "protein war," our divisive quest to see a more pluralistic protein marketplace. The narrative of how the food-service industry is using the emergence of plantbased dieting as a lightning rod seems to be polarizing our collective discussion about the future of proteins even more.

Beyond Meat, Impossible Foods, Maple Leaf Foods, with its Lightlife product, Montrealbased Vegeats, and many other plant-based product providers are trying to democratize the notion of proteins. As a result, we are seeing more innovation coming from the food industry than we have in the past 20 years. We are seeing the rise of a brand-new section in the grocery store, a first in many years. Proteins are making everyone in the food industry think differently about their products, at the meat counter and beyond.

We should be thankful for what is happening, but let's hope a truce in the protein war occurs soon. A divisive debate is never desirable, especially when food is involved.

Associated Graphic

Many grocers and restaurants, including Carl's Jr., seen above, have jumped on the Beyond Meat bandwagon since A&W's successful campaign last year. However, other chains that have built their platform around promoting Canadian beef, such as McDonald's Canada, are doubling down on their meat-focused brands as a counter to the plant-based trend.


Shaw, Quebecor join backlash against new CRTC wholesale-rate policy
Large ISPs threaten to cut back investments for improving service in rural areas
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

Shaw Communications Inc. and Quebecor Inc. have joined other large internet providers in a chorus of complaints over a new CRTC policy reducing the wholesale rates they can charge smaller competitors.

By Wednesday, most of Canada's large cable and telephone operators had issued statements criticizing a decision last week by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, with the companies saying they are re-evaluating capital-spending programs and, in some cases, considering cutting investments to improve connectivity for rural residents.

The CRTC requires large internet-service providers (ISPs) to sell access to their networks to smaller players, which then sell service to their own retail clients. Last week's ruling lowered the prices competitors must pay to use the incumbents' networks, and also ordered most of the large providers to make repayments to their smaller counterparts retroactive to 2016.

The system is meant to increase consumer choice, but third-party providers have argued that high wholesale costs have made it difficult for them to offer customers an alternative while still turning a profit. One third-party operator, TekSavvy, said last week that the ruling "sets realistic final rates that will allow wholesale-based providers to effectively compete."

Collectively, Shaw, Quebecor, BCE Inc., Rogers Communications Inc. and Cogeco Communications Inc. have said they expect to incur $325-million in retroactive payments, and described the decision variously as "unexpected," "disappointing" and "short-sighted." Several statements pointed to a recent Competition Bureau report that said the wholesale regime is working well, but requires regulators to strike the right balance on costs to ensure network owners still profit. Atlantic Canada cable provider Eastlink has not put a dollar figure on its costs but also complained about the ruling, calling it "incomprehensible."

Such open critiques are unusual for the highly regulated industry, which has been careful to avoid public confrontation with federal authorities after a series of clashes five years ago over the rules of an airwaves auction and the possible entry of U.S. giant Verizon Communications Inc. into Canada.

But some pressure has been building in recent months as the federal department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development has made clear that it wants to see lower prices and more choice for internet and wireless customers, an issue that could become a talking point in the lead up to October's federal election.

"It feels a bit like an industrywide temper tantrum because [the large companies are] used to getting their way," said Laura Tribe, executive director of OpenMedia, which joined other consumer-advocacy groups in criticizing the large telecom companies for their reaction to the ruling, and some companies' suggestions that they will cut rural investment. "It's disappointing to see these companies using rural Canadians as a positioning tactic and holding their connectivity hostage."

TD Securities financial analyst Vince Valentini said in a report on Tuesday that the ruling "sets a bad precedent for investors regarding future regulatory policy," pointing to a CRTC hearing planned for 2020 that could impose a wholesale regime on the wireless industry as well.

"We believe it will be very detrimental to Canadians in the future if broadband network investment ... gets stunted by the regulatory regime," he said.

"This decision will impact our business in significant ways," Eastlink chief executive officer Lee Bragg said in an e-mailed statement on Wednesday.

"This decision is incomprehensible when our governments have been actively promoting the importance of ensuring all Canadians, including those in rural areas, are connected," Mr. Bragg said, adding that Eastlink is reviewing its expansion plans "as well as our ability to continue to service certain existing rural areas."

That comes after BCE said on Monday that it will scale back plans to offer fixedwireless internet service to 1.2 million rural households. BCE said the ruling will cost more than $100-million in retroactive payments and that it is cutting 200,000 households from its plan.

"An unexpected $100-million regulatory hit means having to cut back. Keep in mind we're still bringing high-speed internet to a million new rural locations, a massive infrastructure project that is fully funded by Bell," spokesman Marc Choma said on Wednesday. The company said its cuts do not apply to projects for which it has government funding.

Rogers, which said it will incur $140-million in one-time repayments, was less specific but also said it is re-evaluating investments in rural broadband.

Shaw said the decision will cost it $10million, Quebecor said it will spend about $50-million and Cogeco estimated the cost at $25-million. All three said they are reconsidering investments, although they did not mention cuts to rural areas. Telus Corp., the major telephone operator in Western Canada, did not comment.

Minister of Innovation Navdeep Bains supported the decision in a statement earlier this week, saying he was "deeply disappointed" with BCE's announcement, but that he believes his government's policies will encourage new competitors to invest.

Mr. Bains's office would not comment on the broader industry reaction on Wednesday.

The large providers have not commented specifically on potential next steps.

They have 30 days from the date of the ruling to seek leave to appeal to the Federal Court of Appeal and 90 days to launch an appeal to the federal cabinet or to ask the CRTC itself to review its own decision.

The CRTC declined to comment on Wednesday on the industry's reaction. Its recent decision does not apply to rates for third-party access to higher-speed "fibreto-the-home" service. The regulator is still finalizing those rates.

Associated Graphic

Shaw Communications, whose Calgary office is seen above in April, is among several other large internet-service providers criticizing the CRTC's decision to reduce the wholesale rates they can charge smaller competitors.


Fed chair vows to 'act as appropriate'
U.S. President ramps up his war of words after Powell says there are 'no recent precedents' to handle current situation
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B3

JACKSON HOLE, WYO. -- Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell said the central bank would "act as appropriate" to keep the U.S. economy healthy, stopping short of committing to rapid-fire rate cuts and drawing fire from President Donald Trump.

Mr. Powell's words were barely out of his mouth when Mr.Trump ratcheted up his war of words with both the Fed chair he appointed and with China, which earlier on Friday had retaliated to U.S. tariffs with its own import taxes on U.S. crude oil, agricultural products and small aircraft.

The rapid escalation, which tanked stock markets and drove bond yields lower, could force the Fed to cut rates.

Indeed, data reported as Mr.Powell was speaking on Friday showed further deterioration in the U.S. housing market, on the heels of figures earlier in the week showing weakness in the manufacturing sector.

The Fed cut rates for the first time in more than a decade last month, backing Mr. Powell's verbal commitment to sustain the expansion with action. Mr. Powell on Friday made clear that commitment is still in place in a speech he gave at an annual Fed retreat at a Jackson Hole valley resort set against the Grand Teton mountains. He said there are "significant" risks to the economy, including the trade dispute, the chaotic British exit from the European Union, tension in Hong Kong and signs of a global economic slowdown.

But he also said the domestic U.S. economy is in a "favourable place" now and he stressed limits to Fed policy to respond to the trade issues. He also said officials need to "look through" shortterm turbulence. The speech stopped short of endorsing or signalling the rate cuts markets widely expect and that Mr.

Trump has demanded.

There are "no recent precedents to guide any policy response to the current situation," Mr. Powell said, adding that monetary policy "cannot provide a settled rule book for international trade."

The U.S. President fumed about the Fed doing "NOTHING" in a series of tweets and asked who is "our bigger enemy" between Mr. Powell and China's President Xi Jinping. Markets swung when he added that "our great American companies are hereby ordered to immediately start looking for an alternative to China" and that he would be responding today to Beijing's latest round of announced tariffs. Fed officials say tariffs and trade tensions are causing businesses to put off spending.

"It's pretty clear to me that Powell was sending a message that if you are so concerned about the economy, lowering rates is not going to help you," said Craig Bishop, lead strategist of the fixed income group at RBC Wealth Management. "You need to do something about trade.

That's not a message Trump gets."

Global stock markets fell, with the U.S. S&P 500 index down more than 2 per cent. U.S. benchmark Treasury yields fell to their lowest level in a week and the dollar declined broadly.

Renewed U.S.-China trade tensions and pressure from the White House complicate the Fed's job going into its Sept. 17-18 rate-setting meeting. Policy-makers were already divided over whether to head off economic fears with significant further rate cuts or to stand pat because people are still finding jobs, taking home fatter paychecks and spending money.

No matter what course Mr.

Powell chooses, it is clear from the minutes of the Fed's most recent meeting released Wednesday and from the range of comments from policy-makers also in attendance here that the chair lacks a broad consensus among his colleagues about the appropriate course of action.

Earlier on Friday, St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank President James Bullard told Bloomberg TV the policy-setting Federal Open Market Committee would have a "robust debate" about cutting U.S. interest rates by a half percentage point at its next policy meeting in September.

Mr. Bullard, who has long advocated for lower rates to counteract tame inflation, said he is troubled by signs of a slowdown coming from the bond market.

He is referring to the relative decline in long-term bond yields called an "inversion" of the Treasury yield curve that has preceded recessions.

He said he is "not interested" in testing the theory "that this time is different" with regard to interpreting the bond market's signal.

Meanwhile, Cleveland Federal Reserve President Loretta Mester, who did not support the Fed's rate cut last month, said she is not yet convinced of the need to cut rates further.

"At this point, if the economy continues where it is, I would probably say we should keep things the way they are," Ms.

Mester told CNBC. "But, I am very attuned to the downside risks to this economy."

The Bullard-Mester divide is emblematic of the wide range of opinion inside the Fed's rate-setting committee, which voted 8-2 to cut rates on July 31 for the first time in a decade. That tally did not fully capture the disapproval of the move by those without a vote at the meeting, including Ms. Mester.

And, of course, there is Mr.Trump. He has been unrelenting in his demands that the Fed cut rates, in part to help take some of the wind out of a strong U.S. dollar that he sees hurting U.S. exports.

Associated Graphic

U.S. President Donald Trump is seen with Jerome Powell on Nov. 2, 2017, the day he nominated Mr. Powell to be chair of the U.S. Federal Reserve. On Friday, Mr. Trump fumed about the central bank doing 'NOTHING' in a series of tweets.


Brookfield bets $2.4-billion on mortgages
Asset manager to take controlling stake in Genworth's Canadian mortgage insurance arm as CMHC cedes share to private sector
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Brookfield Asset Management Inc.'s private-equity arm is making a long-term bet on Canada's mortgage market with a $2.4-billion deal to take control of Genworth MI Canada Inc., the country's second-largest mortgage insurer.

Brookfield Business Partners LP, a publicly traded subsidiary of the global asset manager, is acquiring a 57-per-cent stake in Genworth MI Canada from the mortgage insurer's American parent company, Genworth Financial Inc.

Brookfield will pay $48.86 a share for nearly 49 million shares in Genworth MI Canada - a 5-percent discount to the price at Monday's close on the Toronto Stock Exchange, but an 18-per-cent premium compared with the date when the company was formally put up for sale.

The deal appears to relieve a headache for Richmond, Va.based Genworth, which has waited years for regulators to approve a separate deal that would see the American company acquired for US$2.7-billion by a privately held Chinese buyer, China Oceanwide Holdings Group Co. Ltd. That transaction, which was first announced in October, 2016, has stalled while awaiting approval from Canadian regulators and federal officials, who are required to consider the potential impact on Canada's mortgage industry and have held the deal up over national-security concerns, even after U.S. regulators gave it a green light.

Earlier this summer, Genworth Financial announced it was considering "strategic alternatives" for Genworth MI Canada, seeking to break the deadlock. That raised the prospect that, absent a suitable buyer, Genworth Financial's stake in its Canadian subsidiary might have to be sold into the public market at a discount. But Brookfield emerged with deep pockets and the industry expertise needed to take control.

"We are pleased to find such a highcalibre buyer for our interest in Genworth Canada," said Genworth Financial president and chief executive Tom McInerney.

Genworth Financial's share price shot up 15.8 per cent on Tuesday, and Brookfield Business Partners shares rose 2.7 per cent, but stock in Genworth MI Canada fell 1.7 per cent.

The Canadian arm of Genworth is a rare asset. It is Canada's largest private-sector mortgage insurer, providing a backstop against defaults to residential mortgage lenders, and it trails only the governmentowned Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) in size. Its only privately owned competitor is Canada Guaranty Mortgage Insurance Company, which is jointly owned by Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan and financier Stephen Smith.

Genworth Canada currently has a 33per-cent share of the country's mortgageinsurance market, while CMHC holds half and Canada Guaranty the remaining 17 per cent, according to data from RBC Dominion Securities Inc. But the federal housing agency has been ceding its share to the private insurers.

Genworth's improving position in a highly consolidated market made it a logical target for Brookfield Business Partners, which seeks to acquire and manage companies in sectors where the barrier to entry is high. Brookfield also has extensive expertise in mortgages and housing: It is one of the largest residential real estate developers in North America, active in real estate financing, and owns the Royal LePage brokerage.

Brookfield Business Partners managing partner David Nowak described Genworth Canada as "a high-quality leader in the mortgage-insurance sector," in a statement.

The total share of mortgages that are insured has been falling, from 57 per cent in 2015 to 41 per cent in 2019, according to a recent CMHC report. The shift toward uninsured mortgages comes as regulators have tightened rules on mortgage lending, requiring borrowers to meet stricter tests to qualify for mortgage insurance.

Even so, the housing sector as a whole has continued to grow, adding a steady stream of new demand for mortgage insurance, particularly from first-time home buyers. And Brookfield is betting that Genworth can grab a larger share of the market, making full use of Brookfield's deep relationships with banks that do the lion's share of Canada's mortgage lending.

The deal is expected to close before the end of 2019, subject to approvals from Canada's banking regulator and Minister of Finance.

Brookfield is not currently looking to acquire the 43 per cent of Genworth MI Canada's shares that are owned by other investors. But Jaeme Gloyn, an analyst at National Bank Financial Inc., said that prospect "is not entirely off the table" and "would likely unfold at a premium" to the price Brookfield is paying for control.

Ratings agency DBRS Ltd. called the deal "positive for Genworth Canada," which has been more stable than its U.S.


Oceanwide Holdings consented to the transaction and extended the deadline to finalize its own deal with Genworth Financial until Dec. 31.


Underwriters are stuck with about a third of New Gold's bought deal
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

New Gold Inc.'s $150-million stock issue has met with a frosty reception from investors as underwriters remain stuck with about a third of the shares despite bullion's big run this year.

Late last week, Toronto-based New Gold said a syndicate of underwriters had purchased the issue from the company and was offering close to 94 million new shares at $1.60 apiece to investors, a discount of 7 per cent to the market close at the time.

In such "bought deal" transactions, underwriters attempt to resell shares to third-party investors, preferably in a matter of hours. For assuming the risk, brokers are paid a flat commission, in this case 4.5 per cent.

But nearly a week after the underwriters purchased the shares, about a third of deal remains on their books, according to sources, who were not authorized to speak publicly. Sources cited the relatively slim deal discount given New Gold's risk profile, uneven interest in the sector and questions over the miner's long-term prospects as factors.

New Gold, whose market value is about $890-million, is carrying about US$780-million in longterm debt, largely incurred by big cost overruns at its low grade Rainy River mine in Ontario. New Gold said it intends to use proceeds from the bought deal in part to pay down that debt. New Gold receives the proceeds from the issue, minus a commission to the dealers, regardless of whether it sells out to third-party investors.

New Gold's shares have consistently traded below the $1.60 deal price since it was announced, meaning investors could buy stock in the open market at a cheaper price rather than buy from the syndicate. New Gold's shares closed at $1.55 apiece Wednesday on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

BMO Nesbitt Burns Inc. led the deal and was allocated the biggest chunk of stock to sell: 35 per cent.

RBC Dominion Securities Inc. and Scotia Capital Markets were allocated 15 per cent each.

Neither BMO nor New Gold responded to a request for comment.

Sixteen banks participated in the syndicate, including large Canadian bank-owned dealers CIBC World Markets Inc. and TD Securities Inc., U.S. dealers JPMorgan Securities and Merrill Lynch, as well as a number of boutiques, such as Canaccord Genuity Group Inc. and GMP Capital Inc.

Jon Case, precious metals portfolio manager with Sentry Investments Inc., said he was offered a piece of the New Gold deal, but turned it down. He said the weak reception for New Gold points to a lack of interest from generalist investors, in sharp contrast to a couple of years ago.

In 2016, the last time gold bullion had a similar move upward in a short period of time, the appetite from investors for gold equity issues was much stronger.

"There was a New Gold-style deal every week," Mr. Case said.

"They were all oversubscribed, they all traded up because there was this absolute tsunami of money pouring into gold equities.

The fact that the New Gold deal hasn't gone well tells you that despite the pretty spectacular performance in the equities, you still haven't really got that generalist capital."

Over the past decade, interest from both specialist mining funds and generalist investors has fallen, in large part because of disappointing performance at many of the big gold companies, including badly timed acquisitions and technical problems at mine sites.

The rise of gold exchange traded funds and the popularity of alternative investments that appeal to the risk-orientated investors, such as cannabis stocks, has also dampened the appeal of gold for generalist investors.

Historically sought out as a safe-haven investment, gold has run up 18 per cent this year, driven by escalating international tradewar tensions, a slowdown in global growth and falling interest rates. On Wednesday, gold futures traded north of US$1,520 an ounce, the highest level since early 2013.


AGF shares jump 18.9% on British merger talks
Potential deal between Tilney Group and Smith & Williamson - which Canadian fund manager partly owns - 'makes sense,' analysts say
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B3

Shares of Canadian fund manager AGF Management Ltd. soared Monday amid merger talks on the other side of the Atlantic.

AGF confirmed Monday that Londonbased Smith & Williamson, a private wealth-management firm of which AGF owns 33.6 per cent, is in "exclusive discussions" with Tilney Group Ltd. about a possible merger that would create one of Britain's largest wealth managers with £45-billion ($72.7-billion) in assets.

Investors drove AGF's share price to an 18.9-per-cent gain as analysts said the news of a potential deal "makes sense."

Tilney, a financial-planning and investment-management group also based in London, manages approximately £24-billion in assets with more than 300 financial planners and investment managers. The company also provides digital advice through its online platform Bestinvest.

"While these discussions are ongoing, there can be no certainty these will lead to a transaction," AGF said in response to media reports in Britain about a potential change to its investment in Smith & Williamson.

AGF declined to comment further when contacted by The Globe and Mail.

AGF first acquired an interest in Smith & Williamson in 2002, when the British financial-services firm merged with AGF's subsidiary NCL (Securities) Ltd.

Smith & Williamson manages £21.4billion in assets and focuses on highnet-worth and institutional clients. Recently, the firm's board has been in discussions to launch an initial public offering as early as 2020.

But while a climbing share price reflects the potential for an early monetization of AGF's stake in Smith & Williamson, the market still is not giving AGF enough credit for its British affiliate, said John Aiken, an analyst with Barclays Capital Inc.

"This is particularly surprising given Smith & Williamson's plan for an IPO next year, and the recently confirmed talks of an outright sale," Mr. Aiken added in a research note on Monday.

He said AGF's opening Monday price of $5.10 was a 61-per-cent discount to the midpoint of his estimates of the worth of the shares. In that scenario, Mr.Aiken assumes AGF's stake in Smith & Williamson is worth just less than $275million, or about $3.50 a share.

Similarly, CIBC World Markets analyst Paul Holden agrees that the current share price is not adequately capturing potential proceeds for AGF, which he predicts "would be predominately used to repurchase stock, reduce financial leverage and co-invest in infrastructure assets."

Mr. Holden says he believes AGF could realize $1 to about $1.50 more a share for its AGF stake than the $1.55-ashare value that is reflected on the company's balance sheet. He boosted his target price for AGF to $7.50 from $6 on the news.

The discussion between the two British firms comes two years after Smith & Williamson were in similar "exclusive" discussions with London-based Rathbone Brothers PLC - a deal that eventually fell through when both firms were unable to come to an agreement that was in the best interests of shareholders.

Tilney approached Smith & Williamson in 2017 with a counteroffer that was dismissed.

During that time, AGF's CEO Blake Goldring said he would "actively pursue alternatives to realize value in its investment."

Desjardins Securities analyst Gary Ho says the potential valuation could be above $267-million, and he would "not be surprised" to see other potential bidders emerge from Monday's news as "there are limited sizable private wealth managers in the U.K."


Stenocare seeks probe in CannTrust pesticide use
Medical-marijuana importer says it no longer trusts the grower's guarantee its products are free from such chemicals
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

A Danish medical marijuana importer says it no longer trusts promises from CannTrust Holdings Inc. that its cannabis was grown without pesticides, another blow to the Canadian producer, which is under investigation by Health Canada.

Stenocare A/S, which is the only supplier of cannabis oil for the Danish medical market, said it has bought products from CannTrust with a guarantee that they were produced in pesticidefree environments. In a news release on Tuesday, Stenocare said it now doubts those declarations after learning more about CannTrust's growing practices.

"With the CannTrust move from indoor to greenhouse cultivation during Q4 2018, it now appears that CannTrust introduced a more general use of Health Canada approved pesticides in the new greenhouse where cultivation of medical cannabis plants is located. Stenocare is very concerned with this general use of pesticides that could potentially be in conflict with the strict Danish requirements [for] no use of pesticides," the company said.

Stencocare stopped selling CannTrust products after revelations in July that the Ontario producer grew thousands of kilograms of cannabis in unlicensed rooms in late 2018 and early 2019.

On Tuesday, Stencocare said that it has asked a special committee of CannTrust's board that is overseeing an internal investigation at the company to "fully investigate the validity of the declarations" about pesticide use. Stencocare also said it is seeking new import partners, and is contemplating legal action against CannTrust "for full compensation for losses incurred."

Stencocare did not respond to requests for further comment.

CannTrust spokeswoman Jane Shapiro said in an e-mail: "The declarations provided to Stenocare were signed by former board chair Eric Paul (when he was CEO) and former CEO Peter Aceto.

"The special committee demanded the resignation of Mr.Paul and terminated with cause the employment of Mr. Aceto in July. The special committee was not aware of the declarations given until just before taking action against Mr. Paul and Mr.Aceto." CannTrust is under investigation by Health Canada for cultivating cannabis in unlicenced rooms at its greenhouse facility in Pelham, Ont., and for other unlicensed activity at its manufacturing plant in Vaughan, Ont.

The company and several of its officials are also under investigation by the Ontario Securities Commission.

CannTrust has frozen all sales as it waits to hear whether Health Canada will suspend its cannabis licences. Federal regulators could also force CannTrust to destroy inventory that was produced in the unlicensed rooms, which CannTrust says is worth about $51-million.

On Monday, CannTrust said that the Ontario Cannabis Store, the provincial wholesaler, is returning $2.9-million worth of the company's products.

Associated Graphic

Stenocare stopped selling CannTrust products, seen at the company's Niagara greenhouse, after revelations the producer was growing cannabis in unlicensed rooms.


Airlines win right to appeal Canada's new passenger bill of rights
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

The airline industry has won the right to appeal Canada's new rules that govern how airlines must treat passengers who face delays, cancelled flights or lost luggage.

The Federal Court of Appeal on Thursday granted several airlines, including Air Canada, Porter Airlines and the industry group International Air Transport Association, the right to jointly appeal the air passenger bill of rights.

The first phase of the new law went into effect on July 15, requiring airlines to pay up to $2,400 for bumping a customer for reasons within the airline's control; provide compensation of as much as $2,100 for lost or damaged luggage; and allow passengers to leave a plane that is delayed on the tarmac for more than three hours with no chance of an imminent departure.

The second phase, which goes into effect on Dec. 15, requires airlines to pay up to $1,000 a passenger for non-safety-related flight delays or cancellations that are within a carriers' control; provide food, drinks and accommodations to delayed passengers; and seat children younger than 14 near their accompanying adult at no extra charge. The rules apply to all flights originating or ending in Canada and cover domestic and international carriers.

The airlines sought permission to appeal the rules on the basis that they contain provisions - including compensation that exceeds actual passengers losses - that are contrary to an international deal the airlines reached in 1999, known as the Montreal Convention. The industry also argued Canada has no authority to impose the rules on foreign carriers.

The respondents in the appeal, the Attorney-General of Canada and the Canadian Transportation Agency, replied to the airline industry's application to appeal in a July letter to the court, saying the rules were the result of consultations with the airline industry, consumers groups and other stakeholders.

"The objective was to put in place clearer and more consistent passenger rights by establishing minimum standards of treatment ... and minimum levels of compensation that all airlines must provide," the letter said, asserting the challenge to the rules "must fail on the merits."

Before the new rules came into force, passengers who felt they were wronged by airlines relied on a patchwork of government, industry and airline rules, practices - and, in many cases, their own negotiating skills to settle with a carrier.

As is customary, the Federal Court of Appeal did not issue reasons for its decision. No date for a trial has been set.

Goldman arm to take stake in Toronto's Slate
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

The asset-management arm of Wall Street investment bank Goldman Sachs Group Inc. is taking a minority stake in Toronto's Slate Asset Management, according to sources familiar with the matter.

The investment, which is expected to be announced Monday morning, will see Goldman buy a minority interest in Slate, a real estate focused investment company with more than $6billion in assets under management. It runs a collection of office, retail and industrial properties in Canada, the United States and Germany, including a number of large office towers in midtown Toronto and plazas and malls across the U.S. South and Midwest.

Founded in 2005 by brothers Blair and Brady Welch, the privately owned company has completed more than $11-billion of transactions globally in both private equity funds and publicly traded real estate investment trusts (REITs).

The company has listed two real-estate trusts on the Toronto Stock Exchange: the Slate Office REIT and the Slate Retail REIT.

The deal is being made through Goldman Sachs Asset Management's Petershill unit, which acquires stakes in alternative asset managers. In early 2018, Goldman raised US$2.5-billion for Petershill and has purchased minority interests in a number of investment managers, including Britain-based hedge fund firm LMR Partners, real estate investment company Westbrook Partners and venture capital firm Industry Ventures LLC.

Slate Asset declined to comment on the transaction, while Goldman Sachs did not return requests for comment.

Goldman has been aggressively growing through acquisition in its wealth-management business. Earlier this year it scooped up United Capital Financial Partners Inc. for US$750-million in cash, adding US$25-billion in assets under management and 220 financial advisers to its wealth business.

The deal will not affect any day-today operations, investment decisions or executive roles at Slate Asset Management, according to sources who were granted anonymity because they were not authorized to speak publicly about the matter.

The financial details of the transaction are not expected to be disclosed. Earlier this year, one of Slate's investment funds acquired a grocery real estate portfolio in Germany for 31.5-million ($46.3million), while in 2017 another of Slate's investment funds acquired Calgary's Scotia Centre in 2017.

The Calgary deal was part of a $1.14-billion acquisition of a 97property portfolio in Western Canada, Ontario and the Atlantic provinces in a deal with Cominar Real Estate Investment Trust.

With a report from Tim Kiladze

Auger-Aliassime and Shapovalov to meet in first round in New York again
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

Félix Auger-Aliassime didn't have much time to savour his first career appearance at the U.S. Open.

Overcome with heart palpitations during his first-round match last year against fellow Canadian and good friend Denis Shapovalov, the Montreal teenager had his main-draw debut at a Grand Slam end abruptly when he was forced to retire in the third set.

While things are much different for Auger-Aliassime now - he's ranked No. 19 in the world, nearly 20 spots higher than Shapovalov - he still looks back on that match frequently.

"Even though I wasn't able to finish it, it was still a great memory," Auger-Aliassime said Thursday in a phone interview with The Canadian Press. "That's a dream I had since I was a kid to play in the U.S. Open, and my family was there to witness it.

"So in the end, I have great memories from it."

The two will get a rematch of that emotional night at Arthur Ashe Stadium with Thursday's draw revealing another all-Canadian first-round clash.

He's not worried about his heart condition getting in the way this time, though, after having offseason surgery to correct his symptoms.

"It sounds scary, but it's a pretty common procedure," AugerAliassime said nonchalantly.

"There's a lot of people that have this kind of problem. ... I was actually back really quickly, in a few days I had recovered."

Auger-Aliassime began the year ranked No. 108 on the ATP standings, but soared up to his career-high No. 19 this week.

That quick rise through the rankings - helped by a semi-finals appearance at the Masters 1000 Miami tournament in March, and a runner-up finish at the ATP 500 Rio Open in February - has surprised even him.

"I think if you had told me last year I would be in the top 20, I wouldn't have believed you," said Auger-Aliassime, who was ranked 117th at last year's U.S. Open and needed to get through three rounds of qualifying just to make the main draw.

"My goal heading into the season was to be top 50 before the end of the year, but I think making that final in Brazil at the start of the season really gave me a lot of confidence and I just felt like I had the ability to beat anybody."

Auger-Aliassime already has a win against Shapovalov this year - he beat the 20-year-old from Richmond Hill, Ont., in the first round of the Masters 1000 in Madrid - to even their career head-to-head record at 1-1.

Shapovalov spent this week competing at a 250-level tournament in North Carolina while Auger-Aliassime has been prepping for the U.S. Open in New York since Saturday.

"I've gone out for dinners here and there, but it's mostly been just practising," he said. "I'm just trying to prepare as best I can."

Auger-Aliassime's quick success this season - he's 31-18 heading into the U.S. Open - has also opened other doors for the rising star, who was featured in the latest issue of Vogue magazine.

The interview request initially surprised Auger-Aliassime, who said he never thought he'd have a story written about him in a fashion magazine, but described the experience as "a cool moment."

"We did a photo shoot with an amazing photographer at a few places in London, did a few different poses," he said with a laugh.

"I'm sure my parents will grab a couple copies [of the magazine].

"I haven't even see it yet. I've only seen it online."

For all his success this season, Auger-Aliassime isn't even the most accomplished Canadian star on this year's tennis scene. That distinction belongs to Mississauga teen and world No. 15 Bianca Andreescu with two WTA titles this season, including the Rogers Cup championship in Toronto earlier this month. While AugerAliassime couldn't watch all of her Rogers Cup matches - he was competing through the third round of the men's event in Montreal - he called her championship run impressive.

"What she's been doing is incredible, it's beyond incredible, I don't even have a word for it," Auger-Aliassime said about Andreescu, who will face American 17-year-old wild-card Katie Volynets in the first round. "It's inspiring for Canadian tennis."

Andreescu is one of two Canadian women in the main draw in New York next week. Eugenie Bouchard of Westmount, Que., will face 12th-seed Anastasija Sevastova of Latvia in the first round.

On the men's side, 21st-seed Milos Raonic of Thornhill, Ont., will face Chile's Nicolas Jarry, Brayden Schnur of Pickering, Ont., will meet France's Benoît Paire, and Vancouver's Vasek Pospisil will take on ninth-seed Karen Khachanov of Russia.

Auger-Aliassime said it's hard to think of himself as the highestranked Canadian men's player on the ATP tour currently. But it's a distinction that he cherishes.

"For me that means a lot," he said. "I've been watching Milos and Vasek for so long and they're such great players so for me it's an honour to be the top-ranked Canadian."

Meanwhile, Peter Polansky of Thornhill, Ont., was knocked out in the second round of men's qualifying. He lost 7-5, 7-6 (0) to Sumit Nagal of India on Thursday.

Toronto's Steven Diez has advanced to the final round of qualifying on Friday. He'll face No. 3 qualifying seed Kwon Soon-woo of Korea.

Associated Graphic

Félix Auger-Aliassime, returning to Vasek Pospisil at the Rogers Cup in Montreal on Aug. 6, was unable to face countryman Denis Shapovalov in their first-round U.S. Open match last year after experiencing heart palpitations.


Jay-Z sells out Kaepernick, grabs big money from NFL
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

Remember when Jay-Z was a dynamic hip-hop artist whose stark lyrics gave voice to the oppressed and downtrodden?

Well, those days are over.

He may have 99 Problems - but a conscience certainly ain't one.

Completing his transformation to total sellout, Jay-Z climbed into bed with those racial progressives over at the NFL in what was clearly nothing more than a money grab for one side and a public-relations coup for the other.

Sorry, Kaep.

Social justice has been banished to the sidelines.

"I think we've moved past kneeling and I think it's time to go into actionable items," Jay-Z said in a ludicrously weak attempt to spin his hefty NFL payoff into some sort of profile in courage.

With a totally straight face - and NFL commissioner Roger Goodell by his side - the rap icon and entrepreneur said his partnership with the league is actually a progressive step to carry on the campaign that banished quarterback Colin Kaepernick courageously began by kneeling during the national anthem to bring attention to police brutality and glaring racial inequities in the U.S. justice system.

"I think everyone knows what the issue is - we're done with that," Jay-Z said. "We all know the issue now. Okay, next."

Hmm, where have we heard that before?

Oh, yeah, from opponents of the civil-rights movement, who derided those protesting against whites-only lunch counters and seats in the back of the bus as nothing more than rabble-rousers who should've been focused on real issues afflicting the African-American community, as if a system that denied pretty much every human dignity wasn't the actual problem.

"Now that we all know what's going on, what are we going to do?" Jay-Z said, putting his foot further in his mouth. "How are we going to stop it? Because the kneeling was not about a job, it was about injustice."

Hey, maybe the NFL should take its deal with Roc Nation to a whole new level by pairing Jay-Z with Jon Voight, another celebrity (yes, kids, Jon Voight was once a cutting-edge actor) who turned in what little was left of his cred card after that awful film Anaconda by declaring recently that racism was "solved long ago by our forefathers."

We can see the ad now: "Welcome to another season of exciting NFL football! Featuring the social-justice stylings of Jay-Z, who'll show us all how to make a buck off police beating up black people. And the racially harmonious world of Jon Voight, asking the question that's been on everyone's mind: Why can't we all just get along? And finally, we'll bring you the smiling face of Roger Goodell, reminding everyone for the 847th time that Colin Kaepernick is not in the NFL because he's just not good enough."

Now, back to reality.

Safety Eric Reid, who joined Kaepernick in his kneeling protest but managed to keep a job in the NFL, took aim at Jay-Z for teaming up with the league without getting some sort of assurance that his former 49ers teammate would get another crack at taking the field, something he clearly wants to do.

Jay-Z framed it this way: "So what are we gonna do? ... [Help] millions and millions of people, or we get stuck on Colin not having a job."

Reid replied on Twitter: "These aren't mutually exclusive.

They can both happen at the same time! It looks like your goal was to make millions and millions of dollars by assisting the NFL in burying Colin's career."


Maybe we're being too hard on Jay-Z, who has long pulled off that delicate balancing act between social consciousness (such as his Trayvon Martin documentary series) and the potential pitfalls of good ol' capitalism (his 2013 collaboration with Barney's was widely panned over allegations that the luxury store discriminated against black shoppers).

He's been on the right side of many issues, but never let it stand in the way of making a buck.

Jay-Z was reportedly peeved at rapper Travis Scott for performing with Maroon 5 during last season's Super Bowl in Atlanta, after many black artists bailed on the halftime show over the league's treatment of Kaepernick. But now that he's got all that cash in his pocket, Jay-Z says his stance had nothing to do with the ex-quarterback.

"My problem is [Scott] had the biggest year to me last year, and he's playing on a stage that had an M on it," Jay-Z said. "I didn't see any reason for him to play second fiddle to anyone that year, and that was my argument."

Jay-Z says he won't be performing at this season's Super Bowl, but his company - home to Rihanna, DJ Khaled and other stars - will co-produce the halftime show and serve as a consultant on other entertainment projects with the league, as well as working with its Inspire Change initiative.

"The NFL has a great big platform, and it has to be all-inclusive," Jay-Z told The New York Times when his deal with the league was first announced.

"They were willing to do some things, to make some changes, that we can do some good."

Too bad he won't be pushing for an NFL that includes Kaepernick.

Curry welcomes new beginnings at Golden State
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

OAKLAND -- Someday, years or even decades from now, at one of those celebratory reunions teams like to do, Stephen Curry knows he and Kevin Durant will reminisce with fondness about their three insanely successful years together on the Golden State Warriors.

They will reflect on the greatness, the fun, all they learned from each other shooting side by side, day after day. Two championships, a pair of NBA Finals Most Valuable Player awards for Durant.

"I'll always remember the three years we had. We'll probably be back here down the road celebrating those like they did the '74-'75 team," Curry said, nodding in the direction of the Warriors' recent championship banners. "It'll be cool when that happens."

For now, Curry is embracing new beginnings as the oldest player on a Golden State roster that will look far different come training camp next month - and that also was the theme he shared with girls attending his Warriors camp this week in one of his bittersweet final trips to the downtown Oakland practice facility before a move to San Francisco and the new Chase Center. Durant, recovering from surgery to repair a ruptured right Achilles tendon, has departed to join the Brooklyn Nets.

"We won two championships and I think we both got better throughout the process as basketball players and as people," Curry said. "With the demand every single night to be great and just all that that comes with, in terms of the media attention, the scrutiny, the criticism, the praise even, it's a lot to handle. And I think me and him especially on that level could connect. Him going to Brooklyn, you're just trying to make sure he's happy and going to a place where he feels like he needs to be. At the end of the day, you've got to be happy about that for him."

Also gone are veterans Andre Iguodala and Shaun Livingston, guard Quinn Cook and big man DeMarcus Cousins. Meanwhile, the Warriors have added a handful of new faces such as D'Angelo Russell, Willie Cauley-Stein and Glenn Robinson III. Draymond Green got a new four-year deal earlier this month worth close to US$100-million. Kevon Looney re-signed, too.

As Klay Thompson works back this season from surgery for a torn ACL in his left knee that he injured in the deciding Game 6 loss of the Finals to the Toronto Raptors, Curry's backcourt mate will be Russell.

At 31, Curry doesn't mind that he will be the quote-unquote old guy entering his 11th NBA season.

A two-time NBA MVP, he has reached five straight NBA Finals.

"Has it sunk in? No. Have people been reminding me? Yes, any time they bring up our team looking forward," he said with a smile. "It's cool, though, hopefully I'm wise beyond my years but still youthful in what I can do on the floor. It's just a change in dynamic all the way around. We're excited about the opportunities, the challenges for the whole roster, because we've got a lot of guys that have the opportunity to really prove themselves and make a difference in our team.

Obviously our core, till Klay gets back, we know how to win and we know how to play. We're just going to do it a little differently."

Curry is unconcerned at this stage about outside expectations regarding how good this group might be and speculation that these Warriors may not be a championship contender.

"I know the reality of the situation in terms of we lost a guy like Kevin Durant, who's an alltime great basketball player," Curry said.

"We lost two veteran, high-IQ guys in Shaun and Andre that really were like the cogs in the wheel that kept us going and you could rely on them every single game. So, the look is different but nobody really has a sustained run like we did where every year you're expected to be the greatest. It's just a matter of now we have to, I wouldn't even say prove people wrong, but we have to kind of galvanize the new roster and do the exact same thing."

As he told the female campers all sporting his No. 30 jersey, first things first.

Curry took a quick poll of how many had started school again.

Dozens of hands shot into the air.

"Great to see you all again! You all having a great day, too?" Collective: "Yeah!"

"New beginnings, right? We're going to take care of our school work this year?" Curry asked.

"We're going to be very dedicated and hard-working in the classroom as we are on the basketball court? That's very important to be well-rounded people, right?

Athletes and academics."

Associated Graphic

Stephen Curry of Golden State and Toronto's Danny Green battle for the ball during the NBA Finals last June between the Warriors and Raptors. Curry has reached five straight Finals.


Only 12, Liu a fan favourite in her CP Women's Open debut
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2

AURORA, ONT. -- Just four years ago, Canadian amateur Michelle Liu was leaning on the ropes at the CP Women's Open to ask LPGA Tour professionals for autographs.

This week at Magna Golf Club it was the 12-year-old Liu who was thrilling fans with her signature.

After carding a 10-over-par 82 on Friday, Liu spent 15 minutes signing mementoes and taking pictures with spectators after becoming the youngest golfer to play in the national Open championship.

"It's so surreal to see her playing with the same people who once signed her hat," older sister Lucy Liu said.

After taking up golf at the age of 6, Liu quickly discovered a passion for the game.

She was also a quick study. Working with coach Rob Houlding, Liu developed a well-rounded skillset and results soon followed.

The Vancouver youngster has become a regular winner of events in her age category and can hold her own with junior players late in their teenage years.

When Liu finished as the top Canadian at the recent national women's amateur championship, she booked her ticket for this year's CP Women's Open.

Expectations were naturally modest and her 19-over-par 163 total was well off the weekend cutline. But the scoreline wasn't really important.

Liu got to experience everything that comes with participating in a tournament featuring most of the sport's top players.

Her list of firsts was a long one.

Hearing her name called out on the first tee at an LPGA Tour stop. Her first news conference, first birdie at a pro event, and first walk up the 18th fairway in front of an adoring crowd.

There was even a little facetime on the Golf Channel on Friday morning. Not bad for someone who has yet to start the eighth grade.

When the second round ended Friday evening, only two of the 15 Canadians in the field qualified for weekend play.

Brooke Henderson of Smiths Falls, Ont., shot three-under 69 Friday and was near the top of the leaderboard at nine under. Anne-Catherine Tanguay of Quebec City was also in good shape at four-under 140 after a 74.

Alena Sharp of Hamilton missed the one-under cutline by a stroke, shooting a one-under 71 to sit even par. Megan Osland of Kelowna, B.C., (74) also had a chance to make the cut, but finished two over with a 74.

Lower down the leaderboard were Brittany Marchand of Orangeville, Ont., Maude-Aimée Leblanc of Sherbrooke, Que., Maddie Szeryk of London, Ont., Valérie Tanguay of Saint-Hyacinthe, Que., Mary Parsons of Delta, B.C., Emily Zhu of Richmond Hill, Ont., Brigitte Thibault of Rosemère, Que., Casey Ward of Picton, Ont., Céleste Dao of Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-Perrot, Que., and Charlottetown's Lorie Kane.

The emotional swings ran the gamut for Liu over her 36 holes.

Some tears were shed after she opened with an 81. But her bright smile returned early Friday after she hit it long and straight to kick off her second round.

Her short game was steady and composure was remarkable for a preteen player competing on this stage for the first time.

Houlding was on the bag for Liu this week and said the takeaways were numerous.

"I think it'll take a few days to digest," he said. "The biggest thing is that she's seeing how some of the best players play.

She can gauge her performance against theirs and get some reference on what she's working towards."

Blue Jays rout Rangers in second straight victory
Back-to-back homers from McKinney and Hernandez help take Toronto to a 3-0 win
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

TORONTO -- Billy McKinney and Teoscar Hernandez hit back-to-back home runs in the sixth inning and the Toronto Blue Jays kept the Texas Rangers off the board Tuesday in a 3-0 victory.

Randal Grichuk also hit a solo homer for the Blue Jays (51-72).

Danny Santana had a pair of doubles for the Rangers (59-60), supplying the visitors' only two hits through the game's first five innings.

Texas starter Lance Lynn (14-8) gave up one run and four hits with three walks and a strikeout in five innings. It was the first time since April 23 that Lynn had pitched fewer than six innings in a start.

Wilmer Font served as the opener for Toronto, allowing one hit and two walks over his two innings of work.

Left-hander Thomas Pannone (3-5) followed Font with four scoreless innings - allowing just two hits and two walks while striking out three - and Tim Mayza, Derek Law and Ken Giles kept the shutout going to give Toronto its fifth win in seven games.

Giles, making his first appearance since Aug. 7, earned his 16th save of the season.

The Blue Jays made it a 3-0 game in the sixth with the backto-back solo shots from Hernandez and McKinney off Texas reliever Shawn Kelley.

It was the 11th time this season that Toronto had homered in consecutive at-bats - and second time in as many nights - tying a franchise record from 1999.

Grichuk gave Toronto a 1-0 lead in the second inning with his team-leading 22nd homer of the season, a solo shot to straightaway centre field.

The Blue Jays have hit 106 homers since June 16. They came into the game four back of the Yankees for the most home runs hit in that two-month span.

Rookie sensation Bo Bichette walked in the third inning to extend his on-base streak to 16 games to begin his career, the longest ever by a Blue Jay. The on-base streak is the third longest in MLB history by a player aged 21 or younger, surpassing Ted Williams's 15-game streak from the 1939 season.

Rangers centre-fielder Delino DeShields slammed hard into the wall when he fell backward while making a catch on a deep Reese McGuire fly ball with two out in the fourth inning. McGuire was batting with the bases loaded and DeShields's catch saved at least a pair of runs. DeShields stayed in the game.

Rougned Odor continued to be booed loudly in each of his plate appearances. Toronto fans have loudly voiced their displeasure for the Texas second baseman since he punched former Blue Jays slugger Jose Bautista in the jaw during a 2016 game.

Man U settles for tie with Wolves
EPL match ends in 1-1 draw after Pogba misses penalty, but Solskjaer says United is 'a young team who will learn'
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13

WOLVERHAMPTON, ENGLAND -- Paul Pogba pulled his jersey over his face when the final whistle sounded, his latest spot-kick failure costing Manchester United two points and casting doubt over the wisdom of the team rotating its penaltytakers.

The France midfielder saw his 68thminute attempt saved - his fourth penalty miss in the past year - as United had to settle for 1-1 at Wolverhampton Wanderers in the English Premier League on Monday.

Pogba won the penalty after being tripped by Wolves defender Conor Coady and opted to take the kick himself after talking with Marcus Rashford, who converted a penalty in United's 4-0 win over Chelsea on the opening weekend of the season.

"The two of them are designated penalty-takers," United manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer said. "It's up to them, there and then.

"Marcus scored last week, but Paul was also confident. I like players with confidence."

Rashford said Pogba "wanted to take it, it's that simple."

"Anyone can miss a penalty," Rashford said. "He has scored so many penalties and it is normal to miss one. I took one last week, so for me it's no problem that he took it. It's unfortunate he didn't score but that's football."

Anthony Martial put United into the lead at Molineux after running onto Rashford's pass and shooting first time with his left foot high into the net in the 27th.

United handed Martial the No. 9 jersey for this season, with Solskjaer demanding more goals from the winger he has converted into a striker.

It is two goals in two games for the Frenchman, who also netted from close range against Chelsea.

Wolves was overrun in the first half, but improved in the second half - mainly after the halftime introduction of pacy winger Adama Traore - and equalized through a superb strike from Ruben Neves.

The midfielder received the ball on the edge of the area from Joao Moutinho, took a touch and curled a shot in off the crossbar. The video assistant referee checked the goal for offside against Moutinho but the goal stood.

Wolves also drew its first game, 0-0 at Leicester.

"First half was a mature performance.

Second half was a bit sloppy," Solskjaer said. "We are improving. We are a young team who will learn. We learned on the pitch today."

Associated Graphic

Paul Pogba falls after being tripped by Wolves defender Conor Coady during their English Premier League match in Wolverhampton, England, on Monday. The incident resulted in a penalty kick, which Pogba opted to take himself.


Australia salvages a draw in its second Ashes test against England
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

LONDON -- Australia defied the absence of star batsman Steve Smith because of a concussion and more devastating spells of pace bowling by Jofra Archer to hold out for a draw in the second Ashes test against England on Sunday.

Set an improbable victory target of 267 off 48 overs at Lord's, the Australians quickly slumped to 47-3, but a fourthwicket stand of 85 between Marnus Labuschagne (59) and Travis Head (42 not out) helped push them to safety.

Australia lost three more wickets in a five-over stretch to keep the match alive as the light faded, but managed to survive to 154-6 at the end.

Australia retained a 1-0 lead in the five-match series.

Labuschagne had an interesting day. He only found out he'd be playing as test cricket's first concussion substitute when Smith was withdrawn from the team early on Sunday, after waking up with a headache and feeling groggy after being hit in the neck by an Archer bumper on Saturday.

Labuschagne came to the middle with Australia struggling on 19-2 after 5.3 overs and, off the second ball he faced, was hit on the grille of his helmet by another vicious delivery from Archer.

The batsman dropped to the ground, was checked out by medical staff and required a new helmet.

In a blistering spell by Archer, balls flew past Labuschagne, but he survived and looked more comfortable in the final session as England's hopes began to dwindle at the home of cricket.

He finally departed, somewhat controversially, when England captain Joe Root was adjudged to have got his fingers under a diving catch at midwicket from Labuschagne's sweep.

It was Labuschagne's second half-century in his sixth test and he could stay in the team for the third test starting on Thursday on Headingley, with Smith's availability in doubt.

With Australia currently holding the Ashes urn, the English need to win two of the final three tests to take it off its fierce rivals.

Archer's performance at Lord's on his test debut will give England real hope, though. He was a permanent menace, taking 2-59 off 29 overs in the first innings and then 3-32 off 15 overs in the second.

Singers Jett, Underwood, to lead Sunday Night Football performance
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

Fred Gaudelli knew NBC would have to come up with something grand for this season's Sunday Night Football opener given this is the NFL's 100th anniversary.

It didn't take long for the show's executive producer to arrive at something as Carrie Underwood came up with the perfect idea.

This season, the show will open with the original Waiting All Day for Sunday Night song, but this time Underwood will be joined by Rock & Roll Hall of Famer Joan Jett. Jett's band, the Blackhearts, also performs.

Waiting All Day for Sunday Night was adapted from Jett's 1988 hit I Hate Myself for Loving You. Pink performed it first in 2006, followed by a country version sung by Faith Hill for six seasons and then Underwood, who did her own version from 2013 to 2015.

"It is a perfect way to celebrate the league's 100th season by going back to the beginning," Gaudelli said. "It is a perfect way to evolve and celebrate the song."

Gaudelli has known Jett and her manager, Kenny Laguna, for more than 20 years. Their first collaboration came when Gaudelli was working for ESPN and Jett did a cover of Real Wild Child for the first X Games. When Gaudelli moved to NBC in 2006 after the network acquired the Sunday night rights, he knew what he wanted as the theme song.

This is Underwood's seventh year as the featured performer for the opener. The seven-time Grammy winner sang Oh Sunday Night for two seasons and Game On last year. Oh Sunday Night was adapted from Somethin' Bad, Underwood's duet with Miranda Lambert from 2014.

"I have always been a huge fan of Joan's, and I'm thrilled that she's joining us for the Sunday Night Football open," Underwood said in a statement.

The open, which will debut before the Sept. 7 game between the Pittsburgh Steelers and New England Patriots, was shot at Atlanta's Mercedes-Benz Stadium.

It was the first time it has been shot at an NFL stadium instead of a sound stage.

Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

MONTREAL The Montreal Impact have fired head coach Rémi Garde and replaced him with Wilmer Cabrera.

The Impact announced the move Wednesday. It comes 27 games into the Garde's second season with the club, which is struggling to hang on to a Major League Soccer playoff spot.

Assistant coach Joël Bats and fitness coach Robert Duverne were also dismissed, while assistant coach Wilfried Nancy and goalkeeper coach Rémy Vercoutre join Cabrera's staff. Former Impact captain Patrice Bernier will also join the staff as an assistant.

The Impact have just one win in their past eight league matches (1-6-1) and are coming off a shocking 3-3 draw with FC Dallas at Saputo Stadium on Saturday that saw the visitors erase a 3-0 deficit with three goals in just more than 30 minutes. Montreal (10-13-4) has a precarious hold on the seventh and final Eastern Conference playoff spot, tied on points at 34 with Orlando City and Toronto FC but with one more win than the other two clubs. However, Toronto has played one fewer game.

"Because I have so much respect for Rémi as a person and as a professional, it was a very difficult decision to make and it was well thought, but our latest series of failures in the past couple of months and the way the team acts on the field led to that change," Montreal Impact president and chief executive Kevin Gilmore said in a statement.

Trade war's losers include microchips, energy and banks
U.S. companies with high exposure to China are most vulnerable, but they are not the only businesses at risk
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

NEW YORK -- Looking across the stock market, it's hard to find a company that isn't vulnerable in some degree to the U.S.-China trade war.

Stocks of U.S. companies that do lots of business with China, such as chip makers and other technology companies, are obvious candidates for investors to sell when trade worries rise. They have fallen more than the rest of the market whenever President Donald Trump sends out a tweet or speaks about tariffs.

But investors are also looking beyond these first-order effects as they pick out which stocks look susceptible to the trade war.

Those picks now include many companies that have no significant ties to China but are still at risk.

That's why all but 2 per cent of the stocks in the S&P 500 fell on Aug. 5, when worries ratcheted higher after China let its currency devalue to its lowest level in a decade.

The damage has been widespread since Mr. Trump shocked investors on Aug. 1 by saying on Twitter he planned soon to extend tariffs across virtually all Chinese imports.

The latest tariffs cover about US$300-million worth of Chinese goods, many of them consumer products that were exempt from earlier rounds of taxes.

Even though Mr. Trump has delayed some of the tariffs, they will ultimately raise costs for U.S.

companies bringing goods in from China. Those companies will then have to either pass higher prices on to their customers or give up some of their profits. That's a big deal for investors because a stock's price tends to track the path of its earnings over the long term.

One concern is that all the uncertainty on trade will lead businesses and shoppers to hold off on spending in hopes of waiting out the tumult.

Businesses say they have seen inklings of such behaviour, which, if it accelerates, could lead to a self-fulfilling cycle in which weaker sales for companies push them to cut back on hiring.

That could lead in turn to even weaker spending and do more damage to the economy. That's trouble for most companies, to some degree.

It's also why some of the hardest-hit stocks in recent weeks have little business, if any, in China but remain vulnerable to the consequences of the trade war.

Among the losers in the dispute: ENERGY Energy stocks in the S&P 500 have plunged 10.2 per cent since just before Mr. Trump sent his Aug. 1 tweet, the worst decline of the 11 sectors that make up the index.

National Oilwell Varco, for example, is based in Houston and gets most of its revenue from supplying drilling and other technologies in the United States, Saudi Arabia, Brazil and Norway. But its stock has plunged nearly 22 per cent, seven times the loss of the overall S&P 500.

That's in large part because the price of oil has sunk on worries that the trade war will do lasting damage to the global economy. If that happens, countries around the world will have less need to burn oil.

The price of benchmark U.S.

crude plunged nearly 8 per cent on Aug. 1, its worst day in 41/2 years.

BANKS Financial stocks have been the second-worst performing sector in the S&P 500 in recent weeks as the prospect of less-profitable lending threatens banks' profits.

Comerica, for instance, has been sucked into an industrywide downdraft. It is based in Dallas and has bank branches mostly in Arizona, California, Florida, Texas and Michigan. It has some businesses operating outside the country, but in Canada and Mexico, not China. Its stock has sunk 16.2 per cent during the recent pickup in trade tensions.

The escalation in the trade war has led a growing number of economists and analysts to warn about a possible recession.

And those concerns have spread to the bond market, where interest rates have sunk sharply.

The market for interest rates has gone so haywire this month because of worries about a possible recession that long-term Treasury yields in some cases are lower than short-term yields.

That's trouble for an industry that relies on borrowing money at short-term rates, lending it out at long-term rates and pocketing the difference.

MICROCHIP COMPANIES Companies that make microchips that go into laptops and other electronics have been some of the trade war's biggest victims because of how dependent they are on China.

Consider Micron Technology, which got more than 57 per cent of all its sales from China in its last fiscal year. Not only that, it needs China for rare earth minerals found there, and it also has significant manufacturing operations in the country.

Micron sank 2.9 per cent on Aug. 1, when Mr. Trump announced he would extend tariffs to products that include laptops and mobile phones. That was more than triple the S&P 500's loss.

Since Mr. Trump's 2018 tweet that "trade wars are good, and easy to win," Micron is down 8.5 per cent, while the S&P 500 is up 7.9 per cent.

INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES Since Mr. Trump initiated the trade war with China in 2018, the reaction in the market has been to sell big industrial companies whenever tensions rise. The temptation makes sense given how global the companies are, but it may be misguided, said Stephen Volkmann, an equity analyst at Jefferies who covers machinery and industrial companies.

"Every time there's a tweet, I get a call and asked, 'How does this affect CAT?' " Mr. Volkmann said, using the ticker symbol for heavy-equipment maker Caterpillar. "CAT tends to make what they sell where they sell it."

That means many of its products do not have to cross borders before they are sold, which offers some insulation from the effect of tariffs.

Other industrial companies have also already absorbed tariffs and successfully passed the costs on to their customers. But "it's a little like shouting in the wind to get anyone to care," Mr. Volkmann said.

When asked if any of the industrial companies he follows is much more vulnerable than others because of this next round of tariffs, he struggles to name one in particular.

"The most important part is: Do we enter a recession because of them?" he said. "If that's true, that's true for all my companies."

Associated Graphic

Investors track the effect of trade tension on heavy-equipment maker Caterpillar, which has some protection from tariffs because many of its products don't cross borders before being sold.


U.S. retail boom eases economic fears
Despite upbeat July sales report, expectations of a Federal Reserve rate cut likely won't change
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

WASHINGTON -- U.S. retail sales surged in July as consumers bought a range of goods even as they cut back on motor vehicle purchases, helping to assuage financial market fears that the economy was heading into recession.

The upbeat report from the U.S. Commerce Department on Thursday, however, will likely not change expectations that the U.S. Federal Reserve will cut interest rates again next month as news from the manufacturing sector remains dour, underscoring the darkening outlook for the economy against the backdrop of trade tensions and slowing growth overseas.

President Donald Trump cheered the strong retail sales data, which came a day after a key part of the U.S. Treasury yield curve inverted for the first time since June, 2007, and triggered a stock market sell-off. An inverted Treasury yield curve is historically a reliable predictor of looming recessions.

Mr. Trump's "America First" policies, which have led the United States into a bitter trade war with China, have been blamed for threatening to derail the longest U.S. economic expansion in history and unleash a global recession.

"The United States is now, by far, the Biggest, Strongest and Most Powerful Economy in the World, it is not even close!" Mr.Trump wrote on Twitter. "As others falter, we will only get stronger. Consumers are in the best shape ever, plenty of cash."

Financial markets have fully priced in a 25-basis-point rate cut at the U.S. central bank's Sept.

17-18 policy meeting. The Fed lowered its short-term interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point last month, citing the acrimonious U.S.-China trade fight and slowing global economies.

But the data could push markets to dial back expectations of a 50-basis-point rate cut next month. (One basis point is a hundredth of a percentage point.)

"So yes, consumers are lifting economic growth and easing pressure on the Federal Reserve to cut more aggressively, but the trade war itself, and the rhetoric that accompanies it will push for more rate cuts," said Jennifer Lee, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets in Toronto.

Retail sales increased 0.7 per cent last month after gaining 0.3 per cent in June, the government said. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast retail sales would rise 0.3 per cent in July.

Compared with July last year, retail sales increased 3.4 per cent.

Excluding automobiles, gasoline, building materials and food services, retail sales jumped 1 per cent last month after advancing by 0.7 per cent in June. These socalled core retail sales correspond most closely with the consumer spending component of gross domestic product.

Solid retail sales were reinforced by strong second-quarter results from Walmart Inc. The world's largest retailer posted a 20-quarter, or five-year, streak of U.S. growth, unmatched by any other retail chain, and raised its earnings forecasts for the year.

U.S. stocks were trading largely higher after Wednesday's sharp losses. The dollar edged up against a basket of currencies.

U.S. Treasury prices rose, with the yield curve steepening a little after Wednesday's inversion.

