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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


SHEILA AUSTIN

We are deeply saddened to announce the death of Sheila Austin (née Toban) in Toronto on September 10, 2019, at the age of 87, after a long life lived with generosity, empathy and respect for all people. Sheila was born in Vancouver, B.C. on August 11, 1932, the third of four daughters of Harry and Mona Toban. She earned a Bachelor of Social Work from the University of British Columbia and then an MSW from Boston University before returning to Vancouver to practise as a psychiatric social worker. She put her career aside to raise her three daughters, during which time she was an active volunteer, specializing in the development of school libraries.

Later, she returned to social work, at Riverview and St. Vincent hospitals, making a difference in many lives. In 1980, Sheila realized what had been a dream since listening to Hawaii Calls on the radio as a child, and moved to Honolulu for a decade, where she became a student of Hawaiian culture and language, in addition to continuing her social work practice. Eventually, she moved back to Vancouver to be closer to her aging father, and was honoured with the Woman of Valour award in 1997 for her service to the Jewish community. Her later years saw the blossoming of her astounding talents as a chocolate maker and cake decorator; her birthday cakes for her precious grandchildren were works of art. Sheila was predeceased by her parents and her sisters Rosalie and Sandra.

She leaves her sister Phyllis; her daughters Edie, Shari and Barbara (Trevor); her ex-husband Jack Austin; grandchildren Max, Annalisa, Gabriel and Isaac, Aaron and Sophie, and Daniel and Alexander; and many relatives and friends. Our deepest gratitude to caregivers Karen, Yemme and the team at the Baycrest palliative care ward. Funeral services were held in Toronto.

Donations in Sheila's memory may be made to Kids Help Phone or the charity of your choice.

CHRISTINE MARCELLE BIGGS (née Fisher)

Born January 1, 1968 passed away peacefully on September 8, 2019 surrounded by family and friends after a courageous battle with pancreatic cancer.

Loving mother to Benjamin, devoted wife to Edward (Ted); she is also survived by parents Julian and Jean Fisher (nee Abraham), sister Julie Mascarin (nee Fisher) and husband Thomas, brother John Fisher and wife Catherine (nee Minns). Mother-in-law Diane Biggs (nee Daniels) and husband William Biggs (deceased) and sister-in-law Tracey Biggs-Pearce.

She was loved and will be remembered by nieces and nephews: Mikayla, Jessica, Crystal, Melanie, Justin and Shawn.

She lived her life with boundless love, energy, grace and gratitude.

She had a passion for every new challenge from motherhood, to sailing, skiing, scuba, to new career opportunities. A natural athlete, and devoted mentor, she accomplished all with equal ease.

Chris faced this last challenge with astounding grit, humour and courage. Determined and loving to the very last she was a beautiful soul taken from us far too soon.

A Prayer Service will be held on Monday, September 16th at 11 a.m.

at the Morley Bedford Funeral Home, 159 Eglinton Ave. W. (2 stop lights west of Yonge St.), Toronto. Reception to follow. The family has requested that in lieu of flowers that donations be made to the Terry Fox Foundation and Pancreatic Cancer Canada.

MARY JACQUELINE BRISBY (née Hume)

Jackie Brisby passed away peacefully at home on Thursday, September 12, 2019 with her daughters by her side.

Jackie grew up in Vancouver, BC where she attended the University of British Columbia and studied life sciences. She later married James Brisby and moved to Toronto.

She was predeceased by her parents, Evelyn and Phil, her husband, Jim, her brother Philip and her sister Mary Bea. She will be dearly missed by her daughters, Sally Elliott and Susan, sisters Nancy and Jane (Don), brother Tony (Ruth), the McCarles families, numerous nieces and nephews and dear friend, John Bark.

Jackie loved nature, reading, playing bridge, flower arranging and tennis and especially enjoyed spending time with her friends. She also volunteered with a number of charitable organizations, her favorite of which was mentoring teens with personal and family challenges.

Jackie would want to thank her friends and the staff at the Balmoral Club for their kindness, care and compassion.

A private ceremony was held to honour Jackie's life.

In lieu of flowers, please consider donations to Covenant House of Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

WALTER BAILLIE CARTER

Born in Toronto, Ontario on July 24, 1923. Loving husband of the late Joan Carter (nee Hassett); devoted father to Susan (Jeff) and John, and proud grandfather to Rebecca. He peacefully passed away on September 2, 2019 at the Palliative Care Unit at Sunnybrook Hospital. Professor Carter had a long and distinguished academic career in philosophy beginning at Queen's University in 1952. One of the highlights of his career was being awarded a Canada Council Senior Fellowship which allowed him to undertake research at Oxford University in 1962 - 63.

In 1965, he was a part of the first group of full time faculty members appointed to Atkinson College, York University where he spent the rest of his academic career. He loved university life and was very committed to the early York University goals of providing accessibility to higher education.

To this end he undertook many roles including chairman of the Philosophy Department at Atkinson College, a member of the Senate, and, participant in many other committees at the University.

Above all he loved to teach and engage with his students. At home, he loved to listen to classical music or read a murder mystery with a good glass of scotch.

Our thanks to the care workers who cared for him at home and the doctors and nurses at Sunnybrook.

A private cremation was held.

In lieu of flowers, donations in memory of Walter would be greatly appreciated by his family to York University (http://www.giving.yorku.ca/ inmemory) in support of the York University Retirees Association Mature Student Bursary.

MARIE GENEVIEVE CESCHI

Marie Genevieve Ceschi (Mimi) passed away peacefully with her beloved husband of 68 years holding her hand. Her beautiful smile will be missed by many, especially by her love, Emmi and her four daughters, Marguerite (Michael), Isabelle (Michael), Theresa (Gordon), Annie (Bill); her six grandchildren, Tegan, Nicole, Emilie, Crey, Pippa, Cheyanne and her great-granddaughter, Nina.

Our family would like to express our deepest gratitude to the staff of Crofton Manor and DeltaView for all the loving care and support they provided Mimi throughout her journey over the last number of years.

A Funeral Mass will be held on Thursday, September 19, 2019 11:00 a.m. at St. John the Apostle Parish, 5457 Trafalgar Street, Vancouver, B.C.

CAROL LYNN COOK (née Coventry)

Born June 11, 1941, in Toronto, died September 7, 2019, in Luxembourg. It is with great sadness that the family of Carol Cook announces her passing following a long battle with cancer.

She died peacefully and comfortably with her children and husband by her side.

Cherished mother to Craig and Christy, loving Gran to Matilda, Calum, Sebastian, and Finn, beloved sister to Alicia and Nancy, and devoted wife of fifty-seven years to her husband, David.

Following her career as a nurse in Toronto, she worked happily until retirement as a librarian at the American International School in Luxembourg. In addition to her passion for books and love of crosswords, Carol was a global traveller and general lover of life. She was full of grace and determination in the face of adversity. Her strength and enthusiasm for all she enjoyed was an inspiration. Carol will be dearly missed by her family and her many friends.

GEORGE JOSEPH CORMACK

Passed away peacefully on Wednesday, September 11, 2019 at the age of 89, with his daughter Cathy, brother David and sisterin-law Bev at his side. Loving husband of Joan (Dimma) for over 65 years, George was a totally devoted father to his children Michael (deceased), Cathy (Don) and Mary (deceased), as well as a caring brother to his sister Betty and brothers Walter (deceased) and David (Bev).

For over 50 years, George played a major role in Canadian real estate, helping grow Royal LePage to the foremost real estate company in the country. A graduate of St. Michael's College School in Toronto, George began his long real estate career in sales with A.E.

LePage, serving with diligence and dedication in a variety of roles, ultimately as President of the Residential Division. In 1986, he became President and CEO of Royal LePage.

From the beginning, George brought enthusiasm and determination to work every day. He strived to deliver the best level of service to the public, while establishing an exciting and rewarding environment for thousands who worked with the company. As the Canadian marketplace grew, his experience and drive contributed to rapid growth and expansion, including the introduction of many industry leading firsts. George served on several industry governing bodies, including serving as the inaugural Chairman of the Real Estate Council of Ontario.

A frequent fisherman at the Franklin Club and occasional golfer, George contributed to his community as First President of the Givens Daly Foundation for the Basilian Fathers, as a Board member of St. Joseph's Hospital, as President of St. Michael's School Alumni Association and as a Knight of Magistral Grace of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.

George was forever striving to provide the best for his family.

Many enjoyable summers were spent swimming and boating at cottages on Lake Simcoe and Lake Muskoka, and at family events throughout the year at the Granite Club in Toronto. George and the family loved travelling to many destinations across Canada, the United States, Europe and the Caribbean Islands. Spending Christmas and March Break at the family home in Florida was an annual tradition.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home, A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) on Sunday, September 15th from 4:00 to 7:00 p.m. Funeral mass at Holy Rosary Church, 354 St. Clair Avenue West on Monday, September 16th at 10:00 a.m.

If desired, the family would appreciate donations to the Providence Heathcare Foundation. Condolences may be forwarded through www.

humphreymiles.com.

DR. GERALD PETER CRANSTON

On Wednesday, September 4, 2019, Dr. Peter Cranston, a much loved and respected family physician for over 48 years passed peacefully at home. A graduate of medicine from Queen's University, 1954. He deeply loved his family first, patients and the game of golf.

Dear husband of the late June Cranston (nee Day), devoted father of Christine Duffy (Michael), Peter (Gundi), Robert and Michael (Karen) and his brother Bob.

Son of the late Frederick and Geraldine Cranston, and brother to the late Larry and Don. Beloved grandfather of Jennifer, Michael and Kelly, Lisa, Lori and Tom, Taylor and Robbie, Samantha and Madeline. Great-grandparent to Andrew, Brendan, Carter and Reese. Uncle of many nieces and nephews.

Celebration service at the Church of the Ascension (33 Overland Dr., North York) at 11:00 a.m. on Monday, September 16. Reception to follow at the Church. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Church of the Ascension. Particular thanks to Dr. Jennifer Arvenitis and her team from the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care for her compassionate and skilled care.

MARGARET ALICE CUNNINGHAM

Died June 23, 2019 at North Bay Regional Health Centre as the result of a fall.

Her absence is deeply felt by daughter Chantal Phillips, her partner Arja Vainio-Mattila and grandchildren Astra and Felix; her son Julian, his partner Marie MacCormack and grandchildren Ella, Seamus and Flurina (Damian) and great-grandson Juri. Mourned by her sisters Ethne (John), Gwynn (Ewart), stepdaughter Liza, stepson Harry and partner Kari, stepdaughter Brenda, brother-in-law John, extended family members Rusty and Patsy, as well as her many nieces, nephews, co-workers and friends.

Pre-deceased by her parents, her brother Grif (Rusty) and sister Jocelyn (Garnet) and 5 partners: Albert Bowron, Norman Phillips, Otto Beck, George Griffiths and Jack Smaller.

Born June 17, 1926 at Aneroid, Saskatchewan to WWI veteran and Chiropractor Laurence D. Cunningham and U of T graduate and Dietician Gwladys Cunningham (nee Griffiths), who were both passionate pacifists and vegetarians. The growing family fled the depressionera prairies in 1930 to join the extended Griffiths family in St.

Catharines. After graduating U of T in 1949 and marrying Albert they lived and worked in England, Vancouver and several small towns in western Ontario before settling in Toronto, where she met Norman, the love of her life.

She followed him to Ottawa, after his unexpected passing Margaret and her two children lived with her parents in St. Catharines.

New relationships took her to Vancouver, and finally back to Toronto in 1982, where she spent the rest of her life and many happy years with Jack.

Her jobs included teaching, promoting women's equality nationally and within the Government of Ontario, and managing both a large residential co-op and the office of Feature Factory, Julian's company. Travels with partners, children and close friend including Imla took her to England, Ireland, Wales, Italy, France, Switzerland, Mexico, Crete, the Caribbean, Finland, all across Canada and the US.

Our Mother was many things; An economist, pioneering feminist, talented administrator, romantic, avid reader, copious and clear writer, socialist, seasoned traveller, enthusiastic gardener, the family historian, restorer of pine Canadiana and a great conversationalist. She was also a patient and caring mother who bounced back from many setbacks with the help of friends and family. Our Mother loved a dinner party, she loved a glass of red wine and she loved to laugh.

She honoured her ancestors, lived her values and passed those values on to her children and grandchildren; To this day we carry J.S. Woodsworth's Secular Grace wherever we go.

We are grateful to the Canadian health care system for the many extra years of life that Margaret received; eyes that kept reading, a heart that kept pumping and hips that kept her moving in to her 90's. A special thanks to all those in the co-op who helped her daily. A celebration of Margaret's life will be held at the Toronto Heliconian Club on Saturday, October 26th from 3-5.

CORNELIUS PIETER de VRIES

Cornelius Pieter de Vries ("Peter" or "Kees") passed away peacefully on September 12, 2019 in his 93rd year. Peter is survived by his wife and partner of 60 years, Trudy (nee Kroon); his three children, Caroline (Bela), John (Cassandra), and Justin (Nicola); and his six grandchildren, Henriette, Quincy, Hayley, Nikolas, Jacqueline and Jessica. Peter is survived by two of his five brothers, Karel (the Netherlands) and Han (France) and numerous nieces and nephews.

Peter was born, as he liked to say, above sea level in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. He was 13 when the Nazis invaded the Netherlands and spent the next five years making life as difficult as he could for the Nazis, including leading a school protest that resulted in his permanent suspension from school. After the war, he finished off his schooling in Switzerland before immigrating to Canada in 1951. He caught a ride on a re-fitted Liberty Ship and found himself iced-in in St. John's harbour before making his way to Montreal (t was a cold start to what would be a warm welcome from his adopted country). Peter liked to consider himself a "late-day pioneer" and took full advantage of the many opportunities a young country offered. He lived in Montreal, Grandview, Bathurst, and Vancouver before settling in Toronto where he met his future bride, Trudy, a young nurse (herself a recent immigrant from the Netherlands) in the Dutch delicatessen. Peter was generous man, with a sparking sense of humour and wit. His strict Calvinist upbringing served him well, as he worked hard and strove to get ahead. He was a successful businessman who was generous to his employees and his community. He put his family first and enjoyed spending time at the cottage on Georgian Bay for five decades. He lived by his motto, which he repeated often, that a "life of moderation" was the key to a successful and happy one. He led a varied and full life and his sunny, optimistic disposition served him well. May he rest in peace. Special thanks to Anabelle Ganal and Val Fernandez for their wonderful care, as well as the staff at Sunnybrook Hospital.

Condolences may be found at http://www.mountpleantgroup.com.

Donations in his memory may be sent to the Fred Victor Mission or the City of Toronto Tree Foundation.

PETER GORDON DUNDERDALE

Mr. Peter Gordon Dunderdale died peacefully with his son by his side at the Ross Memorial Hospital in Lindsay, Ontario on September 9, 2019 at the age of 73.

Peter was born on March 1, 1947 in Liverpool, England to Evelyn and Peter Dunderdale. Having moved to Canada with Susan and the kids, Peter continued his long and successful career in the pharmaceutical industry. Peter was an avid supporter of Liverpool Football Club and spent many, MANY happy hours watching their games. He was rightfully chuffed when they won the Champions League this year! Peter was a member of the Burlington Rotary Club which he enjoyed very much. He also volunteered his time to many individuals in need of support.

He leaves behind his daughter, Claire (James, grandson Rhys); his son, Ewan (Breia, granddaughter Isla); sister, Jennifer Sheridan; brothers, Adrian and Scott; and his ex-wife, Beverly John, a beloved and longtime close friend whose support and kindness has been invaluable, especially in recent months.

Thank you to Dr. Spears and the incredible nursing staff at St.

Mike's Hospital, Dr. Hirte and Dr.Craigie at Juravinski Cancer Centre and the Palliative team at Ross Memorial for your care.

Celebration of life will be held at a later date. You'll Never Walk Alone, Dad.

LILY FIELDING (nee Kivi)

Lily Fielding (nee Kivi) passed away peacefully on a beautiful Sunday morning at her home on Long Lake, September 8, 2019.

She was surrounded by her loving family and friends, as well as her dedicated team of caregivers, nurses and physicians.

Beloved wife of Clifford Fielding (predeceased) of Sudbury.

Predeceased by both her loving daughter, Brenda Wallace (Jamie) and son, Malcolm James "Jim" Fielding (Shirley, predeceased). Predeceased by her parents, Susanna and John Kivi. Predeceased by her sister Violet "Vi" Koski (predeceased by Toivo). Devoted grandmother to Norinne Perdue, predeceased, (Gerry), Murray Fielding (Debbie), Craig Fielding (Katriina), Jeffrey Wallace (Sarah), Kristen Wallace (Dan Park), and Gordon Wallace (Andrea Drager). Cherished greatgrandmother of Jason, Cameron, Angela Perdue; John and Katherine Wallace; Brendan and David Wallace Park. Sadly missed by her son-in-law, Jamie Wallace (Maureen Ofield); her grandsonin-law, Gerry Perdue (Gaye Fielding); and her many nieces and nephews.

Lily lived a humble but distinguished 103 years, partnered for 68 years with the love of her life, Cliff Fielding. She valued family above all else. The smiles she gave when visiting with her greatgrandchildren could brighten the darkest days. Among her favourite interests was gardening and she valued her membership in the Sudbury Horticultural Society.

She had a talent with orchids and drew great pleasure watching the hummingbirds that were drawn to her colourful flower gardens. Lily's magnificent pet peacocks were a delight to all visitors, particularly children. Lily was an avid bridge player to the end of her life. She looked forward to her weekly club as well as trips to the farm, where she played bridge nonstop with her nieces, nephews, and friends.

Throughout her life, Lily has been proud of her Finnish heritage and her Sudbury community. Inspired by her roots and her Northern Ontario upbringing, her most notable lifetime achievement beyond her family, was perhaps the creation of Kivi Park. Lily's memory will live on with the beautiful outdoor park that she left for all to enjoy.

Funeral Visitation in the Jackson and Barnard Funeral Home, 233 Larch Street, Sudbury. Friends may call 5 p.m. - 9 p.m. Sunday.

Funeral Service in the Church of the Epiphany, 85 Larch Street, Sudbury Monday, September 16, 2019 at 11 a.m. Interment in the family plot at the Civic Memorial Cemetery, Sudbury.

In lieu of flowers, donations to the Clifford and Lily Fielding Foundation - Kivi Park would be appreciated.

For donations and messages of condolence, http://www.lougheed.org.

LINDA GRAYSON

1947 - 2019

Linda died on September 11, 2019. Linda held important positions at the Ontario Legislature, the Toronto District School Board, and Ryerson University. She is survived by her husband, Jack Granatstein; her son, Kyle (Denise); granddaughter, Elle; mother, Mary Forrest; brother, Brian Forrest; and sister, Patricia Castellarin (Glenn).

Cremation has occurred. At Linda's request, there was no service. In lieu of flowers, donations to a charity of choice will be gratefully acknowledged.

MARK GLEN ELLWOOD GREGORY

It is with great sadness to announce the passing of Mark Glen Ellwood Gregory at the age of 45. He passed away peacefully surrounded by family and friends on September 11, 2019.

Mark is survived by his wife of 17 years, Kristen; their three sons, Bennett (13), Cooper (11), and Hewitt (9); his parents, Glen and Ruth Ann Gregory; sister, Sheri Burn; brother-in-law, Scott Burn; in-laws, Harry and Annemarie Klassen; brother in-law, Brent Klassen; sisters-in-law, Kathleen Klassen and Val Steinmann; his nephews, Kieran, Nathan, Joel, Carter and Kaelen; and his nieces, Lauren and Allison.

Mark was born in Woodstock, Ontario on June 28, 1974 and attended Huron Park Secondary School. He graduated from McMaster University with a degree in Commerce. He married the love of his life on October 19, 2002 and in 2005, 2007, and 2010 welcomed three beautiful boys who were the most important thing in his life.

Being diagnosed in 2002 with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis he realized how to live life to the fullest and appreciate everything he had. He was a rare combination of someone who had a love of life and a firm understanding of what was important - the simplicity of living a life with those you love.

Mark loved his Collingwood winter weekends snowboarding followed by fireside chats with friends and family. Skiing in Whistler with his family and his annual boys ski trip were always highlights. Summer fun was equally loved with family summer road trips, wake surfing with his boys and best buds and an end of day swim at sunset rock at his beloved cottage on Skeleton Lake. He cherished his ongoing renovation projects with Kristen, Sunday football with Cooper, late night chats with Bennett and fishing alongside Hewitt and his dad. He was an unapologetic Denver Broncos fan, avid fantasy football player and devote Kid Rock follower. He was one of the kindest, silliest, easiest going guys you could know.

He is gone far too soon but will never be forgotten. His smile is way too big to go away. And for that we are thankful.

"If it looks good, you'll see it. If it sounds right, you'll feel it. If it's marketed right, you'll buy it. But...if it's real, you'll feel it." - Kid Rock "Let's rock on." - Mark Gregory, at the end.

A visitation will be held on Wednesday, September 18th from 4-7 p.m.

at the Morley Bedford Funeral Home, 159 Eglinton Avenue West (2 lights west of Yonge St.)

A funeral service will be held on Friday, September 20th at 3 p.m. at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street (at Heath Street) with a reception to follow at the Toronto Cricket Club, 141 Wilson Avenue at 5 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations to support primary sclerosing cholangitis research at Toronto General Hospital would be appreciated by the family.

Please visit http://www.tgwhf.ca/tribute or call 416-603-5300.

MARION ELSWYTH HALL

On Wednesday, August 28, 2019, Marion passed away peacefully in Toronto. Marion was predeceased by her beloved husband, Bill and cherished daughter, Carolyn, as well as her brother, Trevor Eyton earlier this year. She is survived by and her loss is grieved by the surviving members of the Hall and Eyton families, including her son, John (Alina); brother, Tony (June); son-in-law, Danny Price; brother-in-law, Bert (Anne-Marie); much adored grandchildren, Stuart, Marek, and Kiera; and by her many loving nieces and nephews, on the Hall side, Nina, Nathalie and Lisa, and on the Eyton side Debbie, Sarah, Adam, Susie, and Chris.

Although her last few years were difficult as she struggled with Parkinson's disease, Marion led a very active professional and social life.

Born in Quebec City in 1931, she was educated at Quebec High School, Jarvis Collegiate, and the Ontario College of Art. She was initially highly successful in a commercial art career, but found her true vocation as an art teacher in Toronto secondary high schools. In retirement, she and Bill continued to create beautiful paintings and sculptures at their home in Toronto, cottage at Go Home Lake and winter home in Green Valley, Arizona. Always positive, always friendly, always creative, Marion made many lifelong friends along the way and indeed described them as her extended family.

Marion will be celebrated at a Memorial Service to take place at Belmont House at 11 a.m. on Saturday, October 5th. Special thanks to the attentive staff at Belmont House, and especially to Cameron Lutley, for the loving care they provided to Marion during the last years of her life.

MARK WILLIAM HAYWARD

Age 48 of Toronto and formerly of Halifax, Mark passed away on Wednesday, September 11, 2019 in Toronto. He was the beloved son of William and Mary (Sullivan) Hayward of Halifax.

Surviving are his dear wife and friend, Janel Fisher, his loving sisters Anne Cairns (Michael), Maureen Hayward of Halifax, and his much loved nephews Patrick and Will Cairns.

Mark was a graduate of Saint Mary's University. He lived and worked in Toronto for 18 years as a bicycle messenger, union official, and hospital administrator.

He loved riding his bike and traveled the world before settling in Toronto. He enjoyed life and had many friends in Toronto, Halifax, and around the world. Mark was a leader in the global bike messenger community and spent time travelling to many countries to organize and participate in bicycle messenger races. He was one of the people who came up with the motto of the Toronto Bike Messenger Association "You Never Ride Alone".

His loss is felt around the world where he built a legacy for his passion in community organizing and improving the lives of working people. Mark touched many people's lives and helped so many people over the years, he was known to be the most trustworthy and dependable of friends. He was the kind of person the world couldn't afford to lose.

A celebration of Mark's life will be held on Saturday, October 5, 2019 from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m.

at JA Snow Funeral Home, 339 Lacewood Drive in Halifax.

Memorial gifts may be made in Mark's name to Canadian Cancer Society, the Toronto Humane Society, or any group supporting worker's rights.

PAUL MICHAEL KAVANAGH

January 2, 1928 September 11, 2019 Paul Michael Kavanagh, aged 91, died peacefully at his Toronto home on September 11, 2019. He was born in Ottawa, Ontario, on January 2, 1928 to the late Alfred Byron Kavanagh and Monica Margaret Kavanagh (nee McEvoy).

With an undergraduate degree from the University of Toronto and a PhD in Geology from Princeton University, he was a mainstay of Canadian mining exploration for nearly 40 years, with senior positions at Kerr Addison, Rio Algom, Newmont and Barrick.

He served as president of the Geological Association of Canada in 1975-1976, and was a recipient of the Past Presidents' Gold Medal awarded by the CIM in 1972.

Grampa is survived by his devoted wife, Marcia; his loving children, Janet (Gordon) Webb of Chattanooga, Tennessee, Ted (Toni) Kavanagh of Pelham, New York, and Gerret (Heather) Kavanagh of Thornhill; also survived by his nine cherished grandchildren, Alex (Xi), Barth, Caroline (Alex), Will, Peter, Julia, Patrick (Caitlin), Andrew, and Timothy; and by his two greatgrandchildren, Siqi and Sixian. He was predeceased by his brother, John and is survived by his sisters, Anne (Garry) Guzzo of Ottawa, Sheila Serafini of Calgary; and sister-in-law, Lorraine Kavanagh of Ottawa who, along with many cousins, nieces, and nephews, are greatly saddened by his passing.

Paul's long exploration career took him to most corners of the globe, and he filled in many of the gaps with Marcia over the course of their nearly 46-year marriage.

He devoted many hours during his retirement to giving talks at assisted living facilities in Toronto, and playing bridge and cribbage with the residents. He maintained his good health and good spirits over the years by regular application of very dry martinis.

A memorial service is planned in due course. In lieu of flowers, donations to the St. Michael's Hospital Foundation or the Good Shepherd Ministries would be most appreciated.

LEE KEMP

Passed away peacefully at The Village of Tansley Woods in Burlington on September 11, 2019 at the age of 93. Predeceased by his wife, Betty. Loving father of Rosalind Kemp Gleave and her partner, Doug Stultz, and Ted Kemp and his wife, Pamela Corbiell-Kemp. Loving Papa of Christopher Gleave and his wife, Charlene, Trevor Gleave, Becca Kemp and her partner, Steven Hamagami, Beverly Kemp, and Great-Grandfather of Breanna Gleave and Benjamin Gleave.

Dear brother of Patricia Lalonde (deceased).

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Neweduk-Erin Mills" Chapel, 1981 Dundas St. W., Mississauga, (just east of Erin Mills Pkwy), on Sunday, September 15, 2019 from 10 a.m. until the time of the Funeral Service in the Chapel at 11 a.m. If desired, donations appreciated to a charity of your choice.

ANGELA JANE McCUMBER

June 4, 1946 September 4, 2019 Passed away peacefully at her home, Riverwood in Peterborough, Ontario surrounded by close family.

Angela was a strong creative woman, wife, mother, sister, aunt, and grandmother who had a life well lived, sustained by the love of family, friends, animals and art. Her love and memory will be carried and honoured by her husband David, son Alex and all those who knew her. A private service will be held at Little Lake Cemetery. Remember Angela through your love for others and reverence for nature, her spirit is with us always.

JAMES ARTHUR METCALFE P.Eng.

July 12, 1944 September 6, 2019 Jim Metcalfe, who loved and lived life to the fullest, passed away surrounded by his children, and his wife Valerie, soulmate, confidant and best friend for close to 20 years.

Jim was the very proud father of Beth Steklac (Ivo), Douglas (Pam Levine), Andrew (PaddiAnne Crossin) and Jeff (Jorda Miller); stepchildren, Micheal Fountain (Lara Thacker) and Dana Fountain (Julia Prime); his 12 loved grandchildren, Joshua, Katie, Spencer, Jacob, Henry, Charles, Abigail, Sydney, Lyla, Wilfred, Sylvan and Gloria.

Throughout his life, Jim enjoyed his passions including golfing at Bigwin Island, travelling to more than 70 countries, hiking, boating, gardening and mentoring.

Jim was born in Bozeman, Montana, and raised in Toronto, Ontario, home to the Metcalfe family since 1849 when his great-great-grandfather, James Arthur, MP, immigrated from Yorkshire, England.

Jim attended Fairmeadow Public School and York Mills Collegiate where his passion for sports led to winning Athlete of the Year awards. He earned a degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Toronto in 1966 followed by a Master's Degree from Purdue University.

Jim's 42-year career in consulting engineering included serving as President and CEO of Cansult Limited, and later CEO of the Middle East operations of AECOM.

He served as Strategic Advisor for the Gulf Region to TORYS LLP of Toronto and held senior positions on numerous boards and groups including the Young Presidents' Association, Canada Arab Business Council, Accreditation Canada, Innovation Advisory Board of George Brown College, and Crystal Fountains.

A Celebration of Life will be held in Jim's honour for his family, friends and colleagues in October.

Contributions in Jim's name may be made to the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, the Yonge Street Mission or Engineers Without Borders Canada.

