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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


WILLIAM ANDERSON It is with great sadness that the family of William (Bill) Anderson shares the news of his passing on Saturday November 2, 2019 at Oakville Trafalgar Hospital at the age of 71.

Bill will be lovingly remembered by his children Erin Anderson (Michael), Kathryn Anderson (Chris), his partner Carole Betzold and his lifelong friends Nigel and Anne Fuller. Bill will also be missed by his granddaughter Eliza. Bill had a long and rewarding career in urban planning and economic development with the City of Toronto, Province of Ontario and latterly the municipality of Halton Hill, but he very much enjoyed golf and travels with Carole post retirement.

A Celebration of Bill's Life will take place at Kopriva Funeral Home, Lakeshore Rd., Oakville on Sunday, November 17th. Visitation will be at 11:00, with service at noon and reception to follow. A private interment will take place at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, donations to Odette Cancer Centre Sunnybrook Hospital would be appreciated.

JOHN EDWARD BAXTER (Ted) Died peacefully in Stratford, Ontario on November 4, 2019. He was born in Summerside, PEI, on December 9, 1927, the son of the Rev. Harry and Vida (MacCullum) Baxter. He moved frequently with his family from place to place during his early years, and attended high school in Grand Falls, NB, where he was valedictorian of his graduating class in 1944.

He was a graduate of Mount Allison University (BA mcl) and the University of Toronto (MA). He taught French at secondary schools in Port Perry and in North York, at Victoria Park S.S. and Don Mills Collegiate, where he served as head of the modern languages department until his retirement in 1986. In 1980 he was appointed to a oneyear term as the first poet laureate of the City of North York. After retiring, he began working as a free-lance translator. His translations include several novels and short stories by Jules Verne (some previously untranslated into English), a short biography of Canadian poet A.M. Klein, a history of the FLQ, and more than 400 short biographical articles for the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.

Predeceased by his parents and his elder brother Robert, he is survived by his wife Barbara, his sister Dorothy MacLeod (Ian) of Charlottetown, PEI, his son David (Hope) and grandson Cody of Pickering, ON, his son Peter of Stratford, On and granddaughter Ji Won, and his daughter Michelle of Ajax, ON, and grandsons Luca and Liam.

MARY LOUISA BEATTIE, CAIB Peacefully, on Monday November 4 2019, age 65, in Markham, ON, after a brief but courageous battle with cancer. Predeceased by parents, Elizabeth (Beth) Agnes Mary (nee Tremayne) and Allan Leslie Beattie.

Greatly mourned by husband, Tony D'Ambrosio; children, Heather and Mark Plath; and sisters, Elizabeth (James Greenshields), Barbara (Frank Aiello) and Leslie (David Prescott). Ex-wife of Harold Plath. Beloved aunt to Daniel (Emily), Victoria (Mario LaValle) and William Aiello, and Ian and Eric Prescott. Devoted stepmother to Daniel D'Ambrosio (Kimberly), Sarah D'Ambrosio (Christopher Bekiaris), and Nicole Beverley (Kyle), and proud Nana to Lukas, Owen, Charlotte, and Leo. Fondly remembered by many cousins and other members of her extended family.

Mary graduated in 1973 from Brock High School in Cannington, ON, and went on to have a successful career in the insurance business. She retired in 2014 after 28 years with Thomas I Hull Insurance Ltd., having risen to the position of Vice President.

Mary enjoyed nothing better than being at the cottage with family and friends. Fond memories of campfires under the stars will always be treasured.

Heartfelt thanks to all the dedicated and compassionate staff who cared for both Mary and her family caregivers in the Southlake Regional Health Centre and Markham Stouffville Hospital, especially Doctors Trinkaus and Dai, and the nurses in the Palliative Care Units of both hospitals.

Celebration of life on Sunday, November 10, 4:30 p.m., at Chapel Ridge Funeral Home, 8911 Woodbine Ave., Markham, ON. Private burial to take place at a future date.

In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to the Canadian Cancer Society, The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), or another charity of your choice.

WENDY GALE BOARDMAN (nee Burden) The family is very sad to announce the passing of Gale Boardman on October 31, 2019, at the age of 76 in Sarnia, Ontario. Gale, daughter of Isabel and Eaton Burden, is survived by her husband, Wayne and her sister, Jill Mingay and families.

Sadly, Gale suffered from declining health over the past few years. Her delightful sense of humour will be greatly missed by all who knew her.

LOUISE DUPUIS 1929 - 2019 It gives us great sadness to announce that Louise Dupuis passed with peace and grace at the Bradford Valley Community, Bradford Ontario, on Friday, October 25, 2019, at the age of 90, surrounded by her loving family.

Louise was the daughter of Anthime Paulette and Jeanne Meloche.

Louise was predeceased by her loving husband, Hector Dupuis, Sisters, Pauline and Suzanne Paulette, brother, Claude Paulette and her son, Alain Dupuis.

She is survived by her children, Patrice Dupuis (Helen), Sophie Dupuis(Guy), Frederic Dupuis (Pamela) as well as her sisters Denise and Helene Paulette. She was the proud grandmother of Olivier (Malinda), Stephane (Fiona), Veronique, Christian, Daniel, Felix & Jeremy and Great-grandmother of Lincoln and Paxton.

Louise lived a beautiful life with Hector, the love of her life.

She was a devoted and loving mother, grandmother and great-grandmother.

A celebration of her life will take place on Friday November 15, 2019 at 4 p.m. in the Chapel of the: Mont-Royal Funeral Complex, 1297 chemin de la Foret, Outremont, H2V 1P9 (514) 279-6540 http://www.mountroyalcem.com The doors will open at 3 p.m.

to allow friends to offer their condolences to the family prior to the celebration.

In lieu of flowers, if friends so desire, donations can be made in Louise's name to the Alzheimer's & Dementia Society of Canada.

The Family would like to thank the staff at Bradford Valley Community for the wonderful care they provided to Louise.

PAUL ANTHONY FLAHERTY On November 6, 2019, Paul Anthony Flaherty, in his 63rd year, peacefully passed away at his home in Whitehorse, Yukon.

Paul was a loving husband, father, grandfather, son, brother, uncle, friend and mentor to many.

Paul was born in Toronto on January 12, 1957, the eldest of 6, to Christine and Bernard Flaherty, and is survived by his wife Helen of 41 years, children: Michael, Ryan, Courtney and granddaughter Lily, Jaclyn and Jessen, and Craig.

After graduating from the University of Western Ontario in London, Paul's career with Bell Canada carried him across Ontario and Quebec and ultimately to Whitehorse as the President and CEO of Northwestel for the last 18 years.

Paul always encouraged the pursuit of education at all levels and the healthy competition found in sport. These interests culminated into his roles as the Chair of the Board of Governors at Yukon College for six years and the Canada Games Board of Directors for eleven years.

Paul also had an extreme love for the north and discovered it thoroughly by foot, raft, canoe, snowmobile, air and dogsled.

In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Paul Flaherty Bursary at Yukon College, Maryhouse or the Whitehorse Food Bank.

Visitation will be held at Heritage North Funeral Home, 412 Cook St., Whitehorse, YT, on Friday, November 8th at 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m.

Funeral services will be held at Sacred Heart Cathedral, 406 Steele St., Whitehorse, YT, on Saturday, November 9th that 1 p.m. Reception to follow in the CYO Hall.

Interment will be held in Caledon, Ontario at St. Cornelius Church at a later date.

SHARON ANN FRANCIS (née MacIntyre) On Monday, October 21, 2019, surrounded by the love of her family and caregivers, Sharon Ann Francis passed away peacefully at her residence in Toronto, ON after a long journey with Alzheimer's disease.

Sharon brought light and laughter to the world. She was ever optimistic and a true force of energy. Known for her bright smile and warmth, she had tremendous empathy for others and a unique ability to personally connect with people she met. Sharon lived an adventurous and joyful life with her soulmate and husband of 53 years, Dr. Robert (Bob) Francis.

Sharon was born and raised in Sydney, NS with her large, very close-knit family and met Bob at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, NS while she was training to be a nurse. Sharon had a passion for helping others which she had the opportunity to do through a lifetime in the medical profession, as a nurse and partner to Bob as they founded Medcan together in 1987.

Medcan focuses on preventative and exceptional patient care, and today, employs over 500 people and is one of the largest medical clinics in North America.

Sharon's family was always at the heart of her universe.

She was a loving daughter and sister, devoted mother of her two children, and adoring and proud grandmother to her six grandchildren. Coming together for frequent large family gatherings with her siblings, Sharon always brought fun and dance.

Sharon is lovingly remembered and survived by her husband, Dr. Robert Francis, her children and their spouses Shaun (Stacy) and Ashli Paige (David Flueck), and grandchildren, R.J., William, Christopher, Elle, Brooke and John. She will be dearly missed by her siblings, Marcella MacPhail (Walter), Mary Cheryl Berry (Roderick), Angus MacIntyre (Mary Evelyn), her large extended family of in-laws, nieces and nephews, and her ever-loyal canine companion, MacDuff. Sharon is predeceased by her parents, John and Chris MacIntyre, and her infant sister, Maureen Dolores.

A private service to honor Sharon was held in Toronto, ON last week. A memorial service to celebrate her life will be held in the near future.

Sharon suffered from Alzheimer's disease; in 2017 Bob founded the Sharon Francis Institute for Regenerative Medicine (SFIRM), a charity that funds innovative research studies in regenerative medicine. Advances in science funded through SFIRM will be an enduring piece of Sharon's legacy.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Sharon's memory can be made at http://www.sfirm.ca.

MARGARET ELEANOR GIBSON (nee Mackay) May 26, 1924 November 3, 2019 BA Hons (Queens University, Arts 47), Wren (WWII Royal Canadian Navy, Halifax) Margaret Gibson died peacefully at Fairmont Home in Kingston, surrounded by her family, in her 96th year. Loving wife of 40 years to the late Dr. Frederick W.

Gibson, beloved mother of John Gibson (Kimberly Gibson), Sarah Gibson-Bray (Carl Bray) and the late Matthew Gibson. Much loved grandmother to Lauren and Grant Gibson and Emma and James Gibson-Bray.

Margaret had a smile that lit up any room. Raised in Brockville, Kingston and Ottawa, Margaret interrupted her studies at Queen's to serve as a Canadian Wren in the RCN Gunnery Training School in Halifax, during the Battle of the Atlantic. Pursuing a varied career in journalism, Margaret worked latterly as a reporter for the Globe and Mail, before joining her true love Frederick in Kingston, where he was to teach History at Queen's for over 30 years. A devoted daughter, wife, mother, grandma, and loyal friend, Margaret was deeply involved at Queen's, serving on Boards for Faculty Women, Ban Righ and Alumnae/ Alumni, as well as for St. Mary's of the Lake Hospital, Kingston Wrens, and Sydenham Street Church. Gifted with a curious and intelligent mind, Margaret loved children, books, the arts, nature, history, skiing, tennis, dancing, swimming, soft pussycats and a really good cup of tea.

Family and friends will be received at Robert J. Reid & Sons "The Chapel on the Corner", 309 Johnson Street (at Barrie St.)

on Friday, November 15 from 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. Please join us in a celebration of Margaret's life at Sydenham Street United Church, 82 Sydenham Street in Kingston, on Saturday, November 16 at 12 noon.

Memorial donations in Margaret's name may be made to the Frederick W. Gibson Prize in History (Queen's), the Ban Righ Foundation, Sydenham Street United Church or Friends of the Spire Inc.

A special thanks to the staff of St. Lawrence Place and Arbour Heights, Cheryl Foster and Heart to Heart Senior Services, and Dr. Kathie Kilpatrick and the staff of Fairmont Home, for their wonderful loving care and support. Online condolences may be made at http://www.reidfuneralhome.com

KATHARINE GRASS (nee Cochran) On November 5, 2019, just 2 months to the day before her 94th birthday, Katy left us to join our Dad, her husband Ruly (March 11, 2006). As well as her adult children, David (Deb Stephens), Bob and Sarah (Jim Kissick), she leaves six grandchildren, Virginia, Jeff and Will, Patrick and Diane, Doreyjean; and greatgrandchild Honor.

Katy assumed the role of family matriarch, in a long line of Grannie Grasses better known as GG. Daughter of Shrimp, Honor, sister of David Cochran, Katy enjoyed world travel especially to New York to watch her Uncle Hume Cronyn perform on stage and cherished her summers at Camp Tanamakoon. Her time at camp fostered her love of the outdoors. Her school years included Havergal College, Compton in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and Shaw Business College.

She enjoyed athletics including field hockey, basketball and skiing.

Following her father's extraordinary military career, during WWII Katy joined the Women's Royal Naval Service stationed on the east coast of Canada working in aerial photo reconnaissance. During this time, she developed lifelong friends who joined together for world trips and the infamous annual "Claude Balls" Golf Tournament.

Following her marriage to Ruliff, aka Toot, in 1949, she settled in to raise a household and pursue her passions through her volunteer leadership for the Toronto Garden Club Society and the National Ballet School Scholarship Fund. Her plate was full and didn't lessen when they moved to Calgary in 1981 where she created a flower design unit for the Four Seasons Hotel. GG and Toot then moved to Canmore and volunteered for the 1988 Winter Olympics as delegate hosts. GG loved hosting, welcoming with great warmth anyone who needed a place to "crash," loved the mountains of Canmore, skiing, hiking and golfing, never deterred by the bears or cougars. GG and Toot returned to Ontario in 2002, settling in Barrie to be close to friends and family.

Donations to a charity of choice or The Sunnybrook Foundation - Janet Grass Fund would be appreciated.

JASON BRIAN HOWE It is with profound sadness that we announce that Jason Brian Howe passed away in Scottsdale Arizona on July 1, 2019, at 47 years of age. Jason was the dear husband of Kimberly and proud father of Spencer and Madison. He is also survived by his grandmother, Alice Howe, Tillsonburg, ON; parents, Brian and Pat Howe, Lake Wales, FL; Dinah and Don Smart, Blenheim, ON; brother, James and Katherine Howe and daughter, Ella, Oakville, ON; mother-in-law, Jo-Anne Ainsworth Welsh, Toronto, ON; father-in-law, Bill Welsh, Ottawa, ON; and sisters-in-law, Kathryn Welsh, Oakville, ON and Kristine Welsh, Unionville, ON.

Jason was born in London, Ontario where he resided through his graduation from Western University before moving to Toronto, Calgary and Scottsdale.

He lived life to the fullest, filled every room with his enthusiasm and was passionate about his family, health and fitness, music and giving back to his community.

Jason will be forever remembered by his aunts, uncles, cousins and friends. May he rest in peace.

JULIA ANN KEELING (née Woodrow) Julia died peacefully on Sunday, October 20, 2019, after a long struggle with cancer. She was born on November 20, 1949, to the late Barbara and Donald Woodrow. She will be greatly missed by many people including her husband, David; her children and their families - Simon, Miche, Nyah and Cora; Jeremy, Willow and Archer; Nicholas and Tracey; Rachel, Steve and Rosalyn - the extended family, and numerous friends and colleagues.

A Service of Thanksgiving for Julia's life will take place on Saturday, November 9 at 1 p.m.

at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Road, Toronto, with a reception following. There will be a Visitation on Friday, November 8 between 7 and 9 p.m. at Humphrey Funeral Home, 1403 Bayview Avenue, Toronto.

In lieu of flowers, please make a donation either to La Leche League Canada, PO Box 147, Pickering, ON L1V 2R2 or to The Kensington Hospice, 38 Major Street, Toronto M5S 2L1.

CO NSTANCE MARY LANGSTAFF (nee Holland) 97 years young, Connie died peacefully on Sunday, November 3, 2019, at Belmont House.

She was the widow of the late T.

James Barr, W. Douglas Terry and Dr. James R. Langstaff. Mother of Margie Barr (Paul Fisher), Jennifer Barr (Phillip Saunders) and the late Hugh Barr. Nannie of James and Christopher Fisher, Alexandra Wharin and Tessa and Mark Saunders. Sister of the late Hugh Peter Holland.

Connie's children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren were her absolute joy.

Connie was born in Winnipeg and moved to Toronto in 1937. She attended St. Clements School and then graduated from Toronto General Hospital as a Registered Nurse, making lifelong friends along the way. Connie was a born nurse and loved taking care of others.

In 1948, she married Jim Barr and later settled in Thornhill, a community she loved and lived in until 2010. Connie was a wonderful wife, mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, friend and neighbour. She loved entertaining family and friends and her Sunday dinners were legendary. Many turned to her for her wise counsel. When asked, she offered sound advice, but always with love and compassion.

In Thornhill, Connie and Jim raised their children and had a close circle of friends. Their backyard pool was a focal point for informal entertaining, family celebrations - always with several black labradors in attendance and surrounded by Connie's beautiful gardens.

She never forgot a birthday, anniversary, graduation or other individual accomplishment and her small acts of kindness (and delivery of cookies) were appreciated by all.

After being widowed twice, Connie found love again, much to her delight, when she married Dr.

Jim Langstaff. His family was also very special to her.

For the last ten years, Connie lived very happily at Belmont House.

The family would like to thank the outstanding staff at Belmont, her devoted caregivers and her lifelong friend David who visited her every week.

A service for Connie will be held at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street, Toronto on Thursday, November 21st at 2:00 p.m., followed by a reception at the church. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Connie's memory to Belmont House Foundation or The Nature Conservancy of Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

JANE MERILYN LITT (née Hildebrand) December 22, 1927 November 2, 2019 Jane was raised in Toronto and Montreal, the daughter of Dorothea Roper and Edward Hildebrand, along with her brother Bruce. She attended Forest Hill and Bedford Park public schools in Toronto, Trafalgar School for Girls in Montreal (Head Girl, General Proficiency Prize and Latin Prize, 1944), McGill and McMaster universities, then the Ontario College of Education (OCE) in Toronto. At the start of her career she taught English literature at collegiate institutes in Clinton and Picton, Ontario. At OCE she had met Raymond Litt, a former RCAF pilot.

After marrying in 1953, they moved to Vankleek Hill, Ontario, where Ray was a high school science teacher.

They started a family, beginning with David and Andy, then, after they moved to Port Perry in 1957, Paul and Margaret. Their household at 324 Queen Street always included a Labrador retriever of notable personality. Jane taught English in Blackstock, Ontario (which boasted Ontario's smallest high school), then later became the assistant librarian at Port Perry High School. She was active behind the scenes in local causes, including the United Church Women, the campaign to save the old town hall, and the building of the new Port Perry library.

Her home was a welcoming sanctuary where a changing ensemble of neighbours, friends, kids' friends, and assorted others dropped in to visit. Jane's genius was empathy. She instinctively tended to the emotional wellbeing of everyone she knew. She appreciated and celebrated the good things life offered, and, when challenges emerged, was always ready to draw from personal experience or her wide reading a precedent for dealing with them, frequently supplementing it with an apt quotation from a poem. When family or friends were far away, she corresponded prodigiously. In retirement her many grandchildren became the beneficiaries of her emotional and cultural stewardship, learning lessons from Milton without recognizing their provenance. Jane contended with health challenges in her last three years. Prior to that she lived a rich, humane life.

And now the sun had stretch'd out all the hills, And now was dropp'd into the western bay; At last he rose, and twitch'd his mantle blue: To-morrow to fresh woods, and pastures new.

JOSEPH LOBO "Joe" March 12, 1925 August 7, 2019 Passed away peacefully at the age of 94, surrounded by his family in Porvorim, Goa, India. Beloved husband of and survived by his wife of 67 years, Bertha Lobo (nee Remedios, of Saligao, Goa).

Loving and caring father of his children Raymond (Maureen), Edmund (Lydia), Rosalind (Euclid) and Osmond (Sucheta). Loving and delightful grandfather to Christopher, Colin, and CarolAnne, Christabelle, Andrew and Annabelle, Charissa and Chayne.

He lived a long and fulfilled life.

He was born in Mombasa,Kenya and worked in Lira,Kampala and Entebbee in Uganda.

In 1970 he happily retired to his beloved Goa (Saligao and then to Alto Betim). He loved his long, winding strolls, worshipped his wife's cooking and was happiest in the company of family, meals and celebrations.

His life's creed was always, down to earth simplicity and heartfelt conscientiousness in word and in deed. This is his legacy and spirit.

ARTHUR FINLAY MACKENZIE December 6, 1919 November 2, 2019 A loving son, father, husband, brother, uncle and gifted teacher.

Fin was the fifth of seven children born into a missionary family stationed at the British concession in Tientsin, China. He attended the Canadian Academy in Kobe, Japan (1932-1937). As a Flight Officer in the RCAF during WWII Fin served as a navigator stationed in Cumbria, England.

Fin met his beloved wife June at the University of Alberta before continuing his graduate studies at the University of Toronto, Yale and the University of London.

In the 1950's Finlay managed Collette's Chinese Art Gallery in London, England before writing internationally renowned book about Chinese art.

Following June's death in 1960, he returned to Canada with his infant son, where Fin flourished as a muchloved art teacher at Aldershot Secondary School in Burlington, Ontario. In his retirement Finlay was an active member of the University of Toronto's Academy for Life-Long Learning.

A gentleman and a scholar, Fin was unwaveringly passionate about ideas, current events and thoughtful conversation. A talented and creative soul, Fin expressed his ideas by exploring a variety of forms of visual art including landscape painting, pen and ink sketching and pottery.

Finlay was preceded in death by his wife June Mackenzie (née Wiseman) (1924-1960) He is survived by his sister Louise McLean, his son Bill, and numerous nieces and nephews.

MURIEL PATRICIA MACNAUGHTON Our dearest Mom Pat, passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Tuesday, November 5, 2019, at the age of 98, in Toronto, ON. Predeceased by her loving husband of 49 years, Martin Paul Macnaughton (Mac), she was a loving mother of her children: Jennifer (Bill Stensson), Nancy (Rick Hilborn), Heather (Dave Dunphy), Carol (Russ Martin) and James. Proud grandmother (Grammy) to, Erik (Alexis Shand), Anna, Jane, Brita (Jordy Lacko), Ian (Nathalie Newby), Mackie (Shannon Blackman), Lisa (Tyler Laycock), Cameron, Ashleigh, Nicole, and great-grandmother of Mitchell, and Finley. Predeceased by her close siblings, Florence, Roderick, Phyllis and James, and her British born parents, Tracy Deavin LeMay and Florence Muriel Fereday Paget Mayne.

Pat was an accomplished duplicate bridge player, and did crosswords, suduko, and jumble every day. She loved all animals very much. Growing up, there was always a family dog and she cherished the many years she spent as a volunteer for the Toronto Humane Society. She was also an active member and sadly the last member of the Gordon Road Ladies Group, a ladies social group that was active for over 50 years. Pat was fortunate to spend every summer of her married life at our beloved cottage on Lake Simcoe. Her last visit was for our annual Thanksgiving feast 2019, where she was surrounded by her entire family right down to her great grandkids. She was funny, quirky and smart, embraced life to the very end and will be deeply missed by family and friends. The whole family loved her very much.

Services will be held on Wednesday, November 13th at 11:00 a.m. at St. John's York Mills Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Drive, North York, ON M2P 1H3 with lunch following the service. Donations may be made to the Toronto Humane Society at 11 River Street, Toronto, ON M5A 4C2. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

WILLIAM FLEMING MCCORMICK "Bill" Dad lived an extraordinary life that ended on Saturday, October 5, 2019 at the age of 99. He grew up in Galt, and attended The University of Toronto, (Trinity College). WWII interrupted his studies when he enlisted with the 1st Hussars. Upon completing two years of training in England Bill, as Commander of C Squadron, landed on Juno Beach on D-Day.

Although Bill's time in the war was brief, it was historic when he reached the furthest point into enemy territory during the D-Day invasion. Bill was injured less than a week later, but his courage and resilience through the war served him well in life. He was a recipient of the French Legion of Honor for his contribution in the war. He was forever mindful of the many soldiers who did not return home, and he strove to live his life in a way that honoured their great sacrifice.

Returning to Galt, Bill took over the family business from his father and uncle and built Galtex into a thriving textile company. Giving to the community was important to Bill, who became actively involved in the expansion of the Cambridge Memorial Hospital as Chair of the Building Committee.

He served as the Honourary Colonel of the Highland Fusiliers, was a supporter of Central Presbyterian Church and served on numerous boards.

Together with his wife, Marion, they travelled the world, visiting over 60 countries, but the spot he enjoyed most was their family cottage on Little Lake Joseph.

Family was central to Dad, as evidenced at the cottage where all were welcomed including their many friends. Dad enjoyed the outdoors, whether fishing in the North West Territories, hunting at the Griffith Island Club or playing a game of golf at the Muskoka Lakes Golf and Country Club.

Everywhere he went, Bill made friends through his genuine interest in others, his charm and his great wit.

Left to celebrate his life and to take enduring pride and inspiration from his legacy are his children, Elizabeth (David Edmison), Walter (Barbara); his grandchildren, Geoffrey Cardy, Baye Mahoney (Justin), Alexander Edmison (Dana), Jocelyn Edmison, Stephanie Edmison (Eden), William McCormick (Melanie), Maggie and Connor McCormick; and his great-grandchildren, Sophie and Maxwell Edmison and Grayson and Oliver Mahoney.

Remembered also by Cam Joyner.

Predeceased by his beloved wife, Marion (nee Dietrich), and his daughter, Margaret.

The family would like to express their appreciation to the marvelous caregivers who took such wonderful care of Bill; Regie and Joy, Zeny, Glenda and Maricel, Dr. Russell Goldman and Dr.

Jennifer Shapiro and The Temmy Latner Palliative Care Centre.

A celebration of Bill's life will be held at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, November 13th in Timothy Eaton Memorial Church, 230 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto, ON M4V 1R5.

In lieu of flowers, the family would ask that friends consider contributions in memory of Bill to the Juno Beach Centre, McDermott House Canada, or Vets Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

BRUCE SCOTT MCCUBBIN February 22, 1941 - O ctober 29, 2019 Bruce was a force of strength, intelligence and kindness. His wife, Elizabeth will love and miss him always as will his sister, Heather; his children, Jill (George), Beth (Martin), Colin (Katie) and Sally (Clayton); and his grandchildren, Calvin, Pippa, Finn, Alice and Charlie. Bruce will also be missed by brothers-in-law, Bob (Brenda) and David, as well as all his nieces and nephews.

Bruce lead an active childhood in which sports, scouting and academics were significant. At Montreal High, by way of both luck and merit, Bruce was a member of a very special, multi-ethnic group of bright young men, the self-proclaimed 'inner circle', the class of 11B, 1958. Sixty years later, these friends still reunite. They continue to offer companionship, inspiration and care for each other.

An early memorable event in Bruce's life was hitchhiking with his friend Emmett from Montreal to Vancouver, seventeen year olds in their scout uniforms. It took them 4 days.

Bruce ran track, swam, and played basketball and football in high school.

At Mount Allison University in Sackville, NB, he played on the varsity teams.

Bruce met his wife Betty at Mount A. and also made the closest friendships of his life.

Bruce graduated from Mount Allison and Nova Scotia Tech with a degree in Electrical engineering in 1965. The same year, he headed back to Montreal, where Betty was employed at Air Canada, and they were married.

Bruce's professional life was very meaningful to him. He started his career as a Design Engineer at Imperial Tobacco, then held various senior positions with Imasco in both the US and Canada. A highlight was his term as President of Collegiate Sports and during this period he travelled extensively.

Time with his family was equally important. March break holidays, and New Year's skating parties with the old Mount A friends were annual family traditions. While living in Montreal, they summered at Lac Castor in the Laurentian Mountains with Bruce's parents and sister. More recently, he enjoyed curling with family and friends at the much-anticipated annual Christmas event.

In 1984, life at the Stony Lake cottage began, and many new and dear friends were made. Bruce was a warden at St Peter's on the Rock church, where his son Colin later married Katie, the daughter of another family on Stony.

In 1997, Bruce joined Moosehead Breweries in Saint John NB as President and COO and later became CEO. Working closely with the Oland family was one of the high points of Bruce's career.

Bruce served as Chairman of Mount Allison's Board of Regents. He truly enjoyed participating on the Boards of family-owned Maritime companies: Oxford Frozen Foods, Acadian Seaplants, Coast Tire and Ganong Bros.

Reluctant to leave, his last board meeting with Acadian Seaplants was in August 2019.

As Megan Grant wrote, in an article on the Olympics: "Good Sportsmanship is about winning with integrity and losing with grace. It's about respecting someone who beats you. It's about giving your all, playing fair, and walking away from the game with your head held high - regardless of whether you won or lost." The principles of sportsmanship informed Bruce's life and he passed down this philosophy to his children.

Bruce and Betty cherish their grandchildren, who arrived in 'two waves' Calvin, Pippa and Finn over 20 years before now three- and four-year-olds, Charlie and Alice. For the past 7 years Bruce has persevered, living with Parkinson's, never complaining. His spirit and influence never diminished.

He will be dearly missed by his wife and family. He was a hard-working and enthusiastic husband, brother, father, friend and colleague. A celebration of his life will be held in the New Year at Stony Lake.

GEORGE S.B. MOAD June 3, 1946 - October 31, 2019 George finished his earth walk when his big heart stopped beating.

George was a large man with a kind and generous heart, who lived his adventuresome life with gusto. A great friend to many, he was always 100% on duty, available 24/7, if they needed him.

Born in a now historically designated log cabin in Bourlamaque, Quebec, he and his older brother, Arthur (who survives him), lived in Mexico and Washington State before the family settled in Thetford Mines, Quebec.

George played drums in a rock band in Montreal and raced cars, which undoubtedly lead to his early and profound hearing loss. George moved to Ontario at the time of the FLQ Crisis.

Throughout most of his working life he was an entrepreneur. He travelled across Canada pioneering the then new media of "mall posters" in shopping centres. His survival after being speared and impaled in his car while driving along the west bound 401 early one rush hour morning was amazing - he then restarted his business against all odds. George was very determined, persistent and focused.

George believed that service to others was the best gift one could have in life. George was the driving force behind the 10th Toronto Cub Pack (at Christ Church Deer Park) in the late 70s/early 80s. As the Akela, his larger than life personality brought an immense sense of energy and excitement to the boys and leadership team, attracting them from throughout the neighbourhood. The pack was one of the strongest in the entire region. Monday night meetings, special outings and weekend camping trips were infused with his combination of fun-loving joie-de-vivre, no-nonsense drive to do things well, and great humour. He helped shape the lives of hundreds of boys and many still talk fondly about this big figure from these seminal growing-up years.

He was active in the Toronto Junior Board of Trade and the Toronto Jaycees. For the 1970 Grey Cup George arranged for Anne Murray to be its Honorary Chief Parade Marshall. He was involved in many projects such as the Santa Claus Parade and Policeman of the Month. With his insight and innovative thinking he could get anything done. The typing school he initiated for unemployed women in Regent Park was a huge success. Being named worldwide Jaycee Senator # 20451 was a shining moment in all his long list of accomplishments.

He was an expert networker. Armed with a rolodex of business cards from everyone he ever met, he thought nothing of approaching people who might normally have never given him the time of day. He had a real knack of connecting people in need with the right people to help. In retirement he continued his volunteer work - Meals on Wheels, Bob Rumble Centre for the Deaf - always wanting to make a difference and do things for others less fortunate. He had a special fondness for vets, the elderly and the personal success and growth of many young people. He was active in the Kerry Blue Terrier Club of Canada, serving on the Board, assisting with Rescue, doing hospitality and motoring to dog shows in Canada and the US.

He had a true love for politics both in Canada and the U.S. Although never shy about sharing his opinions, he was always open to well thought-out opposing views. He was a tireless supporter of local politicians whom he thought deserved his time, energy and good will. He was a great storyteller - people loved to listen to his tales - an engaging conversationalist and an attentive host who enjoyed parties, celebrations and having fun.

He was laid to rest in a private burial, wearing his Patton t-shirt with the theme from the movie "Patton" playing. A pair of doves circled the grave as his wife, Louise Lang, and their Kerry Blue, Betty Boop, looked on.

Donations to Speaking of Dogs Rescue, P.O. Box 8058, RPO Hurontario, Collingwood, ON L9Y 0H1 https://www.speakingofdogs.com/ or an animal charity of your choice would be appreciated. Please say a little prayer for George so that his soul can safely journey back to the light. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

THEHONOURABLE J. EDGAR SEXTON P. Eng . , LLB, QC .

Peacefully at his Brockville home on November 1, 2019, at the age of 83 with his family by his side. Beloved and devoted husband of Rosemary for 40 years. Cherished father and stepfather to Chris Sexton (Wendy Daniels), Jennifer Sexton (Pierre Binette), Stephanie Black (Mark Youngman) and Robin Black. Predeceased by his son, Tim. Loving grandfather to Jack, Gillian, Lindsay, Laila and Chloe.

Born in 1936 to George Beaumont Sexton MD and his wife, Irene (Griffith) of London, ON. Brother of Peggy MacKay and Barbara (Patrick) Munroe. Brother-in-law of Judy (Paul) Rivard, John (Deborah) Robinson and Minette Ross (Peter). Fond uncle of many nephews and nieces.

Edgar Sexton was one of Canada's foremost litigators. After obtaining an Engineering Degree at Queen's in 1958, he graduated in 1963 from the University of Western Ontario Faculty of Law founded several years earlier by Dean Ivan Rand whom he regarded as his first mentor. He articled at McCarthy's under renowned counsel John J. Robinette but chose to return to London, ON, his hometown, with his then young family to practise with a two-man firm. He returned to Toronto within a few years to join the McKinnon McTaggart law firm led by Bert McKinnon. When Justice McKinnon was appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal, Edgar Sexton left the firm to become counsel for Holden Murdoch. Several years later he was offered the job of head of litigation for Osler Hoskin where he worked for over two decades, becoming Chairman and Senior Partner of the firm. His clients included the Irving family of New Brunswick, the Federal Government and many large international corporations. While he was at Osler, the firm expanded to open offices in Calgary, New York, London, Paris, and Hong Kong. He was appointed to the Federal Court of Appeal in 1998 and served on the bench until 2011 when he turned 75. For the next few years he did mediation and arbitration work for JAMS and also consulted with the Canadian government.

Justice Sexton was a kind, thoughtful and measured man. He treated everyone he met with the same courtesy and respect, no matter who they were or where they came from. In his personal interactions, he had a calm, unruffled demeanour and a lovely amiable nature. Yet in the courtroom he could be a fierce and unyielding opponent. Once he took on a legal brief, he pursued it meticulously, fearlessly and relentlessly. With his strategic focus and logical, practical brain, he had an uncanny ability to distill vastly complicated cases into a few simple basic principles. He loved to work with his juniors and help them learn and he, in turn, learned a great deal from them. He had a self-deprecating sense of humour and loved to tell stories, sometimes the same ones more than once.

For many years he and Rosemary travelled the world, latterly on cruise ships. Golf was a favourite pastime and they were members of the Brockville Country Club, the Mid Ocean Club in Bermuda and the Longboat Key Club in Florida where he recorded his only hole-in-one. He also belonged to the Toronto Club and the Caledonian Club in London, England. Antique mahogany boats were another hobby and he spent many happy hours roaring around Charleston Lake in his 1941 Chris Craft named After Taxes. He also owned a dippy (disappearing propeller boat) called Empty Pockets but sold it after more than a few engine malfunctions left him stranded at the mercy of the elements.

Historic houses were another interest of his. He took great pleasure in his Rosedale residence (the Laura Secord house) on Castle Frank Road, and in Thornton Cliff, his thirty-room stone house, circa 1855,complete with slate roof and turret, located on the St. Lawrence River in Brockville. He and Rosemary also lived in scenic Rockcliffe Park, Ottawa during his time as a judge and spent six months a year at their house on Longboat Key, an island off Sarasota, FL.

One of his favourite places to be was Fisher Island on Charleston Lake, a 55-acre island acquired at the turn of the century by his grandfather, who did so by paying off the $100 tax bill of an indigent friend. Watching sunsets from the cedar deck of his cottage, a Scotch in hand, brought him much inner peace and contentment up to his last summer. In his final years, he suffered from advancing dementia. However, even as his memory declined, he never lost his sweet personality which, if anything, became more flexible and docile as he aged. As his mind weakened and his body failed and was racked with pain, he chose assisted dying before he could deteriorate any further and become a burden to his family. Words cannot describe the hole in our hearts that remains without his calm, steadying and blessed presence to guide us.

Arrangements are entrusted to the Irvine Funeral Home, 4 James Street East, Brockville. Messages of condolence may be sent online to www. irvinememorial.com. A gathering to honour Justice Sexton's memory will be held in Toronto at University of Toronto's Faculty Club, 41 Wilcocks Street, on May 7, 2020 from 1:30 to 5 p.m.

WAYNE LEO NARD LAING SIMMONS M a rc h 1 7, 1 92 0 N ove m b e r 7, 2 01 9

With infinite sadness, the family of Wayne Leonard Laing Simmons announce his passing on November 7, 2019, in his 100th year.

Cherished husband of the late Harriet Cronk Simmons. Dearly beloved father of Jane Calder (Dr. Iain Calder), Ottawa, Kathryn Burns (Dr. Robert Burns), Belleville and Dr. Maureen Simmons, Belleville. Adored grandfather of Bruce Calder (Patricia Calder), Andrew Calder (Christy Doucet) and James Calder (Jessica Fontaine), Ottawa; Robert Burns (Casey Sharp) Ottawa; Dr. Kathryn Burns (Robert Hellyer), Calgary and Christopher Johnson, Toronto. Proud greatgrandfather of Logan and Claire Calder; Ethan and Alex Calder; Sam and Asher Calder; and Blaire, Hugh and William Burns.

Trenton, Ontario was his home for his entire life. He graduated from Albert College in 1939. During World War II, he served in the Royal Canadian Navy in the North Atlantic. In February 1947, he was a member of the first Veterans' class to graduate from the University of Toronto with a BPharm. At the time of his father's death in 1954, he took over the family business, Simmons Pharmacy. After the store was tragically destroyed in a 1978 fire, he became a pharmacist owner for Shoppers Drug Mart, making its Trenton pharmacy one of the most successful in Canada.

He loved to travel but most of all he loved his cottage property on Lake Ontario where he enjoyed his time with family and friends.

There will be a private graveyard service. Visitation will be held at the Trent Port Marina on Saturday, November 16th from 1 to 4 p.m. Donations to his favourite charity, The Salvation Army, or to the Trenton Memorial Hospital Foundation would be appreciated.

The family gratefully acknowledges the exceptional and devoted care of his many caregivers in his later years, including Dr. Andrew Forbes and Dr. Joseph Campbell; Mary Jane Cunningham and Lisa Johnson. The family deeply appreciates the care given by Dr. Nadia Knarr, Dr. David de Grace and the wonderful staff at Trenton Memorial Hospital.

He was a kind, thoughtful and generous man who always made one smile. We are blessed to have had him in our lives.

For online condolences, please visit http://www.quintecremationservices.com

ANNE NOREEN SIMPON (nee Lelliott)

Peacefully on Monday, October 28, 2019 at St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, in her 88th year. Beloved wife of "Jack", Walter John. Daughter of the late Doris and William Lelliott. Loving mother of Maureen (Almos Tassonyi), Richard (Karen), Nancy (the late Douglas Austin), Jacqueline (Douglas Whitten) and the late Christopher (Kimberly Cail). Cherished grandmother of Craig (Kim), Bryan (Jenny), Lindsay (Mike), Michelle, Meghan (Jason), Marin (Joshua), Carleigh, Nicole (Ryan), Rory and Stephen. Devoted greatgrandmother of Matthew, Nora, Jordan, Xander, Liam and Harper. Sister of John (Vivian) Lelliott and the late William (the late Ada) Lelliott. Sister-in-law of Shirley (the late Paul) Simpson, the late Eilean (the late Harold) Carlaw, the late Shirley Seguire, and Bill Sequire. Anne will be sadly missed by her many nieces, nephews, cousins, extended family and friends.

Alongside Jack, she not only raised a family but built a very successful telecommunications business throughout their 68 years of marriage. She loved to travel and did so extensively with family, business and later accompanying Jack around the world for international and commonwealth fly fishing competitions. Together they made many friends across Canada and around the globe. Anne was an avid gardener, and took pride in her many plants, flowers and deck tomatoes.

A memorial service will be held on Saturday, November 9, 2019 at 1 pm at MacCoubrey Funeral Home, 30 King St. E. in Cobourg followed by a reception in the Funeral Home Reception Centre. With heartfelt thanks to Dr. Steven McLellan, Dr. Naresh Kumar, Dr. R. Chisholm, the many staff at St. Michael's Hospital who cared for Anne, and especially to Dr. Akshay Bagai, for his attentive and compassionate care for the past two years. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Heart and Stroke Foundation or to the charity of your choice would be appreciated. Condolences received at http://www.MacCoubrey.com

ROBERT PAUL SINGER April 26, 1926 November 2, 2019 Bob passed away peacefully with his wife of 72 years and family by his side. He was predeceased by his parents, Hazel and Joseph and brothers, Marshall (Betty) and Stuart (Rosalie). He will be dearly missed by his wife, Dickey (Mary- Susanne); sons, Tom (Joanne) and Peter (Cathie); and grandchildren, Carolyn (Brian), David (Karrie), Scott (Mia), Jennifer (Philip), and Jeffrey (Michelle). He was the proud Great-Grandfather of ten - William, Caleb, Liam, Teddy, Ana, Charlotte, Madeline, Leo, Olivia, and George.

Bob lived a full life in his 93 years. He was a graduate of Upper Canada College (1943) and the University of Toronto, Engineering (4T7) where he enjoyed membership of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. He built up a remarkable business and was proud to see his two sons and grandsons continue the 107 year-old family business legacy with Reinhart Foods and Thomas, Large and Singer. In his spare time he enjoyed curling (their team was a member of the exclusive 8-ender club!), golf, volunteering, and travel.

Bob was a gregarious man, building a wide circle of friends whether that was in Toronto, Lake Simcoe, Naples, Florida, or during his and Dickey's many international trips. Bob often jokingly referred to his love for dogs over people and had many dogs and granddogs over the years. He was very close to all of his Grandchildren - he took each on their first big trip, sparking their love of travel; never missed an important milestone event; or any opportunity to spend time with family.

Granddad, you will be deeply missed but we treasure the amount of time that we had with you. We hope you are with your beloved dogs and have finally found the "price of coal in Kukaramunga."

A private family service has been held. The family would like to thank the Integracare Team, Doctor Victor Cellarius and Doctor Russell Goldman from the Temmy Latner Centre and so many others who lovingly assisted in his care. In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate donations to Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital Foundation, the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care or a charity of your choice.

BERNARD STAIMAN (Bernie) Passed away peacefully on Friday, November 8, 2019 at Bridgepoint Health. Beloved husband of the late Shirley Staiman. Loving father of Deborah, and Scott Staiman. Dear brother of the late Saul, and Sam Staiman, and Rose Gold. Loving Poppa of Eli (Lauren), Yael (Rob), A.J., and R e b e c c a . D e a r g r e a t - grandfather of Brooks. A graveside service will be held on Sunday, November 10th at 2:00 p.m. at Beth Tzedec Memorial Park, 5822 Bathurst Street. Shiva at 112 Hillsdale A v e n u e W . , T o r o n t o . Memorial donations may be made to Mt. Sinai Hospital Foundation 416-586-8203 or Bridgepoint Palliative Care 416-461-8252 ext 2771.

ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara. After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas. As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director o f B u s i n e s s E d u c a t i o n Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara P e n i n s u l a , i n c l u d i n g secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place. Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

DR. HELLE TUPHOLME (nee Solu) B.Sc., DDS 1944 - 21019

Beloved wife, cherished mother and grandmother, Helle passed away peacefully at her home in Niagara-on-the-Lake on October 30, 2019. Helle will forever be remembered by her devoted husband, Brian; her son, Michael and his wife, Meghan; her daughter, Kristi Ellenzweig and her husband, Jonathan Ellenzweig; as well as by her adored grandchildren, Paige and Brooke Tupholme and Heidi and Leo Ellenzweig. Helle also leaves her brothers, Peter Solu of Toronto and Mart Solu of Sarasota, Florida. Helle was born in Helsinki, Finland to parents Paul and Agnes Solu, who had fled from Estonia to Finland during the late stages of World War II, and who moved shortly thereafter to Sweden. In the early-1950s, Helle and her parents moved to Canada, settling in Toronto. There, Helle attended Swansea Public School and Humberside Collegiate Institute. She then obtained a B.Sc. degree at the University of Toronto before enrolling in the Faculty of Dentistry, also at the University of Toronto, receiving her DDS degree in 1971. Over the following thirty-seven years, Helle practiced dentistry in Toronto, opening and running several offices where she cared for a large and devoted following of patients. In addition to her practice, Helle was a part-time faculty member at the University of Toronto's Dental School and served on several committees at the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario. In Toronto, Helle and Brian were long-time residents of the Baby Point area where they enjoyed an active social life and where they raised their children, Michael and Kristi. Helle was actively involved in the Estonian Community in Toronto. Notably, in the early- 1990s, Helle, along with other members of the Estonian-

Canadian dental community of Toronto, made multiple trips to Estonia, taking with them dental supplies and leading instructional seminars while there, with the aim of helping to modernize the Estonian dental profession. Helle had many interests; she was an avid skier, loved travel, became an expert knitter in her later years, and she particularly loved spending summers with her family at their Georgian Bay island cottage. She loved to entertain and her culinary skills were legendary amongst her friends. Helle retired from dentistry in 2008, following which she and Brian moved to Niagaraon- the-Lake, where they made many new friends and enjoyed the community. In the last several years, Helle's health deteriorated somewhat, limiting her mobility, but being as determined as she was, she faced these challenges head-on.

A celebration of Helle's life will take place for family and friends prior to the end of the year - date and details to be announced. In lieu of flowers, donations in Helle's name may be made to The Estonian Foundation of Canada, The Kidney Foundation of Canada and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.

Arrangements entrusted to Morgan Funeral Home, 415 Regent St., Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON. Memories, photos and condolences may be shared at http://www.morganfuneral.com

DR. CICELY WILSON April 3, 1926 November 3, 2019

In her 94th year passed away peacefully. Predeceased by Art Wilson, and her sister, Myra. Loving mother of Janet, Helen and David, cherished mother-inlaw to Fernand, Michie, Paul, and Joanna, and proud grandmother of Amanda, Lucas, Marlow, Martine, Hilarie, Jesse, Amanda, Kathleen and Kayla. Great grandmother to Henry, Evan, James and Shea.

A strong, determined, yet elegant woman, Cicely was a pioneer. Born in London, England, she received her veterinary training at the Royal Veterinary College as the Second World War raged. After leaving war-torn England, she became the first woman veterinarian in western Canada. She quietly faced any barriers by proving she could do the job better than any man. Her plans to return to England changed when she met the debonair and charming Arthur. She was finally swept off her feet when Art proposed at the farm and confirmed his belief in the family. She opened her own clinic in Richmond Hill beside the church where she married Art, followed by three decades of practice at the renowned Secord Animal Hospital and at St. Clair Animal Hospital in Toronto.

Cicely's dedication, discipline and patience inspired her family to be creative and hard working. Cicely was so very proud that her daughter Helen and her granddaughter Kathleen both followed in her footsteps - three generations of female veterinarians.

Cicely and Art enjoyed an active 54 year marriage with a rich network of friends, and dancing, music, laughter and always a 5 o'clock vodka and scotch. They were never far from a tennis court and a golf course. Tennis for Cicely was a passion. She was on many inter-county teams, and played into her 80s. Her drop shot was wicked. She always said that her lifelong friends were made through tennis. She golfed to be with Art, but was talented enough to become the Senior Ladies Champion at Donalda Golf Club.

Like her golf shot, Cicely was straight as an arrow. She was ever fair, direct, independent, and intelligent. Yet she was curious with a broad world view and a good sense of humour. The family skied enthusiastically during the winter and treasured the annual family reunion each summer in Muskoka. She became our family matriarch after Art passed away.

In her later years, she enjoyed the warmth of the Arizona sun during winters and her passion became bridge. She proudly played five days a week in her Dunfield home with her bridge friends.

Mum always said getting old is not for sissies. Too true. The Dunfield residents and staff always treated Dr. Wilson with kindness, patience and respect. Florie Coish welcomed her to the Dunfield and Lawrence was a true friend to the end. A huge thank you to Jean, Yvonne, Malou, Gladys, Lemelyn, Grace, Luci, Clara and Eden for their loving care of Mum in her last days. The responsiveness of Dr. Amos and the Temmy Latner palliative team made it possible for mum to stay in her home for this last journey. Thank you all, from the bottom of our hearts.

In celebration of Cicely's life, please join us on Saturday, November 16, 2019, 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the Dunfield Retirement Residence, second floor, 77 Dunfield Ave., Toronto. In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the Ontario or Toronto Humane Society would be gratefully appreciated.

TONY YUKSEEN YAU March 13 1938 November 1, 2019

Our heavy hearts announce his sudden death. Brilliant PhD chemical engineer and the innovator of the deinking process for recycled paper. Loving husband of Cecilia (Heung) for 53 years, adoring and proud father of Deirdre and her husband Richard, and special playmate and cuddler to grandchildren Evan and Camilla. Forever loved and missed.

In lieu of flowers, please consider a memorial donation to the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. Visitation: Saturday November 16, 2019 from 9:30 a.m. - 10:30 a.m.

Holy Cross Catholic Funeral Home. Funeral service: Saturday November 16, 2019 at 10:45 a.m. Chapel of St. Joseph - Holy Cross Catholic Funeral Home.

ERIC BLITSTEIN Februrary 21, 1952 November 12, 2009 210th Yahrzeit

Forever in our hearts, Mom, Paula, Chana, Nina and your 13 grandchildren. Jonathan, Adam, cousins, friends, Future Electronic colleagues & LCC classmates.

JOHN SELTZER Born London, England March 17, 1927 - Died Toronto, Ontario November 10, 1993 Freeman of the city of London Sadly missed, lovingly remembered

Vaping firms flout marketing rules to target young Canadians
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It's illegal for Canada's new nicotine barons to sell their wares with lifestyle advertising or kid-friendly flavours - yet with the help of social-media influencers and viral posts, many do, Carly Weeks reports
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By CARLY WEEKS
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A8


Birthday-cake flavoured vaping liquid. Instagram influencers paid to run contests sponsored by the e-cigarette industry. Pop-up lounges featuring young, attractive models giving out vape samples.

E-cigarette companies are targeting young people in Canada through advertisements that promote flavours, make health claims and push lifestyle benefits - all of which, critics say, flouts federal laws meant to prevent the promotion of vaping as a desirable activity for young people. It is an aggressive marketing push that federal regulators are struggling to stop, even as the rates of youth vaping climb.

E-cigarettes were legalized in Canada as a less harmful alternative to smoking, but as a condition, laws were put in place to help ensure the products didn't fall into the hands of young nonsmokers.

Under federal law, companies can produce any flavour they want, but they aren't allowed to promote varieties that could appeal to young people, defined as younger than 18, such as those that taste like candy, dessert or soft drinks. It's also against the law to engage in any lifestyle advertising, use testimonials or promote nicotine products using people, characters or animals.

But an investigation by The Globe and Mail found companies are advertising e-cigarette flavours that taste like ice cream, cookies and candy. They are paying social-media influencers to promote products and hold product giveaways. At pop-up events staffed by glamorous models, they are distributing vaping samples and encouraging visitors to pose with Instagram-friendly backdrops. The most flagrant abuse occurs on social media, where companies rely on viral campaigns, testimonials and powerful influencers to attract new customers.

Health Canada representatives say they have have significantly increased compliance and enforcement activities around the sale and promotion of vaping products. In an e-mailed statement, a department spokesperson said inspectors seized more than 60,000 non-compliant products from specialty vape shops and convenience stores between July and October. Inspectors visited about 1,000 locations during that period.

More than three quarters of the specialty vape shops inspected by Health Canada were selling and promoting products that violate federal law, according to spokeswoman Maryse Durette. The most common violations were promoting child-friendly flavours and using testimonials to promote products. Under federal law, testimonials include any promotions that feature people, characters or animals.

Inspectors aim to visit 3,000 retailers by the end of the year.

The department also has a unit that focuses on online retailers and so far, it has done 68 inspections.

Members of the e-cigarette industry interviewed by The Globe say they are complying with federal rules and are committed to ensuring their products don't end up in the hands of minors.

The industry says their target market is existing adult smokers.

"The majority of our membership ... they're very responsible, they're complying with the act completely," said Charles Pisano, vice-president of the Canadian Vaping Association, which represents more than 300 retail and online vaping businesses in Canada.

But for public-health researchers and anti-smoking advocates, the marketing effort is déjà vu.

They say a new generation is becoming addicted to nicotine by the same techniques that sold cigarettes decades ago, before authorities were forced to act. "They have used the exact same playbook that the Big Tobacco companies have used for many years to appeal to young people, using colourful icons and using attractive good looking models," said Andy Tan, a researcher at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute who studies the impact of tobacco marketing.

The size of Canada's e-cigarette market is difficult to calculate (the global market is valued at $14-billion), but uptake has been significant in the 18 months since nicotine vaping products became legal. In an investor presentation delivered in March, British American Tobacco, the parent of Imperial Tobacco Canada, said nearly 100,000 Vype devices were sold in Canada in 10 months, and about 60,000 Juul devices.

Of greater concern is who is using the products, some health experts say. Nearly 40 per cent of 16to 19-year-old Canadian teens reported trying e-cigarettes in a recent survey, and nearly one in 10 said they vape weekly.

In response to what the U.S.

Food and Drug Administration has called a youth vaping epidemic, the agency has launched investigations into the marketing practices of Juul, the top-selling vape brand in the United States, and has promised to crack down on the industry. Some public health experts are urging Canadian regulators to follow the U.S.

example by first enforcing and then expanding marketing restrictions. They argue a full ban on flavours and advertising are urgently needed to slow the spread of the industry.

"The products and the way they're marketed is appealing to young people in North America.

You don't have to be a researcher or a rocket scientist to figure it out," said David Hammond, a public health researcher at the University of Waterloo and one of Canada's top vaping experts.

"When I see the marketing in Canada, I would say if [the industry's] intention has been to target adult smokers, it has been a very poorly executed campaign."

Four years ago - before the growth in teen e-cigarette use and the outbreak of vaping-related lung disease - a parliamentary committee warned the federal government that the entry of ecigarettes into the Canadian market threatened to undo decades of progress in tobacco control.

In order to stop young people and non-smokers from becoming addicted to e-cigarettes, the committee told the federal government to adopt a series of regulatory measures to limit the access and appeal of e-cigarettes, including a ban on flavoured vaping products, a cap on nicotine levels and stringent advertising restrictions.

But when the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act came into effect in May, 2018, the federal government decided to let e-cigarette companies advertise and use a variety of flavours. The industry, which has invested heavily in lobbying efforts, had argued that advertising and use of flavours were key to winning over existing adult smokers and helping them quit.

Health Canada states on its website that vaping is a lessharmful alternative to cigarettes.

Some physicians and health groups support the idea that ecigarettes could be an effective harm-reduction option for smokers. Tobacco-related illnesses kill an estimated 100 Canadians a day, according to the federal government.

Still, health experts warn the long-term effects of vaping are unknown. And young people are particularly vulnerable to nicotine addiction because their brains are still developing and sensitive to the effects of addictive drugs. Once hooked, young people are also vastly more likely to continue nicotine use into adulthood.

"Those of us in public health would like to see vaping become an off-ramp for adult smokers," said Robert Jackler, a surgeon and professor at Stanford University who studies tobacco marketing.

"Instead, it's become a heavily travelled on-ramp for nicotinenaive teenagers."

Concerns have also been stoked by the outbreak of severe lung disease associated with vaping products that has been linked to 39 deaths and more than 2,000 illnesses in the U.S., as well as a handful of cases in Canada. While most of the illnesses and deaths are tied to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) vaping products that were purchased on the black market, the illnesses have cast a pall on the entire industry and prompted calls for regulators to take immediate action. Now, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is planning to introduce a ban on flavoured e-cigarettes.

While much of the attention on e-cigarette promotions have focused on billboards, transit ads and convenience store promotions, the Globe analysis shows that much of the marketing is happening where it's harder to track: on computers and smart phones.

Liam Gunther, who goes by the handle "Chufflord" on Instagram, is a Calgary-based influencer who has nearly 50,000 followers on the platform. His near-daily posts feature him doing "smoke tricks" with vapour clouds, posts about new e-liquid flavours and product promotions or giveaways. On his Instagram feed in mid-November, he was running a contest with Stig Canada, a vape brand owned by U.S.

company Vgod Inc., that will give away free products to users who follow him and the company on Instagram and who tag their friends in a comment under the post. On Friday, there were nearly 900 comments on the post.

Federal rules state that it is illegal for companies to use people in any vaping promotions. Mr.

Gunther, who is 21, declined an interview request. Stig Canada and Vgod didn't reply to questions from the Globe.

Tamara Balazsovits, a 26-yearold professional model and social-media influencer based in Toronto, said she was approached earlier this year by an agency working with Canadian ecigarette company Stlth to promote its brand on Instagram. Ms.

Balazsovits says her Instagram account's analytic information shows most of her 41,000 followers are ages 18-24, although some are younger than 18.

On its website, the company invited people to apply for its influencer program, saying "you get paid by advertising Stlth products to your audience on your blog, website, newsletter, search landing page." The statement was removed after the Globe and Mail asked the company about the program. Stlth provides influencers with a unique product link and offers them 20 per cent of all sales processed through the link.

Ms. Balazsovits says Stlth asked if she smoked and whether she was interested in vaping.

While Ms. Balazsovits smoked for a short period in high school, she is not a current smoker or vaper and told the company that Stlth, which says on its website that its products are designed to "give adult smokers a viable alternative to traditional tobacco," recruited her for a sponsored post anyway. She posted the ad on her page on June 14. In it, she is holding a Stlth e-cigarette and wearing a bra with a blazer, a cloud of vapour coming out of her mouth.

Ms. Balazsovits, who did not disclose the compensation she received from Stlth, said she typically charges companies $200 to $1,000 for a social-media post, and the amount depends on the work involved. Now that so many stories have emerged about the health risks of e-cigarettes, Ms.

Balazsovits said she regrets the ad and would not work with an ecigarette company again.

In an interview, Stlth chief operating officer Mark Hamdan said the company had hired external marketing firms to run its Instagram account. But after reviewing their activities a few months ago, Stlth severed ties with those firms and shut down its own Instagram account.

VanGo Vapes, an e-liquid manufacturer based in B.C., runs a social-media influencer program that requires people to complete several "tasks," such as Instagram posts, each week. On its website, the company says it receives hundreds of applications a week. The program is so popular that VanGo Vapes has created a "prospector" program, under which potential influencers buy a package of merchandise to promote on social media. If the posts are successful enough, the individual may become a paid influencer. To qualify, the company says prospectors must have a strong picture style, maintain good engagement on social media and have a high number of followers and wholesale referrals, among other criteria.

The company also has a series of testimonials on its website, which are said to be prohibited under federal law.

Saadiq Daya, chief executive officer of VanGo Vapes, said in an interview that the influencer program was suspended a few months ago, although in mid-November it was still being promoted on the company's website.

VanGo Vapes used to pay influencers, he said, but the company has since moved to providing free products. "We've put it all on hold until we can get full clarification on what's allowed, what's not allowed," he said.

E-cigarette companies are also creating pop-up marketing experiences designed to be shared on social media channels.

In August, Imperial Tobacco Canada, which sells the Vype e-cigarette brand, hired a design firm to create a 3,400-square foot outdoor installation on King Street West, one of Toronto's busiest downtown streets. The installation, which was for ages 19 and older, featured young models hired to help distribute product samples, a lounge area and Instagram-friendly neon signs. Similar events were held throughout the summer in Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary and London, Ont., according to numerous Instagram posts. Dozens of socialmedia users shared photos of themselves at the pop-up events, with lush plants and neon signs in the background.

Health Canada shut down a similar event at Toronto's Yonge and Dundas Square earlier this year, telling a reporter it violated rules against lifestyle advertising, and the use of testimonials or endorsements. According to federal law, "lifestyle" is advertising that links a product to a way of life that includes glamour, recreation, excitement, vitality, risk or daring.

Eric Gagnon, head of corporate and regulatory affairs with Imperial Tobacco Canada, said he does not believe the company has broken any rules with its recent promotions.

"A lounge is not lifestyle [advertising]," he said. "We've created an environment that enables us to talk about our product with adult smokers or vapers if they're interested in hearing about it."

Mr. Gagnon said Health Canada inspectors visited most of the pop-ups and allowed them to continue operating.

At the August launch party for Relx, a major Chinese e-cigarette brand that has just arrived in Canada, prospective distributors and buyers were invited to try the product "while interacting with influencers." Guests at a trendy downtown Toronto venue were treated to "fancy cocktails and artistic finger foods" at an event, "reminiscent of a late-summer garden party," according to the website of Fervent Events, which organized the event. The company's co-founder flew to Toronto from Hong Kong for the event and was on hand as organizers gave out the evening's grand prize: a five-day trip to Turkey.

Relx did not respond to an interview request.

VapeVine, an online e-liquid store that also has a bricks-andmortar location in Windsor, Ont., has numerous social-media ads featuring people enjoying themselves. One ad posted last month features a man vaping with a glass of what appears to be Scotch in his hand. The caption under the photo reads, "The weekend is here. Let the good times roll!"

In response to questions about its use of lifestyle advertising, Vape Vine sent an e-mail statement saying the company has begun an internal audit process.

"Anything that could be misinterpreted as not being product-informative will be systematically removed," the statement said.

A survey this fall by SmokeFree Nova Scotia found that 96 per cent of 16- to 18-year-olds who use e-cigarettes prefer flavoured vape juice. Nearly 60 per cent of female vapers in that age group said flavours were the aspect of e-cigarettes they like the most.

DashVapes, which describes itself as the largest independently owned e-cigarette retailer and e-liquid manufacturer in Canada, sells an entire category of products under a "sweets and desserts" banner on its online store.

One flavour is described as a "delicious blend of mini donuts, covered with cinnamon and sugar," another is "a delicious marshmallow cookie," while another is described as "praline maple pecan ice cream." The DashVapes website notes some flavour names have been changed because of federal law. For instance, Vanilla Ice Cream is now "Van IC".

A picture of an ice cream cone was removed from the product's label earlier this month.

Shai Bekman, president of DashVapes, said he believes companies are free to describe products in any manner they wish, as long as child-friendly flavours do not appear on product labels.

"An adult needs to know what they're going to be vaping," Mr.

Bekman said.

Enticing-sounding flavours aren't hard to find online.

In September, River City Vapes, an e-cigarette store in Edmonton, posted a promotion on Facebook and Instagram for a peanut butter cup and caramel cheesecake e-liquid. Canada Vapes, an online vape store and e-liquid manufacturer in London, Ont., published a post on Instagram and Facebook in early November promoting a holidaythemed gingerbread cookie vaping flavour. The post says the eliquid is "a combination of molasses and ginger to create the perfect seasonal delight." Neither store responded to questions from The Globe about the promotion.

A study published earlier this year by Dr. Jackler at Stanford University found that Juul Labs, one of the largest e-cigarette companies in the world, engaged in similar tactics to appeal to young people. The company held numerous pop-up sampling events featuring colourful designs and lounge spaces that were attended almost exclusively by young people. Juul also heavily promoted its flavours and ran numerous advertising campaigns using words such as "satisfying" - language that has long been used in tobacco marketing to encourage people to give in to their nicotine cravings and continue using the products, Dr. Jackler said.

Juul has since suspended all advertising in the U.S. because of government scrutiny and growing criticism, although the company still advertises in public places in Canada. The Globe stopped accepting e-cigarette ads this summer amid concerns about vaping-related illnesses in the U.S.

Some Canadian companies are also creating Instagram posts that suggest vaping has health benefits and that play down potential risks. For instance, e-liquid manufacturer Canada Vapes shared a post in October that says "vaping is less harmful than smoking," citing the federal government. But federal law explicitly prohibits any health claims in vaping promotions. Canada Vapes did not respond to an interview request.

"What we're seeing are classic, tobacco-type promotions that make the product cool and attractive to youth," said Rob Cunningham, senior policy analyst with the Canadian Cancer Society.

Decades ago, tobacco companies heavily advertised their products using bright colours, cartoon mascots and photos of attractive young people in their promotions. For years, the industry said the ads were designed to target existing smokers and encourage them to switch brands.

But in 1998, secret documents from seven major tobacco companies were made public as the result of a legal battle. The documents described how companies knowingly targeted young people as "replacements" for older smokers, who would eventually die from tobacco-related causes.

For instance, a 1978 memo from the Lorillard Tobacco Company simply read "the base of our business is the high school student."

As evidence emerged in the early 1960s linking cigarettes to lung cancer, emphysema and other serious health problems, governments across Canada started adopting a series of increasingly tough restrictions on tobacco marketing and accessibility.

In the 56 years since Canada's federal health minister first publicly stated that smoking causes lung cancer, the country has become a world leader in tobacco control. Canada was the first country to mandate graphic health warnings on cigarette packages and ban all flavours except menthol in cigarettes and little cigars. Today, laws prohibit the display of tobacco products in retail stores. And this month, new rules that require plain packaging for all tobacco packages take effect.

Meanwhile, e-cigarette companies use language borrowed from the cigarette industry's decadesold playbook. This past August, Imperial Tobacco Canada posted an ad on its Facebook and Instagram pages for its Vype e-cigarette brand with the text "Quiet.

Smooth. Satisfying." Around the same time, JTI Canada posted a social-media ad for its Logic e-cigarette brand that said, "Our Intense French Berry flavor will have you coming back for more!"

In an interview, Mr. Gagnon said "satisfying" can help existing smokers understand that vape products can help with nicotine cravings. Caroline Evans, head of corporate affairs for JTI Canada, said the company targets adult smokers and is committed to reducing youth uptake.

Mr. Cunningham said examples of these types of promotions highlight the need for an outright flavour and advertising ban.

"It demonstrates how inadequate the current provisions are," he said. "These companies are engaging in doublespeak and they cannot be trusted with promotion when they're engaging with obvious illegal promotions that involve people and lifestyle messages."

Mr. Pisano of the Canadian Vaping Association said he believes most member companies are in compliance with federal law. Mr. Pisano added that while companies aren't allowed to call flavoured vaping products by any name that would be appealing to children, such as bubble gum, his understanding of the law is that companies can still use those flavours and give them innocuous names, such as "sunset."

Mr. Pisano said, according to his interpretation, federal rules only prohibit companies from promoting child-friendly flavours on product labels and that companies can freely use any language to describe product flavours online, for instance.

For Nicolas Dupont, marketing messages and the availability of sweet, fruity flavours led him to try e-cigarettes while he was in high school. Now, the 18-year-old CEGEP student in Gatineau still vapes regularly, as do the majority of his friends. "People that have never thought of smoking suddenly just vape like it's normal and like it's cool, and I find it kind of sad," he said.

He said it's a common occurrence to be out with a group of friends and for everyone to have a vaping device. Unlike smoking, which forces most people outside in the cold and leaves a lingering smell on clothes and hands, teens can vape anywhere, virtually undetected. "I know a lot of my friends just sit in bed and vape and vape and vape. Their parents won't necessarily find out unless they walk in the second they do it," Mr. Dupont said.

As reports of vaping-related deaths and illnesses started to emerge in recent months, Mr. Dupont started to re-evaluate e-cigarettes and is trying to cut down.

But, as with many of his friends, he's been unable to quit.

"The first thing you notice is that the addiction was more clear and more pronounced as soon as we started. We could just be sitting anywhere and vaping," Mr.

Dupont said.

Kevin Kaardal, superintendent of B.C.'s Central Okanagan School District, understood how serious youth vaping had become earlier this year, when schools had to call ambulances for students experiencing nicotine overdoses on three separate occasions. Symptoms of nicotine poisoning include vomiting, nausea, rapid breathing and an increase in blood pressure.

In October, Mr. Kaardal sent a letter to parents, warning them any e-cigarette products found on school property would be confiscated and suggesting they speak to their children about the dangers of vaping. The district has seen plenty of middle school students using e-cigarettes. "In rare cases, even students as young as ... Grade 5," said Mr. Kaardal, who points to flavours and increasingly small, sleek devices that resemble flash drives as lures for young people.

"I struggle to understand how [the industry] can say they're only trying to target adults when they have candy flavoured vape or e-juice," he said. "They're making [e-cigarettes] in shapes that would fool somebody. It's very hard to detect."

Every day for the past few weeks, hundreds of thousands of commuters passed by a wall-to-wall, floor-to-ceiling advertising campaign for Vype e-cigarettes in Toronto's Union Station. Unlike its social-media feed, the ads don't boast about the availability of fruit flavours or the device's ability to satisfy. The campaign focuses on the quality and safety of Vype e-cigarettes, a response to growing public concerns over the reports of illnesses and deaths linked to e-cigarettes in North America. The ads state Vype doesn't contain THC or vitamin E acetate, which have been implicated in the U.S. outbreak of vaping-related lung disease.

The campaign is part of a wider industry-led effort to counteract the growing health concerns of vaping in the eyes of the public, as well as federal and provincial regulators that have the power to crack down on the industry.

In September, several e-cigarette companies, including Juul, Imperial Tobacco Canada, which sells the Vype e-cigarette, and JTI Canada, which sells the Logic vape brand, joined forces to launch the Vaping Industry Trade Association (VITA). Each of the six founding members have pledged to contribute $100,000 every year for three years to help promote the industry.

The Canadian Vaping Association (CVA), launched a GoFundMe appeal on Sept. 27 for a public-relations campaign in response to growing concerns that flavoured vaping products are leading to rising youth vaping rates. "Flavours are not to blame," the fundraising page says. The campaign has raised more than $225,000 so far.

VITA and the CVA both want to improve the public's perception of vaping, but they each have different goals. While the CVA is focused on preventing a crackdown on flavours, VITA is lobbying the federal government for the right to promote the health benefits of e-cigarettes compared to tobacco.

The group says it is essential companies be able to communicate their message to adult smokers.

"The way the regs are, we can't talk about harm-reduction value," said Daniel David, president of the organization. "It's perceived we are using it to help sell the product or whatever, but it's factual information. It does need to be out there."

In fact, Health Canada is considering allowing vaping companies to promote the health claims on product labels. Last fall, department representatives conducted a closed consultation with industry members and other stakeholders over the proposal to let e-cigarettes carry labels stating they are a less harmful alternative to cigarettes. The proposed promotional statements include, "Switching completely from smoking to e-cigarettes will reduce harms to your health," and, "If you are a smoker, switching completely to vaping is a much less harmful option."

Public-health experts say such a move would be a serious mistake that could exacerbate the unfolding vaping crisis.

"The problem with advertising is that it reaches youth and it reaches ex-smokers and non-smokers," Mr. Cunningham said. "They simply shouldn't be advertising."

Federal and provincial governments each have the power to bring in new e-cigarette rules. As provincial regulators wait for Health Canada's next move, some are responding to mounting concerns by introducing new restrictions.

On Thursday, B.C. announced it is increasing the tax on vaping products, will ban flavours that could appeal to children, cap nicotine levels and restrict public advertising for vape products. Last month, Ontario said it will ban vaping ads in gas stations and convenience stores as of Jan. 1, 2020, while Nova Scotia's government said it will consider a ban on e-cigarette flavours. Some provinces, including Quebec and Manitoba, have already banned most forms of e-cigarette advertising. Quebec also bans online sales of e-cigarettes to minors and is seen by many tobacco control advocates as having the strongest e-cigarette legislation in Canada.

Health experts say the patchwork of provincial rules highlights why strong federal regulations are needed.

In February, Health Canada signalled it will move to further restrict many forms of e-cigarette advertising, including promotions in public places where young people could be exposed to them, such as shopping malls, public transit and parks, broadcast media during, before or after children's programs and childoriented websites. In April, Health Canada held a public consultation on other possible restrictions, such as prohibiting certain flavours and capping nicotine levels.

It's unclear whether any proposed restrictions would apply to social media platforms not specifically oriented to children, including Facebook and Instagram. It's also unclear when or if any of these rules would take effect.

At the University of Waterloo, Dr. Hammond is preparing to release a new set of data that he says shows the youth vaping problem is only getting worse.

But provinces that have adopted tough marketing restrictions, such as Quebec, are seeing a slower increase in youth vaping rates, Dr. Hammond said.

"I don't think we have the time to waste and wait," said Sandy Buchman, president of the Canadian Medical Association. "Youth vaping is a public health crisis and we need the action now."

Associated Graphic

Tamara Balazsovits is a social-media influencer with 41,000 followers on Instagram. She says she now regrets having agreed to a sponsored post this summer for the Canadian e-cigarette company Stlth.

CHRISTOPHER KATSAROV/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Student Nicolas Dupont of Gatineau is trying to cut down on vaping, so far without much success.

JUSTIN TANG/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B21


DEATHS MARY LOUISA BEATTIE, CAIB Peacefully, on Monday November 4 2019, age 65, in Markham, ON, after a brief but courageous battle with cancer. Predeceased by parents, Elizabeth (Beth) Agnes Mary (nee Tremayne) and Allan Leslie Beattie.

Greatly mourned by husband, Tony D'Ambrosio; children, Heather and Mark Plath; and sisters, Elizabeth (James Greenshields), Barbara (Frank Aiello) and Leslie (David Prescott). Ex-wife of Harold Plath. Beloved aunt to Daniel (Emily), Victoria (Mario LaValle) and William Aiello, and Ian and Eric Prescott. Devoted stepmother to Daniel D'Ambrosio (Kimberly), Sarah D'Ambrosio (Christopher Bekiaris), and Nicole Beverley (Kyle), and proud Nana to Lukas, Owen, Charlotte, and Leo. Fondly remembered by many cousins and other members of her extended family.

Mary graduated in 1973 from Brock High School in Cannington, ON, and went on to have a successful career in the insurance business. She retired in 2014 after 28 years with Thomas I Hull Insurance Ltd., having risen to the position of Vice President.

Mary enjoyed nothing better than being at the cottage with family and friends. Fond memories of campfires under the stars will always be treasured.

Heartfelt thanks to all the dedicated and compassionate staff who cared for both Mary and her family caregivers in the Southlake Regional Health Centre and Markham Stouffville Hospital, especially Doctors Trinkaus and Dai, and the nurses in the Palliative Care Units of both hospitals.

Celebration of life on Sunday, November 10, 4:30 p.m., at Chapel Ridge Funeral Home, 8911 Woodbine Ave., Markham, ON. Private burial to take place at a future date.

In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to the Canadian Cancer Society, The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), or another charity of your choice.

PAUL ANTHONY FLAHERTY On November 6, 2019, Paul Anthony Flaherty, in his 63rd year, peacefully passed away at his home in Whitehorse, Yukon.

Paul was a loving husband, father, grandfather, son, brother, uncle, friend and mentor to many.

Paul was born in Toronto on January 12, 1957, the eldest of 6, to Christine and Bernard Flaherty, and is survived by his wife Helen of 41 years, children: Michael, Ryan, Courtney and granddaughter Lily, Jaclyn and Jessen, and Craig.

After graduating from the University of Western Ontario in London, Paul's career with Bell Canada carried him across Ontario and Quebec and ultimately to Whitehorse as the President and CEO of Northwestel for the last 18 years.

Paul always encouraged the pursuit of education at all levels and the healthy competition found in sport. These interests culminated into his roles as the Chair of the Board of Governors at Yukon College for six years and the Canada Games Board of Directors for eleven years.

Paul also had an extreme love for the north and discovered it thoroughly by foot, raft, canoe, snowmobile, air and dogsled.

In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Paul Flaherty Bursary at Yukon College, Maryhouse or the Whitehorse Food Bank.

Visitation will be held at Heritage North Funeral Home, 412 Cook St., Whitehorse, YT, on Friday, November 8th at 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m.

Funeral services will be held at Sacred Heart Cathedral, 406 Steele St., Whitehorse, YT, on Saturday, November 9th that 1 p.m. Reception to follow in the CYO Hall.

Interment will be held in Caledon, Ontario at St. Cornelius Church at a later date.

SHARON ANN FRANCIS (née MacIntyre) On Monday, October 21, 2019, surrounded by the love of her family and caregivers, Sharon Ann Francis passed away peacefully at her residence in Toronto, ON after a long journey with Alzheimer's disease.

Sharon brought light and laughter to the world. She was ever optimistic and a true force of energy. Known for her bright smile and warmth, she had tremendous empathy for others and a unique ability to personally connect with people she met. Sharon lived an adventurous and joyful life with her soulmate and husband of 53 years, Dr. Robert (Bob) Francis.

Sharon was born and raised in Sydney, NS with her large, very close-knit family and met Bob at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, NS while she was training to be a nurse. Sharon had a passion for helping others which she had the opportunity to do through a lifetime in the medical profession, as a nurse and partner to Bob as they founded Medcan together in 1987.

Medcan focuses on preventative and exceptional patient care, and today, employs over 500 people and is one of the largest medical clinics in North America.

Sharon's family was always at the heart of her universe.

She was a loving daughter and sister, devoted mother of her two children, and adoring and proud grandmother to her six grandchildren. Coming together for frequent large family gatherings with her siblings, Sharon always brought fun and dance.

Sharon is lovingly remembered and survived by her husband, Dr. Robert Francis, her children and their spouses Shaun (Stacy) and Ashli Paige (David Flueck), and grandchildren, R.J., William, Christopher, Elle, Brooke and John. She will be dearly missed by her siblings, Marcella MacPhail (Walter), Mary Cheryl Berry (Roderick), Angus MacIntyre (Mary Evelyn), her large extended family of in-laws, nieces and nephews, and her ever-loyal canine companion, MacDuff. Sharon is predeceased by her parents, John and Chris MacIntyre, and her infant sister, Maureen Dolores.

A private service to honor Sharon was held in Toronto, ON last week. A memorial service to celebrate her life will be held in the near future.

Sharon suffered from Alzheimer's disease; in 2017 Bob founded the Sharon Francis Institute for Regenerative Medicine (SFIRM), a charity that funds innovative research studies in regenerative medicine. Advances in science funded through SFIRM will be an enduring piece of Sharon's legacy.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Sharon's memory can be made at http://www.sfirm.ca.

ROBB WARREN HINDSON C.A.

FEBRUARY 5, 1960 NOVEMBER 2, 2019 Much beloved and admired son of Mary Christine Hindson and Donald C. Hindson, survived by his sister, Donna Leslie and brother in-law Mark Opzoomer, aunts, uncles and many cousins.

Robb was a graduate of Markham District High School, obtained his HBA from the University of Western Ontario and received his C.A. designation under the tutelage of Clarkson Gordon.

Shortly thereafter, he joined the firm of Jones Gable (now Leede Jones Gable Inc.) where he remained for over thirty years as its Chief Financial Officer during which time he earned the respect and admiration and enjoyed the comradery of his partners, business associates and staff. As a proud and committed partner, he continued to offer advice and opinions from his bedside.

What drew him away from work, was the call of the north, his passion for skiing, snowmobiling, boating, cottaging and nature in all its forms. His dedication to nature and preserving the shoreline of Muskoka Lakes in their natural habitat was evidenced by his presidency for several years of the Lake Rosseau North Association and as Treasurer of the Muskoka Lakes Association. He was, for many years, a member of the National Yacht Club where he enjoyed sailing, a member of the Muskoka Lakes Golf and Country Club and Craigleith Ski Club where he was a regular with his dad or mother Saturday mornings and with his ski buddies the remainder of the weekend. In spring and fall, his favourite activity was transplanting trees at his Grey County farm, his property on Lake Rosseau and his treasured island in Temagami. In Toronto, he was actively involved and proud to serve many years as Treasurer for The Duke of Edinburgh's International Award Canada.

His family would like to extend their thanks to Drs. Doherty, Nolan, Lau and the respective teams at Sunnybrook Hospital who enabled him to regain his health for a few months so he could enjoy his friends, family, cottaging, boating and visiting his island in Temagami. They would also like to thank Drs. McLachlin, Prebble and Plume and the nurses at Collingwood General and Marine Hospital and Campbell House who kept him comfortable in his last weeks as well as the countless friends and relatives whose visits both at home and hospitals inspired him to fight on until cancer finally took its toll.

A private family service has been held and a Celebration of Robb's life will be held at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Muskoka Conservancy, 47 Quebec Street, Bracebridge, Ontario P1L 1P8 or to the Collingwood General and Marine Hospital, 459 Hume Street, Collingwood, Ontario L9Y 1W9.

Arrangements entrusted to Fawcett Funeral Home - Collingwood.

EDNA "TED" HOBSON (nee Kirk) Tireless volunteer, former president of ACW (Anglican Church Women), WWII munitions worker, war bride, crossword puzzle enthusiast, NASCAR fan, and general mover and shaker who amazed and ran circles around all those who knew her, passed peacefully with her terrific care team at Orchard Villa Long Term Care in Pickering on Wednesday, November 6, 2019 in her 100th year.

Beloved wife of the late George Earnest 'Ernie.' Cherished daughter of the late Fred Kirk and wife, Marie (nee Whittaker). Loving mother of Stuart Hobson and Daphne FitzGerald (Brian). Nana to Casey FitzGerald (Chris Steers), Kevin FitzGerald (Elizabeth) and Simon FitzGerald. Super-Nana to Thomas FitzGerald and honorary grandmother to countless more.

Ted had a remarkable life filled with good friends, good stories and good cups of tea.

A Celebration of Ted's life will be held on Tuesday, November 19th at two o'clock at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street (NW corner of Yonge & Heath). In lieu of flowers, donations to Parkinson Canada in memory of her late son-in-law, Brian FitzGerald or The Hospital for Sick Children would be appreciated.

JASON BRIAN HOWE It is with profound sadness that we announce that Jason Brian Howe passed away in Scottsdale Arizona on July 1, 2019, at 47 years of age. Jason was the dear husband of Kimberly and proud father of Spencer and Madison. He is also survived by his grandmother, Alice Howe, Tillsonburg, ON; parents, Brian and Pat Howe, Lake Wales, FL; Dinah and Don Smart, Blenheim, ON; brother, James and Katherine Howe and daughter, Ella, Oakville, ON; mother-in-law, Jo-Anne Ainsworth Welsh, Toronto, ON; father-in-law, Bill Welsh, Ottawa, ON; and sisters-in-law, Kathryn Welsh, Oakville, ON and Kristine Welsh, Unionville, ON.

Jason was born in London, Ontario where he resided through his graduation from Western University before moving to Toronto, Calgary and Scottsdale.

He lived life to the fullest, filled every room with his enthusiasm and was passionate about his family, health and fitness, music and giving back to his community.

Jason will be forever remembered by his aunts, uncles, cousins and friends. May he rest in peace.

JULIA ANN KEELING (née Woodrow) Julia died peacefully on Sunday, October 20, 2019, after a long struggle with cancer. She was born on November 20, 1949, to the late Barbara and Donald Woodrow. She will be greatly missed by many people including her husband, David; her children and their families - Simon, Miche, Nyah and Cora; Jeremy, Willow and Archer; Nicholas and Tracey; Rachel, Steve and Rosalyn - the extended family, and numerous friends and colleagues.

A Service of Thanksgiving for Julia's life will take place on Saturday, November 9 at 1 p.m.

at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Road, Toronto, with a reception following. There will be a Visitation on Friday, November 8 between 7 and 9 p.m. at Humphrey Funeral Home, 1403 Bayview Avenue, Toronto.

In lieu of flowers, please make a donation either to La Leche League Canada, PO Box 147, Pickering, ON L1V 2R2 or to The Kensington Hospice, 38 Major Street, Toronto M5S 2L1.

VANDA KILPEN February 14, 1928 November 5, 2019 It is with deep sorrow we announce the death of Vanda at Meaford General Hospital.

Her partner Ann Cox, her family and friends will greatly miss her Joie De Vivre. Vanda's long and eventful life was characterized by her warmth, laughter and sense of adventure. A celebration of her life will be held at the Marsh Street Centre in Clarksburg on Wednesday, November 13th from 1 until 3 p.m. with refreshments provided. In recognition of the exceptional care provided by Dr. Sauriol and the staff, donations to the Meaford Hospital Foundation would be appreciated and may be made through the Ferguson Funeral Home, 48 Boucher St. E., Meaford, ON N4L 1B9 to whom arrangements have been entrusted.

http://www.fergusonfuneralhomes.ca No need for tears, I am at peace My soul is now at rest There is no pain, I suffer not For with your love, I was blessed MURIEL PATRICIA MACNAUGHTON Our dearest Mom Pat, passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Tuesday, November 5, 2019, at the age of 98, in Toronto, ON. Predeceased by her loving husband of 49 years, Martin Paul Macnaughton (Mac), she was a loving mother of her children: Jennifer (Bill Stensson), Nancy (Rick Hilborn), Heather (Dave Dunphy), Carol (Russ Martin) and James. Proud grandmother (Grammy) to, Erik (Alexis Shand), Anna, Jane, Brita (Jordy Lacko), Ian (Nathalie Newby), Mackie (Shannon Blackman), Lisa (Tyler Laycock), Cameron, Ashleigh, Nicole, and great-grandmother of Mitchell, and Finley. Predeceased by her close siblings, Florence, Roderick, Phyllis and James, and her British born parents, Tracy Deavin LeMay and Florence Muriel Fereday Paget Mayne.

Pat was an accomplished duplicate bridge player, and did crosswords, suduko, and jumble every day. She loved all animals very much. Growing up, there was always a family dog and she cherished the many years she spent as a volunteer for the Toronto Humane Society. She was also an active member and sadly the last member of the Gordon Road Ladies Group, a ladies social group that was active for over 50 years. Pat was fortunate to spend every summer of her married life at our beloved cottage on Lake Simcoe. Her last visit was for our annual Thanksgiving feast 2019, where she was surrounded by her entire family right down to her great grandkids. She was funny, quirky and smart, embraced life to the very end and will be deeply missed by family and friends. The whole family loved her very much.

Services will be held on Wednesday, November 13th at 11:00 a.m. at St. John's York Mills Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Drive, North York, ON M2P 1H3 with lunch following the service. Donations may be made to the Toronto Humane Society at 11 River Street, Toronto, ON M5A 4C2. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

JUNE KATHLEEN MUIR June Kathleen Muir (nee Pinaud) passed away peacefully on November 5, 2019 at age 93 in Toronto, Ontario. June was born on June 9, 1926 to Victor and Kathleen Pinaud in Montreal.

June was predeceased by her son, James Muir (Mary Muir).

She is survived by her children, John Muir, Kathleen Young (Paul Young), Tom Muir (Pat Muir), June Ntazinda (Franco Ntazinda), Jocelyn Saunders (Blair Saunders) and her 10 grandchildren.

June was an avid learner who in her later years enjoyed learning about new technology, medicine and culture. She took great interest in people's lives - in their desires and families. She enjoyed debating politics, being in the outdoors and travelling.

In June's last few years she resided at Belmont House and was treated with great care by all staff. The family greatly appreciates their care and kindness to Mom. If you would like to make a donation in June's memory, please make a donation in her name to Belmont House Foundation or a charity of your choice.

June's interment will be at Mount Pleasant Cemetery attended by family.

THOMAS ARTHUR ROGERS Thomas Arthur Rogers, 82 of Ottawa, Ontario freed peacefully from Parkinson's Disease on Tuesday, November 5, 2019.

Born in Montreal to Muriel and Jack Rogers, Tom attended Bishops College School and later McGill. Tom was a respected member of the Toronto financial community as a technical analyst and later a financial planner. He was active in his church and a baritone in the Timothy Eaton Memorial choir. Tom loved time with his dog, Jiminy, whether it was hiking or occasionally sharing an ice cream cone.

Tom is survived by his son, John Rogers of San Diego, CA; daughter, Laura Gammage, son-in-law, Randy Gammage and grandson, Cole of Ottawa; predeceased by brother, John Victor Rogers of Calgary, Alberta.

His family would like to express their gratitude for the attentive, personalized care Tom received at the Perley and Rideau Veteran's Health Centre (Assisted Living division) and later the Glebe Center (Long Term Care).

A Memorial Service will be held at the Central Chapel of Hulse, Playfair & McGarry, 315 McLeod Street (at O'Connor) on Sunday, November 10 at 4 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please send donations to Parkinson Canada. We will remember Dad when the fall leaves turn, when dogs happily bark and when desserts are served.

Condolences/Tributes/Donations Hulse, Playfair & McGarry http://www.hpmcgarry.ca 613-233-1143 ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara.

After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas.

As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director of Business Education Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara Peninsula, including secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place.

Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

DR. HELLE TUPHOLME (née Solu) B.Sc., DDS 1944 - 2019 Beloved wife, cherished mother and grandmother, Helle passed away peacefully at her home in Niagara-on-the-Lake on October 30, 2019. Helle will forever be remembered by her devoted husband, Brian; her son, Michael and his wife, Meghan; her daughter, Kristi Ellenzweig and her husband, Jonathan Ellenzweig; as well as by her adored grandchildren, Paige and Brooke Tupholme and Heidi and Leo Ellenzweig. Helle also leaves her brothers, Peter Solu of Toronto and Mart Solu of Sarasota, Florida.

Helle was born in Helsinki, Finland to parents Paul and Agnes Solu, who had fled from Estonia to Finland during the late stages of World War II, and who moved shortly thereafter to Sweden.

In the early-1950s, Helle and her parents moved to Canada, settling in Toronto. There, Helle attended Swansea Public School and Humberside Collegiate Institute. She then obtained a B.Sc. degree at the University of Toronto before enrolling in the Faculty of Dentistry, also at the University of Toronto, receiving her DDS degree in 1971. Over the following thirty-seven years, Helle practiced dentistry in Toronto, opening and running several offices where she cared for a large and devoted following of patients.

In addition to her practice, Helle was a part-time faculty member at the University of Toronto's Dental School and served on several committees at the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario.

In Toronto, Helle and Brian were long-time residents of the Baby Point area where they enjoyed an active social life and where they raised their children, Michael and Kristi. Helle was actively involved in the Estonian Community in Toronto. Notably, in the early1990s, Helle, along with other members of the EstonianCanadian dental community of Toronto, made multiple trips to Estonia, taking with them dental supplies and leading instructional seminars while there, with the aim of helping to modernize the Estonian dental profession. Helle had many interests; she was an avid skier, loved travel, became an expert knitter in her later years, and she particularly loved spending summers with her family at their Georgian Bay island cottage. She loved to entertain and her culinary skills were legendary amongst her friends. Helle retired from dentistry in 2008, following which she and Brian moved to Niagaraon-the-Lake, where they made many new friends and enjoyed the community. In the last several years, Helle's health deteriorated somewhat, limiting her mobility, but being as determined as she was, she faced these challenges head-on.

A celebration of Helle's life will take place for family and friends prior to the end of the year - date and details to be announced.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Helle's name may be made to The Estonian Foundation of Canada, The Kidney Foundation of Canada and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.

Arrangements entrusted to Morgan Funeral Home, 415 Regent St., Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON. Memories, photos and condolences may be shared at http://www.morganfuneral.com DR. CICELY WILSON April 3, 1926 November 3, 2019 In her 94th year passed away peacefully. Predeceased by Art Wilson, and her sister, Myra.

Loving mother of Janet, Helen and David, cherished mother-inlaw to Fernand, Michie, Paul, and Joanna, and proud grandmother of Amanda, Lucas, Marlow, Martine, Hilarie, Jesse, Amanda, Kathleen and Kayla. Great grandmother to Henry, Evan, James and Shea.

A strong, determined, yet elegant woman, Cicely was a pioneer.

Born in London, England, she received her veterinary training at the Royal Veterinary College as the Second World War raged.

After leaving war-torn England, she became the first woman veterinarian in western Canada.

She quietly faced any barriers by proving she could do the job better than any man. Her plans to return to England changed when she met the debonair and charming Arthur. She was finally swept off her feet when Art proposed at the farm and confirmed his belief in the family.

She opened her own clinic in Richmond Hill beside the church where she married Art, followed by three decades of practice at the renowned Secord Animal Hospital and at St. Clair Animal Hospital in Toronto.

Cicely's dedication, discipline and patience inspired her family to be creative and hard working. Cicely was so very proud that her daughter Helen and her granddaughter Kathleen both followed in her footsteps - three generations of female veterinarians.

Cicely and Art enjoyed an active 54 year marriage with a rich network of friends, and dancing, music, laughter and always a 5 o'clock vodka and scotch. They were never far from a tennis court and a golf course. Tennis for Cicely was a passion. She was on many inter-county teams, and played into her 80s. Her drop shot was wicked. She always said that her lifelong friends were made through tennis. She golfed to be with Art, but was talented enough to become the Senior Ladies Champion at Donalda Golf Club.

Like her golf shot, Cicely was straight as an arrow. She was ever fair, direct, independent, and intelligent. Yet she was curious with a broad world view and a good sense of humour. The family skied enthusiastically during the winter and treasured the annual family reunion each summer in Muskoka. She became our family matriarch after Art passed away.

In her later years, she enjoyed the warmth of the Arizona sun during winters and her passion became bridge. She proudly played five days a week in her Dunfield home with her bridge friends.

Mum always said getting old is not for sissies. Too true. The Dunfield residents and staff always treated Dr. Wilson with kindness, patience and respect. Florie Coish welcomed her to the Dunfield and Lawrence was a true friend to the end. A huge thank you to Jean, Yvonne, Malou, Gladys, Lemelyn, Grace, Luci, Clara and Eden for their loving care of Mum in her last days. The responsiveness of Dr. Amos and the Temmy Latner palliative team made it possible for mum to stay in her home for this last journey. Thank you all, from the bottom of our hearts.

In celebration of Cicely's life, please join us on Saturday, November 16, 2019, 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the Dunfield Retirement Residence, second floor, 77 Dunfield Ave., Toronto. In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the Ontario or Toronto Humane Society would be gratefully appreciated.