July's gain in core retail sales suggested strong consumer spending early in the third quarter, though the pace will likely slow from the April-June quarter's robust 4.3-per-cent annualized rate. Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of the economy, is being underpinned by the lowest unemployment rate in nearly half a century.

While a separate report from the Labour Department on Thursday showed an increase in the number of Americans filing applications for unemployment benefits last week, the trend in claims continued to point to a strong labour market.

Solid consumer spending is blunting some of the hit on the economy from the downturn in manufacturing, which is underscored by weak business investment. There are, however, red flags for the labour market coming from manufacturing.

The sector's struggles were highlighted by a third report from the Fed on Thursday showing factory production dropped 0.4 per cent in July. Output at factories has declined more than 1.5 per cent since December, 2018. Manufacturing, which makes up about 12 per cent of the economy, is also being weighed down by an inventory overhang, especially in the automotive sector.

The troubles appear to have continued into the third quarter.

Though a report from the Philadelphia Fed on Thursday showed factory activity in the mid-Atlantic region slowed moderately in August amid an increase in new orders, manufacturers reported hiring fewer workers and slashing hours.

A measure of factory employment dropped to its lowest level since November, 2016. The weakness in factory employment in the region that covers eastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey and Delaware was mirrored by another survey from the New York Fed. Activity in New York was little changed this month, with employment measures deteriorating further.

"The health of factories is still an important driver of growth and the soft patch for production remains a factor that is keeping economic growth in the slow lane," said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at MUFG in New York.

Manufacturing productivity tumbled at its fastest pace in nearly two years in the second quarter, with factories cutting hours for workers, another report from the Labour Department showed.

The economy grew at a 2.1per-cent rate in the second quarter, decelerating from the first quarter's 3.1-per-cent pace.

Growth estimates for the third quarter range from a 1.5-per-cent pace to a 2.1-per-cent rate.

In July, auto sales fell 0.6 per cent after rising 0.3 per cent in June. Receipts at service stations rebounded 1.8 per cent, reflecting higher gasoline prices. Online and mail-order retail sales jumped 2.8 per cent, the most in six months, after rising 1.9 per cent in June. They were likely boosted by Inc.'s Prime Day event.

There were increases in sales at clothing, furniture and building material stores. Sales at restaurants and bars accelerated 1.1 per cent. But spending at hobby, musical instrument and book stores dropped 1.1 per cent last month.

"The consumer is incredibly resilient," said Lindsey Piegza, chief economist at Stifel in Chicago. "But without growth from housing investment and manufacturing, the consumer will be hard-pressed to continue to alone support the U.S. economy."

Associated Graphic

Solid consumer spending is helping to ease the pain the U.S. economy is feeling from the downturn in manufacturing.


Struggle for control precipitated company's troubles
Tuesday, August 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Every day brings a new revelation from the corporate horror show that is CannTrust Holdings Inc.

The latest: CannTrust said on Monday that Health Canada has determined a second operation run by the cannabis company, this time a manufacturing facility, was not compliant with regulations. That triggered another dip in the stock's roller-coaster ride.

On Friday, the company said its auditor, KPMG LLP, had withdrawn its certification of the company's 2018 financials and declared the audited results can't be relied upon as accurate.

And so it has gone since July 8, when CannTrust - once considered as close to blue chip as the industry could offer - disclosed Health Canada had cited it for growing pot plants in unlicensed rooms at its Southern Ontario greenhouse.

On the surface, the sad saga of CannTrust looks to be about a failed attempt to skirt regulations in an effort to meet promises to investors. What the reporting has shown, though, was a struggle for control at the executive and board levels, which led employees to divide themselves into warring camps.

Ultimately, the internal battle pushed conflict out in the open, and that was a factor in a crisis that has prompted the ejection of CannTrust's two top executives, set off an investigation by securities regulators, led to an effort to sell the company and brought skepticism about the legal cannabis industry's ability to operate like any other.

Company founder Eric Paul stepped aside as chief executive officer in early October, 2018, to make way for Peter Aceto, the former CEO of Tangerine Bank. Mr. Paul said that, with Mr. Aceto's "successful track record of strong leadership, deep operational knowledge and focus on delivering shareholder value, he will be the perfect compliment to our leadership team."

By all accounts, it was not a smooth transition of power. Weeks after Mr. Aceto was hired, president Brad Rogers and Michael Ravensdale, vice-president of quality and production management, left the company in quick succession, according to CannTrust's management circular. The reasons for their departures have not been made public.

Then, as an internal e-mail showed, within a month and a half of his arrival, Mr. Aceto was told by staff of cannabis being grown in unlicensed rooms at the company's Niagara-region greenhouse, and that the company had "dodged some bullets" when Health Canada inspectors did not raise onerous questions, The Globe and Mail reported. It was brought to the attention of Mr. Paul, the chairman.

The e-mail chain shows he told staff how to respond to any questions from the regulator.

An internal document shows plants had been moved into two unlicensed rooms on Oct. 3, two days after CannTrust announced Mr. Aceto had signed on as CEO. The move was made after lengthy delays by Health Canada processing the company's applications, according to the document, seen by The Globe. The rooms did not receive certification until last April.

By the end of 2018, tension between Mr.Aceto and Mr. Paul over who was running the company began to surface, according to another internal e-mail, the contents of which were reported by The Globe last week. "Management often receives conflicting instructions from board members.

It is often unclear when and which board members need to be involved in decisionmaking, and when decisions are made, they are often second-guessed," Mr. Aceto wrote on Dec. 31.

According to current and former employees, some of CannTrust's workers took sides as tension increased, some with Mr. Paul and his long-time allies on the board, and some with Mr. Aceto. Those in the former camp complained that the new CEO lacked the industry background necessary to deal with the nuances of delivering cannabis on time while juggling the demands of customers, investors and regulators.

Those siding with the latter lamented that Mr. Aceto was never really handed the reins at CannTrust, and that he was given conflicting information on industry and company standards and practices by the long-time executives and directors - the same ones who had initially sought a CEO who could add credibility to the management team as recreational cannabis legalization approached.

With no clear leadership and the company in crisis, loyalists felt obliged to lay the blame at the other guy's feet in hopes of a revival.

In the end, neither has escaped scorn.

As the walls closed in on CannTrust amid investigations and recriminations, Mr.Aceto was terminated "with cause" by the board's special committee looking into the imbroglio. It also persuaded Mr. Paul to step down.

Now, as the fate of CannTrust hangs in the balance, it's clear internal strife only served to help tear the company apart from the inside.

Associated Graphic

A uniform-cleaning services employee delivers lab coats to CannTrust's Vaughan, Ont., facility on Monday, where Health Canada uncovered several more infractions in July.


Vancouver port volumes jump on surge in specialty crop exports
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

VANCOUVER -- The Port of Vancouver handled a record 72.5 million tonnes of cargo in the first half of this year, a bright spot for British Columbia as housing markets, the forestry sector and other parts of the economy sag.

Canada's largest port said cargo volumes rose 0.5 per cent compared with the 72.2 million tonnes processed in the first six months of 2018.

"While Canada is certainly not exempt from the challenges impacting global trade, the diverse range of trading partners and cargo handled through the Port of Vancouver ensures the entire port remains resilient," Robin Silvester, president of the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, said in a statement.

But a new report by Central 1 Credit Union cautions about the impact of trade uncertainty in the second half of 2019.

"A compendium of factors including deterioration in the global trade environment, retrenchment in the forestry sector and slowing consumer spending on big-ticket items will weigh on growth," Central 1 deputy chief economist Bryan Yu said in his outlook for the B.C. economy.

Mr. Yu said reduced sales activity in real estate, as well as downturns in mining and forestry, will contribute to slower growth in gross domestic product in B.C. of 2.2 per cent this year, compared with 2.4 per cent in 2018.

Reduced housing sales activity, "owing to federal mortgage stress tests and provincial government tax measures, has dragged the resale market into recession-like conditions," he said. "Meanwhile, the forestry sector has experienced sharp contractions since robust activity in early 2018."

Undaunted by the forestry slump, B.C. billionaire Jim Pattison launched an unsolicited, $981.7-million bid this week for full control of Canfor Corp., Canada's second-largest lumber producer. Mr. Pattison, through Great Pacific Capital Corp., owns 51 per cent of Vancouver-based Canfor.

He wants to take the company private with his cash bid of $16 a share for the 49 per cent of Canfor stock that is widely held.

Last month, Canfor announced the indefinite shutdown of its sawmill in Mackenzie, B.C., and plans to chop one of two shifts at its mill in Isle Pierre, B.C., in September.

"A rising number of mills have closed due to current market conditions and lack of long-term timber supply, marking a trend that will likely persist," Mr. Yu said.

He warns that global economic conditions are deteriorating amid the U.S.-China trade war.

China's ban on Canadian canola has eroded total exports of the agricultural product. The Port of Vancouver said it saw a 12.6-per-cent decline in canola shipments in the first half of this year versus the same period last year. Lumber exports slipped 1.6 per cent and other wood product shipments fell 10.2 per cent.

But many commodities enjoyed strong demand, with specialty crop exports surging 34.2 per cent, potash and potassiumbased fertilizer shipments jumping 27.3 per cent and wheat exports rising 22.4 per cent.

Imports and exports of goods in containers set a record, with 1.7 million shipments handled in this year's first half, up 3.5 per cent from the same period of 2018.

The shipping industry deploys large vessels to carry containers, which are reusable steel boxes measured as 20-foot equivalent units.

"The Port of Vancouver is definitely a significant driver of the economy and reflective of the trade that goes through the region," Mr. Yu said in an interview.

The Vancouver Fraser Port Authority is warning that the West Coast could run out of capacity to handle container shipments within six years. The port authority said it needs to win regulatory approval to build its Roberts Bank Terminal 2 site that would be situated on reclaimed land south of Vancouver, with operations opening in 2029.

But a rival proposal from a tenant, GCT Global Container Terminals Inc., has added to the uncertainty over how best to expand trade capacity.

Associated Graphic

A record 1.7 million shipments were handled at the Port of Vancouver in the year's first half, up 3.5 per cent from the same period in 2018.


S&P cuts SNC-Lavalin debt rating to junk status
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

SNC-Lavalin Group Inc.'s credit rating has been downgraded to junk status by Standard & Poor's, which cited the potential for the company to lose more money on construction and engineering contracts.

The bond-rating agency on Monday lowered the rating on SNC-Lavalin's senior unsecured debt to double-B-plus from triple-B-minus and maintained a negative outlook.

The move, which could make it more expensive for the Montreal-based engineering company to borrow money, comes weeks after SNC reported a $2.1billion loss for the second quarter, prompting it to cut its dividend for the second time this year.

SNC-Lavalin's stock has been falling for months amid a political crisis over unresolved bribery and fraud charges.

The company has announced several strategic shifts, but its largest shareholder, Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, has called for cultural changes "across the board."

"The downgrade really reflects the losses that the company experienced over the past three quarters. We saw more risk going forward than we previously assumed," S&P credit analyst Alessio Di Francesco said in an interview.

"But the downgrade primarily reflects the losses on the lump sum turnkey contracts [LSTK], which we believe indicate weaker operating efficiency and a weaker financial risk profile."

SNC-Lavalin said that it will drop bids on LSTK contracts, which carry a higher risk of the company having to take responsibility for unexpected costs and budget overruns. The contracts, worth billions of dollars, include several Canadian infrastructure projects.

"This update follows our [second-quarter] results, however, we remain committed to maintaining an investment grade credit rating," SNC-Lavalin spokesperson Daniela Pizzuto said in a statement. "To that end, the company is pursuing a new strategic direction that will tackle the root cause of our short-term cash flow considerations - namely LSTK contracting, which we have exited.

"By exiting such contracting and splitting it off from what is otherwise a healthy and robust business, we expect to see more consistent earnings and cash flow."

S&P initially placed SNC-Lavalin on watch for a possible downgrade in July after the engineering company said that it expected weak second-quarter results, Mr. Di Francesco said.

But poor earnings results and potential problems with some remaining fixed-price contracts signalled even greater issues than expected, he added.

"The magnitude of losses that we saw recently leads us to believe that there is more risk in the remaining lump sum turnkey contracts that the company still has to work through," Mr. Di Francesco said. "We also see other risks for potential slower growth in the economy and unresolved fraud and bribery charges."

The troubled company has been trying to recover since it said in October that the federal director of public prosecutions had declined to negotiate a deal to defer bribery and fraud charges. Its attempt to get an agreement plunged the Trudeau government into political controversy. Former attorney-general Jody Wilson-Raybould said she faced pressure from the Prime Minister, his key advisers and some cabinet ministers to overrule the director's decision.

Analysts expected the downgrade after SNC-Lavalin's warning of poor earnings, according to RBC Dominion Securities. SNC-Lavalin bonds have traded down in price since mid-July when the company announced a strategic shift that would see it stop bidding for LSTK contracts.

"We view today's news as largely neutral given the largely anticipated move by S&P and the fact that we see largely limited impact from the credit downgrade to non-investment grade," RBC analyst Derek Spronck said in a note, adding that the move could weigh on bonds but is "not likely to impact equity holders or operations."

The downgrade will move SNC-Lavalin's bonds to FTSE Canada High Yield Bond Index from the investment-grade FTSE Canada Universe Bond Index.


Hasbro to buy eOne in $4-billion deal
U.S. toymaker plans to expand Toronto music, film and TV producer's brands to new formats, including streaming and music
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Hasbro Inc. is purchasing Toronto-based Entertainment One Ltd. in a US$4-billion all-cash deal that brings together the maker of Transformers toys and the Monopoly game with the producer of children's shows, Peppa Pig and Clifford the Big Red Dog.

The Pawtucket, R.I., toymaker said the acquisition of the Canadian music, film and television producer will bring its brands to "to all screens globally" and enhance its infant and preschool products, a key growth segment for the company. The deal puts eOne's portfolio, including shows such as Peppa Pig and PJ Masks, under the same roof as the toy and entertainment franchises My Little Pony, Transformers, PlayDoh, Nerf and Power Rangers.

Shareholders of eOne, which trades on the London stock exchange, will receive £5.60 per common share, a 31-per-cent premium of its 30-day average price.

Its shares closed at £4.42 on Thursday. Hasbro is funding the acquisition through debt financing and US$1-billion to US$1.25billion in cash from equity financing.

"The acquisition of eOne adds beloved story-led global family brands that deliver strong operating returns to Hasbro's portfolio and provides a pipeline of new brand creation driven by familyoriented storytelling, which will now include Hasbro's [intellectual property]," said Hasbro chairman and chief executive officer Brian Goldner in a release.

EOne's Canadian TV and film operations - largely located in Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal - will continue to operate as a Canadian-controlled business within Hasbro, the company said. EOne also has operations in London, Los Angeles, New York, Hong Kong, Melbourne and Shanghai.

Hasbro said that it will retain eOne's senior executive team.

"Hasbro's portfolio of integrated toy, game and consumer products will further fuel the tremendous success we've achieved at eOne," said eOne's chief executive Darren Throop. "There's a strong cultural fit between our two companies; eOne's stated mission is to unlock the power and value of creativity which aligns with Hasbro's corporate objectives."

EOne has made a steady stream of acquisitions, including a joint venture with the Mark Gordon Company, which has produced shows such as Grey's Anatomy and movies such as Saving Private Ryan.

In 2013, eOne also bought Canadian movie-distribution company Alliance Films for $174-million, plus debt, in a deal that boosted eOne's profile as a major international independent film distributor, bringing aboard titles including The Hunger Games.

In 2015, the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board took an 18-per-cent stake in eOne, thenvalued at $289.4-million, pledging to help the media company succeed in its global expansion plans.

Hasbro said that, with eOne, it plans to expand its brands to new formats, including streaming, music, location-based entertainment, augmented reality and virtual reality.

"EOne's brands and TV and film expertise, together with Hasbro's brands, toy and game innovation and licensing capabilities, position us to more quickly drive revenue and profit over the medium-term," Hasbro's chief financial officer Deborah Thomas said.

EOne says on its website its Canadian incorporation reflects its "beneficial Canadian heritage status" and its film and television business in the country.

Mr. Throop grew up on a farm northeast of Red Deer, Alta., and told The Globe and Mail in 2015 that eOne has largely flown under the radar in Canada "by design."

"We just haven't been pushing the story in the Canadian marketplace like some of our predecessors and our counterparts currently are. They're always doing whatever they can do to get their name in the press."

In 2015, eOne moved 500 of its Toronto employees into an office that is a stone's throw from the headquarters of the Toronto International Film Festival.

Toronto-based theScore gains entry into U.S. sports betting
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B3

Sports fans and gamblers in New Jersey will soon be able to bet online with theScore Inc. in time for football kickoff.

The Toronto-based media company has received approval from the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement to play host to internet and mobile sports-wagering services in the state, it said on Friday. The move comes after the U.S. Supreme Court reversed a federal law last year that prevented gambling on sports in most states, opening the door for states to legalize sports betting.

TheScore is planning a soft launch of its sportsbook app to a select group of bettors "in the coming days," but would not confirm a date. It also intends to roll out the sportsbook app across the state in time for U.S.

football season.

"Sports betting is just one aspect of why people are passionate about sports," founder and chief executive John Levy said.

"It's all part of this engagement that people have with sports."

Through theScore's sportsbook app, which is required by state regulation to be separate from its main media app, users can bet on sports games and other statistics, such as how many points or goals a team will score, Mr. Levy said. It plans to integrate the two apps so that users can toggle between the media app with news, live scores and alerts, and the sportsbook app to directly place bets.

While competitors in New Jersey such as DraftKings Sportsbook and FanDuel Sportsbook offer similar betting services, Mr.Levy said that theScore aims to grab a piece of the market that has generated US$1.925-billion year-to-date in total gambling revenue, according to the New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety.

"We provide all this sports and betting information, and then people take it and they go and bet elsewhere, but those other apps are just transactional," Mr.Levy said. "People go and make a wager, and then they get their information elsewhere. But most of the time, they're getting their information from us."

With about two-thirds of its four million average monthly users located in the United States, theScore plans to expand the app to other states after its initial New Jersey launch. Last month, the company announced an agreement with Penn National Gaming Inc., North America's largest regional gambling operator, which allows theScore to offer online and mobile sports betting and online-gambling applications in 11 states.

In Canada, the federal government prohibits betting on singlegame sporting events, which is banned under the Criminal Code.

Sports betting is allowed through provincially regulated lottery and gaming commissions, but the Ontario government said in its 2019 budget that it wants to open up online gambling. Ontarians spend approximately $500-million annually on gambling online, with most of that money spent on illegal websites, according to the province's 2019 budget.

And Canada risks missing out on a large market, according to Paul Burns, president of the Canadian Gaming Association. He estimates that sports-lottery products generate about $500-million a year, with online offshore sports betting amounting to more than $4-million.

"Sports betting is very popular and it's growing," Mr. Burns said.

"It's a huge part of the gambling industry in Europe and it's a growing segment in North America thanks to the legalization in states in the U.S."


Trans Mountain sets wheels in motion to restart construction
Company gives contractors 30 days to prepare for work to begin, rehire workers for pipeline to be in service by mid-2022
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

OTTAWA -- Trans Mountain Corp. has given the green light to some of its contractors to rehire the workers and complete the detailed work plans needed to begin construction of the stalled pipeline-expansion project.

In a news release on Wednesday, the company said it issued work directives to some of its major contractors and gave them 30 days to prepare for actual construction.

"With today's announcement on the commencement of construction, I firmly believe that we are finally able to start delivering the significant national and regional benefits we have always committed to," Trans Mountain chief executive Ian Anderson said.

The company said it has all the permits needed to begin construction in Alberta, as well as at the Burnaby Terminal and the Westridge Marine Terminal near Vancouver. It expects to receive clearance of all outstanding regulatory approvals and permits for the remaining construction areas over the coming months.

The Liberal government reapproved the Trans Mountain expansion project two months ago, but the company needed time to reassess its work plan and prepare for construction. It said on Wednesday that it expects the expanded pipeline would be in service by mid-2022.

The federal government agreed to buy the pipeline from U.S.-based Kinder Morgan Inc.

in May, 2018, as the American company was ready to give up on the expansion because of continuing delays created by provincial officials and environmental groups in British Columbia. The stalling of the expansion - which would triple the volume of crude reaching Vancouver harbour - provoked a backlash in Alberta, as its oil industry remains hobbled by insufficient pipeline capacity to export its crude.

The Federal Court of Appeal quashed the Liberal government's initial approval of the project last August, ruling it had failed to adequately consult First Nations along the route and fell short in its assessment of effects on marine life from increased tanker traffic.

The government reapproved the expansion project on June 18, promising to get construction started as soon as possible. However, the Federal Court ruling also quashed construction permits previously provided by the National Energy Board which had to reissue them this summer.

With an election due this fall, Natural Resources Minister Amarjeet Sohi, who represents an Edmonton riding, said the Trans Mountain directive was "good news for workers and companies in the oil sector that we are moving forward on the Trans Mountain expansion in the right way." First Nations and environmental groups have challenged the second approval, arguing the federal government failed to meet the requirements laid down by the Federal Court of Appeal ruling. Indigenous leaders complained the consultations conducted after the court ruling were tainted because the government is the owner of the project and was determined to approve it regardless of First Nations' concerns.

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney said in a statement that the start of construction is an important milestone, but the process has taken far too long already and he won't celebrate until oil is flowing through the expanded pipeline.

He also called on Ottawa and local governments to ensure opponents are not able to block construction.

Associated Graphic

Steel pipe to be used in the construction of the Trans Mountain expansion is stored at a site in Kamloops, B.C. The Federal Court of Appeal quashed the Liberal government's initial approval of the project last August.


Transat shareholders approve Air Canada's $720-million takeover bid
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

The fate of Air Canada's $720million takeover bid for Transat A.T. Inc. rests with regulators after shareholders overwhelmingly approved the acquisition offer Friday.

In a special meeting, shareholders of the Quebec-based tour operator voted 94.77 per cent in favour of accepting the $18-a-share transaction from the country's largest airline.

The deal will narrow the field of airline competition, securing for Air Canada about 60 per cent of the Canadian transatlantic market and helping the company maintain a firm hold on Montreal air travel.

The takeover is expected to face intense scrutiny from the Competition Bureau and other regulatory authorities, including in Europe. Transat said it expects the deal to close early next year.

"Today, we are very confident that we will get the approval of these different regulatory authorities," Transat board member Jean-Yves Leblanc said at a news conference, citing "the best advisers that we can have on this planet."

Chairman and chief executive Jean-Marc Eustache, who cofounded Transat's predecessor in the early 1980s, tamped down fears of higher fares on flights to Europe.

"I have 42 years' experience in that field. I never saw the price going up," he told reporters, pointing to competitors on the Montreal-Paris route such Air France, Level Airline and Corsair International.

"Plenty of competition, there's no problem with that."

While the price of Caribbean flights remains relatively low among ample competition from budget airlines such as Sunwing Airlines Inc. and WestJet Airlines Ltd. subsidiary Swoop, the consumer cost of transatlantic travel threatens to slide upward.

"If you are interested in travelling to Rome, London or Paris, the price is going up, because Air Canada and Transat really control this market," said Michel Nadeau, executive director at the Institute for Governance of Private and Public Organizations. "The temptation will be to boost the price.

"Up to now it's possible to buy a ticket to Paris or London for less than $1,000, but there's a danger that after the transaction the price will go above $1,000," Mr.Nadeau said.

Both Air Canada and Transat are headquartered in Montreal, but worries persist around Transat's head office and potential job losses.

Mr. Eustache took pains to quell anxiety over job cuts if Air Canada absorbs Transat, whose subsidiary Air Transat operates a roughly 40-plane fleet.

"You need the pilots, you need the flight attendants, you need the mechanics," he said. "When you know that it takes between seven to eight crews to fly one plane, that means 14 to 16 pilots to fly one plane. That gives you an idea ... those jobs will not disappear." AIR CANADA (AC) CLOSE: $43.10, DOWN 80¢ TRANSAT A.T. (TRZ) CLOSE: $16.19, DOWN 42¢

Associated Graphic

Transat chairman and CEO Jean-Marc Eustache, left, greets a shareholder ahead of a meeting in Montreal on Friday.


Alberta extends quotas on oil production amid capacity concerns
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

The government of Alberta said on Tuesday it was extending mandatory curtailments on crude production by an extra year through 2020, because of uncertainty about when expanded pipelines may come online.

Alberta's previous New Democratic Party government imposed production limits in January to drain a glut of oil in storage that built up owing to congested pipelines. The curtailments have dramatically reduced a painful discount on Canadian heavy crude, but investor confidence remains shaken and energy stocks are trading around historic lows.

Premier Jason Kenney's United Conservative Party government, which took office in the spring, has steadily eased curtailments as inventories drained.

But Alberta Energy Minister Sonya Savage said that with delays in pipeline approvals such as Enbridge Inc.'s Line 3 replacement, production levels could exceed rail and pipeline capacity by 150,000 barrels a day (b/d), and greater price discounts could reappear, unless the province extended curtailments.

"We're doing this because we have to. In the short term, we don't have the capacity to move the production," Ms. Savage told reporters in Calgary.

The government also said it would raise the exemption in the curtailment formula for all oil producers to 20,000 b/d from 10,000 b/d, effective in October. The move means that curtailment will apply to only 16 of Alberta's 300 oil producers, down from 29 companies currently. In October, oil production will rise slightly to 3.79 million b/d from 3.76 million in September, Ms. Savage said.

Ms. Savage said it was possible that curtailment might end earlier, depending on market conditions, but that extending it for now gave the province greater flexibility.

Pipeline projects have run into fierce opposition in Canada and the United States, causing regulatory and court delays lasting years.

Activists oppose pipelines as a way of strangling expansion of the Canadian oil sands, which they say are especially harmful to the environment. Alberta's biggest producers, including Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. and Suncor Energy Inc.

urged the provincial government in July to allow expanded production as greater rail capacity to ship it became available.

Ms. Savage said she had not ruled out the idea, but was not ready to make a decision. She said she intended to announce monthly revisions to curtailment levels 60 days in advance, instead of 30 days previously, to help producers plan.

Alberta is not changing the overall methodology that it uses to determine each company's production limit.

Brooke's Brigade is only growing
Defending champ has drawn fans all week at the CP Women's Open - for her, being a golf star is a natural fit
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S3

AURORA, ONT -- All week, thick crowds have been following Brooke Henderson around Magna Golf Club to watch her title defence at the CP Women's Open.

As fans steady their phones at her and holler "Go get 'em Brooke" on every hole, the Canadian star politely acknowledges the encouragement with a small tip of her hand. She chokes down on her extra-long driver and lets the ball rip far and straight. Gasps of admiration echo from the gallery. They whoop proudly at her every birdie putt.

An equipment retailer constructed a Brooke's Brigade viewing zone, where kids scoop up free red Brooke T-shirts. Her image is on all the posters, media guides and credentials. She is routinely met by large media scrums.

Huge packs of autograph-seekers, from retirees to kids wearing her well-recognized Ping visor, surround the fence past the 18th green after her rounds. Henderson spends 20 minutes scribbling and posing for photos before she is ushered off to the clubhouse.

In five years, Henderson has gone from teenage phenom and world-topping amateur to a 21year-old LPGA star with nine titles to her name. The native of Smiths Falls, Ont., has already won a major and become Canada's most winning pro golfer in history. Her victory in Regina last year ended a 45-year stretch without a Canadian champion at the national women's open. Now, with the spotlight focused squarely on her in Aurora, Ont., she takes aim at something no one from Canada has done at this tournament: repeat.

"Doing media days and being around the tournament, I had been around the trophy a lot and always wanted to touch it or pick it up, but I had never done it because I told myself I would earn it," Henderson said. "But the thing is, once you win a tournament, you really only get to spend maybe an hour with the trophy and then they take it away. But you get a replica, and that's on my trophy shelf."

When she played in her first Canadian Women's Open as a 14year-old amateur, her coach and father, Dave Henderson, captured a photo of the large silver tournament trophy when it was on display by the front gates of the Vancouver Golf Club.

He got up close and wrapped his arm behind it, but he was careful not to touch it.

"Kind of like the Stanley Cup - we know hockey players never touch it until they win it," recalled her dad in Aurora this week, watching from the back of the media tent as his daughter met the press. "We had the photo blown up and put right on the bedroom door, so you couldn't really miss it. It's there subtly with lots of other good memories and inspirational quotes and scores.

She passed it every day when she was home over the following years. I think it was motivational."

He said another trophy they have set as a goal is the Vare Trophy, awarded to the LPGA player with the lowest scoring average of the season. Henderson is currently fifth on Tour in that category (69.742).

"If you focus on that, all of your skills have to be good," her dad said.

Henderson is flanked by her close-knit circle this week in Aurora - including her sister Brittany on her bag, her parents, her agent from IMG, and her long-time contact at Ping, the club manufacturer.

Wednesday afternoon, the company received a last-minute request from Henderson for a new club - a 4-iron she wanted to add to her arsenal just in case she might need it. Ping quickly customized one for her in Oakville, Ont., and hand-delivered it to her on the range at Magna Golf Club by 7 a.m. - an hour before she began Thursday's opening round.

"As soon as you mention Brooke's name at Ping - in Canada or the U.S. - we jump," said Dave Wilson, general manager of Ping Canada, who has known the family since Henderson's early teens, and often walks the course with them when she plays.

He had lunch with the Hendersons after she shot an exciting sixunder 66 opening round on Thursday at Magna to sit - at least for a while - atop the leaderboard.

"We didn't even talk about golf.

It was like fist bump, 'good round,' "said Wilson, to articulate Henderson's poised tone. "She's humble, she's kind to everyone, and you'll never see her getting ahead of herself after a round."

It reminded him of the breakfast they all had before her Sunday round in Regina last summer.

The preparation had been done, the confidence was there. They didn't talk at all about the championship she could win that day.

In fact, they talked about a TV show he had just watched about whales.

"Dave and Britt and Brooke do so much work ahead of time.

Then on the course, Britt and Brooke are so good at quickly processing humidity, lie, wind direction, speed - they make a very unique team," Wilson said.

"You're only allowed one, two bad swings per round at this level. You can't play with reckless abandon.

She is very aggressive off the tee because her ball striking is so good. Brooke can do whatever she wants with her driver, and that's such a gift."

On top of improved skill, Henderson has also become seasoned at managing her obligations.

The bulk of her appearances on behalf of the tournament were in early July. There was a news conference inside Magna's opulent clubhouse, which kicked off with the viewing of a powerful LPGA ad. Henderson was featured prominently among the Tour stars in the ad, over messages "this is for every girl who was told success and kindness are two different things" and "this is us crushing it for you, so you can crush it for the next girl."

That was followed by an afternoon jam-packed with one-onone interviews. Then came a lateday meet-and-greet at Aurora's GolfTown, where a long line of fans snaked through store aisles amid the vibrant golf polos, skorts, clubs and leather bags, awaiting their chance to stand next to her.

Everything that comes with being a golf star comes more naturally to her now.

"You know what airlines are best to fly into that city, what hotels you like, you understand the golf courses a little better," Henderson said.

"Being able to say no and learn to time manage is key. I have to understand that I need proper time to rest and to practice, so I think time management has been one of the most important things I've learned. I'm a much more confident player and person now."

On Friday, Henderson shot a second-round three-under 69 and is right in the CP Women's Open fight, in a tie for third, three back of leader Nicole Broch Larsen.

Henderson has won two titles a season for four successive years.

In her LPGA career, she has already made US$5.9-million in prize money. This season, she has made US$1.14-million, placing her No. 5 on the money list. There is lots more available.

The CP Women's Open has a purse of US$2.25-million with the winner getting a US$337,500 cheque. She is No. 5 in the CME Race to the Globe standings - a season-long tally of points that decides the Top 60 to play in the CME Group Tour Championship, which has a US$5-million purse and the US$1.5-million winner's cheque, the largest single prize in the history of women's golf.

Henderson can remember rubbing shoulders with Canadian golfers Alena Sharpe and Lorie Kane in her first CP Women's Open. Now she's the veteran player inspiring the young ones - meeting 12-year-old Canadian amateur Michelle Liu on the driving range this week ahead of her first one.

Magna's wide fairways suit Henderson's strengths, so it's easy to imagine the Canadian could repeat as champion this weekend.

It's never easy to be the very best in a field of 156 golfers - especially with 99 of the LPGA's Top 100ranked golfers in Aurora.

"Knowing I was capable of winning this event after having done it last year I just think gave me a lot of confidence, made me more comfortable in front of these crowds," Henderson said.

The crowds will only get bigger on the weekend.

Associated Graphic

Canadian Brooke Henderson greets fans on the 16th hole during the second round of the CP Women's Open in Aurora, Ont., on Friday.


Thomas perseveres to win the BMW Championship
American holds off competitors as they cut into his lead to claim No. 1 seed heading into FedEx Cup finale
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

MEDINAH, ILL. -- Justin Thomas had more stress than he wanted and answered with the shots he needed Sunday at Medinah to win the BMW Championship and claim the No. 1 seed going into the FedEx Cup finale.

Thomas watched a six-shot lead shrink to two in a span of three holes around the turn, until he regained control with two great wedges and two pivotal putts. One last birdie gave him a four-under 68 and a three-shot victory over Patrick Cantlay, who gave him a battle to the end with a 65.

"I was really nervous today. It's hard to play with a lead," Thomas said. "You don't know how often things like this will happen, and it feels great."

The victory, the first for Thomas since the World Golf Championship at Firestone last year, gives him a two-shot lead starting the Tour Championship next week as the top 30 players in the FedEx Cup chase the US$15-million prize.

The field will have a staggered start based on their position in the FedEx Cup, meaning Thomas starts at 10-under par.

The top 30 who advanced includes Lucas Glover, who went bogey, double bogey late in his round until finishing with a par to wrap up his first trip to East Lake in 10 years.

It will not include Masters champion Tiger Woods, the defending champion.

Woods was a long shot going into the final round to crack the top 30, and he closed with a 72. East Lake was his first victory in five years, capping his return from four back surgeries, a special moment replaced six months later by his Masters victory.

Hideki Matsuyama took the 36-hole lead with a 63 until falling back with a 73. He responded with another 63 to finish alone in third, making him one of three players who moved into the top 30 to reach East Lake.

The other was Jason Kokrak, but only after J.T. Poston made bogey on his final hole.

The U.S. team for the Presidents Cup didn't change, with Bryson DeChambeau holding down the final spot. Tony Finau would have needed to finish alone in third.

He closed with a 69 to finish fourth, unable to keep up with Matsuyama.

Nothing changed for the International team either, as Jason Day failed to earn one of the eight automatic spots.

Both captains, Woods and Ernie Els, will have four picks on Nov. 5.

Corey Conners (69) of Listowel, Ont., tied for seventh with Glover at 15 under over all. After starting the season with only a partial PGA Tour card, Conners has now earned a spot in all four majors next season, the World Golf Championships and, of course, a full tour card for 2020.

He was also well within the top 30 to advance to the Tour Championship.

Adam Hadwin (76) of Abbotsford, B.C., tied for 43rd at six under.

With so much at stake, the one certainty going into the final round seemed to be the winner. Thomas had a six-shot lead, and only seven players dating to 1928 had ever lost a lead that big on the PGA Tour.

Thomas didn't hit a fairway until the fifth hole. He still had a six-shot lead when his chip from across the green on the parfive seventh nearly went for eagle.

And then it turned quickly.

Cantlay made an eight-foot birdie on No.

7, followed with a 12-foot birdie on No. 8 and a six-foot birdie on No. 9. Thomas then helped out by hitting his second to the parfive 10th under a tree, hitting left-handed to get it out and making bogey. Cantlay made his fourth straight birdie, and the lead was down to two with eight holes remaining.

That's when Thomas came to life with a wedge to two feet for birdie.

He followed with two key putts, and the most important might have been for par.

He drove into the right rough and had to play about 65 yards short of the green, hitting wedge up to about 12 feet. Cantlay had a 15-foot birdie putt, and a two-shot swing would have cut the lead to one.

Cantlay missed. Thomas made his par putt, stepping forward with a fist pump.

Associated Graphic

Justin Thomas of the United States plays a shot on the 10th hole during the final round of the BMW Championship at Medinah Country Club on Sunday. Thomas's victory was his first since he took the World Golf Championship at Firestone last year.


Raiders' Brown practises with certified helmet
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

ALAMEDA, CALIF. -- Star receiver Antonio Brown practised in a certified helmet with the Oakland Raiders on Tuesday, two days after being given an ultimatum by general manager Mike Mayock to be "all in or all out."

"He's all in, ready to go," coach Jon Gruden said. "That's my understanding. Really happy to have him out here. He's a great player."

Brown didn't attend practice Sunday as he worked to find a helmet he was comfortable using and that met safety standards set by the NFL and the NFL Players Association. He lost a grievance last week in which he sought to be allowed to use the Schutt Air Advantage helmet he has worn throughout his career. But the helmet was too old to be certified as safe.

He had hoped to find a newer version of his preferred helmet that could be approved, but the one he submitted failed a safety test conducted by the league and union.

He filed a second grievance Monday seeking a one-year grace period, according to a person familiar with the situation who spoke on condition of anonymity because it wasn't made public. But he is back practising with the team while that gets resolved.

Brown was not wearing a helmet during the open portion of practice and spent some of the time during stretch in the nearby weight room. But he walked off the field after practice holding a new helmet and Gruden said he's running well after also missing time with frostbitten feet.

"He's really good," Gruden said. "He's shown great retention of what we're doing.

He didn't miss the off-season program."

Brown didn't take part in a full practice during the Raiders' entire training camp stay in Napa, Calif., which wrapped up Monday, missing time because of frostbite on his feet suffered in a cryotherapy accident in France and then over the helmet issue. That led to Mayock saying Sunday that the Raiders had supported Brown, but had "exhausted all avenues of relief."

Gruden said the drama surrounding Brown hasn't affected the team's preparation for the season.

"It's not been a distraction to me at all," Gruden said. "I hate to break it to anybody, but we've known what the status is regarding his feet. He just showed up with frost bite. I never had a guy show up with frost bite. Fortunately, we got that thing under control. This grievance thing is no laughing matter. It's something that's really important to him. There's nothing wrong in supporting your players on things they believe in. We also understand the league's position but I'm confident that he's going to be a heck of a player for us and be ready to roll."

Brown had 686 catches and 9,145 yards receiving the past six seasons in Pittsburgh, the best marks ever for a receiver in a six-year span. But he still wore out his welcome with the Steelers after leaving the team before a crucial Week 17 game last season and Oakland was able to acquire him in March for the small price of third- and fifth-round draft picks.

The drama that surrounded Brown in Pittsburgh didn't stop upon his arrival in Oakland, even though he was given a hefty raise with a three-year contract worth US$50.125-million.

He arrived at camp with the frost-bitten feet, sending him to the non-football injury list. He was activated on July 28 and participated in parts of two practices before leaving for more than a week to get treatment and deal with the helmet grievance.

Associated Graphic

Oakland Raiders receiver Antonio Brown practised in a certified helmet with the team in Alameda, Calif., on Tuesday, after losing a grievance last week in which he sought to be allowed to use the Schutt Air Advantage helmet he has worn throughout his career - that helmet was too old to be certified as safe.


Williams-Ramos drama overshadows this year's U.S. Open
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

As the start of the 2019 U.S.

Open approaches, the indelible image from last year's tournament does not involve a particularly remarkable shot or a champion holding a trophy. Instead, it is, and likely forever will remain, Serena Williams pointing her index finger at chair umpire Carlos Ramos while insisting that he owed her an apology after they clashed during the women's final.

The tenor of that match between Williams - who then was, and currently is, seeking a 24th Grand Slam singles trophy - and Naomi Osaka - whose terrific performance during a 6-2, 6-4 victory largely was ignored amid the chaos that enveloped Arthur Ashe Stadium that day - shifted after Ramos warned Williams for receiving a coaching signal from the stands and devolved from there. She eventually was docked a point and, later, a game - and afterward, was fined US$17,000.

Almost a full 12 months later, with first-round play beginning Monday at Flushing Meadows, the ramifications of that 1-hour 19-minute contest still reverberate, including this: Ramos will not officiate matches involving Serena Williams or her older sister, Venus.

Among the key story lines that carry over: Serena Williams, also the runner-up at Wimbledon each of the past two years, is trying to equal Margaret Court's mark for most major singles championships. Osaka, who added her second Slam title at the Australian Open in January, returns to New York ranked No. 1 - and dealing with knee discomfort that forced her withdrawal from a tuneup tournament last week.

What's more, the tennis world is filled with continuing discussions and debates about such matters as the proper role of chair umpires, the way the code of conduct is constructed and, maybe above all, whether in-match coaching should be permitted everywhere.

On that last subject, there are those who would like to see it, such as the USTA itself or Williams's coach, Patrick Mouratoglou, who acknowledged right after last year's final that he was attempting to communicate with his player and also noted, correctly, that surreptitious coaching happens all the time and goes unpunished.

Says Allaster: "I understand it's polarizing, but ultimately, we have to look at how tennis competes and is relevant. ... Access is a key part of it; engagement with fans that want to hear from the players and coaches."

Says Mouratoglou: "I have never understood why tennis is just about the only sport in which coaching during matches is not allowed."

There are others, such as Roger Federer or the person in charge of Wimbledon, who think it goes against the very fabric of the game.

Says Federer: "I'm of the opinion that we shouldn't have coaching in tennis. ... It's what actually makes our sport unique."

Says All England Club executive chairman Richard Lewis: "There's a lot of people - Wimbledon, as much as anybody - who feel that tennis is very special because it is a gladiatorial contest. ... You're on your own."

It's a topic that hangs over the season's past major, even if there are plenty of results-related questions for the hard-court tournament's two weeks: How healthy is Williams, who withdrew two events because of back spasms? Can Osaka make another deep run? Will Wimbledon champion Simona Halep get past the semi-finals at the only Slam where she hasn't? How will 15-year-old Coco Gauff follow up her run at Wimbledon? Can Federer, defending champ Novak Djokovic or Rafael Nadal make it 12 major titles in a row for the Big Three? Might a twentysomething man finally break through?

None of that, though, is fraught with the greater significance of a possible rule change. As things stand, there is nothing consistent about coaching, a reflection of the each-week-is-different situation in a sport without a commissioner or a single rulebook.

Associated Graphic

Serena Williams, left, argues with chair umpire Carlos Ramos during the 2018 U.S. Open in New York.


For some pros at Magna, Symetra Tour isn't too far out of focus
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

AURORA, ONT. -- It's always a big deal for Canadians Maddie Szeryk and Maude-Aimée LeBlanc to play this week in the CP Women's Open, an LPGA Tour event and their national championship.

But it's not as important as the tournaments that lie ahead for them.

Szeryk, a rookie pro, and veteran LeBlanc are Canada's top performers on the second-tier Symetra Tour this season. They are both trying to get into the top 10 on the circuit's money list and thus earn a promotion to the LPGA Tour for 2020.

So while they're playing for a US$2.25-million purse this week - 10 to 20 times bigger than what they would see any other week - they're also looking ahead to the final five Symetra events.

Szeryk, a dual U.S.-Canada citizen whose Canadian base is in London, Ont., is in 13th spot on the Symetra money list but just US$5,000 away from 10th. LeBlanc of Sherbrooke is 20th.

"At least two of the [remaining] events have big purses and they are going to be key," said LeBlanc, 30, who has had LPGA Tour status for most of her eightyear pro career, but didn't keep her card last year. "I'm going to have to be able to play well those weeks to give myself a good chance to get in the top 10."

"If I have one strong week, I'm right there," Szeryk added.

They're both able to play in the CP Women's Open because the Symetra Tour has this week off.

This is Szeryk's fourth career appearance in the championship and LeBlanc's 11th.

Szeryk, 23, is an up-and-comer who played on Canada's national amateur team for four years and notched four collegiate wins, playing for Texas A&M, before turning professional last year.

She won a mini-tour event in her pro debut.

Her Symetra foray has gone well and has included four top-10 finishes, including one runnerup. "It was a little overwhelming at first but I've definitely kind of settled in and I'm excited," Szeryk said of her Symetra experience, speaking ahead of Thursday's opening round of the CP Women's Open. "It's gone really well and I feel comfortable out there."

LeBlanc has had five top-10s, including three in her past four outings. The 6-foot-1 player, also a national team member in her amateur days, is known for her long drives but it's her putting that has lifted her this season, she said.

About two months ago, she changed her putter, her grip, her stance and even her mental approach to golf's shortest stroke.

"My putting is definitely what has been keeping me away from getting to my potential or being more consistent on the LPGA," she said. "So I'm really happy I've figured it out this year."

Even if they don't quite reach the top 10 by season's end, they would still have another chance to earn their LPGA cards at the tour's qualifying school. They would join Q-school in the third and final stage in late October and each be competing for one of the 45 cards available.

But for another day at least, before they return to the Symetra Tour next week in Sioux Falls, S.D., they've got the chance to enjoy the LPGA Tour and its stop this week at Magna Golf Club in Aurora, Ont. LeBlanc opened with a five-over-par 77 and like Szeryk, who shot a 78, will have her work cut out for if she wants to make the cut on Friday.

But as LeBlanc said before the tournament began, "I don't really have anything to lose out here this week. So I'll just try to enjoy it."

Former MLSE executive Hunter takes over top Wolfpack job
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

TORONTO -- Bob Hunter has overseen the growth of BC Place Stadium, Rogers Centre, Scotiabank Arena and BMO Field. Now he is looking to help take the Toronto Wolfpack to the next level.

The former Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment executive has been named chairman and interim chief executive officer of the transatlantic rugby-league team. He succeeds majority owner David Argyle, who gave up both jobs in early June after finding himself embroiled in a racism scandal.

The 65-year-old Hunter left MLSE in January after 22 years and started his own consulting practice. He sees the Wolfpack job as his new full-time endeavour.

"It's a great opportunity to bring some of that 22 years of experience to a reasonably new organization. Even with the success they've had to date," Hunter said in an interview. "I've been really, really pleasantly surprised at the sophistication of the business and look at it as a great opportunity to try and help that team grow to a new level."

He inherits a club that has enjoyed great success on the field.

"Needless to say we've got a great team ... the playoffs [are] ahead of us, potential promotion ahead of us," he said. "A great time to join."

The Wolfpack (23-1-0) have already clinched the second-tier Betfred Championship regular-season title and are currently riding a 18-game win streak.

With three games to go, they are preparing for the promotion playoffs.

Toronto, which failed to gain promotion to the Super League in 2018 at the last hurdle in a 4-2 loss to London Broncos, can reach the top tier with two playoff wins this season.

But the franchise faces challenges off the pitch.

Toronto recently announced it would not televise two of its remaining home games to save money. The Wolfpack had been paying for production costs to air its games on Sky Sports in Britain. Toronto distributed the broadcasts elsewhere, including Canada, where the matches were shown on Game TV and only by CBC.

The Wolfpack are facing a lawsuit filed in Alberta by iLink Media Group, which handled TV production in 2018. The company argues the rugby-league team "defaulted on payment for a significant portion of last year's season to the tune of just over $300,000."

Argyle has said he is confident the dispute can be resolved.

The franchise itself is unique. While based in Toronto, there are no North Americans on the current roster and the team and its coaches live in England. When the Wolfpack play home games at Lamport Stadium, the team stays in temporary accommodations here.

Hunter started his career at Ontario Place in 1982 before heading west first to help open BC Place Stadium in Vancouver and then joining the Expo '86 Vancouver World's Fair management team.

In 1987, he returned to Toronto to work on SkyDome (now Rogers Centre), first as vice-president of operations and fan services and was then president and CEO. A year later, he became executive vice-president and GM of the Air Canada Centre (now Scotiabank Area) and also oversaw Ricoh Coliseum and an extensive renovation of BMO Field.

In 2014, he became MLSE's chief project development officer.

Hunter, who has already attended Wolfpack games, says he hopes to "enhance the fan experience" at Lamport Stadium.

"With Bob's experience and reputation in the Toronto sports market, I am confident that he is the right person to help build and increase our organization's foothold in the Canadian sports landscape," Argyle said in a statement. "One of our goals is to improve and reshape our fans' experience at Lamport Stadium and there is no one better than Bob to help lead us in that direction."

Canada routs Australia in FIBA warm-up
Pangos leads jelling squad with 18 points; teams will meet again to tip-off the World Cup tournament in China
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2

PERTH, AUSTRALIA -- Canada never trailed and outscored Australia 23-13 in the final quarter for a 90-70 upset win over the home side in a FIBA World Cup warm-up basketball game Friday.

The Canadians (2-1 in exhibition play this summer) led 51-36 early in the third quarter, but Australia rallied to draw level before the visitors dominated the final period for an easy win. The teams meet again on Saturday night at the same stadium in Perth.

"When we can come out and play that aggressive and knock down shots like that, it's great against a tough team like Australia," said Canadian guard Kevin Pangos, who led the team with 18 points on 7-of-10 shooting.

"We've just to continue and keep growing as a team."

Australia plays Canada in its first game of the World Cup on Sept. 1 in China.

Canada goes into the World Cup without most of its NBA stars. The Miami Heat's Kelly Olynyk became the latest big-name player to pull out after sustaining a knee injury. He joined Andrew Wiggins, Jamal Murray, R.J. Barrett, Tristan Thompson, Dwight Powell, Shai Gilgeous-Alexander, Chris Boucher and Nickeil Alexander-Walker as other top Canadian NBA players to miss the World Cup.

Pangos, from Newmarket, Ont., added six assists and four steals for Canada. The team is being coached by Toronto Raptors coach Nick Nurse, who led the team to the NBA championship this season.

"Within our locker room, we're focused on who is here," Pangos said. "I think that's the most important thing. When you think about all the other stuff, that becomes unnecessary and a distraction. We're excited with the group we have. We're going to try to grow the best we can ... and try to peak at the worlds."

Andrew Nembhard of Aurora, Ont., and Kaza Kajami-Keane of Ajax, Ont., added 12 points apiece.

Nembhard, entering his second year at the University of Florida, added a team-high 10 rebounds and four assists.

"He gets places easy and I'm not quite sure how he does it," Nurse said of Nembhard. "I'm trying to figure it out. He's got this head fake, he's in, he's out, he's over, he's around, and all of a sudden he's into some clear space. He's got a funky game a little bit, for a 19-year-old kid, a pretty good game."

Sacramento Kings point guard Cory Joseph of Toronto was not in the lineup for Canada.

Patty Mills led Australia with 20 points.

Canada stays in Australia to face New Zealand in a pair of exhibition games on Aug. 20-21 before wrapping up its pretournament schedule against the United States on Aug. 26 Canada split a two-game exhibition series against Nigeria in Toronto and Winnipeg last week before heading overseas.

Associated Graphic

Andrew Nembhard dribbles past Nathan Sobey during an exhibition game precedeing the FIBA World Cup in Perth, Australia on Friday. Nembhard, a sophomore at the University of Florida, has 'a pretty good game' for a 19-year-old, coach Nick Nurse said.


U.S. women's soccer team likely headed to trial as equal-pay talks break down
Players looking forward to jury trial, representative says, as governing body accuses their counsel of aggressive approach
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

Players for the World Cup champion women's national team say mediation talks with the U.S. Soccer Federation in their dispute over equal pay are over.

Molly Levinson, who represents the players in matters concerning the dispute, said in a statement Wednesday that the players look forward to a jury trial.

"We entered this week's mediation with representatives of USSF full of hope," Levinson said.

"Today, we must conclude these meetings sorely disappointed in the federation's determination to perpetuate fundamentally discriminatory workplace conditions and behaviour."

U.S. Soccer said it had hoped to reach a resolution, but accused the counsel for the players of "an aggressive and ultimately unproductive approach."

"We value our players, and have continually shown that, by providing them with compensation and support that exceeds any other women's team in the world," the federation's statement said.

The players sued U.S. Soccer in March, charging institutionalized gender discrimination that includes inequitable compensation when compared with their counterparts on the men's national team. The federation countered that pay and benefits for members of the men's and women's teams, bargained by separate unions, can't be compared and said there was no basis for allegations of illegal conduct.

The two sides agreed to mediate the matter once the Women's World Cup in France was over. The United States beat the Netherlands to win the title last month, and afterward fans in the crowd chanted "Equal Pay!"

Federation president Carlos Cordeiro wrote U.S. Soccer members in late July claiming the women's team was paid more over all than the men's team between 2010 and 2018.

The letter stated that the federation paid out US$34.1-million in salary and game bonuses to the women between 2010 and 2018 as opposed to US$26.4-million paid to the men. The total did not include the value of benefits received only by the women, like health care, Cordeiro wrote.

The players have disputed the figures, claiming they are misleading.

"It is clear that USSF, including its board of directors and president Carlos Cordeiro, fully intend to continue to compensate women players less than men. They will not succeed," Levinson said Wednesday.

"We want all of our fans, sponsors, peers around the world, and women everywhere to know we are undaunted and will eagerly look forward to a jury trial."

U.S. Soccer in turn took a swipe at the Levinson.

"Despite inflammatory statements from their spokesperson, which are intended to paint our actions inaccurately and unfairly, we are undaunted in our efforts to continue discussions in good faith," the statement said.

Associated Graphic

The U.S. women's soccer team and U.S. Soccer agreed to mediate the matter of equal pay after the Women's World Cup in France. The team beat the Netherlands to win the title last month and fans in the crowd chanted 'Equal Pay!' afterward.


Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

MASON, OHIO Canada's Denis Shapovalov roared back from a bad first set to post a 2-6, 6-3, 6-2 win over lucky loser Joao Sousa of Portugal in first-round action Tuesday at the Western & Southern Masters 1000 tennis tournament.

Shapovalov, from Richmond Hill, Ont., won on his first match point when his forehand was sent into the net by Sousa.

It was the second tournament in a row that Shapovalov, ranked 34th in the world, won his first match. He had five-match losing streak - part of a 2-9 run dating back to March - heading into last week's Rogers Cup men's tournament in Montreal. He beat Pierre-Hugues Herbert of France in the first round in Montreal to end his loss streak before falling to world No. 4 Dominic Thiem.

It looked as if Shapovalov's struggles might continue against world No. 43 Sousa, who beat the Canadian in the only other meeting between the players - a 6-4, 4-6, 6-4 win in Auckland, New Zealand, back in January.

Sousa broke Shapovalov in the match's first game and looked to be in complete control as he cruised to a 6-2 first-set win.

Shapovalov got back into the match with a confident second set. He won the first game with an ace, then broke Sousa to go up 2-0. He went up 3-0 after a nervy hold that went to deuce twice, and then held the rest of the way to even the match at one set apiece. He continued to apply pressure, breaking Sousa to open the third set. He broke Sousa again to go up 4-1, then won while serving for the match in the eighth game of the set.

Shapovalov hit 28 winners compared with seven for Sousa, who advanced into the main draw in Cincinnati after 10th seed Fabio Fognini of Italy withdrew.

Next up for Shapovalov is Frenchman Lucas Pouille, who advanced with a 6-3, 7-6 (6) win over American qualifier Denis Kudla. THE CANADIAN PRESS

Auger-Aliassime ousts Raonic as top Canadian men's player
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

Félix Auger-Aliassime is now the topranked Canadian in men's tennis after jumping into 19th spot in the latest ATP Tour rankings released Monday.

The 19-year-old from Montreal moved up two spots to become just the second Canadian to break into the top 20 since the ATP started publishing rankings in 1973.

Auger-Aliassime jumped past Milos Raonic of Thornhill, Ont., who moved down two spots to No. 22. Raonic, the only other Canadian to crack the top 20, has a career-high ranking of No. 3.

Denis Shapovalov of Richmond Hill, Ont., fell four spots to No. 38.

Auger-Aliassime's rise to the top of Canadian tennis comes despite the teenager putting up some mediocre results on grass and hardcourt.

He hasn't advanced beyond the third round of a tournament since reaching the semi-finals of a Wimbledon warm-up event in late June.

He was drummed out of the first round of the recent Masters event in Cincinnati after No. 58 Miomir Kecmanovic posted a convincing 6-3, 6-3 win.

He reached the third round of his hometown event the week before at the Rogers Cup, but was pushed to a third-set tiebreak by Vancouver's Vasek Pospisil - ranked No. 205 - then moved on to the third round when the ailing Raonic retired before the third set of their second-round match.

Auger-Aliassime was then beaten in three sets by No. 8 Karen Khachanov. However, with an injured Raonic unable to defend points and Shapovalov also struggling, Auger-Aliassime was able to take the mantle of top-ranked Canadian heading into the coming U.S. Open.

In women's rankings, Rogers Cup champion Bianca Andreescu of Mississauga fell one spot to 15th after sitting out the Cincinnati tournament.

Japan's Naomi Osaka, Ashleigh Barty of Australia, Karolina Pliskova of the Czech Republic, Romania's Simona Halep and Elina Svitolina of Ukraine round out the top five.

As climate change looms over the coming federal election, Canada's energy industry needs to clean up its act
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B6

In a sprawling building in the industrial southeast of Calgary, a team of technicians is trying to win a race the Canadian oil patch can't afford to lose.

The men and women in blue coats are huddled over a pressurized vessel that simulates the process of extracting oil from the thick mixture of rock-hard bitumen and sand that makes up the oil sands. Their mission is to test new ways to get the oil out, using solvents to liquefy the bitumen and make it easier to recover from underground reservoirs.

The process uses less energy and water than current methods - and, as a result, produces fewer greenhouse gas emissions.

Working with a variety of solvents, the team at Imperial Oil Ltd.'s research centre feeds bitumen into a reservoir box and injects small doses of liquid to determine which compound - combined with steam or on its own - is most effective at freeing the bitumen from sand. What they discover will be further tested in a pilot project on oil sands deposits near Fort McMurray, Alta.

The work, overseen by engineer Cheryl Trudell, is part of a broader, $1-billion-a-year, industrywide research effort to make the oil sands more competitive, with lower costs and less harmful to the environment. It involves an unprecedented level of co-operation among the major oil sands producers, rivals that now must work together to make progress in reducing carbon emissions - and quickly. They understand that climate change - and the fate of their industry in a world trying to limit its environmental effects - will be a key issue in the coming federal election and for years to come.

At stake are the growth prospects for an industry that has been a major driver of the Canadian economy. Oil sands production has doubled in the past decade to three million barrels a day. Almost all of the country's estimated 167 billion barrels of crude reserves are in the oil sands. It's expensive and takes a lot of water and energy to get the oil out - thus Canada's reputation as a producer of oil with a high carbon footprint.

Rarely has the energy industry faced a more urgent need to solve that problem and change its image. Failure to clean up oil sands production could consign companies to moribund share prices and a slow death as the world seeks to wean itself off the most carbon-intensive energy sources.

Faced with concerns about a growing climate crisis, institutional investors are increasingly demanding that fossilfuel companies demonstrate how they can prosper if the world succeeds in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Oil sands producers operate a capital-intensive business that depends on those investors, including banks and pension funds, for financing.

Meanwhile, governments around the world are pushing policies aimed at dramatically reducing the demand for crude over the coming decades, including tougher fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks and incentives for electric vehicles to displace those fuelled by gasoline and diesel.

So time is ticking. In their market value, energy producers include oil sands reserves that won't be developed for another decade or two. For those reserves to remain valuable, companies such as Imperial and Suncor Energy Inc. will need to be among the low-cost, low-carbon crude producers in world markets.

A better environmental record might also be the best way for the oil industry to shield itself from politics. In Canada, the future of climate-change policy will depend on the outcome of the federal election this fall. The governing Liberals are determined to maintain a cap on overall oil sands emissions and a regulated price on emissions; the Conservatives have a more industry-friendly approach that includes lighter regulations and no emissions cap; and the Greens and New Democrats both propose more aggressive efforts to cut oil sands emissions.