MARY PRESTON MOORE (nee Rust)

It is with great sadness the family of Mary P Moore announce her passing on September 5, 2019, in her 97th year. Predeceased by husband, Frank Moore (1968).

Survived by sons, Bill (Mary) and Tim; granddaughters, Meghan (Mike) and Kate; nephew, James Rust; niece, Anne Kirkpatrick; and granddog, Torrie.

Born in Stratford, Mary graduated from the Toronto General Hospital School of Nursing in 1945 and the University of Toronto Public Health program in 1947. She worked in various roles of public health in Toronto until 1969. She returned to Stratford and worked at the Stratford Nursing School division of Conestoga College until her retirement in 1988. In her retirement, she dedicated 25 years to the Sunnybrook Volunteer program including a term as president.

A Celebration of Mary's Life will be held at the McDougall & Brown Funeral Home "Scarborough Chapel", 2900 Kingston Rd. (west of McCowan Rd.) on Thursday, September 19, 2019 from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.

Expressions of sympathy in Mary's memory can be made to Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre or the Ontario SPCA. Online condolences may be left at http://www.mcdbrownscarb.ca

EVA MENDEL MILLER

100, of Calgary, passed away peacefully at 2:30 a.m., September 5th, with her family by her side. She leaves behind her three daughters: Susan Bixby (Chris), Linda Crawford (Dale) and Deborah Miller (Jay Winans). She also leaves six grandchildren: Benjamin (Jennifer), Miriam (Eric), Joshua (Jillian), Jonathan (Shannon), Andrew (Nina) and Elizabeth, nine great-grandchildren, and her very dear friends.

She was born to Frederick S and Claire Mendel on March 11, 1919 in the town of Recklinghausen, Germany. The family later moved to Berlin, but fled the country in 1933, the year Hitler came to power. As Jews, they kept one step ahead of German annexation, fleeing to Poland, then Hungary and Vienna, and finally settling in Saskatoon in 1940.

Throughout her life, Eva was devoted to visual beauty. She studied painting with some of the leading artists of her day, including Hans Hoffman, George Grosz and Goodridge Roberts. Eva was an accomplished oil painter and watercolorist, and in later years concentrated on collage.

Her works have been exhibited in solo and group exhibitions in France and Canada since the early 1940s. Eva was a gifted colorist, and her brilliant color harmonies grace many homes and galleries. Eva's artistic talent even led to one of her family's closest escapes from the Nazis: she forged their passports to remove all traces of their Jewish heritage.

Eva inspired her father to begin his collection of modern paintings, including both European expressionists like Emile Nolde and George Grosz and Canadian artists like Emily Carr and Lauren Harris. She advised him on the purchases which eventually formed the nucleus of the Mendel Gallery, for many years Saskatoon's premier cultural institution.

After moving to Canada, Eva showed her gratitude to her adoptive country by doing intelligence work in Ottawa. She was commended by the Royal Canadian Navy for decoding a message to a German prisoner of war, which pinpointed the location of the German battle cruiser the Graf Spee.

The ship was scuttled soon afterward.

She married her husband, the late doctor of tropical medicine Max Miller, in 1947. She traveled with him and her growing family all over the world, from India to Africa to Australia to her favorite city, New Orleans, before moving to Calgary. While other American and Canadian expatriates socialized in their tight, well-defined groups, Eva immersed herself fearlessly in local culture.

Eva had an unparalleled love of life and its small moments of joy. She passed on that appreciation, as well as the gifts of music, poetry, and visual arts, to her three daughters. Her lust for life never flagged. She may have been happiest the last 10 years of her long life, when she lived at Garrison Green Senior Center. She woke up every morning inspired by the color harmonies she had thought of during the night, which she turned into beautiful collages.

Her studio was always full of tiny bits of coloured paper, threatening to take over the whole apartment. Her daughters would clean the piles of paper up, and then they would miraculously reappear.

Eva's gratitude for the richness of her existence was palpable, especially later in her life. Shortly before her death, she said: "Life is fantastically beautiful. I'm overly happy. It's indecent to be this happy." Every day, she shared that thankfulness with whomever she encountered. She was quietly compassionate to those in need; her loved ones only found out about her many acts of kindness much later, when others praised her for her warmth and generosity.

Eva was attuned to the mysterious in life, to the unspoken, to the world of the imagination. A few weeks before she died, she said: "I don't know if this is a dream or real, but whatever it is, it is wonderful".

WILLIAM JOHNSTON MULOCK "Bill"

In Ottawa on September 8, 2019 in his 99th year. Beloved husband of Mary Elizabeth (nee Harrison) for 71 years. Formidable father to daughter Kathy Gillespie and son Frank (Linda). Proud grandfather to Meredith (Patrick Glinski) and Ian Gillespie, Caroline and Courtney Mulock. Greatgrandfather to Georgia and William Glinski. Bill practised with the Mulock law firm in Toronto before moving to Ottawa to act as President of the Young Liberals of Canada and subsequently served as Secretary at Defence Construction Canada. Bill was a consummate gentleman, always kind, understanding, wise, and humble. A special thank you to Dr. McKay and Dr. Lane at the Montfort Hospital for the compassionate care he received at the end of his life and to his terrific home caregivers who looked after him so well over the years.

A private family funeral will be held. In lieu of flowers, in memoriam donations to the Montfort Hospital Foundation (http://www.hopitalmontfort.com/en/ foundation) would be appreciated.

DOROTHY NEWMAN

At almost 101 years young, "Nana" spent her last evening sipping an excellent Martini and inquiring with sincere interest about the routines, dreams and goals of her grandchildren and great-grandchildren. More remarkable is that each progeny responded with enthusiastic detail waiting for the usual loving acknowledgement and praise.

This extraordinary matriarch hailed from Cleveland, Ohio and arrived in Toronto to spin a fancy dance of 68 years with her beloved Jack. An impressive dress code steered her through a glorious life filled with travel, theatre, golf, charity work, baseball games and lifelong friends. Predeceased by her wonderful Jack and adored son David. Dorothy is survived by her son, Fred (Elaine); and daughter, Ahava Spillman (Zelig); eight grandchildren; and eight great- grandchildren.

Memorial contributions may be made to the Jack and Dorothy Endowment Fund c/o Baycrest Foundation 416-785-2875.

CHARLES PERRAULT

1922 - 2019

Charles passed away peacefully in Sherbrooke August 31, 2019, one month before his 97th birthday. Upon his return from Europe after the war, he earned a master's degree in metallurgical engineering from McGill University, then worked for Alcan, Sorel Steel, and Quebec Iron and Titanium before becoming President of Casavant Frères, organ builders. In 1966, he was a member of the Bélanger Commission on Taxation. He founded the Conseil du Patronat in 1969, then Perconsult, his own consulting company specializing in labor relations. He sat on several corporate boards, including Bell Northern, Molson, Abitibi Consolidated and SNC. He was appointed Member of the Order of Canada in 1987.

Charles had a lifelong passion for history, economics and foreign affairs. He was a fan of classical music and jazz, and played the saxophone and the clarinet. He skied and sailed into his 80s. We can still hear him exhorting his crew to "hold her tight" confronting a gust on Lake Nominingue. Jogging kept him fit till late in life.

His family and friends recognize the importance he placed on honesty, integrity, rigor and generosity. That is the legacy he left his children and loved ones.

He leaves his partner Colette , his first wife Lucette (Benington), his sister Charlotte, his children Raymond (Elizabeth Trueman), Jean, Jacques (Michelyne Tremblay), Gabrielle and Suzanne (David Rago), the children of Cécile Rousseau: Paule, Michel (Lisa Petrucci), Constance and André, his grandchildren Martin, Jean-David and Andrew, and many relatives and friends.

A memorial will be held on Sunday October 20th at 5 p.m. in Tanna Schulich Hall of the Schulich School of Music, McGill University, 527 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal. His family would like to thank the intensive care staff of CHUS Fleurimont, particularly Dr.Marc-André Leclair, Marc, Vincent and the team, as well as the staff of floor 6a (Orthopedics) for their professionalism and extraordinary kindness. Gifts to the hospital would be appreciated.

JOHN WILLIAM RATHBONE "Bill"

Age 67, passed away peacefully on Tuesday September 3, 2019, at Sunnybrook Hospital in Toronto, surrounded by friends and family. He was born April 23, 1952 to John and Ilene Rathbone, the second of two children. He was a graduate (1971) of Sir Wilfrid Laurier C.I. and graduated with a B.Sc.

in Physiology and Pharmacology from the University of Western Ontario in 1975. Bill worked as a sales representative in Toronto for Xerox, Yellow Pages, and Royal Lepage, where he displayed his exceptional sociability, charisma, and sense of humour. Bill loved movies, cars, skiing, and spending time with his friends and family. He is survived by his children, John, Daniel, and Elizabeth, his sister Sharon, his grandchildren, Jack and Isla, and his nieces and nephews. Bill will be put to rest in a private burial, with a public memorial to take place in the future.

GEORGE SCHRAMM

On Wednesday, September 11, 2019 in Mississauga, in his 94th year. George was reunited with his loving wife Elsie. A devoted father to Gary and Sonja, and Diana and John Russell.

Cherished grandfather of Jennifer, Michael, Christine and Emily, and greatly missed by his greatgrandchildren Braxton, Brooklyn, Sutton, Gabrielle, Evangeline, Waverly and Winslowe. George cherished the many great times and memories shared with his family, friends and colleagues. His business career included custom home construction, Real Estate including a term as President of The Mississauga Real Estate Board. George had a strong passion for golf which drove him to his final career as managing partner in the acquisition and operation of Hidden Lake and Lowville Golf Clubs.

George was also a very accomplished player highlighted by Club Champion awards at Brampton Golf Club and Greystone Golf Club.

George had a keen interest in Thoroughbred Horse Racing and held ownership shares in multiple stakes winners Sweet Briar Too, Eighty Nine Red and stakes placed Eminent Force. With his dedication to family and friends he was an inspiration to all who knew him, he will be greatly missed.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Peel" Chapel, 2180 Hurontario Street, Mississauga (Hwy. 10 North of the Q.E.W.) from 6-9pm on Monday, September 16, 2019. A private family interment will follow. In memory of George, memorial donations may be made to CNIB or Long Run Thoroughbred Retirement Society.

Online condolences available through http://www.turnerporter.ca

HUGUETTE SCHWARTZ (née Rajotte)

In Montréal on September 7, 2019.

She leaves behind her husband Georges Schwartz, her daughters Annabel and Nathalie (Charles Décarie), her grandchildren Delphine and Romain, her sister Andrée, her nieces and nephews, as well as many friends and colleagues.

Visitation will be held on : Thursday, September 12th from 4:00 pm to 8:00 p.m.

Friday, September 13th from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.

at Centre Funéraire Côte-Des-Neiges 4525 Côte-des-Neiges Road Montréal QC H3V 1E7 (514) 342-8000 Warm thanks to the 6th floor team at St. Mary's Hospital who went out of their way to make her comfortable with such exceptional care.

Contributions in her memory may be made to St. Mary's Hospital Foundation.

Incredibly gifted for languages, passionate about architecture, Huguette Rajotte Schwartz possessed several qualities which led her to become one of Montréal's foremost tourist guides. An excellent communicator in five languages, she helped thousands of visitors and tourists discover her beloved city through her much appreciated tours.

Loving wife, mother and grandmother, supremely elegant and original with a remarkable wit, she was curious and always ahead of her time. She was the first Montrealer to drive a scooter, the first francophone to sing in a Ukrainian choir, and her in-depth knowledge of jazz music and musicians led her to co-found the Emanon Jazz Society, a group of passionate connoisseurs which left its indelible mark on Montréal's music scene in the 1950s.

Her versatility was put to use during Expo 67 when she headed the Québec Pavillion's team of hostesses. Her functions led her to meet numerous heads of state (including French President Charles de Gaulle just before his infamous "Vive le Québec libre !"

speech at Montréal's City Hall) and eventually to become General Secretary of the prestigious France-Canada Association.

Her passing leaves an unfillable void.

MICHAEL SHENSTONE CM

It is with great sadness that the family of Michael Shenstone announces that this devoted husband, father and retired Canadian diplomat died peacefully on September 9, 2019, in Toronto.

He was 91.

Born in Toronto in 1928 to Allen and Molly Shenstone, Michael spent most of his childhood in Princeton, N.J., where his Toronto-born father was a lifelong professor of physics at Princeton University. He attended Ottawa's Ashbury College during the war, then studied history and modern languages at Trinity College in the University of Toronto. It was at Trinity that he met the ever-sparkling Susan Burgess, a fellow member of the class of '49, who would soon become his wife and much-valued partner in his long career with the Canadian foreign service. (Michael died a few hours after their 68th wedding anniversary.)

After receiving an MA from Cambridge University and marrying Susan, Michael joined the Department of External Affairs in 1952, and was soon sent to Lebanon, first to learn Arabic and then take up a post at the Canadian embassy in Beirut. It was the start of a distinguished career that saw him become one of External Affairs's foremost experts in Arab and Middle Eastern issues, at a time when such issues were becoming of paramount importance.

Michael and Susan's three children, Thomas, Barbara and Mary, enjoyed peripatetic lives as the family moved from Beirut, to Ottawa, to Cairo, to Washington, back to Ottawa and on to London and Geneva.

Michael's first ambassadorial posting came in 1973, as Ambassador to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, in Geneva and Helsinki. In 1974 he was appointed Canada's first resident ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

Back in Ottawa in the late 1970s, Michael played a significant role in the "Canadian Caper" that saw the rescue of six American diplomats during the hostage crisis of the 1979 Iranian Revolution. As DirectorGeneral of African and Middle Eastern Affairs at the time, Michael was intimately involved as the key point of contact in Ottawa for Ken Taylor, the Canadian ambassador in Tehran who spearheaded the top-secret operation.

Michael later served as Assistant Deputy Minister of Political and International Security Affairs, and then, in 1985, he and Susan embarked on their final - and endlessly fascinating - overseas posting, in Vienna, where Michael served for five years as Ambassador to Austria, Head of Delegation to the talks on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions in Europe and Permanent Representative to the United Nations's agencies in Vienna. In 1992 he retired from the Department of External Affairs after 39 years. Among his many postretirement activities, he co-founded and chaired an Ottawa-based humanrights organization, Action Canada for Population and Development.

He was appointed a Member of the Order of Canada in 2002.

A truly dedicated public servant, Michael was blessed with a rigorous intellect, a wide-ranging curiosity, a lively sense of humour and a passion for books, history, language and, of course, current affairs. He was perhaps never happier than when sailing on the Annapolis Basin at the ancestral family cottage in Smith's Cove, N.S.

Michael leaves his beloved wife Susan, his cherished children Thomas (Brenda), Barbara (Belinda) and Mary (Christopher) and four grandchildren of whom he was immensely proud, Amy and Leith Shenstone and Sarah and Claire Shenstone-Harris. He will also be much missed by his cousins and legions of friends, in Canada and around the world.

The family would like to thank Michael's personal support workers, Tashi Lhamo and Dawa Kyizom, for their care and tender devotion, and the long-term-care staff at Meighen Manor in Toronto.

An informal memorial service will be held at a later date. If desired, donations in Michael's memory may be made to Trinity College or the charity of your choice.

DOUGLAS HECTOR MACDONALD SMITH

1964 - 2019

The Death of Douglas Hector MacDonald Smith has occurred at his home in Sydney, Australia. He was the eldest son of Stuart Allen Smith and the late Valerie, (Poaps), Smith. He is survived by his son Lachlan, and Lachlan's mother, Terry Bursey (Ian), his father and step-mother Brenda Conboy, his sister Rachel Alexander, (Doug), brothers Matthew, (Rose), Adam, (Tascha), and numerous nieces and nephews, but above all, by Emily Wells, a childhood friend who, after many years, became the centre of his life.

Born in Ottawa and raised in Fredericton, he graduated in Geology from the University of New Brunswick.

As a geologist, he worked all over northern Canada, Alaska, and the Canadian Arctic. The explorer in him took him to the western deserts of Australia, and finally to Papua New Guinea. It was there he found a new family, and the search for gold was enriched by a love of the native people of the area. That love was returned by the people of Enga province, and especially, the Puman Aiyel and Yokorin tribes among whom he was known as "a man who greets people well." As a spontaneous gesture of affection and acceptance, a traditional two day village funeral has been held in Crown Ridge PNG.

Interment will be in Keswick New Brunswick at a later date and a portion of his ashes will return to Papua New Guinea at the request of the community.

HEATHER MIOKO SUTHERLAND

Mom, Grand, Grandy, Dr.

Sutherland: Heather lived a remarkable life, one that she forged for herself with determination and grit. She died May 28, 2019 in Vancouver. Born April 24, 1937 in Hamilton, Ontario, her early teen years were spent in Guyana with her missionary parents, Rev. BiF Andrew and Margaret Sutherland. Returning to Canada she was the epitome of a 1950s era teenager: Class Valedictorian; Cheerleader; and Prom Queen.

By 28, she was married to Hal Irwin with 3 children in tow, Drew Irwin (Laurie), Heather-Anne Irwin (Scott Russell), and Caitlyn Irwin (Caius St. George) and had been teaching for 10 years. With a divorce in the works, she started University while teaching full time and soldiered on through to earning a Doctorate of Education from University of Toronto in 1986.

Heather's work took her from being an innovative classroom teacher to developing ESL and Multicultural programs at the North York Board of Education, to working in Washington, DC as a consultant to the World Bank, United Nations, and US Agency for International Development She worked in over 25 different countries on 5 continents and made close and fast friends everywhere. She pioneered an e-commerce reading classes business in the tech boom.

Upon retirement at 70, she moved back to Canada where she concentrated on molding her grandchildren, whether that be taking Andrew and Julia Irwin to concerts, traveling with Matthew, Allie and Patrick Russell or going to museums with Magnus and Fraser St. George.

Heather was a very spiritual person, which included 25 years of activist involvement at Holy Trinity Church in Toronto, All Souls Unitarian Church in Washington, DC and within the Wiccan Reclaiming Community. In recent years she had to trade her swing dancing shoes for a wheelchair and lived at the fabulous Cavell Gardens in Vancouver.

Heather lived her life with joy, purpose and compassion - and pushed us all to be better and reach farther. A feminist superwoman doing it all, impeccably, with grace and gratitude. A Memorial Service will be held at The Church of the Holy Trinity, 19 Trinity Square, Toronto M5G 1B1, on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at 3 p.m.

SHIRLEY ANNE TAIT

1930 - 2019

Shirley Anne (Flemington) Tait died on August 30 as she had hoped she could, peacefully and at home in the care of the children who loved her, almost a year after she'd decided to accept palliative care. She remained gracious, patient, supportive and good fun throughout.

Shirl was married for nearly 67 years to Don Tait, who died this January as he helped care for her in their apartment. They were the devoted parents of Karen, David (Darlene Gunther) and Richard (Suzanne Bullock), grandparents of Sean and Ally Crighton (Karen, Iain Crighton parents), and greatgrandparents of RoseHarmony, born to Ally this July 1st. Shirl's dear brother Peter Flemington (Jean) lives in Toronto, and her sister-inlaw Patricia (Bob MacDonald, deceased) lives in Dartmouth, N.S. Her many nieces, nephews and cousins remained so important to Shirl, and made her feel loved in return.

Shirley Flemington was raised in Toronto, born there to Carl and Jessie (Jamer) Flemington, who'd come f r o m New Brunswick. She attended Forest Hill Collegiate and St.

Columba United Church. Shirl was close to her many uncles, aunts and cousins, and a lifelong sadness was the loss of her uncle Allen Flemington, killed in action with the RCAF in April 1943.

Shirl enrolled in Mount Allison University in Sackville, N.B., in 1947, played varsity basketball in her first two years, and was elected secretary and then president of the Women's Council in her final two. Her senior yearbook cites "her calm efficiency, gay personality and friendly charm" - plus "excellent marks."

Shirl returned early to campus in the fall of 1950 to prepare a welcome for arriving "Freshettes" and just as she was leaving a dining hall, in came an acquaintance who'd also returned early: Don Tait of Dartmouth, N.S., who'd come back for an extra year to add a B.Ed. to his BA. Don loved recounting how in that moment he simply thought, "There she is." They graduated together in 1951.

Don warned Shirl his school teacher's pay would be paltry, and it meant the world to him she'd replied, "What difference would it make if we have to live in a tent?" Don decided the navy offered better prospects, and they wed in Toronto in August 1952.

Shirl moved her navy family through seven postings and 12 homes, including in England. Karen was born at Annapolis Royal, N.S.; David in Victoria, B.C.; and Richard back in Dartmouth, N.S. Don left the navy in 1974 in Ottawa for Revenue Canada Taxation and retired in 1983. Their best times after that included trips to Scotland and quiet Augusts at the cottage.

Shirl's main joys were time with her children and grandchildren, volunteer work with literacy, tai chi and book club with dear friend Marilyn Sylvester, and just being with her dearest friend, Don. They were good, quiet, kind people who were a world of their own but always welcoming, and now they are together again and for always.

The family is deeply grateful to the Champlain LHIN and Carefor, whose skilled and kind staff made Shirl's choice possible. No service at Shirl and Don's request. A joint interment will be at Beechwood Cemetery in Ottawa this fall. In lieu of flowers, their family encourages donations to wherever they may help others.

In Loving Memory

DONALD MILLS M.A.Sc., Ph.D., P.Eng July 10, 1932

September 15, 2018 "How do I love thee?

Let me count the ways.

I love thee to the depth and breadth and height My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight For the ends of Being and ideal Grace" Thankful for our life together, my love! So much joy. until we meet again. Brenda Spencer DOUGLAS LORNE TURNER

In memory of our father, Douglas Lorne Turner, who passed away September 8, 2019 at the age of 91. He is survived by his wife, Lois Rae Turner (nee Jenkins), his daughters Anne and Mary, and daughter-in-law, Antje. His son Brian pre-deceased him.

Dad was the youngest of six children born to Bert and Edythe Turner, both of whom emigrated from England. Directly out of high school he joined the RCAF, initially as a technician, but ultimately moving to officer training to become a navigator. One of his early postings was to CFB Summerside in PEI where he met and married our mother, and where Anne was born. His career moved him all around Canada, and to England to fly on exchange with the RAF at Tangmere. On his return to Canada he and his pilot partner made the first Trans Canada flight for the CF100. Mary was born in Alberta while he was with the Fighter Training Squadron at CFB Cold Lake. Brian was born in Toronto while he was studying at the Canadian Forces Staff College. Later he commanded CFB Armstrong, one of the Pinetree Line radar bases. He retired with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and, ready for his next challenge, undertook a second career with the Ontario Housing Corporation.

There he was very involved in the acquisition of the lands for the planned Seaton community in Pickering.

In his true retirement he became a disciple of Tai Chai both as a student and as a teacher, no doubt contributing to the wonderful health he enjoyed right up until the end. Golf was a lifelong passion, as was wine. But above all, he was a voracious reader, studying a number of international newspapers each day, and ordering endless books from the Toronto Public Library on his well-used iPad. Dad and Mum also enjoyed long walks in the local park system until Mum fell and broke her hip recently. At this time, Dad embarked on his third career, that of devoted care-giver, seeing her through recovery, mobility issues and memory loss.

While we understand it is hard for family and friends not to have an opportunity to come together, we are respecting his express wish for no ceremony whatsoever, and in lieu of flowers, for donations to be made to The Salvation Army. He will always be in our thoughts, and perhaps one evening, as you sip a nice glass of wine, he'll be in yours.

We know he would enjoy that.

DAVID CHRISTOPHER N. VALDO

Sadly, we had to let a very brave soul leave us after a four month valiant struggle at Royal University Hospital in Saskatoon, on July 18, 2019.

David, the loving son of Anne and Terry (d. 2001), awesome brother of Kristin and brother-inlaw of Kelly and proud uncle of Madison Schulkowsky.

A Celebration of David's life will be held in Toronto on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at St. George's-on-the-Hill, Dundas Street West at Royal York Road, Toronto at 12:30 p.m. All those who were blessed to know David are encouraged to join us.

David made many friends at St.George's, Addus and Dramaways during his short life. A donation in David's memory to one of these organizations would be appreciated by his family, instead of flowers.

Dear David, the "nightmare" is over. Love you forever. Peace be with you always.

PATRICIA MARILYN VARTY

Patricia Marilyn Varty (nee Knechtel) passed away at Muskoka Shores, Gravenhurst on September 10, 2019 in her 86th year. Beloved wife of the late Robert Varty. Loving mother of Paul, Michael (Catherine) and Valerie (Gerry) Bird. Cherished grandmother of Robert (Olivia), Heather, Andre, Daniel, Claire and Pauline.

A Celebration of Patricia's life will be held on Saturday, September 28, 2019 from 1-4 p.m. at 1323 Carlsmount Rd., Bracebridge.Memorial donations would be appreciated to Alzheimer's Society of Ontario or Aspen Valley Wildlife Sanctuary (Rosseau, ON).

Messages of condolence can be made at: http://www.reynoldsfuneral.com

LEOPOLD WEILINGER "Leo"

August 22, 1931 August 26, 2019 After 88 years of a life well lived, Leo passed away peacefully at the Margaret Bahen Hospice in Newmarket following a brief but courageous battle with cancer.

His wife and daughter were with him in his final hours.

Leo was born in Vienna and immigrated to Canada in 1952 with his new bride Inge and his mother-in-law to create a new life. A patternmaker by trade, Leo began work as soon as he arrived in Toronto, and it wasn't long before he started his own business and a lifelong calling to entrepreneurship. While Leo considered his family to be his greatest achievement, he was very proud of his business, Vienna Furniture, which flourished over the years of his ownership.

There were several secondary businesses along the way, and many of Leo's customers became his lifelong friends.

Whether it was with family, friends or in business, there was always a heartfelt smile, a great deal of trust, generosity and a commitment to do everything in the best way he could.

He had an incredible work ethic, but also found time in between to pursue his many interests. Leo was a talented musician, playing his keyboard into his final days. He loved the outdoors, the cottage, boating, gardening, their years in Florida, and had a passion for building, creating and restoring.

Leo liked to finish what he started, and only had one recurring wish that everything goes well! Leo leaves behind Inge, his partner in life for 68 years; daughter, Janis; granddaughter, Stephanie (Mathew) Urbanski; son, Gary (Monique); grandson, Nicholas (Kristyn); granddaughter, Caroline (Peter) Grant; and greatgrandchildren, Thomas and Lillian. Leo shared many stories in his final days and there were many laughs and just as many tears in saying goodbye to our Pa and Opa. We will miss him.

In keeping with Leo's wishes, he did not want a funeral, but did want to acknowledge the caring and dedication of his Oncology team at Southlake Newmarket, the in-home nursing care (Robert), and the caregivers and volunteers at the Margaret Bahen Hospice. In lieu of flowers, any donation made in his memory to the Hospice would be greatly appreciated: http://www.myhospice.ca/ support-my-hospice/

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


THE HONOURABLE JUSTICE JOHN ANDREW AGRIOS

1932-2019

The Honourable Justice John. A.Agrios passed away in his 86th year on September 12, 2019.

John is survived by his loving wife, Ruth; daughter, Elaine (Brian Monaghan); son, Andrew Agrios (Jenafor) and four grandchildren, Aidan, Lily, Connor, and Owen Monaghan.

He will be dearly missed by his brother, Jack Agrios; sister-in-law, Jeannie; nieces, Janice Agrios and Susan Agrios, and great-nieces, Caitlin and Lauren Smith. Also mourning his loss are his brotherin-law, Jack Brown (Joyce); sisterin-law, Elaine Walker (Lionel); nieces and nephews, Kevin, Bob, Kathy, Aron, Brad, Allison and their families.

John was born in Edmonton on October 30, 1932 to Andrew and Krinio Agrios. Graduating with a B.A. and then a law degree from the University of Alberta in 1957, he went on to practice with the law firm Emery Jamieson.

In 1980 John was appointed to the Court of Queen's Bench which he proudly served until his retirement in 2008.

During John's distinguished career as a lawyer, he represented many national and international clients. In recognition of his legal skills he was chosen as the Alberta representative to the Canadian Bar Association's special committee to review Canada's constitution. Other members of that committee subsequently became Provincial Premiers and one was elected to the Security Council of the United Nations.

John was an innovator who was intent on simplifying judicial procedures. He was involved with the creation of mediation and mini trial procedures for the court, which were adopted by both national and international jurisdictions. He was also devoted to assisting new appointees to the court and was one of the four founding members of the Friends of the Faculty of Law at the University of Alberta.

John loved being a judge and was deeply devoted to his family.

Nothing made him happier than fine wine and lively debates with family, cherished friends and his discussion groups.

Edmonton was always John's home and favorite place in the world. He felt strongly about supporting the community including the arts, education and health care. In lieu of flowers, a donation may be made to the "Honourable Justice John Agrios Distinguished Student Achievement Fund" for law students at the University of Alberta. Please send donation payable to the "University of Alberta" to the Faculty of Law 474 Law Centre, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2H5.

A Celebration of John's Life will be held Sunday, October 6, 2019 at 2:00 p.m. at the Royal Glenora Club, 11160 River Valley Road NW, Edmonton.