CANADIANS ARE BEING DRIVEN TO DISTRACTION
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In the past decade, crashes have been rising sharply and cellphones are a major culprit. But getting drivers to put their devices down isn't easy and experts worry penalties aren't enough - attitudes about technology and safety need to change, Oliver Moore writes
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By OLIVER MOORE
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A12


The triviality of the text messages is what has stuck with Rob Duttchen.

It was Aug. 15, 2009, when the Winnipeg police officer received a call from his mother, Carolee.

His 62-year-old father, Art, had beenhitbyanSUVwhilewalking their husky-cross in suburban Kingman, Ariz., where Art was a Lutheran pastor. The 16-year-old driver had been talking on the phone - after an extended bout of texting with her boyfriend about a sex-related bet the pair was considering - and allowed her oversized vehicle to drift across the road. She hit the dog, Hobo, first, then smashed into Art from behind, sending him flying.

While Art lay critically wounded - bleeding internally, his neck fractured - the girl made several more phone calls and sent numerous texts. About 15 minutes after the crash, she wrote: "i just dont want people feeling bad for me and stuff."

Art died that night, leaving behind Carolee, their four children and a church community full of friends. As for the driver, she had her licence suspended until she turned 18, and a punishment Rob Duttchen describes as essentially "house arrest for two years."

The senselessness of the conversation the girl was having still gets to him. "There was no reason to be driving and texting at the same time," the police sergeant says.

In the wake of his father's death, Sgt. Duttchen made it his mission to draw attention to distracted driving, which has emerged as one of the most dangerous and intractable road-safety issues Canada has ever faced.

After a brief dip, crashes related to distracted driving jumped nearly 20 per cent from 2009 through 2010, according to Transport Canada, and have stayedconsistentlyhigh-averaging nearly 85,000 annually - everyyearsince.InManitobaalone, there were 4,780 collisions related to distraction in 2012. By 2017, that had jumped to 15,403 - an increase of 222 per cent.

Distracted driving is broadly defined as performing any activity that might take your focus off the road - eating, fiddling with the radio, tapping co-ordinates into a GPS device. Particularly deadly is distraction related to a cellphone, which is designed to monopolize our attention. Accordingtoonewidelycitedstudy, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, talking on a handheld phone while driving more than triplestheriskofacollision.Texting increases it six-fold.

While the problem of distracted driving is one that's immune to easy fixes, there are a host of ideas for how to reduce this deadly behaviour and minimize the harm it causes, everything from more punitive enforcement to rethinking how we build cars and roadways. Jay Winsten, whose public-health project at Harvard University aims to combat distracted driving, believes it will take a combination of both technological intervention and a generational shift in behaviour to get it under control. "The evolution of social norms is important, and I think young people can help lead the way on that," he says.

As for Sgt. Duttchen, he is doing his part to change attitudes one driver at a time. If he catches someone using their phone while driving, they automatically get a ticket. But it's different when the driver is using a phone at a red light. Although that's also illegal, Sgt. Duttchen uses those instances to give drivers an uncomfortable warning about the possible outcome of their behaviour.

"I will tell them my father's story and that it's not worth the risk," he says. "Because the issue isn't just you. The issue is all the people around you." The last time we faced a crisis of this magnitude on the roads was two generations ago, with impaired driving.

Although driving drunk was criminalized in Canada in 1969, the practice remained stubbornly widespread. During one fourmonth period in 1977, for instance, Ontario Provincial Police found that more than half the drivers they stopped for traffic violations had been drinking; about 30 per cent of them were charged with alcohol-related offences.

The tide eventually turned, but slowly. There was a 44-percent drop in alcohol-related incidents from 1978 to 1986. Progress was made through a combination of roadside sobriety programs such as RIDE (Reduce Impaired Driving Everywhere), which was launched across Ontario in 1977, tougher penalties and stricter enforcement of the law.

Possibly the biggest factor in getting drunk driving under control, however, was a dramatic change in public attitudes. The advocacy group Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), created in California in 1980 and launched in Canada nine years later, helped put a human face to the issue. Police departments launched shaming campaigns, publishing the names of everyone charged with impaired-driving offences, which helped to further stigmatize the act.

The idea of the designated driver - a concept popularized in large part by Dr. Winsten - was a crucial part of the puzzle. The campaign roped in taxi companies,publictransitorganizations, bars and restaurants, and private individuals to prevent anyone from getting behind the wheel drunk. Dr. Winsten's Harvard Alcohol Project also took its campaign to pop culture, leading to impaired driving being featured in the plot lines of 160 episodes of prime-time TV between 1988 and 1992.

Gradually, public attitudes changed. What was once seen as atrivialcrime,aslongasthedriver got home safely, became more socially unacceptable. But we're notthereyetwithdistracteddriving. "You can comfortably talk publicly with strangers at a party about how, yeah, you're one of the worst offenders around with distracted driving and you've got to change your behaviour," Dr.

Winsten says. "You wouldn't say that any longer around drunk driving."

Until cellphones started to become ubiquitous in the 1990s, Canada's roads were on an improving safety trend - not just owing to a drop in impaired driving, but also thanks to stricter seatbelt laws, graduated licensing requirements and better-engineeredvehicles.Butarecentreport from the Ottawa-based Traffic Injury Research Foundation shows that over the past 17 years, distracted-driving fatalities have made up an increasing proportion of the deaths on our roads.

"In other words, the positive trend among non-distraction-related fatalities is not evident in the trend among distraction-related fatalities," the report states.

Experts began raising concerns about the dangers of mixing cellphones and driving early on. But good data on the risks werehardtocomebyandlegislators were slow to act. In 2003, Newfoundland and Labrador became the first province to enforce a ban on using handheld phones while driving.

Those laws have since spread across the country, but they're difficult to enforce since drivers typically have to be caught in the act of talking or texting behind the wheel. Unlike with impaired driving, you can't simply set up a RIDE-style checkpoint to determine who's been using their phone recently. In the event of a crash, investigators need a warrant to access a driver's phone records, even if an eyewitness confirms the person was using their device.

Charlie Klauer, an associate professor at the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, knows firsthand how common this behaviour is. She sees it in her experiments and watched itsprevalence explode. As part of her work, she outfits vehicles with camerasandsensorstostudydistracted driving in the real world.

Prof. Klauer ran two studies - one from 2003-04 and another from 2006-07. "In the first study, people weren't texting," she says.

"Nobody texted - not a single person. And in the second study, everybody did it."

The psychology of driving is complicated, which is one of the reasons distracted driving is such a difficult behaviour to stamp out.

The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC), for instance, points to surveys that show 95 per cent of drivers acknowledge it's "very risky" to use their phones while driving. Yet, about one-third of drivers admit to doing just that at least once during their last 10 trips.

Itturnsoutthatpeoplearenotoriously bad judges of their own driving skills.

In one study, researchers at the University of Stockholm found that people had "a strong tendency ... to believe themselves to be more skillful and less riskythantheothers." Thisinflated belief in their own skills can intersect with distracted driving indangerousways."Foraportion of drivers, their ability to text message while driving might be one of the characteristics they believe makes them a unique and superior driver," U.S. researchers wrote in the Journal of Applied Social Psychology in 2014.

Experts say this is in part because the people who drive distracted usually don't suffer any fallout. The Traffic Injury Research Foundation released a report in September showing that the perpetrator is not the most likely one to die in a crash. "Unlike alcohol-impaired drivers, distracted drivers more often kill other road users in crashes than kill themselves," the report states.

In fact, distracted drivers might not even be aware they've had a close call - say, cutting off a cyclist or forcing a truck to veer into oncoming traffic - precisely because they're not paying attention.Andiftheydorealizewhat's happened, they might interpret the safe ending as testament to their superior driving skill, instead of a warning to be more mindful.

All this can lead to the conclusion that distracted-driving laws are an excellent measure - for other people.

A common attitude seems to be, "Yeah, great idea - that'll keep all those other people safe.

I'm good as it is," says Ian Pike, director of the BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit. "Because the prevailing attitude is that injury won't happen to them. 'I've done this a million times before and I got away with it, and I will likely continue to get

away with it' - until they don't."

The truth is, people are terrible at multitasking. Rather than juggling two or three actions at once, people are actually dividing their attention, flicking from one thing to the next, often not very effectively.

In a famous experiment from the late 1990s, people were asked to watch a video and count how many times actors in white shirts passed a basketball. In the middle of the video, a woman in a gorilla suit strolls though the action, pausing to beat her chest.

Asked later about the costumed actor, half of the test subjects admittedtheyhadn'tseenthegorilla.

This is a phenomenon known as inattentional blindness. When mentally focused on one thing, we can miss something else right in front of us - such as a child chasing a ball in the street or a car nosing unexpectedly out of an alley. This has been seen in driving simulators: people talking on the phone were asked to count fast-food signs out the window and couldn't fulfill that simple request.

Weknowinstinctivelythislack of attention can have lethal results, but because of human overconfidence, many of us believe we can manage the risk. Besides, our phones and the apps installed on them have become so alluring we sometimes feel we can't help ourselves.

Prof. Klauer has seen how quickly people's best intentions can fade. Even though they knew they were being watched, participants in her experiments took just a couple of hours to revert to their old habits. "They're in their own car, in their own environment," she says. "We all have our normal stuff we do when we drive."

Penalties for distracted driving are a patchwork across the country. In New Brunswick, it's a $200 fine for a first offence. In Prince Edward Island, it's as high as $1,275. In Nunavut, which banned texting and driving only this year, there is no penalty at all.

In the face of worsening distracted-driving statistics, a number of jurisdictions have brought in harsher penalties. Some of the toughest are in Manitoba, which last year introduced the country's first automatic three-day licence suspension for anyone caught using an electronic device behind the wheel, with a sevenday suspension for second offence. The stricter regime was accompaniedbyaneducationcampaign encouraging people to put down their phones and for passengers to speak up when drivers break the law. "The point isn't to make life awful for people; the point is to make it really clear that this behaviour has serious consequences," says Manitoba Infrastructure Minister Ron Schuler. A three-day licence suspension might not be much of a deterrentin,say,FloridaorArizona, he adds, but waiting for the bus in the depths of a prairie winter can be "a real cold experience."

Mr. Schuler admits it will take atleastayear,orpossiblyseveral, before they know whether the new approach is working. But earlysignspointedtothedifficulty in changing ingrained behaviour: Barely two months after the new penalties came into effect, police nabbed their first repeat offender.

There's some suggestion, though, that simply increasing penalties doesn't work. If someone is willing to risk a $300 charge, will raising that fine to $600suddenlyactasadeterrent?

It's not clear it will. "If you increase your fines to such a point, your concern always becomes, will police lay the ticket?" adds Graham Miner, director of highway safety in PEI. "I could write you a ticket for $100 for using a cellphone, but if it's $2,000 and it means you're going to lose your licence, will I write that ticket?" In British Columbia, where collisions are up 25 per cent since 2014,Attorney-GeneralDavidEby hasfloatedsomeideasthatmove beyond suspensions and fines.

Lastyear,heproposedtheideaof invalidatingsomeinsurancebenefits for people convicted of distracted driving. This is now done with those convicted of impaired driving, who are considered in breach of their insurance policy and on the hook for lawsuit settlements, medical expenses and vehicle repairs. A spokesman for the minister would only say that the idea is not part of the province's current approach to distracted driving.

Enforcement can go only so far, though. Because enforcement is intermittent and the practice so widespread, the chances of being caught remain slim. So even though penalties will always be part of the solution to distracted driving, other approaches could play a useful role."Distracteddrivingwillchallenge us in ways that traditional road safety interventions have not," says Robyn Robertson, president of the Traffic Injury Research Foundation. "Everyone's looking for the intervention that'll tackle the issue. It's not going to be one thing."

Let's face it: driving can get boring. That idea is central to a new distracted-driving campaign set to launch in April. The effort is being led by Dr. Winsten and his team at Harvard, and it's rooted in the notion that simply asking motorists to keep their eyes on the road isn't enough. They need to be actively engaged and looking around. This reflects the old ruleofthumbthatdriversshould be checking their mirrors every five to seven seconds, a practice not universally followed.

"The campaign will stress that the practice of attentive driving involves more than avoiding distractions or passively gazing at theroadahead;itrequiresactive, systematic engagement in the driving task to maintain 'situational awareness,' " according to a draft description of the campaign. The point isn't just that drivers need to be more aware of impending dangers. It's also about engaging their minds that little bit more, making them less likely to reach for their phones.

Technology might help, too.

Nichole Morris, a research scholar at the Center for Transportation Studies at the University of Minnesota, says her team has studied the effects of forwardcollision warning systems and invehicle messages that alert drivers if they get too close to the car in front of them. The researchers hypothesized these systems would leave drivers more susceptible to distraction. But they found the opposite. "If we can provide some driving-relevant information to increase their mental load, just ever so slightly, you can help eat up some of that additional attention that people feel like they need to do something with," Prof. Morris says. "If it's deployed really thoughtfully and carefully, we can actually load them up just enough so that they don't pick up their phone."

Tech assistance could also come in the form of telematics - a sort of automotive black box that tracks hard braking and other actions that might indicate distraction.Thepayofffordrivers could come in the form of a break on their insuarance rates.

The ICBC ran a telematics pilot last year that showed a 40-percent improvement in driver actions. Another such project, still under way, is geared toward trackingthebehaviourofinexperienced drivers, who the ICBC says are 5.6-times more likely than 20-year veterans to be in a crash. If the insurer sees an uptick in safe driving, it could rollout the system more widely.

A more drastic, even slightly sci-fi form of tech assistance is being planned by Volvo. Starting in 2020, the Swedish automaker will offer optional on-board cameras that monitor drivers' eye movements, watching for signs associated with both impairment and distraction. If a driver closes her eyes or looks away from the road for too long, a Volvo employee would call the vehicle to check in on the driver. In extreme cases, the car would slow itself to a stop.

There are also technological fixes on the smartphone side of things. Newer Apple iPhones, for instance, offer an optional "do not disturb" feature for drivers that blocks notifications while the car is on the move. So far, these features have seen limited uptake by users, and phone makers have resisted automatic notification blockers, arguing the technology isn't perfect and could inconvenience passengers and those using public transit.

Consumers have also pushed back at this concept, too reliant on their smartphones to imagine being disconnected.

Neil Arason, the author of No Accident: Eliminating Injury and Death on Canadian Roads, says tactics to minimize distracted driving are worthwhile, but that a bit of realism is needed as well.

Some drivers will always be willing to risk looking at their phones.Knowingthis,it'sincumbent on society to build a safer road network. That could mean installing median barriers on roads to prevent drivers from driftingintooncominglanes,and using radar speed cameras to slow motorists down and reduce the damage resulting from crashes.

For Todd Litman, head of the Victoria Transport Policy Institute,anindependentresearchorganization, there needs to be a greater focus on giving people alternatives to driving. With fully reliable and ubiquitous autonomous vehicles still years or decades off, the only way to do it, he argues, is to improve public transit options and position it deliberately as the choice for people who want screen time. That way, even if the trip takes longer, the time can be used productively.

"We can shake bigger fingers, we can be louder in our anti-distracted-driving campaigns," Mr.

Litman says. "Or we can be realistic and give travellers solutions that actually respond to their demands."

However, most of these initiatives, whether public-awareness campaigns or changes to driving infrastructure, could take years to have a measurable effect on deaths and injuries due to distracted driving. And if you talk to some of the people most directly affected by the issue, you'll hear tones of weary resignation.

One B.C. man, whose wife was killed by a driver who had been drinking and was texting his exgirlfriendatthetimeofthecrash, is furious that nothing seems to change on the roads - even among his own circle.

"My friends do the same thing, even after [my wife] died and they were at her funeral," says the widower, who is still strugglingwiththefalloutofherdeath and was granted anonymity because he didn't want national media attention. He has even caught himself instinctively grabbing for the phone when a call comes in from the seniors' home where his mother is a resident. "That [phone] buzzer is just like Pavlov's dog," he says. "If people dying won't change your mind, nothing's going to change your mind."

ButinWinnipeg,Sgt.Duttchen hasn't given up hope and he's confident he's making a difference. "If we can change the behaviour of one person at a time, our mission is accomplished," he says. "Because you don't know the compounding effect of that.

You don't know what you've prevented."

Associated Graphic

Jay Winsten, seen above in Boston, Mass., runs a public-health project at Harvard University that aims to combat distracted driving. He says it will take a generational shift in behaviour as well as technological intervention to help tackle the issue.

SCOTT EISENSCOTT EISEN

Sergeant Rob Duttchen holds a photo of his father, Art Duttchen, a Lutheran pastor who was killed in 2009 when a teen driver who was texting crossed a median, like the one seen at top in Toronto, and hit him while he was walking his dog in Kingman, Ariz.

ABOVE: JOHN WOODS/GLOBE AND MAIL; TOP: DEBORAH BAIC/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Sergeant Rob Duttchen, seen left in Winnipeg, says that if he catches a driver texting at a red light, he uses it as an opportunity to give them a warning about the possible consequences of their distracted driving by sharing his father's story.

JOHN WOODS/GLOBE AND MAIL

University of Minnesota research scholar at the Center for Transportation Studies Nichole Morris, centre, says her team found forward-collision warning systems, which alerted drivers when they were too close to cars in front of them, helped to improve driver focus.

MICHAEL MCCARTHY

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

BIRTH AND death notices
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B20


DEATHS J. LAVERNE BOND (née McConkey) On November 6, 2019, at age 99, Laverne, loving mother of Thomas and his wife Lynda, and Scott and his wife Debbie, and cherished grandmother of Emily, Chris, Alison (Mitch) and Peter was reunited with her late husband Alfred Bond, who passed away in 1999.

Laverne had a sharp mind but she had become very frail over the past year. Despite her frailty, she was determined to live on her own. She was fiercely independent, creative, embraced life and found humour to the end.

Laverne will be deeply missed by her family but will continue to positively influence all of our lives.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor Street W, at Windermere, east of Jane Street, on Friday, November 15, 2019. Visitation is at 10 a.m. and will be followed by a service in the chapel at 11 a.m. A reception will be held at The Lambton Golf and Country Club at 12:30 p.m.

If desired, donations in lieu of flowers may be made to Children's Wish Foundation of Canada.

HENRIETTA CHESNIE (née Farb) Passed away on Monday, November 11, 2019, at the age of 96. Beloved wife of the late Dr. Joshua Chesnie.

Loving mother and mother-inlaw of Dr. Debby Cooper, and Dr. Brian and Vicky Chesnie.

Devoted grandmother of Neri and Peter, David, Sarah and Zach, Nathan and Katie, Graeme and Rachel, and the late Joanna Cooper. Adoring great-grandmother of Joshua, Adam, Tyler, Charlotte, Claire, Canon, Emmalyn, and Blakely. Her greater family, her uncles, aunts, and many cousins all remained central to her core, throughout her entire life. She graduated with a degree in Physiotherapy.

She gave of her time to numerous charitable causes, participating in organizational roles at Mount Sinai Hospital, and Holy Blossom Temple, where she became the first female President of a Synagogue in Canada. At Holy Blossom Temple, 1950 Bathurst Street (South of Eglinton) for service on Thursday, November 14, 2019 at 10:30 a.m. Interment Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Shiva 44 Charles Street West, Toronto. Memorial donations may be made to the Joshua and Henrietta Chesnie Endowment Fund c/o Mount Sinai Hospital Foundation, 416-586- 8203.

DIANA DONALD (née Harrower) April 4, 1928 November 9, 2019 Beloved mother of 4 children, who just adored her - Rick, Rob (Karen), Nancy (Tim) and Dynah, grandmother of 9, and greatgrandmother of 5, with 2 more on their way. A friend to so many and counsellor to others. She touched everyone she met.

An extraordinary woman who beat cancer twice, and got her Masters Degree in Psychology at 60. She continued working well into her 80's because she loved helping others. They all remain friends and fans to this day. As well she was an author of 2 childrens books. She was the "block mom" to all her childrens' friends throughout her life. Young or old they sought her out.

Mom, we'll all keep dreaming of the fairies..

Service will be held at: Belvedere Funeral Home, 22025 TransCanada Hwy, Senneville Québec.

11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m. on November 15, 2019.

In lieu of flowers please send donations to the Children's Wish Foundation.

HEATHER ELIZABETH HEAPS (MacLEAN) March 6, 1943 November 10, 2019 Heather died peacefully on Sunday at Bridgepoint Palliative Care in her 76th year. Beloved wife of Frank, her husband of 53 years. Daughter of the late Elizabeth (Betty) and Dr. John MacLean. Loving mother of Ian (Niki), Angus (Josee), Cameron (Johna) and Cailey (James).

Cherished grandmother of Hugo and his brother Graeme, Magnolia and Ophelia (Ian), Kyra and Lucas (Angus), Shakeel, Samuel and Daisy (Cam), Mimi, Declan and Pippa (Cailey). Loving sister of Joanna (Al Gerdung, predeceased), Sheila (Brian Talbot) and Daphne (Doug Brown).

While Heather's death will be a profound loss to all who knew and loved her, her spirit will remain a positive influence on all of our lives.

She was born in Victoria, B.C., raised in Montreal and Knowlton, QC, educated at Smith College in Mass., U.S.A. (B.A., Fine Art and Economics) and U of T (M.Sc., Urban & Regional Planning), where Heather and Frank met.

Married in 1966 they lived in Toronto, Monaco, Ottawa, Montreal, St. Lucia and Vancouver before returning to Toronto.

Heather was a very caring and unselfish person, always with a ready smile. Respected and loved by all who knew her she was an inspiring and model wife, mother, grandmother, and friend.

She cherished her friendships with the Tea Ladies, the BVAA, her Vancouver connections, her Moore Park neighbours, her St. Lucia community, The Study and Smith College "girls," Longford cottagers and so many other connections that she built throughout her life.

After taking time off to raise her four children, Heather built and enjoyed a successful real estate business that saw her quickly recognized as one of Canada's top performers in her field. Heather's success was the result of the genuine and passionate care she shared serving her clients, many of whom became life-long friends.

She also impacted and enjoyed the comradery of her colleagues she met along the way.

Her favourite pastimes included time with family and friends, reading, gardening, enjoying the cottage and exploring at Longford Reserve, travelling and being involved with the many charities she cared deeply about.

Throughout her life, Heather felt a deep appreciation of nature from which she derived great spiritual inspiration. She stood out for her incredible ability to connect with people, both friends and strangers, her warm and open heart, unmatched hospitality, endless generosity, strong spirit and her incredible ability to always see the best in people.

Even until her last moments, she made sure the people around her knew how much she loved them.

Heather and her family are forever grateful to Dr. Neesha Dhani and the team at Princess Margaret Hospital and, in her final days, the palliative care teams from The Temmy Latner Centre and Bridgepoint Health. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation [Ovarian Cancer Medical Oncology Fund] via http://www.thepmcf.ca or call 416946-6560. Service at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street, on Monday, November 18th at 11:00 a.m. followed by a celebration at the Donalda Club, 12 Bushbury Drive at 1:00 p.m. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

WERNER HIRSCHMANN Died peacefully in his sleep, age 96, on November 7, 2019, at Toronto Western Hospital, with wife Diana at his side. Born in Düsseldorf, Germany in 1923, Werner emigrated after spending time as a prisoner of war in Gravenhurst. In Canada, he leveraged his math and physics degree to become a computing pioneer, helping shape the industry during his time at the University of Toronto, KPMG, the Bank of Montreal, and the City of Toronto. Werner had a lifelong passion for the sea, nurtured under the Atlantic ocean as Chief Engineer on several U-Boats including the U-190, above water sailing on Lake Ontario aboard Anita and the Thieving Magpie, and on land through his connections to the Canadian Navy, the NAC, the RCMI, and the Esquimalt Association.

Werner is survived by a constellation of family: son Mike (Wendy), from his first marriage to Ruth; Mike's children Steve (Julie), Tyler (Suzan), Samantha (Chris), and Niki (Jon); and their children Naomi, Maeve, Chase, Connor, Brooklyn, Emmerson and Jacob. He is also survived by a son from his marriage to Diana: Thomas (Sarah), with children Wilhem and Edie. As Werner would always say when the entire family gathered, "this is all because of me." Please join us in gathering, one more time, "all because of Werner," at The Boulevard Club, Saturday, November 23rd, 2 p.m. - 4 p.m.

JOHN T. BODEN HOLDER It is with great sadness that the family of John Holder shares the news of his passing November 11, 2019.

He passed peacefully at Hospice Georgian Triangle Campbell House with his family at his side. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; three children, David, Susan, and Mark and was also predeceased by his daughter, Valerie.

A service will be held At All Saints Anglican Church in Collingwood, Ontario on November 14, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. The church is located at 32 Elgin St. in Collingwood.

There will be a reception to follow immediately after the service. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) or the Canadian Red Cross would be greatly appreciated.

MARGARET JORDIS NOKLEBERG/NIKIFORUK September 18, 1928 September 13, 2019 Margaret Jordis Nokleberg, the youngest of five siblings, began life on a farm in Barron Wisconsin in 1928.

Five years later the banks seized her home and her Norwegian émigré parents Emilie and Arthur divorced.

Arthur, a violin player, took Margaret out for a chocolate ice cream and then vanished from her life. Margaret and Emilie persevered during the Depression. Margaret excelled at school where the kids called her "Nockie." Her sister Astrid and her cheese making husband, Ernest, set the table with love and laughter.

After the war Margaret attended nursing school at the University of Illinois in Chicago where she met an aspiring young Ukrainian dentist from Saskatchewan, Gordon Nikiforuk. They married in 1950 as naïve as virgins. Ever the realist Margaret sent him an article on "How to Live With A Difficult Wife." It was an early happy wife-happy life manifesto.

After bearing two sons Margaret boldly returned to university as a mature student in the 1960s. She majored in history at UCLA and mastered Norwegian so she could talk to her ski-loving relatives.

(She proudly finished her degree at York University in 1971.)

But the craziness of California nearly killed her. She survived a house fire only when Bob Patrick, a burly neighbour, busted down the front door.

Then her beloved brother Chris died of a heart attack.

He spent nearly six months in a water-filled foxhole on the beaches of Anzio. She always claimed the war took years off his life, and she grieved him for months.

After moving back to Toronto Margaret returned to public health nursing and spent many years helping immigrant families in Toronto. When one of her sons became seriously ill, she founded "Parents for the Environmentally Sensitive" and battled the Ministry of Health to study the condition.

It relented and did so.

Her mother always told Margaret "you have to take the good with the bad," but when her marriage failed, she became a binge drinker.

Hallucinations and paranoia (early undiagnosed dementia) then crept into her life like a bad neighbour. A cloud of chaos and dread unsettled the family, and we became a Nordic soap opera.

But for all the trauma and tragedy, she loved life and prized its little and precious moments. A good cup of coffee at a fine restaurant. A sentimental musical. Boating on Drag Lake. Sitting by the beach in Costa Rica. Laughing about ridiculous things. The unconditional love of dogs.

Anything about Norway.

In many ways she prized the best of Norwegian virtues: courage, honesty, hard work, fidelity, hospitality, selfreliance and perseverance.

She is now at rest with her siblings: Astrid, Chris, Dagney, and Ethel. She survived her late husband, Gordon, by two months.

Her sons, Andrew and Christian, daughter-in-laws, Doreen Docherty and Mary Power, and their children, Aidan, Keegan, Torin, and Stephen and Erik wish her much happiness in the afterlife.

A celebration of life will be held at the Funeral Center at Mount Pleasant Cemetery on November 16th beginning at 12:30 with a Service at 1 p.m.

SYD LANYS Peacefully and surrounded by family, on Monday, November 11, 2019 at Mackenzie Health.

Beloved husband of Vicki. Loving father and father-in-law of Michael and the late Sandra, Sheryl, and lovingly remembered by Mehre.

Devoted grandfather of Zachary, Lindsay, and Sean. Dear brother and brother-in-law of Dorothy and the late Milton, Yetta and the late Lou, and the late Marty and Ruthie, and Izzy and Sandy. Dear brother-in-law of Bella and the late Paul.

Special thanks to Mackenzie Health Complex Care Unit, Doctors and Staff.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 12:30 p.m. Interment Beth David B'nai Israel Beth Am Section of Pardes Chaim Cemetery. Shiva 15 North Park Road, Thornhill.

Memorial donations may be made to the Syd Lanys Memorial Fund for Canadian Breast Cancer and for Bronchiectasis c/o The Benjamin Foundation, 416-780-0324, http://www.benjamins.ca YIO MARK SAAR November 23, 1925, Estonia My dad's final journey came to an end peacefully on October 30, 2019. He is fondly remembered by his loving family Leili, Elyn, Peter, Ross and Hayley. Special thanks to Doctors Rand, Beamish, Zalewski, Blouin and the staff at Hospice Peterborough for their wonderful care and compassion.

Arrangements entrusted to The Hendren Funeral Homes, Lakefield Chapel. A private burial has taken place. To family and friends, we invite you to a celebration of his life to be held at "The Regency Of Lakefield", 91 Concession St., Lakefield, on Saturday, November 23, 2019 from 2:00 - 4:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, memorial donations to Hospice Peterborough would be appreciated by our family and can be made by visiting http://www.hendrenfuneralhome.com or by calling 705-652-3355.

J. BLAIR SEABORN, CM In Ottawa on November 11, 2019, in his 96th year, after a full and rewarding life. Predeceased in 2011 by his loving wife, dearest friend and companion of over 60 years, Carol (Trow). Blair was the proud father of son Geoffrey (Jan de Pencier) of Toronto and daughter Virginia of Mont-Tremblant, and "J.B." to beloved grandchildren Emma (Rob Grundy), Claire (Michael Currie) and Adam Seaborn. He was delighted to have lived to see two great-grandchildren, Fraser and Sloane Grundy. He is fondly remembered by Carol's siblings, Virginia Ings, Allen Trow, Ben Trow and Marion Doheny. Born in 1924, the youngest child of the Reverend Richard and Muriel Seaborn of Toronto, he was predeceased by his siblings, Kitty (Smith), Richard, Jean (Bertram), Jack, Bob, Charlie and Ted, but is survived by nieces, nephews, their spouses, and their progeny too numerous to mention.

After the University of Toronto Schools, he studied political science and economics at the University of Toronto (Trinity College) where, following three years in the Canadian Army, he earned his M.A. in 1948. He entered the federal public service and spent the next twentytwo years at the Department of External Affairs with postings in The Hague, Paris, Moscow and Saigon, the latter as Canadian Commissioner for the ICSC in Vietnam. His life as a diplomat was followed by nineteen years in senior federal positions with the Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs (Assistant Deputy Minister), Environment Canada (Deputy Minister), the International Joint Commission (Canadian Chairman) and the Privy Council Office (Intelligence and Security Coordinator). After "retirement", he spent eight years as chair the federal Environmental Assessment Panel on Nuclear Fuel Waste Management. He was honoured to receive the Order of Canada in 2000. Blair was grateful to have had a long, varied and satisfying career, for the opportunity to contribute to the life of Christ Church Cathedral and other voluntary work; and for good health which enabled him to enjoy, into his 'nineties, numerous outdoor activities, membership in the Rockcliffe Lawn Tennis Club, the Five Lakes Fishing Club, the Rideau Club Round Table and weekends at his "dacha" in Mulgrave-et-Derry.

A man of enduring modesty and unfailing courtesy, he earned the great respect of his colleagues and the deep affection of friends and family.

A funeral service will be held at Christ Church Cathedral, 420 Sparks Street, Ottawa on Sunday, November 17 at 4:00 p.m., followed by a reception in Cathedral Hall. No flowers by request. If desired, donations in Blair's name may be made to Trinity College, Toronto or Christ Church Cathedral, Ottawa, for restorations.

GRAHAM FARRELL SIRMAN BA, MBA, LLB, LLM October 11, 1963 November 8, 2019 Cherished husband, father, son, brother, nephew, cousin and uncle, Graham died unexpectedly and tragically while hiking to the family cottage with his inseparable companion, his Landseer Newfoundland dog, Murphy.

Graham will be forever cherished by his devoted wife Allison, his sons William and Thomas, his sisters Lindsay and Hilary (Haig), and his parents Carol and Bill. He was a dear brother-in-law of Jill and Steve Conway, Debbie and Al Garrison, Clint and Susan Bowles, and Becky and Pete Moslinger. He was a beloved nephew, cousin and uncle to all in his extended Bowles and Sirman families.

A graduate of Napanee District Secondary School, Queen's University, St. Mary's University, Western University and Osgoode Hall, Graham practiced law for three years in Toronto before opening his own litigation practice in Kingston, Ontario, in 2002.

He was an accomplished intercollegiate and junior hockey player and his passion for the sport is surpassed by few.

Graham loved every minute of his involvement variously as a player, coach, General Manager and scout. He was an ardent reader of newspapers and books, particularly history and sports.

His greatest passion, however, was his family. Graham supported, loved, and was fiercely protective of Allison, William and Thomas in all aspects of their lives. He was constantly in arenas, watching his sons play across North America and Europe. Graham was modest about his own considerable accomplishments, but revelled in celebrating Thomas and William's academic and athletic successes. He loved to spend hours talking with them to help map out their futures.

Graham truly valued his many friends. He was unwaveringly loyal and happily made himself available to friends and their families at a moments notice.

Graham's life revolved around his family and friends and his death leaves an enormous void in our lives.

A service to celebrate Graham's life will be held on Saturday, November 16, 2019 at the Isabel Bader Centre for the Performing Arts, (390 King Street West in Kingston) at 11:30 a.m., following the service a reception will be held in the lobby.

A contribution to the Ontario SPCA and Humane Society in Graham's name, by those who wish, would be greatly appreciated by the family.

Arrangements in the care of Wartman Funeral Home Kingston Chapel Online condolences and donations at wartmanfuneralhomes.com ROCHELLE (RUCHEL) SWAYE It is with great sadness that we inform you of the passing of Rochelle (Ruchel) Swaye z"l, after a long, valiant battle with illness. Rochelle was 71 years old. Rochelle was loved by everyone who knew her.

She was the adored wife of 50 years to Gerald Swaye QC; beloved mother to Jason (Terry), Adam (Tanya), Marlyz and Jenna; Bubbie to Ryan and Erin; and loved by so many cousins, nieces and nephews, and friends.

She was predeceased by her brother, Harold Applebaum; her parents, Nissie and Thelma Applebaum; and her grandparents, Shima and Esther Boom.

Shiva will take place at the Swaye home, 19 Robinhood Drive, Dundas: Monday to Thursday 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. Evening services at the Shiva home, daily at 7:30pm.

WILLIAM JAMES (BILL) FAIRBURN September 24, 1934 November 13, 2016 It has been three years since we lost our adored husband, father, grandfather, brother, uncle and friend. Our memories remain ever strong. Bill taught us the value of family, country, and community.

He taught us the joy in embracing every day. He lived with meaning, intent and purpose. His generosity of time and spirit knew no bounds.

He will be forever missed. We will remain forever grateful to have been touched by the power of his enduring love.

The Fairburn Family

Shopify: How high can Canada's latest tech darling fly?
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By DAVID BERMAN, DAVID MILSTEAD
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B6


People are going to spend hundreds of billions of dollars online. And Shopify Inc., with its wildly popular software designed to run e-commerce websites, is going to take a good cut of the pie.

The big question is just how big Ottawa-based Shopify's slice will be. It's a $45-billion question, actually - the company's stock market value. Born 15 years ago and launched on stock markets in 2015, Shopify's rocketing share price has propelled it from upstart to Canadian champion, and it is now country's most valuable technology company by far.

Every decade, it seems, Canada produces a tech star that bursts onto the global scene with a hot new business and a stock price that flies into the stratosphere. In the 1990s it was Nortel Networks Corp. with its fibre-optics networking operations, which grew to be a giant that, at its peak, accounted for more than one-third of the value of the TSE 300 index (now known as the S&P/TSX Composite).

In the 2000s, Research In Motion Ltd., since renamed BlackBerry Ltd., soared in value as consumers around the world flocked to its groundbreaking smartphones.

Canadian investors know all too well how Nortel and BlackBerry wound up: They crashed and burned as their competitors caught up to them, or their markets shifted too fast for them to adjust.

Now, Shopify is Canada's tech darling and its huge stock market value makes it the country's 15th-largest public company, ahead of Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. and energy giant Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

Obviously, Shopify and its ambitious co-founder and CEO, Tobias Lutke, want to avoid the fate of Nortel and BlackBerry. But daunting competitive challenges loom - enough of them, it seems, to raise questions about just how much risk Shopify investors are taking.

Just about everyone agrees that Shopify is a great company with a solid strategy. The bulls on Shopify's shares - and there are many - see a company with a best-in-class product, happy customers and an almost limitless opportunity as online commerce grows and Shopify expands its offerings to retailers. "To be honest, they essentially have no competition," Gus Papageorgiou, an analyst at PI Financial Corp., said in an interview.

Yet even though Shopify's share price has declined by more than 25 per cent since its peak this past August, the stock remains very expensive. The company has never turned a profit, and isn't expected to in 2020, so there's no way to value Shopify on its earnings. And investors are paying more than $20 for every dollar of sales Shopify records - which is more than twice the price-to-sales multiple for many other well-known growing tech companies.

Some analysts look at that lofty valuation and wonder whether Shopify can grow as quickly or as large as the stock price suggests it must - particularly if the company can't win over big corporate customers that might be able to develop their own systems, or can't compete with social media platforms, such as Instagram or Pinterest, that are adding e-commerce functions for online retailers "Any sane person would say, 'Can this company really grow revenues that fast for that long?' Morningstar analyst Dan Romanoff said in an interview. "There's not a lot of companies that have that kind of track record, to say that there's a precedent out there for that."

The company was born in 2004 when Mr. Lutke launched a business selling snowboards online and found that software options were lacking. He built his own e-commerce software, which he licensed to other retailers, then established Shopify in 2006.

The platform was enthusiastically adopted by budding entrepreneurs and small businesses who lacked the technical skills to develop their own online selling systems.

Shopify now boasts more than one million merchants on its platform - a number that has increased by 30 per cent in just the last 12 months.

Collectively, these merchants sold more than US$15-billion worth of stuff in 40 countries through Shopify in the company's third quarter ended Sept. 30.

Many of these merchants are tiny. But some, such as the BBC, Gatorade, Gund and KKW Beauty, a cosmetics company launched by Kim Kardashian West, are well-known brands that are boosting Shopify's profile as the company expands globally and embraces different languages and currencies.

In its early years, Shopify simply sold monthly subscriptions for its software, collecting extra money for each transaction a user processed. But over time, company has added new services, such as payment-card processing, online postage sales, point-of-sale hardware for its customers to sell merchandise in stores and even short-term business loans.

Shopify has also started moving up the food chain from serving the smallest online businesses to considerably larger ones. The bigger retailers are customers of the more elaborate "Shopify Plus" platform. Many analysts believe that no other company currently offers this one-stop approach-- and the platform gets better as it gets bigger.

Shopify's basic subscription fees range from US$29 to US$299 a month, depending on the complexity of the business and the features needed.

The Shopify Plus platform can cost US$2,000 a month. Shopify calls the rest of the new offerings "merchant services."

More ways to collect money from its clients, plus hooking ever-bigger retailers to the Shopify system, have made for a sexy growth story, and investors have responded. As of Friday, Shopify's shares are up 17-fold since its May, 2015, IPO on the New York and Toronto stock exchanges.

The company joined the blue-chip S&P/TSX 60 earlier this year. At Shopify's Aug. 27 Canadiandollar high of $543.76 on the TSX, the company had a market capitalization that topped $60-billion.

"By any measure, it's ahead of the competition.

It is the platform of choice for entrepreneurs, small businesses and increasingly larger businesses to launch their e-commerce operations. And we have no issue with that," Chris Silvestre, an analyst at Veritas Investment Research, said in an interview.

In a recent research report, however, Mr. Silvestre questions whether people are overestimating Shopify's potential customer base, referred to in financial-speak as the "total addressable market."

In a recent investor presentation, Shopify says it regards that total market as "anyone who wants to make more money from their site than what they pay for it."

More specifically, the presentation has an image of inverted pyramid with a huge number of entrepreneurs at the wide base at the top, and a small number of the biggest brands near the point at the bottom.

In the middle, US$70-billion of merchandise sold each year by small and medium-sized businesses. "The way it's shaped, it gives you the impression that there's a much bigger market out there," Mr. Silvestre says. "So, it really does leave a lot to the imagination."

But Mr. Silvestre says investors shouldn't plan on Shopify powering the websites of the world's largest retailers. By and large, they have complex needs, the ability and resources to develop their own solutions and the desire to retain control over them. Mr. Silverstre estimates Shopify is used in less than 4 per cent of the websites of the top 500 U.S. e-commerce retailers.

Mr. Silvestre also says Shopify faces a challenge when its merchant customers choose to depart from their own websites and sell on other platforms, such such as Amazon or eBay. Social media

sites such as Instagram and Pinterest are also developing payment tools and systems that allow users to buy things without ever leaving the app.

Shopify has apps that allow its customers to sell on those sites, as well as their own websites. But the Amazons of the world can take a much larger share of a merchant's transaction costs than Shopify collects when a customer sticks to its own Shopify-powered website.

Mr. Silvestre cuts the total e-commerce pie in half by subtracting the biggest retailers, and cuts the remainder nearly in half once again when estimating the effect of alternative platforms. The result, he says, is a total addressable market of just one-quarter of e-commerce sales - not all of them, as he figures some of the most optimistic investors may assume.

"I get [that Shopify has] a whole bunch of really fast growing amazing companies, amazing brands, organizations that want to go direct to the consumer," said Mr. Silvestre. "But there is a hard limit on the size of the opportunity, and that's the size of the total e-commerce market. And if we just start making some deductions, it becomes pretty clear that there is a limit to this market. And it's probably less than what people expect, very likely to be smaller than people expect."

What does that limit mean for Shopify's share price? Mr. Silvestre's US$275 "fair value" estimate, published Oct. 15, is now slightly below Friday's New York Stock Exchange closing price of US$297.73.

Other analysts, such as Mr. Papageorgiou of PI Financial, have a more bullish view of Shopify's total addressable market. He said it is essentially immeasurable. It's nearly impossible to quantify the number of merchants worldwide likely to spring up and start selling their products online.

Any estimate must also take into account the growth of companies after they join Shopify's platform, because their swelling top lines mean more fees for Shopify.

Mr. Papageorgiou points to Allbirds Inc., a San Francisco-based shoemaker and retailer. The company likely began paying about US$360 a year for the Shopify platform, but it's now generating an estimated US$100-million in sales a year. (The privately-held company doesn't release financial figures.)

Allbirds pays Shopify 0.25 per cent of sales, Mr.

Papageorgiou says, which translates to US$250,000 a year. That doesn't include the fees when the company's customers use a credit card to make a payment on its website.

"It's a very, very big market," Mr. Papageorgiou said.

In an interview, Harley Finkelstein, Shopify's chief operating officer, said the company estimated the size of its potential market prior to its IPO in 2015 at about 10 million SMBs (small and medium sized businesses) in the company's core market, and 46 million worldwide. That's still a tantalizing 10- to 46-times the size of Shopify's current roster of merchants.

But Mr. Finkelstein says that the early estimates didn't include merchants who don't see themselves as SMBs, which suggests that Shopify's total addressable market could be far larger.

"I don't think that when Kylie started she called herself a retail SMB," Mr. Finkelstein said, referring to Kylie Jenner, the reality-TV star who launched Kylie Cosmetics on Shopify. According to Forbes, Ms. Jenner's business generated an estimated US$360-million in sales last year.

Mr. Finkelstein said that if you add up the revenue generated by Shopify's U.S. merchants on the platform, the combined theoretical entity would be the third-largest online retailer in the United States. That puts the company behind Amazon and eBay, but ahead of Walmart and Apple.

Size now allows Shopify to create its wide suite of offerings at a great price. "This is important because what it allows us to do fundamentally is go and negotiate on behalf of these merchants in a way they couldn't do for themselves," Mr. Finkelstein said.

One of Shopify's newest offerings is "fulfillment": A merchant sells something, but Shopify is in charge of pulling it from inventory, packaging it and shipping it to the buyer. Unlike online postal services or even point-of-sales systems, fulfillment can require immense cash spending on land, warehouses, forklifts and employees. There's also a company called Amazon.com Inc. that has spent billions of dollars to first offer two-day "Prime" shipping, then same-day service and then some deliveries in just hours.

Shopify said it would spend about US$1-billion launching its fulfillment services, then in September announced a US$450-million deal to buy 6 River Systems Inc., a robotics company that promises to boost efficiency in those services. Mr. Finkelstein said any fears that Shopify is going to spend wildly and try to take on giant Amazon - which he describes as a "partner" in e-commerce, not a competitor - are wrong.

Amazon owns its warehouses, while Shopify is minimizing the cash outlay by partnering with third-party companies, he says. And while Amazon is rolling out expensive same-day delivery, Shopify is happy to stick with two days, which it expects is more than enough for its merchants.

Same-day delivery, Mr. Finkelstein said, "is probably more important for Amazon products - for toilet paper or detergent or diapers. But for a beautiful pair of shoes or a cool bracelet or great T-shirt, or anything, for that matter that is sold on Shopify, we think two-day delivery is going to be absolutely sufficient - and will delight consumers."

For now, Shopify's top-line revenue suggests it has been making the right calls. The total in the third quarter increased 45 per cent, year-over-year, to US$391 million. Analysts expect the company is on track to surpass US$1.5-billion in sales for 2019, also up 45 per cent from 2018. That's meteoric growth from 2014, its final year as a private company, when it recorded US$105 million in sales.

But already, Shopify is revealing some growing pains that could challenge some of the more optimistic scenarios underpinning the stock. Growth in year-over-year merchant solutions revenue, while still impressive, has slowed to 50 per cent from 68 per cent in the third quarter of 2018, according to RBC Dominion Securities. Similarly, growth in subscription revenue has decelerated to 37 per cent from 46 per cent a year ago.

Profits are another question. Many investors seem to believe Shopify can keep up a blistering sales pace for some time, and they assume the company will turn those sales to profits. To date, Shopify has not produced positive net income and, on average, analysts do not expect it to next year.

Shopify is a heavy user of stock in its employeepay programs, having awarded more than US$100 million worth in 2018. It releases an "adjusted" profit figure that removes the cost of stock-based compensation - and therefore, shows occasional profitability.

Analysts aren't anticipating that Shopify will generate real profits any time soon. Goldman Sachs analyst Christopher Merwin, for example, expects that the company will continue to invest in growth initiatives such as its fulfillment network and international expansion.

For now, investors will have to make do with operating income, a hypothetical measure of profit from its existing operations that doesn't include expansion initiatives. Mr. Merwin forecasts operating income will rise to US$330.3-million in 2022, up from an expected US$37.4-million in 2019.

Shopify's current stock price values the entire company at 22 times its sales for the past 12 months, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence. Among nine tech companies Veritas's Mr.

Silvestre assembled for comparison, none trade for more than 10 times sales. The median price-tosales ratio in the S&P/TSX Composite is less than three, according to S&P. (See chart.)

A gigantic run-up in Shopify's share price in early 2019 cooled some analysts' heels. Many made so-called "valuation calls" - in essence saying, "We love the company, but we don't love the stock at this price."

Todd Coupland, an analyst at CIBC World Markets, downgraded Shopify in June to a lukewarm "neutral" recommendation from "outperformer," arguing that the upside potential has been priced into the stock. He was one of four analysts who downgraded the shares to neutral from mid-May to late June, according to Bloomberg. Mr. Coupland reiterated this recommendation in late October, after Shopify reported its third-quarter financial results.

Ken Wong, an analyst with Guggenheim Securities Inc., wrote that after an "active week of investor dialogue" following his May downgrade, "we found that approximately 30 per cent of conversations were in the bull camp, 20 per cent questioned the multiple but see no definitive negative catalyst, another 20 per cent were clearly negative and 30 per cent that are watching events unfold on the sidelines, possibly looking for a better entry point."

The percentage of analysts who say Shopify is a buying opportunity has tumbled to 53 per cent, down from 68 per cent at the start of the year and 100 per cent three years ago, according to Bloomberg. Still, their average target price, a forecast for the next 12 months, is US$356.20, or nearly 20 per cent more than Friday's closing price.

The most cautious analysts say, however, that it's hard to see how Shopify, as successful as it has been, can keep this up.

Morningstar's Mr. Romanoff has modelled Shopify's cash flow over the next 15 years - a task, he acknowledges, would be easier with a more mature company. He says the fair value of the company's stock is just US$175, about US$100 below current prices.

The current share price, he argues, implies revenue growth of 25 to 30 per cent every year for the next 15 years. "I don't think they can grow that fast," he says. He says Shopify's annual revenue gain could slip to 23 per cent as soon as 2023. "But again, if you own the stock, or you want to buy, you obviously have to believe there's upside, and that's something that needs to happen to make the math work." Just how big is Shopify's potential market? Veritas Investment Research says Shopify won't get many customers from the 100 biggest U.S.

e-commerce retailers. As for small retailers, many use eBay, Amazon and other third-party marketplaces to sell goods. Shopify has apps that help merchants use those sites, but it collects much less in fees for those transactions. So after deducting those marketplaces from its calculation of Shopify's revenue opportunities, Veritas estimates the company may only be able to tap into about one-quarter of all online sales.

PLAYING WITH FIRE
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Alberta and the conservative movement must decide if they want to lead, or shrink from federalism, Kenneth Whyte writes. But if the province retreats behind a firewall, it risks getting burned
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By KENNETH WHYTE
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


Kenneth Whyte is chairman of the Donner Canada Foundation and publisher of Sutherland House Books. He is the former editor-in-chief of Maclean's, editor of Saturday Night, executive editor of Alberta Report and founding editor of the National Post. His books include Hoover: An Extraordinary Life in Extraordinary Times, and he writes a weekly newsletter, SHuSH.

R ed Deer lies halfway between Edmonton and Calgary, roughly 150 kilometres from each, and despite snow and ice warnings in both directions, a couple of hundred people from all over Alberta turned up early at a hotel conference room last Saturday to address the big question: How should the province respond to a disappointing outcome in last month's federal election?

This was a different gathering than the feral, amateurish Wexit rally at the Boot Scootin' Boogie Dancehall in Edmonton on Nov. 2, the one with the Make Alberta Great Again hats and chants of "The West Wants Out!" The Red Deer crowd was composed of seasoned political operatives, the sort of people who run local campaigns and sit on boards of riding associations. Their hosts were the Manning Centre and its founder, one-time Reform Party leader Preston Manning. The keynote speaker was Alberta Premier Jason Kenney.

Despite their relative savvy and experience, the Red Deer people, too, were vexed and emotive. They showered applause on Financial Post columnist Diane Francis, who took the stage to expand on her thesis that federalism allows "smug and powerful" Laurentian elites to "economically strangle and disenfranchise" Alberta. The solution, she said, to general enthusiasm, is for Alberta to adopt Quebec's playbook and threaten separatism. The result would either be a reworked federal deal or an independent Alberta.

Another speaker, Danielle Smith, former leader of the provincial Wildrose Party and now a popular Calgary talk-radio host, spends her days chatting on air to an outraged populace about a whole range of options. She raised some of them before the Red Deer crowd: a referendum on separatism, joining the United States, creating a megaprovince by combining Alberta, Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories. But it was the notion of emulating Quebec and building a firewall around the province that generated the most discussion in Red Deer.

Largely undiscussed were the causesoftheanger.OnlyMr.Kenney found it necessary to recite them, probably because he was addressingalargeraudiencethan those in the room with his prepared remarks. Per capita incomes are down 5 per cent over thepastfiveyears.Businessbankruptcies are up 50 per cent.

"Thousands upon thousands of Albertans have lost their homes, their small businesses and hopes," he said. Yet, Alberta issending$23-billionayearmore to Ottawa in tax revenue than it receives back in services and transfers.

Social costs ride on the economic distress. Property crimes have quadrupled in some counties and municipalities. The opioid and addiction crises have escalated. The suicide rate is 50 percenthigherinAlbertathanin Ontario.

And in addition to the economic and social costs are open wounds caused by a Prime MinisterwhopromisestophaseoutAlberta's oil sands, a federal Environment Minister who can link any change in the weather to the energy industry and has championed pipeline-assessment legislation(BillC-69),knownlocally as the "No More Pipelines Act," and a Liberal government that engagedinallmannerofmischief to keep SNC-Lavalin in Montreal, yet couldn't manage a regretful tweet when energy giant Encana, once the largestcompany in Canada by market capitalization, announced it was decamping Calgary for Denver.

The Red Deer gathering was virtually unanimous in its view that the roots of all these problems are political, not economic.

Yes, global oil and gas prices are down. But they are especially low in Alberta because the new pipeline-assessment legislation, thetankerbanontheWestCoast, the federal carbon tax and the cancelling or bungling of a series of major pipeline projects have combined to landlock resources andcreateenoughregulatoryuncertainty to kill investment in Alberta's energy industry. Mr. Kenneyruefullynotedthatthereisno shortage of investment, drilling activity and employment across the border in North Dakota, Colorado, Texas and Oklahoma, global prices notwithstanding.

The political crisis is doubleedged: immediate and historic.

Immediate because the Liberals won re-election - Alberta gave all but one of its seats to the Conservative Party of Canada - and now lead a minority Parliament dependent on votes from the New Democrats and/or the Bloc Québécois, both of which are seen as hostile to energy interests. Albertans are imagining a short-term imposition of still more limits on their ability to develop and markettheirresources,aswellascontinuing federal indifference to their plight.

The problem is historic because it is recurring: Once every generation or so, a similar crisis arises to alert Alberta to the costs of its membership in Confederation. The previous one, in 1986, was triggered by Conservative prime minister Brian Mulroney's perceived pandering to Quebec and simultaneous reluctance to dismantle vestiges of former Liberal prime minister Pierre Trudeau's national energy program, as he had promised in the 1984 election.Overtime,Albertaabandoned the Mulroney Tories in favour of Mr. Manning's Reform movement, with its plans to reducethesizeandscopeofthefederal government, reform the Senate to give outlying regions more clout and enact populist measures such as referendums to renew Canadian democracy.

It is the recurring nature of the problem that persuaded most at theRedDeergatheringtosupport systemic change as opposed to simply regrouping to fight the Liberals in the next election.

"The ballot box does not work," Ms. Francis said flatly. Regardless of who is in power, Alberta "is treated like a stepchild" despite being the country's breadwinner.

Hercommentswereconsistent with Mr. Kenney's approach. He denounced a federalism that has squeezed $200-billion more out ofAlbertainthepastdecadethan it has returned and a federal equalization program that allowed Quebec to recently "post a $4-billionsurpluswhilereceiving $13-billion in equalization payments generated primarily by Albertataxpayers." Heannounceda commission to examine the viability of the 20-year-old proposal to build a policy firewall around his province.

The firewall strategy, associated with former prime minister Stephen Harper (before he was a federal leader), former provincial cabinet minister Ted Morton and former Harper and Manning policy adviser Tom Flanagan, begins from the premise that Alberta needs to quarantine itself against the disease of federalism.

The plan would see the province follow Quebec in opting out of the Canada Pension Plan and creating its own pensions; launching a provincial police force to replace the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; seeking representation in federal treaty negotiations that affects its interests;requiringmunicipalitiesand school boards to obtain provincial approval before entering into agreements with Ottawa; collecting its own revenue from personalincometaxesandoptingoutof federal cost-share programs with full compensation; among other measures. Mr. Manning, who has been pushing for a renegotiation ofthefederaldealthroughouthis decades-long political career, will chair Mr. Kenney's commission.

It is a measure of the depth of Alberta's anguish that storming to your room and slamming the door seems the reasonable, middle-of-the-road strategy, the let'smeet-in-Red Deer compromise for managing electoral disappointment.Granted,itislesschildishthanrunningawaywithseparatists.

It is another measure of Alberta's pain that it would emulate Quebec (or, at least, investigate the viability of emulating Quebec). Over the past 50 years of what journalist Josh Freed calls its "neverendum" on separation andsovereigntyassociation,Quebechassunkfromfifthtoseventh among provinces in GDP per capita and from 30 per cent to 22 per cent in its share of the Canadian population. Talent, capital and headofficeshavefledtostablejurisdictions,leavingbehindchronic unemployment, high bond rates on uncomfortable levels of debt and an insular, insecure political class far more effective at nursing slights than building an economy. Only blind anger could make that seem like the right approach.

Like any large organization, a province can concentrate on one big thing at a time. Alberta can decide that federalism is the problem, hive itself off and struggleagainstit,asQuebechasdone.

Or it can live up to its self-image as an enterprising, self-reliant people, admit that global economic forces and its own failures have contributed to its predicament, then work constructively to set things right.

Thefactisthateconomics,separate from politics, are a huge partofAlberta'sproblem.Oiland gaspricesdroppedbyhalfin2014 andhavestayeddown.Therewas no screaming about the inequities of federalism in the decade prior to that decline. Economics werealsoahugepartoftheproblem in 1986. Oil and gas prices dropped by half then, too. That does not delegitimize Alberta's arguments - federal inequities exist - but the province has shown it can tolerate the federal system in good times.

Alberta had one of its own as prime minister for a decade and failed to address the province's complaints with the federal equalization regime (arguably, Mr. Harper's tinkering with the formula in 2009 made it worse).

The Harper government's record on providing Alberta with pipeline capacity is reasonably good but patently insufficient. And Mr.

Harper failed to move on a range of other irritants - one that has long been an article of faith amongCanadianconservativesis the perceived bias of the CBC (it cameupofteninRedDeer,where the network's coverage of the election was as violently declaimed as the result).

The opportunity to set things right will almost certainly come within two years and seven months, which is the longest a minorityParliamenthaslastedin Canada. Electoral solutions may seem unappealing after watching Justin Trudeau execute a difficult triple-blackface manoeuvre and stick his landing in 24 Sussex, but Alberta and the West are well-positioned to return the Conservative Party of Canada to office.

It's as though Alberta and the West have forgotten and are prepared to squander the enormous gains they have made within Confederation since the 1986 crisis. It took almost two decades, but the Reform Party and its successor, the Canadian Alliance, arranged the friendly takeover of a Progressive Conservative party steeped in the Red Toryism (watered Liberalism) of Robert Stanfield, Dalton Camp and Joe Clark.

Those efforts earned Western conservatives command of a powerful machine with which to chasefederalLiberalsfromoffice.

The Conservative Party's name is no longer a contradiction in terms, and its strength and leadership are largely in the West, the most dynamic part of the country. Year after year, Canada's economic and demographic might tiltsalittlemoretowardtheRockies.Mr.Harperprovedin2011that it is possible to win a majority governmentwithjustfiveseatsin Quebec. Mr. Trudeau learned this yearthatit'sverydifficulttowina majority with four seats between Ontario and the Lower Mainland of B.C.

TheprospectsoftheConservative Party are bright, in large part because those of the Liberals are not. Mr. Trudeau survived the election, but his standing among Canadians has been irreparably damaged by personal and political scandal. His brand, once the primary asset of this incarnation of Liberalism, is now a burden.

Hispartyislikelyacoupleofyears from a rebuild.

It is true that the performance ofAndrewScheer'sConservatives in2019disappointedtheirfollowers, but it was never going to be easy. Employment across Canada was reasonably high, and it is always difficult to knock a sitting

prime minister with a majority government off his pedestal in one fell swoop.

The Conservative Party, moreover, was (and still is) in transition.Foradecade,itwasdominated by Stephen Harper, Stephen Harper's priorities and Stephen Harper's people. Mr. Scheer had the challenge of rebuilding his party while running an election.

It was similar to the challenge that frustrated a succession of Liberal leaders - Paul Martin, StéphaneDionandMichaelIgnatieff -afterthelongreignofJeanChrétien. And still Mr. Scheer's Conservatives won substantially more votes, if not seats, than the Trudeau Liberals.

The next six months are critical for the federal Conservatives.

The party must decide if Mr.

Scheer is the leader to return it to power. It needs to articulate a clear reason why it belongs in government and it needs to improve its effectiveness as an opposition force in Parliament. It needs to understand the role of social conservatism in the party and, to the extent it exists, learn howtoanswerobviousquestions about it. It needs to better integrate itself with seven like-minded provincial governments, in particular the Doug Ford gang in Ontario.

That is a lot of work, and it requires the full participation and attention of the entire Canadian conservative movement, as does preparation for the opportunity of regaining power in another year or two. How does that happen while Alberta, the keystone of Canadian conservatism, is making a bunker of itself? The West either wants in or it wants out. It either wants to lead CanadaordefenditselffromCanada.It can't suck and blow.

While Mr. Kenney has no defined federal role, he is, by virtue ofhisstaunchlyconservativeoutlook and political talent, his long experience as a Harper minister, his willingness to campaign for fellow conservatives around the country and his deliberate bridge building among conservative premiers,themostimportantfigure in contemporary Canadian conservatism. To the extent he is firewallingAlbertaandmanaging thefourseparateprovincialreferendumshehassaidcouldbepart of the province's near future (on the CPP, on the RCMP, on entrenching property rights, on c ditching equalization), he is less c useful to the larger movement. a In fairness to Mr. Kenney, he w has no choice but to get out in w frontofhispeopleonthefirewall r plan. The alternative is to be stampeded while asking citizens o to remain calm. He, at least, was t steadfast and eloquent in his op- l position to the separatist option, d no doubt to the disappointment s of many followers. Recent polls a put support for independence at s a third of Albertans. 2 Mr. Kenney has also left him- $ self options. By striking an arm's- t length commission to study the i various quarantine measures, he s can pick and choose from its rec- n ommendations. It's quite possi- w ble, for instance, that leaving the m CanadaPensionPlanmakesgood g economic sense, although a pro- a vincial police force won't. The g several months his commission c will devote to its work buys Mr. v Kenney time to gauge the intentions of Mr. Trudeau's minority a government and to see how the s Federal Court of Appeal handles t the Trans Mountain pipeline ex- f pansion case next month. c It is also possible that the fire- c wall measures are simply Mr. c Kenney'swayofmanagingpublic i sentiment and reducing tensions m in his province. There was more a than one dimension to his Red i Deerspeech.Inadditiontodetailing the firewall project, he laid out how federalism can be made to work for Alberta: "I don't understand how it would be to our advantage to isolate ourselves ... I think many Albertans have a sense that we are isolated,butthat'snottrue.We've beendevelopingarobustalliance with like-minded provinces that frankly I do not think we have seen before in our modern economic history. We have nine of the 10 provincial governments who expressed their support for energy and resources corridors, including oil and gas pipelines.

Wehavenineof10provinceswho arestronglyopposedtothefederalgovernment'sBillC-69-the'no more pipelines law.' We have the majority of provinces opposed to theimpositionofthefederalgovernment's carbon tax. We even have the government of Quebec that has agreed to join us at the SupremeCourttoopposethatintrusion in provincial jurisdiction."

That sounds like a man who couldstillgoeitherway-orsome combination of ways. Mr. Kenney also told the federal government what it could do to make peace with Alberta. His demands are reasonable.

The first is for firm guarantees on the construction and completion of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, which Mr. Trudeauhasalreadycommittedhimselfto.Thesecondinvolvesretroactively lifting a cap on the fiscal stabilization program back to 2014 or 2015, to give Alberta a $1.75-billion rebate on equalization, which apart from being fair is a small price, in the greater scheme of things, for enhanced national unity. Mr. Kenney also wants federal help for environmentalinvestmentandtechnology, which should be a no-brainer, andsupportforliquefiednaturalgas exports, which accelerate coal-to-gas conversion in the developing world, another win-win.

Sotherearechoicestobemade all around. Alberta and the conservativemovementwilldecideif they want to lead or shrink from federalism. The Liberals will decide if they are sincere in their recentstatementsabouttheprimacy of national unity and balancing the economy with environmental concerns. This is hardly aninsolublemess,atpresent,but it does have the makings of one.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY DAVID PARKINS

ILLUSTRATION BY DAVID PARKINS

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B21


lois elizabeth TRUELAND (PETERSON) Born July 2, 1929 Fredericton, New Brunswick Died November 12, 2019 Oakville, Ontario Lois was predeceased by the love of her life, Peter Trueland (2000).

Lois felt her great legacy was her three children - Jim (Carrie), Pamela (Gary Turnbull) and Sean - and her six grandchildren - Kate and Meaghan Trueland, Rory and Jaime Trueland and Peter and Mike Turnbull.

Lois grew up in the village of Fredericton Junction, New Brunswick with her parents, Ina and Ray Peterson (deceased) and her sisters Sarah Peterson and Jean (Peterson) Brenan (deceased). The values instilled in Lois during those years in The Junction, through the Depression & Second World War, remained with her always. She had a love of community and people, literature and poetry and good family arguments around the dinner table. Nothing made her happier than a good "maritime" sing song around the piano.

Lois graduated with a BA from the University of New Brunswick in 1950, spent one year as a teacher in Port Elgin, NB, before Peter, also a UNB grad, rescued her, married her and took her to Bathurst, NB.

By 1962, Lois and Pete had settled in Oakville, Ontario.

Lois believed the only sport in life was golf which she played A LOT at Mississaugua Golf & Country Club. And she believed the only game one ever really needed to play was Bridge. Always a strong competitor, Lois insisted on playing by the rules and never understood "just playing for fun"! Lois's humour was legendary; there was fun in her spirit and joy in her soul. Always warm and welcoming, family and friends loved to gather around her as she "threw another potato in the pot" for dinners at the cottage in Dorset, Ontario or in the sunroom on the lake in Oakville.

Lois was forever quoting from somewhere and offering small "life lessons". This Shakespeare quote from Hamlet seemed to be her moral compass: "This above all: to thine own self be true, And it must follow, as the night the day, Thou canst not then be false to any man."

Visitation will be held on Sunday, November 17, 2019 at the Kopriva Taylor Community Funeral Home, 64 Lakeshore Road West (one block East of Kerr Street), Oakville from 7 - 9 p.m. Funeral Service will be held on Monday, November 18, 2019 at St. Jude's Anglican Church, 160 William Street, Oakville at 1 p.m. with a reception to follow.

Online condolences at http://www.koprivataylor.com PEGGY IRENE WILLOUGHBY (née Ramsey) June 15, 1929 - November 8, 2019 Surrounded by family, Peggy Willoughby passed peacefully on November 8, 2019. Predeceased by husband Russell Allan, parents Stanley and Florence Ramsey, brother William and infant daughter Shelley. Survived by brother Ronald (Marlene), son Doug (Connalyn), daughters Joanne (Jonathan McSherry) and Sandra (Steve Waters), grandchildren Corene, Lauren (Sandy Ross), Adrienne, Rowan McSherry and great grandson William Ross. Heartfelt thanks to Dr. David Hood, the staff of Hospice Wellington, and Arbour Trails for providing exceptional care to Mom during her final journey.

Raised in Carlyle SK, Peggy kept the family pharmacy tradition alive by graduating from the University of Saskatchewan with a Bachelor of Pharmacy in 1953. Peggy was recognized as "Senior Stick" for her scholarship and citizenship. Peggy worked as a pharmacist at St. Joseph's and Guelph General hospitals from 1968 to 1990. She volunteered at Hospice, Probus, Health Care Professionals and University / College Women. While she contributed professionally and to the community, she was a devoted wife, mother and grandmother who supported each of us in achieving our aspirations and dreams.

Peggy sparkled when surrounded by her beloved family and dear friends.

She made everyone feel their very best and loved to entertain, play bridge and piano. She loved to travel, curl, golf, bike and swim. She enjoyed quiet conversations and lively happy hours and appreciated every meal to the last bite. Her perfectionist nature and high standards were influential and inspirational to everyone.

A celebration of Peggy's life will be held at Harcourt Memorial United Church, Guelph, at 2:00 p.m. on Friday, December 20, 2019. In lieu of flowers, the family requests donations to support Hospice Wellington.

C. WILLIAM WEBSTER January 4, 1944 November 1, 2019 With great sadness we announce the passing in Vancouver of C.

William Webster on November 1, 2019 at 75 years of age. Son of Eric Webster and Elizabeth Paterson, Will was predeceased by his wife, Diana Graham Webster. He leaves their daughter Tara and son Sean, Sean's wife, Christy and grandchildren, Madison and Jaden, as well as his brother, Norman and sister, Maggie.

Will was a kind and generous man whose bright red hair and warm smile lit up the room.

He was Chief Barker of Variety the Children's Charity of British Columbia, a member of Variety's International Board and received the Gold Heart Award for his 45 years as a volunteer for the charity.

"Willie" grew up in Sherbrooke, Quebec, graduated from Bishop's University and worked in Toronto and Vancouver, returning every summer to his favourite place, his cottage in North Hatley, Quebec.

He was an inventive chef with a formidable memory for a good story. He was happiest when surrounded by close friends and family, fine wine and good music.

Even though the last year of his life was difficult medically he passed peacefully, surrounded by love.

FRANK MITCHELL WHEELER Frank Mitchell Wheeler passed away peacefully at home on September 6, 2019, surrounded by his family.

Frank was born in Chicago, IL in 1935, and was raised in Virginia, Washington State, and Europewhere he remained through his higher education. In 1970, he immigrated with his wife, Jean, and young family to Canada, a country immediately embraced as home. He was a father of three, grandfather of seven, a loving husband for 59 years, and a deeply valued member of a large and close extended family.

Dr. Wheeler received his M.Sc.

(honours) in Metallurgical Engineering in 1962, and a doctorate in 1992. In 1970, he joined Hatch Associates, retiring as Vice President, Special Projects, Iron & Steel in 2000. He continued to work with Hatch as a consultant-at-large on specific projects for the next ten years.

Since 2007, he has been an adjunct lecturer at the University of Toronto, co-authoring a metallurgical engineering plant design book, as well as authoring nearly thirty technical articles and holding four patents. In April of this year, Frank was elected a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering.

Frank traveled the world extensively, both recreationally and professionally-which fostered his innate curiosity and appreciation of cultures other than his own. This broad experience was reflected in his patient, diplomatic, and benevolent demeanor. As a husband, father, grandfather, family member, friend and colleague Frank will be deeply missed-and always remembered.

A celebration of Frank's life will take place at Glenview Presbyterian Church in Toronto.

The family may be contacted for further details.

DR. CICELY WILSON April 3, 1926 November 3, 2019 In her 94th year passed away peacefully. Predeceased by Art Wilson, and her sister, Myra.

Loving mother of Janet, Helen and David, cherished mother-inlaw to Fernand, Michie, Paul, and Joanna, and proud grandmother of Amanda, Lucas, Marlow, Martine, Hilarie, Jesse, Amanda, Kathleen and Kayla. Great grandmother to Henry, Evan, James and Shea.

A strong, determined, yet elegant woman, Cicely was a pioneer.

Born in London, England, she received her veterinary training at the Royal Veterinary College as the Second World War raged.

After leaving war-torn England, she became the first woman veterinarian in western Canada.

She quietly faced any barriers by proving she could do the job better than any man. Her plans to return to England changed when she met the debonair and charming Arthur. She was finally swept off her feet when Art proposed at the farm and confirmed his belief in the family.

She opened her own clinic in Richmond Hill beside the church where she married Art, followed by three decades of practice at the renowned Secord Animal Hospital and at St. Clair Animal Hospital in Toronto.

Cicely's dedication, discipline and patience inspired her family to be creative and hard working. Cicely was so very proud that her daughter Helen and her granddaughter Kathleen both followed in her footsteps - three generations of female veterinarians.

Cicely and Art enjoyed an active 54 year marriage with a rich network of friends, and dancing, music, laughter and always a 5 o'clock vodka and scotch. They were never far from a tennis court and a golf course. Tennis for Cicely was a passion. She was on many inter-county teams, and played into her 80s. Her drop shot was wicked. She always said that her lifelong friends were made through tennis. She golfed to be with Art, but was talented enough to become the Senior Ladies Champion at Donalda Golf Club.

Like her golf shot, Cicely was straight as an arrow. She was ever fair, direct, independent, and intelligent. Yet she was curious with a broad world view and a good sense of humour. The family skied enthusiastically during the winter and treasured the annual family reunion each summer in Muskoka. She became our family matriarch after Art passed away.

In her later years, she enjoyed the warmth of the Arizona sun during winters and her passion became bridge. She proudly played five days a week in her Dunfield home with her bridge friends.

Mum always said getting old is not for sissies. Too true. The Dunfield residents and staff always treated Dr. Wilson with kindness, patience and respect. Florie Coish welcomed her to the Dunfield and Lawrence was a true friend to the end. A huge thank you to Jean, Yvonne, Malou, Gladys, Lemelyn, Grace, Luci, Clara and Eden for their loving care of Mum in her last days. The responsiveness of Dr. Amos and the Temmy Latner palliative team made it possible for mum to stay in her home for this last journey. Thank you all, from the bottom of our hearts.

In celebration of Cicely's life, please join us on Saturday, November 16, 2019, 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the Dunfield Retirement Residence, second floor, 77 Dunfield Ave., Toronto. In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the Ontario or Toronto Humane Society would be gratefully appreciated.

DAVID ROBERT GILES WOOD Our son, David Robert Giles Wood passed away the morning of Tuesday, November 13, 2019, following a long illness. He was 36 years old and loved dearly by his mom and dad, Anne and Dr. Michael Wood. He was predeceased by his younger brother, James. Loved by and will be missed by his friends and family. Taken away much too soon.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor St.

W., at Windermere, near the Jane subway on Monday, November 18th, from 4-8 p.m. Funeral service will be held in the Chapel, on Tuesday, November 19th at 3 p.m.

For those who wish, donations may be made to St. Joseph's Health Centre Foundation. Online condolences may be made through http://www.turnerporter.ca WILLIAM WOODYATT (Bill) July 11, 1950 November 12, 2019 Thankfully our parents (Joe and Doreen) broke the mould when they made Bill almost better known as "Stumpy." He was truly one of a kind. To Jeff and I (MariJayne), he was our big brother who played hockey for the Marlies and raced cars. Either his own car or in his younger years, our father's, around the streets of Don Mills in the middle of the night. Bill always had stories to tell and there were a lot of them and the more he told them the bigger they became. Bill was a very proud father to his son Bryce and his daughter, Jamie, whom he missed dearly (2018). Nothing brought a smile to his face faster than his grandson, Nathan, and Bill always loved to hear about his success in school and in sports.

Look out Leafs, Stumpy said he was going to strap on the pads again and play for you and we have no doubt that somewhere he is.

Visitation will be held on Monday, November 18, 2019, at the R.S.

Kane Funeral Home between 12 and 1 p.m., with a Celebration of Bill's Life beginning at 1 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Bill's memory at http://www.nannyangelnetwork.

com/support-us/woodhaven.

Condolences can be left at http://www.rskane.ca.

R.S. Kane 416-221-1159 SYLVIA NELHAM AND JOHN NELHAM We write this in tribute to Sylvia Nelham and John Nelham, our dearly loved parents. Married for over 50 years, they were inseparable, and are united again. Sylvia and John are deeply missed by their three daughters, Carolyn Nelham, Donna Nelham and Marlene Nelham and son-in-law Paul Tremlett.

Sylvia Nelham (nee Eidinger) passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Thursday, May 17, 2018 at Place Kensington in Westmount, Quebec.

Sylvia was born in Montreal on November 17, 1933. Our father would say, "Your mum is the kindest woman I've ever met." She moved through life with grace, charm, and a keen sense of humour. Sylvia had a long, successful career as a real estate professional in Hudson, Quebec. She excluded no one, and there was always room for one more. She was a fierce 'Mama Bear' who treasured her family. Sylvia was a wonderful mother, a devoted wife, a good friend and an inspiration to many. A private service for the immediate family and close friends took place on Wednesday, May 23, 2018.

John William Riley Nelham passed away peacefully Wednesday, May 15, 2019, at Place Kensington in Westmount, Quebec. John was born in Middlesex, England on August 24, 1926. He grew up on a farm outside of Toronto and watched the first plane depart from Pearson airport from the back of his family home. John had a long, successful career in the railway industry. He had an irreverent sense of humour, loved the country and took part in various outdoor sports. A master mason since May 31, 1949. John died as he lived life, on his terms and by his own principles. Never one to back away from a challenge, if you said he couldn't do it, John would make sure he could and, to the dismay of many, he made it look easy. John was a caring father, a devoted husband and a loyal friend. A private service for the immediate family and close friends took place on Thursday, May 23, 2019.

Sylvia and John were devoted to each other and their children. They had a zest for life guided by strong values and a firm understanding of what was important - the simplicity of living a good life shared with loved ones. They are deeply missed, cherished parents who will forever remain in our hearts, Donations in their honour can be made to The Study, a private school for girls in Westmount Quebec. These funds will enable young girls whose families cannot afford tuition to benefit from an unparalleled education that helps develop the great female leaders of tomorrow.

The link: https://www.netdirectories.com/~study/olg1.cgi.

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B19


RUTH ELISABETH emelia auguste KAJANDER C.M. M.D., Professor Emeritus, D.Psych., F.R.C.P (C).

(née Koeppe) 1924 - 2019 Dr. Kajander passed away peacefully in her sleep in Thunder Bay, ON, on November 8th, surrounded by loved ones, at the age of 95.

Ruth was born in Goettingen, Germany in 1924 to a family of physicists, engineers and physicians spanning several generations. At the time of her adolescence, it had become difficult to pursue pre-medicine studies in Europe; though determined, and emblematic of her stoicism, Ruth, with her mother's encouragement, managed to bicycle out of Berlin the day Allied forces encircled the city. Ruth eventually arrived in Goettingen, her place of birth, to attend Giessen University, where she graduated from medical school in 1948. Four years later, after a sojourn in Finland, where she also attained her medical license, she arrived in Canada where she once more passed the medical licensing examinations. In 1958, after completing her studies at the University of Toronto, she became a specialist in psychiatry.

Ruth went on to marry Aatto Arthur Kajander, Q.C., and Honorary Consul of Finland, in 1957, with the promise of starting a life together in Port Arthur, Ontario, now Thunder Bay. Ruth and Art led a happy married life; later giving birth to their daughter Ann. Ruth enjoyed the outdoors including Finnish saunas, summers at Loon Lake and Kajander Lake, reading, travel, and art. Later on in her life, she particularly cherished the time spent with her grandchildren Arthur, Robin, and Maria.

For over 50 years, Ruth worked tirelessly to care for people with psychiatric illnesses in Northern Ontario. She was the founding director of the former Port Arthur Mental Health Clinic, and worked in both private practice and hospital settings. Early in her career, she was one of the first psychiatrists to recognize the value and use of chlorpromazine (Largactyl), an antipsychotic medication which greatly improved the lives of people with schizophrenia.

She was also the first woman to serve as President of the Ontario Psychiatric Association, the Thunder Bay Medical Association, and the OMA Section on Psychiatry. Ruth also served as a member of the Board of Governors at Lakehead University.

For her work in the field of psychiatry, she received the Order of Canada in 2011. Ruth was also bestowed the Order of the Lion, Knight First Class, one of the highest honours of the Finnish government, for her efforts in the Finnish community of Thunder Bay as wife of the local Consul. Many Finnish dignitaries and ambassadors were formally hosted at the house on Hodder Avenue.

Ruth was predeceased by her parents, Hanskurt and Else Koeppe; an infant son; her brother Herm; as well as her husband, Art Kajander, in 1998. She is survived by her daughter, Ann Kajander; her three grandchildren, Arthur Fiedler, Robin Fiedler and Maria Drohan; her brother, Peter Koeppe in Berlin, and other family in Germany and Finland.

At her request, there will not be a memorial service, but memories are welcome to be sent care of Ann at ann.kajander@lakeheadu.ca.

Memorial donations may be made to the Art and Ruth Kajander Merit Award - a scholarship at Lakehead University, the Thunder Bay Symphony, or another charity of your choice.

BRIAN KOFFLER It is with great sadness that the family announces his passing on November 6, 2019 at age 79. Loving brother of Barbara and uncle of David and Michael, Brian is remembered for his quick smile, generous spirit, kind heart and love of people, music and chocolate. Grateful thanks to Richard and to all the kind staff at Vermont Square. Donations: Schizophrenia Society, 416-449-6830. Hebrew Basic Burial, 416-780-0596.

PATRICIA ANN KONRAD (Smith) 1944-2019 Patricia Konrad passed away peacefully, surrounded by love, at Soldiers Memorial Hospital in Orillia on November 8th after a lengthy and courageous battle with cancer. Predeceased by her parents, Ray and Vera Smith, her brother Thomas Smith, and sister-in-law, Linda. Pat will be lovingly remembered by husband Alfons; fur babies Dallas and Molly (woof!); nephew Geoff (Jill Cunningham); niece Kelly (Dave Krug); niece Kim (Paul Burroughs); nephew Eric (Esther); grandnieces and nephews Kristen, Trevor, Nolan, Samantha, Ethan, Ryan, Carla, and Mateo, as well as, her dear friend Nan Wilkins and many other friends and family.

As a young woman, Pat spent many hours on the ice dazzling audiences with her skating performances with the Ice Follies. After hanging up her skates she was admired for her business knowledge and exceptional skill in supporting senior executives at both Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts and at The Delphi Corporation with colleague and friend, Arnie Cader. However, it was her strong organizational skills, immense strength in character, interior design aptitude, love of dogs, and a refined sense of style that made her our "Pat." It gives us great comfort to think she has rejoined her immediate family and the many dogs whom she loved with all her heart. From her longtime North York neighbourhood, to the shores of Lake Simcoe and the community of Lakewood Ranch in Sarasota Florida, memories of Pat will endure.There will be a private family interment. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to Orillia Soldiers Memorial Hospital or The Canadian Cancer Society in memory of Pat.

CONSTANCE MARY LANGSTAFF (nee Holland) 97 years young, Connie died peacefully on Sunday, November 3, 2019, at Belmont House.

She was the widow of the late T.

James Barr, W. Douglas Terry and Dr. James R. Langstaff. Mother of Margie Barr (Paul Fisher), Jennifer Barr (Phillip Saunders) and the late Hugh Barr. Nannie of James and Christopher Fisher, Alexandra Wharin and Tessa and Mark Saunders. Sister of the late Hugh Peter Holland.

Connie's children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren were her absolute joy.

Connie was born in Winnipeg and moved to Toronto in 1937. She attended St. Clements School and then graduated from Toronto General Hospital as a Registered Nurse, making lifelong friends along the way. Connie was a born nurse and loved taking care of others.

In 1948, she married Jim Barr and later settled in Thornhill, a community she loved and lived in until 2010. Connie was a wonderful wife, mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, friend and neighbour. She loved entertaining family and friends and her Sunday dinners were legendary. Many turned to her for her wise counsel. When asked, she offered sound advice, but always with love and compassion.

In Thornhill, Connie and Jim raised their children and had a close circle of friends. Their backyard pool was a focal point for informal entertaining, family celebrations - always with several black labradors in attendance and surrounded by Connie's beautiful gardens.

She never forgot a birthday, anniversary, graduation or other individual accomplishment and her small acts of kindness (and delivery of cookies) were appreciated by all.

After being widowed twice, Connie found love again, much to her delight, when she married Dr.

Jim Langstaff. His family was also very special to her.

For the last ten years, Connie lived very happily at Belmont House.

The family would like to thank the outstanding staff at Belmont, her devoted caregivers and her lifelong friend David who visited her every week.

A service for Connie will be held at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street, Toronto on Thursday, November 21st at 2:00 p.m., followed by a reception at the church. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Connie's memory to Belmont House Foundation or The Nature Conservancy of Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

SHIRLEY PATRICIA CHESSON MAHR "Pat" Pat passed away peacefully, on November 8, 2019, in her 91st year, in Etobicoke, Ontario, surrounded by her family in her home.

Pat is predeceased by her parents, Ernest and Mary Chesson, and daughter, Carol (Mahr) Annibale.

She leaves behind her husband and soulmate Ernest of 58 years, her children, David and Sandy, and her beautiful legacy of grandchildren, Michael, Allie, Robert, Lexie, Jeremy, Lauren, Carolyn and Hannah.

A Celebration of Life will be held at St. George's Golf & Country Club in Etobicoke, Ontario on November 26th from 4:00 p.m. - 9:30 p.m., with words of Remembrance at 5 p.m. Memorial donations can be made to the Princess Margaret Hospital Foundation.

HALINA BARBARA MARSZALEK MCGREGOR October 13, 1951 November 14, 2019 November 14th marks the day we lost our beloved matriarch, Halina McGregor, who passed away in her 69th year. Cherished mother to Alexandra McGregor (Jamie Livingston), treasured grandmother to James and Ryan Livingston, dearest sister to Linda Charney and Sandra Marszalek (Jim White) and loving aunt to David Charney (Jennifer), Ricky Charney (Yana), Thomas White (Vickie) and Stewart White (Meghan).

Halina was born to Edward and Katherine Marszalek in Montreal where she spent her formative years, culminating in a Bachelor of Commerce from McGill University before continuing on to become a Chartered Accountant. Halina would go on to an esteemed career in finance as a CFO in the chemical and mining sectors for over thirty years. While her professional successes were many, it was family that brought Halina the greatest joy. Ever patient and kind, Halina was a constant source of love and encouragement to all who knew her. No problem was insurmountable, no favour too big. She was too good for this earth and will be forever missed and remembered in our hearts.

Funeral service to take place at St. Eugene De Mazenod Church in Brampton on November 16th at 11 a.m. followed by burial in the Laurentians at St. Sauveur Cemetery on November 18th.

HONEY MOORE It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Honey Moore on Friday, November 15, 2019 in Toronto. Honey was loved by so many. Beloved mother and mother-in-law of J.

Cameron and Jayni Stark, and the late Andrea Stark. Proud Bubby of Jonah, Oliver and Charlie.

Devoted wife of 30 years to the late Bill Moore and step mum to Glen, and Lisa and Walter. Loving sister of Paul Persofsky and cherished partner of Allan Cooper. A special thank you to the outstanding team at Sunnybrook Odette Centre for their excellent care. At Temple Emanu El, 120 Old Colony Road, Toronto, for service on Sunday, November 17, 2019 at 2:00 p.m.

Interment in the Temple Emanuel section of Pardes Shalom Cemetery. Should you wish to make a donation, Honey's charity of choice was Ovarian Cancer Canada,1-877-413-7970 ovariancanada.org DARRYL KAZUO NAKAMOTO In his 64th year, Darryl completed his life's journey on Tuesday, November 12, 2019, leaving behind his loving wife, Sue Ann (Elite), his sister, Lynda (Nakamoto) and her partner Edgar (Wilson), many friends, colleagues and family, and his two basset hounds Henrietta Grace and Merton T.

Darryl was a true Renaissance man who loved art, music, superheroes, books and sports.

His memory for trivia was astounding. His Cheshire cat smile will be remembered by all who knew him and his quiet, gentle demeanour will be greatly missed. Special thanks to all our friends and family for their support during Darryl's journey in his time of need. Thanks also to Doctors Knox and Grant and the teams at Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, and Michael Garron Hospital; the Local Initiative Health Care; Senior Helpers; Darryl's many friends and coworkers at The Printing House; The St. Barnabas Choir and Pastoral Caregivers and the "dog wranglers" Fanny, Floyd, Damien, Indrani, Aidan and Anusha who walked and fed Hetty and Merton.

There will be a Celebration of Life on Saturday, November 30th at 11:00 a.m. at St. Barnabas Anglican Church, 361 Danforth Avenue, Toronto. In lieu of flowers due to scent sensitivity, donations are asked to be sent to St. Barnabas Anglican Church, St.

Stephen-in-the-Fields Anglican Church or to a charity of your choice. Condolences may be forwarded through: http://www.humphreymiles.com.

HELEN REBECCA NORMAN At the age of 90, passed away peacefully in Hamilton General Hospital, Ontario on Thursday, November 7, 2019.

Survived by sisters, Marilla, Nine Mile River, NS, Sherry (Ronald) Haynes, Toronto, Ontario and sisterin-law, Shirley Norman, Halifax, NS; nephew, Stephen (Teri) Faulkner, Blackfalds, AB; niece, Nancy (Torrie) Hunter, Dawson City, Yukon; grandnephews, Darcy, Ted and Luke; and grandnieces, Miranda and Alicyn.

Predeceased by parents, Warren and Rita Norman; brother, Maurice Norman; and nephews, Tony and Geoffrey.

Helen grew up in Halifax and enjoyed many summers in West Lahave. She attended St. Paul's Anglican Church in Halifax which led to studies at Anglican Women's Training College in Toronto and Queens University, and to her becoming a youth worker in the Diocese of Moosonee, Northern Ontario. She then returned to Toronto and in her later years worked for the Federal Government.

Helen lived simply - she enjoyed travelling, loved people, especially her grandnieces and nephews, was an avid reader, and continued her volunteer work with her church until very recent years.

Helen will be missed by so many people. She was always so friendly and cheerful. A special thank you to the staff at Bertram Place for the wonderful care they gave Helen the past five years.

A Memorial Service will be held at St. James Anglican Church, 137 Melville St., Dundas on Friday, November 22 at 12 p.m.

Online condolences may be made at http://www.marlattfhdundas.com ELIZABETH ROWAN O'BRIEN We are privileged to have known the bright light that was Elizabeth Rowan "Betty" O'Brien (nee Stanley), June 30, 1931 - October 26, 2019) always positive, smart and helpful.

Loving wife to the late William John "W.J." "Bill" O'Brien (1993). Predeceased by children, Barbara Susan "Sue" (2019) and Donald Edward (2009). Survived by son, David William (Linda); son-inlaw, Mark; daughter-in-law, Kimberley; and beloved twin sister and best friend, Barbara (Stanley) Sinclair. Predeceased by parents, Alfred (1971) and Kathleen (Rowan) Stanley (1985); and sister, K. Joan Dickinson (2005) (Alan, 2006).

Beloved grandmother to the O'Briens: Michael David (Anne-Marie), Kari Lynn, Jaclyn Nicole and Gavin William and greatgrandmother to James Michael and Penelope Rose O'Brien. Aunt to Diane, Lyn and Carol Dickinson; and Heather, Judy (John) and Ian (Lorene) Sinclair.

Thank you to Mark, who was a gentle caregiver in the past decade to both Betty and Sue, and thank you to Mark's family.

From Havergal and Toronto roots, to McGill University to the half century in Don Mills and every summer on Browing Island in Muskoka...always gathering more friends.

After successfully raising her children, Betty had a decadelong Real Estate career with both Slightam and Royal LePage. She was a long-time curler at the Granite Club.

With numerous life-long friends in Muskoka and Toronto, Betty was always ready to enjoy time together at parties and on trips.

In lieu of flowers, please make donations to the Canadian Cancer Society or the charity of your choice "In honour of Elizabeth Rowan "Betty" O'Brien."

A private family and friends service has taken place at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto.

DARK SIDE OF THE BOOM
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An explosion of U.S. TV and filmmaking in Toronto is squeezing Canadian creators out of the picture, Simon Houpt writes
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By SIMON HOUPT
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


A cluster of black limousines gleamed in front of a sprawling warehouse near Toronto's Pearson Airport the other day, an incongruous vision of glitz along a dull industrial stretch of road.

Once upon a time, the low-slung building served as a primary distribution hub for the Canadian operation of Kraft Heinz, sending millions of tubs of peanut butter and KD mac & cheese out across the country. On this day, though, dignitaries nibbled on finger food crafted in a more refined key - braised beef short ribs with a maple-bourbon demi glaze; pan-seared cod with a Champagne yuzu sauce - while stars from the TV shows Star Trek: Discovery and In the Dark strolled a red carpet.

Bonnie Crombie, the mayor of Mississauga, stepped excitedly to the microphone and welcomed the guests to her burg on the western edge of Toronto, which she called Studio City North: "I like the sound of that!"

she beamed.

Crombie had reason to be enthusiastic. In less than 12 months, workers had retrofitted the old Kraft operation with 20,000 sheets of drywall, 21,000 soundinsulation panels and 42 kilometres of wiring, transforming it into CBS Stages Canada. The state-of-the-art TV and film facility, boasting six sound stages totalling 260,000 square feet, is the first dedicated production hub in this country for CBS Corp.

It is also the latest arrival in a galloping expansion of studio space under way in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA). By early next year, Mississauga alone will have 700,000 square feet of space across five studios. "These investments will put our city on the international map for film and television, and inject a renewal of excitement in our creative industries sector scheme," Crombie promised.

The unprecedented expansion is fuelled by an arms race among U.S.-based streaming services stockpiling an arsenal of programming to snag subscribers.

Deep-pocketed combatants making TV in the GTHA include Hulu (The Handmaid's Tale), CBS All Access (Star Trek: Discovery), Netflix (The Umbrella Academy, Titans) and Amazon (The Boys, The Expanse).

Employment in the sector is booming: Ontario Creates, a government agency which facilitates media production in the province, says the industry now supports approximately 37,000 fulltime jobs, up more than 15 per cent from 32,000 jobs in the summer of 2018. Vic Fedeli, Ontario's Minister of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, declared that the CBS studio, which will employ about 300 local craftspeople when fully booked, demonstrated the province is "open for business."

But as foreign business floods in, Canadian creators - who already struggle to get their projects made and seen in a marketplace of slick Hollywood product - are being squeezed as never before. Local suppliers are tied up serving U.S. companies, spurring growing concerns about a branch-plant industry smothering local talent. And while more studios are being built, there is still more demand for space than there is supply, leaving local TV producers and filmmakers priced out of the market as they try to get Canadian stories in front of the cameras and out to audiences.

Even owning a studio doesn't necessarily help. In the spring of 2018, Bell Media, which owns the CTV and CTV2 broadcast networks as well as dozens of specialty channels, purchased a majority stake in Pinewood Toronto Studios, currently the largest studio complex in the country. But Randy Lennox, the president of Bell Media, says the company is shut out of Pinewood for the foreseeable future, because the studio was already booked up before the purchase with shows such as Star Trek: Discovery, which runs in Canada on Bell's newly rebranded CTV Sci-Fi (née Space) channel.