Regardless of who wins, oil-patch executives say they will continue to drive down emissions per barrel, that they are well aware the global pressure to address climate change is only likely to increase. They have no choice if they're going to win back an investment community that is increasingly skeptical about what they have to sell.

The producers are making some progress. The industry on average has cut emissions per barrel of crude produced - known as "carbon intensity" - by 22 per cent since 2012, according to a recent Bank of Montreal study. But overall emissions have grown dramatically in the past decade along with oil production.

Indeed, oil sands companies, led by Imperial, Suncor, Cenovus Energy Inc. and Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., say they should gain a competitive edge from carbon regulations and their own efforts to reduce emissions. They are among the few global oil companies that operate with an explicit carbon price, as well as legislation that will cap their emissions, Suncor chief executive Mark Little noted in a recent interview.

"If you believe that carbon is having an impact [on the environment], which we certainly do, then you start aligning your thinking and your investment and your organization to address that challenge," Mr. Little said. "We are doing that."

The companies are working together on environmental technologies in ways rarely seen in industry. Their sevenyear effort through the Canada's Oil Sands Innovation Alliance is starting to pay dividends, as they begin using technology that was developed jointly, at times with financial backing from provincial and federal governments. CNRL and Cenovus are also using carbon-capture technologies that either store CO2 underground or use it in other products or for other purposes.

Both companies have purchased or built facilities that capture carbon from oil extraction and refining to prevent it from escaping into the atmosphere.

Mr. Little says the oil sands sector can drive its carbon intensity below the international average, and others in the Canadian industry agree. If so, exported Canadian oil could displace dirtier oil from other countries, which would put the industry on a sounder footing with investors.

But a recent study by Stanford University economists suggests there is still a long way to go.

And cuts to carbon-per-barrel measures don't impress environmentalists much.

They look at the total amount of GHG emissions coming from the sector, and the oil sands industry remains the fastest-growing source in Canada. Even with the projected improvements, emissions are expected to climb through the next decade as Alberta pumps out even more crude.

Even by the industry's preferred measure of emissions per barrel, the oil patch doesn't stack up very well, critics say. A peer-reviewed study by Stanford researchers last year rated the Canadian oil industry the fourth-most carbon-intensive of 50 countries, trailing only Cameroon, Venezuela and Algeria and far worse than that of the United States. Based on 2015 data, Canada was almost 70 per cent above the global average, the researchers found, although they qualified that by saying poor data from some countries skewed those results.

"The talking points about cleanest oil are just not accurate for GHGs," said Simon Dyer, executive director at the Pembina Institute in Calgary. "If we want to be leaders in GHG, we're going to have to do much, much more." He said companies tend to tout their newest projects and future prospects for best-in-class examples of GHG intensity, rather than measuring the environmental impact of the industry as a whole.

Oil companies will have to accelerate their efforts if they are to survive in a world that must cut fossil-fuel use to avert the most catastrophic effects of climate change, said a recent report from a federally appointed expert panel on sustainable finance. The panel, headed by former Bank of Canada deputy governor Tiff Macklem, warns that high-carbon industries face a heightened risk of having their assets devalued - unless they can come up with game-changing technologies to cut pollution.

The oil sands sector is already dealing with climate challenges that have harmed it financially.

Most obviously, there is the political opposition to new pipelines and the rising burden of government regulation on its activities. But it's also suffering from new attitudes from big money.

Swiss-based Zurich Insurance Group - which has an investment pool of US$200-billion - said in June that it would no longer underwrite or invest in oil sands companies or the pipelines and crude-by-rail facilities that support them unless they align their business plans with the effort to limit the increase in global temperatures to well below two degrees Celsius.

In doing so, Zurich joined a growing list of investors cutting their exposure to fossil fuels, notably coal and oil sands. Several banks and institutional investors - including the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, Britain's HSBC Holdings PLC, Norway's sovereign-wealth fund and California's largest public-sector pension funds - have indicated they will shift their investment portfolios away from high-carbon companies.

The debate over the oil industry's future has fuelled some of the fiercest political battles of Justin Trudeau's government. The Liberals brought in a carbon levy and passed a law that requires most resource projects to be assessed on how they affect Canada's ability to meet its commitments to reduce GHG emissions. But the government also bought the Trans Mountain pipeline with a view to completing its expansion, adding 590,000 barrels a day of export capacity.

The October federal election will send a clear signal about the direction of climate and energy policy. The four leading oil companies, which account for three-quarters of total oil sands production, insist they will continue to work on the GHG problem, regardless of who is in power in Ottawa.

Whatever the political stripe of the new government, it will face some hard decisions, early on, about climate and the pace of energy development.

In 2005, the oil sands accounted for less than 5 per cent of Canada's GHG emissions. Next year, it will be 13 per cent, Environment Canada projects. That's because oil sands production has almost tripled in that time and is projected to hit 3.4 million b/d in 2020.

Assuming planned pipelines get built, producers could add another million b/d by 2030, says Kevin Birn, a Calgarybased analyst with IHS Markit Ltd., a global consultancy.

So GHG emissions keep going up, despite the new technologies that help make each barrel cleaner. In 2010, the sector generated 53 million tonnes (MT) of emissions. That may double to 106 MT by 2030, Environment Canada says.

(The former, NDP government in Alberta passed legislation capping oil sands emissions at 100 MT by 2030, but never enacted the regulations needed to enforce it.)

That presents a problem for Canada's commitments under the 2015 Paris accord on climate change, where the government promised to reduce overall GHG emissions to 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030. In fact, Canada is under pressure to increase the ambition of its targets. The United Nations will hold a climate summit in New York next month, where Secretary-General Antonio Guterres will urge all countries to do more than they pledged in Paris, because the commitments fall far short of what is required to limit the increase in global temperatures.

Environment Minister Catherine McKenna insists Canada can hit its targets - and even exceed them - while making room for growth in the oil sands as long as the 100 MT cap on emissions is honoured. But critics on the left and right challenge that assertion. At a Globe and Mail panel discussion in June, environmental activist Tzeporah Berman argued the projected growth in the oil sands should be restricted because it is inconsistent with Canada's responsibilities in fighting climate change. Seated beside her, former industry executive Dennis McConaghy agreed the goals are inconsistent but argued it is the country's Paris targets that need to be revisited.

Whichever party forms the next government faces a key decision on whether to approve Teck Resources Ltd.'s proposed Frontier oil sands mine, which would add 260,000 b/d of production and more than four million tonnes a year of carbon emissions. A joint federal-Alberta review panel recommended last month that the project get the green light, concluding that its economic benefits outweigh the "significant adverse" environmental effects. The panel noted, though, that the mine would make it harder for Canada to achieve its climate change goals.

The big four oil sands producers say they support the Paris agreement and have backed carbon pricing, as long as it is applied in a way that provides incentives for emission-reducing investments but doesn't make Canada uncompetitive with other oil-producing countries. They are particularly concerned about competition from the booming shale-oil sector in the United States, where investment continues to pour in. In contrast, investment in the oil sands has declined precipitously, to a projected $12-billion this year from $34billion in 2014.

In the short term, their environmental goals are relatively modest. Only Suncor has announced a medium-term target, aiming to cut its carbon intensity to 30 per cent below 2014 levels by 2030. CNRL says it is working on setting a 2030 target and has a long-term goal to become carbon neutral through the use of technologies to dramatically reduce emissions and capture the remaining CO2 for storage or use in new products.

"While we don't put a time frame on [achieving carbon neutrality], it is understood by everyone that that is our goal, and we have concrete measures in place, concrete steps to bring us to it," said Joy Romero, CNRL's vice-president for technology and innovation.

CNRL is the most heavily invested in carbon capture and storage technology (CCS). The company is the major partner in the Quest project, which was started and is still operated by Royal Dutch Shell PLC to capture CO2 emissions at a refinery in Scotford, Alta., near Edmonton. CNRL is also a majority owner of the Northwest Upgrader, which will capture CO2 for use in enhanced oil recovery projects.

At the upgraders, the companies use amine solutions to grab carbon dioxide produced during the process of making the hydrogen that helps transform thick bitumen into synthetic crude oil, which is easier to ship and refine. The CO2 is then chilled and liquefied before being sent by pipeline to storage locations.

In the case of Quest, the CO2 will be sequestered deep underground, where it will be monitored for leakage. The CO2 captured at the Northwest Upgrader will be used to stimulate the recovery of oil from aging Alberta fields and will be recovered for reuse rather than vented into the atmosphere. (CO2 is injected into older, conventional wells to maintain reservoir pressure, which allows more oil to be produced.)

CNRL has also recently started capturing CO2 at its Horizon oil sands plant near Fort McMurray, using it to displace the carbon dioxide it had been purchasing for use in wastewater treatment. Again, the CO2 will be recaptured in a closed-loop system.

With recent technological advances, the carbon-capture process is now cheaper than trucking the industrial gas from the south, Ms. Romero said. Carbon dioxide mixed with water produces a calcium carbonate that acts like a washing agent to remove clays, which settle to the bottom of tailings ponds. The approach allows more water to be recycled, reducing the size of the tailings ponds and cutting the use of natural gas in the operations.

Since 2012, the company has reduced emissions intensity at the 300,000-b/d Horizon mine by 37 per cent, while cutting operating costs to $20 a barrel from $34. It is touting these facts to institutional investors who make decisions partly on environmental, social and governance factors, known as ESG issues.

"Because our products are global commodities, they always have to be cost-competitive. So we're obviously trying to make sure we are cost-competitive inside of all this and that we have the preferable ESG barrel," Ms. Romero said. "So we hope those factors give us greater market share."

Suncor is also positioning itself as a long-term player in a global oil market whose future is highly uncertain. The company says it expects to add 360,000 b/d of in situ oil sands production before 2023 at a break-even level of less than US$50 for West Texas Intermediate. Last year, it had 940,000 b/d of production capacity.

In an interview at his Calgary office, Mr. Little said Suncor will continue to invest in technologies that reduce costs, increase revenues and cut GHG emissions, Last year, the company spent more than $600-million on research and development.

"The perfect scenario is one where you find something that has lower capital intensity, lower cost structure, higher revenues and reduced environmental footprint. That's utopia," he said. If there is increased operational risk involved in deploying a new technology, it has to earn a higher rate of return than business-as-usual operations, he added.

Carbon-pricing policies create incentives for Suncor to make an investment in GHG-reducing technology when the economics might otherwise not support it, Mr. Little said. "A carbon price is a very effective mechanism. One of the reasons we supported a carbon price is it allows market forces to help drive innovation and technology and allow us to come up with creative solutions."

Suncor is trying one such solution, paraffinic froth treatment, at its newest mine, Fort Hills.

Imperial also employs the process at its Kearl oil sands mine.

It employs hydrocarbon-based solvents to "wash" the bitumen after it has been dug out of the massive open-pit mine. The solvents interact with bitumen to help remove water, solids and the heaviest hydrocarbon molecules, known as asphaltenes. Paraffinic froth treatment requires less energy than traditional washing processes and yields a lighter-grade crude, which is easier to transport by pipeline and refine. GHG emissions per barrel at Fort Hills or Kearl are equivalent to those of conventional oil production, the companies say.

As a result, the producers do not need to upgrade the bitumen and can sell it as "modified bitumen," which commands higher prices than the product that has to be diluted in order to be shipped through pipelines but lower prices than the synthetic crude oil produced from upgraders.

At Imperial Oil, Dr. Trudell's lab is developing and testing the next big innovation in oil sands extraction: the use of solvents such as propane and butane to reduce the amount of steam needed to extract crude from bitumen deposits that are too deep to be mined. With the traditional method of steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), steam generated by natural-gas boilers is injected into horizontal lengths that have been drilled into a formation in order to heat the tar-like bitumen. Less steam means burning less natural gas and fewer GHG emissions. Imperial Oil's planned Aspen project - which the company has delayed until pipeline capacity improves - will employ solvent-assisted technology that will lower emissions per barrel by 25 per cent, while also reducing operating costs.

Suncor is planning to use solvent technology for the in situ projects where the bitumen is too deep. It is also experimenting with a process it calls Solvent+, which includes the use of hydrocarbons such as propane and butane plus the application of heat generated by electromagnetic waves. That process could reduce GHG emissions by as much as 70 per cent because it would eliminate the need for steam and yield a lighter bitumen that would not need upgrading, said Gary Bunio, Suncor's general manager for oil sands strategic technology. However, it will not be ready for commercial use for several years at least.

The companies pose their longer-term challenge as a competitive one - they want to be the "preferred barrel" in a world where growth in oil demand is uncertain. However, environmental advocates argue the question should not be "Which source of crude is best?" but rather, "How can we quickly replace crude oil with cleaner energy?" Some 75 per cent to 80 per cent of GHG emissions associated with a barrel of crude occur when it is burned in a vehicle or other end user.

"When you look at this from a global perspective, our position is that we need to stop expanding production," said Keith Stewart, senior energy strategist with Greenpeace Canada.

"We need action on both the demand and the supply side."

Efforts to reduce consumption will be far more difficult if continued production growth drives down global oil prices, he noted. And Canada has been identified by the Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) as an important source of new supply as demand grows in the short term and production declines in aging oil fields around the world.

The future health of the Canadian oil sands depends, to a large degree, on how much oil the world will be consuming in 10 or 20 years. And projections of future demand range wildly, depending in part on the likelihood of success in the global effort to deal with climate change.

For example, Cenovus said in a report last month that it largely operates on the basis of a scenario laid out by the IEA that sees global crude demand growing until at least 2040.

However, that scenario - frequently cited by Canadian oil executives to defend bullish growth plans - is consistent with three degrees of global warming, an outcome that scientists say would have devastating consequences for human wellbeing as well as vulnerable plant and animal species.

The IEA has also published a sustainable development scenario that it says is consistent with the Paris agreement goal of limiting warming to well below two degrees, which would see oil demand peak near the end of the 2020s and decline by 30 per cent by 2040. Critics say the IEA is too bullish on future oil demand - a report last fall from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that two degrees of warming would be catastrophic and urged governments to limit warming to no more than 1.5 degrees, a goal that would require a rapid reduction in the use of fossil fuels, including oil, essentially phasing them out within 30 years.

In their sustainability reports, a number of the producers acknowledge that their operations would be constrained under a two-degree scenario, but none has yet provided a detailed analysis of the likely effects. Ottawa-based analyst Celine Bak argues that oil sands companies are vastly overstating their value in today's market because much of their oil reserves - which are used to establish asset value - will never be produced in a carbon-constrained world.

In climate-risk report released last month, Suncor laid out its view of the impact of climate change on its business operations and the value of its assets over time. It included one scenario that features the technological innovation and policy action needed to meet the two-degree target. Under that future, "new oil sands growth projects are challenged and unlikely to proceed," the company said, though it added that its existing assets would remain profitable to 2040.

In leading the backlash in Alberta against tougher climate policies and constrained production growth, Premier Jason Kenney has dismissed concern among global investors as "flavour of the day." But evidence is mounting that climate change is a present and growing crisis. Company executives - and governments in Canada - will face increasingly tough decisions on the wisdom of making long-term bets on oil.

Associated Graphic


Cheryl Trudell of Imperial Oil, seen in her lab in Calgary in June, leads a team of 40 scientists and technicians that works to find innovative ways to reduce energy and water use in the Canadian oil sands.


U.S. duties, slower housing starts hit B.C. softwood shipments
Value and volume of exports fall but analysts say Pattison's Canfor bid takes long-term view of industry's tough times
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

VANCOUVER -- The value of B.C. softwood shipments into the United States has plunged 25 per cent as American duties and lower-than-expected home construction south of the border reduce demand.

In the first half of this year, producers in British Columbia sent softwood worth $1.5-billion to the U.S., compared with $2billion in the same period last year, according to trade data compiled by the B.C. government.

The volume of lumber exports has also tumbled, with 6.9 million cubic metres of B.C. softwood sold into the U.S. in this year's first half, down 10 per cent from a year ago.

The slump in exports to Canada's largest trading partner underscores the tough times faced by B.C. lumber producers, including Canfor Corp. The company is the target of an unsolicited $981.7-million bid by Vancouver billionaire Jim Pattison to take it private.

The 90-year-old Mr. Pattison has a long history of investing for the long term and riding out the industry's downturns.

"Jim Pattison isn't just looking at 2019.

He's looking out to 2025, 2030 and 2050," RBC Dominion Securities Inc. analyst Paul Quinn said in an interview on Tuesday.

"He sees lot of value and knows what's going on. He's fully cognizant and believes that we'll be in better markets and the value of Canfor will be higher."

In the first half of this year, Vancouverbased Canfor paid $81.5-million in softwood duties imposed by the U.S. Department of Commerce. Those duties hurt the company in the first six months, when it lost $138.1-million, compared with a $282million profit in the same period in 2018.

Spring flooding in the U.S. South delayed residential construction and contributed to slower-than-forecast American housing starts. Industry analysts say U.S. duties on softwood from Canada are effectively incorporated into bills paid by American home builders, which in turn pass on the higher costs to consumers.

Analysts say that makes U.S. softwood more attractive to those builders, with American lumber producers gaining market share as a result of the Trump administration's ruling that Canadian softwood is being subsidized and dumped south of the border.

The combination of excess supplies and dampened demand has translated into lower prices for lumber products. The price for benchmark two-by-fours made from Western spruce, pine and fir averaged US$353 for 1,000 board feet in the first half of the year, down 36.5 per cent from US$556 in the same period last year, according to Random Lengths, a U.S.based company that monitors wood prices.

"It will not be until 2020 before a better supply/demand balance occurs to raise prices," Russ Taylor, managing director at wood research company Forest Economic Advisors Canada, said in an August report.

After slapping preliminary duties in April, 2017, the U.S. Commerce Department started in early 2018 to impose the highest final duties against three B.C.based producers: 23.56 per cent against West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd., 22.07 per cent on Tolko Industries Ltd. and 20.52 per cent on Canfor. Most other Canadian producers pay the weighted average of 20.23 per cent.

In the long-running Canada-U.S. softwood dispute, the U.S. Commerce Department says most provinces provide subsidies by charging unfairly low stumpage fees to Canadian producers, which pay for the right to chop down trees on Crown land. Under the American system, most producers pay for U.S. timber rights on private land.

Canada vehemently disagrees with the U.S. position of injury to American producers, and hopes the duties will be cancelled under the North American freetrade agreement's Chapter 19 dispute-resolution mechanism.

B.C. producers have been able to diversify by exporting softwood to China, but those shipments are down from record levels in 2013. In the first half of this year, B.C. saw $482.6-million worth of lumber shipped to China, up 6 per cent from the same period in 2018 but down 23 per cent compared with the first six months of 2013.

Canfor, Canada's second-largest lumber producer, is among the B.C. forestry companies keen to increase shipments to China. Others include West Fraser, Tolko, Interfor Corp. and Conifex Timber Inc.

West Fraser, Canada's largest lumber company, has the financial ability to mount a rival bid for Canfor, though analysts say that is unlikely.

Mr. Pattison, through Great West Capital Corp., owns 51 per cent of Canfor.

Great West has offered $16 a share in cash for the 49 per cent of Canfor shares that are widely held.

"Institutional ownership is quite widespread," CIBC World Markets Inc. analyst Hamir Patel said in a research note. "An organized effort demanding a higher bid may not emerge. With the offer not subject to financing or due diligence, we see little risk of the offer being withdrawn."

British Columbia is Canada's largest lumber exporter into the U.S., with a 48.3per-cent share of sales volume last year, followed by Quebec (19.2 per cent), Alberta (12.2 per cent), Ontario (9.3 per cent) and New Brunswick (7.4 per cent).

Associated Graphic

A worker moves lumber at the Partap Forest Products mill in Maple Ridge, B.C. Producers have diversified by exporting softwood to China, but those shipments are down from record levels in 2013.


Canada's second-largest lumber producer, Canfor, whose softwood is seen in transit in Alberta, is one of the B.C. forestry companies keen to increase shipments to China. Others include West Fraser, Tolko, Interfor and Conifex Timber.


Mounting signs of global downturn spark market sell-off
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Heightened concerns about the global economy sent stocks skidding on Wednesday and pushed key government bond yields to new lows, after disappointing economic data from China and Germany signalled that a global downturn is brewing.

The S&P 500 fell 2.9 per cent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average suffered its worst sell-off since October, 2018, tumbling 800.49 points or 3.1 per cent.

Canada's benchmark index, the S&P/TSX Composite, fell 1.9 per cent, also its biggest one-day decline since October and erasing $47-billion from the index's market capitalization, according to Bloomberg. But the bond market, which has been sending gloomy economic signals for much of this year, reflected some of the biggest concerns among many investors as the rush into safe holdings raised bond prices and lowered yields.

The yield on the Government of Canada 10-year bond fell to 1.14 per cent, a 31/2-year low and down from a yield of 2.6 per cent in October.

More ominously, the yield on the 30-year U.S.

Treasury bond sank to just 2.022 per cent, which is its lowest level in history. And the 10-year U.S. Treasury bond briefly yielded less than the two-year bond - an unusual flip known as an inverted yield curve that often portends an economic recession.

"There is no such thing as a sure thing. But this is as close to a sure thing as there is," David Rosenberg, chief economist and strategist at Gluskin Sheff + Associates, said in an interview.

Mr. Rosenberg added: "A recession isn't even close to being priced into the stock market right now."

The market volatility comes as the U.S. economy continues to look strong from some angles.

The U.S. Labour Department reported earlier this month that employers added 164,000 jobs in July while the unemployment rate held steady at a 50-year low.

Gross domestic product expanded by 2.1 per cent in the second quarter, at a seasonally adjusted annual rate.

As well, companies within the S&P 500 have reported a 2.8-percent gain in their year-over-year profits in the second quarter, according to I/B/E/S data from Refinitiv - and 73 per cent of companies have beaten analysts' expectations.

But cracks are starting to appear. The U.S. Federal Reserve cut its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point last month for the first time since 2008, amid weak inflation and a global economic slowdown that is being tied to a trade war between China and the United States.

Problems got even worse on Wednesday, after two of the world's foremost exporting dynamos, China and Germany, delivered more evidence that all is not well with their economies.

German GDP contracted by 0.1 per cent in the second quarter, reflecting uncertainty over trade and Brexit and suggesting that an outright recession is near. In China, employment and factory production numbers were disappointing.

German data "provides further evidence of the severity of the slowdown in Europe. A deteriorating global backdrop and gloomy business surveys for July suggest that the third quarter won't be much better," Melanie Debono and Gabriella Dickens at Capital Economics said in a note.

The pain in the stock market was severe and widespread.

The S&P 500 fell 85.72 points to 2840.60. All 11 sectors declined, as did 99 per cent of the stocks in the index. Economically sensitive sectors were hardest hit: Energy fell 4.1 per cent, financials fell 3.6 per cent and materials fell 3.3 per cent. All 30 stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell.

The TSX fell 304.90 points to 16,045.94, suggesting that Canada is fully exposed to global volatility.

"In reality, we are nothing more than a torque on global growth," Mr. Rosenberg said.

"When the OECD's leading indicator is down for 18 months in a row, when the U.S. economy is clearly cooling off, when the U.K.

and German economies are on the cusp of recession and China's numbers are slowing down, that is not good news for trade-oriented economies like Canada's."

The energy sector fell 3.1 per cent after the price of crude oil declined 3.3 per cent to US$55.23 a barrel. Financials, a sector that is dominated by the Big Six banks, fell 1.9 per cent. And among cannabis producers, Canopy Growth Corp. fell 5.8 per cent and Aurora Cannabis Inc.

fell 8.2 per cent.

But at least the rising price of gold, now at six-year highs, offered some relief: Eldorado Gold Corp. rose 6.4 per cent and Barrick Gold Corp. rose 1 per cent.

Associated Graphic

A robot installs a windscreen at the Daimler factory in Rastatt, Germany. The country's manufacturing data for July indicate that new export orders are declining at the fastest pace since the financial crisis.


BMO chair stands by his role in effort to secure deal for SNC
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Bank of Montreal chairman Robert Prichard is defending his involvement in the political and legal fracas over SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., saying he informed the bank he was joining the team at a Bay Street law firm that was hired to give advice to the engineering company.

Canada's fourth-largest bank was drawn into the controversy over the Trudeau government's handling of the SNC file after the federal Ethics Commissioner released a report Wednesday that found the Prime Minister broke the rules in directing government officials to find a solution to SNC's legal troubles that would safeguard its interests.

The report revealed two senior BMO officials, Mr. Prichard and vice-chair Kevin Lynch, made multiple attempts to lobby cabinet minister Scott Brison to help SNC avoid a criminal prosecution.

The two men met with Mr. Brison, who was Treasury Board president at the time, in October and November. Mr. Brison, in turn, conveyed their legal arguments and concerns over SNC to then-attorney general Jody Wilson-Raybould, and to senior members of the Prime Minister's Office.

In January, Mr. Brison announced he was quitting politics, and in February he joined BMO's capital markets arm, BMO Nesbitt Burns Inc.

The web of influential officials at the heart of the SNC-Lavalin affair highlights the governance challenges confronting some of Canada's largest companies as they navigate the myriad responsibilities borne by directors who have roles at different companies.

In pushing SNC's case for a legal settlement of the charges it faces, Mr. Prichard and Mr. Lynch sought to meet their obligations to SNC-Lavalin, rather than to BMO - Mr. Prichard as chair of law firm Torys LLP, which represents SNC-Lavalin, and Mr.Lynch as chair of SNC's board.

Under BMO's conflict of interest policy and director independence standards, directors are required to declare outside activities and interests to the bank, and to recuse themselves from certain board discussions.

"Under these policies, I have always declared my outside activities to BMO (including my joining Torys legal team advising SNC in the fall of 2018) and recused myself as appropriate," Mr. Prichard said in an e-mail. "The other boards on which I serve, like all public company boards, have similar conflict of interest policies."

BMO's policies apply to directors "in their roles on the board and in their outside activities," a bank spokesperson said in an emailed statement. "BMO's Code of Conduct is the ethical foundation for everyone in the organization. The Code guides our decisions, actions and the way we work."

The bank also confirmed that Mr. Lynch, who is not on BMO's board, is required to get bank approval for outside activities in advance, including his work for SNC-Lavalin.

Mr. Prichard is an experienced corporate director who is used to wearing several hats at once. A former law professor, university president and newspaper executive, he has served on BMO's board since 2000. He is chair of Torys LLP, a director of private equity firm Onex Corp.

since 1994 and of retailer and food company George Weston Ltd. since 2000, in addition to doing board work for non-profits such as the Hospital for Sick Children. He was also a director of mining company Barrick Gold Corp. from 2015 until January, 2019, and chair of public transit agency Metrolinx until last July.

"For most people, that would be too much," said Richard Powers, a corporate governance expert at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.

But Mr. Prichard "has an amazing capacity for work" and "he's followed the rules," Mr.Powers said.

Mr. Prichard had perfect attendance at board and committee meetings for BMO, Onex, Weston and Barrick last year - a combined 77 meetings in 2018 - according to public filings. Last year, he earned $592,648 as BMO's chairman, in addition to a combined $718,500 for his director's roles at the other three companies.

Mr. Prichard intends to step down as BMO's chairman at the bank's next annual meeting, after 20 years on the board and at age 70 - both limits BMO set for directors who joined the bank before 2010. (Term limits have since been shortened to 15 years for directors who were first elected from 2010 onward.)

"I certainly can see people coming up with the perception of a conflict. But when you look past that, I would say that they [Mr. Prichard and Mr. Lynch] acted properly," Mr. Powers said.


RBC Capital Markets chief to retire after decade of expansion
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

On Doug McGregor's 11-year watch as chief executive, RBC Capital Markets grew from a regional player into a leading global investment bank, navigating storms that swept away far larger institutions.

As the 63-year-old announced plans on Wednesday to retire in January, Mr. McGregor predicted his successors will continue to expand Royal Bank of Canada's capital-markets franchise, due to a combination of the firm's strong culture and its ability to overcome the structural issues that continue to bedevil many international rivals.

Derek Neldner, aged 46 and currently global head of investment banking, will take over as CEO of RBC Capital Markets in the new year.

"We did it the right way, we were careful, every step of the way, and we were fortunate to avoid major mistakes," Mr.McGregor said in an interview.

Over a decade, the investment dealer more than doubled its revenues, from $3.9-billion to $8.4billion in 2018, while assets increased from $340-billion to $576-billion. RBC shareholders earned a 12-per-cent average annual return from the capital-markets business over the past 10 years, which the bank says is the best performance of any global financial institution.

Mr. McGregor joined RBC in 1983 and took the top job at the investment dealer in 2008, in the midst of the global financial crisis. Most banks were forced to retrench at the time, but Canadian banks came through the downturn with relatively strong balance sheets. Mr. McGregor saw an opportunity for Toronto-based RBC to build client relationships, put capital to work and hire professionals in New York, London, Sydney and other international centres. However, the firm shied away from significant acquisitions, a growth strategy that Mr.

McGregor said typically creates culture clashes at investment banks.

Looking ahead, Mr. McGregor said a number of European banks, including Deutsche Bank, are expected to continue exiting capital markets and that will create opportunities for RBC to expand. He said: "The challenge is to keep building on our momentum and to keep managing the risks that come with investing globally, and Derek is more than ready for that challenge."

In a reflective moment for an executive who, by his own admission, is seldom given to introspection, Mr. McGregor said his only regrets in 37 years with RBC are "I didn't have a little more fun along the way, and didn't spend more time talking to the younger people at the firm." He said deal-making and trading, by definition, force executives to jump from one transaction to the next. As he contemplates the end of his career, Mr. McGregor said what he values most are memories of time with clients and colleagues.

Long-time clients said Mr.McGregor's strength is balancing the needs of Royal Bank with its customers' demands for loans and other support. "Doug is always about protecting the bank, but even when he said 'no' on a deal, it was always 'no, but we can do this,'" said Jon Love, CEO of real estate firm KingSett Capital Inc., who estimates he's done "tens of billions of dollars worth of business" with RBC.

"Doug is clear, he's decisive and he's loyal, and he's got a tremendous customer focus," Mr.Love said.

Mr. McGregor is a graduate of the University of Western Ontario's MBA program and former varsity wrestler who started his career in 1979 on an equity-sales desk, then moved to real estate banking in 1983 at a division of RBC. "I never thought I would work for a bank," Mr. McGregor said on Wednesday. "Frankly, I never put much thought into my career." RBC Capital Markets' CEO also said he has put little thought into retirement plans, but will likely keep busy in real estate as either an investor or an adviser to property companies.

RBC, like most public companies, tries to align the interests of shareholders and management by paying the executives a significant amount of compensation in the form of shares. Regulatory filings this spring showed Mr.McGregor owned a stake worth $73-million, nearly three times the holding of RBC CEO Dave McKay, who also joined the bank in 1983. Among active executives at Canada's big banks, only Toronto-Dominion Bank CEO Bharat Masrani and TD Securities Inc.

boss Bob Dorrance owned larger stakes, worth $76-million and $99-million respectively.

Catalyst raises HBC stake to block privatization bid
Purchase increases pressure on Richard Baker to boost $9.45-a-share offer
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Catalyst Capital Group Inc. has acquired 10.05 per cent of Hudson's Bay Co., giving the investment firm more leverage to block a $1-billion privatization offer from the retailer's executive chairman, Richard Baker.

The Toronto-based firm said on Monday it has bought 18.5 million shares worth about $187-million through an offer it made last month to minority shareholders. The new shares add to Catalyst's existing position in HBC, the company said without disclosing its total holdings in the retailer.

Mr. Baker, who has called the Catalyst offer coercive, is leading a coalition of shareholders representing 57 per cent of HBC's stock in a bid to take the company private. For the privatization to succeed, securities rules require the approval of a majority of the minority shareholders.

The Catalyst stake increases the odds that Mr.Baker will have to change his offer of $9.45 a share to win the investment firm's support. Catalyst and some of the other minority investors say HBC is worth more than the privatization offer.

"What it means is that the privatization in its current form is less likely to happen," said Alex Arifuzzaman, founder of retail real estate adviser InterStratics Consultants Inc. "They will have to raise the price or work with [Catalyst] to sell some assets or do something."

HBC, which owns its eponymous department store chain across Canada, along with Lord & Taylor and Saks Fifth Avenue in the United States, is trying to survive a changing retail environment. Department store chains like Sears Canada and brands like Target Canada have gone out of business as competition from e-commerce grows.

The Catalyst offer of $10.11 a share expired on Aug. 16. After the news that the investment firm had obtained the 10-percent stake, the price of HBC stock rose more than 7 per cent to $10.09, outperforming the Toronto stock index and suggesting investors believe a higher bid will materialize.

It is not clear whether Mr. Baker will change his offer. A spokeswoman for the Baker group declined to comment.

Catalyst, led by financier Newton Glassman, said it is committed to working with HBC directors to "seek out every alternative" to maximize value for all shareholders, whether through a sale process, dividend distributions of the cash to be realized from the sale of the company's key European assets or otherwise."

Catalyst has not disclosed what it believes HBC is worth. A spokesman for Catalyst declined to comment.

Some of the dissident shareholders have publicly said that HBC is worth more than $20 a share and want Mr. Baker to fully divest the company's European operations, as well as sell or redevelop properties such as its Saks Fifth Avenue building in Manhattan.

Under Mr. Baker's leadership, the company has taken steps to revitalize its HBC chain, shuttered underperforming Lord & Taylor stores, divested part of its European operations, and sold some of its top real estate properties in Canada and the United States.

But that has not boosted HBC stock back to its 2015 levels of nearly $29 apiece.

"HBC's retail real estate manoeuvres have failed to surface value or put a floor under its stock," said Kathleen Wong, a senior analyst with Veritas Investment Research Corp. who is recommending that HBC shareholders sell.

So far, dissident shareholders have received some support from a special committee of independent HBC directors evaluating Mr. Baker's proposal. The committee called the offer "inadequate" in its initial assessment.

The executive chairman's plan is only a proposal at this stage. The special committee has to issue its final recommendation and the proposed bid must be formalized before shareholders can vote on it.

HUDSON'S BAY (HBC) CLOSE: $10.09, UP 71¢

Associated Graphic

Under executive chairman Richard Baker's leadership, the company has taken steps to revitalize its HBC chain.


Shut of out China, canola farmers find opportunities in Europe
Canadian sales expected to more than double after drought, pest attacks lead to EU's smallest harvest in 13 years
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

WINNIPEG PARIS -- Crop-scorching drought in Europe is providing Canadian canola farmers a timely new opportunity to move supplies that have piled up since China stopped buying this year.

Rising European sales are taking some of the sting out of losing the Chinese market for Canadian farmers, although Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) canola futures prices are down 11 per cent from a year ago.

Beijing suspended the licences of Canadian exporters Richardson International Ltd. and Viterra Inc. this year and halted most other Canadian canola purchases, citing concerns about pests.

Meanwhile, drought that blighted planting, followed by pest attacks during the growing season, have put European Union rapeseed, as canola is known on that side of the Atlantic, on track for the smallest harvest in 13 years.

Canada and China have been locked in a diplomatic and trade dispute since December, when Canadian police arrested a Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. executive at the request of the United States. Canada is the world's biggest canola producer and exporter, and China is usually its biggest market, crushing the crop into feed for fish and pigs, and into vegetable oil.

"With the challenges the Canadian industry has going into China right now, the big carryout, a big crop coming, we're looking for market access as an industry," said Chad Molesky, merchandising manager at Viterra, which is half-owned by commodity trader Glencore PLC.

Canadian canola sales to the EU have climbed for several years.

But this crop year they could range between 1.3 million and 2 million tonnes, more than double the record high, Mr. Molesky said.

Canadian canola competes in the EU market with imports from the Black Sea region and Australia.

Canada exported 527,000 tonnes of canola to Western European countries from July, 2018, through June, 2019, according to the most recent Canadian Grain Commission data. Most shipments are to European crushers that process the oilseed into biodiesel, such as Archer Daniels Midland, Cargill Inc. and Avril SCA.

French consultancy Strategie Grains projects EU rapeseed imports to surge to a record 5.8 million tonnes in the 2019-20 season, up from 4.2 million in 201819.

"Canadian prices are ultracompetitive. They're looking to ship their supplies and need to sell to Europe," a European oilseed trader said.

Euronext rapeseed futures hit a one-year high on Thursday, factoring in the small crop.

Two vessels of canola left Canada this month, destined for France and Germany, according to Refinitiv data.

Four set sail from Canada to Western Europe in July, one of which took the roundabout way to France from the western Canadian port of Vancouver, showing how far Canadian exporters are willing to go to sell canola.

Cargill Ltd., Viterra and Saudi Arabia-owned G3 are the only Canadian exporters certified to supply canola for European biodiesel.

Sales to the European Union for biodiesel production require shippers and the farms they buy from to meet sustainability standards under the EU's Renewable Energy Directive.

Saskatchewan farmer Charlene Bradley said she would certify her farm to sell to Europe, but the country elevators that buy her crops are not involved in the program.

Canadian farmers can become certified by filling out paperwork through their grain handler, and most already meet EU criteria, said Brian Innes, vice-president of the Canola Council of Canada industry group.

A key requirement is that farmers are producing crops from land that has been in cultivation since at least 2008.

"Especially given what's going on with China, anything to increase the market would be a good thing," Ms. Bradley said.

Chinese buyers have lately made small purchases of Canadian canola, but shipping privileges of Richardson and Viterra remain suspended, Mr. Innes said.

Associated Graphic

Canada is the world's biggest producer and exporter of canola. It exported 527,000 tonnes to Western European countries for the year ended June, 2019.


Trade tensions, economic woes cast cloud over bank outlooks
Analysts predict steady third-quarter profit for the Big Six, but investors will be looking for signs of weakness in two key measures that could be hampered by global trends
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Rising trade tensions and weakening growth in major economies loom large as Canadian banks prepare to report earnings for the fiscal third quarter.

Several analysts are predicting that earnings for each share among Canada's six largest banks will increase by 6 to 7 per cent year over year - a steady but unspectacular rate - for the three months that ended July 31.

But investors will be watching for signs of weakness in two key measures of the banks' resilience in quarters to come: Provisions for credit losses, or the money banks set aside to cover bad loans, and net interest margin, which measures the spread between what banks pay on deposits and earn from loans. Both could be hampered by global trends such as tariffs and trade wars, U.S. interest-rate cuts and the inverted yield curve.

"We do not expect [third-quarter] results to resolve the conflict between the pessimism and optimism surrounding the macroeconomic environment," said Robert Sedran, an analyst at CIBC World Markets Inc. "If anything, we expect this conflict to be on full display as we see growth that is neither as strong nor as easily achieved as that of the last couple of years."

Royal Bank of Canada's results could be a bellwether, as Canada's largest bank by assets reports first on Aug. 21., Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce follows on Aug. 22, and the remaining four major lenders - Bank of Nova Scotia, Bank of Montreal, National Bank of Canada and Toronto-Dominion Bank - will release their results from Aug. 27 to 29.

Analysts expect as many as three of the Big Six banks to raise their quarterly dividends: RBC, Scotiabank and CIBC.

Here are two themes to watch:

EXPECTED LOAN LOSSES Analysts are predicting a gradual uptick in provisions for credit losses in the third quarter.

If they are correct, it will be a function of anticipated losses reverting to something near their historical average, after a prolonged period of unusually low losses. The core consumer loan books that encompass debt from residential mortgages and credit cards still look healthy.

Propped up by strong employment rates, delinquencies on personal loans "remain well below their historical averages," said Rob Colangelo, a senior vicepresident at ratings agency DBRS Ltd., in a research note.

But many analysts will be watching to see how much each bank sets aside to begin building reserves against the possibility that performing loans might soon turn sour. Predictions of expected losses are required under fairly new accounting rules known as IFRS 9, and heavily influenced by changing economic forecasts.

"We believe many investors would prefer to see banks slowly build [anticipated credit losses] for conservatism so late in the economic cycle," said Darko Mihelic, an analyst at RBC Dominion Securities Inc. "We believe the action [or inaction] of many banks in [the third quarter] will be watched carefully by investors."

NET INTEREST MARGINS Banks got some reprieve last year from an extended period of rockbottom interest rates that squeezed profit margins coming out of the global financial crisis, as central banks in the United States and Canada began gradually raising rates. Now, the Bank of Canada appears to have put rate increases on hold, and the Federal Reserve has cut rates to try and nip signs of a slowing economy in the bud. Meanwhile, bond yields are falling as investors seek safe haven amid trade disputes, putting pressure on banks' lending margins - particularly for RBC, TD, BMO and CIBC, which all have substantial U.S. operations.

That, in turn, will make banks' constant efforts to cut costs and become more efficient even more important to their overall profitability. "We have flattened our net interest margin assumptions [and some pressure in the U.S. seems likely]," Mr. Sedran said, although that's "hardly catastrophic."

Associated Graphic


Encana challenges pipeline fee tied to U.S. steel tariffs
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Canadian oil and gas producer Encana Corp. is asking a U.S. energy regulator to throw out a proposed surcharge on a new Texas pipeline meant to recoup increased construction costs the pipe's owner says have ballooned because of U.S.

steel tariffs.

Encana along with ConocoPhillips Co., companies that both harvest shale oil from the Permian Basin that stretches across western Texas and southeastern New Mexico, filed a challenge Monday about the proposed 5-US-cent-a-barrel fee on the Cactus II pipeline.

They argue the pipeline that transports 670,000 barrels a day of crude oil to refineries on the Texas Gulf Coast failed to demonstrate the fee is "just and reasonable."

That's because Plains All American, the pipeline's owner, has applied to the U.S. Department of Commerce for the third time to waive the 25-per-cent tariffs it paid on imported steel from Greece. The oil producers believe Plains should wait to see if it's exempt from the tariffs before getting a surcharge approved.

Plains estimates the steel and aluminum tariffs brought in last year by U.S. President Donald Trump's administration added US$40-million in construction costs to the US$1.1-billion pipeline. Plains commissioned the steel from Greece months before Mr. Trump implemented the tariffs, but didn't receive its first shipment until last summer - after the tariffs came into effect.

Plains chief executive officer and director Willie Chiang has argued the tariffs are unfair because the company couldn't find a domestic steel producer able to manufacture pipe to the specifications it needed.

Its first two waiver requests were denied, but if Plains wins an exemption on its third request, the company would "stop the surcharge and rebate it as appropriate," Mr. Chiang told investors on an Aug. 6 earnings call.

But Encana and ConocoPhillips are concerned that won't happen because Cactus II didn't put Mr. Chiang's promise in writing in its application for the surcharge to the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).

The fee could bring in US$33,500 a day for Plains if Cactus II ships at capacity. At that rate, Plains would make back the additional construction costs in a little more than three years.

The steel and aluminum tariffs were meant to protect U.S.based producers, but this case suggests the tariffs could also be affecting domestic energy producers and transporters.

It's a clash of the Trump administration's goals of energy dominance and free trade, according to James Coleman, an energy law professor at the Southern Methodist University of Texas.

While a 5-US-cent-a-barrel surcharge doesn't seem like much, especially in a market where the price of a barrel of oil can swing by more than that in a day, it's an added fee producers will want to keep out, Mr. Coleman said.

"Transport costs really are the whole game, increasingly, in energy because cost of producing has fallen so far."

If FERC approves the Cactus II surcharge, it could set a precedent that would allow two other pipelines constructed after the new steel tariffs were implemented to add their own fees to recoup costs. FERC is expected to make a decision by the end of the month.

Kinder Morgan Inc.'s Gulf Coast Express natural gas pipeline and Epic Midstream crude oil pipeline could also pass tariff costs on to shippers.

Neither Encana nor ConocoPhillips responded to a request for comment.


A tour to promote Japanese art
The donor Tony Girardin
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B2

The gift: Founding the Go-Somewhere! Japanese Art Tour The reason: To promote Japanese art in Canada A few years ago, Tony Girardin was on a world tour proA moting his documentary about a Montreal bicycle maker, Marinoni: The Fire in the Frame, when he made a stop at a film festival in Tokyo.

Mr. Girardin, who was born and raised in Montreal, had never been to Japan and was mesmerized. "I've never lived such a special experience in my life," he recalled from his home in Montreal.

"It was just beyond words." The film festival was held in association with a local art gallery, and Mr. Girardin got to know some of the artists.

Over time, the connections strengthened and, after a couple more trips to Japan, he invited five artists to visit Canada to show their work.

The event, the Go-Somewhere! Japanese Art Tour, has been under way for most of the summer, with stops in Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal, Tadoussac, Que., Wakefield, Que., and Almonte, Ont. The artists are painters Tomoko Aso and Akiko Takeuchi, along with print maker Kurumi Wakaki, folk artist Mami Yonekura and silversmith Tsubomi Yonekura. None of them had been to Canada before or shown their work outside Asia.

Mr. Girardin received some financial support from the Japanese embassy, but he has covered most of the expenses. "It's been a good year for me and I'm footing the bill," he said, adding that the artists have been working in a Montreal studio between exhibits.

He said the tour is winding down this week and has been a big success. "When you are told that these people are happier than they have ever been in their lives, it's totally worth it," he said.

Thomas loses cushion, shares lead at Tour Championship
Schauffele and Koepka have caught up to Medinah winner, who started play at 10-under and with a two-shot lead
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

ATLANTA -- Xander Schauffele was six shots behind before he ever hit a shot Thursday in the new scoring format for the Tour Championship. His goal was to keep his head down, play good golf and see where he stood to par at the end of two days.

The TV cameras following his every move on the back nine at East Lake were the first hint it was going well. A leaderboard on the 18th green confirmed it.

"I saw I was in first," he said. "Happy with the day."

Schauffele didn't come seriously close to a bogey in a six-under 64 that was the best score of the opening round by two shots. It was only worth a share of the lead with Justin Thomas and Brooks Koepka in a Tour Championship where players started with better scores to par than others, depending on their place in the FedEx Cup.

Thomas, who started at 10-under par and with a two-shot lead as the No. 1 seed, still led despite having trouble finding the fairway. That was the least of his problems on the back nine. He hit pitching wedge into the water for double bogey and missed a pair of three-foot putts for a 70.

Instead of being six shots behind Schauffele, who started at four under as the No. 8 seed, Thomas was tied for the lead. Koepka, the No. 3 seed who started three shots behind, birdied three of his last four holes for a 67 to join them at 10 under.

"It's weird on Thursday to be three back after a couple of holes," Koepka said of the start. "It's nice to close that gap on Day 1."

Rory McIlroy, five shots behind at the start as the No. 5 seed, had a 66 and was one shot behind at nine under going into the second round.

Over the next three days, it should look and feel like a normal tournament.

The score to par is all that matters in deciding who wins the FedEx Cup and the US$15-million prize. And after one day, it was setting up to be a shootout. The top five players were separated by five shots at the start, and that number was at 12 players by the end of the day.

That included Paul Casey, who felt a new kind of anticipation for a Thursday.

"After five holes, I wanted to see scores. I never usually care about what's going on after five holes," said Paul Casey, who shot 66. He started eight shots behind as the No. 16 seed and cut that margin in half after one round.

The concern was that Thomas, who won last week at Medinah, might post another low score and build a huge lead. It didn't work out that way.

"We've got a golf event now," Casey said.

"This is kind of cool. Looks like it's working."

There were a few other moments that indicated this Thursday was different from all others in golf.

Thomas made the turn at one under, and as the walking scorer brought the sign across the road and onto the 10th tee, one fan was shocked to see him at 11 under until he said, "That's right - he started at 10 under."

Schauffele was at 10 under when he approached the 18th green to face a six-foot birdie putt.

"I had a putt for 59 on the last hole," he said with a smile.

Patrick Cantlay, the No. 2 seed who began two shots behind, shared the lead briefly until two bogeys over the last five holes for a 70. It wasn't a good day, yet he still was only two shots behind.

Thomas missed a three-foot par putt on No. 12. On the par-three 15th, which played 60 yards shorter than usual, his wedge was right all the way and found the water. And on the 17th, he hit wedge to three feet, only to see his birdie putt spin 270 degrees around and out of the cup.

He salvaged the day with a good drive - only his sixth fairway of the round - that set up a two-putt birdie.

"It's fine," Thomas said.

"I'm tied for the lead."

Schauffele won the Tour Championship two years ago in a situation that led to this change in format. FedEx Cup points accrued during the regular season and quadrupled in the postseason were reset to give everyone a chance. The top five players only had to win the tournament to capture the FedEx Cup, and odds of winning the bonus were higher as the position in the standings got lower.

Schauffele, a rookie in 2017, was the No.

26 seed when he won the tournament.

The FedEx Cup went to Thomas, who was the No. 2 seed and finished one shot behind.

There were two winners that day and mixed emotions. Thomas had never been so irritated winning US$10-million.

Now, the reward for a good season and two playoff events is a lower score under par to start the Tour Championship, and the lowest score to par at the end of the week wins US$15-million.

"I think everyone needed help from J.T.," said Schauffele, a phrase usually only heard going into the final round, not on a Thursday. "If J.T. went out and shot a pair of 65s, I don't think the tour would be very happy and I don't think the rest of the field would be happy."

Associated Graphic

Xander Schauffele plays a shot at the Tour Championship in Atlanta on Thursday. The American, who won the tournament two years ago in a situation that led to a change in format, finished the day with a bogey-free six-under 64.


Koepka sneaks into lead at East Lake
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2

ATLANTA -- A storm delay at the Tour Championship slowed the momentum of Brooks Koepka and Justin Thomas, right when they were starting to pull ahead in the chase for the US$15-million FedEx Cup.

The final hour Friday showed how quickly it can change - and for Rory McIlroy, why no one is holding back in the season finale.

Koepka didn't make a birdie on the back nine until the parfive 18th when he hit 5-iron from 239 yards to eight feet behind the hole. He had to settle for a twoputt birdie, a three-under 67 and a one-shot lead. Because he started the tournament at seven-under par as the No. 3 seed, he was at 13 under going to the weekend.

"The lead is always nice, so I'll take that," Koepka said. "The rain delay kind of killed any momentum I had. I didn't feel like I had any good golf shots after the rain delay, but that's part of golf.

Everybody's got to deal with the same thing."

He was one shot ahead of Justin Thomas, who played his final 10 holes in one over for a 68, and McIlroy, who had a birdie-birdie finish.

And just not any birdie.

McIlroy, who trailed by four shots early on the back nine, sent his drive on the 18th hole so far to the right it brought the out-of-bounds practice range into play. He was fortunate to have his ball in dirt under a pine tree, leaving him 242 yards away. McIlroy decided to choke up on a 5wood and slice it around a tree some 50 yards in front of him, then over the water and near the green.

It came out perfectly, landing in a tiny strip of grass behind bunkers. He got up-and-down for a 67 and was right where he needed to be.

"I felt comfortable doing it," McIlroy said.

Xander Schauffele also made a late surge with a birdie-eagle finish, holing a 25-foot putt on the par-5 18th for a 69. He was two shots behind. Paul Casey had a 67 and was four shots behind at nine under.

Giving McIlroy good vibes going into the weekend was the score no one sees. McIlroy and Casey are at 7-under 133 over two days, the best 36-hole score in the 30-man field. So he figures he's doing something right with his game.

The scoring for the FedEx Cup underwent a radical change this year, with players in the highest position in the FedEx Cup getting a head start in relation to par. Thomas is the No. 1 seed and started at 10 under before a shot was even hit. Koepka began at seven under, McIlroy started at five under and Schauffele was at four under.

The lowest score to par wins the FedEx Cup and its US$15-million bonus.

McIlroy didn't want to waste any chances, and all he saw from the woods was opportunity.

"I had a little gap," he said.

"Whenever you're on my side of the tree, you could see what's on the right-hand side. I obviously curved it a lot. I thought that if I flushed a 5-wood, it might be too long. So I really gripped down on it. In hindsight, I wish I hadn't - might have got on the green.

"Made four off a bad tee shot, so I'm not complaining."

Koepka ran off three straight birdies late on the front nine to tie Thomas for the lead, and then never got back on track after players returned to the range and headed back to the course.

He missed the green from the 13th fairway and made bogey. He had to scramble for par from short of the 14th green, and behind the 17th green. But his tee shot found the 18th fairway, setting up the birdie he needed.

Thomas, who began the tournament with a two-shot lead and was tied at the top after his opening 70, quickly got his game back in order and went out in 32, tied with Koepka.

"It would be hard for me to say that it didn't kind of stop my momentum because I was playing really flawlessly that front nine," Thomas said. "The course was playing a little different after that delay. ... For as much as I feel like I scored well on the front nine, just nothing got going on the back nine."

He's still one shot behind, and finally he has a leaderboard that makes sense to him.

Thomas said it was strange for him to see 10 under next to his name as he was starting out Thursday, and that he had a twoshot lead before hitting a shot.

"Today definitely felt more normal," he said. "It felt like I was just trying to build a lead as opposed to yesterday."

Koepka will play in the final group with Thomas, the last two to win PGA Tour player of the year. McIlroy and Thomas have won the FedEx Cup two of the last three years. Schauffele won the Tour Championship two years ago and has yet to have a round over par in his 10 trips around East Lake.

Halfway through, and the FedEx Cup finale is really just getting started.

Associated Graphic

Brooks Koepka plays a shot on the fifth hole in the Tour Championship at Atlanta's East Lake Golf Club on Friday.


After World Cup disappointment, Sinclair eyes 2020 Olympics
Veteran player says Canada is on solid footing despite its crushing quarter-final loss
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

TORONTO -- The sting of Canada's World Cup disappointment has been replaced by the allure of another Olympic women's soccer medal for Christine Sinclair.

Sinclair said Wednesday that time has helped ease the pain of Canada's disheartening 1-0 World Cup quarter-final loss to Sweden on June 24 in Paris. The veteran team captain's focus now is on leading the squad into the 2020 Tokyo Games and chasing a third straight Olympic medal.

Canada has captured bronze medals at the past two Summer Games (2012 in London, 2016 in Rio). Sinclair said she'll ponder her soccer future after the Tokyo Olympics.

"I've thought about it," said Sinclair, in town promoting A&W's Burgers to Beat MS Day, campaign. "I'm just going to go the Olympics and see what happens from there.

"Obviously, we hear what Canadians expect from us, but we don't listen to it. It's about what we can achieve and what we know we're capable of achieving and if anything, we're good at bouncing back from World Cups."

Much was expected of Canada at the World Cup, given its Olympic success and No. 5 world ranking, but Sweden went ahead 1-0 late in the opening half.

Canada had a glorious chance to tie the score at the 68-minute mark on a penalty kick that Sinclair deferred to Janine Beckie.

But goalkeeper Hedvig Lindahl made the huge stop to not only preserve Sweden's victory, but also spark debate regarding Sinclair's controversial move.

However, Sinclair, who'd missed a penalty against Lindahl at the Algarve Cup months earlier, has no regrets about her decision.

"There's a group of us that works on PKs after every practice and Hedvig had saved my last one," she said. "I'm proud of Janine for stepping up and taking it. Had we scored we wouldn't be talking about it.

"I'm more concerned that we didn't have a shot on goal. You can't rely on a penalty shot to win games in a World Cup and that needs to be the focus, I think."

Sinclair didn't have time to dwell upon the heart-breaking loss. After the World Cup she rejoined Portland Thorns FC of the National Women's Soccer League.

"For me, it was very important just to get back at it," said Sinclair, who's two goals shy of tying American Abby Wambach's all-time international record of 186. "You move on, especially for our team.

"We have the Olympics next summer, we have qualification in January. We can't dwell on the past too long."

Portland (9-3-6) is atop the league standings with 33 points entering action on Wednesday. Sinclair has a team-high eight goals, leaving her tied for second over all.

The A&W promotion, in its 11th year and having raised more than $13-million, is one that's near and dear to Sinclair's heart. Her mother, Sandi, was diagnosed 38 years ago with multiple sclerosis, which affects the central nervous system.

On Thursday, $2 from every Teen Burger sold will go to the MS Society of Canada.

"I've seen the toll it takes on a family and an individual," Sinclair said.

Despite Canada's World Cup result, Sinclair is adamant the national women's program is on solid footing and not in need of radical changes. The Canadian team is currently seventh in the world rankings.

"Knowing how the World Cup ended [with the Netherlands finishing second, Sweden taking third] we were right there," she said. "I honestly think we could've beaten both of those teams, so I don't think this is the time to panic and all of a sudden change everything ... just fine-tune a few things."

Sinclair feels Olympic gold is possible for Canada but acknowledges the World Cupchampion United States, which tops the world rankings, presents a huge challenge.

"They're the best team in the world for a reason ... the depth they have is incredible," she said. "I have a teammate in Portland, Lindsey Horan, who I think is one of the world's best centre midfielders and she didn't even see the pitch in the final.

"And when you look at the teams they beat to win the World Cup ... they deserved it. For us, it's kind of annoying that if you play them five times, you might lose four, but it's making sure that one time is at the right time and that's what we're aiming for."

Sinclair feels a domestic league is needed in Canada to help solidify the sport's future here. But because one doesn't exist, Sinclair and her national teammates must play abroad.

"I think it's something that needs to happen," she said. "You look at some of the professional teams that are now funding women's teams - Manchester City, Manchester United - and it's scary to think what might happen in four to eight years if we don't keep up."

Associated Graphic

Christine Sinclair, seen in Canada's World Cup game against New Zealand, says her team shouldn't dwell too long on its loss to Sweden.


Brees isn't sweating the numbers
Record-setting Saints QB may be getting on in years, but says efficiency will lead to longevity
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

NEW ORLEANS -- Drew Brees sees discussions about his arm strength and recently declining passing yardage as moot points.

Efficiency is what wins, the 40year-old, record-setting Saints quarterback says - and that will be a driving factor in determining his longevity.

"I can't throw the ball 70 yards like some guys can. But last time I checked, I don't really need to throw 70 yards in order to be effective and win games. So I'm not worried about it," Brees said in a telephone interview on Tuesday.

Brees said being able to throw as deep as any NFL QB "would be a nice luxury, but I don't need to."

While Brees is in the final season of his contract - and said he has no plans to discuss a possible extension until after this season - he is less than a year removed from capping off possibly the most efficient campaign of his previous 18 NFL seasons.

He broke his own completion percentage rate for a single season in 2018, connecting on 74.4 per cent of his passes. He also passed for 32 touchdowns while throwing just five interceptions, the second-best such ratio in the league.

Meanwhile, the Saints nearly went to last season's Super Bowl - and very well might have if not for league-acknowledged officiating mistakes near the end of regulation in the NFC title game. (Missed pass interference and helmet-tohelmet contact penalties committed by a Los Angeles Rams defender were seen as egregious enough to spark a rule change making such plays subject to video review.)

At the same time, Brees's 3,992 yards passing, which ranked 13th in the NFL, represented his lowest single-season passing total since he joined the Saints in 2006. Brees points out that he sat out the final game of last season, with New Orleans having already clinched the NFC's No. 1 playoff seed - meaning he likely would have wound up with more than 4,200 yards, based on his per-game average of 266 yards passing.

"That's still probably low, according to our standard," Brees conceded, but added, "To me, the yardage is kind of inconsequential. It's all about the efficiency of the passing game and running game and how they complement each other."

In addition to playing football, Brees is a father of four who gets involved in his children's activities and also has ever-growing business interests.

He owns nine Jimmy Johns sandwich shops in the New Orleans area, and spoke to The Associated Press while promoting a nationwide "Home in the Zone" contest that will provide money to help the winner acquire a home in one of the restaurant chain's delivery zones.