To send condolences, please visit: http://www.fostermcgarvey.com Foster & McGarvey DWT Edmonton (780) 428-6666

ERIC CHARLES COUSINEAU

1954 - 2019

Eric passed away peacefully on Saturday, September 14th surrounded by family. He is survived by his wife of 35 years, Saint Sheila Moore, his three perfect children, Brian, Sara and Emma, his adored dog, Luna and loved brother, Paul (Judy).

Eric will be remembered as a loving and loyal husband, proud father, accomplished teacher and mentor to many.

Our deepest gratitude to his team of doctors and the family and friends that have supported him over the years.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) for a reception on Sunday, September 22nd from 2:00 - 4:00 p.m.

Donations can be made in Eric's memory to the Canadian Cancer Society. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

MADELEINE JESSIE GOSNELL (nee Lascelles)

February 10, 1927 September 1, 2019

After a long full life, it is with deep sadness our family announces the passing of an extraordinary woman and mother, Madeleine Gosnell. She died at home, as she wished with courage, grace and dignity, surrounded by family. Predeceased by her loving husband Bruce Harold Gosnell.

Loving mother to Jill and Don Kowalchuk, Lesley Gosnell and Dale Mowat, Beth Gosnell and Gren-Erich Zwicker. Amazing Gramma to Jesse and Jamie Gosnell-Mowat and Leah Zwicker.

Dear Aunt to Nancy Hall, Diane Venner, Donna Macrae, Pam Ullock and Geoffrey Lascelles.

Madeleine was a very strong, intelligent, quick witted, warm, thoughtful mother and grandmother. Full of grit, she passed on many wonderful characteristics to her children and grandchildren. She had a gift for connecting and maintaining friendships. Once she was your friend she was a friend for life.

From her endless cherished tennis group friends to her immense group of developed friendships over a long lifetime and her very special close knit neighbour friendships who helped her over so many years. Bayview Golf & Country Club was a second home to Madeleine, providing many fond years of tennis, to the age of 90 and an immense social life with special close relationships with many of the staff.

A proud Alpha Gamma Delta from the University of Toronto, who studied history and classical languages, having impressively translated Homer's "The Odyssey" from Greek to English and worked at the same with The Iliad.

Always a flower gardener Madeleine was, with an aesthetic talent that came naturally as a floral arranger. Madeleine had a love of travel and was a fabulous cook, who made endless meals inspired by cuisine from her around the world travels.

There will be a celebration of life held on October 1, 2019, Bayview Golf & Country Club at 12:30 p.m.

Thank you to all of her friends and her doctor, Janet Morse, who supported her over so many years and at the end of her life.

She will be fondly remembered and missed by all whose lives she touched.

R.S. Kane 416-221-1159

GORDON ROBERT DONALDSON

August 28, 1934 - August 29, 2019

I was born in born in Vancouver, B.C. to Jessie and Dave Donaldson, my wonderful parents. My father, born in 1904, arrived in Vancouver as a very young "new Canadian" and always insisted he was Canadian - ignoring the fact that he was born in Scotland. My mother Jessie was also a Scot, arriving in Vancouver at the end of the WWI. We had a small family, consisting of my parents and my younger brother, Wally, who being a pest when he was younger, became my closest friend in the twilight of our lives.

I have been blessed with a GREAT life. As I recently told one of my granddaughters, my only regret is that I was never invited to a party at the Playboy Mansion. Other than that life has been better than I could have hoped for.

Mae and I were married in 1958 and went on to become a family of five, with one son, Doug; and two daughters, Edna and Corry, who then went on to produce the most fabulous group of Grand Children a man could ask for, as well as the finest group of "mystery trippers" a Grand-father could dream of.

On the other side of my life, I graduated from Britannia High in 1952 with a superb group of East Enders, who to this day, 67 years later still have regular reunion luncheons... I guess by the time you read this I have had my last one, but I really appreciate the wonderful friendships I have had with them over the decades.

After graduating from University of British Columbia in Commerce, I worked at a few places before joining WAJAX, a very small mining equipment company. Starting as an accounting clerk, in over 3 decades I was able to grow with the firm, to sales, general sales manager and finally I became VP and Gen. Manager for Western Canada, as Wajax grew to become the largest mining equipment supplier in Canada. I had a great career there, working with many outstanding people, both within the company and the industry. I will forever be grateful for the friendships I made with them.

While I appreciate the numerous friends I have been blessed with over the years, it is the years I have enjoyed at our summer home on Murphy Lake with many of the Grandchildren, some of whom have gone on to build their own summer homes on the "Donaldson compound." They have, and continue to make life a truly wonderful thing, and I hope they continue to enjoy the lake for many years to come, as I plan on spending eternity there with my parents who have been waiting for me for the past 20+ years. I expect that "Lexie' the latest of a long line of wonderful dogs I have been blessed with, will be joining me soon.

In closing, to all those who have always insisted on having the last word... it won't work this time because, at long last the last word is mine... My closing comment is I hope you can have as wonderful and satisfying life as I have enjoyed.

Bye for now Gord.

At Gord's request there will be no celebration of life, as he feels that his life has been one long celebration with his family and friends.

GRAEME CAMERON GIBSON

August 9, 1934 - September 18, 2019

Graeme Gibson died peacefully in the University College Hospital in London, England, with friends and family beside him, as the result of a hemorrhagic stroke. He was in his 86th year.

Graeme Gibson was the son of a Canadian Army Brigadier General and an Australian musician, and grew up in London, Ontario, Toronto, Ottawa, New Brunswick, Halifax, and Australia. He was a well-known novelist, essayist, authors' rights advocate, and bird conservation activist. His novels were Five Legs (1969), Communion (1971), Perpetual Motion (1983), and Gentleman Death (1995). His fictions, whether set in and around Stratford in the fifties and sixties, in rural nineteenth century Ontario, or in wartime Toronto, combine humanity and compassion with irony and the darker sides of human nature, and have been said to belong to "Southern Ontario Gothic." He also wrote for film, television, and radio.

Eleven Canadian Novelists (1973) was the first book of interviews of Canadian novelists to be published; it tells us much about the earlier days of Canadian fiction writing, through the voices of Alice Munro, Margaret Laurence, Mordecai Richler and Matt Cohen, among others. His two highly popular nature works, The Bedside Book of Birds, An Avian Miscellany (2005) and The Bedside Book of Beasts: A Wildlife Miscellany (2009) combine artwork from around the world and texts from many places and ages with personal anecdotes as a way of celebrating humanity's interaction with Earth's other intelligent forms of life.

Graeme was the driving force behind the formation of The Writers' Union of Canada, which advocated for the fair treatment of writers, and then The Writers' Trust, in the 1970s, which now supports writers and their writing at many different levels. He then went on to act as the President of the newly-formed PEN Canada for two years in the 1980s, pulling together the most diverse Congress that institution had ever held, and working with International PEN to protect free speech and assist writers imprisoned for their writings.

He then turned his attention to the natural world, chairing The Pelee Island Bird Observatory beginning in 2002, and acting as Honourary CoPresident of BirdLife International's Rare Bird Club for ten years. He also organized the first bird-watching trips in Cuba, and helped naturalists and scientists there set up the Museum of Nature in Havana. He loved the Arctic and the Canadian Boreal Forest, and was at one time an ardent canoeist and hiker. He was a magnificent cook, an enthusiastic host, a singer of songs and a teller of tales.

His key contributions to both Canadian society and the international world were recognized with many honours, including the Toronto Arts Award, the Harbourfront Festival Prize, an Order of Canada, a Royal Canadian Geographical Society Gold Medal, and an "environmental champion" honourary degree from Cape Breton University in 2019, on the occasion of the inauguration of the Farley Mowat Chair in Environmental Studies.

Graeme had a wide circle of friends from many parts of the world and all walks of life. He was an excellent father and an adoring and adored spouse.

He will be greatly missed.

Graeme Gibson is survived by his children Matthew and his wife Petrina Andonova, Graeme the Younger and his wife Sumiko Onishi, Jess and her husband Alec Bemis; by grandchildren Maddy, Rowan, and Alder; by the members of his extended family Sarah Gibson, Jessica Gibson, Ruth Atwood and Ralph Siferd, and Harold and Lenore Atwood; and by his partner of fortyeight years, writer Margaret Atwood.

A celebration of his life will be announced at a later date.

Donations in lieu of flowers may be made to the Pelee Island Bird Observatory, to Nature Canada, or to Dying With Dignity.

DAVID ARTHUR LESLIE

1943 - 2019

It is with great sadness that the family of David Leslie announce his passing at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre on Monday, September 16, 2019, surrounded by family.

David has been reunited with the love of his life, Susan Marie Leslie (née Ward). Loving father of Daniel and Janey, and Roger and Carolyn. Adored grandfather of Alexandra, Victoria, Ava, and Olivia. Loving brother of Margaret Falkenhagen (Dale) and Roger A.

Leslie. He is remembered fondly by his many cousins, nieces, and nephews. Most recently, he will be remembered for his unlikely, but deeply special relationship with the family canine, Fletcher D.

Leslie. David is predeceased by his mother Donalda Leslie, his father Francis ("Frank") Leslie, and baby daughter Jennifer.

Born in Ironwood, Michigan, David was very proud of his long career starting with Clarkson Gordon and culminating as Chairman and CEO of Ernst & Young LLP in Canada.

Known for supporting many of the communities he lived in, he was particularly very proud of his time and involvement with the Board of Directors of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre where he served as Chairman from 2007 -2014.

David's family is deeply grateful to the nurses, doctors, and the rest of the Sunnybrook team for the exceptional care he has received over the past number of weeks.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) on Sunday, September 22nd from 3:00 - 6:00 p.m.

Funeral services will be held in Timothy Eaton Memorial Church, 230 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto on Monday, September 23rd at 10:00 a.m. followed by a reception in the church hall. Interment Mount Pleasant Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate donations to the Susan Leslie Neuro-Endocrine Cancer Fund at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. Friends and family can make their donation via Sunnybrook Foundation by phone (416-480-4483), web https://donate.sunnybrook.ca/ tribute or by mail, c/o Sunnybrook Foundation, 2075 Bayview Avenue, KGW-01, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

DOROTHY MCLEOD (nee Browne)

December 26, 1924 August 26, 2019

After a brief battle with pneumonia, the Family is sad to announce the passing of Dorothy in her 95th year. Dorothy was predeceased by her husband Bruce and leaves behind daughter, Pamela (Peter); son, James (Jo-Ann); and grandchildren, Jessica (Jesse), Meghan, Kelly and Nicholas, to whom she provided tremendous support and unconditional love over the years. Dorothy is also survived by her siblings, Eleanor, Harold, and Bob; her many nieces and nephews; and several greatnieces and nephews.

Dorothy was born in Toronto and was raised in a family of five children during the Great Depression. Dorothy worked as a legal assistant for many years.

Dorothy loved animals and upon her retirement she worked for many years as a volunteer at the Toronto Zoo. Her father was a tailor, and he passed on to Dorothy a love for sewing, knitting, quilting and crocheting.

Dorothy was very active and gained many friends from her bowling leagues and her card groups. Dorothy established very strong roots in Haliburton, Ontario, first as a teenager at her parents' cottage on Lake Kashagawigamog and later at the cottage she and Bruce built on Eagle Lake in 1967. The Eagle Lake cottage became a yearround centre of activity for the McLeod family and many lasting traditions were established there, including swimming, boating, fireside singalongs and picking raspberries. Dorothy was an avid baker and cook, and anyone assisting with the raspberry picking was assured that great raspberry pie or jam would follow. Dorothy was full of life and enjoyed cribbage, rummoli and card games at the cottage which were filled with lots of laughter and fun. Dorothy also loved the considerable amount of time she spent in Sarnia with Pam, Peter and Jessica as well as her many trips to visit sister Eleanor and family in New Hampshire.

Dorothy was a loving, kind and loyal person and she will be sadly missed by her family and friends.

She will always be in our hearts.

Our thanks and appreciation to the staff at Vision Nursing Home, Dr. Uppal and the nurses at Bluewater Health.

A memorial gathering will be held from 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.

on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at Toronto Cricket Skating and Curling Club, 141 Wilson Avenue, Toronto, ON M5M 3A3. In lieu of flowers, a contribution may be made in Dorothy's memory to Sarnia & District Humane Society (sarniahumanesociety.

com). Arrangements entrusted to Smith Funeral Home, 1576 London Line, Sarnia.

GILLIAN CLAIRE MURSCHELL

May 11, 1990 August 19, 2019

We struggle to find words to describe the essence of our brilliant, beautiful Gillian, and the depth of our sorrow for her loss.

Gillian Claire Murschell died August 19, 2019, on Salt Spring Island.

Gillian was an artist; from an early age she revealed an extraordinary artistic eye and sensibility. Her remarkable capacity to "see" was manifest in everything she did, whether it be drawing, painting and photography, or writing essays, poetry, and clever scripts.

Gillian brought joy to those around her with her artwork, cards, poems, improvised on-thejob skits, and irreverent Facebook posts. She viewed the world from a fresh perspective and found the extraordinary in the mundane.

Born and raised in Vancouver, Gillian attended York House School and Prince of Wales Mini School, garnering academic awards and serving as PW Class Valedictorian, 2008. She loved literature and philosophy, and graduated with an honours degree in English from Queen's University in 2012 before enrolling in University of British Columbia's Creative Writing Program in 2016. An outstanding scholar across a range of disciplines, we were never sure what path Gillian would take.

Gillian loved to travel and to immerse herself in nature.

Galiano Island was her home in latter years, and she was most herself when hiking in the forest, spending time on its scenic beaches and swimming in its waters year round. Here, she reflected carefully on the meaning of life and bravely sought inner peace and clarity.

Gillian had a quick wit, dry and often cutting. Many of her writings are droll, with touches of sarcasm, pathos and the absurd. Despite her many talents and accomplishments, Gillian was plagued with self-doubt and profound sadness. She ended her life, peacefully, on her own terms.

Gillian is lovingly remembered by her parents, Elizabeth Watts and Warren Murschell of Vancouver; her sister, Amy Phinney (Gavin) of Calgary; her family; and many close friends. A kind, empathetic and generous young woman, she cared deeply for her family and friends, and touched the lives of so many. We are grateful to her Galiano friends who recently celebrated their quirky, talented friend with an exhibit of her art and a spirited memorial celebration.

A service in Vancouver is being planned. In lieu of flowers, the family wishes to suggest donations to Galiano's vibrant community association, The Galiano Club, a registered charity which stewards Gillian's beloved Mount Galiano and The Bluffs, and delivers community arts and service programs.

Dearest Gillian, we miss you. Your light will live in our hearts forever.

Rest in peace.

WILLIAM JAMES PLAXTON

Sadly on Sunday, September 8, 2019 we lost Bill to a brave and prolonged battle with cancer at Parkwood Mennonite Home in Waterloo, Ontario. Bill was a devoted husband to Jill (Merry), loving father to William (Emma Wakim) and Heather (David MacDonald), and grandfather to Scott, Brynn, Graham, Reese, Alison, and William. Bill charmed everyone he met and was known for his gentle character, contrarian wit, and his deep love for his family and friends. Educated at UTS and U of T, Bill worked his entire life as an Ontario Land Surveyor. Without a doubt, he was a devoted supporter of the varied activities of Granji, Bill, and Heather, as well as his six active grandchildren. Bill never missed a sporting event at UCC or Havergal, and he took great pride in every gathering of friends and family, convocation, homecoming, or equestrian event on the family calendar. Dad was happiest on the farm in Puslinch, and he took pride in a meticulously maintained lawn, happy family dogs, and well-attended horses.

In his later years, Bill cherished cards, phone calls, and visits from everyone - and especially with his old friends Jimmy, Rumble, Gerry, and Bob who shared great laughs and memories! Enormous thanks to so many people who provided excellent care and company to him including the staff at Grand River Hospital, Luther Village, Lisaard House, and Parkwood Mennonite Home. A celebration of Bill's life will take place at Rosedale Golf Club in Toronto, on October 1st at 12 o'clock.

MARGARET INA ROBERTSON (nee Taylor)

1925 - 2018

The family of Margaret Robertson remembers and misses their mother, who passed away one year ago on September 19, 2018, after a long illness.

She was predeceased in 1989 by her husband and best friend, Jack Robertson. She is survived by her children, Ann, Paul and Mary; her son-inlaw, Jeff; her granddaughter, Hadley; her sister, Fran; and many nieces and nephews.

Mom was born on December 12, 1925 on the family farm, Meadow Grange, near Parkhill, Ontario.

She was the oldest of four girls (including Isabel, Alice and Frances) born to Edna Walper and Lloyd Taylor.

Our mother lived a long and full life. At thirteen, she moved with her sister, Tish, from the farm to nearby Exeter, boarding with a family in order to attend high school. In 1942, the farm was appropriated by the Canadian government for an airport, an event that was as difficult for Mom's family as it was critical for the war effort. While Mom yearned to be a singer in a swing band (and took singing, piano and violin lessons), she went on to attend London Normal School, study at the University of Western Ontario and teach primary school in Exeter, Toronto and Preston. It was in what is now Cambridge that she met our father, who declared to a friend after meeting her: "That's the girl I'm going to marry."

Mom enjoyed reading, gardening, playing bridge, rug hooking and travelling. She especially treasured her summers on Lake Huron - whether it was at Grand Bend as a child and young woman, or as a wife, mother and partner in a family summer business at Sauble Beach.

Mom will be remembered as a beautiful, kind, gracious, smart, independent and self-sufficient woman. The family misses her pumpkin pies, pickled beets and piano playing.

The family would like to thank her caregivers, doctors, community healthcare providers, friends, neighbours and all the many people who supported Mom and enabled her to continue to live in her own home until her passing.

A private family service was held on September 22, 2018 on a sunny day on the Sunny Side of the Street.

KATHLEEN MARGARET RICHARDSON C.C., O.M.

May 5, 1928 - September 14, 2019

Kathleen Margaret Richardson passed away peacefully at 91 years of age with family and friends by her side on September 14, 2019 at the Grace Hospital in Winnipeg.

Kathleen was born in Winnipeg on May 5, 1928, daughter of the late James and Muriel Richardson. She was a much beloved younger sister to Agnes M.

Benidickson, the Hon. James A. Richardson and George T. Richardson, all of whom predeceased Kathleen. She will be fondly remembered by her sistersin-law, Shirley Richardson (James) and Tannis Richardson (George). Kathleen was adored by twelve nieces and nephews, twenty-nine great nieces and nephews, all their spouses and partners, and eighteen great-great nieces and nephews. Known simply as "Aunt", Kathleen was a confidante, counsellor, travel companion, storyteller, and picnic partner to all.

Educated at Riverbend School, Bishop Strachan School and the University of Manitoba, Kathleen graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree (1949) and received her Honorary Doctorate of Laws (1989). She was appointed: an Officer of the Order of Canada (1973); a Companion of the Order of Canada (1994); as well as a Member of the Order of Manitoba (2005). Kathleen also received: the University of Manitoba Jubilee Award (1975); the Edmund C. Bovey Award, Council for Business and the Arts in Canada (1991); Arts Champions Award for Arts Patronage, Winnipeg Arts Council (2007); and the Royal Canadian Academy of Artists Medal for outstanding contribution to the Arts (2007).

Kathleen served as a Director of James Richardson & Sons, Limited from 1954 to 1998. Following her retirement, she was appointed Director Emeritus in recognition of her outstanding contributions to the Firm. In addition to her lifelong engagement with JRSL, she held numerous other corporate Board appointments including: Director, Sun Life Assurance Company from 1978 to 1998; Director, Barclays Bank of Canada from 1984 to 1994 and Director, Gulf Canada Limited from 1977 to 1987. While in the vanguard of women serving on major corporate boards, it is for Kathleen's unwavering commitment to the Arts in Winnipeg and across Canada that she is most fondly remembered.

A longtime champion of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Kathleen's volunteer support and service are credited with helping elevate the RWB to its worldclass status. She served as President of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet from 1957 to 1961 and Honorary President of the RWB from 1963 to the time of her passing. Among the numerous successes achieved on behalf of the RWB, Kathleen chaired the fundraising campaign for the Ballet's permanent home, which officially opened in downtown Winnipeg in 1988.

Kathleen's other community involvement included: National Executive Committee Pan-Am Games Society 1964-1970; Canada Council 19641970; Manitoba Arts Council 1969-1973; Board of Directors and Executive Committee, Institute for Research on Public Policy 1972-1978; Advisory Board, The Winnipeg Foundation 1971-1982; Co-Chair, Furnishings Committee, Dalnavert (Manitoba Historical Society's Macdonald House) 1970-1974 and subsequently, Dalnavert's Visitors' Centre Committee 2003-2007; Governor, Stratford Festival 1983-1986; Governor, Winnipeg Art Gallery 1983-1991; Manitoba Government's Education Review Commission in 1992; and Chair of Manitoba Foundations' Council 1999-2001.

Throughout her life, Kathleen remained a quiet philanthropist. She contributed to numerous worthwhile causes both personally and through her Foundation. Always preferring to remain anonymous, Kathleen's extraordinary generosity improved outcomes for individuals, organizations and communities across Canada. She believed strongly in the words often quoted by her mother, Muriel Richardson, "Unto whom much is given, much is also required."

To all her encounters and endeavours, she brought an abundance of common sense, infinite patience and a remarkable sense of humour. Businesswoman, community volunteer, champion of the Arts, proud Canadian, and much loved friend, Kathleen Margaret Richardson will be greatly missed by all who knew her.

Kathleen's family wish to express their deep appreciation to Francis Opina and Team KMR, the devoted caregivers who made it possible for Kathleen to enjoy her final years with grace and comfort; and to Joan Richardson whose affection and support for Aunt has been legendary and long-standing.

A celebration of Kathleen Richardson's life will be announced at a later date.

DAVID RAE SEALY "Dave"

(former Vice President of Borden Metal Products in Beeton)

At the age of 83 years, on September 15, 2019 we said goodbye to a man who loved skiing with friends, the rocks and trees of Georgian Bay, art, playing hockey, being involved in the community, and being connected to friends and family. Dave's smile and gentle laughter will remain in the hearts of his children, Beth (Craig), Michele (Martin), and Craig (Garth); his cherished grandchildren, Natalie (Jessey), Neil and Ian; and his joyful greatgrandchildren, Jaxon and Emmett. He is deeply loved by Jean and Jim Small and Diana Sealy, and his sense of fun will be missed by Jim and Darlene Sealy, all his extended family, and his many friends. Dave is predeceased by his loving wife Joan Sealy (McQuay), and his brother Paul.

Visitation will be held at Rod Abrams Funeral Home Tottenham on Friday, September 20, 2019 from 11:30 a.m. until time of Funeral Service in the chapel at 1 p.m. Interment will be held in Trinity Cemetery Beeton. In lieu of flowers, please consider donations to a local charity of your choice.

To view Dave's full Obituary please visit http://www.RodAbrams FuneralHome.com.

SAM STUPP

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Sam Stupp on Wednesday, September 18, 2019. Beloved husband of Barbara. Loving father and fatherin-law of Sydney Stupp, Teri McMahon, Marcela and the late Danny Stupp, Perry and Elaine Stupp, and the late Tina Stupp.

Proud and devoted Papa of Andrée and Brad, Sebastian, Marco, Ashley, and Taylor.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West, Toronto (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Friday, September 20, 2019 at 10:00 a.m.

Interment in Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Shiva at 7300 Yonge Street, Thornhill. Memorial donations may be made to Parkinson Canada 416-227-9700.

DONALD JAMES JOSEPH STRUPAT

April 20, 1925 - August 31, 2019

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Don (Strupe) in his 95th year on Saturday, August 31, 2019 at the Sunnybrook Veterans Centre, Toronto, Ontario. Don was predeceased by his wife, Edith Louise (nee Thistle) Strupat, his mother, Rose Mary (nee Chittick) Strupat, his father, Ronald Julius Strupat, brothers, George, Ron and John, sisters, Helen (Caston) and Anna (Bruce). Don is survived by his spouse, Patricia Ann Spear. Don was a devoted uncle and great-uncle to many nieces and nephews who have been special to him. Don will be greatly missed by all of his family and his many close friends. He was loved and respected by everyone that he met.

Don encouraged everyone to strive to do their best, as he did all of his life.

Don will be fondly remembered for his intelligence, sense of humour, good nature, love of his family, generous and strong spirit, and for being a true gentleman. Don was born in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia where he spent his first two years with his family, up to his father's death. Don's mother Rose Mary (nee Chittick) moved the family to London, Ontario. Don attended the De La Salle Catholic Boys School while working at Labatt's and Central Aircraft, London, Ontario. He joined the navy at age 18 from 1943 to 1945. Don graduated from the University of Western Ontario in 1950 with a business degree. Don cherished all of his family and in particular his dear mother Rose who was the matriarch of the Strupat clan.

Don moved to Toronto after university and had a very distinguished career in the automobile industry. He was the past owner and President of Lawrence Park Motors in Toronto; the President of the Toronto Automobile Dealership Association for 1986 and 1987; and member of the Board of Directors; and was the past President of the Canadian International Automobile Show.

Don and his first wife founded the Edith and Donald Strupat Charitable Foundation. This foundation has provided financial support to various charitable organizations over many years.

An important part of Don's life was the 35 years of living as much of the year as possible at John's Island Club, Vero Beach, Florida. Don made many strong friendships in Florida, while enjoying the weather and variety of sports activities.

Don was a sports enthusiast all of his life. He was an honorary member of the Toronto Granite Club; member of the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club; Beacon Hall Golf Club; John's Island Golf Club, Vero Beach, Florida; and the loyal ancient Honourable Order of the Unicorn. At these clubs, Don shared his knowledge of sports by teaching others. He also developed strong friendships while demonstrating his ability and passion for all types of sports.

Special thank you to the LFSW 1st floor team at Sunnybrook Veterans Centre who have taken exceptional care of Don since he moved there on April 21, 2015. Thank you to Dr. Hung, the LFSE 1st floor team and the pastors who helped Don through the last two days of his life. Sunnybrook Veterans Centre provided Don with a safe, comfortable environment for four and one half years. The activities, entertainment, garden, and every team member provided Don with contentment.

Special thank you to Cecily Baker, who was Don's devoted caregiver during his time at the Veterans Centre. Cecily and Don had a special relationship and shared many laughs, walks and chats. Cecily ensured that Don was involved in the activities that Don loved, such as the sing-along groups and countless walks in the garden.

A Celebration of Don's Life will take place at 1:00 p.m. on Monday, September 30th at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville). Reception to follow. Interment at St. Peter's Cemetery, London, ON at a later date. In lieu of flowers, Don's wish is for donations to be made to the Alzheimer's Society of Ontario, 20 Eglinton Avenue west, 16th Floor, Toronto, ON M4R 1K8. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com We will miss his smile, laugh, wisdom, compassion, strength, will, and most of all his love.

We will cherish our memories in our hearts forever.

Happily together forever with his dear mother Rose, wife Edith, his brothers and sisters Love lasts forever

HIDEKO UYEDE (Nakata)

Peacefully in her 94th year on Saturday, September 14, 2019. Beloved wife of the late Sam. Loving mother of Joseph (Joanne), David, Louise (Art) and Elaine (Rob).

Devoted grandmother of Michael (Gabrielle), Jessica, Lisa (Charles), Kimberly, Bryan (Christine) and Graeme. Proud great-grandmother to Claire, Chloe, Ella, Tyson, Lux, Coco, Eli and Theo. Cremation has taken place and the family will hold a private gathering to honour her memory.

Ontario Proud and the rise of third-party cash
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What began as a scrappy, partisan web page became a formidable vehicle for Tory support. But behind Ontario Proud's homespun façade, there is big money and ties to professional party fundraisers
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By ROBYN DOOLITTLE, GREG MCARTHUR
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A12


By the summer of 2017, Jeff Ballingall had hit the internet marketing sweet spot. His creation, a Facebook page called Ontario Proud, had built a loyal following of tens of thousands of users by tapping into two seemingly unrelated emotions: a fondness for sentimental images of Ontario landmarks, and rising anger with the provincial Liberal government, led by then-premier Kathleen Wynne.

What started as a lark in 2016 had turned into serious digital sway: an anti-Liberal meme machine that regularly pilloried Ms. Wynne and her cabinet for rising hydro rates and the province's debt.

One year after launching his project, Mr. Ballingall incorporated Ontario Proud. He had become an official political influencer and the next stop on his journey was to get paid.

It started with small donations from like-minded Facebook followers, but by Aug. 2, 2017, he had attracted some real money. On that day, Mr. Ballingall sent an e-mail to Robert Faissal, a Toronto-based entrepreneur and a much sought-after Progressive Conservative donor. "I understand you're expecting to hear from me," Mr. Ballingall wrote. The two met in a parkette at Toronto's luxury Four Seasons hotel, which led to Mr. Faissal cutting Ontario Proud a $10,000 cheque.

As for how Mr. Ballingall knew that Mr.

Faissal was "expecting" him to reach out, Mr. Ballingall says he can't recall. For his part, Mr. Faissal says he is certain who connected them: Alykhan Velshi, a wellknown conservative political operative who was, at the time, chief of staff to the then-leader of Ontario's Progressive Conservatives, Patrick Brown.

Election regulators have tried to discourage groups such as Ontario Proud from functioning as an end run for political parties skirting the caps on how much money they can accept - and Mr. Faissal says he was vaguely aware of these issues when he says he received a phone call from Mr. Velshi about Mr. Ballingall's project.