"We can't get in," Lennox told The Globe and Mail in a recent interview. "It's a squatter's rights situation. Star Trek: Discovery is a massive undertaking at Pinewood for us."

"It's great that the show keeps getting renewed," he added. Still, he had hoped to make Pinewood "a community offering," where both Bell Media and Canadian independent producers can make their own content. That will have to wait.

According to data provided by Ontario Creates, the increased production activity in the province is due almost entirely to what is known as foreign location and service (FLS) productions: shows that are shot here with Canadian crews and technicians, but are not considered to be Canadian content because Canadians do not occupy enough of the key creative positions, such as writer, director, producer or lead acting roles. The stories are almost never set in Canada.

Such foreign productions increased approximately 23 per cent over two years, jumping from $847-million of spending in Ontario in 2016 to $1.04-billion in 2018; domestic production, meanwhile, rose a mere $5-million over the same period, to $847-million. The foreign-domestic split has gone from 50-50 to 55-per-cent foreign versus 45per-cent domestic in just two years.

That mirrors a growing imbalance between foreign and domestic production that is even more pronounced across the country. A report issued last spring by the Canadian Media Producers Association indicated that foreign production in Canada had risen 26 per cent from 2017 to 2018, to approximately $4.8-billion, while domestic TV and film production had fallen approximately 9 per cent in the same period, down to $3-billion.

(That latter figure does not include in-house production of domestic broadcasters.)

The increase in foreign spending, and the frenzy for studios, crews, locations, and other support services, is pricing Canadian creators out of the better facilities - and even Toronto itself.

"It is a bit of a bummer, in terms of certain vendors that we're used to going to that we've created relationships with over the years suddenly being not available or able to help us out, because Netflix is in town shooting 15 things," says producer Lindsay Tapscott. Last year, she and her producing partner Katie Nolan opted to shoot the indie drama The Rest of Us in North Bay, lured there by the provincial government's Northern Ontario

Heritage Fund, which rebates 50 per cent of a production's local spending, up to a $500,000 payment.

In a sign of mounting concerns, last summer, the federal Department of Canadian Heritage initiated a study of the effect of foreign location and services production activity on the domestic production industry. The results are expected later this fall.

Toronto-based production manager Robbie David says the squeeze is hurting his ability to do business. "I'm turning down shows right now, because I'm not going to be able to get a studio," said David, whose credits include the Canadian TV series Mary Kills People and the feature American Woman, which premiered at last month's Toronto International Film Festival. "This has been a problem for the last three years, and it gets worse - not every year, it gets worse every few months."

David says the industry's top priority should be new studios.

"They're building them in Toronto. But you can't just concentrate on Toronto anymore, it has to be all over Ontario." That's because the cost of studio rentals is tied in large part to the value of the underlying real estate. With the cost of land in Toronto continuing to rise, other locales are jockeying, trying to offer themselves up as legitimate alternative production centres.

Lennox told The Globe that Bell Media's Canadian version of RuPaul's Drag Race will shoot in Hamilton when it begins production this month. "I have four shows [shooting] in Ontario, none of which are in Toronto, for the precise reason it's not affordable - commensurate to the level of production that I'm speaking of," he explained.

The province hopes conditions will improve over the next few years as another dozen or so production facilities come onstream, helping to double the studio space in Ontario from 2.3 million square feet last year to as much as 4.6 million by 2022.

(Pinewood is in the middle of adding 200,000 square feet to its main campus in Toronto's Port Lands area.) Still, there is no guarantee foreign demand won't soak up all of the extra supply.

And even as construction continues, Canadian productions sometimes have to settle for the crumbs. Justin Cutler, the Ontario Film Commissioner with Ontario Creates, acknowledged that well-financed U.S. companies have tied up some of the highest quality studio space: Netflix, for example, has leased eight sound stages in two downtown Toronto facilities, totalling about 250,000 square feet.

"Ontario Creates has worked hard with some of the companies that have taken long-term leases, to understand when those stages are going dark [temporarily]," Cutler explained. "We've worked very closely with Netflix over the last month to get that stage availability back into the hands of domestic producers."

Looking for a longer-term solution, David joined a handful of industry players to form Aeon Studio Group, which last June announced a memorandum of understanding with the city of Hamilton to build a massive multiuse development on what are known as the Barton-Tiffany Lands. The city-owned site in the West Harbour area has a checkered history that includes heavy industry that likely left the land contaminated, requiring remediation. In 2010, the city demolished a handful of buildings there in hopes of constructing a new stadium for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats CFL team. But that wound up being built elsewhere, and the site has now sat desolate for almost a decade.

If the city and Aeon can agree on terms of a land purchase, the company hopes to build up to 500,000 square feet of studio space in what it is calling the Hamilton Studio District, a development that would include housing, retail and offices, and that councillors hope would help spur the city's creative renaissance. Aeon intends to open its first studio space, converting an existing building for 150,000 square feet, by next summer. By the time the development is complete - in anywhere from five to 20 years - Aeon expects it will support about 1,000 direct and spin-off jobs.

"We believe the quality of the facility we plan to build will make this attractive for productions, even if they have to spend an extra 20 minutes driving [from Toronto]," said Jeff Anders, one of the partners of Aeon.

After all, he explains, while studios are essentially commodities - landlords build and then rent out large, empty shells on a series of short-term leases - the quality of spaces can differ enormously. They depend on such quotidian factors as ceiling height (which can proscribe lighting possibilities and the size of sets) and the spacing of structural pillars: a restriction that can frustrate production designers.

"When we analyze the full stock of space [in Ontario], we think that half of the capacity is forgettable. It's either too lowceilinged, there are pillars throughout, sound attenuation isn't there, vibration control isn't there," he explains. "As a province with about one per cent of the global [TV and film production] market, I'm saying we could have and should have more."

He admits there may be some insurmountable hurdles, including the cost and logistics of site remediation. "There are still a lot of unknowns on the financial side of things. We believe this is a viable project. But it remains to be seen."

Back in Mississauga, Armando Nunez, the president and chief executive of CBS Global Distribution Group, played down concerns that Canadians might have about the explosion of American content swamping Canadian creators and their stories. "Hasn't that ship sailed?" he asked rhetorically, in an interview with The Globe. "I mean, through technology, you can be swamped by any content from any place in the world."

"We've always been sensitive to the idiosyncrasies of Canada as a market, and Canadian cultural sensitivities," he added.

"That is something over the years we've had conversations with our broadcast partners about.

But at the end of the day, the fact is that Canada has warmly and enthusiastically embraced American content - irrespective of where it gets made."

Fedeli, the Ontario minister and MPP for the riding of Nipissing, in Northern Ontario, says it doesn't bother him if this country's creators have to go outside of the major centres to make Canadian stories. He sees Toronto as a place where Canadians get trained on foreign productions and then work on smaller, domestic stories in places such as Parry Sound or his hometown of North Bay. "For Toronto, you really need this big horsepower of CBS," he said, during an interview with The Globe on the Chicago-set CBS soundstage of In the Dark.

Still, he added, "In the North, from our perspective, we really like to see the more home-grown productions." He pulled out his phone and flipped through photos of the new outdoor set in the municipality of Powassan of When Hope Calls, a spin-off of the Hallmark Channel series When Calls the Heart, which is being made for Hallmark's streaming service. "They've built an entire town!" he marvelled.

Certainly, places such as Powassan and Hamilton seem eager for the attention and business, prompting some Canadian creators to adapt their stories to the new locales. Filmmaker Atom Egoyan set his new film in Hamilton in part because he says he believed it would be logistically easier than if it were to take place in Toronto. Guest of Honour, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival last month, centres on a restaurant inspector who sometimes creates false health infractions in order to exert leverage over restaurateurs.

"On a very practical level, we needed access to a lot of restaurants, and in Toronto, a lot of those restaurants would not want to be identified with a food inspector who's coming in and finding faults: things that are not up to code," Egoyan told The Globe.

In Hamilton, however, "there was an openness. People were just so excited we were shooting there, so they weren't so stuck up on that. The places we went to in Hamilton were able to see: It's a story. They were just very open to us being there."

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY DREW SHANON

CBS Stages Canada, a state-of-the-art TV and film facility in Mississauga, is the first dedicated production hub in Canada for CBS Corp., part of an unprecedented expansion in studio space in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.

GEORGE PIMENTEL

CBS's In the Dark is one of many TV series being filmed in Toronto - sometimes at the expense of local content creators.

Universal health care on trial: What you need to know about a historic Charter challenge in B.C.
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For a decade, surgeon Brian Day has been fighting to undo laws barring patients from paying for medical care at private clinics like his. Here's a primer on how the case came to be, and how its outcome could affect you
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By KELLY GRANT
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A8


A Charter challenge to the foundations of Canada's health-care system is finally scheduled to begin hearing closing arguments on Monday, 10 years after the pugnacious private-medicine advocate Brian Day asked the courts to undo a law that effectively bars patients from paying for necessary medical care.

At stake in the unusually long British Columbia trial - which has already consumed 179 days of court time over nearly three years - is nothing less than the survival of medicare's central organizing principle that hospital and physician care should be doled out first to those who need it most, not to those who can pay the most.

"It absolutely could set a precedent for the rest of Canada," said Rupinder Brar, a Vancouver addictions-medicine physician and member of the board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare, an intervening party in the case. "I think all Canadians should be very concerned because it's in the very fabric of who we are as a nation that we provide care for one another when we need it."

Dr. Day argues there is another, equally important principle at play: the Charter-protected right to life, liberty and personal security, which he argues is violated by interlocking legal provisions that effectively prohibit patients from buying private insurance or paying out of pocket to relieve their suffering when the public system can't help them in a timely way.

In an interview, the 72-year-old orthopedic surgeon said he has never been interested in dismantling Canada's public health-care system.

The marathon legal battle, he said, has always been about adding more private options to the public system, not unlike many European countries that provide faster access and spend less per capita on health care than Canada.

That position has made the Liverpool-born chief executive officer and medical director of the private Cambie Surgery Centre in Vancouver something of a bête noire to medicare's defenders and their political allies.

Two political parties under three premiers in B.C. have fought Dr. Day's claim; the federal government joined the case as an intervenor after Justin Trudeau's Liberals won the 2015 election.

"The only good thing about the trial process," Dr. Day said, "has been that it has moved it out of the realm of politicians. It's now in the hands of a judge. And that's that."

The question soon to be in the hands of B.C. Supreme Court Justice John Steeves is whether a handful of provisions in B.C.'s Medicare Protection Act violate Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

The B.C. law doesn't explicitly prohibit well-off patients from buying their way to the front of the queue. Rather, it dampens the market for private care by prohibiting physicians from "enrolling" to work in the public and private systems at the same time; by forbidding enrolled doctors from charging patients for publicly covered services; and by barring the sale of private insurance for medically necessary hospital and doctor care. (Private insurance is, of course, widely available for care not covered by Canada's "universal" system, which does not include prescription drugs, most dental care, home care and other services provided outside hospitals and physicians' offices.)

For more than two decades, the B.C. government looked the other way while Dr. Day's Cambie Surgery Centre, which opened in 1996, and other private surgical clinics bucked the law. The clinics did a brisk - and perfectly legal - business operating on patients exempt from the law, mainly injured workers whose care was paid for by the workers' compensation system. But the private clinics also treated regular patients who paid out of pocket for swifter diagnostic testing, specialists' assessments and surgeries, violating a law that Gordon Campbell, B.C.'s Liberal premier from 2001 and 2011, said in an affidavit his government chose not to enforce - just like its NDP predecessors.

"Allowing British Columbians to obtain private medically necessary services would not result in any harm to either the accessibility or viability of the public health-care system, as demonstrated by the experience over the past 20 years in British Columbia, when the prohibitions on access to diagnostic and surgical services were not enforced," Dr. Day's lawyers say in their final arguments, already submitted in writing. "Further, the government cannot justify imposing severe mental and physical harm on some residents on the basis of an ideological commitment to perfect equality in access to treatment, which is neither created by the legislation in question nor obtained in practice."

Although Cambie Surgeries Corp., along with a sister clinic and four patients, are technically the plaintiffs in the case, Dr. Day is undoubtedly its face.

The B.C. government, in its written closing arguments, said the history of the proceedings - which include an unsuccessful campaign by Dr. Day to block a provincial audit of his clinics - make it apparent that "the plaintiffs do not conceive of this as an actual bona fide constitutional challenge, but rather as a form of political theatre, and an attempt to force change on the health-care system for the financial benefit of the corporate plaintiffs."

That view is shared by Canadian Doctors for Medicare, the BC Health Coalition and a group of patients backed by the British Columbia Nurses' Union (BCNU), all of which are intervenors in the case. The BCNU set the stage for the case more than 15 years ago when the union agitated for the government to enforce the law against private clinics charging patients out of pocket for medically necessary care. Contrary to Dr. Day's view that private clinics act as a release valve for an overburdened public system, BCNU president Christine Sorensen fears that, if Dr. Day triumphs, public wait times will get worse, with private clinics cherry-picking uncomplicated patients and luring away health-care workers.

"And at the end of the day," Ms.

Sorensen said, "the physicians and nurses and other health-care professionals who work in these facilities can't be in two places at one time."

The BC Health Coalition, Canadian Doctors for Medicare and the patients and doctors who intervened with them, described in their written closing arguments how they believe shortages of anesthesiologists, nurses and doctors contributed to waiting lists in the public system. One doctor who testified in the case made $965,826 in 2016-17 working for Cambie and the Specialist Referral Clinic, another plaintiff in the case - about four times as much as what he usually earned in public billings.

The question of how private, paid-for options affect waiting lists is one of many that have been hashed out as more than 100 witnesses, including Dr. Day and patients on both sides of the case, testified in Justice Steeves's courtroom.

Exactly how much public money has been spent fighting the case, the B.C. government refuses to say.

The Canadian Constitution Foundation, a legal charity that describes itself as a defender of constitutional liberties, filed an access-to-information request to find out how much the provincial government had spent fighting the case from 2009 to 2017.

When the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner for British Columbia ruled the information should be released, the NDP government appealed to the B.C. Supreme Court and won, meaning the figure will stay secret. The Canadian Constitution Foundation has raised more than $5-million for Dr. Day's side of the case since 2011, said Joanna Baron, the foundation's executive director. She estimated nearly 200 people have contributed, some of them small donors who give $50 a month, others high-net-worth individuals who've given large sums to the cause.

One of those high-net-worth supporters is Anthony Fell, a former chairman of RBC Capital Markets who helped organize a fundraising lunch for the case at the Toronto Club last month.

Dr. Day and the plaintiffs' lawyer, Peter Gall, flew in to address the Oct. 8 gathering, which included co-host Prem Watsa, the billionaire CEO of Fairfax Financial Holdings Ltd., and former B.C.

premier Mr. Campbell, among others.

"Our system is high-cost and mediocre at best," Mr. Fell said during an interview, after retrieving a binder about Dr. Day's case from among the tidy rows in a glass case in his office at Toronto's Royal Bank Plaza. "The population is aging and the government can't afford to keep up. We see the major hospitals across this country - including on [Toronto's] University Avenue - doing what they call hallway medicine or hallway treatment. And that's not good enough."

It's true that Canada spent more on health care per person ($6,448) and as a percentage of GDP (10.7 per cent) in 2018 than the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development average ($5,175 a person and 8.8 per cent of GDP) and that Canada is often ranked poorly on wait times and access to physicians in comparative international research. However, there are deep divisions about whether Dr. Day's prescription for more privately paid-for care would cure would ails the system.

Debbie Waitkus waited 27 months for a date for spinal surgery for her son, Walid Khalfallah, at BC Children's Hospital, before she gave up and took the teenager to the Shriners Hospitals for Children in Spokane, Wash. He suffered a stroke on the operating table in 2012 and wound up paralyzed from the belly button down, a heart-breaking outcome his mother attributes, in part, to how severely her son's spine deteriorated while he languished in a Canadian queue.

Mariël Schooff, meanwhile, was told that she could wait as long as five years in British Columbia's public system for an endoscopic surgery to relieve the chronic sinus infections that had left her in excruciating pain. Fearing she couldn't wait that long, Ms. Schooff borrowed money against her home to pay $6,125.75 to have the procedure performed in a private clinic in 2002 (not Cambie) by the same doctor who would have, eventually, operated on her for free at a public hospital.

Although Ms. Waitkus and Ms.

Schooff both faced long waits in the public health-care system, they wound up testifying on opposite sides of the case. Dr. Day invited Ms. Waitkus to become one of the plaintiffs in the case, while the BCNU recruited Ms. Schooff, now 73, to become a patient intervenor. She testified that her sinus surgeon shouldn't have asked her to pay out of pocket for faster access at his private clinic.

For Ms. Waitkus, a community nurse in Kelowna, the case is not something she dwells on daily as she cares for her son, who is now 23 and attending a college program for adults with special needs.

Testifying on Oct. 4, 2016, she sobbed as she described the panicked months she spent begging anyone who would listen to schedule a surgery to correct her son's kyphosis, a dramatic forward bend in his spine.

Ms. Waitkus is deeply upset at those who suggest that Dr. Day's case could wind up undermining the public health-care system.

She said in an interview that she only wants more options for patients like her son. "We do have a strong public health-care system right now, we really do," she said.

"But waiting has become part of our health-care system." For his part, Dr. Day said he wishes he had never started Cambie or his long war with the B.C.

government. The experience has contributed to turning all six of his children, who range in age from 20 to 42, off careers in medicine. Two of three of his younger children would like to be lawyers, he said, laughing.

"I would have been personally much better off, both financially and familywise, if I'd never gotten into this," he said. "But now that we've come this far, we're not going to quit."

However Justice Steeves rules, the case is expected to be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada.

Associated Graphic

Dr. Brian Day holds a sign outside an under-construction Cambie Surgery Centre in 1995. The B.C. government of the day refused to allow British Columbians to purchase services there, so Dr. Day and others at the clinic targeted foreigners or those from out-of-province. But the clinic was still able to treat British Columbia residents for years.

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Dr. Day, seen in 2016, argues that the Charter-protected right to life, liberty and personal security is violated by legal provisions that effectively prohibit patients from buying private insurance or paying out of pocket when the public system can't help them in a timely way.

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Walid Khalfallah greets his mother, Debbie Waitkus, after a cycle ride in Kelowna. Mr. Khalfallah waited 27 months for a spinal surgery date before going to the U.S. for private care. Ms. Waitkus says patients need more options: 'We do have a strong public health-care system ... but waiting has become part of our health-care system.'

LUCAS OLENIUK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Dr. Rupinder Brar is on the board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare, an intervening party in the case between Dr. Day and the B.C. government. 'I think all Canadians should be very concerned because it's in the very fabric of who we are as a nation that we provide care for one another when we need it,' Dr. Brar says.

RAFAL GERSZAK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Mr. Khalfallah gets around Kelowna on a hand-powered cycle. He suffered a stroke on the operating table in 2012 and wound up paralyzed from the navel down, an outcome his mother attributes, in part, to how severely his spine deteriorated while he languished in a Canadian queue.

LUCAS OLENIUK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Friday, November 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B19


DEATHS EDGAR PERCE BROMLEY Passed away at The Carpenter Hospice, Burlington on Wednesday, November 13, 2019, at the age of 86. Loving long-term partner of Doreen Lowbridge.

Predeceased by spouse, Elayne Boden (1995). Beloved father of Donna (Alan) Green, and Sandra (Peter) Howe. Cherished grandfather of Sarah and Abigail.

Dear brother of Betty Jane (Tom) Travis, and brother-in-law of Bruce (Barb) Boden. He will be fondly remembered by his nieces, nephews, cousins and other extended family members.

Visitation at Smith's Funeral Home, 1167 Guelph Line (one stop light north of QEW), Burlington (905-632-3333), on Sunday, November 17 from 3-6 p.m.

A Service of Remembrance will be held at Christ First United Church (1700 Mazo Crescent, Mississauga) on Monday, November 18 at 11 a.m. Reception to follow. For those who wish, donations in memory of Ed to The Carpenter Hospice would be sincerely appreciated by the family.

WESLEY GORDON HATLELID October 16, 1925 November 8, 2019 Wesley Gordon Hatlelid, born October 16, 1925 near Flintoft, SK, died November 8, 2019 at Southwood Care Centre, Calgary, AB.

Dearly loved and fondly remembered by his wife of 69 years, Kathleen Hatlelid, and their children Doug (Margaret) Hatlelid, Betty (Steve) MacKenzie, Keith (Anne) Hatlelid, Len (Sharon) Hatlelid, and David Hatlelid, sister-in-law Beth Hatlelid, grandchildren, greatgrandchildren, and many loving nieces and nephews.

Wes was predeceased by his sisters Merle Myers and Irma Powers, brother Al Hatlelid and twin brother Lloyd Hatlelid, and by his grandson Eric Hatlelid.

Wes grew up on a rural Saskatchewan farm, and moved to Lafleche, SK with his family in the 1930s. At 16, after completing high school, he and his brothers joined the Army. He later transferred to the RCAF, trained as a flight engineer and attained the rank of Flight Sergeant. After WWII he attended U of S, graduating with a degree in Geological Engineering and meeting the love of his life, Kathleen, who he married in 1950.

A short career as a mining engineer in Flin Flon, MB was followed by a long career with Imperial Oil Exploration as a geophysicist.

He was recognized for his contributions to the evolving field of seismic stratigraphy, and co-wrote a chapter for a book on the subject. With his growing family, Wes lived and worked in rural Alberta, Edmonton, Dawson Creek, Houston, and finally Calgary. After early retirement, he consulted for junior oil companies as a Professional Engineer.

In his free time and after retirement, Wes enjoyed travel, bridge, golf, lawn bowling, hiking and time with family. His hikes with the Esso Annuitant group were the highlight of every week.

He loved poetry and sometimes recited lines when hiking.

A favorite from Robert Service was: "River, plain and mighty peak - and who can stand unawed? As their summits blazed, He could stand undazed at the foot of the throne of God."

Wes' faith was the bedrock of his life, and he was an active and generous member of his church and the community. He took great pride in his family and loved every family member unconditionally.

The family wishes to extend heartfelt thanks to Southwood Care Centre staff, Fairview and Evergreen Units, for their loving care of our husband, dad, grandpa, uncle, and friend.

Donations in Wes' memory may be made to Calgary Food Bank or the Mustard Seed.

A Memorial Service will be held at McDougall United Church Hall, 8516 Athabasca St SE, Calgary on Saturday, December 7, 2019 at 12:00 p.m. To express condolences, please visit: http://www.mountainviewmemorial.ca.

SHIRLEY PATRICIA CHESSON MAHR "Pat" Pat passed away peacefully, on November 8, 2019, in her 91st year, in Etobicoke, Ontario, surrounded by her family in her home.

Pat is predeceased by her parents, Ernest and Mary Chesson, and daughter, Carol (Mahr) Annibale.

She leaves behind her husband and soulmate Ernest of 58 years, her children, David and Sandy, and her beautiful legacy of grandchildren, Michael, Allie, Robert, Lexie, Jeremy, Lauren, Carolyn and Hannah.

A Celebration of Life will be held at St. George's Golf & Country Club in Etobicoke, Ontario on November 26th from 4:00 p.m. - 9:30 p.m., with words of Remembrance at 5 p.m. Memorial donations can be made to the Princess Margaret Hospital Foundation.

JOHN DENNIS MAILLARD Born October 16, 1929, London England. Passed away peacefully November 7, 2019 at Bridgepoint Hospital.

Much loved husband to the late Angela, father to Julia and John and father-in-law to Dorothea: loving grandfather of Teresa (Mark), Geoffrey (Emma), Christopher, and Olivia: loving greatgrandfather of Evangeline, Theodore, and Nathaniel: adored uncle of Eric, Keith and Neil Rossiter; and godfather to Tara, Una, Emmy, and Rob.

A life filled with love and adventure, with travels to Sri Lanka, Kenya, Greece, and emigration to Canada in 1964 with the family; finally a valued resident of his beloved Cabbagetown. He started his career as a civil engineer in the UK and then in 1964 joined IBM Canada where he worked for 28 years in various roles. He finally found his true calling as an educator teaching lateral thinking to middle management around the world. He was kind, loving and gracious to all - a gentle giant of a man who will always live in our hearts.

A special thanks to the staff of Bridgepoint who took care of him in his last months.

Funeral service will be held on November 22, at 2 p.m. in the Toronto Necropolis Chapel, 200 Winchester St. In lieu of flowers, donation may be made to Bridgepoint Foundation. 416-461-8285 x 2017.

JACK MCFADYEN June 13, 1935 November 11, 2019 Jack's time with us ended on November 11, 2019, but he will live on forever in our memories.

His was truly a life well-lived.

An only child, Jack was born in Toronto and raised by his mother, Lu while his father, Mac served as a Burma Bomber; this gave Jack a life-long love of World War II history. Jack's personality and life view were heavily influenced by his childhood heroes from movies and literature; to the end of his life he would tear up watching "Shane" or reading "The Catcher in the Rye." Jack was an incredibly well-educated person who could recite poetry learned in childhood, and knew the Latin root of any word. Following graduation from the University of Toronto and time in the RCAF Reserves, he travelled the world twice over before meeting his wife Stella - also a teacher - in Nairobi, Kenya. They married and returned to Canada with their first-born, Sophie. Three more children soon followed - Katie, Darcy and Jamie.

The family enjoyed many happy years on Courcelette Road. Stella was a wonderful mother and wife and Jack had a long and successful teaching career, including several years as President of the Toronto Teachers' Federation.

Jack and Stella enjoyed early retirement together, travelling and welcoming nine grandchildren.

Jack continued to be a loyal and loving caregiver to Lu and Mac.

Sadly, we lost Jamie in 2006 and Stella in 2012, but Jack recovered and continued to live life to the fullest, moving to Uxbridge where he made new friends and spent his final years breaking down barriers and crusading against political correctness. No one who met him will ever forget him.

Please join us at a celebration of Jack's life at Low & Low Funeral Home, 23 Main Street, Uxbridge (905-852-3073), on Sunday, November 17, 2019, from 1:004:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to CAMH in memory of Lu and Jamie, or to the Alzheimer Society of Durham Region in memory of Stella.

Online condolences may be left at http://www.lowandlow.ca NORMAN WILLIAM McLEOD June 7, 1926 November 12, 2019 Peacefully at Etobicoke General Hospital on Tuesday, November 12, 2019, Norman William McLeod in his 94th year. Beloved husband for 62 years of Maret Erika McLeod (nee Lukk, pre-deceased).

Loving father of Duncan McLeod (Sherry), Clark McLeod (Mary Cosentino), Tom McLeod (Kathy), and Katherine McKeown (Will).

Dear grandfather of nine: Robert, Lauren, Michael, Anthony, Andrew, Sarah, Duncan, Heather, and Halley.

Everyone is welcome to share in a celebration of our father's life in the Town Hall at the Village of Humber Heights, 2245 Lawrence Ave West, Etobicoke this Sunday, November 17th from noon to 4 p.m. A private family service and burial will be held in Ottawa.

In lieu of flowers, please donate to the Aphasia and Communication Disabilities Program marchofdimes.ca/ donate in memory of Norman McLeod.

DR. ELLEN F. SPEARS D.V.M.

(née Thomson) After a prolonged medical illness which she faced with courage and determination, and a relatively short acute deterioration, Ellen passed away on November 9, 2019 in her 85th year. She was surrounded by the love of her family and friends.

Daughter of the late Dr.

Andrew Thomson and Lally Thomson, she was born in Toronto, attended Branksome Hall and graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) in 1958. Beloved wife of Dr. John Spears for 61 years, and loving mother to Andrew (Laleh Moshiri), Jennifer Léger (David Léger), Ian (Sarah Atkinson) and Martha. She was adored by her nine grandchildren and two greatgrandchildren.

Following graduation from OVC, Ellen worked for two years at the Defence Research Board in Kingston. A remarkable mother to four children, she also gave generously of her time to her church (Bloor Street United), the CNIB, the Daily Bread Food Bank, the Victor Home/ Massey Centre, The Toronto Children's Chorus, and the Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild of which she was a founding member.

For those in need, be they musicians, refugees, or family, she provided a welcoming home and the respect she thought all people deserved. Ellen lived a life devoted to serving and caring for others. She did it informally, with a thousand acts of unheralded kindness to both friends and people she had never met but who needed a helping hand.

Throughout her life, Ellen loved spending time with family and friends at Leith, Ontario. There was always room for one more at the dinner table and an extra bed could always be found. This love of the blue waters of Georgian Bay and its spectacular sunsets has been passed on to her children and grandchildren.

The family is grateful for the care Ellen received at the Princess Margaret Hospital (myeloma division), the kind, supportive care she received from the first floor staff at Christie Gardens and her caregiver Madeleine.

Cremation has taken place.

In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the charity of your choice would be gratefully appreciated.

A service of thanksgiving and a celebration of Ellen's life will be held a Bloor Street United Church (300 Bloor Street West) at 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16, 2019 with a reception to follow at the church.

An opportunity to visit with the family will be hosted at the home of Ian Spears and Sarah Atkinson (8 Hewitt Avenue, Toronto, ON M6R 1Y3) on Friday, November 15 from 2:30-5:00 p.m. and 6:00-8:00 p.m.

We miss you Eno.

ALLAN EDWIN STAPLETON January 5, 1920 November 1, 2019 Al Stapleton passed away peacefully at Sunnybrook Hospital following a short illness on November 1. He was in his 100th year. He is survived by his wife of 70 years Grace Elizabeth, his sons John and Paul and their spouses Barbara Brown and Lee Wai Ming.

Al lived with his wife at Amica Bayview Village from April 2017 until his passing.

Al was born on January 5, 1920 in the southern Ontario town of St.

Mary's. He finished high school in June 1939 and when war was declared, he signed up in London Ontario in mid-September 1939. Al was on the first Canadian convoy to England in December 1939 on the Aquitania.

As a signalman (First Div.Sigs: Headquarters), Al learned radio operations and participated in the assembly of the now famous 'Enigma' code breaking radio sets for deployment on the continent. Al was part of the Sicily landing on July 12, 1943 and continued to serve in Italy, France, Belgium, Germany and finally in Holland. Al was looking forward to joining the official Canadian delegations to Italy and Holland to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Allied victories in World War II.

Returning in 1945, Al studied engineering for a year at Ryerson.

He was employed by the CBC from 1946 to 1982 as a technician and engineering supervisor. This choice of career was appropriate because Al was an engineer both in heart and mind. There were very few things he could not repair and he took great joy in describing the mechanisms of how things work. He was active on his computer at the age of 99.

His first radio station was located in Sackville New Brunswick where he met a young nurse, Grace Elizabeth Young. They married in 1949. On Saturday October 26, Al celebrated Grace's 97th birthday along with family two days before the event.

But his real love was sailing. And being a competitive sort, he raced his sailboat each summer during the 1960's and 1970's and gathered a sizeable cache of trophies.

He was a life member at Toronto's Ashbridge's Bay Yacht Club where he spearheaded the building of the current club house in the mid 1970's. In appreciation, the club named the main reception area after him 'Stapleton Hall'.

A celebration of life will be held at a date and place to be decided.

Al will be interred in the National Military Cemetery in Ottawa with full military honours in the New Year.

When asked by a reporter at the age of 98 why he attended the Warriors Day Parade, he answered "One more day of service".

What's the matter with Spain?
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By KONRAD YAKABUSKI
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


BARCELONA -- There may be nowhere on Earth more pleasant on a Sunday in late October than this vibrant Mediterranean port city. It seems a shame I am not here for the weather. Rather, what has drawn me to the Catalan capital is Spain's increasingly fractured politics.

As I make my way toward the Placa de Catalunya, I melt into a crowd of thousands waving and wearing Spanish flags and hoisting placards that read: "Basta!"

The 80,000 people who have turned out to show their support for Spanish unity have had "enough" of the escalation in political vitriol and violence that erupted here following the Oct.

14 conviction on sedition charges of nine Catalan separatist leaders for their roles organizing an illegal referendum in 2017.

On this day, Javier Piera, a 24year-old notary who grew up in Barcelona, has returned to his native city from Madrid, where he now lives, to join the pro-unity demonstration. Like most Spaniards, he has watched his country's political climate deteriorate steadily since the 2017 vote. And he is increasingly worried that the decades of social and economic progress that followed Spain's late 1970s transition to democracy are being threatened by the recent accentuation of centuries-old divisions and the reopening of old wounds from the Civil War.

"I feel that what is happening in Catalonia is moving us backward," Mr. Piera explains. "I am a citizen of this place and I don't want to see this place stop being Spain."

It might be hard for any Canadian who has lived through two Quebec referendums to get too worked up about another country's unity problems.

But Spain is not Canada.

Its history is far bloodier than ours and the historical animosities at the heart of its current political strife are far more insurmountable.

Worse still, the country's political leaders seem wholly incapable of getting their act together to deal with the situation. The country just held its fourth national election in four years, growing more divided with each vote. The political paralysis in Madrid has left many wondering whether Spain has simply become ungovernable.

Over the past month, an extraordinary confluence of events has pushed Spain ever closer to the brink. While these events played out separately, they flowed into one another like acts in a play, exposing the cracks in Spain's still-young (by Western standards) democracy. The final act is still being written, but recent events do not augur well for a happy denouement.

ACT I: LA SENTENCIA After the 2017 Catalan referendum, which was marred by police violence and boycotted by Spanish nationalists, authorities threw the main organizers of the plebiscite into prison, where they spent the better part of two years in preventive detention before their mid-October conviction on sedition charges. While the Supreme Court cleared all nine of the more serious charge of rebellion, it nevertheless sentenced them to between nine and 13 years on the other charges. The court also issued a new international arrest warrant for former Catalan president, Carles Puigdemont, who fled Spain after the 2017 referendum. He remains in Belgium, where he now faces extradition proceedings.

Reaction to la sentencia, as the verdict is known, was immediate and ugly. Thousands of independentistas clashed with police on the streets of Barcelona for five nights in a row. Hundreds of antisystem rioters joined the fray, lighting fire to cars and garbage dumpsters. I watched in disbelief as peaceful neighbourhoods that I had roamed for years suddenly turned into no-go zones for tourists and locals alike.

During the day, meanwhile, thousands heeded the call of local Comites de la defensa de la Republica (Committees for the Defence of the Republic) to shut down highways, border crossings, train stations and Barcelona's main airport terminal, in an attempt to draw international attention to what they insisted was a suppression by the Spanish state of Catalans' right to self-determination.

This breakdown of public order in Catalonia occurred amid the backdrop of Spain's fourth national election campaign in as many years, and soon came to define it. As national politicians on the right called for an immediate suspension of the Catalan parliament's powers, and direct rule by Madrid, acting Socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez found himself caught between his own left-wing political base, which preaches dialogue with Catalonia, and ordinary Spaniards favouring a crackdown on Catalonia. The former People's Party government briefly imposed direct rule on the region after its assembly, known as the Generalitat, passed a unilateral declaration of independence following the 2017 referendum. But for Mr. Sanchez to do so now would signal an exhaustion of all other means to resolve the crisis.

No party has fed off the Catalan crisis more than Vox, a farright upstart that, a year ago, held no seats in Spain's Congress of Deputies. Its first electoral breakthrough, last December in Andalusia, was followed in April, when it won 24 seats in Congress and more than 10 per cent of the popular vote. That was a turning point in the democratic era, marking the first time since the death of dictator Francisco Franco in 1975 that a formation on the far right had become a political force.

Like Franco, of whom he speaks glowingly, Vox Leader Santiago Abascal, a 43-year-old native of the Basque Country, advocates a zero-tolerance approach toward Catalonia and other culturally distinct regions seeking more autonomy. His party would repeal the 1979 Statutes of Autonomy under which Madrid delegated certain powers to regional governments.

The violence in Catalonia that followed la sentencia, and Mr.

Sanchez's refusal to take a tougher stand against it, put the wind in Vox's sails. Until then, Mr.

Abascal had been campaigning on largely the same issue as his far-right peers across Europe - immigration - and emerging as a Spanish version of Italy's Matteo Salvini. He rose to prominence in a 2018 video that showed him on horseback evoking the Christian Reconquista during the Middle Ages, when Muslims who refused to convert to Christianity were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula. He vows to "reconquer" Spain, which has seen a sharp increase in Muslim immigrants in recent years. He appears to have discovered his political calling as the voice of Spanish nationalists nostalgic for a strongman leader.

That makes him thoroughly modern, and dangerous.

ACT II: FRANCO LIVES On Oct. 24, the remains of Franciso Franco, who ruled Spain with an iron fist for 31/2 decades, were exhumed from a burial site in the Valley of the Fallen near Madrid. Franco had himself overseen the construction of the Valley, with its massive Catholic basilica and 150-metre cross, as a memorial to victims of Spain's 1936-39 Civil War that pitted his own nationalist and Catholic forces against Republicans and Communists. After his death, the Valley became a pilgrimage site for nationalists seeking to pay homage to El Caudillo (the Chief).

Soon after he was installed as Prime Minister in mid-2018, Mr.

Sanchez vowed to make good on a promise to remove the late dictator's remains from the Valley, arguing the site should be preserved for all victims of the Civil War, and not glorify a brutal dictator. Franco's descendants went to court to stop the transfer to a private burial site. They eventually lost their case and the exhumation went ahead - although right in the middle of the election campaign.

For many Spaniards, the sight of Franco's remains being dug up and transported by helicopter to their new grave - all of it broadcast live on national television - was nothing short of surreal. The spectacle seemed to make everyone uncomfortable and Mr. Sanchez's political opponents mostly held their breath, in a collective demonstration of tact.

Mr. Abascal, however, refused to stay silent, accusing Mr. Sanchez's Socialists of a hidden agenda. "The objective is not to dig up Franco," the Vox Leader told Spanish National Radio.

"The objective is to delegitimize the transition [to a constitutional monarchy], to delegitimize the Crown, to overthrow Felipe VI and to tear down the cross of the Valley of the Fallen."

With that Mr. Abascal showed there were no taboos he is unwilling to break, thrusting Spanish politics into uncharted territory. Indeed, after Franco's death, the country's political elites entered into a pact of silence regarding the past in order to focus on Spain's future. Its economy lagged far behind most of Western Europe and it faced runaway inflation more common to South America. While Basque terrorists kept the entire country on edge for years, an overall unity of purpose among the country's political leaders meant that unfinished business of the Franco era was swept under the rug.

Yet, while Spain made remarkable economic and social progress during the first four postFranco decades, it failed to confront its past. There was no Spanish version of a truth and reconciliation commission. A 1977 amnesty law pardoned not only those convicted of political crimes under Franco, but also granted immunity from prosecution to Franco's acolytes.

The People's Party (PP) long peddled a sort of soft nationalism, becoming the main political vehicle for conservatives and devout Catholics, though stopping short of idolizing Franco. Vox and Mr. Abascal, who himself was born after Franco's death, shows no such restraint. Vox surged in the polls after Franco's exhumation, drawing on a well of sympathy among Franco nostalgics.

ACT III: FOUR YEARS, FOUR ELECTIONS No European economy outside Greece crashed harder than Spain's when the 2008 recession hit. The country's overall unemployment rate quickly surged past 20 per cent soon after the crisis, while youth unemployment was more than double that rate. In 2011, austerity measures imposed by Jose Luis Zapatero's Socialist government led to widespread protests and the creation of the radical Indignados movement. The far-left political party Podemos emerged out of that movement and contested its first national election in 2015, when it won 21 per cent of the popular vote and 69 seats in Spain's 350seat Congress of Deputies.

Podemos's breakthrough shattered the PP-Socialist duopoly that had kept the country's politics on a fairly even keel for more than three decades. Podemos (We Can) preached an anti-capitalist message that unsettled the country's elites, and along with the 40 seats won in 2015 by the centre-right Ciudadanos (Citizens), left Spain with its first hung parliament of the democratic age. Voters were forced to return to the polls in 2016, but the results were equally inconclusive. PP prime minister Mariano Rajoy subsequently formed a weak government that fell in early 2018, after a corruption scandal engulfed his party and Mr. Sanchez's Socialists used a confidence vote to seize power.

Mr. Sanchez's short-lived government fell earlier this year after its budget was rejected by a coalition partner.

April's elections produced a third hung Parliament after Mr.

Sanchez refused to agree to Podemos Leader Pablo Iglesias's demands for near equal representation in a coalition cabinet. So, on Nov. 10, Spanish voters went to the polls for the fourth time in four years. Mr. Sanchez lost his bet that voters, eager to put an end to the political uncertainty, would back his party in larger numbers. Instead, the Socialists lost ground, the PP regained some, while Ciudadanos was almost wiped off the political map.

The real winner, of course, was Mr. Abascal. Vox won 15 per cent of the popular vote and 52 seats, becoming Spain's third-biggest party in Congress and sailing past Podemos, which was reduced to 35 seats. Mr. Sanchez and Mr. Iglesias quickly agreed to bury the hatchet and take another stab at forming a coalition. But they will still need to win support from at least four smaller parties in Congress, including one that advocates Catalan independence, in order to govern.

And Mr. Sanchez will continue to face relentless calls from Mr.

Abascal and the People's Party to impose direct rule on Catalonia, an option that is increasingly favoured by voters in the rest of Spain. A Socialist-Podemos-led coalition would not likely last long.

Back at the pro-unity march, I ask Mr. Piera what he thinks about calls for Madrid to impose direct rule on Catalonia again, as Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution would allow it to do. He looks at me for a second, before taking a deep breath. "Independentistas hate three things: They hate Spain; they hate the King; and they hate intervention by the central government," he tells me. "If they invoke 155, this place will be on fire."

With that, I close my notebook, vowing to enjoy what's left of this perfect Barcelona day. After all, I'm not sure when I'll be back again. Or if this place will even be part of Spain when I return.

Associated Graphic

Catalan independence protesters block the border between France and Spain on Nov. 11 in La Jonquera, Spain. Acting Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez will likely face calls from the far-right Vox party and the People's Party to impose direct rule on Catalonia, an option that is increasingly favoured by voters in the rest of Spain.

DAVID RAMOS/GETTY IMAGES

The rise and fall of Alberto Salazar and the 'power' of his Nike Oregon Project
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By PAUL WALDIE
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S1


W hen Alberto Salazar launched the Nike Oregon Project in 2001 he had one simple goal: to do whatever it took to break the African stranglehold on distance running.

"It's like in war," Salazar once said of his approach to coaching.

"The soldier has to learn how to fight and do everything - be physically fit, be a one-man army. But then you try and equip him with every bit of top science - everything you can - to keep him alive. That's what we do."

Salazar had spent a lifetime trying to beat the Africans - through punishing workouts as a top American marathoner in the 1980s and bizarre experiments later as a coach of some of the world's best runners. His will to win was so strong that he once collapsed at the end of a race and was given last rites.

His big breakthrough came at the 2012 Olympics in London when two Nike Oregon Project runners, Mo Farah of Britain and Galen Rupp of the United States, took gold and silver, respectively, in the 10,000 metres. That ended years of dominance by Africans who had won all but one medal in the event since 1988. Soon athletes from all over, including Canada's Cam Levins, were flocking to the NOP's complex in Portland, Ore., to learn Salazar's secrets.

The glory didn't last long. Salazar's unorthodox training methods eventually caught up with him and on Sept. 30 the U.S.

Anti-Doping Agency slapped him and the NOP's medical adviser, Houston endocrinologist Jeffrey Brown, with a four-year ban after an arbitration panel found they had committed several doping violations. The USADA investigation had taken six years and it uncovered a host of dubious activities at the NOP, including widespread misuse of prescription drugs, a strange experiment involving testosterone and improper injections of a substance that eased muscle fatigue.

Salazar and Brown had "demonstrated that winning was more important than the health and well-being of the athletes they were sworn to protect," USADA chief executive Travis Tygart said.

The sanctions have rippled across the sports world. Nike closed the NOP last month and the company's chief executive, Mark Parker, stepped down to become executive chairman. The head of UK Athletics has been fired and the organization is probing its ties to Salazar.

This week, the World Anti-Doping Agency confirmed that it has launched an inquiry into the NOP and it's considering retesting some of the stored blood and urine samples of the club's runners.

The case has cast a dark shadow over the Oregon Project's athletes, even though none has tested positive for banned drugs or been accused of wrongdoing by the USADA. "There is no allegation against me. I've not done anything wrong," Farah told reporters last month. Levins, who spent three years at the NOP and left in 2017, was unavailable for comment but he has said that he was injured for most of his time with Salazar. "I have the utmost faith in Alberto and my former teammates that they're clean and have high morals," he told reporters in 2017.

Salazar said he was shocked by USADA's findings and plans to file an appeal at the Court of Arbitration for Sport. "I have always ensured the [world anti-doping code] is strictly followed. The Oregon Project has never and will never permit doping," he said in a statement. His supporters note that the sanctions pertain to relatively minor violations of procedure and don't involve any direct doping of athletes. Nike, too, is standing by Salazar and has insisted that Parker's resignation as CEO had nothing to do with the NOP case. The company added that it will "continue to support Alberto in his appeal, as a four-year suspension for someone who acted in good faith is wrong."

Salazar has been a divisive figure in track circles for years and the sanctions have been largely welcomed as a longoverdue punishment for someone who constantly bent the rules. "Salazar had become the apotheosis of a certain approach to sport, which is that what you should be doing is right up to the edge of the rules," said Alex Hutchinson, a Canadian journalist and former athlete who writes about the science of endurance and fitness, including for The Globe and Mail. "And that led him to do a lot of grey-area stuff, which is the kind of stuff that makes me and many, many other people uncomfortable."

He added that Salazar had also become a target for many people because of his association with Nike. "Salazar has come to stand in for a company that a lot of people feel is a bully and a force not necessarily for good," Hutchinson said.

Documents filed as part of the USADA action paint a picture of a driven coach whose win-at-all-costs mentality led him astray. The three-member panel of arbitrators said Salazar was not motivated by bad intentions and they marvelled at how meticulous he was at checking the rules with anti-doping officials, although he often looked for a way around them. They concluded that his desire to provide the best training possible "clouded his judgment in some instances, when his usual focus on the rules appears to have lapsed."

Salazar had always been someone who sought every possible advantage. He was among the first American athletes to train at high altitude in the 1970s and he later built a contraption he could use at home in Massachusetts to mimic the same scarcity of oxygen. He tried lotions used for racehorses to reduce muscle inflammation and he has acknowledged using testosterone briefly in 1991 when he was trying to revive his running career.

His innovations proved successful up to a point. He won the New York City Marathon three times in the 1980s. But he also suffered years of injuries, illness and a deep depression that led him to contemplate suicide. "I pushed myself as far as my body could go," he said in a lengthy article in 2015 when some allegations about the NOP first surfaced. "In fact, I trained and ran so hard it nearly killed me and I still suffer today the negative physical effects of my excessive training."

Through it all, Salazar has enjoyed the unwavering backing of Nike. The shoe giant sponsored him as an athlete and gave him a marketing job when his career finally ended in 1996. The company even put his name on a building at the company's headquarters in Eugene, Ore., in-between one named after golfer Tiger Woods and another one for basketball great Michael Jordan. When Salazar hatched the plan for the Oregon Project in 2001, after lamenting about the sorry state of U.S. distance running to a Nike executive, the company jumped in with millions of dollars. It also hired Salazar's two sons, Alex and Tony, to work at the NOP.

With Nike's deep pockets at the ready, Salazar was free to pursue his wildest ideas. He built an altitude house at the Nike complex in Portland and installed underwater treadmills, laser-therapy machines and supercold cryosaunas to help runners recover faster. With the help of the doctor, Brown, he put several athletes on massive doses of vitamin D, Testo Boost and thyroid medication in a vain attempt to increase their testosterone levels.

For many athletes, life at the NOP was a dream. They had access to Nike's vast resources, including research labs, state-ofthe-art equipment, a team of masseurs and financing for trips around the world to compete and train. Brown flew on the company's jet to the 2008 Olympics in Beijing and several athletes were paid US$200,000 a year or more by Nike plus bonuses. Many excelled, especially Farah, who went from a decent runner to a fourtime Olympic and six-time world champion. Levins, too, set the Canadian record for 10,000 metres in 2015 while training under Salazar.

The NOP quickly became known in track circles for its vast resources and stunning workload. It wasn't uncommon for NOP runners to do a workout after races while rivals looked on in amazement. "We thought, on the one side maybe these guys are getting those results because they're working really hard," recalled Canadian distance runner Reid Coolsaet. "And on the other hand, maybe they were able to work that hard because they were able to recover better than a normal human being."

The NOP group largely kept to themselves, following strict orders from Salazar not to discuss their training regime. Salazar worried constantly about competitors spiking water bottles or rubbing testosterone gel on the back of an NOP athlete so they would test positive. He ordered NOP runners to lock up their bottles and never high-five or touch anyone after a race. Salazar's fear was so strong that when Rupp mentioned that someone had slapped him on the back after a race, the coach immediately organized an experiment with his sons to see if a casual slap of testosterone gel could lead to a positive test.

It took several applications before Salazar was finally convinced that it couldn't.

Not everyone inside the NOP felt comfortable with Salazar's methods. Panic spread among some members of the group in 2012 after health officials issued a warning that the overuse of a nasal spray containing calcitonin, which is used to strengthen bones, could increase the risk of cancer. Many NOP athletes, including U.S. marathoner Dathan Ritzenhein, had been using the spray regularly on Salazar's advice that it would fend off stress fractures. "Is this some kind of joke?" Ritzenhein said in an e-mail to an NOP assistant coach after he ordered the runners to stop using the spray because of the cancer risk.

"I have been taking this for the last four years!" Another NOP runner, American Olympian Kara Goucher, became so concerned about the overuse of prescription drugs she reported it to the USADA and testified against Salazar during the arbitration hearing. "I was a part of a culture that was so manipulative and so controlling and so wrong," she told reporters last month. "Your entire life is dependent on the power of this brand."

For other NOP athletes the limit had come in 2011 when Salazar became obsessed with an energy drink from Britain called NutraMet, which claimed it could boost performance by 10 per cent. The key ingredient was L-carnitine, a natural substance found in many foods that can slow the depletion of glycogen in muscles, a key energy source, by increasing the amount of fat that's burned. Salazar called it the "greatest legal sports supplement ever" and he t bought up the company's initial supply. He also lobbied Nike executives to acquire NutraMet so that no other athletes could have access to it.

When he discovered that it would take six months of drinking NutraMet to show results, Salazar arranged for assistant coach Steve Magness to take the supplement intravenously to see if there would be an immediate impact. Magness agreed and his running improved instantly. Salazar was so excited he e-mailed the results to Parker and Lance Armstrong, the Nikesponsored cyclist who would later be banned for life for doping. "Lance, call me asap! We have tested it and it's amazing! You are the only athlete I'm going to tell the actual numbers to other than Galen Rupp. It's too incredible. All completely legal and natural," Salazar wrote. He soon had six NOP athletes, including Rupp, taking NutraMet intravenously. Later he would say the drink provided little benefit.

Magness and others worried about the legality of what they were doing. While Lcarnitine isn't banned by the USADA, it can only be administered in maximum doses of 50 millilitres every six hours. Magness had received one litre and he told the USADA that he believed the athletes had also received doses above the threshold.

During the arbitration hearing Salazar insisted that he followed the doping rules when giving the supplement to the athletes. But the panel found that Salazar and Brown had tampered with records and disguised how much the runners had received.

It's unclear when Salazar's appeal will be heard or if there will be any further fallout from the USADA's revelations or the WADA investigation. But some athletes, such as Coolsaet, aren't sure that this will be the end of the 61-year-old Salazar.

"I really don't know," Coolsaet said. He paused and added: "I hope it would be the end of his coaching career but I wouldn't be surprised if he came back."

Associated Graphic

Nike Oregon Project runners Mo Farah of Britain and Galen Rupp of the U.S. win gold and silver, respectively, in the 10,000 metres at the 2012 Olympics in London. It marked a breakthrough for coach Alberto Salazar, as African athletes had won all but one medal in the event since 1988. 'I've not done anything wrong,' Farah told reporters last month, as Nike closed the NOP.

OLIVIER MORIN/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

Young gunslingers face off in Baltimore
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Texans QB Watson and Ravens pivot Jackson have quickly become two of the NFL's best
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By DAVE CAMPBELL
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2


Deshaun Watson and Lamar Jackson starred three years ago in one of the more meaningful and memorable games of that college football season.

This weekend, the NFL gets to stage the show.

Watson and the Houston Texans will travel to Baltimore for a matchup with Lamar Jackson and the Ravens featuring two of the most dynamic quarterbacks in the league, both of whom are under 25, no less. The pass-run threat posed by each player already makes for good theatre, but what's more, the Texans (6-3) and Ravens (7-2) have emerged as two of the strongest challengers to defending champion New England in the AFC. The Ravens beat the Patriots two weeks ago, after all.

When Watson was at Clemson and Jackson was with Louisville in 2016, the ACC foes met in a midseason classic of two top-five teams in The Associated Press poll. Behind five touchdown passes and 397 yards of offence from Watson, Clemson won 42-36 despite a total of 457 yards and three touchdowns by Jackson.

Jackson won the Heisman Trophy that year, beating out Watson, who took the ultimate prize when the Tigers won the national championship. Watson was the 12th overall pick in the 2017 draft and Jackson was selected 32nd overall in 2018. After overcoming some early-career obstacles, Watson with a torn ACL in his rookie year and Jackson with the doubts that his slithery style would translate from college to pro, they're both well on their way to becoming two of the best in the game at their much-scrutinized position.

Watson has totalled 2,711 yards and 23 touchdowns. Jackson has accounted for 2,738 yards and 21 touchdowns.

Though they're mutual admirers, this matchup on Sunday doesn't mean they'll be trying to outdo the other. There's an opposing defence to manoeuvre against. What the other one does on the field has no relevance to what they do when it's their turn.

"I can't control what they're doing on their side or what Lamar's got going on," Watson said this week.

Jackson has captured plenty of attention since becoming the fullfledged face of the franchise this fall. His spin move during a 47yard touchdown run last week in a win over Cincinnati was an instant pick for the NFL's highlight film for 2019.

"I'm a proud quarterback, proud friend," Watson said. "All the criticism he was getting when he was coming out, he's definitely a guy I've always encouraged. He's doing everything all the naysayers said he couldn't do and even more so. His career is very, very bright."

Green Bay (8-2), Seattle (8-2), Tennessee (5-5) and the New York Giants (2-8) have their bye this week.

ATLANTA (2-7) AT CAROLINA (5-4) Christian McCaffrey has carried Carolina all season, not only on the ground but through the air.

With four catches against Atlanta on Sunday, he would pass LaDainian Tomlinson for the most by a running back in his first three years in the NFL. The Panthers must face their nemesis Matt Ryan, who is 6-1 in his past seven starts against the NFC South rival.

Ryan and the Falcons showed some fight last week with one of the most surprising outcomes in the league this season, a 26-9 victory over New Orleans that snapped a six-game losing streak for the Falcons.

BUFFALO (6-3) AT MIAMI (2-7) So much for that assumption the Dolphins were tanking this season to get the top draft pick.

They've suddenly won two straight games.

"We've got two more wins than the rest of the world thought we were going to have this year, so that's pretty cool," defensive tackle Christian Wilkins said.

Miami totalled 381 yards against Buffalo in the previous meeting, the most allowed by the Bills this year. Despite losses in two of their past three games, with a win they would post their best 10-game mark since 1999.

The combined record of the opponents in Buffalo's six victories is 12-44.

DALLAS (5-4) AT DETROIT (3-5-1) Since he entered the NFL in 2016, Dallas running back Ezekiel Elliott has 4,836 rushing yards to lead the league. If he can reach 164 rushing yards against Detroit, he'll be the fifth player with at least 5,000 rushing yards in 50 career games, joining Eric Dickerson, Earl Campbell, Jim Brown and Terrell Davis, all members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Elliott and the Cowboys, however, had their ground attack humbled last week in a loss to Minnesota.

He had only 47 rushing yards, the fewest of his career with 20 or more carries. The success of quarterback Dak Prescott against the Vikings helped the Cowboys stay in the league lead in total yards.

The Lions squandered lastminute leads over Kansas City and Green Bay, dropping both games to begin a tailspin accelerated last week by the surprise absence of quarterback Matthew Stafford to a back injury. With five losses in their past six games and the likelihood of Stafford sitting out again on Sunday, the Lions are in a tough spot. Their defence has forced only one turnover over the last four games.

DENVER (3-6) AT MINNESOTA (7-3) The Vikings, coming off a critical victory at Dallas fuelled again by the dual productivity of running back Dalvin Cook, have a prime opportunity to match their win total from last year against the struggling Broncos before taking their bye week. They're 4-0 at home this year and 22-7 at U.S.

Bank Stadium in the regular season and the playoffs. Minnesota's pass rush and crowd noise has proven time and again to be a daunting combination for opponents, particularly with inexperienced quarterbacks such as Denver fill-in Brandon Allen.

Allen performed admirably in his first start for Joe Flacco, when the Broncos last played before their bye and beat Cleveland, passing for two touchdowns without a turnover. Though Denver has dropped from 10th in the league last season in sacks for every pass attempt to 22nd place this year, with Bradley Chubb on injured reserve like Flacco, the Broncos still have a capable defence that could create challenges for quarterback Kirk Cousins and the Vikings. Denver has allowed an average of 18.9 points a game, the seventh-fewest in the NFL.

JACKSONVILLE (4-5) AT INDIANAPOLIS (5-4) After breaking his collarbone in the season opener, Nick Foles will finally take over again at quarterback for a Jaguars team that could use a spark after a 23-point loss in London to Houston prior to the bye week. Not only does Foles conveniently return in a division game that's a must to win if Jacksonville is to have a chance to remain in contention, but he will do so with his former offensive co-ordinator on the other side.

Colts coach Frank Reich was one of his mentors in Philadelphia, when Foles took over two seasons ago and helped lead the Eagles to their first Super Bowl title. Reich's current team has lost two straight games since quarterback Jacoby Brissett hurt his knee.

He's expected to reclaim his starting spot on Sunday.

NEW ORLEANS (7-2) AT TAMPA BAY (3-6) Despite their humbling defeat at home against Atlanta last week, the Saints still have a comfortable lead in the NFC South. Wide receiver Michael Thomas leads the NFL with 86 receptions and 1,027 yards, joining Randy Moss, A.J.

Green and Mike Evans as the only players in history to begin a career with four consecutive 1,000-yard seasons. Thomas had 13 catches for 152 yards against the Falcons.

The Buccaneers could be just as vulnerable, with a league-worst defence that's allowing an average 31 points per game. No team has allowed more passing yards, either, and Tampa Bay just cut cornerback Vernon Hargreaves III.

NEW YORK JETS (2-7) AT WASHINGTON (1-8) Here's a sign of progress for the Jets: Quarterback Sam Darnold, in last week's win over the Giants, was not picked off for the first time since the season opener. Darnold threw nine interceptions over his other four starts this year.

Washington has lost three straight games, after the only win came against another struggling team in Miami. Washington hasn't scored a touchdown during the losing streak, either. They have just 45 points over their past six games.

ARIZONA (3-6-1) AT SAN FRANCISCO (8-1) There are no undefeated teams left in the standings after the 49ers squandered several opportunities last week against Seattle and lost in overtime amid a growing list of injuries on their offence.

Fortunately for them, they'll host a Cardinals team on a three-game losing streak.

Arizona is second-to-last in the league in scoring and total defence, with at least 21 points allowed in all 10 games.

CINCINNATI (0-9) AT OAKLAND (5-4) There is one winless team remaining, with a reeling Bengals squad under rookie coach Zac Taylor having turned to rookie Ryan Finley at quarterback. One more loss would match the franchise record for the worst start to a season, established in 1993.

The Raiders have rather quietly worked their way into contention in the AFC, seeking to move two games above the .500 mark for the first time since they started 2-0 in 2017. The Raiders have a leagueleading 13 touchdowns by rookies this year, led by running back Josh Jacobs.

NEW ENGLAND (8-1) AT PHILADELPHIA (5-4) Two of the past five times these teams faced each other came in the Super Bowl, with the memory of Feb. 4, 2018, in Minneapolis still fresh for both sides. That's when the Eagles scored the go-ahead touchdown with 2:21 left, recovered a fumble by Tom Brady with a sack on the next possession for the Patriots and posted a 41-33 victory that ended with a disconsolate Brady sitting down on the U.S.

Bank Stadium turf after a desperation incompletion on the final play.

Brady said he's still carrying "a lot of mental scar tissue" from that game, even though the Patriots rebounded to become the most recent NFL champions a year ago. They had their bye week to recuperate from their only loss this season, to the Ravens and they'll send a smothering defence with several all-time records in range out to try to make the afternoon rough for Eagles quarterback Carson Wentz. The Patriots have allowed only 10.9 points and 249.3 yards a game. Wentz, who was injured prior to the 2017 playoffs and watched Foles lead the Eagles to the franchise's first Super Bowl win, has helped the Eagles tie the Cowboys for first place in the NFC East with two consecutive victories.

CHICAGO (4-5) AT LOS ANGELES RAMS (5-4) The Bears broke a four-game losing streak last week by beating Detroit behind three touchdown passes thrown by Mitch Trubisky that gave an ailing offence some life. There are still many issues to be ironed out for a team facing as daunting of a second-half schedule as any in the league, but the defence that fuelled a 15-6 victory over the Rams near the end of last season by holding them without a touchdown for the first time in 30 games under coach Sean McVay remains a strength.

The Rams, fortunately, can stop other teams, too, because their once-potent attack has been stymied often this year. Since the beginning of the 2018 season, the Bears and Rams have seven defensive touchdowns apiece, tied for second in the NFL behind Baltimore. The Rams have limited their past four opponents to a total of 57 points, as the defence produced nine points all by itself last week in a loss to Pittsburgh.

KANSAS CITY (6-4) VS.

LOS ANGELES CHARGERS (4-6) AT MEXICO CITY This AFC West matchup moves to Mexico City for an international Monday night affair at Azteca Stadium, where heavy rain and heavy use last year left the grass unfit for NFL competition and forced a Chiefs-Rams game to be relocated to Los Angeles. The Chargers still have hope of climbing back into the chase for the division title, sitting two games behind the first-place Chiefs with the Raiders in between.

The Chiefs had quarterback Patrick Mahomes back from a knee injury last week, though they didn't welcome him back with a win despite holding a nine-point lead midway through the fourth quarter at Tennessee. Mahomes has 8,007 career passing yards, the most through 25 starts in NFL history.

Associated Graphic

Baltimore quarterback Lamar Jackson runs with the ball during a game against the Bengals at Paul Brown Stadium last Sunday in Cincinnati. Jackson has led the Ravens to a 7-2 record, which includes a win over the previously undefeated New England Patriots.

BRYAN WOOLSTON/GETTY IMAGES

Have military medics gotten their due?
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Discuss
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O5


Ted Barris is an award-winning journalist, broadcaster and author whose books include Dam Busters: Canadian Airmen and the Secret Raid Against Nazi Germany and, most recently, Rush to Danger: Medics in the Line of Fire.

Kevin Patterson is a specialist in internal medicine and author whose books include News from the Red Desert and Outside the Wire: The War in Afghanistan in the Words of Its Participants.

They held their discussion over e-mail in October and November.

TED BARRIS: In the course of writing Rush to Danger, I reflected on the media and popculture mythology to which I was exposed as an adolescent in the 1950s and 60s. I grew up watching war-movie classics and, as a university student, watched the sitcom M*A*S*H, about medical teams in the Korean War. But I've always found myself driven to read more, dig deeper, search further for the real figures that might have motivated the creators to build such iconic wartime characters. And they're there. As an example, I was struck by the doctor Major Clipton, played by James Donald, in The Bridge on the River Kwai. In the movie, Clipton does his best to keep malnourished, disease-ridden and injured POWs alive, while Colonel Nicholson, played by Alec Guinness, seems bent on building the Japanese commandant's railway bridge, no matter how many of his fellow POWs it takes. In fact, the real doctor saving lives in the face of the Japanese using Allied prisoners as forced labour on the Siam-to-Burma railway was a Canadian: Dr. Jacob Markowitz. And Dr. Markowitz's experimental medicine - using exclusively makeshift utensils and jungle remedies - ends up being even more fantastic than any Hollywood screenwriter's imagination.

He performed 3,800 transfusions, 7,000 procedures and probably saved more than 5,000 men from certain death during the railway's murderous construction in the Second World War.

Truth is stranger than fiction.

KEVIN PATTERSON: I agree, it is surprising how rarely military medics have been depicted in detail in literature and in film. In the 18 years of war that have followed 9/11, we have seen many treatments of snipers, for instance - American Sniper was the highest grossing film in 2014 [in the United States].

But that role - killing from a distance - is so much less heroic. Medics are more exposed to danger, and their role, treating both friendly and injured combatants, is more complicated and nuanced. Is it because filmmakers and writers are preoccupied with the narrative power of death-dealing?

A close examination of the medic's role will necessarily depict the horror of war, and perhaps filmmakers are uncomfortable with that. But one would think that less bellicose artists would find this a natural and fascinating topic.

U.S. Third Army fighting under similarly bitter conditions in the Battle of the Bulge, as the Allies pushed the Germans back through the Ardennes and past the former Siegfried Line inside Germany. The episode accurately showed actor Shane Taylor (as medic Roe) nearly freezing to death, with no winter clothing or lined boots for himself or his fellow medics, and worse, meagre medical supplies for his wounded - scrounging for dressing packs, scissors, drugs and even keeping syrettes of morphine from freezing by wedging them in his armpits. More than any other depiction of army medics, I related to that one. It was my father's story in frigid technicolour, dealing with what he called "mass cals" (massive casualties) and little to treat them with but common-sense medicine.

PATTERSON: I think you're on to something important when you emphasize how Band of Brothers and some other depictions forefront the essential and defining aspect of war - suffering. The cinematography in the opening minutes of Saving Private Ryan - also made before 9/11 - shocked viewers with its muted colours and its frank unsparing examination of agony. Giovanni Ribisi's character, medic Wade, was one of that film's principal characters. Medics are the first and most intimate observers of the worst thing humans do to one another, and any narrative lens that is interested in the horror of war will tend to dwell on their point of view. Other films that gave prominent roles to medics included 2001's Black Hawk Down and We Were Soldiers, which was released in 2002, but written before 9/11.

It seems to me that depictions of war made after 9/11, especially in the first years of the war, were more likely to be drawn to ideas of righteous revenge. Here, we've mostly been discussing films, though. Are there novels and non-fiction works you can recommend to readers interested in the complex role of military medics? What secondary sources moved you, as you were preparing to write your book?

BARRIS: Probably because military medicine experienced such radical change, but also because medics, nurses and others wrote down what they saw on or near battlefields so vividly at Bull Run, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, journals from the U.S. Civil War proved among the most striking to me.

Once read, I can't ever erase such views of carnage as that of former journalist, and later army commander, Carl Schurz. He noted in his Reminiscences (1863) "stretchers coming in dreadful procession" and surgeons with rolled up sleeves, bloodstained aprons and "knives not seldom held between their teeth" and the "beseeching eyes of the dying boy who recognized me, says with broken voice, 'Oh, General! Can you not do something for me?' And I can do nothing but stroke his hands and utter some words of courage and hope, which I do not believe myself." But on the other hand I was attracted to the memoirs of Jonathan Letterman, the Pennsylvania doctor-turned-medical-officer who drags the army brass kicking and screaming into officially accepting field ambulances, real surgeons (not quacks), hygiene; and behind the lines, hospitals with stewards, nurses and cooks to attend the wounded.

Some called him a "medical dictator" for his unflinching directives to Union Army strategists who demanded ammo over ambulances, but as the Army of the Potomac's chief medical officer, Letterman is credited with changing "a vast sea of misery" into medical treatment of wounded "at least equal to the best of the fighting men in gallantry." His impact on military medicine was the 19th-century equivalent of penicillin, or the Black Hawk medivac helicopter in Iraq and Afghanistan.

PATTERSON: Your mention of helicopter evacuation for combat casualties is interesting. This has made a dramatic difference in survival rates in the combat injured. This began in Vietnam, but the technique was more fully developed in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Medics played a very important role, too, in the recent improvements in outcomes by providing early stabilization and resuscitation, including even surgical procedures on the battlefield such as chest tube placement and tracheostomies prior to evacuation. I saw this done regularly in Afghanistan, but I've never seen such techniques delegated to nonphysicians in the civilian sphere. The stereotype of military culture is that it is intensely hierarchical and conservative, but in this instance it seems less so than civilian medical culture, where physicians keep these skill sets largely to themselves. More broadly, the position of the medic/medical assistant/corpsman doesn't really have an analogue at all in civilian life. Physician assistants and EMTs in civilian life do not operate with the same autonomy as their military counterparts. Part of this is pure pragmatism - the volume of trauma seen in war dwarfs that in civilian life. But I wonder if there may be inspiration to be found in the military experience for making health-care hierarchies more horizontal in the broader world. Are you aware of medics who have advocated for this, upon leaving the military? Did you find that medics often remained in health care after finishing their service?

BARRIS: Your point about helicopter evacuation and its impact on survival rates among combat casualties is a vital one. Somewhere in my research about medical practice during the Korean War, I unearthed statistics to support your thesis. Mortality rates during the Korean War were 34 per 1,000 wounded; it had been 66 per 1,000 in the Second World War. That statisticians went on to say that a wounded soldier in Korea benefited from greater accessibility to air-evacuation transportation, the advent of better medication - especially antibiotics - and quicker access to surgical and emergency treatment. Those advancements on the battlefield are borne out in an interview I conducted with Dan Harden, a United States Air Force veteran of military deployments to to Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan. During 122 different medieval missions overseas, Major Harden's emergency ward was the back of a Black Hawk helicopter, where both he and his wounded patient were harnessed into position; and as Harden attended his wounded with oxygen, suction, ventilation, intubation, intravenous or transfusion, the chopper was flying at 140 miles an hour across the desert to deliver Harden's patient to a contingency operating base for life-saving surgery.

Harden told me, "If a wounded soldier was alive after injury, and a medic arrived in that critical time, a patient had a 97-percent chance of survival." I can think of field ambulance medics at Ypres losing up to 5,000 in the German chlorine-gas attacks of April, 1915, or the medical officers in Japanese POW compounds along the so-called Death Railway in the jungles of Burma where up to 4,000 POWs died of disease, injury or exhaustion, or the 916 Canadians that Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps medics could not save on the beaches of Dieppe in August, 1942. Those medics would have sacrificed everything to be able to enjoy a 97-per-cent survival rate among their wounded. But small-box ventilators (gas masks), anti-bacterial drugs and medevac choppers weren't around to deliver such miracles then.

PATTERSON: These successes in improving the survival rates among the (Western and Allied) war wounded are probably underappreciated. And the refinements in trauma care in war have spread to the civilian sector, not just in the most recent wars, but for a century now. Nevertheless, to describe the effect of war, especially on health, in any sort of positive sense is uncomfortable.

The excess mortality - including knock-on effects - in Iraq following the invasion may have been almost seven hundred thousand, according to the British medical journal The Lancet. These wars have been the worst decision the West has made in the past half-century. That said, military medics are in an interesting position. When I was a medical officer, we were taught that our role was to preserve the operational capability of the military. Simply put, soldiers are more likely to fight aggressively if they see that they will be cared for, once wounded.

BARRIS: I have one last thought on the point about medics and their service being underappreciated. I think even the medics themselves felt inadequate. More often than not, they took the casualty rates extremely hard. With seemingly very little positive in the aftermath of a battle, medics grasped at whatever small victories they could rationalize. Two such medical officers - Laurence Alexander with the Calgary Tanks, and Wesley Clare with Royal Hamilton Light Infantry - went into beaches of Dieppe on Aug. 19, 1942 - of 4,963 Canadians in action at Dieppe, 3,367 were killed, wounded or taken prisoner. Neither Alexander nor Clare managed to get off the beach. In fact, Alexander never left the tank landing craft bringing his medical crew and tank crews ashore; he spent the entire morning dashing from one wounded case to another all aboard the landing craft. And in the end, of his original assault group of 117 military men and 13 naval men, he managed to save but 30 soldiers and three navy personnel. Meanwhile, Clare gathered the wounded and dying RHLI troops in the lee of another bombed out landing craft just up from the surf. He'd been unable to save 197 of his regimental brothers, but chose to surrender the remaining handful, including himself, to ensure that at least a few survived the slaughter. He spent the rest of the war with those he'd saved in German POW camps in occupied Europe. And the Calgary Tankers whom Alexander saved never forgot him, either. When Doc Alexander returned to Alberta after the war, the veterans who returned with him made it their business to seek the doctor out to deliver their children and be their family doctor.

Small but meaningful thanks for saving them from the "nine bloodiest hours in Canadian military history" at Dieppe.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY LUIS MAZON

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B16


J. LAVERNE BOND (née McConkey) On November 6, 2019, at age 99, Laverne, loving mother of Tom and his wife Lynda, and Scott and his wife Debbie, and cherished grandmother of Emily, Chris, Alison and Peter was reunited with her late husband Alfred Bond, who passed away in 1999. Laverne had a sharp mind but she had become very frail over the past year. Despite her frailty, she was determined to live on her own. She was fiercely independent, creative, embraced life and found humour to the end.

Laverne will be deeply missed by her family but will continue to positively influence all of our lives.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor Street W, at Windermere, east of the Jane subway, on Friday November 15, 2019 from 10 a.m. until time of the funeral service in the chapel at 11 a.m. If desired, donations may be made to Children's Wish Foundation of Canada.

GARY JOSEPH BRUNER April 28, 1946 November 8, 2019 It is with deep sadness we announce that Gary Bruner slipped away into eternity surrounded by his loved ones, after a three year battle with colon cancer. Gary fought to live longer but the monster that is cancer would not relent.

Gary was born in Toronto, practiced law for over 40 years and enthusiastically travelled the world. He lived life to the fullest and will be missed by his family, colleagues, and numerous friends worldwide. Gary was the loving husband of Aleksandra Spalvins and the devoted father to three children, Barry (Liat) of Tel Aviv, Cory (Dayna) of Toronto and Sondi (Timothy Harris) of Vancouver. Gary was the proud grandfather of Mason, Leah, Nolan and Noam. He also leaves his first wife, Barbara Citron, the mother of his children. Gary will be sadly missed by his siblings, Harvey (Rosemary) and Debbi (James Wallace); nieces, Katie, Emily and Nicole; and nephew, Kevin. He is fondly remembered by his good friend, John Lister. Gary was predeceased by his parents, Norman and Anne Bruner.

Gary was the perfect child.

During his formative years, he was often at the top of his class. After school Gary would help his father at the family convenience store. He was responsible and could always be counted on to do the right thing. Gary obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the University of Toronto and with the flip of a coin decided to continue his education at York University where he studied law.

If there was one thing that Gary loved more than the art of law, it was the joy of travel.

On their holidays together, Gary and Aleks gallivanted around the world. They visited a multitude of countries and saw sites that most people only read about in books. The friendships they formed were lasting. The most memorable highlights, however, were the two six month cruises that Gary took around the world in both directions. He savoured every moment.

Gary was pragmatic and realistic as well as being a thoughtful and kind person.

He loved music especially the Beatles and Motown, and in particular the tunes of Smokey Robinson. Gary will be remembered for his integrity, his voice of reason, his sense of humour and for always offering cup of cappuccino. He will be missed.

Heartfelt thanks to the dedicated and incredibly compassionate team at Sunnybrook Hospital. Their humanity is an example to us all.

Following the private cremation at Mount Pleasant Cemetery on Wednesday, November 13, 2019, friends and family are invited to a celebration of Gary's life at his home, 165 Danforth Avenue at 3:30 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Gary's memory may be made to the Sunnybrook Foundation, Odette Cancer Centre.

STEFANIA HURKO (nee Deychakivska) 1924 - 2019 Stefa was a lively, creative soul, engaged and inspired by her deep love of her Ukrainian culture.

Her children, Marijka, Andrew (Olenka), and Roman (Carmen) will miss her spark. Husband, Eugene, predeceased her in 1979.

Born in the ancient village of Yamnytsia in western Ukraine, Stefa's early life was happily embedded in a strong patriotic family, and rich cultural traditions that were the wellsprings of her long life. But her budding adulthood was marked by war, the terror of Bolshevik and Nazi occupation, and flight for survival across continents.

Freedom of spirit, and a belief that beauty can save the world, nourished her through harrowing struggles in wartime Europe, and immigration to Australia and finally Canada.

Stefa finished pedagogical studies in Ukraine, and worked briefly as a teacher until the outbreak of the Second World War. Amid the shifting borders and front lines, she joined the political movement for the independence of a free Ukraine.

She spent 1941-42 in German occupied eastern Ukraine as a member of the underground "pokhidny hrupy" to build support for the independence project. From 1944-1947 she was a courier for the Ukraine Supreme Liberation Council's (UHVR) foreign delegation in western Europe.

She would see that dream fulfilled only in 1991 when Ukraine declared independence.

After the war, Stefa found herself in a Displaced Person (DP) camp in the American zone of Germany, where she married Eugene. In 1949 they emigrated by ship to Australia and settled in Adelaide; then with two young children in tow, immigrated again in 1956 to Canada where their third child was born, and Stefa worked at the University of Toronto library until her retirement.

Stefa began writing poetry at an early age, and was captivated to the core by the great poet Taras Shevchenko, whose words she knew by heart to the end of her days.

During sleepless nights, she often burned the midnight oil after a hard day's work, pouring to paper her painful emotions, and spiritual insights. We are grateful now to have this gift, her body of poetry, and the thousand songs she seeded into our hearts for our own journey through life.

Stefa's lyrical poetry was first published in 1962 in the Ukrainian Canadian press, and collections followed over the decades. She also wrote plays, and political satire. Her creative work is represented in the Anthology of Ukrainian Poetry in Canada.

She was an active and engaged member of the literary Ukrainian community in Toronto, and an ardent supporter of human rights campaigns to free political prisoners in the Soviet Union.

In 1991 Stefa was a volunteer worker in Kyiv, where she translated English and French documents for the cultural commission of Ukraine's new parliament.

Our family is grateful to all of Stefa's fine caregivers; the nurses and doctors at Humber River Hospital, and the palliative team at St. Joseph's Hospital in Toronto.

Mama, we will always remember "slukhajte tyshu" (listen to the silence) youtube.com/watch?v=xMsdc1SZy1U Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor St. W., at Windermere, east of Jane subway from 6-9 p.m.

Wednesday. Panakhydia will take place at 7:30 p.m. Funeral Rite will be held at St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Church, 4 Bellwoods Ave., on Thursday, November 14, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. Interment Park Lawn Cemetery.

MARIAN DRYDEN PATON (née Grierson) Born in Guelph, Ontario March 26, 1928, died November 9, 2019 in Ottawa.

Predeceased by her husband of almost 65 years, David S.

Paton and her youngest son, Gordon. Survived by her sons, David G. Paton of Ottawa (Susan Padmos) and John G. Paton of Sterling Forest, New York (Holly Holderman) and grandchildren Crysler Paton (Daniel Ludwin), Garnet Paton (Samantha Martin) and Norah Paton. Her great-grandson Gil Ludwin gave her much joy in her final months. She will be missed by her sister Jean Hillis (Don Hillis), her sister-inlaw Marion Paton and her nieces and nephew; Dawn and Leslie Benson, Jennifer and Peter Hillis.

Marian grew up in Guelph and lived most of her life in Toronto and Mississauga. She loved animals; her cats provided her with great comfort. She was a gifted rug hooker - her award winning rugs are truly works of art.

Many happy days were spent at the cottage on Lake of Bays. In retirement Marian and Dave realized their dream of an old stone house and moved to Merrickville.. With the onset of Marian's dementia, they left their beloved Stonecroft Cottage, moving to Manotick Place and then Park Place in Ottawa.

Many thanks to her caregivers and the staff at Park Place where she was treated with compassion and respect in her final months. Donations in her memory may be made to the Alzheimer's Society or your local Humane Society.

JOANNE STEINBERG Peacefully, Joanne Steinberg (nee Pascoe), passed away at her Toronto home on Sunday, November 10, 2019, after a courageous battle with cancer.

Joey was an inspiration to all who met her, and a beacon of strength to her family, as well as to her extended close circle of friends.

Adored wife of Michael, mother and mother-in-law of Hayley, and Daniel and Diana, and cherished grandmother to Damon and Romy. Beloved daughter of Eve and the late Dr. William Pascoe, sister and sister-in law to Lynda and Jonas Prince, Lawrence Steinberg, and Debbie and Peter Aronstam. Beloved aunt, cousin and friend. Joey graduated with a Bachelor of Applied Arts from Ryerson. She worked commercially in the field of Food Sciences before joining her father in his medical practice as his full time receptionist, a labour of love for her for many years. She continued working as a medical receptionist, and eventually she became her husband Michael's bookkeeper. Her artistic and culinary talents were well known and were demonstrated in numerous endeavours.

She pursued various artistic activities and businesses (painted sweatshirts, stencilled pots and pot planters). Joey was known far and wide for her cooking and baking, especially her coconut birthday cakes and Score bar cookies. She had an extensive circle of friends, and was always happy to help her friends with their Simchas. She made time for volunteer work with charities like Meals on Wheels, Out of the Cold, and the Canadian Cancer Society, and was an avid tennis, golf and bridge player. Our family appreciates the loving care provided to Joey by the doctors and nurses from Princess Margaret Hospital, her family doctor and dear friend Dr. Debra Birnbaum, her dedicated palliative care workers from the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care, and all of her devoted and supportive friends. We also wish to thank Joey's primary caregivers, Eden and Gloria, especially Eden who cared for her for several years with love and compassion, as well as her long standing trainer and good friend Diane.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Tuesday, November 12, 2019 at 12:30 p.m. Interment in the Holy Blossom Temple section of Pardes Shalom Cemetery. Donations in honour of Joanne's memory are welcome at The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, (416) 946- 6560 or the Dr. William Pascoe Medical Education Fund at the Baycrest Foundation, 416-785-2875.

PETER STRUCKEN Born in Bonn, Germany on January 3, 1933 and died in Oakville on November 8, 2019.

"Tampa", as he was known to his grandchildren, died peacefully at Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, surrounded by his loving family. He is survived by his loving wife Heather, sister Marion Hahn, children Lisa (Hugh Kerr), Chris, and Emma (John Castelhano), and grandchildren Liam, Fraser, Julia, Mathias and Danielle.

Peter spent his business career as Export Sales Manager at Stelco, in Canada, England and Switzerland.

While travelling the world, he developed a taste for good food and wine, which he generously shared with family and friends. Peter had a wonderful, slightly off-colour, British sense of humour, and loved a good joke. His interesting "Tampa-isms" that we all use on a daily basis will keep him in our hearts forever. Please join us for a celebration of Peter's life at Oakview Funeral Home, 56 Lakeshore Road West, Oakville, on Friday, November 15, 2019, from 1 p.m. to 3:30 p.m., with remembrance speeches at 2 p.m. Refreshments will be served throughout. In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to a charity of your choice.

Online condolences may be left at oakviewfuneral.ca

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B20


MARIAN dryden paton (née Grierson) Born in Guelph, Ontario March 26, 1928, died November 9, 2019 in Ottawa.

Predeceased by her husband of almost 65 years, David S.

Paton and her youngest son, Gordon. Survived by her sons, David G. Paton of Ottawa (Susan Padmos) and John G. Paton of Sterling Forest, New York (Holly Holderman) and grandchildren Crysler Paton (Daniel Ludwin), Garnet Paton (Samantha Martin) and Norah Paton. Her great-grandson Gil Ludwin gave her much joy in her final months. She will be missed by her sister Jean Hillis (Don Hillis), her sister-inlaw Marion Paton and her nieces and nephew; Dawn and Leslie Benson, Jennifer and Peter Hillis.

Marian grew up in Guelph and lived most of her life in Toronto and Mississauga. She loved animals; her cats provided her with great comfort. She was a gifted rug hooker - her award winning rugs are truly works of art.

Many happy days were spent at the cottage on Lake of Bays. In retirement Marian and Dave realized their dream of an old stone house and moved to Merrickville.. With the onset of Marian's dementia, they left their beloved Stonecroft Cottage, moving to Manotick Place and then Park Place in Ottawa.

Many thanks to her caregivers and the staff at Park Place where she was treated with compassion and respect in her final months. Donations in her memory may be made to the Alzheimer's Society or your local Humane Society.

LOUISE PRÉVOST (Harvey) 1930 - 2019 Passed away peacefully at home in Saint-Lambert surrounded by her family on November 10, 2019, at the age of 88.

Born in Quebec City on December 13, 1930. Beloved wife of the late Aubert Prévost.

She leaves to mourn her children, Louise, Suzanne, Marc (Manuel), Michel (Caroline), Élaine (Nelson), Aubert, Françoise (François); her grandchildren, Jean-Philippe, Caroline, Marie-France, Noémie, Laurence, Maude, Camille, Jérémie, Cédric, Julien and their partners; her great-grandson, Rafaël; her sisters, Anne, Betty (Harry); her brothers, Robert (Thérèse), John (Maureen); her sisters-in-law, Pam Harvey and Judy Prévost; many nephews and nieces, cousins; as well as very dear friends.

The family will receive the condolences at Collins Clarke MacGillivray White (307 Riverside Drive, Saint-Lambert) on Thursday, November 21 from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. and from 7 p.m.

to 9 p.m.

The funeral service will be held on November 22 at 11 a.m. at SaintThomas d'Aquin Church) 311 SaintThomas Street in Saint-Lambert).

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Canadian Cancer Society.

J. BLAIR SEABORN, CM In Ottawa on November 11, 2019, in his 96th year, after a full and rewarding life. Predeceased in 2011 by his loving wife, dearest friend and companion of over 60 years, Carol (Trow). Blair was the proud father of son Geoffrey (Jan de Pencier) of Toronto and daughter Virginia of Mont-Tremblant, and "J.B." to beloved grandchildren Emma (Rob Grundy), Claire (Michael Currie) and Adam Seaborn. He was delighted to have lived to see two great-grandchildren, Fraser and Sloane Grundy. He is fondly remembered by Carol's siblings, Virginia Ings, Allen Trow, Ben Trow and Marion Doheny. Born in 1924, the youngest child of the Reverend Richard and Muriel Seaborn of Toronto, he was predeceased by his siblings, Kitty (Smith), Richard, Jean (Bertram), Jack, Bob, Charlie and Ted, but is survived by nieces, nephews, their spouses, and their progeny too numerous to mention.

After the University of Toronto Schools, he studied political science and economics at the University of Toronto (Trinity College) where, following three years in the Canadian Army, he earned his M.A. in 1948. He entered the federal public service and spent the next twentytwo years at the Department of External Affairs with postings in The Hague, Paris, Moscow and Saigon, the latter as Canadian Commissioner for the ICSC in Vietnam. His life as a diplomat was followed by nineteen years in senior federal positions with the Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs (Assistant Deputy Minister), Environment Canada (Deputy Minister), the International Joint Commission (Canadian Chairman) and the Privy Council Office (Intelligence and Security Coordinator). After "retirement", he spent eight years as chair the federal Environmental Assessment Panel on Nuclear Fuel Waste Management. He was honoured to receive the Order of Canada in 2000. Blair was grateful to have had a long, varied and satisfying career, for the opportunity to contribute to the life of Christ Church Cathedral and other voluntary work; and for good health which enabled him to enjoy, into his 'nineties, numerous outdoor activities, membership in the Rockcliffe Lawn Tennis Club, the Five Lakes Fishing Club, the Rideau Club Round Table and weekends at his "dacha" in Mulgrave-et-Derry.

A man of enduring modesty and unfailing courtesy, he earned the great respect of his colleagues and the deep affection of friends and family.

A funeral service will be held at Christ Church Cathedral, 420 Sparks Street, Ottawa on Sunday, November 17 at 4:00 p.m., followed by a reception in Cathedral Hall. No flowers by request. If desired, donations in Blair's name may be made to Trinity College, Toronto or Christ Church Cathedral, Ottawa, for restorations.

DR. ELLEN F. SPEARS D.V.M.

(née Thomson) After a prolonged medical illness which she faced with courage and determination, and a relatively short acute deterioration, Ellen passed away on November 9, 2019 in her 85th year. She was surrounded by the love of her family and friends.

Daughter of the late Dr.

Andrew Thomson and Lally Thomson, she was born in Toronto, attended Branksome Hall and graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) in 1958. Beloved wife of Dr. John Spears for 61 years, and loving mother to Andrew (Laleh Moshiri), Jennifer Léger (David Léger), Ian (Sarah Atkinson) and Martha. She was adored by her nine grandchildren and two greatgrandchildren.

Following graduation from OVC, Ellen worked for two years at the Defence Research Board in Kingston. A remarkable mother to four children, she also gave generously of her time to her church (Bloor Street United), the CNIB, the Daily Bread Food Bank, the Victor Home/ Massey Centre, The Toronto Children's Chorus, and the Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild of which she was a founding member.

For those in need, be they musicians, refugees, or family, she provided a welcoming home and the respect she thought all people deserved. Ellen lived a life devoted to serving and caring for others. She did it informally, with a thousand acts of unheralded kindness to both friends and people she had never met but who needed a helping hand.

Throughout her life, Ellen loved spending time with family and friends at Leith, Ontario. There was always room for one more at the dinner table and an extra bed could always be found. This love of the blue waters of Georgian Bay and its spectacular sunsets has been passed on to her children and grandchildren.

The family is grateful for the care Ellen received at the Princess Margaret Hospital (myeloma division), the kind, supportive care she received from the first floor staff at Christie Gardens and her caregiver Madeleine.

Cremation has taken place.

In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the charity of your choice would be gratefully appreciated.

A service of thanksgiving and a celebration of Ellen's life will be held a Bloor Street United Church (300 Bloor Street West) at 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16, 2019 with a reception to follow at the church.

An opportunity to visit with the family will be hosted at 8 Hewitt Avenue, Toronto, ON M6R 1Y3 on Friday, November 15 from 2:30-5:00 p.m. and 6:00-8:00 p.m.

We miss you Eno.

ALLAN EDWIN STAPLETON January 5, 1920 November 1, 2019 Al Stapleton passed away peacefully at Sunnybrook Hospital following a short illness on November 1. He was in his 100th year. He is survived by his wife of 70 years Grace Elizabeth, his sons John and Paul and their spouses Barbara Brown and Lee Wai Ming.

Al lived with his wife at Amica Bayview Village from April 2017 until his passing.

Al was born on January 5, 1920 in the southern Ontario town of St.

Mary's. He finished high school in June 1939 and when war was declared, he signed up in London Ontario in mid-September 1939. Al was on the first Canadian convoy to England in December 1939 on the Aquitania.

As a signalman (First Div.Sigs: Headquarters), Al learned radio operations and participated in the assembly of the now famous 'Enigma' code breaking radio sets for deployment on the continent. Al was part of the Sicily landing on July 12, 1943 and continued to serve in Italy, France, Belgium, Germany and finally in Holland. Al was looking forward to joining the official Canadian delegations to Italy and Holland to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Allied victories in World War II.

Returning in 1945, Al studied engineering for a year at Ryerson.

He was employed by the CBC from 1946 to 1982 as a technician and engineering supervisor. This choice of career was appropriate because Al was an engineer both in heart and mind. There were very few things he could not repair and he took great joy in describing the mechanisms of how things work. He was active on his computer at the age of 99.

His first radio station was located in Sackville New Brunswick where he met a young nurse, Grace Elizabeth Young. They married in 1949. On Saturday October 26, Al celebrated Grace's 97th birthday along with family two days before the event.

But his real love was sailing. And being a competitive sort, he raced his sailboat each summer during the 1960's and 1970's and gathered a sizeable cache of trophies.

He was a life member at Toronto's Ashbridge's Bay Yacht Club where he spearheaded the building of the current club house in the mid 1970's. In appreciation, the club named the main reception area after him 'Stapleton Hall'.

A celebration of life will be held at a date and place to be decided.

Al will be interred in the National Military Cemetery in Ottawa with full military honours in the New Year.

When asked by a reporter at the age of 98 why he attended the Warriors Day Parade, he answered "One more day of service".

ROBERT JOHN STUART (Bob) April 23, 1930 November 6, 2019 Born in Peterborough to Lt. Col.

Claire and Georgia Stuart (nee Cuff). Pre-deceased by wife Diana (nee Hogg) and sister Barbara.

Proud father of Stephanie (Will), Claire (Catherine) and Lex (Anna) and prouder grandfather to Tobin, Jackson, Erin and Holly and greatgrandfather to Baya and Bille. Also survived by dear friend Jackie Smith. Share memories of Bob's life November 22nd, from 4-8 p.m. at The Simple Alternative, 1535 South Gateway Mississauga.

Funeral, 2 p.m., November 23rd, St. Simon's Anglican Church, 1450 Litchfield Road, Oakville. In lieu of flowers, donations to Cancer Assistance Services Halton Hills.

PETER JACK TREGALE April 24, 1934 November 13, 2019 Peter passed away peacefully due to congestive heart failure at Crescent Gardens in White Rock, B. C.

Predeceased by his wife, Penny, in 1994, he leaves to mourn his daughters, Debby Jenkins (Ian) and Jenn Tregale (Rob Edwards); triplet grandchildren, Rachel, Matthew, Devon; and special friend, Kathy Murphy.

He also leaves extended family and friends.

After a successful career in advertising, with some unique opportunities with his best buddies, Jim Niosi and Bob Brown, he returned to his love of painting. His prolific work adorns the homes of family, friends and other venues.

Vacations at Stony Lake in Ontario, Hawaii, throughout Canada, Bermuda, the UK, and the USA provided many happy times and wonderful memories.