Brees, the all-time NFL leader in completions (6,586) and yards passing (74,437) , doesn't specify how much longer he intends to keep playing, but there is an active precedent. New England Patriots QB Tom Brady is still playing at 42 and was 41 when he won last season's Super Bowl.

Brees's 520 TD passes puts him one ahead of Brady and leaves him 19 short of Peyton Manning's record of 539 - a mark Brees should break this season if he plays anywhere nearly as well as a year ago.

"I feel like I've got the right people in my corner ... so I feel like I'm getting the best information when it comes to how to prolong my career as long as possible," Brees said. "Most retired players that you talk to, especially quarterbacks, I think the consensus is: Play as long as you can, enjoy it as long as you can. It's nothing earthshattering."

Entering this season, the departure of running back Mark Ingram during free agency and the arrival of veteran receiving tight end Jared Cook begs the question of whether there might be an uptick in passing.

Since joining the Saints, Brees has averaged nearly 303 yards passing a game and has passed for at least 5,000 yards in a season five times.

Yet three times, the Saints have missed the playoffs when Brees passed for 5,000-plus yards in a season; he had to throw more in those years (2008, '12 and '16) because the Saints were often behind. So while Brees still sees potential for big games through the air, he doesn't concern himself with whether that might happen.

"From week to week, it might be a little bit higher or lower, depending on what's needed," Brees said. "Whether that's a lot of running, a lot of passing, a combination of both - I think at the end of the day, you want to be balanced.

That's when you're most effective because it keeps defences off balance, spreads the wealth, gives them a lot to worry about, gives you a lot of ways to win from week to week."

Associated Graphic

Saints QB Drew Brees, warming up for a preseason game against the Chargers in Carson, Calif., on Sunday, says most retired players advise him to play as long as he can and enjoy it.


Alibaba co-founder Tsai takes full ownership of Nets
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2

NEW YORK -- In a record sale for a U.S. sports franchise, the co-founder of Alibaba agreed to buy the remaining 51 per cent of the Brooklyn Nets and Barclays Center for about US$3.4-billion, two people with knowledge of the details said Friday.

Joe Tsai already had purchased 49 per cent of the team from Russian billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov in 2018, with the option to become controlling owner in 2021.

Instead, he pushed up that timeline for full ownership of a team on the rise after signing superstars Kevin Durant and Kyrie Irving in July. Terms were not disclosed, but those familiar with the matter told The Associated Press that Tsai is paying about US$2.35billion for the Nets and nearly US$1-billion in a separate transaction for the arena. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the agreements are not complete.

The deal is expected to be completed by the end of September and is subject to approval by the NBA's Board of Governors. It will surpass the US$2.2-billion that Tilman Fertitta paid for the NBA's Houston Rockets and that David Tepper spent for the NFL's Carolina Panthers. Tsai is the executive vice-chairman of the Alibaba Group, the Chinese e-commerce giant. He already had purchased the WNBA's New York Liberty.

Prokhorov became the NBA's first non-North American owner in 2010 and oversaw the Nets' move from New Jersey to Brooklyn, N.Y., two years later. He spent big in the first couple years after the move in a quest to chase a championship, but the team soon became one of the worst in the NBA before rallying to return to the playoffs this past season.

He boasted of trying to win a championship within five years of his ownership, rapidly going through players and coaches in the first few years in Brooklyn. But he spent less time around the team in recent years while focusing on his interests in Russia - which at one point included a campaign for president of the Russian Federation - and remained in the background after hiring Sean Marks as the team's general manager in 2016.

"It has been an honour and a joy to open Barclays Center, bring the Nets to Brooklyn and watch them grow strong roots in the community while cultivating global appeal," Prokhorov said in a statement. "The team is in a better place today than ever before, and I know that Joe will build on that success, while continuing to deliver the guest experience at Barclays Center that our fans, employees and colleagues in the industry enjoy."

Prokhorov had invested US$200-million and made funding commitments to acquire 80 per cent of the team and 45 per cent of the arena project, after the team's planned move across the Hudson River had repeatedly stalled. He later bought the remainder of the arena, which quickly became a popular attraction for concerts, boxing and college basketball, as well as the home of the New York Islanders.

Tsai, a native of Taiwan, is positioned to take full control of the team by the time the Nets head to China to play two exhibition games against the Los Angeles Lakers in October. That comes at the start of a season of renewed excitement for the Nets, who just three seasons ago won an NBAworst 20 games but are set to make a big move up the standings after landing two of the best players on the market when free agency opened.

"I've had the opportunity to witness up close the Brooklyn Nets rebuild that Mikhail started a few years ago," Tsai said. "He hired a front office and coaching staff focused on player development, he supported the organization with all his resources and he refused to tank. I will be the beneficiary of Mikhail's vision, which put the Nets in a great position to compete and for which I am incredibly grateful."

Tsai, 55, graduated from Yale University and its law school. He figures to help the NBA extend its growth in Asia, where the Basketball World Cup will be held in China this year before the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo. The league is staging preseason games in both countries along with India, the home country of Sacramento Kings owner Vivek Ranadive, whose teams will play in them.

Brett Yormark, the CEO of BSE Global, which manages the Nets and its arena, will oversee the transition before leaving for a new role.

First woman to referee Super Cup ready for historic moment in spotlight
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

ISTANBUL -- Liverpool manager Juergen Klopp has hailed the appointment of France's Stéphanie Frappart as the first woman to referee a major UEFA competition final as a "historic moment."

Frappart will take charge of the Super Cup between Liverpool and Chelsea on Wednesday, and she vowed to prove female officials are just as effective as their male counterparts.

Asked for his verdict on the decision, Klopp gave it a resounding thumbs-up.

"Finally - it's time. I'm happy to be a part of this historic moment. It's a smart decision to have women referee a very, very important game. It's the first time, but I hope it's not the last," said the German, who guided Liverpool to its sixth European Cup title last season.

"Obviously, we're not smart enough to make all the smart decisions, but this is a smart decision. I'm really sure we will try to not make the game any more difficult than it will be [for officials]. I will show my best face if possible, otherwise my mum would be angry," he joked.

Frappart, 35, will be assisted by her French compatriot Manuela Nicolosi and Ireland's Michelle O'Neill.

The trio have worked together at bigger matches - they were in charge of this year's Women's World Cup final in France - but there is no doubt they will be in focus at Istanbul's Vodafone Park.

Asked if she was afraid of being "double criticized" for any mistakes made, Frappart said it was time for female referees to show they are as good as the men.

"We have to prove ourselves technically and physically that we are the same as the men. We are not afraid about [wrong decisions]. We are ready," she told a news conference.

Frappart, who in April became the first female referee in France's Ligue 1, also dismissed the idea that it was more difficult to officiate a men's game.

"I think there is not a lot of difference because football is the same. It's the same rules, so I will do the same as the women's game," she added.

Chelsea manager Frank Lampard said he was pleased to be part of a moment in history.

"I think the game has come on a long way in many ways, in terms of the women's World Cup, which we all watched this summer, in terms of how much respect the game's getting, how many people are watching it and the interest in the game," he said.

"I think we were very slow everywhere on this and now we are trying to make strides, and there's still a long way to go but in terms of tomorrow, I think it's a huge moment.

"Its a historical moment that is one more step in the right direction."

The Super Cup is an annual match played between the winners of the Champions League and the Europa League. Liverpool beat Tottenham Hotspur in the Champions League final last season while Chelsea defeated Arsenal in the Europa League final.

Fourth official and Turkish referee Cuneyt Cakir supported the trio, saying: "They are brave, they have courage, they don't hesitate to give unpopular decisions - you will see tomorrow."

UEFA said separately that it had also invited to the game two Italian female referees, Annalisa Moccia and Giulia Nicastro, who had experienced sexist behaviour at recent domestic matches.

"We strongly condemn any form of sexist, discriminatory, derogatory or abusive conduct towards female referees," UEFA President Aleksander Ceferin said in a statement.

Associated Graphic

'We have to prove ourselves technically and physically that we are the same as the men. ... We are ready,' referee Stéphanie Frappart said at a news conference in Istanbul on Tuesday.


Swedish female hockey pros boycott tournament over pay
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

STOCKHOLM -- The top female hockey players in Sweden refused to attend training camp Thursday or play in an coming international tournament in Finland, the latest such move by a women's national team to get better compensation.

The Swedish Ice Hockey Federation said it had been informed of the looming boycott and was "surprised" at the decision.

A total of 43 national team players are involved in the boycott, which is seemingly about the lack of compensation they receive while on duty with the national team. The players were scheduled to attend a five-day camp starting Thursday outside Stockholm, ahead of the Five Nations Tournament - also involving Russia, Japan, Czech Republic and host Finland - beginning Tuesday.

A statement was posted on social media by Sweden player Erika Grahm, saying the action is being taken to "develop and create better conditions" in the national team to show "encouragement and respect" for current and future generations. It said the players' demands are not "unreasonable," but didn't disclose the specific issues.

The move is similar to what happened two years ago in North America, where the U.S. women's national team threatened to boycott the 2017 world championships on home ice, demanding more pay and treatment similar to what the men's team receives.

They reached a four-year agreement with USA Hockey that increased pay up to US$4,000 a month with the ability to make around US$71,000 annually and up to US$129,000 in Olympic years.

The World Cup champion U.S.

women's soccer team is also in a fight for more compensation, with that dispute likely headed to court.

Many of Sweden's players have full-time jobs away from the rink, so must fit games around work schedules and family needs.

Travel schedules for national team games can be tight, affecting preparation.

"Many of us have borne the frustration that led to today's decision for several years," the statement read. "Now it's all about the younger generation not having to do it."

The Swedish federation said it gives no compensation to players on the women's or men's national teams, and that it instead comes through a financial agreement between the leagues and the top clubs.

This agreement, the federation added, was renewed for the 2019-20 season and uses the "same model that applied to men's hockey for many years."

Calls to board members of the federation went unanswered Thursday.

Among those coming out in support of the Swedish players were U.S. Olympic champions Jocelyne and Monique Lamoureux, who tweeted: "Proud of Team Sweden and what this will mean for their program and the next generation of young girls in Europe!"

U.S. teammate Meghan Duggan added: "Sending strength to the Swedish National Team in their quest for more support and resources for their program."

The Professional Women's Hockey Players' Association said it stood with Sweden's players "in your fight for equality and respect your commitment to creating a sustainable future for yourselves and the next generation!"

In May, the National Women's Hockey League reached an agreement with the union to increase salaries, offer a 50-50 split of sponsor-related revenues and improve benefits. That move came after more than 200 of the world's top female players pledged not to play professionally in North America.

"Us players are prepared to take responsibility and do everything possible to take us back to where we belong," the players' statement read. "But only with the conditions, encouragement and respect that requires an attitude toward us as elite athletes.

"Until the governors in the ice hockey federation show that, the Damkronorna have an empty squad."

Mariners blank Blue Jays in rout
Pitcher Yusei Kikuchi throws just 96 pitches, strikes out eight in a complete-game shutout
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

TORONTO -- Even if Vladimir Guerrero Jr. and Lourdes Gurriel Jr. had been in Toronto's lineup, the Blue Jays likely would not have beaten Seattle Mariners starter Yusei Kikuchi on Sunday.

The Japanese left-handed pitcher threw a complete-game shutout, struck out eight and retired his final 17 batters in a row in a 7-0 win against the Blue Jays.

Before Toronto's (52-75) third loss in four games, however, they received good news when Guerrero's MRI exam showed no serious damage after he left Saturday's game with left-knee pain. Blue Jays manager Charlie Montoyo said Guerrero is a possibility for the opener of Toronto's threegame series in Los Angeles against the Dodgers on Tuesday.

"The MRI showed some inflammation, but he's not bad," said Montoyo, who has also been without Gurriel since Aug. 8 as the second baseman recovers from a strained quadriceps.

"[Guerrero] took a day, and we'll see how he feels on Tuesday."

Guerrero had tweaked his knee, cutting off a ground ball in the second inning of a 4-3 loss to Seattle. He had also suffered a left-knee strain that kept him out of the lineup in double-A last summer, but this ailment is unrelated.

"I didn't feel that uncomfortable, because I knew it wasn't that bad," Guerrero said before the game though interpreter Hector LeBron. "I just wanted to be cautious about it, and I just decided at that particular moment that I should stop and talk to the trainers, just to be safe." His teammates were relieved to hear the positive news.

"You don't want a guy like Vladdy going out right now, when he's making his mark in the big leagues," Blue Jays pitcher Thomas Pannone said. "He's got off to a really hot start, and he's a big piece of this team. It's great news he's not injured."

Without having to face Guerrero and Gurriel, Kikuchi (5-8) needed only 96 pitches for his complete-game victory.

The only time the Blue Jays threatened was a leadoff double to left field in the third inning from Guerrero's replacement, Brandon Drury. But Kikuchi coaxed Danny Jansen into a fly ball to left field. Billy McKinney then popped to short, and a line drive to short from Bo Bichette stranded Drury at second base.

"I've never actually thrown a complete game under 100 pitches in Japan, so I'm really happy that I was able to do that here," said Kikuchi, who, at 28, is in his first year in Major League Baseball. He was winless in his previous eight starts.

Mariners third baseman Kyle Seager, who hit the game-winning homer in Saturday's game, swatted his 16th to right field in the second inning off Toronto opener Wilmer Font (3-3).

Seattle checked in with three runs in the fourth inning off Pannone. Austin Nola led off the inning with a solo blast to right field and then catcher Tom Murphy smacked a two-run shot with Daniel Vogelbach aboard.

Mariners outfielder Keon Broxton added a homer to centre field in the seventh inning to increase his team's lead to 5-0. Broxton scored again in the ninth inning.

He drew a leadoff walk and was driven home on Dylan Moore's double down the right-field line.

Moore scored on a Tim Lopes single to centre.

Associated Graphic

Yusei Kikuchi of the Seattle Mariners throws a pitch to a Blue Jays batter in Toronto on Sunday. Kikuchi retired the final 17 Jays batters in a row to finish his complete-game shutout.


Canada's Thibault ready to soak up opportunity at CP Women's Open
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

TORONTO -- Brigitte Thibault is having the best summer of her young career, and it's only going to get better this week at the CP Women's Open.

Thibault, from Rosemère, Que., represented Canada at the Pan American Games in Lima winning bronze in the team event on Aug. 10.

She also won the Ontario Women's Amateur Championship on July 12 before earning an exemption into Canada's national women's championship for the second time.

"It's been huge. Golf Canada helps me get into these events, it's an amazing opportunity for me to even be in them," Thibault said.

"The CP Women's Open, as an example, is a tournament where I would normally have to qualify.

"To know I'm already in the field and to be able to get this experience for future opportunities, it's great."

Thibault, who has her sights set on representing Canada at the 2024 Summer Olympics in Paris, finished ninth in the women's individual event at the Pan Ams, 14 shots behind American gold medalist Emilia Migliaccio.

The 20-year-old Thibault has been using her summer to improve her short game before returning to Fresno State University for her senior year this fall.

She won the Mountain West Conference Championship this spring to end her 2018-19 collegiate season.

"[Tournaments] are something I look forward to with an open mind," Thibault said. "Just really try to grab all information or things I can learn that week to really help me for the future.

"There's so much work to do all the time with golf. It never stops."

Competing at the Women's Open on Thursday is another opportunity to improve her game.

Thibault has only competed in one other LPGA event and relishes the opportunity to learn from the best players in golf again.

"The CP Women's Open has always been an important, special tournament for me," Thibault said. "That's the first LPGA event that I actually qualified for."

U.S. to delay some China tariffs until stores stock up for holiday shoppers
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday backed off his Sept. 1 deadline for 10-percent tariffs on remaining Chinese imports, delaying duties on cellphones, laptops and other consumer goods, in the hopes of blunting their impact on U.S. holiday sales.

The delay, which affects about half of the US$300-billion target list of Chinese goods - along with news of renewed trade discussions between U.S. and Chinese officials - sent stocks sharply higher and drew cautious relief from retailers and technology groups.

Mr. Trump's 10-per-cent tariffs will be effective from Dec. 15 for thousands of products, including clothing and footwear, possibly buttressing the holiday selling season from some of the fallout from the protracted trade spat between the world's two largest economies.

"We're doing this for Christmas season, just in case some of the tariffs would have an impact on U.S. customers," Mr. Trump told reporters in New Jersey.

"Just in case they might have an impact on people, what we've done is we've delayed it so that they won't be relevant to the Christmas shopping season."

The U.S. Trade Representative's Office announced the decision just minutes after China's Ministry of Commerce said VicePremier Liu He conducted a phone call with U.S. trade officials. Mr. Liu agreed with U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to speak again by phone within the next two weeks, the ministry said.

Mr. Trump has said the two sides may still meet in early September as scheduled.

The delay in tariffs on a substantial portion of a US$300-billion list of remaining Chinese imports sent U.S. stocks surging, after steep losses in the past week, with the Standard & Poor's 500 up 1.5 per cent and the Nasdaq Composite gaining nearly 2 per cent.

Shares of market bellwether Apple Inc.

soared 4.2 per cent on news that its core iPhone, tablet and laptop computer products would be spared from tariffs for the time being.

But the Trump administration still plans to impose 10-per-cent tariffs on thousands of Chinese food, clothing and other consumer electronics products beginning Sept. 1.

Among these are Chinese-made smartwatches from Apple and Fitbit, smart speakers from Inc., Google and Apple, and Bluetooth headphones and other devices, a category estimated at US$17.9-billion last year by the Consumer Technology Association.

Flat screen televisions from China, a category worth US$4.5-billion, also will face 10-per-cent tariffs on Sept. 1 after being spared from Mr. Trump's first round of tariffs more than a year ago.

Live animals, dairy products, skis, golf balls, contact lenses, lithium ion batteries and snowblowers will also get tariffs on Sept. 1.

Based on a Reuters analysis, the delay could extend to around half of the US$300billion list of remaining Chinese imports.

Chinese imports subject to the tariffs on Dec. 15 totalled about US$156-billion last year, according U.S. Census bureau data.

Most retailers would have stocked their holiday merchandise before the earlier September deadline, some might have faced the tariffs for fill-in orders late in the holiday shopping season.

Still, the Retail Industry Leaders Association said "removing some products from the list and delaying additional 10 per cent tariffs on other products, such as toys, consumer electronics, apparel and footwear, until Dec. 15 is welcome news as it will mitigate some pain for consumers through the holiday season."

The Consumer Technology Association applauded the delay on some items, but added: "Next month, we'll begin to pay more for some of our favourite tech devices - including TVs, smart speakers and desktop computers. The administration should permanently remove these harmful tariffs and find another way to hold China accountable for its unfair trading practices."

The 21-page list of products that will not get hit with tariffs until December also includes baby monitors and strollers, microwaves, instant print cameras, doorbells, high chairs, musical instruments, ketchup dispensers, baby diapers, fireworks, sleeping bags, nativity scenes, fishing reels, paint rollers and food products.

A separate group of products will be removed from the tariff list altogether, the USTR said, "based on health, safety, national security and other factors." It did not immediately identify these items.

Mr. Trump announced the Sept. 1 tariffs less than two weeks ago, blaming China for not following through on promises to buy more American agricultural products during talks in Shanghai at the end of July.

That move was met with a drop in China's yuan a few days later, prompting the Trump administration to declare Beijing a currency manipulator and sending markets tumbling for several days last week.

Since Mr. Trump's Aug. 1 tweets announcing the new tariffs, the U.S. benchmark S&P stock index has dropped more than 4 per cent.

The tariff delay, combined with renewed talks with China, suggests Mr. Trump may be willing to compromise.

In a sign the administration may be expecting something in return, Mr. Trump tweeted on Tuesday: "As usual, China said they were going to be buying "big" from our great American Farmers. So far they have not done what they said. Maybe this will be different!"

Mr. Trump's tariff delay comes amid growing concerns about a global economic slowdown. Goldman Sachs said on Sunday fears of the U.S.-China trade war leading to a recession were increasing and Goldman no longer expects a trade deal between the two countries before the 2020 U.S. presidential election.

Mr. Trump has also personally criticized Chinese President Xi Jinping for failing to do more to stem sales of the synthetic opioid fentanyl amid an opioid overdosing crisis in the United States.

The USTR office plans to conduct an exclusion process that could allow more items to be removed from the 10-per-cent tariff list.

Associated Graphic

The Qingdao free-trade port area in China's Shandong province is seen in May. U.S. President Donald Trump's recent tariff delay, combined with renewed talks with China, suggests he may be willing to compromise with Beijing.


Air Canada tables richer bid for Transat
New takeover offer of $720-million a result of pressure from investors and rival bidder Group Mach
Tuesday, August 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Air Canada has raised its offer to buy Transat A.T. Inc. by 38 per cent, to $720-million, buckling to pressure from some investors and a would-be rival bidder.

Air Canada's move to increase its price for the Montreal airline and travel company came after weeks of calls and meetings with investors, who said they would reject the takeover attempt unless they got more for their shares.

Montreal real estate developer Group Mach had also offered a higher price for a portion of the company in hopes of blocking the deal.

Air Canada and Transat said the new offer is worth $18 a share, up from $13, or $520-million.

The new bid now has the support of Transat's largest shareholder, Letko Brosseau and Associates Inc. - the Montreal money manager that controls almost 20 per cent of Transat's shares and had opposed the first bid.

The deal would give Air Canada control of a competitor on transatlantic flights as well as Transat's Airbus fleet at a time Air Canada is facing capacity and revenue constraints.

The squeeze stems from its Boeing 737 Max passenger jets that are grounded amid a global halt that came after two fatal crashes.

"After extensive consultations with Letko Brosseau and several other large shareholders of Transat, we agreed to materially increase our price to ensure the transaction receives the necessary level of support," said Calin Rovinescu, Air Canada's chief executive.

Peter Letko, a partner at Letko Brosseau, had told The Globe and Mail that Transat should not sell itself until it restores margins and profitability in order to fetch a better price.

In an interview on Monday, after the new offer had been announced, Mr. Letko said: "We're satisfied with the price.

"We thought that Air Canada was very thoughtful and sensitive to the fact that we were not pleased with the original price," he said of the meetings he held with the company.

Air Canada's takeover of Canada's third-largest airline requires support of two-thirds of Transat shareholders by Aug. 23. The deal is expected to close next year and requires approval from legal, regulatory and antitrust bodies in Canada and Europe. The combined companies would control at least 60 per cent of domestic flights over the Atlantic and most of the Montreal travel market, and are expected to face a rigorous review by the Competition Commissioner.

Transat has lost money in two of the past four years, and is expected to post a loss in 2019 as it tries to expand its sun-destination hotel operations. The company's share price in the past five years has rarely been higher than $9, and sank to less than $5 in March.

Transat said in April that it was in talks with "more than one" possible suitor, and soon entered exclusive talks with Air Canada. The two sides announced on June 27 that they had an agreement on a takeover at $13 a share.

Christophe Hennebelle, a spokesman for Transat, said the $13 offer the two sides first negotiated was deemed fair by Transat's outside advisers, National Bank and Bank of Montreal. "It was a good price and obviously now we have an even better price," Mr. Hennebelle said.

Montreal real estate developer Group Mach had offered - and later dropped - a conditional bid worth $14 a share. Mach recently took a new tack, offering $14 for up to 19.5 per cent of Transat and trying to collect vote proxies to block the Air Canada deal.

Quebec's Financial Markets Administrative Tribunal, in a ruling issued on Monday, sided with a Transat complaint and blocked the Mach offer.

Still, Alfred Buggé, vice-president of Mach, did not rule out another attempt to buy Transat, and took credit for spurring Air Canada to increase its bid by $200-million. "The shareholders of Transat owe us a great debt of gratitude," Mr. Buggé said. "If it wasn't for Mach, the shareholders wouldn't have this offer."

Transat shares closed at $16.75 on Monday on the Toronto Stock Exchange, a discount of $1.25 to the revised offer that Mr. Buggé attributed to the deal's uncertainty.

PenderFund Capital Management of Vancouver, Transat's fifth-largest investor, opposed the initial price agreed to by Transat's board.

Amar Pandya, an analyst and portfolio manager with PenderFund, said other shareholders he spoke to also opposed the price initially agreed to by the Transat board of directors, but that the higher offer and Letko's support make it "almost a done deal."

"There was not a lot of support for the $13 offer," he said.

"With Mach instigating as well, that created more disagreement within the shareholder base," Mr.Pandya said in a telephone interview.

Patrick McQuilken, a spokesman for the Fonds de solidarité FTQ, which owns 12 per cent of Transat, said there were at least three meetings and phone calls between the labour-sponsored investment fund and Air Canada.

He said, as is typical for the fund in any investment decision, the Fonds focused on the offer price as well as the employment and economic effects of the takeover.

He said it is too soon to say whether the Fonds is supporting the new offer.

AIR CANADA (AC) CLOSE: $43.76, DOWN 74¢ TRANSAT A.T. (TRZ) CLOSE: $16.75, UP $4.96

Pembina to buy Kinder Morgan Canada, pipeline for $4.35-billion
Purchase will boost its position in oil storage, transport as Houston company exits Canada
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

CALGARY -- Pembina Pipeline Corp. is buying Kinder Morgan Canada Ltd. and the U.S. portion of a key condensate pipeline for $4.35-billion, a deal that will bolster its position in the high-demand oil storage and transport business.

For Houston-based Kinder Morgan Inc., the sale marks its exit from Canada after it sold its largest asset - the Trans Mountain oil pipeline - to Ottawa last year for $4.4billion. It follows a formal process to seek buyers for the majority-owned Canadian operation that ended in the spring after failing to attract acceptable proposals.

Pembina, based in Calgary, is acquiring transport and storage operations, largely backed by long-term contracts that shield it from the vagaries of commodity-price swings. The midstream business has been a bright spot in an energy industry that has been under severe pressure because of tight capacity to move oil and gas to markets outside Canada.

Its stock is up 20 per cent this year against a backdrop of sharp declines throughout most of the producing sector.

Pembina shares dipped 18 cents to $49.09 on the Toronto Stock Exchange on Wednesday. Kinder Morgan Canada surged 32 per cent to $14.45.

"This acquisition represents an excellent opportunity to continue to build out our low-risk, long-term fee-for-service business while also extending our reach into the U.S. through a highly desirablecross border pipeline," Mick Dilger, Pembina's chief executive officer, told analysts.

The acquisition will immediately boost cash flow, allowing Pembina to increase its dividend, the company said.

The deal includes the Edmonton terminals operation, which consists of pipeline and rail terminals around the Alberta capital; the Cochin Pipeline, a major import line for condensate; and the Vancouver Wharves, a bulk commodity import and export operation that Pembina says could eventually be integrated into its energy system.

Under the deal, Pembina will offer 0.3068 of one of its shares for each Kinder Morgan Canada Ltd.

(KML) share, which translates into a value of $15.02 per KML share, or $2.3-billion in total, it said. That is a 38-per-cent premium over Tuesday's close. It will also assume $550-million of KML preferred shares.

Pembina will acquire the 2,900-kilometre Cochin pipeline for $2.05-billion. The line carries condensate to Fort Saskatchewan, Alta., from Riga, Mich., for blending with bitumen from the oil sands so it can flow in pipelines.

What likely clinched the deal after the unsuccessful formal sale effort was the inclusion of the U.S.

portion of the Cochin pipeline, said Chris Cox, analyst with Raymond James.

"I suspect Pembina was pretty adamant that they do include that and eventually there was enough pressure in the process," Mr. Cox said. "The valuation seems fair; they are definitely good assets."

A potential snag for Pembina involves one of the oil terminals, known as Base Line, which is jointly owned by Keyera Corp.

Keyera could exercise a right of first refusal on the terminal, one of five that are part of the package.

Officials with Keyera did not respond to a request to comment.

As 70-per-cent owner of KML, Kinder Morgan Inc. will get a stake in Pembina currently worth about $1.2-billion. Details of any agreement governing how long the U.S.

company must hang onto the stock were not immediately known, but Kinder Morgan said it planned to eventually sell them in an "opportunistic and nondisruptive manner." The company intends to use proceeds from the deal to reduce its debt, giving it flexibility to buy back stock and invest in new projects, Kinder Morgan CEO Steve Kean said.

The deal is the second instance in a week that shows heightened interest in Canadian energy infrastructure as the industry struggles to move supplies to the United States and other markets because of delays to major pipeline proposals. Inter Pipeline Ltd., a rival of Pembina's that operates a network of regional pipelines, said last week that it had been approached by an unnamed suitor, although it was not in talks to sell the company. It made the announcement after The Globe and Mail reported the approach, valued at around $12.4-billion.

The contentious expansion of Trans Mountain between Alberta and the B.C. coast - which Ottawa announced on Wednesday is resuming despite opposition from some West Coast Indigenous communities and environmental groups - is one of a few much-delayed projects aimed at allowing new access to markets. Kinder Morgan sold it to the federal government after years of legal and regulatory challenges to the expansion project.

Mr. Dilger did not rule out an eventual bid for the line, saying it would fit well with its strategy of getting its customers' products to end-markets. However, he said Pembina is wary of the likely controversy the $7.4-billion expansion would bring almost daily.

"Could we successfully own and operate that asset? I'd say we're uniquely qualified to do that, but we've got a lot of other things that are going our way and we don't want to submerge our entire management team, or subject our entire organization and reputation to all the noise that that entails. But strategically, for sure, it's in scope," he said.

Germany's economy is in trouble. That's bad news for everyone
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Germany is the world's fourth-largest economy. It's the third-largest exporter in the world, behind only China and the United States, and by far the most export-intensive economy in the G7. It's Europe's biggest manufacturer.

It's fair to say that Germany is a pretty decent proxy for the state of the globalized, interconnected world economy. And it's in trouble.

Data released Wednesday showed that the German economy fell 0.1 per cent quarter-over-quarter in the second quarter, battered by declining exports and slumping manufacturing. It's the second time in the past four quarters that the German economy has contracted; its growth over the past 12 months is an anemic 0.4 per cent.

The German GDP report shook global financial markets Wednesday, and rightly so. It's no exaggeration to say that Germany is on the brink of a recession. If you're pretty much anywhere else in the world that depends heavily on global trade - such as Canada, for instance - this should be serious cause for concern.

Germany's slump is definitive evidence that the trade worries that we have been wrestling with for months are now more than just "fears" or "risks" or "uncertainties" - whatever word you like to use to imply that they are something that may happen down the road, but haven't transpired yet. They've arrived.

After all, consider that Germany's unemployment is near a 30year low. Domestic demand held its own in the quarter, as solid private-sector wage growth continues to support consumer spending. The services sector continues to show growth. The deterioration in trade is overwhelming all of that.

What's more, Germany is a highly diversified exporter - this isn't a question of being dragged down by a single export market.

The two combatants in the U.S.China trade war account for a combined 16 per cent of Germany's exports.

No, this slump speaks - loudly - to just how bad the slump in world exports is becoming. Not only is the U.S.-China trade war no longer a "what if" in terms of its massive impact on global trade activity, but its effects are spreading in a highly interconnected global economy. Germany is Exhibit A in what the spillovers on global supply chains looks like.

And there's reason to think that things will get worse in Germany before they get better. The country's manufacturing purchasing managers' index (PMI) for July, released earlier this month, indicated that new export orders are declining at their fastest pace since the financial crisis and Great Recession of 2009. The indicator suggests that demand for Germany's exports, which is heavily tilted toward manufactured goods, is deteriorating further in the third quarter. Given that outlook, it's only a matter of time before Germany's still lofty employment and consumer demand are caught in the downdraft.

The potential for an all-out recession has drawn calls for the German government to increase its spending, to inject a dose of fiscal stimulus into an economy that quite clearly needs help. But the government is bound by its own balanced-budget laws and already sounds defiantly resistant to moving away from that.

For now, about the best support its economy will likely get will be in the form of interest rate cuts from the European Central Bank - which now look to be a lock in light of the slumping German economic figures.

All of this should resonate if you're sitting in Canada. While the Canadian economy isn't as tilted toward exports as Germany's is (exports are equivalent to 32 per cent of Canadian GDP, versus 47 per cent for Germany), the global export market is nevertheless a critical contributor to Canada's economic growth outlook.

And remember that Canada has much closer direct trade ties to the trade-war combatants than Germany does: The United States and China account for 80 per cent of Canada's exports. This storm is destined to wash up on Canadian shores.

When it does, Canada arguably has less fiscal space than Germany to provide a spending stimulus to offset a global trade recession. Canada's federal government is already running a moderate deficit and has been for the past four years. In an election year - and with those deficits under attack from the opposition parties as evidence of the current Liberal government's financial mismanagement and broken promises - there may be very little room politically for the government to inject a spending stimulus.

Which means the ball may land with the Bank of Canada.

The bank has so far resisted the growing trend among central banks to cut interest rates, citing a still solid Canadian economy and repeatedly stressing that the U.S.-China trade war contains upside risks to the economic outlook (i.e. a deal could be struck to settle the dispute) in addition to the downside. But as we see more of the concrete economic carnage from these protectionist clashes, the Bank of Canada's lines of resistance may not apply for very much longer.

Quebec minister touts AI financing, but Caisse says there's no deal
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

The Quebec government and pensionfund giant Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec will invest a combined US$100-million in Element AI Inc., representing up to half of a coming venturecapital financing by the Montreal artificial intelligence startup, Quebec's Economy and Innovation Minister Pierre Fitzgibbon said.

The cabinet of Premier François Legault last month issued an order in council that the government would invest US$25-million through Investissement Québec (IQ), a provincially controlled investing agency, as Element "is of significant economic interest to Quebec." IQ portfolio managers typically make their own investing decisions that are approved internally, but, in some cases, cabinet taps a politically directed fund, investing it through IQ, Mr. Fitzgibbon told The Globe and Mail in an interview.

The minister also said the Caisse would put up US$75-million, gaining the right to appoint a director to the board. He said the government would receive a stake of between 4 per cent and 5 per cent in Element AI, translating into a company valuation of up to US$625-million based on the figures provided.

However, a Caisse source disputed that its investment is a done deal, in a rare example of public disagreement between the investment manager and the government that controls it.

The Caisse is mandated by the province to both support Quebec's economic development and generate returns for depositors.

Mr. Fitzgibbon said the Caisse, with $327billion in assets under management, "made its own assessment regarding the investment" after working jointly with the government on due diligence.

But Caisse spokesman Maxime Chagnon said: "It's far from clear that we're about to make an investment in that company or not. You would be wrong and taking a big risk to jump to any conclusion [based on] whatever you've been told and by whoever you've been told."

He added: "Whether we do it or not has nothing to do with government. We make our own investment decisions based on our criteria and process."

Mr. Fitzgibbon asserted that with the Caisse and Investissment Québec potentially accounting for half of the financing, "obviously we have our stake in the ground and we through the Caisse will be influencing the mission, influencing strategy [though] not directing it." The Globe reported last month the Caisse and the province would participate in the financing, citing unnamed sources.

In a statement to The Globe, Element AI acknowledged it was "in advanced discussions with investors as we work to complete our round of financing," but said it had "no updates or projected timelines for any announcement." The company said "we welcome the trust the government of Quebec has placed in Element AI," but did not comment on the Caisse's involvement. A venture-capital financing of US$200-million would rank as one of the largest in Canadian history.

The Caisse has emerged as one of the most active venture-capital investors in Canada in recent years, backing such companies as Lightspeed POS and Hopper and Breather Products.

Element AI became one of the world's most watched AI startups upon its founding three years ago because of its association with co-founder Yoshua Bengio, a University of Montreal professor regarded as one of the godfathers of deep learning, the foundational science of today's AI revolution.

Buoyed by a US$102-million venture financing in 2017, backed by Canadian and global investors including Microsoft Corp., Tencent Holdings Ltd. and Fidelity Investments Canada, Element AI went on a hiring spree, surpassing 500 employees and becoming so big it no longer qualified as a small business, limiting its access to tax credits.

But Element has had setbacks getting products to market while bearing heavy operating costs, The Globe reported in July.

Other domestic AI startups have complained Element is draining the market of talent and has yet to prove its commercial viability.

Nevertheless, Element has positioned itself as the champion of a homegrown AI sector that the government and the Caisse have been keen to promote as a driver of economic activity. The current Coalition Avenir Québec government and the previous Liberal one have committed hundreds of millions of dollars to initiatives since 2017 to bolster Montreal's standing as a global AI centre, while the Caisse in March launched a $250-million fund to invest in Quebec AI companies.

Mr. Fitzgibbon said he was aware of the issues raised in The Globe article, but said Element has undertaken "a lot of soul searching" in recent months. "There is some adjustment required [and] we'll be tightly monitoring them," he said, adding that the company needed to focus its efforts on promising applications, adding large customers and working in a "proper partnership with the shareholders ... to bring outside resources to influence the strategy.

"They need to be generating a lot of revenue and profits, which they aren't right now. ... Although it is a risky investment, it is one we as a government [believe] is worth it."

Two indicators to help investors decide if they should hold firm or sell stocks
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

This week's inversion of the U.S. bond yield curve, a phenomenon with a strong track record of foreshadowing recessions, has forced equity investors to acknowledge that an economic slowdown is upon us.

Investors' main hope now is that central banks' moves to reduce borrowing costs will spur a recovery of growth in the short term.

Otherwise, a much deeper plunge in stock prices than this week's volatility is likely.

Equity markets on Thursday reflected anxiety over the dependence on central bankers: North American indexes seesawed between gains and losses, before ending with only minor moves.

But the bond market continued to send clear and ominous signals of slow growth, or possible economic contraction. The yield on 30-year U.S. Treasuries fell to less than 2 per cent for the first time ever, while the benchmark 10-year note dropped to a three-year trough.

"Investors must decide if the Fed can deliver the growth needed to justify current or higher [stock] prices," Morgan Stanley U.S. equity strategist Michael Wilson said in a recent note.

In Mr. Wilson's view, current growth levels for the economy and earnings do not support stock prices as high as they are now.

If a recovery doesn't materialize, market prices will adjust lower for deteriorating fundamentals for companies. He's predicting a drop of 10 per cent sometime this quarter.

"Given the very broad and steep decline in many leading indicators and corporate earnings growth, I've made the case that we are far from mid-cycle [stage of the bull market] and closer to end-of-cycle," he stated.

U.S. economic data released this week have been mostly positive, including a report released on Thursday on retail sales for July that showed a 0.7-per-cent monthly increase, more than double what economists had expected.

But elsewhere, the slowdown continues, judging by economic data released this week. In China, industrial production growth fell to the lowest level in 17 years, and Germany's numbers indicate that Europe's largest economy actually contracted in the second quarter.

For investors, portfolio risks will continue to rise until a better growth materializes. Here are two charts to help assess the investment backdrop.

The first chart depicts the yearover-year change in the JPMorgan Global Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) and the U.S. PMI Manufacturing New Orders.

The JPMorgan index has provided a key indicator of global business activity and the annual change has been closely correlated to industrial metals prices.

Year over year, the index has been mired in negative territory since the summer of 2018.

Manufacturing new-orders results are among the most effective leading indicators of the U.S.

economy. The year-over-year growth rate for new orders has been declining since 2017.

PMI data are vital during periods of market volatility. Investors should tread cautiously until a clear uptrend is visible on both lines.

In a report released on Tuesday, UBS market strategist Francois Trahan used 20 years of market history to show that "buying the dip" strategies - adding to portfolio equity holdings when indexes decline significantly - are "a losing proposition" when PMI indexes are falling.

The second chart presents the MSCI Cyclicals minus Defensives Index, which measures the relative performance of U.S. economically sensitive stocks against those such as utilities and consumer-staples companies that are largely unaffected by changes in the economy. A rising line indicates that economically sensitive stocks - which includes commodity investments - are outperforming defensives, and implies optimism on future economic growth.

The trend on the chart has been generally positive for all of 2019, although with a steep downdraft in April and May. More recently, a significant decline has occurred as investors shifted money to the defensive stocks that benefit from rapidly declining bond yields.

As with the PMI New Orders index, equity price trends can be a leading indicator of economic growth.

Further declines in the JPMorgan index would cement pessimism on growth prospects for the United States and the limited number of other countries - such as Canada - where the economy remains resilient.

The consensus view, based on the average economist and analyst forecasts for the second half of 2019 and for 2020, is that the global economy, at least for now, is in the midst of a temporary slowdown. There's optimism that central banks will come to the rescue. More than 30 central banks around the world have already cut interest rates this year, and the U.S. Federal Reserve is widely expected to cut them again next month.

If this is the case, then profit growth will resume and investors have little to worry about. But Morgan Stanley's forecast suggests the imminent end of the market cycle and post-crisis market rally. This requires investor action to take profits, reduce risk and batten down the hatches for a sustained bear market. These two charts should help investors decide.

One firm won six of 42 pot store licences in Ontario lottery
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

High Life Cannabis Co. has hit the jackpot.

Locations associated with the Ontario cannabis firm won six out of 42 opportunities to apply to open retail stores in the province's second licence lottery, raising questions about the fairness of the system.

Before the results of the lottery had been announced, High Life's website listed 18 addresses under the heading "More locations coming soon." Six of these addresses were drawn in the lottery, including locations in Toronto, Guelph and Barrie as well as an address in Oshawa that was listed on two winning applications.

High Life itself is not named on any of the winning entries, which were submitted by private individuals. The company, which operates a licensed store in Sudbury, has since removed the list of pending stores from its website.

Winners in the lottery, run by Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO), now have the right to apply for cannabis retail licenses in five regions in the province. Applicants, either companies or individuals, were allowed to submit only one entry for each location to the lottery.

However, the number of applicants who could submit for each location was not limited.

The results of the draw were announced on Wednesday, and produced several clusters of winners across the province. Two winners in Oshawa listed the same address. Three of the seven winners in the Eastern Ontario group are next to one another on rural road in Innisfil, a small town south of Barrie.

Publicly available lottery data show that large numbers of individuals entered the lottery for the same addresses, increasing the odds that these sites would be selected.

More than 600 applications listing addresses that were listed on High Life's website were submitted to the lottery. One of those, 20 Simcoe St. in Oshawa, was named on 169 different applications. Another winning location, 65 Collier St. in Barrie, was listed on 91 applications.

High Life did not respond to requests for comment.

Addresses related to High Life were not the only ones to appear on multiple applications.

On average, every winning address was associated with 25 applications, lottery data show.

Thirty of the 42 retail locations drawn were on more than 10 separate applications. Only seven winning addresses were on a single application.

According to a lawyer who worked closely with several cannabis companies that entered the lottery, the majority of the 42 winners submitted entries as part of a group. Because the AGCO required applicants to have a letter from a bank saying that they had access to $250,000, individuals and firms who wanted to obtain licences ended up lending money to people who entered the lottery on their behalf, the lawyer said. The Globe and Mail is keeping the lawyer's name confidential because they work with AGCO on behalf of clients and fear retribution.

One unsuccessful applicant said the practice of submitting multiple applications skewed the odds against his company.

"When the actual winners were announced, I was shocked," said Uday Krishnan, president of Flowertown Cannabis, which applied for a store in Brampton.

"During this whole process, we were talking to other people, including other dispensary owners, and many of them outright said they were applying on behalf of [others]," Mr. Krishnan said.

"They would say things like we probably got close to 100 applications in on behalf of [another person], but we are all applying as private individuals, so there are no direct ties."

Three of Eastern Ontario's seven licenses went to premises in the small rural town of Innisfil.

Motorsport stores are on two of the properties, while a model home is on the third.

The three properties are contiguous and owned by two numbered companies associated with the same family. The three addresses were listed on a total of 124 applications.

Nothing in the lottery rules prevented a single property from being subject of multiple entries, AGCO spokesperson Ray Kahnert said via e-mail.

However, the application that winners must submit for review by Aug. 28 if they want to go ahead with the process requires them to include a "formally executed legal instrument [that] demonstrates their right to possession of that retail space," Mr.

Kahnert said. "They can be disqualified if they don't."

The next round of stores, which could open as soon as October, is in addition to the 25 allocated in the first lottery and the eight licences recently distributed to First Nations on a first-come-first-serve basis, bringing the total to 75 stores expected to be open by the end of this year.

Associated Graphic

Customers and staff mill about in The Hunny Pot cannabis store in Toronto on April 1. The store won a licence to sell recreational cannabis in the first lottery.


Keystone XL clears hurdle as court approves Nebraska route
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

TC Energy Corp. cleared a major hurdle Friday toward construction of its long-delayed Keystone XL pipeline after Nebraska's Supreme Court upheld the state's route approval over the objections of landowners and Indigenous tribes.

Calgary-based TC Energy - formerly known as TransCanada - welcomed the ruling but still faces three separate legal challenges to U.S. President Donald Trump's reissuance of the federal cross-border permit, which was done through an expedited presidential order.

Opponents in Nebraska vowed Friday to stall the project until next year's presidential election, with the hopes a Democrat will retake the White House and kill it.

Keystone XL - which was first proposed more than 10 years ago - would deliver some 830,000 barrels a day of crude from Alberta to Nebraska, and then on to the U.S. Gulf Coast, a major refining centre where facilities are specifically designed to process heavy-grade crudes such as diluted bitumen from the oil sands.

"The Supreme Court decision is another important step as we advance towards building this vital energy infrastructure project," TC Energy's chief executive Russ Girling said in a release. "We thank the thousands of government leaders, landowners, labour unions and other community partners for their continued support through this extensive review process. It has been their unwavering support that has advanced this project to where it is today."

However, the company gave no indication when it might make a decision whether to proceed. In a call with analysts this month, TC Energy's president for liquid pipelines, Paul Miller, said the company was awaiting greater clarity on the legal issues before making a decision. TC Energy has already missed the 2019 construction season and, if it proceeds, the earliest the pipeline would be in service would be mid-2022.

On a conference call earlier this month, Mr. Miller said refiners in the U.S. Gulf Coast have committed to ship crude on the Keystone XL line once it's built. The massive refining hub in Texas and Louisiana is geared to process the heavy, sulfurous quality of crude like the diluted bitumen produced in Alberta's oil sands. The crisis in Venezuela and steep decline in that country's production of heavy crude has refiners eager to buy oil from Canada, if they can get it to the Gulf Coast, said Kevin Birn, Calgary-based analyst with IHS Markit Inc.

The positive court ruling for TC Energy came the same week that federally owned Trans Mountain Corp. announced that it had given the order to resume construction of its pipeline expansion project, which would add 590,000 barrels a day of export capacity. Expansion of the Edmonton-to-Vancouver line was stalled a year ago when the Federal Court of Appeal in Canada quashed a federal permit because Indigenous communities along the route had not been adequately consulted. The Liberal government conducted further talks with the affected First Nations and reissued the permit in June.

In the ruling Friday, Nebraska's Supreme Court rejected complaints that the public utilities commission had not followed proper procedures in ruling the pipeline route was in the public interest.

Opponents insisted the fight is not over.

"There is a lot of fighting spirit," said Jane Kleeb, founder of Bold Nebraska which organized landowners, environmentalists and tribal nations against the project. "We stopped this pipeline for the past 10 years and we plan on making sure this pipeline never touches our soil."

Other groups have launched challenges in U.S. federal court to the presidential permit, which was issued in March. Soon after taking office in 2017, Mr. Trump reversed the decision by former president Barack Obama to reject the pipeline, but a federal judge said that decision lacked proper procedure. The President's approval in March was done through executive order, bypassing the usual State Department process.

"Challenging a presidential permit is an uphill battle, but it could delay the project until the 2020 election, when a Democratic winner could revoke the permit," said Kristen van de Biezenbos, a law professor at the University of Calgary. "Delay is certain in any case."


Associated Graphic

A pumping station, into which the planned Keystone XL pipeline is to connect, is seen in Steele City, Neb. On Friday, the Nebraska Supreme Court rejected an attempt to overturn the state's route approval of the Keystone XL pipeline.


Callidus investors told to accept go-private bid
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Callidus Capital Corp.'s second-largest shareholder has agreed to take the struggling alternative lender private at a fraction of what the shares were worth when financier Newton Glassman took it public five years ago.

In a statement, Callidus's special committee of directors examining the deal said Braslyn Ltd.'s offer for the minority shares, worth about $5.3-million, could be the only option left to stave off insolvency by next year. It urged minority investors to accept the deal, warning that they could be left holding shares with no value due to Callidus's high debt obligations and worsening financial position if they do not. Under the deal, Bahamas-based Braslyn will offer 75 cents for each share not owned by Mr. Glassman's Catalyst Capital Group Inc., majority owner of Callidus.

The shares closed at 41 cents on Thursday on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Late last year, Braslyn, owned by Tavistock Group founder Joe Lewis, proposed to buy out the minority for $2 a share but did not make a formal bid.

Since then, Torontobased Callidus has reported losses owing to underperforming loans and weak financial results at companies it acquired when their owners defaulted on their debt. This week, it reported a second-quarter net loss of $79.7-million, compared with a year-earlier loss of $40.8-million.

The outcome will be a bitter pill for investors who had hoped for a privatization deal that Mr. Glassman, Callidus's executive chairman, had previously said could be worth at $18-$22 a share, based on a 2017 valuation by National Bank Financial. Callidus began a search for suitors in September, 2016, but no other would-be buyers emerged.

Since then, the company became embroiled in an epic legal battle against short-sellers, former borrowers and reporters from The Wall Street Journal, whom Mr. Glassman has accused of conspiring to make and publicize false whistle-blower claims to the Ontario Securities Commission regarding the company's accounting. The legal battle, which has involved some of Bay Street's most prominent personalities, has only served to cloud investors' view of Callidus's performance.

The defendants, including Greg Boland, founder of West Face Capital Inc. and a rival in numerous other court disputes with Mr.Glassman, have denied the charges. Mr. Boland has countersued.

At Braslyn's offer price, Callidus shares will have fallen nearly 95 per cent from the company's initial public offering in 20. Braslyn, whose founder is the owner of English soccer's Tottenham Hotspur as well as one of the world's most valuable private art collections, has a 14.5-per-cent stake in Callidus.

Catalyst has a 73-per-cent interest. Jason Callender, a representative for Mr. Lewis, declined to comment when reached by phone.

Officials with Callidus and Catalyst had no comment on Friday, spokesman Dan Gagnier said.

Catalyst's funds have provided debt financing and guarantees. This year, Catalyst extended a US$250-million bridge loan to Callidus, among other assistance. That lifeline appears to be growing short.

The board committee noted in the statement that Callidus owes Catalyst $421-million and it cannot repay the debt.

Catalyst informed the directors that it will not grant any extensions beyond September, 2020, if the Braslyn deal falls through, the committee said.

"Inevitably, that would lead to the insolvency and/or liquidation of the company," it said.

"In such circumstances, the special committee considers it unlikely that the Callidus shareholders (including Braslyn) would receive any value for their common shares."

As part of the deal, Braslyn would be entitled to 15 per cent of the proceeds of asset sales Callidus makes in the year after the transaction is completed. Braslyn's bid requires the approval of a majority of the minority shareholders at a meeting, as well as court approval. It would get a break fee of $2-million in certain circumstances if the deal does not close.

Callidus shares rose 75 per cent to 72 cents on Friday.

Shopify surpasses BCE market cap as shares continue to surge
Software company's value climbs to $56.2-billion despite lack of profitability, as market share and revenue expand
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

In becoming a rising force in global ecommerce, Shopify Inc.'s stock has caught fire, and on Tuesday the company passed venerable BCE Inc. in stock market value.

The Canadian software company's shares are up by 164 per cent so far this year, trouncing all the U.S. internet behemoths and capturing the attention of the market's biggest growth and tech investors.

Already larger than some betterknown American peers, including eBay Inc., Shopify's scorching rally has also vaulted it into the ranks of Canadian corporate elite.

Its $56.2-billion market capitalization makes it the country's 10th-largest public listing, surpassing media and telecom giant BCE and closing just shy of $500 a share on Tuesday.

"I think people are starting to get the disruption now," said Ron Shuttleworth, a partner at Toronto-based Oak Hill Financial and a veteran of the Canadian tech sector.

"They're not trying to be a retailer like Amazon or eBay. These guys are retail enablers. I just hope they can maintain the momentum."

If the company can't maintain its torrid pace of expansion, shareholders could be forced to endure a painful reckoning.

Like many fallen growth names before it, Shopify's sky-high valuation could make for a long drop if fortunes change. The company trades at more than 20 times next year's revenue estimate and has yet to report an annual profit.

For more than 800,000 internet merchants, however, Shopify has become the platform of choice to sell everything from socks to coffee.

"It's the democratization of ecommerce," Mr. Shuttleworth said. "You strap on this little ecommerce engine, and you're off to the races."

The company has been steadily adding new features to its core offering, including an integrated credit-card payment processor launched last year, and most recently, a fulfilment network, giving its clients shipping and warehousing capabilities.

While still dwarfed by the likes of Inc., Shopify's rapid growth in market share and revenues show no sign of slowing.

"Shopify is capturing more of the e-commerce opportunity, in domestic and international markets," RBC Dominion Securities analyst Paul Treiber said in a recent note.

Last year, the company's sales exceeded US$1-billion for the first time. Now, Shopify is on track to double that top line by next year.

Despite Shopify's lack of profit, many investors are willing to pay for growth over earnings.

Many other prominent internet companies spent years putting up red ink for the sake of building market share.

"For people that missed the rise of Amazon or Google, this looks like one of those opportunities," said Jeff Parent, chief investment officer at Castlemoore Inc., which owns shares of Shopify. "There's a lot of enthusiasm," he said.

Meanwhile, the enthusiasm for the FAANG stocks - Facebook Inc., Amazon, Apple Inc., Netflix Inc. and Google-parent Alphabet Inc. - has waned somewhat.

As a group, those stocks are trading about 16 per cent below their 2018 peak, forcing many tech and growth investors to broaden their horizons.

As more investors get on board, Shopify's valuation makes it one of the most expensive cloud-based stocks on the market.

"You're paying for the next six to eight years of tremendous growth right now," said John Zechner, president of wealth management company J. Zechner Associates.

"If you go long the stock, you'd better hope they don't have any disappointments along the way."

SHOPIFY (SHOP) CLOSE: $499.15, UP $17.53

Associated Graphic

Shopify saw sales exceed US$1-billion for the first time in 2018 and is on track to double that by next year.


Bichette dreams big
Forget just being happy to be here. Toronto's young star shortstop is good at baseball and he knows it. In fact, he says he wants to be 'one of the best players who ever lived'
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B9

TORONTO -- Among the many new things on Bo Bichette's to-do list, clothes shopping is up there.

"I find myself looking for hoodies more," the Blue Jays shortstop says over the weekend. People have begun picking him out on the street. The walk from the Rogers Centre to his digs has become something of an amateur paparazzi gauntlet.

"I think it's the hair they recognize," Bichette says. "It could be the hair."

It's the hair.

Bichette is a Pantene commercial come to life. He's also - and this is a first for Toronto this year - remarkably good at baseball. The two things together have people a bit worked up.

We've now been told for ages that the Jays have some stars coming. Not some players, but some Ted Williams types.

In the fullness of time, that may prove to be true, but Bichette is the first to show up and deliver straight off.

The 21-year-old has been in the bigs for three weeks. In his first game, he had a hit. In his second, he had two. In his third, he had three, including a home run. He got on base in each of his first 17 games, which caught some attention. He tied an MLB record for most consecutive games with a double - nine.

That put him in Babe Ruth's postal code.

All the other overadvertised Jays prospects are still just that - prospects. Bichette has sashayed in like he's Honus Wagner reincarnated.

Two superficial things strike you as different about Bichette (okay, three, but you'll have to trust me when I tell you that hair really is lustrous).

The first important thing is his size.

The Blue Jays list Bichette, a shortstop, at six feet and 185 pounds. Putting it delicately, that is an exaggeration.

Marcus Stroman was not small, but wouldn't shut up about it. Stroman was short-ish and as wide in the shoulders as a refrigerator. Bichette, on the other hand, is small. Like, elfin.

He's so slight of frame that whenever you catch him out of the corner of your eye, you think a batboy has decided to run onto the field.

This hasn't stopped him from showing a nice turn of power. How much of a hitter will this kid be once he actually does weigh 185? (Reaching six feet will require some time on a stretching rack.)

The other thing that stands out is Bichette's swagger.

"[Young players] are more outspoken than what they used to be," Jays manager Charlie Montoyo said on the general topic of what's changed since his day. "When I first got there, you're quiet, you don't say anything. Now, they can talk more."

Bichette is a talker. He's the sort of person who wanders around greeting all the other guys with an open-handed slap on the chest or a shoulder rub - top moves from the alpha-male body-language lexicon.

Before the pregame stretch, lesser rookies and newcomers to the team sit around the clubhouse at full attention. They're poised to leap up should anyone come over and wonder how they got in there.

Bichette lounges. He slides down so far in his chair that he's nearly horizontal. He isn't scanning the room for threats. He already has the torpid posture of a 10-year vet who's just made another all-star team.

Part of this may be the famous bloodline (his father is former major-leaguer Dante Bichette). But Vlad Guerrero Jr. and Cavan Biggio - Bichette's contemporaries in the Good Genes Club - don't have this ease yet. They still carry themselves like kids - sometimes a little too loud or a little too amped up. They're aware of being watched. Bichette doesn't do any of that. He may look like he's 14, but he feels like he's 40.

Bichette has been observing the tactical deployment of clichés his whole life, so most of his patter is of the "just excited to be here" variety.

Then he drifts into calling this first three weeks "a dream" and surprises you again.

"Actually, it's not that," Bichette says.

"This is more like the goal. Well, like a goal.

My dream is to be one of the best players who ever lived. It's not to make it here.

That's just a goal."

Up until this point, I have been familiar with three sorts of new baseball players.

There are the "do my best for the team" types - guys who will be happy with a career in the majors, any sort of career.

There are the "reach my potential" sorts - those who think they could be good, but aren't sure enough to lay any claim to the fact.

And there are the "as good as anyone in the game" or "as good as Exceptional Player X" pros - those who know they are great, but aren't going to stand up and shout about it.

I have yet to encounter a guy who has played 20 games at this level who is willing - however obliquely - to put himself in the conversation with Hank Aaron or Ty Cobb.

"Who ever lived" is a line nobody steps over, even those who are among the best players who ever lived. Even Mike Trout doesn't talk this way.

The funny thing? Standing there in front of Bichette and listening to him say it, it sounds reasonable. The kid thinks he's going to be Cal Ripken good. Based on very preliminary results, that is not a laughable thing to say.

You don't need to be an MLB scout to see where he can improve - a little more range in the field, fill a couple of gaps in his swing and, most importantly, get older and bigger. Those are simple problems to solve.

"As fun as these first three weeks have been, I can get so much better," Bichette says.

He can.

The Blue Jays season has been a recordbreaking deep-sea dive - just when you think they can't get any lower, they do.

Some years from now, people will have forgotten all that. Losing seasons never matter. In all likelihood, all that will be remembered of 2019 is that it marked the arrival of a single player.

Were I betting on it, I'd lay serious money that that guy is Bichette.

Associated Graphic

Bo Bichette of the Blue Jays hits a pop fly during Sunday's game against the Seattle Mariners in Toronto. The 21-year-old started his career on a tear, getting on base in each of his first 17 games and tying an MLB record by hitting a double in nine consecutive games.


Bo Bichette of the Blue Jays forces out Tim Lopes of the Seattle Mariners during a game in Toronto on Sunday. For Bichette, making it to the big leagues was 'a goal,' while becoming one of the greatest players of all time is his 'dream.'