"I told Alykhan 'as long as it's legal,' " Mr.

Faisal said. "He's like, 'Yep, it's absolutely legal.' " (When asked about Mr. Faissal's account, Mr. Velshi called it "totally untrue," but also acknowledged having met Mr.

Faissal and telling "anyone who would listen" that Ontario Proud was the best thing to happen to the Tories.)

Whatever role Mr. Velshi played in the donation, if any, the suggestion that it was legal is correct - and that's because his payment was made in a regulatory vacuum, one that all advocacy groups such as Ontario Proud have used to their advantage in the months leading up to the federal election campaign announced this week.

When Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asked the Governor-General to dissolve Parliament on Wednesday, kick-starting Canada's 43rd general election campaign, the political parties officially began their push to secure the most seats in the House of Commons. But for other kinds of parties - known officially in law as third-party political advertisers - the campaign merely marks the continuation of a persuasion war they have been waging for months and months.

Over the past few years, there has been a proliferation of special purpose groups, all created to denigrate either Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer or Mr. Trudeau, the heads of the two parties favoured to win the race.

Some groups, such as the anti-Scheer Engage Canada, which is primarily funded by labour unions, rely on traditional media, such as television advertising. Others, such as Ontario Proud - which has inspired a national version, Canada Proud, and sister "Proud" organizations in almost every province - depend more on organic, digital messaging. Ontario Proud and its affiliates have set their sights squarely on the federal campaign and Mr. Trudeau, using a combination of brash messaging, embarrassing photographs and pithy one-liners - "Trudeau is bananas" - to raise doubts about the Liberal Leader.

Regardless of form, these groups all have one thing in common: When they started fundraising and designing their attacks in 2017, 2018 and the beginning of this year, they did so under a cover of secrecy that Canada's election law, as well as some provincial rules, affords them.

Canada's campaign-finance rules, as well as Ontario's, prohibit third-party groups from colluding with candidates and political parties to "circumvent" donation limits. But those laws only apply to a specified period of time - federally, it's about two-and-a-half months - before an election campaign is announced. Which means that, for the many months and years leading up to that point, such groups are effectively unregulated and free to raise as much money as they want, however they want.

It's one of the many "troublesome" holes in the rules that was highlighted by Greg Essensa, Ontario's Chief Electoral Officer, three years ago when he warned legislators about a rising wave of third-party influence.

"In contrast to parties and candidates, which are subject to limits," third-party advertisers have the power to raise an unlimited amount of money, Mr. Essensa told the provincial standing committee on general government in 2016.

Canadians, in general, regard their political battles as much more genteel than those fought in the United States, where super PACs - political action committees that advocate on behalf of certain individuals, parties or policies - raise and spend vast amounts of unregulated money to destroy the reputations of candidates they oppose.

But Mr. Essensa warned Ontario legislators that, left unchecked, the province could go down a similar road.

Among Mr. Essensa's long list of concerns is how the law largely allows thirdparty advertisers to hide the identities of their funders - so long as they accept those funds outside the statutory reporting period, which for Ontario is six months before the writs are issued. Mr. Faissal's donation is a case in point: He cut his cheque about 10 months before the provincial election, which means Ontario Proud had no obligation to disclose it to the regulator. Had Mr.

Faissal not acknowledged to The Globe and Mail that he offered up this money, no one but Ontario Proud would know he was a major donor.

During the six-month period when Ontario Proud was required to disclose the contributions it received, it recorded about $489,000 in donations, the majority of which came from home builders and construction companies, corporations that are barred from donating to political parties.

As for how much Ontario Proud raised during the previous 20 months of its existence - and who contributed the funds - that remains a mystery. Mr. Essensa called on legislators to force disclosure of all donors regardless of timing.

For its part, Ontario Proud says it is not beholden to any particular political party and has gone so far as to issue libel notices to social-media commentators who suggest otherwise. "Whenever there's a regulated period, we comply with the letter and the spirit of the law," Ryan O'Connor, a director of Ontario Proud and its lawyer, said in an interview with The Globe.

A review of Ontario Proud's history paints a web of links to the Tories. A significant amount of the cash it raised in 2018 was collected by professional fundraisers who, months before, courted donors for the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party.

Mr. Ballingall, too, is deeply enmeshed in conservative circles, both personally and financially: He worked in Ottawa for a former Conservative defence minister; his private company, Mobilize Media, was contracted in 2017 to help two federal Conservative leadership campaigns; and the Ontario PC Party paid Mobilize $67,800 for social-media services around that time as well.

These same issues of overlap between political advertisers and political parties swirl around union-backed, anti-Conservative groups as well. One of them, Engage Canada - which was founded by prominent former Liberal and New Democratic strategists - blanketed the airwaves with ads in the spring during the NBA playoffs - all of them broadcast, incidentally, before the federal disclosure period kicked in on June 30, allowing its funders and the exact cost of the ads to remain a secret. (Industry experts estimated that Engage's primetime television ads, which portrayed Mr.

Scheer as a pliable, bobblehead doll, would have cost between $45,000 and $75,000.)

As of the publication of this story, Engage Canada had still not registered as a thirdparty advertiser with Elections Canada.

And it's not just regulators who are concerned. Even one of the third-party advertisers agreed that this regulatory black hole is a problem.

Taylor Scollon, the co-founder of the progressive third-party political advertiser North99, pointed out that Canadian elections have disclosure rules, and limits, in order to restrict the amount of influence powerful and well-resourced organizations can have on public opinion. But those rules do not reflect the reality of campaigns that last 365 days a year, he said.

"If the campaign is every day - if we now have permanent campaigns - then we should apply the same reasoning and require disclosure during non-election periods," Mr. Scollon said.

Back in 2016, however, when Mr. Essensa gave his public warning to Ontario lawmakers about what he saw on the horizon, Ontario Proud and North99 were not on anyone's radar. Although Mr. Essensa did not single out a specific third party, he was likely referring to the group that paved the way for such players - an advocacy group that the Tories have long said unfairly targeted their leaders until they were compelled to fight back: The Working Families Coalition.

The birth of the Canadian-style political action committee was on the left of the political spectrum.

It was 1998, and Mike Harris, Ontario's Progressive Conservative premier at the time, had effectively used wedge politics to create enemies of organized labour groups, who he said were bankrupting the province at the expense of hard-working Ontario taxpayers. The Harris government had repealed labour laws, making it more difficult for trade unions to become certified.

So when the union leaders who represent electricians, pipefitters, and iron workers and others arrived in Kingston for the annual meeting of the Building Trades Council - an umbrella organization of trade unions - they vowed to turn the tables. They passed a resolution to push back with their own form of messaging, one that would inform the public about what they say was the damage wrought not by them, but by the Harris government.

At first they called it the Building Ontario Campaign, and it launched in time for the 1999 Ontario election. But they barely made a dent and the Harris government was re-elected with a slightly smaller majority government. The council, however, saw room for improvement and impact if only they could make their ads more effective.

"The big mistake that we made was that we did not hire professionals, pollsters and communications strategists and so on," said Patrick Dillon, the Building Trades president at the time and one of the founders of Working Families.

They interviewed political operatives across the political spectrum and settled on two with close ties to the Liberals, Mr.

Dillon said. Don Guy - who would go on to run the Ontario Liberal Party's coming 2003 campaign - would conduct the group's opinion polls through his company Pollara; Marcel Wieder - a well-known political consultant once profiled in this newspaper under the headline "The DirtyTricks Man" - was the strategist.

Other labour groups alienated by the Harris government, such as teachers and nurses, jumped on board. Thus was born the Working Families Coalition, an innocuous-sounding title designed to mask what its detractors argue is a dark mission - scuffing up the images of Progressive Conservative leaders.

That campaign made its debut on April 1, 2003, about six months before the next provincial election, and targeted Mr. Harris's successor, then-premier Ernie Eves.

Working Families produced a full-page newspaper ad, published in The Globe, prominently displaying a photograph of a smirking Mr. Eves in a tuxedo and bow tie, his hair slicked back. The bold text below the photo read: "Ernie Thinks He Can Fool You," a play on the date April 1. The ad got a lot of attention, but Working Families was only getting started.

Over the next three provincial elections, the group would repeatedly dip into its deep war chest, buy airtime and ratchet up the caricaturing of conservative leaders as heartless Bay Street puppets.

After electoral losses in 2003 and 2007, the Progressive Conservatives had had enough and the party formally asked Mr.

Essensa to investigate what it alleged was co-ordination between Working Families and the Liberal Party.

One of the pieces of evidence they pointed to was the dual roles of Mr. Guy, who was the Liberal campaign director in 2003, 2007 and 2011, and whose firm, Pollara, was retained by Working Families.

The subsequent investigation, conducted with assistance from Bay Street firm Torys LLP, found that although Mr. Guy's ties to the party and Working Families were "grounds for concern," there was insufficient evidence that the Liberal Party was controlling the coalition and, therefore, there was no violation of the anti-collusion provisions.

Although that finding was Mr. Essensa's to wear, he did not appear happy about it.

His testimony in 2016 to the standing committee made it clear that he was frustrated with the outcome, and although he didn't identify Working Families by name, he said the legal bar for proving collusion was too high.

"I will leave it to the lawyers to tell you how hard it is to prove there is direct evidence of this sort of control," he said before legislators. But he said those who raise concerns about strategists playing for two teams - a political party and a third-party advertiser - have a point. Such close affiliation "undermines confidence in the electoral process. The public can plainly see that candidates and organizations that claim to be non-partisan are able to actively co-ordinate their advertising."

As a last gasp, the Progressive Conservatives tried to get the courts to intervene and overturn Mr. Essensa's ruling, but the case was dismissed at Divisional Court and the Ontario Court of Appeal. Working Families ran more ads during the 2014 campaign, which the PCs lost again, and there was no reason to believe anything would change.

But in a high-rise office building in downtown Toronto, there was a restless conservative operative, working for one of the country's premier public-affairs and crisis-communications companies.

Jeff Ballingall had followed the wellworn path of a young conservative ideologue: As a teenager, he volunteered for the local Canadian Alliance candidate in his hometown of Sarnia, Ont., a workingclass city of about 70,000 in the southwestern part of the province.

After graduating from the University of Western Ontario, he worked as a political staffer, first for Conservative defence minister Gordon O'Connor in Ottawa and, later, a right-leaning Toronto city councillor.

He had a brief stint at the short-lived Sun News television network before finally landing where so many young, ambitious conservative strategists before him had found a home: Navigator Ltd., the publicrelations company founded by wellknown Tory spin master Jaime Watt.

But it was at Navigator where Mr. Ballingall decided to shake things up.

For years, he had been brainstorming about how a conservative third-party advertiser in Canada might work. When a friend had some success with an Albertacentric Facebook page, Mr. Ballingall sought and obtained his blessing in early 2016 to launch an Ontario equivalent - calling it Ontario Proud.

As he fiddled with the page, he applied another lesson he learned at Navigator: Whenever Navigator was trying to disseminate a message on behalf of one of its corporate clients, those messages didn't stick - especially when the message was coming directly from the corporation. Audiences were skeptical of a corporation advocating for itself.

"But if you can talk about it in a different way, and from a different messenger, they're more receptive," he said.

In August, 2016, he left Navigator and devoted himself full-time to his creation.

At some point in 2016, then-Ontario premier Kathleen Wynne was being driven to an event when she pulled out her tablet to take the pulse of social media. That's when, she says, she discovered a Facebook page that seemed to have some traction.

"It seemed like this bright, cheery thing," she said in an interview. "Ontario Proud? I'm a proud Ontarian. What is this?" "This" was going to make her re-election prospects even worse.

Ontario Proud had hit a mark that everyone in the eyeball-attraction business is striving for: engagement. Mr. Ballingall's posts about Ontario roadside attractions and some of its famous citizens - Shania Twain, John Candy, the Friendly Giant struck a chord. But most important, they were shared widely, which allowed Mr. Ballingall to collect all sorts of data about his followers and their interests. One of the first Ontario Proud posts to go viral was a photo of Webers, the burger joint north of Toronto in cottage country where diners eat in refurbished train cars. Like many of Mr. Ballingall's posts, the Webers meme urged readers to spread the nostalgia: "Share if you know where this magical burger place is." Eighty thousand people reposted the photo on their Facebook page, thereby introducing their friends to Ontario Proud.

But there was a whole other side to Ontario Proud.

Ontario Proud took a hard line on certain ideological issues, such as military intervention ("share if you believe Canada should still bomb ISIS") and immigration policy ("criminals and terrorists will prey on our generosity"). But its hardest line was reserved for Ms. Wynne.

It referred to Ms. Wynne as a "clown," a "scumbag" and "corrupt." Just like Working Families spoofed Ernie Eves on April 1, Ontario Proud used the date to target Ms.

Wynne and her minister of energy at the time, Glenn Thibeault, but with the insult dial cranked up a notch. A photo of the two Liberals was captioned: "Happy April - here are some fools." On one occasion, which Mr. Ballingall says he now regrets, Ontario Proud went after Ms. Wynne's appearance, comparing her spectacled look to that of the late Orville Redenbacher, the iconic popcorn maker: "What's the worst part of grocery shopping in Ontario? Seeing the premier's face in the snack aisle."

In an interview earlier this year with Ms.

Wynne at her office in the Ontario Legislature, where she now sits as a Liberal MPP after her government was handily defeated in the 2018 provincial election, she says she's not willing to give too much credit to Mr. Ballingall for her downfall. Her party had governed for 15 years and voters were clearly ready for a change.

But where she will acknowledge Ontario Proud's impact was on how voters perceived her. "I don't think I realized that this guy was going to be as potent as he was," she said. Throughout the campaign, she said she heard a familiar refrain from her candidates when they described a day of door knocking: empathy for the local candidate, but an unspecified dislike of Ms.

Wynne. When the Liberals attempted to drill down on what it was about Ms. Wynne that turned them off, the answers were vague, she said.

"I think it was that Ontario Proud, and whatever other forces were out there, were successful at making me the lightning rod for whatever anger [voters] had," she said.

That opinion is, perhaps, one of the only things that Mr. Ballingall and the former Liberal leader agree upon.

At a speaking event in April, convened by Toronto's Empire Club, Mr. Ballingall boasted about how Ontario Proud made Ms. Wynne "socially unacceptable" to voters. And if people are offended by his language and name-calling, he said in an interview, they can point their finger in the direction of Working Families, one of the many motivators for creating his own right-wing, third-party advertiser.

Working Families is a common theme in any discussion with Mr. Ballingall about his brainchild. Asked to defend some of the insults Ontario Proud has hurled at Ms.

Wynne, he pivots to the attacks endured by Progressive Conservative leaders for more than a decade by Working Families. He also revels in what he says is his underdog status - explaining that while Working Families can effortlessly turn to its deep pool of member-donated cash to fund its ads, he only relies on hustle, his knack for crafting concise, highly consumed content and his ability to persuade a disparate group of individuals and companies to support him financially.

But Mr. Ballingall is not quite as handicapped as he portrays himself. For one, he has had help from professional fundraisers who, up until 2017, worked directly for Ontario's Progressive Conservative Party.

That year, the same year that Ms. Wynne's government banned union and corporate donations to political parties, the Ontario PCs parted ways with two of the party's top in-house fundraisers: Mariana Di Rezze and Sharon Flashford, both of whom have cultivated relationships with some of Ontario's wealthiest citizens and amassed thick Rolodexes of potential donors.

Both women went on to raise money for Ontario Proud under the banner of their new fundraising company, RevGen Professional Fundraisers.

It was in 2018, around the same time Mr.

Ballingall turned to RevGen, that he says Ontario Proud raised "big money." Ontario Proud's three largest donations were: $50,000 from Nashville Developments, which lists well-known builders Silvio DeGasperis and Jack Eisenberger as two of its officers and directors; $50,000 from Merit Ontario, an association of non-unionized contractors that has lobbied the provincial government to allow its members greater access to bid on public-sector projects; and $100,000 from Mattamy Homes, the colossal home builder whose billionaire founder, Peter Gilgan, has made headlines for his outsized philanthropy across the province.

All in all, during the six-month period that Ontario Proud is required to disclose donors, it raised $489,000. But this was not entirely the doing of RevGen, Mr. Ballingall says. "They helped," he said. He also says he never co-ordinated with the fundraisers when they were directly employed by the PC fund and, what's more, he didn't even know them before they left the employment of the party.

Ms. Di Rezze and Ms. Flashford declined to respond to questions about how RevGen - which has been contracted to raise money for the PC Party - came to work for Ontario Proud. But, in a statement, they said that their company does not share information between clients. "All clients' donor data is the exclusive property of the client and is not used for any other purpose."

Mr. Ballingall had other money-making tools at his disposal. As a publisher of content that people like to read and share, Ontario Proud can also disseminate messages for businesses and industries - for a fee. In the media business, such advertisements are known as "sponsored content," and are usually labelled as such to ensure readers don't confuse an article that has been bought and paid for as a piece of journalism. Ontario Proud has published sponsored content, none of it labelled.

For example, in May, 2018, Ontario Proud posted a video titled: "Wynne's Attack Dogs Get Special Deals." The minute-and-a-half-long clip, which has been viewed nearly 90,000 times, criticized a Liberal plan to create a government-led agency to deliver home care to seniors.

It was not unusual for Ontario Proud to attack a big, expensive government program, but the message was actually paid for by Grosso McCarthy, a public-affairs and strategy company that specializes in health-care policy. Ontario Proud charged the company $7,000 and disclosed it in its filings to Elections Ontario.

In an interview, Francesca Grosso, one of the principals of Grosso McCarthy, said that her company did not consider the transaction to be a donation in the typical sense - rather, it was a payment for the creation of the video.

Mr. Ballingall told her the production of the video would cost about $6,000, and that Ontario Proud would charge an additional $1,000 to post the content and boost the ad through Facebook. "He was adamant that the amount would need to be disclosed given the way the rules were written, and I appreciated his interest in transparency," she said.

"I thought this was a bargain, given that the cost of media buys and production costs are usually through the roof," she said.

As for who else has paid Mr. Ballingall to post tailored messages, he won't specify.

When asked about the number of pro-Canadian oil posts, he acknowledged that he has "received support from the Canadian energy industry." Mr. Ballingall estimated that less than 1 per cent of Ontario Proud's posts are sponsored content, and he said that the group would never post material that was not in keeping with its core principles.

Then there is the matter of how Mr. Ballingall, himself, gets paid.

On paper, Ontario Proud is a not-forprofit corporation. (When the group's lawyer, Mr. O'Connor, was called to testify before the House of Commons ethics committee, he described Ontario Proud in his prepared remarks as "predominantly" non-profit. Asked to clarify this in an interview, he said Ontario Proud is strictly nonprofit and explained, "I may have, frankly, misspoke.") But just because Ontario Proud is prohibited from turning a profit doesn't mean its vendors are. And one of Ontario Proud's frequently used vendors is Mobilize Media, Mr. Ballingall's company.

Mr. Ballingall will not disclose how much Mobilize has made from Ontario Proud and public records only offer a glimpse of what Mobilize charges. When Ontario Proud was starting to peak in 2017, records show that the PC Party hired Mobilize for "advertising/communications/ media" work. Mr. Ballingall was also hired by both Tony Clement and Lisa Raitt during the federal leadership race at respective price tags of $3,500 and $28,406.05.

When asked whether he used Ontario Proud's wide audience to help those clients, Mr. Ballingall said that when he took those contracts, Ontario Proud was not yet registered with any regulators as a thirdparty advertiser. "Would we work on a campaign now? No."

Mr. Ballingall has also leveraged his success into a job as the chief marketing officer of The Post Millennial, a digital news website with a distinct populist bent. Ontario Proud regularly disseminates Post Millennial stories through its Facebook and Twitter pages.

Throughout their interview with The Globe, Mr. Ballingall and Mr. O'Connor repeatedly stressed that Ontario Proud prides itself on its independence - and that, far from merely echoing the talking points of the PCs or federal Conservatives, it is pushing the parties in certain directions, too.

Recently, in a rare critique of the Ford government, Ontario Proud lived up to that assertion. On Twitter, Ontario Proud retweeted a Globe editorial that criticized the Ford government's lottery system for granting licences to entrepreneurs interested in opening retail cannabis stores.

"Another failure from the Ford government. Half-baked, timid policy doesn't serve their public or political interests," Ontario Proud wrote.

"We wouldn't want to be directed by a political party, even if it was legal," Mr.

O'Connor said. "We don't want to have that reputation."

WITH REPORTS FROM SUSAN KRASHINSKY ROBERTSON

Associated Graphic

Ontario Proud director Ryan O'Connor, left, walks with founder Jeff Ballingall in Toronto. Mr. Ballingall's company churned out anti-Liberal memes ahead of 2018's provincial election, targeting leader Kathleen Wynne as a 'clown,' 'scumbag' and 'corrupt.'

MARK BLINCH/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Entrepreneur and PC donor Robert Faissal, seen in 2011, cut Ontario Proud a cheque for $10,000.

DELLA ROLLINS/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Ontario Chief Electoral Officer Greg Essensa, seen in 2012, warned legislators about the rise of third-party influencers in 2016.

J.P. MOCZULSKI/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

As a not-for-profit, Ontario Proud and its principals cannot make money from its business. The same, however, cannot be said of its vendors, such as Mobilize Media, another of Jeff Ballingall's ventures.

MARK BLINCH/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Stressed in the suburbs: Once hubs of affordability, quiet neighbourhoods are now epicentres of debt
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By RACHELLE YOUNGLAI AND CHEN WANG
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B7


Navin Seepaul is a 29-year-old single dad who makes $30,000 a year as a barber. He owns a $1-million house in Brampton, a sprawling suburb northwest of Toronto.

Each month, the payments on his roughly $700,000 mortgage are $4,300. On top of that, he has $24,000 in credit-card debt.

"The more you work, the more you spend," says Mr. Seepaul. "'What is $1,500? What is $2,000? Let me just run this credit card here.' A lot of people do it."

To help pay the bills - even just the monthly interest charges are staggering - he rents out his basement to three or four students, and two truck drivers rent bedrooms on his second floor. At any given time, the young father has six vehicles parked on his property.

Welcome to the Canadian suburbs, circa 2019, where the country's debt problem is at its worst and where the dream of owning a home on a leafy street with a garage and a lush yard for the kids is, for many, a long way from reality.

Thanks to soaring real estate prices - driven to extremes through a combination of constrained supply, low interest rates and eager lenders - Canada's total household debt has hit a record $2.2-trillion. Canadian households are carrying debt equal to 177 per cent of annual disposable income.

But there's another number that should be more concerning: the debt service ratio. That's the percentage of after-tax income households must spend to pay the interest on their debts - not just the mortgage, but also car loans, credit cards and lines of credit.

The Globe and Mail asked Environics Analytics to pinpoint the 100 most financially stressed neighbourhoods in the country - census tracts with the highest debt service ratio. Nationwide, it sits at 8.4 per cent, according to Environics (which calculated the figure using data from Statistics Canada, the 2016 census, Equifax and the Bank of Canada, among other sources).

But in the 100 most maxed-out neighbourhoods, households are spending an average of 22 per cent of their after-tax income on interest. These areas are overwhelmingly suburban. Seventy-seven of them are in cities around Toronto (known for their 905 area code), including 34 in Brampton, 21 in Vaughan, 11 in Markham and five in Richmond Hill. Another 15 are on the fringes of Vancouver - places like Langley, Surrey, Coquitlam and Richmond. Two are in Calgary's northern outskirts and four are in Edmonton, clustered south of the highway that rings the city. (Just two are in a city's downtown core: one in Montreal and one in Vancouver.)

Housing affordability has long been considered an issue in the core of the biggest cities, with prospective buyers in Toronto and Vancouver bemoaning the fact that it now costs well more than $1-million to buy a detached house. The suburbs used to be the haven of affordability for families. That's no longer the case.

House prices in Brampton, for instance, have tripled over the past decade. Add in a host of other costs associated with suburban living, including commuting expenses, and you start to see more people like Mr. Seepaul, turning their homes into boarding houses just to make ends meet.

"Suburbs are debt-accumulation machines," says Roger Keil, a professor at York University who leads global research on suburbanization. "In order to pay for your mortgage, you need to have a job or two or three or four. In order to get to these jobs, you need to have a car. In order to buy a car, you need to have another debt. So you acquire multiple indebtedness across the spectrum."

There's long been talk that Canada is due for a debt reckoning, and insolvencies and mortgage defaults are already on the rise. If an economic slowdown is really on the way, these overextended neighbourhoods could become the first casualties.

With financial anxiety at such high levels, political parties are responding. In one of his first campaign announcements this week, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau promised a foreign-buyers tax on vacant homes, and an enhanced first-time home buyers program - all designed to address the affordability crisis for middle-class Canadians. Meantime, Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer talks of tax cuts as a "plan to put more money in your pocket so you can get ahead." The New Democrats' "New Deal for People" vows to tackle "the suffocating pressure that people feel as costs keep tightening the family budget."

The 'burbs, after all, contain a healthy number of ridings key to winning the federal election in October.

If there is a debt crisis in Canada, Mr. Seepaul is living at its epicentre.

Brampton, a.k.a. Flower City, was once a farming town known for its many greenhouses. But as Toronto grew as a financial hub, so did Brampton, sprouting rows of detached houses connected by roads as wide as six lanes. It became a hub for immigrants, many from South Asia, and a place where Sikh temples are common and strip malls are packed with Indian grocers.

Today, Brampton epitomizes the suburban debtstress phenomenon by pretty much every measure.

Its population has increased twice as fast as Toronto's over the past decade, to nearly 600,000, making it the fourth-biggest city in Ontario, after Toronto, Ottawa and Mississauga.

All that growth has translated into an insatiable demand for homes. Forty-three per cent of Brampton's housing was built between 2001 and 2016, compared with 26 per cent across the Toronto area.

As rising house prices in Toronto sent people rushing to the suburbs, prices jumped in Brampton. The average selling price for a detached house in the city has tripled over the past decade, from $312,918 to $908,354. In Toronto, meanwhile, the cost of a detached home rose from $522,200 to $1.36-million.

It's making Brampton unaffordable, says Jas Takhar, a realtor whose work spans the Toronto region, including Brampton: "We have a saying in my office.

It's 'Drive till you qualify.' So you can't buy in Toronto, you can't buy in Brampton, you have to go to Hamilton, you have to go to Kitchener, you have to go to Durham."

It's telling that nearly 80 per cent of homeowners in Brampton have a mortgage, compared with 63 per cent in the Toronto region as a whole, making the area more vulnerable to interest-rate changes.

And the pressure built up when the Bank of Canada began hiking its key lending rate two years ago, to 1.75 per cent from 0.5 per cent. When you add in the principal to interest on loans, Canadians are now spending a record 14.9 per cent of their disposable income on debt repayments, according to Statscan.

Environics calculates Canadian households spent an additional $663 on interest payments in 2018, compared to the previous year.

The high cost of the suburbs extends beyond simple house prices, however. The median monthly shelter cost for homeowners - which includes mortgage payments, property taxes, heat, water, electricity and other municipal services (but not house insurance) - was $1,897 in Brampton, $1,827 in Vaughan and $1,814 in Richmond Hill, according to the most recent census data. That compared with $1,655 in the Toronto census metropolitan area.

Among the 34 Brampton neighbourhoods identified by Environics, the median monthly shelter cost for homeowners was nearly 30 per cent higher, at $2,132, according to the Globe's analysis of Environics and census data.

It's the same story in other suburban areas. In the two distressed neighbourhoods in Coquitlam, the median monthly shelter cost was $1,895 - 38 per cent higher than the Vancouver area's median of $1,376.

In the four census tracts on the outskirts of Edmonton, housing costs were $2,012, versus $1,536 in the city's census metropolitan area.

Even property taxes can be surprisingly burdensome. Since many bedroom communities have a limited corporate tax base, residential property taxes constitute the bulk of municipal revenue. In Brampton, 80 per cent of its property tax revenue comes from residents, versus 20 from commercial buildings such as offices. In contrast, Toronto's property tax revenue is 53 per cent residential and 47 per cent commercial.

"We don't have the same level of corporate taxes.

That may make it the perfect storm: high property taxes, higher interest rates, high car insurance," says Harkirat Singh, a Brampton city councillor who represents the northeast area with neighbourhoods with the highest debt service ratio. "They call it postal code discrimination."

The high cost of commuting is another killer.

About two-thirds of Brampton's work force drives out of the city for employment. It's the same in other 905 areas like Markham, Richmond Hill and Vaughan. In Richmond and Surrey, B.C., it's about half; in Coquitlam, the figure climbs to 75 per cent.

Owning a car is a pricey proposition - and not just because of loan payments, gas and maintenance.

Brampton, Vaughan and Richmond Hill have, on average, the highest car insurance rates in the country at $2,600 a year, due to a higher number of claims.

B.C. has the second highest rates with an average of $1,800 per year.

"When you have a lot more financial pressures like we do now, people are forced to make tougher choices," says Peter Miron, an economist and senior researcher with Environics. "How much am I saving if I sit in traffic in the car? I think everyone is well aware of that cost."

Meanwhile, even as expenses have risen in the suburbs, wages haven't. Part of the problem in Brampton, and in plenty of other suburbs, is that the majority of local jobs are on the lower end of the income spectrum. In Flower City, half the labour force is employed in manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail, transportation, food services and accommodation, and the median employment income was $31,399 in 2015, nearly $3,500 less than in Toronto.