There will be no service by request. In lieu of flowers, donations may be sent in Peter's memory to Fraser Academy at http://www.fraseracademy.ca or 2294 West 10th, Vancouver, BC V6K2H8 or BC Children's Hospital at http://www.bcchildrens.ca or 938 West 28th Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H4.

CALL IT ONEX
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With the acquisition of Gluskin Sheff, pioneering CEO is starting a new chapter for the $8-billion company
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By ANDREW WILLIS
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B4


Canada's pioneering private-equity investor, Gerry Schwartz, is reinventing his firm on the fly. At a time when many of his billionaire peers are responding to increasing competition for deals - and their looming mortality - by closing down their funds to play with their grandkids, Onex Corp.'s 77-year-old founder and chief executive is in change mode at the $8-billion Toronto company.

Onex is shifting from selling primarily one product - leveraged buyouts - to a single group of customers - institutional investors - into a broader asset manager to try to win a following among wealthy, individual clients. Contemporaries such as Blackstone Group and Brookfield Asset Management are opening their doors to the same potential investors.

Mr. Schwartz is still staging bold takeovers, as witnessed by Onex's unexpected $3.5-billion bid this spring for WestJet Airlines Ltd., two decades after the firm tried, and failed, to buy Air Canada. But the key to Onex's future lies in a growth strategy that is partly based on fixing a struggling business, recently acquired money manager Gluskin Sheff + Associates Inc., and using its ties to affluent families to dramatically increase Onex's size and profitability.

Mr. Schwartz, always introspective, and his senior colleagues also spent time this fall engaged in a productive session of corporate navel-gazing. The team stepped back and distilled the skills that helped Onex churn out an impressive 27-per-cent average annual return on investments over its 35-year history into a handful of lessons - call it the Gospel of Gerry.

The team also restructured the firm this fall, streamlining management and giving employees clear responsibility for specific investments in an effort to ensure accountability. These evolutionary steps are playing out at a time when Onex shares are underperforming the market. The company is struggling with a handful of problem children - a discount grocery chain and marine-survival equipment business - in its US$38-billion portfolio.

The reinvention of Onex started in June, when the firm closed its purchase of Gluskin Sheff for $445-million. The acquisition added plain-vanilla wealth management, in the form of funds that invest in stocks and bonds, to Onex's more exotic investment offerings, which include funds that buy entire businesses and invest in loans and other credit products.

After quietly sewing the two businesses together over the past five months, Mr. Schwartz opened up about how everything is fitting together last week before an audience of 850 finance types at the Toronto CFA Society's annual dinner.

He started by highlighting the obvious, explaining Onex is always looking for new customers and it bought a platform that serves some of the wealthiest individuals in Canada.

"We think Gluskin Sheff represents a huge opportunity," he said.

Then he dived into the strategy. Rather than competing based on low fees or last year's performance numbers, he said, it's all about trying to provide white-glove service to the rich. And that means more than investment products.

"Gluskin Sheff has the ability to be close to clients, to talk to them not just about their investment returns, but about their interests in philanthropy, then introduce them to charitable opportunities and build a vibrant, strong relationship."

Gluskin Sheff opened its doors in 1984 and strove to build a brand that is to wealth management as Tiffany's is to jewellery or Rolls-Royce is to your ride. Clients needed to commit a minimum of $3-million. For that price, they became members of an exclusive club with breathtakingly modern offices, plenty of handholding on financial decisions and head-turning events. The firm's party to celebrate the Barnes exhibit of paintings at the Art Gallery of Ontario in 1994 is still a high-water mark in Toronto society.

That cachet took a beating after founders Ira Gluskin and Gerry Sheff stepped down as executives in 2009, and left the board in 2013. The two executives turned around and sued their former company for $185-million, claiming unpaid benefits. An arbitrator eventually awarded the duo $13.8million in 2017. The dispute was a distraction for both Gluskin Sheff management and the company's customers, most of whom had ties to the departed leaders.

Investment performance also became an issue for some clients. Prior to Onex's arrival, Gluskin Sheff was bleeding assets. It went four consecutive years with existing clients pulling out more money than new customers put in. The outflow of funds was $235-million last year and $236-million the year before.

Onex is attempting to turn the tide with a renewed commitment to service and new flavours of investment products. Gluskin Sheff is out recruiting, with plans to build a team of seven experts focused solely on estate and tax planning. Financial results released last week show Gluskin Sheff clients committed US$199-million to Onex's creditbased funds in the three months ended Sept. 30 - the first full quarter after the deal - and an additional US$52-million to Onex's private-equity offerings.

In total, Gluskin Sheff takes care of US$6.4-billion, including US$60-million from Onex's own employees. In a recent report, analyst Phil Hardie at Scotia Capital said: "The outflows Onex saw at Gluskin Sheff during the first half of the year appear to have slowed significantly."

Onex, like other private-equity companies, earns the bulk of its profits when it sells businesses, but this income is lumpy. In contrast, Gluskin Sheff generates a steady stream of management fees. The firm charges clients a 1.5per-cent commission on portfolios, plus performance fees that range from 10 per cent to 25 per cent of investment gains. Those fees will translate into recurring profits for Onex.

That, in turn, is expected to mean a premium valuation for the company's stock, according to analysts. Last year, Onex collected US$199-million in management fees. Onex projects that acquiring Gluskin Sheff will boost the total to US$328-million this year.

Onex is far from the only private-equity player striving

for greater scale and more fees from taking care of other people's money. The drive to diversify is playing out at U.S.

private-equity pioneers KKR & Co. Inc. - a firm launched by Mr. Schwartz's former colleagues at investment bank Bear Stearns - as well as New York-based Blackstone and Toronto-based Brookfield.

Onex is relatively a minnow in this school of fish. KKR is four times larger when it comes to assets under management, while Blackstone and Brookfield are more than 10 times its size. In an increasingly competitive industry, asset managers want to accumulate as much cash as possible to do the largest possible transactions, on the theory that there are fewer rivals for the biggest deals.

Onex's founder is the first to concede the massive amount of capital now committed to private equity makes it increasingly difficult to find attractive targets. In his talk to the CFA Society, Mr. Schwartz said when he started his career in the 1970s, the total amount of capital committed to private equity, globally, was about US$300-million. Today, there is US$2.5-trillion looking for deals. Onex alone is sitting on more than US$2-billion of what is known in the industry as "dry powder," or capital it is looking to put to use.

"It is a very, very difficult market," said Mr. Schwartz. He said many private-equity fund managers are willing to risk overpaying to buy businesses because they are "desperate to get invested and move on to the next fund raise."

Onex is willing to row against the tide. While the company is still scouting for takeovers and working to close the WestJet acquisition - the airline's shareholders approved the deal in July but it still requires a thumbs-up from regulators - the priority is selling stakes in businesses, to take advantage of public markets that are hitting record highs. So far this year, Onex has raised more than US$900-million for its own account and millions more for clients by parting with holdings in seven businesses, including U.S. fastfood chain Jack's and Swiss packaging company SIG Combibloc Group.

Onex plans to invest more money in fewer sectors. Historically, the company's 119-member investment team cast a wide net for deals.

After what analysts describe as an "operational review" that concluded ahead of its investor day in October, Onex conducted an internal restructuring that narrowed its focus to just four areas: industrial businesses, service companies, health care and financial services. Scotiabank's Mr. Hardie said: "These cores notably exclude the retail segment, which we believe has been a source of some of its recent challenges." (The boardroom discussion of the decision to avoid retailers would have been fascinating, as Heather Reisman, chief executive of bookstore chain Indigo Books & Music Inc., is both an Onex director and Mr.

Schwartz's wife.)

Onex is in the midst of a market slump, and a grocerystore investment is partly to blame. Its stock price is up 7.3 per cent year-to-date, while shares in peers such as KKR, Blackstone and Brookfield soared by between 45 and 85 per cent. Analysts say Onex shares now trade at a 15-per-cent discount to the underlying value of the company's assets.

While this has happened in the past, there have also been times when Onex stock commanded a premium to the value of its holdings.

Analysts trace the negative sentiment to investor concerns over two business that are turning in disappointing financial performance, U.S. discount grocery chain Save-A-Lot Ltd., which Onex acquired in 2016 in a US$1.4-billion transaction, and British marine-equipment supplier Survitec Group Ltd., bought in 2015 for £450-million. Analyst Geoffrey Kwan at RBC Dominion Securities said the problems, while significant, are in Onex's past. "Underperforming investments have been written down to almost zero, so any further deterioration should have minimal impact on Onex," Mr. Kwan said. "Historically, the best times to buy Onex were when the shares traded at a discount to net asset value."

Onex's recent makeover also saw the company rework its structure. Analysts say the company got rid of "pods" of employees who were assigned to sectors, deciding the structure limited the opportunities for its staff to get to know how each company really worked. Instead, executives assign employees direct responsibility for specific investments, in a drive to increase accountability.

Formal responsibility for running the firm's different units went to three Onex senior managing directors: former banker Seth Mersky, ex-Berkshire Hathaway executive Bobby Le Blanc and Anthony Munk, son of entrepreneur Peter Munk. Each executive is in his 50s and has spent more than two decades at Onex. Those looking for signs of succession planning would start with this trio.

Finally, Mr. Schwartz and his colleagues came out of the management sessions with what could be described as Onex's private equity playbook, or the Gospel of Gerry. Scott Chan, a Canaccord Genuity analyst, summed up their efforts by saying Onex created a formal process for investing that included "a dozen key criteria predictive of investment success, such as cost-savings, growth projections, valuation of tax assets, etc. This will help adopt a more agile and targeted investing approach."

Onex deal makers all have a story on Mr. Schwartz's dedication to the company and his passion for deals. Five decades into his career, he still makes calls on Sunday nights, sweats the details of pitches to potential targets and clients, and pushes to expand the company. The founder's recent moves speak to his legacy. By acquiring Gluskin Sheff and attempting to instill a shared, methodical approach to investing, Mr. Schwartz is attempting to ensure Onex will have the scale and culture required to sail on, long after he leaves.

ONEX CASHES IN stake ininseven Onex sold stakes businesses in sevenbusinesses 2019 in 2019 sale price inofmillions In millions of U.S. dollars U.S. dollars ONEX MANAGEMENT FEES In millions of U.S. dollars

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PHOTOGRAPH BY CHRIS YOUNG/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

PHOTOGRAPH BY JONATHAN HAYWARD/ THE CANADIAN PRESS

ONTARIO PROFILES
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page E7


Algoma University Sault Ste. Marie, Brampton, Timmins Tuition and fees: $7,332.04 Undergraduate students: 1,372 Undergraduate graduation rate: 52 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $16,197 With its main campus situated on the site of a former residential school, Algoma University has a special mission to cultivate crosscultural learning between Indigenous and other communities, which is based on Anishinaabe values. The small university offers more than 20 programs, but since it doesn't have any graduate degrees, undergraduate students are able to jump in on faculty research projects.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Brock University St. Catharines (main), Hamilton Tuition and fees: $6,675.75 Undergraduate students: 16,566 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69.1 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $15,926 Located in the historic Niagara region, Brock is a mid-sized university with more than 19,000 students in seven faculties. In addition to the degree programs, BrockU provides more than 40 coop programs, in which 15 per cent of full-time students participate, as well as other opportunities to engage with the community beyond academics. Outside of class, students can cheer on the Brock Badgers and get involved in a variety of clubs and extracurricular activities.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Carleton University Ottawa Tuition and fees: $7,427.65 Undergraduate students: 27,152 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69 per cent, based on a seven-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,130 Carleton University is located on Algonquin territory, on an official UNESCO World Heritage Site in Canada's capital city. Carleton offers more than 200 undergraduate programs, with access to the unique resources provided by its close proximity to government institutions, libraries and media.

As a research-focused university, Carleton works closely with its community partners to identify emerging areas of importance.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Orillia Tuition and fees: $7,569.68 Undergraduate students: 7,164 Undergraduate graduation rate: 77.8 per cent (year rate unknown) Average debt at graduation: $18,084 Founded in 1965, Lakehead University offers a range of degree and diploma programs across 10 faculties. Lakehead promises a wholesome university experience, with a blend of academics and rich social and recreational activities. This past year, a student-led community project, Enactus Lakehead, created two programs to address the unique financial needs of communities in Northwestern Ontario.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Laurentian University Sudbury Tuition and fees: $7,684.85 Undergraduate students: 8,100 Undergraduate graduation rate: 71.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,998 Laurentian University is a bilingual university offering more than 120 undergraduate programs across five faculties, with many programs and degrees offered in French. Class sizes are kept small and numerous programs offer hands-on experience, field work and co-op placements.

Laurentian has one of the highest postgrad employment rates in the province, as 94 per cent of undergraduate students find employment within six months of graduation.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ McMaster University Hamilton, Burlington, Kitchener, St. Catharines Tuition and fees: $7,988.81 Undergraduate students: 26,504 Undergraduate graduation rate: 79.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,705 Based in Hamilton, the fourthlargest city in Ontario, McMaster University is a research-intensive university that's home to more than 70 research centres and institutes. Although the school has a focus on its medical-doctoral program, McMaster offers more than 25 degree programs across six faculties. Aside from academics, McMaster has more than 250 cultural, academic and social issues clubs on campus and more than 30 varsity athletics and intramural options.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: +++ Nipissing University North Bay (main), Brantford Tuition and fees: $7,791.94 Undergraduate students: 4,487 Undergraduate graduation rate: 86.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,289 Nipissing University is a primarily undergraduate university offering arts and science, education, professional and a few graduatelevel programs. It's one of the smaller universities in the province, which allows for interactive classes and a personalized, student-focused approach, with online and blended learning options available.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ OCAD University Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,703.40 Undergraduate students: 4,200 Undergraduate graduation rate: 64.6 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,341 Originally established as the Ontario School of Art in 1876, OCAD University is one of the oldest and largest educational institutions for art and design in Canada. It currently offers 17 undergraduate programs in three faculties, ranging from advertising and graphic design to drawing and painting, and environmental design to Indigenous visual culture. It's also home to 18 research labs and nine galleries.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Ontario Tech University Oshawa Tuition and fees: $8,283.16 Undergraduate students: 9,536 Undergraduate graduation rate: 71.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,423 Recently rebranded from the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, one of Ontario Tech University's primary focuses is the application of technology for greater societal good - "tech with a conscience." It offers 60 undergraduate programs in seven faculties, co-op and internship options, as well as opportunities for undergraduate students to work on research projects with faculty.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: N/A Queen's University Kingston Tuition and fees: $7,943.44 Undergraduate students: 20,185 Undergraduate graduation rate: 86.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,220 Established in 1841 by the Royal Charter of Queen Victoria, Queen's University is one of Canada's oldest universities. The midsized institution, located in Kingston, is a full-spectrum, researchintensive university offering 125 degree programs across eight faculties. The campus is home to a network of six libraries, as well as various museums and arts facilities. With many opportunities to get involved in student government, more than 300 clubs, 13 varsity teams and 20 recreation clubs, Queen's has a high student satisfaction rate.

Affordability: $$ Experience: +++ Ryerson University Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,076.14 Undergraduate students: 36,748 Undergraduate graduation rate: 72.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,019 With more than 125 research institutes and labs, Ryerson commits to being a city builder by researching the core challenges facing urban centres. Students can choose from 62 bachelor programs and get involved in any of the 70-plus student groups. Ryerson students can also apply traditional academic knowledge from their coursework into a new experiential Zone Learning model, where they can develop their own startups, causes, companies or ventures in one of 10 zones.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Trent University Peterborough, Oshawa Tuition and fees: $8,458.51 Undergraduate students: 9,622 Undergraduate graduation rate: 63.1 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,391 Nestled in Peterborough, with access to 30 kilometres of hiking trails and just a 90-minute commute from downtown Toronto, Trent University is one of the province's smaller universities. It has a student to faculty ratio of 18 to 1 and more than 100 programs across the arts, sciences, social sciences and professional studies.

There are 12 varsity teams, three varsity clubs and more than 130 student clubs and groups from which to choose.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: ++ University of Guelph Guelph (main), Toronto and Ridgetown Tuition and fees: $8,399 Undergraduate students: 26,741

Undergraduate graduation rate: 79.6 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $15,810 With campuses that span urban hubs and rural settings, the University of Guelph is a research-intensive university offering more than 85 undergraduate majors.

More than a thousand experiential learning opportunities are available, with more than 3,500 students involved in co-op education. Students looking to get involved in campus life have the choice of more than 200 clubs and 19 intramural sports options.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: +++ University of Ottawa Ottawa Tuition and fees: $7,310.84 Undergraduate students: 35,515 Undergraduate graduation rate: 68 per cent, based on a seven-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,230 Located in the heart of Canada's capital, the University of Ottawa is the largest English-French bilingual university in the world, offering more than 450 programs in 10 faculties. UOttawa supports more than 22 centres and institutes that lead research on a range of areas, such as equity, diversity, cybersecurity, governance, health, aging, immigration and artificial intelligence. The school also has the second-largest co-op program in the province.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ University of Toronto Toronto (main), Mississauga, Scarborough Tuition and fees: $8,252.83 Undergraduate students: 71,930 Undergraduate graduation rate: 75.6 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,513 Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto is Canada's largest university. It offers more than 980 programs at the undergraduate, graduate and PhD levels across three campuses, and it ranks as the top university in Canada (13th in the world) for postgraduate employability. U of T is renowned for its prowess in research and it is home to 44 libraries, with the third-largest library system in North America.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: ++ University of Waterloo Waterloo (main), Cambridge, Kitchener, Stratford Tuition and fees: $7,779.10 Undergraduate students: 34,002 Undergraduate graduation rate: 81.1 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,127 The University of Waterloo combines innovative experiential learning, impact-driven research and traditional academics, with program offerings across six faculties. The university opened its doors in 1957, with engineering and co-operative education as its cornerstones. Today, it's home to the world's largest co-op program of its kind.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ University of Western Ontario London Tuition and fees: $7,704.05 Undergraduate students: 23,579 Undergraduate graduation rate: 81.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,485 Located in London with a campus varying from historic gothic style to modern buildings, Western offers more than 90 undergraduate programs across its 12 faculties.

These range from arts, humanities and social science to education, engineering and health sciences, at the undergraduate, graduate and PhD levels. Western has a keen focus on research, with some of its current work focused on neuroscience, domestic violence and wind engineering research.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ University of Windsor Windsor Tuition and fees: $7,488.02 Undergraduate students: 12,283 Undergraduate graduation rate: 75.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $18,772 The University of Windsor enrolls students in 190 undergraduate programs, 65 graduate programs and six professional programs.

The student-to-faculty ratio at UWindsor is 26 to 1. Last year, University of Windsor students invested 1.25 million total hours of service to the communities of Windsor and Essex County through structured experiential education programs.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo (main), Brantford, Kitchener, Milton, Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,983.32 Undergraduate students: 17,970 Undergraduate graduation rate: 76.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate (average across all programs) Average debt at graduation: $16,845 With nine faculties, more than 20 research centres and institutes and a 25-to-1 student-to-faculty ratio, Wilfrid Laurier's programs connect hands-on learning with co-curricular experiences. Co-op work terms, community service learning and volunteer activities are embedded in many programs.

Outside of class, students have 250 clubs and groups from which to choose, as well as 3,000 volunteer opportunities through the students' union.

Affordability: $$ Experience: N/A York University Toronto (main), Glendon Campus (French) Tuition and fees: $7,743 Undergraduate students: 49,659 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $15,104 With 25 interdisciplinary and collaborative research centres, York University describes itself as "Canada's third largest interdisciplinary research and teaching institution." The school offers more than 5,000 courses across 10 faculties and has more than 200 partnerships with international universities. York U plans to have an experiential education component be a part of each program it offers. It currently has more than 8,000 experiential opportunities.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++

Hussain Amarshi on the legacy and future of Mongrel Media, 25 years - and one giant film-industry shift - later
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By SIMON HOUPT
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


Harvey Weinstein almost killed Hussain Amarshi's career before it even got started.

In 1994, Amarshi had just launched Mongrel Media, dedicated to the firmly unglamorous business of distributing documentaries and short films on VHS tapes to educational institutions and libraries. At the Toronto International Film Festival that year, he happened to catch a screening of The Silences of the Palace, a slow-boil feminist drama set in 1950s Tunisia. Although he had no experience in theatrical distribution - and at the time had no intention of getting into such a risky undertaking - Amarshi was so entranced by the film that he asked the sales agent if he could pick up the Canadian distribution rights.

"Harvey is doing it," she is said to have replied, referring to the co-founder of the U.S. indie powerhouse Miramax Films.

But that plan fell through - apparently because, as Amarshi recalled the other day, Weinstein wanted to edit the film against the director's wishes: "He was known for that." (Weinstein is now known for other things.)

And so, Amarshi picked up the film as the first theatrical release for what would become perhaps the premier independent film distributor in English Canada, a company whose trajectory - director-driven arthouse and foreign-language hits powering impressive growth, until recent serious headwinds and retrenchment - parallels that of the North American indie film world.

This month, Mongrel celebrates its 25th anniversary with a retrospective at the TIFF Lightbox with screenings of a handful of films it brought to Canadian audiences over the years, including Sarah Polley's Away From Her, Richard Linklater's Boyhood, Mark Achbar and Jennifer Abbott's The Corporation, Deepa Mehta's Water and Michael Haneke's Amour.

Recently, Amarshi, 57, sat down for a long lunch at Parallel, the Middle Eastern restaurant on Geary Avenue: an edgy, industrial strip in Toronto that is also the site of Mongrel's office after the company cut staff and leased out its elegant Siamak Hariri-designed showpiece headquarters on Dundas Street West.

You took an unusual route to the business. After growing up in eastern Africa and Pakistan, you moved to Toronto in 1984, did a degree at the University of Toronto in political studies, and then a master's at Queen's University.

You didn't set out to be a film distributor, did you?

Well, yes and no. I was at Queen's and I started a film festival. The idea was partly related to what they called Development Education. That was funded by CIDA [Canadian International Development Agency]. And the mandate was to do programming about what was happening in the [developing] world. It was not easy to get films that were not distributed in North America. I had to go to European sales agencies and get the prints from them, or go directly to the filmmakers. It was quite an undertaking, particularly at that point, with no internet - Sure. You'd have to find them first.

And when I finished my master's, I came to Toronto to run the Euclid Theatre. And had to deal with the same sort of issues: How do you find those films? How do you get them here? Because mostly, they're not distributed locally. I learned that, if films are not picked up by U.S. distributors, it's highly unlikely that they'll get distribution in English Canada.

After Silences, you distributed a couple of Israeli films, Under the Domim Tree and The Summer of Aviya. How did you find an audience for those?

There was that whole quote-unquote "arthouse" audience that would follow a review in The Globe and Mail or wherever, but there was also the non-arthouse audience that had to be found - I understand you were wandering the streets of Mississauga for Silences.

I was certainly wandering the streets of Mississauga - Handing out flyers.

Absolutely.

In Arabic.

In Arabic, yeah.

How's your Arabic?

[Nonexistent.] I had somebody write the [copy], and people on the street would speak to me in Arabic. It was the same when I was promoting Under the Domim Tree or The Summer of Aviya up on Bathurst Street.

You were handing out flyers and people were - Yeah, [assuming] I'm Jewish.

Well, sure. You could pass for Arabic, you could pass for Israeli.

The same thing happened with Iranians when I did Iranian films.

It worked out.

Well, you always saw yourself as a mongrel, as a citizen of the world.

That was the idea. Exactly.

You're Zelig! [He chuckles.] I was with Shyam Selvadurai, who wrote [the novel] Funny Boy.

I'm producing a film of it with David Hamilton [directed by Deepa Mehta]. That's why I was just in Sri Lanka. Shyam was there, and he remembered Summer of Aviya from 24 years ago. It was quite impactful. This was a first time that an Israeli film was getting a proper theatrical release, in a cinema, five showings a day.

You really helped diversify film choices for Canadian audiences. But also, there's an article in The Globe archives from 1994, which notes that when you were just beginning, you spoke about the lack of representation of visible minorities on the Ontario Arts Council and what was then the Ontario Film Development Corporation.

I was on the board there, yeah.

With Cameron [Bailey, now the co-head of TIFF].

Are you surprised at how long it's taken to get to - well, whatever point we're at?

And it still is very - I mean, the power is still very much ....

What's the adjective you were going to use there?

I would say - it's not representative. We talk about how diverse a city Toronto is, and yet in the corridors of power, it still remains very much - I'd say it does not reflect the diversity of the city. I would say that continues to be the case in many cultural and arts organizations. There are attempts to change the board here and there, but at the core it's still very much ... the centre is still holding.

Holding on to its power.

I would say so, yeah.

The programmer's note for the TIFF retrospective says that "despite the constant quest for higher profits and lower costs, the film business survives on the ingenuity of people who think beyond the bottom line."

Which is a nice sentiment, but you still need to make the numbers add up.

True. My intent was never to make Mongrel into this mega kind of [operation]. We've got all kinds of films in our catalogue, but the films that matter are the ones that personally, and from a company point of view, we can really get behind. Films like Maudie or films like Boyhood. Or Deepa's films. There's a purposefulness to those films and we find our job of matching those films to an audience takes a different kind of purpose.

So, how does the deal you struck this year to distribute the films of Lionsgate fit in?

Lionsgate is one of the big studios out there. It's quite an honour, really, to be able to work with that scale.

Okay. But when I think of Mongrel, I don't think of the action film John Wick.

You certainly don't. Yes. Well, what we're dealing with is a situation where there are more films getting made, but fewer and fewer films make sense economically, in our marketplace. So in that context, to keep us sustainable, we are looking at all kinds of possibilities. And this is an unusual opportunity, in that it allowed for a collaboration between us, [the distribution veteran] Victor Loewy - who comes with 50, 60 years of experience - and Ellis Jacob of Cineplex. So it was an unusual but very attractive opportunity, that it allows us to enhance our skill set. Knives Out [which opens Nov.

27] will open on significantly more screens, roughly our biggest ever. We're looking at more than 250 screens.

Not a surprise, really. It's not The Silences of the Palace.

No, certainly not. Very far from Silences of the Palace. But at some level, Knives Out does fit in very much with what we do. These are very high-quality films.

I'm not denying it's a high-quality film. Its director Rian Johnson - He's an auteur. And the film following, that is Bombshell [about the sexual assault allegations against the late Fox News founder Roger Ailes], and that's also a very current film. It is dealing with a very topical issue.

Yes it is. Again, not necessarily a - Silences of the Palace?

I was going to say "Mongrel film."

Although Silences of the Palace is also very much a #MeToo film.

[Laughs]. But in order to sustain a company for the length of time that we have, and hopefully for much longer, you need to be able to be malleable.

You've retrenched recently.

We had over 30 [staff, in 2015].

Now we're down to 12.

The economics are not there to continue to sustain the same independent film scene that we're used to.

That's the real challenge right now. In this context, the Canadian content situation: How are we going to ensure that our stories get made and get told, and that we find an audience for those stories? That's always been a challenge for us. Particularly in English Canada.

It's interesting to see how you've become a champion of Canadian films, even though they still don't represent the bulk of what Mongrel does.

We've always done five to seven Canadian films a year. Where we get the most satisfaction is when we're able to bring our own stories, and find an audience for those stories. The kind of audience attachment to a film like Maudie was phenomenal, particularly in Atlantic Canada. And we don't have many of those stories.

We're not making them. Partly it has to do with economics. For a film to be able to get financed you need American stars, well-known stars. Not easy to attract them. It's become much more difficult now, especially in this golden age of television, where there's so much work.

And so much money being thrown at them.

Millions of dollars.

Funded in part by Netflix taking on billions of dollars in debt, which some believe is inflating a market bubble.

Exactly. So it's become much harder than ever before.

How did the retrenchment feel?

The last office was a beautiful office and it was built with this sense of optimism. We were just starting our international sales division. But it was becoming clearer that unless we pivoted to something else, the prospects of what we were doing were going to be challenged. We would have to reimagine ourselves, possibly going back to the past. One of my happiest times was working out of my garage, a few years after I started, on Melville Avenue. I had to just walk 10 steps and I was in my office, had a small office, four or five of us were working there, and it was, like, you had your hands on everything you were doing. The videos were stored upstairs. And there was a sense that we were controlling our context. And so, in some ways, by moving into - it's called the Artisan Factory, the building that we're in now, and there are all kinds of other businesses that are very tactile, very hands-on. So, from that point of view, it's great to be able to come to work here. It's such a small space, compared to what we had.

But we've settled in quite nicely.

This interview has been condensed and edited.

The TIFF Cinematheque retrospective 25 Years of Mongrel Media runs through Nov. 29 at the TIFF Lightbox (tiff.net).

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In Mongrel Media's early days, Hussain Amarshi advertised films by handing out flyers in places such as Mississauga and Bathurst Street in Toronto.

BRETT GUNDLOCK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Why Trump has failed to revitalize U.S. steel
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Good times for workers didn't last under the President, whose tariffs contributed to slower economic growth and declining demand
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By BANI SAPRA, PAUL WISEMAN
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ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B9


WASHINGTON -- U .S. President Donald Trump's move last year to tax imported steel triggered jeers, but also cheers. Its goal - to raise steel prices - threatened to hurt the legions of U.S.

manufacturers that depend on steel.

But at least it would benefit U.S.

steel companies and the Americans who work for them. That was the idea, anyway.

Yet Mr. Trump's 25-per-cent tariffs, it turns out, have done little for the people they were supposed to help. After enjoying a brief tariff-induced sugar high last year, U.S. steelmakers are reeling.

Steel prices and company earnings have sunk. Investors have dumped their stocks.

The industry has added just 1,800 jobs since February, 2018, the month before the tariffs took effect. That's a mere rounding error in a job market of 152 million and over a period when U.S. companies overall added nearly four million workers. Steelmakers employ 10,000 fewer people than they did five years ago.

"Even with these very high tariffs, the industry has not been able to take advantage," said Christine McDaniel, a senior research fellow at Mercatus Center, an economic think-tank at George Mason University.

Mr. Trump's pledge to rejuvenate the steel industry had helped him win votes in the 2016 election in such key states as Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. His inability to deliver a boom for the industry raises doubts about how he'll fare in those states in 2020.

Voters will be weighing whether to move on from Mr. Trump or reward him for at least taking the fight to foreign steel mills.

What's caused steel prices to fall are factors ranging from lower demand - owing to a weaker global economy - to the industry's own rush to boost production after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect.

For the first few months after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect, steel prices did rise. The price of a metric ton of hot-rolled band steel hit US$1,006 in July, 2018, according to the SteelBenchmarker website, which tracks steel prices.

Since then, it has plunged to US$557 - lower than before the tariffs.

The President's campaign against foreign steel has been overshadowed by his trade war with China over Beijing's industrial policies, which are widely seen as predatory. But the steel tariffs came earlier, and demonstrated Mr. Trump's willingness to overturn seven decades of U.S.

free-trade policies and aggressively target imports.

By taxing imported steel, Mr.

Trump risked raising costs for the many U.S. industries that use steel, straining ties with U.S. allies and defying the limits of his authority to unilaterally punish trading partners.

Even before Mr. Trump, steelmakers had enjoyed unusual protection from imports. In moves that often predated Mr. Trump, the U.S. has imposed more than 180 taxes on steel from 35 countries from Brazil to Belarus. The argument has been that these countries dump steel at artificially low prices or unfairly subsidize their steelmakers. Cheap Chinese steel has been virtually banned from the U.S. market.

But Mr. Trump was determined to revive heavy industries such as steel and protect them from what he termed unfair foreign competition. He installed a veteran lawyer for the steel industry, Robert Lighthizer, as his top trade negotiator.

The impulse to protect steelmakers was, in some ways, odd.

After all, the economic benefits of protecting steel are modest: The industry employs just 142,000 people. By comparison, Home Depot alone employs 400,000.

And the newest steel plants are highly automated. They don't need nearly as many workers as steelworks of the past did, so the potential job gains are limited.

Then there's the China problem. Over the past two decades, Chinese steel producers have flooded world markets, driving down prices. But the U.S. already shuts out most Chinese steel. The result is that any U.S. steel tariffs would deliver punishment elsewhere - notably to U.S. allies, and steel suppliers such as Canada, Mexico and South Korea.

Nevertheless, Mr. Trump's trade team decided steel was worth fighting for. For decades, good-paying steel jobs had lifted millions of blue-collar workers into the middle class.

One of them, Doug May, spent 43 years working at U.S. Steel's Granite City plant in Illinois before retiring. Since the Great Recession, that plant has idled and restarted its furnaces at least twice. Despite the instability, Mr.

May says the Granite City plant provided a solid job.

"You can really raise a family," he said. "I sent three boys to college working there."

Initially, steelworkers cheered the tariffs.

"Right after Trump made the announcement, U.S. Steel announced that they'd be restarting one of the two furnaces they'd idled," Mr. May said. "Everybody was pretty excited."

Mr. Trump had unsheathed an unconventional weapon. Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 gives the president broad authority to tax imports that their Commerce Department decrees a threat to national security. Section 232 tariffs are also hard to challenge at the World Trade Organization. The WTO grants countries broad leeway to determine their national security interests.

Past presidents used Section 232 power very sparingly. This was partly to avoid encouraging other countries to block imports on dubious national security grounds.

But at Mr. Trump's cue, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross declared foreign steel a menace to the country's national security.

The Pentagon ostensibly went along, though the defence secretary at the time, James Mattis, said the military needed just 3 per cent of U.S. production of steel and aluminum, and that imports didn't hinder its ability to protect the country. Mr. Mattis also warned that the tariffs could have a "negative impact on our key allies."

In March, 2018, Mr. Trump went ahead with tariffs of 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum. U.S. trading partners quickly lashed back with retaliatory tariffs. The European Union imposed 25-per-cent taxes on U.S.

bourbon and tobacco.

Mr. Trump's aggressive use of Section 232 tariffs - and his threat to impose them on foreign cars, too - has sparked a backlash in Congress, which is weighing legislation to curb presidential power to tax imports on national security grounds.

With its tariffs, the administration aimed to make U.S. steel mills busier. The goal was to raise capacity utilization from around 73 per cent to 80 per cent. Indeed, imports fell. U.S. steel prices surged. Plants increased production. Steel company profits surged through 2018.

In January, Mr. Trump boasted on Twitter: "Tariffs on the 'dumping' of Steel in the United States have totally revived our Steel Industry... A BIG WIN FOR U.S."

The good times didn't last.

The first sign of trouble showed up on the stock market.

Shares of steelmakers had topped out on Wall Street in February, 2018, before the tariffs hit. Since then, the NYSE Arca Steel Index has plunged 32 per cent.

The combined earnings of U.S.

Steel, AK Steel, Steel Dynamics and Nucor tumbled more than 50 per cent in the first two quarters of this year. Capacity utilization dipped back below Mr. Trump's 80-per-cent target in July and August.

And the tariffs have so far done nothing to blunt China's dominance. China accounts for 54 per cent of world steel production.

The U.S., 5 per cent.

Growth is slowing in the U.S.

and worldwide, partly because Mr. Trump's own tariffs have raised costs and escalated uncertainties for businesses. China's economy, the world's second-biggest and for decades a reliable engine of growth, has been decelerating under the weight of Mr.

Trump's tariffs and deliberate government policies to curb debt.

Slower growth means less business for steel mills.

"Market demand right now is relatively soft," said Charles Bradford, an independent steel analyst.

The World Steel Association forecasts that U.S. demand for steel will slow from 2.1-per-cent growth last year to 1 per cent in 2019 to 0.4 per cent in 2020.

The steelmakers themselves may bear some blame for their problems. Flush with optimism after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect, they went on an expansion spree, creating a capacity glut that Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst Timna Tanners calls "Steelmageddon."

"They overestimated how much steel they'd need," Ms. Tanners said. As the supply of steel overwhelms demand, prices typically fall.

"We're shooting ourselves in the foot now because of all the extra capacity being built," said Mr.

May, the former Granite City steelworker.

At some plants, layoffs and closings have followed. U.S. Steel is idling its tin mill in East Chicago, Ind. Bayou Steel Group is laying off 376 and closing its mill in LaPlace, La.

"It seems like it kind of backfired," said Mark Perry, a scholar at the conservative American Enterprise Institute. "Any kind of revitalization of U.S. steel just hasn't happened."

The Commerce Department, which has overseen the tariffs, said in a statement: "Since tariffs were imposed, the American steel sector has seen increased growth and investment, which will, in turn, ensure a stable domestic supply of the materials that are crucial to our nation's security. It is true that industry conditions globally have weakened recently, but their effect on the U.S. industry would be worse without these measures."

Ned Hill, a professor at Ohio State University who studies economic development, said he thought Mr. Trump's steel tariff campaign was doomed to fail because the market would inevitably move to counter the higher costs.

And far more U.S. industries consume steel than make it. A study last year by researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, Davis, found that industries that are heavy users of steel - and stand to suffer when tariffs raise steel prices - employ two million workers.

That's 14 times the number of workers in the steel industry.

More than 800 manufacturers have petitioned the administration for exemptions from the tariffs so they can buy imported steel products that are hard to get from U.S.-based suppliers, according to research by Mercatus's Ms. McDaniels.

But U.S. steelmakers can object to the exclusion requests. And through July, Commerce had approved fewer than half the requests.

Steel-consuming companies have sought alternatives. Some have moved production overseas, where steel imports aren't subject to Mr. Trump's tariffs. Or they've reduced their steel purchases or substituted alternatives from plastic or composite materials.

Critics note that former president George W. Bush also sought to protect the steel industry by imposing tariffs in 2002. Rebuked by the WTO, Mr. Bush withdrew the tariffs the next year. While Mr.

Bush's tariffs were in place, the industry actually lost 14,000 jobs.

Citing the Bush experience, 15 former chairs of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, including several from Republican administrations, had urged Mr.

Trump not to impose steel tariffs.

"The diplomatic costs might be worth it if the tariffs generated economic benefits," they wrote.

"But they would not. Additional steel tariffs would actually damage the U.S. economy."

"Anyone that understood economics," said Ohio State's Mr. Hill, "knew there was no way [Mr.

Trump's steel tariffs] would work any longer than a year."

Associated Graphic

An operator watches as a ladle backs away after pouring red-hot iron, as part of the process of producing steel, at U.S. Steel's Granite City Works facility in Granite City, Ill.

JEFF ROBERSON/ASSOCIATED PRESS

SWEDISH-BORN ADVENTURER HELPED SAVE CANADA'S REINDEER HERD INDUSTRY
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He came to this country to lend his expertise in animal husbandry and stayed, plotting boundaries, traversing the Northwest Passage and, improbably, becoming a dance innovator
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By TOM HAWTHORN
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B23


The telephone call Sven Johansson received about his pending investiture into the Order of Canada left him with a nagging question: For what was he being honoured?

Was it for his work in reindeer husbandry?

Or his plotting for the Geological Survey of Canada?

Or his contributions to the International Boundary Commission?

Or his ethnographic studies of the Inuit of the Canadian Arctic?

Or was it for captaining the first private yacht to traverse the Northwest Passage from Pacific to Atlantic?

Or perhaps it was for his latein-life career as an award-winning choreographer and inventor of a gravity-defying machine to send dancers skyward.

The Swedish-born seafaring adventurer, who has died at 95, was a bush pilot, a hunting guide, a ship's captain, a wrangler of ungulates and a dreamer of dance movements. His formal education ended at Grade 6. An autodidact known for his love of Bach and sea shanties alike, Mr. Johansson had an extensive library of books and recordings that grew so heavy it threatened to scupper the houseboat he called home at Fisherman's Wharf in Victoria.

Known for a high-pitched voice delivered in the sing-song cadence of his native land, he never lost Swedish pronunciations, rendering "just" as "yoost" and "engine" as "enyin." A muscular, compact man, he was a familiar figure in Victoria, where he liked to hold forth at a downtown coffee shop - "Never had a bad day yet," he would say - and was known to sleep on his bachelor apartment's balcony in winter, an expression of his love for living outdoors.

"If you want to preserve meat," he once told the writer Sid Tafler, "you put it in the freezer."

Despite years spent in treacherous conditions in the harsh Arctic and along the unforgiving coastline of Alaska and British Columbia, where a moment's inattention could add another vessel to the Graveyard of the Pacific, Mr. Johansson insisted he rarely felt he was in danger.

"Skippers who brag about hairraising adventures at sea are generally poor navigators," he insisted.

For all his achievements in Canada, Mr. Johansson was best known in his native land for having been declared dead after being shot by a mad trapper known as the fjalldesperadon - the Mountain Desperado.

Sven Borge Johansson was born on Aug. 29, 1924, at Saffle, a rural town on the northern edge of Lake Vanern, the largest in Sweden. He was the middle of the three sons born to the former Ester Linnea and Anton Agaton Johansson, a wood sculptor and furniture carver.

The family moved to the coast outside Gothenburg when he was a boy, and he was raised exploring rivers, fjords and coastal waters in rowboats and homemade rafts.

He served in the neutral Swedish army during the Second World War, rising in rank to sergeant. After the war ended, he moved to Sapmi, also known as Lappland, in the north of Sweden, where he lived a subsistence life among the Indigenous Sami people as a reindeer herder.

In 1951, he was hunting for ptarmigan with a friend after being flown to Akkastugan, a lodge near Lappland's Akka Mountain, when they came upon an isolated cabin in the woods. A stir-crazy Norwegian trapper warned them to leave at gunpoint. As they skied away, he fired rifle shots in their direction. One shot skipped off the compact ice and struck Mr.

Johansson in the left buttock. His hunting companion, Mikkel-Erik Kuoljok, saw his companion fall with a sheet of blood surrounding the body. As he tried to crawl nearer, more shots whizzed over his head. He skied away frantically to seek help at a hamlet about 12 kilometres away.

An armed patrol returned days later in search of the attacker and to recover Mr. Johansson's body.

They heard a faint voice calling out. In their excitement, the patrol thought they heard Norwegian and so took cover. Eventually, the victim had enough of the standoff.

"Well, it is Sven Johansson," he yelled in Swedish, "and you fellows had better come up here because I'm tired of all this stuff."

A policeman found him in the snow.

"We're just here to pick up your dead body," the officer said.

"Well, you've come three days too early," Mr. Johansson replied.

The desperado was eventually tracked down and arrested, but not before he had killed two hapless Norwegians who had the misfortune to cross his path.

The manhunt was headline news in Norway and Sweden.

When Mr. Johansson returned to his homeland on a visit in 1991, he posed with 40-year-old newspapers declaring him dead.

After more than a decade in Lappland, during which time he married and fathered a daughter, he decided to leave after an expansion of hydroelectric projects was announced for the area.

Seeking to live in a pristine wilderness, he moved his young family to the Canadian Arctic, where he had signed a contract with the federal government to revive a foundering reindeer-domestication industry among the Inuit.

The Canadian Reindeer Project had been created as part of a government plan to provide residents with a steady source of hides and food, while also settling them semi-permanently in hamlets to bolster claims of sovereignty to the Western Arctic.

The project was plagued with difficulties from the start. Mr. Johansson was imported to demonstrate an expertise learned in Lappland.

"A number of problems immediately came to light," Mr. Johansson told the Victoria Times Colonist in 1990. "The animals were being driven in tight herds, much like the ranch stock in Saskatchewan and Alberta. This may be fine on prairie rangeland, but on the tundra, grazing is sparse."

Mr. Johansson introduced freerange herding, which solved a recurring problem of malnutrition.

Life at isolated Reindeer Station, a collection of small whiteframe buildings connected by wooden boardwalks about 40 kilometres north of Inuvik on the Mackenzie River Delta, was harsh. His wife returned to Sweden with their daughter and they divorced.

In December, 1967, he married Norma Buchanan in a ceremony performed by RCMP Inspector C.J.

Dent outdoors on the tundra.

"We spent our honeymoon in a tent," Mr. Johansson once recalled, "while I gathered scarce lumber to build a cabin."

A year and a half later, they had a daughter, who was named Silva, the Latin word for forest.

The 480-square-foot cabin was named Arctic Mountain House and billed as a big-game lodge for hunters. Mr. Johansson earned a pilot's licence to fly bush planes.

He also trapped food in the surrounding Mackenzie Mountains.

In summer, he lived aboard an Arctic fur-trading ship, the North Star of Herschel Island, which had been built in 1935 for a pair of Inuvialuit fox trappers. The schooner had been abandoned for nearly a decade on Banks Island. Mr. Johansson refitted the boat, adding a diesel engine. After he was hired by a company seeking to survey the Beaufort Sea for oil deposits, he added bunks, a camp stove and a portable head.

He also worked with the Geological Survey of Canada to study the Polar Continental Shelf and, years later, with his wife and child aboard, delivered workers and supplies as the International Boundary Commission blazed a trail to mark the B.C. and Alaska border. The skipper was chartered to find original border monuments on shore marking the water boundary.

In 1973, the young family left Inuvik bound for Vancouver. The North Star got as far as a fjord near the town of Teller on the Bering Strait, when a gale warning convinced him to winter in the remote community. Tractors hauled the boat out of the water and the family rented a waterfront house. A month later, a ferocious storm washed gravel from the beach over the roof of the house and they nearly drowned.

Mr. Johansson took his family to high ground before returning to the beach to rescue the boat, which was in danger of drifting away. He threw out both anchors and rode out the storm. They continued the southward journey the following summer.

In 1982, Mr. Johansson was recruited by John Bockstoce, a wealthy American historian and archaeologist, to refurbish a 18metre steel-hulled cutter for northern service. The skipper dismantled an air-conditioning system, replacing it with a diesel heater and a wood-burning stove also capable of burning sea blubber. The vessel, originally called Pacifier, was renamed Belvedere after a famous northern whaler.

"I gave him a free hand to fit it out as he felt," Mr. Bockstoce said recently. "He just knew what was needed in the north. I had a guy who could make anything out of any material available."

For six summers, Mr. Johansson captained the Belvedere on expeditions to cross the Northwest Passage from west to east, only to be turned back by treacherous ice, retreating to the home port at Tuktoyaktuk in the Northwest Territories. Finally, in 1988, the Belvedere traversed James Ross Strait, Franklin Strait, Lancaster Sound and Davis Strait to arrive at Holsteinsborg (now Sisimiut) on the west coast of Greenland, becoming the first private yacht to complete the passage.

In his many years spent at sea, Mr. Johansson contemplated the arts, notably dance and ballet. In Victoria, he incorporated a nonprofit dance society and tinkered with an instrument consisting of a long pole on a wheeled fulcrum handled by a trained operator that allowed dancers to seemingly float in the air.

"He had a question," his daughter, Silva Johansson, said.

"How can the human form express universal stories of nature and human experience with gravity as a barrier? 'Let's break that,' he said."

He called the technique permitted by his machine excedere saltatio - dance exceeding limitations. The ES Dance instrument premiered in Victoria in 1992 and has since been used in several theatrical productions, including Peter Pan and Fiddler on the Roof.

With proper lighting, the machine, technique and choreography make it appear as if dancers are leaping beyond human capability.

His productions aired on television on the CBC and Bravo Canada. Mr. Johansson won regional and international choreography prizes, and was nominated for a Dora Award in 2005. His other honours included being elected a Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographic Society in 1979 and named a member of the Order of Canada in 1993, primarily for his reindeer husbandry. He received the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal in 2002 and Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012.

Mr. Johansson, who died of a heart attack in his sleep in Victoria on Oct. 17, leaves daughters Asa Johansson of Sweden and Silva Johansson of Ucluelet, B.C. He was predeceased by an older brother, Alf. (The status of his younger brother in Sweden is unknown by the Canadian side of the family.) He also leaves both ex-wives.

Mr. Johansson was in good health for most of his life, although he had hip replacement surgery some years ago. X-rays revealed he still had shrapnel in his left buttock from being shot more than a half-century earlier.

Associated Graphic

Sven Johansson, seen in 1991, holds a 1951 newspaper that declares him dead after he was shot in Sweden by a Norwegian trapper. The case made headlines in Norway and Sweden.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE FAMILY

Left: Mr. Johansson is seen in 1950. After serving in the Second World War, Mr. Johansson moved to Sapmi in northern Sweden, where he lived among the Indigenous Sami people as a reindeer herder. Right: Mr. Johansson is seen with his daughter Silva and second wife, Norma, aboard the North Star of Herschel Island in 1975.

MAPLE LEAFS GM BECAME ONE OF HOCKEY'S MOST BELOVED FIGURES
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During his tumultuous time in Toronto working for Harold Ballard, his teams made the playoffs in eight out of 10 seasons, but he never saw his name engraved on a Stanley Cup
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By TOM HAWTHORN
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B23


Jim Gregory challenged Canadian chauvinism by importing two Swedish hockey players for the Toronto Maple Leafs, an important step in turning professional hockey into a global game centred on skill rather than thuggery.

Mr. Gregory, a hockey executive who has died at 83, was a creative thinker in a sport mired in an antediluvian culture. It was his ill fortune that a foremost proponent of the old ways happened to be his employer, the irascible and unpredictable Harold Ballard. For a year, Mr. Gregory had meetings with the boss at the latter's temporary residences, the Kingston Penitentiary and the medium-security Millhaven Institution, while the team owner was serving a sentence for fraud.

Mr. Gregory spent 10 years as general manager of the Maple Leafs, a time during which he acted as a one-man firefighter snuffing Mr. Ballard's many arsons. In a tumultuous decade, which would be best captured in a farcical episode in which a fired coach was rehired three days later only to be ordered to wear a paper bag over his head (he refused), the beleaguered Mr. Gregory managed to put teams on the ice that made the playoffs in eight of 10 seasons.

Two of Mr. Gregory's draft picks - offensive forwards Darryl Sittler in 1970 (No. 8 over all) and Lanny McDonald three years later (No. 4 over all) - were central to Toronto's exciting style through the 1970s and both went on to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. He also drafted Tiger Williams, another fan favourite and a noted scofflaw who became the league's all-time leader in penalty minutes, a nod to the realities of an era in which star players needed to be protected by brawlers.

At the time, the Canadians who ran NHL teams felt Swedish players were too soft to survive the league's cutthroat game.

Based on the scouting of Gerry McNamara, the Leafs signed winger Inge Hammarstrom and defenceman Borje Salming. The forward averaged more than 20 goals a season in four campaigns with the Leafs, a modest contribution, while the fearless Mr.

Salming became an all-star and a Hall of Famer who combined mobility and scoring talent with a rugged disposition.

Mr. Gregory was a squat, stocky man with a dark complexion, a permanent five o'clock shadow and a thick black unibrow. He offered a calm, soft-spoken presence at Maple Leaf Gardens, a home to the hockey team as well as to travelling circuses, not to mention the circus conjured by the owner's whims and prejudices.

"A lot of things Harold did were erratic," Mr. Gregory once said.

"He wasn't patient a lot of the time."

The team the general manager tried to build was eviscerated when more than a dozen players fled to the rival World Hockey Association, where offers of higher salaries were not matched by the parsimonious Mr. Ballard.

As a National Hockey League executive, Mr. Gregory encouraged the use of video replay on controversial plays. For more than three decades, he read aloud the names of picks in the annual NHL entry draft, making him a familiar face to generations of hockey fans.

As chair of the Hockey Hall of Fame selection committee, Mr.Gregory had the pleasant task of informing newly elected members of the good news. When he was too sick to attend meetings in 2007, the committee voted to induct him into the hall as a builder in recognition of his half-century as a hockey executive and administrator.

After a decade of poor health, including a serious heart attack suffered in the NHL's Toronto offices in 2009, which left him in critical condition, Mr. Gregory died at his home in suburban Toronto on Oct. 30. He leaves his wife of 60 years, the former Rosalie Bruno, whom he met on a blind date. He also leaves a son and three daughters, 13 grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, two brothers and two sisters. He was predeceased by a brother.

James Michael Gregory was born on Nov. 4, 1935, in Port Colborne, Ont., and grew up in Dunnville, a town 35 kilometres to the west. He was one of six children born to Henry Gregory, a stationary engineer from Salford, England, near Manchester, and the former Catherine Cecilia Gandour, known as Pearl. She was a bookkeeper before her marriage and one of five daughters born to Michael Gandour, a Dunnville fruit and confectionery merchant originally from Lebanon. Henry Gregory, whose own father died in Malta in 1915 of wounds suffered at Gallipoli, signed up for military service soon after the outbreak of the Second World War, though he was never sent overseas as he wished.

In Dunnville, population about 5,000, young Jim starred as a track athlete, as well as on the football gridiron, the baseball diamond and the hockey rink. Eager to play junior hockey, he followed three cousins to St. Michael's College, a private Catholic boys' school in Toronto known as a hockey hotbed. One of his roommates in Tweedsmuir House was Dick Duff, who would go on to win six Stanley Cup championships (twice with the Maple Leafs and four times with the Montreal Canadiens).

Mr. Gregory's own dreams of playing in the NHL were stymied by his poor skating. The Grade 12 student was twice cut from the school's junior-B hockey team and the youth was prepared to leave the school to try out for a team in Hamilton when persuaded by homeroom teacher David Bauer, soon to be ordained as a priest, to help out with the St.

Mike's junior-A team by keeping statistics and buying equipment.

(Father Bauer went on to create a Canadian national amateur hockey team composed of studentathletes to compete at the Winter Olympics in 1964 and 1968.)

In 1959, by which time he was working as a sales representative for the consumer products manufacturer Colgate-Palmolive in Toronto, Mr. Gregory was hired by Conn Smythe to handle minor hockey teams in winter and to work in the Smythe family sand and gravel business in summer.

Mr. Smythe nicknamed his new hire Pope, a reference to his Catholicism.

Mr. Gregory was an assistant coach and manager under Father Bauer when St. Michael's won the Memorial Cup as Canada's junior hockey champions in 1961. The Basilian priest led the team in a prayer of thanks in the locker room after the final game. Three years later, Mr. Gregory coached the Toronto Marlboros to the Memorial Cup championship with one of the greatest junior hockey teams ever assembled. Eleven of the Marlies went on to play in the NHL. In 1967, the Marlboros again claimed the junior title with Mr.Gregory as general manager.

The 1966-67 season was a hectic one for Mr. Gregory, who also filled in as acting Maple Leafs general manager for 10 games while Punch Imlach recovered from illness. Those Leafs won the Stanley Cup in Centennial Year, the most recent championship for the storied team.

After a year as coach of the Vancouver Canucks of the Western Hockey League, Mr. Gregory spent a season as a scout before being promoted to replace Mr.

Imlach as Toronto's general manager.

Mr. Imlach won four Stanley Cups for Toronto in the 1960s, but by 1969 the team was tired and in disarray.

The ownership was also in turmoil, as three owners - Mr.

Smythe's son Stafford Smythe, newspaper baron John W. Bassett and Mr. Ballard, a long-time friend of Stafford's - jockeyed for control after an RCMP raid led to charges being laid against the younger Smythe and Mr. Ballard.

Mr. Bassett sold his shares and Mr.

Smythe died suddenly at the age of 50, leaving Mr. Ballard as principal owner shortly before he was jailed.

The Leafs needed rebuilding.

Early in his tenure, Mr. Gregory shocked fans by trading veteran defenceman Tim Horton to the New York Rangers for future considerations (which turned out to be veteran goalie Jacques Plante and wingers Denis Dupéré and Guy Trottier).

Unlike many of his counterparts in the expanded, 12-team NHL, Mr. Gregory was impressed by novel European approaches to the game. He marvelled at the Soviets practising deflections for more than two hours. In practices, he encouraged the development of patterns of play, instead of mere scrimmages.

He was also keen to sign other Europeans, notably Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson, but Mr.

Ballard was reluctant to spend more money on Swedes. The pair instead signed with the Winnipeg Jets of the WHA, where they were scoring sensations alongside Bobby Hull on what was the dubbed the Hot Line.

The upstart league's raids also cost the Leafs the likes of veteran goalie Bernie Parent, centre Jim Harrison, defencemen Jim Dorey and Rick Ley, as well as veteran winger Paul Henderson and Dave Keon, a stalwart for the Leafs who had first played for Mr. Gregory at St. Mike's.

Savvy draft picks compensated somewhat for the loss of talent, as Mr. Gregory grabbed defenceman Ian Turnbull in the first round (No. 15 over all) of the 1973 draft and solid goalie Mike Palmateer with the 85th pick of the 1974 draft.

A willingness to experiment led to the hiring of Roger Neilson to replace Red Kelly as head coach in 1977. Captain Video, as Mr. Neilson was known, introduced the study of videotape to the game. He was also a rule-bender and a tactician of rare creativity.

Mr. Ballard fired the innovative Mr. Neilson after a game in 1979 before reinstating him because he was unable to find a replacement. The owner ordered Mr.Gregory to tell the coach to come out behind the bench wearing a paper bag, which was to be lifted to reveal his identity as the game started. The humiliated coach refused.

At the end of the season, Mr.Ballard fired Mr. Gregory to replace him with Mr. Imlach. Mr.Gregory learned of his dismissal only when the NHL front office called to offer him a job. He became the director of the league's Central Scouting Bureau.

When a 1988 university research paper accused the NHL of discriminating against FrenchCanadian hockey players, Mr.Gregory, who was in charge of the league's 16 scouts, disputed the claim.

"I think if you were to ask the 21 teams, they'd tell you they tried to pick the best guy," he said. "It doesn't matter if he is Chinese, Japanese, Lebanese, or Quebecese (sic)."

Mr. Gregory held a variety of titles with the NHL over 40 years, often serving as the league's ambassador. He was one of hockey's most beloved figures, a man who salvaged unused notebooks after each draft for distribution to needy schoolchildren.

He estimated he had witnessed more than 6,000 hockey games.

His one great regret was in not having his name engraved on the Stanley Cup, an honour he should have received for his temporary role as general manager in 1967.

Associated Graphic

Leonard (Red) Kelly, then coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs, left, talks with then-general manager Jim Gregory in 1973. Mr. Gregory himself coached the Toronto Marlboros junior hockey team to two Memorial Cups before taking over for Punch Imlach as the general manager for the Maple Leafs. He had previously filled in as acting GM for the team for 10 games in 1966-67 - the most recent season in which they won the Stanley Cup.

JOHN WOOD/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


ROBERT BINNENDYK "Bob" After a brief and heroic battle with illness, Robert (Bob) Binnendyk passed away during the early morning of November 10, 2019, at the age of 78. In his final weeks, Bob was surrounded by the love of family and friends who gathered to provide company, care, and share some wonderful stories.

Son of the late Arie Binnendyk and Johanna Bos, Bob was born in Amsterdam, Holland, where he spent his early childhood before immigrating to Canada with his family in 1950. Bob is survived by his wife Lynda, children Paul (Hélène), Chris (Rosemary), Karen (Wade), Jennifer (Brinton), Michael (Joy), and Lauren (Gordon), as well as his brother Hank and sister Gerda. He was also a proud Opa to Alastair and Roan, Giorgia, Makenna and Taylor, Connor and Jake, and Charlotte.

After graduating from Seaforth High School as a multiple athlete of the year (football, track) and glee club enthusiast, Bob earned his CGA designation and joined Labatt Breweries of London, Ontario, for what would become a fruitful 35 year career that included stops in Edmonton, Vancouver, Toronto, and Edmonton again, until he retired in 1996 as President, Western Canada Region.

In addition to Bob's passion for work and family, he was a big believer in community service.

This began with his effort to save a local public school from being torn down after a devastating fire, and continued with his involvement in the Edmonton Symphony and Opera Companies.

These last roles earned Bob the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal in 2012.

Heartfelt thanks must be given to all those who provided care and comfort to Bob, in particular the staff of Unit 5D2 at the University of Alberta Hospital and Capital Care Norwood, and a very special thank you to Irv McGinnis, Bob's friend of over 50 years, who kept him company for many hours during his final days.

The family invites you to join them at the Royal Mayfair Golf Club on Friday, November 29, from 12:00 to 3:00 p.m. to raise a glass and share some stories in celebration of a life well lived. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to either the Cross Cancer Institute or the University of Alberta Hospitals Foundation.

IRIS EVELYN BRADFORD The family sadly announces the passing of Iris Bradford (Nana) at the age of 93 at Sunnybrook Hospital on November 14, 2019, after a short illness. Iris is predeceased by her spouse, Dr. Norman Bradford (d.

2015), her daughter Judy (d.

2015) and daughter-in-law, Roxina (d. 2001).

Iris was born in Essex, England in 1926, survived the blitz and became a war bride at the age of nineteen. She lived in many different cities before convincing her late husband to settle in Don Mills in 1957.

Iris was a homemaker, Navy wife, Brown Owl, Sunnybrook volunteer and a member of the Textile Museum. She was an avid quilter and loved having her grandchildren up to the cottage on Georgian Bay. She lived independently until 2014 when she moved to Briton House.

Iris is survived by her children Gillian Leverty (Michael), Adrian (Evelyn) and Chris (Lynn), and grandchildren Matthew (Beth), Sabrina (Michael), Emma (Daniel), and Evan and great-grandchildren Jack, Patrick, Georgia, Curtis and Norman. She will be fondly remembered for her kindhearted spirit.

The family thanks the caring staff at Sunnybrook Hospital.

Private arrangements.

EDGAR PERCE BROMLEY Passed away at The Carpenter Hospice, Burlington on Wednesday, November 13, 2019, at the age of 86. Loving long-term partner of Doreen Lowbridge.

Predeceased by spouse, Elayne Boden (1995). Beloved father of Donna (Alan) Green, and Sandra (Peter) Howe. Cherished grandfather of Sarah and Abigail.

Dear brother of Betty Jane (Tom) Travis, and brother-in-law of Bruce (Barb) Boden. He will be fondly remembered by his nieces, nephews, cousins and other extended family members.

Visitation at Smith's Funeral Home, 1167 Guelph Line (one stop light north of QEW), Burlington (905-632-3333), on Sunday, November 17 from 3-6 p.m.

A Service of Remembrance will be held at Christ First United Church (1700 Mazo Crescent, Mississauga) on Monday, November 18 at 11 a.m. Reception to follow. For those who wish, donations in memory of Ed to The Carpenter Hospice would be sincerely appreciated by the family.

RAYMOND GUY CARL Peacefully at home in Midhurst, surrounded by family, on October 29, 2019, in his 89th year. Graduate of Victoria University, University of Toronto, 1956. Actor, director, artist, musician, golfer, and retired secondary school math teacher, North York Board of Education.

Raymond was a kind and gentle soul who gave willingly of his time to his students, directing student productions for many years.

Dear brother of Garry (Mary), John (Carol), Nancy Low and the late June Pettipiere. Uncle Raymond will be fondly remembered by his many nieces and nephews. At his request, there will be no funeral.

MARGARET ALICE DAY (Peggy) née Endean June 11, 1923 November 7, 2019 Peggy passed away unexpectedly on November 7, 2019 at Mackenzie Health Richmond Hill surrounded by her family, after a long life, full of family, friendship, sports, volunteering and travel.

Born in Richmond Hill in 1923 to Robert and Myrtle (Comisky) Endean, Peggy and her younger brother Bob grew up with close family ties, particularly enjoying their maternal Grandma Comisky's baking and stories in their three-generation household.

Peggy was proud of her paternal grandmother Alice Endean's establishment of the family business of Endean Nurseries over a century ago.

She made lasting friendships at school in Richmond Hill and at Ontario Ladies' College.

In the 1940's Peggy worked in administrative positions in downtown Toronto. During this time, she met her future husband Okal (Oke) Day while playing badminton, sharing a keen interest in sports which continued all their lives. After their marriage in 1949, Oke's career in education took them to Tilbury, Arva where their three children were born, Goderich, Welland and Kitchener-Waterloo.

Peggy's generosity and drive extended beyond her friends and family. Throughout her life, she dedicated her considerable talents and remarkable energy to supporting developmentally challenged individuals. Her volunteer efforts were recognized when she received the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal in 1977.

Retiring to Southampton in 1982, Peggy and Oke enjoyed their diverse interests, volunteering, sports and time with their precious granddaughters.

Travel and new experiences appealed to Peggy's adventurous spirit and love of learning, fostered by trips within North America and to Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. After Oke's passing in 2003, Peggy continued her golf, bridge, book club and travel until moving back to Richmond Hill in 2018.

Peggy will be fondly remembered and missed by her children, Deborah (dec.

John Scholtz) of Victoria, Richard of Teeswater, and Susan of Richmond Hill, as well as her granddaughters, Alexandra and Niki Fragiadakis of Richmond Hill and Toronto respectively.

A celebration of Peggy's life will be held in Southampton next spring. Memorial donations to Community Living WIngham and District (519-357-3562) or Autism Research - Holland Bloorview Hospital (416-425-6220 ext.

3774) would be appreciated.

JAMES DUNN "Jim" Born in Larkhall, Scotland, passed away peacefully at the age of 95 on November 10, 2019 in Windsor, Ontario. Beloved husband to Margaret, father to Elizabeth of Rochester, Minnesota and John of Calgary, Alberta, father-in-law to Wendy, Grandpa to Thomas, Jonathan (Lucy), Nicholas and Simon Ouellette and Katherine, Laura and James Dunn, Uncle Jim to John (May), Janette (Alex) and Irene (George).

Obsessed with airplanes from an early age, James spent his "pocket money" on aircraft magazines. In WWII he was conscripted as a "Bevin Boy" and was later selected for RAF fighter pilot training in England.

He celebrated his 21st birthday on VE Day and subsequently worked for Rolls Royce analyzing aircraft engine failure. At the urging of his cousin and best man, Alex Smith, he left with his family for Canada in 1964. Trained as a metallurgist and with a degree in mathematics, he worked for Ford Motor Company until his retirement. He was an early member of the Windsor Gliding Club and he enthusiastically pursued photography, music, and fixing everything that needed fixing.

James and Margaret built a home on the Detroit River and never tired of enjoying the sight of ships passing by. He became a passionate golfer at Essex Golf & Country Club, ever aware that each game drove down his unit cost. We remember his self-deprecating humour, robustly delivered in his strong Scottish accent. Thanks to him, his grandchildren know Goon Show jokes and can recite Monty Python and Billy Connolly from memory.

We thank all those who so kindly cared for James in his final year, particularly his devoted wife Margaret, the staff of the Alzheimer Society "day away" program which he loved to attend, the personal care assistants at Sunrise, and staff at Aspen Lake.

James returned our love in abundance, and we will miss him dearly. A celebration of James' life will follow at a later date. In lieu of flowers, memorials to the Alzheimer Society of Windsor & Essex County are appreciated.

WENDY FLYNN (née Gilchrist) Born August 7, 1936 Died November 7, 2019 Wendy died as she lived; elegantly and on her own terms. She was full of life until she died.

Wendy was born in Toronto.

Her maternal grandfather was E.R. Wood, whose estate now forms Glendon College at York University. She was educated at Bishop Strachan School, Toronto; Elmwood School, Ottawa; and at L'ecole Internationale, Geneva, Switzerland.

Finished with finishing school, Wendy sailed to London, England where, in 1960, she met her husband on board ship. She leaves her children, Sharon (Ian Graham), and Mark (Audrey Fisch).

She was the adoring grandmother of Georgina, Charlie, Lucinda and Sophie Graham, and Max Flysch.

Wendy lived in Europe and spent 30 years in London, supporting such worthy causes as "Save the Children" and the "Royal Ballet."

Returning to Toronto she worked for Martin and Meredith.

Known as Wendy to her friends, as Jojo to her grandchildren, and Gloria to the Starbucks baristas, she brought joy to everyone who deserved it. No stranger to a cocktail (especially a good martini), she spent many happy winters in Key Biscayne, Florida.

Cremation has taken place. In keeping with Wendy's wishes there will be no service. Instead, she would ask that you have a martini or, if you are so inclined, make a donation to the National Ballet of Canada or the Toronto Humane Society, in her memory. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

A celebration of Wendy's life will take place when the weather is warmer.

SUSAN CATHERINE HARRISON Susan (b. February 24, 1947) died peacefully in her sleep, January 27, 2019. She was predeceased by her parents, Leonard and Mary Harrison; her brothers, Michael and Peter; and foster sister, Julie.

She is survived by her sister, Elizabeth Milko (Thomas); sister-inlaw, Alexandra; nephews, Daniel Milko and Andreas Harrison; and niece, Leslie Kneeland.

A graduate of the University of Toronto, Susan worked at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and later as a volunteer at the Gardiner Museum.

She will be greatly missed by her family and many caring friends.

Interment at Holy Cross Cemetery November 25th at 11 a.m.

MARK JOSEPH HEITSHU Mark, 89, passed away peacefully in Toronto on November 6, 2019.

Condolences may be forwarded through: http://www.humphreymiles.com.

Inside Canada's next boom town as a B.C. village transforms
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By BRENT JANG
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1


KITIMAT, B.C. -- It's an awe-inspiring scene, set against a backdrop of mountains on the coast of northern British Columbia.

At a construction site larger than 600 city blocks, more than 1,000 workers have started building a massive liquefied natural gas plant and export terminal that is the only energy megaproject in Canada firing on all cylinders.

On one chilly day recently, nearly 90 road graders, dump trucks and other pieces of heavy equipment were buzzing around, clearing and preparing a flat stretch of waterfront land in the community of Kitimat, on the Haisla Nation's traditional territory.

Scheduled to open in 2025, the $18-billion project is being built by LNG Canada, a foreign-owned consortium led by Royal Dutch Shell PLC of the Netherlands, and it has emerged as a beacon of hope for Canada's beleaguered energy sector.

The giant facility will convert natural gas transported from the province's northeast on the new 670-kilometre, $6.6-billion Coastal GasLink pipeline, being built by TC Energy Corp., the only pipeline in the country that looks like it will be completed any time soon.

At the peak of construction, from 2021 through 2024, the LNG Canada project will require up to 7,500 workers - double Kitimat's population of 8,000 last year.

Once the sprawling plant is completed, it will chill natural gas to -162 C to liquefy it.

The LNG will then be loaded onto 290metre-long tankers at the terminal (one every two days to start) and piloted about 300 kilometres out of Douglas Channel to ocean water by tug boats.

Rivals such as Australia and the United States are at least a decade ahead of Canada in the global LNG race.

That LNG Canada is underway at all marks a huge breakthrough for Canada's energy industry after years of failed or stalled oil pipeline proposals, from Energy East to the Trans Mountain expansion.

The Trans Mountain expansion ran into so much resistance from environmentalists, First Nations and B.C. politicians that Ottawa, desperate to keep the project alive, spent $4.5-billion last year to take over both the existing pipeline and the expansion from Kinder Morgan Canada Ltd.

"We're definitely in a boom," said Phil Germuth, Kitimat's goateed 52-year-old mayor. "But don't just show up and think a construction job is going to happen," he cautions.

The District of Kitimat's municipal offices are located in the wellworn City Centre Mall, which sits between neighbourhoods of suburban houses that date back to the 1950s. The town was basically carved out of the wilderness by Alcan when it built a huge aluminum smelter 10 km south (now owned by Anglo-Australian giant Rio Tinto) and a hydroelectric dam to power it.

But LNG Canada, which is coowned by Royal Dutch Shell and four Asian companies, is pursuing a different megaproject strategy for a different generation. Boom towns often have negative consequences, including environmental damage, soaring house prices and rents, rowdyism and crime, and a lack of jobs for locals, especially Indigenous people. The consortium is trying to address those issues.

Most of the first wave of workers at the LNG site are now building a huge work camp called Cedar Valley Lodge, which will have space for 4,500 single-occupancy rooms, each with its own TV and bathroom.

Atco Ltd. and Bird Construction Inc. are assembling the camp from long, trailer-like modules of rooms and other building components that have been arriving by truck.

The goal is to create a self-contained community, including a health clinic, movie theatre, WiFi access, dining areas, a basketball court and separate gyms for men and women. The rooms will be free for employees of LNG Canada and its prime building contractor, JGC Fluor BC LNG JV, an engineering joint venture between JGC Corp. and Fluor Corp.

To further encourage workers to stay onsite and minimize the pressure on Kitimat's housing supply, the companies will not pay "living-out allowances," which would subsidize employees living in town.

Even so, after decades of ups and downs in Kitimat's economy, local businesses are bracing for both the rewards and challenges of a boom. About 520 of the 1,000 people employed in the project so far are from the Kitimat region, and restaurants, in particular, are scrambling to replace employees lured away by higher wages offered by LNG Canada.

Christine Drabik, co-owner of Rosario's restaurant, already closed the eatery on Mondays in recent years. Despite a recent upswing in customers, including LNG Canada subcontractors enjoying a change of pace from their regular meals at work camps, she now closes on Tuesdays as well.

"We lost three people in the kitchen, and that's hard to replace," said Ms. Drabik, who has been putting in long hours to help staff with cooking. "I'm now paying $19 to $21 an hour in the kitchen, well above the minimum wage of $13.85. And we have waitresses at $15 an hour."

At the local Tim Hortons, next to City Centre Mall, manager Corey Cotter worries that lineups at his drive-through are getting longer. "I'm losing workers to those LNG jobs and so I'm shortstaffed much of the time," he said.

To stay open 24 hours, Mr. Cotter said he will soon hire two temporary foreign workers.

House prices in Kitimat have also jumped already. The average price of detached houses sold in the district in the first half of the year hit $392,128, up 53 per cent from the same period in 2018.

Around town, new houses and apartments are under construction. Mr. Germuth is hoping to build a new fire hall and move to better offices with new funds from an expanded industrial tax base.

At the LNG Canada site, once the work-camp housing is complete, focus will shift to building the huge plant and terminal.

On a recent afternoon, Trevor Feduniak, area construction manager at LNG Canada, stood on the shore of Douglas Channel and pointed across the water to an area where enormous modules, including some 10 storeys tall, will start arriving in 2021 by vessels from China for final assembly in Kitimat.

"The modules will roll in right there and be off-loaded," he said.

The gigantic pieces are being built at a fabrication yard in Zhuhai, China, by a joint venture between Fluor and Beijing-based China National Offshore Oil Corp.

Sourcing those components abroad is controversial. Ottawa cleared the path last year by agreeing with LNG Canada that modules imported from China should not be hit with Canadian tariffs on fabricated industrial steel components.

Consortium executives also point out that they are spending huge sums in Canada - more than 60 per cent of the total budget of $40-billion for the plant, export terminal, Coastal GasLink, various infrastructure and also drilling in the years ahead in northeastern B.C.

To forestall delay or failure, LNG Canada executives went to great lengths to address concerns of environmentalists and First Nations.

"I have been learning at a rate unprecedented in my professional career. There are lots of dimensions in this project, lots of relationships," said Peter Zebedee, the veteran Canadian oil executive who took over as LNG Canada's chief executive in July.

Mr. Zebedee said the LNG Canada plant will operate at 0.15 carbon-dioxide equivalent tonnes for each tonne of LNG produced, a level below B.C.'s limit of 0.16 for emissions intensity. "Climate change is a global issue," Mr. Zebedee said. "LNG plays a role in this energy transition, and in the case of LNG Canada, that's off-setting more carbon-intensive fuels in Asia."

The Coastal GasLink pipeline from the North Montney region of B.C., which will employ about 2,500 construction workers, has the support of all 20 elected First Nation councils along the route.

The Office of the Wet'suwet'en, governed by hereditary chiefs, opposes the pipeline, saying Indigenous authority rests with hereditary and not elected leaders over a large segment of the route.

As for the LNG plant and export terminal, the Haisla's main reserve, Kitamaat Village, is a 20km drive south of town, across Douglas Channel from the site.

For Crystal Smith, the Haisla's elected chief councillor, the crux of the matter is the commodity to be exported. She said Haisla members feel at ease dealing with plans for exporting B.C. natural gas in liquid form, instead of being fearful of environmental risks, as they were when the nowdefunct Northern Gateway oil pipeline project pitched its concept to transport bitumen to Kitimat from Alberta.

Ms. Smith is also proud of the Haisla's partnership with Seaspan ULC on a $500-million, 12-year contract to build and operate the tug boats to escort LNG carriers in and out of Douglas Channel. "It's a huge contract," she said. "We also have the Gitxaala Nation and Gitga'at Nation as partners within the contract as well."

David Amos, a 53-year-old Haisla member who grew up in Kitamaat Village, moved away in 1987 for a job in Vancouver, where he cooked at restaurants for nearly three decades. In late 2016, he returned to live in the village.

Mr. Amos converted a trailer into a seasonal food hut, serving seafood items such as salmon burgers for the past three summers. He hopes to land a steady kitchen job next year in Kitimat.

But what began as a trickle with dozens of out-of-town workers arriving in Kitimat a year ago will likely turn into a torrent, with hundreds of people arriving in the weeks and months ahead.

Even with two work force accommodation sites up and running, beds have been in tight supply in town. In early November, the Chalet Motel and MStar Hotel were both sold out.

Mr. Germuth cautions that while skilled trades are in demand, everyone from labourers to electricians should still apply in advance through JGC Fluor.

Long term, the boom times likely won't last, either. LNG Canada is creating thousands of construction jobs, but fewer than 400 permanent workers will operate the Kitimat terminal when its first LNG shipment leaves for Asia in early 2025.

But that is still almost six years away, and in the meantime, there is still an awful lot of money to be made.

Associated Graphic

BRENT JANG AND JOHN SOPINSKI/THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCE: LNG CANADA; ROYAL DUTCH SHELL; COASTALGASLINK.COM

The Cedar Valley Lodge, a large work camp at the LNG Canada site in Kitimat, B.C., will have space for 4,500 single-occupancy rooms. The goal of the camp is to create a self-contained community for employees working on the project.

TC Energy Corp.'s Coastal GasLink natural gas pipeline project has the support of all 20 elected Indigenous band councils along the 670-kilometre route from northeast B.C. to Kitimat. But the Office of the Wet'suwet'en, governed by hereditary chiefs, opposes the pipeline project, saying Indigenous authority rests with hereditary and not elected leaders over a large segment of the route.

Seeing the future through the past
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With Gun Island, Amitav Ghosh employs an ancient story to show the immediate dangers of climate change
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By DENISE BALKISSOON
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R12


Tight, intricate plotting buoyed by loose, lyrical storytelling is at the heart of what makes an Amitav Ghosh novel so excellent. Both skills serve the author well in his latest, Gun Island, for which he set himself the challenge of writing a beautiful story about humanity's biggest problem - climate change.

This is Ghosh's eighth novel, and second time taking on the topic. His last work, The Great Derangement, was a non-fiction argument that only collective insanity explains humanity's refusal to deal with the crisis. In it, he lamented the art world's hesitancy to engage with the issue. He didn't realize it would be quite so tricky attempting to do so himself.

"There are aspects of the modern novel which make it difficult to confront something like climate change," Ghosh explained, pouring me a cup of turmeric tea at the University of Toronto in early October. One hurdle was the denial, or at least incredulity, with which many still respond to the climate emergency.

"The whole idea of serious fiction is that it has to be even more plausible than life," he said. That's difficult when implausible scenarios are a daily occurrence: Storms that once came every 50 years now flood towns every summer, as species disappear in front of our eyes.

Another snag was the problem's vastness, across both time and space. "Even a novel which has a very long duration, like, let's say, 100 Years of Solitude, is limited to 100 years," he said. But today's environmental problems are rooted in decisions made centuries ago, and addressing them requires imagining how actions taken here, today, will play out on the other side of the world, centuries into the future.

Modern literature failed his needs, but the 63-year-old did find a template to work with. Grand depictions of collective human precarity were abundant, he realized, in age-old myths, prophecies and folklore. And so, to craft the narrative of a cautious bookseller named Dinanath Datta, Ghosh built upon a ninth-century legend from India, where he was born.

Gun Island isn't the only recent book that weaves together images of environmental destruction with ancient stories about the human relationship to nature. It's often an intrinsic approach in what University of British Columbia professor Daniel Heath Justice calls "Indigenous wonderworks," a concept he set out in last year's Why Indigenous Literatures Matter.

Currently the Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Literature and Expressive Culture, Heath Justice argues that seemingly surreal Indigenous stories should not be lumped in with other fantasy books, or speculative fiction. A wonderwork "reminds us that the ways things are is not how they have always been, nor is it how they must be. ..." the member of the Cherokee Nation writes.

"They allow us to imagine a future beyond settler colonial vanishings, a future where we belong."

Two recent books show how broadly the idea can apply. The first is last year's Split Tooth by Inuit musician Tanya Tagaq. Encompassing poetry, teen angst and colonial horror, it defies categorization, and that's the point - as the unnamed heroine crisscrosses between real and imaginary worlds, she shows just how thin that barrier can be.

In non-fiction, there's Our History Is the Future by academic and activist Nick Estes. Published earlier this year, it's a more straightforward history of the Oceti Sakowin, people who live in the Plains area once known as the Great Sioux Reservation, overlapping parts of various midwestern United States. But as he moves from the mid-18th century through the present day, the University of New Mexico professor refuses to recognize any distinctions between scientific knowledge and so-called "superstition."

Fair enough, since overconfidence in human technology is a big reason we've found ourselves in this climate predicament. All things considered, these three books make a good argument that solving the crisis requires getting over ourselves.

Gun Island's central legend is of the goddess Manasa Devi, who controls all snakes and poisonous creatures. Ghosh adapts a story in which she follows an ungrateful merchant across seas and continents, unleashing her minions on him and his family.

In this interpretation, Dinanath finds himself struggling to reconcile his staunch belief in Western rationality with what seem to be 21st century run-ins with Manasa Devi, in the form of natural disasters and dangerous animals. His assertion that it's all just coincidence is repeatedly, severely tested.

Ghosh blames the dearth of climate-disaster art on the modern preoccupation with individuality.

He has Dinanath travel to Venice, where he visits Santa Maria della Salute. Built in 1630, the gorgeously appointed Catholic church was an offering to God during a terrible outbreak of the plague. "There was a sense in which people were creating something that they recognized to be social, collective, that was rooted within social practice," Ghosh said of eras past.

That said, as climate grief and anxiety increase, the novelist has noted an emerging instinct toward ritual, community responses. Last summer, funeral ceremonies were held for disappearing glaciers in both Iceland and Switzerland.

"I think ordinary Westerners are beginning to see that their way of living on the land is ultimately very disruptive," he said. "Some other mode of relating to the landscape has to be thought about. Where can we look?" His search has pointed him toward communities that have already experienced the attempted destruction of their ways of life.

"The Indigenous peoples of the Americas are ... literally people who've seen the end of the world and they found ways of surviving," Ghosh said. "Just think of the Indigenous peoples in the Great Plains, seeing absolutely the slaughter of the buffalo."

By Gun Island's thesis, it's perhaps not a coincidence that the book I read right before Ghosh's novel was Our History Is the Future, about the exact time and place he's referencing. In it, Estes recounts the signing of the 1868 Fort Laramie treaty, in which the United States promised Lakota-, Dakota- and Nakota-speaking people access to the Plains "as long as the buffalo shall roam."

Almost immediately afterward, it began purposefully overhunting the animal that the seven tribes of the Oceti Sakowin relied on for food, clothing and much more. Buffalo skulls were piled on the Plains by the hundreds of thousands. Hides were taken and then carcasses poisoned to accelerate Indigenous starvation. Most tribes eventually moved to reservations, and the animal became virtually extinct.

A member of the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, Estes opens his book on the 2016 protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline at the Standing Rock reservation. The camp was the culmination of more than a century of continual resistance, he writes, as his people never stopped fighting for their space on the Plains.

It was also the fulfillment of a vision had by Black Elk, an Oglala Lakota leader who Ghosh mentioned to me as well. Estes takes as a given the validity of Indigenous knowledge, including what he calls prophecy, not myth or legend.

This knowledge begins with Oceti Sakowin origin stories, which all describe connections to the Plains land, Estes writes. The foundational tale of the people of Pte Oyate, or Buffalo Nation, concerns a formal, ancient treaty with that animal. In following strict rules for honourably taking buffalo lives, humans sustained not just themselves, but an entire ecosystem.

Grazing buffalo created healthy habitats for plants, insects and smaller animals. The buffalo slaughter destroyed this reciprocity. In treating the earth solely as a source of capital, Estes argues, colonialism has led the natural world to a state of revolt.

As with Dinanath, staunch rationalists might find his ideas difficult to grasp. Skeptics should note that Western researchers are constantly conceding to Indigenous wisdom about the natural world, from the habits of whales, caribou and nighthawks to the geography of the Arctic.

Up there, surrounded by melting permafrost, the unnamed heroine of Split Tooth has similar warnings about a warming world.

"Earth's whispers released back into the air can only wreak havoc," she says early on.

Illustrated by cult comic artist Jaime Hernandez, Tagaq's first book holds a multitude of genres.

Pages of poetry are slipped between darkly comic tween and teen high jinks. But it's also a terrifying horror story, one driven by colonizer-induced traumas and populated with otherworldly monsters, including the Inuit sea goddess Sedna.

"I saw in an instant the spiritual world we all ignore," the protagonist says at one point, as she welcomes a man-sized fox into her home.

Tagaq's heroine isn't as invested in rationality as Ghosh's Dinanath, but 21st-century life has distanced her from non-human beings. It's a problem shared with many of the more than 10,000 people who spent time at the Dakota Access camp, which "force[d] some to confront their own unbelonging to the land and to the river," Estes writes. That pretty much describes Dinanath, too, a witnesses to nature's distress who feels clueless as to how to respond.

As with Gun Island, the Standing Rock resistance was centred by a serpentine legend: that of Zuzeca Sapa, a black snake "extending itself across the land and imperiling all life, beginning with the water." To anti-pipeline activists, the Black Snake is reality, not metaphor. And in a moment of daydreaming, Dinanath realizes the same of Manasa Devi.

Finally softening his barriers between this world and another, the bookseller sees that the snake goddess isn't vengeful but desperate. As an intermediary between humans and animals, she's warning that the refusal of one to respect the other will lead to, quite literally, the end of the world.

"How can a translator do her job if one side chooses to ignore her?" Dinanath muses. "The quest for profit," he sees, has destroyed a crucial sense of "restraint in relation to all other living things."

Ghosh has successfully intertwined stark facts - such as boats of desperate migrants refused harbour by Mediterranean countries - with imaginative fantasy (no spoilers, but there are dolphins). His is a bit of a wonderwork, too, conjuring up a world where the urgency of finding harmony with other living things is a human priority.

By book's end, Dinanath believes that the path forward is summed up in an inscription in the church of Santa Maria Della Salute: Unde Origo Inde Salus, meaning "from the beginning salvation comes." Or, to restate the title of Estes's book, Our History Is the Future.

Tagaq is more blunt in Split Tooth, perhaps because her far north homeland is warming so much faster than the rest of the world.

"Only the patterns of skills gifted by our ancestors keep us living in harmony," her storyteller warns. "We obey or we succumb."

Associated Graphic

In Gun Island, Amitav Ghosh builds upon the ninth-century Indian legend of the goddess Manasa Devi. She unleashes a string of natural disasters and dangerous animals upon a merchant, who attempts to explain away the events as mere coincidences.

IVO VAN DER BENT

PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY THE GLOBE AND MAIL

RISING AGAIN
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Italy in 1919 was the birthplace of a genocidal ideology that still shapes our world - and inspires the strongmen who rule an increasingly large part of it, Taras Grescoe writes. What can we learn from those who resisted?
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By TARAS GRESCOE
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O3


Taras Grescoe's latest book is Possess the Air: Love, Heroism, and the Battle for the Soul of Mussolini's Rome. He lives in Montreal.

O n Sept. 12, 1919, a short, bald, bow-legged former parliamentarian rode into the city of Fiume in a red sports car at the head of a column of mutineers from the Italian army.

For 16 months, Il Duce, as he was known to his followers, turned the port on the Croatian coast into a pirate city-state. Black-shirted veterans, who hailed their leader's balcony orations with straight-armed Roman salutes, terrorized the local population.

Opponents were forced to choke down castor oil, and schoolchildren were gunned down for failing to shout, "Viva Italia!" At the height of the occupation, it was widely believed their leader could have marched on Rome with 300,000 veterans and seized control of the Italian state.

It wasn't to be. Fiume would prove to be Gabriele d'Annunzio's last hurrah. Italian troops eventually besieged the city, d'Annunzio's legionaries surrendered and the decadent poetnovelist would live out the rest of his life in a kind of internal exile in his sprawling palazzo on the shores of Lake Garda. The occupation would go down in history as d'Annunzio's ultimate beffa - a prank and spectacular feat of daring by a brilliant self-promoter. Although he and his followers were responsible for creating the aesthetics and thuggish tactics of what would become fascism, the occupation of Fiume was a sideshow, one that would have no long-term impact on the history of Europe or the world.

What it did do, though, was provide cover for something much more virulent. Europe was transfixed by d'Annunzio's occupation, but six months earlier, in a rented hall in Milan's Piazza San Sepolcro, a former schoolteacher named Benito Mussolini, who had been expelled from the Socialist party for his support of Italy's entry into the First World War, presided over the founding of the Fasci di combattimento, a movement that "declared war against socialism ... because it had opposed nationalism."

This inauspicious meeting, attended by just more than 100 veterans, intellectuals and pro-war syndicalists, marked the true birth of fascism, the most noxious and genocidal ideology of the 20th century. Mussolini, who would usurp the title of Il Duce from d'Annunzio, would carry out his successful March on Rome, where the King would appoint him prime minister. In the name of fighting Bolshevism, the Fascisti would kill 3,000 socialists, torture tens of thousands of Italian citizens and run an equal number out of their communities. Within three years, Mussolini was in a position to declare himself "personal dictator" of Italy. In the two decades that followed, Italian Fascism, by a conservative estimate, sent one million people to an early grave.

"The March on Rome," Adolf Hitler would later acknowledge, "was one of the turning points in history. The brown shirt probably would not have existed without the black shirt."

The German version of fascism would launch a global conflict that killed as many as 85 million people - about 3 per cent of the world's population at the time.

A century after fascism was born, authoritarians are once again on the rise around the world. The failure of American leadership has produced a global moral vacuum that has emboldened the leaders of Turkey, Hungary, Brazil, Russia, the Philippines, India and other anocracies and authoritarian regimes to strong-arm neighbouring polities and victimize migrants, religious minorities, Indigenous populations and LGBTQ citizens.

To consolidate their power, the "killer clowns," as British journalist George Monbiot labels such self-serving buffoons as Boris Johnson, cater to the basest prejudices of their electorates.

Tweet by tweet, Donald Trump - a would-be strongman only precariously held in check by the institutions of U.S. democracy - has torn apart the web of international agreements painstakingly woven by the generations who lived through the rise of dictatorships and were determined to prevent the return of global conflagration.

I've spent the past three years researching a book about how people responded to the first iteration of populist authoritarianism, Italian Fascism. As I immersed myself in newsreels, archives and eyewitness accounts of everyday violence, I was repeatedly chilled by the consonances with our time.

At a moment in history when Italians were feeling powerless and betrayed by the political establishment, Mussolini held forth a muscular program for restoring national pride - he wanted to Make Italia Grande Again. Unlike Mr. Trump, who has built nothing, Il Duce spent 20 years remaking Rome in the image of his paragon of ancient glory, Caesar Augustus. Il Duce excoriated - and eventually shut down - the free press, and established a oneway conduit to the Italian people through radio broadcasts and speeches from his balcony on the Palazzo Venezia. Mr. Trump, who communicates with his base via Twitter and Fox News, has focused on disparaging what he calls #fakenews from the White House and his Mar-a-Lago resort.

Mussolini encouraged, and selectively reined in, the violence of his Fascisti thugs, implying that only his authority prevented them from running amok. Mr.

Trump has whipped up supporters at his rallies to eject protesters and has offered approval for the white supremacists who murdered and maimed at Charlottesville. Even the Italian dictator's mannerisms - chin and chest thrust out, arms crossed, shouting down opponents - eerily echo those of the U.S. President.

During the course of my research, I repeatedly asked myself: Are we living through a replay of the circumstances that birthed fascism in Europe a century ago?

The answer: Not exactly.

These are very different times. In the 21st century, we face monster storms, wildfires and rising sea levels spurred by ever-increasing greenhouse gas emissions; the relentless slow boil of population growth; international migration brought on by conflict and environmental degradation; and the very real threat from never-dismantled nuclear arsenals. All of which foster a climate of anxiety exploited by strongmen who appeal to people who feel powerless in the face of change.

"History," as U.S. historian Timothy Snyder writes in his slender but crucial 2017 volume On Tyranny, "does not repeat, but it does instruct." History also offers us lessons in what to watch out for, and how to act, in a time when right-wing demagogues are once again on the rise.

For Mr. Snyder, who painstakingly documented mass killings by the Soviets and Nazis in Poland, Ukraine and Belarus in Bloodlands, "most of the power of authoritarianism is freely given": A complicit population obeys in advance, instinctively anticipating the wishes of a repressive leader. "When the pro-leader paramilitary and the official police and military intermingle," he warns, "the end has come." Such was the case in Italy in the early 1920s, when local police and the military rode in the same trucks as Blackshirts in murderous "punitive" raids against labour leaders. (Mr. Snyder suggests this is a real and present danger in the United States, with its armed state militias, highly militarized police forces and privately run prisons.)

The challenge lies in preventing things from ever reaching such a state. And that can only be achieved through the unglamorous work of defending the institutions that make democracy function, among them an independent judiciary, a free press and a vital civil society. Many Italians acquiesced to totalitarian dictatorship because they were disgusted with liberal politicians who had proved corrupt, ineffectual and all too willing to lead their country into a costly war. "Italians felt the need to get rid of their free institutions," the brilliant historian Gaetano Salvemini observed, at the very moment when they "should step forward to a more advanced democracy."

We can learn a lot from the Italian anti-fascists who sacrificed their careers, their freedom - and in some cases, their lives - to oppose the hate, violence and warmongering they saw taking over the public life of the country they loved. Salvemini's rigorous policy was to heap contempt on every Blackshirt he met and relentlessly expose their hypocrisy and lies in the voluminous writings he produced when he was forced to flee into exile. The Florentine anti-fascists Nello and Carlo Rosselli, after a daring motorboat escape from island exile, organized an effective campaign of resistance and propaganda from Paris, before being gunned down by the goons of the Italian secret police on a roadside in Normandy.