A short drive for home-field edge
There are 15 Canadians in the field at this year's edition of the LPGA event. They'll play on unparalleled turf at the ultra-exclusive Magna Golf Club just north of Toronto, the biggest market for the sport in the country
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

AURORA, ONT. -- Canadian Brittany Marchand is among the LPGA Tour players who are excited that the CP Women's Open has returned to the Greater Toronto Area for the first time since 2001. "I actually get to stay in my bed, which is nice," she says.

The LPGA Tour sophomore is from Orangeville, Ont., which by her calculations is 56 minutes away from her parking spot this week at Magna Golf Club in Aurora, a suburban community north of Toronto.

"It's always nice coming to this tournament," she said. "It's kind of cool to have it in the Toronto area this year."

Marchand is one of 15 Canadians in the field who will be enjoying home-field advantage in the tour's only stop in the country. But the other competitors from around the world are in for a treat, too.

They've not only landed in Canada's biggest city and golf market but also at a club known for its ultra-exclusivity, unparalleled turf conditions and luxurious clubhouse.

"It's unbelievable," Marchand said.

"It's so beautiful and the grass is amazing. It's really perfect."

American Emma Talley called the course "pure" and in the best shape of any layout on tour, equalled only at some of the major tournaments. "Fantastic surroundings," said Suzann Pettersen, a past CP Women's Open champion from Norway who's easing her way back onto the LPGA Tour after a maternity leave.

"From what I've heard, this is a golfing mecca with golf courses and a lot of golf interests," Pettersen said of the GTA. "... I don't think I've been to any tournaments in Canada where the crowd hasn't been absolutely fantastic. I have no doubt it's going to be exactly the same this week."

Auto-parts magnate Frank Stronach and his business empire, Magna International Inc., opened the golf course in 2001 on rolling hills in the Oak Ridges Moraine in Aurora. Designed by renowned Canadian architect Doug Carrick, it immediately earned honours from ScoreGolf magazine as the best new course in the country.

The club is in the backyard of Magna International's world headquarters, making it a playground for the company's top executives and other wealthy types, some of whom snapped up the multimillion-dollar mansions that were built in a gated community around the course.

Its clubhouse gets as much attention as the 18 holes around it.

It's a grand, 43,000-squarefoot facility resembling a European chateau, with staff that pledges to "pamper without pretense," according to Magna's website.

"This place is special looking," said LPGA Tour commissioner Mike Whan, who visited Magna for a couple of days this week, and played Wednesday in the tournament's pro-am alongside Canadian rookie pro Maddie Szeryk and U.S. rising star Jennifer Kupcho. "This is elite."

Its role as CP Women's Open host came about quickly.

Laurence Applebaum, chief executive officer of Golf Canada, which organizes the championship, lived in Aurora for a long time and knows Magna's current and past general managers. They had long kicked around the idea of bringing a big Golf Canada event to Magna.

A mutual business associate revived the discussions about 18 months ago, a deal was reached right away and now the gates are open. "And what's exciting for the people from the area [is] just to get a chance to walk the golf course and to see how beautiful this Doug Carrick golf course is," Applebaum said.

While the environment is indeed posh, almost Augusta National-like, the gushing will subside Thursday as the opening round of the CP Women's Open begins and the players get down to business.

They'll have not only immaculate turf from which to hit their shots, but also wide fairways that invite aggressive drives off the tee. Canada's top female player, Brooke Henderson, expects there will be a premium on accurate approach shots to the enormous, sloping greens.

Players in control of their approaches should have lots of birdie chances, she added. "I think it's going to be a lot of fun for us girls to go out there and probably try to make a lot of birdies and shoot low scores."

Every other player interviewed this week expects the same red numbers on the scorecard, meaning the 72-hole championship record of 23-under-par 265 (set in 2014 and equalled in 2015) could be in jeopardy.

Henderson, herself, adds to the lustre this week. The 21-yearold from Smiths Falls, Ont., is not only Canada's highest-ranked woman, at world No. 8, and always popular on home soil, followed around by "Brooke's Brigade," but she's also the defending champion.

Last year at Wascana Country Club in Regina, Henderson became just the second Canadian to win the national championship in its 48-year history. (Jocelyne Bourassa was the other, in 1973). On Wednesday, Henderson called the victory "probably the highlight of my career so far."

On Thursday, she'll face a tee sheet that has nine of the top 10 players in the world ranking (including No. 1 Ko Jinyoung of South Korea) and 95 of the top 100 money winners on the LPGA Tour this year. With the purse of US$2.25-million the highest of any LPGA event other than the majors and the season finale, the stars have come out.

But defending a title is not out of the question. Henderson did it twice before at other tournaments en route to her nine career victories, which makes her the Canadian player, female or male, with the most trophies at the LPGA Tour or PGA Tour level.

Whan called on golf fans in Toronto's metropolitan area of six million people to recognize the perfect storm ahead - the combination of a popular defending champion who wears the red and white, a star-studded field around her and an exclusive venue.

"If you sit home and miss this because you went to every playoff game of the Raptors or because hockey season is right around the corner, huge mistake," Whan said. "I mean, you're talking about the best female athletes in the world playing right here in your backyard, and honestly one of the most beautiful venues I've ever been in, and I've been around the golf business a long time. And obviously you've got the ... winningest professional Canadian player of all time in the prime of her career here. ... So it's going to be a good week."

Associated Graphic

Brooke Henderson chips the ball from the rough during the pro-am ahead of the CP Women's Open in Aurora, Ont., on Wednesday.


With a meltdown looming, the spotlight is squarely on the Leafs
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S1

TORONTO -- If the Toronto Maple Leafs managed anything significant last season, it was proving they know how to play the Spartacus game.

After the whole thing had imploded again, everyone was in a great rush to stand up and take their licks. It was widely agreed that the pivotal error was allowing William Nylander's contract negotiation to bleed into midseason. That needless drama unsettled everyone and everything.

"The blame for the situation going that far has to go to me," general manager Kyle Dubas said afterward. "I just wish that I had been here from the beginning," Nylander said.

Unfortunately, they were not in the same room as they said it, so could not do so while hugging each other and weeping softly.

Once those cathartic moments of responsibility taking were over, it was on to Mitch Marner and doing the exact same thing all over again.

What's up with Marner, the team's standout individual last campaign? Who knows? He isn't signed. He cannot currently be signed, owing to his own demands and the limitations of the salary cap. He may be signed on Day 1 of the season once space is cleared by pushing broken pieces of the roster off the books, but that's not certain. This could be Nylander Redux, albeit with a more important player in a far more important season.

In April, after they'd been shrugged off by the Boston Bruins, the Leafs had finally used up all of their rebuilding mulligans - and they'd taken a few. No more easy rides in the media. No more pulling a sad face and expecting fans to forgive them.

Their options for the 2019-20 season were reduced to three: a) win something meaningful; b) lose and start pushing bodies overboard; or c) lose and return to the cycle of excuses and decline that was once the operating principle of this organization.

In June, the Raptors won an NBA championship and it got worse.

In terms of unlikely accomplishments, this was like flying a hang-glider to the moon. An NBA team labours under essentially the same regime as an NHL club - 30-or-so competitors, salary cap, draft system.

But compared with the Leafs, the Raptors have several structural disadvantages - no top picks; no pull with free agents; no widespread local affinity for the game (and if you're throwing up a corrective finger on that last one, we won't know if things have really changed until next spring).

Despite these disadvantages, the Raptors won anyway. And so it should now be asked, why can't the Leafs do that, too?

In July, Kawhi Leonard left. That was bad news for the Raptors. It was a nightmare for the Leafs.

In another world - the one in which Leonard stays - the Raptors soak up all the attention next April. The Leafs will always be the Leafs in this town, but deep in their tortured sports souls, Torontonians are front-runners.

They'd have stuck with the proven winner.

Last June, the Leafs PR department visited an NBA Finals game at Scotiabank Arena. They were trying to get a feel for the logistics of the occasion.

"Can you imagine how crazy it would be if both teams were in a final right now?" one of them said to me.

Not any more, I can't. The Leafs are the only championship-calibre outfit left in town. Just as expectations shot off the charts, the Leafs lost the only other team that was out there running interference for them.

So based on nothing but feel, how is Toronto doing this off-season?

The team has made some moves, throwing out expired or defective materials (Patrick Marleau, Nazem Kadri, Jake Gardiner, et al.)

and returning some top-end defensive help (Tyson Barrie). That's an aggregate good.

These should be boom times. With less than a month to go before the beginning of training camp, we should be hearing a lot of excited chatter about next year. Mostly, what you hear out there is a nervous silence.

A few things are dampening enthusiasm - history, both recent and ancient; the Raptors hangover; the pervading sense of doom that is as much a part of Leafs mystique as Stompin' Tom or Bill Barilko.

But the big problem is the Marner situation and its echoes of the Nylander fiasco. It is the sense that even when the Leafs get things right, they eventually find a way to turn them wrong.

As yet, there's no rush to blame Marner for wanting to maximize his value. Nobody's pillorying Dubas for being unable to give Marner money he doesn't have to give him. When no one was looking, Leafs fans got reasonable.

But wait for it. The meltdown is coming. In Toronto, it always is.

If the Leafs feel like anything right now, it is a band that's talking about breaking up and going solo because it made the cover of Rolling Stone, but hasn't yet had a No. 1 album.

Some outfits are too big to fail. The Leafs feel like one that is too big to succeed. They will feel like that until the moment they do.

If Marner signs once the season begins, all will be forgiven again. Right up until he goes eight games without a goal or the team loses five in a row - things that will probably happen at some point. If Toronto's permanent hockey hysteria gets hold of the narrative early, it will not let go. Too many things have gone squirrelly in the last little while for people to apply rationality to the situation.

We know to something close to a certainty that the Leafs will face either the Bruins or Tampa Bay Lightning in the first round next year. One can already envision the pent-up anxiety that will attend either match up The Bruins have history backing them up.

The Lightning have the best man-for-man roster in the NHL. And the Leafs have a few million people standing behind them with a finger in their back saying, "I dare you to screw this up." The next eight months are all a prelim to that moment.

If it works out, there will finally be joy in Mudville. But right now, you'd have to say that Mudville is preparing itself for the other thing.

Associated Graphic

If the Leafs don't sign Mitch Marner soon they could run into the same woes they had last year after William Nylander missed the start of the season, Cathal Kelly says.


What's driving Ko to golf greatness
The 24-year-old from Seoul had enjoyed modest success until connecting with Canada-based coach
Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2

AURORA, ONT. -- Jin Young Ko has climbed to the top part of the leaderboard - and the top of the world - with the help of a coach from London, Ont.

Gareth Raflewski, an Irishborn short-game specialist, started working with the South Korean last fall in Florida during an intense two-week boot camp in which the player completely revamped her chipping, pitching and putting.

The work has turned a very good player - Ko had won 10 times on the KLPGA Tour in her home country and twice on the LPGA Tour before she and Raflewski connected - into a great one. She has won three LPGA tournaments this year, including two majors, and leads the money list with more than US$2.2-million in earnings. She became world No. 1 last April.

The 24-year-old from Seoul has a chance to add to the haul this weekend at the CP Women's Open in Aurora. She went deep Friday for the second day in a row at Magna Golf Club to lock herself into second place, just a shot behind leader Nicole Broch Larsen of Denmark.

"We are having a great relationship," Ko said Friday after posting five-under-par 67, backing up her 66 in the opening round, despite playing just nine holes of practice earlier in the week (she shot 30). "He has helped me a lot."

Raflewski is the pre-emiment short-game guru on the LPGA Tour and has a stable of high-flying players that includes the Jutanugarn sisters, Moriya and former world No. 1 Ariya.

Ko sought him out last summer at the LPGA Mediheal Championship in San Francisco, but they decided to wait until the offseason to roll up their sleeves. Ko booked Raflewski for two entire weeks in November - an unprecedented immersion for the coach - and they worked four to six hours a day together in Naples at a couple of golf courses, Tiburon and the Club at Mediterra.

"A couple of other players came up to me and said, 'Really?

Two weeks?' "Raflewski said Friday.

Yes, really. Ko overhauled her short game, learning a wider variety of shots around the green and honing her precision on approaches from inside 100 yards.

She's mastered shots of 98 and 81 yards and now tries to lay up to those distances as often as she can. "She's putting herself in position to score," Raflewski said.

Ko said her short-game skills were limited before she met Raflewski because the courses she trained on in South Korea were similar - in a mountain setting, requiring simple run-up shots with a 9-iron or pitching wedge.

"On this tour, you need more.

High shots, more shots."

With a better short game, she's making fewer bogeys because she's more able to get up-anddown for par when she misses greens and she's also converting more birdies on par-fives.

Ko also changed her putting stance and alignment during the Naples sessions. "You only have to look at a simple stat like putts per green in regulation to see how much she's improved," Raflewski said. (Ko is fourth in this statistic, and she's first in hitting greens in regulation.)

Ko also changed some of her equipment, switching her wedges, for example, from one manufacturer to another - a rarity at the Tour level. When they decided to change putters, as well, they needed to find a place to do some testing using Raflewski's analytics gear. "We just went to the PGA Tour Superstore [a bigbox retailer] and I set up all my equipment," Raflewski said. "It was pretty funny, all the staff coming out ... and taking pictures."

Ko tried at least 30 putters before settling on one.

They have continued working together since, setting up lessons whenever Raflewski takes time away from his head teaching role at RiverBend Golf Club in London to hit the road. "Even in the last few months, I've seen massive improvements," Raflewski said, adding they don't focus on winning trophies or holding the No. 1 ranking - just on getting better.

That doesn't bode well for the rest of the field this weekend at Magna, not that there's any shortage of high-level talent in the mix for the title.

Broch Larsen hasn't won yet on the LPGA Tour, but she is a former player of the year on the Ladies European Tour and has good vibes in Canada. She was the co-leader after 54 holes at the 2017 CP Women's Open as an LPGA rookie before slipping to third place in the final round.

After her second consecutive 66 on Friday, taking her to 12-under 132, she credited some hot putting and her ability to take advantage of the par-fives. She birdied all four of them Friday and three on Thursday. But she also cited a more relaxed attitude after feeling the pressure to make the European team for the coming Solheim Cup.

"The Solheim team has been announced for the year and I didn't make it," the 26-year-old Dane said. After the announcement, "I seemed to play a lot better. Yeah, so unfortunately, a little too late."

Yu Liu of China shared third place at nine under with Thailand's Pajaree Anannarukarn, another one of Raflewski's disciples, and Canada's great hope this week, Brooke Henderson.

Defending champion Henderson shot a bogey-free, three-under 69 in front of a sea of fans, many wearing Canada's colours on the tournament's Red and White Day, to finish the day at nine under through two rounds.

She's three strokes off the lead heading into the weekend and two behind Ko.

Ko, in white pants and a red sweater herself Friday, said she'd welcome the chance to play the final round on Sunday with Henderson, a fellow woman of faith, should they secure two of the top three spots after the third round Saturday. "I like Brooke," she said. "Hopefully, she likes me, too. We are having a great relationship on the Tour and she helps me a lot about Bibles, everything, so I like her."

Associated Graphic

Jin Young Ko hits a shot in the second round of the CP Women's Open at Magna Golf Club on Friday. She shot five-under-par 67 to sit a shot behind leader Nicole Broch Larsen of Denmark.


Park takes the lead on Day 1 of CP Women's Open
Defending champion Henderson feels right at home and starts strong, but cedes the top spot to the American to settle for a share of second with fellow Canadian Tanguay and three others
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B9

AURORA, ONT. -- After practising all week for the CP Women's Open in hot and humid conditions, with the temperature pushing 30 C, Brooke Henderson stepped onto the first tee at 7:59 a.m. on Thursday to face a brisk, cool breeze.

But, wearing a sweater after days of shortsleeved shirts, she didn't let the drastic change in the weather bother her. It even ended up motivating her. It put her in mind of the final round of last year's CP Women's Open, when she donned rain pants and a jacket to ward off the cold on a chilly summer day in Regina.

That day ended well, with Henderson running away from the field to win her national championship, just the second Canadian to do so in the event's history.

Thursday was almost a repeat. Although the temperature had dropped only into the midteens, the 21-year-old superstar from Smiths Falls, Ont., shrugged off the weather and scorched Magna Golf Club in Aurora, Ont., with a six-under-par 66 that put her in the lead - and on the way to defending her title. Her advantage held up until American Annie Park passed her in the late afternoon.

"When I showed up this morning, it was really cold and windy and I was, like, uh-oh," Henderson said behind the 18th green, shortly after making her seventh birdie of the day.

"But in the back of my head it was also sort of like Sunday last year, so I figured it might not be a bad thing."

There was little bad in Henderson's opening round. After saving par on the second hole by making a testy six-foot putt, she rang up four birdies over the next seven holes, which calmed her preround nerves and gave her "the feeling that I could go low possibly today."

She did, and so did others. Park, who broke through with her first LPGA Tour victory last year, shot seven-under 65 to knock Henderson into a tie for second place.

Canadian Anne-Catherine Tanguay shared second with Henderson and three others to give the hometown fans another rooting interest. While the weather had warmed by the time she started in the afternoon, Tanguay had to overcome obstacles of her own. The 28-year-old from Quebec City hasn't played in four weeks, has recently nursed back strain, had just 27 holes of practice earlier in the week and woke up Thursday with a puffy eye.

But a call to her physician, some allergy medication and an ice pack solved the problem, and she made the most of her clear vision. She rolled in long birdie putts that had her literally laughing in disbelief at some points and, on her 17th hole of the day, pumping her fist with gusto.

"On the back nine, I just felt like I couldn't miss with my putter," said Tanguay, who's No. 128 on the tour's money list, and needs a big week or two to retain her card. "I was over the ball and I just kind of had this feeling it might go in."

Tanguay and Henderson were the only two in the contingent of 15 Canadians to break par.

Among the Canadians in the black was 12-yearold Michelle Liu, whose nine-over 81 was still a remarkable score given her age, slight stature and the length of the course, a strapping 6,600 yards.

The eighth-grader gave up at least 30 or 40 yards off the tee to her playing partners Jennifer Kupcho and Austin Ernst.

Liu, who made one birdie and no worse than double bogey, said she was "disappointed" with her score, citing a few poor club choices and bad chipping, but enjoyed the encouragement of the crowd.

"They were definitely really supportive," she said. "I think a lot of them definitely helped me to play well today."

The local fans, including dozens of children wearing red "Brooke's Brigade" T-shirts, pulled Henderson along, too. Her gallery lining the exquisitely manicured fairways at Magna were three- and fourpeople deep on many holes, which isn't the norm on a Thursday at many LPGA Tour events.

By the 18th hole, the grandstands were mostly full as Henderson slashed an approach shot from the left rough to two feet, generating a big roar and setting up a tap-in birdie.

"Standing there on 18 and to see all the people that came out to watch her play is amazing," said American Stacy Lewis, one of Henderson's playing partners Thursday and a 12-time LPGA Tour winner. "It's just really cool the way they support her here."

Lewis, vying this week for a spot on the U.S. Solheim Cup, in addition to the CP title, shot two-under 70 and the group's other playing partner, Minjee Lee of Australia, was one shot better.

"They were cheering for all us," said Lee, who, like Henderson, was once the world's top amateur before turning pro.

"So I didn't feel like it was only for Brooke.

Definitely more for Brooke, but it was nice.

"Any time we have a good crowd, it's great for the game and great for little kids.

It's just really nice that everybody comes out to support their star."

All three in the trio were under par, maybe not surprising given their talent level and preround predictions that Magna, with its wide and plush fairways, would yield extremely low scores.

Those predictions didn't quite come true, probably because of the unexpected wind, but good scores were still in abundance. Joining Henderson and Tanguay at six under were world No. 1 Ko Jin-young of South Korea, Nicole Broch Larsen of Denmark and LPGA rookie Pajaree Anannarukan of Thailand.

Associated Graphic

Annie Park of the United States hits her tee shot on the 16th at the Magna Golf Club in Aurora, Ont., on Thursday.


Brooke Henderson lines up her putt on the second hole during the first round of the CP Women's Open in Aurora, Ont., on Thursday. Local fans wore 'Brooke's Brigade' tees and cheered for the native of Smiths Falls, Ont.


Canadian Liu set to make history
When the 12-year-old amateur tees off on Thursday, she'll be the youngest player to compete in the CP Women's Open, smashing the record set by Henderson, who played in 2012 at 14 years old
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10

AURORA, ONT. -- Michelle Liu got a big hug from Lydia Ko and advice from Christina Kim, and she met some of her other golfing idols that she had only seen previously on TV, including Canadian superstar Brooke Henderson and Ariya Jutanugarn. It's been a special week already for the 12-year-old from Vancouver and the golf hasn't even begun.

Liu is the youngest player in the CP Women's Open this week at Magna Golf Club in Aurora.

When she tees off Thursday at 12 years, nine months, six days, she'll also be the youngest in the national championship's history, smashing the record for precociousness set by Henderson, who played in 2012 as a 14-year-old.

"I'd definitely say crazy is a good word for it," Liu said Tuesday with a wide smile that showed off her braces.

It's quite an accomplishment for the slight, fivefoot preteen who hasn't yet begun Grade 8 at the private all-girls school, Crofton House, she attends in Vancouver. But it seems like almost a natural extension of the rapid progress she's making in the game.

Liu isn't a ceremonial golfer this week, gifted a spot in the field as a gimmick.

She earned her way in by finishing as the low Canadian at the Canadian Women's Amateur in Red Deer, Alta., in late July.

She placed 12th over all in the championship but, more important, was one stroke better than the nearest Canadian - Quebec's Brigitte Thibault, a member of the national amateur team who represented the country at the inaugural Augusta National Women's Amateur this spring.

Liu's accomplishment adds to a playing record that also includes winning her age category at both the IMG Junior and the U.S. Kids Golf world championships, two majors in junior golf, in 2017. In one round at this year's IMG, held in San Diego and area, she shot eight-under-par 65, a course record.

"It exceeds my expectations," her mother, Jenny Xu, said Tuesday, walking outside the ropes, under an IMG Junior World umbrella and watching her daughter play a practice round with Daniela Darquea of Ecuador. "She's really grown and improved lately and I'm very proud of her."

(The family cheering section will grow as the week goes on with the addition of Liu's grandmother, who is flying in from China to see her granddaughter play for the first time in two years, and Liu's father.)

A day earlier, Liu joined the gregarious Kim and M.J. Hur in her first trip around Magna.

"I think I really got to learn something from them," Liu said, "and I especially [appreciated] how warm and welcoming they were to me."

Fans have also been kind to her. She said she's been approached for autographs.

"I feel like I'm getting pretty famous," she said, laughing.

"It's a new experience for me, so I would say that's definitely pretty cool."

When she's been on the practice range this week, she has met LPGA Tour regulars in between hitting shots under the watchful eye of Rob Houlding, her coach since almost the time she began the game at the age of 6. Liu's visit with Henderson included getting a picture together.

Henderson saw glimpses of herself, a former amateur phenom who played in (and even won) professional events before she joined the LPGA Tour as a rookie in 2015.

"Very sweet girl," Henderson said. "It's pretty cool that she got an invite here. I played my first event [the CP Women's Open] when I was 14 and it was lifechanging.

"I learned so many great experiences from it. Met a lot of pros, which was pretty cool. I was pretty star-struck. I think maybe if she can get past that and just try to play her game, that would be best."

Houlding, whose students at his Richmond, B.C., academy include other high-performing juniors, will also serve as Liu's caddy this week, if nothing else to give her a sense of normalcy. His student's prodigious talent might be still limited by her size (although she has grown three inches or four inches this year and is hitting the ball farther) but she has something rare, he said.

"Her mind is way ahead of everyone else's," Houlding noted, calling her patient, driven to perfection and mature beyond her years.

Liu followed her older sister Lucy and friends into the game (Lucy plays on the women's varsity team at Yale University) and she practises every day except Monday for three or four hours at Houlding's academy or at her home club Shaughnessy, which coincidentally is set to be the site of the CP Women's Open next year. Houlding added she's extremely good at organizing and managing her time.

But there's more to the Vancouver girl than just golf. She said she enjoys basketball and volleyball as well as art. She has competed in a national debating competition in the United States and, with a couple of friends, started a charity, the Hope for Girls Foundation, to help impoverished children in the Guangxi province of China get an education. They raise money through bake sales. She also has a goal to make a web comic.

Those pursuits can wait at least a week, though. One more day of practice awaits Wednesday, then it's game time for the first round Thursday and her LPGA Tour debut. Although playing as an amateur she is not eligible to take home any prize money.

"Probably still pretty nervous," Liu said of her expected state by Thursday. "But I would say it's just a matter of simplifying it [the game] to each shot instead of thinking too much about who is watching, what's going on, that sort of stuff."

Associated Graphic

Twelve-year-old Canadian Michelle Liu, right, plays a practice round with Ecuador's Daniela Darquea ahead of the CP Women's Open in Aurora, Ont., on Tuesday.


Hometown champ Andreescu takes a breather as she plots next steps
Tuesday, August 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

TORONTO -- Bianca Andreescu celebrated her Rogers Cup title on Sunday with a quiet night at home in Thornhill, Ont., alongside her parents and some Japanese takeout food.

That was after it took the 19year-old four hours to leave York University's Aviva Centre grounds after a final that made her the first Canadian female champion in 50 years.

It had been an emotionally draining match, despite it only lasting 20 minutes before Serena Williams retired with a back injury. Andreescu had countless stops to make after her big victory, throughout the back hallways of the tennis centre where she spent many hours as a kid building her game.

After her tearful on-court exchange with Williams, and the trophy presentation, Andreescu did a long list of interviews. She visited a room full of Rogers Cup ball kids, who erupted into a frenzied chant for her that shook the downstairs hallways of Centre Court stadium. She then went to unveil her new name strip on the Rogers Cup champions wall before attending a reception for the tournament volunteers and whooping them up with a speech.

After six matches in Toronto in six days - 141/2 sets in all - Andreescu and her coach Sylvain Bruneau had to then sit down to discuss her next move. She was due to play her opening-round match at the Cincinnati Masters on Monday. It was the same decision they faced after she played several gruelling matches en route to her first WTA title, at Indian Wells in March. Back then she chose to roll right into the next tournament. She then wound up missing nine weeks to rehab an injured shoulder.

"I've had a tough week playing so many three-setters, and I wanted to listen to my body and not make the same mistake I made at Indian Wells," Andreescu told The Globe and Mail on Monday, explaining her decision to pull out of Cincinnati. "I know now that I need to schedule my tournaments a little better. I'm learning as I go." Andreescu jumped up to No. 14 in Monday's newest WTA Tour world rankings, and to No. 8 in the Race to Shenzhen rankings, which will determine the eight players who get to compete in the year-end WTA Finals.

She said she will stay in Toronto and take two or three days off tennis - including some celebrations with her friends. Then she's scheduled to play an exhibition match at the Aurora Games in Albany, N.Y., before tuning up for the next Grand Slam.

"The U.S Open is right around the corner," she said. "New York is one of my favourite cities and I can't wait [to] get back there. I think I have a great shot of doing really, really well there." The tennis world will be hoping to see Andreescu and Williams face off again - to see them finish what they started in the tooshort Rogers Cup final.

Williams retired after just four games, making Andreescu the champ by default. Andreescu then turned an awkward moment into a heartwarming one, walking right over to the teary, disheartened 37-year-old champion of 23 Grand Slams and taking her hands, hugging her and gushing over how much she admired her. She told her she could relate to how it feels to make that agonizing call to end a match.

"I'm a pretty outgoing person and I'm not shy at all, and I knew what to say to her because I truly felt for her so much after what I've experienced with injuries in my short career. I told her that she's a beast [and] she's gonna bounce back," Andreescu said.

"Just having that little conversation with her meant so much to me.

"I got her to crack a smile, so that made me feel really good."

Andreescu said the shoulder held up very well throughout the Rogers Cup, and she's not worried about the groin that nagged her during the tournament. For at least a few more nights, she will wake up in her own bed in Thornhill.

"I've never found another bed like that anywhere. I've slept amazing every night," she said.

"What a week it's been. There's no place like home."

Associated Graphic

After winning the Rogers Cup title on Sunday, Bianca Andreescu has dropped out of the Western & Southern Open, which means she'll get a few more nights of rest in her own bed.


Lakers centre Cousins diagnosed with ACL tear
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12

EL SEGUNDO, CALIF. -- DeMarcus Cousins is now facing rehab from another major injury, and the Los Angeles Lakers have endured their first big problem of a season with championship expectations.

Cousins was diagnosed Thursday with a torn ACL in his left knee, an injury that could sideline the six-time all-star big man for much - if not all - of this coming season. Cousins's agent, Jeff Schwartz of Excel Sports Management, said a timeline for surgery is being discussed.

Cousins got hurt earlier this week in a workout in Las Vegas. The ACL tear comes about 18 months after he ruptured his left Achilles, and roughly four months after he tore his left quadriceps muscle.

Those previous injuries cost him a lot of games and a lot of money.

This injury is only going to add to those totals.

"He was going to be a big part of what we're going to do," Lakers forward Kyle Kuzma said after USA Basketball practice at the Lakers' facility on Thursday, shortly after the severity of Cousins's injury was confirmed.

The Achilles tear preceded Cousins's 2018 trip to free agency, one where he could have commanded a multiyear deal exceeding US$100-million. He wound up having to sign a one-year, US$5.3-million contract with Golden State.

And this summer, again after dealing with injury, Cousins had to settle for much less than the going rate for someone averaging more than 20 points and 10 rebounds a game for his career. He signed with the Lakers on another one-year deal, this time for US$3.5-million.

"I've told y'all before I don't take any of this for granted," Cousins said in June, during the NBA Finals in which he and the Warriors lost in six games to the Toronto Raptors. "I've seen how quick this game can be taken away from you. So every chance I get to go out there and play, I'm going to leave it on the floor."

This could have been a massive year for Cousins, who was going to get a chance to play with LeBron James and reunite with his former New Orleans teammate Anthony Davis with the Lakers - a team with major aspirations after an off-season roster overhaul.

A big year could have set Cousins up for a significant contract next summer. It's unclear now if he'll play at all before he returns to the open market.

The Lakers, even without Cousins, still figure to have more than enough talent to end a stretch of six consecutive seasons without a playoff berth, by far the longest such run in franchise history.

James returns after an injury-marred season where he averaged 27.4 points, 8.5 rebounds and 8.3 assists. Davis - a six-time all-star and three-time All-NBA performer - was acquired in a blockbuster trade with New Orleans, JaVale McGee and Rajon Rondo were re-signed, and Danny Green chose to sign with the Lakers for two years and US$30-million after helping Toronto win the NBA title.

But without Cousins, there is a bit of a void on the Lakers' roster as far as centre.

Among current Lakers, only Davis and McGee have spent any significant time in their careers at that position.

"It's no joke when you get injured," Kuzma said. "This is our livelihood and is something that we love to do. It's super unfortunate for a guy like DeMarcus. You can tell how much he loves basketball through all these injuries - he's fought back and tried to get back as early as possible. That's kind of how the ball goes sometimes."

Cousins has averaged 21.2 points and 10.9 rebounds over parts of nine NBA seasons with Sacramento, New Orleans and Golden State. Cousins is one of only 11 players in NBA history to average that many points and rebounds per game in a career, a list that includes two other active players - Minnesota's Karl-Anthony Towns and Philadelphia's Joel Embiid.

Wimbledon sensation Gauff gets U.S. Open wild card at 15 years old
Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11

Coco Gauff will get a chance to try for an encore: The 15-year-old from Florida received a wild-card entry Tuesday for the U.S. Open's main draw.

It will be Gauff's second Grand Slam tournament.

She made a magical run to the fourth round at Wimbledon last month after getting a wild card into the qualifying rounds there.

Ranked just 313th at the time, Gauff became the youngest player to qualify for Wimbledon, upset five-time champion Venus Williams in the first round and wound up losing at the All England Club to eventual title winner Simona Halep.

Gauff is currently No. 140 in the WTA rankings. She initially made a mark at the age of 13 by becoming the youngest U.S. Open junior finalist in history; she won the French Open junior title at 14 years old.

Age restrictions set up by the women's professional tour limit the number of tournaments someone who is 15 can enter and the number of wild-card invitations she can be offered - and Gauff already has accepted three wild cards elsewhere.

But according to the WTA, the U.S.

Tennis Association - which runs a Grand Slam tournament, and so is not overseen by the WTA or ATP tours - essentially can choose to ignore the eligibility rule and offer Gauff a wild card.

"I want to thank the USTA for the opportunity to participate in my home slam," Gauff said in a statement e-mailed by her agent. "I look forward to playing my first main draw at the U.S. Open."

Among the other players receiving wild cards from the USTA on Tuesday for the women's field at Flushing Meadows in New York were 2011 U.S. Open champion Sam Stosur - an Australian who was granted that country's reciprocal berth - and 17-year-old Caty McNally, an American who won the doubles title with Gauff and reached the singles semi-finals at the Citi Open in Washington this month.

Gauff and McNally have said they plan to play doubles together at Flushing Meadows; that event's wild-card entries will be announced later. The pair won the U.S. Open junior doubles trophy together a year ago.

The draw for the U.S. Open is Aug. 22, and play in the year's last major tennis tournament begins Aug. 26.

Other women's wild cards went to Francesca Di Lorenzo, Whitney Osuigwe, Kristie Ahn and Katie Volynets of the U.S., along with 16-year-old Diane Parry of France, who got her country's reciprocal invitation.

Di Lorenzo, a 22-year-old from Ohio, is a past NCAA doubles champion now ranked 128th.

Osuigwe, a 17-year-old from Florida, won a French Open junior title and is ranked 105th. Ahn, a 27-year-old from New Jersey, finished first in the USTA's wild-card challenge, while Volynets, a 17year-old from California, won the 18s national championship.

Nine wild cards for women's qualifying were also awarded, including to five-time Grand Slam doubles champion Bethanie Mattek-Sands, 14-year-old Reese Brantmeier of Wisconsin, Vicky Duval, Shelby Rogers and Pan American Games medalist Caroline Dolehide.

Denis Kudla, a 26-year-old from Virginia who was the highest-ranked man to miss out on making the U.S. Open field through direct acceptance, was among the men's wild-card entries.

Others getting into the main draw include Americans Jack Sock, Bjorn Fratangelo, Marcos Giron, USTA wild-card challenge winner Ernesto Escobedo and 18s national champion Zachary Svajda, along with Antoine Hoang, who got France's reciprocal entry. The Australian federation has not announced who will get its men's wild-card invitation.

Men awarded wild cards for qualifying include Sebastian Korda, son of 1998 Australian Open champion Petr Korda, and last year's 18s national champion, Jenson Brooksby.

Is the federal carbon tax really a nightmare for small businesses?
Special to The Globe and Mail
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B3

To hear small-business opponents of the federal carbon tax tell it, they are among the leading casualties of an ill-considered, poorly designed effort by the Trudeau government to burnish its climate-change credentials at the expense of economic growth, jobs and the profits of hard-working entrepreneurs.

Rents, fuel, processing, shipping and other costs will rise and already thin margins will suffer in a slowing economy, in which competitive pressures make it tough to pass on increases to customers. To add insult to injury, small businesses will have to earmark additional capital for approved emission-reduction measures in order to qualify for government rebates that will cover only a fraction of their costs.

The Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) calculates that small business accounts for almost 50 per cent of all carbon-tax revenue, but Ottawa is returning only 7 per cent through rebates.

"We've been talking loudly about the unfairness of the current system," says Corinne Pohlmann, the CFIB's senior vicepresident, national affairs. "There's a lot more given back to the individual taxpayer.

[Small business] owners feel like they're the ones paying the freight."

It's too early to gauge the impact of the federal tax, which came into effect April 1 in four provinces - Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Ontario and New Brunswick - with either no carbon plan of their own or one that failed to meet federal guidelines. Alberta will be joining the club Jan. 1 after newly elected Premier Jason Kenney pulled the plug on an existing program.

But economic analyses and evidence gathered elsewhere indicate that the fears of small business aren't necessarily grounded in reality.

"There's definitely a lot of scare-mongering about the potential impact of these carbon prices," says Leigh Raymond, a political science professor at Purdue University in Indiana, who studies the politics involved in market-based policies to reduce carbon emissions. "The impacts are not zero, but they're far from the most fearful [predictions]."

Additional taxes of any kind typically lead to higher consumer prices as businesses pass whatever costs they can down the food chain, which Ottawa has figured into its plan to return 90 per cent of the carbon take to individuals through tax credits.

Price-sensitive industries such as construction are bound to take a hit. And the higher costs will inevitably be passed on to general contractors, developers and ultimately those buying or leasing the spaces.

The tax will also dampen exports, business investment and economic growth, but only slightly, according to an assessment by the Conference Board of Canada.

"These changes are small," says Michael Burt, executive director with the Conference Board. "For example, assuming an $80-per-ton carbon tax in 2025, we find that consumer prices would be 1.4 per cent higher, employment would be 11,000 jobs lower and GDP would be 0.08 per cent lower at that time."

And these modest negatives would be offset by increased investment in cleanenergy technologies and infrastructure as the tax revenues are recycled back into the economy.

The board's forecast is based on an assumption that only half the carbon-tax haul would be returned through tax breaks and that Ottawa and the provincial governments with their own versions of carbon pricing would spend the rest on new programs.

The federal levy, which is currently pegged at $20 a ton, is set to rise to $50 by 2022 - about 11.5 cents on a litre of gasoline.

The government insists it will be frozen at that level if the Liberals win re-election in October. The opposition Conservatives have vowed to eliminate the tax if they prevail at the polls, turning carbon pricing into a key election issue.

In British Columbia, which imposed the first carbon tax in North America in 2008, "anecdotal evidence suggests the policy is a success - achieving large reductions in pollution at relatively modest cost to the economy," says an academic paper released last fall by a trio of environmental economists - Hendrik Wolff of Simon Fraser University, Akio Yamazaki of the University of Calgary and Deven Azevedo, a graduate student at the London School of Economics.

Their research into the employment impact of the B.C. tax found that it has indeed caused some pain for larger players in energy-intensive and trade-focused industries. But it has actually boosted jobs in smaller service and manufacturing businesses operating in such sectors as health, food, tourism and apparel.

Income-tax cuts and direct rebates introduced alongside the B.C. carbon levy - it was originally designed to be revenue-neutral - "increased the purchasing power of low-income households, benefiting locally operating businesses," the study found.

No one questions that it's politically hard "to increase what we might call pocketbook costs to constituents," even when those increases are relatively small, says Prof. Raymond, who has examined carbon-pricing efforts in Canada and several U.S. states.

"So things like fuel surcharges are salient. The polity pays a lot of attention to them. Any kind of policy that might increase those prices is likely to be more challenging."

Governments, he adds, "need to think carefully about who's going to bear the costs and what they're going to do with that revenue to be convincing that what they're doing is useful and that they're also going to help people cope with economic pressures they might feel." That, insist the small-business lobby and other critics of the tax, is where Ottawa gets poor marks.

CFIB members are "highly supportive" of efforts to reduce carbon emissions, Ms.

Pohlmann says. "It's not a question of being opposed to doing what they can to reduce their carbon footprint. It's the regime that's been set up ... that's causing a lot of anxiety for small-business owners."

Ottawa belatedly announced two carbon-tax rebate programs for small business at the end of May, totalling $1.4-billion over four years to cover up to half the costs of investing in energy-saving equipment and appliances.

"It took a while, to be honest, to get the details right," federal Environment Minister Catherine McKenna said at the time.

"We wanted very practical things that will help small businesses save money."

Business operators are still waiting to learn how the subsidy programs will be implemented, Ms. Pohlmann says. "There's very little information and you have to invest your own money in order to get back money you put into the carbon tax."

There is plenty of criticism from all sides over the way the government has designed the tax, says Catherine Abreu, executive director of Climate Action Network Canada, who laments the fact climate change has turned into "such a polarized political topic right now."

The tax "is a product of compromises that the government has made to stakeholders. So it's not perfect. But it's really important, because once something's in place, you have the opportunity over time to adjust it so that it works better for the people who are affected by it."

Putting a price on carbon, Ms. Abreu says, is just one piece of the climate-change puzzle.

Part of what carbon pricing is meant to do is incentivize the private sector to pursue innovative methods to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. That helps businesses operate more efficiently. "But it also potentially creates the space for them to be a more cutting-edge player in this new kind of economy," she says.

Cannabis, crypto and connections: Wayland Group's shifting fortunes
Monday, August 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

A warning sign of fresh trouble for Wayland Group Corp. came to light in late April.

Once one of Canada's most promising cannabis companies, Wayland announced on April 23 that it likely wouldn't file its 2018 financial statements on time. A week later, it confirmed the delay, prompting the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) to place a cease trade order on its shares.

For months, the company was quiet.

But in the dying minutes of Friday, August 2, as most of the country was settling in to a midsummer long weekend, Wayland sent out an unexpected news release.

Its chief executive had resigned, its auditor had quit - and there still weren't any financial statements.

Instead, Wayland announced a deal to sell its Canadian assets to a cryptocurrency company and revealed discussions to sell its remaining international business to ICC International Cannabis Corp., an early stage company built by junior mining financiers.

Altogether, the proposed deals and departures paint a landscape in which Wayland would effectively cease to exist. If the deals go through, the developments will mark an abrupt end for one of the first licensed commercial marijuana growers in Canada, a company that has faced operational problems, regulatory probes and criticisms of overly promotional activities.

Wayland plans to sell its Canadian assets, which include a production facility in Langton, Ont., to Cryptologic Corp.

The buyer is a relatively small cryptocurrency miner that lost $74-million in fiscal 2018 after writing down two acquisitions. Until July 31, the company was known as Vogogo Inc., and at the time of its name change, management said in a news release that the "rebranding emphasizes the company's focus on cryptocurrency mining."

Two days later, Cryptologic offered to buy Wayland and to pivot to cannabis.

Many of Cryptologic's backers come from the online gambling industry, where some helped build Amaya Inc. The name Cryptologic even appears to have been recycled: Cryptologic Inc. was an online gambling company acquired by Amaya in 2012.

Three Cryptologic shareholders - Yoel Altman, John Vettese and Craig Bridgman - were also shareholders of a private company called NanoLeaf Technologies Inc.

that was acquired by Wayland in 2017 for $38.5-million in stock.

Cryptologic's takeover structure is complicated. The company has offered to pay for Wayland's Canadian assets by issuing 57.5 million of its shares at $4 apiece. However, Cryptologic shares closed at $1.99 on the Canadian Securities Exchange on Friday, meaning the company is offering a theoretical value for its shares.

It is the same tactic that Green Growth Brands Ltd. used in its recent unsuccessful takeover takeover bid for Aphria Inc. In December, Green Growth proposed to acquire Aphria "based on a valuation of $7 a share" of Green Growth, yet at the time the offer was announced the buyer's shares were worth $4.98 each.

There is another parallel between the Green Growth and Cryptologic offers: Mr.Altman and Mr. Bridgman have ties to both companies. Mr. Altman has been a principal of Green Growth, and Mr. Bridgman has been a shareholder in the company, according to regulatory filings.

In an e-mail, Cryptologic CEO John FitzGerald said the offer price took into account that Cryptologic committed to providing Wayland with a bridge loan and to having cash available to fund the merged company's growth - implying that these developments will boost Cryptologic's value, and therefore its share price, in the long run.

He also said that, if the deal is completed, he will step down as CEO and the company will be run by current chief financial officer Jordan Greenberg, who cut his teeth in the cannabis space with Nuuvera Inc., a development-stage company that was acquired by Aphria only three months after going public.

As for the shareholders with ties to both the company that Wayland acquired in 2017 and to Cryptologic, Mr. Vettese, who is a corporate lawyer at Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP, wrote in an e-mail that he "had no involvement whatsoever" in the proposed Cryptologic/Wayland transaction. "I first became aware of the proposed transaction after it was publicly announced," he wrote.

Mr. Altman and Mr. Bridgman did not return multiple requests for comment.

If completed, Wayland's other proposed deal, to sell the rest of its international assets to ICC, would see the company sell its majority stake in a business whose prized asset is one of only three companies licensed to grow medical marijuana in Germany.

Wayland already sold ICC a 49.9-percent stake in its international portfolio in an all-share deal that valued the stake in the portfolio at US$129-million when it was announced in January. Today, the shares Wayland received in return are worth US$19.5-million, after an 87-per-cent drop in ICC's share price.

Canadian-run hedge fund MMCap International Inc. was the largest shareholder of both Wayland and ICC in early 2019, according to regulatory filings. Its current position in both firms is unknown.

Both the ICC and Cryptologic deals are being negotiated against a backdrop of turmoil at Wayland.

On Aug. 2, Wayland disclosed that MNP LLP had resigned as its auditor, adding that MNP said "there is an unresolved issue ... relating to the conduct of the company's former CEO in respect of the audit of the company's 2018 annual financial statements."

MNP did not elaborate on the matter, and the audit firm declined to comment for this story.

Asked about the unresolved issue, former CEO Ben Ward declined to comment, but in an interview he said he expects the audit to be completed in due course. He added that he has effectively been out of the company since June.

Wayland's new CEO, Matthew McLeod, declined to comment for this story.

The development comes after a series of blows in 2017 and early 2018 that changed Wayland's trajectory.

Licensed in 2014, the company, then known as Maricann Group Inc., was one of the first to receive approval from Health Canada to grow cannabis as part of the federal government's commercial medicalmarijuana system.

Yet in March, 2017, a windstorm hit the company's Ontario production facility, destroying crops in two of its five greenhouses. At the time, Wayland was preparing to go public on the Canadian Securities Exchange, and it began trading in April, 2017, but the company did not disclose the damage done by the storm until months later, in September.

A few months later, in February, 2018, the company came under scrutiny from the OSC for failing to disclose to investors that Mr. Ward was the subject of an OSC investigation for his actions at a previous company.

The OSC also opened an investigation that month into two directors of the company - former chairman Julian Neil Tabatznik and Raymond Stone - who sold about $8-million worth of shares days before the company announced a $70-million financing in late January, 2018.

Both Mr. Tabatznik and Mr. Stone resigned from the board, and in early March, 2018, a syndicate of investment banks, led by Eight Capital and Canaccord Genuity, cancelled the financing altogether.

An OSC investigation into the two directors was closed in September, 2018, with no further action taken. The OSC investigation into Mr. Ward is continuing.

After the failed share sale, Wayland's stock price collapsed throughout 2018, and management spent heavily to promote the company. In 2018, Wayland paid investorrelations firms more than $4.5-million, half in cash, half in shares, to promote its stock. On three occasions that year the OTC Markets Group, which manages the over-the-counter trading platform where Wayland's shares trade in the United States, ordered the company to issue clarifying statements about misleading promotional material.

Mr. Ward dismissed any suggestions of wrongdoing. "I'd frame it as industry norm, industry standard," he said in the interview. "It's a way to get your message out and gain liquidity for investors."

Despite the efforts, the share price never recovered, dropping to $0.74 on the CSE before it was cease traded, down from a high of $4.25. Wayland's stock continues to trade over-the-counter in the U.S., where it closed at 20 US cents on Friday.

CANNABIS PROFESSIONAL This story first appeared in Cannabis Professional, the authoritative news service tailored specifically for professionals in the rapidly evolving cannabis industry. To subscribe, visit

Associated Graphic

Wayland Group, which was licensed in 2014 and then known as Maricann Group, was one of the first to receive approval from Health Canada to grow cannabis as part of Ottawa's commercial medical-marijuana system.


Prichard's wide network may be his Achilles heel
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Robert Prichard is the poster boy for corporate Canada. So much so that a study published by the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management back in 2004 deemed him a "principal gatekeeper of governance reform" because he sits on so many boards. The research, which mapped Mr. Prichard's web of business connections, put him at the centre of an exclusive network of corporate elites. Much to their surprise, the academics concluded that "old boys' network" was having a positive impact on corporate governance.

Being an influential director has always been Mr.Prichard's calling card, but these days it's proving to be his Achilles heel.

He's the chairman of both the Bank of Montreal and Torys LLP, the law firm representing SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. in its criminal case on fraud and bribery charges.

He's also a director for two other large companies and a major Toronto hospital.

His Rolodex is a who's who of Canada's establishment.

There's nothing wrong with having clout. Let's face it, perky self-promotion is one way to navigate Bay Street's cliquish corporate culture. But by sitting on so many major boards, Mr. Prichard has unwittingly entangled Canada's oldest bank in the SNC-Lavalin affair. Regulators should be paying attention. Mr. Prichard's story is a cautionary tale about the hazards that arise when individuals take on too many directorships or occupy those roles for too long.

Mr. Prichard is a seasoned director, which is why he should have known better. He's been BMO's chairman since 2012 and has served on BMO's board since 2000. Being the bank's chairman is a part-time job, but investors pay him richly - nearly $600,000 a year - to put their interests first.

He's also a long-time director of buyout firm Onex Corp. and sits on the board of food company George Weston Ltd., owner of major retail brands such as Loblaws Inc. and Shoppers Drug Mart Corp. He has previously served on the boards of Barrick Gold Corp.

and transit agency Metrolinx.

He's also a trustee for the Hospital for Sick Children.

He's a busy guy. But BMO's proxy circular - the document it sends to shareholders every year that describes how the board works - states that a director's duty is to represent the bank 365 days a year. Directors are expected to be independent and ensure their outside interests, including business and political activities, don't create real or perceived conflicts for the bank.

That's why Mr. Prichard had no business getting involved in SNC's criminal case while he was chairman of BMO. Although the charges against SNC have not been tested in court, lobbying for the Montreal engineering company was evidently fraught with risks.

For his part, Mr. Prichard says he did nothing wrong. He told The Globe and Mail in a written statement that he informed BMO of all his outside activities, including his decision to join the Torys legal team advising SNC, and recused himself appropriately.

"I comply with both the ISS and Glass Lewis guidelines on maximum number of boards. My attendance record at all my boards is strong, rarely falling below 100 per cent. In all my years as a director, no one on any of the boards has to my knowledge ever questioned my commitment, engagement or availability," Mr. Prichard said in an e-mail on Friday.

"I was elected a Fellow of the Institute of Corporate Directors in recognition of my work as a director, the highest honour available in Canada for directors, which is some evidence of my standing in that community. And I was elected to a second term as chair of BMO by my colleagues, again some evidence of their view that I was fulfilling the role effectively." The bank was aware that Mr.

Prichard's interests were aligned with those of BMO vice-chair Kevin Lynch, who is also chair of SNC. Further, BMO officials apparently knew that both men were lobbying former Treasury Board president Scott Brison to make the case for a deferred prosecution agreement for SNC - before the politician was hired in February as a vice-chair for the bank's capital-markets division.

"With respect to conflicts, most active directors face conflicts from time to time arising from their multiple boards and other professional and executive roles.

The key is that the board have a good policy governing how to deal with conflicts and ensuring all directors abide by them. BMO's policy addresses this directly," Mr.

Prichard said in his e-mail.

There's little doubt that Mr. Prichard complied with the bank's conflict-of-interest rules. The trouble is those rules allowed him to put himself first.

Bank stocks are among the most widely held equities in the country. Every Canadian has exposure to banks either directly as shareholders, or indirectly through pension plans or other funds. Canada's economy is tied to the health of our banks. That's why there's nothing banks fear more than reputational risk.

Indeed, it's right there on the first page of BMO's code of conduct for employees. "Our reputation depends on how we behave with all stakeholders. Whether acting in our capacity as BMO representatives or as individual citizens, our actions reveal who we are, what we believe and what we stand for. Living up to our values is much more than just following the law and our policies. It is making sure we always do the right thing."

Whose name is signed at the bottom of those words? Step forward, Mr. Prichard.

In keeping with that spirit of transparency, BMO owes its shareholders a proper explanation about why it was alright for Mr.Prichard to get involved with SNC's case. Further, investors deserve to know how Mr. Brison came to work at the bank and if Mr. Prichard and Mr. Lynch discussed any BMO business while lobbying him on SNC.

BMO also owes it to shareholders to toughen up its conflictof-interest rules. The bank has said that Mr. Prichard intends to step down as chairman at the bank's next annual meeting, at which time he will have hit the 20-year term limit and 70-year age limit for grandfathered BMO directors.

Directors who joined BMO's board after 2010 are subject to a 15-year term limit, but the bank reserves the right to waive the age and term limits for directors, the chairman and committee chairs.

That loophole should be closed.

Regulators, meanwhile, should consider imposing consistent age and term limits for all federally regulated companies. They should also follow the example of countries that have stricter rules on director independence. In France, for instance, a director is no longer considered independent after serving on a board for 12 years.

Term and age limits prevent directors from getting too cozy with management and ensure that boards benefit from fresh blood and diverse points of view. Otherwise, members of Canada's old boys' network will always be tempted to put themselves first.

Associated Graphic

Robert Prichard is chairman of Bank of Montreal as well as Torys LLP, the firm representing SNC-Lavalin in its criminal case on fraud and bribery charges. The charges haven't been tested in court, but Mr. Prichard's decision to lobby for the company is fraught with risks.


EDC admits Gupta jet loan a mistake
Export agency says it regrets lending $41-million to brothers to buy Bombardier plane, acknowledges lack of transparency
Thursday, August 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Canada's export agency, admitting error in a much criticized loan to a client of Bombardier Inc., has promised a tighter screening process to guard against the risks of doing business with politically influential customers.

Export Development Canada expressed regret on Wednesday over a US$41-million loan to the Gupta brothers, who have been at the heart of South Africa's biggest postapartheid corruption scandal.

It took more than two years for EDC to acknowledge it made a mistake when it helped the Guptas buy a US$52-million luxury aircraft from Bombardier, the Montreal-based manufacturer of trains and aircraft.

The deal was disclosed by The Globe and Mail in August, 2017.

EDC said in a statement that it now "regrets" its participation in the loan to the Guptas.

It also acknowledged a lack of transparency in its conduct: "We should have been more transparent in response to questions related to this loan, including whether we saw risks during our due diligence, why we proceeded, and what we have learned as a result." The agency, a Crown corporation, promised to take a tougher stand in the future on any deals with politically connected people.

The Guptas are business partners with the son of former South African president Jacob Zuma.

The Guptas fled the country last year after they became the targets of a criminal investigation into lucrative business deals that resulted from their political connections. The scandal was a key factor in triggering Mr. Zuma's resignation last year.

In 2015, despite years of media coverage of corruption allegations against the Gupta brothers, EDC helped the Guptas by lending them 80 per cent of the purchase cost of the Bombardier airplane. The money was funnelled through a Gupta company, Westdawn Investments.

"We recognize we haven't always made the right business decisions," said the statement by Carl Burlock, EDC's executive vice-president and chief business officer.

"The Westdawn transaction is a case in point.

We need to do better, and we will do better." In a separate statement on Wednesday, a spokesman for Bombardier said the company "would not proceed with such a transaction" if it knew what it knows today. "In light of all data that has emerged in the years following the delivery of the aircraft, it goes without saying that Bombardier would not proceed with such a transaction with all information available today," Olivier Marcil, vice-president of external relations for Bombardier, said in an e-mail.

"Bombardier is continually reinforcing its processes and will continue to take proactive steps to ensure that it abides by the highest standards of ethics and compliance no matter where we conduct business." There have been extensive media reports of corruption by the Guptas since 2011, and an inquiry in 2013 found illegalities when South Africa allowed Gupta wedding guests to bypass normal immigration procedures by using a military base for their private plane. But EDC still went ahead with its loan for the Bombardier deal, which was negotiated throughout 2014.

An investigation by The Globe over the past two years has disclosed a host of shortcomings in EDC's handling of the deal. The agency's statement on Wednesday confirmed many of those issues.

When EDC approved the loan in 2015, it had failed to conduct an "in-depth examination" of the risks related to politically exposed persons (PEP), Mr. Burlock said in his statement.

Instead, its decision relied heavily on the lack of criminal charges or formal police investigations in South Africa, it said.

"As a result, EDC chose to proceed and acknowledges that that decision was a mistake," the statement said. "This transaction has provided powerful lessons for EDC."

The uproar over the US$41-million loan has helped EDC see the "gaps" in its decision-making processes and its due diligence, and those gaps have now been filled, it said.

Critics such as Above Ground, an Ottawabased research and advocacy group, have said that the EDC loan to the Guptas is part of a larger pattern of lax standards. The loan was "just one of many questionable decisions" by the federal agency, Above Ground said in a tweet on Wednesday. "Ottawa can't leave it to EDC to catch and fix its own mistakes; it must create effective accountability mechanisms."

The loan was cancelled in late 2017, but the Guptas continued to use the Bombardier plane for months afterward, provoking a court battle between EDC and the family.

As a "direct result" of the Gupta loan, EDC is now "better informed" about the risks of doing business with PEP, and this will be factored into its future decisions, Mr. Burlock said.

"All financing transactions are now reviewed for political influence risks," he said in his statement. "When there is an allegation, it is systematic that we conduct further due diligence into the concern. ... Based on our experience with this transaction, and from our improved screening for PEP-related risks, we would not proceed today with transactions that feature the same risk profile."

In future, EDC will "review the company's governance and ownership structures" to look for evidence of risks in any new client, Mr. Burlock said. In addition, he said, EDC will lower its tolerance for PEP-related risks.

He added that EDC has already established a chief compliance and ethics officer, a new policy on financial crimes, and a new management committee to review the risks of prospective customers.

In a separate transaction in 2015, EDC provided a US$450-million loan to help Bombardier sell locomotives to Transnet, the South African state-owned freight rail company. There has been widespread evidence of corruption at Transnet, and the locomotive deal has come under scrutiny at South Africa's public inquiry into state corruption, which began last year and continues this year. EDC did not mention the Transnet transaction in its statement on Wednesday, although it had previously said it was investigating the loan.

In an interview on Wednesday, Mr. Burlock told The Globe that EDC is continuing to "monitor" its Transnet loan. He said the bank is "closely following" the South African inquiry where the Bombardier contract and other locomotive deals are being investigated.

A spokesman for International Trade Diversification Minister Jim Carr, the federal minister responsible for supervising EDC, said the government supports EDC's promises.

"EDC has said they need to do better, and we agree with them," the minister's spokesman Michael Jones said in a statement.

"We're pleased to see EDC is moving ahead with their efforts to strengthen their processes and we will continue to monitor their progress."

He added that Mr. Carr sent a letter to EDC last year, directing it to "ensure that responsible business practices and human rights are core considerations in any transaction."

Profitability eludes Canopy
Disappointing results spur sell-off in cannabis stocks as company acknowledges it will take three to five years to overcome growing pains
Friday, August 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Canopy Growth Corp. is still three to five years away from profitability, the company acknowledged on Thursday, after releasing quarterly financial results showing a decline in revenue, stubbornly low gross margins and a massive net loss due to a one-time accounting change.

The results fell far short of analyst expectations, sending Canopy's stock price down 14.5 per cent on Thursday and spurring a broader sell-off in cannabis stocks that brought the Solactive North American Marijuana Index to its lowest level so far this year.

Canopy's inability to increase revenue despite being the leader in a growth-stage industry points to operational problems and difficult choices the company faces about what products to focus on. Canopy subtracted $6.4-million from its revenue, for instance, because it expects cannabis oil and softgel products to be returned unsold.

The lacklustre results, the first since Canopy fired its chief executive Bruce Linton, also highlight structural problems across the industry, including the shortage of retail stores in key provincial markets such as Ontario and Quebec.

And they point to the haphazard manner in which Canopy, like many other marijuana companies, transitioned from the medical market into the recreational market over the past 10 months.