To Benjamin Tal, deputy chief economist with CIBC, that suggests something's askew. "The fact that the debt-to-income ratio is rising very rapidly, or the stress is higher there, suggests that income is not as high as it should be to support home prices."

"It's not a question of how much debt you have," Mr. Miron says. "It's more a question of, how much debt do you have relative to your income?" Across the country in Edmonton, Stacy Lee and her partner, Peter Halladay, are struggling with the income side of the debt-service equation. In 2015, they OF AFTER-TAX INCOME ON INTEREST paid $415,000 for a 1,500-square-foot detached house, complete with white-railinged porch, in a new subdivision called Chappelle. The family moved there from a small community south of Edmonton because Ms. Lee wanted to raise their two children, now 8 and 6, in a culturally diverse neighbourhood close to a school.

So far, that future is still under construction. Excavators and big piles of dirt dot the subdivision and front yards are filled with mud, not grass. The school is nothing but an open field. Nonetheless, her subdivision is part of one of the city's fastest growing neighbourhoods, below the highway that surrounds the city.

It's also one of the four Edmonton-area neighbourhoods on the list of Canada's most financially stressed areas.

The Great Recession, followed by the oil crash, have taken their toll on the region. Ms. Lee, 38, has lost four jobs in sales and management since 2011.

Mr. Halladay, 48, a quality control inspector at a wellhead manufacturer, has had his hours cut three times since the 2008 meltdown.

Ms. Lee says she has been able to fully pay off their credit cards, lines of credit and other consumer debt four times, only to accumulate more. "There is a never-ending trail of recovery and indebtedness," she says.

Recently, she landed a full-time job with Canada

Post and started paying down their credit cards yet again. But when the transmission on her 14-year-old car failed, she had to buy a new one. "We just keep slipping back," she says. "Something will happen with his truck, or the kids got to go to camp, or school supplies are due."

With credit card payments and car loans of $1,188 a month, along with the monthly mortgage of $2,225, the couple's total debt payments will reach $40,956 this year. Of that, $14,000 is interest. Add in child care, groceries, gas and other expenses, and Ms. Lee expects to spend more than $82,000 this year - far outstripping their expected after-tax pay of $74,760.

"We are probably less than a paychecque away from being in trouble," says Ms. Lee, who is looking for a second job - any job - to bridge the gap. "I am $1,000 in the hole every month just to pay the bills, not to pay any debt."

The Lee-Halladays aren't alone. "What's driving [the higher debt-service ratio] is still people not having the same level of income," says Freida Richer, an insolvency trustee with Grant Thornton in Edmonton. "They were able to afford it when they had the income they had, but they no longer have that income."

So far, the country's economy is humming along, and the jobless rate is at a four-decade low. The Bank of Canada has kept interest rates steady this year, giving some homeowners a reprieve.

But the record level of debt makes the economy less resilient.

"The real test is when interest rates rise or when you have an economic shock like an increase in the unemployment rate - that is when you feel the pain," CIBC's Mr. Tal says. "Clearly, a higher level of debt is making the economy more sensitive to economic shocks, no question about it."

There are some early signs of stress. In Edmonton's southern suburb, insolvencies are spiking, according to the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions. In the first eight months of the year, foreclosure sales in the western city hit 385, according to Coldwell Banker, a real estate brokerage that specializes in foreclosures, putting it on track to outpace last year's figure.

The uptick in insolvencies and delinquencies isn't isolated to Edmonton. In the first quarter of this year, Ontario and B.C. showed their first "significant" rise in consumer debt delinquencies in five years, according to Equifax. "There is evidence that the delinquency trend is gaining upward momentum," says Bill Johnston, Equifax's vice-president of data and analytics. "We continue to see signs of increasing strain for Canadian borrowers."

Worried about household debt, the nation's bank regulator is forcing the big banks to hold more capital to guard against potential loan losses. At the same time, the banks are becoming increasingly stringent about loans, making it harder for customers to refinance and consolidate their debts. Others are seeing interest rates on their lines of credit or credit cards increase with no explanation.

"I can't go to my bank now and shift my Visa balance onto my line of credit," says Scott Terrio, manager of consumer insolvency for Hoyes, Michalos Licensed Insolvency Trustees in Ontario. "That is a big deal. It doesn't sound like much. But that's what people were doing for the last five years."

When people start running out of options, that's when you've got trouble coming, according to Mr.

Terrio, adding that insolvencies in Ontario are increasing at a pace not seen since 2009. "When those doors start to close," he says, "I think the next insolvency peak will blow 2009 away."

Even more worrisome is what will happen if a recession hits - a distinct possibility, given the brewing trade war between the U.S. and China. For people like Ms. Lee, losing a job could mean missing debt payments, which could lead to insolvency and foreclosure. More houses on the market would depress price and weaken the housing industry, triggering further job losses.

"It will make the recession deeper and longer," says mortgage broker Rob McLister, founder of Ratespy.com.

Those in debt-stressed neighbourhoods, however, don't need a recession to put them at risk. Any unexpected expense - a broken-down car, a leaky roof, a sudden illness - can put them over the edge.

"People are living with a very, very narrow margin," Mr. Tal says.

About 30 kilometres east of downtown Vancouver is a perfect illustration of how the debt crisis is reshaping the suburbs.

The neighbourhood, known as Burke Mountain or northeast Coquitlam - one of Environics' most stressed areas - is filled with freshly built rows of single-family homes, built on the last piece of land north of the Fraser River still available for housing.

Young families rushed to buy in, paying upwards of $1-million for detached houses, many of them with a basement suite ready to rent out. "That was their way of getting into the market," says Craig Hodge, a Coquitlam city councillor.

"Densification," in which parking lots, strip malls and low-rise buildings are turned into condos and apartments to jam in more people, is a well known phenomenon in downtown Toronto and Vancouver. Now it's happening in the suburbs, many of which are facing limits on sprawl.

In Coquitlam, the city is providing developers with incentives to turn low-density spaces into multiresidential properties. "Single-family detached is not selling that much anymore because of the cost," says Brent Asmundson, a city councillor with Coquitlam.

Today, 98 per cent of the housing under construction in Coquitlam is townhouses, duplexes, apartments or condos. Basement apartments or secondary units are increasing at an average rate of nearly 20 per cent a year.

"If someone has the choice of, I can either buy a $2-million single family house or I can get a unit in a four-plex for $800,000, that is open to a wider range of families," says Andrew Merrill, Coquitlam's manager of community planning.

In Brampton, the city is approving more building permits for apartments, and it's also pushing for more density around the three train stations that lead to downtown Toronto.

It is also coming to terms with the spike in renters and unsanctioned rental spaces. In 2015, it passed legislation requiring residents to obtain permits to lease their basement apartments or secondary units. The number of issued permits soared from 67 in 2015 to 1,263 last year. From January to May, the number hit 811, putting it on track to outpace the previous year.

Mr. Singh, the Brampton city councillor, says he is getting calls from constituents asking for more bus routes. "I know the people in the houses, and I am like, why public busing? I know these people - they are not going to take public busing," he says. "But it is to make it more attractive for people in the basement apartments."

Among the financially stressed neighbourhoods in Brampton, an analysis by Statscan suggests that more households were renting a part of their house in 2016 compared with 2011. The average number of people per household in those neighbourhoods is 4.2 people, compared with 3.5 across Brampton and 2.7 for the Toronto region, according to a Globe analysis of the data.

As in Coquitlam, Brampton planners and developers are pushing densification. "That accelerated with all sorts of financial pressures," says Brampton's city planner, Bob Bjerke. "If you think of suburbs being low-rise houses with parks, where everyone drives to everything - no, I don't think that is going to be the predominant way people live."

A few years ago, Brampton consulted with about 15,000 residents on the municipality's future. After four decades of ad hoc urban planning and momentous growth, city officials were looking for a different approach. The result was a vision for a future that included more jobs in the city, mini town centres throughout, and more public transit while still sustaining access to parks.

"In the future, we can't just see core cities and second-tier cities" like Brampton, says Larry Beasley, a former chief planner for Vancouver who helped Brampton develop the vision for the city. "This community has to change."

When asked if residents wanted to live in an apartment or townhouse instead of a detached house, Mr. Bjerke is confident they do: "There is an interest in what you can afford."

But 75 years of suburban living will be hard to change with condos and public transportation, and some don't want to give up, even in face of spiralling debt.

When Brampton homeowner Sandy Brar went to renew her mortgage earlier this year, her monthly mortgage payment jumped from $1,600 to $2,400.

"When I look at property taxes, when I look at the price of insurance for a car and my home , I would be saving money by moving out of Brampton," she says.

Now, Ms. Brar and her family are looking to sell their house in Brampton and find something more manageable. She's looking further afield - Milton, Oakville, maybe Burlington - in the hopes of holding on to the suburban dream.

Associated Graphic

'We don't have the same level of corporate taxes. That may make it the perfect storm: high property taxes, higher interest rates, high car insurance,' Brampton City Councillor Harkirat Singh says. The city is a prime example of the suburban debt-stress phenomenon.

CHRISTOPHER KATSAROV/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

MURAT YÜKSELIR AND CHEN WANG / THE GLOBE AND MAIL, SOURCE: ENVIRONICS ANALYTICS

Stacy Lee, seen at her home in Edmonton, and her partner paid $415,000 in 2015 for a detached home in a culturally diverse neighbourhood close to a school. Four years later, piles of dirt dot the subdivision and the school has not yet been built.

AMBER BRACKEN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Thursday, September 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


ERIC CHARLES COUSINEAU

1954 - 2019

Eric passed away peacefully on Saturday, September 14th surrounded by family. He is survived by his wife of 35 years, Saint Sheila Moore, his three perfect children, Brian, Sara and Emma, his adored dog, Luna and loved brother, Paul (Judy).

Eric will be remembered as a loving and loyal husband, proud father, accomplished teacher and mentor to many.

Our deepest gratitude to his team of doctors and the family and friends that have supported him over the years.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) for a reception on Sunday, September 22nd from 2:00 - 4:00 p.m.

Donations can be made in Eric's memory to the Canadian Cancer Society. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

GRAEME CAMERON GIBSON

August 9, 1934 - September 18, 2019

Graeme Gibson died peacefully in the University College Hospital in London, England, with friends and family beside him, as the result of a hemorrhagic stroke. He was in his 86th year.

Graeme Gibson was the son of a Canadian Army Brigadier General and an Australian musician, and grew up in London, Ontario, Toronto, Ottawa, New Brunswick, Halifax, and Australia. He was a well-known novelist, essayist, authors' rights advocate, and bird conservation activist. His novels were Five Legs (1969), Communion (1971), Perpetual Motion (1983), and Gentleman Death (1995). His fictions, whether set in and around Stratford in the fifties and sixties, in rural nineteenth century Ontario, or in wartime Toronto, combine humanity and compassion with irony and the darker sides of human nature, and have been said to belong to "Southern Ontario Gothic." He also wrote for film, television, and radio.

Eleven Canadian Novelists (1973) was the first book of interviews of Canadian novelists to be published; it tells us much about the earlier days of Canadian fiction writing, through the voices of Alice Munro, Margaret Laurence, Mordecai Richler and Matt Cohen, among others. His two highly popular nature works, The Bedside Book of Birds, An Avian Miscellany (2005) and The Bedside Book of Beasts: A Wildlife Miscellany (2009) combine artwork from around the world and texts from many places and ages with personal anecdotes as a way of celebrating humanity's interaction with Earth's other intelligent forms of life.

Graeme was the driving force behind the formation of The Writers' Union of Canada, which advocated for the fair treatment of writers, and then The Writers' Trust, in the 1970s, which now supports writers and their writing at many different levels. He then went on to act as the President of the newly-formed PEN Canada for two years in the 1980s, pulling together the most diverse Congress that institution had ever held, and working with International PEN to protect free speech and assist writers imprisoned for their writings.

He then turned his attention to the natural world, chairing The Pelee Island Bird Observatory beginning in 2002, and acting as Honourary CoPresident of BirdLife International's Rare Bird Club for ten years. He also organized the first bird-watching trips in Cuba, and helped naturalists and scientists there set up the Museum of Nature in Havana. He loved the Arctic and the Canadian Boreal Forest, and was at one time an ardent canoeist and hiker. He was a magnificent cook, an enthusiastic host, a singer of songs and a teller of tales.

His key contributions to both Canadian society and the international world were recognized with many honours, including the Toronto Arts Award, the Harbourfront Festival Prize, an Order of Canada, a Royal Canadian Geographical Society Gold Medal, and an "environmental champion" honourary degree from Cape Breton University in 2019, on the occasion of the inauguration of the Farley Mowat Chair in Environmental Studies.

Graeme had a wide circle of friends from many parts of the world and all walks of life. He was an excellent father and an adoring and adored spouse.

He will be greatly missed.

Graeme Gibson is survived by his children Matthew and his wife Petrina Andonova, Graeme the Younger and his wife Sumiko Onishi, Jess and her husband Alec Bemis; by grandchildren Maddy, Rowan, and Alder; by the members of his extended family Sarah Gibson, Jessica Gibson, Ruth Atwood and Ralph Siferd, and Harold and Lenore Atwood; and by his partner of fortyeight years, writer Margaret Atwood.

A celebration of his life will be announced at a later date.

Donations in lieu of flowers may be made to the Pelee Island Bird Observatory, to Nature Canada, or to Dying With Dignity.

LAWRENCE RONALD DAL CIN

It is with sadness that we announce the passing of Lawrence on Sunday, September 15, 2019, at the age of 82 in Simcoe, Ontario.

Loving brother of Emily De Carolis (the late Jerry), the late Frances Goard (the late John) and the late Benjamin Dal Cin. Dearest brother-in-law of Mary Del Cin.

Cherished uncle of Jerry, Dino, Roxanne, John, Debbie, Frank, Kim and the late Anthony.

The family will receive friends at the Holy Cross Catholic Funeral Home 211 Langstaff Road East (west of Bayview Ave.) from 10:00 - 11:45 a.m. on Saturday, September 21, 2019. A Funeral Service will be celebrated within the funeral home in the Chapel of St. Joseph at 12:00 p.m. Urn Interment at Holy Cross Catholic Cemetery. Online condolences and directions may be found at catholic-cemeteries.com. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Sick Kids Foundation.

KENNETH GEORGE HUGHES

December 8, 1948 August 14, 2019 It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Kenneth George Hughes at 70 years of age.

Ken was born on December 8, 1948, along with his twin sister, Carolyn Woodfine, in Natal, BC and was raised in Penticton, BC. Ken was predeceased by his parents Nettie and Harry Hughes and his brother-in-law, Alan Woodfine, who also passed away recently.

Ken attended the University of British Columbia and graduated in 1972 with a BA Degree in Political Science and History.

In 1973 Ken graduated from the Faculty of Law, UBC. After moving to Ontario, Ken attended Osgoode Hall Law School and was admitted to both the BC and Ontario Bar Associations.

Ken embarked on a 26 year adventure working with the Noranda Mining Company where he thrived. As General Counsel HR, Ken's work took him to many parts of Canada -Vancouver, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Toronto and even Africa as he specialized in labour law, bargaining and employment law. In the 1970s as a young lawyer, Ken was on loan to the Ontario Government and was instrumental in crafting certain employment and labour laws as part of a new Labour Code for Ontario. In 1997, Ken established his law practice through which he touched many clients' lives with his great intelligence, keen wit, humility, fairness and humour.

He had a deep passion for helping others and was dedicated to doing what was right.

Ken had an extremely active and curious mind and he savoured reading novels and cookbooks and researching areas of interest to him. A great cook, Ken deeply enjoyed entertaining, providing warm Thanksgiving and Christmas feasts for close friends at his home. He loved music and spent time studying piano, achieving many certificates from the Royal Conservatory of Music. He also had a special bond with and love for animals, dogs and cats who returned that love with enthusiasm. Like them, he was loyal and unselfish and happiest when sharing his heart and generosity.

Ken loved his parents, his twin sister Carolyn and also had a very close-knit community of friends from Vancouver to Colorado to Texas and Toronto which he referred to as his extended family.

From his years with Noranda and his law practice and eclectic mix of clients he also formed lifelong friendships and earned the respect and admiration of those he mentored.

Ken is survived by and will be deeply missed by his loving partner, Joanna and his sister, Carolyn along with his closest friends; John and Elena, Ivan and Alison, Robbie, her sister Nancy and husband Vic, Michelle and Jamie, Nick and Stephanie, Indira and Jay and friend, Pavan whom he inspired and mentored through law school.

A heartfelt thanks is extended to the doctors, nursing and health care team on the 5th and 3rd floors of the North York General Hospital and at Sunnybrook Hospital for the care and compassion he was afforded during his time there. Also thanks to the staff at William Osler Health Care, Brampton Hospital, Dr. Reingold and his staff and a special thanks to Ken's family doctor, Dr. Terri Weinberg who also became a cherished friend.

Please shed no more tears for Ken. He was humble and grateful for his amazingly privileged and satisfying life, always doing his best for humanity with humour and grace.

We love you Ken, you are always in our hearts "Life's Work Done" Rest in Peace.

To honour Ken's memory, you may wish to donate to one of the following: Princess Margaret Hospital North York General Hospital Sunnybrook Hospital William Osler Health Care, Brampton The Kidney Foundation The OSPCA or animal care facility of your choice

DAVID ARTHUR LESLIE

1943 - 2019

It is with great sadness that the family of David Leslie announce his passing at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre on Monday, September 16, 2019, surrounded by family.

David has been reunited with the love of his life, Susan Marie Leslie (née Ward). Loving father of Daniel and Janey, and Roger and Carolyn. Adored grandfather of Alexandra, Victoria, Ava, and Olivia. Loving brother of Margaret Falkenhagen (Dale) and Roger A.

Leslie. He is remembered fondly by his many cousins, nieces, and nephews. Most recently, he will be remembered for his unlikely, but deeply special relationship with the family canine, Fletcher D.

Leslie. David is predeceased by his mother Donalda Leslie, his father Francis ("Frank") Leslie, and baby daughter Jennifer.

Born in Ironwood, Michigan, David was very proud of his long career starting with Clarkson Gordon and culminating as Chairman and CEO of Ernst & Young LLP in Canada.

Known for supporting many of the communities he lived in, he was particularly very proud of his time and involvement with the Board of Directors of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre where he served as Chairman from 2007 -2014.

David's family is deeply grateful to the nurses, doctors, and the rest of the Sunnybrook team for the exceptional care he has received over the past number of weeks.

The family will receive friends at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) on Sunday, September 22nd from 3:00 - 6:00 p.m.

Funeral services will be held in Timothy Eaton Memorial Church, 230 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto on Monday, September 23rd at 10:00 a.m. followed by a reception in the church hall. Interment Mount Pleasant Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate donations to the Susan Leslie Neuro-Endocrine Cancer Fund at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. Friends and family can make their donation via Sunnybrook Foundation by phone (416-480-4483), web https://donate.sunnybrook.ca/ tribute or by mail, c/o Sunnybrook Foundation, 2075 Bayview Avenue, KGW-01, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

DOUGLAS E. MACKINNON 84, of Toronto, Ontario, passed Sunday, May 26, 2019.

Douglas was born April 11, 1935 in Toronto, Ontario.

Douglas had an exceptional passion for life; boating, skiing, tennis, his girlfriends, and was known as the ultimate Party planner. His weekly tennis schedule at the Badminton Racquet Club was always full and had many dear friends there, the B&R was a second home for Doug.

He spent decades of Winter weekends in Ellicottville, NY skiing and socializing with all his american friends, and summers were spent on Georgian Bay, Lake Ontario and various parts of Muskoka in his other love, his Boat Tiara.

Special thanks to his friend Jane Samis for assisting with his care for the past few years, as well as Pauline and her team at Vermont Square who made Douglas very comfortable in his last year.

There will be a Celebration of Life held the Toronto Cricket Skating and Curling Club on Wednesday, September 25th from 1-4 p.m.

BARBARA YVONNE MANNING (née Staley)

1927 - 2019

Barbara Manning of Burlington passed away peacefully on Wolfe Island on September 17, 2019 at the age of 92. She will be missed by her five children, grandchildren, nieces, nephews and friends. There will be a service held on Friday, September 20, 2019 at 2 p.m. at Sacred Heart of Mary Church on Wolfe Island, with more obituary and service details on http://www.jamesreidfuneralhome.

com In lieu of flowers, donations to Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) would be kindly appreciated in Barbara's memory.

DOROTHY MCLEOD (nee Browne)

December 26, 1924 August 26, 2019

After a brief battle with pneumonia, the Family is sad to announce the passing of Dorothy in her 95th year. Dorothy was predeceased by her husband Bruce and leaves behind daughter, Pamela (Peter); son, James (Jo-Ann); and grandchildren, Jessica (Jesse), Meghan, Kelly and Nicholas, to whom she provided tremendous support and unconditional love over the years. Dorothy is also survived by her siblings, Eleanor, Harold, and Bob; her many nieces and nephews; and several greatnieces and nephews.

Dorothy was born in Toronto and was raised in a family of five children during the Great Depression. Dorothy worked as a legal assistant for many years.

Dorothy loved animals and upon her retirement she worked for many years as a volunteer at the Toronto Zoo. Her father was a tailor, and he passed on to Dorothy a love for sewing, knitting, quilting and crocheting.

Dorothy was very active and gained many friends from her bowling leagues and her card groups. Dorothy established very strong roots in Haliburton, Ontario, first as a teenager at her parents' cottage on Lake Kashagawigamog and later at the cottage she and Bruce built on Eagle Lake in 1967. The Eagle Lake cottage became a yearround centre of activity for the McLeod family and many lasting traditions were established there, including swimming, boating, fireside singalongs and picking raspberries. Dorothy was an avid baker and cook, and anyone assisting with the raspberry picking was assured that great raspberry pie or jam would follow. Dorothy was full of life and enjoyed cribbage, rummoli and card games at the cottage which were filled with lots of laughter and fun. Dorothy also loved the considerable amount of time she spent in Sarnia with Pam, Peter and Jessica as well as her many trips to visit sister Eleanor and family in New Hampshire.

Dorothy was a loving, kind and loyal person and she will be sadly missed by her family and friends.

She will always be in our hearts.

Our thanks and appreciation to the staff at Vision Nursing Home, Dr. Uppal and the nurses at Bluewater Health.

A memorial gathering will be held from 3:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m.

on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at Toronto Cricket Skating and Curling Club, 141 Wilson Avenue, Toronto, ON M5M 3A3. In lieu of flowers, a contribution may be made in Dorothy's memory to Sarnia & District Humane Society (sarniahumanesociety.

com). Arrangements entrusted to Smith Funeral Home, 1576 London Line, Sarnia.

MELVYN NETKIN "Sonny"

Passed away peacefully on September 17, 2019, one week shy of his 85th birthday in Miami, Florida.

He leaves behind his sisters, Ileen (Alfred z"l), Mildred "Milli" (Allen z"h). He was predeceased by his dear brother, Barry Netkin z"l (Brenda). He will be dearly missed by his children, Richard Netkin, Rhonda and Jordan Lipson, Robert and Melissa Netkin; his grandchildren, Samantha Netkin, Nicole and Jonathan Atarien, Rachel Lipson, Chloe Lipson, Tyya Lipson, Sam and Marielle Netkin; and many loving nephews and nieces.

Sonny will be greatly missed for his warm smile, engaging personality and silver fox good looks.

He was a ray of sunshine to everyone who knew him and was truly loved by family, friends and to anyone who was fortunate enough to encounter him.

He lived by the mantra "here for a good time, not a long time" and passionately lived by it every day of his life.

There was only one Sonny Netkin and anyone lucky enough to have been part of his journey will be left with many wonderful and cherished memories.

For funeral and shiva details please refer United Hebrew Memorial Chapel, Hamilton.

WILLIAM JAMES PLAXTON

Sadly on Sunday, September 8, 2019 we lost Bill to a brave and prolonged battle with cancer at Parkwood Mennonite Home in Waterloo, Ontario. Bill was a devoted husband to Jill (Merry), loving father to William (Emma Wakim) and Heather (David MacDonald), and grandfather to Scott, Brynn, Graham, Reese, Alison, and William. Bill charmed everyone he met and was known for his gentle character, contrarian wit, and his deep love for his family and friends. Educated at UTS and U of T, Bill worked his entire life as an Ontario Land Surveyor. Without a doubt, he was a devoted supporter of the varied activities of Granji, Bill, and Heather, as well as his six active grandchildren. Bill never missed a sporting event at UCC or Havergal, and he took great pride in every gathering of friends and family, convocation, homecoming, or equestrian event on the family calendar. Dad was happiest on the farm in Puslinch, and he took pride in a meticulously maintained lawn, happy family dogs, and well-attended horses.

In his later years, Bill cherished cards, phone calls, and visits from everyone - and especially with his old friends Jimmy, Rumble, Gerry, and Bob who shared great laughs and memories! Enormous thanks to so many people who provided excellent care and company to him including the staff at Grand River Hospital, Luther Village, Lisaard House, and Parkwood Mennonite Home. A celebration of Bill's life will take place at Rosedale Golf Club in Toronto, on October 1st at 12 o'clock.

SAM STUPP

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Sam Stupp on Wednesday, September 18, 2019. Beloved husband of Barbara. Loving father and fatherin-law of Sydney Stupp, Teri McMahon, Marcela and the late Danny Stupp, Perry and Elaine Stupp, and the late Tina Stupp.

Proud and devoted Papa of Andrée and Brad, Sebastian, Marco, Ashley, and Taylor.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West, Toronto (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Friday, September 20, 2019 at 10:00 a.m.

Interment in Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Shiva at 7300 Yonge Street, Thornhill. Memorial donations may be made to Parkinson Canada 416-227-9700.

HIDEKO UYEDE (Nakata)

Peacefully in her 94th year on Saturday, September 14, 2019. Beloved wife of the late Sam. Loving mother of Joseph (Joanne), David, Louise (Art) and Elaine (Rob).

Devoted grandmother of Michael (Gabrielle), Jessica, Lisa (Charles), Kimberly, Bryan (Christine) and Graeme. Proud great-grandmother to Claire, Chloe, Ella, Tyson, Lux, Coco, Eli and Theo. Cremation has taken place and the family will hold a private gathering to honour her memory.

ANGELO VARRECCHIA

Peacefully, with his family by his side, at home, on Wednesday, September 18, 2019, at the age of 91. Beloved husband of Rosa for 61 years. Adored father of Maria Sant'Angelo (Varrecchia), Cathy Varrecchia and her husband Frank.

Cherished Nonno of Frankie Varrecchia Porco. Much loved brother of Elena Oliva (Pino), Riccardo (Giuseppina), Anna (Geppino) and the late Tattella and Giovanni (Nohelia). Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Peel" Chapel, 2180 Hurontario St., Mississauga (Hwy 10 N. of Q.E.W) on Friday from 2-4 and 6-9 p.m.

Funeral Service will be held in the Chapel on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at 11 a.m. Entombment Glendale Mausoleum. Online condolences may be made through http://www.turnerporter.ca

Water ways
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It's time to start planning your winter getaway. (Yes, already.) Find your perfect escape with Adam Bisby's ultimate guide to every island destination you can reach by direct flight
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By ADAM BISBY
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P8


Of all the sunny, sandy spots explored by millions of winter-weary Canadians each year, the islands of the Caribbean may well be the hottest - and not just in terms of temperature.

According to the Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO), Canadian visitor growth in the region outperformed that of all other nationalities in 2018, with the 3.9 million visits representing a 5.7-per-cent jump over the previous year. (Visits by Americans, by way of comparison, fell 6.3 per cent.)

The CTO attributed this growth to Canada's strong economy and an increase in the number of flights to the Caribbean.

Indeed, by the start of 2020, there will be direct air links from Canada to 16 of the organization's 22 island members, as well as to non-members Aruba, Bonaire, Cuba and Guadeloupe.

How to find the one that's right for you? Consider this your cheat sheet: Here's what to expect from every island destination you can reach by a direct flight from a major Canadian city.

1. ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA The lowdown: This Commonwealth country's two namesake islands are ringed by hundreds of sandy coves and bays that once sheltered buccaneers and British colonial frigates. Sun worshippers, yachties and honeymooners predominate on Antigua these days, with the glamorous town of English Harbour being home to Nelson's Dockyard, a Georgianstyle collection of naval buildings that became a World Heritage Site in 2016. Barbuda, meanwhile, is still recovering from the devastation wrought by Hurricane Maria in 2017.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson International Airport.

Where to stay: Antigua's plentiful accommodations range from luxurious, all-inclusive resorts - many of them adults-only - to quaint inns and inexpensive guest houses. On Barbuda, the upscale Barbuda Belle boutique hotel reopened in late 2018.

New and notable: The country's tourism authority recently unveiled an online honeymoon registry, which allows visiting newlyweds to request wedding gifts such as resort stays, spa treatments and romantic excursions.

2. ARUBA The lowdown: White-sand beaches, all-inclusive resorts galore and the ornate Dutch colonial architecture of Oranjestad have helped make Aruba the most visited island in the southern Caribbean. Shipwrecks draw scuba divers, steady breezes do likewise with windsurfers and kiteboarders, and dune-buggy drivers race through Arikok National Park.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Luxurious private villas, dozens of all-inclusives and resorts from upscale brands such as Ritz-Carlton and Hyatt all vie for the attention of well-heeled travellers.