The subject of my book, Italian-American poet Lauro de Bosis, took another path. At a time when the Fascists had choked off all sources of information from the outside world, de Bosis organized a samizdat-style series of chain letters denouncing the regime, then bombarded the heart of Fascist power in Rome with anti-fascist manifestos from the cockpit of a small plane, before flying off into the night.

These are shining examples of resistance, but they also lay out a blueprint we can follow in our everyday lives. Here are some lessons I learned from the original anti-fascists: Don't take freedom for granted - vote in elections at every level and value, protect and participate in the free institutions that underlie democracy.

Systematically denounce expressions of xenophobia and hatred (even if they are camouflaged in spurious philosophical language, as is the case with Quebec's Islamophobic Bill 9, which would force new immigrants to take a "values test.") Don't be befuddled by propaganda and misinformation; read widely - preferably books and legitimate journalism - and verify authorship, which these days means avoiding the echo chamber of prejudice-confirming blather on cable news and social media. Practice kindness, dialogue and connection, and cultivate real relationships with the people who surround you, rather than succumbing to the politics of division. Finally, stand up for, and stand by, the people that populist demagogues seek to exclude and scapegoat, whether they are Mexican migrants in El Paso, Tex., or observant Muslims in Montreal.

De Bosis, whose daring flight maddened Mussolini, turned himself into the anti-d'Annunzio. His act of courage was not designed for personal glory, but to puncture a toxic status quo - the illusion that an authoritarian dictatorship controlled everything, including the sky over Rome.

"It is those," Mr. Snyder reminds us, "who were considered exceptional, eccentric, or even insane in their own time - those who did not change when the world around them did - whom we remember and admire today."

And that is why, in the 21st century, the most admirable thing any person of conscience can do is to resist, with words and actions, the would-be authoritarians who marshal fear and hatred to prevent us from doing what we know is right.

Associated Graphic

Generations before U.S. President Donald Trump brought a nationalist message to American politics, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, known as Il Duce (the Leader), had his own vision to Make Italia Grande Again.

TALLANDIER/BRIDGEMAN IMAGES

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

A NEAR-DISASTER UNITED MISSISSAUGA
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Sunday marks the 40th anniversary of a 106-car freight train derailment and fire that caused 20,000 people to seek shelter in malls, and grocery stores to give out free food and supplies, as the then-five-year-old city banded together as a community
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By BEN COHEN
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A16


I t's been called the "Mississauga Miracle" - the greatest Canadian disaster that never was.

Forty years ago this Sunday, a 106-car Canadian Pacific freight train loaded with propane, chlorine and other toxic chemicals derailed and caught fire in the suburban city, unleashing blasts of poison clouds that took almost a week to clear. The emergency prompted the largest peacetime evacuation in Canadian history as more than 226,000 people fled.

Yet there were no casualties.

Many remember it as a unifying event for Mississauga, then just five years old. About 20,000 people took shelter in public spaces such as the Square One and Sherway Gardens malls. Local grocery stores and businesses offered free food and supplies, and many residents say there was a real sense that the sprawling community west of Toronto had finally become one.

To mark the 40th anniversary, The Globe and Mail spoke with people who fought, watched, fled and reported on the derailment.

(The job titles below are those the interviewees held in November, 1979.)

Cyril Hare, Mississauga chief fire inspector: I lived about a mile south of where the train wreck was. My wife and I had some friends over at the time and one of our friends looked out the back window and said, "Your house is on fire!" I jumped outside and said, "Oh my God!" There I am, the chief fire inspector, and my house had caught fire.

Gord Bentley, Mississauga fire chief: I was looking for the keys to my fire-service vehicle after I heard about the crash. Then I saw the sky light up.

Mr. Hare: The deputy fire chief, Art Warner, was at his son John's wedding that night up in Brampton. Somebody went outside, looked south and came back in and said, "There's a big fire going on down in Mississauga!" So Art said, "I gotta go." He showed up at the scene in a tuxedo.

Barry King, Mississauga police staff inspector, command post co-ordinator: I was just returning from downtown Toronto with my wife and family in the car. Then we saw the fire. It was horrendous. You couldn't see any part of the sky that wasn't red.

Mr. Hare: I rushed out and jumped in my fire department car. Immediately we realized that there were propane tanks involved and that we were going to have huge explosions very soon.

Mr. King: The police radio was crackling non-stop. Everybody was calling at the same time.

Mr. Hare: Trying to get people to leave was almost impossible, because everybody wanted to come out and see the fire. A young dispatcher came up to me and said, "What should I do?" I said, "Well, there's going to be the biggest explosion you ever saw in your life, so get behind something!"

Joe Zammit, 12-year-old observer: The sky was orange, just orange. My father said, "Get some clothes on, let's go see what the heck this is about."

Mr. Hare: The relief valves on the propane-tank cars were pouring flames. People don't realize how loud they were - they were shrieking like jet engines. Then they changed pitch. If you know what to listen for, you know that means they're about to blow. I started hot-footing it down the road. Everyone saw the guy in the white hat running. They said, "He knows something we don't," and they all started running with me.

That's when it happened. A huge flash of light and a shock wave that knocked us all in the ditch.

Mr. Zammit: We could feel this massive wave of heat just come through us. My father looked at me and said, "Son, this is no place for us."

Mr. Hare: After the explosion, there was no problem getting the public to leave.

At this point, 27 cars were still attached to the burning train. Train brakeman Larry Krupa rushed the flames and uncoupled two tankers, allowing his father-in-law, engineer Keith Pruss, to separate the remaining cars from the train. Mr. Krupa was recommended for the Order of Canada for his bravery and inducted into the North American Railway Hall of Fame.

Hazel McCallion, mayor of Mississauga: I was in bed at the time, and my son heard the explosion.

He went up on the roof to see it and when he came down he said, "Mom, I think City Hall blew up."

Mr. Hare: I was surprised we weren't killed. When it blew up and I saw that flash, I thought, "Well, this is it." But then everybody got up and nobody was hurt.

Minutes later, a second explosion launched a tanker hundreds of feet into the air. It landed about a kilometre away.

Mr. Bentley: There were three major explosions in all, as you might call them. We call them BLEVEs, boiling liquid expanding vapour explosions - very common with propane that's been superheated. We lost the Parks and Recreation building - it was on fire before we even got there.

Ms. McCallion: Within a few minutes of the explosion, the fire chief called me and told me about the derailment and that people in the immediate area had been evacuated to Square One, which had opened up its facilities. The people there were in their night clothes because the police wouldn't even give them time to get dressed. So I got up and I went to Square One.

Mr. King: We set up a command centre upwind of the crash so that we wouldn't inhale any of the chlorine. We determined there that we needed help, so we called Toronto, we called York, we called Halton and we called the OPP.

Ms. McCallion: I went to the command centre and I didn't go to bed for three nights. The train had to be constantly monitored because it was emitting chlorine, and we needed to evacuate areas depending on which way the wind blew because chlorine is so deadly.

Mr. Bentley: We decided early on that it was futile to try to put the fire out, so we took a defensive position and tried to protect the buildings in the area. At the start, the fire was very large, potentially impossible to put out. We were hitting it with 5,000 gallons of water a minute.

The fire finally went out after burning for more than two days. Thirtyfive pounds of chlorine were also leaking out of a damaged tanker every hour. It took three days to deal with the chlorine, and eight firefighters had to be hospitalized for chlorine inhalation.

Mr. King: I went down with one firefighter near the train, and this puff of chlorine gas waved over toward us. It just looked like a funny little cloud. He got a real dose of it and down he went. I don't believe he ever went back to work. I had a tenth of what he had, but it was just enough to sear me. I was coughing up green phlegm the whole week. Doctors told me I would start feeling the effects of the chlorine when I got older. I started feeling it around 51. ... Now I can only walk my dogs past three or four houses before I have to sit down.

Mr. Bentley: Getting rid of the chlorine was quite an operation.

It was vacuumed out into a 250foot pipeline we had built so that the chlorine flowed into a tanker truck, which was loaded up with sodium. When the chlorine hit the sodium it made salt water. We were able to then dump it out.

Mr. King: I think we were on a high at the time doing it. I don't mean getting excited, going, "Gee, this is great." We were really hyper-focused.

Mr. Bentley: All together, I put in 186 hours on duty in 10 days.

Mr. Hare: I left home on Saturday night just before midnight and I didn't come home again to see my wife until the following Friday night. We slept at the fire hall and rotated 12-hour shifts. At the station, back at the scene, at the station, back at the scene. My house was in the evacuation zone so there was no real going home.

John Stewart, Mississauga journalist: It was a once-in-a-lifetime story and still the most memorable moment in my career.

Mr. King: There really was hardly any criminal activity. It made us wonder, "Are we missing something?" And the other thing is there was nobody injured. We had to evacuate a hospital with 500 people in it and three or four nursing homes that had about 100 people each - those were the toughest. But no one got hurt.

Mr. Stewart: Everybody in Mississauga has a derailment story. My favourite? There was this woman who had evacuated to her friend's house, but she left her tickets to the opera back home. So she canoed across the river to go get them.

Mr. Zammit: After we were evacuated, we had to go back because I needed to get my heart medication from my house. The police escorted us through an absolutely empty city. Road after road of absolute nothing. Ghost town. I'll never forget that.

Ms. McCallion: Prior to the derailment, municipalities were not mandated to have an emergency plan. We had one, but other municipalities didn't. As a result of the Mississauga derailment, it became mandated by the province.

Now everyone has one.

Mr. Hare: Because of what happened, there's a lot more legislation on the transportation of dangerous goods and workplace hazard information.

Mr. Bentley: Most people couldn't even pronounce Mississauga prior to this. People just knew that it was some place up in Canada near Toronto. Because of the international coverage, and the way it was handled, the incident put the city's name on the map.

Associated Graphic

Firefighters are seen directing jets onto several burning cars carrying toxic chemicals such as chlorine and propane after a Canadian Pacific freight train derailed in Mississauga on Nov. 10, 1979.

TIBOR KOLLEY/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Firefighters battle the freight-train blaze in Mississauga early on Nov. 11, 1979. The derailment also caused 35 pounds of chlorine to leak out of a damaged tanker every hour, resulting in the hospitalization of eight firefighters.

DENNIS ROBINSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Hazel McCallion, seen above during a news conference on Nov. 16, 1979, was in bed when the derailment occured and her son told her that from the roof, it looked as if City Hall had blown up. The blaze prompted OPP officers, such as the one at top wearing a gas mask, to evacuate 226,000 people.

PHOTOS BY DENNIS ROBINSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Sherman on the other side of rivalry game
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Ex-Seahawk now has a big role in 49ers' league-leading defence
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By ROB MAADDI
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S12


The last time the San Francisco 49ers had a winning record for a home game in November, Colin Kaepernick was their quarterback and Russell Wilson and Richard Sherman ate turkey legs at midfield to celebrate a victory for Seattle.

That won't happen Monday night when the unbeaten 49ers (8-0) play host to the Seahawks (7-2) in the biggest game in this rivalry since Thanksgiving, 2014.

The 49ers lost to the Seahawks 19-3 that night to fall to 7-5. They finished 8-8 that year and hadn't won more than six games until this season.

Sherman is on their side now, playing a huge role for the NFL's top-ranked defence. The threetime All-Pro cornerback is part of a secondary that's No. 1 against the pass. San Francisco has allowed the fewest yards per game (241) and second-fewest points (12.1). But the Niners will be without linebacker Kwon Alexander.

Jimmy Garoppolo has played well and could have three starters joining him in the starting lineup.

Bookend tackles Joe Staley and Mike McGlinchey and fullback Kyle Juszczyk are expected back from injuries, bolstering the league's second-ranked rushing attack.

They'll face a defence that has struggled. Seattle ranks 22nd in points allowed, 25th in yards allowed and 25th in sacks. Jadeveon Clowney only has two sacks, though he faces double teams quite often.

But the X-factor for the Seahawks is Wilson. He's playing at an MVP level. Wilson has 22 TD passes, only one pick and leads the league with a passer rating of 118.2.

Week 10 began Thursday night with the Oakland Raiders' 26-24 home victory over the Los Angeles Chargers.

Josh Jacobs scored on an 18yard run with 1:02 remaining to give Oakland the lead. Derek Carr led the Raiders (5-4) down the field methodically 75 yards after Philip Rivers threw a 6-yard pass to Austin Ekeler that gave the Chargers (4-6) a 24-20 lead with 4:02 remaining.

New England (8-1), Houston (6-3), Philadelphia (5-4), Jacksonville (4-5), Denver (3-6) and Washington (1-8) have a bye this week.

DETROIT (3-4-1) AT CHICAGO (3-5) The battle for last place in the NFC North features a pair of teams that combined for one win in October. The Lions have lost four of five after a 2-0-1 start. Their only win in that span came against the Giants two weeks ago. The Bears have lost four in a row following a 3-1 start.

Detroit has the third-ranked passing offence in the NFL. Matthew Stafford is second in the league in touchdown passes (19) and fifth in passer rating (106.0).

On the opposite side, Mitchell Trubisky and the Bears have the third-worst passing offence, averaging 186.3 yards per game. But the Lions have the third-worst pass defence, giving up 295.3 yards a game through the air.

BALTIMORE (6-2) AT CINCINNATI (0-8) Bengals quarterback Ryan Finley makes his first NFL start, replacing Andy Dalton. Finley won't have seven-time Pro Bowl wide receiver A.J. Green back from ankle surgery. Green has missed the first eight games. The rookie will face the first-place Ravens behind a poor offensive line facing a blitzing defence.

The Ravens are coming off a convincing 37-20 victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots.

Their defence held Tom Brady in check and Lamar Jackson threw for a TD and ran for two more.

Jackson had 153 yards rushing in Baltimore's 23-17 win over the Bengals last month.

BUFFALO (6-2) AT CLEVELAND (2-6) The Bills are off to their best start in 26 years, feasting on losing teams. Their wins have come against clubs that are 9-43 combined while both losses were to teams currently with winning records.

They'll face the Browns, who've proved to be overhyped entering the season. Baker Mayfield, Odell Beckham Jr. and Co.

were a fashionable pick to win the AFC North, but these are the same old Browns. They appear to have deeper issues beyond poor performance on the field.

Buffalo has the league's thirdranked defence, led by sack leader Jordan Phillips and a strong secondary, and quarterback Josh Allen already has 12 rushing TDs in his first 20 games.

ATLANTA (1-7) AT NEW ORLEANS (7-1) Both teams are coming off a bye heading in opposite directions.

Drew Brees returned after missing five games and picked up where he left off, throwing for 373 yards and three TDs against Arizona.

Not much has gone right for the Falcons, but they do have the league's top-ranked passing offence. Matt Ryan is expected to return from an ankle injury that sidelined him one game. Coach Dan Quinn's defence has struggled since he took over co-ordinator duties, but he made a coaching switch during the week off, shifting receivers coach Raheem Morris to the secondary. Atlanta has allowed the third-most points per game (31.3).

NEW YORK GIANTS (2-7) AT NEW YORK JETS (1-7) North Jersey bragging rights are on the line when the Giants switch locker rooms at their home stadium to be the "road" team against the Jets. Things are only slightly better for the Giants, who briefly enjoyed success after rookie Daniel Jones replaced Eli Manning. But they've lost five in a row.

The Jets are a mess under firstyear coach Adam Gase, who is already on the hot seat. Sam Darnold has taken a step backward from his rookie season and twotime All-Pro Le'Veon Bell hasn't run for more than 70 yards in his first eight games with his new team.

The real loser in this game might be the team that hurts its draft positioning by winning.

ARIZONA (3-5-1) AT TAMPA BAY (2-6) Rookie quarterback Kyler Murray has helped the Cardinals look promising, though it hasn't translated into many wins. Murray hasn't thrown an interception in five games and has been a dualthreat passing and running. Kenyan Drake ran for a team-high 110 yards and caught four passes for 52 yards in his debut with the Cardinals last week, though David Johnson could return for this game.

The Buccaneers have had trouble finishing games. They took leads into the fourth quarter of three of their six losses, including a 40-34 overtime loss at Seattle last Sunday. Jameis Winston bounced back from two poor games to post his fifth performance with a passer rating in the 100s this season.

KANSAS CITY (6-3) AT TENNESSEE (4-5) Patrick Mahomes might return under centre after dislocating his kneecap on Oct. 17. The Chiefs are 2-1 with Matt Moore, including the game he finished when Mahomes got hurt. Kansas City needs to stay close to the Patriots (8-1) going into their Week 14 matchup to have a chance at home-field advantage.

The Titans are 2-1 since Ryan Tannehill replaced Marcus Mariota, but they were sloppy in a loss to Carolina last week. They also lost cornerback Malcolm Butler to a wrist injury.

Tennessee will have to rely on Derrick Henry's running to keep Mahomes off the field and limit Kansas City's offence. The Chiefs have the fourth-worst run defence in the league and allowed 161.7 yards a game on the ground in their three losses.

MIAMI (1-7) AT INDIANAPOLIS (5-3) Brian Hoyer is expected to make his first start of the season filling in for Jacoby Brissett as the Colts host the Dolphins, who are no longer winless.

Hoyer stepped in after Brissett injured his knee and tossed three TD passes, but Adam Vinatieri missed a 43-yard field goal with 1:14 left in a 26-24 loss at Pittsburgh. Now Indy will likely have to rely on the 11-year veteran for a while until Brissett returns.

Another veteran, Ryan Fitzpatrick, led the Dolphins to their first win, throwing three TD passes in a victory over the Jets. Miami will need more FitzMagic against the Colts because two of the team's best young players won't play. Running back Mark Walton was suspended for four games and receiver Preston Williams has a knee injury.

CAROLINA (5-3) AT GREEN BAY (7-2) Aaron Rodgers and the Packers are coming off their worst game this season, a 26-11 rout at the Chargers. Rodgers questioned the team's preparation on a trip to California. They should be focused back at home and with a bye week coming.

The Panthers are Kyle Allen's team now that Cam Newton is officially out for the season. Allen is 5-1 as the starter and getting his sixth win won't be easy at Lambeau Field. He'll rely on Christian McCaffrey, who could be in for a big day against Green Bay's run defence. McCaffrey is second in the league in rushing and the Packers allow 127.7 yards rushing a game.

LOS ANGELES RAMS (5-3) AT PITTSBURGH STEELERS (4-4) Jared Goff, Todd Gurley and the rest of the Rams' offence have a tough task against Pittsburgh's defence. The Steelers are second in the league with 22 takeaways and third in sacks with 29. Minkah Fitzpatrick already has four interceptions since joining the team, including a pick-6 last week.

The Rams won't have receiver Brandin Cooks, who is out with a concussion. Gurley hasn't rushed for more than 65 yards since Week 1, but Los Angeles has relied on its passing attack, ranked fifth in the league.

Mason Rudolph makes his sixth start in Ben Roethlisberger's absence. He's played well, keeping the Steelers in the playoff chase.

MINNESOTA (6-3) AT DALLAS (5-3) This will be a matchup of strengths as Dallas has the league's top-ranked offence led by Dak Prescott, Ezekiel Elliott and Amari Cooper while the Vikings have the No. 7 defence. On the flip side, Minnesota's eighthranked offence takes on Dallas' sixth-ranked defence.

The Cowboys are seeking their third straight victory. They had consecutive lopsided wins against division rivals. They begin a stretch of tough games, playing five of their next seven games against teams currently with winning records.

The Vikings look to bounce back after their four-game winning streak was snapped in Kansas City. Kirk Cousins has 14 TD passes and only one pick in the past seven games, and Dalvin Cook leads the NFL in rushing with 894 yards.

Associated Graphic

San Francisco 49ers cornerback Richard Sherman runs with the ball against Washington in Landover, Md., on Oct. 20.

ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Sherman on the other side of rivalry game
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Ex-Seahawk now has a big role in 49ers' league-leading defence
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By ROB MAADDI
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S12


The last time the San Francisco 49ers had a winning record for a home game in November, Colin Kaepernick was their quarterback and Russell Wilson and Richard Sherman ate turkey legs at midfield to celebrate a victory for Seattle.

That won't happen Monday night when the unbeaten 49ers (8-0) play host to the Seahawks (7-2) in the biggest game in this rivalry since Thanksgiving, 2014.

The 49ers lost to the Seahawks 19-3 that night to fall to 7-5. They finished 8-8 that year and hadn't won more than six games until this season.

Sherman is on their side now, playing a huge role for the NFL's top-ranked defence. The threetime All-Pro cornerback is part of a secondary that's No. 1 against the pass. San Francisco has allowed the fewest yards per game (241) and second-fewest points (12.1). But the Niners will be without linebacker Kwon Alexander.

Jimmy Garoppolo has played well and could have three starters joining him in the starting lineup.

Bookend tackles Joe Staley and Mike McGlinchey and fullback Kyle Juszczyk are expected back from injuries, bolstering the league's second-ranked rushing attack.

They'll face a defence that has struggled. Seattle ranks 22nd in points allowed, 25th in yards allowed and 25th in sacks. Jadeveon Clowney only has two sacks, though he faces double teams quite often.

But the X-factor for the Seahawks is Wilson. He's playing at an MVP level. Wilson has 22 TD passes, only one pick and leads the league with a passer rating of 118.2.

Week 10 began Thursday night with the Oakland Raiders' 26-24 home victory over the Los Angeles Chargers.

Josh Jacobs scored on an 18yard run with 1:02 remaining to give Oakland the lead. Derek Carr led the Raiders (5-4) down the field methodically 75 yards after Philip Rivers threw a 6-yard pass to Austin Ekeler that gave the Chargers (4-6) a 24-20 lead with 4:02 remaining.

New England (8-1), Houston (6-3), Philadelphia (5-4), Jacksonville (4-5), Denver (3-6) and Washington (1-8) have a bye this week.

DETROIT (3-4-1) AT CHICAGO (3-5) The battle for last place in the NFC North features a pair of teams that combined for one win in October. The Lions have lost four of five after a 2-0-1 start. Their only win in that span came against the Giants two weeks ago. The Bears have lost four in a row following a 3-1 start.

Detroit has the third-ranked passing offence in the NFL. Matthew Stafford is second in the league in touchdown passes (19) and fifth in passer rating (106.0).

On the opposite side, Mitchell Trubisky and the Bears have the third-worst passing offence, averaging 186.3 yards per game. But the Lions have the third-worst pass defence, giving up 295.3 yards a game through the air.

BALTIMORE (6-2) AT CINCINNATI (0-8) Bengals quarterback Ryan Finley makes his first NFL start, replacing Andy Dalton. Finley won't have seven-time Pro Bowl wide receiver A.J. Green back from ankle surgery. Green has missed the first eight games. The rookie will face the first-place Ravens behind a poor offensive line facing a blitzing defence.

The Ravens are coming off a convincing 37-20 victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots.

Their defence held Tom Brady in check and Lamar Jackson threw for a TD and ran for two more.

Jackson had 153 yards rushing in Baltimore's 23-17 win over the Bengals last month.

BUFFALO (6-2) AT CLEVELAND (2-6) The Bills are off to their best start in 26 years, feasting on losing teams. Their wins have come against clubs that are 9-43 combined while both losses were to teams currently with winning records.

They'll face the Browns, who've proved to be overhyped entering the season. Baker Mayfield, Odell Beckham Jr. and Co.

were a fashionable pick to win the AFC North, but these are the same old Browns. They appear to have deeper issues beyond poor performance on the field.

Buffalo has the league's thirdranked defence, led by sack leader Jordan Phillips and a strong secondary, and quarterback Josh Allen already has 12 rushing TDs in his first 20 games.

ATLANTA (1-7) AT NEW ORLEANS (7-1) Both teams are coming off a bye heading in opposite directions.

Drew Brees returned after missing five games and picked up where he left off, throwing for 373 yards and three TDs against Arizona.

Not much has gone right for the Falcons, but they do have the league's top-ranked passing offence. Matt Ryan is expected to return from an ankle injury that sidelined him one game. Coach Dan Quinn's defence has struggled since he took over co-ordinator duties, but he made a coaching switch during the week off, shifting receivers coach Raheem Morris to the secondary. Atlanta has allowed the third-most points per game (31.3).

NEW YORK GIANTS (2-7) AT NEW YORK JETS (1-7) North Jersey bragging rights are on the line when the Giants switch locker rooms at their home stadium to be the "road" team against the Jets. Things are only slightly better for the Giants, who briefly enjoyed success after rookie Daniel Jones replaced Eli Manning. But they've lost five in a row.

The Jets are a mess under firstyear coach Adam Gase, who is already on the hot seat. Sam Darnold has taken a step backward from his rookie season and twotime All-Pro Le'Veon Bell hasn't run for more than 70 yards in his first eight games with his new team.

The real loser in this game might be the team that hurts its draft positioning by winning.

ARIZONA (3-5-1) AT TAMPA BAY (2-6) Rookie quarterback Kyler Murray has helped the Cardinals look promising, though it hasn't translated into many wins. Murray hasn't thrown an interception in five games and has been a dualthreat passing and running. Kenyan Drake ran for a team-high 110 yards and caught four passes for 52 yards in his debut with the Cardinals last week, though David Johnson could return for this game.

The Buccaneers have had trouble finishing games. They took leads into the fourth quarter of three of their six losses, including a 40-34 overtime loss at Seattle last Sunday. Jameis Winston bounced back from two poor games to post his fifth performance with a passer rating in the 100s this season.

KANSAS CITY (6-3) AT TENNESSEE (4-5) Patrick Mahomes might return under centre after dislocating his kneecap on Oct. 17. The Chiefs are 2-1 with Matt Moore, including the game he finished when Mahomes got hurt. Kansas City needs to stay close to the Patriots (8-1) going into their Week 14 matchup to have a chance at home-field advantage.

The Titans are 2-1 since Ryan Tannehill replaced Marcus Mariota, but they were sloppy in a loss to Carolina last week. They also lost cornerback Malcolm Butler to a wrist injury.

Tennessee will have to rely on Derrick Henry's running to keep Mahomes off the field and limit Kansas City's offence. The Chiefs have the fourth-worst run defence in the league and allowed 161.7 yards a game on the ground in their three losses.

MIAMI (1-7) AT INDIANAPOLIS (5-3) Brian Hoyer is expected to make his first start of the season filling in for Jacoby Brissett as the Colts host the Dolphins, who are no longer winless.

Hoyer stepped in after Brissett injured his knee and tossed three TD passes, but Adam Vinatieri missed a 43-yard field goal with 1:14 left in a 26-24 loss at Pittsburgh. Now Indy will likely have to rely on the 11-year veteran for a while until Brissett returns.

Another veteran, Ryan Fitzpatrick, led the Dolphins to their first win, throwing three TD passes in a victory over the Jets. Miami will need more FitzMagic against the Colts because two of the team's best young players won't play. Running back Mark Walton was suspended for four games and receiver Preston Williams has a knee injury.

CAROLINA (5-3) AT GREEN BAY (7-2) Aaron Rodgers and the Packers are coming off their worst game this season, a 26-11 rout at the Chargers. Rodgers questioned the team's preparation on a trip to California. They should be focused back at home and with a bye week coming.

The Panthers are Kyle Allen's team now that Cam Newton is officially out for the season. Allen is 5-1 as the starter and getting his sixth win won't be easy at Lambeau Field. He'll rely on Christian McCaffrey, who could be in for a big day against Green Bay's run defence. McCaffrey is second in the league in rushing and the Packers allow 127.7 yards rushing a game.

LOS ANGELES RAMS (5-3) AT PITTSBURGH STEELERS (4-4) Jared Goff, Todd Gurley and the rest of the Rams' offence have a tough task against Pittsburgh's defence. The Steelers are second in the league with 22 takeaways and third in sacks with 29. Minkah Fitzpatrick already has four interceptions since joining the team, including a pick-6 last week.

The Rams won't have receiver Brandin Cooks, who is out with a concussion. Gurley hasn't rushed for more than 65 yards since Week 1, but Los Angeles has relied on its passing attack, ranked fifth in the league.

Mason Rudolph makes his sixth start in Ben Roethlisberger's absence. He's played well, keeping the Steelers in the playoff chase.

MINNESOTA (6-3) AT DALLAS (5-3) This will be a matchup of strengths as Dallas has the league's top-ranked offence led by Dak Prescott, Ezekiel Elliott and Amari Cooper while the Vikings have the No. 7 defence. On the flip side, Minnesota's eighthranked offence takes on Dallas' sixth-ranked defence.

The Cowboys are seeking their third straight victory. They had consecutive lopsided wins against division rivals. They begin a stretch of tough games, playing five of their next seven games against teams currently with winning records.

The Vikings look to bounce back after their four-game winning streak was snapped in Kansas City. Kirk Cousins has 14 TD passes and only one pick in the past seven games, and Dalvin Cook leads the NFL in rushing with 894 yards.

Associated Graphic

San Francisco 49ers cornerback Richard Sherman runs with the ball against Washington in Landover, Md., on Oct. 20.

ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES

New scheme could help first-time buyers
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Financing vehicle hopes to bring home ownership to Vancouver construction labourers who build the homes that few of them can afford
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By KERRY GOLD
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Friday, November 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H6


VANCOUVER It's no secret that many average income earners have been shut out of the Greater Vancouver housing market - and that's a problem for employers.

It means that workers can't live close to the urban core. As a result, building costs have soared as construction companies strive to pay their crews enough to live within the region. To help solve that problem, the non-profit B.C. Construction Association (BCCA) is launching a program that will give first-time mortgages to essential workers who don't qualify for bank mortgages, usually because of the federal government's stress-test rules. The association represents a multibillion-dollar sector that is suffering major labour shortages, and lack of affordability is a key cause.

They will offer mortgages at a comparable rate to the banks, but with longer amortization periods, so that the monthly payments are only one-third of household income. Currently, borrowers who make less than a 20-per-cent down payment can amortize the loan over a maximum of 25 years.

The BCCA has formed a mortgage-investment corporation (MIC), with the input of Peter Elkins, co-founder of Capital Investment Network. Mr. Elkins, whose business matches private funding with entrepreneurs, was at one time a paramedic on the downtown East Side. He and BCCA chief strategy officer Lisa Stevens came up with the idea to provide accessible lending, not just to tradespeople, but also to medical-care providers, emergency responders and educators. The BCCA is in the process of finding other associations to partner on the project.

"What I tell people is to close your eyes, and think of all the people you know personally who would want to own a home you know they would pay their bills but still they can't get a mortgage," says Mr. Elkins, who is acting chief executive officer for Impact MIC. "The list goes on and on and on."

He says he got the idea to use an MIC for lending to middle-income-earners when visiting his elderly parents on Hornby Island, and he saw the young caregivers there who were struggling to earn a living and find affordable housing.

"It's about realizing that there are all these great people in our community who want to own homes, but they can't meet the stress test. It's not even a working-class problem any more. I'm realizing that people making over $100,000 a year, with graduate degrees, working in the public and private sectors, can't own a home."

The BCCA plans to make the mortgages from Impact MIC available to its members by April, 2020. The association is affiliated with other construction-industry associations that serve more than 10,000 employees in the province.

Mr. Elkins and the BCCA say it's the first MIC in Canada dedicated to a social goal.

In a release, the BCCA said its board had approved funding to move the MIC forward, and they were "proud to pioneer an affordable housing solution with potential to improve the quality of life for thousands of skilled tradespeople and other essential workers."

MICs don't have to follow the federal stress-test rules, and are regulated provincially by the Securities Commission. And for those individuals who invest in an MIC, they are eligible for tax-sheltered savings plans such as RRSPs, TFSAs and RESPs. The managers are aiming for a 6 per cent or more return for investors.

BCCA is a principal shareholder in Impact MIC, and Mr. Elkins is still working to drum up more investors.

Usually, MICs offer high interest rate loans at short terms to higher risk customers, but this one will offer terms similar to bank mortgages and will cater to people who are gainfully employed and have a proven track record as a renter, Mr. Elkins says. They will also offer free financial-management coaching for borrowers.

"We really don't want to be compared to an MIC, even though we are going to be.

It's really just a legal taxation vehicle that we can use without having to change legislation or anything," he explains.

Only those needing their first mortgages for their first homes can apply. "You can't use us to speculate in the real estate market."

Applicants will be evaluated on a caseby-case basis, and he says that they would consider lower down payments.

"There will probably be less of a down payment than the banks. And again, we will look at loan-to-value ratio on a caseby-case basis. We will encourage people to have bigger down payments. ... But we don't want to shut people out. The real metric for me is what you pay in rent and what you do for living - those are really the criteria. If somebody is a nurse or paramedic or getting a paycheque from the government, they are pretty good risk."

And because the payments are affordable, the chance of defaulting is reduced.

Mr. Elkins would like to eventually get into the entrepreneurial self-employed space, which is a significant share of the millennial job market.

"That's where we are heading. Three or four years from now, we will figure out that relationship with the Chamber of Commerce so these people can buy homes."

By law, he says that 50 per cent of the MIC fund has to be devoted to the mortgages, but the other half can be involved in more traditional investments, such as lending money at a higher interest rate. In that way, the higherearning investments will subsidize the lower-rate lending program.

University of Victoria masters of business administration students and their professors spent five months studying the idea, in partnership with the BCCA. Their work formed the business case for the lending program.

A major problem for the construction industry is that companies are struggling to retain workers, who are in short supply, says Justin Bontkes, owner of Caliber Projects, a Fraser Valley based construction-management company that is 11 years old.

"As much as there has been a decrease in home sales in the last year, the construction industry outside of Vancouver is still booming here in the suburbs - and it's not small stuff, it's big stuff," Mr. Bontkes says.

He says the MIC idea intrigues him. He could see such a program becoming a key part of business owners' efforts to attract and retain good employees. It would be an appealing employee benefit, because his industry is increasing wages by around 10 per cent a year just to keep workers.

Mr. Bontkes says he would need to study the idea more thoroughly.fa "This isn't just a problem for construction now. This is a problem for just about any employment that requires you to live close to these centres. I think it's awesome that this guy is thinking outside the box and coming up with creative solutions. For myself, it's something I need to think about for my own employees. How do I extend the benefit to my own employees, so that it allows them to live nearby? It's a creative employee strategy. ... It could potentially be a huge opportunity for an employer looking to retain employees in this difficult market."

Mr. Bontkes says it could prove popular because in construction, tradespeople tend to want to own their own homes rather than pay high rents.

He has an employee who told him recently that he has to look for a new home because he can't afford the $2,600 a month in rent. Another employee who makes a good income recently told him he was having a tough time making ends meet. Mr. Bontkes says he'll have to pay the employee more.

"As a business owner, we are always looking for a competitive advantage and I think this MIC strategy may be one we need to think through a bit more," he says.

"We have access to capital and the market we are in right now is extremely competitive, so the fight for talent is on. If we could get creative, it might be what we need."

As for investing in the program, he says, "I'd have to look at it, because there is risk."

James Faulkner is co-founder of SiteMax Systems, a construction-software company that he runs with Christian Hamm. Mr.

Faulkner, Mr. Hamm and Andrew Hansen are construction-industry specialists who started a podcast on their industry a year ago, called Site Visit. Mr. Faulkner says that "any step is a good step," so he's open to the idea, but he cautions any applicants to go in with their eyes wide open. There are many people in construction who have fallen into their jobs for reasons based on life situation and it wasn't necessarily their first choice. They already have their stresses.

"They didn't put up their hand at school and say they wanted to be in a hole with mud up to their ankles," Mr. Faulkner says.

"A whole bunch of life pressures come with it and it could be a failed marriage, a previous business that failed, student debt, being out on their own really early and a life of hard knocks.

"Often what comes with that is debt and having to service that debt. They don't have enough money for a down payment - they can't even get in the game. They are churning and burning money every month, and it's paycheque to paycheque.

Any extra money is going to that credit card."

He sees "tons" of people in that situation, and he has worked with and trained those people.

"And let's say that one of these loan applications is successful. They extended themselves a little more than their rent.

They got in there and now the housing bubble totally crashes. What are we doing to these people? They are poor off as it is, and now their $522,000 condo is worth $400,000 and they have 35, 40 years on this thing, and they haven't paid down much of the principal because it's mostly interest in the beginning.

"What is the exposure? There is a lot at play here."

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James Faulkner, a construction-software professional who co-created the industry podcast Site Visit, is in favour of plans to help construction workers afford houses, but is concerned it may force them to take on more debt than they can handle.

RAFAL GERSZAK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Peter Elkins, co-founder of Capital Investment Network, is working with the B.C. Construction Association to create a mortgage-investment corporation.

The last temptation of Martin Scorsese
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The Irishman is a thrilling, visceral crime story in the vein of the director's most popular work - but it's also something deeper
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A18


The Irishman CLASSIFICATION: R; 210 MINUTES Directed by Martin Scorsese Written by Steven Zaillian Starring Robert De Niro, Joe Pesci and Al Pacino

It is unexpectedly and entirely delightful that so much of 2019 has revolved around Martin Scorsese, age 76. In one corner, there is Martin Scorsese, Cinema Champion, raging against the emptiness of the comic-book movie and doing so with the determination and vigour and tohell-with-all-of-you fire of an artist who knows he is absolutely right. In another corner there is Martin Scorsese, Medium Innovator, pushing the digital limits of what the screen is capable of containing, and forcing audiences to ask themselves if this is the cinematic future we desire. And in another corner, there is Martin Scorsese, Industry Disruptor, partnering up with Netflix, Hollywood's greatest modern foe, in half a bid to change the way movies are made, half a bid to burn easy cash in order to achieve what was previously an impossible-to-realize vision.

For so much of this very long year, we have spent time talking about what Scorsese says, what he thinks and how those cinematic principles might, and should, ricochet across the zeitgeist. We've drawn battle lines and allegiances, we've hardened our artistic philosophies and we've tied ourselves into all manner of unnecessary cultural knots. But now, with the longawaited release of The Irishman, we finally get the opportunity to discuss what Scorsese has actually done. And it is glorious.

All of this should have been anticipated. Without argument, Scorsese is one of our greatest working filmmakers, and has spent the past decade not only reaffirming this thesis through his own genre-resistant work (including this past spring's wiggly Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese), but by also lending his weight to the schemes of others (in 2019 alone, he produced Joanna Hogg's The Souvenir and the Safdie brothers' Uncut Gems, both all-timers).

If there is still any doubt as to Scorsese's artistry, The Irishman will put skeptics to bed. Or six feet under.

Partly a continuation of the career-long conversation he's been having with audiences about the evil that men do, and partly a reflection on regret - life's most profound inevitability - The Irishman is the film that Scorsese has been working his whole life toward. Much like the director's most popular work, this is a crime film, thrilling and visceral. But The Irishman represents something deeper, too. It's as much a companion piece to the propulsive, addictive violence of Goodfellas and Casino as it is to the meditative lacerations of Silence, the punishing doubts of The Last Temptation of Christ and the spiritual suffering of The Age of Innocence.

Weaving together several different timelines - but never enough that the narrative is confusing to follow - The Irishman follows the misdeeds of Frank Sheeran (Robert De Niro), a reallife hit man for the Philadelphia mob who first cozies up to the head of the Bufalino crime family (Joe Pesci), and eventually becomes an enforcer for Teamsters chief Jimmy Hoffa (Al Pacino).

As the story crosses decades, Scorsese and his screenwriter Steve Zaillian use Sheeran as a narrative means of dipping in and out of the East Coast underworld, painting as expansive and disturbing a portrait of American avarice as has ever been produced.

And then comes The Irishman's final half-hour, when Scorsese and De Niro, his long-time and most trusted collaborator, engage in a dialogue not only with immorality, but with cinema's eternal appetite for it. It is stirring and daring work that will be remembered long after, say, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (sorry, Groot).

While every performance in The Irishman is exceptional, it is amusing that De Niro, ostensibly the title character, gets crowded out by nearly everyone else - Pacino, for starters. The Irishman marks only the third time De Niro and Pacino, the two heavyweights of American acting, have ever shared the screen, and Scorsese exploits the occasion for all it's worth.

Taking a match to the deliberately muted combustion of Michael Mann's coffee-shop meetup in 1995's Heat, The Irishman slams the two performers up against one another like it's the most naturally incendiary pairing in the world. Which it is.

(I believe that we, as a human race, have collectively decided to never speak about De Niro and Pacino's other team-up, 2008's Righteous Kill.)

As Sheeran, De Niro is all tightly coiled nerves and brutal protectiveness - a snake waiting for his prey to make one wrong move. As Hoffa, Pacino is a spittle-spewing beast, stomping over everything and everyone to get his way, the volume turned as high as the creature can muster.

It is a glorious pairing, even if the camera clearly lusts for Pacino more, especially when the actor is slurping down ice cream (Hoffa devours enough onscreen sundaes that I was worried for Pacino's blood-sugar levels) and dancing in and out of an Irish accent (one that coming from another performer's mouth might sound sloppy, but here favours the impression of deliberate imprecision - of a man who can swing back and forth from folksy humbleness to brash theatrics whenever it suits his needs).

De Niro and Pacino are not exactly revelations here - we know the heights that each man can hit when given the opportunity and the discipline. The actual surprise should be reserved for Pesci, who works so delicately against the expectations Scorsese himself once helped engineer.

Pesci's Russell Bufalino is not the crazy clown of Goodfellas, nor the brash hothead of Casino. He's not even the more sympathetic, but still aggressive, Judas of Raging Bull. Russell is an entirely new skin for Pesci to slip on, tightly pulled but still combustible. Pesci's soft voice and immovable presence combine to create a force that never has to be reckoned with, because everyone already wisely assumes the chaos such a provocation might cause. It is a performance so good that it stings - maybe none of us, not even Scorsese, knew just what a gift Pesci is until this moment.

If The Irishman was only a three-hander between De Niro, Pacino and Pesci, then that would be enough. But Scorsese fills his cast out with a staggering number of familiar faces, all doing excellent work in the margins. Harvey Keitel, looking as hair-trigger volatile as ever, gets a choice walk-on role as an oldschool Philly mafioso. Meanwhile, Stephen Graham, Bobby Cannavale, Jack Huston, Domenick Lombardozzi and Ray Romano, all veterans from either one of Scorsese's HBO series Boardwalk Empire and Vinyl, bounce off the walls, clearly having the time of their lives. (Yes, you read that right: Ray Romano, Master Thespian.)

Perhaps the tidal wave of talent was made possible by the sheer amount of money Scorsese was able to wring out of Netflix (reportedly US$159-million, a staggering sum these days for a film not about a superhero). Either way, it is great fun to watch The Irishman and think of how much joy Scorsese must have had setting fire to so much of the streaming giant's cash reserves.

Midway through the film, Scorsese has Sheeran and his co-conspirators toss a dozen taxi cabs in a lake, a shot that must've cost at least a couple hundred thousand dollars.

And then, because he seemingly decided that's not enough onscreen destruction, Scorsese follows up the scene with Sheeran's goons setting an entire fleet of cabs ablaze.

The money has been slightly less well-spent on the film's much-discussed digital effects, which "de-age" performers so that De Niro and Pesci can play the same characters decades younger. A scene featuring De Niro as a twentysomething Sheeran in the Second World War is distressingly silly - his face waxy and creepy. Thankfully, that moment is a brief one, and the trick becomes more natural the longer the film goes on. Still, there is an aspect to the actors' age-appropriate physicality that no amount of CGI can mask. Audiences, and Scorsese himself, know that the younger De Niro was powered by a manic and jittery onscreen electricity, leaping off the screen in Mean Streets.

Here, there's a pronounced ricketiness to the supposedly youthful version of Sheeran - an autotuned lumbering that should be a natural sprint.

Speedier, though, is just how quickly The Irishman acts as a definitive closer to the perennial argument that Scorsese is somehow glamorizing the lives of criminals. With the exception of Sheeran's morally disgusted daughter, Peggy (Anna Paquin, who does a lot with how little the guy-heavy screenplay offers), The Irishman is consumed with damning its characters: horrible men who do horrible things for the advancement of no one but themselves. Goodfellas, Casino, The Departed and The Wolf of Wall Street each offered similar condemnations, but The Irishman delivers a more lasting, aching pain that should quash anyone's fantasies of crime. But if anyone needs even further evidence, Scorsese provides it in a literal manner here, too: Every time Sheeran meets a new mafioso, Scorsese throws a few quick lines of text on the screen detailing their ultimate, and untimely, deaths - a sick joke for those who are sick jokes themselves.

The only challenge The Irishman presents, then, is convincing skeptics to sit down for its entire 210 minutes (or, you know, 28 minutes more than the infinitely soggier Avengers: Endgame). For all the consternation about The Irishman's length, the film truly breezes by, its only mild narrative hiccup being a bit of unnecessary internecine mob rivalry involving (Crazy) Joe Gallo (a slice of history flicked at in Goodfellas).

Yet, even this diversion is filmed so energetically, and cast so well thanks to Sebastian Maniscalco's flip-the-bird energy as Gallo, that I am actually scrubbing this criticism from the official record. Which means that The Irishman is nearly perfect.

Here is to 2019: the Year of Martin Scorsese. It was a long time coming.

The Irishman opens Nov. 8 at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto; Nov.

15 in Vancouver, Ottawa, and Montreal; Nov. 22 in Calgary and Edmonton; and Nov. 27 on Netflix.

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Martin Scorcese's The Irishman follows the misdeeds of real-life hit man Frank Sheeran (Robert De Niro), weaving together several different timelines. It also brings together an array of incredible performances, not only from the incendiary pairing of De Niro and Al Pacino in their third time sharing the screen, but from a staggering number of other familiar faces.

The great survivor: Life inside a storied Thunder Bay factory
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By MARCUS GEE
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Friday, November 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


THUNDER BAY -- Marcus Potter is laughing it up with his work pals at Cheers, a bar with an unoriginal name in a Thunder Bay strip mall. Bottles and cans of beer, two apiece, stand on the table in front of them.

This was the day that Mr. Potter and dozens of other highly skilled and wellpaid workers were laid off from the sprawling Bombardier plant down the road, a fixture in this broad-shouldered northern community for more than a century.

Mr. Potter ended his shift at 3:30 p.m.

and then walked out the door, stepping into the biting cold of a Thunder Bay November. He isn't sure when he will return.

An electrician and finisher, he put the final touches on streetcars and rail cars. He was hired on at Bombardier only in 2017.

That puts him low on the seniority list.

He doesn't look worried. A big guy with a bushy beard and a Denver Broncos tuque, he says he might go back to building houses. Or he might just wait and hope to get called back if the plant lands some new contracts. Single and 28, he has time and options.

His friends at the table seem equally unflustered by the 550 layoffs, which started last Friday and will eventually cut the plant's work force by about half. One guy who is facing layoff in the new year says he may take some time to chill in Cuba.

Another says he might go work in his cousin's hydraulics company. All of them hope to get hired back.

For these men and just about everyone else in Thunder Bay, the idea that the plant might shut its doors altogether is close to unthinkable.

The 550,000-square-foot factory next to the Kaministiquia River is the city's strong right arm, inseparable as a limb.

Thousands of Thunder Bay residents have laboured in its cavernous work bays over the years, making everything from warplanes to tree-farming machinery to Toronto's sleek (and often delayed) new streetcars. Some local families have seen three and even four generations work at the plant.

Few enterprises are woven into the identity of a Canadian city as this one is into Thunder Bay's.

And yet, it could happen, if not now then some day.

The Massey-Harris farm machinery complex that was once the cornerstone of Toronto's manufacturing economy is long gone, replaced by townhouses and condos. Montreal's towering Canada Malting silos have stood abandoned for 30 years, artifacts of a vanished era of brewing and distilling. Only last year General Motors announced it was closing its auto plant in its historic Canadian hub of Oshawa,Ont.,leavingonlyafragment of its operations behind.

The Thunder Bay plant is the great survivor. It has bent metal into wheels and wings through two world wars. It has gone through spectacular booms and depressing busts. It has been mothballed for years, only to roar back to life.

Tour the vast plant, and you can feel the history all around.

Almost half a kilometre long, with cathedral-high ceilings, the factory stands between the river and the airport in the southern end of Thunder Bay. Visitors can still see an indent in the earth that is what remains of the launch slip for the minesweepers built there during for the First World War. Two of them went down in a Lake Superior storm before they could reach the French Navy. When the company pulled down one of its buildings a few years ago, it found shell casings from the Hurricane fighter planes assembled at the plant for the Second World War. Workers had set sandbags against a wall, arranged the planes to face them and firedtheirmachinegunstomakesure they worked.

Its human history is just as striking. The head of the plant union, Dominic Pasqualino, traces his family's association with the facility back to his grandmother, a poor immigrant from Italy's Calabria region who worked in the factory kitchen. Her son, Mr. Pasqualino's father, followed her through the factory doors and stayed for four decades. Mr. Pasqualino worked beside his dad, hanging train doors. Even his daughter worked there briefly.

At an open house for the public this month, the all-in-the-family spir-

it was on display. Workers brought their children to eat free hot dogs and ride the Toronto streetcars along a test track. Retired employees with canes and walkers looked at old photos from vanished eras. When they die, the plant will lower the flags at the gate to half-mast to mark their passing. This place remembers its past. And what a past it is.

George V was on the throne when the plant first opened in 1912. The booming twin cities of Fort William and Port Arthur, later to be combined as Thunder Bay, had ambitions of becoming the new Chicago. City fathers lured Montreal's Canadian Car and Foundry Co. to town to set up a railway-car factory, offering tax breaks and riverfront property. By 1918, it was building 32 boxcars a day.

The 1920s and 30s were fallow years as contracts dried up and the company's work force shrunk to a handfulofmaintenanceworkers.Productionrampedupagainwiththeapproach and then the outbreak of another world war. The factory hired throngs of new workers, many of them women replacing men who had gone off to fight. According to Can Car, a history of the plant by Gordon Burkowski, 40 per cent of the 6,760 workers were women in 1944. At least one of them is still around, at 96.

The war's end brought mass layoffs. Three thousand workers went out the door days after hostilities ended.Theplantmovedintobuilding transit buses and streetcars. Next came commuter trains and subway cars, many of them destined for Toronto. Generations of straphangers have travelled to work on cars from the Thunder Bay plant. It built the spacious Toronto Rockets in service since 2011. It supplied the growing GO train network for Toronto's sprawling suburbs and exurbs. It found markets for the commuter cars in California, Utah, Florida and New Mexico.

Bombardier took over in 1992. The international plane and train company founded by snowmobile maker Joseph-Armand Bombardier is just the latest of several owners to slap its name on the plant.

More than once over the decades, it has looked as if the place would finally go under. It was down to 100 workers and fewer in the mid 1980s and again in the late 1990s. It came right to the brink in the late 1950s.

Can-Car Plant to Close Here, said a big black headline in a local paper. But after an intense local drive to lobby Ottawa for help, a few life-saving contractsappearedandtheplantlivedon to fight another day.

Bombardier insists it will happen again.Newbusinessisboundtocome along. The Ontario government, for one, is promising to spend billions on new subway and other transit lines.

Plant manager Dave Black glows with pride as he guides a visitor around the bright, busy floor of the plant, showing off new streetcars in gleaming red and the bilevel GO cars in avocado green. Country music plays in one GO unit as finishers make their last checks. A streetcar stands in a sealed compartment, ready for high-pressure spraying aimed to make sure it is waterproof.

Another is getting fibreglass panels applied to its metal frame in a temperature-controlled bonding chamber.

Maintenance workers bustle around in special cargo bikes that help them cover the plant's long distances. "Material expediters" deliver parts and tools in motorized carts, honking their horns to warn they are approaching.

The Thunder Bay plant is about to get a lot quieter. Big contracts for the GO trains and streetcars are running out.Thelastofthe204Torontostreetcars is to be delivered by the end of the year. What happens to the plant then? What happens to Thunder Bay?

No new deals big enough to sustain the site have been signed, although Bombardier says it is chasing them hard. "Buy America" rules make selling to the U.S. market a challenge.

The layoffs aren't as hard on the city as they might have been when Thunder Bay relied more heavily on industry for its daily bread. The forest sector hit a wall years ago. Pulp and paper mills closed. Many grain elevators in the port are idle.

The city now makes its main living as a service centre for Northern Ontario. Thirty per cent of employment is in the broader public sector, comparedwith20percentforCanadaasa whole, says Lakehead University economicsprofessorLivioDiMatteo.The regional hospital is the biggest employer, with nearly three times the staff of the plant even before the Bombardier layoffs.

Even so, 500 jobs is 500 jobs. Bombardier remains the biggest privatesector employer in the city. Dozens of smaller firms rely on it, from parts suppliers to coffee shops where workers go when they get off shift.

Down at Cheers, they worry about the impact on the community. But, no, it's not the end of the world. Sitting next to his laid-off workmate Marcus Hopper, Dylan Lagimodiere, 24, says that on the factory floor, life will go on. Even with the layoffs, they have trains to get out the door. When guys such as Mr. Hopper leave, workmates say their goodbyes, "but we still build," as they always have at the plant by the river.

Associated Graphic

An LRT train sits outside the Bombardier plant in Thunder Bay on Nov. 7. Layoffs began at the plant last Friday; they will eventually shed 550 positions and cut the work force by about half.

Union chief Dominic Pasqualino traces his family's association with the plant back to his grandmother, an Italian immigrant who worked in the factory kitchen.

PHOTOGRAPHY BY DAVID JACKSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Right: Employees stand in the Thunder Bay Bombardier plant parking lot on a smoke break on Nov. 7.

Middle: Current and laid-off employees gather at a local bar later that same day.

Randi Manduca inspects one of the vehicles under assembly. She's worked at the Bombardier plant for eight years.

After the Second World War, the plant shifted its focus to building transit buses and streetcars, then commuter trains and subway cars. Here, a finished LRT train goes through its final process at the plant in 2019.

During the Second World War, the Thunder Bay plant workers assembled Hurricane fighter planes. When one of the plant's buildings was taken down a few years ago, Hurricane shell casings were found from when workers would test the planes' machine guns on sandbags set against a wall.

'You don't look like a veteran,'
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Stigma against those who are outside the 'traditional' veteran ideal remains all too common, writes Kelly S. Thompson. This Remembrance Day, let's make sure that Canada's soldiers, like the rest of the population, are celebrated for their differences
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By KELLY S. THOMPSON
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


she said.

'Oh no?' I tried to keep my voice even, pretending I hadn't had my former officer status questioned a million times before.

'And what does a veteran look like?' Kelly S. Thompson is a former captain in the Canadian Armed Forces and the North Bay, Ont.-based author of Girls Need Not Apply: Field Notes From the Forces.

A trip to an insurance agent is often tedious, but rarely a matter of existential anxiety. Yet, there I was, in 2012, sitting sheepishly in one of Vancouver's provincial insurance offices, the walls sporting posters urging us to drive safely and the staff appearing typically disengaged - and my nerves were showing in my tense face, mottled from crying all morning.

My purpose there was simple - applying for a veteran's licence plate, which allowed for free parking in the city suburbs. I have always been a sucker for free parking. But the reason for my stress was much more complicated: I had been a civilian for all of nine months, and even after eight years of being Captain Thompson, I was convinced I hadn't earned the designation.

I wasn't yet 30 years old; I hadn't seen war. I didn't even feel entitled to the depression that led to my medical military release; my colleagues had been forced to hurt other people and had seen friends torn apart on battlefields, so who was I to feel this way? An overwhelming feeling of inadequacy clawed at my throat whenever anyone called me a veteran.

My dad, on the other hand, was a real veteran, in my eyes: silvery hair, wrinkled skin and a chest full of war medals from his peacekeeping service in the Golan. So when he encouraged me to obtain the form to have my military service validated for the licence plate, I decided to gird myself and make the drive down to this office.

It didn't quite go as planned.

The insurance agent looked down at the form, her neon fingernails glowing under the office's fluorescent lights. She snapped her gum.

"You don't look like a veteran," she said.

"Oh no?" I tried to keep my voice even, pretending I hadn't had my former officer status questioned a million times before. "And what does a veteran look like?" "You know, old. Like, Second World War kind of old. And you're a girl." That last bit was said with sass, as though my gender and military service could not square with what she was reading on the paper in her hand.

Emboldened, I raised an eyebrow while I signed here and there on the paperwork she handed back to me, my loopy cursive signature apparently unbecoming of soldierness. "I'm a woman, actually. Not a girl."

The agent pounded her date stamp with a thwack, dug through her filing cabinet of poppy-painted metal plates and handed me one, shrugging, as I held its weight in my hand.

She didn't need to tell me that I don't fit the military mould: I knew it from the day I enrolled as an 18-year-old, just after 9/11.

Among my friends, my passion for magenta lipstick is renowned, as are my funky haircuts, my dedication to art and my love of story. Artsy-fartsy was the term my dad used to describe me, as did many of my male military colleagues. And even though I come from a place of privilege, with my white skin and cisgender expression, even I struggle with the veteran label when I stare back at the mirror. What I see doesn't compute with what society expects me to be.

Just a month before the fiasco at the insurance office, I'd felt impossibly out of place while paying respects during my first civilian Remembrance Day. My beret slipped awkwardly on my new civilian hairstyle, and I could see firsthand, compared with my former comrades on the other side, how much I didn't belong. I wondered about the other veterans who stood next to me at the cenotaph, sporting their own medals and military headwear.

We spanned all ages, races, gender expressions and other experiences.

We, the invisible veterans.

It isn't difficult to understand why the stereotype of the elderly, male, war-hardened veteran exists. Throughout the World Wars and in many of the years following, wartime propaganda stoked fears about the enemy, and our heroic soldiers were portrayed through physically strong, white, muscle-bound men (and later, some women, also white). Television, movies and even former Canadian Armed Forces recruitment videos have also defined military service using hypermasculinized characters. That image has been honed by media, but it has also in turn driven the predominantly white and male demographic of our military.

But there's a new veteran in town. In fact, there has been for quite some time.

Veterans Affairs Canada defines a veteran as "any former member of the Canadian Armed Forces who successfully underwent basic training and is honourably discharged." That's a pretty broad view, but a necessary one, especially when it comes to challenging our soldier stereotype. And indeed, by that definition, Veterans Affairs Canada reports that we have just less than 650,000 living veterans in the country, with fewer than 50,000 of them having served during the Second World War and in Korea. So the "new" veteran is the predominant veteran these days - reflecting a force that has grown more diverse through the years.

That diversity has not materialized overnight. Instead, it emerged through incremental shifts, both in terms of social advocacy and technology. Drones, tracking systems and weapons developments mean war is no longer a contest of sheer brute strength; it now requires a broader definition of a soldier who serves with a broader range of skills, knowledge and experiences. As a bonus, this effort to create a more capable force has led to a military that better reflects the country we have become.

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms has also provided inclusivity gains in the Forces' recruiting system by criminalizing discrimination based on a number of factors, including race, gender and sexuality, eliminating some barriers for marginalized people. Sandra Perron, the first female infantry officer in the Forces, challenged the Charter in 1990 to allow women into combat roles and since then, the Canadian military continues to evolve. While any military operates on the idea of unity, the Canadian Armed Forces are working to understand how that differs from assimilation, and how diversity is a boon to success, not a strike against it. Our soldiers, like the rest of the population, should be celebrated for our differences - age, health, gender expression, sexuality, racial group, length of service, combat or noncombat.

But stigma against those who are outside the "traditional" veteran ideal remains all too common. And sadly, that's even the case within certain military circles, in which some gate-keeping veterans are of the belief that there's a hierarchy of "real" veterans, like some kind of credibility test judged according to deployment time or combat seen.

Channelling the spirit of this thinking, a city councillor in Hamilton, Ont., advocated revising a free veteran parking policy in 2015 so that the benefit was only extended to "true veterans" - former soldiers over 60 "who have served for this country and put themselves in harm's way."

The amendment was soundly rejected, but it did prompt councillors to earnestly discuss the potential for "abuse" by "bad apples."

There has been real-world impact when ideas about what a soldier does and doesn't look like are limited. The Forces' PTSD policies and care procedures, for instance, only recently encompassed military sexual trauma in part because of a growing recognition of women in the military.

Countless LGBTQIA2+ members were released for homosexuality in the 1990s, and then were pressed into silence - robbing them of any public acknowledgment of their service. And that carries on after one's military career, when any treatment and care needed becomes a matter of debate and evidence-gathering, rather than affirmations of gratitude. "There have been structures that have supported that kind of view, of 'what is a veteran,' and 'what is legitimate PTSD,' " said Elaine Waddington Lamont, mental-health director at Women Warriors' Healing Garden, an organization that provides peer support and art therapies to female identifying, LGBTQIA2+, Indigenous veterans and persons of colour. "We need to honour all of those people, whether they fit the stereotypes or not."

For all its faults, social media has been a great tool for dispelling these stereotypes. Instant access to information lets curious Canadians see a broader spectrum of soldiering, allowing a better understanding of the military's contribution as well as the faces and stories of our troops.

And the benefit is twofold, as newer members are able to see firsthand accounts of actual military life and the real-life impact on their own futures. Major Tanya Grodzinski, an associate professor at Royal Military College of Canada, sees this firsthand as she educates the next generation of soldier. "The public didn't perceive [the military] as doing all that much," said Maj. Grodzinski of the years following the Second World War. "Now, the public has a greater understanding of what the armed forces is about and what they're doing."

The technical definition of a Canadian veteran does not discriminate between certain kinds of soldiers with certain kinds of experience. It chooses instead to value commitment to a cause and sacrifice for a country, no matter what that commitment and sacrifice looks like.

Canadian civilians can expand their understanding of veterans, to help in this cause. Start conversations with that person in uniform sitting nearby. Reach out to Legions for military speakers to participate in classrooms or events. Ask questions of veterans who might not look or act the part, but still have plenty of experience and wisdom to share.

And above all, remember that military service is more than war - there is humanity in there, too.

It matters what we call people who serve, and that we reflect and respect their services equally. I thank all soldiers for their service to their country - even those who feel unseen.

Associated Graphic

Kelly S. Thompson, a veteran who was a captain with the Canadian Armed Forces, is seen on Tuesday. Ms. Thompson, who grew up in a military family, writes about the new generation of veterans.

FRED LUM/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

British co-founder of Syria's White Helmets found dead in Turkey
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By MARK MACKINNON
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


LONDON -- James Le Mesurier, a former British soldier who rose to prominence as the co-founder of the White Helmets group that rescued victims of Syria's civil war, was found dead Monday outside his apartment in Istanbul.

The cause was not immediately known. Mr. Le Mesurier was in his 40s. Turkey's official Anadolu news agency reported that he had fallen from the balcony of his home in the central Beyoglu neighbourhood.

Mr. Le Mesurier's White Helmets have been credited for saving thousands of lives but now they and the cause from which they sprang - a Syria freed from the violent regime of Bashar alAssad - are on the verge of defeat.

Mr. al-Assad's forces have regained control of most of the country, and his military and its Russian allies continue to treat the White Helmets rescue teams, which operate in rebel-controlled areas, as legitimate military targets.

Three days before his death, the Russian Foreign Ministry publicly accused him of being a British spy with connections to alQaeda, the latest broadside in a long and vicious made-inMoscow disinformation campaign. Turkish police have opened an investigation.

Mayday Rescue, a non-profit organization founded by Mr. Le Mesurier, posted a statement asking the media to give his family privacy and to "refrain from unnecessary speculation about the cause of his death until the investigation is completed."

The White Helmets, which are formally known as Syrian Civil Defense, confirmed the death through their Twitter account.

"We also must commend his humanitarian efforts which Syrians will always remember," the statement said.

Raed Saleh, the group's leader, said the White Helmets would continue their work despite the loss of "a real friend" in Mr. Le Mesurier.

In a series of interviews over the past 16 months, Mr. Le Mesurier, a charismatic raconteur who was well known to diplomats and aid workers across the Middle East, told The Globe and Mail how he had helped shape a ragtag group of Syrian volunteers into what became the White Helmets, an organization that would go on to be credited with saving tens of thousands of lives.The group was nominated for the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize.

Mr. Le Mesurier, a father of two, had long been a thornin the side of both the Kremlin and Mr. al-Assad. The White Helmets, who carried out their rescue missions with GoPro video cameras attached to their namesake headgear, played a critical role in mobilizing international criticism of the Syrian regime and its Russian allies by providing evidence of atrocities, including the use of chemical weapons and barrel bombs against civilian areas.

Mr.Le Mesurier openly acknowledged having served in the British military,but said his career in intelligence was limited to asix-month secondment during a NATO mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina. He said the White Helmets had no affiliation with any of Syria's warring parties, although some co-operation was necessary to allow the rescue workers access to the scenes of recent attacks.

After leaving the military in 2000, Mr.Le Mesurier briefly worked for the United Nations before launching a new career in the non-profit sector, focused on helping stabilize countries recovering from conflict.

Syria became his primary focus following the 2011 outbreak of that country's civil war.

From the start of Syria's civil war, Western governments were keen to see the end of the al-Assad regime, but worried about providing direct military assistance to the rebel groups that opposed him, which included some of the religious fundamentalists who would later form the backbone of the Islamic State. Western governments favoured "democracy promotion" programs, including media training and good governance sessions, aimed at preparing Syrians for the day after the civil war ended.

The intention was good,but the effort did little to help those under daily bombardment by Mr. al-Assad's air force and artillery.In an interview, Mr.Le Mesurier, recounted a January, 2013, meeting in Istanbul that brought together Western donors and some of the Syrian recipients of the democracy assistance."One of the guys from Aleppo picked up a laptop and put it over his head and said,'I don't want a [expletive] laptop when I'm being bombed every day.'" After some brainstorming, those present at the Istanbul meeting - including Mr.Le Mesurier and Mr.Saleh, the future leader of the White Helmets-decidedto focus on supporting what many Syrians were already doing in an ad hoc fashion around the country: looking for survivors in the wake of regime attacks, and doing what ever they could to save those still living.Turkish earthquake-response teams were brought in to teach the Syrians the basics of how to save as many lives as possible in the wake of a catastrophe.

Western governments,including Canada, which provided the White Helmets with $7.5-million in support over two years, bought into the idea.

The first group of Syrians to receive the earthquake-rescue training was sent back with GoPro cameras so that they could record their activities for training purposes. It was only when the videos came back,Mr.Le Mesurier said,that the newly formed White Helmets realized another important role they could play.

"When we saw the footage we realized this was a really good way of being able to show more people what was happening," he said.

Videos recorded by the White Helmets, and distributed through the group's Twitter account, helped reveal the suffering of the people of Aleppo during the four-year-long siege that eventually saw the regime, aided by countless Russian air strikes, retake the largest city to have fallen under opposition control. Another White Helmets video in April, 2018, alerted the world to the use of chemical weapons in the city of Douma,leading to punitive American cruise missile strikes against Mr. al-Assad's forces.

The impact of the White Helmets' videos was made apparent by the ferocious disinformation campaign launched by the Russian and Syrian governments.State media in both countries painted the White Helmets as an improbable alliance between Western intelligence and Islamic extremists.

In a Friday news conference, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that Mr.Le Mesurier was a"former agent of Britain's MI6,who has been spotted all around the world."

Some of the accusations were wilder: "Moscow Urges London to Clarify Whether Founder of 'White Helmets' Had Links to Al-Qaeda," read a Friday headline on the Kremlin-run Sputnik news service.

Mr.Le Mesurier saw such propaganda attacks as testament to the effect the White Helmets were having.

The al-Assad regime and its Russian allies wanted the world to see Syria's war as a black-and-white struggle between the government and extremist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State.

"Everytime the world was looking at a video of the White Helmets responding to a bombing,it undermined that narrative," Mr. Le Mesurier said over lunch in London late last year. "So what do you do? You undermine the White Helmets and the governments that have been supporting them.Inside Syria,the message that is pushed is that the White Helmets are an MI-6/CIA construct....In the West, you say the White Helmets are alQaeda and that all these rescues are faked."

Mr. Le Mesurier rejected the idea that Mayday Rescue and the White Helmets were anything but what they appeared to be - a group of people trying to do something good in the middle of a horrific war. "Our motto was simple: what will save more lives?"

In recent months, most of Mr. Le Mesurier's communications with The Globe were focused on the plight of 10 White Helmets members and their families, 48 people in all,who remain stranded in the Azraqrefugeecamp in Jordan.

The families, who were evacuated from Syria as part of a cloak-and-dagger operation last summer that Mr.Le Mesurier helped co-ordinate along with Canadian diplomats, were initially told they would be resettled to Canada, but have been left in Azraqbe cause of unspecified security concerns.

"Everyone involved up and down the chain is hopeful it's going to be resolved ASAP,"Mr.Le Mesurier wrote in May.

In a tweet, Global Affairs Canada expressed sympathy with Mr.Le Mesurier's family."Mr.Le Mesurier served with dedication, his loss will be felt deeply. His critical role in July 2018 White Helmets rescue brought many to safety in Canada."

Associated Graphic

Members of the White Helmets walk in the rubble outside a health facility that was hit by a reported Russian air strike in the town of Urum al-Kubra, Syria, on Aug. 31.

OMAR HAJ KADOUR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Above left: A Turkish police officer leaves the Mayday Rescue offices on Monday in Istanbul, after the discovery of the body of the organization's co-founder, James Le Mesurier. BULENT KILIC/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

Above middle: Members of the White Helmets recover a body from the rubble of a building after a reported government air strike in the village of Benin, about 30 kilometres south of Idlib in northwestern Syria, on Aug. 20.

ABDULAZIZ KETAZ/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Above right: The sealed entrance of a home reportedly belonging to James Le Mesurier, where he was found dead in the Karakoy district of Istanbul on Monday. BURAK KARA/GETTY IMAGES BURAK KARA/GETTY IMAGES

Left: The White Helmets carry an injured man as Jaish al-Islam fighters and their families arrive at the Abu al-Zindeen checkpoint near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab in April, 2018. ZEIN AL RIFAI/ GETTY IMAGES

Middle left: Syrian refugees stand in front of their homes at Azraq refugee camp in Jordan, in December, 2018. Most of White Helmets co-founder James Le Mesurier's recent communications with The Globe were focused on 48 people who remain stranded in the camp. MUHAMMAD HAM/REUTERS

Middle right: Mr. Le Mesurier talks to the media during training exercises in southern Turkey in March, 2015. ASSOCIATED PRESS

Treasures from the past
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Vancouver museum exhibition features family's belongings and heirlooms looted during the Second World War
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R10


VANCOUVER -- F or about 20 years, the boxes sat in the storage room of Michael Hayden's Vancouver home, unopened. He had found them in a basement room behind the garden of his father's home in Cape Town, South Africa, after his sudden death in 1984. They had been shipped there, originally from Germany, and had never been opened by his father either, not since the boxes had arrived after the Second World War. There were about 15 of them, all from the 1940s. The information inside would give Hayden - one of the world's foremost geneticists - a new purpose in life.

"I could feel the gravity of what was in there," Hayden, 67, says. "I knew there was going to be a big burden and an obligation to come from opening them. And I wasn't ready. I think I was fearful, too. I knew this was going to be a burden, and a very personal burden."

Gertrud and Max Raphael Hahn, Hayden's grandparents, were wealthy residents of Gottingen, Germany, a university city that has been home to dozens of Nobel Prize laureates. Max ran a successful business that included a leather factory and a real estate empire; the Hahns owned about 40 per cent of the buildings in the town. They were prominent members of the Jewish community - Max was president of the synagogue - and deeply patriotic Germans: Max had been a senior procurement official for the German army during the First World War.

And they were great collectors - of art, fine furniture, antiques - and a collection of Judaica that is said to have rivalled those of the Rothschilds and Sassoons.

At about 2 a.m. on Nov. 10, 1938, Nazis armed with axes broke into the Hahn home, smashing doors and windows, destroying their belongings and forcing Max and Gertrud half-naked into the street, while bystanders hissed and yelled, calling them "filthy Jews" and "pig Jews." Their home was ransacked and many of their possessions were stolen.

This horrific night became known as Kristallnacht - the night of broken glass - a government-sanctioned series of Nazi pogroms in Germany and Austria that saw hundreds of synagogues burned, Jewish businesses destroyed and Jewish cemeteries desecrated. There were dozens or hundreds of deaths (the number is disputed) and some 30,000 Jewish men sent to prisons and concentration camps.

Max was one of them.

He was sent to jail for nearly nine months, during which much of his property, including his silver Judaica collection, was confiscated. The family also sold possessions to the local museum, under duress, as they were stripped of their wealth and livelihood.

Even while in prison, Max worked for the return of his prized Judaica items, thinking they could help fund the family's future life somewhere outside Germany. He was not successful.

There were more pressing concerns. In 1939, the Hahns managed to get their children, Rudolf and Hanni, 19 and 17, to safety in England. In early 1941, they shipped some precious items that remained, including a piano and violin, and many documents to Sweden and Switzerland for safe storage in neutral countries.

By the time Max and Gertrud tried to leave Germany themselves, later that year, it was too late. In December, 1941, they were deported by train to a concentration camp in Riga, Latvia. Gertrud, who was diabetic and without her medication, may have died on the way in the cattle cars. It's believed Max was shot in the Bikernieki Forest in March, 1942, and buried in a mass grave, like thousands of other murder victims. No records of their deaths exist.

Michael Hayden grew up without grandparents. He had a vague notion that they had been killed during the Second World War, but he knew no details about their deaths and very little about them.

Those boxes, left unopened for all those years, held answers to questions he didn't know he had.

One night in the mid-2000s, at around 3 a.m., he went down the stairs of his Vancouver home and started opening them. He's not sure what compelled him that night. Was it his state of mind?

Was he ready to confront the past?

Did his curiosity finally win out over his fear? In any case, he felt ready to know more.

The containers held thousands of documents that painted a rare and urgent picture of life in Nazi Germany for a prominent Jewish family - his own.

Inside, Hayden found about 50 letters sent during the war between Max and Rudolf; petitions that Max had submitted in response to anti-Semitic laws enacted by the Nazis; and photographs and lists of the art and other objects that had been stolen from the Hahns or sold under duress while under Nazi rule.

Hayden, who doesn't speak German, hired a historian who is fluent in the language to help him deal with the contents. The documents were a treasure trove of information about his family, but they also contained clues - and evidence - about his grandparents' stolen property.

That's when he decided he would search for it.

The first time Hayden visited Gottingen, it was long before he knew about the boxes - or much of anything about his father's life. He was in his 30s, travelling with his father. They visited a childhood friend of Rudolf's, who was very welcoming. It was the first time Hayden had ever heard his father speak German. The man brought out a photo album from their shared childhoods. There they were as kids. Then, a few pages in, there was a photo of his father's friend, in an SS uniform.

Since opening the boxes, Hayden has been working with the Gottingen Museum and other German institutions for several years, looking for what is left of his family's treasures. There have been a lot of obstacles - restitution can be a fraught endeavour - but a few dozen items have been identified as having belonged to the Hahns. Last year, in a moving ceremony, the first of these treasures was returned - a remarkable silver gilt kiddush cup - one of very few items of Judaica seized by the Nazis that had not been melted down for the precious metal. The cup was discovered in a basement vault at a Hamburg museum in 2018 and returned to the family last November.

"I felt a sense of great triumph and justice," Hayden says. "It was a great occasion to restore that and to give some respect to [my grandfather] and an item that I knew he loved and he must have handled."

In three-dimensional silver, the cup depicts three scenes from the biblical story of Jacob. The date of its carving, 1757, is engraved on the base. There's a rude red number splashed next to it, assigned by one of its Nazi thieves.

This is one of the items being displayed for the first time at an exhibition that opened on Friday at the Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre. Treasured Belongings: The Hahn Family and the Search for a Stolen Legacy includes many extraordinary items that belonged to the Hahns, including a 17th-century Passover Haggadah and precious secular art, such as an original work by the artist Max Liebermann.

The museum was interested in creating the exhibition not just because of the Hahns' compelling, tragic story, but also because of the contemporary resonance.

Their story is a lens through which to view reconciliation and repatriation in the aftermath of catastrophic injustice.

The show also includes historical context, as well as family photographs and original letters. In one, written right after Kristallnacht - Nov. 11, 1938 - Rudolf, writing from Hamburg, tries to comfort and encourage his mother back in Gottingen. He ends it with a quote. "We will not let this get us down!"

Michael Hayden is a world-renowned medical researcher who has accumulated many titles and accolades over the course of his career. He is the founder and director emeritus of the Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics at the Department of Medical Genetics at BC Children's Hospital and the University of British Columbia, and Killam Professor and Canada Research Chair in Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine. He is one of the world's leading experts on Huntington's disease. He has been named to the Order of Canada, the Order of British Columbia and the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame, as well as many other honours. When I asked him about if he has unwittingly inherited characteristics from the grandparents he never knew, he paused and then said yes.

"And some of it is deeply comforting. Because I'm a deep collector and partly what I've done, in the eighties I started collecting DNA and body parts from patients who died of certain genetic diseases. And I did it very methodically. Today we have the largest DNA bank and organ bank in the world that is supporting global research into Huntington disease."

He also collects other things - including, similar to his grandfather, Haggadot (the books used during the Passover Seder).

What motivates Hayden's quest for his family's belongings is not financial restitution - or even the lost items themselves. He was eager to learn about Max and Gertrud and illuminate their identities, their individuality.

"I'm really driven from a perspective of wanting to rescue my grandparents from obscurity and wanting to restore them to their particularity and distinctiveness and to rescue them from complete anonymity," he says.

"These were just two of six million, my grandparents, but for me I wanted to get away from generalizations. ... I'm really just trying to understand: What's the genetic legacy? What's the legacy of courage and personality? Who were these people? And giving them a face.

"That's what's driving me. And somehow it's also a search for who I am."

Treasured Belongings: The Hahn Family and the Search for a Stolen Legacy is at the Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre until Nov. 27, 2020.

Associated Graphic

Gertrud and Max Hahn

THE LURE OF THE FLY
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Fly fishing's supposed renaissance isn't really new, says Mark Kingwell, but it's welcome anyway
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By MARK KINGWELL
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


Mark Kingwell is a professor of philosophy at the University of Toronto. His books include Catch and Release: Trout Fishing and the Meaning of Life and, most recently, Wish I Were Here: Boredom and the Interface.

S eventeen years ago, I stumbled onto a new passion. After years of trying, my brother Sean persuaded me to join him and our father on a fishing trip in the high lakes near Kelowna, B.C. I was a reluctant convert to angling - in an article and, later, short book I published about this trip, I repeated a mantra: "fishing is stupid." Not to be invidious, there was a section called "golfing is also stupid."

I still feel that way about golf, more or less, though I don't mind hacking around a course now and then as long as nobody is judging me. No length off the tee, but a decent short game.

Fishing, on the other hand, is now one of the ruling themes of my life. I have come to love and depend on the annual rhythm of the trout season, the equally metronomic beauty of casting a long fly line, and the indescribable thrill - though often described, including by me - of having your tiny surface-borne fly whacked by a big brown or cutthroat teased up from its low-water hideout.

They say that, in sports writing, the smaller the ball, the better the prose. Golf, baseball and cricket have produced the finest leisure literature we know, with the beautiful game, soccer, a close fourth if you include masters such as Eduardo Galeano. But volleyball, basketball and American/Canadian football have yet to find their towering voices. (Just to forestall potential angry responses: I agree that Friday Night Lights is pretty darn good. But it is no Beyond a Boundary or The Boys of Summer, still less The Eternal Summer.)

Literature about fly fishing is voluminous, and centuries long.

Izaak Walton's deathless The Compleat Angler has spawned a library, but Dame Juliana Berners was writing about fishing in the 14th century, well before Walton's early 17th.

Fishing is as old as the Bible in the West, and honoured in the Babylonian saying that the gods do not deduct from our allotted span the days spent fishing.

My own tiny contributions include my aforementioned book, in retrospect the awkward work of a beginner, and then some more recent efforts in magazines including that most elegant of periodicals, Gray's Sporting Journal, publication in which has brought me more pride than placing an essay in the famously picky Journal of Philosophy.

Fishing educates desire, among other things.

Which brings us, by a crooked line, to the present.

Anglers and non-anglers could not help but notice a recent New York Times article that suggested fly-fishing was displacing birdwatching as the millennial hobby of choice in these screen-dominated days.

I will go on record as admitting I did not know birdwatching was even a thing among youngsters, but I guess Jonathan Franzen can take some credit there - although, for my money, the sage of that pursuit is the late Graeme Gibson, a true conservationist. I happened to hear his voice not long ago in a repurposed conversation with Michael Enright as I was driving home from Jackson's Point, Ont., where I had scattered my mother's ashes. His wisdom spoke not just to our sadly disappearing birds, but also to the heedless human decision-making that has brought us here.

Anyway, since The Times article appeared, people have asked me what I think about the "new trend" of fly-fishing. My responses have broken into four main parts.

First, trend pieces, and indeed trends, are always pretty silly. If younger people are taking up fly fishing, great - I hope they enjoy it, and commit to the conservation efforts that all principled anglers bring to the water. The reason we happily pay licence fees is because we know that the gathered revenue helps preserve ecosystems that give us joy. Likewise the catch-and-release, singlebarbless-hook rules that govern some of the best rivers and streams on the continent. This isn't just difficulty for its own sake, although it is surely very difficult to bring in a large brown on a barbless hook. It is, rather, a gift to everyone, present and future.

Second, though, if you think fishing will cure your screen addiction, or technological immersion, because you have to put down your phone and take up silken line and silver hook (that's Donne, for those keeping score) - well, think again.

You can't solve your ills on the water, you can only confront them. As sports coaches like to say, games build character, but they also reveal it. They say a round of golf will tell you more about a person than would be revealed in 10 conversations. A half-day on the water will do the same, with falls and hookwounds thrown in.

Third, we've been here before.

Whenever something makes it into The New York Times, it's a pretty clear sign that it is old news. Or, if that's too harsh on the Gray Lady, consider the last time fly-fishing was big news: It was just after the release of the 1992 film A River Runs Through It, based on Norman Maclean's 1976 novel of the same name - what some Montana guides still derisively refer to as "the Movie." The slim book itself is modest and lovely, the film grandiose and bloated.

Of course, Brad Pitt is at his most handsome, and there are memorable themes of fathers and sons and Indigenous racism; but the fishing scenes are duff. In one Montana lodge, I saw a poster of the film, with Mr. Pitt's character executing the "shadow casting" that made his brother admire him as an artist. Yet the illustrated casts were absurdly contrary to the laws of physics, and shadow casting is just false casting - likely enough to scare a fish off, not bring it closer. My late friend Paul Quarrington, himself a deft angler, used to say that the best fly you can have in your box is the one that stays in the water longest.

Fourth, yes, there is a class system in fly-fishing, just as there is in golf and skiing and other pursuits that swap money for experience. So I can tell you that I own 13 fly rods, in different lengths and weights, including a split-cane one given to me by the writer Luc Sante, who got it as a wedding present long ago and never used it. I have six reels and dozens of flies, not to mention five flasks, 11 knives and two pairs of binoculars. I have fished for trout, steelhead, walleye, perch, bass, pike and bonefish in British Columbia, Ontario, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Kent, Hampshire and the Bahamas. New Zealand, Argentina and Scotland are on the wishlist.

But I can also tell you that, while my pals now say I cast better than the brother who got me into this state, I still can't double-haul with any reliability, and I miss hook sets as often anybody else in their mid-50s. I have created leaders and tippet full of "wind knots," that euphemism we use to describe sloppy casting; and not long ago, with a big cutthroat trout on my fly, I engaged a full-drama goofy slackstick routine that almost cost me the photo op. I have fallen in rivers and lakes more than once, and ended up in the hospital twice. (Dislocated shoulder and bone-deep laceration, if you're keeping score about that.)

Ars longa, vita brevis, the saying goes, derived from some even more euphonious Greek penned by Hippocrates. The craft is long, but life is short. We're all beginners, even when we hint at expertise.

One reviewer of my original fishing book thought I sounded pretentious, like someone who "fished wearing a beret." I haven't worn a beret since leaving the Boy Scouts in 1977 and I can't imagine any angler favouring one. I wear a battered baseball cap I've had since 1999. I don't think it's pretentious to think about what you're doing in any terms that make sense to you. I happen to think fly-fishing is beautiful - not a poesis but a techne. And yeah, I prefer single malt whisky to rot-gut in my flask, and I know that all my fishing buddies are excellent cooks who will produce gourmet meals at the end of each day's streamstalking. What can I say? I'm blessed. But that blessing takes nothing away from anyone else's style: This is not a zero-sum game. Be a trout bum if you want, I won't judge.

So I hope these new millennial anglers, if they really exists outside the lines of The New York Times, will join us in a lifetime of conservation, fellowship and happiness. I imagine some will let dust gather on their rods before they even darken the cork of the handle.

That's okay with me. If there is peace and reflection on the water, everyone wins.

And here's a small tale from just a few months before the Times story appeared. Some downtown Toronto design-company guys, young people I would have stacked away as trendy urbanites, invited me onto their fly-fishing podcast, So Fly. These boys are millennial Canada: smart, racially diverse, funny.

They also fish like masters. They don't need the imprimatur of The New York Times, or me, or anybody else. They just love to fish.

Amen.

Listen, think, gear up and get wading. That's all, and that's everything.

Associated Graphic

Salmon flies from the book Favorite Flies and Their Histories by Mary Orvis Marbury, 1892 PUBLIC DOMAIN

One sister, five siblings, zero help
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After years of hardship raising her brothers and sister, this Victoria-area woman wants caregivers to think twice before 'signing away' financial support from the government
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By JUSTINE HUNTER
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A17


VICTORIA -- The hairdresser's chair can create the atmosphere of a therapist's couch, and this is how Marina Miller, who has carried a heavy burden for a decade now, quietly shared the frustration of her latest challenge.

Ms. Miller wasn't expecting help, just a sympathetic ear, as she contemplated a $35,000 orthodontics bill for her five siblings. The young woman has been raising the five without financial assistance since 2009.

She has endured much and knows how to persist, but this was a staggering bill.

"I was laughing about my tough week," she recalls from that moment at the salon.

"Laughing was a better option than tears."

Unlike a therapist's office, the salon lacks privacy. The conversation was overheard by another client, who shed those tears Ms.

Miller had held back. Before she left the salon, Joanna Peitler was working on a plan to provide Ms.

Miller and her brood of five the kind of help that a parade of bureaucrats, in the span of 10 years, failed to deliver.

A LEGAL TRAP But for a single ill-advised step 10 years ago, Ms. Miller, now 36, and her clan would never have needed to accept the help of strangers.

Ms. Miller doesn't like to dwell on the "why" of this story, how she chose, at 25, to take custody of siblings Clarke, Preston, Austin, Rhoan and Luccia - the oldest was 9, the youngest just 3.

But the specifics of how she did that - through a formal guardianship agreement - turned out to have a massive impact on the Greater Victoria Area family's circumstances. A more informal arrangement would have entitled them to financial assistance. Instead, the five have relied on the grit of a big sister determined to be the parent that she herself didn't have in her life.

Ms. Miller was raised by her grandparents since she was an infant. In 2009, Ms. Miller was living on her own in another country. Her mother by then was in a new relationship and had given birth to five more children in quick succession. Ms. Miller knew her mother was struggling to cope and was incapable of caring for her children, but during a visit that year, she concluded the children were not in a safe space and, with the advice of a lawyer, the family agreed to give her legal responsibility for her younger siblings.

That guardianship agreement gave her the authority to protect and care for the children, but financially, it would turn out to be a ruinous decision. She had unwittingly joined a growing cohort of families who step up to care for young relatives, but do not qualify for provincial government support that is given to foster parents and, in certain circumstances, extended family caregivers.

"Who was supposed to have their PhD in child acquisition at 25?" Ms. Miller asks. "I did not sign this knowing I was signing away help."

Just as the ink was drying on the guardianship papers, the British Columbia government was dismantling its Child in the Home of a Relative program. The timing was unfortunate, as that program would have provided her with some financial support as she suddenly scaled up to raise five children.

That program was replaced with the Extended Family Program - a more generous regime that pays roughly $1,000 a month for each child, plus options for dental, counselling, respite and other resources. (It is similar in scope to the support given to foster parents.)

The new program was designed to provide assistance in situations when it's best for a child or teenager to live with a relative or close family friend when their parents are temporarily unable to care for them. But there is an arbitrary line in the sand: That program does not help families who have legal guardianship. Ms. Miller is regarded, in the state's eyes, as the parent of the five. And parents do not qualify.

The Parent Support Services Society of BC is an advocacy group that has been researching this issue of families who have been denied support because of a guardianship agreement. The organization believes that all children should be eligible for services and benefits when they enter into care, whether it is with foster parents or extended family. Either way, these children all have experienced trauma when their parents can no longer care for them.

"We see this all the time," said Christina Campbell, a social worker who runs the agency's support line for kinship care.

"Some families are served, and some are not."

The structure of the Extended Family Program renders many families ineligible for assistance.

According to the B.C. Ministry of Children and Family Development, there are 717 families receiving funding under the current program, and another 660 families that continue to receive assistance under the old one. But Ms. Campbell says an estimated 13,000 children in B.C. are in the care of extended family, and that means thousands are not being supported.

'JUST GETTING TO TOMORROW' The Parent Support Services Society counsels families against signing a guardianship agreement, at least until they have examined the financial consequences. But Ms. Miller didn't know that when she signed on.

The early years of raising her siblings were a blur. Lunches to be made, clothes laid out for school, children out the door and then to work before they returned home. "Then it would be three o'clock and it would be supper, and then a lineup of everybody for a shower, throw some pajamas on," she said.

"There was a lot of years of just getting to tomorrow."

She didn't feel there was a choice - the alternative was giving her little brothers and sister up to government care.

The children remained in the family home, initially, while Ms.

Miller took over the family cleaning business. It was sustainable, until in 2015, when it all fell apart. What she thought was a secure foundation turned out to be a chimera.

The bank foreclosed on the house, and Canada Revenue Agency came calling about delinquent taxes on the business.

What was difficult now seemed impossible. She called a social worker. "I was in the driveway, bawling profusely, begging them, 'Please help me.' " She was told to deliver the five to child-protection workers if she couldn't manage. Perhaps they would provide her with support, but there was no guarantee the children would come back home with her.

Ms. Miller would not risk sending her five siblings into foster care, so she turned her mind to building a new home and starting a business of her own.

Somehow, her bank found a way to approve a mortgage based on her new venture, a commercial cleaning outfit.

"It was a gift from something bigger than all of us, because mathematically, that was a long stretch," she said.

A TURNING POINT Today, Ms. Miller's work keeps the family supported, but running a small business and acting as the sole parent of five teenagers means constant pressure.

They are all good kids, she says, but the work of raising the five isn't over, and Ms. Miller has finally reached the point where she is willing to fight.

She wrote to her MLA, who happens to be Premier John Horgan, in 2018. He shuffled her off to the bureaucracy and she was stonewalled. This year, she wrote again: "I ask you to please finally give direction and attention to the branches of government that have failed myself and these children."

Mr. Horgan was asked this week by The Globe and Mail for his response. On Wednesday, he promised to ask his staff for an update on this case. "My heart goes out to anyone who has to step up to care for others in difficult situations," he said.

Behind that generic statement, things began to move. Ms.

Miller was invited to a lengthy meeting with the Premier's constituency assistant. It turns out, after all these years, there is latitude for government to accommodate exceptional circumstances and provide additional financial assistance to caregivers who may not meet the eligibility requirements of the Extended Family Program. She is hopeful the Premier's new interest will finally forge that path.

KINDNESS OF STRANGERS Meanwhile, the five are getting the dental care they need after Ms. Peitler persuaded her colleagues at Otter Point Dental to provide the family free treatment.

Ms. Peitler said she hadn't meant to eavesdrop. But she was struck by Ms. Miller's stoicism and her determination to protect her siblings. "She didn't complain once, she wasn't asking for help," she said. "She didn't want the kids going into care, it was terrifying to her. ... I started to cry."

And then she went back to her office, where her colleagues didn't hesitate to commit to offering the dental work.

For Ms. Miller, it was far more than just a solution to a financial challenge.

"What they are doing is amazing to me after 10 years of being told 'no' by everybody," she said.

"The amount of hoop-jumping that I have gone through, begging and pleading and justifying and trying to show you why I'm worthy of help, and here's this person, a stranger, she doesn't know me from a bar of soap, she just looked at me and inside of three minutes was like, 'yes.' "

Associated Graphic

When Marina Miller took legal responsibility for her five siblings a decade ago, she says she didn't know she'd be ineligible for support from the provincial government.

CHAD HIPOLITO/THE GLOBE AND AMIL

Northern Ontario's turtle tussle pits scientists against quarry builders
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Threatened species caught in the middle of conflict that is testing province's new policy on endangered wildlife protection
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By IVAN SEMENIUK
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Monday, November 4, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


To her colleagues, Gabriella Zagorski is the "turtle whisperer."

In the wetlands of Northern Ontario, she can approach a turtle with such stealth that it won't see her coming. "If you move really slowly, then they think you're a tree or something," said the 24-year-old field biologist. "It can take up to an hour sometimes."

Ms. Zagorski's patience paid off two years ago when she was working on her master's degree at Laurentian University in Sudbury and began looking for Blanding's turtles - a rare and globally endangered species - in a soggy pocket of provincial Crown land about 150 kilometres west of the city. Over two summers, she and her teammates found 56 Blanding's turtles concentrated in an area that measures about three kilometres across. The unexpected find makes the site one of the richest and most densely populated refuges for the species ever found in Canada.

Now, Ms. Zagorski's turtles are caught in a showdown between a company that is seeking to turn the site into a quarry and local residents who oppose the project. The dispute has divided the township of North Shore, a picturesque stretch of rocky inlets and forested wetlands along the northern rim of Lake Huron where Ms. Zagorski's study site is located.