Canopy reported Wednesday night that quarterly revenue fell to $90.5-million, down 4 per cent from the previous quarter. It also reported a net loss of $1.28billion, most of which was attributed to a one-time charge related to revaluing warrants held by Constellation Brands Inc., which holds a significant stake in the company.

The results received negative coverage from most analysts that follow the company, several of whom suggested Canopy has a long road to profitability. Bank of Montreal analyst Tamy Chen wrote in a note to clients that "margins and cash flows could further deteriorate."

"While Canopy is already making upfront capital investments for value-add products, the cost to manufacture these formats are substantially higher than current products, which would result in significant working capital investment and [operational expenditures]," Ms. Chen wrote.

Ryan Tomkins, an analyst with Jefferies International Ltd., was even more blunt in a note: "While strong harvest figures should allay crop failure worries, elsewhere we see little to reassure investors that significant [sustainable] sales growth and profitability will be visible in the near future."

On an analyst call on Thursday, Canopy's top brass offered candid insight into Canopy's race to establish a dominant position in the Canadian recreational market, and the ways in which that speed has come back to haunt them, in the form of greenhouse retrofits and an industry-low gross margin of 15 per cent.

In the fall of 2017, Canopy partnered with a vegetable company in British Columbia to turn three million square feet of greenhouse infrastructure in B.C.'s Lower Mainland to cannabis production. The BC Tweed greenhouses, which Canopy acquired outright the following summer, would power the company's push into the recreational market, once the doors to legal adult use opened in October, 2018.

"There were basic things we needed to improve that we knew were the case in the greenhouses, but we didn't want to miss that opportunity for additional inventory creation and sales in the first quarter of legalization to get that strong market share," Rade Kovacevic, Canopy's president, said on the analyst call.

Canopy did enter the recreational market with a huge amount of product, selling far more than its closest competitors in the first full quarter of recreational sales.

Over the subsequent two quarters, however, it had to take large portions of its facilities in B.C. off-line to properly convert them from vegetable greenhouses to facilities more suitable for growing cannabis. Canopy made a similar choice with its facility in Mirabel, Quebec. These greenhouses only came back into full production in recent months.

Canopy says its slim gross margins came from having to run the facilities while they were not producing product.

It was not just ill-equipped greenhouses that led to operational inefficiencies.

Across its production chain, Canopy spent the past year rigging up temporary solutions in order to get products to market, increasing costs.

"In Smiths Falls, in order to get prerolled joints to market, we shut down growing rooms, and we changed those rooms into a facility that could, on a semi-manual, semi-automated basis, create prerolled joints," said Canopy's CEO Mark Zekulin, who is now the company's sole chief executive since Mr. Linton's firing.

"These are the natural things we did in an early market to make sure that we got product online and served our customer need, but that led to inefficiencies, and that will slowly get fixed as the rest of Smiths Falls comes properly online," Mr.Zekulin said.

Canopy is far from the only cannabis company that has resorted to makeshift solutions to establish a foothold in the recreational market, fill contractual obligations to provincial wholesalers and try to meet sky-high expectations from investors. Stories abound of producers asking employees to stay late to manually add excise stamps to packages; many firms still lack automated packaging lines, while others are converting licensed growing space to manufacturing space to conduct basic logistical operations.

Canopy's stumbles in the past two quarters, however, have been amplified by the high expectations it set early on.

"Obviously our competitors have now begun to ramp up their own supply, which means they're able to increase revenue from a lower base ... and [take] some market share back," Mr.Zekulin said.

But Mr. Zekulin said his company is poised for growth. Canopy harvested 40,960 kilograms last quarter in its newly retrofitted greenhouses, which is by far the largest harvest in the industry. It is also investing heavily in value-added products like beverages and vaporizers, which will become legal in the coming months.

"We are well aware that our business will, in the future, be increasingly judged by financial metrics including achieving positive earnings," he said.

Associated Graphic

Workers produce medical marijuana at Canopy's facility in Smiths Falls, Ont. The company spent the past year rigging up temporary solutions across its production chain in order to get products to market, increasing costs.


To get prerolled joints to market, Canopy Growth CEO Mark Zekulin says the company shut down growing rooms at its Smiths Falls, Ont., facility and turned them into areas that could create prerolls on a semi-manual, semi-automated basis.


Ontario lottery for cannabis retail stores to trigger 'feeding frenzy'
Thursday, August 22, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

The Ontario government is facing fresh criticism over its cannabis retail rollout after a second lottery to award store licences led to clusters of winners in small areas and shut out established retailers.

On Wednesday, the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario announced 42 winners of the right to apply for cannabis retail licences across five regions in the province. Industry experts and existing private cannabis retailers said the results show that the government has failed to address problems that arose after the first lottery in January - and possibly create new problems.

"We are going to see another feeding frenzy where you have these golden ticket winners out there, essentially auctioning off their ticket to the highest bidder," said David Phillips, former president of the governmentowned Ontario Cannabis Store and current general counsel and principal of communications firm Navigator. "That is something we will likely see play out over the next week or so."

No established retailers were picked in the draw.

After 25 mostly first-time business owners won the first lottery last January, established cannabis retailers paid winners millions of dollars for the right to put their brand names on their stores and, in some cases, to acquire the businesses when regulations allow. The barrier of entry was raised for the second round - applicants had to secure a suitable retail space and $250,000 of working capital in advance, compared with just a $60 entry fee for the first draw. Fewer than 5,000 applications were submitted this time, compared with more than 17,000 in the first round.

Some applicants had already signed deals with existing retailers before the second draw, Mr. Phillips said, but added: "I don't have any doubt that a significant number of [the] winners are not aligned at this point in time and will actually be out there shopping around."

Winners must now submit applications, licensing fees of at least $6,000, and a $50,000 letter of credit to the AGCO by Aug. 28. All told, the second lottery had 4,864 submissions from about 1,800 individuals or firms.

While the process was designed to be random, most of the winning addresses were associated with multiple lottery submissions, suggesting applicants worked together to improve their odds. One successful address in Oshawa - which was drawn twice - was on 169 different submissions.

Thirty of the 42 retail locations drawn were on more than 10 separate applications, lottery data show. Only seven winning addresses were on a single application.

One proposed location in Toronto - 104 Harbord St. - is the address of a well-known illicit cannabis store called CAFE Cannabis. AGCO spokesperson Ray Kahnert said the agency will conduct eligibility assessments as applications are submitted, adding that regulators "may conduct police and background checks on applicants and persons interested in the applicant, as needed."

The AGCO also posted waiting lists for each region, and Mr.

Kahnert confirmed that if the agency finds any of the lottery winners ineligible, their right to apply will go to the first name on that list.

Lack of rules for how close proposed cannabis stores can be to each other also led to a clustering of sites around the most popular retail areas. Five of the 13 winning addresses in Toronto are along the Queen Street West shopping strip, which already has two legal cannabis stores.

In addition, three addresses in Innisfil near Barrie were drawn in the lottery that are all close together on a rural road.

After the Progressive Conservative government abandoned its predecessor's plan for government-run stores, it had planned to use an open licensing system, under which anyone can apply.

However, a supply shortage in late 2018 forced the province to adopt what it called a "phased approach," which spawned the lottery.

"Nine months ago, there were legitimate concerns around supply, but those just completely do not exist today," said Tom Dyck, a former Toronto-Dominion Bank executive who is now chief executive of mihi, an aspiring cannabis retailer that has been holding leases on 30 empty locations since the start of this year. "Frankly, it escapes me how we are still in the business of doing lotteries versus building this industry in a thoughtful way."

His staff is trying to make contact with lottery winners "who are interested in our approach to retailing," Mr. Dyck said.

Two lottery winners have already contacted Calgary-based Canna Cabana parent High Tide Inc., CEO Raj Grover said.

"And we expect many more to do the same," he said, adding his company struck agreements with three of the 25 winners in the first lottery - in Toronto, Hamilton and Sudbury.

Edmonton-based Fire & Flower has put its name on two stores owned by first-round lottery winners in Kingston and Ottawa, and CEO Trevor Fencott said he is willing to discuss similar deals with the latest winners.

"While I would much rather be spending capital building stores and employing people and actually combatting the illegal market rather than paying out Ontario lottery winners, the reality is we are in business and that is the system that, unfortunately, we have in Ontario, so of course we will need to have those conversations," Mr. Fencott said.

Mr. Phillips said he has a "high degree of confidence" Ontario will move to open licensing soon. However, Jenessa Crognali, spokesperson for Ontario Attorney-General Doug Downey, would say only that "the government is working with the AGCO and Ontario Cannabis Store to return to our original plan to allocate retail store licences based on market demand." She did not provide a timeline.

The new stores, set to open as soon as October, are in addition to the 25 allocated in the first lottery and the eight recently distributed to First Nations on a first-come-first-serve basis, bringing the total to 75 stores expected to be open by the end of this year.

RBC, Scotia units boost stake in SNC - and feel the pain
Wednesday, August 21, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

As the largest shareholder in SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., the Caisse de dépot et placement du Québec has been the biggest loser of the company's shareprice collapse. But some retail investment funds are also feeling the pain of SNC's deep problems.

Topping the list is the investment management arm of the Royal Bank of Canada, now SNC-Lavalin's second-largest shareholder. RBC funds collectively owned 16.6 per cent of the company, or 29.2 million shares, as of May 31, according to regulatory filings.

The filings show that RBC Global Asset Management funds were heavy buyers of SNC-Lavalin stock through the spring, as the share price declined because of unexpected losses on contracts and a political controversy over its attempts to get a deferral of criminal charges it faces. The bank's fund managers bought 7.6 million shares in April and another 4.6 million in May.

SNC-Lavalin shares have dropped 49 per cent since the end of April and 30 per cent since the end of May.

It isn't clear how many of the bank's funds were responsible for the buying, but one RBC fund that made a big bet on the engineering company was the PH&N Absolute Return Fund, managed by Hanif Mamdani, RBC Global Asset's head of alternative investments.

In a letter to unit holders in June, Mr. Mamdani described SNC-Lavalin shares as "one of the most dislocated situations we have seen since the 2016 oil bust" and said the price of the stock is "nonsensical." He wrote that, excluding the value of the company's "world class" assets - including its stake in the tolled Highway 407 in Ontario (16.77 per cent at the time) - investors were ascribing a negative value to SNC's engineering and construction business. In other words, the stock was so cheap that investors were effectively saying that division was worth less than zero. He estimated that the engineering and construction business was worth $15 to $20 a share.

In July, however, SNC-Lavalin disclosed deeper-than-expected problems in that business, said it would stop bidding for certain kinds of contracts and would reorganize its poorly performing resources and infrastructure units.

The company withdrew its financial guidance and said it would consider selling its oil and gas business, on which it took a huge writedown - leading to a $2.1-billion second-quarter loss.

"Unfortunately, as we are learning, the current ... market can punish stocks mercilessly if sentiment is sufficiently negative," said a quarterly commentary to investors in the $1.6-billion PH&N fund, which lost 4.6 per cent in the second quarter.

RBC Global Asset Management declined to comment.

One trouble spot for SNC-Lavalin has been lump-sum turnkey (LSTK) projects - contracts for which it is responsible to pay costs that go over initial estimates. It's a business SNC-Lavalin is exiting, but it needs to finish the contracts already in place.

Those have the potential to incur more losses, and investors don't know how much more because the contracts aren't public.

Although that area of the business looked "busted," buying SNC-Lavalin shares was still attractive because of the low valuation, said David Taylor of Taylor Asset Management, an SNC shareholder. "The market's giving a fair price to the 407. It's giving a fair price to that engineering service business. And the rest of the business you're sort of getting it for free," he said.

MD Financial Management, which is now owned by Bank of Nova Scotia, and Fidelity Investments appear to have made the same wager, increasing their stake in SNC-Lavalin.

MD bought 1.28 million shares to quadruple its SNC holdings, to 1.66 million shares, as of the end of July, according to Bloomberg data. Fidelity, which owns the third biggest stake in SNC-Lavalin at nearly 5 per cent, added about 800,000 shares recently to hold 8.7 million as of Aug. 19. MD Financial Management and Fidelity declined to comment.

All investment portfolios have winners and losers, and no investor can ever "bat 1,000," as Mr.

Taylor put it. Investors such as the Caisse, RBC Global Asset and others who pick up SNC-Lavalin shares at low levels stand to gain if the company can successfully restructure and reverse its shareprice slide. Its decision to sell most of its 407 ownership for up to $3.25-billion appeared designed to reassure investors that the company has the balance sheet to withstand its current problems.

SNC-Lavalin's stock has a buy recommendation from Dimitry Khmelnitsky, an analyst with Veritas Investment Research Corp. in Toronto.

"The market is expecting a billion and a half [dollars] or so of additional losses [for SNC-Lavalin] going forward. On top of all the losses management had already. That seems way too punitive," Mr. Khmelnitsky said, cautioning the stock is a longer-term investment - since he expects more volatility as fear of the unknown persists.


Associated Graphic

Investors such as RBC Global Asset Management who bought SNC stock at low levels are poised to gain if the company can restructure and reverse its share-price slide.


Commercial, retail banking units help CIBC post profit gain
Friday, August 23, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

A modest 2-per-cent bump in the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce's third-quarter profit came as a pleasant surprise to investors, underscoring the dim expectations placed on the country's fifth-largest bank.

Toronto-based CIBC benefited from better margins in Canadian retail banking and impressive growth in U.S. commercial loans and deposits. That was an encouraging sign, after CIBC warned investors in May to expect little to no profit growth for the balance of the fiscal year. As of Thursday's market close, CIBC's share price jumped 2.1 per cent higher to $101.60 on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

Yet CIBC's third-quarter results were hampered by a sizable mortgage portfolio that isn't growing, increases in expected loan losses increased and a weak quarter for capital markets. The bank's overall growth still trails its Canadian peers by a wide margin, and its executives acknowledged on Thursday that all banks face an uncertain economic backdrop as CIBC looks to turn a corner.

"We all know we're operating in a challenging macroeconomic environment with geopolitical tensions and global trade uncertainties," said Victor Dodig, CIBC's chief executive officer, on a conference call with analysts.

"But, having said that, we remain confident in our ability to manage through this environment."

For the three months that ended on July 31, CIBC reported profit of $1.4-billion, or $3.06 a share, compared with $1.37-billion, or $3.01 a share a year ago.

Adjusted to exclude certain items, CIBC said it earned $3.10 a share.

That surpassed expectations from analysts who had expected adjusted earnings of $3.06 a share, according to data from Refinitiv. The bank also raised its quarterly dividend by four cents to $1.44. Profit from Canadian personal and small business banking rose 3 per cent to $657-million, as promotional prices on deposits expired, improving the bank's margins on loans. And CIBC continues to reap the benefits of a rapid expansion in its U.S. commercial banking and wealth management division, where profit rose 6 per cent to $172-million.

CIBC has opened new offices in Tampa Bay, Miami and Dallas, and added staff in cities such as Boston, helping its CIBC Bank USA subsidiary improve its loan balances by 15 per cent and deposits by 20 per cent.

The U.S. arm's performance has fuelled increasing speculation that CIBC may be considering acquiring another bank to bolster its U.S. presence. Two years ago, it bought Chicago-based PrivateBancorp Inc. for US$5-billion and made it the cornerstone of a revamped U.S. strategy. And last month, CIBC struck a smaller deal to buy boutique investment bank Cleary Gull Inc. for an undisclosed sum.

"We continue to believe that the likelihood of a U.S. deal is rising," said Steve Theriault, an analyst at Eight Capital Corp., whose research notes that CIBC has gone three straight quarters without buying back shares, while its common equity Tier 1 ratio - the key measure of a bank's capital reserves - rose to a robust 11.4 per cent.

Mr. Dodig said CIBC is open to making acquisitions, "but only if there is the right cultural fit ... and on financial terms that would make it accretive to our shareholders in a reasonable period of time." He later added: "We're very patient. It's going to take time."

CIBC's expenses rose nearly 4 per cent, due mostly to hiring new staff in commercial banking and capital markets, as well as heavy spending on technology and digital initiatives. In the near term, CIBC expects costs will continue rising by roughly 5 per cent.

Provisions for credit losses, or the money banks set aside to cover bad loans, increased 21 per cent to $291-million compared with a year ago. Most of that increase was due to higher provisioning for loans that are still performing but could go sour, according to the bank's models - particularly in the energy sector as a result of lower natural gas prices. Provisions for impaired loans in commercial banking rose modestly, but chief risk officer Laura Dottori-Attanasio said there was "nothing unusual" in those losses.

"There's nothing in particular right now that would mean that we would significantly change our outlook," chief financial officer Kevin Glass said in an interview.

The bank also announced that Mr. Glass and head of technology and operations Kevin Patterson will both retire next year. Mr. Glass will step down as CFO on Oct. 31, to be succeeded by Hratch Panossian, CIBC's current executive vice-president, global controller and investor relations. Mr. Glass will stay on until January and Mr. Patterson remains in his role until May 1, 2020.


As Husky shares fall, speculation rises over Li Ka-shing buyout
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1

Husky Energy Inc. could be ripe for privatization by its long-time controlling shareholder based on company-specific math and the sorry state of Canada's oil patch.

Of course, the big question is whether Hong Kong billionaire Li Ka-shing and his organization believe such a deal is worth pursuing. A buyout of the minority investors, at more than $2.8-billion, would be a lot cheaper than it was even a year go.

It would also be a bargain compared with just about every other global integrated oil company, according to veteran RBC Dominion Securities analyst Greg Pardy, who laid out the case in a research report on Monday.

It's a sign of the times. Speculation about Husky's future has cropped up as its sector's woes have played out in the form of a meltdown in market value.

Energy shares have tanked as the industry struggles with its age-old problem of tight pipeline capacity to move oil and gas out of Western Canada. It has sent weary investors elsewhere, and prompted producers to shift capital from boosting output to a steady diet of paying down debt and buying back shares. Companies that stray from that formula get roundly punished in the market.

Mr. Pardy's thesis: Husky already operates as a "quasi-private company," in which the majority shareholder wields the power. Indeed, this has been cited as a drag on the stock at various times since Husky re-entered public markets with its acquisition of Renaissance Energy in 2000.

Since then, Mr. Li has benefited handsomely from regular and, at times, special dividends.

A buyout would allow investors to partake in some of the gap that exists between the current share price of $9.22 and estimated net asset value of $19.53, based on proved and probable reserves.

Husky's shares had lost nearly 60 per cent over 12 months. On Monday, Mr. Pardy's assessment of a buyout prompted a 5-per-cent gain.

Finally, Husky would enjoy full alignment with the major owners, which include the conglomerate CK Hutchison Holdings Ltd., of which Mr. Li is a major shareholder. The retired tycoon also has a large direct stake. In total, the control block is just under 70 per cent.

Husky declined to comment on the speculation.

As conditions weaken, there's chafing in the industry over the requirement of explaining to public investors each quarter why share prices have tumbled despite enviable assets, strong balance sheets and profitable operations.

Harold Hamm, chief executive and 77-per-cent-owner of U.S.

shale producer Continental Resources Inc., voiced that very lament early this month.

Husky has had its own problems, including operational mishaps, from oil spills in Saskatchewan and off the Newfoundland coast to a refinery explosion in Superior, Wis. Analysts have also said it is a difficult company to research, given its disparate producing and refining operations in Canada, the United States and in the South China Sea, as lucrative as some of those are.

According to TD Securities, Husky trades at a multiple of enterprise value (EV) to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) of about 3.5 times. That compares with an average multiple for U.S.

integrated companies of about six times.

Of course, it is a denizen of a Canadian industry that can't catch a break. The S&P/TSX energy group is down 36 per cent in the past year, far underperforming the global oil market and the Canadian stock market.

In that time, Husky launched a $2.5-billion hostile takeover bid for rival oil sands producer MEG Energy Corp., and subsequently walked away, blaming partly the Alberta government's mandated oil-production cuts. The policy was aimed at rescuing heavy oil prices that had skidded due to a glut of supply within the province. So even if a company lifted output, its options for selling the stuff would be limited.

Mr. Pardy said a go-private transaction would have its downsides, including limiting Husky's options for raising capital in the future. Equity markets have been anything but welcoming to Canadian oil producers in recent years, though.

Mr. Li first bought into Husky in 1987, a time when the industry was reeling from depressed crude prices. As a long-term investor, perhaps today's crisis spells opportunity for him once again.


Associated Graphic

A buyout of Husky - whose Hardisty, Alta., storage site is seen above - would let investors take part in some of the gap that exists between its share price of $9.22 and estimated net asset value of $19.53, based on proved and probable reserves.


Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B14


Evelyn Isobel Baxter (née DesBrisay) died in London, ON, on August 13, 2019, after a lengthy illness.

Born in Winnipeg in 1925, Eve was a gifted pianist. She earned her Diploma in Music Performance and Teaching from the University of Manitoba and subsequently taught music in the province's remote and agricultural communities.

Her brother introduced her to Peter, her future husband; the handsome WWII veteran impressed her because he invited her to the Royal Winnipeg Ballet.

They married in 1949. While raising her young family, Eve taught music at Balmoral Hall in Winnipeg.

After the family moved to Toronto, Eve became a major force across Canada as a curator, arts administrator and advisor.

Her vision has left its stamp on the Ontario urban landscape: Toronto-Dominion Centre and Metro Hall in Toronto and Constitution Square in Ottawa are among the many public art projects she administered. She helped develop major corporate collections-particularly Sun Life Assurance Company and Osler Hoskin and Harcourt. But above all, she is remembered by many visual artists across Canada for the time and support that she gave them.

Eve also believed in the power of volunteerism to build community. She sewed costumes for the Manitoba Theatre Centre, organized Art Gallery of Ontario volunteer committee exhibitions, played piano at the nursery school in her Etobicoke neighbourhood, helped organize Toronto's Sesquicentennial and contributed leadership to the boards of the Winnipeg Art Gallery, Julia Greenshields Home in Toronto and the Tom Thomson Art Gallery in Owen Sound.

Despite the demands of a busy career, family remained Eve's top priority; she loved fiercely, and instilled in her children and grandchildren her thirst for reading, learning and sports (she was a lifelong Blue Bombers fan).

Eve was predeceased by her parents, Charlotte Austen and Normand Rudolph DesBrisay; her sisters Ann, Charlotte Bean and Elizabeth Wilcox; brother, John; brother-and sister-in-law, Robert and Patricia; husband, Peter; and son, Andrew Peter Mackenzie.

Left to mourn and to remember her fondly are her son, John (Miranda); her daughters, Charlotte Jones (Kent); Susan; Mary (Robert Osthoff), as well as her grandchildren, Maggie Jones (Michael Nemec), Cary Jones (Nell Reis), Grace Park (Brinton), and Stephanie Baxter.

The family thanks the staff at Mount Hope for their care for Eve over the years.

Help us to celebrate Eve's life at a reception on Saturday, August 24, 2019 from 3-5 p.m. at the A. Millard George Funeral Home Reception Centre (located on the Southeast corner of the parking lot), 60 Ridout Street South, London. A memorial service will be held in Winnipeg at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, please donate to the acquisitions fund of a gallery of your choice or the Canadian Mental Health Association, 534 Queens Avenue, London, ON N6B 1Y6. Online condolences, memories and photographs shared at


November 1, 1935 August 8, 2019

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Richard.

He was born in Calgary, and died peacefully at the Hamilton General Hospital surrounded by love. He was a mighty warrior as he fought valiantly to get better from the complications of a stroke. He leaves behind his beloved wife of 59 years, Susie (Williamson) and his cherished children, Caroline Mandich (Danny), Jamie (Fiona) and Christopher (Heidi). His wonderful grandchildren, Danielle Caffee (Chance), Josh Mandich (Bethany), Grace Mandich, Christopher Blair, Heather Blair, Taylor Blair, Christiana Blair, Hartley Blair and great-granddaughter, Selah Joy Mandich. His brothers-inlaw and sisters-in-law, Paul and Margot Williamson, Jamie and Janet Williamson, and Vicky Williamson. Missed by his nieces and nephews. Predeceased by his daughter, Heather, his parents, Col. James and Edith Blair, and brother, Alan Neville Blair. Richard worked for 45 years as a stock broker in Brantford starting with Ross Knowles and ending with BMO Nesbitt Burns.

He was a total family man to his children and grandchildren.

Richard was a world traveler who instilled this love in his children and grandchildren. He loved snow skiing, scuba diving, driving his wooden boats on Lake Joseph and building his own cottages. Later in life he spent his afternoons painting. He was self taught and a prolific artist. He was a true renaissance man. He spent his summers with all his family at his favourite place Muskoka.

A private family service was held at Grace Anglican Church, Sunday, August 11, 2019 and burial at Farringdon Cemetery.

Funeral arrangements have been entrusted with BeckettGlaves Family Funeral Centre, 88 Brant Ave. Brantford, 519-7524331. A celebration of Richard's life will be held at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, donations to the Hamilton General Hospital, 7 South acute stroke team or ICU East would be appreciated.

Condolences, donations and tributes are available at

A tree will be planted in memory of Richard in the Beckett-Glaves Memorial Forest.


October 13, 1921 August 6, 2019

Peacefully in his sleep at Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital. Born in Nelson, BC, the son of a CPR Station Master, his early life was spent up and down the Kootenays until finishing High School in Cranbrook. He went on to UBC to obtain a BASc in mechanical engineering. After war-time service as an engineer officer (RCEME) he joined the Otis Elevator Company, obtained an MBA from Harvard, and went on to become President and Chairman.

His other accomplishments in finance and industry included directorships of the Royal Bank of Canada, Dominion Foundries and Steel Company (DOFASCO), Union Gas, Mutual Life of Canada and Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas.

As a Governor of McMaster University, he worked tirelessly to ensure the establishment of the School of Medicine and supported the community of Hamilton through fundraising and directorships of the YMCA, Hamilton Art Gallery, Hamilton Tiger Cats and other associations.

Predeceased by his wife, Margaret Emma Nielsen, he is survived by his three sons: Richard (Mary) William (Laura) and Christian Martin (Laetitia); grandchildren James (Melissa), Kathleen, Harry, Raymond, Lindsey, Christian (Erin) and Alexandra; greatgrandchildren Averie, Jax and Bella; and Freda Blumenauer of Abbotsford, B.C. and her family.

Over the years, his many recreational interests centered on his love of fishing and golf; from the Gaspé region to the Loxahatchee Club, the Hamilton Golf and Country Club, for over fifty years the Caledon Mountain Trout Club and for 68 years, the Mississaugua Golf and Country Club.

The family wishes to extend our thanks and sincere appreciation to those many friends of George who have supported him in his later years including the staff at Amica Oakville and his longtime Family Physician Dr.

Robert Gabriel.

We have long known that with his death, we will have lost one of the most outstanding Canadians of his generation.

There will be a visitation on Thursday, August 29th from 2:00 - 4:00 p.m. and 7:00 9:00 p.m. followed by a Service of Remembrance at 12:00 noon, August 30, 2019.

All will take place at the Kopriva Taylor Community Funeral Home, 64 Lakeshore Road West (one block east of Kerr, 905-844-2600), Oakville.


August 1, 1932 August 9, 2019

Bill died peacefully from Parkinson disease on August 9, 2019 at Hospice Wellington.

He closed his life in the same manner as he lived it: with patience, dignity and quiet strength.

Bill was loving husband to Elizabeth (nee Latimer) his wife of 63 years, beloved and generous father to Ken, Michael (Linda), Anne and cherished Pawka to Christopher.

A graduate of University of Western Ontario (Honours Business Administration 1954), a Chartered Accountant (1957) and graduate of McMaster University (MBA 1967), Bill's remarkable career as a professor at the University of Guelph spanned 50 years from 1959 to 2009.

A celebration of life is planned at Cutten Fields, 190 College Ave East, Guelph, Ontario on Sunday, September 15, 2019 from 2-4 p.m.

If so desired, memorial donations in Bill's memory made to Hospice Wellington would be appreciated by his family.


Passed peacefully on August 10, 2019. Hymn-sing service on Friday, August 30th, 10 a.m. at Jubilee United Chruch, 40 Underhill Drive. Singers welcome to arrive at 9:45.


April 23, 1998 - July 16, 2019 In Loving Memory With deep sorrow, we announce the passing of our beloved daughter, little sister, cherished granddaughter and adored goddaughter and niece. We lost our glorious girl on July 16, 2019 at the age of 21.

Kathryn was an astonishing young woman: steadfast, sincere, kind and warm. She excelled in just about everything she undertook yet maintained a quiet, modest, self-deprecating way. Kathryn loved travelling, to New York City and Europe especially, but she loved Toronto even more: running along the Beltline, cycling through Serena Gundy Park, enjoying a concert or movie, catching up with the girls over a cup of coffee or dinner at a favorite hangout. Her enthusiasm for knitting and crocheting guaranteed her family and friends a steady supply of beautiful, lovingly made sweaters, scarves, blankets, and throws. Kathryn was also a shutterbug whose favorite subject was her cat, Yzma, to whom she was devoted.

She was an accomplished violist and guitarist, surprising many of her friends who were often unaware that she even played an instrument. Kathryn was an avid reader and serious Harry Potter fan. A couple of summers ago, Kathryn along with a few university friends, entered a Harry Potter trivia contest in Hamilton.

She approached the contest much like she would an exam; nothing but a perfect score would suffice.

Naturally, the team answered every question correctly and won the Top of the Hammer prize.

Kathryn attended St. Clement's School where she was active in a wide range of activities and distinguished herself in her academic studies. She played basketball, acted in drama productions, performed in the St.

Clement's chamber orchestra and headed her school's eco-team.

She was a tutor in English, math and physics. Kathryn represented her school at the annual Ontario Classics Conference and won top honours in several categories. She won a province-wide competition in chemistry and North Americawide competitions in Latin.

Through St. Clement's, Kathryn worked as a volunteer for the Horizons program and March Break Camp. She worked yearround as a volunteer at Mount Sinai Hospital and later at Princess Margaret where she accepted an internship.

When Kathryn completed high school in 2015, she earned the distinction of National AP Scholar from the US College Board. She won several academic prizes and awards, including excellence in the graduating class, chemistry, Latin, music, and physical and health education. She also received a leadership award, and a prize for character and scholarship.

In addition, she earned the Gold Duke of Edinburgh Award for which she completed two canoe trips in Algonquin Park, a dog sledding and winter camping trip, and a service project.

Kathryn received generous scholarship offers from every university to which she had applied. At age 17, she left for Hamilton to attend McMaster University. Then in 2018, she transferred to Victoria College at the University of Toronto. Kathryn continued to distinguish herself throughout her university years, winning awards and recognition in physics, astronomy and math.

We are devastated by her sudden death but are consoled by her memory which is alive in our hearts and minds. Bunny, we miss you and love you more than you can ever know.

Eonia I Mnimi As an expression of sympathy, the family is grateful for donations in Kathryn's name to the Toronto Public Library Foundation - Mommy, Daddy, Ada, Nonna and U.G. (Angela and Stan, Andrea Elizabeth, Arhonda Christopoulos and George Christopoulos).


Passed away peacefully at Markham Stouffville Hospital on Sunday, August 11, 2019 at the age of 95. Predeceased by loving husband J. Lloyd Bull (2006). Cherished mother of Sandra Small (Parker). Proud grandmother of Ian Small (Tiffany Rego) and Kevin Small (Amanda Small), and greatgrandmother of Kivah Small and Malakai Small. Ruby will also be dearly missed by extended family and friends.

As per Ruby's wishes private cremation has taken place. A Celebration of her Life will be held at a later date. As an expression of sympathy, donations in memory of Ruby to a charity of your choice would be sincerely appreciated by the family.


May 10,1930 August 14, 2019

Pavils passed peacefully from this world on August 14th at the age of 89. He will be loved and missed by his devoted wife Laila, daughter Katrine (Sam),sons Peter and Tom (Sara), grandchildren Declan, Iris, Avery and Graham, brother-in-law Kaspars, sister-in-law Elizabeth, nephew Marc(Ricarda) and many close friends in Canada and around the world.

Pavils was born in Rezekne, Latvia, where he spent his childhood.

He graduated in medicine from Leeds University in England, practiced medicine in Canada for more than 40 years, and enjoyed a long, productive and eventful retirement.The focus of Pavils' professional life was his work as a psychiatrist at the Hamilton Psychiatric Hospital where his tireless efforts returned hundreds of profoundly ill patients to productive life and restored them to their friends and families.

As an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at McMaster University he was involved in training and mentoring many young psychiatrists. Throughout his life Pavils was dedicated to advancing the Canadian-Latvian community, work that included teaching at Hamilton's Latvian Saturday School and working on the Latvian arts and literary periodical "Jauna Gaita", as well as being active in the LATS association.

Pavils will be remembered, first and foremost, as a selfless and deeply caring son, husband, father and friend.

Cremation has taken place.

A Memorial service will be held at the York Cemetery Chapel at 160 Beecroft Road, North York, on Friday, August 30th at 11 o'clock.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Latvian Canadian Cultural Centre.

ELIZABETH (Beth) ANN CLARKE (nee Challis)

It is with great sadness we announce that Elizabeth Ann Clarke passed away peacefully in her sleep at Markham Stouffville Hospital on August 15, 2019, at the age of 88 years. Predeceased by dearly beloved husband Charles (2009). Loving mother of Donald and his wife Ann of London, Jane of Toronto and Peter and his wife Anne-Marie of Banff, AB. Cherished grandmother of Mary, Robert, Thomas, Cameron and Connor. Beth will be lovingly remembered by her sister Marion and her husband Eric Patterson, her sister-in-law Ruth and her many nieces and nephews. Predeceased by brothers-in-law John and his wife Ruth and Jamie. Friends may call at the Turner & Porter 'Peel' Chapel, 2180 Hurontario St., Mississauga (Hwy 10, N. of QEW) from 5-8 p.m. on Wednesday. Funeral Service will be held at St.

Bride's Anglican Church, 1516 Clarkson Rd. N., Mississauga, on Thursday, August 22, 2019 at 11 a.m., with visitation one hour prior. Interment at Springcreek Cemetery following the service. If desired, memorial donations may be made to Hope and Healing International, 3844 Stouffville Rd., P.O. Box 800, Stouffville, ON, L4A 7Z9,


August 7, 1936 August 10, 2019

Aged 83 years. Born and raised in Toronto. Predeceased by mother Aphra-Mary (nee Clark) and father Jack Corcoran. Beloved husband of Margaret (Maggie) Corcoran. Loving father to Tim (Sarah), Aphra-Mary (Steven), Brian (Eugenia). Grandfather to Kate and Graham. Brother to Bill (Mary), Jane (John). Much loved in-law and uncle to extended family across Canada and the United States.

A charming and gregarious extrovert, Terry had a successful sales career beginning at Investors Syndicate, then in radio advertising sales and finally as a realtor which he continued until retirement. Terry developed a broad network of clients, many of whom became dear friends.

After a brief romance, Maggie and Terry eloped on April 26, 1968 at Timothy Eaton United Church to the surprise of their families.

Their love story spanned 51 years; they were the consummate team.

They also played doubles tennis together where Terry would take all the shots...

Throughout his life, Terry was an outstanding athlete. As a young man he won the Toronto City Championships as a pitcher in baseball and was a ferocious defenceman in amateur hockey.

As an adult he won National and Club Squash Championships while a member at The Badminton and Racquet Club and The Toronto Racquet Club. Once Terry hung up his squash racquet, he joined the Toronto Hunt Club and loved sitting on the porch, having lunch looking out at the lake and chatting about well... anything.

Favorite topics included the economy, politics and anything his kids were up to.

Terry had a blessed life filled with family and friendships. He was a lover of Irish folk music, butter tarts and convertibles. In fact, he never owned a hardtop car! Why bother? He'd say. We'd like to think that Dad's driving his convertible to Heaven right now with a squash racquet in the back seat, music blaring. Safe travels, Dad.

Cremation has occurred. A memorial service will be held at the Toronto Hunt Club in September. Please contact the family for further details at In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Kensington Health Org in memory of Terry Corcoran (https://www. In-Memory-Donation.aspx)


In his 102nd year, Elgin Evans Coutts passed away at The Briton House Retirement Centre on Wednesday, August 7, 2019.

He is survived by his cherished wife and best friend of 74 years, Helen (née Muttart) and his loving children Don (Nora), and Peter (Kathie). Also left to grieve is Kathie's daughter, Kerry (Eric) and their children Christian and Ava.

Elgin was predeceased by his parents, Richard Alexander and Mary Alberta (née Hetherington), his brothers Robert and Carmen, his sister Norma and his infant son Alan.

After receiving his elementary and secondary education in Wingham, Ontario, Elgin joined the RCAF in 1940 and served as a pilot in the 162 Squadron. Upon his discharge in 1945 as Flight Lieutenant, Elgin enrolled in law school at Osgoode Hall, graduating in 1949.

He practiced law with Donald Carrick and later with the firm Coutts, Crane. Elgin was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1962 and retired in June, 2009, after a distinguished career of 60 years.

Elgin was actively involved in the Rotary Club of Toronto and was a Past President as well as a Paul Harris Fellow. Just weeks before his 59th birthday, he bicycled from Toronto to Prince Edward Island. He travelled 1,800 kilometres in just 11 days, and he was pleased to raise funds for Rotary. Elgin was a charter member and Trustee of Northlea United Church and served on the Board and on several committees.

He was a member of many other organizations, including The Royal Canadian Military Institute, Fort York Branch 165 of the Royal Canadian Legion, and the Granite Club.

We will miss Elgin's quick wit, his thoughtful insights and his remarkable memory.

He possessed a quiet faith, an unwavering devotion to his family and a genuine interest in the people around him.

In his senior years, Elgin lost his sight. Undaunted, he continued to work in his law practice and, characteristically, never complained about this handicap. His life represented a wonderful example of integrity, humility and service to the community.

The family is grateful to the nursing staff at The Briton House and to all of Elgin's caregivers, each of whom added to his health and happiness over the years.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville Avenue) from 5:00 8:00 p.m. on Friday, September 13th. A memorial service will be held at Northlea United Church, 125 Brentcliffe Rd., Toronto on Saturday, September 14th at 11:00 a.m. Elgin's family graciously declines flowers, but would appreciate memorial donations to The Rotary Club of Toronto (Philanthropic Fund), 100 Front St. W., H - Level, Toronto, ON M5J 1E3 or to Northlea United Church, 125 Brentcliffe Rd., Toronto, ON M4G 3Y7. Condolences may be forwarded through



Tom passed away on July 31, 2019. Tom was the beloved husband of the late Elizabeth Anne Crothers (nee Collins, 2005). Tom was predeceased by his brother Robert Crothers and sister Margarette Houston, both in the summer of 2017. Tom will be greatly missed by his wonderful friend Valerie Lennox, whose companionship gave Tom much happiness in his final years. Tom will be fondly remembered by his nieces, nephews, and many friends.

In accordance with Tom's wishes, there was no visitation or service.

For those who wish, donations to North York General Foundation or the charity of your choice would be appreciated. Online condolences can be made at

Those who had the good fortune to know Tom will do well to remember the advice he gave and lived by: "Enjoy life."

EVA EAST Eva East,

born Eva Longstaff and affectionately called "Bunty" by close friends and family, passed away on August 4, 2019 at Michael Garron Hospital, Toronto, after a brief illness. She was 95.

Eva was born in Aldershot, UK in 1924 and was educated at Farnham Art School where she excelled in ceramics. During World War II, she was called up to work as a technician in a top secret radar lab (T.R.E.) in Malvern, Worcestershire. There she met and married Thomas East, a scientific officer. They had two daughters - Anthea Catherine East and Sarah Vivian East.

After emigrating from England to Canada, Eva set up a ceramics studio - first in Montreal, then in Toronto and later in Unionville, Ontario. She became well known for her beautiful glazes and masterfully thrown forms. Her body of work contributed a great deal to Canadian ceramics in the 1960's and 70's.

Eva is survived by her daughter, Vivian East and husband Bruce Meredith, her grandchildren, Stephen, Peter and Julia Ramdeholl, step-granddaughter, Sevren Meredith, daughter-in-law, Jennifer Simmonds and great granddaughters, Charlotte and Elise Ramdeholl. She is predeceased by her daughter, Anthea.

All will remember Bunty for her zest for life, her boundless creativity and her enthusiasm for a glass of sherry or two.

In lieu of flowers, we ask all who wish to celebrate her life to donate to Eva's favourite charity, The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto.


September 8, 1934 August 8, 2019

Lorne left us suddenly but peacefully on August 8th, surrounded by his wife and great partner of 66 years Dori (née Hughson), and the love and presence of all his children, grandchildren, greatgrandchildren and all those who knew him as family or friend.

Lorne was born in Southampton, Ontario and raised there and on the Manitoulin Island. Lorne enjoyed one of the happiest, active and most purposeful lives one could imagine. After meeting Dori in high school, they married in 1953 and travelled the world while also raising four children and balancing two careers. Lorne was a senior executive with the K-Mart Corporation, retiring in 1992 from the company after 39 successful years. Throughout his career, he lived in communities across Ontario and Manitoba making life-long friends from all walks of life and seeing the beautiful diversity living amongst us.

Outside of work, Lorne was fully engaged in all the communities in which he lived. A Rotarian and Paul Harris Fellow, he rarely missed a Rotary Club meeting and was the president of three different clubs across Ontario, president of the local Probus in Orangeville, Chair of the Board of the Headwaters Health Centre and chaired philanthropic auctions, events and galas too numerous to count. While his children were growing up, he was a boy scout leader, Junior Achievement leader, school volunteer and sports fan "extraordinaire" - a role that he happily continued with the arrival of his grandchildren. Never one to sit on the side lines, Lorne was physically active throughout his life and could be seen hiking the Bruce Trail, kayaking or canoeing rivers like the Saugeen, or skiing the Mono Nordic trails. He was quick to pick up a baseball glove or hockey stick for a little street hockey.

Lorne was serious about his civic duties and over the years managed many political campaigns at the municipal, provincial and federal levels sometimes winning, sometimes losing but always having a fun time along the way while ever expanding his circle of friends.

Few people, other than perhaps his beloved Dori, read more books in their life than Lorne and he was always quick to pass a good one on to someone else. While he always enjoyed a good literary journey, he was known for his world travels, paddling the the Yukon River, visiting the Pyramids of Egypt, the Galápagos Islands, Vietnam, or nestled in the dunes of Southampton. With close to a 100 countries visited in his lifetime, he was a true Voyageur and Dori was the "Clark" to his "Lewis" his next adventure begins.

Beyond his loving wife, Lorne is survived by his children, Lisa Bourdeau (husband Rick), Greg Ebel (wife Terri), Pamela Mauti (husband Joe); his siblings, John Ebel (wife Mary) and Heather Highgate (husband Carl); his 10 grandchildren; two greatgrandchildren; and numerous nieces and nephews.

Predeceased by his son, Matheson Ebel (wife Nancy); brother, George Ebel (wife Marie).

The family will receive friends at the Dods & McNair Funeral Home, Chapel & Reception Centre, 21 First St., Orangeville on Sunday, August 25, 2019 from 6:00-8:00 p.m. A Celebration of Lorne's Life will be held at the Westminster United Church, 247 Broadway Ave.

Orangeville on Monday, August 26, 2019 at 11:00 a.m., with visitation beginning at 10:00 a.m., Reception to follow at the Dods & McNair Reception Centre.

In lieu of flowers, please donate to the Headwaters Healthcare Foundation ( or the Westminster Capital Campaign (https://

Condolences may be offered to the family at


Barbara Diane Fulford Gee, born July 2, 1928, died August 14, 2019. Daughter of the late Frances (Blount) and Albert Fulford. Predeceased by her husband Warren Burroughes Gee, siblings Joan Anne Gould (George Gould) and Wayne Fulford (Patricia Fulford). Diane is lovingly remembered by her children Marcus (Kate Andrew), Bryan (Jaleen Grove) and Caroline (Steven Graham); grandchildren Eric, Maddie, Sarah Andrew-Gee; Zephyr, Clea, Silas Christakos-Gee, their mother Margaret Christakos; Rebecca and Raiden Gee-Graham; brother Robert Fulford (Geraldine Sherman), sister-in law Marilynn Cawkell (Frank Cawkell) and many nieces and nephews.

Diane's family thanks the thoughtful caregivers at the Bradgate Arms who have made Diane's recent years and the last months, in particular, so comfortable.

Flowers gratefully declined.

Donations may be made to one of Diane's favourite charities: Diabetes Canada, Canadian Mental Health Association or Parkinson's Canada.

We will celebrate Diane's thoughtful, caring, stylish, optimistic and enthusiastic life 2 to 5 p.m. (speeches at 3) on Saturday, September 21st at the Arts & Letters Club, 14 Elm Street. Memories of Diane can be sent to


Of Guelph passed away peacefully with family at his side on August 10, 2019 at Hospice Wellington, at the age of 83. He is survived by his loving wife, Jean (Drewry); sisterin law, Tina (Hennekes); son, John (Christie Bahlai); daughter, Janet (Jer Robbins); grandchildren, James (Hannon), Penelope and Wesley (Bahlai-Gerrath); as well as many nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his parents, John Gerrath and Margaret (Anderson) and siblings, Ruth (Foster), Lawrence, Louise (Stoneham), and John.

Joe was born June 25, 1936 on a farm near Cheviot, Saskatchewan where he lived until his father died in 1944. The family then settled in Vancouver where Joe received the rest of his schooling, culminating in a PhD in Botany from University of British Columbia in 1968. He and his wife Jean then moved to Guelph, where he began his career as a professor in the Botany Department at the University of Guelph. He taught many courses, including Phycology, Bryology, and Aquatic Biology.

He retired in 1999. Joe studied a group of green algae, the desmids, and was a foremost expert on their morphology and taxonomy. He collaborated with colleagues at the British Museum of Natural History on the desmid flora of Africa. He was an active member of the Canadian Botanical Association, and served as Treasurer and President. He also wrote and produced their quarterly Bulletin for some years, which gave him the opportunity to reveal his broad knowledge and sense of humour. Joe was an active member of the Guelph Field Naturalists in the 1970's and 1980's.

After he retired, Joe took up genealogy, and created a large and important data set on the Geraths/Gerrath family and their relatives, beginning with his father and his 8 siblings, and extending it to include Joe's 80+ cousins and their families.

He worked with historians at the University of Wisconsin Madison on early German settlement in the state, and continued adding to his files until his death. Joe volunteered regularly at the LSD Family History Centre in Kitchener for a number of years, and was a specialist in German genealogy.

Joe is remembered as a quiet, kind, and patient man who was generous with his time. He had an encyclopedic knowledge, which made him very useful to know in the pre-Google days. He loved to drive, and took the family on nearly a dozen camping trips across Canada and the USA, that usually included collecting algae samples. He enjoyed classical music, and was a long-time season ticket holder of Tafelmusik and the Kitchener-Waterloo Symphony.

A reception will be held at the Wall-Custance Funeral Home & Chapel, 206 Norfolk St., Guelph on Sunday, September 1 from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m., where people can exchange reminiscences of Joe.

Donations may be given to the Guelph General Hospital or Hospice Wellington in his name.


December 16, 1934 July 19, 2019 We are very sorry to announce that Terry died at his home in Riga, Latvia after a brief illness.

He is survived by his wife, Baiba; and daughter, Karen.

He is also survived by his sons, Peter (Sylvie) and Neil (Natasha) and their mother, Elaine; his grandchildren, Claire (Ishan), Matthew, Christine, Michelle, Catherine and Connor; his sister, Sylvia and nieces and nephews.

Terry was born in Arundel, England - a small, southern English town - which he was immensely fond of and to which he frequently returned. After completing his National Service in Egypt and working for the Inland Revenue in London, Terry left England for Canada. This marked the start of a long career with the Toronto-Dominion Bank, which included postings in Vancouver, Montreal, Toronto, New York and London. While working, he earned a B.A. in Economics from York University in Toronto and an MBA from New York University. He retired from the Bank in 1996 as a Vice President.

He then embarked on a new career for nearly a decade, as an international banking consultant in developing countries. In the last fifteen years he and Baiba made their home in Riga.

Terry was a lover of jazz and opera - the sound of which often filled his home. He was also a dedicated traveller, having visited 79 countries. Terry brought hard work, wisdom, wit, courage, team spirit, creativity, service and adventure to every aspect of his personal and professional life. His children and grandchildren appreciated that Terry made a determined effort to stay connected with them despite all of his travel and work commitments. He is deeply missed by his family and friends.

A funeral service was held in Riga on July 31, 2019. A memorial celebration for Terry will take place in Toronto in the near future. Donations in memory of Terry may be made to oncological research at the University of Latvia at https:// z i e d o t . l u. l v / e n / h o m e - p a g e / or the Canadian Cancer Society.


With heavy hearts and great sorrow, we mourn the passing of (Ruth) Alison Hall (nee Jeffries) on August 14, 2019, in her 93rd year. Now reunited with her dearest friend and loving husband, Ross (1999) and muchloved daughter, Barbara (2016).

Alison was a devoted mother to Terry and his wife, Jane Ford, Barb and her husband, Niels Rasmussen, and Trish and her husband, Colin Vidler. She was a very proud grandmother to Davis and Gregory Hall, Laina (Lucas Dykstra), Leah and Tiana Rasmussen, Darcy (Darren Gebbetis) and Nigel Vidler. She was predeceased by her parents Harold and Gladys Jeffries, and her siblings Eileen Liddle, Terence Jeffries and Kathryn McNiven. She will be missed by many nieces, nephews and friends. Alison graduated from Victoria College at the University of Toronto with top honours in both academics and athletics. She had a strong sense of community and social responsibility. Alison was an active supporter of Trinity United Church, West Lincoln Memorial Hospital and its Foundation, the Canadian Federation of University Women and the Laurier Liberal Ladies. She served as the Chair of the Blood Donor Recruitment Advisory Committee (Ontario) for the Canadian Red Cross and on the Board of Directors at Albright Manor, Beamsville. She was awarded the Paul Harris Fellowship by Rotary International and was honoured for her contribution to the YMCA, Niagara.

A keen sportswoman and fan her entire life, Alison played hockey for the University of Toronto, curled, golfed and coached girls' hockey and softball. Alison was bright and articulate and enjoyed engaging dialogue and debate.

She was truly a partner to Ross, playing an important supporting role in his many civic endeavours and achievements. It was a role she cherished. Visitation will be held at STONEHOUSE-WHITCOMB FUNERAL HOME, 11 Mountain Street, GRIMSBY (905-945-2755) on Monday, August 26, 2019 from 6 - 9 p.m. Funeral Service to take place at St. John's Presbyterian Church, 10 Mountain Street, Grimsby at 11 a.m. on Tuesday, August 27, 2019. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Mark Preece Family House or the Canadian Red Cross. "Of those to whom much is given, much is expected."


March 15, 1933 August 12, 2019 Peter John Harris, passed away peacefully on August 12, 2019 at Sunset Manor Collingwood, of Parkinson's. Born March 15, 1933 in Toronto, son of the late John Samuel and Helena Isobel Harris (Sawden) of Toronto. Beloved husband of 62 years to Betty (Mary Elizabeth Ellis). Dedicated father of Lisa Stuart (Andrew) and Gregory Harris (Lori), grandfather of Samantha and Edward (Ted) Stuart and Hudson, Holden and Berkeley Harris.

Graduate of University of Toronto Schools, O.C of Queen's York Ranger's Royal Cdn. Army Cadet Corp. 1952, University of Toronto Chemical Engineering 5T7, Theta Delta Chi and Western University Graduate School of Business Administration, Member of Toronto Ski Club Ski Patrol 1948-51, having slept in Jozo Weider's loft and helped build one of the first Blue Mountain ski lifts, Granite Club Member over 60 years.

His corporate career included; President W.R. Grace Kabushiki Kaisha, Tokyo, Vice President Pacific Division, Industrial Chemicals Group - Hanover Square New York, President Grace Chem. Ltd., Mississauga, Vice President Drummond McCall & Co. Ltd. Toronto. Upon retirement, he became a valued Financial Advisor to family, friends and business associates.

As a dedicated community member, he served as Board Chair, Fundraising Chair and Foundation Chair of Runnymede Health Centre over a thirty-year period as well as Board Chair of the Ontario Hospital Association.

As longstanding member of St. George's Church on-thehill he was Rector's Warden, Treasurer and Sides Captain.

Peter had a passionate interest in Astronomy from the age of 8 and was a life member of the RASC. With his love of Jaguar Cars, he was past President of the Ontario Jaguar Association.

Peter and Betty moved to Collingwood in 2014. Peter will be remembered for his love of music both Classical and Jazz, his keen intellect and his unfailing kindness to family and associates.

Arrangements entrusted to Fawcett Funeral Home Collingwood. Funeral Service will be at All Saints Anglican Church, 32 Elgin St. in Collingwood on Saturday, September 28th at 1 p.m. He will be buried in the Samuel John Harris family plot in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, donations to Sunset Manor, 49 Raglan St. Collingwood, ON L9Y 4X1,, Sunset Manor would be appreciated.

PATRICIA ANNE HATT (nee Creighton)

Died peacefully at home with family. She remained strong, resilient and full of humour to the end. Patricia is predeceased by her late husband Brice. She is survived by her five children and spouses, Sarah (Peter), Martha, David (Jennifer), Victoria (Sean) and Katherine (Brett). Patricia was a devoted Nana to her eleven grandchildren, Grace, Emma, Ben, Gwen, Chris, Tyler, Matthew, Michaela, Sydney, Justin and Andrew and dog Louie. Patricia dedicated her life to advocacy for people with learning disabilities.

She volunteered with the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario for over 20 years. She was a past Chair of the Board of Trustees for George Brown College; past chair and Executive Member of the Community Legal Education of Ontario [CLEO]; past co-chair of the Metropolitan Toronto Movement for Literacy; past member and former treasurer of the Ontario Justice Education Network [OJEN]; founding member of the York University Mentorship Program for Students with Learning Disabilities; and Adviser to the provincial and federal governments on issues of disability and employment.

The family will receive friends at the Robert J. Reid & Sons, "The Chapel on the Corner", 309 Johnson Street (at Barrie Street), on Friday August 23, 2019 from 4:00pm-8:00pm. The funeral service will be held at St. George's Cathedral, 270 King St E, at 11:00am on Saturday, August 24, 2019. As expressions of sympathy, memorial donations to a literacy based charity would be appreciated. Online condolences may be made at

GWEN HAWKE (née DeMont)

Born in Amherst, Nova Scotia on April 4, 1925, Gwen passed away peacefully in her sleep at The Dunfield Retirement Residence in Toronto, on Saturday August 3, 2019. Predeceased in 1999 by her beloved husband Howard, Gwen will be fondly remembered by her children Laurien Trowell, Martha Shinkle (Lee), Charles Hawke (d), Gordon Hawke (Jane) and Kelly Baxter (Brian). Beloved Nana/Grandma to Malindi, Geoffrey, Jessica, David, Heather, Hillary, John, Stephen and Geoffrey and eight great grandchildren. Lovingly remembered by Casey and Bill Hooke.

Gwen will be remembered by friends and family as fun loving, warm, generous, with a feisty spirit and great sense of style. She had a big heart and lived each day fully. She enjoyed golf, bridge, tennis, fitness, music and dancing, travel, driving her sporty cars, and always dressing to the nines. She was a long-time member of Rosedale Golf Club, CWSGA, the B&R Club, and the Monday Club.

Gwen had a strong community of support during her last year. Her family is deeply grateful to Aida, Maybel, and Marie Joy from Home Instead for their loving care, ensuring that Gwen got the most out of each day and lived with dignity. Thanks also to the amazing nursing team on the 3rd floor, and to all the friends and staff who made the Dunfield a wonderful home for Gwen.

There will be a private family service. Friends are invited to join the family for a Celebration of Gwen's Life at the Rosedale Golf Club, 1901 Mount Pleasant Road, Toronto on Wednesday, August 21st, at 4:00 p.m. If desired, in lieu of flowers, donations can be made in Gwen's name to the Alzheimer's Society of Canada, 20 Eglinton Avenue West, 16th Floor, Toronto, ON, M4R 1K8. Condolences may be forwarded through


February 5, 1933 August 9, 2019 Ruth Evelyn Hood (née Charlesworth) died peacefully, surrounded by loved ones in Toronto. She is survived by husband, Michael; daughter, Susanna; son-in-law, Scott Thomson; and a loving and attentive extended family.

Trained in library science, she worked on notable commissions as an editor and served her communities as a dedicated volunteer, philanthropist, and arts patron.

No funeral is planned, but an informal memorial gathering will be held in Toronto this autumn. Ruth's family will be grateful for contributions in her memory to the United Way and the Toronto Public Library.


1938 - 2019

We grieve the loss of Tony Houghton. Tony passed suddenly at his home in Kingston on August 8, 2019. He leaves behind his beloved wife Dianne, his daughters Sylvie, Stephanie, Catto and Sarah, his grandchildren Veronika, Sienna and Oliver, and his brother Hector.

Born John Michael Anthony Houghton on March 30, 1938 in Manchester, England. He was educated at Repton School in Derbyshire and Selwyn College, Cambridge. Tony came to Canada in the early 1970s as creative director of Ogilvy & Mather and soon built it into the most widely respected creative advertising agency in Canada. He was the first Canadian executive to judge at the prestigious Cannes Advertising festival. He became CEO of Leo Burnett Canada in 1986, and after a brief stint in 1992 as President at Hal Riney and Associates in San Francisco, he returned in 1993 to the head office of Leo Burnett in Chicago as President, U.S. His colleagues adored him, and remember him as a brilliant manager and creative force - he made work fun, and he brought out the best in people.

Tony lived his dreams. He and Dianne sailed the Virgin Islands, lived in the Bahamas and the South of France, and traveled the world. They had only just returned from trips to Nice, St. Petersburg and the Okanagan Valley.

He was never idle. Tony retired initially to the Bahamas, but decided to upgrade and moved to Kingston, Ontario. In Kingston, he devoted his seemingly boundless energy to volunteering with the Kingston Prize, the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes, and writing both novels and plays. His play The Worst Thing You Ever Did won an award for best original script in the Domino Theatre One Act Play Festival just last year.

He was funny, and if he liked a joke, he held on to it for repeated use. He loved to host his friends and family, and showed his love by making elaborate French meals. He relished his time with his growing family - only a few weeks ago he was leaping from the dock at his cottage on Kennebec Lake with his children and grandchildren.

His shout of 'Geronimo!' was as common as the cries of the loons, and will be deeply missed.

He often turned to Dianne at the end of the day to say "what an amazing life we've had."

Oh, and he was ghost writer for Peter Sellers. He would have wanted that included, for sure.


Gordon Ryo Kadota passed away on July 31, 2019 at St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia at the age of 86. A private funeral was held on August 6 at Celebration Hall in Vancouver.

A Celebration of Life will be held at Nikkei Place, Burnaby, B.C.

on Sunday, September 22, 2019 at 3 p.m.

Gordon is survived by his second wife, Kyoko; daughter, Ayako (Steve); grandchildren, Sydney, Andrew and Dana; step-sons, Takashi (Reiko), Haruyuki (Kim); and step-grandchildren, K and Emi. Uncle Gordon will also be mourned by many nieces, nephews, and cousins in Canada, the U.S., England and Japan.

Gordon was born on January 15, 1933 in New Westminster, B.C., the 8th child of Kantaro and Shigeno (nee Kunita) Kadota. At the age of 7, he was taken to Japan for a visit, but the outbreak of World War II prevented his return to Canada.

He spent 12 years in Japan, graduating from Kwansei Gakuin University High School and later returned to Canada in 1952.