New and notable: The Renaissance Aruba Resort & Casino recently introduced a "Lover's Island Overnight" package that combines a stay on the resort's private island with various culinary indulgences.

3. BAHAMAS The lowdown: While this archipelago of more than 700 islands is spread over some 260,000 square kilometres, most of the vacation action takes place on Nassau, where mega-resorts such as Atlantis and Baha Mar offer everything from water parks to craft daiquiris. Hop on a smaller plane out of Nassau, however, and more adventurous and esoteric diversions await: diving into the blue holes of Andros, for instance, or kayaking among the 365 Exuma cays.

With regards to Hurricane Dorian, the CTO has stated that the greatest impact "is being felt in the northernmost islands of the Abacos and Grand Bahama," and that "most of the nation has been mostly unaffected." According to the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism, post-Dorian closings include all Bahamas Ferries sailings, Grand Bahama International Airport, the Abacos's Leonard Thompson International Airport, all hotels and resorts on the Abacos and Grand Bahama, and Grand Bahama's Freeport Harbour. Visitors are advised to contact properties and services directly for more information.

Direct flights: Out of Calgary, Montreal-Trudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Just about every conceivable type of lodging is available across the Bahamas. Of recent note is the multimilliondollar renovation of the Coral Sands Hotel on Harbour Island and the new, 30,000-square-foot Beach Club at the Grand Isle Resort & Spa on Great Exuma.

New and notable: The Royal Caribbean cruise line recently opened the first phase of "Perfect Day at CocoCay," a $250-million private island with what's said to be the tallest water slide in North America and the Caribbean's largest wave pool, among other superlative diversions.

4. BARBADOS The lowdown: The Platinum Coast's powdery beaches and turquoise waters meet afternoon tea and cricket in this wealthy Commonwealth country in the eastern Caribbean. The capital, Bridgetown, is also home to World Heritage-listed British colonial architecture and plenty of pulsating nightlife.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Sandals Royal Barbados, ECO Lifestyle + Lodge, and the Abidah by Accra have all opened within the past two years.

Major renos have also taken place at the Fairmont Royal Pavilion, Sea Breeze Beach House, and both the House and Treasure Beach by Elegant Hotels.

New and notable: On Friday evenings, the Pelican Craft Center in Bridgetown has started hosting a night market featuring street vendors and live entertainment.

5. BONAIRE The lowdown: With its desert island feel, this Halifax-sized Dutch dependency is renowned for its world-class scuba diving and snorkelling, as well as excellent windsurfing on Lac Bay and kayaking among mangroves.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: There are dozens of resorts, rental apartments, boutique hotels and private villas on Bonaire. None of them are allinclusive.

New and notable: In 2017, the Buddy Dive Resort Bonaire became the first dive centre in the Caribbean to offer Global Underwater Explorers courses.

6. CAYMAN ISLANDS The lowdown: This western Caribbean British overseas territory comprises three islands: Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman. The first is a major cruise-ship port and resort destination, with Seven Mile Beach being its most famous stretch of sand and Stingray City renowned for its namesake marine life. The pace slows down considerably on Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, both of which are reachable via Grand Cayman's Owen Roberts International Airport.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto 16 Pearson.

Where to stay: There are few allinclusives, with two new boutique properties - Beach Suites and Locale - continuing the trend on tony Grand Cayman.

New and notable: None other than Prince Charles reopened Owen Roberts International Airport's terminal building in late February after a multimillion-dollar expansion.

7. CUBA The lowdown: One of the most popular winter destinations among Canadians - and still mostly off-limits to Americans - the Caribbean's largest island is also its most culturally, naturally and geographically diverse. Indeed, there's more to Cuba than historic Havana and the resortlined sands of Varadero, Cayo Coco, Cayo Santa Maria and other beach-blessed regions, what with the country's nine World Heritage Sites comprising almost half of the Caribbean's total.

Direct flights: Available out of every international airport in Canada except Victoria.

Where to stay: Cuban lodging options seem to multiply and diversify by the week, with everything from all-inclusive resorts to rental apartments on offer. The latest openings include the upscale Iberostar Grand Hotel Packard and SO/ Paseo del Prado La Habana, both in Havana.

New and notable: Two Cayo Santa Maria resorts, La Salina Noreste and La Salina Suroeste, are slated to open in 2020.

8. CURACAO The lowdown: Alphabetically the third member of the southern Caribbean's "ABC Islands" - the other two being Aruba and Bonaire - Curacao offers an appealing mix of World Heritage-listed Dutch colonial architecture, top-notch diving and understated beaches.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: All-inclusives are the exception, not the rule, in Curacao, where the former Hilton hotel is in the midst of a US$15million renovation and is slated to reopen in December as the Dreams Curacao Resort, Spa & Casino.

New and notable: In February, the Curacao Tourism Development Foundation renewed an agreement with Airbnb to promote the island, which is home to more than 1,900 Airbnb listings.

9. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC The lowdown: With plentiful year-round golf, myriad beachrich regions and the New World's first cathedral, castle, monastery and fortress all located in capital Santo Domingo's Colonial Zone - a World Heritage Site - it's hardly surprising that the eastern half of the island of Hispaniola has become the Caribbean's most visited destination.

Direct flights: Available out of every international airport in Canada except Victoria, Gander, Nfld, and St. John's.

Where to stay: The Dominican leads the Caribbean charge when it comes to all-inclusives, which have proliferated in areas such as Punta Cana, Puerto Plata, Samana and La Romana.

New and notable: The US$100million Club Med Miches Playa Esmeralda, the French all-inclusive resort chain's largest Caribbean project in more than 40 years, is slated to open in late November on the country's relatively undeveloped northeast coast.

10. GUADELOUPE The lowdown: This overseas region of France, consisting of six inhabited islands, is a veritable idyll of sandy beaches, verdant peaks and gushing waterfalls.

Shaped like butterfly wings, the country's two main islands, Grande-Terre and Basse-Terre, are very different. The former, home to the glamorous capital, Pointeà-Pitre, and its international airport, is ringed by resorts. The latter, home to the country's eponymous national park, is capped by the iconic Soufrière volcano.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau.

Where to stay: All-inclusive resorts are relatively rare here, with one notable exception: the recently renovated Club Med La Caravelle. Likewise, chain resorts are relatively few and far between, with smaller independent properties dominating the scene.

New and notable: Other recent Guadeloupean resort renos include La Toubana Hotel & Spa and the Arawak Beach Resort, both on the south coast of Grande-Terre.

11. GRENADA The lowdown: The country known as the "Spice Island" actually consists of Grenada and six smaller islands in the Lesser Antilles. Resorts and water sports abound around the capital, St. George, which is home to the famous Grand Anse Beach, a cruise ship pier and an esplanade.

More rural parishes, such as Saint David and Saint John, are given over to laid-back pursuits such as hiking and tours of nutmeg plantations.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Grenada offers a pleasing mix of all-inclusives and à la carte accommodations, with new additions including the Silversands Grenada, the True Blue Bay Boutique Resort and the Mount Hartman Bay Estate.

New and notable: The 300-room, eight-restaurant Royalton Grenada is slated to open in December.

12. HAITI The lowdown: For Canadians who choose to pursue non-essential travel to Haiti - contrary to government advisories - the rewards of gorgeous beaches, picturesque waterfalls, verdant mountains and a lively, resilient culture may be worth the risks.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau.

Where to stay: All-inclusive resorts line the sandy coast north of the capital, Port-au-Prince, which itself is home to upscale properties such as the Occidental Royal Oasis and the Marriott Port-auPrince. Luxury lodgings are also available in coastal areas such as Les Cayes, Cap-Haïtien and Jacmel.

New and notable: The National Historic Park and historic centre of Cap-Haïtien, a World Heritage Site, is reportedly benefiting from a $45-million grant from the International Development Association.

13. JAMAICA The lowdown: From spicy jerk cuisine and reggae music to endless beach-resort indulgences and hikes in Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park - now a World Heritage Site - the thirdlargest island in the Greater Antilles is incredibly varied, vibrant and easy on the eyes.

It should be noted that the Canadian government recommends visitors to Jamaica "exercise a high degree of caution due to the high level of violent crime."

Direct flights: Available out of every international airport in Canada except Victoria, Gander and Quebec City.

Where to stay: All-inclusives abound in major destinations such as Montego Bay, Ocho Rios and Negril, with the latter being notable for its clifftop boutique properties. Inland, you'll find family-run lodgings.

New and notable: Montego Bay's 120-room S Hotel Jamaica offers stylish suites, the scenic Sky Bar Lounge and a glass-enclosed infinity pool.

14. MARTINIQUE The lowdown: One more Gallic member of the Lesser Antilles, rugged-yet-sophisticated Martinique is renowned for its beaches, hiking, cuisine and rich Frenchinfluenced culture. Then there's the literal capper: Mount Pelée, the 1,397-metre dormant volcano that most recently erupted in 1932.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Another eschewer of all-inclusives - save for the opulent Club Med Buccaneer's Creek - Martinique's lodgings are mostly independent and upscale.

New and notable: The Diamant Les Bains boutique hotel, which first opened in 1945, is slated to reopen in 2019 after a complete overhaul.

15. PUERTO RICO The lowdown: This unincorporated territory of the United States has bounced back from 2017's Hurricane Irma in impressive fashion. After all, not even a catastrophic storm can tarnish the appeal of shimmering whitesand beaches, dazzling coral reefs, the El Yunque tropical rain forest and atmospheric Old San Juan, which is home to both a National Historic Site and World Heritage Site.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: Accommodations tend to reflect Puerto Rico's Spanish and U.S. influences, ranging from major hotel and resort chains to the "paradores" network of family-owned inns.

Five hotel has added 26 stylish suites, two restaurants and a twolevel rooftop infinity pool to San Juan's lively Condado district.

16. ST. KITTS AND NEVIS The lowdown: Unlike those Caribbean countries with far-flung islands, a short and scenic ferry ride is all that separates St. Kitts from Nevis. That said, the two islands are breeds apart from each other: St. Kitts is home to an enormous cruise termina,l and the lively beach bars and resorts of Frigate Bay. Nevis, meanwhile, is a more tranquil option, with its highly walkable volcanic peak rising over lovely beaches and the country's compact colonial capital, Charlestown.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: While all-inclusive options are not unknown, the most enticing has to be the former sugar plantations that have been converted into luxurious hotels, such as Ottley's Plantation Inn and Relais & Chateaux's Montpelier Plantation & Beach.

New and notable: Air Canada recently added non-stop Tuesday flights to its Saturday service out of Toronto Pearson.

17. SAINT LUCIA The lowdown: Home to what is arguably the most iconic sight in the Caribbean - the dual volcanic spires known as the Pitons - Mother Nature has favoured Saint Lucia in many other ways.

There's Sulphur Springs, said to be "the world's only drive-in volcano," gorgeous Sault Falls, lush rain forests - the list goes on.

Man-made options aren't too shabby either, with many lavish resorts making the most of scenery that's shared with hundreds of thousands of cruise visitors each year.

Pearson.

Where to stay: All-inclusives and à la carte resorts exist in similar abundance, with the costs of rooms typically depending more on the calibre of views than on beach access.

New and notable: A world-class horse-racing track is slated to open in the town of Vieux Fort this December.

18. ST. MAARTEN/ ST. MARTIN The lowdown: Half-French and half-Dutch, this West Indies gem is home to dozens of white-sand beaches hosting water sports ranging from snorkeling and scuba diving to jet-skiing and parasailing. Inland adventures include hiking and treetop zip-lining, while urban pursuits range from gourmet dining to browsing the markets frequented by many of the million-plus cruise ship passengers who visit the island each year.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: The Dutch side of the island is home to dozens of all-inclusives, while the French side tends to offer more independent boutique properties.

New and notable: Slated to open on Feb. 1, 2020, the adults-only, 350-room Secrets St. Martin Resort & Spa will include swim-out suites and what is said to be the largest swimming pool in the Caribbean.

19. TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO The lowdown: The Caribbean's southernmost island country, Trinidad and Tobago are vastly different in some ways and pleasingly similar in others. Muchlarger Trinidad is covered with mangrove swamps and hilly rain forest - along with more than its share of unsightly heavy industry sands, palm trees and other typically Caribbean trappings. What the two islands share, however, seals the deal: world-class birdwatching and diving, gorgeous waterfall hikes, buzzing nightlife and mouth-watering curries.

Direct flights: Out of Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: All-inclusive options are reserved for Tobago, with Trinidad offering chain options such as Crowne Plaza, Hyatt and Hilton. Smaller guest houses are also widely available on both islands.

New and notable: Tobago's reefs are home to dozens of coral species, with one spot off Speyside said to include the world's largest brain coral.

20. TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS The lowdown: Most Canadian visitors to this British overseas territory in the northern West Indies arrive on the small, but bustling island of Providenciales (a.k.a. Provo). This should please many of them, as Provo is home to Grace Bay, which is widely regarded as one of the world's best beaches. Sands as sublime as these deserve digs to match and, thankfully, Provo delivers.

Direct flights: Out of MontrealTrudeau and Toronto Pearson.

Where to stay: All-inclusive resorts are the exception across the Turks and Caicos, where intimate boutique hotels and resorts provide both upscale accommodations and delicious inhouse restaurants that on Provo can be toured via shuttle bus.

New and notable: Recent additions to Provo's high-end lodging scene include the Beach Enclave North Shore and the Shore Club. Over on less-travelled South Caicos, the Sailrock Resort opened its doors in January.

Associated Graphic

1. Nelson's Dockyard in English Harbour, Antigua. 2. The Renaissance Aruba Resort and Casino. 3. The Grand Isle Re Cayman's newest boutique hotels. 7. Havana. 8. Curacao's capital, Willemstad, is famous for its World Heritage-listed Dutch co Toubana Hotel and Spa on the south coast of Grande-Terre. 11. The Silversands Grenada is a new addition on the island. 12. Marriott hotel, in San Juan's Condado district, has a two-level rooftop infinity pool. 16. St. Kitts and Nevis. 17. St ISTOCK (ST. LUCIA, TOBAGO, MARTINIQUE, JAMAICA, SAINT MARTIN, CUBA, ST KITTS AND NEVIS)

Where the four main parties stand on climate policy
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Heading into the election campaign, the major parties aren't disputing that human beings are responsible for climate change, or that the consequences of a warming planet pose dramatic threats to the global population and other species. They do differ widely, however, on how deeply Canada needs to cut greenhouse gas emissions, how those emissions should be cut and at what cost
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By SHAWN MCCARTHY, MARIEKE WALSH
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Wednesday, September 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


The large-scale global release of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere because of industrialization has caused Earth's average temperature to rise over the past century.

In a 2018 report, the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - the leading advisory body on the issue - emphasized that climate change is already happening and warned about its serious health and economic consequences.

Nearly every country in the world is a party to the 2015 Paris accord on climate change, in which the global community agreed to prevent temperatures from rising more than 2 degrees Celsius higher than preindustrial levels, with the goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees.

The IPCC report concluded that even that 0.5-degree difference in warming could result in 420 million fewer people being exposed to severe heat waves and cut in half the number of animals and plants that would lose habitats and risk extinction.

The report, authored by 90 scientists, shows that at the current rate, the world would see between 2.7 and 3.4 degrees of warming, which would result in catastrophic effects on human society and the broader environment.

For Canada's targets, the report's findings suggest the country would have to cut emissions by about 40 per cent less than 2005 levels by 2030 in order to do its part to limit warming to 1.5 degrees, said Andrew Leach, an environmental economist at the University of Alberta.

In advance of the Paris agreement, then-prime-minister Stephen Harper pledged that Canada would reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30 per cent less than 2005 levels by 2030. Justin Trudeau's Liberal government reaffirmed those targets when it took office.

The political debate in Canada is heightened by the regional nature of the resource economy. Alberta and Saskatchewan are heavily dependent on coal for their electricity and on oil and gas production as their economic engines.

Parties that promise aggressive actions to rein in emissions are often accused of threatening economic prosperity, while they counter that a sound economy depends on sustainable environmental practices.

THE PLAN The Liberals go into this election campaign with four years of climate policy behind them, and will release a platform during the campaign laying out how they will build on that action if re-elected.

Immediately after winning the 2015 election, Mr. Trudeau sought to differentiate his government from Mr. Harper's on climate-change policy.

In December, 2016, Mr. Trudeau concluded a sweeping agreement with provinces and territories (minus Saskatchewan) that laid down a road map for achieving the Paris targets and promised joint action. The federal government has started to enact some 50 measures - from the carbon tax, to support for electric vehicles, to regulations on the carbon content in fuels, to investments in public transit and clean technology. The government has also set a target that by 2030, 30 per cent of light-duty vehicles sold will be zero-emission vehicles.

The carbon tax is at the centre of the Liberal plan, and is a lightning rod for federal and provincial conservatives. It kicked in at $20 a tonne - roughly 4.3 cents a litre at the gas pump - on April 1, and rises $10 each year to $50 a tonne in 2022. The federal tax is imposed on provinces that do not have their own levy or do not meet federal standards. Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and New Brunswick are currently covered by the federal levy, and are soon to be joined by Alberta.

It applies to consumers - who get rebates through the tax system to offset the cost impact - as well as to businesses. Large industries pay the levy on only a small percentage of their emissions - from 5 per cent to 20 per cent depending on the sector - in order to protect business competitiveness.

The carbon-tax system put in place by the Liberals has a carrot-and-stick approach. On the one hand, the price on carbon acts as an incentive for companies and individuals to find a way to reduce their carbon footprint in order to avoid the higher costs associated with a carbon tax. On the other, the rebate that is given to consumers acts both to cover the costs for people who have no other option but to drive their car and has the added benefit of rewarding consumers who reduce their footprint because they get the same rebate no matter how much pollution they create.

If the Liberals are re-elected to government, they say they will consult with provinces, territories and other interest groups to determine the trajectory of the tax after 2022.

A new Liberal government would also have to finalize the proposed Clean Fuel Standard, which would require energy companies to reduce the overall GHG content of the fuels they sell by mixing in biofuels and other renewable sources, making their processing operations more energy efficient and gaining credits by financing other emission-reduction projects.

THE GAPS The Liberals maintain that they are on track to reach Canada's 2030 targets, but the government's own numbers show their plan will fall short. According to Environment and Climate Change Canada, there is a 79-megatonne shortfall that remains unaddressed. The Liberals counter that the gap will be covered by "unmodelled measures and future reductions," including current investments in public transit and new technology and "future federal, provincial and territorial measures."

However, UBC professor Kathryn Harrison said "the gaps, or the missing parts, of the Liberal plan are how to fill the shortfall," and she noted that the hole has "almost doubled" since the Liberal's climate-change plan was announced in 2016.

The Liberals say they will unveil more ambitious policies during the campaign. An advisory group - co-chaired by Montreal environmentalist and now Liberal candidate Stephen Guilbeault - recommended the government adopt regulatory mandates on zero-emission vehicles to ensure Canada meets its target.

It's unclear whether those ambitious plans will include ramping up Canada's targets to bring them in line with what the UN's advisory committee now says is needed for emissions cuts. Minister of Environment and Climate Change Catherine McKenna has acknowledged that urgency, but has been vague on how a re-elected Liberal government would respond to it.

The Liberals will also have to outline how they will manage the balance between cutting emissions on the one hand and resource development on the other. Ms. McKenna says the economy and environment go together, but partisans on the left in the highly polarized national debate often see the Liberals as leaning too heavily toward the other side. Detractors point to the government's decision to buy the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion for $4.5-billion as proof of the imbalance. The pipeline will allow for much more oil sands development - a key contributor to greenhouse gas emissions - even as Canada touts the need to cut emissions.

THE PLAN In June, Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer released his party's environmental platform that outlines the party's plan for measures to address climate change. Mr. Scheer vows to repeal the federal carbon tax as well as the planned Clean Fuel Standard, which would force fuel providers to lower the GHG emissions associated with their products.

The Conservative Leader noted that it was his predecessor, Mr. Harper, who first set Canada's current emissions targets. His plan would give the country the "best chance" to meet those targets, he said, while stopping short of actually committing to that goal.

Rather than taxes and regulations, the Conservative Party's climate platform relies on tax incentives and spending to support the development of technology that would allow consumers and industry to improve their energy efficiency and reduce the carbon content of the fuels industry produces. It promotes carbon capture and storage - which has been adopted by two oil refineries in Alberta and a coal-fired generating station in Saskatchewan - as the kind of technology that Canada can not only deploy at home but sell to the rest of the world.

While the Conservatives pledge to eliminate the federal carbon tax as it applies to both consumers and large industrial polluters, they would replace it with "emission standards" for major industries that would require them to reduce GHGs to a prescribed limit. The platform gives no indication where those limits would be set, how they will be enforced or how much of a penalty companies would face if they exceed them. Instead, it says companies would be required to invest a set amount per tonne into technology that would help them lower their emissions.

The Tories also propose a two-year program of tax incentives for homeowners to undertake energy retrofits in order to cut their energy consumption and related GHG emissions. A household could save up to $3,800 annually if it spends $20,000 on energy-saving renovations.

The party is also promising to negotiate agreements that would allow Canada to claim credit for the sale of lower-carbon fuels to countries that would otherwise be relying on coal or other high-emitting sources. The Paris climate accord contains a provision - Article VI - that facilitates international co-operation by allowing the transfer of credits for emission reductions between countries. The Conservatives say the international sale of liquefied natural gas would more than offset the increased emissions in Canada by, for example, lowering the reliance on coal in China.

THE GAPS The Conservative Party approaches climate-change policy with two baselines that separate it from the other parties: it staunchly supports the expansion of the oil and gas sector, and says that it does not believe that policies tackling climate change should impact household pocket books. The policy options left to the Tories then are limited, and several experts have concluded that they will fall far short of Canada's commitment.

Simon Fraser University's Mark Jaccard, who sits on the UN's advisory panel on climate change, modelled the impact of the plan and said it would lead to increased greenhouse gas emissions between 2020 and 2030.

The Conservatives' plan to cap emissions for large emitters and charge those who blow past their limits is in effect a carbon tax, but because there is no explanation of what the cap is or what the tab would be for companies that break it, Prof. Jaccard said its impossible to know the effect it will have.

The plan focuses on international efforts to cut emissions and suggests that the global problem requires a global solution. However, there is no global enforcement for emissions reductions.

The Conservatives would rely on the Paris accord's Article VI to claim credit for the sale of lower-carbon energy sources, such as LNG, to replace coal in the global electricity sector. The article might also be applied to the sale of technology needed to reduce emissions overseas, they say.

However, international negotiators have been unable to agree on the rules for how Article VI would operate. At the very least, two countries would have to agree on the transfer of credits, and it remains unclear how those credits would be generated.

However, tackling climate change outside of Canada's borders has some merit, according to Jennifer Winter, an assistant professor at the University of Calgary. Ms. Winter said paying to cut emissions in countries where it is cheaper to do so is a "reasonable" approach, although it would send money out of the country.

MOCRATS THE PLAN The NDP says it would ramp up Canada's plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions - bringing them 38 per cent lower than 2005 levels by 2030. The party says that's what is required for Canada to do its part to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5 degrees higher than preindustrial levels.

To get there, the NDP says it would continue with Canada's carbon-pricing regime, including maintaining the pricing set by the Liberals from 2019 to 2022.

However, New Democrats do plan to tweak the carbon tax. According to the party, the rebates that are currently sent to all households will no longer be sent to millionaires, and the extra exemptions that the Liberals gave to trade-exposed industries through the output-based pricing system will be removed.

This means all industrial heavy emitters will have to pay a carbon tax on emissions once their emissions exceed 70 per cent of the industry average. Under the Liberal government's policies, the benchmark is 80 per cent, and some sectors were given higher exemptions. The party is also setting a target of 2040 to only sell zero-emission cars in Canada.

To reach the new targets, Leader Jagmeet Singh said New Democrats would spend $15-billion on their climate plan over the course of their first mandate.

The NDP is committing to a suite of aggressive timelines to remove fossil fuels from the electricity grid, transportation and building sectors. It would offer low-interest loans in order to finance energy-saving retrofits of all of Canada's housing stock by 2050, with half of them completed by 2030.

The party also wants to spur innovation by establishing a Canadian Climate Bank with a $3-billion fund for investments in the low-carbon economy. It would also eliminate fossil-fuel subsidies. To measure its progress, the NDP is promising to create an independent Climate Accountability Office to track the progress of emissions cuts.

THE GAPS Experts who spoke with The Globe and Mail said the key questions around the NDP's plan come down to timing, details and a failure to address jurisdictional barriers.

"They haven't got the detail of how they would get there," Prof. Harrison said, pointing out that it's not clear how much emissions reduction would occur from electrification of transportation, or from home retrofits.

The same questions apply to the carbon tax, which under the NDP plan appears to have roughly the same trajectory as the Liberal levy.

Prof. Jaccard said that to be able to assess the party's plan, he would need to see a carbon price that is progressively more stringent, but he said that option isn't detailed in the plan. Similarly, he notes that none of the party's goals around retrofits, the electrical grid or zero-emission vehicles are accompanied by enforcement mechanisms. Without those mechanisms, he said, the uncertainty around their impact increases.

Finally, Prof. Leach, of the University of Alberta, says that the plan set out by Mr. Singh would spark even more jurisdictional fights between Ottawa and the provinces. For example, building codes are adopted and enforced at the provincial level, rather than the federal level as suggested by the NDP's plan.

GREEN PARTY THE PLAN Green Party Leader Elizabeth May compares the response Canada needs to bring to climate change to Winston Churchill's campaign to defeat fascism in the Second World War.

To respond to climate change, the Greens say Canada needs a "war cabinet" made up of members from all parties.

The party is pledging to double Canada's GHG-reduction targets, bringing Canada's goal to cut emissions to 60 per cent lower than 2005 levels by 2030.

The Greens say they would hike the carbon tax annually by $10 until 2030, which would raise it to $130 a tonne in that year.

The party also says it will eliminate all fossil-fuel subsidies and ban hydraulic fracking, which is used by non-oil-sands oil and gas producers throughout Western Canada.

The Greens would also stop all pipeline expansion, including the Trans Mountain pipeline project.

Similar to the NDP, the Green Party is proposing dramatic changes to the building, electricity and transportation sectors, but on even tighter timelines.

The Greens have not yet listed a price tag for these policies or explained whether it would be done through incentives, such as tax breaks or regulations.

They would require all new cars sold in Canada to be electric by 2030, and phase out all traditional cars by 2040. They pledge to require energy-saving retrofits of all buildings - residential, commercial and industrial - by 2030. And they propose to eliminate coal and natural gas from Canada's electricity generation by 2030.

The party says it will release more details for its plan during the election campaign.

THE GAPS The concerns expressed by experts over the timing, costs and lack of detail about the NDP's plan are amplified when they turn to the Green Party. A question echoed by professors Jaccard, Harrison and Leach was "how" the party would meet the goals.

A regional dimension that is not addressed in the Green Party's plan is what happens to refineries in Montreal and New Brunswick when the Green Party bans fossil-fuel imports. At the national level, Mr. Leach said the plan could look doable because we are a net exporter of crude, but he notes that since no pipeline connects Eastern Canada to the Prairies, those refineries could be cut off. "There's something that has to give," Mr. Leach said: Either those refineries are shut down or the party has to expand rail and tanker capacity.

Its proposal to phase out all fossil-fuel electricity hits up against regional and timeline challenges, which Mr. Leach said "[makes] it nearly impossible." Electricity is a provincially regulated business and, in some cases, provincially owned.

Alberta is currently in the midst of replacing coal with renewable sources and natural gas. That cuts related emissions in half, but it's still a fossil fuel.

The mammoth task of retrofitting all housing stock also raises timeline questions, according to several experts who spoke with The Globe. Put in perspective, it would require 10 per cent of people to be moved out of their houses each year for a decade in order to complete the retrofits in the time prescribed by the party.

"It's more of a signalling device than a credible plan," Ms. Winter said.

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


WAYNE KENNETH BELL

Died on September 9, 2019 at the age of 71 after bravely living with dementia for 15 years. Lovingly remembered by his wife of 19 years, Donna, his daughter Julianne Morrissey (Dwayne), son Jamie Bell (Jodi), and stepdaughter Heather. Wayne was predeceased by his parents and his brother and sister.

Throughout his career he was employed at I.B.M., Memorex, Nulogix, and SUN Microsystems, and is remembered fondly by his friends and colleagues. No funeral services will be held.

For condolences and photo gallery, please visit ogdenfuneralhome.com. In lieu of flowers, donations in Wayne's memory can be made to shepherdvillage.org/donate.

Please specify that you would like your donation to go to the long-term care unit in memory of Wayne.

PETER T. BOGART

Peter Teignmouth Bogart passed away suddenly at home on September 11, 2019.

He was 82 and had just celebrated his 60th wedding anniversary to his beloved wife, Darleen Emily Bogart OC (née Welk). He is remembered by his son Christopher, his daughter-inlaw Elizabeth O'Connell and the three grandchildren he adored, Katie, Liam and Claire.

Peter was one of seven brothers who grew up in Wychwood Park, the sons of Ernest Charlton Bogart and Edith Mary Bogart (née Clarkson); he was predeceased by Ernest, Geoff, Robert and Humphrey and is survived by John and James.