This week, North Shore's municipal council is expected to ratify a 3-2 vote to rezone the area for mineral extraction. If the rezoning is approved, it will be up to the province to say whether the quarry can go forward.

The decision will become an early test of how species protection in Ontario is likely to be conducted under new legislation passed by Ontario Premier Doug Ford's government last June.

Inthemeantime,thebrewingcontroversyhas already taken some strange turns, including one last year when Ms. Zagorski and her supervisor, biologistandprofessorJacquelineLitzgus,found themselvesaccusedoffalsifyingtheirdataabout turtles at the site.

Those charges were levelled by a consulting firmthatwashiredtoconductanenvironmental assessment of the site on behalf of the quarry company. In a letter to Laurentian's vice-presidentofresearch,thecompanywrotethatthescientistshadcommittedresearchmisconductand askedtheuniversitytoinvestigate.Theletterwas copiedtomunicipalandprovincialofficialsconnected to the approval process for the quarry.

The university determined the complaint to be without merit and did not launch a misconduct investigation. Dr. Litzgus, a long-time faculty member who is known for her work in turtle ecology, saw the broadside as an attempt to undercut the scientists' credibility with decision makers."It'smind-bogglingtomethatthiscould have happened," she said. "Researchers shouldn't be attacked for collecting data that mightprotectaspeciesatriskinaccordancewith the law."

Without naming their accusers, the scientists included mention of a "defaming attack" when theypublishedtheirfindingsinOctober'sedition ofresearchjournalGlobalEcologyandConservation.Theynotedthat"afterseveralexchangesbetween lawyers, a letter of apology and a retraction of the accusations was received from the consultant."

Public documents obtained by The Globe and MailshowthatTullochEngineeringwastheconsulting firm that made the allegations in March, 2018, on behalf of the quarry company, Darien Aggregates, and its majority owner, Rankin Construction Inc. of St. Catharines, Ont.

The matter is playing out against a shifting landscape of provincial regulations.

Under Ontario's Endangered Species Act, proponentsofaprojectthatcouldnegativelyaffecta listed species can apply for an "overall benefit permit." To obtain such a permit, the proponent must take specific actions that helps the species elsewhere to an extent that outweighs any

negative effects the project might cause.

This year, the Ford government amended the act to provide another way for a project to get a green light. In principle, the change would allow the quarry to proceed as long as the company contributes money to a provincial conservation fund-anapproachthatcriticshavedubbed"pay asyouslay." Conservationgroupssaythechange has dangerously weakened Ontario's species laws.

"We are concerned that it will make the act nothing more than a paper exercise that doesn't actually protect species," said Josh Ginsberg, directoroftheEcojusticeenvironmentallawclinic at the University of Ottawa.

RhondaKirby,aNorthShoreresidentwhoopposesthequarry,saidsheisamongthosepreparing to challenge the council's intentions to rezone the site. She has launched an advocacy group, the North Shore Environment Resource Advocates, and a GoFundMe campaign to raise money for legal costs.

Ms.KirbyandherhusbandwerenamedinTulloch's letter of complaint in part because their propertybecameastagingareaforthescientists, which the consulting firm argued was a conflict of interest. Ms. Kirby said the support they provided had no bearing on the scientists' results andthatTulloch'scomplaintwasallaboutsilencing independent information about the site. "It was a schoolyard-bullying tactic to get the researchers to back off," she said.

Tullochhassincereferredquestionsaboutthe letter to Rankin Construction.

TomRankin,thecompany'schiefexecutiveofficer, who was also a signatory to the letter of complaint, dismissed the Laurentian study, which he said offered no new information. He added that the placement of the quarry would not affect the turtles.

"There's enough land that we don't have to touch their habitat," he said.

In an interview with The Globe, Mr. Rankin reiterated one of the letter's claims that the Laurentian study was biased because one its co-authors,DouglasBorehamoftheNorthernOntario SchoolofMedicine,isalsoaNorthShoreresident who opposes the project.

Dr.Litzguscounteredthatthestudydatawere collected using well-established protocols - the samethatshehasappliedforyearsatstudysites across the province. In their study, the scientists notedthatTulloch'srelationshiptoitsclientputs itinaperceivedconflictofinterestthatmayprevent it from presenting an accurate portrayal of endangered species at the site.

That dynamic is a familiar one in Canada, where companies seeking approval for projects are typically the ones who underwrite assessments, forcing consultants to walk a fine line betweentheirclients'interestsandenvironmental regulators.

Dr.Litzgussaidhergroup'sstudywasconducted with far more rigour and transparency than Tulloch'sassessment,whichyieldedahandfulof Blanding's turtles. And, contrary to the company's claim, it demonstrates there is an abundant population at the site that overlaps with and would be adversely affected by the quarry, she said.

Known for their boxy shells and bright yellow chins, Blanding's turtles once ranged widely across the Great Lakes region and U.S. Midwest.

Asagricultureandurbanizationhavesteadilyreduced their habitat, their numbers have declined.

Although they can live more than 75 years, theyareslowtomatureandtheireggs,whichfemales deposit and bury in loose soil, are frequentlydevouredbypredators.Thespeciesrelies on females surviving over many years to maintain a stable population. Studies suggest that road kills have played a particularly devastating role in reducing that population over the years.

Ms. Zagorski, who returned to the site in Septembertoretrievetransmittersshehadplacedon some of the turtles to track their movements, said the discovery of so many members of the species in one location underscores the importance of the habitat, even though it lies on the northern fringe of the turtles' traditional range.

"Thispopulationisagoodindicatorofwhatan untouchedareaalongtheCanadianShieldwould looklike,becauseit'sneverfaceddifficultieslike roadsandhabitatdestruction,"Ms.Zagorskisaid.

She added that northern wetlands are poised to become even more important for the threatened species as its range is affected by climate change.

Dr. Litzgus said she first learned of the site in the fall of 2016, when Ms. Kirby's son contacted hertoaskquestionsabouttheturtlesthere.Afew monthslater,Dr.BorehamranintoDr.Litzgusat an academic meeting and asked if she would be interested in investigating the site.

The suggestion turned into a project for Ms.

Zagorski,whichDr.Litzgussawasanopportunity to inform plans for mitigating the quarry's impact on local turtles and test their effectiveness.SheofferedtopartnerwithTulloch,writing in an e-mail that the project would help Darien satisfyrequirementsforanoverallbenefitpermit whileensuringthebestprotectionfortheturtles and their habitats. The consulting firm was receptive at first, but that was before anyone realizedjusthowmanyBlanding'sturtlesMs.Zagorski would find.

TherevelationcameasDarienwasworkingto persuade the township to support the development of a quarry for trap rock, a fine-grained stonethatisusedinbuildingroads.Theeffortincluded flying everyone on the five-member municipal council to the Niagara region to visit a quarry Darien operates there. The company has said a new quarry in North Shore could bring 20 to 25 jobs to the community when it is operating at full capacity.

Gary Gamble, a councillor who voted against rezoning,saidhewasnotpersuadedbythecompany'scasebecausehesaidmostnewrevenuein the community is now tied to retirees who are building homes on the waterfront.

"Economically,Ithinkaquarrywouldbedetrimental to that," he said.

Ms. Kirby said she is concerned that the council is underplaying the environmental consequencestheprojectwouldhave,addingthatTulloch's responses to questions about how they wouldreducethatimpacthavebeentakenatface value.

"Councilseemstothinkthat[theconsultants] have answered all the questions but they're not taking all the research into account," she said.

And while the Laurentian study is now published and available to decision makers, it's not clear how that evidence will be weighed at the provincial level.

Ms. Zagorski, who is now based at the Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton, recalled that when Dr. Litzgus first approached her about the project,herinitialreactionwastosay:"Youmean I'm going to spend two years studying these turtles and then they're all going to die?" Now, she sighs, "I just hope my data will help people make an informed decision."

Associated Graphic

'Turtle whisperer' Gabriella Zagorski, left, and field technician Shannon Millar wade through the wetlands of Northern Ontario with a Blanding's turtle.

GINO DONATO/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Ms. Zagorski, left, Ms. Van Den Diepstraten, centre, and Ms. Millar, prepare to search a wetland area in Northern Ontario for turtles. Ms. Zagorski says the wetlands are poised to become even more important for Blanding's turtles as their range is affected by climate change.

Ms. Zagorski had originally offered to partner with consulting firm Tulloch Engineering to help quarry company Darien Aggregates satisfy requirements for an overall benefit permit while ensuring the protection of the turtles and their habitats.

Master's student Gabriella Zagorski along with field technicians Shannon Millar, centre, and Heather Van Den Diepstraten search for Blanding's turtles in Northern Ontario. They found 56 of the globally endangered species over two years in a densely populated three-kilometre stretch that is now a proposed quarry site. PHOTOS BY GINO DONATO/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Blanding's turtles once ranged widely across the Great Lakes region and U.S. Midwest, but increasing agriculture and urbanization have caused their numbers to decline.

DANCE'S NEXT BOLD MOVEMENT
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With Orpheus Alive, the National Ballet's Robert Binet joins the ranks of choreographers who are bending the genre's gender conventions
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By SUSAN KRASHINSKY ROBERTSON
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


TORONTO -- Choreographer Robert Binet has always been interested in the ancient myth of Orpheus and Eurydice. But there was just one problem: He had no appetite to present one more damsel in distress.

The tragedy of the mythical lovers goes like this: The poet and musician Orpheus petitions the gods to let him rescue his dead beloved from the underworld. His mission is approved, on one condition: he cannot look at her until they return to Earth. Unable to resist, he looks back and loses her forever.

Mr. Binet, who is a Choreographic Associate at the National Ballet, was drawn to the story, but only wanted to tackle it if the genders could be reversed.

"There are almost no female protagonists - in the classical repertoire - who are even awake and alive, and not in captivity through the entire show," he said. "... And there is a history of male characters in ballet always having this macho, bravura kind of vibe - or like the prince in Swan Lake, just so wrapped up in his own thoughts and sadness."

Mr. Binet is among some leading choreographers today who want to change that paradigm. Why should women in ballet be fragile and naive, such as Giselle, or captive to malevolent sorcery, such as Swan Lake's Odette and Aurora in Sleeping Beauty? Why should men so often be princes and cavaliers, seizing positions of power and action but not exploring any depth of emotional expression or vulnerability?

In the world of classical ballet, gender roles are distinct. Women are the ones who strap on pointe shoes, because it gives them an ethereal quality; they are trained for strength but also to exude a delicate grace and lightness; they are lifted into the air. Men, meanwhile, execute thrilling turns, practise stratospheric jumps and do the lifting. The movement reflects the way the two genders relate to each other in the stories.

But as gender norms are becoming more fluid, some are bending ballet's traditions so that the art form reflects a fuller range of identities. The aim is not only to better represent a diversity of gender expression for its own sake, but also to keep ballet relevant in a changing world - and to better explore the creative range of all dancers. Binet believes that the more varied the choreographic repertoire, the more dancers will be trained for diverse skills and types of movement.

He's not alone in pushing for ballet to move beyond traditional gender roles. Brooklyn-based company Ballez features queer, trans and gender-non-conforming dancers, welcoming "all the people whom ballet has left out."

The company has presented its own versions of ballet classics such as Giselle and Sleeping Beauty. In 2017, New York City Ballet choreographer Justin Peck recast the central duet in his ballet The Times Are Racing - a pas de deux that had originally been danced by a man and woman was presented by two men. The ballet was conspicuously devoid of pointe shoes: dancers wore sneakers. "A major part of #TheTimesAreRacing has been an exploration of gender-neutrality to see how far we can push equality amongst the sexes through the lens of ballet," Peck wrote on Instagram. It was not the only instance of same-sex partnering at City Ballet that season: choreographer Lauren Lovette's ballet Not Our Fate showcased another pas de deux featuring male dancers.

Binet also cites Wayne McGregor, resident choreographer at London's Royal Ballet, as an influence. As the first choreographic apprentice, he studied under McGregor, whose approach to ballet is affected by his background in contemporary dance.

"From the moment he stepped into ballet, he was like, men can lift and be lifted and women can lift as much as their strength allows," Binet said.

For Orpheus Alive, Binet is not always reversing moves in this way, but is trying to provide a new context for some elements of classical dance. For example, the male and female dancer will still dance as a pair, but lifts are meant to convey the female Orpheus leading the way for Eurydice, rather than the male dancer simply "picking her up and carting her across the room," he said.

In the underworld, it is Orpheus who has to lead him out without looking at him, which Binet saw as a way of rethinking those classic lifts.

"We can still use the classical partnering technique, but really have it all driven by the woman's physicality," he said.

The ballet begins with Orpheus at the threshold of the underworld, styled as a bureaucratic nightmare Binet refers to as "DMV for the dead." There, the bereaved Orpheus makes her case to the gods to allow her entry to rescue her dead lover. Orpheus pulls in the rest of the cast - a tragic chorus of mourners all waiting their turn in this purgatorial waiting room - to play roles in her story. This ballet within the ballet is designed to persuade the gods to let her descend and find Eurydice.

"Not only is she controlling her own story, but she's in control when she's creating this ballet in front of us," Binet said.

"She's en pointe, the ballet is all there, but just to have a really commanding female character ... it felt like a much more interesting story. And for the male character to be able to explore a much gentler and softer physicality."

This is relatively unusual, not just in ballet but in Greek mythology. The root of many myths is the archetypal hero's journey, and the hero is almost exclusively male.

"Women are there to facilitate, or contribute to, or get in the way of, the man's heroic mission," said Victoria Wohl, a professor of classical Greek literature and culture at the University of Toronto.

"They are helpers or hinderers, but the mission is his."

However, she said, scholarship has gone through the same evolution that popular culture has; since the seventies, academics have been reconsidering how myths construct gender roles.

And in the past 20 years, gender fluidity has been a topic of discussion. Asked about the idea of a dramatic work deciding to change the gender of characters from the original, she pointed out that there is a tradition, dating back to antiquity, of the same myth being reimagined by different writers.

"Mythology is designed to be flexible," she said. "There is no standard version."

Binet first pitched the idea of a gender-reversed Orpheus ballet to artistic director Karen Kain five years ago. He began developing the piece during an artistic residency at the Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity in 2015, and presented an excerpt in Toronto at TEDx that year.

When he was training as a dancer, Binet was not interested in some of the more macho roles available to men in classical ballet, where the emphasis is on bravura jumps and turns; he enjoyed the emotive side of dance, focusing on musicality and storytelling. But there is not as much repertoire available to those types of dancers, he said - and the same goes for female dancers seeking to express more of the traditionally masculine qualities in dance. He was occasionally told that his dancing was too feminine, something he believes is common for men in dance, because teachers are preparing them for professional expectations: Ballet companies still draw audiences with the well-known classical works, and hire dancers who are trained to handle the repertoire.

"We have a unique opportunity to shift what is asked of dancers, and therefore hopefully widen the net as to who feels they can move forward into this career and have a voice in this art form," Binet said.

He believes it is the responsibility of choreographers like him to begin changing that repertoire, through the work they are creating - both to keep the art of ballet relevant and dynamic, and to give opportunities to both male and female dancers who want to tap into a wider range of roles.

"In theatre, there is such a thing as having a woman play Hamlet, which is fantastic," Binet said. "In ballet, that's harder because the men just don't have the training to play the Swan Queen.

So I feel like we have a responsibility to create new stories and new productions that break those moulds."

In rehearsal, principal dancer Heather Ogden, as Orpheus, spreads her hands out wide and then lifts them in an all-rise motion, bringing more than 20 dancers seated around her to their feet as she rises to pointe.

Crouching back down, she sweeps her arms back and the wave of dancers ebbs behind her.

This is just one part of Orpheus's appeal to the gods, when she compels the characters around her to help tell her story. The damsel is in distress, but not in captivity. She's on a mission.

The National Ballet's Orpheus Alive runs until Nov. 21 at the Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts in Toronto.

Associated Graphic

ISTOCK

Principal dancer Heather Ogden rehearses with other dancers who will perform in Orpheus Alive. Ogden plays a gender-reversed Orpheus in the National Ballet retelling of the ancient Greek myth of Orpheus and Eurydice.

KAROLINA KURAS/NATIONAL BALLET OF CANADA

Behind the Scotiabank Giller Prize book tour
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Authors shortlisted for award are thrust into a whirlwind of touring that offers increased exposure, book sales and publishing deals
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R15


On an October Sunday, a group of investors filed into the Emerald Ballroom at Vancouver's Fairmont Pacific Rim Hotel, where they were offered champagne and mimosas, a spread of delicacies and the promise of entertainment.

In a makeshift green room down the hall, the talent - five of the six authors shortlisted for the 2019 Scotiabank Giller Prize - brunched in luxe privacy. (Michael Crummey, who is shortlisted for The Innocents, wasn't able to attend). There were pastries, eggs Benedict and fresh berries. When one of the writers commented on the high quality of the blueberries and joked that an entire bowl would be nice, a bowl full of berries materialized, to their surprise. "We ate them all," says David Bezmozgis, nominated this year for his short story collection Immigrant City. "We don't waste food."

Writers of fiction toil away largely in solitude and often in obscurity. Beyond giving them a shot at the $100,000 prize, a spot on the Scotiabank Giller Prize shortlist thrusts these authors into a whirlwind of publicity and touring that at times feels more rock star than literary: fancy hotels, fans at every stop, the odd limo, backstage bowls of the finest berries.

The tour, also, more importantly, offers access to audiences in stops across the country - and beyond - leading to increased exposure for the artists, book sales and new publishing deals. This is what can happen when a major financial institution makes a commitment to bankroll culture.

"Publishers on their own couldn't manage this," says Ian Williams, shortlisted for his debut novel, Reproduction.

When Jack Rabinovitch dreamed up the Giller Prize, his objective was to make it a national award that put the spotlight on Canadian literature. The glitzy prize gala in Toronto is invitationonly, but a public reading series has emerged from it. Between the Pages, originally a single night in Toronto, has expanded to events in six cities this year, including New York, as well as two stops at high schools and two "Ultimate Book Club" brunch events for toptier banking clients of financial companies acquired by Scotiabank (full disclosure: I moderated the Pacific Rim event).

While access to readers is the main objective, Scotiabank Giller Prize executive director Elana Rabinovitch (Jack's daughter; he died in 2017) points out that it also benefits the authors themselves, and not just professionally. "They get to bond with each other, so it feels more like a family than people vying for competition," she says, adding that it also gives them something to focus on between the shortlist announcement and the gala. "So they're not just sitting on shpilkes and waiting and waiting."

The cost of the tour is "considerable," says Rabinovitch, who was unable to supply actual figures. But it's covered, for the most part, by Scotiabank - over and above the prize money (which is considerable: in addition to the $100,000 for the winner, each of the five other shortlisted authors receives $10,000). Air Canada became a sponsor this year, supplying flights, along with passes to the first-class lounges.

Before Air Canada came on board, publishers were asked to cover flight costs if they were able.

For independent publishers, that can be a hardship. When Michelle Winters's novel I Am a Truck was shortlisted in 2017, it meant a scramble for its not-for-profit publisher. Invisible Publishing head Leigh Nash had to apply for a credit card to cover the travel, and also had to order an urgent print run - 8,000 additional copies, compared with the original print run of 800.

If being shortlisted caused some short-term stress, the outlay of cash paid off in every way - in book sales (Scotiabank alone bought about 1,700 copies, which helped finance Invisible's sudden expenses). And also in exposure both for Winters, who signed with a U.K. agent after the London event, and for Invisible Publishing, which has seen a steep increase in submissions and is now eligible for additional grants. "It feels like our Cinderella story, in a way," Nash says.

While we're on fairy tales, the international exposure was also life-changing for tiny QC Fiction's Eric Dupont, shortlisted last year for Songs for the Cold of Heart (translated from French by Peter McCambridge). After the Between the Pages stop in New York, Dupont got a publishing deal with HarperCollins U.S.; the book comes out in February (with the book's original title, The American Fiancée). It is very rare for a Québécois author who writes in French to be picked up by a U.S.

publisher, Dupont says.

For the authors, it is a very busy fall with a glorious and gruelling mishmash of commitments, some made long ago - a teaching job, a book tour - some popping up because of the Giller shortlist.

Alix Ohlin, shortlisted this year for Dual Citizens, is chair of the Creative Writing program at Vancouver's University of British Columbia; Bezmozgis is program co-ordinator of the Creative Writing program at Humber College in Toronto. Megan Gail Coles, who is shortlisted for her debut novel Small Game Hunting at the Local Coward Gun Club, is doing her doctorate at Concordia in Montreal.

Williams moved heaven and earth to get back to UBC for his Wednesday Introduction to Poetry, a lecture class with 170 students from a variety of disciplines, including science and engineering. "This might be the only poetry exposure they get in four years of university," says Williams, who at times landed in Vancouver the day of the class, drove to the university to teach it, and flew back out that night. Then there are family commitments.

Steven Price, shortlisted for his novel Lampedusa, was at LaGuardia at 4 a.m. on October 31 to board the first of the flights that would get him home for Halloween. He made it to his house in Victoria just in time to take his children, aged 4 and 8, trick-ortreating. The next morning, Price was on a flight back east to Toronto for book festival events. "I was literally home for ten hours," says Price, whose wife, Esi Edugyan, has won the Giller twice, including last year. "These are nice problems to have," Price adds about the demanding schedule.

"There's no worse feeling than publishing a book and feeling like there's nobody out there that wants to hear about it. Having been in that situation many, many times ... I'm still very aware of how lucky that is."

Coles's favourite part of the tour were the visits to two innercity schools, in Winnipeg and Ottawa. This is a new initiative by First Book Canada - an organization that supplies books and other educational resources for students from low-income families - and may expand next year owing to its success. "Speaking to students about how I came to become a writer and how I came to be sitting in front of them in the hopes that maybe someone in the room also has a similar aspiration and needs to hear it said is ... very rewarding," Coles says.

The Giller allows the shortlisted authors to experience extravagances unusual in the life of most writers. Williams's room at Toronto's Four Seasons Hotel was so fancy that after checking in very late one night, he couldn't find the toilet. "I went into the bathroom and thought: I know it's in here somewhere; there's got to be a toilet." (It was behind a glass partition.) The tour has another, perhaps unintended, consequence, changing the dynamic of the actual award night. At the Giller gala on Nov. 18, they'll be back together, a glitzy reunion of people who are more friends than competitors. "You've gotten to know one another as people, as friends," says Bezmozgis, who has been shortlisted for the Giller twice previously, before the experience included such an extensive tour. He prefers it this way. "Other times, if you're on the shortlist, you show up on the day they're announcing it and you don't really don't know the people. In my case, I've always lost, so you lose and you walk away and it's kind of an empty little feeling from the moment that you don't hear your name called." (Bezmozgis has also been shortlisted twice for the Governor-General's Award and has won other prizes, including the Toronto Book Award.)

"But I think in this instance, there will be five of us who will be losing together and we all know each other ... It's kind of a communal experience in a way that it normally isn't when you're on a shortlist. I think we'll be happy no matter who wins."

Associated Graphic

Authors shortlisted for the Scotiabank Giller Prize attend an event in Toronto as part of the tour. The Giller allows the authors to experience extravagances unusual in the life of most writers, such as stays in fancy hotels.

RYAN EMBERLEY

CANADIAN AIRMAN HELPED LAUNCH THE GREAT ESCAPE
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While detained in a POW camp during the Second World War, he was responsible for making sure guards didn't discover the tunnels, and covertly getting rid of dirt from the digging
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By FRED LANGAN
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B23


In the make-believe world of the 1963 film The Great Escape, Steve McQueen played a heroic baseball-playing American. While the story of the mass escape from a prisoner of war camp during the Second World War is true, that character never existed at the North Compound of Stalag Luft III. In real life, Canadian officer Bill Paton was the star pitcher on the baseball team at the POW camp, and while the Germans watched them play, the prisoners secretly scattered earth from the tunnels on the ball field.

Flight Lieutenant Bill Paton, who died in Toronto on Oct. 25 at the age of 101, was one of the last Canadian survivors of the Great Escape. The RCAF officer was not one of the 80 men who made it out through the tunnel in the largest Allied prison break in the war. Only three of the escapees, two Norwegians and a Dutch airman made it out of occupied Europe; the rest were recaptured.

The Great Escape infuriated Hitler, and he ordered the survivors shot; 50 of them were murdered, six of them Canadian.

There were about 800 Canadians at the camp, and all of them were members of the Escape Committee. Anyone who signed up for sports, baseball, hockey or even boxing, was automatically a member. Sporting events distracted the German guards, who loved watching Canadians play sports, especially boxing.

The Great Escape was 11 months in the planning.

The camp was for captured Allied airmen, mostly British, Canadian and from other Commonwealth countries, along with a few Americans and those of other nationalities. It was operated by the Luftwaffe, the German air force, near Sagan in Silesia, in what was then the southeastern part of Germany; today it is Zagan in Poland.

Ted Barris, a Canadian author who wrote the bestselling book The Great Escape: A Canadian Story, says the Allied airmen were treated relatively well in the camp, in part because the head of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Goering had been a pilot in the First World War.

That gave them the limited freedom they needed to carry out the construction of the escape tunnels. Baseball and other sports were part of the ruse.

"Since plenty of the officers had played international or professional sports, including ... Phil Marchildon and Bill Paton, the sports grounds at the North Compound buzzed with tournaments," Mr. Barris wrote. "But beneath that veneer remained a secret society of officers - about a third of whom were Canadian - intent on breaking out of the camp."

William Edgar Paton (pronounced PAY-ton) was born in Toronto on July 27, 1918. His father, James, was a printer who specialized in calendars; his mother, the former Josephine Beeny, was a housewife. He grew up on Bastedo Avenue in the east end of Toronto.

At Riverdale High School, Bill Paton was a star pitcher on the baseball team and after graduating he played for semi-professional teams.

"He played semi-pro in the Beaches [a Toronto neighbourhood]. He played there before and after the war," his son John says.

Mr. Paton joined the Royal Canadian Air Force in August of 1941.

Like many volunteers, he wanted to be a pilot, but when the RCAF discovered he was a math whiz, they suggested he become a navigator, since having a quick mind with numbers was essential in plotting flights between England and occupied Europe.

After training in Western Canada, under the Commonwealth Air Training Scheme, Flight Sergeant Paton was sent to England, where he was assigned to 431 Squadron, flying Wellington bombers out of Yorkshire. The Wellington was a twin-engine aircraft, and it was relatively slow compared with the four-engine "heavy" bombers, the Halifax and the Lancaster, which were just arriving in service for Bomber Command.

By the time of his seventh mission, he was a Pilot Officer, the lowest commissioned rank in the RCAF. On the night of April 16, 1943, his Wellington took off from the field in Burn, Yorkshire. It was shot down over Hochspeyer in Rhineland, in the west of Germany. The tail gunner was killed, and the five crew members who survived were taken as prisoners of war.

Plt. Off. Paton landed in a tree and injured his hips, which would bother him for the rest of his life.

His immediate problem was an angry German woman whose son had been killed in an Allied bombing raid. She tried to stab the Canadian officer with a pitchfork as he hung by his parachute in the tree. The injuries on his face from landing in the tree can be seen clearly in the photo on his prisoner of war ID card.

Plt. Off. Paton spent 25 months in detention as a prisoner of war.

For almost a year, he and the other inmates worked on an elaborate escape plan. The tunnels were known as Tom, Dick and Harry.

Some of the prisoners worked digging tunnels, others including Plt.

Off. Paton were called "stooges," charged with security, making sure the tunnels were not discovered. The guards looking for signs of escape were known as "ferrets."

"The stooges were beating the ferrets at their own game," Ted Barris wrote. The camp commandant suspected a breakout was coming but did not know how or when.

Then there were "penguins," whose job it was to disperse the dirt. Plt. Off. Paton was also a penguin, finding ingenious ways of dumping it.

"The biggest problem they had was getting rid of the dirt from the tunnels. They used to have these pants that had pockets, and they would release the earth. Which is why they started playing baseball and football as a way to get rid of the earth on the fields without the Germans really noticing," says his son John, who spent seven years putting together a book on his father's war experiences. "I spoke to people in Austria and Poland. One [German] historian, Uwe Benkel, did quite a bit of research on Dad.

He even found parts of the plane.

We still communicate back and forth."

On the night of March 24, 1944, men dressed in civilian disguises, with false identification papers made by a Canadian forger, started to leave through the narrow tunnel. They came out on the other side of the wire. Eighty of them made it out into the woods that surrounded the camp before the escape was discovered. Four were captured right away at the tunnel exit. All but three were captured, and 50 were murdered on direct orders from Adolf Hitler, their bodies cremated and buried outside the camp.

As the Soviet Red Army closed in on Germany, the prisoners were marched out of the camp in late January, 1945. On Feb. 4, 3,000 prisoners from Stalag Luft III arrived at another camp in Marlag in the west of Germany. British troops liberated Plt. Off. Paton and others just weeks before the end of the war.

"He had to go back to England for a medical checkup and debriefing before he could come home," his son said. By the time he arrived in England he had been promoted to Flight Lieutenant, the equivalent of Captain in the Army.

After the war, he returned to work at Canada Life, where he became the manager of mortgage services and was a star on the company baseball team. He married Marie Russell in 1948.

Flt. Lt. Paton continued to be a semi-professional pitcher and was hired by local teams. His son John remembers him planning the family vacation around his baseball games. The family would go to Orillia in time for an annual baseball tournament at Couchiching Park.

"Every morning at the cottage, he would practise pitching, and I would catch. Then he went to the tournament, dressed completely in black, and teams would come up and offer him money to play for them," John Paton said.

Flt. Lt. Paton retired when he was 63, and he and his wife spent winters in Florida, in a community called Maple Leaf Estates. Always a great athlete, he took up golf. When he was in his early 80s he "shot his age," that is, he recorded 80 strokes in an 18-hole game, considered quite an achievement. He scored five holes-in-one.

He was alert until the end of his life, though his wartime hip injury caused him to be in a wheelchair for the last few years.

Flt. Lt. Paton leaves his wife, Marie; their children, John, Gordon and Beverley; and six grandchildren.

Associated Graphic

Pilot Officer Bill Paton - back row, third from left - a Second World War veteran who took part in the Great Escape, was a member of the baseball team at the Nazi POW camp Stalag Luft III. Sports were played at the camp to distract guards from the prisoners' escape plans.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE FAMILY

Plt. Off. Paton, who spent 25 months in detention, was liberated by British troops along with other surviving prisoners shortly before the end of the war.

The greatest gift of all
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Much has changed since an oversold inn dropped the ball 2,020 years ago. These days, as Adam Bisby writes, travel alleviates seasonal stress by letting guests outsource festivities
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By ADAM BISBY
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P14


On one hand, the holiday season is expected to be "more stressful than fun" by one in four Canadians, according to a poll last December by Vancouver's Research Co. On the other, end-of-year travel was cited as a source of stress by more than a third of respondents to an earlier American Psychiatric Association survey. Mix in the Great White North's tempestuous winter weather, and travelling does not seem like an ideal way to ease festive stress.

But that's where the hotels, resorts, lodges, trains, festivals, attractions and theme parks listed here come in. By taking all the work out of all sorts of seasonal diversions - from sleigh rides and Santa encounters to tree trimming and feast prep - they maximize merriment while making life easier throughout December and into January. Joy to the world indeed.

WINTER WONDERLANDS "Christmas Train" and Le Germain Hotels Skirting 125 kilometres of snowy St. Lawrence riverbank between Quebec City and La Malbaie, this new weekend train service kicks off just in time for the Nov. 29 opening of the renowned Baie-Saint-Paul Christmas Market. The Quebec-based Le Germain hotel chain, meanwhile, is supporting the fairy light-festooned train by providing stylish digs, festive cuisine, Santa-centric diversions and live holiday music at two of its boutique properties - one steps from the European-style market, the other in most visitors' natural departure point of Quebec City. For visitors looking to extend their stays beyond the train's final run on Dec. 7, few cities make winter more appealing, with the iconic Fairmont Le Château Frontenac hotel towering over the city's famous toboggan lanes, German Christmas Market and other festive diversions. On that note ... Fairmont Hotels & Resorts Built in part to share Canada's winter splendour with the world, it's no wonder several of the country's historic railway hotels are rolling out holiday packages.

A "Festival of Christmas Offer" from Alberta's Fairmont Jasper Park Lodge includes in-room evergreens with decorations and family photoshoots in the cozy confines of Santa's Cabin.

A snowy and outrageously scenic four-hour drive to the southeast, the stately Fairmont Banff Springs is home to similarly lavish trimmings, dining and pampering. It's also within walking distance of the Banff Gondola, which as of Nov. 16 will be offering rides to Santa's Workshop atop Sulphur Mountain, where families can decorate cookies and write letters to St. Nick, who is again defying the laws of physics by being present for photo ops.

Newer Fairmont hotels, such as those in Whistler, B.C., and MontTremblant, Que., are also pulling out all the snowy stops, with both offering "Trees of Hope" packages that include a 15-per-cent discount on accommodation, a $25 hotel credit per stay, and daily donations to Canadian charities.

Club Med les Arc Panorama Canadians looking for all-inclusive ski resort vacations need not wait until the scheduled 2021 opening of Club Med Quebec Charlevoix, the French chain's first mountain property in North America. The newest of Club Med's 24 Alpine operations, the year-old Les Arcs Panorama in the French Alps, provides instant access to one of Europe's largest ski areas, with festive feasts, activities, entertainment and more included.

Keystone Resort, Colorado An hour's drive west of Denver, Keystone cements its family-oriented reputation with the Kidtopia festival. Encompassing what's said to be the world's largest snow fort, a model village made of 7,000-plus pounds of chocolate, breakfast with Santa on Dec. 24, and a fireworks show and torchlight parade on New Year's Eve, the December-long fest is capped by a Dec. 21 "Mountaintop Spectacular" high above Keystone's 3,000-plus condos, five-acre skating lake billed as the largest in the United States and six-lane tube park that, at 3,548 metres above sea level, is apparently the loftiest on Earth.

ALL IS CALM Vintage Hotels, Niagara-onthe-Lake, Ont. Between spa treatments at any or all of its three properties in the Dickensian home of the Shaw Festival - which also happens to be staging A Christmas Carol from Nov. 13 to Dec. 22 - visitors can take part in chronologically accurate "12 Days of Christmas" packages that include daily events such as outdoor s'mores sessions, fortunetelling, and popup cocoa bars.

Wickaninnish Inn, Tofino, B.C. There's calm in the eye of a storm, which could be why watching the Pacific's December fury through the panoramic windows of Tofino's Wickaninnish Inn is so calming. There's plenty of relaxation built into the upscale inn's three-night West Coast Christmas package, which includes daily brunch, a live miniature tree with ornaments for guests to take home, a fourcourse Christmas dinner at the Pointe Restaurant, a festive tipple at On the Rocks Bar and a bottle of sparkling wine on arrival.

ALL IS BRIGHT Illumi festival and Ritz-Carlton Montreal Eat your heart out, Clark Griswold! The inaugural Illumi festival covers an Olympic Stadium-sized expanse of Laval, Que., with sculptures and video installations decorated with more than 10 million LED bulbs.

There's also a Christmas Village with local artisan vendors, seasonal refreshments, live entertainment, and a 47-metre-tall Tree of Lights.

Free shuttles whisk visitors between the fest and the nearby Montmorency Metro station, which is a 40-minute ride from the luxurious Ritz-Carlton Montreal. There, a pleasingly practical "Friends and Family" package knocks 50 per cent off connecting rooms until Dec. 31.

Niagara Falls Wonder Pass Combined with the jaw-dropping Winter Festival of Lights and a wide range of hotel packages, these Niagara Parks passes take care of local transportation, courtesy of the WEGO bus and incline railway, and include admission to attractions as diverse as the thundering Journey Behind the Falls and the elegant Butterfly Conservatory.

Westin St. Francis, San Francisco You'd need an army of helpers to pull off anything like the "Holiday Hideaway" package at home. Children are welcomed at check-in with candy canes, colouring books and a golden ticket redeemable for in-room goody delivery and a "Letter to Santa Kit." Proceeding to a designated Holiday Hideaway floor in the historic Landmark Building, families are greeted by costumed toy soldiers who escort them to accommodations housing miniature Christmas trees. After elves bring surprise evening treats for all, little ones awake the next morning to a delivery of San Franinspired gifts from the North Pole.

ALL THEY (OR YOU) WANT FOR CHRISTMAS InterContinental Toronto Centre As well as being within easy walking distance of Union Station and a short ride-share from the Distillery Historic District's glittering European-style Christmas market, this 25-storey downtown hotel offers a onenight Yorkdale Shopping Package that includes a buffet breakfast in Azure Restaurant & Bar, valet parking at the 250-store Yorkdale Shopping Centre, a $50 Yorkdale Gift Card, and a $25 Esso Gas Card.

Oak Bay Beach Hotel, Victoria, B.C. For a more intimate form of festive retail therapy, this boutique oceanside resort's "Ultimate Shopping Package" includes breakfast and chauffeured car service in the picturesque community, a canvas shopping tote, complimentary parking, access to the hotel's heated mineral pools, a $40 resort credit and a brochure filled with discounts at many of the 30-plus businesses in the area.

GRANDMA GOT RUN OVER BY ... A locomotive The week-long "Scottish Christmas" rail tour from Chicago-based Vacations by Rail follows a round-trip route that begins and ends in Edinburgh and stops at scenic spots such as Kyle of Lochalsh and Loch Ness. Travelling by Scotrail, the Kyle Line and motor coach, guests take in the Cairngorms Mountains and Eilean Donan Castle, with Christmas Day spent in Inverness and Loch Ness playing host to Boxing Day.

Aa roller-coaster Orlando's two largest theme parks make Santa's elves look positively lazy over the holidays. At Walt Disney World Resort, guests who book customizable packages at one of 25 Disney Resort hotels can check out new attractions such as Animal Kingdom's "Tree of Life Awakenings" multimedia show, and the "Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge" themed area in Hollywood Studios.

Over at Universal Orlando Resort, the five-night "Wizarding World of Harry Potter Exclusive Package" includes breakfasts at the Leaky Cauldron and Three Broomsticks, a keepsake box containing themed luggage tags and lanyards and early admission to select attractions at its namesake park, where Hogsmeade and Diagon Alley are decorated for the holidays and a new roller coaster, Hagrid's Magical Creatures Motorbike Adventure, opened in June.

Associated Graphic

While the drive to the Fairmont Banff Springs, top, is scenic, once there, visitors receive lavish trimmings, dining and pampering. Snow lovers may also enjoy the Keystone Resort in Colorado, home of what's said to be the world's largest snow fort, centre. For those who love Christmas lights, there is the inaugural Illumi festival in Laval, Que., above.

DANIEL MILCHEV (KEYSTONE RESORT)

Growing pains in the Fraser Valley
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Home buyers seeking affordability are driving a development boom in one of the fastest-growing suburbs in Canada, but some residents are concerned about the township's ability to handle the influx
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By FRANCES BULA
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H5


VANCOUVER -- Thirty years ago, a big chunk of undeveloped land in Langley, B.C. would have meant one thing to Kent Sillars: hectares of single-family homes.

That's what people wanted when they moved to this oncerural Fraser Valley community, about an hour's drive east of Vancouver. And it was what his company, Vesta Properties, started by building.

This year, Mr. Sillars's company is finishing the construction of a very different kind of project on the 30 hectares of land it owns next to 200th Street in Langley's Willoughby neighbourhood.

There will be only 73 stand -alone houses among the 2,000 homes in the development, which is being renamed Latimer Heights. The other 1,927 units will be townhouses, duplexes, rowhouses and condos. There will also be some office space mixed in and a "main street" filled with, Mr. Sillars says, European-style shops that will complement what he calls a Parisian style of building.

"Single-family is no longer the staple of housing for the Fraser Valley," Vesta's president says.

"The townhouse is the new single-family."

But it's not just the form of housing that's different. It's the style of the neighbourhood, which Mr. Sillars repeatedly calls an urban village: a place where those living in the condos and townhouses can go to a butcher or a dentist within walking distance or hike along trails around the manufactured pond instead of having to get into a car for absolutely everything.

It's a style that is has been increasingly popular since the early 1980s, ever since a new wave of community planning, called the New Urbanism, favoured the idea of recreating small-town-style neighbourhoods in built-fromnothing subdivisions.

Cities such as Vancouver have created new developments, including Olympic Village, along those lines, and one decade-old project in central Surrey was officially labelled an urban village.

The region's two main universities have also tried to create a small-town, main-street feel in the massive developments they've allowed on their land.

Latimer Heights will be the biggest and most rurally located of anything in that genre in the Lower Mainland.

It's also part of a general trend in region that has seen builders move more and more to multifamily rather than single-family developments.

In the 15 years between the 2001 and 2016 censuses, there were only 800 new stand-alone houses added to the township of Langley, but almost 10,000 "ground-oriented" other types of housing and more than 2,000 apartments.

For younger people looking for affordable homes in an increasingly costly region, the new style is welcomed.

Tom and Kerrin Baxter, 29 and 30 respectively, will be moving this January from Kerrin's parents' basement in Walnut Grove to one of the corner, three-bedroom townhouses in the development at the relatively modest price (for the Lower Mainland) of $630,000 - half what a single-family house would cost there.

For Mr. Baxter, who grew up in a real, not manufactured, village in England's West Sussex, the concept of Latimer Heights was appealing. And it was the right price.

"We don't want to be house poor. We love to travel. This was just more sensible," said Mr. Baxter, a registered massage therapist and personal trainer working in the next-door suburb of Surrey.

But he also worries about the rapid pace of development, bringing traffic congestion and massive transformations of the landscape, that he sees all around him, even though he is inevitably part of it.

"Even in the eight years I've been here, there's been incredible change," he said.

That's something that many residents, both old and new, are worrying about in Langley.

The township, a large municipality that is separate from the smaller and historic city of Langley it surrounds, is one of the fastest-growing suburbs in Canada With a 12.6-per-cent increase between 2011 and 2016, when its population reached 117,000, it grew as quickly as Calgary, the country's fastest-growing large metro.

It expanded even more than suburban Surrey, often seen as the growth capital of southern B.C.

A decade ago, the big growth area in Langley was Walnut Grove, north of the Trans-Canada Highway that cuts through the township. Now it's Willoughby, south of the freeway, where only 40 per cent of the land planned for development has been built, including Latimer Heights, with another 60 per cent still to come.

And an area called Brookswood, a more typical single-family area even further south, is due for rezoning soon.

The construction boom is unlikely to abate, given that house prices in central Vancouver have only receded a little and that Langley is supposed to be getting a SkyTrain rapid-transit line at some point in the next decade, connecting it to the rest of the region in a way that the current bus system doesn't.

But that explosive growth has brought a lot of unhappiness, as the township grapples with a rapidly changing mix of people, adding many younger households to an existing mix of real farmers (75 per cent of the township's land is in B.C.'s famous Agricultural Land Reserve), horsey types and retirees wanting a rural spread, along with traditional families and kids in subdivisions.

The civic election last October saw several councillors elected with a decided not-so-fast attitude to development and a few who came close, such as Michelle Connerty.

"I go to every council meeting and see 753 trees coming down and none of them saved. [The Willoughby area] doesn't have sidewalks or complete roads and a brand-new school there already has 10 portables on it," said Ms.

Connerty, who has lived with her husband and three children in Brookswood for about eight years.

She says Latimer Heights is one of the better-planned developments - "people I talk to who really know real estate think it's a great idea" - but that doesn't make up for the fact that the township is drowning in its own growth.

One new councillor who swept in with the second-highest number of votes, Eric Woodward, campaigned specifically on trying to come up with a more coherent approach.

"We allow development on any property in Willoughby, with no co-ordination or phasing, no infrastructure." Both he and Ms.

Connerty say the township is not asking developers for enough in contributions to help pay for needed community services, including roads and parks. They also say development needs to be slowed down until schools are built.

A sign of how divisive the rapid pace of development has become is that several councillors and the mayor were criticized this week when it was made public that they accepted personal contributions from several prominent developers (including relatively small amounts from Vesta) who have had projects approved in the township the past four years.

One former mayor, Rick Green, said he believes everything the council voted on should be reversed and new votes held where council members recuse themselves if necessary.

But Mayor Jack Froese says the criticisms are ill-informed.

"I find it kind of preposterous that they think $1,000 influences my decision." (A legal opinion he said he had just received on Monday specified that a donation is a violation of the law if a council candidate makes a specific promise to a contributor for something in return.)

Mr. Froese said he is unabashedly pro-development, for a good reason.

People are moving to Langley in droves and they need housing as fast as it can be built.

He acknowledged that, when development goes at the pace it does in Langley, there are problems. The roads, schools and parks don't keep up at first.

But, he said, if the township financed those up front, that would be hard on local taxpayers.

So, the township waits for developers to provide their contributions as projects roll out.

Langley township ran into some trouble in the last recession, edging toward bankruptcy, when it financed a lot of the infrastructure for the then-developing area of Walnut Grove and had to carry it for much longer than anticipated because of the housing crash.

So the mayor continues to say the way development is proceeding in the township is happening the most fiscally prudent way, even if it means short-term discomfort.

"There's always the growing pains. But the developments like Vesta are important to house the people we know are coming. If you slow development down, all we do is increase the price of housing."

Associated Graphic

Latimer Heights will be a mix of townhouses, duplexes, rowhouses and condos, with only 73 stand-alone houses among the development.

Vesta Properties is building a 2,000-unit development in Langley, B.C., called Latimer Heights, a rendering of which is seen above.

IMAGES COURTESY OF VESTA PROPERTIES

After 75 years, a French village liberated by Canadians still feels true patriot love
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A Canadian soldier's return to France decades after the war forged a fresh bond between his family and the community he helped free from Nazi occupation - a bond still honoured today
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By TU THANH HA
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A8


L ike many in his generation who fought in the Second World War, Keith Crummer didn't share much with his family after he returned to Canada in May, 1945, having seen action as an infantry officer in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

"My father never talked about it. Never, never, ever, ever talked about it," his eldest daughter, Diane Teetzel, recalled - although she once saw him in the basement watching the movie adaption of The Longest Day, the bestseller about the Normandy landing. "Tears were rolling down his face. I just shut the door and let him be."

Then, a trip 45 years ago to France brought Mr.

Crummer back to Criquebeuf-sur-Seine, a Norman village his regiment liberated in 1944. The Canadian soldiers had arrived just after the Germans nearly executed 63 local hostages.

When Mr. Crummer visited in 1974, he showed up unannounced. However, "word got around that my father was there and the mayor at the time came to him ... and they had a big celebration," Ms. Teetzel said.

Criquebeuf's mayor later sent a letter, thanking Mr. Crummer. "You and your brave soldiers have left an enduring memory and friendship in all our hearts," it said.

Ms. Teetzel said her father was "flabbergasted, absolutely flabbergasted" by the villagers' kindness.

r, Although Mr. Crummer has since died, his name still resonates in Criquebeuf decades later, and a deep friendship now bonds the locals and his family.

Tucked against a tributary of the Seine River, Criquebeuf is a small community off the beaten path in Normandy. Visitors who make the 90-minute drive from Paris enter through a street still lined by old stone houses, Rue des Canadiens.

Then, past the town square, named Hostages Place, sits a bridge that in August was renamed after Mr. Crummer.

Two weeks ago, friends from Criquebeuf visited Ms. Teetzel in Chatham, Ont. Her family greeted them at the train station with a French flag. It was a gesture mirroring the hospitality she received when she went to Criquebeuf this summer and witnessed the renaming of the bridge to honour her father's memory.

"We've become a big family. ... It's a beautiful friendship," said Marie-Josée Heitz, one of the three Criquebeuf residents visiting Ms. Teetzel.

Mr. Crummer was a 28-year-old employee at Chatham's Union Gas Ltd. when he enlisted as a private at the start of the war in 1939. He was commissioned as an officer and, by 1944, was a major with D company of the Lincoln and Welland regiment. They landed in France at the end of July, as Canadian and British soldiers still laboured to break out of the bridgeheads they established on D-Day, June 6. The regiment struggled in its first offensive operations. But within weeks, the bulk of the German military in Normandy had been surrounded and defeated in the battle of the Falaise Pocket and the Allies rushed toward the Seine and Paris.

"Am in a little French house close to the road where our army is tearing by at a great pace," Mr.

Crummer wrote in one letter to his wife, Frances.

"We have been going night and day as you will have heard by now. The enemy is on the run burning his bridges behind him. We are not missing his convoys, passed through one the other night which stretched for at least 15 miles, every vehicle was destroyed, words cannot express the destruction." On Aug. 24, the Lincoln and Welland moved within 30 kilometres of the Seine, though muddy grounds and blown-up bridges slowed their advance. In Criquebeuf, meanwhile, the villagers were in danger.

Germans retreating by the village believed a local resident had wounded one of their soldiers.

They rounded up 63 men into a church and prepared to execute them. It was no idle threat. In three occasions that summer, the Germans massacred hundreds of civilians in retaliation against the French Resistance. They hanged 99 men in the town of Tulle and deported another 149 to concentration camps. The following day, they killed 642 at Oradour-sur-Glane, then destroyed the village. The day after the Criquebeuf round-up, the Germans slaughtered 124 residents of the township of Maillé.

In Criquebeuf, Simonne Roman, who was then 13, remembered that the villagers came to ask her mother, Anne Fleck, to intercede. Ms. Fleck worked as a custodian for a wealthy Paris family that kept a summer mansion in the village. She spoke German because she was from Lorraine, a border area claimed by Germany. Ms. Roman said her mother arrived as the Germans were setting up machine guns and grenades to execute the hostages. For 45 minutes, Ms. Fleck pleaded with the officer in charge. She told him the villagers had never created problems before. "Maybe you have children," she said, reminding the officer that both he and the villagers had children waiting at home.

Eventually, the officer told his men to leave the hostages and move on because the Allies were approaching. Ms. Roman remembered her mother returning to the mansion. "She was so relieved but very stressed, the poor dear."

Two days later, according to the regimental diary, the first elements of the Lincoln and Welland entered the village. The Germans were still shelling the area. The Canadians fired back with their own artillery.

Taking an abandoned boat, soldiers under Mr.

Crummer's command used shovels as paddles to reach the other bank of the Seine. "My company was the first Canadian troops to cross the Seine and stayed over all night," the major later wrote home. They held on to their bridgehead on the far bank without reinforcement for 12 hours, despite shellfire and some street fighting when a convoy of enemy vehicles passed by around midnight, Canadian military records say.

In the following weeks and months, the Lincoln and Welland faced more bitter fighting, in the canals of Flanders and the ice and mud of the Dutch island of Kapelsche Veer, in the winter of 1945. Mr.

Crummer was wounded, then returned to Chatham to be a manager at Union Gas.

His wife had French relatives and friends. In 1974, they visited Georgette Testard, a Parisian cousin who had a holiday home in Elbeuf, eight kilometres from Criquebeuf. So Mr. Crummer decided to drop by the village.

Mr. Crummer died in 1990. In the summer of 2014, Ms. Teetzel saw there were many events in France marking the 70th anniversary of the Normandy campaign. She looked at the letter from Criquebeuf and wondered if the village had organized anything.

She found the town hall's phone number and tried to get through in her best French. They con-

nected her with Ms. Heitz's son-in-law, Damien Bellière, a municipal councillor who informed her that the village's celebration was scheduled to begin within days.

On short notice, Ms. Teetzel and one of her sisters, Joan Crummer-Rolland, flew to France, where they were greeted at Roissy airport by Mr. Bellière and his brother-in-law, grinning and holding up a large Canadian flag. "Joanie and I, we just knew this was going to be the most incredible four days of our lives."

But that was only a start, because five years later, in August, it was now 29 members of the Crummer family who were able to make it for Criquebeuf's 75th anniversary celebration.

They met Ms. Roman, daughter of Ms. Fleck, who had saved the hostages, and agreed that her mother was a hero who deserved a medal.

There were fireworks. Bells tolled. Re-enactors wore vintage uniforms. Large banners with Mr.

Crummer's photo and the Lincoln and Welland regimental badge adorned the town square.

In an interview, Ms. Heitz's daughter Bonny said it was important that Criquebeuf's children could put a face to their Canadian liberators, a concrete reminder why their village still existed rather than be like Oradour-sur-Glane - never rebuilt and now a haunting memorial of Nazi atrocities.

Mr. Crummer, she said, represents "my village's freedom. ... He was someone who crossed the Atlantic to risk his life for our country. They were men who enlisted to free a land that wasn't even theirs."

Associated Graphic

Below: Major Keith Crummer, at right, is seen during a military exercise in Canada before he was sent overseas.

Top: Criqueboef as it appears today. Above: What the village looked like in 1958.

ABOVE: PHYLIPPE DETOISIEN

Below: Criquebeuf has renamed a bridge after Keith Crummer. Here, a Canadian flag hangs beside the plaque erected in his honour.

DAMIEN BELLI

Criquebeufsur-Seine holds a celebration In August, 2019, to mark 75 years since it was liberated by Canadian troops.

DAMIEN BELLI

The healing power of the war-vet play Soldier On
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By MARTIN MORROW
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


I n the spring of 2011, Cassidy Little, a medic with Britain's Royal Marine Commandos, was on patrol in Afghanistan's Helmand province when a hidden explosive blew apart one of his legs and left him riddled with injuries.

"I lost my leg below the knee on the right side," Canadianborn Little says.

"I have a massive skin graft and some nerve damage up my left side and I'm missing another chunk on the upper part of my right leg. I had a double fracture to my pelvis, a mild brain injury and a semi-detached retina in my left eye. And as a result of all this trauma, I now have type 1 diabetes."

Bearded and relaxed, Little is totting up his wounds while cheerfully sipping beer during a Skype call from Zante, Greece. He jokes that his wife has forced him "at gunpoint" to take a family holiday before he begins his next tour of duty.

That tour is a theatrical one.

He's headed back to Toronto this month to perform in Soldier On, a new British play by and about war veterans that runs at the Baillie (formerly Berkeley Street) Theatre.

Toronto already knows Little from The Two Worlds of Charlie F., a previous British show involving vets that Mirvish Productions brought to the Princess of Wales Theatre in 2014. It was a remarkably candid and surprisingly lively mix of drama, black comedy and song and dance, in which Little played the lead role.

"It was pretty exciting," he recalls of that gig, but also a bit overwhelming. Although he'd done some acting in his native Newfoundland prior to joining the Royal Marines, Little had never fronted a major production before. "I was like a deer in the headlights," he admits. "This time, I'm coming back with a lot more experience." Thanks to Charlie F., his career has since taken off across the pond, with roles in feature films and TV series and a winning stint on Strictly Come Dancing, the original British version of Dancing with the Stars.

"He's a bit of a celebrity over there," says Thomas Craig, nursing his own preferred poison, a gin and tonic, at a favourite pub in Toronto's Beaches neighbourhood. "He just did Corrie [the venerable British soap Coronation Street] last year." The Yorkshireborn Craig, best known as crusty Inspector Brackenreid on CBC Television's long-running Murdoch Mysteries, co-stars with Little in Soldier On.

You could say Little is a "poster veteran" for successful reintegration into civilian life. His way back was through the theatre. He was still recuperating from his injuries at the British military's Headley Court rehabilitation centre in the English countryside when he was cast in Charlie F. Like that production, Soldier On is part of an effort not simply to spotlight talented vets, but to use theatre as a means of healing.

Soldier On, in fact, is a piece of meta-theatre about vets putting on a play about vets, revealing how the creative process helps them deal with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Jonathan Lewis, its playwright and director, says it was inspired by his experience creating a play with the military community in Plymouth, England.

Psychologists have found that creating narratives about trauma is a way to compartmentalize and manage it, Lewis notes. "It's not a cure, but it helps in the process of building self-awareness and letting go of the pain and damage," he says during a phone interview from London. "It helps you rebuild. But it also does the same thing for the audience - it provides a catharsis."

Not that the play is all heavygoing. Lewis adds that it's full of humour, music and dancing. "It's been called the military Full Monty," he says.

The show is produced by Amanda Faber, one of Charlie F.'s co-producers, and the non-profit Soldiers' Arts Academy. It premiered in early 2018 with a tour of Britain, followed by a five-week run last fall in London at Andrew Lloyd Webber's off-West End venue, The Other Palace. "We've been getting these incredible standing ovations wherever we do it," Lewis says. "It's been thrilling to be a part of it." A Canadian military vet, tech entrepreneur Roland Gossage, saw the play in London and decided to bankroll a Toronto remount.

"It addresses PTSD in a way I'd never seen before," he says. The 16-member cast is a mix of vets and professional actors.

The production playing the Baillie will feature members of the original British company - including Little and Craig - as well as some Canadian actors new to the show: Merle Newell, Janaya Stephens and singer-actor Scotty Newlands, who has an armed forces background as well.

Craig, who lives in London when not shooting Murdoch Mysteries, says the vets are essential to the ensemble - and not just ones such as Little who having acting experience. "Even the guys who've never been onstage before bring a quality to the play that you wouldn't get if it was just entirely professional actors," he says.

"You'd miss that reality that they bring to it. You know that they've lived what they're talking about."

Little portrays a vet named Woody, whose clownish behaviour hides a seething anger and resentment. "He did a lot for his country and he feels he didn't get anything in return," Little explains. He understands that anger himself. "Early days, when I still had tubes and metal bits sticking out of me, I was angry," he recalls.

"If you're expecting a long career in the military and that's shortened by a very large explosion, it's natural to feel that way, and maybe to feel a little sorry for yourself, too."

Today, he counts his blessings - a supportive family, a burgeoning career - and his incredible luck.

Three other men, two fellow Royal Marines and an Afghan interpreter, didn't survive the blast that took off his leg.

When Charlie F. played Toronto five years ago, Canada was just wrapping up its military involvement in Afghanistan and the after-effects of war were on the public mind. Lewis knows that's not the case now, either here or in Britain.

"When the body bags aren't coming back and it's not making headlines, people tend to forget about [a war]," he says. "But of course, the guys who fought in it are still suffering. Our rates of suicide in the military and among the ex-military are out of control."

In Canada, the story is the same.

Although there are no official statistics, an investigation by The Globe and Mail revealed that, as of 2016, at least 70 Canadian soldiers and vets had died by suicide after serving in Afghanistan. The Canadian military and federal government have since jointly launched a mental-health strategy to combat suicide risk.

Lewis, who attended Britain's Sandhurst officers' academy as a young man, says the traditional stiff-upper-lip culture of the military is part of the problem. "The prevailing attitude is to 'man up' and not complain. That's what we're trying to tackle with this play," he says. "And it's great that we've got people like Cassidy and other veterans involved, because it's giving a green light that it's okay to talk about this."

In Soldier On, the macho attitude is represented by Craig's character, an ex-sergeant major tasked with helping the director of the play-within-the-play. "I start out hating the whole idea of it, thinking it's a waste of time," says the burly actor, whose own military experience is limited to playing many soldiers on stage and screen. "By the end, I want to be in the play. It's quite a character arc!"

The Soldier On squad hope to take the show elsewhere after its Toronto debut. Lewis and Gossage have met with a representative of Arts in the Armed Forces, the charity set up by Hollywood actor Adam Driver, a former U.S.

Marine, with a view to a possible off-Broadway engagement.

Little adds that the play is relevant to more than just a military audience. PTSD can also be experienced by police, paramedics and other "first responders" and by anyone who has undergone significant and disturbing trauma. "Many people can relate to the stories that are being told here."

Soldier On runs Nov. 26 to Dec. 8 at the Marilyn and Charles Baillie (Berkeley Street) Theatre in Toronto.

(canadianstage.com)

Associated Graphic

Cassidy Little, left, and Thomas Craig star in Soldier On, a British play by and about war veterans.

PAUL RANDALL

BIRTH AND Death Notices
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


DEATHS PATRICIA ALYCE ARCHER May 22, 1922 - November 1, 2019 Patricia passed peacefully at Briton House, Toronto. Pat was the beloved wife of the late Frederick Archer and loving mother of George (Kristine Lee) and Jim (Marcia). She was the proud Gran to Nate, Taggart (Ash) and Tracy (Stephan) and greatgrandmother to Rory and Cameron. We express our thanks to the folks at Briton House and her three angels, Sylvia, Merna and Yvonne, for their wonderful care.

You will be missed.

A service will be held at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W.

Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) at 1:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16th.

Reception to follow. If desired, donations in Pat's memory may be made to Leaside United Church or the charity of your choice. Condolences may be forwarded through: http://www.humphreymiles.com.

DIANA DONALD (née Harrower) April 4, 1928 November 9, 2019 Beloved mother of 4 children, who just adored her - Rick, Rob, Nancy and Dynah, grandmother of 9, and great-grandmother of 5, with 2 more on their way.

A friend to so many and cousellor to others. She touched everyone she met.

An extraordinary woman who beat cancer twice, and got her Masters Degree in Physcology at 60. She continued working well into her 80's because she loved helping others. They all remain friends and fans to this day. As well she was an author of 2 childrens books. She was the "block mom" to all her childrens' friends throughout her life. Young or old they sought her out.

Mom, we'll all keep dreaming of the fairies..

Service will be held at: Belvedere Funeral Home, 22025 TransCanada Hwy, Senneville Québec.

11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m.

JOHN BARRY GILBERT MD, FRCP (C) Born November 15, 1934 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, died on November 7, 2019 in Dallas Texas at the age of 84.

Raised in Brockville, Ontario Dr. Gilbert received his postsecondary education at the Royal Military College of Canada and the University of Toronto, graduating from the latter with his MD in 1961. He took post-graduate training in internal medicine and anesthesia at the University of Toronto teaching hospitals and served as a general practitioner in the remote mining town of Manitouwadge, Ontario. In 1967, he held a research fellowship in Anesthesiology at the Tufts New England Medical Center, during which year he passed the examinations to become a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada. He was then appointed to the clinical staff of the Toronto Western Hospital and the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Toronto. He became a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology in 1971. He came to the USA in 1977 to serve as Director of Anesthesia Services at Rush Memorial Hospital in Meridian MS. In 1982 he served on the faculty at Southwestern Medical School and the staff of Parkland Hospital in Dallas TX. He spent the remainder of his career on the staff of Baylor University Medical Center in the private practice of Anesthesiology.

Barry married the love of his life Susan Aileen Phin in 1960. He is survived by his wife Susan, children Diana (Tipton), Kathleen, Julie, John and Stephanie (Heeney), his sons-in-law John Tipton, Timothy Heeney, daughter-inlaw Amy Gilbert, grandchildren Sarah Tipton, Joshua and Benjamin Gilbert.

The service will be held at 3 p.m.

on Thursday, November 14th at the Church of Holy Communion, 17405 Muirfield Drive, Dallas 75287 with a reception to follow in the Parrish Hall.

In lieu of flowers, the family asks that you consider making a donation in Barry's name to the Church of the Holy Communion http://holycommuniondallas.org/, Alzheimer's Association https:// act.alz.org/, or Austin Street Center https://www.austinstreet.org/ BIRGITTE NIELSEN-WORRALL July 12, 1948 November 5, 2019 It is with great sadness the family announces the passing of Birgitte at the age of 71. Beloved wife of the late James Worrall. Loving sister of Hans. Dear step-mother of Anna Jane, Brian, Brenda and Ingrid. Birgitte graduated from the University of Toronto, Victoria College, 1970. She was inducted into the University of Toronto Sports Hall of Fame as a member of the 1968-69 Women's Volleyball Team. Birgitte was a professional freelance photographer and her work was featured in several publications. Funeral Service will be held at Saint Thomas's Anglican Church, 383 Huron Street, Toronto, on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 10:30 a.m.

A reception will follow in the parish hall. If desired, donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

Online condolences available through http://www.turnerporter.ca Life Celebrations by GIUSEPPE PAONESSA Patriarch. Immigrant. Father, grandfather and great-grandfather.

Giuseppe was born in Calabria, Italy in 1927. He was a man of two worlds. He built a home and family in his native Italy, marrying his wife Maria in 1949.

Post-World War II, he was part of the generation of Italians that saw that the prospects for his future descendants laid abroad.

At great personal sacrifice, Giuseppe and Maria uprooted their family and moved to Ontario, Canada; a country where they did not understand the language and had no promises of work. They were the ultimate prospectors, lead by a notion that things may be better in this new country.

With perseverance and hard work, Giuseppe and Maria built a prosperous home for their family and together made a second life for themselves in Canada. Giuseppe died peacefully, at home, with family by his side, on Friday, November 8, 2019, at the age of 91. Beloved husband of Maria for 70 years. Loving father of Rosa.

Proud grandfather of Carlo, Maria and Joseph and great-grandfather to Sofia, Aida and Victor. Giuseppe will be missed. Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Peel" Chapel, 2180 Hurontario St., Mississauga (Hwy 10 N. of Q.E.W) on Monday, from 2-4 and 6-9 p.m. Funeral Mass will be held at St. Catharine of Siena Catholic Church, 2340 Hurontario St., Mississauga, on Tuesday, November 12, 2019, 9:30 a.m. Interment Glen Oaks Memorial Gardens. For those who wish, donations may be made to Canadian Cancer Society or Lung Association.

Online condolences may be made through http://www.turnerporter.ca ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara.

After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas.

As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director of Business Education Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara Peninsula, including secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place.

Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

BETTY FRANCES PRESCOTT October 23, 1937 to November 10, 2018 Beautiful Betty, You deeply touched all of us with your kindness, compassion and love. We are honoured to have had you in our lives. Greatly missed by: Michael Prescott (husband), Nancy and Jonathan (children), Nancy Nyman (sister), Sally Jordan (best friend) and her many friends across Canada, in Victoria, Nelson, Winnipeg, Toronto, Windsor, Ottawa, Montreal and Nova Scotia. Forever in our hearts, Your Loving Family.

The tale of TFC's revolving door of 'keepers
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The loss of starter Frei in 2012 and 2013 kicked off a domino effect on Toronto goalies that's continued into 2019
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By NEIL DAVIDSON
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THE CANADIAN PRESS
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S10


SEATTLE -- W ith Quentin Westberg expected to start in Sunday's MLS Cup final, Toronto FC will have used three different goalkeepers in its three trips to the championship game over the past four seasons.

Seattle's Stefan Frei knows all about Toronto's revolving door in goal. He was part of it during his five-year stint north of the border.

Frei will make his third start in four seasons in the championship game, all against Toronto. Clint Irwin, Alex Bono and Westberg will have shared TFC's championship game starting duties over that series.

Toronto drafted the Swiss-born Frei 13th over all in the 2009 MLS SuperDraft, its third first-round selection after midfielder Sam Cronin (second) and Canadian forward O'Brian White (fourth).

After three years as Toronto's starter, Frei lost his job to injury in 2012 and the fine play of Joe Bendik in 2013. That essentially set off a domino effect on TFC goalkeepers that has continued into the 2019 season.

In December, 2013, with Frei's US$200,00 contract expiring, Toronto dealt its onetime vice-captain to Seattle for a conditional draft pick while rewarding Bendik with a new deal.

Frei, who played under seven managers at TFC, was Toronto's all-time leader in appearances across all competitions (99) at the time. Frei has gone on to play more than 30 regular-season games in each of his six seasons with Seattle - 191 matches in total.

Here is a look at the TFC revolving door for 'keepers since Frei's arrival.

2009-11 Frei was the undisputed No. 1, playing 26, 28 and 27 regular-season games respectively. But a deep bruise to the bone by Frei's knee in 2011 opened the door to backup Milos Kocic (who played eight games that season).

2012 One game into the season, Frei broke his left fibula near the knee in a freak training accident - catching his leg in the grass while going after a ball during a wet training game at BMO Field.

Because of the break, a ligament near his ankle was put under stress and ruptured. That, in turn, put pressure on the tibia, which separated slightly from the fibula near the ankle. Frei had surgery to repair the ligament and insert two screws to tighten the two bones.

Frei had started the opening leg of the CONCACAF Champions League quarter-final against the Los Angeles Galaxy but Kocic had played both games since.

Kocic, whose season was complicated by the arrival of triplets late in the season, played 27 regular-season games in 2012. Toronto brought in Bermuda international Freddy Hall on trial with only 17-year-old Quillan as a backup.

Kocic was traded to Portland after the 2012 season, along with forward Ryan Johnson, in exchange for Bendik and the third overall pick in the 2013 SuperDraft (which turned out to be Kyle Bekker) and allocation money.

Toronto had yielded a franchise-worst 62 goals in compiling a league-worst 5-21-8.

2013 A healthy Frei looked forward a new start.

"And it is finally here ... I have been waiting for 2013 since last March. It's going to be a good year," he tweeted But injury struck again. In February during TFC's first preseason game in Florida, Frei got clipped by the boot of Columbus rookie striker Ryan Finley as he dove for a ball.

"Besides a very bent nose at the moment, we don't know," manager Ryan Nelson said of the initial diagnosis.

Frei had surgery in Orlando two days later, returning to practice wearing a protective mask to shield his surgically repaired nose. Bendik took advantage of his opportunity to play.

"Nobody's guaranteed a spot here and everybody understands that," Nelsen said.

Bendik played 33 regular-season games in the 2013 season. Frei played one.

In September, Toronto acquired Chris Konopka from Philadelphia in advance of the league roster freeze in September, all but signalling the end for the more expensive Frei. Bendik and Konopka were both on US$46,500 that season.

Asked if it was fair how he lost his job, Frei replied: "That's a question you're going to have to ask the head coach. He was the one that made that decision.

"I tried to stay professional, tried to work my butt off in training. That was pretty much all I could do. And that's all I'm going to say to that."

As Nelsen liked to say, possession is nine-tenths of the law.

2014 Nelsen threw a curve ball in February by signing 34-year-old Brazilian international Julio Cesar.

The Cesar loan was a marriage of convenience. He had fallen down the depth chart at Queens Park Rangers and needed games to stay on track to start for Brazil and the World Cup. For Nelsen, it was a chance to get a seasoned world-class goalie at a reduced price.

The veteran Brazilian had won five Italian titles, seven Italian cups, the Champions League and the FIFA Club World Cup. He was named Serie A Goalkeeper of the Year twice and nominated for the Ballon d'Or award in 2009.

Bendik took a backseat to the popular Cesar before returning to his No. 1 role in July when the Brazilian left with a unspectacular 34-0 record and two shutouts.

2015 What comes round goes round.

Konopka took over as No. 1 after filling in for Bendik while he was sidelined by a foot injury early in the season. Konopka ended up playing 21 games to Bendik's 13. At the end of the season, Toronto declined Konopka's option and sent Bendik to Orlando City for a conditional draft pick.

"Thank you Toronto for an awesome 3 years!" Bendik tweeted. "It has been consistently entertaining to say the least!"

Toronto had looked to the future by taking Syracuse's Bono sixth overall in 2015 SuperDraft.

2016 In January, Toronto acquired Irwin in a trade from Colorado to further shore up a defence that had given up a league-high 58 goals the previous season.

Irwin, an MLS all-star the previous year, was the fourth significant acquisition for Toronto this off-season after the arrival of centre back Drew Moor from Colorado, right back Steven Beitashour from Vancouver and Canadian midfielder Will Johnson from Portland.

TFC gave up a 2016 third-round draft pick, a conditional 2017 firstrounder and targeted allocation money to get Irwin, who had 25 shutouts in 92 appearances in all competitions for Colorado over the last three seasons.

Irwin made US$97,000 the season before, a cap-friendly amount for a starting 'keeper. But his starting role was interrupted by a quadriceps strain in late June.

In all, Irwin started 19 regularseason games while Bono started 15. Irwin returned for six playoff matches, including the MLS Cup playoff loss in a penalty shootout.

2017 Toronto rewarded Irwin with a new contract in February, giving him a two-year deal with an option. But Bono grabbed the starting job and hung onto it after Irwin went down with a hamstring strain in March sustained after his left foot jammed in the wet BMO Field turf as he came out to make a save. Bono played 29 regularseason games while Irwin saw action in five. Bono was in goal for five playoff games including the MLS Cup win.

2018 Bono, the undisputed No. 1, started 27 games with Irwin accounting for the remaining in seven. In November, Toronto declined Irwin's contract option before trading him back to Colorado the next month for a second-round draft pick. With a salary of US$221,300, he was expendable.

2019 Bono started the season as No. 1 with Toronto bringing in Westberg, a veteran French-born American. Bono started the first four games before Westberg was handed his first start in Seattle in April. The two split the next two games then Westberg took over, playing the next 25 matches.

Westberg, listed at 6 foot 1, has proved to be Mr. Reliable and is seen as one of the best distributors of the ball in the league.

"As for their goalkeepers, they've gone through a few throughout the years. I think they're always had good pieces. I don't know why they're moving on from them," Frei said of Toronto.

Associated Graphic

TFC players share a lighthearted moment during a training session in Tukwila, Wash., on Friday. The team faces the Sounders in the MLS Cup final in Seattle on Sunday.

TED S. WARREN/AP

BIRTH AND death notices
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B23


DEATHS PAMELA JANE CULBERT (nee Rollason) February 1, 1943 November 8, 2019 The family of Pamela Jane Culbert are sad to announce the passing of their wife, and mother, at her home at Eagle Lake. Pamela leaves five children, Tracey (Kevin), Lindsay (Blair), Jenni, Kelly (Don), Fraser (Kim); husband of 54 years, Peter; and one brother, Peter (Sue) in Alberta.

Eleven grandchildren will miss their Grandmother.

Pamela attended Branksome Hall in Toronto for her high school years. She then graduated with her R.N. from Sick Children's Hospital in Toronto in 1964. In 1966, she moved with her husband, Peter, to Western Canada. They settled in the Cariboo-Chilcotin in 1968 and spent a busy career with her children and her husband Peter's medical practice. While living in Williams Lake, BC, she sat on the board of the Cariboo Friendship Society, the board of Share B.C., and was the last constituency president for the Progressive Conservative party.

As well as a wife and mother, Pamela was the COO and CFO for Peter's medical practice, and considered herself the CEO of the family. Pamela was also a Girl Guide and Pathfinder leader while residing in Williams Lake.

For the last eleven years, she resided in the Chilcotin at Eagle Lake which is nestled on the edge of the Coast Mountains. It was a home and a place that she loved.

A Celebration of Life will take place at the Tatla Lake Church on December 7th at 1 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations to one of the following would be appreciated. St. Luke's Anglican Church, Alexis Creek; ALS Society of Canada; West Chilcotin Health Care Society, Tatla Lake, BC.

She will be missed by her family and community.

PETER ANDREW KUDLA May 27, 1956 November 9, 2019 After a long fight with blood cancer and ALS, Peter passed away surrounded by his family. He was a fighter until the very end. Peter is survived by devoted wife, Catherine (neé Hunter), of 38 wonderful years; daughters, Diana Kudla Byers (Michael), Erin Kudla (William); grandson, Hunter; as well as his four siblings and their families. Peter was predeceased by his parents, William and Rhona (neé Evans) Kudla.

Visitation will take place at the Oshawa Funeral Home, 847 King Street West on Friday, November 22nd from 2:00 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 - 8:00 p.m. Funeral services for Peter will be held in the Chapel on Saturday, November 23rd at 11:30 a.m., small reception to follow.

Memorial donations may be made to either the Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Foundation of Canada (wmfc.ca) or the ALS Society of Canada (als.ca).

SYD LANYS Peacefully and surrounded by family, on Monday, November 11, 2019 at Mackenzie Health.

Beloved husband of Vicki. Loving father and father-in-law of Michael and the late Sandra, Sheryl, and lovingly remembered by Mehre.

Devoted grandfather of Zachary, Lindsay, and Sean. Dear brother and brother-in-law of Dorothy and the late Milton, Yetta and the late Lou, and the late Marty and Ruthie, and Izzy and Sandy. Dear brother-in-law of Bella and the late Paul.

Special thanks to Mackenzie Health Complex Care Unit, Doctors and Staff.

Services were held at Benjamin's Park Memorial, 2401 Steeles Avenue West on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 12:30 p.m.

Interment Beth David B'nai Israel Beth Am Section of Pardes Chaim Cemetery. Shiva 15 North Park Road, Thornhill. Memorial donations may be made to the Syd Lanys Memorial Fund for Canadian Breast Cancer and for Bronchiectasis c/o The Benjamin Foundation, 416-780-0324, http://www.benjamins.ca JACK MCFADYEN June 13, 1935 November 11, 2019 Jack's time with us ended on November 11, 2019, but he will live on forever in our memories.

His was truly a life well-lived.

An only child, Jack was born in Toronto and raised by his mother, Lu while his father, Mac served as a Burma Bomber; this gave Jack a life-long love of World War II history. Jack's personality and life view were heavily influenced by his childhood heroes from movies and literature; to the end of his life he would tear up watching "Shane" or reading "The Catcher in the Rye." Jack was an incredibly well-educated person who could recite poetry learned in childhood, and knew the Latin root of any word. Following graduation from the University of Toronto and time in the RCAF Reserves, he travelled the world twice over before meeting his wife Stella - also a teacher - in Nairobi, Kenya. They married and returned to Canada with their first-born, Sophie. Three more children soon followed - Katie, Darcy and Jamie.

The family enjoyed many happy years on Courcelette Road. Stella was a wonderful mother and wife and Jack had a long and successful teaching career, including several years as President of the Toronto Teachers' Federation.

Jack and Stella enjoyed early retirement together, travelling and welcoming nine grandchildren.

Jack continued to be a loyal and loving caregiver to Lu and Mac.

Sadly, we lost Jamie in 2006 and Stella in 2012, but Jack recovered and continued to live life to the fullest, moving to Uxbridge where he made new friends and spent his final years breaking down barriers and crusading against political correctness. No one who met him will ever forget him.

Please join us at a celebration of Jack's life at Low & Low Funeral Home, 23 Main Street, Uxbridge (905-852-3073), on Sunday, November 17, 2019, from 1:004:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to CAMH in memory of Lu and Jamie, or to the Alzheimer Society of Durham Region in memory of Stella.

Online condolences may be left at http://www.lowandlow.ca DR. ELLEN F. SPEARS D.V.M.

(née Thomson) After a prolonged medical illness which she faced with courage and determination, and a relatively short acute deterioration, Ellen passed away on November 9, 2019 in her 85th year. She was surrounded by the love of her family and friends.

Daughter of the late Dr.

Andrew Thomson and Lally Thomson, she was born in Toronto, attended Branksome Hall and graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) in 1958. Beloved wife of Dr. John Spears for 61 years, and loving mother to Andrew (Laleh Moshiri), Jennifer Léger (David Léger), Ian (Sarah Atkinson) and Martha. She was adored by her nine grandchildren and two greatgrandchildren.

Following graduation from OVC, Ellen worked for two years at the Defence Research Board in Kingston. A remarkable mother to four children, she also gave generously of her time to her church (Bloor Street United), the CNIB, the Daily Bread Food Bank, the Victor Home/ Massey Centre, The Toronto Children's Chorus, and the Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild of which she was a founding member.

For those in need, be they musicians, refugees, or family, she provided a welcoming home and the respect she thought all people deserved. Ellen lived a life devoted to serving and caring for others. She did it informally, with a thousand acts of unheralded kindness to both friends and people she had never met but who needed a helping hand.

Throughout her life, Ellen loved spending time with family and friends at Leith, Ontario. There was always room for one more at the dinner table and an extra bed could always be found. This love of the blue waters of Georgian Bay and its spectacular sunsets has been passed on to her children and grandchildren.

The family is grateful for the care Ellen received at the Princess Margaret Hospital (myeloma division), the kind, supportive care she received from the first floor staff at Christie Gardens and her caregiver Madeleine.

Cremation has taken place.

In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the charity of your choice would be gratefully appreciated.

A service of thanksgiving and a celebration of Ellen's life will be held a Bloor Street United Church (300 Bloor Street West) at 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16, 2019 with a reception to follow at the church.

An opportunity to visit with the family will be hosted at the home of Ian Spears and Sarah Atkinson (8 Hewitt Avenue, Toronto, ON M6R 1Y3) on Friday, November 15 from 2:30-5:00 p.m. and 6:00-8:00 p.m.

We miss you Eno.

Goodbye to cold, lifeless office towers
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Amazon's new location in Vancouver helps redefine how office space is designed across Canada
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By FRANCES BULA
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B6


The traditional office tower lobby, faithfully replicated by Hollywood movies and 20th-century corporations everywhere, brings to mind vast open spaces filled with granite or marble, banks of elevators and an imposing desk where a security guard sits, monitoring various cameras. While common, this dated style of lobby could easily be described as "empty" or "lifeless." And it's why Oxford Properties Group, in conjunction with its key tenant, Amazon, opted to do something completely different at its 402 Dunsmuir St. property in Vancouver.

As part of the Oxford Properties Group portfolio, a major player in the commercial office towers, the new office complex for Amazon is located at the edge of Vancouver's expanding business district and is scheduled for completion sometime next year.

Rather than replicate the lifeless office-tower lobby, Amazon and Oxford Properties Group opted to create more of a café feel.

To help create a space where people gather, the lobby includes an actual café, complete with baristas, amid what Patrick Fejér - senior design principal with B+H Architects, the Toronto-based firm that designed the ninestorey building now under construction - describes as an "agora-style staircase." Designed like a Greek theatre, the staircase descends into the lobby in a way that encourages people to gather - whether it's to sit, have lunch, do a bit of work or hold a short meeting.

This meeting space will connect seamlessly with the bikeparking lockers, as well as the elevators.

Another design feature was to leave the concrete elevator cores exposed and highlight this architectural structure with strategic touches of blackened metal.

"We call it the un-lobby," Mr.Fejér says. "It will be this new communal hub to the building."

TREND TOWARD REDESIGNING THE COLD, LIFELESS OFFICE-TOWER LOBBY Design innovations like the ones being incorporated into this lobby are trending with more frequency throughout Canada's downtown business districts - the product of an extended office-building boom combined with employers desperate to attract and retain the millennial and Gen X talent that their business success increasingly relies on.

Big companies such as Oxford, GWL Realty Advisors Inc. and others in Vancouver are leading the way, incorporating such perks as spa-like bike rooms - individual, wood-paneled bike lockers, complete with showers and clothes-drying facilities - sitstand desks that can be raised and lowered according to an employee's needs, operable windows that can be opened and closed (to help prevent the claustrophobic effects of breathing endlessly recycled air), upscale fitness rooms, green-filled courtyards, and outdoor gardens on multiple floors.

It's not just tech firms that are embracing this new style either, says Robert Kavanagh, vice-president of asset management for GWL.

"The tech companies are the ones growing, so they need more space, but law, mining, financial services are doing it to change their image," Mr. Kavanagh says.

Vancouver Centre 2, a tower being constructed by GWL near the major downtown intersection of Georgia Street and Granville Street in downtown Vancouver, has already secured its first three tenants, one each from the fields of tech, mining and financial services. In addition to the spiffed-up lobby, intentionally outdoors-y spaces, bike lockers, change areas and e-bike charging stations, the seventhfloor patio of the new building will be a designated dog-friendly space - evidently another nonnegotiable amenity for attracting employees.

"The office as a typology is being challenged by new modes of working," Mr. Fejér says. "Office designers are increasingly borrowing ideas from the hospitality industry to make workplaces more appealing. The UX, or user experience, is key."

WHY VANCOUVER IS LEADING THE OFFICE-BOOM The new approach is particularly dominant in Vancouver, the city that has seen the most dramatic increase in office space throughout the unprecedented, Canadawide office-building boom of 2014 to 2018. During that time, Vancouver's downtown core saw its normal pace of growth increase by an average of 400 per cent, outdoing the other gateway cities of Toronto and Montreal, as the region transitioned away from resource company head offices in favour of tech entities, says Stuart Barron, the national director of research with Cushman & Wakefield, a global commercial real estate services company.

Today, office buildings are still going up at a blistering pace - 4.3 million-square-feet currently in Vancouver, 10.5 million in Toronto and 2.1 million in Montreal (with vacancy rates, respectively, of 1.3 per cent, 2 per cent and 6.4 per cent).

This unprecedented growth has come as retiring baby boomers are being rapidly replaced by younger generations coming in.

The fact that members of this upand-coming cohort tend to work, play, socialize and commute to the office much differently than their predecessors is something that employers in these biggest growth sectors are sitting up and paying attention to as they compete for staff.

A survey recently conducted on behalf of GWL, among almost 600 office workers in its buildings, revealed that a mere 8 per cent of Vancouver's under-35 population favoured personal cars for getting to work, and that almost 60 per cent of under-45s relied on public transit. Respondents also expressed a desire for more places to hang out at work, such as courtyards and spaces for yoga classes.

PRACTICAL REASONS FOR CHANGING THE OFFICE-SPACE CULTURE Employers are taking these kinds of preferences into account for very pragmatic reasons, as society as a whole becomes increasingly aware of the different ways that younger employees behave.

"The better the workplace experience, the lower your turnover rate," says Wendy Waters, GWL's vice-president for research services and strategy.

"Millennials want two to three places to work," says Maury Dubuque, senior managing director at Colliers International in Vancouver.

That preference might relate to the continuing dominance of the open-office concept that, even though it is frequently derided, does not seem to be going away, and from which this emerging style seems to provide some escape.

Looking around at his own company's employees, Mr. Dubuque says, "Our young people need quiet space for mindful, thoughtful explorations."

One company that emerged as a trailblazer for this new kind of office experience was WeWork.

Founded in 2010, the American startup was one of the first of the new breed of lucrative new business models: firms that lease out space in downtown buildings, redesigning it to be hip, and then renting it out to space-hungry tenants - from individuals to small companies - in need of flexible office space on a shortterm basis.

Despite recent troubles - WeWork's scheduled IPO hit a roadblock this year when the firm's valuations dropped from US$47billion to US$8-billion, according to Bloomberg, and the firm's CEO was removed from his leadership role - WeWork's unique approach to setting up and marketing its office space demonstrated that "people actually want a nicer experience and they will pay for it," Ms. Waters says. "This is the shift to the experience economy."

In many cases, WeWork's presence in an office building has turned out to be a bonus for cotenants that may need to temporarily expand their operations to accommodate, for example, a big project or sudden surge of new business that is not guaranteed to continue.

NEW OFFICE-AMENITY TREND ISN'T RESTRICTED TO DOWNTOWN CORES This trend towards upscale, hotel-like amenities hasn't been limited to just the downtown cores in Canada's three biggest cities, either. Brokers and industry analysts say it is also happening in suburban districts or high-vacancy cities where competition for tenants runs high. Having a nicer package of amenities to offer employees is a selling point in a tough market.

"In Calgary, everyone's putting in fitness centres because there's a 25-per-cent vacancy rate," Ms.

Waters says.

But is everyone really going this way? Not necessarily, Mr. Kavanagh says. "There's still plenty of traditional office tenants in Vancouver [and in Canada] who just want the elevators and the heating to work."

Associated Graphic

The new office complex for Amazon, top, is located at the edge of Vancouver's expanding business district and is to be completed some time next year. In designing new office spaces, employers are catering to younger generations. 'Our young people need quiet space for mindful, thoughtful explorations,' says Maury Dubuque, senior managing director at Colliers International in Vancouver. TOP: B+H ARCHITECTS; ABOVE: GWL REALTY INC.

Responsible getaways
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From Aruba to the Arctic, these destinations are making environmental practices part of their appeal
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P8


1. THE IDYLLIC ISLAND ESCAPE Aruba's Bucuti & Tara Beach Resort sits on 14 acres of beautiful white sand beach. The 104-room resort is stunning and it's also a pioneer in sustainable tourism.

Named the world's most sustainable hotel by Green Globe, a Los Angeles-based sustainability certification agency, Bucuti & Tara became the Caribbean's first carbon-neutral resort last year.

Thanks to the largest solar panel installation the government of Aruba will allow, plus smaller measures, such as energy-efficient appliances and purchasing carbon offsets from a local wind farm, the resort has been able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero.

"Global warming, climate change is a major threat to the islands,"owner and CEO Ewald Biemans says. "Everybody needs to make an effort, especially those of us who are in the travel business."

Guests are provided with a reusable water canteen upon check-in, a program launched six years ago that has kept nearly 300,000 single-use plastic water bottles from Aruba's landfills each year (the country currently does not recycle plastic). To further reduce the use of plastics, rooms feature dispensers for shampoo, conditioner and lotion instead of individual containers.

Sustainability initiatives such as these make good business sense - tourism accounts for the majority of Aruba's economy - and appeal to guests, Biemans says.

The resort also organizes monthly beach cleanups, which guests are invited to participate in. Many guests choose instead to lounge by the pool or swim in the Caribbean Sea, but some guests always volunteer, and Biemans is happy to reward them. "In return they get a bottle of Champagne for contributing to the environmental conservation of the island," Biemans says.

For more information, visit bucuti.com.

- DAVE MCGINN

2. SETTING SAIL Cruising has never been more popular - 30 million people around the world are expected to go on cruises this year, up from 17.8 million in 2009.

But with demand surging, the cruising industry has come under fire for its environmental impact.

"All travel companies are part of the problem with climate change, and we've got to be part of the solution," says Leigh Barnes, the chief purpose officer at Intrepid Group, a Melbourne, Australiabased company that operates several brands, including Peregrine Adventures,whichoperates 10 charter itineraries across Asia and Europe.

Their nine-day sustainable cruise to Thailand, for example, takes passengers to small islands off the country's west coast, including Ko Phayam,SurinTaiand KhoaLak,where you can swim in the Andaman Sea and then dine with locals in villages.

To promote sustainable cruising, Peregrine uses smaller boats that each accommodate a maximum of 50 passengers, generating less waste than larger boats.

The company has been carbon neutral since 2010 thanks to carbon offset projects including fighting deforestation in Kenya and purchasing carbon credits from a wind farm in Turkey. Last year, Peregrine banned all single use plastics from its cruises, which means no plastic water bottles ors traws.Instead,passengers are provided with refillable water bottles. To further reduce the carbon footprint of the company's cruises, Peregrine sources 90 per cent of each trip's food locally.

Through the Intrepid Foundation, a not-for-profit entity set up in 2002,the Intrepid Groupis also raising money for aseaweed farm off the coast of Tasmania. By matching donations dollar for dollar, the foundation has so far raised more than $400,000 for the project. "Seaweed is the fastest growing plant in the world and it's really good at sequestering, drawing carbon out of the atmosphere," Barnes says.

For more information, visit peregrine adventures.com.

- D.M.

3. A NURTURING RETREAT TO NATURE There are few things more quintessentially Canadian than paddling in local waters, and family owned Owl Rafting teaches guests the intricacies of whitewater rafting, the finesse of canoeing and the importance - both historical and modern-day- of this country's waterways.

The company has two locations:one in Ottawa,which offers day trips and overnight excursions down the 12-kilometre Rocher Fondu rapids of the Ottawa River. The other, Madawaska Kanu Centre, teaches whitewater kayaking and canoeing in the Madawaska River,just east of Algonquin Park.

Both locations are committed to green practices, including how they prepare and buy food, as well as in the day-to-day operation of their ecolodges. They both use reusable plates and cutlery, have solar-assisted showers and composting toilets (which reduce 90 per cent of sewage waste), grow their own produce, maintain their own livestock and only buy local when they need something they don't have on hand.

In Ottawa, a busier water thoroughfare,the company also organizes an annual shoreline cleanup, with volunteers picking up garbage left behind. "Our business revolves around healthy waterways so we do our utmost to respect them," says Vincent Boyer, a manager with the company.

Visit owlrafting.com for more information.

- GAYLE MACDONALD

4. THE EPIC ARCTIC TRIP - It has been called the polar bear - capital of the world and there is - no question that Churchill, Man., is one of the best places to indulge - in a passion for these cuddly looking predators in the Arctic tundra, - their natural habitat, on Hud- son's Bay's rugged coast.

Seal River Heritage Lodge is - the flagship ecolodge of tour ops erator Churchill Wild, which - prides itself on a minimalist, suse tainable and responsible ap- proach to luxury Arctic safaris a that allow travellers to get up close and personal with bears,be- lugas, caribou, Arctic foxes, birds - and countless other Arctic species. Most of the daily excursions, d for instance, are conducted by w foot to minimize impact on the s environment and interference - with the wildlife.

The lodge runs primarily on - solar power, operates greywater s recycling systems, maintains a - strict waste, water and compost e program and offers locally for, aged foods as well as organic prod duce grown in a recently built d greenhouse in southern part of n the province. Smaller changes include using biodegradable clean- ing products and energy-saving - lights and appliances. Each trip is - capped at 16 guests to lessen the p footprint and resources used.

Churchill Wild's founders and - owners,Mike and Jeanne Reimer, o have been hosting Arctic safari t trips since 1993. In 2015, two of - Churchill Wild's three lodges,Seal River Heritage Lodge and Nanuk - Polar Bear Lodge, became members of the National Geographic Unique Lodges of the World, a collection of hotels dedicated to protecting the surrounding habitats and cultures.

Visit churchill wild.com for more information.

- G.M.

5. A PLACE IN PARADISE Taking a "green tour" may not seem like a priority after making the long journey to Tetiaroa, an atoll not far from Tahiti, in the South Pacific, but at premium luxury resort the Brando, getting a view of the back of the house is something the staff are exceptionally proud to show off and something they suggest every visitor see.

It's easy to be impressed by the spacious villas, five-star service and unmatched blues of the ocean - this is a place where Leonardo DiCaprio and Barack Obama have each vacationed - but Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design platinum-certified Brando wants guests to have equal admiration for the sustainability efforts of the property.

In French Polynesia, air conditioning accounts for 60 per cent of resort electricity bills; in response the Brando uses seawater air conditioning, chilled water from the ocean's depths, as the coolingsourceforits35villas.The Brando has the largest solar field in the country, which produces two-thirds of the island's energy.

Currently a generator, fuelled by coconut oil and other biofuels, is usedfrommidnightto8a.m.,but the goal is to be on natural power round the clock. Rainwater is collected and used for laundry, glass is ground and used inpaving projects and the compost program is so successful the resort sells its extra to a company in Tahiti.