Following in his father's footsteps, Gordon worked in forestry and in the 1960's entered the travel industry, eventually specializing in tourism between Canada and Japan. This led to Canaway Consultants which provided translating and business consulting services. In the early 1970's, he also co-founded OK Gift Shop with the Canadian stores opening in Vancouver, Banff, and Niagara Falls. He remained active in the company until recently.

Beginning in the mid-1950's, he volunteered and became a leader in the Japanese Canadian community, serving both in organizations at the local and national levels. Over the years, Gordon received numerous awards for his work in the Japanese Canadian community, in business and tourism and the betterment of relations between Japan and Canada. In 2000, his dream of creating a gathering place for the Japanese-Canadian community was realized with the building of Nikkei Place in Burnaby, B.C.

Gordon was a great story teller and often started by saying "It's a long story". He had a big heart, kind words and a sense of humour that made it possible for him to continue for so many years in public service. He enjoyed travel, sports particularly golf and hockey, and was always helping others in need. Those who wish to make a donation in Gordon's memory might do so to Canuck Place Children's Hospice, St. Paul's Hospital Foundation or in keeping with Gordon's philanthropic spirit, any charity of your choice.


December 15, 192 August 8, 2019 It is with deep sadness that we announce the passing of Chris Karn. Chris died peacefully in Huntsville, ON, surrounded by family on August 8, 2019 at the age of 96. She was predeceased by her husband Gordon, the love her life, and her older sister Pam Biggs. Chris will be dearly missed by a large circle of family and friends.

Chris was the ultimate matriarch and role model for all who were lucky to have met her. She was an inspiration to her three children, Jinty (Jim Stewart), Kathy (Michael Pearce) and Ian (Sue Barker). She was dearly loved by grandchildren, Andrew Stewart (Susanna), Robin Allison (Zach), Roger Leavens (Claudia), Sarah Leavens (Bryce), David Pearce (Rachelle) and Michelle Pearce. Ten great- grandchildren are thrilled to have had such a special 'GG'.

To read Chris' story click on A Memorial Service will be held at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday, August 28, at Mitchell Funeral Home, 15 High St., Huntsville, ON P1H 1N9.

There will be a reception following until 4 p.m.

Donations may be made in honour of Chris to The Lake of Bays Heritage Foundation or to the charity of your choice.


August 10, 1931 August 12, 2019 It is with great sadness that we announce the death of our father, Boris Svetoslave Karpoff de Korsounsky at the age of 88 at the Kamloops Hospice, BC. Dad died peacefully with his girls at his side.

He was predeceased by his wife, Audrey (née Gyuricska). He leaves behind his children; Hélène (Peter), Nadia (Colin), Alexandra (Daryl); grandchildren, Jacqueline, Karine, Colton, Mackenzie, Gabrielle and Dimitri, and sister Catherine (Richard).

Born and raised in Liège, Belgium, Boris immigrated to Canada in 1951 with his parents. He graduated as a mining engineer from Laval University, Québec in 1956. He went on to have a fulfilling career as a professional engineer and in later years worked as a mining consultant throughout the world.

Boris was passionate about the outdoor aspect of his job and enjoyed hiking and biking in his younger days. He was an avid glider pilot for many years and created lifelong friendships at several flying clubs in Ontario, Quebec and BC. Boris also was an avid stamp collector and rock hound, and took part in fossil hunts around Kamloops with the local paleontology club.

He touched many lives and leaves us all with many cherished memories.

He will be deeply missed by his family, near and far, and by his friends at Berwick on the Park, the Kamloops Stamp Club and KEG (Kamloops Exploration Group).

A private cremation will be held and a Celebration of Boris' Life will take place at a later date in Kamloops. Donations in lieu of flowers to the Kamloops Hospice Association ( would be appreciated.

Arrangements entrusted to Kamloops Funeral Home 250-554-2577 Condolences may be sent to the family from


Donald Hilary Kaye passed away peacefully at home on Friday, August 9, 2019. Loving husband of Mary (nee Booth) for 40 years. Son of Augustine Kazimir Kaye, and brother to Rosalie Almond and Bernadette Kaye.

Predeceased by his mother, Mary Frances (Kavanaugh) and his brothers, Lester and Gordon.

A graveside service will take place at 11:00 a.m. on Tuesday, August 27th at Highland Memory Gardens, 33 Memory Gardens Lane, Willowdale. Memorial donations may be made to Epilepsy Canada.

GWYNETH SHEILA LANG (née Jones, formerly Turner)

Mother, teacher, mentor, role model. An inspiring and amazing (in all the senses of the word) wife, mother and grandmother.

Sheila showed us the importance of enjoying life's opportunities, and shared her love of language, art, music, theatre - and especially travel. Always colourfully dressed, she was never shy about being herself in the world, and was never afraid to talk about anything to anyone. She met life fearlessly and showed us all how it was meant to be done. Sheila was passionate about life. A swish hotel, a well-turned phrase, a good meal with friends (as long as she didn't have to cook it) were all things to be savoured whenever possible.

Family and friends were always important, with the 'Club' ladies holding a special place. These were friendships maintained from childhood all the way to the end of her life. Sheila was a natural teacher with huge reserves of knowledge about all manner of subjects - backed up with the vast filing cabinets full of the clippings she always seemed to be collecting. She quietly created opportunities for all of us to learn and grow, and had a deeply pragmatic wisdom that informed her outlook on life and helped the rest of us learn to keep things in perspective.

Mother to David (Lisa), Nancy (Loris) and Bruce (Steph) and grandmother to Thomas, Alana and Michael. Predeceased by both her husbands, Robert Alan Turner and Harold Murray Lang. Sheila died peacefully on Saturday, August 10 at Bridgepoint Active Healthcare Centre. She was truly, fabulously awesome, and we will miss her.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Butler Chapel, 4933 Dundas St. W. (between Islington and Kipling Aves.) on Saturday, August 24th from 2 to 3 p.m.

Funeral Service will be held in the Chapel at 3:00 p.m.


It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Dr. Freda Elisabeth Martin at age 87 on August 4, 2019.

Much loved by sons, Andrew (Dawn) and Peter; grandchildren, Louisa and Gregory; predeceased by parents, Andrew and Lily McQueen; husband, Kenneth; and sisters, Norah Fraser and Margaret Heather; missed by many nieces and nephews.

Freda was a loving wife and mother, had a long and distinguished career in child psychiatry and was a tireless advocate for childrens' mental health. Freda will be remembered in a celebration of life on September 22 at 2:00 p.m. at First Unitarian Congregation of Toronto 175 St. Clair Ave. W. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to or to the charity of your choice in support of children and families in developing countries.


May 10, 1931 August 11, 2019

Passed peacefully surrounded by family at Derbeckers Heritage House, St. Jacobs at age 88.

Survived by her loving husband of 66 years, Jack Max; brother Bob Stinson (Joan); daughters Jody Max, Jennifer Gloin (Greg). Also survived by six grandchildren: Andrew Beattie (Caitlyn), Christopher Taylor, Emma Beattie (Rob), Matthew Taylor, Jake Gloin and Leah Gloin; and three greatgrandchildren: Charlotte, James and Logan Beattie. Predeceased by her daughter Jill Max (Michael).

Ruth was born in Toronto but summered at Sandy Bay Road on Gull Lake (Minden) for much of her childhood. The "lake" was her special place and she and Jack were fortunate to have spent over 30 years there in their retirement.

Ruth was an active member of the Minden Hospital Auxiliary and a board member of the Gull Lake Association.

Ruth spent most of her working life as an editor - always known for her gift with words. She loved a good book, a comfy couch with a blanket and a view of the water, a glass of wine, with many laughs on the deck with her girls and Jack.

Grandma "cottage" as she was affectionately known, will be greatly missed by all her family and friends. A sincere thank you to the staff at Derbeckers Heritage House in St. Jacobs, who provided such genuine, loving care for the last few months.

Private family interment. Donation to Derbeckers Heritage House in lieu of flowers.


1956 - 2019

Martin Morris of Guelph passed away on August 7, 2019 at Innisfree House in Kitchener. He died as he lived his life: quietly, humbly and unassumingly from an extremely rare brain cancer, gliosarcoma.

Born in Portsmouth, England in 1956; he came to Montreal, Canada with his parents as a baby.

He lived in Montreal, Niagara Falls, Singapore and Peterborough.

For the last 35 years Martin lived in Guelph surrounded by a caring community.

Martin is predeceased by his mother Nesta Morris in 2008.

Deeply missed by his sister Charlotte Ryan and brother-in-law Jerome Ryan of Toronto and his nephew, the cellist Peter Xavier Ryan. His father Peter Morris and his father's partner Mona Negoita of Waterloo are also mourning his lost. His dear friend Marta Holfeuer who provided unwavering and loving support to Martin as well as his family, will truly miss his friendship.

Martin was an RPN at St Joseph's Health Care Centre in Guelph for 17 years and a proud recipient of their Mission Legacy Award where he was acknowledged for his "polite and calm disposition who attends to clients with care and compassion". He spoke French fluently with an Honours BA in French and an Honours BASc in Gerontology. A member of Mensa - Martin had an extraordinary depth and breadth of knowledge on a multitude of subjects. He was a marathon runner and extensive walker, a copious letter writer. Lover of all fine things, Martin enjoyed wearing Mont Blanc sunglasses and odd socks; breakfast with Gordon at Wimpey's and dining at Miijidaa as well as staying at the Royal York Hotel. He had a quick wit and found humour in many things - he loved hearing the latest gossip. He lived all of his life with mental health issues that shaped him into the caring person that he was as he came to accept himself. An extremely generous gift giver - his true gifts were his care and concern and his ability to be a strong friend to those who needed him. He was always thoughtful and his actions were done with selflessness.

This last year allowed us to return his many gifts of kindness as we were able to care for him. His diagnosis was devastating to us - but it gave us this very special time with him that leaves us with a lifetime of joyous memories.

In memory of Martin, donations to the Guelph Public Library, where Martin enjoyed many hours, especially after his diagnosis, as it was a refuge and a hiatus from his illness.

Donations may be arranged through the Erb & Good Family Funeral Home, 171 King Street S., Waterloo or 519-745-8445.

Many thanks to Martin's and our friends, family, neighbours and health care workers whose prayers, support and acts of loving kindness truly lifted and carried us through this journey.

A big shout out and appreciation to nurses everywhere for their exceptional care and compassion that ensures every person feels loved and cared for - and whom Martin always enjoyed listening to and sharing nursing stories that only those who work as nurses would understand.

A private cremation ceremony has already taken place.

Friends are invited to share their memories of Martin with his family on Sunday, August 25th between 2:00 and 4:00 at Miijidaa cafe + bistro 37 Quebec St Guelph.

With tributes starting at 2:30.

ZOË ANNE MURRAY (née Molson)

Zoë passed away peacefully at home after a valiant struggle with Cancer on Thursday, August 8, 2019 at the age of 83.

She is survived by her loving spouse, John Worsley and her son, Maximilian Hardinge, and predeceased by her sons, Charles Hardinge (19562004) and Andrew Hardinge (1960-2014).

Zoë was born in Montreal on November 13, 1935 and was the daughter of the late Senator Hartland de Montarville Molson (1907-2002). Growing up in Montreal she attended The Study, went to Netherwood School in New Brunswick, and finishing school at Brillatmont International in Switzerland. On October 14, 1955, Zoë married Nicholas Hardinge and had three children.

On December 13, 1983, she married Christopher Murray and lived happily at La Glinette in St Aubin, Jersey, Channel Islands. Upon Christopher's death on December 26, 2007 in Barbados, Zoë found companionship and love once again with John Worsley and lived happily at River Run in Uxbridge.

Zoë was a world traveller, avid golfer, competitive tennis player, and passionate cook. She embraced the outdoor pursuits of fly fishing and shooting in Scotland, England and Canada with her family and four legged friends. Zoë was a loving mother to her three sons, mother-in-law to Julie, Sophia and Elizabeth, grandmother to Matthew, Emilie, Olivia, Thomas, Jamie, Melissa, Hugo and Oliver, and step-mother to Lucinda, Stephen, Doone, Willa, Harry, Jonathan, Dickon and Katie.

The family would like to thank Doctors Trinkaus, Babak, Mahadevan, and the PSWs and palliative nurses for their kindness and devotion to her care.

A private family service will be held at St Paul's in Uxbridge, and a celebration of life will be held at Grace Church on-the-Hill on Friday, September 20th, at 11:00 a.m. followed by a reception in the parish hall. Zoë's final resting place will be amongst the fragrant woods and velvet waters of Ivry a place she adored with her family and cousins. Zoë will be forever in our hearts.


May 25, 1927August 3, 2019 Joan Idell Quirie, daughter of Ross James Quirie and Idell Grosskurth, was born in Toronto and lived in Ontario until her father's career took the family to Boston. After high school, she returned to Canada for grade 13 at Alma College and earned her B.A.

in English at Victoria College in 1948, before receiving her M.A. at Boston University in 1949. While teaching at The Wheeler School in Providence, Rhode Island, Joan met and married journalist Gwinn Owens, a native of Baltimore, Maryland, who shared her love of music, theater, and adventure.

In 1952, while still newlyweds, the couple traveled to Greece with the hopes of living there.

Ultimately, they decided to come back to the States and settled in Baltimore, where their four children were born and where Joan taught at St.

Paul's School for Girls and later, Ruxton Country School.

An avid reader and lifelong learner, upon retirement she became a student again, taking classes in literature, language, and art.

To her friends, family, and students, Joan was always a patient listener and a gentle advisor. She inspired others to write, to read, to think, and to observe. Her four children survive her: Gwendolyn (Peter Gibian) of Montreal, Ross of Santa Cruz, California, Laura (Reed Templeton) of Ocean View, Delaware, and Paul (Betsy Rogers) of Orlando, Florida, along with six grandchildren.

A memorial will be held in Baltimore on October 12, 2019.


In Prince Edward Island on Wednesday, August 14, 2019, Eric C. Riordon, formerly of Montreal. Beloved husband of Catherine Jean Finnie. Treasured father of William (Mara), Edward (Dayzmilia) and dear grandfather of Charlotte and Emma. Brother of Michael (Brian Woods) and the late Mollie Anne. Son of the late Eric Riordon, ARCA and Mollie Usher-Jones.

Resting at Belvedere Funeral Home. Funeral Tuesday at St. James Church "The Kirk", Charlottetown at 11:00 a.m.

Burial service at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, on Wednesday, August 21 at 11:00 a.m.

If desired, please consider making a donation of blood in Eric's memory.


January 17, 1933 August 4, 2019 Daughter of Thomas and Sylvia Louise Alexander (née Armstrong).

Predeceased by her husband John Kimberley Stager, PhD, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia, on October 10, 2018.

Also predeceased by her brothers, James Henry Alexander (Evelyn) and John Thomas Alexander (Donna); and nephew, Donald James Alexander. Joan is survived by her sister, Sylvia Louise Carl (Robert); and her brother, Gordon Burnett Alexander (Rosalyn). She will be fondly remembered by her many nieces, nephews, and godchildren. The family would like to acknowledge the loving commitment of Joan's caregiver, Aida Roxas.

Joan graduated from Lord Byng High School in 1951 and Vancouver General Hospital School of Nursing in 1954. Early in her career she went to San Francisco where she was a nurse. Subsequently she returned to Vancouver where she met her beloved John; they married in 1964. Shortly thereafter, with architect Barry V. Downs, CM, the couple built a light-filled, gracious, midcenturymodern home on a wooded lot in the Southlands area. Furthering her education, Joan graduated with a degree in Fine Arts from UBC in 1977. She volunteered in the conservation department of the UBC Museum of Anthropology where she applied her natural precision and eye for detail to every project. Joan Stager demonstrated exquisite taste, was the consummate hostess, and delighted in her relationships with friends and family.

A memorial service and reception will be held Saturday, September 7, 2019, at Knox United Church, 5600 Balaclava Street, Vancouver, at 11:00 a.m.


Sadly, we had to let a very brave soul leave us after a four month valiant struggle at Royal University Hospital in Saskatoon, on July 18, 2019.

David, the loving son of Anne and Terry (d. 2001), awesome brother of Kristin and brother-inlaw of Kelly and proud uncle of Madison Schulkowsky.

A Celebration of David's life will be held in Toronto on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at St. George's-on-the-Hill, Dundas Street West at Royal York Road, Toronto at 12:30 p.m. All those who were blessed to know David are encouraged to join us.

David made many friends at St.

George's, Addus and Dramaways during his short life. A donation in David's memory to one of these organizations would be appreciated by his family, instead of flowers.

Dear David, the "nightmare" is over. Love you forever. Peace be with you always.


March 16 1921 August 7 2019 Van was born in Durham Ontario and raised in nearby Hanover...

the third in a family of nine boys.

He served honourably as a gunner in the Royal Canadian Artillery during the Second World War and fought in North Africa, Italy and was especially proud of his role in the liberation of Holland.

Following the war Van moved to Toronto where he married, raised his family, had a successful career in sales and pursued a lifelong passion for golf. He was predeceased by his wife Sheila and is survived by his children Wendy (Terry), Leslie (Danny) and Chris...grandsons Mike (Jaimee), Peter (Meghan), Alex, greatgranddaughter Hannah and his special nieces and nephews Allan, Paul, Jennifer and Diane.

Special thanks to the nursing staff at Sunnybrook Veterans Centre and Dr Deb Selby for their exceptional care in Van's final months.

Thank you for your service soldier.


For our Ginny, who ran up the path ahead of us...

Our Ginny: Virginia Anne Whittall Stark was born on September 5, 1955 and left this world on June 10, 2019.

She ran off in an instant, and too young.

She ran up the path ahead of us, out of sight. When we weren't looking.

For those left behind, for now, there is grief. And love of course.

Many of us (those for whom she could not linger, waiting on the path), those of us who knew and loved her all her life, might first remember her as a child up the coast of B.C. We might remember her at Savary Island, her childhood heart's home.

The Ginny who ran through salty waters and scrambled over sandy logs, who ran barefoot along the dirt roads, jumped from wharves and fished for shiners.

Ginny, she of the ungovernable soul.


We will remember her as the child that she once was and then remember the child who remained within her all her life, with whom she refused to part company.

Within her was a kind of wildness that life did not succeed in eradicating.

Do not try to tell her what to do.

A spirit such as hers can't be made still.

Ginny, who heard every snapping twig.

Ginny, who sought meaning.

A hummingbird. An eagle.


At times she was a midway. And, at times a place to rest, She would reach out for any hand that needed taking.

She had many rooms to let, in her large and dreaming heart.

Yet she is still, even now, the child with skinny berry-brown legs; collecting splinters; climbing trees; falling.

Still laughing.

She was born in Vancouver, the daughter of Jocylyn O'Connor Whittall and H. Richard Whittall. She was the much treasured sister of Gerald and Pamela and Richard Whittall and aunt to Madeleine and William and Chloe Beange. She will be mourned also by family members John Stark, Misha Olynyk, Edwin Beange and Christina Chase Simonds.

Eclipsing all other ties, she was mother to Tristan and Vanessa Stark - a love so deep only silence is fit to describe it.

Drop a stone down that well; you will not hear it land.

And then there were her friends, a constellation.

There will be a celebration at The Granville Island Hotel on September 21st from 3 p.m. to 6.

Ginny loved flowers. Flowers would be welcome as the family will be creating an altar.

Ginny was an activist for the environment and a benefactor, a gifted photographer and artist. She used her time here well. Please, do not dress for mourning.

In keeping with Ginny's giving nature, the Virginia Whittall Stark Fund at the Vancouver Foundation has been established by Tristan, Vanessa, and Misha. We invite all who loved her to donate, which can be done online by visiting, to benefit others in her name.


January 10, 1932 August, 16, 2009 We took our vows together And said till death do us part When God came and took your hand My whole world fell apart No one knows the heartache I try so hard to hide No one knows the many times I've broken down and cried When I look back upon our lives One thing makes me glad That you chose me to share with you Those precious years we had I know you walk beside me And when my life is through I pray that God will take my hand And lead me back to you.

Love is forever, Me.

DUFFUS Happy 50th Annivers ary John and Judy Duffus! We love you always, Nicola Simon and Naomi Ben Tracy Fred and Carlie xxxxxooooo AURION JAMES WALKER June 11, 1926 August 13, 2019 Aurion James Walker, loving husband of the late Gertrude Walker, was born in Haileybury, Ontario on June 11, 1926, the oldest child of Eleanor (McCool) and James Walker. Aurion is predeceased by daughter Wendy (James Archer) and Brian, and is survived by son Stephen (Lynn) and son-in-law James Archer (Heather Gwynne-Timothy) and grandchildren Jennifer Murphy (Colin), Kaitlyn Roberts (Dan), Robyn Walker, Keirsten Clarke (Ben), Robert Archer, Emily Hollis (Brendan), and Kathleen Archer (Dave Maillet). Loved by his great grandchildren Ethan, Anna, Noah, Lena, Macie, Madeleine, Poppy, Olivia and Alex. Aurion is predeceased by siblings Mary (late Jerry) Burton, Dorothea (late Victor) Flemming, Mildred (Alan) Kurtz, Peter (Tina), Richard (Mary Ann) and Alice Louise, and survived by his brother Alexander (Margaret), and sisters Edna (late Eugene) Wilson, Kathleen (late Murray) Boyd and Gabrielle (late Peter Wilson).

Aurion, known to his friends as Jim, had an enriching career in the mineral exploration field, following in the footsteps of his father and maternal grandfather.

Subsequent to his term in the military, Jim began to pursue his passion for mineral exploration.

In 1947, Jim graduated from the Haileybury School of Mines, and advanced his career with several prominent mining companies.

One of the many highlights of his career were his four summers in the Yukon, and his passion for the Yukon remained with him into his later years.

In 1968, Jim started his own firm, Walker Exploration Limited, which was very successful.

Having received his P.Eng, Jim received his iron ring alongside his son Stephen in 1978 at Queen's University in Kingston. An active member of the Prospectors and Developers Association since 1951, Jim served as President from 1975 to 1977. Jim received an Honourary Member Award and in 1998, he received the Distinguished Service Award. In 2013, Jim received the Queen's Jubilee Medal in recognition of his lifetime commitment to the mining industry in Canada.

Jim will be remembered by family and friends for his generosity, his respect for others, and his sense of humour.

There will be a mass celebrating Aurion's life at St. Christopher's Roman Catholic Church at 1171 Clarkson Road N in Mississauga, Ontario on Tuesday, August 20, 2019 at 10:30 a.m. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Almonte General Hospital, or a charity that holds a special place in your heart would be appreciated.

Funeral Arrangements Entrusted Into The Care Of C.R. Gamble Funeral Home & Chapel Inc.

127 Church St., Almonte, ON., 613-256-3313 Condolences & Tributes:

Saturday, August 24, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


1939 - 2019

It is with great sadness that the family of Peter Barrett announces his passing on August 21 2019, peacefully at the age of 80, with his family by his side. Son of the late H.J.H. (Tim) Barrett and the late Dorothy MacPherson. Devoted husband of Karen. Cherished father to Christopher and Jenny (Steve). Adored grandfather of Cassie, Katherine, and Sarah.

Dear brother of the late James (Judith) and of the late Michael (Terry), and affectionate uncle to Kim, Scott, Allison, and Andrea.

Peter was born in Port Dover in 1939 in the family home on Prospect Hill, just down the street from young Karen Kolbe; by 1948 he had carved their initials together into a maple tree. Peter earned full scholarships to study at Queen's (B.Sc., M.Sc.) and as a Junior Fellow of Massey College, U. Toronto (Ph.D.), before he and Karen moved to London for 2 years as newlyweds in the 1960s with a Postdoctoral Fellowship at Imperial College.

As a Professor at Trent University for 30 years, Peter's gifted teaching touched the lives of many students in his First-Year Chemistry and Environmental Sciences classes. As a talented researcher and patented inventor he was elected Fellow of the Chemistry Institute of Canada, and served the University community as Don of Trail College, Department Chair for a decade, and then another decade as Trent's Dean of Science. Family will always cherish memories of sabbatical years living in Yorkshire in the '70s, and in Colorado in the '80s. Peter and Karen returned to their hometown of Port Dover in 1999, building a retirement home on Lake Erie where the old family cottage stood, with his vegetable garden, sailboat, piano, and basement laboratory for his continued experiments in home wine and beer making, pickles and preserves.

Peter was also a talented and accomplished musician, sharing much of his retirement time volunteering with local choirs, running youth music festivals, traveling to operas, and serving as church organist in Port Dover.

Peter will always be remembered for how much he enjoyed hosting large and lively family gatherings, complete with him at his piano singing, and demonstrating his latest home-built squirrelproofing contraptions for his many birdfeeders; a few of which even worked. His kind and gentle nature, and quick warm smile, will be missed by everyone who knew him.

In keeping with his wishes, cremation will take place and no service will be held. A private memorial for family will be planned at a later date. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to a local youth music charity or a palliative care family support program of your choice.

Peter and his Family will always be grateful to the wonderful staff of CBI Home Nursing in Norfolk County, and of the oncology and 3E/4B units at McMaster's teaching hospitals in Brantford, and in Simcoe. Arrangements have been entrusted to Thompson Waters Funeral Home, Port Dover (519) 583-1530. On-line donations and/or condolences can be made at www.


May 6, 1932 - July 29, 2019

Margaret Katherine (Kline Lawford) Bolton, BA (U of S), was born in Weyburn, Saskatchewan in the spring of 1932. She died on July 29, 2019 after leading a full life of quiet achievement and generosity of spirit; she earned a BA in Economics, worked with the forerunner of Medicare in Canada, married a man who became a prominent Canadian neurologist, and became an avid distance runner in mid-life. She was a devoted wife and loving mother to her three children.

Margaret's origins were uniquely Canadian. She was the daughter of a Metis man and of a woman from a pioneer family in the Territories (now Saskatchewan). Her father Joseph Klyne was a radiology technician in Weyburn, SK, and her mother, Dorothy Katherine Lawford PhD, became an esteemed Professor of Biochemistry at the University of Saskatchewan.

The university created the Dorothy K. Kline Award for Biochemistry in her honour after her tragic death in a car accident in 1965.

When Margaret was four years old, her mother Dorothy developed spinal tuberculosis and was confined to a TB sanitorium for 13 years. Margaret and her sister Marion were then adopted by Dorothy's brother Gardiner Lawford and his wife Stella (nee Dalgleish). Margaret always remembered Gardiner and Stella as wonderful parents.

As a child, Margaret was responsible and hardworking. She delivered the daily radio agricultural reports to local grain elevators near Kisbey, SK, and along with her sister Marion, she delivered groceries to the elderly.

Margaret met Charles Francis Bolton, in Weyburn, SK in 1952 when he was a young student studying Medicine at Queens University in Kingston, ON.

They had a long-distance courtship while he finished his studies, and they married in 1956.

After working as a Research Economist in the Department of Public Health in Regina - the forerunner of Medicare in Canada-- Margaret became a fulltime homemaker; a role she thoroughly enjoyed. She loved raising her three children and supporting Charles in his career as a neurologist. Former Neurology Residents in London, Ontario will remember Margaret as a kind and welcoming hostess at dinner parties.

Throughout her life, Margaret continued her interest in economics and politics and enjoyed lively discussions on current policies and topics. She loved gardening, and her efforts achieved the City of London's Trillium Award. She was a caregiver to the many animals and birds that came in large numbers to her backyard. She loved people and was always willing to take the time to listen, learn, and provide help and advice. Her children's many friends were a constant presence in the home.

In her early eighties, Margaret developed dementia and moved with Charles to Vancouver to be closer to daughter Kathy and a warmer climate. The family is grateful for the love and attention provided by the caregivers she had in her final years.

Margaret died peacefully at home at age 87. She leaves Charles, her husband of 63 years, her son David (Chantal Nadeau), daughters Katherine (Chris Stokes) and Nancy (Marty Turock), grandchildren Marianne and Francis, sister Marion Johnston, sister-in-law Bette Tusz (Bolton), brother-in-law Robert Dodds and many nieces, nephews, and friends. She is predeceased by fathers Joseph Kline and Gardiner Lawford, mothers Dorothy Kline and Stella Lawford, brothers-in-law Gordon (Pete) Johnston and Louis Tusz and sister-in-law Mary Dodds (Bolton).

We will miss Margaret's warm smile, her inspiration and her love.

Donations can be made to the Alzheimer's Society of Canada or the University of Saskatchewan.

A celebration of Margaret's life will take place in Saskatchewan in approximately one year.

More information about Margaret's life can be found at Kearney Funeral Services website.


In Loving Memory On Monday, August 5, 2019 Robert Holly John Gray passed away peacefully at Bridgepoint Healthcare Facility in Toronto at the age of 96.

Dear Uncle Bob of David (Julie), Brian (Rosemary), Wayne (Janice), James (Mara), Robert (Diane), Patricia (Duncan-deceased), Richard (Michelle), and predeceased by John David Stewart (Robin Sarafin). He is survived by many great-nieces and nephews.

Lovingly remembered by Diego Guerra Sr. (Marcia Vallejo), Diego Guerra Jr.

(Lisbeth Gamboa), Christopher and Nicole; Daniel Guerra, Gabriel Guerra (Alisa), Mia and Angelina; Sheila Dyie, Enid Awuku and Tanya Awuku, Pablo (Fabian Disla Garcia), Saied Moshtagh and Joseph Corsi Awuku.

Robert worked at Ontario Hydro rising to the position of Assistant Treasurer. But his most noble and inspiring work was the help he gave to others giving generously of his time, talent and resources to those in need wherever he met them.

His other passions were following all sports and playing golf, travelling, and his beloved cottage at Haliburton Lake which he and many others enjoyed for over 50 years. More recently he has taken a great interest in genealogy especially the Gray and Gibbs families.

Those wishing to honour his name may make a donation to the charity of their choice.

Family and friends are invited to a Celebration of Life at the Thornhill Golf and Country Club, 7994 Yonge Street, Thornhill on Sunday, September 29th, 2019 at 1:00 p.m. Reception to follow.

There will be a graveside service at St. Peter's Cemetery, Maple Lake on a subsequent date. At Robert's request cremation has already taken place.



Peacefully, on Saturday, August 10, 2019, James Harvey Bride, passed away in his 90th year to join the celestial choir.

Harvey was born on February 3, 1930, in Newbridge, ON, to Carman and Alice (Spence) Bride.

At age 16, he left his family's farm for university. After receiving his honours degree in French from the University College in Toronto, in 1951, Harv spent a year in France developing his gift for languages.

In 1952, he returned to earn his teaching certificate at the Ontario College of Education. He began his career in Lucknow, ON.

During his 35 years of dedication to teaching French, Harv created many fond memories with his colleagues and high school students in Lucknow, and in Scarborough, at R.H. King, David and Mary Thomson and Sir Oliver Mowat collegiates. He retired in 1988. We were thankful he was able to attend Thomson Collegiate's final reunion in May. The event and kind comments gave him profound joy and fulfilment! While teaching, Harvey nurtured his zest for academic study by completing graduate degrees from McGill University and the University of Toronto. He spent his summers either in France refreshing his fluency, or in Toronto marking Grade 13 final exams or teaching summer school.

In Fordwich, ON, on April 20, 1957, Harv married Marianne Jean Doig.

Together, they raised two children, Peter and Miriam, in their home in Don Mills where they celebrated 62 years of marriage. Harvey was known for his kind and gentle nature, his heartwarming smile and his uplifting spirit. His passion for friends, religious and secular choir music, gardening and family history, was appreciated by all who knew him. For 80 consecutive years, Harv was steadfastly committed to his local church choir. He also joined French choirs, teachers' choirs, Toronto choirs and patriotic choirs. In 2013, with the Oxford Church Music Choir's tour to Dublin, he fulfilled his lifelong dream of visiting the Spence ancestral home in County Fermanagh, Ireland.

Harvey was predeceased by his brother, Lorne, of Winnipeg, MB.

He is held in loving memory by his wife, Marianne; son, Peter and cherished granddaughter, Emily, of Don Mills; his daughter, Miriam, of Whistler/Pemberton, BC; his sister, Merle McIntosh and family of Listowel, ON; by his sister-in-law Rosada and family of Winnipeg, MB; and by his brotherin-law and his wife, Edward and Joyce Doig, of Atlanta, GA.

To celebrate Harvey's life, we welcome family and friends to join us in hymn-sing services on Friday, August 30, at 10 am at Jubilee United Church, 40 Underhill Drive, Toronto, and 'up country' on Sunday, September 1, at 2 pm, at Fordwich United Church.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Harvey's name to Parkinson Canada, Jubilee United Church Benevolent Fund or Fordwich United Church.

Email condolences to:


1931 - 2019

On August 22, 2019, Jake went to be with his Saviour. He will be greatly missed by Joan, his dearly loved wife of 62 years, his brother Claude, children Joyce (Sam), Bruce (Allison), Ruth (Reg) and Philip (Julie), eleven grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.

Born in Montreal, Jake attended McGill University, obtaining a degree in Civil Engineering in 1953. He was later awarded an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, and went on to earn a Management degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1967.

Upon graduation from McGill, Jake joined Canron Limited, where he occupied a variety of positions over ten years. In 1963, he joined Urwick, Currie Ltd. (which later became Currie, Coopers & Lybrand Ltd.) where he participated in a wide variety of consulting engagements in Canada and abroad. In 1973, Jake was elected President and Managing Partner, and in 1984 he became Chairman of the firm.

In 1985, Jake joined The Ideal Metals Group, where he served as Chairman until 1990. In later years, Jake continued to provide consulting services to various clients and to serve as a director on several boards in both the business and charitable sectors, including World Vision Canada, Canadian Club of Montreal, Montreal Neurological Institute, St. James Club of Montreal, and Emmanuel Christian School.

Jake was a fellow of the Institute of Management Consultants of Quebec, and a member of the Order of Engineers of Quebec.

Jake and Joan enjoyed a mutual love of travel, sharing many adventures and exploring many parts of the world together.

In recent years, they valued their annual family holidays with children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

Jake was an avid skier, and enjoyed many years of Utah ski vacations with his family. He was a passionate golfer, and held a membership at the Beaconsfield Golf Club for over 40 years.

A celebration of Jake's life will be held on Wednesday, August 28, 2019 at 3:00 p.m. at Snowdon Baptist Church, 5275 Earnscliffe Ave., Montreal. The family will receive guests from 1:00-3:00 p.m, and refreshments will follow the service. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made in memory of Jake to Christian Direction at or World Vision Canada at


At Wingham & District Hospital on Wednesday, August 21, 2019, Dr. James Stanley Hall formerly of Wingham and Port Colborne at the age of 89.

Beloved husband of the late Donna (Henry) Hall who predeceased him on January 13, 2019. Loving dad of Bill & Mav Hall of Vankleek Hill, John & Janet Hall of Sutton, Jim & Silvija Hall of R. R.

#7, Lucknow, David & Joanne Hall of Grimsby and Pamela & Andrew Brown of Schomberg. Dear grandpa of thirteen grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.

Brother-in-law of Marion Middlebrook, James Currie and Susan Hall. Predeceased by his parents Stanley and Isabel (Hogg) Hall, brother George Hall, brotherin-law Harold Henry and sister-inlaw Audrey Currie.

Dad graduated from University of Toronto Medical School and went on to have a family practice in Port Colborne for 45 years. He was an honorary lifetime Lion's Club member who served for 60 years within the club. Dad had a great love of music and enjoyed playing the piano and organ.

He will be missed by everyone who knew him.

A memorial service will take place at the Wingham United Church on Thursday, August 29, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. followed by a private family interment and a reception and visitation to follow at the church beginning at 1:00 p.m.

Memorial donations to the Wingham United Church, Lions Club Guide Dog Program or a charity of choice would be appreciated as expressions of sympathy.

Online condolences at


Born in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, Jocelyn (or Josh) Harvey (née Gilbertson) was the eldest of five children. She studied English literature, became a professor and met her husband David Dow Harvey in Seattle. Always committed to progressive politics, they moved to Canada with their baby daughter Kerridwen (Didi) during the Vietnam War in 1969 and homesteaded on Gopherwood Farm outside of Barry's Bay, Ontario where they stayed for "five winters" as Josh liked to say. There her son John was born and the Harveys made several life-long friends. She then made her life with her family in Ottawa, with great dedication in her working life to the arts, in particular at the Canada Council for the Arts and then as an art consultant, continuing to work on arts related issues her entire life.

Josh lived her life fully and she touched many other people's lives. She dealt with medical issues in her later life but she maintained her characteristic optimism up until the end. She passed away at her home on August 18, 2019. She leaves her daughter Kerridwen and son John, their spouses Denis Hurtubise and Tina Matos, her cherished grandchildren James and Meredith, her two precious sisters Jessie Gilbertson and Win Levine, two nephews Jason and Jon Levine, and many dear friends. She is predeceased by her parents Julius and Dorothy, her brother Julius (Jay) and little sister Dot.

A celebration of life will be held on August 31st from 2 to 4 p.m. at the Ottawa Tennis and Lawn Bowling Club, 176 Cameron Avenue.

In lieu of flowers, donations are encouraged to the Jocelyn Harvey Legacy Fund to encourage public engagement, democratic renewal and critical public discourse.


April 22, 1949 August 19, 2019 It is with great sadness that we mourn the passing of Grace Inaam Bachir Hishon.

Grace passed away peacefully with her family by her side on August 19, 2019, at Baycrest Palliative Centre.

Loving daughter to John Hanna (deceased) and Najla Bachir, Grace is predeceased by her husband Brian Hishon. Devoted mother to Kelley (Mark) and Riel.

Loving sister to George (Ayesha), Anissa (Barry), Salah (Jacob) and Ziad (Rima).

Adoring Taita, grandma to Owen, Timothy and Hannah. Loving aunt to Jonathan, Nicholas, Ameel, Aliya, Ivy, John and Christopher.

Grace will be fondly remembered by sister in-law Pat (Rick), brother in-law Doug (Sheila) and sister-inlaw Judi (Wally) and their families.

Grace was born in Lebanon and immigrated to Canada with the family as a teenager.

She made several trips back home to connect with family and friends and will be sadly missed and mourned by her family and friends in Lebanon.

Grace fought a courageous battle with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) for the past 10 years with dignity. It broke our hearts to see this awful disease rob her of her bodily functions bit by bit.

She was very brave and endured all without complaint.

Grace had a wicked sense of humour. She loved working with people and was entrepreneurial.

She opened one of the first health food/nutrition stores in Oakville and spent the last 25 years as a successful real estate agent in Toronto West. Her clients became lifelong friends. Grace will be sadly missed and fondly remembered for her love and dedication to her family and friends. She will always be in our hearts.

Our heartfelt thanks to the Palliative Care team at Baycrest for their excellent care and support of our family, to Dr. Zive, Dr.Crispino and Dr. Marras, and to her wonderful caregivers, Noraly, Ann, Edna and Nida Caringal.

Visitation: Sunday, August 25th from 3-6 p.m. Funeral: Monday, August 26th at 11 a.m. Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor St.

W., Toronto ON M6S 1P4


It is with great sadness we announce that Betty Marie Jamieson (Brownlee) of Leawood, KS passed away on August 20, 2019.

Betty was born on July 28, 1931 in Russell, Manitoba, Canada.

She is survived by her son, Doug (Shelly) and grandchildren, Heather and Michael, of Toronto, Canada, and her daughter Sara of Prairie Village, KS. Betty was predeceased by her husband of 55 years, Mac Jamieson, her sons Reg (Mary Ellen) and Andy, and her daughter Nancy Tompkins.

She is also survived by Nancy's children Katie and Ken Tompkins.

Betty was an avid bridge player throughout her life, a hobby she and her late husband enjoyed together. In her younger years, she also loved to paint and play the piano. She enjoyed traveling with her family and spent many winter vacations relaxing on the beach in Grand Cayman, St. Croix, and other tropical destinations.

She will always be remembered as a wonderful, nurturing mother and friend.

In the last chapter of her life, Betty was a resident at the Forum of Overland Park, KS. The family would like to extend their gratitude to the many nurses and staff there who took exceptional care of Betty in her final days.

They would also like to thank Cheryl Lewis from Benefits of Home for nearly seven years of work as Betty's favorite caregiver.

Condolences may be left online at


P.Eng Peacefully at Sunrise Senior Living, Burlington on Sunday, August 18, 2019 at the age of 94. Predeceased by his parents Elisha Rawson Lister and Annie (nee Skelton).

Beloved husband of the late Joyce Lister (nee Wickstrom, November, 2003). Loving father of Carla Okuloski (Dan), Valerie Lister (Rod Yip), Kim Lister (Matt Okuloski) and Ross Lister (Penny). Cherished grandfather of Ian and Helen.

Bob was Division Manager at Westinghouse Canada for many years. He was truly a renaissance man. He loved his bridge, tennis, golf, skiing and curling and did them all well although he couldn't putt worth a damn. His quest for learning never waned even in his later years.

Cremation has taken place. As per Bob's wishes, no services will be held. Private family interment at Greenwood Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, donations in memory of Bob to the Salvation Army would be appreciated.


May 24, 1925 - August 13, 2019 It is with great sadness that we announce our dear mother, Mary McDougall, passed away peacefully with her family by her side. Beloved daughter of the late Dr. John and Lilian Hepburn, and mother of Scott (Josephine) and Carol. She was a proud grandmother of David (Caroline) and Michael Kerr, Constance (Bryan), Laura (Andrew) and Ian (Ashley) McDougall.

Mary was happiest when surrounded by her family and friends and was a graduate of Oriole Park Public School, Havergal College and the University of Toronto as an OT. A Celebration of Life will be held at St. John's York Mills Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Drive on Friday, September 20th at 2:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Heart & Stroke Foundation, Toronto General Hospital or the Canadian Cancer Society. Condolences may be forwarded through


Passed away at the Peterborough Regional Health Centre on Tuesday, August 20, 2019 at the age of 60. Cherished daughter of Donna nee Bristow and the late Gerald McGillis. Beloved sister of Ian McGillis (Janet). Loved aunt of Heather and Holly McGillis. The family would like to thank Dr.

Michael Gibson and all the PSW's at Nightingale Nursing for their care and support. Cremation and a private family interment. Funeral arrangements entrusted to Nisbett Funeral Home. 705-745-3211.


February 3, 1931 - August 9, 2019 At the peak of golf season, Glyn died peacefully in Toronto, in his 89th year.

Although Alzheimer's claimed his memory, he was unfailingly polite and precise to the end of his days. Impeccably mannered, impeccably dressed, Glyn was the eldest of four born to Britton and Barbara (née Greene) Osler.

He was blessed with considerable athletic prowess, and had a particular affinity for all things involving physical acumen and movement. Whether gliding down a snowy slope, across the ice, over fairways, football fields and tennis court, through water, or around the dance floor, Glyn was first and foremost a sportsman, and he applied the rules of fair play to most endeavours. He insisted on proper decorum even when salmon fishing or shooting duck. From Upper Canada College, hockey took him to Ridley College where, in 1944, Glyn would form friendships that continued for the rest of his life. In 1952 at RMC, he was part of 'the New 100', the first postwar graduates of the Royal Military College. Flirting briefly with a career in law, Glyn attended Osgoode Hall before entering banking with the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce.

Married to our mother Margot (née Johnston) in 1956, he proudly added a family of four girls in quick succession to his list of accomplishments. For a time, an ice rink transformed the back yard; Christmas was rung in with myriad child-sized ski boot and binding checks, while Easter was a time for ensuring that golf clubs and shorts length were properly adjusted. Dressed smartly for fall weather, Glyn proudly escorted his flock to Toronto Argonaut games, where he managed, somehow, to follow the plays while explaining tight ends.

Predeceased by his parents and two brothers, Derek and Fen, Glyn leaves behind a sister, Pamela Delworth, and will be missed by the four Osler girls, the daughters he entertained Dad-dancing the 'Twist': Barb (Richard), Trish (Warren), Dede (Andy) and Diana (Warren). Grandfather to Samantha, Caileigh, Jaime, Conal, Robyn, Harry, Emily and Strachan, and greatgrandfather to Abigail, Grace, Isla and Lucas, Grandad will live on in memory and in his trademark golf swing.

Colourful in spirit and in attire, with a wonderful sense of humour, his kind and generous nature touched many who knew him during his lifetime. We are deeply grateful to Glyn's beloved summer community of Metis Beach, QC, for their outpouring of love and support. We thank the caring staff at the Balmoral and at Meighen Manor, and are especially grateful to Integracare for their tremendous compassion. Despite his frailty at the end, we are comforted to know that Glyn Osler never forgot that Glyn Osler knew golf.

A memorial service for family and friends will be held on Thursday, September 12th at 2:00 p.m., at the Anglican Church of St. Peter & St. Simonthe-Apostle, 525 Bloor St. East, Toronto. In lieu of flowers, if you wish to make a contribution in Glyn's memory, please consider a charity of your choice or St. George's Anglican Church, Metis-sur-Mer, c/o Treasurer, 1023 Royal York Rd. Toronto, ON M8X 2G5.


The family of Thomas Duncan Wyness McCulloch sadly announce his passing on August 18, 2019. Tom was predeceased by his only brother Gordon in March 2003.

Beloved husband of Doreen McCulloch, he was born in Greenock Scotland, the eldest son of Thomas Duncan McCulloch and Ellen Gordon Wyness. In 1941, at the age of sixteen, during World War II, he went to sea as a Cadet in the Merchant Navy. He survived bombs, gunfire and torpedoes during this tumultuous time and was able to finish his service as a Second Officer. To honour his wartime sacrifice, he was awarded the Atlantic Star, the 1939-45 Star and medal, the Ushakov Medal and the Arctic Star.

In 1946, he married the 'anchor to his life', Doreen and shortly thereafter, Tom and his 'wee smasher' began their journey to immigrate to Canada. Tom and Doreen raised five Canadians - Andrew (Sue), Ellen (Alex), Duncan (Cheryl), Malcolm (Melanie), and Sarah. With their partners they in turn raised 13 grandchildren - David, Matthew, Amanda, Alexis, James, Sarah, Tori, Chanelle, Lindsay, Megan, Wesley, Megan, and Eric.

Tom's greatest passion was seafaring, and his chosen professions and many successes reflected just that. In addition to surveying the coast and waters of BC, he spent many seasons in the Western Arctic where he made the news headlines when his ship "Richardson" was almost lost in the pack ice off Point Barrow in 1967. His list of impressive accomplishments includes becoming the Director General of the Bayfield Laboratory for Marine Sciences in 1978 He was also a founding member of the Canadian Hydrographers Association, President of the Canadian Institute of Surveying and became a successful author of two books; 'Mandalay to Norseman' and 'Navigator to Hydrographer" respectively.


Peacefully in Collingwood, Ontario, on August 16, 2019, in her 88th year. Much loved wife of the late Peter (2017) and mother to Jane (Patrick Teti), Alison (Douglas Moggach), David (1962 - 2006), and Cullen (Michele). "Janna" to Iain, Catriona, Christopher, Graham, Emma, and Rowan. Predeceased by her sister Susannah Crassweller and brothers Michael and David Bishop.

Born and raised in Toronto, Judy grew up in an old fashioned household but found ways to forge her independence. The family farm outside the city and summer cottage on Lake Rosseau nurtured her lifelong love of the outdoors. After attending Bishop Strachan School and Havergal College, Judy went to Macdonald College near Montreal for what she called the "Diamond Ring Course." She married Peter in 1956 "for better or worse, but not for his shirts." She was a traditional wife, but she wasn't. In 1971, true to her adventurous nature and longing for the countryside, Judy and Peter abandoned city life and moved their family to Collingwood. They never looked back. Judy immediately bought a horse, and several more over the years. She also loved dogs, gardening, classical music, and weaving. She sat on the boards of the Great Northern Exhibition, the Collingwood Historical Society, and the Georgian Bay Arts and Crafts Association. She and Peter spent every summer at their cottage at Snug Harbour where she picked a lot of blueberries, kept Peter fed, swam, boated, and welcomed one and all to their slice of paradise.

The celebration of their 60th wedding anniversary three years ago drew well over 100 guests, testament to their good fortune and resilient friendships. Devoted wife, loving and generous mother, loyal friend: Judy will also be remembered for her unabashed honesty, often acerbic wit, and indefatigable spirit.

Heartfelt thanks to the dedicated staff at Raglan Village and to family friend Marilyn McEachern for their exceptional care of Judy.

A memorial service will be held at 11:00 a.m. on August 30, 2019, at All Saints' Anglican Church, 32 Elgin St., Collingwood, followed by a reception. If desired, donations to Hospice Georgian Triangle Campbell House or the Collingwood General and Marine Hospital Foundation would be much appreciated.

Arrangements entrusted to Chatterson Funeral Home, Collingwood (705) 445-4700.


It is with heavy hearts that our family announces the sudden death of Michael O. Poulter on Saturday, August 10, 2019.

Beloved husband to Caroline Schild-Poulter for 27 years.

Caring Papa to Sarah and Julien Poulter. Loving son of Patricia and the step-son of the late Ulbe Van Dyke.

Brother to John Poulter, Uncle to Charles and Matthew, brother to Beth Poulter (Don Baker) and Uncle to Claire and Patsy. Michael will also sorely be missed by many other family and friends.

Born in Oshawa Ontario, October 8, 1958, Michael received his undergraduate degree in Pharmacology from the University of British Columbia. He continued his studies at McGill University where he received a PhD in Pharmacology. It was during his post graduate research at the NIH in Washington, DC that he met Caroline. The two were married in Lausanne Switzerland in 1992 and relocated to Strasbourg, France where Michael continued his postgraduate research.

In 1995 Michael returned to Canada, taking positions first at the National Research Council in Ottawa and subsequently at the Institute for Neuroscience at Carleton University becoming head of the institute in 2003. In 2006 Michael relocated to London, taking a position as scientist at the Robarts Research Institute and as Professor in the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at UWO.

Michael was an avid skier and sailor, a great bass player and an excellent cook.

A Celebration of life will be held on August 28th at Idlewyld Inn, 36 Grand Ave, London, Ontario from 2-5 p.m. Michael dedicated his life to epilepsy research and donated his time to Epilepsy Canada, as a Board Member and a Member of the Scientific Research Committee, with a mission to find a cure and enhance other research efforts across Canada. In lieu of flowers, donations to Epilepsy Canada can be made in his memory.

Le vrai tombeau d'un homme est dans le coeur de ceux qui l'aiment.


Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, York University.

Peacefully at Credit Valley Hospital, August 9, 2019. Born July 23, 1928 Bangor Wales.

Much loved and loving husband of 63 years to Margaret (Maggie) Loving father to Karen (Sal) and David (Madeleine). Devoted Papa to Samantha (Marco) and Jason.

As per Huw's wishes a private cremation has taken place. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to The Peter Munk Cardiac Centre Toronto General Hospital.

There is a void that will never be filled. We will always love you.


1934 - 2019

Peacefully, at Runnymede Health Centre, Toronto, Ontario, on July 30, 2019, in his 86th year. Malcolm leaves his sister Elinor, his sistersin-law Pauline Reed (Newton) and Susan Von Sichart, and 19 nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his wife Katharine (nee Cameron), his sister Dorothy Martin, and his brothers Newton and Donald. He will be missed by his many friends.

Malcolm was born in 1934 at Kao-Shi-Ti, Zichong Province, China. He was the youngest of five children born to missionaries Fred and Anne (nee Male) Reed who were part of the Canadian Methodist (later United Church) Mission in west China. He grew up in the mission at Gigong, interrupted by the family's travel to Ontario on furlough in 1937 when he was three years old.

Malcolm returned with his mother and sister Elinor to Ontario in 1944 when wartime China became too dangerous. He finished high school in Orillia in 1952, close to his parents' rural churches.

Malcolm studied architecture and urban planning at the University of Toronto and enjoyed a 37year career in Halifax, London (England), Toronto (including operating his own firm there) and Kingston.

He was a committed life-long learner: interests in history and politics led him to other degree programs in the 1960's and 1970's. A career change in 1995 led to work in career counselling and language training until his retirement in 2004.

He married Katharine ("Katy") Cameron in 1969. They enjoyed opera, lived for many years in Toronto, and travelled extensively to visit friends and family in the US and Europe.

Malcolm was a supporter of many arts and social justice causes and organizations. Until his health declined, he was a committed active member of First Unitarian Congregation of Toronto, including a term as congregation president; was a volunteer at City Park Co-operative Apartments in Toronto, where he lived in his later years; and was very active in the work of the alumni association of the West China school he and his siblings attended.

A Celebration of Life will be held on Sunday, September 15th at First Unitarian Congregation of Toronto, 175 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto, starting at 2:30 p.m. followed by a reception.

Cremation has taken place; private interment will be at a later date.

We are thankful for the wonderful support of his "circle of care" and close friends, and medical caregivers. In memory of Malcolm, please consider a donation to the charity of your choice.


For our Ginny, who ran up the path ahead of us...

Our Ginny: Virginia Anne Whittall Stark was born on September 5, 1955 and left this world on June 10, 2019.

She ran off in an instant, and too young.

She ran up the path ahead of us, out of sight. When we weren't looking.

For those left behind, for now, there is grief. And love of course.

Many of us (those for whom she could not linger, waiting on the path), those of us who knew and loved her all her life, might first remember her as a child up the coast of B.C. We might remember her at Savary Island, her childhood heart's home.

The Ginny who ran through salty waters and scrambled over sandy logs, who ran barefoot along the dirt roads, jumped from wharves and fished for shiners.

Ginny, she of the ungovernable soul.


We will remember her as the child that she once was and then remember the child who remained within her all her life, with whom she refused to part company.

Within her was a kind of wildness that life did not succeed in eradicating.

Do not try to tell her what to do.

A spirit such as hers can't be made still.

Ginny, who heard every snapping twig.

Ginny, who sought meaning.

A hummingbird. An eagle.


At times she was a midway. And, at times a place to rest, She would reach out for any hand that needed taking.

She had many rooms to let, in her large and dreaming heart.

Yet she is still, even now, the child with skinny berry-brown legs; collecting splinters; climbing trees; falling.

Still laughing.

She was born in Vancouver, the daughter of Jocylyn O'Connor Whittall and H. Richard Whittall. She was the much treasured sister of Gerald and Pamela and Richard Whittall and aunt to Madeleine and William and Chloe Beange. She will be mourned also by family members John Stark, Misha Olynyk, Edwin Beange and Christina Chase Simonds.

Eclipsing all other ties, she was mother to Tristan and Vanessa Stark - a love so deep only silence is fit to describe it.

Drop a stone down that well; you will not hear it land.

And then there were her friends, a constellation.

There will be a celebration at The Granville Island Hotel on September 21st from 3 p.m. to 6.

Ginny loved flowers. Flowers would be welcome as the family will be creating an altar.

Ginny was an activist for the environment and a benefactor, a gifted photographer and artist. She used her time here well. Please, do not dress for mourning.

In keeping with Ginny's giving nature, the Virginia Whittall Stark Fund at the Vancouver Foundation has been established by Tristan, Vanessa, and Misha. We invite all who loved her to donate, which can be done online by visiting, to benefit others in her name.


November 17, 1925 - August 16, 2019 A Sweet Adeline Sally passed away peacefully, age 93, at Caressant Care Nursing Home, Lindsay, after a long battle with Alzheimer's disease. She was predeceased by her first husband, Donald Stout (1961), her sister, Muriel Haggerty Heenan (2011), her second husband, Kenneth John Upton (2013), and her son-in-law, Stewart Aziz (2018). She lived life fully and will be sorely missed.

Family was everything to Sally, and she had a large one. She is remembered with much love and fond memories by her children, Karla Stout, Donna Carmichael (Graham), Craig Stout (Suzy), Elaine Stout Aziz, and stepchildren, Peter Upton (Jo-Anne) and Lucy Sanford (Norman), 11 beloved grandchildren and 16 great-grandchildren, her brother-in-law Richard Stout of White Plains, New York, and her nephews and nieces in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. She was regarded with great affection by numerous dear friends, many of whom became extended family members. Everyone was included in annual family events - swimming pool parties, John Upton's annual birthday party, pumpkin cutting days, and Boxing Day gatherings.

Her home was always open and inviting for all visitors.

Sally loved music, playing piano, singing in choirs, and participating for many years as a member of the Sweet Adelines York Highlands Chorus.

Even after language failed her, she would still hum along with the radio, music CDs, and songs sung to her. Music was an engaging and a calming influence always.

Sally was born in 1925 in Boston, Massachusetts, the daughter of Mabel and Frank Graham, and grew up in Stoneham with her sister Muriel. She excelled at school and became an officer of the Order of the Rainbow for Girls, whose guiding principles included "to be glad of life, because it gives you the chance to love and to work and to play and to look at the stars", a principle she embraced throughout her life.

She graduated from Stoneham High School in 1942 and worked for several years before obtaining her BA from Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky.

It was there she met her first husband, Donald Stout. They married in 1949 and both actively supported social justice and anti-discrimination causes as Don studied to become a Unitarian minister. In 1954, shortly after his ordination, Sally and Don emigrated to Canada, leaving behind the turmoil of segregation and McCarthyism, as he accepted the position of minister to the Don Heights Unitarian Congregation in Scarborough, and the fledgling fellowship in Mississauga, Ontario. Together they fostered the establishment and growth of the Unitarian Congregation of South Peel, now known as the Unitarian Congregation in Mississauga.

After Don's death, Sally went to the University of Toronto and earned a Bachelor of Library Science in 1964. She became Head Librarian at Oakville Public Library and was responsible for the building of the new library in 1967. It was an innovative approach to a library, adding the collection of audio materials (tapes and records) to the library resources, incorporating an art gallery that offered the lending of artwork into the building, and connecting the building to a swimming pool, thereby creating a hub for community activities.

In 1970, Sally and John Upton moved to a century farm house in King City, and married in 1975. She left the OPL to work at the Central Ontario Regional Library System which was at the forefront of augmenting library services to include inter-library loans, and integrating computer technology into library systems. She was also an active member of the Ontario Library Association for many years.

On retirement, she and John continued to be lifelong learners, travelling extensively, taking continuing education courses at the University of Toronto, and always enjoying family. When Sally was diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2003, she faced the news with the strength and courage that were her hallmark, acknowledging the struggle she faced with grace, and often with humour.

Sally's family would like to extend deep gratitude to Mary Geisberger for her devoted, loving care of Sally for 20 years, and especially during the last difficult years. Thanks also to the nurses, PSWs and staff, first at Port Perry Villa, and these last years at Caressant Care Nursing Home, for their kindness and care of Sally.

A Celebration of Life for Sally will be held on September 28, 2019, at Elmhirst Resort in Keene, Ontario, from 2 to 5 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please consider making a donation to the Alzheimer's Society of Durham Region.


Surrounded by loving arms, our star, Robert (Bob) Steane left this life on July 30, 2019 after 69 years of leadership in industry and in life.

Bob was a cherished friend and partner to Kathy Berg and a funloving brother to Alan, Brian (wife Chriss) and younger brother David who sadly predeceased him in 2014. He was a sweet uncle to his nieces and nephews Tracy, Trevor, Bradley, Darryl, Michelle and Richard, and a beloved part of the lives of Kathy's children, Timothy, Erin, and Erica, and Kathy's mother, Beth Rude.

There wasn't much that Bob couldn't do and it was his determination and curiosity that allowed him to develop an impressive array of talents. Son to Harold and Isobel Steane, Bob was born in Mpanda, Tanzania into a mining family. The Steane family emigrated to Canada in 1953, initially living in a small mining community near Salmo BC and then moving to Vancouver. Bob went to school and was raised in a family neighbourhood first in Salmo and then in Vancouver.