He is also survived by a large number of nieces, nephews and cousins who enjoyed his antics in the summers at Glenavy Point on Lake Rosseau.

The family is grateful for the wonderful care from Dr. Carol Kitai of Women's College Hospital, the hospital where both Peter and his mother proudly served on the board of directors for many years and to which any memorial donations are invited.

The family will hold a private service, and later commemorate Peter's life at a celebration in the weeks to come.

MADELEINE JESSIE GOSNELL (nee Lascelles)

February 10, 1927 September 1, 2019 After a long full life, it is with deep sadness our family announces the passing of an extraordinary woman and mother, Madeleine Gosnell. She died at home, as she wished with courage, grace and dignity, surrounded by family. Predeceased by her loving husband Bruce Harold Gosnell.

Loving mother to Jill and Don Kowalchuk, Lesley Gosnell and Dale Mowat, Beth Gosnell and Gren-Erich Zwicker. Amazing Gramma to Jesse and Jamie Gosnell-Mowat and Leah Zwicker.

Dear Aunt to Nancy Hall, Diane Venner, Donna Macrae, Pam Ullock and Geoffrey Lascelles.

Madeleine was a very strong, intelligent, quick witted, warm, thoughtful mother and grandmother. Full of grit, she passed on many wonderful characteristics to her children and grandchildren. She had a gift for connecting and maintaining friendships. Once she was your friend she was a friend for life.

From her endless cherished tennis group friends to her immense group of developed friendships over a long lifetime and her very special close knit neighbour friendships who helped her over so many years. Bayview Golf & Country Club was a second home to Madeleine, providing many fond years of tennis, to the age of 90 and an immense social life with special close relationships with many of the staff.

A proud Alpha Gamma Delta from the University of Toronto, who studied history and classical languages, having impressively translated Homer's "The Odyssey" from Greek to English and worked at the same with The Iliad.

Always a flower gardener Madeleine was, with an aesthetic talent that came naturally as a floral arranger. Madeleine had a love of travel and was a fabulous cook, who made endless meals inspired by cuisine from her around the world travels.

There will be a celebration of life held on October 1, 2019, Bayview Golf & Country Club at 12:30 p.m.

Thank you to all of her friends and her doctor, Janet Morse, who supported her over so many years and at the end of her life.

She will be fondly remembered and missed by all whose lives she touched.

R.S. Kane 416-221-1159

NIPHAPHAT GOULD (Tori)

On September 11, 2019 at home.

Tori Gould, beloved wife of Robert. Loving mother of Top, Stamp, Stang, and Samuel.

Devoted daughter of Puangrak and Nipat Banyen (of Thailand).

Dear sister of Panida Banyen, and Nattapong Banyen. At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West, Toronto (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Friday, September 13, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. Interment in the Temple Sinai section of Lambton Cemetery. Memorial donations may be made to Gilda's Club Simcoe Muskoka 705-726- 5199.

PAUL MICHAEL KAVANAGH

January 2, 1928 September 11, 2019

Paul Michael Kavanagh, aged 91, died peacefully at his Toronto home on September 11, 2019. He was born in Ottawa, Ontario, on January 2, 1928 to the late Alfred Byron Kavanagh and Monica Margaret Kavanagh (nee McEvoy).

With an undergraduate degree from the University of Toronto and a PhD in Geology from Princeton University, he was a mainstay of Canadian mining exploration for nearly 40 years, with senior positions at Kerr Addison, Rio Algom, Newmont and Barrick.

He served as president of the Geological Association of Canada in 1975-1976, and was a recipient of the Past Presidents' Gold Medal awarded by the CIM in 1972.

Grampa is survived by his devoted wife, Marcia; his loving children, Janet (Gordon) Webb of Chattanooga, Tennessee, Ted (Toni) Kavanagh of Pelham, New York, and Gerret (Heather) Kavanagh of Thornhill; also survived by his nine cherished grandchildren, Alex (Xi), Barth, Caroline (Alex), Will, Peter, Julia, Patrick (Caitlin), Andrew, and Timothy; and by his two greatgrandchildren, Siqi and Sixian. He was predeceased by his brother, John and is survived by his sisters, Anne (Garry) Guzzo of Ottawa, Sheila Serafini of Calgary; and sister-in-law, Lorraine Kavanagh of Ottawa who, along with many cousins, nieces, and nephews, are greatly saddened by his passing.

Paul's long exploration career took him to most corners of the globe, and he filled in many of the gaps with Marcia over the course of their nearly 46-year marriage.

He devoted many hours during his retirement to giving talks at assisted living facilities in Toronto, and playing bridge and cribbage with the residents. He maintained his good health and good spirits over the years by regular application of very dry martinis.

A memorial service is planned in due course. In lieu of flowers, donations to the St. Michael's Hospital Foundation or the Good Shepherd Ministries would be most appreciated.

JOHN DAVID LAFFERTY

"Jack"

John "Jack" David Lafferty, Blomidon. It is with profound sadness that we, the family, announce the passing of our beloved father, husband and grand-papa, Jack, age 84, on September 8, 2019, in the Valley Regional Hospital, after a short but courageous battle with cancer.

Born in Belleville, ON, he was the eldest son of Joyce (Rosevear) and James Edward Lafferty.

Jack served as a navigator in the Canadian Armed Forces.

His passion for travel led he and his wife to visit many places in Europe and once retired, spending winters in the south of France; hiking in the Vaucluse gave him great joy. He loved the Canadian arctic as well, having spent many hours flying over our Canadian coastal waters while serving in the military. A kind and gentle man, he loved spending time with his grandchildren and the many family pets throughout his life. Jack was a loving and devoted husband and father who always put his family first. He will be dearly missed.

He leaves behind his wife, Claudette (Chevarie); three daughters, Danielle (René Roy), Belgium; Sabina (Serge Vanasse), Aylmer, QC; Christianne (Alan Hartley), Iqaluit, Nunavut; grandchildren, Arianne, Célian and Nicholas Roy; Stéfane, Daniel, Mathieu (Erin Euberig) Vanasse; Jasmine Lafferty-Hartley; sister, Cheryl (Jacques Comtois), Montreal; brother, Gary, Belleville, ON; nieces, Lisa Lachance, Halifax, Vanessa Comtois, Montreal; nephew, Matthew Comtois, Chicoutimi; and the loving Chevarie family in New Brunswick. Following the family wishes, there will be no visitation or funeral service. A blessing will be performed at a private family burial in the Blomidon Cemetery, Houston's Beach.

The family wishes to thank the doctors and staff of the hospital for the excellent care he received. Donations in memory may be made to the Valley Regional Hospital Foundation.

Funeral arrangements have been entrusted to the White Family Funeral Home and Cremation Services, Kentville.

Online condolences and inquiries may be directed to http://www.whitefamilyfuneralhome.com.

BARBARA ELIZABETH ROWE

December 8, 1933 September 7, 2019

Barbara died peacefully at her home at the Tansley Woods Retirement Residence, in Burlington, Ontario. Barbara was the youngest daughter of Florence May and John T. Rowe of Westmount, Quebec, sister of Irene, Carden (Art Woodward), and Joan Rowe (Peter Hadrill).

Barbara grew up in Westmount, and much of her career was spent working with Harrison & Co., a small scientific instrument business owned by her father, Jack Rowe. Barbara moved to Burlington over ten years ago and began her new life in Ontario, close to old friends and some of her nieces and nephews. Barb has been involved in several committees in her community at Tansley Woods, and sought out any opportunities to express her artistic talents, despite her declining health. Barb's laughter, wisdom and intelligence will be dearly missed by her family of nieces, nephews and their children - Geoff (Lorrie Pella), David, Lesley, Julie Hadrill (Chris Arnold Forester), Debbie (Robert), Joanne (Rod) Diane Woodward, the Delo family, and fellow residents of Tansley Woods.

A celebration of her life will take place this Friday, September 13, 2019 at 11:30 a.m., at the Village of Tansley Woods, in Burlington.

A reception will follow the service.

Condolences may be left at legacy.com

GEORGE SCHRAMM

On Wednesday, September 11, 2019 in Mississauga, in his 94th year. George was reunited with his loving wife Elsie. A devoted father to Gary and Sonja, and Diana and John Russell.

Cherished grandfather of Jennifer, Michael, Christine and Emily, and greatly missed by his greatgrandchildren Braxton, Brooklyn, Sutton, Gabrielle, Evangeline, Waverly and Winslowe. George cherished the many great times and memories shared with his family, friends and colleagues. His business career included custom home construction, Real Estate including a term as President of The Mississauga Real Estate Board. George had a strong passion for golf which drove him to his final career as managing partner in the acquisition and operation of Hidden Lake and Lowville Golf Clubs.

George was also a very accomplished player highlighted by Club Champion awards at Brampton Golf Club and Greystone Golf Club.

George had a keen interest in Thoroughbred Horse Racing and held ownership shares in multiple stakes winners Sweet Briar Too, Eighty Nine Red and stakes placed Eminent Force. With his dedication to family and friends he was an inspiration to all who knew him, he will be greatly missed.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Peel" Chapel, 2180 Hurontario Street, Mississauga (Hwy. 10 North of the Q.E.W.) from 6-9pm on Monday, September 16, 2019. A private family interment will follow. In memory of George, memorial donations may be made to CNIB or Long Run Thoroughbred Retirement Society.

Online condolences available through http://www.turnerporter.ca

HUGUETTE SCHWARTZ (née Rajotte)

In Montréal on September 7, 2019.

She leaves behind her husband Georges Schwartz, her daughters Annabel and Nathalie (Charles Décarie), her grandchildren Delphine and Romain, her sister Andrée, her nieces and nephews, as well as many friends and colleagues.

Visitation will be held on : Thursday, September 12th from 4:00 pm to 8:00 p.m.

Friday, September 13th from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.

at Centre Funéraire Côte-Des-Neiges 4525 Côte-des-Neiges Road Montréal QC H3V 1E7 (514) 342-8000 Warm thanks to the 6th floor team at St. Mary's Hospital who went out of their way to make her comfortable with such exceptional care.

Contributions in her memory may be made to St. Mary's Hospital Foundation.

Incredibly gifted for languages, passionate about architecture, Huguette Rajotte Schwartz possessed several qualities which led her to become one of Montréal's foremost tourist guides. An excellent communicator in five languages, she helped thousands of visitors and tourists discover her beloved city through her much appreciated tours.

Loving wife, mother and grandmother, supremely elegant and original with a remarkable wit, she was curious and always ahead of her time. She was the first Montrealer to drive a scooter, the first francophone to sing in a Ukrainian choir, and her in-depth knowledge of jazz music and musicians led her to co-found the Emanon Jazz Society, a group of passionate connoisseurs which left its indelible mark on Montréal's music scene in the 1950s.

Her versatility was put to use during Expo 67 when she headed the Québec Pavillion's team of hostesses. Her functions led her to meet numerous heads of state (including French President Charles de Gaulle just before his infamous "Vive le Québec libre !"

speech at Montréal's City Hall) and eventually to become General Secretary of the prestigious France-Canada Association.

Her passing leaves an unfillable void.

DOUGLAS LORNE TURNER

In memory of our father, Douglas Lorne Turner, who passed away September 8, 2019 at the age of 91. He is survived by his wife, Lois Rae Turner (nee Jenkins), his daughters Anne and Mary, and daughter-in-law, Antje. His son Brian pre-deceased him.

Dad was the youngest of six children born to Bert and Edythe Turner, both of whom emigrated from England. Directly out of high school he joined the RCAF, initially as a technician, but ultimately moving to officer training to become a navigator. One of his early postings was to CFB Summerside in PEI where he met and married our mother, and where Anne was born. His career moved him all around Canada, and to England to fly on exchange with the RAF at Tangmere. On his return to Canada he and his pilot partner made the first Trans Canada flight for the CF100. Mary was born in Alberta while he was with the Fighter Training Squadron at CFB Cold Lake. Brian was born in Toronto while he was studying at the Canadian Forces Staff College. Later he commanded CFB Armstrong, one of the Pinetree Line radar bases. He retired with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and, ready for his next challenge, undertook a second career with the Ontario Housing Corporation.

There he was very involved in the acquisition of the lands for the planned Seaton community in Pickering.

In his true retirement he became a disciple of Tai Chai both as a student and as a teacher, no doubt contributing to the wonderful health he enjoyed right up until the end. Golf was a lifelong passion, as was wine. But above all, he was a voracious reader, studying a number of international newspapers each day, and ordering endless books from the Toronto Public Library on his well-used iPad. Dad and Mum also enjoyed long walks in the local park system until Mum fell and broke her hip recently. At this time, Dad embarked on his third career, that of devoted care-giver, seeing her through recovery, mobility issues and memory loss.

While we understand it is hard for family and friends not to have an opportunity to come together, we are respecting his express wish for no ceremony whatsoever, and in lieu of flowers, for donations to be made to The Salvation Army. He will always be in our thoughts, and perhaps one evening, as you sip a nice glass of wine, he'll be in yours.

We know he would enjoy that.

DOUGLAS HECTOR MACDONALD SMITH

1964 - 2019 The Death of Douglas Hector MacDonald Smith has occurred at his home in Sydney, Australia. He was the eldest son of Stuart Allen Smith and the late Valerie, (Poaps), Smith. He is survived by his son Lachlan, and Lachlan's mother, Terry Bursey (Ian), his father and step-mother Brenda Conboy, his sister Rachel Alexander, (Doug), brothers Matthew, (Rose), Adam, (Tascha), and numerous nieces and nephews, but above all, by Emily Wells, a childhood friend who, after many years, became the centre of his life.

Born in Ottawa and raised in Fredericton, he graduated in Geology from the University of New Brunswick.

As a geologist, he worked all over northern Canada, Alaska, and the Canadian Arctic. The explorer in him took him to the western deserts of Australia, and finally to Papua New Guinea. It was there he found a new family, and the search for gold was enriched by a love of the native people of the area. That love was returned by the people of Enga province, and especially, the Puman Aiyel and Yokorin tribes among whom he was known as "a man who greets people well." As a spontaneous gesture of affection and acceptance, a traditional two day village funeral has been held in Crown Ridge PNG.

Interment will be in Keswick New Brunswick at a later date and a portion of his ashes will return to Papua New Guinea at the request of the community.

Silicon Valley's RV city: As Big Tech fuels a housing crisis, poorer residents are left in limbo
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The San Francisco Bay Area may be the economic engine of the United States, but skyrocketing rent and cost of living have left thousands of people homeless
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By TAMSIN MCMAHON
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIF. -- In a quiet residential neighbourhood near Google's headquarters, Francisca Ramirez has finished the dishes and is sweeping the kitchen floor while her nine-year-old granddaughter naps.

A few doors away, William Adolfo Yac has his tools out and the generator going, readying to start some home repairs. His neighbour Norma Ruiz is preparing to run errands. Her ex-husband, who lives on the same street even though the couple has been separated a year now, will watch their two children while she's out.

These could be the scenes from any typical American suburb. Except that every one of the residents in this neighbourhood can't afford rent in the area and is counted as homeless. They have assembled a makeshift community made up of row upon row of recreational vehicles (RVs) - small, dilapidated motorhomes and travel trailers - along with parked cars and trucks that line the main arteries running through the heart of Silicon Valley.

The San Francisco Bay Area - a sprawling region of 101 cities and nearly eight million people - is the geographic centre of Silicon Valley. It is an economic marvel and the envy of communities the world over for its ability to churn out a dizzying array of new technology and a seemingly endless supply of well-paying jobs. But that success has a dark side: It has helped create a housing shortage so severe that nearly everyone agrees the region is in a crisis.

Silicon Valley rents have risen 50 per cent since 2011, with studio apartments going for US$3,000. Home prices have doubled. In Palo Alto, home to Stanford University and many of the region's largest venture-capital firms, the median home price topped US$2.8-million in July.

The people paying the heaviest price for the housing crisis are the minimum-wage service workers who cater to well-paid tech employees by staffing restaurants, painting homes and caring for children. The escalating cost of living has pushed many of those workers onto the streets. Homelessness in Silicon Valley has surged 30 per cent in the past two years to more than 30,000 people, mainly because more people are living in cars and recreational vehicles.

"It's not a luxury to live in an RV like this, it's a necessity," says Jose Reyes who lives with his wife and two children in a motor home with no water, lights or air conditioning on the edge of a city park in Mountain View, Calif. "I can either go to work and pay the rent, or I could live in an RV and get food and clothes for my kids."

Mr. Reyes has lived in Mountain View - home to the sprawling campuses of Google, Microsoft, LinkedIn and many other tech firms - for 20 years. Two years ago, his landlord renovated the building, raising the rent from US$1,300 to US$3,000 a month, more than he could afford busing dishes at a local Italian restaurant.

Like Mr. Reyes, many of the more than 200 people living in RVs in Mountain View are undocumented immigrants who say that while they earn good money working in the city's shops, restaurants and hotels, they can no longer afford even modest accommodations.

The rise of RV living has put California in an unwelcome national spotlight. U.S.

President Donald Trump frequently calls out the state's growing homeless population as proof of the failure of the Democratic state government's policies. The White House sent a group of officials to Los Angeles this month to study the city's homeless crisis, ahead of the President's planned visit to the state next week."What they're doing to our beautiful California is a disgrace to our country," Mr. Trump told a rally in Ohio in August. "It's a shame. The world is looking at it."

Partisanship aside, Silicon Valley's housing crisis is raising a vexing question for state and local governments in California: What happens when an economy is so successful that it churns out thousands more jobs than homes?

Business leaders worry that the housing crisis will eventually imperil the region's innovation economy. State lawmakers have pushed for an array of solutions - and even Big Tech admits it needs to do more to solve the housing shortage.

But those pro-housing forces are coming up against a powerful "not-in-my-backyard" movement.

The dilemma is a cautionary tale for other cities that are chasing high-tech jobs, including many in Canada, of the consequences of not planning to manage such economic growth.

"I would say it's our number one concern," says Russell Hancock, chief executive of Joint Venture Silicon Valley, a nonprofit research group funded by local businesses and governments. "If Silicon Valley were a Greek god, then housing would be the Achilles heel."

In the past decade, the region has created eight new jobs for every home construction permit issued, says Matt Regan, senior vice-president of public policy at the Bay Area Council, a business association whose members include most of Silicon Valley's largest tech companies. A healthy ratio is 1.5 jobs to one home. In some Bay Area cites, the ratio is as high as 25:1.

The fear is that Silicon Valley's shortage will drive large tech firms to expand elsewhere or even move their headquarters out of the region. Many have already announced office expansions in cheaper locales such as Austin, Tex.

For now, however, they continue to churn out most of their new jobs in the Bay Area, with salaries to match the escalating cost of living.

Those most affected by the housing shortage have been middle-class and lowincome workers.

Silicon Valley saw a net loss of more than 23,000 people last year, driven mostly by households making less than US$75,000.

Storefronts and restaurants are filled with help-wanted signs, while local newspapers report on teachers commuting from two hours away.

"We're losing the people that are the lifesupport network of any society," Mr. Regan says. "They're finding it very difficult to hang on."

Some of those who do remain have increasingly turned to living in vehicles.

Francisca Ramirez moved to Mountain View from Galveston, Tex., after Hurricane Harvey hit the city in 2017, drawn by family members who live in the city and ample job opportunities.

She and her husband lived with her brother for a while, crowding into an apartment along with three of her brother's friends. (Many RV residents say they must choose between sharing a room with strangers in overcrowded rentals for as much as US$1,000 a month, or living in an RV.)

The couple eventually saved up US$4,000 to rent their own apartment. But landlords also wanted a US$3,000 security deposit and the last month's rent up front, along with a credit check that requires a social security number, which many undocumented workers don't have. "My brother said get an RV just like everyone else does," she said.

It was uncomfortable at first. The couple have to ration water and power, travel to dump their sewage and have paid countless parking tickets when they failed to move their RV within the 72 hours that local bylaws require.

But they're getting used to it, she says.

And the opportunities to earn money makes it worth it. Ms. Ramirez makes US$15.65 an hour as a house painter, more than twice what she earned in Galveston.

She understands local residents aren't happy that their streets are filled with RVs, but doesn't know what else to do. "I know that the houses don't want to see us here," she says, gesturing toward the residential subdivision across the road from where she is parked. "I wish there were places we could go. We feel like nomads."

Many here blame the tech industry for engineering the region's housing crisis, arguing that companies have been allowed to expand too quickly and create more jobs than communities here can handle.

The lack of housing in Silicon Valley has also pushed tech workers into the region's major cities of San Francisco and San Jose, which have become bedroom communities to the jobs-rich suburbs.

California's property-tax system has encouraged cities to compete for new tech office parks, even as they shun housing projects.

A 1970s-era ballot initiative known as Proposition 13 limited the ability of cities to increase property taxes, the majority of which are ultimately siphoned off by other levels of government. So they have turned to development projects that bring in the lucrative sales and businesses taxes that fund a large share of city budgets.

By contrast, cities complain that new housing developments are often a drain on city budgets, with the cost of providing services to new residents exceeding the additional property tax revenue. That has helped spur a commercial property boom, even as housing production has stagnated.

While the tech expansion has filled city coffers - Silicon Valley cities posted a combined surplus of US$751-million in 2017 - it has also led to a growing resentment among many long-time homeowners that tech firms have reaped enormous profits, while doing little to the solve the housing crisis.

"I think there needs to be an enlightenment, an awakening, by some of our businesses who are really benefitting from the folks who ... live in an RV because they can't afford to live here," Mountain View's vice-mayor Margaret Abe-Koga told a council meeting in June during a discussion about how handle the surge in RV residents. Local officials say they pressed Google and other businesses to allow RVs to park overnight in their office parking lots without success.

Tech companies are starting to get the message. A week after that council meeting, Google announced it plans to invest US$1-billion over the next decade to build as many as 20,000 homes. Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg pledged to help raise US$500-million through his personal charity toward housing.

Google's announcement came amid negotiations between the tech giant and the City of San Jose over a planned new down-

town Google campus that drew protests from low-wage workers. "Our goal is to help communities succeed over the long term, and make sure that everyone has access to opportunity, whether or not they work in tech," Google CEO Sundar Pichai wrote in a blog post announcing the US$1-billion housing investment.

Increasingly, housing analysts point the blame for the housing crisis at opposition by neighbourhood activists.

California's unique political system, which gives special consideration to grassroots groups, has empowered neighbourhood associations to block housing developments through referendums and efforts to recall elected politicians who support home building. State-mandated environmental reviews have also allowed opponents to launch lawsuits that have tied up projects for years.

The neighbourhood preservation movement began in the Bay Area in the 1970s as a way to protect diverse and middle-class neighbourhoods from gentrification. But today it has morphed into a political force that effectively shuts off many neighbourhoods from all but the most affluent, argues Randy Shaw, executive director of San Francisco's Tenderloin Housing Clinic and author of last year's Generation Priced Out: Who Gets to Live in the New Urban America.

This, he says, helps explain why some of the most progressive cities in the country have struggled the most to build more housing.

"We enshrined this sense that homeowners should have the right to decide who lives in their neighbourhood," he said.

"We don't let homeowners decide whether you get health care or not, or whether you get food. Why are we letting them decide who can build housing?" Mr. Shaw points to the city of Cupertino - population 61,000 and median home price US$2.1-million - as emblematic of the problem.

Residents enthusiastically supported Apple's plans to build a headquarters for about 12,000 employees in Cupertino in 2013. But they have spent more than a decade blocking a proposal to redevelop an empty shopping mall into a large mixedused community that would include 2,400 homes - half of them affordable housing.

"Wouldn't you think they'd be dancing in the streets that some guys are going to come in at their own expense and create 50-per-cent affordable housing in a vacant shopping mall?" Mr. Shaw asks. "But they're not dancing in the streets."

Neighbourhood preservation groups say they are working to protect their hometowns from what they see as global corporate elites looking to destroy communities for profit.

"There is so much benefit to be gained from those people already in high-wealth positions, in corporations or in global real estate, or in development, that have reasons to keep pushing an agenda that furthers their profit margins," says Susan Kirsch, who founded Livable California, a slow-growth advocacy group that has actively campaigned against pro-housing policies throughout the state.

"They don't really care so much about community, or history, or historic places, or neighbourhood bars and unique places."

A retired educator, Ms. Kirsch lives in Marin County, a region just north of San Francisco made up of quaint towns, rolling farms and redwood forests largely protected from major developments. She became involved in the slow-growth movement more than a decade ago when she helped successfully block plans to construct a 20unit building at the end of her street.

Many housing advocacy groups that have sprung up in Silicon Valley in recent years have been funded through donations from tech giants, Ms. Kirsch argues, while local taxpayers end up being the ones most burdened by the costs of developments that block beautiful vistas, clog roads with traffic and drive up the cost of city services.

"NIMBY has been around a long time," she says. "And I think it has always been the kind of pejorative term around those people who are really acting as stewards for what's happening in their backyards."

Recently, however, there has been a movement at the state level - spearheaded by Scott Wiener, a senator from San Francisco - to wrest control from local governments.

A former president of his neighbourhood association, and a lawyer who did pro bono work for low-income renters evicted from their apartments, Mr. Wiener says he understands the concerns of groups who fear what new housing will mean for their communities. But, he argues, the situation has gotten out of hand. "Our system of almost pure local control over housing has failed," he says. "It has led to a race to the bottom, where very few cities produce nearly enough housing."

Mr. Wiener has introduced several efforts to overhaul California's land-use planning rules with mixed results. He drew national attention last year for proposing to allow multifamily housing along transit routes and in neighbourhoods near urban job centres and suburban office parks - including in cities where local councils objected to such developments. But that bill quickly died in the state's legislature amid widespread opposition. He introduced a retooled version of the bill this year that he hopes will be voted on as early as January, and this week the state's legislature passed a bill that would limit rent increases on some types of housing.

RV residents aren't optimistic that the stalemate over housing will end any time soon.

Jose Reyes points out that Mountain View's city council has spent the past four years debating whether to open a single lot where RV residents can park overnight capable of holding just 60 RVs, likely not enough for the city's estimated 212 vehicle residents.

"They can't even find a small place for us to park our RVs," he says. "And we're supposed to expect them to build affordable housing?" He wants to stay in the community. But with escalating rents and the local government still weighing a ban on RV parking on city streets next year, he worries that eventually he may be forced to leave. "My wife loves it here. So do my kids. It's where they grew up," he says. "But if we have to go, we have to go."

Associated Graphic

William Adolfo Yac stands outside the RV in which he lives, parked in Mountain View, Calif. T

TAMSIN MCMAHON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Left: Francisca Ramirez, seen in her RV parked along Mountain View's Shoreline Boulevard in June, says she was drawn by family members who lived in the city and many job opportunities.

JASON HENRY/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Below: RVs sit parked along Mountain View's Crisanto Avenue. Many of the more than 200 people who live in the RVs are undocumented immigrants.

JASON HENRY/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Wednesday, September 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


KENNY MCHERBERT ADAMS

1946 - 2019

It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Kenny McHerbert Adams, on August 11, 2019, at the age of 72. Loving husband of Toylin (née Elie) for 36 years. Devoted father of Akobi Adams. Cherished grandfather of Adele Adams.

Beloved brother of Ashton, Jacqueline and Viola, and predeceased by Oliver, Stephanie, Carl and Wesley. Kenny's memory will always be cherished by his nieces, nephews, extended family and friends.

Kenny was born in Trinidad and Tobago, and moved to Canada in August 1968 to pursue a degree in Economics at Concordia University (Sir George Williams campus). He then furthered his education in Edmonton at the University of Alberta, where he obtained a Masters in Economics. Kenny then pursued a career with the federal government for 36 years, from which he retired in 2015. Kenny had various interests and hobbies.

He was a stereophile, who mainly loved Jazz, and he frequently attended Jazz festivals in Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa. Kenny was also a dedicated member of church groups and the Caribbean association wherever he lived. His presence will be greatly missed.

The family would like to express thanks and appreciation for the many visits, prayers, phone calls, words of comfort and encouragement. Your kindness and thoughtfulness during this time of our bereavement are very much appreciated. May God bless you all.

Kenny has graciously donated his earthly remains to science, to help educate future doctors, nurses, and scientists. Memorial donations to the Canadian Diabetes Foundation and Myeloma Canada are appreciated. A Celebration of Life service will be held on Wednesday, September 11th at 11 a.m. at St. Paul's Anglican Church (20 Young Road, Kanata, Ontario); live streamed at http://www.stpaulshk.

org/webcast. Reception to follow.

Condolences and Sharing Memories at https://www.arbormemorial.ca/ en/kelly-kanata Funeral care entrusted to Kelly Funeral Home - Kanata Chapel, 580 Eagleson Rd. 613-591-6580.

RUTH CUTLER

Passed away on Monday, September 9, 2019. Beloved wife of Edward Cutler. Devoted mother and mother-in-law of Jill and Fred, and Lorne and Judith.

Loving Bubby of Michelle and Robert Ackerman, and Jen Cain and Trevor Freeman. Great Bubby of Chelsea, Emmy and Charlotte.

Predeceased by brothers Max and Frank Zener, and sisters Claire Goodman and Estelle Dickler. Our family would like to thank Mom's caregivers Vina and Janice for all their support. A graveside service will be held on Thursday, September 12, 2019 at 2:30 p.m.

in the Adath Israel Synagogue section of Pardes Shalom Cemetery. Shiva at 111 Heatherton Way, Thornhill. Memorial donations may be made to the charity of your choice.