All staff must sign a commitment to the company's environmental charter and if guests want to get around they must do so by bicycle or on foot. Make no mistake, Tetiaroa is paradise and The Brando a once-in-a-lifetime tropical escape. But those who manage the property know without the island there would benodraw and so they make protecting it part of the appeal.

For more information, visit the brando.com.

- MARYAM SIDDIQI

The Trump impeachment hearings better be a small-screen blockbuster
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These proceedings will be sliced, diced and derided by Fox News and other Trump-supporting outlets - that's why sensational testimony is essential from the get-go
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By JOHN DOYLE
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A13


TELEVISION I n the matter of the public impeachment hearings starting Wednesday and going live on TV, it is important to be prepared. Specifically, be prepared for a nothing-burger.

This assertion shouldn't startle anyone. Even the Democrats hoping to convince the American public that U.S. President Donald Trump and a gaggle of cronies pressured Ukraine to announce an investigation into former U.S. vice-president Joe Biden, in return for preauthorized military aid, know what's on the line. As CNN's Lauren Fox reported the other day, an anonymous senior Democrat told her, "The first hour of a hearing and the first hearing has got to be a blockbuster."

The possibility of a TV blockbuster turning into a nothingburger is very real. Televised hearings in Washington are nothing new. The TV theatre of it is familiar, but the TV dynamics have changed.

In 1973, the Senate Watergate hearings unfolded when there were three network TV channels, plus PBS, then in its infancy, and there were hundreds of newspapers with millions of readers.

The three U.S. networks rotated live coverage and PBS rebroadcast each day's complete proceedings in the evening for those unable to watch during the day.

Part of the attraction was the array of colourful figures in the Nixon administration that viewers had only read about.

Tens of millions watched the evening coverage on PBS, anchored by Robert MacNeil and Jim Lehrer, who did almost no punditry or commentary and merely summarized what had happened and outlined who the players at the hearings were.

Sometimes they interviewed experts on the U.S. government's internal workings.

Yet the Watergate hearings were a monumental event in recent U.S. history. In part that was because, although it was live television, the story wrote itself.

Democrats who were alleging that Richard Nixon and his team had acted nefariously were careful to build a case, step by step.

The hearings opened with testimony from, and the questioning of, bit-players in the story, and moved up the chain of command to Nixon's inner circle. It was gripping TV because it played out as a slow-burning drama moving ever closer and closer to the Oval Office.

The setting and the story told contrasts sharply with today's U.S. political and media landscape. But it's not just about the gap in time. Even the most recent televised impeachment hearing, aimed at impeaching Bill Clinton, also took place in a vastly different atmosphere.

For a start, the Clinton saga started in January, 1994, with an independent counsel investigating financial irregularities in the dealings of the Whitewater property company and the involvement of the Clintons, and their business partners. In August of that year, the independent counsel was replaced by the more combative and conservative Kenneth Starr. At the time Starr started work, Monica Lewinsky was still in college. Also, at that time Paula Jones had only just filed a sexual harassment suit against Clinton based on his alleged actions in 1991.

It would be several years before what started as a land-development entanglement exploded into a sex scandal. But when it exploded, it certainly meant fireworks. Just before Christmas, 1997, lawyers for Jones subpoenaed Lewinsky, hoping to prove a pattern of behaviour by Clinton. In an affidavit, Lewinsky denied an affair with Clinton, hoping to avoid testifying. But her friend Linda Tripp had taped their phone conversations and offered the tapes to Starr. Within months, there was a full-blown sex scandal and the public was hearing about the secret tapes, oral sex in the Oval Office and the porn magazine Penthouse was in court arguing its right to publish nude photos of Jones. By the time that impeachment hearings were on live TV, there was enough sensational detail to guarantee an audience hungry for more.

The Clinton saga was like a lurid, high-stakes soap-opera. New and sensational developments came out of the blue. It was water-cooler conversation. It was about a guy denying having sex with "that woman." It was both lascivious content and relatable: the cheating husband and the intern, and all the lies woven around that.

What connects the Clinton impeachment hearings narrative to this week's event is the crucial role of the internet. In January, 1998, the little-known conservative news aggregation site Drudge Report carried a report claiming that Newsweek had sat on a story about president Clinton's relationship with Lewinsky.

That item kick-started a frenzy of coverage and it emboldened mainstream news outlets to cover the sex scandal. In The Washington Post, media columnist Howard Kurtz wondered whether "the furious pace of the coverage has all but shattered traditional media standards."

It did. The internet was in its infancy, but the Clinton scandal established the Drudge Report as an influential outlet. Just as, ironically, the very sober PBS had been made to seem essential by the Watergate scandal. The Fox News Channel was also in its infancy, established in 1996, but only available in about 10 million homes and most of those homes were not in the major east or west coast markets.

The big live TV event that begins on Wednesday has nothing like the context that framed the Watergate and Clinton hearings.

(The top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, Bill Taylor, and another senior diplomat, George Kent, will appear first. The hearings will resume Friday with the former U.S.

ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch testifying. All will be asked what they knew about Trump and Rudy Giuliani's dealings with Ukraine.) Fox News will play a significant role. It already has its own narrative: Trump's quid pro quo with Ukraine might have been mildly inappropriate, but it's not at the level of impeachment. For good measure, Fox also takes the view that nobody really cares about the Ukraine scandal. Fox News's Jesse Watters on Friday shouted: "No one can find Ukraine on a map!"

Each cable news outlet will construe the hearings in its own way, with its own biases and inclinations. Twitter will play a role, as it has since the start of the Trump presidency. Other social-media sites will undercut the relevancy of the live televised hearings with wild conspiracy theories floated and witnesses attacked. CNN's Jake Tapper has already been the subject of a bizarre Twitter smear campaign alleging that he's close friends with the lawyer representing the whistle-blower whose report brought the Ukraine scandal to light. Tapper says he's never met the lawyer, let alone been friendly with the man. Meanwhile, regular CNN pundit Max Boot called Fox's Sean Hannity the "de facto minister of propaganda" for the Trump administration in the matter of Ukraine.

It's a fevered atmosphere, with the further demonizing of Trump, ahead of next year's election, at the heart of it. The likelihood of an actual impeachment is remote. What those pushing for impeachment really want is to expose is Trump's quid-proquo as a shakedown and outright bribery, and typical of his behaviour. And they want it on live TV to be convincing. Career civil servants will testify. Perhaps they have shocking revelations, and perhaps the public will shrug. After all, these hearings will be sliced and diced and not so much analyzed as they will be derided by Fox News and other Trump-supporting outlets.

That's why blockbuster testimony is essential from the getgo. Those who wanted to feed on proof of Trump's nefariousness expected their fill from the Mueller report and Robert Mueller's testimony, and they got a nothing-burger. That TV drama amounted to dull content and anyone with high hopes for this one should remember that.

Associated Graphic

Members of the Senate Watergate Committee are seen during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington as they listen to witness Robert Odle, foreground, in May, 1973. The hearings were held when there were only three network TV channels and PBS. The major networks rotated live coverage, with PBS rebroadcasting the proceedings in the evenings for people who missed them.

PHOTOS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS

The Senate Watergate Committee listens as Lieutenant-General Vernon Walters testifies in August, 1973. Tens of millions of people watched PBS's evening coverage of the hearings, which were a monumental event in recent U.S. history.

Behind the scenes at Coach's Corner, a culture of extreme deference to its stars
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By SIMON HOUPT
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S1


TORONTO -- Last Saturday night, when Don Cherry began driving his Coach's Corner jalopy off the road with his incendiary remarks about "you people [who] come here," there were no guardrails to save him any more.

They had all fallen away, ground down and discarded over the years under what people who were previously involved in the production of Hockey Night in Canada described to The Globe and Mail this week as a culture of extreme and sometimes fearful deference toward Cherry and his friend and co-host Ron MacLean.

Gone was the seven-second delay between Cherry talking and the moment that his comments would go live to air, an electronic escape hatch that had been created in the spring of 2003 after he made controversial comments about the Iraq War. His trusted sidekick MacLean, who had McGyvered him out of numerous scrapes over the previous 33 years, could no longer be counted on, acknowledging on Sunday night that he "didn't catch" the ugly comments. And it appears that none of the Hockey Night in Canada control room and production crew who had access to MacLean, through an earpiece, raised an alarm and rushed to give him guidance on how to save Cherry.

Some people who spoke with The Globe this week drew parallels with the enabling environment at CBC that was described in an April, 2015, report, by a company hired in the wake of the firing of broadcaster Jian Ghomeshi to audit the workplace of the public broadcaster, as a toxic "host culture."

The lax culture, which grew over the more than three decades when Coach's Corner was under the editorial control of CBC and which continued after the rights to the show were taken over by Rogers Media for the 2014-15 hockey season, helped create a set of circumstances that made it almost impossible for anyone to hold the two stars to account, which ultimately proved fatal.

One person who was recently involved with the production, echoing a number of others who spoke with The Globe, said there was a lack of accountability and a large amount of fear among the staff toward the duo known as "Ron and Don."

The Globe granted confidentiality to the sources for this story because they were not authorized to speak on the subject.

That sense of fear and entitlement hadn't always existed.

When Cherry began his Coach's Corner segments during the 1980 playoffs, he offered tightly scripted advice to amateur players on how to improve their game play.

For almost 20 years, producers regularly reined him in when he wandered.

During that era, CBC showed little inclination to indulge the whims of its hockey broadcasters: In March, 1987, after the network chose to switch to a news broadcast at the end of a Toronto Maple Leafs game instead of joining a Montreal Canadiens game that was still in progress, Dave Hodge was fired for expressing frustration on air with "who's responsible for the way we do things here."

He was replaced the following week by MacLean.

Even through much of its second decade, producers would oversee and approve the content of Coach's Corner. But that control began to flag, even as Cherry's propensity for making inappropriate comments attracted more attention. One person familiar with the production environment at CBC suggested a culture of "hero worship" began to form around the two stars, as they began to make unusual demands that would benefit their segment, sometimes at the cost of the larger broadcast.

According to another person familiar with the production during the time it was under the control of CBC, Cherry would watch the first period of games for slick goals or other highlight-reel plays, and, if he spotted a particularly good camera angle, he would instruct his producer to inform the control room to not use the angle in an in-game replay, so that it would be fresh for the viewers of Coach's Corner.

That same individual also noted that, when Cherry and MacLean would travel during the NHL playoffs, they would often stay at hotels that were different from the Hockey Night production crew, underlining their special status.

A spokesperson for CBC said he could not directly address any of the allegations of the culture of deference. "Any decisions that were made regarding Don Cherry, while CBC held the national broadcast rights for NHL hockey, were made in the moment on a case-by-case basis," Chuck Thompson said. "But because none of the individuals involved in any of the decisions that were taken are with the CBC anymore, it would be unfair of us to speculate on what they were thinking, or speak on their behalf." Asked about a culture of entitlement that enabled Cherry and MacLean and left them without a safety net, Sportsnet spokesperson Andrew Garas said, "We're focused on looking ahead."

Last Saturday, Sportsnet producers knew in broad strokes what Cherry was going to say. In fact, an executive who had overseen previous broadcasts, and other production-crew members who spoke to The Globe, noted that Cherry has chastised people for not wearing poppies during the Coach's Corner segments before Remembrance Day in previous years. The bulk of his comments during last Saturday's broadcast therefore would not have caused alarm and - given the frenetic environment of a live-TV production - may not have even been noticed by the crew.

Coach's Corner is - or was - produced live, airing only in the East, during the first part of the Hockey Night double-header broadcasts. If there were three games in progress in the East, as there was last Saturday night - the Montreal Canadiens, Toronto Maple Leafs and Ottawa Senators were all seen in their home markets - the segment would air live during the first intermission of the first game that wrapped up its first period.

Then, as the other games individually entered their first intermissions, the segment would begin airing, on a time delay that could be anywhere from a splitsecond to many minutes. But it would not be produced all over again for another game in the East, no matter how delayed that game might be in concluding its first period.

Even if Cherry's comments had been noticed, there may not have been much that could have been done in the moment. The sevensecond delay had been removed in 2007, because it had little practical use except in cases where someone might use a readily identifiable racial epithet that needed to be deleted in a splitsecond.

The Hockey Night production crew is not equipped with crisismanagement experts who might have prodded MacLean to jump in on a comment Cherry had made: their expertise is in keeping the broadcast moving and reacting to a limited set of possible scenarios.

Late on Friday, Rogers said it was still working on what exactly the first intermission of the first Don Cherry-less Hockey Night in Canada in almost 40 years would look like when it unfolds Saturday night. Ron MacLean will be on air and a segment will spotlight the 2019 Hockey Hall of Fame inductees. One former producer who was involved in discussions about Rogers's postCherry plans suggested that the broadcast would probably air a soft feature in the former Coach's Corner spot for the next number of months, similar to the ones that currently air before the games and then possibly launch a new marquee segment during the playoffs. Sportsnet may also wait until next fall to launch anything new.

But, while former hockey executive Brian Burke was hired to be a Sportsnet commentator as part of succession planning, Rogers may be so snakebit by the events of the past week that it could go in an entirely different direction.

Besides, that spot may now be a poisoned chalice. As Scott Moore, the former president of Sportsnet, told the New York Times two years ago, when asked about who might succeed Cherry: "You don't want to be the guy who replaces Walter Cronkite.

You want to be the guy who replaces the guy who replaces Walter Cronkite."

Associated Graphic

Hockey commentators Ron MacLean, centre left, and Don Cherry, centre, are seen preparing to broadcast their Coach's Corner segment at Toronto's Air Canada Centre in 2005.

DONALD WEBER/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Seeing the world anew with Emily Carr
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Audain Art Museum exhibition traces the painter's journey through France and how her work changed once she became exposed to modernist techniques
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R8


WHISTLER, B.C. -- In 1910, Emily Carr travelled to France on a transformative trip that would expose her to new techniques and landscapes, and have a dramatic influence on her work. The trip led to "fresh seeing," a phrase that would come to serve as the title of a lecture she would give about the experience years later in Victoria. (The phrase was hers; the lecture was given that title when it was published in 1972.)

It's also been incorporated into the name of a new exhibition at the Audain Art Museum that brings together work that emerged from this seminal trip.

Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast includes work by influential teachers Carr encountered in France; paintings she made while there and after the trip; and, in a particularly illuminating part of the exhibition, work she made before the trip in British Columbia, and new versions she created after she returned with those fresh eyes.

The exhibition brings together more than 50 of her paintings - many of which belong to private andcorporatecollectionsandare being exhibited for the first time in decades. It also breaks new groundinEmilyCarrscholarship, led by guest co-curator Kathryn Bridge, a noted Carr scholar, and the museum's Gail & Stephen A.

Jarislowsky Curator Kiriko Watanabe, who separately travelled to France to conduct research by walking in Carr's footsteps.

Emily Carr travelled to Paris with her sister Alice, who had learned French for the occasion; Emily did not speak the language. They rented a small apartment in the Latin Quarter, and Carr began art classes a short walk from home. But Carr's health issues made the city intolerable, and she moved to the small medieval town of Crécy-enBrie with one of her instructors, Harry Phelan Gibb, and his wife.

The group later moved to Brittany.

Bridge travelled to these places with photos of Carr's work on her iPad and went about conducting detective work. She was able to match some of Carr's paintings with their actual locations-somethingthatwasnotas easy as it sounds, given the generic titles these paintings were later given, mostly by the executors of her estate. Carr shipped home likely 100 oil paintings and watercolours or more, but few sold during her lifetime.

ItisamazingtoseeCarr'swork next to photos taken during Bridge's trip. Carr's oil on board Crécy-en-Brie, 1911, shows the samedetailsasthe2018photo-a wrought iron balcony, small washing sheds. In another instance, Village by the Sea, 1911, is installed next to a photo of the same view in Saint-Michel-enGrève taken in 2018; Bridge discovered that Carr would have had to make quite a trek up a hill and around the water in order to sketch the village from that perspective. The watercolour over charcoal Village Square with Cross No. 1, 1911, is exhibited next to photo from Bridge's trip of a small church in Lanriec, clearly showing the same monument.

Other paintings from France are paired with historical photographs of the same setting, also dug up by Bridge.

The exhibition, and the excellent accompanying catalogue, quote extensively from Carr's own writing - drawing largely from her original, unpublished manuscripts.

Matching the text with the paintings also led to discoveries about Carr's time in France. The 1911 oil Four Children in a Breton Cottage is displayed with a piece of Carr's writing. She describes a stone cottage on a hill - a woman with four children, a big open hearth with a huge iron pot hangingoverthefire,theearthen floor swept clean: just what you see in the painting.

The exhibition also documents the transformation in Carr's work. In Le Paysage (Brittany Landscape), 1911, the blue sky is a modernist expression, with

bold blue brush strokes against exposed board; the landscape is highly textured, created with layers and layers of paint; and the trees and cottages are boldly outlined.

It is an astonishing contrast from the first painting in the show, an example of what was likely Carr's earlier work in France, a small, darker oil on board, Old Mill House, Near Paris, c. 1910, that is more conservative and realist in tone.

Le Paysage was last exhibited more than a century ago, in 1913, at the Island Arts and Crafts Club in Victoria. It was also one of two works of Carr's that were included in the prestigious 1911 Salon d'Automne in Paris. Carr was one of only three Canadian artists in the show.

She may have been encouraged to submit the paintings by Phelan Gibb who, before Carr movedon,toldher:"'Ifyougoon [with your painting] you should be one of the women painters of the world,'" Carr wrote. "I held my breath and looked at him in pure amazement."

After 16 months away, Carr arrived in Victoria in November, 1911, with a new painting style - a radical transformation over such a brief period of time. Back home, she returned to some of the work she had made in British Columbia documenting First Nations culture, creating new versions with a new modernist style.

The show includes several before-and-after examples. War Canoes,AlertBay,1912isaknockout; a bold and colourful oil version of the more conservative, sombre watercolour Carr had made in 1908. The difference transcends the aesthetic. As Watanabe points out in her catalogue essay, the original conveys the mood of a deserted seaside. For me, the 1912 version feels more alive - depicting a living, vibrant culture.

That is not to say the early watercolours aren't remarkable - or historically valuable. Carr's work in these communities offers an important historical record. As Gitxsan artist Ya'Ya Heit, interviewed by Watanabe for the show, says, "I see where my family poles were. I see what the village was like. ... There's life with those poles - that's part of Emily's accomplishment."

In the summer of 1912, Carr travelled for six weeks up the Northwest Coast to First Nations communities in British Columbia, visiting Gitxsan, Wet'suwet'en, Haida and Kwakwaka'wakw communities - some of which were very remote. The exhibition concludes with some of the works that emerged from that trip.Carrbelievedhernewwayof seeing enabled her to better capture this world - even if the work wasn't necessarily popular with her B.C. audience.

Carr delivered that "Fresh Seeing" speech to the Women's Canadian Club of Victoria in 1930 - a rare public address that coincided with a major exhibition, her first in her hometown. In that address, she tells the audience that she knows many of them "cordially detest" modern art, but then she works to persuade them. "The art world was fed up, saturated with lifeless stodge - something had to happen," she told them. "And it did."

Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast is at the Audain Art Museum in Whistler until January 19. It is at the Beaverbrook Art Gallery in Fredericton Feb. 29 - May 31.

Associated Graphic

Emily Carr's painting Le Paysage (Brittany Landscape), 1911, is one of many paintings being shown at Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast that has not been part of an exhibition for decades. In the case of Le Paysage, it was last exhibited more than a century ago in 1913 and was one of Carr's works included in the 1911 Salon d'Automne in Paris.

TREVOR MILLS/ VANCOUVER ART GALLERY

Guest co-curator of the exhibition Kathryn Bridge travelled to the same places Emily Carr visited on her journey through France and took photos of the locations to pair with the art - no easy feat given the vague titles bestowed on much of Carr's work by her estate, such as Village by the Sea in the case of the painting above. The painting depicts a view of Saint-Michel-en-Grève, France, seen below. At the Audain Art Museum, the painting is installed next to a photo of the village taken in 2018.

ABOVE: AGNES ETHERINGTON ART CENTRE, QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY; BELOW: K. NEARLY

Upon returning from France, Carr reworked some of her older paintings in her new modernist style. At the Audain exhibition, the conservative, sombre watercolour version of War Canoes, Alert Bay from 1908 is juxtaposed with a bold and colourful oil version from 1912.

ABOVE: TOM AND TERESA GAUTREAU COLLECTION; BELOW: RACHEL TOPHAM/VANCOUVER ART GALLERY

PCs revive GTA West highway plans amid changing transportation future
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By OLIVER MOORE
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Monday, November 4, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A6


URBAN AFFAIRS REPORTER -- The GTA West has been called the last crucial missing link in Toronto-area highways, and at the same time dismissed as a relic of an outdated approach to transportation infrastructure.

The idea of a roughly 50-kilometre stretch of major new highway to the west of Toronto has been kicked around for many years. The former provincial Liberal government suspended and eventually killed the planning process. Once the Progressive Conservatives took over, though, they were quick to bring the environmental assessment back to life.

The route currently being studied for the proposed Highway 413 - often referred to as GTA West - was released in September and a series of public meetings wrapped up last month. It would link Highway 401 with the 410 and 400.

"We're trying to bring relief to drivers across the province," Transportation Minister Caroline Mulroney said in an interview last month, adding the GTA West is meant "to address congestion in the area and to provide needed transportation infrastructure."

There is currently neither a price nor timeline for the GTA West, although it can be expected to cost billions and take years to build. And even some supporters wonder whether it's the right idea for a changing transportation future.

The 401 is the busiest highway in the country, and establishing a new link to other highways could speed up travel through this area, at least initially.

But while the province's figures show significant travel time reductions if this highway is built and others widened, the modelling doesn't account for the likelihood these changes would provoke more driving. Building any highway is by nature an expensive bet on a particular future.

But it can also act to help create that future, by giving people more reason to drive.

"Congestion doesn't get fixed by building highways," said Geoff Kettel, president of the Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods, which represents a number of residents' associations across Ontario. "It's not good planning. It's continuing the sprawl and not trying to build a more compact community."

MIXED FEELINGS In June, Brampton West MPP Amarjot Sandhu brought a motion to the Ontario Legislature, asking that the GTA West planning process be restarted. This had been in the Tory platform and, with a majority government, the motion passed easily.

This project seems an obvious bread-and-butter issue for a Progressive Conservative Party that has worked to position itself publicly as a close friend to drivers.

"The population is increasing rapidly ... and we definitely need [this] highway to reduce the congestion," said Mr. Sandhu, who says his constituents are clamouring for the project. He dismissed the idea that a new highway would simply attract more drivers.

In Brampton, Councillor Michael Palleschi says, the project is very popular with his constituents, who are sick of traffic. In June, that city's council backed his motion supporting the process, but he concedes he has mixed feelings.

"Am I a believer that we need another 400-series highway in the west end [of the Greater Toronto Area]? I don't know," Mr.

Palleschi said, adding that he's a father with young children who wants to see a future with more transit, cycling and walking, one in which people have less need to drive.

He acknowledged, though, that this future could be some time off, and that freight shipment through the area needs to improve. While the province is increasing GO commuter rail service across the region, more trains do not appear to be coming quickly to Brampton. So maybe another highway, while not ideal, is needed.

"If we're just going to sit on our hands and not do anything, and wait for the future to dictate what we're going to do, we're going to be reactive," the councillor said.

"Let's actually get out and do something. Let's say that these lanes are going to be for autonomous vehicles, these lanes are going to have strictly goods movement. Let's be progressive and not sit back and wait."

That uncertain future was one reason the Liberals turned away from the highway in the first place. Back in 2015, then-transportation minister Steven Del Duca pointed to the rapid changes in transportation, including the increasing sophistication of driverless vehicles, as reason to suspend the environmental assessment.

"The world of transportation I think is actually at the sort of front edge of a disruptive transformational period," he said in an interview at the time. "The reason that we paused is just take one step back, pause, collect our breath, take a look at it and make sure that as we go forward with all of our transportation planning that we get it right."

INDUCED DEMAND One big uncertainty is how this road would affect traffic patterns.

In a landmark 2011 study, Gilles Duranton and Matthew Turner, both then at the University of Toronto, found a one-to-one relationship between increases in road capacity and in the total number of kilometres being driven.

The phenomenon is called induced demand: A bigger road offers more supply and thus makes driving more attractive, which encourages people get behind the wheel. Traffic does not get better. More people get where they're going, but not any faster, often leading to calls to expand again.

Although decades of evidence from around the world show this, it is often disregarded. Ms. Mulroney, who became Transportation Minister in June, said in last month's interview she had yet to be briefed on the concept.

"Induced demand is the great intellectual black hole in city planning, the one professional certainty that everyone thoughtful seems to acknowledge, yet almost no one is willing to act upon," urbanist Jeff Speck writes in his book Walkable City.

According to the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO), traffic modelling for the GTA West did not take induced demand into account.

A 2013 consultant report done for the MTO showed that each variant of the GTA West being considered - combined with widening sections of Highways 400, 401, 407, 410 and 417 - would result in a roughly 20-per-cent decrease in travel times between a number of spots deemed urban growth centres. But this figure does not consider the possibility the new road capacity would attract people not currently driving, which the MTO says would be too difficult to project.

"Quantifying 'induced demand' (or the new trip generation) requires assumptions on elasticity which [are] typically not built into these modelling frameworks," spokesman Bob Nichols wrote in an e-mailed statement. "It is recognized that the literature on travel demand forecasting and practice contains an extensive debate on 'induced demand.' " Critics warn that disregarding the effect of induced demand in pursuit of expanded roads can lead to increased tailpipe emissions, more people trapped in slow commutes, greater sprawl and the loss of land that might otherwise be protected or used for other purposes.

When the GTA West environmental assessment was relaunched this year, Halton Hills Mayor Rick Bonnette said in a letter to Ms. Mulroney that his community has long had to set aside a huge swath of land on which the highway might eventually be built.

In an interview, he called it "a huge concern" for the city's tax base that land which might be used for industrial purposes has been effectively locked in limbo for years.

"Close to 1,200 acres have been protected for eight years," he said. "It's land that the town would want to have as employment lands."

Mr. Bonnette said that the environmental assessment, if it is going to be done, should be completed expeditiously. But he questioned the need to restart it at all.

He said that his community recently declared a climate emergency and is desperately in need of transit. And more than once in an interview he paraphrased a famous Lewis Mumford quote that expanding roads to beat congestion is like loosening your belt to fight obesity.

"If they're going to continue to build highways, they're going to have to look at another highway as soon as this one's done," he said.

Associated Graphic

The proposed GTA West highway would link Highway 401, seen above in 2014, with the 410 and the 400.

MICHELLE SIU/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

All that is right, and wrong, with journalism
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Farrow's book is a devastating, depressing and infuriating testament to how media handle big stories
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By BARRY HERTZ
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The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R12


Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators BY RONAN FARROW LITTLE, BROWN AND CO., 448 PAGES W ork in entertainment journalism long enough and you're bound to accumulate a Harvey Weinstein story: even in Canada.

My anecdote is extraordinarily benign. After editing and publishing an article by Globe and Mail contributor Johanna Schneller about the financial woes plaguing the Weinstein Company (TWC) in May, 2017, I received a distressed e-mail from the head of publicity at TWC informing me that "Harvey would very much like to speak with you today." I immediately offered up my availability and braced for one of the film producer's infamous outbursts.

Nothing happened - no call received, no verbal lashing. I knew that our story was unimpeachable - all the facts were checked and sourced, and the piece contained nothing outrageous other than summarizing TWC's string of flops - but I still breathed a sigh of relief that I wouldn't have to face the telephonic wrath of Hollywood's favourite bully.

Five months later, with the publication of exposés by Jodi Kantor and Megan Twohey in The New York Times and Ronan Farrow in The New Yorker, it became startlingly and nauseatingly clear just how little I actually knew about Weinstein. And now, with the publication of Farrow's Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators, it is clear just how much so many others did know - and why they might have chosen to keep their secrets so closely guarded.

It was almost inevitable that Farrow, who won the Pulitzer Prize for public service for his New Yorker work, would write a book detailing his Weinstein investigation. The tale is a publisher's dream - a behind-the-scenes dive into what happens when noxious Hollywood power collides with big-media indifference.

And in Catch and Kill, Farrow delivers, racing through the missteps and breakthroughs of his reporting as if he were on fire, skewering so very many along the way.

Weinstein certainly gets the worst of it. Through interviews with Rose McGowan, Annabella Sciorra, Rosanna Arquette and Mira Sorvino - some of whose recollections might induce posttraumatic stress among readers who are victims themselves - Weinstein comes off as an insatiable and horrifying predator, a true monster. (His criminal trial for two counts of predatory sexual assault, one count of first-degree criminal sexual assault, one count of first-degree rape and one count of third-degree rape is set to begin in January; he has pleaded not guilty.)

But Farrow did not write Catch and Kill to only tell the world what his and Kantor and Twohey's work already detailed. Farrow is also, even mostly, occupied with shining a big fat light on all those who protected Weinstein. Those who ignored him. Those who went out of their way to look the other way. The result is astounding and sickening at the same time, a celebration of all that is right with journalism - even as it exposes all that is so very broken.

If NBC News had ended up breaking the Weinstein scandal, then Catch and Kill might not have existed. When Farrow started to work on the story, he was an anchor and reporter for the television giant. Around June, 2016, he was working on an investigative series dubbed "The Dark Side of Hollywood?" but was having trouble getting traction on topics.

Soon, though, Weinstein's name began to surface in research and Farrow pursued sources who could corroborate whispers of sexual harassment and assault.

Yet, for every inch Farrow and producer Rich McHugh came closer to securing the story, NBC took one step back. Anyone even mildly familiar with the Weinstein narrative knows that NBC eventually had nothing to do with bringing the story to light. What Farrow's book makes clear, in precise and damning detail, is just how much NBC tried to bury it.

Much of the blame is left at the feet of Noah Oppenheim. Farrow portrays the NBC News president as slick but weak-willed, a man more interested in the privileges of Hollywood (he wrote the screenplays for Jackie and The Maze Runner) than journalistic integrity. Over the course of the book's first half, Farrow illustrates Oppenheim's every attempt to kill the story, which neatly echoed the Matt Lauer scandal that happened to be brewing inside Oppenheim's own shop at the time and would blow up shortly after the Weinstein stories were published. Also coming under intense scrutiny are Oppenheim's boss, NBC News and MSNBC chairman Andy Lack, producer David Corvo and MSNBC president Phil Griffin, the latter described by colleagues as infamously lewd, at one point brandishing a zoomed-in image of a television personality's "wardrobe malfunction" in one meeting. (In a memo to NBC staff this month, Lack said Farrow's book paints "a fundamentally untrue picture" of the network.)

Other boldfaced obstacles float into Farrow's orbit, too, with the reporter incriminating everyone from highly respected lawyers to various Hollywood publicists to the men running American Media Inc. (publisher of The National Enquirer) to Hillary Clinton as being responsible, to varying degrees, for Weinstein's reign.

And then there's the other half of Catch and Kill, which dives into the unbelievable efforts of Israeli security firm Black Cube to derail Farrow's investigation. The story of his reporting is fascinating. The story of how it almost never came to light is disgusting.

Unfortunately, there is another element to Catch and Kill that isn't as essential. While Farrow had little choice but to insert himself into the story - is anybody going to trust a book about sexual assault in the entertainment industry by the son of Woody Allen and Mia Farrow that doesn't mention his own family's history nor his own privileged proximity to celebrity?

- the author does himself no favours by doing so while wedging himself between the tropes of a would-be spy-vs.-spy blockbuster.

Certainly this kind of behindthe-scenes story demands a firstperson perspective, but Farrow could have just as easily emphasized the sincere doggedness of his own reporting rather than lean on the faux-breathlessness of an airport-thriller genre. Frequently, his writing slips into hard-bitten cliché and headscratching attempts at literary flourish ("She assembled this sentence like she was reading characters off a newly unearthed cineform tablet" or "I looked out of the window. Across the street, the lights were off and the dance studio was in shadow" or any of the chapters where he reconstructs conversations between two private detectives hired to make his life hell). It is not paranoia if everyone is indeed out to get you, as is the case here. But that doesn't excuse Farrow's hyperbolically suspicious prose.

Then there are the repetitive cheap shots he lobs at his foes (I haven't been exposed to this much hate for the Natalie Portman-starring Jackie since my last round of drinks with Toronto film critics), the too-cute detours into his fraught-but-supportive relationship with political podcaster Jonathan Lovett (he hid a marriage proposal in an early draft, which thankfully did not survive to the final version) and the occasional spot of slipshod fact-checking (he gets the job title wrong for a well-known Hollywood Reporter editor) that look especially bad given the demands of the subject matter.

Toward the end of the book, Farrow writes about a regular practice at the National Enquirer that had the publication buying up the rights to negative stories about famous personalities for the express purpose of burying them: "catch and kill." Given that reality, and the behaviour described at NBC, the fact that we're reading Farrow's book at all - as well as Kantor and Twohey's She Said, which in an echo of the reporters' original Weinstein scoop timing was published just before Catch and Kill - is a testament to the power of unrelenting journalism. A devastating and depressing and infuriating testament.

But a testament all the same.

Associated Graphic

Producer Harvey Weinstein leaves a New York courthouse in August. Ronan Farrow's book explores his investigation into Weinstein's alleged sexual assaults.

SHANNON STAPLETON/REUTERS

Wednesday, November 13, 2019

Trump pushed for 'crazy' plan to trade military aid for Biden probes: Diplomat
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New disclosure at historic impeachment hearings reinforces U.S. President's key role in pressing Ukraine to discredit rival
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By ADRIAN MORROW
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


WASHINGTON -- In the first public hearing Wednesday of the U.S. congressional impeachment inquiry into Donald Trump, more evidence was added to the growing case against the President, reinforcing his central role in pressing Ukraine to discredit his potential Democratic challenger, Joe Biden.

The top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine says Mr. Trump pushed one of his emissaries for an update on investigations the President wanted Kyiv to launch into his Democratic political opponents.

After the previously undisclosed conversation, acting Ambassador William Taylor said that the emissary, U.S. ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland, confided that Mr. Trump "cares more about the investigations" than about U.S. policy in Ukraine.

Mr. Taylor, who testified alongside senior State Department official George Kent, laid out in detail a "crazy" plot to withhold nearly US$400-million of badly needed military aid to press Kyiv to announce the investigations. And both men made the case for why this effort - pursued through an "unofficial channel" of diplomacy that Mr. Trump's allies set up - undermined U.S. national security and foreign-policy goals.

"Withholding security assistance in exchange for help with a domestic political campaign in the United States would be crazy," Mr. Taylor told the House intelligence committee.

"I believed that then and I believe it now."

The historic hearings make Mr.Trump only the fourth U.S. president to face formal impeachment proceedings.

While much of the substance of Mr. Taylor's and Mr. Kent's testimony had already been revealed in closed-door depositions, the dramatic public airing of their disclosures has the potential to seize public attention and pave the way for the Democratic-controlled House to move forward with efforts to push Mr.Trump out of office.

In a July telephone conversation, Mr. Trump asked Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate conspiracy theories concerning Mr. Biden and supposed Ukrainian help for the Democrats in the 2016 election.

The inquiry is trying to determine whether this request - and Mr. Trump's alleged withholding of military aid - constitutes an abuse of power by soliciting foreign interference in the 2020 vote.

"The matter is as simple and as terrible as that," Democratic intelligence committee chairman Adam Schiff said.

"Our answer to these questions will affect not only the future of this presidency but ... what kind of conduct or misconduct the American people may come to expect from their commanderin-chief," Mr. Schiff continued.

Mr. Kent bluntly undermined Mr. Trump's argument that the President had legitimate reasons to ask Mr. Zelensky to investigate Mr. Biden, one of the Democratic candidates vying to face Mr.

Trump in next year's presidential election. Asked by Daniel Goldman, a lawyer for committee Democrats, whether there were any grounds to believe Mr. Biden had committed wrongdoing in Ukraine, Mr. Kent said "none whatsoever." He also said there was "no factual basis" for the conspiracy theory that Ukraine colluded with the Democrats in 2016.

"I do not believe the United States should ask other countries to engage in selective, politically associated investigations or prosecutions against opponents of those in power," Mr. Kent said.

"Such selective actions undermine the rule of law, regardless of the country."

From the time he arrived in Kyiv this spring, Mr. Taylor said, there was an "informal channel" between Mr. Trump's allies, including his personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani, and Ukraine that circumvented normal diplomatic contacts.

At first, he said, back-channel operatives tried to trade a White House invitation to Mr. Zelensky in exchange for the investigations. Then, over the summer, Mr.

Trump ordered the military aid to Ukraine frozen. Kyiv has relied on the help for its fight against Russian-backed insurgents.

Mr. Taylor said he learned from Mr. Sondland, the EU ambassador, that the President would not release the aid until Mr. Zelensky announced the investigation. Mr.

Taylor said Mr. Sondland claimed that there was "no quid pro quo," while at the same time telling him that Mr. Trump felt Ukraine "owes him something" and had to "pay up" before he would "sign the cheque."

By withholding aid, Mr. Taylor said, the U.S. was failing to help a key ally attempting to contain the Kremlin's authoritarian expansionism. The day after Mr. Zelensky's call with Mr. Trump, he said, he visited the front line of the Ukrainian fight against Russian-backed forces. "More Ukrainians would undoubtedly die without the U.S. assistance," Mr.

Taylor said.

Mr. Taylor revealed the conversation between Mr. Trump and Mr. Sondland that he only recently learned about from a member of his staff. The staffer, he said, overheard Mr. Sondland speaking by telephone with Mr. Trump the day after the President's call with Mr. Zelensky. Mr. Trump asked Mr. Sondland about "the investigations," Mr. Taylor said, and Mr. Sondland told him the Ukrainians were "ready to move forward."

Afterward, the staffer asked Mr. Sondland what Mr. Trump thought of Ukraine. "Ambassador Sondland responded that President Trump cares more about the investigations of Biden, which Giuliani was pressing for," Mr. Taylor said.

At a White House news conference Wednesday, Mr. Trump appeared to deny making this call.

"I know nothing about that," he said. "I've never heard it. Not even a little bit."

The President also said he had not watched even "one minute" of the testimony.

Jennifer Rodgers, a former federal prosecutor, said the conversation was significant because it undermines one potential defence for Mr. Trump: That his overzealous emissaries made demands of Kyiv without his approval. Mr. Taylor's account shows Mr. Trump co-ordinating the push.

"This is now the President himself saying this thing that they were trying to distance him from," said Ms. Rodgers, who now teaches law at Columbia University. "This is an important piece of evidence."

Republican members of the committee repeatedly pointed out that Mr. Taylor had not spoken directly with Mr. Trump, and his understanding of the bartering of military aid came indirectly from others.

Devin Nunes, the top Republican on the committee, also took up the conspiracy theories Mr.

Trump had pushed on Mr. Zelensky, saying that there should be a probe into "Ukraine's election meddling against the Trump campaign" and alleged that there had been a "three-year-long operation by the Democrats, the corrupt media and partisan bureaucrats" to take down Mr.

Trump.

Ravi Perry, chair of the political-science department at Howard University in Washington, said such a strategy at the hearing could prove effective. While the Democrats largely stuck to laying out a lengthy series of facts, the Republicans instead went for emotional attack lines that could play well as sound bites for their base.

"I wish I could say that the facts matter, that people realizing the details of the Ukrainian connection matter. In a normal, preTrump world, those facts would have mattered," he said. "But in the Trump world, what matters more is perception and winning the headline battle."

The hearings continue Friday with Marie Yovanovitch, a former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine who says she was ousted by Mr. Giuliani. Next week, the committee will hear from eight more diplomats and administration officials.

Associated Graphic

William Taylor, the top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, and George Kent, a State Department official, appear before the impeachment inquiry in Washington.

DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES

William Taylor, the top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, appears before the House intelligence committee in Washington on Wednesday. Mr. Taylor told the committee that U.S. President Donald Trump withheld almost US$400-million in military aid to press Ukraine to announce an investigation into potential presidential challenger Joe Biden.

ERIN SCHAFF/THE NEW YORK TIMES

Left: House intelligence committee chairman Adam Schiff speaks with Devin Nunes, the committee's top Republican, during the hearings.

LEFT: SAUL LOEB/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES;

Above: Republican Representative Jim Jordan, seen arriving at the hearings, criticized the entire investigation into the President, lamenting that Congress won't get a chance to question the whistle-blower 'who started it all.'

ABOVE: J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE/AP

Small investors face losses amid Toronto developer's debt woes
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Dimitrios Neilas faces legal fights on two fronts as his projects are now subject to court actions from creditors
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H7


TORONTO -- A real estate developer who raised tens of millions of dollars from dozens of individual investors bundled into syndicated mortgages to fund Toronto-area condominium buildings is facing an investor revolt on one project and insolvency on another.

Dimitrios (Jim) Neilas, chief executive officer of Storey Living Inc., is facing legal fights on two fronts as projects he has pushed - known as the Adelaide Lofts in downtown Toronto and the OpArt condos in Oakville - are now subject to court actions from creditors seeking to sell land parcels that he had hoped to make into condominium or rental properties. At stake are millions of dollars for small investors whose loans are not registered and not protected in an insolvency process, or in the settlement deals proposed by the debtors.

A review of court documents related to the projects shows that while Mr. Neilas and the syndicated mortgage lender controlled by him - Hi-Rise Capital Ltd. - for years purchased land and bundled small investors into syndicated loans, starting in 2017 his lending business underwent a "freeze" and the funds for his stalled projects dried up.

The cause of the freeze is not outlined, but in 2017 the syndicated mortgage business was attracting more and more scrutiny from regulators as project failures and financial losses related to Fortress Investment Group transfixed markets. In April, 2017, regulatory control of syndicated mortgages was transferred to the Ontario Securities Commission. In 2011, Mr. Neilas received a lifetime ban for dealing securities from the OSC related to real estate investment activities.

Amid the court documents is a scathing report filed by Ontario's Superintendent of Financial Services: "The Neilas entities have apparently received in excess of $13-million in fees from the funds entrusted to them on a failed project on which construction has not even started," reads a factum document written by John Finnigan, the lawyer for the Superintendent. "The Adelaide Project and a number of other similar projects were devised, promoted, developed, and administered by a vertically integrated series of companies owned and controlled by Jim Neilas and his family."

Noor Al-Awqati, the chief operating officer of Hi-Rise Capital Ltd. and principal mortgage broker for the company, denied some of those claims in an April 3, 2019 affidavit, saying Hi-Rise has received no fees from the Adelaide project since at least September, 2017. He admits to the 14 per cent commission paid on the initial investments, but said Hi-Rise transferred 10 per cent or 12 per cent of each commission to third-parties who referred the investors. He also said that after 2017 Hi-Rise was no longer taking in new syndicated investor money.

The Adelaide project began in in 2012, when Mr. Neilas submitted a rezoning application for 263 Adelaide St. W., Toronto, to put a condo tower on top of a heritage warehouse built in 1915.

On Feb. 18, 2014, a holding company controlled by Mr. Neilas registered a $40-million syndicated mortgage against the property. The syndicated mortgage was amended on July 10, 2015, to increase the authorized principal amount to $60-million.

In 2017, the Adelaide Street Lofts proposal was revised to feature a 47-storey tower.

After the "freeze," Mr. Neilas engaged the Bank of Montreal in 2017 to find a way out of its various loans, and while he was able to sell a nearby property, Adelaide languished and was removed from the market.

In February, 2018, the trust agreement (or syndicated mortgage) on Adelaide matured, but the 642 individual lenders - who had contributed between $25,000 to $893,000 each - did not receive their principal back, and since that time interest payments have ceased, according to affidavits from the lenders.

Late in 2018, Mr. Neilas and HiRise engaged in a deal to finish the condos in joint-venture agreement with prominent Toronto builder Lanterra Developments that would offer about $73-million for the transaction.

Because the terms of the deal would require substantial losses to the syndicate investors that Hi-Rise's loan documents do not appear to have foreseen, it needed to obtain permission from the lenders.

In March, Hi-Rise Capital made an application to the Ontario Superior Court of Justice under the Trustee Act, to appoint legal counsel from Miller Thomson LLP for the syndicated lenders in hopes of finding a restructuring deal investors could live with. According to filings, HiRise has loan participation agreements (LPA) and mortgage administration agreements (MAA) with the syndicated investors that are hazy on the subject of how to write-off a chunk of that debt. "The terms of the LPA do not appear to contemplate situations like this where Hi-Rise wishes to discharge the syndicated mortgage even though the proceeds being realized may not be sufficient to repay Investors in full," the filing from the court-appointed lawyers says.

By early 2019, Hi-Rise claimed the principal on the mortgage stood at $52-million and the unpaid interest owed to investors was $12.9-million. It had also taken out a second mortgage from Meridian Credit Union for $16.4million. The joint venture deal would fully pay off Meridian, but the non-registered syndicated investors would get only about 60 per cent of their principal back - and none of the interest owed - and even then, not right away (a $15-million no-interest debenture was offered to investors, payable in six years).

The deal preserves a 25-percent interest in the site for Mr.

Neilas's company (giving 75 per cent to Lanterra) and could see it receive $22.8-million if the project is finished. Lanterra's projected profit on a finished building was $66-million.

Miller Thomson recommended the lenders vote against this deal: "The sale and solicitation process for interest in the property was designed to maximize transaction value for the property, and not to maximize Investor recoveries."

On Oct. 23, 404 of the investors (61 per cent of the lending pool) were able to cast a vote to accept or decline the deal. Only 29 per cent (representing $10,202,272 in value) voted in favour; 70 per cent (representing $24,542,125 in value) voted against.

Neither Mr. Neilas nor any of the parties in the court documents who The Globe and Mail attempted to contact responded by press time.

In the case of the Oakville project, the failure to make interest payments on a small $2.5-million loan from credit union FirstOntario has resulted in the appointment of MSI Spergel as a receiver on the property.

Insolvency papers filed by Spergel show that in February, 2013, Mr. Neilas's companies 54 Shepherd Road Inc. and 60 Shepherd Road Inc. borrowed $15-million from Hi-Rise Capital Ltd., and then on May 16 of the same year added a second mortgage of $8-million.

Court records show that the $15-million loan ballooned to $35-million, and the $8-million loan now has a balance of $3.5million.

The FirstOntario loan came later, but was registered as the primary lender, which means the far larger syndicated mortgage - and the individual investors - are second-in-line for any repayment. That could mean that a sales process may not fully protect the investments of those individual lenders.

So far, excavation on only the Oakville site has begun. That pit is all Mr. Neilas has to show for the millions in loans from small investors, and his hopes of building about 200 condo apartments.

Thus far, the Oakville site has not been placed on the market for sale.

Associated Graphic

The 263 Adelaide St. development, above, is one of two projects for which Dimitrios Neilas purchased land and obtained syndicated loans. However, starting in 2017, Mr. Neilas's lending business underwent a 'freeze' and the funds for his stalled projects dried up.

RENDERINGS BY HI-RISE CAPITAL LTD.

So far, excavation on only the Oakville, Ont., OpArt project has begun, and that pit is all Mr. Neilas has to show for the millions in loans from his investors.

Business leaders pay thousands to dine with Ontario Premier
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By JILL MAHONEY
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TORONTO -- Doug Ford had several private dinners with business executives who paid $20,000 each at a charity auction for face time with the Ontario Premier.

Two of the companies that secured access to Mr. Ford - technology firm OnX Enterprise Solutions and retirementhome provider All Seniors Care Living Centres - were also lobbying to do business with the province. In addition, after dining with Mr. Ford, real estate developer Sam Mizrahi asked for a meeting to discuss Ontario Place, the mothballed theme park the government is planning to overhaul.

The "intimate private dinner" packages provided deep-pocketed individuals and companies an exclusive audience with the Premier. The dinners are not subject to political fundraising rules since the funds went to charity, but raise ethical concerns because they are akin to trading cash for access, observers say.

The Globe and Mail requested government records relating to dinner packages with Mr. Ford that were auctioned off at the Toronto Police Chief's fundraiser last year under the province's Freedom of Information law.

A spokeswoman for the Premier said Mr. Ford is proud to support Victim Services Toronto, which helps crime victims and received money raised at the gala, but did not answer questions about whether he was lobbied at the private dinners.

"As he has said many times before, no one can buy or unduly influence Doug Ford," Ivana Yelich said in an e-mail.

Mr. Ford is planning to attend this year's Chief's Gala on Thursday and will again donate private-dinner opportunities, Ms. Yelich said. He is the first Ontario Premier to provide such an item for the auction, according to Allison Sparkes, a police spokeswoman.

Allowing wealthy individuals and companies to pay for exclusive audiences with the Premier risks eroding the public's faith in government, even when the money benefits a charity, said Ian Stedman, a lawyer and government-ethics expert who is doing a PhD at Osgoode Hall Law School.

"It smells funky because it's a weird way for the Premier to give people access to him," he said. "As a premier, don't put yourself in a position where people can look at you and say, 'What are you doing? Selling access? What did you talk about?' " Duff Conacher, co-founder of Democracy Watch, called the dinners a clear case of trading cash for access, despite the charitable beneficiary. "It's still giving an opportunity for someone to buy access to you and that's the problem."

Ontario Integrity Commissioner J. David Wake declined comment on the dinners through a spokeswoman.

However, in previous annual reports, Mr. Wake urged MPPs to exercise caution when donating opportunities for face time to charity fundraisers. He recommended politicians reserve the right to later turn down purchasers if meeting with them would be inappropriate. (Ms. Yelich declined to say whether Mr. Ford contacted Mr. Wake beforehand or whether he asked to deny successful bidders if he saw a potential conflict of interest.)

The dinners with Mr. Ford were sold in a live auction last November after Mr. Ford gave a speech lauding police. The packages - for 10 guests at a Toronto steakhouse or Italian restaurant - were given a value of "priceless" in the item description, which noted that lobbyists must register with the Office of the Integrity Commissioner.

After the first three dinners sold quickly for $20,000 each, two more packages were added, and went for $21,000 each, Ms.

Sparkes said. A sixth dinner was sold for $20,000 several days after the event. However, only five meals took place after one was cancelled. In all, the dinners raised $101,000 out of the event's total of $653,420.

Other auction items included trips, sports games with Chief Mark Saunders and fishing expeditions and a lunch with federal Minister of Border Security and former Toronto police chief Bill Blair. MarieEmmanuelle Cadieux, a spokeswoman for Mr. Blair, said he was not lobbied at the events, but she declined to release the names of the successful bidders. Ms.

Sparkes said the lunch was sold for $8,000 and two fishing trips went for $5,000 each.

OnX Enterprise Solutions, which is also known as OnX Canada, bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as part of its "charitable contributions" to Victim Services, spokesman Roger Hamshaw said. He said the Torontobased IT company is a proud sponsor of the Chief's Gala. OnX president Paul Khawaja and other employees dined with Mr. Ford and Chief Saunders on March 20.

In early February, the company hired lobbyists from Hill+Knowlton Strategies with the goal of "bringing I.T. solutions to the government that will stabilize costs, reduce spending and improve the experience of users of government services," according to the provincial lobbyists' registry.

Mr. Hamshaw declined to answer questions about whether OnX executives lobbied Mr. Ford at the dinner and whether the company has had contact with government officials since the meal.

Government financial statements for the 2018-19 fiscal year show three payments to OnX Enterprise Solutions of between $111,000 and $116,000 each. Two contracts, signed in early 2018, were for ministry software and IT services and the other payment was for IT purchases for the Legislative Assembly, officials said.

Another dinner with Mr. Ford was purchased by Michael Kuhl, president of development at All Seniors Care Living Centres, when the company contacted organizers several days after the fundraiser, Ms.

Sparkes said. That meal took place June 4.

The Toronto-based company, which operates 31 retirement homes in five provinces and is developing several others, hired Loyalist Public Affairs in August, 2018, to lobby the Ontario government. Its goal was: "Discuss innovative solutions for improving healthcare and ending hallway medicine, including how retirement homes can play a role in freeing up hospital beds." (The relationship was terminated in August, 2019, according to the lobbyists' registry.)

Mr. Kuhl did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Mr. Mizrahi, who is building a luxury condo and hotel tower in downtown Toronto that is slated to become the country's tallest skyscraper, had dinner with Mr. Ford on Jan. 29, according to government records.

The next day, Mr. Mizrahi e-mailed the Premier's then-chief of staff to arrange another meeting, in part about Ontario Place.

Less than two weeks earlier, the government had said it was accepting proposals to redevelop the Toronto waterfront property into a "world-class" entertainment destination.

"I look forward to our continued vision in making Ontario and Canada even greater on the world stage and getting together again soon to discuss various initiatives including Ontario Place," Mr. Mizrahi wrote.

Mr. Mizrahi did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Another dinner was bought by Mina Bechai, chief executive of Synoptic Medical Assessments, which provides expert witnesses for legal cases. Mr. Bechai said he wanted to support Victim Services, which helped him after he lost his fiancée and best friend in car accidents. During his Feb.

26 meal, Mr. Bechai said he and Mr. Ford shared "personal stories," but did not discuss his business.

Colin Taylor, co-founder of aPriori Capital Partners, a private equity fund manager, said he bought a dinner with the Premier to support Victim Services and that his British-based company "has no dealings" with the Ontario government. In the end, Mr. Taylor was not able to attend the Oct. 9 meal and police event organizers donated it to others, he said.

In addition, George Friedmann, owner of the Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, bought a dinner package with Mr. Ford but a date could not be found in the time frame he wanted, he said. The meal was cancelled and no payment was made.

With a report from Stephanie Chambers

Associated Graphic

Ontario Premier Doug Ford stands beside Paul Khawaja, president of OnX Enterprise Solutions, at the 2018 Chief's Gala fundraiser in Toronto. An OnX spokesman said the company bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as a means to donate to Victim Services.

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Business leaders pay thousands to dine with Ontario Premier
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By JILL MAHONEY
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TORONTO -- Doug Ford had several private dinners with business executives who paid $20,000 each at a charity auction for face time with the Ontario Premier.

Two of the companies that secured access to Mr. Ford - technology firm OnX Enterprise Solutions and retirementhome provider All Seniors Care Living Centres - were also lobbying to do business with the province. In addition, after dining with Mr. Ford, real estate developer Sam Mizrahi asked for a meeting to discuss Ontario Place, the mothballed theme park the government is planning to overhaul.

The "intimate private dinner" packages provided deep-pocketed individuals and companies an exclusive audience with the Premier. The dinners are not subject to political fundraising rules since the funds went to charity, but raise ethical concerns because they are akin to trading cash for access, observers say.

The Globe and Mail requested government records relating to dinner packages with Mr. Ford that were auctioned off at the Toronto Police Chief's fundraiser last year under the province's Freedom of Information law.

A spokeswoman for the Premier said Mr. Ford is proud to support Victim Services Toronto, which helps crime victims and received money raised at the gala, but did not answer questions about whether he was lobbied at the private dinners.

"As he has said many times before, no one can buy or unduly influence Doug Ford," Ivana Yelich said in an e-mail.

Mr. Ford is planning to attend this year's Chief's Gala on Thursday and will again donate private-dinner opportunities, Ms. Yelich said. He is the first Ontario Premier to provide such an item for the auction, according to Allison Sparkes, a police spokeswoman.

Allowing wealthy individuals and companies to pay for exclusive audiences with the Premier risks eroding the public's faith in government, even when the money benefits a charity, said Ian Stedman, a lawyer and government-ethics expert who is doing a PhD at Osgoode Hall Law School.

"It smells funky because it's a weird way for the Premier to give people access to him," he said. "As a premier, don't put yourself in a position where people can look at you and say, 'What are you doing? Selling access? What did you talk about?' " Duff Conacher, co-founder of Democracy Watch, called the dinners a clear case of trading cash for access, despite the charitable beneficiary. "It's still giving an opportunity for someone to buy access to you and that's the problem."

Ontario Integrity Commissioner J. David Wake declined comment on the dinners through a spokeswoman.

However, in previous annual reports, Mr. Wake urged MPPs to exercise caution when donating opportunities for face time to charity fundraisers. He recommended politicians reserve the right to later turn down purchasers if meeting with them would be inappropriate. (Ms. Yelich declined to say whether Mr. Ford contacted Mr. Wake beforehand or whether he asked to deny successful bidders if he saw a potential conflict of interest.)

The dinners with Mr. Ford were sold in a live auction last November after Mr. Ford gave a speech lauding police. The packages - for 10 guests at a Toronto steakhouse or Italian restaurant - were given a value of "priceless" in the item description, which noted that lobbyists must register with the Office of the Integrity Commissioner.

After the first three dinners sold quickly for $20,000 each, two more packages were added, and went for $21,000 each, Ms.

Sparkes said. A sixth dinner was sold for $20,000 several days after the event. However, only five meals took place after one was cancelled. In all, the dinners raised $101,000 out of the event's total of $653,420.

Other auction items included trips, sports games with Chief Mark Saunders and fishing expeditions and a lunch with federal Minister of Border Security and former Toronto police chief Bill Blair. MarieEmmanuelle Cadieux, a spokeswoman for Mr. Blair, said he was not lobbied at the events, but she declined to release the names of the successful bidders. Ms.

Sparkes said the lunch was sold for $8,000 and two fishing trips went for $5,000 each.

OnX Enterprise Solutions, which is also known as OnX Canada, bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as part of its "charitable contributions" to Victim Services, spokesman Roger Hamshaw said. He said the Torontobased IT company is a proud sponsor of the Chief's Gala. OnX president Paul Khawaja and other employees dined with Mr. Ford and Chief Saunders on March 20.

In early February, the company hired lobbyists from Hill+Knowlton Strategies with the goal of "bringing I.T. solutions to the government that will stabilize costs, reduce spending and improve the experience of users of government services," according to the provincial lobbyists' registry.

Mr. Hamshaw declined to answer questions about whether OnX executives lobbied Mr. Ford at the dinner and whether the company has had contact with government officials since the meal.

Government financial statements for the 2018-19 fiscal year show three payments to OnX Enterprise Solutions of between $111,000 and $116,000 each. Two contracts, signed in early 2018, were for ministry software and IT services and the other payment was for IT purchases for the Legislative Assembly, officials said.

Another dinner with Mr. Ford was purchased by Michael Kuhl, president of development at All Seniors Care Living Centres, when the company contacted organizers several days after the fundraiser, Ms.

Sparkes said. That meal took place June 4.

The Toronto-based company, which operates 31 retirement homes in five provinces and is developing several others, hired Loyalist Public Affairs in August, 2018, to lobby the Ontario government. Its goal was: "Discuss innovative solutions for improving healthcare and ending hallway medicine, including how retirement homes can play a role in freeing up hospital beds." (The relationship was terminated in August, 2019, according to the lobbyists' registry.)

Mr. Kuhl did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Mr. Mizrahi, who is building a luxury condo and hotel tower in downtown Toronto that is slated to become the country's tallest skyscraper, had dinner with Mr. Ford on Jan. 29, according to government records.

The next day, Mr. Mizrahi e-mailed the Premier's then-chief of staff to arrange another meeting, in part about Ontario Place.

Less than two weeks earlier, the government had said it was accepting proposals to redevelop the Toronto waterfront property into a "world-class" entertainment destination.

"I look forward to our continued vision in making Ontario and Canada even greater on the world stage and getting together again soon to discuss various initiatives including Ontario Place," Mr. Mizrahi wrote.

Mr. Mizrahi did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Another dinner was bought by Mina Bechai, chief executive of Synoptic Medical Assessments, which provides expert witnesses for legal cases. Mr. Bechai said he wanted to support Victim Services, which helped him after he lost his fiancée and best friend in car accidents. During his Feb.

26 meal, Mr. Bechai said he and Mr. Ford shared "personal stories," but did not discuss his business.

Colin Taylor, co-founder of aPriori Capital Partners, a private equity fund manager, said he bought a dinner with the Premier to support Victim Services and that his British-based company "has no dealings" with the Ontario government. In the end, Mr. Taylor was not able to attend the Oct. 9 meal and police event organizers donated it to others, he said.

In addition, George Friedmann, owner of the Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, bought a dinner package with Mr. Ford but a date could not be found in the time frame he wanted, he said. The meal was cancelled and no payment was made.

With a report from Stephanie Chambers

Associated Graphic

Ontario Premier Doug Ford stands beside Paul Khawaja, president of OnX Enterprise Solutions, at the 2018 Chief's Gala fundraiser in Toronto. An OnX spokesman said the company bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as a means to donate to Victim Services.

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Ominous signs for Vancouver's commercial real estate
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Part of why leasing has slowed is because the city is running out of room, especially bigger chunks of space many companies want
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By FRANCES BULA
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A6


VANCOUVER -- The official picture of Vancouver's office-tower scene is blindingly bright: almost zero vacancy, more companies clamouring for space, and near euphoria over the city's transformation from a resources-only town to a rapidly growing tech centre that is filling up commercial buildings faster than they can be put up.

But beneath the positive buzz, which was on full display at a major real estate conference in the city recently, there are some concerns at how leasing - and potentially the city's economy - is slowing down.

There are ominous clouds on the horizon, say some real estate analysts, ranging from the possible impact of global trade wars to the precariousness of WeWork, a company going through some high-profile struggles that was involved in the biggest downtown lease deal this year. There are worries the peak has been reached and the downhill is coming.

The slowdown is hitting the country's two major big office markets, Toronto and Vancouver.

But it could potentially have the biggest impact in Vancouver, where there has been explosive expansion in recent years. There are half a dozen new office buildings under construction - from Amazon's remake of the old Post Office on Georgia Street and Westbank Corp.'s stacked-boxlike tower across the street to the new Vancouver Centre II Tower on Seymour Street - and a potential wave of six more.

"Growth is decelerating down to zero. Downtown Toronto and Vancouver have been shifting to neutral," said Stuart Barron, the national director of research for commercial brokerage Cushman & Wakefield in Toronto. (Montreal started its office boom after the other two and isn't showing the same signs of braking yet.)

He noted that Vancouver went through an incredible boom during the past four years, with the downtown absorbing 730,000 square feet a year of office space, as companies expanded or new companies came to town - a 500per-cent increase over previous long-run growth averages. The vacancy rate for downtown office space is 3 per cent, an almost unheard-of rate and the secondlowest among major office markets in North America. (Only Toronto's is lower.) The vacancy rate for the whole region is 4.8 per cent, the lowest among area markets, including San Francisco and New York.

Downtown tenants absorbed about 180,000 square feet of space per quarter until the end of the first quarter in 2019. Since then, the absorption has dropped to 6,000 square feet per quarter in the six months, said Mr. Barron.

Maury Dubuqe, a senior managing partner at the Vancouver offices of Colliers International, said he is noticing a distinct gearing down, too.

"There's been a pause the last three of four months and some uncertainty these days."

After presiding over a mostly optimistic panel on North America's Hottest Office Market at the Vancouver Leasing Conference, JLL executive vice-president Mark Trepp acknowledged, as well, that the market has taken a "bit of a breather" in recent months.

"People don't know: Is this the beginning of a new trend or a bit of a pause?" he said.

Everyone at the conference stressed that part of the reason for the slower leasing activity is because the city and the region are running out of space, especially the bigger chunks of space that many incoming or expanding companies want. So there's no space to lease, which affects the statistics.

But that's not the whole story.

Mr. Barron noted that tech companies are still barrelling ahead and smaller companies are picking up space steadily in lower-rated buildings, but the big traditional sectors - law, accounting, engineering, financial services - are not.

"Medium-sized companies and more traditional drivers of growth are far less likely to expand within the current environment," he said. "Decisions to expand by some traditional industry sectors are being postponed in some cases."

More traditional companies are getting nervous about the increasing international trade fights, particularly between the U.S. and China, and a sense that prices are reaching their peak for office space, observers said.

Another factor: Vancouver's painfully expensive housing market. One leasing expert after another called it the number one threat to the city's economic health.

Then there's the WeWork issue.

The U.S.-based company operates on a model of leasing space at the going rate in existing office buildings, fixing it up to be appealing to people who want hip spaces that are available shortterm and in small chunks, and then renting it out at even higher rates - up to $100 or $120 a square foot. The highest price for a longterm lease in the newest office tower in Vancouver is $60 a square foot.

New York-based WeWork occupies or is committed to occupy a tremendous amount of space in the Vancouver region. It was the company behind the biggest lease deal in 2019, when it signed a long-term lease for 170,000 square feet in the under-construction B6 tower by BentallGreenOak and it has also committed to 77,000 square feet at Station Square in suburban Burnaby.

That's on top of 262,600 square feet that it already manages in four downtown buildings, including two Bentall towers, 42,000 square feet in the hipster Main Street tech hub owned by Westbank's Ian Gillespie and Hootsuite's Ryan Holmes, 52,000 square feet at Marine Gateway in south Vancouver near the Fraser River, and 59,000 square feet at Station Square in Burnaby.

But WeWork has been in turmoil recently, as it tried to take the company public this past August. The initial public offering failed because of investors' doubts about its profitability.

That doubt has led to public speculation that the company might run out of the money needed to pay for all the office space it has leased throughout North America - and that could affect the real estate market in many cities. In New York alone, WeWork is the biggest single tenant, with seven million square feet.

It's a tricky business, say brokers, because of its business model, where it takes on a multiyear lease and then rents space to temporary tenants.

"It's difficult to pair long-term liabilities with short-term commitments," said Ted Mildon, the director of leasing at Oxford Properties, as the conference panel pondered the future of the popular model of co-working spaces.

In spite of that, most brokers say they're still very enthusiastic about Vancouver's office leasing future, especially as the city continues to get stronger in the technology field.

It's far from the biggest techjob city in North America, where San Francisco, Seattle and Toronto come in ahead. But Vancouver was rated the fastest growing technology city in the 2019 CBRE report on technology talent, with a 43-per-cent growth in jobs the past five years.

A new wave of building developers appear ready to bet on that, knowing that 55 per cent of what is being built now is already preleased.

On the horizon: Bentall 7, Mr.

Gillespie's planned new building at the Creative Energy site on Beatty Street, a tower for the long-vacant West Georgia Street site owned by Austeville Properties, a potential office building on the former Plaza of Nations site near the city's main stadiums by False Creek, a new building at 1166 W. Pender St. by Reliance Properties and, if it ever gets approval from the city, a new tower next to Waterfront Station downtown by Cadillac Fairview.

There could be room for all of that, many think.

"We added 13,600 new tech jobs the last two years," said Mr.

Mildon. "Canada has good immigration policies, the city has good time zones, good language skills.

I feel like there's no stopping this train."

Associated Graphic

The leasing real estate slowdown could potentially have a big impact in Vancouver, where there has been explosive expansion in recent years

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

The inner workings of horror
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Jacqueline Baker's The Broken Hours is Esi Edugyan's choice for the second instalment of the Globe Book Club for subscribers. This week, Andrew Pyper discusses what lies at the true heart of literary fright
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By ANDREW PYPER
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R2


GLOBE BOOK CLUB Most of the time, when we talk about horror in fiction, we talk about what frightens us.

Hairy spiders. A demon in your head. The undead clawing at the door. A clown in need of serious dental work. What's the most terrifying of all? It's like trying to debate the merits of strawberry ice cream over rocky road. That is, you can't.

That's not scary! This is scary! So what lies at the true heart of literary fright? It's not the unsettling details that gives birth to our nightmares, but the essential inhumanity of the bogey-thingy.

You can't reason with it, you can't hug it out. Horror fiction presents us with threats notable not so much for their dripping, tentacled or snarling features, but their relentlessness. Where we can change (the tapped brakes of conscience, the shifts of will), the source of horror - no matter the mask it might choose to wear - is fixed in its ways. Monsters can't stop dismembering. Ghosts can't stop remembering.

For a writer, ghosts in particular are a tricky business. First off, as antagonists they leave something to be desired. While they may frighten by their mere appearance - Boo! - their immateriality prevents them from afflicting much direct harm on the living. (Sure, they can put us off our lunch, hide the car keys, provoke insomnia, drive one to self-harm of one kind or another, but the farther one goes along that road the closer one approaches Clichéville). There's also the predicament of how to vanquish the phantom. You can't arrest a spirit (the handcuffs just drop to the floor), a shotgun slug will only leave a nasty hole in the wall behind it and spritzing it with holy water would be as effective as using Windex.

Yet, as readers and writers we remain fatally attracted to the ghost-as-problem. Even the most lastingly influential literary masters such as James, Wharton, Dickens and Woolf (in her own fashion), all with "serious" reputations to protect, were irresistibly drawn to the phantasmal.

Jump to the present day and the siren song of the dead in fiction is even louder. Writers with the intelligence and writerly chops to explore any genre have chosen horror as their turf. (I would recommend Paul Tremblay, Zoje Stage and Josh Malerman from among many other recent American offerings, and north of the 49 there's Nick Cutter, Gemma Files and Iain Reid, to pick only a few).

What has drawn these talents and so many others to the boneyard? I have a theory.

But first, let's look at fellow Canadian Jacqueline Baker's excellent ghost story, The Broken Hours.

A desperate man (it is 1936, a time of ample desperation) named Crandle accepts the position of secretary and housekeeper to a writer "of some small reputation" we will come to learn is none other than H.P. Lovecraft.

Crandle comes to the story alone but is haunted by a life before, one that included a wife and daughter.

Soon after arriving in the spooky house just off Brown University's campus, he notices some peculiar details. The invisible malevolence on the secondfloor landing. The writer-employer who never shows himself and instead gives instructions through letters. A piece of gravestone found under his pillow. A little girl in the garden.

The Broken Hours is a psychological mystery in that the questions the novel poses, while addressed to external puzzles, seem always to loop back to Crandle, the one puzzling through them.

Why does the writer seem to never leave his room? Are the ghosts Crandle encounters real or imagined? What, according to the rules of the story, will be required of him to leave this place?

The real Lovecraft wrote stories in which the fear resides in a metaphysical concept made manifest. The extraterrestrial.

The sublime. The unspeakable.

It's no accident that Baker has her fictional Lovecraft decide to hire Crandle when, in their initial phone conversation, the latter mentions studying astronomy at university. But, Crandle notes, it was an academic pursuit he eventually abandoned. Why?

"Too much, I said, of the infinite." An excess of infinity. It's a paradox of the most Lovecraftian sort. It's also a notion that pushes us past the borderlands of objectivity and into imagined alternatives. What might live in the space beyond endless darkness?

Baker co-mingles the enormity of Lovecraftian cosmic horror with the intimately scaled disruptions of the Victorian-toned (if Depression-era set) ghost story, and the result is a fictional study of the different ways we externalize what makes us afraid. In fact, if measured in comparative weights of intent, The Broken Hours is less a horror novel than a novel about horror. It subtly pinches back the curtain of the form's mechanics to reveal, in glimpses, some of the working parts behind it.

All of this makes The Broken Hours a great book-club pick, among other merits. It's a novel populated by mysteries that pose various text-level questions (ones that collective discussion can help tease out or debate). But for me, the ambiguities of The Broken Hours also lead us to something bigger, its queries yielding a single, underlying observation.

All horror is projection. It comes from us in equal force as it comes for us.

And if I'm right about that, I'm right about this: If we want to know why the Frightening Thing has chosen to inhabit a particular story, look not to the attentionhungry beast or lurching corpse or apparition, but to the characters who encounter it. Unlike real life, the Frightening Thing of literature tends not to be arbitrary in whom it selects to visit, but rather comes to those who, in one subconscious way or another, have summoned it, deserve it or dread it most.

This is where the attraction of ghosts lies for the fiction writer: They reveal aspects of a character that would otherwise remain hidden to herself, or to us reading her. But to get there, the story must somehow shift our focus from the spectre to the point-ofview of the one who witnesses it.

When supernatural stories remain ghost-centric and only provide the narrative of people trying to figure out what buried mystery of the phantom's past has left it loitering among the still breathing crowd, it can only lead us into some historical cul-de-sac or morality classroom. Logical, sure, and with a clear takeaway.

But the thrill is gone.

So why are the best ghost stories not really about the ghosts?

Ghosts are dead. They exist on the other side, unreachable, remote.

As with the "real life" of movie stars or the pics of a glamorous Instagram feed, we aren't really interested in ghosts themselves as much as we think. What interests us is how we respond to their appearance.

It seems too simple a thing to say that ghosts function as mirrors in fiction. But then mirrors, like ghosts, can be more complicated than we assume. Warped, cracked, flattering, cruel. The image of ourselves they return may be unwanted and brief, but we escape the encounter a different being nonetheless, a step closer to our true selves.

Now that's scary.

Special to The Globe and Mail Andrew Pyper is the author of nine novels, including The Demonologist, The Damned and, most recently, The Homecoming.

For the latest on the Globe Book Club, and to find out how to get tickets for the subscriber-exclusive event with the two authors in Vancouver on Nov. 28, go to tgam.ca/bookclub and sign up for our weekly Books newsletter.

JOIN THE CONVERSATION What are your favourite horror novels, and why? Let us know at bookclub@globeandmail.com and we'll use a selection of reader comments in print and online.

David Koepp takes on the world of books
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Hollywood screenwriter behind works such as Jurassic Park and Spider-Man discusses his debut novel, Cold Storage, and its coming movie adaptation
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R14


David Koepp is tired of waiting for Tom Hanks's help.

As the screenwriter of such Hanks vehicles as Angels & Demons and Inferno, Koepp kept his end of the screenwriter-actor bargain while promoting those movies through media interviews and industry-junket gauntlets. So why shouldn't his onetime star return the favour, now that Koepp is out there selling his first novel, the darkly comic sci-fi thriller Cold Storage?

"I kept waiting for Tom to go on Jimmy Kimmel and sell the book, but strangely he wouldn't," Koepp says with a laugh. "But this has gotten me to appreciate how books are sold by hand, one at a time. Movies, we do a $25million advertising campaign even if we know it's not good, just to trick people into seeing it.

But the book business is a much more thoughtful process."

More thoughtful, and more slow - although this is a speed that Koepp, who has had the good fortune of barrelling through a Hollywood career at a near-record pace thanks to his work on everything from Carlito's Way to Jurassic Park to Spider-Man to War of the Worlds, could get used to.

During a recent book-tour stop in Toronto, the 56-year-old author (and screenwriter, producer and director) spoke with The Globe and Mail's Barry Hertz about the pleasures of working outside the grip of movie studios.

Do you feel like you have had to live with this book longer than any film that you've written or directed?

It's more singularly yours. Often when a movie is done, it becomes so much other people's thing that you're not quite attached to it. This is also incredibly freeing - stuff that I could never have written in a screenplay before. It was so solitary, and there were no expectations.

Is it easier to deal with notes from a book editor than a movie studio?

It's much gentler and more intelligent. I'm killing my screenwriting career by saying that out loud, but this is the first time I've been given notes from a person who viewed it as essentially mine versus essentially theirs. I don't blame directors - they have to take ownership, because everything becomes something they see and hear. Studios, I'm a little more resentful of. I've thought about it more than they have.

Was there any trepidation, then, about going into the realm of books, where your name is the only one to blame?

I was anxious because, like most people, one of the things I fear is public humiliation. And we live in a time not known for its great civility. The last thing I wanted was either blanket rejections or to be critically reviled, which is never a fun experience. But happily neither of those things came.

At least when you write a screenplay, you're shielded from public ridicule by a couple steps ... Well, not really. You don't get it as bad as the actors or the director, but screenwriters can get hammered. You tend to be hated by other writers who don't understand that screenwriting is difficult, or don't like that screenwriters are well paid. I used to feel sorry for myself about that, but now I don't know anybody who doesn't get abused on the internet. The things I've read about you are pretty nasty! Wait ... really?

I'm not being serious. But it is awful.

Well, you pan one Avengers movie ... While chatting about this book in another interview, the Sony and Marvel situation came up, as they had a little falling out [over Spider-Man], and because I worked on the first movie, I was asked what I thought about that.

I said I'm not sure why everyone is so quick to defend Disney, because they're not an underdog to be defended. And viciousness ensued. But you're reviewed very directly online, and you can choose to read that or not. It's been ever thus.

So, do you?

Of course. It's hard to avoid. But if you wait a few months and one day you get an especially peaceful inner sense, you can do a deep dive and read them all. Discount the outliers who say you're either a genius or Satan, and you can learn what's working and what's not.

The film rights to Cold Storage are already sold, and you're adapting it. How odd is it to be adapting your own voice for the screen?

I'd be lying if I didn't say that I considered a movie version of this while I was writing it. That's old instincts and hard to shut off.

But there were a bunch of things that I did in the book that would be impossible to show in a movie, and now the moment has come when I have to put it in a movie, which is when I cursed myself. But the hardest bit is cutting stuff you like. Adapting other authors' work, I can cut 50 pages without batting an eye. Now I know why I wrote those 50 pages, though, and how long it took me to write those 50 pages. The next time I go to adapt someone else's work, I might not be as effective, because now I'm sympathetic.

But you have no desire to direct this adaptation?

No, because I've lived with the idea for a long time already, and it needs fresh blood and a different perspective.

Movies are helped by the dynamism of different writers and directors. I also find directing brutally difficult work, personally and psychologically. I just finished a small movie [the horror film You Should Have Left], and I hope it's my last. There are many people who are very good at it, but for me it's turbulent and difficult.

Yet, you've directed eight films now ... I've directed more movies than most people who have never had a hit movie. I've had successful ones, but not a hit. And I've only managed one outright disaster.

So, Mortdecai with Johnny Depp, if we're talking about the same thing. But you know, that film's found quite a strong cult audience, especially in Toronto. There's a group of film writers here who are especially attached to it.

Well, that's nice to hear. There was an unfortunate confluence of events that conspired to bring that one down. One was a movie star who both the public and the critical establishment decided, "Let's get that guy, it's his turn."

And there were failings in the movie, certainly, and they're my fault. But also what surprised me about it was the vitriol for ... you know, we made a $55-million Terry-Thomas movie, which is not playing it safe. My fear was this was way too specific and esoteric a choice for a mainstream movie, and I was correct. But it wasn't done from a lack of courage.

So many of your scripts turned out to be franchise-starters: Jurassic Park, Mission: Impossible, Spider-Man. Did you write Cold Storage thinking that it could kickstart its own series?

I have ideas where the story can go in movie form, but I have different ideas for a next book. And it's also very dangerous for movies to think that way, because any time that you think, "We're going to make five of these," it's a terrible flop.

This conversation has been condensed and edited.

Associated Graphic

Screenwriter David Koepp, seen at the Shangri-La Hotel in Toronto on Nov. 4, says he was nervous about releasing his first novel 'because, like most people, one of the things I fear is public humiliation.'

GALIT RODAN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Browns hold off Bills to end four-game slump
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B15


CLEVELAND -- Baker Mayfield threw a seven-yard touchdown pass to Rashard Higgins with 1:44 left as the Cleveland Browns snapped a four-game losing streak - and took some pressure off first-year coach Freddie Kitchens - with a 19-16 win on Sunday over the Buffalo Bills.

The Browns (3-6) rallied for a win that kept their season from completely collapsing. Cleveland survived more problems in the red zone, but sealed the muchneeded win when Buffalo kicker Stephen Hauschka's 53-yard field-goal attempt was short with 22 seconds left. Earlier, Hauschka missed a 34-yarder. Quarterback Josh Allen had two touchdown runs for the Bills (6-3), who were off to their best start since 1993. Mayfield finally delivered a clutch drive after Allen's one-yard sneak put the Bills ahead 16-12. On second-andgoal, he threaded his TD pass to an open Higgins, who had been suspiciously missing from Cleveland's game plan this season after being one of Mayfield's favourite targets last season. It was Higgins's only catch. Mayfield had his second straight solid game, completing 26 of 38 passes for 238 yards and two TDs. He didn't throw an interception for the second week in a row.

However, Cleveland struggled again to complete drives as the Bills stopped them on 12 plays inside the three-yard line, holding Cleveland to three points. Browns running back Kareem Hunt made his debut for Cleveland and picked up 74 combined yards. The 24-year-old was eligible after completing an eight-game NFL suspension for two violent acts, including shoving and kicking a woman while he played for Kansas City.

TITANS 35, CHIEFS 32 NASHVILLE Ryan Tannehill threw a 23-yard touchdown to Adam Humphries with 23 seconds left, and Tennessee Titans blocked a last-second field goal attempt to beat Kansas City and spoil the return of NFL MVP Patrick Mahomes. The Titans (5-5) only had a chance to take the lead after a bad snap by the Chiefs on Harrison Butker's fifth field goal attempt of the day.

The snap caught holder Dustin Colquitt by surprise, and he threw the ball away in desperation for an intentional grounding call, setting the Titans up at their own 39.

Tannehill scrambled for 18, hit Anthony Firsker for 20 yards and then found Humphries who ran in for the TD. Tannehill also ran for the two-point conversion for a 35-32 lead. The Chiefs (6-4) had a final chance with Mahomes. He drove them down, setting up Butker for another field goal try from 52 yards. Joshua Kalu blocked the kick with his left hand, and the Titans poured onto the field to celebrate.

FALCONS 26, SAINTS 9 NEW ORLEANS Matt Ryan passed for two touchdowns and Atlanta ended its sixgame slide with a victory over the Saints that stopped New Orleans's six-game winning streak. Atlanta's defence stunningly dominated New Orleans' normally stout offensive line. Coming in with an NFL low seven sacks all season, the Falcons sacked Drew Brees six times, with Grady Jarrett, Vic Beasley Jr., Adrian Clayborn and De'Vondre Campbell all getting involved. Jarrett finished with a team-high 21/2 sacks. It was the second time this season the Saints were held without a touchdown at home, but the first time with Brees under centre.

New Orleans also failed to score a TD in a 12-10 victory over Dallas in Week 4 with Teddy Bridgewater filling in at quarterback. Ryan, returning from an ankle injury that sidelined him in the game before the Falcons' Week 9 bye, was 20 of 35 for 182 yards.

RAVENS 49, BENGALS 13 CINCINNATI Lamar Jackson threw for three touchdowns in a near-perfect passing performance and added a sensational 47-yard scoring run, Marcus Peters got his third pick-six of the season - this one off rookie Ryan Finley - and Baltimore won its fifth in a row, routing winless Cincinnati. The Ravens (7-2) followed their eye-opening victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots by quickly pulling away from the NFL's last winless team.

It was the Lamar Jackson show from the start - a 49-yard completion on his first throw. His only incompletion in the first half was on a spike. Jackson finished 15 of 17 - a club-record completion percentage - for 223 yards and a perfect passer rating of 158.3, his second of the season. Jackson threw five TD passes and had a perfect rating during a 59-10 opening win over the Dolphins. The AFC North leaders have won five in a row for the first time since 2013.

BEARS 20, LIONS 13 CHICAGO Mitchell Trubisky tied a season high with three touchdown passes, and Chicago withstood a late charge by Detroit with Jeff Driskel filling in for injured quarterback Matthew Stafford, beating the Lions to snap a four-game losing streak. Detroit ruled out the 31-year-old Stafford hours before kickoff because of hip and back injuries, ending his streak of 136 consecutive starts. It was the first time he missed a regular-season game since 2010. Chicago improved to 4-5. Detroit (3-5-1) lost for the fifth time in six games.

BUCCANEERS 30, CARDINALS 27 TAMPA Jameis Winston threw for 358 yards and one touchdown, helping Tampa Bay rally to snap a four-game losing streak with a victory over Arizona. Matt Gay kicked three field goals and Peyton Barber scored on a one-yard run to finish a 92-yard, game-winning drive by Winston.

Barber's TD with less than two minutes left was set up by a booth review that determined Cardinals safety Jalen Thompson committed pass interference against Mike Evans in the end zone, giving Tampa Bay a first down at the Arizona one.

JETS 34, GIANTS 27 EAST RUTHERFORD, N.J. Le'Veon Bell scored a go-ahead one-yard touchdown early in the fourth quarter after a 33-yard pass interference penalty on DeAndre Baker, and the Jets rallied and then held on to beat the Giants for Big Apple bragging rights. Sam Darnold threw a touchdown pass to Jamison Crowder and ran for another score, and Jamal Adams scored on a 25-yard fumble return on a strip-sack as the Jets (2-7) bounced back from an embarrassing 28-16 loss last week at previously winless Miami. Daniel Jones threw a career-high four touchdown passes, but couldn't prevent the Giants (2-8) from losing their sixth straight game. It's their first six-game skid since 2014.

DOLPHINS 16, COLTS 12 INDIANAPOLIS Ryan Fitzpatrick scored on an 11-yard run in the first half and the Miami defence made a late stop to preserve a victory over Indianapolis. The Dolphins (2-7) have won two straight after a miserable start and earned their first win at Lucas Oil Stadium since 2013. Indianapolis (5-4) has lost back-to-back regular-season games for the first time since October 2018. With starting quarterback Jacoby Brissett out because of an injured left knee, the Colts offence sputtered. Indy gained just 300 total yards and Brian Hoyer was picked off three times, with Miami scoring 13 points off those turnovers.

STEELERS 17, RAMS 12 PITTSBURGH The Steelers defence spoiled Aaron Donald's homecoming and derailed the Los Angeles Rams' momentum in the process. The Steelers forced four turnovers - including a 43-yard fumble return for a touchdown by safety Minkah Fitzpatrick - in an ugly victory that pushed their winning streak to four games and dealt the Rams' chances of chasing down Seattle and San Francisco in the NFC West a serious blow.

Associated Graphic

Patrick Mahomes of the Kansas City Chiefs looks to pass against the Tennessee Titans in the second quarter at Nissan Stadium on Sunday in Nashville.

BRETT CARLSEN/GETTY IMAGES

The ghosts, desires and politics of writer, director Mati Diop
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By SARAH-TAI BLACK
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A17


Known previously for her work as an actor in films by art-house favourites such as Claire Denis and Matias Pineiro, Mati Diop's masterful feature debut as a writer and director, the Senegal-set ghost story Atlantics, made history when it premiered at Cannes this year, becoming the first film directed by a black woman to be featured in competition at the festival. Atlantics went on to claim another piece of history when it won the Jury Grand Prize, making Diop the first black woman to win an award in the French festival's entire 72-year history.

The Globe and Mail's Sarah-Tai Black sat down with Diop just after Atlantics' North American premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival this fall - and ahead of the film being selected as the official Senegalese entry for best international film at the 2020 Academy Awards - for an in-depth conversation about the histories and intentions behind her first feature.

Can you tell me about the development of the film? It has a purposeful ease to it that makes it seem as if you've been thinking about this story and its characters for quite some time.

It was already in my mind back when I shot my first short film in Dakar in 2008. It was a very particular period in terms of the social climate in Senegal; many young Senegalese were migrating to Spain. I was there to work on a film called 1,000 Suns, but I interrupted that project as I was swept into the urgency of the environment. I was working in a neighbourhood where a lot of young people were preparing to migrate, and through my cousin, I was able to have conversations with many of them about that specific lived experience. Atlantics, the feature, embodies that moment. All of the sensations in the social atmosphere there struck me, particularly the feeling that these young people were so taken with the idea of being elsewhere, that they were no longer "here" anymore.

When I showed what I had been working on with the short Atlantics to a mentor of mine, they kept telling me, "You see a mirror in front of you, but you are no longer here. And when you decide to leave, that means you're already dead." So I think I already knew that I was shooting a ghost movie, even at that point. The short film is only 15 minutes and I wanted to capture the mythological dimension of migration, so I knew after I had finished with the short that a longer film needed to be made because it was a period that deeply marked me. This feature has always been here in my life; it's a very personal gesture. This story of migration is not only about movement out of Senegal, but the need I had to travel back to explore my origins.

Those emotional textures of disconnection or of being perpetually in transit and trying to reconcile that with identity and a sense of home is beautifully materialized in the film - particularly the way in which you've realized this feeling and specific social moment through the fantastic or the figure of the ghost. Can you speak to using this element as both a filmic device as well as cultural narrative specific to West Africa and black Muslim experience?

The idea of a fantasy narrative set in Senegal is not exactly a prospect that is wholly disconnected from reality, because fantasy is very much part of the lived reality there. I was very happy to explore genre, but I was more interested in the intersections between fantasy and reality. When I was in the early stages of filmmaking, I wanted these ghost figures to emerge directly from the ocean, almost like in a Japanese horror film.

Atlantics itself is a mixture of so many influences. I'm very interested in certain Senegalese figures, such as djinns, who are invisible spirits who circulate and take form amongst us.

There is one in particular called faru rab, which is well known in Senegal; it's like an invisible lover who takes possession of a woman at night. In Dakar, if a woman has a problem with her husband, often times people will say it's because of this spirit.

I was very intrigued by this figure and also stories from Bretagne, a western region in France where a lot of Senegalese immigrants have settled. There are many tales or legends of seeing Senegalese people on boats from afar or of Senegalese who never arrive, assumed to have drowned, and whose spirits go on to haunt the inhabitants of the villages there.

Your style and vision in terms of your filmmaking feels so vocal in an intergenerational or even ancestral sense. Did you have any drive to speak to or to be in conversation with the art that your father [musician Wasis Diop] or uncle [filmmaker Djibril Diop Mambéty] have made?

I am definitely influenced by them. Their work has impacted the world of art, cinema and music, and my father in particular took up a lot of space in my imagination. In terms of Djibril, he was extremely demanding on the language and narrative of film, which was very personal and very radical, but also in his efforts to speak directly to the audience of his films. This is both true and not true, of course - [his film] Touki Bouki was a little too intellectual at the time of its release; it was too ahead of its time. Despite that, I feel there is an emotional frequency of the colonized African mind that is very legible in his films and that he uses the language of cinema to reaffirm African language in this way. And that is my main influence I draw from him, which is not just my own to claim, but shared.

In that vein, Africa has been given a specific image and story by the Western world, and I felt that it was very important to put my energy into making films in Senegal both for myself and the communities there. For me, that is the strength of cinema.

What do you dream of for the future of cinema?

In many ways, I am already living my dream. I had a very specific story to tell, with strong black characters, and I'm ready to see more of this. I'm extremely tired of seeing only white faces in cinema. It's important that people realize there is something wrong with that, that there must be an impossibility for that to continue. I think it's very important for filmmakers to take their stories back and share them with the world. I wish to see more films made by artists who control their own stories, especially from parts of the world which maybe haven't had access to make stories that are self-determining.

As you know, the film won the Grand Prix at Cannes and was bought by Netflix, which means that it will be seen by a wider audience, and I believe that accessible methods like that are crucial, especially with a film such as this which has been made with 100 per cent of myself. What I mean by that is a complete affirmation of a personal style and language; a way of knowing what you need to say without compromise and knowing that your audience cannot just be other artists.

This might involve, as it did for me, choosing non-professional actors or producers who have never worked on a feature - people who are willing to take risks in order to speak to what they know must be proven true.

Special to The Globe and Mail Atlantics opens Nov. 22 in Toronto; Nov. 28 in Winnipeg; and Nov. 29 in Montreal and on Netflix.

The ghosts, desires and politics of writer, director Mati Diop
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By SARAH-TAI BLACK
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, November 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A17


Known previously for her work as an actor in films by art-house favourites such as Claire Denis and Matias Pineiro, Mati Diop's masterful feature debut as a writer and director, the Senegal-set ghost story Atlantics, made history when it premiered at Cannes this year, becoming the first film directed by a black woman to be featured in competition at the festival. Atlantics went on to claim another piece of history when it won the Jury Grand Prize, making Diop the first black woman to win an award in the French festival's entire 72-year history.

The Globe and Mail's Sarah-Tai Black sat down with Diop just after Atlantics' North American premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival this fall - and ahead of the film being selected as the official Senegalese entry for best international film at the 2020 Academy Awards - for an in-depth conversation about the histories and intentions behind her first feature.

Can you tell me about the development of the film? It has a purposeful ease to it that makes it seem as if you've been thinking about this story and its characters for quite some time.

It was already in my mind back when I shot my first short film in Dakar in 2008. It was a very particular period in terms of the social climate in Senegal; many young Senegalese were migrating to Spain. I was there to work on a film called 1,000 Suns, but I interrupted that project as I was swept into the urgency of the environment. I was working in a neighbourhood where a lot of young people were preparing to migrate, and through my cousin, I was able to have conversations with many of them about that specific lived experience. Atlantics, the feature, embodies that moment. All of the sensations in the social atmosphere there struck me, particularly the feeling that these young people were so taken with the idea of being elsewhere, that they were no longer "here" anymore.

When I showed what I had been working on with the short Atlantics to a mentor of mine, they kept telling me, "You see a mirror in front of you, but you are no longer here. And when you decide to leave, that means you're already dead." So I think I already knew that I was shooting a ghost movie, even at that point. The short film is only 15 minutes and I wanted to capture the mythological dimension of migration, so I knew after I had finished with the short that a longer film needed to be made because it was a period that deeply marked me. This feature has always been here in my life; it's a very personal gesture. This story of migration is not only about movement out of Senegal, but the need I had to travel back to explore my origins.

Those emotional textures of disconnection or of being perpetually in transit and trying to reconcile that with identity and a sense of home is beautifully materialized in the film - particularly the way in which you've realized this feeling and specific social moment through the fantastic or the figure of the ghost. Can you speak to using this element as both a filmic device as well as cultural narrative specific to West Africa and black Muslim experience?

The idea of a fantasy narrative set in Senegal is not exactly a prospect that is wholly disconnected from reality, because fantasy is very much part of the lived reality there. I was very happy to explore genre, but I was more interested in the intersections between fantasy and reality. When I was in the early stages of filmmaking, I wanted these ghost figures to emerge directly from the ocean, almost like in a Japanese horror film.

Atlantics itself is a mixture of so many influences. I'm very interested in certain Senegalese figures, such as djinns, who are invisible spirits who circulate and take form amongst us.

There is one in particular called faru rab, which is well known in Senegal; it's like an invisible lover who takes possession of a woman at night. In Dakar, if a woman has a problem with her husband, often times people will say it's because of this spirit.