He attended BCIT and then completed a Bachelor of Science in Metallurgical Engineering with High Scholastic Honours at the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, Colorado.

Bob loved every minute of his mining career. He worked in Papua New Guinea, Namibia, and Australia before being enticed to a start-up operation at the Key Lake minesite in Northern Saskatchewan in 1983. This was the beginning of a life- long career of 34 years with Cameco.

For eight years (1999-2007) Bob led Cameco's Fuel Services operations in Ontario and became a fixture in the community of Port Hope. Bob moved back to Saskatoon completing his Cameco career as Senior Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, retiring in 2017. Bob served on the Mining Association of Canada's Board of Directors from 2012 to 2017, which included his time as Committee Chair of the Aboriginal Affairs Committee (2013-2015) and as MAC's Board Chair (2015-2017).

Saskatoon and Saskatchewan became Bob's final home. In the last few years Bob created a philanthropic legacy. He served on the board of the Royal University Hospital Foundation (RUHF) and generously donated to RUHF, St. Paul's Hospital, Saskatoon Community Foundation, Persephone Theatre, Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan, and other organizations too numerous to mention. Bob also devoted his time by volunteering at the Lighthouse and participating in United Way Fundraisers (including twice climbing the CN Tower in Toronto when he lived in Port Hope). Earlier this year Bob and Kathy and other family members served breakfast at the Friendship Inn as part of his sponsorship for a day.

Anyone wishing to attend a celebration of Bob's life is welcome in the lobby of Persephone Theatre on October 25 from 2:00 to 4:30, hosted by family and colleagues. In the meantime, Bob would appreciate being remembered by his friends as they have a round of golf, a toast of scotch, or enjoy live theatre.

In lieu of flowers please send a donation to one of the identified charities or to a charity of your choice.

Condolences may be left at www.

saskatoonfuneralhome . co m Arrangements entrusted to Saskatoon Funeral Home 306-244-5577.


October 26, 1948 Woodstock, New Brunswick August 1, 2019 Calgary, Alberta It is with profound sadness that we announce the passing of Dr. Lloyd Robert Sutherland, beloved husband of Peter Wong, on Thursday, August 1, 2019 at the age of 70 years.

Lloyd was born in Woodstock, New Brunswick on October 26, 1948. He was predeceased by his parents: Dr. Jed Sutherland and Marie McCain Sutherland and good friend Dr. Stanley Giebrescht.

He is survived by his brother Andrew Sutherland, sister Heather Sutherland, nephews Tyler and Darren James, niece Lindsay James; and beloved cousins Barbara Gordon, Frances Gordon and Marie Gordon. Lloyd was greatly loved by his many McCain and Sutherland cousins in New Brunswick and Ontario.

Lloyd graduated from University of New Brunswick (BA, 1969), McGill University (MD, 1973), and then University of Toronto (FRCPC, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1978). He became Board-certified in Gastroenterology and was elected a Fellow of the American College of Physicians in 1985. Lloyd became a faculty member at the University of Calgary Medical School in 1977. While a scholar in the Intestinal Disease Research Unit, he earned his MSc (Epidemiology) in 1989. His novel clinical studies in IBD earned him international recognition. Lloyd became the Head of Gastroenterology in 1991 and served as Head of Community Health Sciences at U of C, and Director of the Centre for the Advancement of Health at the Calgary Health Region from 1995-2002. He was Founding Director of the Centre for Health and Policy Studies (CHAPS) from 1999-2001 and Director of the Heritage Medical Research Clinic in 1988.

Lloyd met Peter, his life partner, in 1996 and the two married on June 11, 2015 in Calgary, Alberta. Their life together was filled by their mutual love of music, ballet, theatre, international travel and gourmet dining. Lloyd was an accomplished pianist and a highly informed, stimulating conversationalist in history and politics. He especially loved his pet cats.

Lloyd contributed greatly to his community. He was President of Alberta Ballet from 1982-1985, a company now known around the world. He established the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver, becoming its President. He later was editor-in-chief of the Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Internationally, he served as Scientific Secretary of the International Organization for the Study of IBD (IOIBD) from 1994-2000.

Lloyd published more than 200 peer reviewed papers and abstracts, and delivered more than 150 invited talks.

Lloyd received the 2003 Crohn's and Colitis F o u n d a t i o n of Canada's Finklestein Prize for his outstanding contributions in the field of IBD. He received an honorary degree from his Alma Mater, UNB in May 2004. He was known by his colleagues as an eloquent lecturer, and a compassionate physician and mentor.

A Celebration of Life will be held at St. Stephen's Anglican Church (1121 14 Ave SW, Calgary AB) on Friday, September 27, 2019 at 2:00 p.m. with a reception to follow.

The Dr. Lloyd Sutherland Professorship in Inflammatory Bowel Disease / Gastrointestinal Research was created in 2009 to support a junior Faculty member at the University of Calgary. His legacy of gentle leadership will live on in his patients, friends and colleagues with whom he enjoyed excellent relationships. Memorial donations can be made to this Fund through the Cummings School of Medicine at U.of C.


Peacefully on August 16, 2019, Olive died in her 103rd year.

Olive was predeceased by her devoted and loving husband of 60 years Ralph (Van) VanderBurgh, her parents Fred and Vera Russell, her brother Bill and her sister Margaret. Aunt Olive will be deeply missed by her nieces and nephews Diane Jeffery, Brian Russell, Valerie Folk, Lynne Fulton, Bill VanderBurgh, Clive VanderBurgh, and their respective families. Olive spent most of her working career teaching the joy of choral music to her many students in Etobicoke schools, continuing the outstanding contributions to such teachings by her mother Vera. Olive was a gifted pianist, bringing her renditions of church music, Christmas carols and show tunes to many gatherings including those at Kingsway Retirement Residence.

Throughout her life, Olive brought continuing happiness to her family and others with her constant and very timely letter-writing abilities truly, a vanishing art.

Olive's extended family wishes to thank her family physician Dr. Joe Kozak for the exceptional care he gave to Van and Olive over many years. The family also wishes to thank the caring staff and her many friends at Kingsway Retirement Residence where Olive enjoyed a full and complete life for nearly a decade. Olive will be laid to rest beside her beloved Van in a private service.


December 29, 1933 August 12, 2019 After a life well lived and well shared, Ron died peacefully in his 86th year at TGH where he received exemplary care.

Born in Montreal, son of the late John and Evelyn Warr, Ron is survived by his partner in business and life, his soulmate Jill, and his sisters, Pat (Ted), and Cynthia (John, 2012). Cherished uncle of Ian (2009), Janet (Ron), Nancy (Bob, 2018), and Bayly. He will be missed by nephews Gary and Randy and their families.

Ron was also a treasured brother-in-law, friend and uncle to the extended "Carter" Clan. He always said his life was richer for it.

Ron was a serial entrepreneur enjoying several ventures but found his true success as founder of Cotton Ginny, Coconut Joe and many other banners. He forged lifelong friendships, both young and old, that enriched his life. Ron was a mentor to many and, above all, valued his relationships deeply. Ron impacted lives with his guidance, wisdom and eternal optimism.

A heartfelt thanks to Dr.Lorretta Daniel and Connie (Qian) Xu (NP) for their unwavering commitment to his quality of life. During a 60 day stay at 5B Cardiology, his home away from home, Ron was treated with kindness and respect always. Dr. Robert Caravaggio and Dr. Charlie Chan also played a pivotal role in his care. For this we are forever grateful.

Ron's wish would be that you not feel sadness but rather think of a time, meal, stock tip, book, floorplan, business challenge, strategy, phone call, debate, a laugh or conversation you have shared with him. This valiant, good man will be profoundly missed. We are the custodians of his memory. It will take some time for him to get to heaven though - seeing as he does not fly.

In lieu of flowers, donations to the 5th Floor Cardiology Department at Toronto General & Western Hospital Foundation would be appreciated by the family.

Please visit or call 416-603-5300.


January 14, 1948 August 9, 2019 It is with great sadness that the family announces the death of Gwyneth "Menna" Weese after a year-long battle with cancer. She passed away on August 9th, at Toronto General Hospital.

She is survived by Bob, her loving husband of 50 years; by her sons, Bryn (Jill) and Dylan (Allison); and her 8-year-old twin grandsons, Kevin and Morgan. Being a grandmother ("Mamgu") was a highlight of her life in recent years - she was always on the lookout for toys or books. She is also survived by family in Wales - cousin Ann, who was like a sister; Ann's husband, Terry; and their children and grandchildren. Menna had close friends in Canada, the U.S., the U.K., and Europe. She will be greatly missed by many.

Menna was born in Carmarthen, South Wales, on January 14, 1948, and raised in Betws, Ammanford.

The only child of Wynford and Margaret Jones, she was a stellar student. She received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Wales in Aberystwyth, where she and Bob fell in love. She then studied at the prestigious Royal Institution of Great Britain and received her PhD in Chemistry from the University of London.

Menna moved to Canada with Bob in 1972 and enjoyed a successful career as a University lecturer and, later, a senior official in the Saskatchewan, federal, and Ontario governments, mainly in the field of environmental management. In addition to her working life, Menna was very active with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra Volunteer Committee and the residents' association on Baptiste Lake, where she loved spending summers and entertaining at the family cottage.

All who met Menna knew she was a force of nature. Intelligent, capable, confident, lively, and generous, Menna relished social and political debate. A prolific reader, she also loved symphonic music, theatre, and art. In recent years, she and Bob traveled to some of the world's most interesting places.

Menna was very proud of her Welsh roots and returned almost yearly to her hometown. She was fluent in Welsh and loved listening to Welsh singers and choirs.

Cremation has taken place, with a private family service at Turner and Porter's Yorke Chapel in Bloor West Village. A Celebration of Life will be held at The Boulevard Club, 1491 Lakeshore Blvd. W., Toronto, on Monday, September 30, 2 - 5 p.m.

The family wishes to thank all those who cared for and supported Menna through these many difficult months at St. Joseph's, Toronto Western, Princess Margaret, Bridgepoint and Toronto General hospitals. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Canadian Cancer Society or a charity of your choice.

Rest in peace. Tawel orffwys.


It is with deep sadness we announce the passing of Noel Zeldin, in his 101st year, Thursday, August 22, 2019. Beloved husband of the late Betty Zeldin.

Loving companion and best friend of Evie Smith. Father and father-in-law of Teri and Ken Brown, Rob and the late Marlene Zeldin, Marilyn Zeldin and the late Lanita Leonard. Grandfather of Darrin, Mia and Michael, David and Sara, Michael and Lindsay, Jamie and Stephanie, Adam and Danielle. Great-grandfather of Max, Noah and Levy Back, Ruby, Hannah, Reid, Carter, Mason, Maddox, Penelope, Margot, and Jack Zeldin. He will be missed by many nieces and nephews.

Thanks to Aurora Pastrana for her care and kindness. At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Sunday, August 25, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. Interment Beth Sholom Synagogue Section of Mt. Sinai Memorial Park.

Memorial donations may be made to the Betty and Noel Zeldin Endowment Fund c/o The Baycrest Foundation, 416785-2875, http://www.baycrest.orgor to the charity of your choice.



Please join us on Saturday, September 14th from 12:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. Old Mill Room Brulé A, 21 Old Mill Rd, Toronto, ON, Canada.

After a murder-suicide, a small town searches for missed signs of danger
Long before Mark Jones killed Ulla Theoret, her son, her mother and himself, his behaviour hinted to the community of Burk's Falls that something bad was brewing. What can this tragedy teach us about domestic violence in rural Canada?
Saturday, August 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10

On her way home from work on Feb. 23, 2018, Julia Conway stopped to pick up a coffee for her boyfriend's grandmother, a gesture that was part of her Friday routine. Unless she gave them a head's up that she had other plans, Paul Theoret's family knew to expect the bubbly 29-year-old after her shift ended.

The house, up a winding drive at the end of a secluded cul-de-sac on the outskirts of Burk's Falls, Ont., was dark and quiet when she arrived. The only sound she could hear as she approached the front door, besides the crunching snow under her feet, was the bark of the family dog, Lily. It was just 7:30 p.m., and Ms. Conway figured everyone must have called it an early night. She'd leave the coffee for "Mummi" on her bedside table, she decided.

First she headed to the basement to quiet the dog.

Down the stairs, she found the white Chihuahua-mix frantically pacing outside the doorway of the bathroom.

Behind the dog, on the floor, lay Paul. At first Julia thought he'd been sick. As she got closer, it registered: He'd been shot. Her boyfriend was dead.

She bolted back upstairs, where she made two more gruesome discoveries. Ulla, Paul's mother, was crumpled on her bedroom floor. And in Mummi's room, 88-year-old Raija Turunen lay still in her bed. They, too, had been shot.

Fending off panic, Ms. Conway, whose cellphone reception was spotty at the rural house, headed to the landline in the kitchen to call 911. There, slumped in a chair, was a fourth body. She could tell it was a man, but his face was unrecognizable from a gun blast. Tethered to the wallmounted house phone, she sat across from him as she waited for help to arrive.

Who was he? "Don't look at him - look at the ground," the 911 dispatcher kept telling her. "Look at the ground."

In the background, the family dog - still at Paul's side in the basement - continued to bark. Ms. Conway felt nauseated. Short of breath. Her head was spinning as she tried to make sense of who would do such a thing. But as the minutes passed, she realized who the man was - she'd seen him sitting in that exact kitchen chair before. It was their neighbour, Mark Jones.

For months, trouble had been brewing on Starratt Road: harassing letters, nasty confrontations, an allegation of sexual assault. Ms. Conway had long known about Mr. Jones's dangerous obsession with Paul's mother.

But she'd never imagined it would come to this.

More than a year later, the tightknit Burk's Falls community is still reeling from the loss.

Police have confirmed the basics of the tragedy: that Mr. Jones murdered the three family members and then shot himself. But because Mr. Jones is dead, there will be no trial, and Ulla Theoret's surviving sons, Thomas, 31, and Hans, 28, have been left with unanswered questions about how this happened and whether there were missed opportunities to prevent the violence.

While the murders stunned the community, located a half-hour's drive north of the Muskoka town of Huntsville, the case itself - a woman being killed by a man she had known and trusted, in her home, where she thought she was safe - is not an uncommon one in Canada. Ulla was among roughly 150 women who were murdered in 2018 - almost all of them by men, according to the Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability.

In cases where a perpetrator was identified and their relationship to the victim was known, roughly 60 per cent were killed by current or former intimate partners, and another 15 per cent were killed by friends or acquaintances. In just more than 10 per cent of cases, the killer also then killed himself.

In Ontario, all intimate-partner homicide cases are reviewed by the chief coroner's office through a Domestic Violence Death Review Committee, in order to make recommendations to prevent future deaths. The committee is still considering whether to review this case because Mark Jones and Ulla Theoret were not, and had never really been, a couple.

After months of trying to access information, the Theoret brothers believe a public inquest could be the only opportunity to examine whether local authorities missed an opportunity to prevent the deaths. They know now that their mother had gone to police six months before she was killed, but the OPP - which wouldn't discuss the case with The Globe and Mail - won't disclose how it handled Ulla's allegations or say whether the service is conducting an internal review.

In the absence of a formal examination, family, friends and neighbours of the victims and Mr. Jones find themselves haunted by their own what-ifs. No one saw the murders coming, but with the benefit of hindsight, many now realize that signs of danger were in clear sight.

It was through her older brother Peter that Ulla Theoret (then Ulla Turunen) first met Mark Jones. The two men, who had both studied together at George Brown College, met at a Halloween party in the 1980s, and though both lived in downtown Toronto, they shared a love of the outdoors.

For years, the two men and their group of friends spent nearly every weekend hunting or fishing in the woods, often at the Turunen family cabin in Burk's Falls.

Peter and Ulla's parents, Olavi and Raija, had purchased the sprawling farm property in Ryerson Township on the outskirts of Burk's Falls in the 1970s. Over the years, they built a new house and a sauna - a nod to their Finnish roots - with help from Peter and his buddies during their weekend trips. At the end of a day labouring away, Raija would have a hearty meal ready. A sign hung in her kitchen: "Today's menu: two options - take it or leave it."

Ulla, by this time a nurse, had married an American and moved to Michigan, where they raised Thomas, Paul and Hans. She returned each summer, bringing the boys up to visit their grandparents. When they reached college age, the boys were drawn back to Canada. Eventually, as the farm became challenging for their aging grandparents to manage, the brothers took turns staying with them in Burk's Falls and helping out.

In 2014, Ulla and her husband Steve followed to take over the caregiving duties. But their marriage was already fizzling, and Steve soon headed back to Michigan. Ulla decided to stay. Though her brother Peter had died years earlier, she was welcomed back by his old hunting buddies, who had become family friends.

One of them, Jouko Ojanpera, now lived in Huntsville.

Another, Armando Cabral, still made regular stops by the family farm. And though he'd drifted from the others, there was also Mark Jones - Jonesy, as they called him.

It was by then almost two decades since Mr. Jones had faded from the friend group. In the early 1990s, the guys had started planning moose-hunting trips near Thunder Bay. But Mr. Jones had diabetes, and didn't always take care of himself. The friends worried about being in the bush with him, far from a hospital. They stopped inviting him along.

Mr. Cabral thinks he was offended. As far as he remembers, that was why Jonesy eventually fell out of touch.

Mr. Ojanpera recalls his friendship with Mr. Jones ending more abruptly. During a duck-hunting trip in 1994, he came out of the bushes to find Mr. Jones - carelessly, not intentionally, he thinks - pointing a 12-gauge shotgun at him. Mr. Ojanpera hit the ground and heard the gun go off three times.

"I started cursing at him, calling him names," he recalls. "If I had been standing, I would've [been dead]. I said, 'I don't ever want to see you again.' " Mr. Jones moved to Barrie, Ont., after that, where he bought a four-plex, living in one unit and renting out the other three. For the most part, he seemed to keep to himself. He was a member of the Barrie Gun Club and a regular at a local machine shop.

Eventually, Mr. Jones began searching for a country home. Though he was initially looking in Barry's Bay, he came upon a property in Burk's Falls-just down the road from his old stomping grounds. He couldn't resist, recalled Gordon Adams, who owned the Barrie machine shop. It was twice the amount of land for half the price.

At a backyard party at the Turunen family property for Ulla's father Olavi's 90th birthday in the summer of 2016, Mr. Ojanpera made his way through the crowd of smiling faces - one of which stopped him in his tracks. There in the yard, sitting in a lawn chair and smoking a cigar, was Mr. Jones.

"He just grinned and said, 'Small world, eh?' " There is a list of 41 "indicators" - red flags - that Ontario's Domestic Violence Death Review Committee look for in each case it reviews.

The number of these indicators that had been present between the victim and the perpetrator during the time leading up to a domestic homicide helps demonstrate, in hindsight, the potential for lethality that existed. In almost three-quarters of cases, the committee says, seven or more risk factors were present.

Although Ulla was not in a relationship with Mark Jones, it appears that numerous risk factors were present between them in the year leading up to the murders: among them, a victim who had an intuitive sense of fear of the perpetrator; obsessive behaviour by the perpetrator; prior threats to commit suicide; sexual jealousy exhibited by the perpetrator; unemployment; access to firearms; and an escalation of violence.

After Ulla moved back to her family's farm, she and Mr.Jones began spending time together. As a new divorcee living with her parents in a town of fewer than 700 people, she welcomed the camaraderie, her friends say.

Her sons supported her desire to start dating. She was social and fun and had spent her entire life taking care of people, as a mother, nurse and daughter. They wanted her to be happy.

But it became evident early on that Ulla did not consider herself and Mr. Jones a match. While they shared some common interests, such as antiquing, their personalities clashed. She was bubbly and outgoing, and lived in colourful leggings and bright tops. Mr. Jones was controlling and told her she should wear turtlenecks.

"I never got a good feeling about him," Hans says, "and that's basically the way I described it to my mom."

During one phone call back in 2015, Thomas says, his mom casually mentioned that Mr. Jones had been leaving unsettling notes in the mailbox. That upset Thomas, who had by this time moved to Taiwan to teach English. It reminded him of a news documentary he'd recently watched about domestic violence.

He warned his mom to be careful and that the whole family could be at risk.

Ulla never mentioned Mr. Jones to him again.

But he was still lingering in their periphery. Mr. Jones was handy and helped the elderly Turunens out around the farm. Raija, in particular, took a liking to him and, despite her daughter's reservations, continued to invite him by to play cards.

Hans was struck by his mother's reaction when Mr.Jones showed up at the house for one such card game in 2016. He was hanging out with her in the basement when they heard Mr. Jones's voice upstairs. His mom's brow furrowed, and she asked Hans to make sure the man didn't come down there. When Hans confronted Mr. Jones upstairs, he asked why Ulla hadn't come up to say hello.

Hans told him to leave.

That was the last time he saw him.

Around town, however, Ulla had trouble avoiding him.

On one occasion in 2017, for example, she and a friend were at the laundromat in Burk's Falls one day when Mr.

Jones showed up. He started ranting and raving, and calling her degrading names. The laundromat's owner recalls how shaken up Ulla was.

A similar confrontation happened at a local gas station, while Ulla was out with a man whom she had briefly dated. She also told that man that Mr. Jones had liked to look at her father's guns in the basement, Thomas later learned, and that he'd "dry shot" at her before with the unloaded gun as a joke.

Others in the small town had also witnessed snippets of Mr. Jones's troubling and threatening behaviour toward Ulla.

Rural communities such as Burk's Falls present distinct risks for women experiencing violence, notes Sharon Davis, a manager at the closest women's shelter to the town, in nearby Parry Sound. On a practical level, poor cell reception and spotty internet access can make it more difficult for a woman to research and connect with support services. Firearms are also more likely to be present in rural communities and households.

And in a small town or community where everyone knows everyone, Ms. Davis says, people can be especially reluctant to raise the alarm when they suspect trouble in a relationship.

In its 2017 report, the Domestic Violence Death Review Committee found that it is not uncommon for friends, family or co-workers to struggle with how to respond to "troubled" relationships, and that in many cases, people around the victim "did not seem to know how to react in a constructive way to prevent further harm."

"People don't want to get caught up in it," Ms. Davis says. "People are really fearful of being wrong."

It was only in the fall of 2017 that those closest to Ulla realized the degree to which things had escalated.

After a grocery-shopping trip in town, Ulla, Raija, Paul and Julia arrived home to find Mr. Jones sitting in their kitchen, alone in the dark. Paul and Julia were taken aback. Ulla told them that she'd deal with it. They left her to speak with him and eventually heard him leave.

Later that year, after Julia noticed that Ulla was taking an unusual amount of time to burn their garbage in a bonfire out back, she came outside to find her crying. She was holding a piece of paper in her hands: another letter, she said, from Mark Jones. He'd been leaving notes in the mailbox again.

Ulla also confided something even more disturbing to Ms. Conway: Mr. Jones had sexually assaulted her. It had happened two years earlier in his car, in the fields behind his house, she told her. He'd forced her to perform oral sex. She thought she was going to die.

Ulla threw the letter into the fire, and asked Ms. Conway to promise she would not tell Paul or his brothers about the assault. She worried about what they might think, or what they might do.

Ms. Conway promised she'd keep quiet.

Other friends were also keeping Ulla's secret. She had told Jouko Ojanpera about the sexual assault months earlier, during a dinner party, back in May, 2017. But to him, too, she added: "Promise me you won't tell the boys."

He agreed he wouldn't, but urged her to report it to police.

"I felt like going to [Mr. Jones's] place and beating the crap out of him," he recalled later. "But we had already had cocktails and a bottle of wine, so I was not going to be stupid. Probably it would've been the right thing to do after all."

It was a complicated time in Ulla's life. Her father, Olavi, was ill (and would die that July). She was also seeing someone new, long distance - a Florida man she'd met at a Finnish banquet in Toronto.

"My life got easier and harder all at the same time," she wrote on Facebook that August.

Two weeks later, she went to Florida to meet up with her new beau. "Feeling happy!" she posted.

Paul Van Dam, a neighbour who lived in the area, recalls the morning when he saw Ulla trudging toward him down the road in her rubber boots.

"I need your advice," she told Mr. Van Dam, before she divulged the details of the assault.

He urged her to go to police. But again, she said she wasn't sure.

"Look," he told her, "you asked for my advice. I'm telling you to report this."

So, standing in Mr. Van Dam's living room on the morning of Sept. 22, she made the call to the local police detachment. Mr. Van Dam then drove her home, so that a detective could come by to meet with her. She went into the station the next day to provide a video statement.

When the officer asked why she was coming forward only now, she said her father had recently died and she didn't feel safe. In his report, the officer described her as "agitated."

Roughly six weeks after this, Ulla popped by Mr. Van Dam's house again. She looked relaxed, he thought. Happy. She thanked him for his help and told her Mr. Jones wasn't bothering her any more. Mr. Van Dam thought that was the end of it.

But a few months later, Mr. Van Dam was checking his mail at the foot of his driveway when Mr. Jones's Subaru whizzed past his house. He caught a glimpse of Ulla in the passenger seat. "I thought to myself, 'I should go talk to her about that,' " he says. "But I never did - that's my big regret."

The month before she died, Ulla - who had been struggling with depression, especially since her divorce - checked herself into the hospital for two weeks. Thomas and Hans described it as a mental breakdown. They had no idea at the time about the sexual assault. By that time, they thought Mr. Jones was long gone.

But they have seen his mother's medical records, and although they are not certain of all that she disclosed to her doctor, there are hints: She mentioned an aggressive neighbour and concern that police were not helping her.

It was a short time before the murders that Joe Lazar, another neighbour on Starratt Road, started to suspect something was wrong with Mark Jones. The two were not close, but they were friendly enough that Mr. Jones would come over for dinner or to watch a sports game now and again.

After the death of Mr. Lazar's dog in mid-February, 2018, he asked Mr. Jones if he would mind bringing over his backhoe to help him bury the animal. In reply, Mr. Jones screamed at him: "How could you let her die?" Mr. Lazar knew he had been fond of the dog, but the reaction was baffling. He confronted Mr. Jones, who told him that he'd been recently diagnosed with dementia.

It made sense. He'd heard that Mr. Jones had recently gotten lost while hunting on his own property, and had to call for help on his walkie-talkie. And once, while Mr. Lazar was helping him with a fencing project, he noticed Mr.Jones becoming uncharacteristically confused.

Mr. Lazar didn't know Ulla at all and knew little about Mr. Jones's relationship with her. Mr. Jones had mentioned years earlier that he was seeing a girl down the road, he recalled - but after he'd ribbed him about it, Mr. Jones had told him curtly that it was over and that he didn't want to talk about her. They never did again.

Around the time he'd revealed his dementia diagnosis to his friend, Mr. Jones - who was 58 at the time and "a bit of a hoarder" - had begun selling off his things, Mr. Lazar says.

He'd had his driver's licence revoked owing to the diagnosis, he said. His own parents had struggled with dementia, he told Mr. Lazar, and he "wasn't going to go out like that."

Mr. Lazar was alarmed. He knew Mr. Jones had a sister, and he made a mental note to ask for her number so he could give her a call - although he didn't follow up. He knew his friend had guns, and he was worried he might hurt himself. It never occurred to him that he might hurt other people.

On Feb. 21, 2018, Hans Theoret drove from the town of Bracebridge, Ont., to take his mother out for a birthday lunch.

When he dropped her off afterward, he debated spending the night, as he often did. But he had to work the next day, so he decided to head back that evening. As he pulled away, he told his mom he loved her.

At some point after that - it's unclear exactly when, although Thomas says investigators believe it was in the early hours of Thurs. Feb. 22 - Mr. Jones came to the house.

He left his car at the foot of the long, curving driveway, and carried both a 12-gauge shotgun and a .40 calibre handgun into the house. He shot Ulla. He shot Paul. He shot Raija.

Then he shot himself.

As soon as Joe Lazar learned of the murders on Starratt Road, he froze. He knew instantly that the killer was Mark Jones.

Armando Cabral, a friend of both Ulla and Mr. Jones, has had a particularly difficult time wrapping his head around the tragedy. He's seen firsthand that murders such as these aren't one-offs.

In 2012, Mr. Cabral's father killed his wife and then himself. Armando Sr. and Leonilde were 74 and 70. They'd been happily married for more than 40 years. But in the months before he murdered his wife, the elder Mr. Cabral had been showing signs of mental illness. He was depressed and said he was hearing voices.

Then, in 2015, Mr. Cabral's partner at work, Halton, Ont., firefighter Trevor McNally killed his wife, Sue NesbittMcNally, and then himself.

"If you said to us that Mark was one day going to go out and murder a bunch of people and commit suicide, we'd be like, 'No. No. Not ever in a hundred years,' " he says. "But people would've said that about my parents, too."

After the crime scene at the Turunen family home was cleaned up, and before the house was listed for sale, Mr. Cabral spent weekends up at the property last summer, helping Hans and Thomas slowly clear out their family's things.

He would catch himself staring off in the kitchen at Raija's cheeky menu sign, thinking back on the many meals he and Mr. Jones had shared there with the family. "We solved the world's problems in that kitchen," he says, shaking his head.

Down the road from the Turunen farm, Mr. Jones's house has sat frozen in time since the massacre. His belongings are still visible through the front windows.

It was only after their family members were killed that Hans and Thomas learned that their mother had reported a sexual assault to the police: Thomas discovered a message she'd sent to a friend on Facebook, after logging onto his mom's account.

They wondered, then, if this tragedy could have been avoided. They wanted to know if police had done enough to protect their mother after she spoke to them and asked the detachment to turn over any evidence they had.

After months of waiting, this past April, the brothers were provided with a video of her interview. Ulla was detailed in her recounting to the officers, Thomas says. She was clearly scared. It was, he adds, devastating to watch.

They've asked for any other documents related to the investigation, but many of their requests were denied on privacy grounds.

"Even though he killed my family, I don't have any right to know anything about him," Thomas says.

They want to know what came of their mother's report.

Was Mr. Jones interviewed? Why was he able to keep his guns after being accused of a violent sexual assault? If a doctor had indeed revoked his driver's licence after his dementia diagnosis, why not his firearms licences as well?

Ironically, Thomas points out, his mother had received a letter from the Chief Firearms Office after her hospitalization in January, 2018, informing her that her firearms licence - which she'd obtained in order to hang on to her father's hunting guns after he died - would require a doctor's sign-off. Firearms licences are supposed to be difficult to obtain in Canada. Thomas argues they should also be difficult to keep.

In response to questions from The Globe, Chief Firearms Officer of Ontario Dwight Peer explained that police reporting policies around firearms-licence holders vary from force to force. But if a licence holder is reported to have sexually assaulted someone, he said that should, when coded correctly, trigger a notification to the CFO.

The CFO can also receive calls from family, friends, neighbours or physicians who have concerns about a firearms-licence holder, he said. These concerns are then followed up on a case-by-case basis. He declined to comment on whether they were notified in this case - or whether any review is being done.

Mr. Lazar recalled that the summer before the murders, Mr. Jones had hauled "two carloads" of firearms and accessories to a gun sale near Orillia, Ont. He said he also had a target range on his property.

The Theorets filed a lawsuit against Mr. Jones's estate last summer, for damages "for the loss of support, care, guidance and companionship sustained by them."

The case continues to churn its way through the courts.

A sister of Mr. Jones, reached by phone, declined to speak with The Globe.

In response to an interview request from The Globe and Mail, the OPP said they cannot comment because they are mentioned (although not named as defendants) in the civil litigation.

"This was a tragic crime and our hearts go out to the families and friends of the murdered victims and the community," spokesperson Carolle Dionne said. "As the matter is before the courts, I am unable to provide further information."

After they sold the family farm, Thomas and Hans bought a house about an hour away, where Hans now lives with Julia Conway and Lily, the dog. Julia is like a sister to them now, the brothers say. She suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder and has not been cleared by her doctor to return to work.

Thomas has since gone back to Taiwan, where he is teaching and working on memoirs about his loss. In the meantime, he and his brother continue to try to get answers.

One morning in March, while Thomas was visiting, the three of them pulled out a box of items they got from the house after the cleaning crew went through. Most of the photos and documents were loose in the box, their picture frames - which had been splattered with blood - removed.

They smile at old glamour shots of Paul, who had modelled for a time - even appearing on the cover of Harlequin romance novels. They finger old photos of themselves as kids, wearing matching outfits, with matching bowl cuts, and playing at the farm while Raija and Olavi look on proudly. They linger over their parents' wedding album and laugh at a more recent shot of their mom, flashing a big smile, with bright pink hair. She'd dyed it spontaneously, just a short time before she died, they said - a classic Ulla thing to do.

"I don't know what would give me closure. I really don't know," Hans says, shaking his head. "I don't want to find out that somebody messed up, or that my mom, you know, could have handled it better or that this guy was just a psycho that went off the rails. There's nothing at this point that could really [make me feel better]. But I want to help somebody in the future ... somehow, maybe, there's a way we can get the word out and help somebody."

There are lessons here, they argue, for victims, for family, for friends, for the general public, for police. There have to be.

With research by Stephanie Chambers

Associated Graphic

Ulla Theoret holds the family dog, Lily, in a family photo.

Ullla, her mother and son were killed in 2018 on the outskirts of Burk's Falls, Ont., in the house built by her parents.

Julia Conway, above left, was the person who discovered Ulla, Raija, Paul and Mark dead at the house in February, 2018. She's struggled with post-traumatic stress disorder ever since, but has also formed a familial bond with Ulla's sons Hans and Thomas Theoret, above right.


Mark Jones, left, sits alongside Jouko Ojanpera and Armando Cabral on a hunting trip. Mr. Jones became friends with Peter Turunen, Ulla's brother, through a mutual love for the outdoors.

Olavi and Raija Turunen, top, and Paul Theoret.


The residents of Burk's Falls, Ont., have struggled to comprehend the tragedy that unfolded on Starratt Road last year.


Wednesday, August 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B14


Baby De Santis has arrived! The proud parents, Nicole and Paul De Santis and big brothers, Rocco and Romeo, are delighted to announce the arrival of Rafael Nicholas De Santis on Tuesday, August 6, 2019 at 5:06 p.m. weighing in at 8lbs., 14 oz. and measuring 53 cm.

The grandparents (nonni): Rocco De Santis of Brampton, Russell Horodelski of Brampton and Josie and John Watson of Thornhill, are absolutely thrilled and are joined by the greatgrandmother (bisnonna), Franca Agueci of Bolton; Uncles: John De Santis of Brampton, Rob De Santis of Innisfil, Matthew Racanelli of Thornhill and Andrew Watson of Etobicoke; Aunts: Natasha Racanelli of Thornhill, Heather De Santis of Innisfil and Jessica Watson of Etobicoke; Cousins: Anica and Ridley Watson, Owen Rice, Lucas and Leo De Santis in wishing Rafael a long, healthy and happy life.

We would like to thank the doctors and nurses at St.Joseph's Hospital for their assistance during the delivery process with special thanks to Midwives: Janice, Stefanie and Sepideh of The Midwife Alliance.


December 17, 1946 August 10, 2019 Margaret died peacefully on August 10. She will be forever loved and missed by her devoted daughter Nhai Nguyen-Beare (Ryan Maleganeas) and her Peterborough sisters, Bernadine Dodge (James Driscoll) and Christine Kearsley (Robert Kearsley). Margaret is also survived by her niece Kathleen Burneau (Gus Burneau) of Toronto, and will be mourned by a host of friends around the world.

Prof. Beare was born in Markham, Ontario and raised on a farm near Agincourt, Ontario. She was educated at Guelph University, (B.A. 1968 and M.A. 1971); Cambridge University, England, (Diploma in Criminology 1974) and Columbia University, NY (Doctor of Philosophy, 1987). Her career in transnational police policy and the study of organized crime began with her role as Senior Research Officer in the Office of the Solicitor General, 1982-1993. She joined the faculty of York University in the Sociology Department with a cross appointment to Osgoode Hall Law Faculty in 1995. She was the Founding Director of the Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption, and remained a faculty member at York until her death.

Margaret is the author of Criminal Conspiracies: Organized Crime in Canada, and numerous edited and co-authored books, and, articles on money laundering, international policing policy, gang violence, and social justice. Her work involved extensive travel throughout South East Asia and South America. Her consultancy work as a leading authority on criminal activity was on-going up until her last illness.

When Margaret wasn't working, or travelling, or spending time with Nhai, she was listening to Leonard Cohen, throwing dinner parties, walking Harley, the latest of several golden retrievers, or relaxing at her cabin on Chemong Lake.

Margaret's family are most grateful for the tender care and support she has received from her friends and neighbours on Major Street, the wider Harbord Village community, and academic colleagues. A memorial to celebrate her life will take place at a later date.

Cremation has taken place.


Deputy Commissioner RCMP (Ret.)

B.Comm (U of AB) October 3, 1930 S askatoon, SK August 10, 2019 Victoria, BC Dave is survived by his wife Amelia of 65 years, daughters Debora of Jasper, Sandra (James Agnel) of Victoria, and sons Robert (Lori Stewart) of Ottawa and William (Carolyn Campeau) of Ottawa. He will be missed by his grandchildren: Michael, Scott, and Shae Lynn of Ottawa, Daniella (Adam Huber) of Kamsack Sask, Thomas and Elizabeth of Ottawa, and Samuel Agnel of Victoria and many nieces and nephews. He leaves behind two sisters Hilda (George Schoepp) of Stony Plain AB and Betty (Dr. Graham Gall) of Davis California.

Dave's early education was completed at Nutana Collegiate Institute in 1948 and he was selected as valedictorian for his graduating class. He became a member of the RCMP on Jan. 11, 1949 and served until January 10, 1984 (35 years). In 1956, he was selected by the RCMP to attend the University of Alberta and in 1959 was awarded his Bachelor of Commerce Degree, with first class standing marks, and multiple achievements of excellence awards. Over his career he was posted in Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia. In 1963, he was commissioned as Sub Inspector and transferred to Victoria BC. While in Victoria he had the privilege of serving Maj/General GM Pearkes VC, Lt/ Gov of BC as a Honourary Aide de Campe for 5 years. He was transferred to Ottawa a second time in 1970 where he served as A/Director of Services and Supply, Director of Services and Supply, Director of Organization and Personnel and Deputy Commissioner Administration. As the Senior D/Commissioner he served as acting Commissioner in the absence of the Commissioner.

He served on Inter Departmental Committees and from 1974-1984 he was a member of the Advisory Committee to the Gov. General for the Canadian Bravery Awards. He is a lifetime member of the Victoria RCMP Veterans Association.

Dave was devoted to his family, church and public service. He strove to improve the quality and nature of the RCMP, and improve the working conditions of the members. Dave was very proud of his home and was an avid gardener in View Royal on Portage Inlet. He was well known with friends and neighbors for his generosity of supplying tomatoes from his 150 tomato plants that he grew annually. In early retirement years he enjoyed daily early morning coffee with his friends at McDonalds, commiserating over politics and world events. Most recently he was proud to receive a multi-generational pin for 3 generations of family service in the RCMP (Dave, William, Daniella).

The Beiersdorfer family would like to extend their gratitude to the staff and management at Highgate Lodge. The generous supportive care given Dave and the family is greatly appreciated.

Funeral Services will be held on Friday, August 16th at the Lutheran Church of the Cross 3787 Cedar Hill Rd. Victoria, BC. At 1:00 p.m. Reception to follow.

In lieu of flowers, you may make a contribution to the Hospice Society.


November 29, 1925 August 7, 2019 It is with great sadness that the family announces the peaceful passing of Bill Bidell in his 94th year at Bridgepoint Healthcare.

Born in Winnipeg, Bill was predeceased by his beloved wife Nell (2008) and his parents, Nicholas (1990) and Nellie (1998) Bidulka. He was the cherished father of Joan, Kathy (Kimball), and Stephen (Cheryl), and loving grandfather of Hannah and Nicholas.

Bill lived a full and wonderful life, engaging in many endeavors beginning with military service in the Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps from 1944-1946, followed by a distinguished career in the Ontario public service as a Civil Engineer, ultimately serving as Assistant Deputy Minister in both Ministries of Transportation and Environment.

Bill was a gifted violinist, beginning his studies at age eight.

He went on to perform with the Chamber Players of Toronto, the North York Symphony, the Scarborough Philharmonic Orchestra, the Tampa Bay Symphony Orchestra, and the Trinity Chamber Ensemble.

Bill also programmed chamber music for the TCE and his own chamber group. He also formed the Bidell String Quartet with members of his immediate family.

Bill was also a golfer, sailor, skier, and curler. He enjoyed travel throughout the world with Nell, winters with family in Safety Harbor, FL, and summers spent in Muskoka.

The family would like to extend their sincere thanks to Dr. Jeff Myers and the entire palliative team at Bridgepoint Healthcare, the doctors and nurses at North York General Hospital, and to Dr.

Claire Nunes-Vaz and all the caring staff at Amica Bayview Gardens.

Cremation has taken place.

A Celebration of Life will be held in the Fall. In lieu of flowers, donations to The Council of Canadians, WWF-Canada, or a charity of your choice would be appreciated.


February 20, 1934 Tuesday, August 6, 2019 Dorothy Faye Boehmer, 85, of Aurora, Ontario passed away peacefully on Tuesday, August 6, 2019.

She is survived by her loving husband of 65 years, James William Boehmer and her children, Mark (Lorrie), Stephen (Jane) and Kimberly (Neil Hindle).

She was a loving sister to Miriam Feaster and a beloved Grandmother to Karyn (Adam Sarginson), Geoffrey, William, Courtney (Bobby Caughey), Jonathan (Ashley), Andrew, Nicholas, Kate, Matthew, Spencer, and GreatGrandmother to Reese.

The family acknowledges with heartfelt thanks the caregivers and nursing staff of Sunrise, Aurora. A Celebration of Life will be held at Chapel Ridge Funeral Home, 8911 Woodbine Ave., Markham.

Date and time to be determined. Online condolences can be made at


Eduardo Cavalcante, beloved father, brother, uncle and friend, passed away peacefully at the Trillium Health Centre on the evening of Wednesday, August 7, 2019 at the age of 74. He found joy and comfort in the simple pleasures of life, and was nurtured by his lifelong love for History, Geography, Mathematics and Science.

He will be deeply missed by family and friends, and will be remembered for his passion for storytelling. Eduardo is survived by his two daughters, Elisabeth and Annelise.


April 13, 1994 Passed away suddenly in Toronto.

Dearly loved and cherished son of Christine and Larry. Beloved brother of Kevin. Predeceased by his grandparents Raymond and Ruth Domleo and Fred and Glenna Foy. Also predeceased by his uncle David Domleo (Karen). Loved nephew of Debra Hopkins (Paul), Catherine Schryer (Franz), Ted Foy (Peggy), Mary Clare Argiropoulos (Constantine), Brian Foy (Colleen), Eileen Foy, Elizabeth Foy and Margaret Foy.

Dan will be fondly remembered by his many cousins.

Daniel was engaging, charming and witty. He sought challenges.

Dan was an intense friend, a passionate chef and an excellent sailor and snowboarder. He bonded closely with his canine and feline companions.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor St.

W., on Saturday, August 17, 2019 from 1 p.m. until time of the Chapel Service at 3 p.m. Cremation has taken place. Interment at Mount Hope Cemetery at a later date.

As an expression of sympathy donations to CAMH, The George Hull Centre or would be greatly appreciated by the family.

Online condolences may be made through Goodbye Dan - we'll always love you.


Sue Greensmith, teacher, world traveler, author died on August 9, 2019 aged 75 after a long illness that she fought to the end.

Sue was born in the small industrial town of Leigh, Lancashire, England.

After marrying Pete in 1967 they moved to Switzerland. Two years later in 1969 they emigrated to Canada. She charmed the clients of a stockbroker and glamorized the reception area, before finding her true vocation as a teacher. Her fondest experience was teaching French at the Joseph Howe Senior Public school.

Sue and Pete traveled the world together and of the many countries they visited, her most enjoyable experience was seeing the wild animals while on safari in Africa. Sue was a strong and highly intuitive person. Pete may have planned and organised but Sue triggered the final decisions, such as going to Canada jobless and buying properties at home and abroad.

Sue became an author in 2015 with her first book, 'The Adventures of Kikera and Sol', loved by both adults and kids. Her second book 'Sark' will be published shortly.

Sue will be deeply missed by her loving husband Pete, her devoted daughter Jackie and husband Jason, son Paul and wife Nancy, grandson Dylan, brother Stuart and family. Her very close friends will also sorely miss her: Jan, Janet, Leila and Howard, Pat and Bob, Sandy, Dave, Chris, Christine, Ron and Janice.

We will all miss her wonderful vibrant intelligence, wry humour, "joie de vivre" and her love of a good argument over a rum and coke. She will leave a big gap in all our lives. All our love to an exceptional human being who loved life and had no regrets.

Her favourite charity was Doctors Without Borders. The funeral ceremony will be at The Chapel of St. James Cemetery, 635 Parliament St. at 1.00pm on August 14, 2019.


1938 - 2019 We grieve the loss of Tony Houghton. Tony passed suddenly at his home in Kingston on August 8, 2019. He leaves behind his beloved wife Dianne, his daughters Sylvie, Stephanie, Catto and Sarah, his grandchildren Veronika, Sienna and Oliver, and his brother Hector.

Born John Michael Anthony Houghton on March 30, 1938 in Manchester, England. He was educated at Repton School in Derbyshire and Selwyn College, Cambridge. Tony came to Canada in the early 1970s as creative director of Ogilvy & Mather and soon built it into the most widely respected creative advertising agency in Canada. He was the first Canadian executive to judge at the prestigious Cannes Advertising festival. He became CEO of Leo Burnett Canada in 1986, and after a brief stint in 1992 as President at Hal Riney and Associates in San Francisco, he returned in 1993 to the head office of Leo Burnett in Chicago as President, U.S. His colleagues adored him, and remember him as a brilliant manager and creative force - he made work fun, and he brought out the best in people.

Tony lived his dreams. He and Dianne sailed the Virgin Islands, lived in the Bahamas and the South of France, and traveled the world. They had only just returned from trips to Nice, St. Petersburg and the Okanagan Valley.

He was never idle. Tony retired initially to the Bahamas, but decided to upgrade and moved to Kingston, Ontario. In Kingston, he devoted his seemingly boundless energy to volunteering with the Kingston Prize, the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes, and writing both novels and plays. His play The Worst Thing You Ever Did won an award for best original script in the Domino Theatre One Act Play Festival just last year.

He was funny, and if he liked a joke, he held on to it for repeated use. He loved to host his friends and family, and showed his love by making elaborate French meals. He relished his time with his growing family - only a few weeks ago he was leaping from the dock at his cottage on Kennebec Lake with his children and grandchildren.

His shout of 'Geronimo!' was as common as the cries of the loons, and will be deeply missed.

He often turned to Dianne at the end of the day to say "what an amazing life we've had."

Oh, and he was ghost writer for Peter Sellers. He would have wanted that included, for sure.

A Celebration of Life will be held Thursday, August 15th at The Kingston Yacht Club from 3 - 6 p.m.


Donald Hilary Kaye passed away peacefully at home on Friday, August 9, 2019. Loving husband of Mary (nee Booth) for 40 years. Son of Augustine Kazimir Kaye, and brother to Rosalie Almond and Bernadette Kaye.

Predeceased by his mother, Mary Frances (Kavanaugh) and his brothers, Lester and Gordon.

A graveside service will take place at 11:00 a.m. on Tuesday, August 27th at Highland Memory Gardens, 33 Memory Gardens Lane, Willowdale. Memorial donations may be made to Epilepsy Canada.


Surrounded by family and friends, Jennifer, affectionately known as Vievers, age 43, passed away on August 12, 2019. She will be forever missed as the beloved friend (37 yrs) and wife (14 yrs) of Wiz and supermom to her 'habibis': Kaiden (age 10), Cole (age 7) and Cooper (age 4). Being a mom is her greatest joy in life.

Jen is remembered as the heart and soul of her family and friends. Jennifer is the beloved daughter of Linda and David Dean, granddaughter to Mildred Cope, sister to Jeff (Caitlin) and John (Cynthia) and as aunt to Max, Sophia and Hadley. Daughterin-law to Huda and Jan Khayat, sister-in-law to Rasha (Aldo) Angel and Eva (Luke) Kyleman and aunt to Madeleine and Naomi Angel and Sahara, Victoria and Jackson Kyleman. Jen is the adored niece of Craig (Wendy), Karin (Mike), Laury (Wendy) and Paula (Steve).

Family and friends mattered the most to Jen. Jen dedicated her entire career to social work, the vast majority at the Children Aids Society of Toronto.

Jen lived by the motto of "Celebrate Everything", and she did with enthusiasm.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville Avenue) from 2:00 8:00 p.m. on Wednesday, August 14th. A Funeral Mass to celebrate the life of Jennifer will be held at St. Bonaventure Church, 1300 Leslie Street, Toronto, M3C 2K9 on Thursday, August 15th at 11:00 a.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations to the Community Share Food Bank at 33 Overland Drive in Don Mills would be appreciated, or reach out to the family for directing funds to the Masibambisane Children Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa where Jen volunteered. Condolences may be forwarded through w w w. h u m p h r e y m i l e s . c o m .

Celebrate Everything


On Monday, August 12, 2019 in his 94th year. Surrounded by his family. Devoted husband for 62 years of the late Burtha Liss and beloved companion for 6 years of Harriet Wolman. Loving father and father-in-law of Alan Liss, Mark and Sharon London Liss, and Howard and Susan Sack Liss.

Greatly missed by his grandchildren David, Andrew, Lana, Charles, Josh, Michael, and Leah. Predeceased by his brother and sister-in-law Irving and Estelle Liss.

We would like to thank the staff at Mount Sinai Hospital for their extraordinary and compassionate care. At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Wednesday, August 14, 2019 at10:00 a.m. Interment Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Memorial donations will be gratefully acknowledged at Reena Foundation Liss Family Endowment Fund, 905-763-8254 ext 3630, or to Henry E. Liss Memorial Fund c/o Mount Sinai Hospital Foundation, 416-586-8203.


Just shy of his 94th birthday, Steve died peacefully on August 11, 2019 surrounded by family in the Palliative Care Unit at St.

Michael's Hospital, Toronto. Steve is mourned by the love of his life, "Breid" (Brigid Conlon of Belfast), children , William (Janice), Patrick (Theresa), John (Catherine), Kit (Randall), grandchildren, Patrick (Kelly), Liam (Jackie), Sean, Caitlin, Eamonn, Rosie, Maggie, Eden, Austin, Ella, Maddie, greatgrandchildren, Tiernan and Maeve and many nieces, nephews and cousins around the world.

Born on a farm in Bruff, Co.

Limerick, Ireland, Steve graduated medicine from the Royal College of Surgeons in Dublin in 1949. As a Captain in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps he served in the Korean War and later in Fort Churchill, MB. He then joined the Department of Anaesthesia at St.

Mike's in Toronto where he gave anaesthetics for more than four decades, was a highly respected teacher and mentor to countless medical students and residents, pioneered spinal anaesthesia and was instrumental in advancing obstetrical epidurals.

A life-long horse racing fan, Steve rarely missed attending The Kentucky Derby and the Queen's Plate. Steve and Breid were founding members of St.

Bonaventure's Parish. They loved to entertain and hosted many celebrations throughout the years. Their endless hospitality and fun-loving nature warmed many hearts.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville Avenue) from 1:00-4:00 p.m. and 7:00-9:00 p.m. on Thursday, August 15th. A Funeral Mass will be held in St.

Bonaventure's Church, 1300 Leslie Street, Toronto, on Friday, August 16th at 10:30 a.m. If desired, donations to St.

Michael's Hospital Foundation, 30 Bond St., Toronto, ON M5B 1W8,, would be appreciated.

Condolences may be forwarded through


Patricia Anne Phin, nee Oliver, passed suddenly and peacefully on August 10, 2019, in her home at Eastbourne, at the age of 83.

Mom was the loving wife of Mike Phin (passed September 2004) and a dedicated and always present mother to Heather Roberts (Johnmark), Vicki Boukydis (Andy), James Phin (Jennine), Susan Young (Eric), Thomas Phin (Sharon).

Dear sister to Susan Nixon and devoted grandmother to Marc, Michelle, Laura (Matt), Sarah, Christopher (Megan), Matthew (Laura), Katie, Andrew, Evan, Patricia, Nikki, Michael and Emily. She was also a wonderful greatgrandmother to Garrison.

A celebration of mom's life will be held at Rosedale Presbyterian Church 129 Mount Pleasant Rd., Toronto M4W 1R5, Friday, August 16th at 11 a.m. In lieu of flowers or donations, please consider being kind to someone who looks like they need it.


On Monday, August 12, 2019, the Most Reverend John Michael Sherlock, DD, ninth Bishop of London, entered eternal life at the age of 93.

Bishop John Sherlock was born in 1926, ordained to the priesthood in 1950, ordained to the episcopacy in 1974, and installed as the ninth Bishop of the Diocese of London in 1978. When he became a Bishop, he chose Omnia et in omnibus Christus as his episcopal motto: "There is only Christ: he is everything and he is in everything" (Col. 3: 11). These words guided him throughout his episcopacy and until his last hour.

Bishop Sherlock was a deeply spiritual man with a keen intelligence, a natural ability to lead, and a joyful sense of humour. A tireless and forward-thinking Bishop, he made important contributions in Catholic education, health care, social justice, pastoral care, and the implementation of changes resulting from the Second Vatican Council. His influence reached across not only the Diocese but across Ontario and Canada. Among his many accomplishments was his organizing the 1984 papal visit to Canada, which led to a longlasting friendship with Pope Saint John Paul II. Bishop Sherlock retired in 2002.

Bishop Sherlock was preceded in death by his parents, Joseph and Catherine (O'Brien); his siblings, Fr. William, James, Fr.Phillip, and Mary (William) Dool.

He is survived by his siblings, Gerald (Bernice), Eleanor (Edward) Monahan, Allan (Anne-Marie), and Catherine Sherlock; along with many nephews and nieces, and great-nieces and -nephews.

Visitation will be at St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica, 196 Dufferin Avenue, London, on Thursday, August 15, 2019, from 1 p.m. until 9 p.m. Vigil Prayers will be at 8:00 p.m. Visitation will continue the following morning, Friday, August 16, 2019 from 9 a.m. until the time of the Funeral Mass at 11 a.m.

The Funeral Mass will be on Friday, August 16, 2019, at 11 a.m.

at St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica.

Burial will be at St. Peter's Cemetery in London.

Arrangements made by John T.Donohue Funeral Home, London.


January 14, 1948 August 9, 2019 It is with great sadness that the family announces the death of Gwyneth "Menna" Weese after a year-long battle with cancer. She passed away on August 9th, at Toronto General Hospital.

She is survived by Bob, her loving husband of 50 years; by her sons, Bryn (Jill) and Dylan (Allison); and her 8-year-old twin grandsons, Kevin and Morgan. Being a grandmother ("Mamgu") was a highlight of her life in recent years - she was always on the lookout for toys or books. She is also survived by family in Wales - cousin Ann, who was like a sister; Ann's husband, Terry; and their children and grandchildren. Menna had close friends in Canada, the U.S., the U.K., and Europe. She will be greatly missed by many.

Menna was born in Carmarthen, South Wales, on January 14, 1948, and raised in Betws, Ammanford.

The only child of Wynford and Margaret Jones, she was a stellar student. She received a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Wales in Aberystwyth, where she and Bob fell in love. She then studied at the prestigious Royal Institution of Great Britain and received her PhD in Chemistry from the University of London.

Menna moved to Canada with Bob in 1972 and enjoyed a successful career as a University lecturer and, later, a senior official in the Saskatchewan, federal, and Ontario governments, mainly in the field of environmental management. In addition to her working life, Menna was very active with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra Volunteer Committee and the residents' association on Baptiste Lake, where she loved spending summers and entertaining at the family cottage.

All who met Menna knew she was a force of nature. Intelligent, capable, confident, lively, and generous, Menna relished social and political debate. A prolific reader, she also loved symphonic music, theatre, and art. In recent years, she and Bob traveled to some of the world's most interesting places.

Menna was very proud of her Welsh roots and returned almost yearly to her hometown. She was fluent in Welsh and loved listening to Welsh singers and choirs.

Cremation has taken place, with a private family service at Turner and Porter's Yorke Chapel in Bloor West Village. A Celebration of Life will be held at The Boulevard Club, 1491 Lakeshore Blvd. W., Toronto, on Monday, September 30, 2 - 5 p.m.

The family wishes to thank all those who cared for and supported Menna through these many difficult months at St. Joseph's, Toronto Western, Princess Margaret, Bridgepoint and Toronto General hospitals. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Canadian Cancer Society or a charity of your choice.

Rest in peace. Tawel orffwys.


On the morning of August 8, 2019, Penny White passed away peacefully surrounded by her family at Campbell House Hospice. Penny was the only child of Garland and Ruth Pidgeon of Chatham, Ontario. Having only one child, she was the centre of their universe. The resulting Chrysalis turned into a lovely Monarch butterfly - the woman we know and love who had the most wonderful smile, and personality to match. Who will forget her homemade birthday cakes, her various hairstyles, her jazzy earrings, her zinger oneliners, the sparkle in her eyes?

She will be most remembered for her generosity, always putting the needs of others before herself.

Penny is survived by her husband, Peter; her children, Peter (Kathleen Meek) and Stephanie (Ryan Sorby); and her much loved grandchildren, Gwyneth White, and Thea and Luke Sorby. Penny had a special connection with young people who gravitated to her, and this was most evident with her grandchildren, with whom she enjoyed a particularly strong bond.

In 1960, Penny moved from the cloistered halls of The Pines in Chatham to London, Ontario, where she took the University of Western Ontario by storm.

Penny came into her own at Western and created a number of friendships that lasted a lifetime.

By the time she graduated, Penny had become a Sister of Phi Beta Phi, a graduate with an Honours BA in History, and an active and well-regarded member of the University Council. To top it all off, Penny was selected from a field of achieving competitors as the Queen of the Arts and Science Ball.

Penny and Peter married in 1967 and made their home in Chaplin Estates. Penny taught history at Sir Sanford Fleming High School and was active at Oriole Park Public School, becoming the President of the Parents Association. She led an active life, playing tennis, skiing, running and kibitzing with various gym groups. Penny became a wellregarded hostess among a group of like-minded friends. These were the "happiest" of times for the White Family who developed many longstanding friendships during their tenure there.

In 2004, Peter and Penny joined the migration to Collingwood where a large number of their friends were moving. A big change from the urban setting to an outdoor paradise. Golf, ski hills and fishing 20 minutes away. New friends to meet. New activities to undertake. For almost 20 years all of this was inspiring and fun.

Then in the blink of an eye this all changed dramatically. In 2017, a routine medical revealed metastatic breast cancer. Penny was an exemplary patient. She never complained and injected humour wherever she could to lessen the strain on those around her. The hordes of friends that made themselves available to drive her to appointments or just share a laugh speaks to the deep connection she made with all those around her.

May you rest in peace my sweet, and perhaps save a smile for us.

Please join us to celebrate Penny's life on Thursday, September 26th from 11 a.m. - 2 p.m. at Bear Estate, 300 Balsam Street, Collingwood Ont, L9Y 0B3.

In lieu of gifts, a donation in Penny's name could be made to Hospice Georgian Triangle.


March 25, 1916 August 14, 2009 In memory of our beloved father and grandfather who left us ten years ago. Always remembered by children, Ann, Peter (Linda) and Paul, grandchildren, Demian (Sue), Samantha, Jennifer and Graham, and great-granddaughter, Aurora.

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