I was very intrigued by this figure and also stories from Bretagne, a western region in France where a lot of Senegalese immigrants have settled. There are many tales or legends of seeing Senegalese people on boats from afar or of Senegalese who never arrive, assumed to have drowned, and whose spirits go on to haunt the inhabitants of the villages there.

Your style and vision in terms of your filmmaking feels so vocal in an intergenerational or even ancestral sense. Did you have any drive to speak to or to be in conversation with the art that your father [musician Wasis Diop] or uncle [filmmaker Djibril Diop Mambéty] have made?

I am definitely influenced by them. Their work has impacted the world of art, cinema and music, and my father in particular took up a lot of space in my imagination. In terms of Djibril, he was extremely demanding on the language and narrative of film, which was very personal and very radical, but also in his efforts to speak directly to the audience of his films. This is both true and not true, of course - [his film] Touki Bouki was a little too intellectual at the time of its release; it was too ahead of its time. Despite that, I feel there is an emotional frequency of the colonized African mind that is very legible in his films and that he uses the language of cinema to reaffirm African language in this way. And that is my main influence I draw from him, which is not just my own to claim, but shared.

In that vein, Africa has been given a specific image and story by the Western world, and I felt that it was very important to put my energy into making films in Senegal both for myself and the communities there. For me, that is the strength of cinema.

What do you dream of for the future of cinema?

In many ways, I am already living my dream. I had a very specific story to tell, with strong black characters, and I'm ready to see more of this. I'm extremely tired of seeing only white faces in cinema. It's important that people realize there is something wrong with that, that there must be an impossibility for that to continue. I think it's very important for filmmakers to take their stories back and share them with the world. I wish to see more films made by artists who control their own stories, especially from parts of the world which maybe haven't had access to make stories that are self-determining.

As you know, the film won the Grand Prix at Cannes and was bought by Netflix, which means that it will be seen by a wider audience, and I believe that accessible methods like that are crucial, especially with a film such as this which has been made with 100 per cent of myself. What I mean by that is a complete affirmation of a personal style and language; a way of knowing what you need to say without compromise and knowing that your audience cannot just be other artists.

This might involve, as it did for me, choosing non-professional actors or producers who have never worked on a feature - people who are willing to take risks in order to speak to what they know must be proven true.

Special to The Globe and Mail Atlantics opens Nov. 22 in Toronto; Nov. 28 in Winnipeg; and Nov. 29 in Montreal and on Netflix.

Where have all the female golf pros gone?
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Canadians Henderson and Sharp will continue to star on the LPGA Tour in 2020, but the supporting cast around them is disappearing
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By JEFF BROOKE
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S3


TORONTO -- C anada will have just two women playing regularly on the LPGA Tour in 2020, down from five this year, as many of the country's other top pros have stalled or regressed, fallen victim to injury or, in one case, quit the game altogether in a pique of despair.

The smaller contingent for 2020 is not a good sign for Canadian women's golf at the highest level but people in the game are hoping it is more of an aberration than a trend that should be of concern.

"It looks overwhelming but it's just one of those things," said Brittany Marchand, whose sophomore slump this year on the LPGA Tour relegated her to the second-tier Symetra Tour for 2020. "I don't know what the reason really was for everyone to kind of go off the rails at the same time."

Superstar Brooke Henderson and resurgent veteran Alena Sharp have easily kept their fulltime playing cards for 2020. Henderson, 22, has won twice this season and posted 10 other top-10 results, while 38-year-old Sharp sat in a respectable 54th place on the tour's money list heading into this week's Toto Japan Classic, the penultimate event of the 2019 season.

That is Sharp's highest finish since the peak season of her 15year LPGA career, in 2016, when she ended the season in the 41st spot.

With the two of them playing so well and garnering so much attention, especially nine-time LPGA winner Henderson, the casual fan may not notice the struggles on Canada's second rung of talent.

Marchand, Anne-Catherine Tanguay and Jaclyn Lee are among those coming off disappointing seasons.

All LPGA regulars in 2019 and in the prime years of their 20s, they finished outside the top 100 on the money list and lost their full-time cards.

"I think this year was ... a little bit of an outlier," Marchand continued. "I feel like every year with Canadian golf, with women's golf, we've been slowly improving. We've [been] getting more people on tour. There's just been a lot of aspects that just kind of happened all in the same year."

Marchand made two cuts in 17 starts as her efforts to improve her swing and distance backfired.

She had to return to the LPGA's qualifying school last month but didn't advance far enough in the three-stage marathon to win back her card.

Meanwhile, Tanguay and Lee were set back by injuries.

Tanguay, who played regularly on the LPGA Tour in 2016 and 2018 as well, announced recently she's taking next year off to recover from back and other ailments, tend to personal matters and "re-evaluate my priorities."

Tanguay's sabbatical also brings an end to her dream of representing Canada at the 2020 Olympics in Japan. Henderson and Sharp, Canada's two highestranked players, now are locks for the two spots available. They also wore the Maple Leaf at the 2016 Games in Rio.

Lee has a shorter (and more certain) recovery target. She shut down her rookie season in the summer with a wrist injury, but has resumed practising lightly and is expected to play in 2020.

As with Marchand, she's destined next year for the Symetra Tour, although she will be able to make five LPGA starts on a medical exemption.

"There are things you can control and things you can't. From our perspective, to lose any player, never mind a bunch of them in one season, is not ideal," said Tristan Mullally, head coach of the Canadian women's national amateur team and the "young pro squad," which comprises a handful of nascent professionals who show the most potential to reach or stay at golf's highest levels.

He pointed out most of the players who've had setbacks grew up together as amateurs and moved into the pro ranks at roughly the same time. "When there's a natural fall-off, it tends to also happen together."

To boost the things it can control, Golf Canada is hiring two assistant coaches for the amateur and young pro squads to fortify player development and better support team members during the playing season, Mullally said.

Statistics provided by the LPGA Tour show there's been an average of about eight Canadians a year with tour "membership" this century, with a high of 13 in 2000 and a low of five in 2015.

While not all members get to play full-time on the tour because of their status (all tours have a pecking order of priority to get into events), the numbers still clearly show a weaker representation.

The ebb in the women's game coincides with a surge on the men's side. Nine Canadians teed it up on the PGA Tour in the 2019 season, believed to be a record for the country, and eight have status for 2020.

Marchand, Tanguay and Lee were among the six women on the young pro squad this year.

As the three dropped off the LPGA Tour, no replacements stepped forward.

Former LPGA player Rebecca Lee-Bentham made a return to competitive golf after a hiatus of more than two years but she didn't win her card at Q school.

She's Symetra bound.

Former amateur star Maddie Szeryk, a dual U.S.-Canadian citizen who plays under the Canadian flag, launched her pro career this year and was the country's top performer on the Symetra Tour, reeling off four top-10 finishes and placing 19th on the money list.

Her success earned her a spot in the third stage of Q school, which wrapped up last Saturday in Florida, but she failed to secure one of the 45 LPGA cards for 2020 that were available. She'll have to return to the Symetra next year.

Maude-Aimée LeBlanc was Canada's other Symetra standout in 2019, finishing the season at 30th on the money list. But the veteran, at 30, has decided to pack it in rather than chase the LPGA Tour, where she played for much of this decade before losing her full-time playing privileges in 2018.

"Over time, I realized it wasn't my dream and it didn't make me happy even after good performances," LeBlanc wrote on her Facebook page in announcing her retirement. "I didn't like the person I was on the golf course and I've always wanted to do something more rewarding than hitting a little white ball."

LeBlanc's cri de coeur might symbolize the gloomy mood in some parts of Canadian women's golf these days, but hope always springs eternal heading into an off-season, with a fresh new year ahead.

The upside of players dropping down is that the feeder Symetra Tour will be well stocked next year with pros who've tasted the LPGA (including Marchand, Lee and Lee-Bentham) as well as promising up-and-comers such as Szeryk and rookie pro Selena Costabile. Their goal will be to place in the top 10 on the money list and earn a promotion to the LPGA Tour for 2021.

"It's still right there," Szeryk said of Canada's standing among golf countries. "There's still a lot of Canadians on tour, quite a few on Symetra. So you never know how many will make it to LPGA [after] next year. I think we'll encourage each other."

Associated Graphic

Brooke Henderson hits a shot during the final round of the Taiwan Swinging Skirts LPGA tournament last Sunday. The 22-year-old has won twice this season and posted 10 other top-10 results. However, the number of her fellow Canadians on the LPGA Tour will shrink next year.

PAUL LAKATOS/IMG/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

Equestrian star suspended for positive doping test
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Tokyo Olympics spot in doubt for Canada's show jumping team as Nicole Walker blames result on drinking coca tea
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By ANDREW WILLIS
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TORONTO -- Canada's equestrian jumping team is likely to lose its invitation to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo after rider Nicole Walker tested positive for a banned substance, cocaine, at last summer's Pan American Games, a result she blames on coca tea.

Ms. Walker, 26, was a top performer at the Pan American Games in Lima in August and her scores helped the four-member show-jumping team qualify for the Tokyo Games.

On Tuesday, regulators at the Fédération Équestre Internationale in Switzerland announced Ms. Walker is provisionally suspended from the sport after turning in a positive result for benzoylecgonine, a chemical produced when the body metabolizes cocaine, from a test administered in Lima on Aug. 7, after the finals of the jumping competition.

Canada placed fourth in the event.

Panam Sports Organization, which governs the Games, is conducting a separate investigation into Ms. Walker's positive drug test.

Mark Laskin, the leader of Canada's equestrian jumping team at the Pan Ams, said Ms. Walker believes her failed test stemmed from drinking coca tea, a legal and common pick-me-up in South America.

Ms. Walker, the daughter of businesswoman Belinda Stronach, has appealed the finding. If Panam Sports upholds her positive test, her scores from the Lima Games will be dropped from the team's total, and the Canadian equestrian team will no longer qualify for the Olympics, according to people close to the team.

Ms. Walker declined to comment but said on Tuesday in an Instagram post: "I was shocked and devastated to hear about these results. I do not use illicit drugs, ever."

She continued: "My Canadian teammates, my team in the barn, our horses and I, have all put a lifetime of effort toward an Olympic goal and I would never do anything to jeopardize that for my teammates or for myself."

The stakes are high for the team, as the positive doping test and a cancelled trip to the Tokyo Games would mean cuts in funding from the Canadian Olympic Committee and the potential loss of corporate sponsors.

Ms. Walker is royalty in horse circles. She went into the Pan Ams as reigning Canadian showjumping champion. She is also the daughter of Don Walker, chief executive officer of autoparts maker Magna International Inc., and his former wife Ms. Stronach, both of whom made supportive statements on Tuesday.

Ms. Stronach runs a global horseracing business built by her father, Frank Stronach, a prominent racehorse owner and Magna's billionaire founder.

According to multiple people in the equestrian community, Ms. Walker is a hard-working and grounded athlete who does not use recreational drugs.

"Nikki is focused, dedicated and has enormous integrity," Mr.

Laskin said in an interview on Tuesday. He said the entire squad has supported Ms. Walker since she informed them of the positive test earlier this fall. "Nikki would never knowingly do anything to jeopardize her career or the team," Mr. Laskin said.

The FEI said on Tuesday that Ms. Walker exercised her right to request an appeal hearing before the Panam Sports disciplinary commission. "Once the disciplinary commission has made a decision on the disqualification of the athlete, and Team Canada's final placing, the FEI will be in a position to make any necessary reallocation of the Olympic quota place," the Swiss body said.

Teammates are rallying to Ms.

Walker's side and accept her explanation for the failed drug test.

"I am a very big fan of Nikki Walker. She is a very serious and highly disciplined equestrian rider," said equestrian veteran Ian Millar, who has represented Canada in a record 10 Olympic Games.

"She has represented Canada with honour and distinction.

There is zero, and I mean zero, chance of Nikki ever putting herself or her teammates in harm's way," he said.

In Lima, Ms. Walker placed fourth among 50 Pan Am riders, the best individual performance on a veteran Canadian jumping team and critical to carrying the entire squad to next summer's Olympics.

Over the years, Canadian equestrians have won five Olympic medals for jumping. The Tokyo Games could potentially be an emotional experience for the group, as three-time medallist Eric Lamaze is hoping to compete as an individual athlete after announcing this past summer that he is dealing with a brain tumour.

Prior to the Lima Games, Canada's athletes were warned that they are responsible for everything they ingest. Inadvertently breaking the rules has cost Canadian athletes in the past. Rower Silken Laumann and three teammates lost their Pan Am gold medals in 1995 after Ms. Laumann turned in a positive drug test from taking an over-thecounter cold medication.

In late September, Panam Sports said in a news release that 15 athletes tested positive for a banned substance. The body has already disqualified seven of the athletes for doping at the Games - three were stripped of gold medals - while athletes, including Ms. Walker, appealed the other eight tests.

The appeals are expected to be resolved by the end of November.

"Nikki is an outstanding team member and I am more than certain there is another explanation for this positive test," said Mr.

Laskin, but he added it is unclear how a positive test result that came from drinking coca tea would be viewed by regulatory bodies such as Panam Sports and FEI.

Coca leaves are the source of cocaine. However, the leaves can also be boiled to make coca tea, known in Peru as mate de coca. It is a legal drink with a mild kick. It is common for Peruvian hotels and restaurants to serve a cup of mate de coca to tourists to combat jet lag and altitude sickness.

Medical studies show drinking one cup of coca tea can result in a positive drug test for up to 24 hours.

For athletes, there's precedent of positive drug tests from coca tea. In 2005, for example, the Jockey Club in Britain commissioned a study of the beverage after several jockeys tested positive for cocaine and claimed it was a result of drinking coca tea.

There were three other athletes on the Canadian Pan Am jumping team - Erynn Ballard from Ontario, Alberta-based Lisa Carlsen and Mario Deslauriers from Quebec. Ms. Carlsen and Mr. Deslauriers, both 54, competed in the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, and Mr. Deslauriers also rode in the 1984 Los Angeles Games. Ms.

Ballard, 38, has not competed at the Olympics. She also had a strong showing in Lima.

Mr. Deslauriers said in a news release that Ms. Walker "is a great teammate - organized, professional, hard-working and always ready to help out. She is an outstanding ambassador for our sport."

He added: "I believe 100 per cent there is another explanation for these test results."

Ms. Walker and her horse were the country's featured jumpers going into the Pan Am Games.

"Wearing the red jacket brings added pressure, but it is an incredible feeling to have a whole nation behind you," Ms. Walker said in a news release this summer.

Ms. Walker delivered in Lima.

Her fourth-place finish was just short of bronze - she finished behind an American athlete by less than a two-second margin in a four-rider "jump off" for the final medal. Brazil's jumping team won gold, while Mexico took silver and the United States went home with bronze.

Associated Graphic

Nicole Walker, riding Falco Van Spieveld, competes in August at the Pan American Games in Lima.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES

Nicole Walker competes during the 2019 Pan American Games in Lima on Aug. 7. Ms. Walker has been provisionally suspended from competing on Canada's show-jumping team in the 2020 Olympics after testing positive for a banned substance.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES FOR FEI

Equestrian star suspended for positive doping test
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Tokyo Olympics spot in doubt for Canada's show jumping team as Nicole Walker blames result on drinking coca tea
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By ANDREW WILLIS
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TORONTO -- Canada's equestrian jumping team is likely to lose its invitation to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo after rider Nicole Walker tested positive for a banned substance, cocaine, at last summer's Pan American Games, a result she blames on coca tea.

Ms. Walker, 26, was a top performer at the Pan American Games in Lima in August and her scores helped the four-member show-jumping team qualify for the Tokyo Games.

On Tuesday, regulators at the Fédération Équestre Internationale in Switzerland announced Ms. Walker is provisionally suspended from the sport after turning in a positive result for benzoylecgonine, a chemical produced when the body metabolizes cocaine, from a test administered in Lima on Aug. 7, after the finals of the jumping competition.

Canada placed fourth in the event.

Panam Sports Organization, which governs the Games, is conducting a separate investigation into Ms. Walker's positive drug test.

Mark Laskin, the leader of Canada's equestrian jumping team at the Pan Ams, said Ms. Walker believes her failed test stemmed from drinking coca tea, a legal and common pick-me-up in South America.

Ms. Walker, the daughter of businesswoman Belinda Stronach, has appealed the finding. If Panam Sports upholds her positive test, her scores from the Lima Games will be dropped from the team's total, and the Canadian equestrian team will no longer qualify for the Olympics, according to people close to the team.

Ms. Walker declined to comment but said on Tuesday in an Instagram post: "I was shocked and devastated to hear about these results. I do not use illicit drugs, ever."

She continued: "My Canadian teammates, my team in the barn, our horses and I, have all put a lifetime of effort toward an Olympic goal and I would never do anything to jeopardize that for my teammates or for myself."

The stakes are high for the team, as the positive doping test and a cancelled trip to the Tokyo Games would mean cuts in funding from the Canadian Olympic Committee and the potential loss of corporate sponsors.

Ms. Walker is royalty in horse circles. She went into the Pan Ams as reigning Canadian showjumping champion. She is also the daughter of Don Walker, chief executive officer of autoparts maker Magna International Inc., and his former wife Ms. Stronach, both of whom made supportive statements on Tuesday.

Ms. Stronach runs a global horseracing business built by her father, Frank Stronach, a prominent racehorse owner and Magna's billionaire founder.

According to multiple people in the equestrian community, Ms. Walker is a hard-working and grounded athlete who does not use recreational drugs.

"Nikki is focused, dedicated and has enormous integrity," Mr.

Laskin said in an interview on Tuesday. He said the entire squad has supported Ms. Walker since she informed them of the positive test earlier this fall. "Nikki would never knowingly do anything to jeopardize her career or the team," Mr. Laskin said.

The FEI said on Tuesday that Ms. Walker exercised her right to request an appeal hearing before the Panam Sports disciplinary commission. "Once the disciplinary commission has made a decision on the disqualification of the athlete, and Team Canada's final placing, the FEI will be in a position to make any necessary reallocation of the Olympic quota place," the Swiss body said.

Teammates are rallying to Ms.

Walker's side and accept her explanation for the failed drug test.

"I am a very big fan of Nikki Walker. She is a very serious and highly disciplined equestrian rider," said equestrian veteran Ian Millar, who has represented Canada in a record 10 Olympic Games.

"She has represented Canada with honour and distinction.

There is zero, and I mean zero, chance of Nikki ever putting herself or her teammates in harm's way," he said.

In Lima, Ms. Walker placed fourth among 50 Pan Am riders, the best individual performance on a veteran Canadian jumping team and critical to carrying the entire squad to next summer's Olympics.

Over the years, Canadian equestrians have won five Olympic medals for jumping. The Tokyo Games could potentially be an emotional experience for the group, as three-time medallist Eric Lamaze is hoping to compete as an individual athlete after announcing this past summer that he is dealing with a brain tumour.

Prior to the Lima Games, Canada's athletes were warned that they are responsible for everything they ingest. Inadvertently breaking the rules has cost Canadian athletes in the past. Rower Silken Laumann and three teammates lost their Pan Am gold medals in 1995 after Ms. Laumann turned in a positive drug test from taking an over-thecounter cold medication.

In late September, Panam Sports said in a news release that 15 athletes tested positive for a banned substance. The body has already disqualified seven of the athletes for doping at the Games - three were stripped of gold medals - while athletes, including Ms. Walker, appealed the other eight tests.

The appeals are expected to be resolved by the end of November.

"Nikki is an outstanding team member and I am more than certain there is another explanation for this positive test," said Mr.

Laskin, but he added it is unclear how a positive test result that came from drinking coca tea would be viewed by regulatory bodies such as Panam Sports and FEI.

Coca leaves are the source of cocaine. However, the leaves can also be boiled to make coca tea, known in Peru as mate de coca. It is a legal drink with a mild kick. It is common for Peruvian hotels and restaurants to serve a cup of mate de coca to tourists to combat jet lag and altitude sickness.

Medical studies show drinking one cup of coca tea can result in a positive drug test for up to 24 hours.

For athletes, there's precedent of positive drug tests from coca tea. In 2005, for example, the Jockey Club in Britain commissioned a study of the beverage after several jockeys tested positive for cocaine and claimed it was a result of drinking coca tea.

There were three other athletes on the Canadian Pan Am jumping team - Erynn Ballard from Ontario, Alberta-based Lisa Carlsen and Mario Deslauriers from Quebec. Ms. Carlsen and Mr. Deslauriers, both 54, competed in the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, and Mr. Deslauriers also rode in the 1984 Los Angeles Games. Ms.

Ballard, 38, has not competed at the Olympics. She also had a strong showing in Lima.

Mr. Deslauriers said in a news release that Ms. Walker "is a great teammate - organized, professional, hard-working and always ready to help out. She is an outstanding ambassador for our sport."

He added: "I believe 100 per cent there is another explanation for these test results."

Ms. Walker and her horse were the country's featured jumpers going into the Pan Am Games.

"Wearing the red jacket brings added pressure, but it is an incredible feeling to have a whole nation behind you," Ms. Walker said in a news release this summer.

Ms. Walker delivered in Lima.

Her fourth-place finish was just short of bronze - she finished behind an American athlete by less than a two-second margin in a four-rider "jump off" for the final medal. Brazil's jumping team won gold, while Mexico took silver and the United States went home with bronze.

Associated Graphic

Nicole Walker, riding Falco Van Spieveld, competes in August at the Pan American Games in Lima.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES

Nicole Walker competes during the 2019 Pan American Games in Lima on Aug. 7. Ms. Walker has been provisionally suspended from competing on Canada's show-jumping team in the 2020 Olympics after testing positive for a banned substance.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES FOR FEI

Extreme makeover
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CedarCreek's renewed focus reflects the dynamic changes afoot in the Okanagan Valley
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By CHRISTOPHER WATERS
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P12


A s one of the original eight wineries in the Okanagan Valley, CedarCreek Estate Winery has championed quality winemaking practices and a vineyard-specific focus from the start.

Since its inception in 1987, the Kelowna, B.C., winery has amassed countless awards from major domestic and international competition, including three winery-ofthe-year titles, two from the National Wine Awards of Canada and, most recently, from the 2019 InterVin International Wine Awards. But chief winemaker Taylor Whelan is too focused on the future to take a victory lap.

"We're in a constant state of evolution here," says Whelan, who grew from harvest intern to cellar worker to finally taking control of winery operations in 2016.

Now part of von Mandl Estates, a group of premium wineries in the Okanagan established by Anthony von Mandl in 2014, CedarCreek has benefited from significant investment in equipment and extensive renovation to the production and hospitality facilities.

The original Mediterranean-style buildings have been updated with a sleek, modern design that welcomes guests to the newly renovated tasting room and Home Block Restaurant. Construction continues on a separate lodge for wine club members slated to open next spring. "We're looking to usher in a huge change to the level of winery experience offered," Whelan says.

But the excitement surrounding CedarCreek's development goes deeper than bricks and mortar and private tasting parlours. If one were to look for a winery that's emblematic of the changes afoot throughout the Okanagan and British Columbia's wine regions, CedarCreek is a great case study.

Whelan and viticulturist Kurt Simcic, who was hired from Giesen Brothers in New Zealand, have worked to obtain organic certification for the 50-acre vineyard that surrounds the winery. Ecocert has certified the estate's grape growing and winery operations as organic starting with the 2019 vintage. All of the vineyards that feed CedarCreek's production are expected to follow suit until the whole range is organic.

The winemaking team spent years continuing an extensive audit of the site's plantings of chardonnay, pinot noir, riesling and other grape varieties suited to the cool climate of the site. "We have 20-yearold pinot gris vines, 30-year-old gewurztraminer vines," Whelan says. "... Is the best use for these really a $19 bottle of wine?" Nine blocks on the estate yield 14 different wines for the CedarCreek stable. Whelan explains that the new barrel cellar and equipment allow the winemaking team the opportunity to focus more on and small batch lots.

Since becoming chief winemaker, he has launched five new reserve wines, including the Platinum ehrenfelser, Platinum gewurztraminer and Platinum syrah, which is a rare reserve that comes from a vineyard in Osoyoos.

He has also improved the quality of the winery's estate range, a well-made collection of white and red wines that retail at the winery for $19 to $27. The entry-level chardonnay, pinot noir and riesling are largely sustained by the winery's home block, with slight additions of fruit from nearby sites. The resulting wines have more harmony and balance.

"Our overarching goal is to centre our focus on 5445 Lakeshore Rd.," Whelan says, referring to the winery's street address.

To that end, an additional 100 acres located beside the winery was purchased to expand production. Whelan says there are plans to plant 30 to 40 acres of grape vines and establish a concept farm, including livestock and vegetable patches, for the restaurant and winery's use.

Whelan hopes to employ more biodynamic practices going forward. Philosopher Rudolf Steiner introduced the principles of biodynamics in the 1920s. A major thrust of the intense form of organic farming is that a farm should be a holistic ecosystem as opposed to a commercially efficient monoculture. As a result, CedarCreek is likely to become more like Old MacDonald's farm, with a dramatic array of birds and animals making themselves at home.

The winemaker also serves as part of a steering committee looking to create a separate appellation for the southern Kelowna area that will allow producers to raise their profile. Currently, CedarCreek's wines carry the broader Okanagan Valley appellation.

"It's tentatively called South Kelowna Slopes," Whelan says. "One of the hopes of the committee is to narrow the spread of varieties to the ones that make the most sense in our specific growing conditions."

Golden Mile Bench, Okanagan Falls and Naramata Bench have recently been approved as sub-appellations, which helps promote the diversity of the different regions up and down the valley.

As gratifying it is to receive critical acclaim and be able to properly welcome guests to the winery again after years of renovation, Whelan says he's unable to savour the moment. He's restless to reach his next goals. The wines he's making now are even better than before, he says. "I firmly believe the future is even brighter for those labels."

Two CedarCreek wines lead the list of recommended wines for this week, alongside three other notable recent releases from top Canadian producers.

BOTTLES TO TRY BACHELDER NIAGARA LES VILLAGES PINOT NOIR 2016 (CANADA) SCORE: 91 PRICE: $29.95 This bright and ripe pinot noir benefits from a large portion of Wismer Vineyard fruit that was originally set aside to be a more expensive single-vineyard release. Winemaker Thomas Bachelder felt it didn't make the grade, so it's adding considerable weight and intensity to this entry-level release.

This is ready to drink and will continue to develop in-bottle over the next three to five years. It's part of Bachelder's exciting online of distinctive Niagara pinot noirs and chardonnays. Available direct through bachelderniagara.com.

BURROWING OWL PINOT NOIR 2017 (CANADA) SCORE: 90 PRICE: $39.95 This is a flavourful Okanagan pinot noir coming from the warmer Black Sage Bench region near Oliver. Its bold intensity of juicy fruit demands attention, which makes this ripe and fragrant house style really stand out.

Available in Ontario at the above price, $35 in British Columbia, direct from burrowingowlwine.com.

CEDARCREEK ESTATE WINERY ESTATE PINOT NOIR 2017 (CANADA) SCORE: 91 PRICE: $26.99 CedarCreek produces two collectible reserve pinot noirs that are worth the splurge, but this offers the best value for the price.

Produced from grapes from the home estate, this is an expressive and fruity pinot noir, with an easy to appreciate core of berry and cherry accented with spice and earthy notes.

Available at the above price in British Columbia or direct from the winery through cedarcreek.bc.ca.

CEDARCREEK ESTATE WINERY RIESLING 2018 (CANADA) SCORE: 90 PRICE: $18.99 Always a great example of the bright and fruity Okanagan style, this estategrown riesling offers attractive mouthwatering citrus and peach notes.

There's terrific intensity and balance here, making for a flavourful off-dry white that's ready to drink.

Riesling lovers will enjoy the depth and complexity that comes with being aged three to five years inbottle. Available direct through cedarcreek.bc.ca.

CREEKSIDE ESTATE WINERY ICONOCLAST SYRAH 2016 (CANADA) SCORE: 91 PRICE: $25 This stylish syrah is a return release at LCBO Vintages outlets this month.

Creekside has long been a champion of the variety, coaxing impressive ripe fruit as well as peppery and savoury notes into the glass. This is a great example that's ready to drink.

Available at LCBO Vintage outlets or direct through creeksidewine.com.

Associated Graphic

All of the vineyards that feed CedarCreek's production are expected to obtain organic certification. But that isn't the only change afoot for the winery. The original Mediterranean-style buildings have been updated with a sleek, modern design, as seen in the tasting room, above.

MICHIEL MEYBOOM (TASTING ROOM)

Chantal Akerman found a way to perfectly convey any deep, complex emotion
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By TINA HASSANNIA
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A16


For three hours and 21 minutes, a housewife performs one perfunctory domestic task after another in Jeanne Dielman, 23 quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles, by Belgian filmmaker Chantal Akerman. Jeanne makes coffee, peels potatoes, washes dishes - wordlessly, diligently, no fuss, muss or evident emotion. Akerman's camera is stoic, static, ample in distance and time, each scene forcing the viewer to soak up every minute detail of the no-nonsense, modestly furnished Belgian home. When the film does cut away, it is simply to another setting in which Jeanne executes yet another monotonous task that will likely be shown again and again and again to underscore the tediousness of basic, practical existence.

Jeanne Dielman will screen as part of the TIFF Bell Lightbox's deep dive into Akerman's extraordinary oeuvre, which runs through Dec. 12. The film was a radical, singular statement, revolutionary at the time of its 1975 release - and remains so today. It challenges the viewer to stay present and engaged for an undue amount of time (these days, that is anything longer than a TikTok video) watching a housewife trudge through drudgery. Housework, Akerman wryly suggests, is deemed so unglamorous by society that it's not considered real work nor suitable for cinematic rendering - so here's 201 minutes of it. Enjoy! Akerman was uncompromisingly revolutionary throughout her 44-year career as a filmmaker, artist and professor. Beginning in the early 1970s, when she spent a year in New York soaking up avant-garde influences that included Stan Brakhage, Jonas Mekas and Michael Snow, until her death by suicide in 2015, her life's work has influenced directors such as Sofia Coppola, Gus Van Sant and Kelly Reichardt. Akerman constructed her movies ruefully against mainstream convention and in doing so created her own film grammar: a minimalist formalism - an anti-cinema, in effect, with a nonchalance toward narrative, a proclivity for naturalist sound design and an insistence on long takes.

Her sometimes clinical execution deceptively disconnects the viewer emotionally, yet forces them into an acute awareness of their voyeurism as they witness a deeply personal scenario arise onscreen. A needy male lover gently whines postcoitus about mixed messages from the silent, distant female protagonist in Les Rendez-vous d'Anna (1978). A young woman (Akerman herself) eats from a bag of sugar while sitting on a bare mattress in a fugue state, absentmindedly rearranges her room's meagre furnishings and later makes awkward, animalistic love to her female friend in her debut feature Je Tu Il Elle (1974). In News from Home (1977), dreary, languid shots of New York streets, buildings and machinations swim by as an epistolary voiceover based on letters from Akerman's mother reveals a painful longing for her overseas daughter with its comically passive-aggressive rhetoric.

And in Jeanne Dielman, the film's cold insistence that the viewer watch long stretches of housework is interrupted by Jeanne prostituting her body in her bedroom - portrayed as another form of housework, an act devoid of physical intimacy. Jeanne Dielman climaxes (no pun intended) with a single, shocking, momentous act that spells out in no uncertain terms the protagonist's long-repressed feelings - one that any woman subjugated to unglorified, objectifying work will relate to.

Akerman would occasionally insert such moments of emotional puncture, but her aesthetic restraint often preferred the momentum of small gestures, with love spilling out unpredictably in minuscule, dreamy or fervent fashion. The piecemeal narrative of Toute une nuit (1982) follows the overnight escapades of several young insomniacs who find another sleepless, sensuality-starved peer to fall into step (or bed) with. Here, even sidelong glances of interest between strangers become unfathomably eventful in simmering tension.

The spectrum of a career as long as Akerman's allowed for a variety of preoccupations, positions and outlets. She was a professor at the City College of New York. She exhibited videoart installations at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Antwerp, the Venice Biennale and others.

Akerman even documented artists at work, as seen in TIFF's programmed triptych, screening Nov.

13: One Day Pina Asked..., about renowned dance choreographer Pina Bausch; Trois strophes sur le nom de Sacher, a loving tribute to her partner/collaborator, musician Sonia Wieder-Atherton; and Franz Schubert's Last Three Sonatas, in which Austrian pianist Alfred Brendel discusses the works at length.

Her work contains contradictions or, arguably, refinements of the strident feminism she splayed against male-dominated experimental cinema in the 1970s, the subject of hot debate in film academia and criticism for decades.

But she rejected classifications of her work as feminist, Jewish, queer or any other abstractifying reception. In A Couch in New York (1996), William Hurt plays a New York-based psychoanalyst who swaps apartments with Juliette Binoche's Parisian heartbreaker - they fall in love from a distance.

The silly premise and its romantic tone find Akerman uncharacteristically operating in the key of Nora Ephron, but in Akerman's Belgian hands, the idealism of American 1990s romantic comedy becomes almost camp, if witnessed solely by Binoche's overly rouged cheeks and Hurt exemplifying the definition of his last name with every tortured facial expression.

The 1990s introduced a hazy softness to Akerman's work that nevertheless snuck in a cynicism about heteronormative love and made a point of the female protagonist maintaining full power.

In Night and Day (1991), Julie (Guilaine Londez) seemingly has no purpose in life but to make love, but she realizes the meaningless, unquenchable nature of heterosexual desire by film's end and employs a powerful agency rarely seen in mainstream films, which often feature the female lead standing by her man, no matter what.

There is no subject Akerman gave more attention or love to in her work than her mother, a pivotal figure, throughout Akerman's oeuvre. The aloof filmmaker protagonist in Les Rendez-vous d'Anna is indifferent to the men she encounters and never feels at home in, well, her home; the camera fixates in signature Aker manian fashion on liminal spaces - hotel lobbies, train compartments, subway platforms - but the film's sole moments of tenderness and hominess are felt deeply in the physically charged scene of the hotel bed she shares with her mother.

In real life, the filmmaker was very close with her mother, Nelly, a Holocaust survivor, whose silence about the historic trauma weighed heavily on their relationship. Nelly's death devastated Akerman, who took her own life a year later. The timing of Nelly's death hence tinges Akerman's swan song, No Home Movie, a documentary profiling her ailing mother in her final months of life, with a certain agony that can be quietly felt throughout much of the director's work.

Released posthumously in 2016, No Home Movie finds daughter and mother trying to communicate, often in a kitchen and later through Skype. Akerman's typical structural devices are missing for the most part, as if she were unsure how to reckon with her most beloved subject when faced with the reality of filming her at the end of her life and doing justice to the now-frail woman who meant so much to her. But it's also a testament to the unabashed personal expression Akerman voiced throughout her cinema: No matter how deep, complex or vexing an emotion, the legendary filmmaker always found a way to convey it in perfect, cinematic pitch.

Special to The Globe and Mail News from Home: The Films of Chantal Akerman runs through Dec. 12 at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto (tiff.net).

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Chantal Akerman was revolutionary during her career as a filmmaker, directing films such as From the Other Side, above.

MMFA explores global history through a contemporary lens
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The Arts of One World installation at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts offers a 'geopoetic stroll' that takes viewers across time, media and continents
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By KATE TAYLOR
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R3


MONTREAL -- When the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts purchased a 100-year-old mask from West Africa in 2006, it was the first time in almost 50 years it had acquired a work of African art. Occasional visitors may be forgiven if they had little idea that the MMFA, best known for historic and contemporary Western art, had any pretense of being a universal museum. Its small holdings of archeological material and non-Western art were relegated to underground galleries in 1992 after the Desmarais Pavilion opened across from the museum's original building on Sherbrooke Street. In those years, there was still some discussion about selling off these objects acquired in an era when many a museum was conceived more as a treasure horde than a focused collection.

But long-time MMFA director Nathalie Bondil has a globalist's vision for the 21st-century museum and is imposing it on the expansive collecting practices of her forebears. She first reinstalled the non-Western collections in 2012, adding in a smattering of contemporary art to open debate about the presentation of the historical material. Now, she takes up the full challenge that international art and artifacts collected in the age of colonialism pose: the Arts of One World installation in the new Stéphan Crétier and Stéphany Maillery wing takes over the entire fourth floor to offer "a geopoetic stroll," hopping across time, cultures, media and styles as it moves from continent to continent.

The stroll begins where humans did, in Africa, and the approach taken by curators Erell Hubert and Laura Vigo, along with Iris Amizlev consulting on the contemporary art, announces itself forcefully: Two showstopping examples of Afrocentric contemporary art - Zanele Muholi's surprising photograph Phila I, Parktown of a black female face surrounded by rubber gloves inflated like balloons and Yinka Shonibare's surreal figure of Pan with a body covered in colourful fabric - confront a room of rare masks and carved figures from West Africa, dating back, in one instance, as far as the 16th-century.

The gallery is filled with subtler juxtapositions, too. A showcase of ivory objects, including a Congolese human figure from the 20th-century and a Gothic miniature dating to the 14th-century, is accompanied by a dramatic video lifted from the Canadian film Anthropocene: The Human Epoch, showing the burning of contraband tusks in Kenya.

Meanwhile, to illustrate the influence of African art on 20thcentury "primitivism," the display compares a 19th-century Nkondi figure from Angola into which nails where driven to signify personal contracts with a spiky modernist figure, Julio Gonzalez's Cactus Man No. 1. Both were previously shown together in the museum's 2018 show dedicated to African influences on Pablo Picasso and you might wish the MMFA still had a Picasso on hand with which to make the point. Still, this rich gallery is crowded with plenty of other thoughtful encounters as Bondil and the curators rethink the collection as a statement about multiculturalism.

The Chinese gallery is similarly successful as it drops contemporary work by Chinese and Canadian artists into a small but pleasing collection of chinoiserie.

It includes a few ancient Shang dynasty bronze vessels with their distinctive geometric patterns and green patina; slipped into the case beneath them are containers by artist Zhang Hongtu that look nearly identical - until the attentive visitor will notice they are actually McDonald's hamburger packaging reproduced in a Shang style.

The gallery also makes good use of several encounters between Canadian artists from multicultural backgrounds and the international collection. The projects were funded by a Canada Council grant in 2018 and are now included in the Crétier-Mallery reinstallation. Hua Jin's The New White, for example, features a series of plates inspired by Ming porcelain but on which the traditional blue patterns are fading away. The curators have installed it underneath a video projection of a 15th-century Chinese scroll. Nearby, there are photographs of Made in Quebec, a provocative project about international trade undertaken by Montreal artist Kim Waldron who went to China to produce art in a factory there.

This is the Arts of One World at its best, where contemporary artistic contributions about colonialism, cultural exchange and craft illuminate the historical works. Still, there is the distinct risk that the contemporary critique simply overwhelms the historical material. In a gallery devoted to Oceania, for example, London artist Theo Eshetu's video Atlas Fractured, a tapestry of overlapping faces from multiple cultures (which was also included in the Picasso show), dwarfs a display of masks from Papua New Guinea.

Similarly, in the gallery titled Reorienting Oriental Art, Nezaket Ekici's video of a three-hour performance in which the Turkish-German artist rotated a hula hoop around her neck stops all other discourse, so powerful are its implications about women's status in the Islamic world. Here, beautiful Persian ceramics from the Middle Ages seem a mere footnote. In other places, the historical art - and there are many choice examples borrowed from sister institutions or private collections to make the curators' points - merely provide the background: In a small South Asian installation various Buddhas and Bodhisattvas feel as though they have been included only to give the context for Dominique Blain's intriguing videos in which she inserts real blinking, seeing eyes into the distant, classical features of Gandhara Buddhas.

Only in the South American gallery does the historical work seem to dominate, partly because the MMFA has a strong collection of pre-Colombian ceramics, assembled by volunteer curator Frederick Cleveland Morgan between 1916 and 1962. They include Peruvian portrait vessels dating to the first millennium AD and even more ancient human figures from Mexico. In this narrow gallery, curators are forced to make their contemporary interventions more discreet, and the works by current artists, such as a rubber car tire decorated with gold images of Mesoamerican warriors by contemporary Mexican artist Betsabee Romero, feel particularly apt.

Here, the multidisciplinary approach seems smart and engaging. In the busy Mediterranean gallery, on the other hand, a panoply of work may leave you wondering about the strength of the connections. How does the contemporary video Passage, created by South African artist Mohau Modisakeng to address slavery and African identity, relate to an impressive Egyptian mummy on loan from the University of Quebec in Montreal?

Meanwhile, North America is represented only by a small collection of contemporary Indigenous Canadian work.

Certainly, the scholarly neutrality of the old museums was an illusion, insisting on supposedly objective aesthetic standards as it offered lessons about the exoticism of other cultures and the superiority of Western art. Still, the MMFA's approach is didactic too, even as it adds multiple artistic voices to the curatorial conversation. Its insistence on spelling out cultural links for the viewer may wear thin over time - as might the democratic trend to crowd galleries with objects so that the public can see more of their public collections.

Well, let the future take care of itself. Bondil and her curators are quick to remind you that this is not New York's Metropolitan Museum, where deep holdings of antiquities permit dedicated displays. The One World installation is a strong contemporary solution for one museum's 21st-century dilemma.

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The MMFA's Arts of One World installation features show-stopping Afrocentric art, including Zanele Muholi's photograph, above, called Phila I, Parktown. The Chinese gallery features ancient Shang dynasty bronze vessels as well as artist Zhang Hongtu's Shang-style reproductions of McDonald's hamburger packaging, below.

ABOVE: MMMFA; BELOW: ZHANG HONTU/MMFA

A big renovation for a small-town home
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Spacious house feels like a cross between cottage and farmhouse, with room to grow
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, November 15, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H8


HEIDELBERG, ONT. -- 2950 Lobsinger Line HEIDELBERG, ONT.

Asking Price: $700,000 Taxes: $4,552 (2019) Lot Size: Half-acre Agents: Jamie Kubassek, Remax Twin City Realty THE BACK STORY Tell a prospective home buyer that you've got a large century home that has been faithfully and tastefully renovated and restored, has a huge lot and is below nearby market comparables and they'll have just one question: What's the catch?

In the case of 2950 Lobsinger Line, what is one buyer's catch might be the another buyer's strongest selling point: It's located in the village of Heidelberg, which is a little less than 10 minutes north of Waterloo, Ont. In census 2016, the town's population was 666 people.

"You don't have to sell people on the house, you have to sell people on the town," said listing agent Jamie Kubassek, with Re/ max Twin City Realty. He sold the house to its current owners, lives in another nearby small town himself (Conestogo) and sells quite a few houses in the small villages that ring the Kitchener-Waterloo city region.

"You have to have people who are small-town people ... it's not everybody's cup of tea."

For Jane and Steve Warner, it was the exact flavour of tea they wanted 20 years ago: a big house to raise their four children in.

They come originally from the Owen Sound area, have lived on farms and in small towns, and they wanted something with that pre-1900s charm. Not that there weren't years of work to get it to this state: The interior of the house had undergone a "modernization" in the 1970s that did everything from lower the ceilings to replace all the panelled doors with flat featureless slabs.

"We did a lot of contextual renovation, sensitive to the history of the house," said Mr. Warner, who transitioned from a career in music to run a mini Airbnb empire in recent years. "We got from a friend a bunch of old baseboards from a barn, and had that installed.

"We did put an addition on the side of the house ... a sunroom/ dining room. The biggest compliment we get is it looks like it's been there a long time ... the [exterior] saw-toothed trim and cornices and brackets, we had all that reproduced" by local Mennonite craftsmen.

The children have mostly moved out, and Steve and his wife, Jane, a chiropodist who has an office next door and in Elmira, hope another big family wants to live in small-town Ontario. That said, they do wonder how a young family could afford to buy in the village. The region is booming, and property prices are high in part because there's been a restriction on new subdivisions in order to protect farmlands.

"There will be no more growth in Heidelberg," Steve said. Their son moved to even-more rural Palmerston looking for affordable housing options.

THE HOUSE TODAY Like many of Ontario's small villages, the oldest houses in Heidelberg are right on the main road, and Lobsinger Line (a.k.a. Regional Road 15) can be a busy route (the nearby town of St. Jacobs is a popular draw). The traffic out front is just as likely to be horsedrawn carriages as summer cruising motorcyclists and pickups and family packed SUVs.

But while the front yard may deal with traffic, the backyard is almost a half-acre lot, including a vintage barn. Mr. Kubassek said that can be another disincentive for people who might romanticize acreage they've never had, until they can see up close how much lawn that is to cut or rake.

The house is a muted yellow brick with deep green trim, very common features in the area.

There are two front doors, but the one on the covered porch opens into a central foyer. To the right is an updated kitchen with maple countertops (made by those local craftsmen) new cabinets and an island with seating. Through the kitchen is the addition (more on that below).

Left from the front door is a grand living room with Mr. Warner's grand piano in the bay-window nook, the focal point of many a carolling and sing-a-long session from those family events.

Marble fireplace, pale floors, stolid and thick mouldings and trim give it the feel of an update on an 1890s parlour.

In the back of the house is smaller lounge, with a stand-up piano and another fireplace; this is the less-formal living room.

Next door is a big mudroom combined with a laundry room that backs onto the rear deck (with hot tub). Faux-wood tile for durability, more wood panelling for that modern-country feel.

There's also a powder room on this level, with a full soaker tub.

The house has two bathrooms and four bedrooms, which must have been interesting with four kids and two adults.

The staircase upstairs starts in the kitchen hallway (thick railing, solid posts and that deep-brown farmhouse stain). Two of the four bedrooms on this level have lofts for storage (a feature that probably wouldn't work in a house with anything less than 10-foot ceilings.) There's a walkout balcony deck looking over the rear yard here, too.

The main bathroom on this floor is recently updated, black and white checkerboard tile, shower tub and fluted ceramics.

The house has one more surprise in the basement: Underneath the addition is what feels like a 1950s diner, a space built for the kids with exposed wood, black and white tile, a bar area with vintage fridge, a red leather sectional couch and a home entertainment centre with a projector for video games or movies. It's the kind of games room you might find at a resort, not in Mennonite country.

FAVOURITE SPACE The whole house feels like a mix between cottage and farmhouse, but the sunny addition is on a different scale. It seems almost too big for its use: The dining-room table sits in the middle of a vast tiled floor - oversize rectangular tiles with underfloor heat - surrounded by windows that cover three-quarters of the space between ceiling and floor.

The shared wall with the kitchen is the old exterior to the house, and the brick is exposed here. A three-piece chandelier dangles over the table, a big fan on the ceiling probably helps for those August afternoons. Two armchairs share an ottoman in the corner, and there are a couple side tables along the red walls that can't dim how bright it all is.

The Warners' host a lot of Christmas and family functions, and this room is flexible for multiple uses. Even though it's new, they went all out to make it feel older.

"When we were putting in the light switches, we ordered pushbuttons," of the type introduced in the early days of electrification, Mr. Warner said.

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The house at 2950 Lobsinger Line sits on a half-acre lot that includes a vintage barn. While many people romanticize small-town living, realtor Jamie Kubassek notes that the reality may not be 'everybody's cup of tea.'

Homeowners Steve and Jane Warner built a big addition onto their century-old house in Heidelberg, Ont., that now houses the dining room. The room features oversize rectangular floor tiles with underfloor heat and windows that cover three-quarters of the space between ceiling and floor.

PHOTOS BY JAMES LEIPER

How the Wolfpack landed Williams, the biggest fish in the sea
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By RACHEL BRADY
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S3


TORONTO -- A ll Blacks superstar Sonny Bill Williams sat in a Tokyo restaurant in late October on a quiet night during the Rugby World Cup, launching questions across the table at Toronto Wolfpack coach Brian McDermott.

There was a fascinating multimillion-dollar deal taking shape.

Toronto's transatlantic rugby league club was on the brink of signing the world famous New Zealand player - a man who could help kick off its first season in England's top-tier Super League in February with a resounding bang. Those talking about the deal were already equating its magnitude to David Beckham joining Major League Soccer's L.A. Galaxy.

That two-man dinner meeting included zero talk about money.

The Wolfpack had been having conversations on and off with Williams's agent for two years, and now the deal was actually nearing a reality. The towering Kiwi requested Toronto's coach fly over to meet him in Japan so he could learn everything there was to know about the Wolfpack from the man who leads its players every day.

Williams's New Zealand team had lost a semi-final heartbreaker to England in the World Cup the night before in Yokohama, with McDermott in the crowd.

The 34-year-old Auckland native was mulling his next career move, and this would be an adventure - switching back from rugby union to rugby league, and taking his talents to the Northern Hemisphere.

Williams queried Toronto's veteran English coach on everything from the Wolfpack's defensive and offensive strategies, to their training regimens, philosophies and weekly schedules.

"He was very gracious and humble and apologized for machine-gunning me with questions," McDermott recalled with a laugh. "He wanted to make sure he could blend in with the Wolfpack as fast as possible. Never once did I get any sense that he had his collars up sayin,g 'Hey I'm a big deal here.' " The New Zealander, who measures 6 foot 3 and 238 pounds, has starred at the highest levels in both codes of rugby, professionally and internationally. He earned two rugby-league championships in Australia's National Rugby League. He won World Cups with the All Blacks in 2015 and 2011, along with the bronze medal he was about to earn in Japan. The athletic Williams even boxed professionally seven times, winning all of his heavyweight bouts. He's a devout Muslim, and his profile extends way beyond the sport, as evidenced by his 1.7 million followers across his Twitter and Instagram feeds.

The Wolfpack is an ambitious club born just three years ago. It made its debut in the bottom tier of English rugby league, winning promotion to the second-tier Betfred Championship in Year 1, before winning promotion to the Super League just last month. A talent with a monster brand such as Williams could help the Wolfpack muscle up for Super League competition, and stimulate its brand along with the sport within Toronto's cluttered sports market. Even around the world.

McDermott had just one question for Williams during that dinner.

"I said 'I've got to ask you this Sonny - and I don't intend to offend you - but are you coming for the sexy headlines, the big money and profile that come with this deal, or are you coming to go through those tough moments on the field with your teammates?' " McDermott recalled.

"His answer was outstanding, and I won't tell you exactly what he said, but I'll summarize. He's all about earning the right to play, the respect of his family and of our players. He knows to do that he has to work harder than anyone else."

McDermott, reached in England hours after the Wolfpack officially announced Williams's two-year deal, shared his recollections of that dinner in a phone interview on Thursday. The signing made news worldwide. The Wolfpack won't confirm the terms, but it is reported to be worth some $9-million Canadian in total, with some outlets calling it the richest deal in Super League history. It's a lot of money for a club that is also footing the bill for opposing teams' travel to Canada and is not - at least for its first Super League season - getting a share of broadcasting revenue.

Super League allows for each team to have two franchise players with all but a small chunk of their salaries counted outside the salary cap.

The Wolfpack will introduce Williams in England next week, at a news conference slated for Emirates Stadium, home of Arsenal FC. He will meet his new Wolfpack teammates as the English players start training camp in Manchester. For immigration reasons, most international players do their preseason training outside of Britain, so Williams will train in Australia and report to England in January before Super League matches begin in February.

The Wolfpack has even been approached about a reality series on Netflix, which could begin filming this season.

Williams is a fit and fierce ball carrier with a talent for dishing the ball off to teammates as multiple muscled tacklers hang off him. He began his career in rugby league, but has frequently moved between codes and played the past five seasons in rugby union. McDermott says rugby league is more aerobic and Williams could have 80-90 involvements a game for the Wolfpack, compared with his 20-30 each match in rugby union.

The outspoken coach has witnessed various efforts by Super League to grow its popularity, but he thinks examples of big investments - such as this from Wolfpack majority owner David Argyle - will move the needle more.

"It's going to prove to some other clubs that these big, big deals can be done if you have an owner who is innovative, resourceful and has [the determination] to go out and do it," McDermott said.

With the Wolfpack's first 10 matches scheduled abroad, because of the Canadian winter, Williams isn't likely to set foot in Toronto until the home opener at Lamport Stadium on April 18.

But news of his arrival is already among the biggest topics buzzing throughout Super League.

"It's the biggest news Super League has had in 20 years," said Wolfpack director of rugby Brian Noble. "We moved heaven and earth to get the biggest name in rugby and we've done it. It's really a major signing, and it's a reflection of how well we want to perform in the Super League and what we want to do for the game of rugby league in the Northern hemisphere. He's built like a mountain, and people are going to love watching him."

Bob Hunter, Wolfpack chairman and CEO, was at Super League team meetings in England this week and said the signing was a hot topic.

Many Super League clubs project spikes in ticket sales when Williams and the Wolfpack visit, and are also projecting a jump in the number of British fans who will fly to Toronto for a game.

Hunter said one team reportedly has 1,500 fans committed for an extended weekend trip to Canada.

"The combination of playing in the Super League, and having Sonny Bill Williams changes our sponsorship opportunities dramatically, and the interest in tickets," Hunter said.

Associated Graphic

New Zealand's Sonny Bill Williams, clashing with Welsh players during the Rugby World Cup on Nov. 1, has had huge success in the sport. Now, he's signed with the Wolfpack.

CHARLY TRIBALLEAU/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

BRINGING BACK YESTERYEAR
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Restorer Drew Skuce had to recreate elements of a 1905 theatre from scratch based on silicone moulds and archival photos
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By DAVE LEBLANC
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H1


PARIS, ONT.

I t's the one thing heritage restoration expert Drew Skuce, 38, did the math on. Each of the 100 ceiling tiles took two hours to manufacture: "Casting, popping, trimming [and] installation," he lists. "That's not painting, that's not caulking, that's not doing all the wiring first," he continues with a laugh.

So how much time did Mr. Skuce spend on the rest of the building?

"Part of me is terrified to even think of it," he says.

Suffice it to say that, in the two years he put his own restoration business, Paradigm Shift Customs, on hold to tackle the family-owned building at 51 Grand River St. N. in Paris, Ont., his social life was non-existent. An entire year was focused on restoring the old tin ceiling alone, entombed, as it was, above a 1980s drop ceiling with a mess of ductwork and random wiring inside.

It all started, he says, when the tenants moved out. Should his father's successful bookstore next door, Green Heron Books, move in? No. 51 was more than double the size, so Roy Skuce would have that much more inventory to manage. And would it be as cozy?

Eventually, it was decided that Skuce-the-younger would take on its management.

Deciding to bring it back to 1918, however, was decided by the weather.

A bad winter had caused ice damming to "zipper off" the 1980s aluminum siding off the building's rear façade, as well as damaging enough of the drop ceiling to warrant full removal.

Mr. Skuce knew about the old tin ceiling, of course, but it was after he "got a lawn chair from my parent's place and reclined back as far as possible and stared at the ceiling for the entire night" that his fate was sealed: "I started seeing the ghosts of what the building used to be," he says, noting that the building had been constructed around 1905 as "The Gem" movie theatre but spent most of its life as an A&P supermarket, which took over the space in 1918.

"I realized that the only time I would have to be able to bring this place back is right then; I couldn't move tenants in and then work over top of them, that would be utterly insane."

So, a different kind of insanity began: How to replace those 100 missing tin ceiling tiles? Well, before he could even begin, he and a buddy had to reroute the plumbing and bits of the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning system that was in the way, "and there were two furnaces in the basement, too, and the pipes were all crossed over so when one apartment upstairs would turn on their thermostat, the bookstore would start getting cold," Mr. Skuce laments. He looked into having new tin stamped by Brian Greers in Petersburg, Ont., but, because nine different patterns made up the "extinct" composition, and each new die would cost $1,000 to cast, he put on his thinking cap instead.

Using his former training in theatre special effects, he created standard silicone moulds of "the very best tiles that I could find," he explains. "I straightened them all out, took them on the anvil, whacked all shapes back, so everything was just nice and clean." Then, at the Sculpture Supply Canada store in Toronto, he found "Aqua-Resin" - a non-toxic, fire-rated gypsum/fibreglass hybrid - that would allow him to manufacture his own lightweight yet superdetailed reproductions that "once they were painted out, you could not tell the difference."

Of course, the missing 15 feet at the front posed an altogether different challenge. Not a duplicate of the rear of the store, these had framed the 1918 V-shaped entrance to the A&P. And since all that was left were nail holes, Mr. Skuce spent a lot of time on a ladder marking these with chalk: "And then I lay down on my back on the ground and did a fun game of connect the dots."

Interestingly, his choice as to "when" to restore the building to is at exactly the period when the movie theatre left and the A&P moved in because that's what he has "the most of."

"Follow the information and try not to hypothesize, because assumption will kill you. The moment you run out of evidence is where you stop. I think that goes for archaeology, too," he laughs.

Speaking of evidence, it was through vintage photographs - some from the local historical society but many resulting from a Facebook call - that Mr. Skuce was able to recreate the original cornices, corbels and other bits and bobs that make up the original marquee (which now resides on the back of the building; he's doing another for the front). Many were parade shots in which only a little of the storefront was caught in the background: "If it's got five pixels of the building, I will take it," he laughs.

By taking real-life measurements of the buildings on either side, he could then put the photos into a computer program, zoom in and figure out fairly accurate measurements for his millwork drawings: "When you start getting even numbers ... you know you're heading in the right direction," he explains, adding that pre-Second World War boards were offered in standard sizes. "Why would [a carpenter] make more cuts to make life hell? ... It's stuff my grandfather taught me."

As for the months of hell it took to bring the floors back, he blames his mother. She'd spied the original three-quarter-inch maple flooring under the "sedimentary layers going back a hundred years" - including A&P's distinctive red-and-white checkerboard - so, knowing she'd want it revealed, he modified a twin blade saw to penetrate down to within a cat's whisker of it. With hundreds of perforations over the 1,500 square feet, Mr.

Skuce could then rip up manageable squares with a pry bar.

"That sucked," he laughs.

What doesn't suck is what the Gem Marketplace looks like today. Home to independent startups selling everything from handmade crafts and ecofriendly items to soap, candles and jewellery, all lit by vintage lighting (but that's another story) - the building is now open to a whole new clientele that will appreciate its heritage charms. But, this author wonders, do they look up at the ceiling?

"They do," vendor Elaine Kellam of KBC Designs says. "We have a lot of people that will just come in and stare and [say] 'Wow.' " "I didn't even know that," Mr. Skuce says, the hint of a smile forming on his tired face.

Associated Graphic

PHOTOS BY DAVE LEBLANC/THE GLOBE AND MAIL AND PARADIGM SHIFT CUSTOMS

The Gem, a former theatre and A&P grocery store in Paris, Ont., is being restored to its 1918 glory.

PHOTOS BY DAVE LEBLANC/THE GLOBE AND MAIL AND PARADIGM SHIFT CUSTOMS

Restoring the tin ceiling was a huge undertaking, with 100 tiles to be replicated and replaced.

Rather than stamping new tiles, Mr. Skuce drew on his former training in theatre special effects to create standard silicone moulds and used a material called Aqua-Resin to manufacture his own lightweight yet superdetailed reproductions of the original tin ceiling, which, 'once they were painted out, you could not tell the difference,' he says.

Labatt history book serves up enticing details
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Anyone who enjoys learning about corporate decisionmaking will like this fascinating read
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By MARINA STRAUSS
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R11


Just a few decades ago, Labatt was a quintessentially Canadian name. The brewer made the country's most popular beer, Blue, and controlled a bevy of other companies ranging from the Blue Jays baseball team to the Sports Network (TSN).

Today, however, Labatt is a shadow of itself. Its star brand is the (American) Budweiser rather than the (Canadian) Blue. It's no longer Canadian owned but part of the world's largest brewer, the Belgian-based Anheuser-Busch InBev, and no longer making big decisions about its fate and image here in Canada.

It's a dilemma that Matthew J.

Bellamy, an associate history professor at Carleton University, explores compellingly in his new book, Brewed in the North: A History of Labatt's. He draws in the reader by describing how men of the eponymous family - followed by non-family managers - built the company into a powerhouse in Canada starting in 1847.

But they failed to expand Labatt's brands globally, paving the way for the brewer to be swept up in an international takeover frenzy of the 1990s.

Labatt was far from alone among domestic powerhouses to be gobbled up by foreign rivals.

The list includes Molson, Inco, Falconbridge, Alcan, Dofasco, Stelco, Four Seasons and Fairmont. These companies were able to climb to the top of their sector on their home turf by fighting off domestic rivals - but needed to be propped up by foreign players to make an indelible mark internationally. In Canada, they ended up losing domestic decision-making power and high-paying jobs, ranging from marketing, legal and financial positions.

"Whether brewing beer or smelting steel, Canadian business has been inclined to live in a parochial cocoon," Bellamy writes.

"But to succeed in business, particularly in today's global environment, firms need to draw on their core competencies and expand their horizons ... Firms should do what they do best and do it the world over."

Bellamy paints a picture of Labatt's executives being too timid to successfully expand globally, lacking the confidence and the economies of scale to take on foreign giants and ultimately being swallowed up by those titans.

Brewed in the North is probably the most comprehensive look at Labatt's past. Anyone who enjoys learning about corporate decision-making, the people behind the decisions and their successes and missteps will enjoy this book.

And you don't need to be a big beer lover to appreciate the narrative: I'm not a beer drinker but I came away from Bellamy's tome with insights into not only Labatt's shifting strategies and key players, but also how the brewing industry wielded considerable clout over governments.

Among other moves, the brewer profited from flouting temperance and prohibition laws in the early 1900s. It avoided bankruptcy in 1922 by bootlegging beer to the United States. It was an operation that was orchestrated by a non-family general manager, Edmund Burke, while the Labatt family turned a blind eye to it all, tacitly approving it. That was despite a lawyer/son-in-law of a family member having urged Burke not to do anything illegal.

Subsequently, Labatt used persuasion and public relations to win over government officials and the public to the view that beer was important to the national identity - and even to people's health.

The author struck gold by landing on a treasure trove of previously unpublished corporate documents and a detail-rich history of Labatt that it had commissioned from historian Albert Tucker. But readers may have also benefited from the author pushing further, speaking to some of the executives, suppliers and others who had dealings with Labatt in more recent times. The book's history ends in 1995, leaving the possibility of a final chapter to come, or even another book.

While Brewed in the North doesn't span to present day, it does feel longer than it needs to be, with repetitious introductions and summaries that are perhaps helpful to academics but not necessarily to other readers.

Nevertheless, the book serves up enticing findings. Founder John Labatt, an Irishman who settled in Canada along with a wave of Europeans in the 1830s, did not have the traits one usually associates with a pioneering entrepreneur. He was relatively cautious, didn't have much self-confidence and didn't take big risks. He even went into the brewery business with a partner initially because he didn't trust himself as a solo entrepreneur.

Still, Labatt worked hard and gained confidence over the years.

And his successor, son John Labatt II, who took the helm in 1866, did not shy away from taking bold steps. But he lost his self-assurance after he led Labatt in a failed foray into the Chicago market.

The book reveals other weaknesses of family members and executives. John Labatt II showed a benevolent paternalism toward his employees, which began to weigh on the company's performance. For instance, one of his key employees in Chicago overdrank and overspent but Labatt kept him on anyway.

Following the custom of the day, the family, which controlled Labatt until 1945 when it went public, consistently handed down the business to men rather than women, even when a third-generation daughter, Catherine, was the oldest and most capable of the siblings, the book says.

John Labatt II's sons, John Sackville and Hugh Labatt, took over the helm in 1915 despite Catherine's superior abilities. But they failed to show signs of entrepreneurship or risk-taking and "lacked the initial generation's hunger to succeed," the book states. Bellamy includes nuggets about divisions among executives and tensions within the boardroom over takeovers and other strategies. Rifts arose, for example, between Jack Labatt (a member of the family's fourth generation and an executive at the company) and some other board members in 1964 over U.S.

brewer Schlitz's bid to buy Labatt, which the Labatt family member supported but most board members did not. The acquisition ultimately was unsuccessful. But it became a sign of the family's waning influence at the company.

By 1995, Labatt had faltered yet again in its attempt to go international with its investment in a Mexican brewer, which was hurt by the devaluation of the peso. It also failed in its diversification efforts, getting too distracted by non-beer businesses despite a highly successful beer business.

As a result, Labatt "missed out on being part of the early phase of the globalization of the brewing industry," Bellamy writes.

When the Labatt head office left Canada after the Belgian corporate takeover, it resulted in a loss of taxes, top talent and work for suppliers. Key business decisions were made elsewhere. For consumer-products companies such as Labatt, the repercussions can be far-reaching. These companies count heavily on marketing to trumpet their brands. When their headquarters leave Canada, companies often reach out to foreign firms to promote their products to a wider audience.

At Labatt, even the corporate moniker is disappearing. In London, Ont., the John Labatt Centre has been renamed Budweiser Gardens. Lost is a bit of Canadian culture.

Associated Graphic

A worker inspects bottles at Labatt's London, Ont., brewery in 2011. In his book Brewed in the North, Matthew J. Bellamy gives a comprehensive look at Labatt's past.

GEOFF ROBINS/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Brewed in the North

BY MATTHEW J. BELLAMY MCGILL-QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY PRESS, 464 PAGES

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Sunday will be Bradley's 200th game with TFC - but will it be his last?
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By NEIL DAVIDSON
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THE CANADIAN PRESS
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B19


SEATTLE -- Michael Bradley will mark a milestone Sunday with his 200th game in all competitions for Toronto FC.

But will the MLS Cup final in Seattle be his last outing in TFC colours?

Bradley, whose contract status has been shrouded in mystery this season, is a major subplot in the championship game storyline. He is Toronto's captain and undisputed alpha dog.

"He sets the standard for everybody down in that locker room as to what it should look like when you come to work every single day," Toronto coach Greg Vanney said.

And like most everything else he is involved in, Bradley is pulling the strings.

Bradley was unveiled in January, 2014, overshadowed by England star striker Jermain Defoe as the two sat on the dais at Toronto's Real Sports Bar & Grill.

Next to the English double-decker bus parked outside the Scotiabank Arena to help trumpet Defoe's arrival, Bradley was almost a US$10-million-acquisition afterthought from AS Roma.

"I can tell you all I have never been more excited, more determined and more motivated for any challenge in my entire career," Bradley said that day, a beacon of intensity with laserlike eyes and shaved head over a black shirt.

Defoe lasted one season. Bradley became the backbone of the franchise.

Toronto, widely seen as the league's doormat, albeit one with a great fan following, was coming off a 6-17-11 campaign in 2013. Playoff was not in the team vocabulary.

Vanney, who took over as coach with 10 games remaining in the 2014 season, says his captain led the way in turning around a franchise that former striker Danny Koevermans, frustrated by a league-worst 0-9-0 start to the 2012 season, called "the worst team in the world."

In the seven seasons before Bradley, the franchise's league record was 51-105-66.

In six seasons with Bradley on board, it is 83-72-49.

Bradley has changed attitudes and helped fill the Toronto trophy cabinet.

The veteran U.S. international midfielder has hoisted both the MLS Cup and Supporters' Shield, as well as the Eastern Conference trophy and Canadian Championship three times while leading Toronto to within a penalty kick of the CONCACAF Champions League crown and another MLS title.

Bradley's contract was believed to expire at the end of 2019. But The Athletic, in an MLS notebook item back in July, reported that he will earn another year at his current salary of US$6.5-million (second-highest in the league) should Toronto win the MLS Cup this season.

Given Jozy Altidore and Alejandro Pozuelo, Toronto's other designated players, are under contract next season, another year at Bradley's current big-ticket sticker price ties TFC's hands when it comes to DPs.

And while still highly effective, the 32-year-old is not getting any younger.

Bradley has declined to talk about his contract status all season. And it speaks volumes about his position at the club that the front office has religiously followed his lead.

"Michael said he was not going to make his contract a talking point this year and he asked us not to," president Bill Manning said in interview this week.

Bradley reiterated that in the final weeks of the season, he added.

"Out of respect to him, we've toed that line. So we're not even going to go there. ... So much respect is due to him that I think it would be egregious of us to comment on it," Manning added.

Vanney, however, seemed to stick his toe over the line on Wednesday.

"I'd like to think there's going to be a solution and I'd like to think that the solution is us winning and then we know he's here," Vanney said in Toronto when Bradley's future came up.

For his part, Bradley sounded almost wistful this week when asked about his time in Toronto.

"It's been incredible. It's been everything I hoped for," he said with a smile. "When I came here I talked about the idea that I was so excited and so motivated for the opportunity, for the challenge of trying to help take a club that had so much potential in an incredible city, an incredible sports city, and make it different, make it special, unique - a team, a club that people can be proud of.

"Over the last five or six years, we've had some incredible days, some unbelievable highs - a few lows sprinkled in there. But what would life be if there weren't a few lows tossed in as well? The biggest pride for me is what the team has been about on the biggest days - you see a team that steps on the field and isn't fazed by a thing. Fearless. Plays. Competes. Doesn't matter who's on the field, who's not on the field on a given day. When those lights come on, we've been ready to go for it and we've shared some incredible days with our fans. A lot of them at BMO [Field]." Bradley, who has made Toronto his family's year-round home, then listed off the sites of eight memorable TFC games from Mexico City's Azteca Stadium to Montreal's Olympic Stadium.

"There's been some special moments. And to have been a part of all that, that's why I came."

Bradley's value is not measured in goals or assists (he has 12 career goals and 26 assists in regular-season and playoff action with TFC). His value comes in reading the play and restoring order, be it breaking down an attack or starting one.

While not blessed with blistering speed, he can accelerate quickly over short distances to get to the ball. In recent years, the risk/reward ratio of his play has tilted somewhat but still remains in his favour. And he can also deliver a pass with great accuracy.

Physically, Bradley is extremely durable. And mentally, he sets the tone.

He's the first out on the pitch before every game, to inspect that night's office. During warmups, he is soccer's equivalent to Tony Robbins, clapping his hands and talking to his teammates.

Cross him and you know it.

More than a few reporters, including this one, have been taken to the Bradley woodshed.

His work ethic is unparalleled.

Of his 177 regular-season and playoff appearances for TFC, 176 have been starts.

"He works tirelessly every single day. Never a day off, we have to wrestle him down to get him to rest at all," Vanney said. "He works hard, he's detail-oriented, he cares about every aspect of the club in trying to keep things at as high a level as possible.

Bradley ranks third on Toronto's all-time appearances list.

Midfielder Jonathan Osorio has played 243 games in all competitions followed by fullback Justin Morrow at 213.

Sunday's championship game completes a circle for Bradley, who made his TFC debut in Seattle on March 15, 2014, in a 2-1 win over the Sounders.

Associated Graphic

TFC midfielder Michael Bradley gives the BMO Field faithful a thumbs-up after a win last season. Bradley's contract status may be a mystery, but he's the team's clear alpha dog.

COLE BURSTON/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Rediscovering an artist who defies all category
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Harry Nilsson's album Losst and Founnd is set to be released 25 years after his death. David Berry revisits the singer's successes, complexities and frustration with conventional expectation
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By DAVID BERRY
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, November 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R5


If there is anyone whose career has benefited more from Netflix's Russian Doll series than co-creator and star Natasha Lyonne, it has to be Harry Nilsson.

Although the complicated pop star has maintained a cultish following since his early seventies heyday, interest in him spiked up considerably after his jaunty piano piece Gotta Get Up was used as the trigger and tonal inspiration for the show's looping journey through self-loathing and self-knowledge.

In our age of digital data, we don't even need to resort to vague temperature-taking to understand the impact. The song's repeated use throughout the show's eight episodes earned Nilsson something like 2,000 per cent more downloads and streams than his average, enough out-of-nowhere attention that the song is now amended with an "As heard on ..." label on streaming services.

And now, that attention is trickling down to the rest of his convoluted canon. On Nov. 22, Nilsson completists will finally get a chance to hear Losst and Founnd, the album he was working on at the time of his death in 1994.

As a final artistic statement, the album is maybe too inflected with the torpor of a man who hadn't released anything since the demos for the Popeye soundtrack in 1980. Nilsson's often absurdly gorgeous multioctave tenor is flattened into something close to Leonard Cohen's, although his songs retain his trademark slippery humour, and the off-kilter dynamic of melancholy is played beautifully, especially on the fitting album and career closer What Does A Woman See in A Man.

More exciting might be the early 2020 rerelease of The Point!, Nilsson's oddball 1970 children's animated film and parable. The original was narrated by Dustin Hoffman, and in the coming 50th anniversary version, former drinking buddy Ringo Starr is the voice. Written after an LSD trip around the forests of Los Angeles gave him an insight into the nature of trees, The Point! is the story of a round-headed boy in a world where everyone has a point on their head.

While Nilsson's own point is hard to miss here, the celebration of being different, plus its combination of joyous innocence, cheery dismissal of convention and ability to drown sadness in dry humour, feel like an appropriate summation of Nilsson's philosophy. At least insomuch as he ever had a philosophy beyond swallowing some drugs and seeing what comes out.

Nilsson doesn't just resist summary, he seems to mock the very idea that an artist should be able to be simplified. As a person, let alone as a musician with a surprising half-century legacy, Nilsson really just shouldn't have been. He was less a human than a coalescence of opposing forces that should have cancelled each other out. He was his own action and reaction, a move in every direction, and never more happy to switch his heading than when it seemed like you had him figured.

Nilsson sang like a pure beam of light and drank like a black hole. He was a restlessly inventive musician - he arguably created both the mash-up and the remix album - whose biggest hits and Grammy nominations came from the oldest trick in American pop music, heart-on-the-sleeve covers: the wistfully sunny Midnight Cowboy theme song Everybody's Talkin' and torch song Without You, which is so maudlin it circles back around into genuinely piteous. (Although many also know him for the novelty hit Coconut, which fits just as uncomfortably with the rest of his oeuvre.)

He had gold records and charttopping singles, but basically refused to play in front of an audience, limiting his "live" performances to half-experimental video projects in which he spliced in obviously fake crowd shots, did piano duets with himself and performed in a gorilla suit.

His music was the kind of pop that sounds obvious as soon as you hear it, although nobody had quite figured it out before. His biggest album, 1971's Nilsson Schmilsson, is essentially a tour of what the rest of the decade would sound like in 35 minutes and 10 songs.

He was the Beatles' favourite U.S. artist, but his favourite Beatle was Ringo. Although, in fairness, he also helped John Lennon during his brief separation from Yoko Ono, turning it into a recording session and debauch so notorious it became known as Lennon's Lost Weekend, and the foundation of the semi-notorious Hollywood Vampires drinking club.

(And as much as he was a libertine and a goof, Nilsson also all but gave up his recording career to campaign for an end to gun violence after his friend was assassinated.)

That kind of unrestrained selfdestruction was one of the few things Nilsson did purely, and was the main reason his career essentially amounted to a blinding flash of brilliance in the late sixties and early seventies, and a lot of unfocused blinking and recovery until his early death in 1994.

And yet, for all his escapades, oppositions and self-destruction, Nilsson has managed to endure in a way that relatively few artists of the non-Beatles variety ever do: He keeps popping up, in reference and in revisitation - both as a popular-enough-to-be-profitable bit of nostalgia and as an essential muse for weirdos.

For all his contradiction and complexity, it's probably his plain frustration with conventional expectation that seems to keep him as an inspiration for some of our more complexly modern artists.

The most obvious recent example is Russian Doll, but he pops up every few years in some powerfully memorable context: A personal favourite is the yearning He Needs Me, originally part of that Popeye soundtrack and later providing an emotional capstone in Paul Thomas Anderson's film Punch-Drunk Love.

The common thread to Nilsson's re-emergences are that they were instigated by artists who are just as unwilling to sit still, who are just as happy to embrace contradiction and chaos to get whatever it is they need to say out.

In this way, Nilsson's evergreen relevance takes on a larger and more hopeful tinge: His unwillingness to settle into any kind of simple category, far from causing him to fade away, is exactly what keeps him alive.

If the world, or at the very least the entertainment-industrial complex, is only comfortable with things that are simply branded and easily taggable, there will always be some artistic disposition that is thirsty for a mess they have to sort through and figure out all on their own.

In The Point!, Nilsson's child hero solves the riddle of his difference when an equally circular wise man makes the observation that a point in every direction is the same as having no point at all.

If it works as an epitaph for Nilsson's own genius, true to form the most important point for his legacy might be just the opposite of the one he was making in the film: When someone is going in every direction at once, anyone who comes after will never run out of interesting paths to follow him down.

Associated Graphic

Singer Harry Nilsson, seen in 1972, was a relentlessly inventive musician whose biggest hits and Grammy nominations were his covers.

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Introducing Frozen 2's best-kept Canadian secret
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How an acclaimed composer went from the Bee Gees to Buffy to the Norwegian sounds of a Disney juggernaut
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By NATHALIE ATKINSON
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A16


The Day 1 launch of the Disney+ streaming platform on Tuesday included a slew of back-list titles such as Ice Princess and Garfield: A Tail of Two Kitties alongside such modern classics as The Muppets, Ant-Man and the juggernaut that is Frozen, the highest-grossing fully animated film of all time. These motley movies have something in common aside from their company of origin: They're all scored by the same Canadian composer.

Born in Montreal and raised in Toronto, Christophe Beck, 50, is the musical chameleon who has composed the scores for more than 100 Hollywood features, including Hot Tub Time Machine, The Hangover trilogy and the most recent Muppets movies. And he's followed in Vince Guaraldi and Henry Mancini's footsteps, respectively, with The Peanuts Movie and The Pink Panther reboots. He has lived and worked in California since graduating from the USC Thornton School of Music in the early nineties, but Beck is not a secret Canadian - he's more like a bestkept-secret Canadian.

Beck's range includes jazzy instrumentation, majestic symphonics, propulsive electronic soundscapes and this season's highly anticipated return to Arendelle's traditional Norwegian instruments and complex choral harmonies with Elsa, Anna and Olaf in the Frozen sequel, which opens Nov. 22.

When we connect at his Santa Monica studio, Beck has been going between work on Frozen 2 and the score for Lesley Chilcott's new documentary about Canadian Greenpeace co-founder and environmental activist Paul Watson.

Whether he's working with the same filmmakers (repeats include directors Shawn Levy, Peyton Reed and Doug Liman) or a one-off, Beck says "I encourage all collaborators that I work with, when they give me direction, to speak in terms of story and emotion and point of view. Because, as a film composer, my job is more as a storyteller than as a person who decides on what note will go in front of another note."

One traditional form of musical storytelling that goes back to the 19th century is that of Wagner's leitmotifs in his operas, Beck says. "He was a big pioneer of that and that continues of course through Star Wars and to this day."

This approach is a very big part of film composing, but Beck is also interested in "less melody-based and more grand concept, perhaps an unusual instrument or a particular technique." He praises Hans Zimmer, "who is really, really smart about coming up with a restricted and unique palette for each of his scores - the use of pipe organ in Interstellar comes to mind or the use of extremely minimalist ideas that play with tempo and rhythm in Dunkirk." Beck adds: "For me, doing both [types of composing] on every project that I do is the ideal."

I explain that, to me, his catchy Ant-Man theme communicates a sort of insouciance - a playfully deceptive riff that somehow suggests being underestimated.

That's what he was trying to achieve, he says - "a 50/50 combination of sneaky and heroic, because that first [Ant-Man] movie was a heist movie."

The stylistic dexterity started early. As a child, Beck was playing the Bee Gees by ear. He grew up on a diet of Styx, Depeche Mode and New Order before undergraduate studies in music at Yale, where he wrote an opera based on Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart.

While Beck was still in school, his first professional credit - even before he apprenticed with theme-song king Mike Post - was on the White Fang adventure series. Little wonder one family member has called him "my overachieving brother." Considering the compliment comes from no musical slouch, that's saying something: The composer's younger brother is none other than Jason Beck, also a virtuoso and maverick pianist, better known by his stage moniker Chilly Gonzales.

Joss Whedon's cult series Buffy the Vampire Slayer arguably changed everything for Beck.

"From a strictly musical perspective, the palette was very big and the themes were very big, storywise," he recalls of the 59 episodes he scored. "Every episode was like a mini-feature film and it was an amazing training ground and learning opportunity for a young composer like me."

As the main composer from Seasons 2 through 4 (later returning for the Sunnydale musical episodes), Beck wrote the Buffy/Angel love theme and scored Hush, the memorable silent film-style episode where the score conveys narrative. In 1998, his work on the episode Becoming: Part 1 earned him the Emmy Award for Outstanding Music Composition.

Soon after, he transitioned to features such as Bring it On, Under the Tuscan Sun and The Tuxedo.

Defining diverse sonic worlds - from the atmospheric percussion of Elektra and the Southern rock inflections of American Made to the soaring orchestral sounds of The Christmas Chronicles and action sequences in Edge of Tomorrow - isn't his only preoccupation.

Last year, Beck and the musicrights organization SESAC launched The Beck Diversity Project to create opportunities that help underrepresented composers advance in the field. It's a US$1-million commitment over five years toward mentorship, educational programs and workshops.

"I've always thought that, when I had time and money, I'd do something about the lack of diversity in my industry" Beck says.

The opportunity arose after he took time off after Frozen and AntMan to recharge.

"At the time, there was just starting to be a bit of an upswing of attention paid to lack of diversity throughout the entire film industry and I couldn't help but notice that the community of film composers was really one of the worst offenders," he recalls.

"Back then, if you made a list of the top composers for any kind of medium - be it film, television, gaming - the vast majority, maybe close to 97 per cent or 98 per cent, were white men."

One part of the equation, he says, is increasing the size of the talent pool early by exposing high-school kids from disadvantaged groups to the possibilities of the music industry. So Beck regularly teaches music-composition classes at schools in low-income neighbourhoods. "The other side of the equation is that young composers who are women or people of colour face a fair amount of institutional prejudice," he says.

Over the summer, Beck and SESAC unveiled an addition to the initiative called The Key Change Foundation, which will provide grants to support films scored by emerging composers from underrepresented groups.

It's a continuing priority - that and his abiding interest in electronic soundscapes (to wit, Toner from his Pitch Perfect score plays like a Daft Punk 12" remix). He's obsessed with modular synthesizers; his studio is lined with them and he works on patches, loops of synthesized sound settings, for fun. "My addiction [to mod synths] is running strong and I continue to, on a regular basis, pick up new ones," Beck enthuses. "To sit in front of a whole bunch of modules with empty holes basically begging for a cable to plug into and see what happens? It's intoxicating!"

Special to The Globe and Mail Frozen 2 opens Nov. 22

Associated Graphic

Montreal-born composer Christophe Beck has composed the scores for more than 100 Hollywood films, including Disney's Frozen and Frozen 2.

STUCK IN A HAZE
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To deal with smog, India needs to avoid repeating the mistakes of other countries and invest in resources tackling air, soil and water pollution
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By BRAHMA CHELLANEY
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O8


NEW DELHI -- Geostrategist and author of the award-winning Water: Asia's New Battleground J ust as German Chancellor Angela Merkel reached New Delhi last week on a state visit, noxious smog blanketed the Indian capital, forcing a shutdown of schools for five days and a temporary ban on construction activity and millions of private vehicles. Indeed, Ms. Merkel's two-day visit coincided with the declaration of a public-health emergency in the city, prompting her to pitch for green urban transportation, including electric buses.

New Delhi's buses are already green: They run on compressed natural gas.

The city's seasonal smog problem, which comes with cooler temperatures and slower winds in the postmonsoon period, is largely linked to a deleterious agricultural practice in nearby states - after harvest, farmers burn crop stubble to clear their fields.

The fumes from the stubble burnings mix with New Delhi's vehicle emissions, construction dust and smoke from fireworks set off during Diwali, the festival of light. This creates an annual toxic haze that lingers for days or even weeks, partly owing to topography. The cool air with its pollutants gets trapped by the hills that surround the city on three sides.

At the beginning of this month, New Delhi had the dubious distinction, in terms of the air-quality index (AQI), of topping the list of the world's most-polluted capital cities, with levels of deadly particulate matter reaching multiple times the global safety threshold. The opaque haze reduced visibility to such an extent that even some planes could not land at the international airport.

Add to the picture the gloom and doom on which Indian newspapers and opposition politicians thrive, which made the smog situation appear worse.

"Capital punishment," screamed the front-page banner headline in the Hindustan Times, a leading English-language newspaper. The Indian capital's chief minister, Arvind Kejriwal, who belongs to a small regional party, claimed the city had turned into a "gas chamber."

Since Tuesday, New Delhi's AQI has significantly improved following light showers and strong breeze. (Wind, rain and snow act as pollution scrubbers.)

More rain fell on Thursday.

With the thick haze dissipating, a blue sky is again visible in the daytime and the moon at night.

But the city's environmental crisis is far from over.

Commercially available satellite imagery shows many crop-burning fires still raging in parts of northern India, especially Punjab state. This means airpollution levels remain high in the agricultural regions and cities of northwestern India.

Burning of crop stubble has long been an expedient way for Asian farmers to prepare fields for the next crop.

While China has employed its authoritarian system in recent years to forcefully crack down on this polluting practice, thereby significantly reducing Beijing's air contamination, democratic India has failed to stop the crop-stubble burnings.

Farmers, constituting the largest voting constituency in numbers, are politically powerful in India. State governments have recoiled from levying fines on stubble-burning farmers.

India's Supreme Court this week ordered state governments to incentivize an end to stubble burnings by doling out cash rewards to farmers who do not burn their fields.

"It has become a question of life and death for the common people," the justices said while seeking accountability from federal and state governments over the smog.

The modest dole-outs the highest court has recommended, however, might not suffice to end the stubbleburning practice. Authorities also need to encourage farmers to buy machinery that helps turn stubble into mulch. This means subsidizing their machinery purchases.

Here's the paradox: An environmentally conscious Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who initiated a "Clean India" campaign soon after assuming office in 2014, confronts a smog problem that has become acute on his watch.

India is one of the few countries trying to ban single-use plastic items. It has implemented a complete ban on the import of plastic waste. And to control air pollution in New Delhi, a nearby coalfired plant was shut down last year and the use of private vehicles restricted to alternating days during the pollution season, with cars with odd-number licence plates allowed to drive only on odd-numbered dates and cars with even-numbered plates on even-numbered dates.

More fundamentally, New Delhi's recurring smog problem underscores the mounting costs India is paying for years of environmental neglect. According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, India has the majority of the world's most polluted cities, a fact that holds important consequences for public health in the country.

The WHO defines health as not merely the absence of disease or infirmity but a state of complete physical, social and mental well-being. A sound natural environment is central to such well-being.

The Indian establishment, with its ostrich-like mindset, acts only when a problem turns into a crisis. As a result, the deteriorating air quality in New Delhi and other major northwestern Indian cities has became a national crisis, drawing international attention and affecting the flow of tourists to the country.

In fact, unprecedented pressures on natural resources and ecosystems are triggering a broader range of adverse environmental impacts. Rapid development, breakneck urbanization, largescale irrigated farming, lifestyle changes and other human impacts have resulted in degraded watersheds, watercourses and other ecosystems, as well as in shrinking forests and swamps. The illicit diversion of sand from riverbeds for the construction boom has damaged rivers and slowed the natural recharge of aquifers.

To be sure, India's environmental challenges mirror those of many other developing countries, from Mexico and Peru to Indonesia and the Philippines.

The imperative to develop environmentally friendly policies and practices, however, transcends the developing world. Wealthier countries with disproportionately large environmental footprints - from the United States to Australia - also need to embrace environmental protection in earnest.

Environmental protection, in the long run, is cheaper than environmental cleanup and restoration. If India's national planners were more forwardlooking, the country could avoid repeating the mistakes of other countries, instead of investing resources in tackling air, soil and water pollution and other environmental degradation. The degradation adversely affects climate, ecosystems, biodiversity and public health.

The fact that China's environmentalcontamination problems are worse than India's, despite Beijing's improved air quality, can give Indian authorities no comfort.

As the world's factory floor and largest exporter, including of coal-fired power plants, China is exacerbating the global environment crisis. India, with a services-led, import-dependent economy that relies largely on domestic consumption for growth, can scarcely defend its levels of air, soil and water pollution.

India needs a more holistic and integrated approach to development that places environmental protection at the centre of strategic planning. Without such an approach, the linkages between a healthy natural environment and human health could trap India in a vicious cycle in which environmental degradation contributes to public-health issues, and vice versa.

The New Delhi smog is a reminder that human health is inextricably linked to nature's wealth, which we must cherish and protect.

Associated Graphic

New Delhi is restricting the use of private vehicles on the roads under an "odd-even" scheme based on license plates to control vehicular pollution as the national capital continues to gasp under toxic smog. Sunday, Nov. 3, 2019.

MANISH SWARUP/THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Carr, Garoppolo excel in prove-it years while Mariota, Trubisky fall flat
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By JOSH DUBOW
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


ALAMEDA, CALIF. -- D erek Carr has silenced the questions about his longterm viability as the starting quarterback for the Raiders by looking once again like the quarterback who was one of the top young passers in the league back in 2016.

Jimmy Garoppolo is proving why the San Francisco 49ers invested so heavily in him after only a handful of NFL starts by leading the NFL's only remaining undefeated team.

While Carr and Garoppolo have stepped up their performances in what were viewed as prove-it seasons, that hasn't been the case for other quarterbacks who came into the year in similar scenarios.

Tennessee's Marcus Mariota and Cincinnati's Andy Dalton have already been benched and seem likely to be looking for new employers next season, while Mitchell Trubisky appears close to playing himself out of a job in Chicago in just his third season.

Jameis Winston has once again displayed the type of upand-down performances in Tampa Bay that led to the Buccaneers deciding to let him play out his fifth year option instead of getting a long-term contract.

The Raiders like their situation with Carr, who is leading one of the league's most efficient offences following two disappointing season.

"I say it all the time, this league does not give quarterbacks enough time," Carr said.

"This organization has given me time, it's steady. We know who the coaches are. We know who the quarterback is. Let them grow and now we're getting to see the fruits of it."

Carr is operating with the same play-caller in back-to-back seasons for just the second time in his six-year career. He believes it's no coincidence that those have been his two best seasons, with him leading the Raiders to 12 wins in his second season under co-ordinator Bill Musgrave in 2016 and now ranking as one of the top quarterbacks this season at the halfway point.

Carr is posting his highest career marks in completion percentage (71.2, yards per attempt (7.9) and passer rating (105.1). He has been at his best in key spots with his 140.1 passer rating on third down ranking highest in the league in 25 years.

"I think he's a coach on the field instead of a player on the field," Jon Gruden said. "Learning a new offence last year, he was playing, and we had two rookie tackles. We had a lot of issues, a lot of injuries, a lot of problems last year. I don't want to reiterate those, but he was playing the best he could play and he played pretty good. But, now he's coaching. He sees it before it happens."

Mariota and Dalton have both struggled this season in their first years under new systems and have been benched.

Mariota, the second overall pick in 2015, has gone through three head coaches and five playcallers and has failed to build on a promising start to his career.

He completed less than 60 per cent of his passes this season and got benched for Ryan Tannehill after going seven for 18 for 63 yards and two interceptions in a loss at Denver last month.

With Mariota set to become a free agent next year, it appears as if he will need to find a new home if he ever wants to live up to his draft billing.

"That's solely on my shoulders," he said. "I had an opportunity to play, and I didn't make the most of it. I'm going to learn and grow from it. This is an opportunity for me to grow as a person and as a player."

With the Bengals looking for a change after an 0-8 start, Dalton finds himself benched after eight-plus seasons as Cincinnati's starter. He led Cincinnati to the playoffs his first five seasons but the team never won a playoff game in that stretch and he has struggled the past few seasons as the offensive line deteriorated and top receiver A.J. Green missed a lot of time with injuries.

Dalton has one year left on his contract but the Bengals can get out of it with no dead money if they decide to go another direction.

"If this is the end here, I don't know," Dalton said. "I don't know what the future holds, but this is not how I envisioned it."

Trubisky figured to be on safer ground after taking big steps forward under coach Matt Nagy in his second year in the NFL. But he has regressed badly from the start of the season and ranks 29th out of 32 qualifying quarterbacks with an 80 passer rating.

Making matters worse is the fact that the Bears went all-in, trading two first-round draft picks last season for edge rusher Khalil Mack and now will have a hard time finding a replacement in next year's draft if they decide to move on from the 2017 No. 2 overall pick.

"There is a lot of really simple things that we did last year that we do in practice that on game day we are coming up short," he said. "And that's why you have this crappy feeling, and that's where the frustration comes.

Losing sucks."

The questions about Garoppolo heading into the year were as much about his durability as his performance. He went down with a season-ending knee injury in Week 3 last season and had made only 10 career starts in his first five seasons, while suffering two major injuries.

He had some rough moments in training camp and the preseason, only intensifying the criticism that was only slightly quieted by San Francisco's fast start behind a dominant defence and running game.

But Garoppolo delivered the best performance last week in a 28-25 win at Arizona when the defence was gassed and the running game struggled to get going.

He threw for 317 yards, four TDs and no interceptions, delivering several big passes on third and fourth down for San Francisco's second four-touchdown game in the past 16 years.

"We all know Jimmy can throw it and get his numbers," coach Kyle Shanahan said. "He's gotten it before. We haven't needed it this year, but he's done it before. I thought the most impressive thing was the amount of times we threw, how many plays he made and that we had no turnovers with it."

That's been the problem with the Bucs' Winston, who makes some of the most impressive throws as well as the most boneheaded. He has thrown for 2,407 yards and 16 touchdowns at the midpoint of the season. But he also has 12 interceptions and four lost fumbles, giving him 92 turnovers in five seasons - 16 more than the next highest player.

But while the good might be enough to earn him a sixth year in Tampa Bay, some of these other passers could be looking for work.

Associated Graphic

Raiders QB Derek Carr eludes a Detroit Lions tackler in Oakland last Sunday. This season, Carr has posted career bests in completion percentage (71.2) and passer rating (105.1).

LACHLAN CUNNINGHAM/GETTY IMAGES

Number of Ontario teenagers who seek hospital emergency treatment for self-harm has doubled in decade, study says
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