LILY FIELDING (nee Kivi)

Lily Fielding (nee Kivi) passed away peacefully on a beautiful Sunday morning, September 8, 2019, at her home on Long Lake.

She was surrounded by her loving family and friends, as well as her dedicated team of caregivers, nurses and physicians.

Beloved wife of Clifford Fielding (predeceased) of Sudbury.

Predeceased by both her loving daughter, Brenda Wallace (Jamie) and son, Malcolm James "Jim" Fielding (Shirley, predeceased).

Predeceased by her parents, John and Susanna Kivi. Predeceased by her sister, Violet "Vi" Koski (predeceased by Toivo). Devoted grandmother to Norinne Perdue, predeceased, (Gerry), Murray Fielding (Debbie), Craig Fielding (Katriina), Jeffrey Wallace (Sarah), Kristen Wallace (Dan Park) and Gordon Wallace (Andrea Drager).

Cherished great-grandmother of Jason, Cameron, Angela Perdue; John and Katherine Wallace; Brendan and David Wallace Park.

Sadly missed by her son-in-law, Jamie Wallace (Maureen Ofield); her grandson-in-law, Gerry Perdue (Gaye Fielding); and her many nieces and nephews.

Lily lived a humble but distinguished 103 years, partnered for 68 years with the love of her life Clifford Fielding. She valued family above all else. The smiles she gave when visiting with her greatgrandchildren could brighten the darkest days. Among her favourite interests was gardening and she valued her membership in the Sudbury Horticultural Society. She had a talent with orchids and drew great pleasure watching the hummingbirds that were drawn to her colourful flower gardens. Lily's magnificent pet peacocks were a delight to all visitors, particularly children.

Throughout her life, Lily has been proud of her Finnish heritage and her Sudbury community. Inspired by her roots and her Northern Ontario upbringing, her most notable lifetime achievement beyond her family, was perhaps the creation of Kivi Park. Lily's memory will live on with the beautiful outdoor footprint that she left for all to enjoy.

Visitation Sunday, September 15th from 5-9 p.m. at Jackson Barnard Funeral Home. Funeral service Monday, September 16th at 11 a.m., Church of the Epiphany. Burial to follow, Civic Memorial Cemetery.

CLARICE H.R. HITCH

1929 - 2019

Wife, mother, grandmother, sister, aunt, educator, inspiration, leader, the fulcrum of our lives, Mom died on August 28, 2019.

She was an adoring wife and life partner to our father, Ross, mother, friend and wise counsellor to Lisa and Celia, the best mother-in-law Robert (Dandurand) has ever had, and besotted grandmother to Ian.

She lived life with a dauntless spirit, always ready for her next adventure. Her knowledge, curiosity and passion crossed all lines astronomy, anthropology, archeology, history, physics, biology, museology, art, music and The Weather Channel. She never met a rule she couldn't find a way around - especially if it meant she could help someone. Her intellect and drive led her to three hard-earned university degrees. Her conviction that she always had time to fit in one more thing led her to a marvellous knowledge of the world - and a life-long tendency to be late.

At 73, ignoring her incipient Parkinson's, Mom went to Russia to meet her newlyminted grandson, Ian.

Their relationship was transcendent; their love for each other was unconditional and limitless. She came to Toronto to help Celia with her first two weeks of parenting and stayed for four years until her health forced her to leave us. As the Parkinson's took away her physical freedom, on grey days, only Ian could make Mom's face light up with one tender hug.

Mom taught elementary and secondary school for most of her adult life but, regardless of their age, she cherished her students and inspired many of them over the years to think about their direction in life, to look inside to find their true character, to push through obstacles and to take their feet off their desks. Her favourite lesson: the bad things in life come for free but you have to work at the good things or they won't happen.

We have lost the beating heart of our family. She will forever be missed.

A family funeral was held on August 31. If desired, consider a contribution in her name to the Children's Book Bank in Toronto, which works to build literacy in low-income communities.

EDNA ISABELLA McCUTCHEON "Leslie"

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland passed away peacefully on Monday, September 9, 2019 in Oakville in her 99th year and is reunited now with her beloved husband Frederick and her treasured son, Dennis. Edna was a loving mother to Leslie Jeanneret (David), Lorrie DeGaust (Lorne) and daughter-in-law, Chris McCutcheon. She was a proud grandmother of Marc(Lisa), Brent (Karen), Stephanie (Manet) Jennifer (Greg) and greatgrandmother to Freddie, Spencer, Nolan, Seth, Nate, Maxine and Simone. Edna always held a special place in her heart for the Tan Family, Chito Gonzaga and the Donaldson family who shared love, friendship and support with her for many years. Friends will remember her as a woman of sharp intellect and enduring beauty, with a generous spirit and sense of humour. As a longtime Oakville resident, Edna contributed to the IODE, St Paul's United Church and the Oakville Yacht Squadron. Edna's family extends heartfelt appreciation to all the staff at Queens Avenue Retirement Residence, Oakville Trafalgar Hospital and to the PSWs who cheered her days with their skill and loving kindness. Friends and family will be received at Oakview Funeral Home, 56 Lakeshore Rd. (1 block east of Kerr St.) on Friday, September 13th from 3 until 6 p.m. A funeral service will be held at St. Paul's United Church, 454 Rebecca St., Oakville on Saturday, September 14th at 10:00 a.m. Donations in memory of Edna to a charity of your choosing would be appreciated.

Online condolences may be offered at oakviewfuneral.ca

BETTY OLANOW

Betty Olanow passed away peacefully at home on Monday, September 9, 2019, in her 104th year. Beloved wife of the late Max Olanow. Adoring mother and mother-in-law of Dr. Charles Warren Olanow and the late Mariana Olanow, and the late Joel Olanow. Loved by her grandchildren, Edward, James, Alessandra and Andrew and Chelsea. Great-grandmother of Isabella, Coco, Max and Ines.

Special thanks to her devoted caregivers Josie, and Gemma.

She will be in our hearts forever.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West, Toronto (3lights west of Dufferin) for service on Thursday, September 12, 2019 at 2:30 p.m.

Interment at Beth Tzedec Memorial Park. Shiva at 1166 Bay Street, Toronto, following the burial on Thursday.

Memorial donations may be made to The Betty Olanow Memorial Fund c/o Benjamin Foundation 416-780-0324 http://www.benjamins.ca

MAURICE PAPERNY

(1928-2019)

With deep sadness we announce the passing of Maurice Samuel Paperny, peacefully at home on September 9, 2019 at the age of 90. Maurice was born at the Holy Cross Hospital in Calgary on December 6, 1928 to Annie and Leo Paperny. Maurice grew up in Calgary amidst a large and loving extended Shumiatcher and Paperny family. He attended the I.L. Peretz School, Earl Grey and Central Memorial High School before leaving for the University of Toronto where he graduated with a degree in political science and economics. Upon graduation, Maurice decided to explore the world travelling to Europe and Israel on his own. He returned to Calgary to join his father in his toy and book wholesale business, Alberta Book & Novelty. In 1953 Maurice went to Vancouver and met the stunningly brilliant Myra Lee Green. Myra was leaving Vancouver to attend graduate school at Columbia in New York City.

Upon her graduation, Maurice, the consummate salesman, persuaded Myra to leave New York to marry him and live with him in Calgary.

Maurice enjoyed a highly successful career as an entrepreneur.

He was curious, a risk taker with incredible foresight. The risks paid off. Maurice's understanding of the real estate market paved the way for the creation of a strong private real estate company, a longtime presence in the hospitality industry and in diagnostic imaging. Maurice also unleashed his unbridled enthusiasm and social conscience on the broader community, locally, nationally and internationally. Amongst his myriad of leadership contributions, he was President of the Calgary Civil Liberties Association, the Calgary Philharmonic, a founding board member of Alberta Theatre Projects, President of the I.L.

Peretz School, The Calgary Jewish Centre and the Calgary Jewish Community Council. He was on the Board of Governors of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, the Canadian Zionist Federation and a proud member of the Liberal Party of Canada. His commitment to the Calgary Jewish Community is but one of his enormous legacies.

Maurice's greatest success was found at home. He shared a love of travel, art, music, literature, politics, tennis, hiking, biking and enjoying life to its fullest with his beloved Myra and his four children, their spouses and grandchildren.

Maurice was predeceased by his parents Annie and Leo Paperny, his in-laws Jessie and Mischa Green, his sisters Evelyn Rothstein (Aser) and Juliette Shapiro (Jack). He has left a huge hole in our hearts and will be dearly missed by his wife of 65 years, Myra; his children, Marina Paperny (Shep Secter), David Paperny (Audrey Mehler), Cathy Paperny (Ron Ritch) Lorne Paperny (Raechelle); grandchildren, Michael Secter (Katie Tedham), Anna Mehler Paperny, Samara Secter (Kris Collins), Daniel Paperny (Lindsay), Juliet Paperny (Jaylen Gadhia), Shoshanna Paperny, Leo Paperny, Yaelle and Alex Ritch; and his first great- grandchild, Zoe Rose Paperny.

Memorial tributes may be made to the Paperny Family Fund at the Jewish Community Foundation of Calgary. Funeral services will be held on Wednesday, September 11 at 1:00 p.m. at the Beth Tzedec Synagogue, 1325 Glenmore Trail SW, Calgary.

BARBARA ELIZABETH ROWE

December 8, 1933 September 7, 2019 Barbara died peacefully at her home at the Tansley Woods Retirement Residence, in Burlington, Ontario. Barbara was the youngest daughter of Florence May and John T. Rowe of Westmount, Quebec, sister of Irene, Carden (Art Woodward), and Joan Rowe (Peter Hadrill).

Barbara grew up in Westmount, and much of her career was spent working with Harrison & Co., a small scientific instrument business owned by her father, Jack Rowe. Barbara moved to Burlington over ten years ago and began her new life in Ontario, close to old friends and some of her nieces and nephews. Barb has been involved in several committees in her community at Tansley Woods, and sought out any opportunities to express her artistic talents, despite her declining health. Barb's laughter, wisdom and intelligence will be dearly missed by her family of nieces, nephews and their children - Geoff (Lorrie Pella), David, Lesley, Julie Hadrill (Chris Arnold Forester), Debbie (Robert), Joanne (Rod) Diane Woodward, the Delo family, and fellow residents of Tansley Woods.

A celebration of her life will take place this Friday, September 13, 2019 at 11:30 a.m., at the Village of Tansley Woods, in Burlington.

A reception will follow the service.

Condolences may be left at legacy.com

MARILYN WINBERG

Peacefully on Monday, September 9, 2019. Beloved wife of the late Burton Winberg.

Loving mother and mother-in-law of Alan Winberg and Donna Wagg, Jack and Judy Winberg, and Carole Winberg. Dear sister and sister-in-law of Mitch and Doreen, Mark and Jackie, Mickey, Gilda and Marty, Edie, and Alice.

Devoted grandmother of Jonathan and Jennifer, Steve, Caitlin and Jon, Daniel and Stephanie, Lauren and Gabriel, Lisa and Zach, Henry, Alexandra.

Great-grandmother of Oceana, Ronan, Audrey, Millie, Charlotte, Cameron, and Zoe.

The service will be held at Holy Blossom Temple, 1950 Bathurst Street (south of Eglinton) on Wednesday, September 11, 2019 at 10:30 a.m. Interment Beth Tzedec Memorial Park. Memorial donations may be made to HouseCalls, SPRINT SeniorCare, 416-481- 5099 ext:331 (speak to Alain or Teresa for assistance).

WEATHERING THE STORM
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Dorian left a trail of destruction in its wake after passing through Atlantic Canada last weekend. What has been learned from the hurricane, writes Noah Richler, is that when infrastructure fails, communities' self-reliance is key
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By NOAH RICHLER
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


Noah Richler divides his time between Toronto and Sandy Cove, N.S. His most recent book is The Candidate: Fear and Loathing on the Campaign Trail, a finalist for the Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing.

The Atlantic provinces know what weather can bring, enough so that when one of my wife's children was a student at King's College in Halifax, she spoke not of returning to Nova Scotia, but "to winter."

Here on the Digby Neck and Islands, the 40-kilometre-long peninsula that divides the Bay of Fundy from Baie Sainte-Marie and a natural wharf in the world's best lobster and scallop fishing grounds, the knockout blow against which all else is measured was the Groundhog Day storm of February, 1976.

Winds reached 120 kilometres an hour and the 217, the single road that runs the length of the promontory, was washed out at Seawall, effectively severing the Neck in two. Later, in 2003, Hurricane Juan wrecked Halifax - although Sandy Cove, the village on the Neck from which I am writing, was mostly spared. But "White Juan" dumped some 60 centimetres of snow in February, 2004, the blizzard Janus did the same in 2014, and the winters of 2015 and 2017 were not much easier.

Then, last weekend, came Dorian, which Nova Scotia Power described to me as "the most destructive storm we've yet seen."

Prior to the hurricane's landing, the mood in the Cove was phlegmatic. Folk here are never quite sold on the weather reports and check the skies for themselves. We listen to CBC forecasts that, depending on the day, we receive from Charlottetown, Saint John or Halifax, and we check Environment Canada for reports from Digby, Meteghan and Brier Island. Maybe the rain comes, maybe it doesn't. But we were prepared for Dorian, taking it seriously and heeding the networks' meteorologists who were tweeting its progress as others were doing about the hurricane that is Bianca Andreescu.

And in the way of things, old turns of phrase were given fresh meaning. Friday, "the calm before the storm," was glorious, sunny and still enough for what may turn out to have been the season's last sea swim. And as caution was in order, we "cleared the decks," literally, storing even heavy metal patio furniture. We filled the bathtubs with water, made sure we had food and drink and that the car was filled with gas. We watched fishing boats, a number of them unfamiliar, tie up to the wharf ("any port in a storm") three deep. Then we had dinner out, an unusual thing to do here, and waited.

The hurricane, downgraded to a tropical storm, hit early on Saturday afternoon.

We're used to great banks of fog crawling up over the woody point beyond the harbour like an enormous sea serpent on its grey belly, to the pummelling of wind and rain and snow, and to wet mists so thick that leaves catch them and, after they pass, it rains beneath the trees, but Dorian was much more than this. The Neck, at its narrowest here, is a mere three-quarters of a kilometre wide, and sheets of rain were travelling in from both bays, etching zigzag patterns in the air and, at one point, dropping what looked like wet snow.

After a couple of hours, the lights flickered and went out. Come evening, as was happening across the province (and does in any disaster-struck Canadian community, I'm sure), several of us checked in on other households, those of seniors especially. We were lucky, the only tree we lost was a lilac. In the Annapolis Valley, the farmers were not - a good part of their apple and corn crops was destroyed - and neither were our immediate neighbours, two enormous maples falling down upon their house. Against what would have been official advice - had we been in a position to receive it - we used a ladder to check the integrity of the roof, walls and windows. In the drenching rain, a neighbour helped me get my generator started before we tried, unsuccessfully, to do the same for a friend down the road and gave him warmth through company instead.

Ours was one of Nova Scotia's 400,000 households without power (the number of people obviously much greater) - this, a staggering 80 per cent of the population. At dawn the next morning, wondering what else was in store, I lay in my cold bed listening to the CBC, national and local, on our battery-powered radio - a part of the kit advised by government emergency-management co-ordinators - waiting for information about what I should or was able to do in the aftermath.

A house guest had been expecting to travel to Halifax to meet his daughter but needed fuel. We had no idea what or if any gas stations were open - or, for that matter, if we should even be on the 217, a road so deeply rutted by seafood and cartage trucks that even an ordinary rain creates a serious hydroplaning hazard. I had a couple of days' fuel if I ran the generator an hour every five, but, like so many others, had no idea if we'd be out of power for one or several days. (As I write, around 35,000 households are still waiting for power, some possibly waiting a full week for it to have been restored). A hospital, thankfully, we did not need, though someone else might have: That morning, a dead body washed up on the Fundy side beach, and, the next day, the flesh-eaten leg of a man still in its boot was found.

Astonishingly, or perhaps not, the CBC was of no practical use. You'd think a public broadcaster would be communicating vital information after an occurrence such as Dorian and quite reasonably expect, by district, information in the event of a medical emergency (Nova Scotia is already disastrously short of services on sunny days); a list of roads safe to travel; of gas stations that are up and running; news about the airport and flights; and regular updates on the restoration of services - for it to be making public-service announcements, in other words, and for these to be broadcast on the hour. Instead, the CBC was reporting the hurricane as entertainment. We listened, repeatedly, to a Halifax reporter describe the tree as big as a fridge that had brought power lines down on the road where he was standing and, from Prince Edward Island, to the CBC Weekend Morning host's breezy chat with a local musician cheerily describing her patio's overturned furniture. I was told I could still catch one of the singer's last shows, listened to a trailer for The Sunday Edition and was advised that if I wanted Hurricane Dorian updates, to go to the network's Storm Centre online ... where the CBC had also posted pictures! Except that most of us could not. The CBC evidently had no idea that what "no power" means for Nova Scotians is no light, no water, no heat, no landline for those without analog sets - and no internet. In this province, even on the best of days, the so-called high-speed service of the major telecommunications provider, Bell Aliant, is a sham, so bad for rural users that uploading a 2 MB picture means other web-based applications drop out, and the cellular service is so awful that even the fella who lives at the foot of the local tower can be seen crossing the village in his truck to find a bar or two of reception. And so, CBC, when a hurricane takes out the power, and even if you do have cellular service, it is too overloaded to function; it means no one can access social media or the CBC's online Storm Centre and its jolly photographs. No power means no contact.

Which is when the community kicks in.

On the Sunday morning and early afternoon, the nearest open gas station was in Middleton, 115 kilometres away. There were rumours a station was open in Lequille, outside Annapolis, and another on the Bear River (Mik'maq) First Nation, and then, after the ferries connecting Long Island and Brier Island were restored, that Westport was, too, but rationing gas to $10 a customer. Royce, in his 80s now, sells no gas but opened his general store in nearby Little River for the morning, and then later in the day, Chrissy Walker in equidistant Centreville opened her convenience store despite having been broken into on the night before. ("I have to keep it open," said Ms. Walker, undeterred. "I'm all they got.") In Digby, the Sobeys superstore was shut and stocking shelves but had a generator, and the store manager, Wendy Leblanc, saw customers outside who'd noticed the lights on. She learned of families without water and babies without milk and diapers, and made the snap decision "to open a couple of tills," which was all she could do, staying open until midnight. "The need was there," Ms. Leblanc said. "It was crazy. People were caught off guard, they weren't expecting the power to be out that long and my people put their own dilemmas aside. It was an amazing community effort. I never had so many hugs, never saw so many tears."

What we have learned from Hurricane Dorian, but also the countless other "natural" disasters that have struck Canada in recent years - the Fort McMurray fires and the flooding of Canmore, Gatineau and High River come to mind - is that when, as will happen more and more, infrastructure fails, communities' self-reliance is key.

Haec olim meminisse iuvabit - "one day even these things will be pleasant to remember" - said Aeneas to his crew when, shipwrecked, they were so hungry they'd taken to eating their wooden plates. (My, what a popular boss he must have been.)

We survive by reconciling ourselves to hard times and, more than simply moving on, revising them in a rosy hue. As folk were already doing when, on the Monday and Tuesday, stories of that self-reliance, and of NS Power crews being handed snacks and apple pie, started to surface; when, in the normally polluted night sky powerwashed by Dorian, every star seemed four times larger; or when, the sight stirring almost ancestral memories, the fishing boats at the wharf headed out again.

Except that we are living in an ominous age, fear trumping nostalgia now and everything taking the guise of a warning.

This year, for the first time in the nearly 20 years I've been visiting the Neck, fields usually thick with clumps of wild blueberries had none. Nor did we have blackcurrants, white currants, red currants, quince.

The winter was so long, and the spring so damp and cold (it lasted into July, when rains you'd expect in November lashed the Neck), that the bees didn't come - and you shouldn't have to live in the country for that to worry you. Mosquitoes never used to flourish here and not until last year did I ever think of buying air conditioning or a dehumidifier - it's never hot like that here.

But last year's anomaly was this year's climate normal and the rest of July and most of August were uncharacteristically sweltering, a change affecting not just humans but the oceans, too. Maine's heated waters mean the lobster catch is shattering records in the colder waters of this, the best lobster fishing district of all, but that's also a source of worry as Nova Scotia may simply be today's brief stop on the lobsters' unfinished migration. And last year, too, you could stand onshore and watch whales breaching mere tens of metres away. Nobody had ever seen so many whales - not a single old-timer will tell you otherwise - but they were hungry, too, and the seiners from New Brunswick and the Acadian French Shore using the whales as sonar to fish the herring out, were following them in outrageous proximity, pretty well assuring there'd be no food left and the whales would not be back, which they haven't been.

All this is new, and scary, but privately owned utilities are not about to bury power lines at 10 times the expense of overhead ones when regulation demands they provide electricity at the lowest cost, and only the Green Party is talking about the "democratization of power" - that is, the reorganizing of electrical distribution and the creation of community hubs that might actually make a difference when the next disaster strikes.

And so, ironically, we have reached a point where the environmentalists of the left and, on the right, libertarians and survivalists, are thinking along the same lines: The state, when it is interested, cannot be depended upon, so get off the grid, create your own. I know I'll be installing solar panels and a wind turbine when I can, and that my attitude to land and sea has been altered. I see the dwindling bounty of my surroundings differently now - more, as historically rural Nova Scotians have done for so long, as a larder, as a bank - and I'm in avid disagreement with the federal government (when will Canada ever learn?), bypassing the people and awarding the corporations they sidle up to monopolistic jurisdiction over our resources. I want independent fishers to flourish, but I also want my own trap, and think anyone living within a kilometre of the shore should be able to set one.

We're alone out here, and it's hard not to see the failings that natural events such as Dorian put on show as harbingers of worse to come. No, it's not an entertainment.

There's serious work to be done.

Associated Graphic

A torn Canadian flag is stretched by intense winds near Peggys Cove, N.S., as the effects of Hurricane Dorian begin to make landfall on Sept. 7.

DARREN CALABRESE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

In Dartmouth, N.S., a man braces for Hurricane Dorian's winds as the storm hits Halifax Harbour on Sept. 7.

ANDREW VAUGHAN/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Saints look to take Rams down memory lane
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NFC elite meet in L.A. for a rematch of 2018's controversial title game nt New Orleans home
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By BARRY WILNER
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page S2


Throw that flag.

For those who have short memories - very short - the previous time the Rams and Saints met was in the NFC championship game in the Big Easy.

New Orleans was victimized by a blatant officiating non-call that led to a rule change allowing pass interference to be part of the video-review system.

The echoes of "We was robbed!" still reverberate in the Superdome.

So the Saints won't need any extra motivation when they visit Los Angeles in a stellar early season matchup. Even if they are trying to play down the unforgettably painful memories.

"Still haven't, never will. When you say forgotten about, you have to find a way to compartmentalize it to where you can move on in a positive way, so I found a way to do that," Saints quarterback Drew Brees said. "But as far as just the events, you live and learn and sometimes things don't go your way, and you've got to find a way to come out better on the other side."

Saints coach Sean Payton stressed these teams are not the same.

"It feels like it was a long time ago," he said of the NFC title match. "It's part of our game.

These are two different teams now, a lot of roster moves from last year to this year. We're playing each other early in the season, so it doesn't feel like that many games ago relative to the distance between when we played. You're looking at two different teams."

Both teams opened with tight victories, New Orleans rallying to beat Houston in the final seconds on Wil Lutz's 58-yard field goal, the Rams winning at Carolina.

While it's far too early to call this a game for NFC supremacy, the Saints and Rams should be among the conference's elite.

"I think our players, our coaches know the level of urgency that's going to be needed for us to be at our best in order to give ourselves a chance to compete and hopefully come out of this thing 2-0," Rams coach Sean McVay said.

The second week began Thursday night with Tampa Bay's victory over Carolina in a game that ended early Friday after being delayed 25 minutes in the first quarter because of lightning.

Jameis Winston threw for 208 yards and a touchdown, and Tampa Bay held Cam Newton in check, coming up with a late goalline stand to give coach Bruce Arians his first victory with the team.

Tampa Bay improved to 1-1, while Carolina dropped to 0-2.

SEATTLE SEAHAWKS (1-0) AT PITTSBURGH STEELERS (0-1) A pair of retooling clubs that, for one week at least, looked as if they were headed in opposite directions.

The Seahawks struggled to beat Cincinnati, but showed the elements of being a contender, particularly their fortitude in coming back. Seattle is 2-7 in Pittsburgh, outscored 45-0 in the past two trips - in 2007 and 2011.

It's difficult to believe the Steelers won't rebound from their abysmal performance in Foxborough, Mass. Maybe they need a bit of that fortitude Seattle displayed.

"I like to think everything just flew off and everything was wrong so we can say, 'That's not going to happen again,'" defensive tackle Cam Heyward said.

"But we did some things right.

Not every play was minus, but I'm going to treat it like every play was."

INDIANAPOLIS COLTS (0-1) AT TENNESSEE TITANS (1-0) Both teams were far more impressive in their openers than predicted. The Colts took the Chargers to overtime, while the Titans manhandled the Browns in Cleveland.

Andrew Luck held a mastery over Tennessee, and Indy has won 13 of the past 15 meetings. Of course, Luck is retired now, and the only two Titans wins in that span came with current quarterback Jacoby Brissett under centre.

Watch for Marlon Mack, who had a career-high 174 yards rushing at L.A. and leads the league.

The Titans are retiring Nos. 27 and 9 for Eddie George and the late Steve McNair, the first 9 and 27 retired by any NFL team.

SAN FRANCISCO 49ERS (1-0) AT CINCINNATI BENGALS (0-1) Two more clubs that had solid debuts beyond expectations. San Francisco used two interceptions for touchdowns to beat Tampa Bay, and the Bengals gave Seattle all it could handle before a onepoint road loss.

The 49ers have the highest winning percentage against Cincinnati of any NFL team, and last opened a season with two road wins in 1989. They worked out at Youngstown State University in Ohio to avoid a second straight cross-country flight.

Bengals quarterback Andy Dalton had career highs against the Seahawks last week, with 35 completions and 418 yards passing, his first 400-yard game. Eight receivers caught passes, led by John Ross, who had careers highs with seven catches, 158 yards and two TDs. But running back Joe Mixon hurt his left ankle.

KANSAS CITY (1-0) AT OAKLAND RAIDERS (1-0) One of the great rivalries in sports, dating back to the AFL days. Kansas City leads the series 65-53-2 and has won eight of the past nine.

But K.C. will be without injured star wideout Tyreek Hill, although Sammy Watkins was spectacular against Jacksonville with nine catches for 198 yards and three touchdowns.

The Raiders had an offensive standout in their win over Denver, too. First-round draft pick Josh Jacobs ran 23 times for 85 yards and two touchdowns, while also hauling in a 28-yard pass that set up a touchdown.

"This man wasn't really the feature back at Alabama. He's not drawing from a lot of experience," coach Jon Gruden said.

"I'm anxious to see how he feels ... after 24 touches because we'd like to get him 24 more next week."

DALLAS COWBOYS (1-0) AT WASHINGTON (0-1) Another terrific and historic rivalry that has taken on a one-sided air: Dallas has won seven of nine.

Washington got off to a nice start in Philly, then flopped in the second half. It also lost its top running back, Darrius Guice, to a right-knee injury, meaning Adrian Peterson - a healthy scratch last weekend - figures to get some action.

No such worries for the Cowboys now that Ezekiel Elliott is in the fold. He should be in better form on Sunday, too. And the Dallas passing game ranks first in the league after toying with the Giants.

CLEVELAND BROWNS (0-1) AT NEW YORK JETS (0-1), MONDAY NIGHT Long, long ago, in a galaxy far, far away ... Well, it was actually 1970, and the Jets had Joe Namath and a recent Super Bowl crown, while the Browns were one of the league's elite franchises with an enviable history.

Now? Gang Green hasn't been back to the big game since and blew a 16-0 lead at home to Buffalo last week. Those Browns of yesteryear now reside in Baltimore as the Ravens, and this group has made the postseason once in its reincarnation in Cleveland.

Still, the NFL wanted a redux of the first Monday Night Football telecast, so here we are, with a pair of clubs that basically faltered in their openers.

NEW ENGLAND PATRIOTS (1-0) AT MIAMI DOLPHINS (0-1) Shield your eyes.

The Patriots have had issues in Southern Florida, losing five of their past six visits. Considering how rarely Tom Brady loses anywhere, that's striking.

There's a catch this year: Miami has its sights on the first overall draft pick, not on-field achievements; did somebody mention tanking? The Dolphins were humiliated by Baltimore 59-10 in the opener.

Meanwhile, Brady and Co.

picked Pittsburgh apart last Sunday night, an ominous sign for the rest of the AFC because the Steelers supposedly are a contender in the conference.

ARIZONA CARDINALS (0-0-1) AT BALTIMORE RAVENS (1-0) Lamar Jackson, Heisman Trophy winner (2016), meet Kyler Murray, who took that award last college season.

Both exciting and versatile passers had impressive debuts.

Jackson had a career day in only his eighth pro start, going 17-of-20 for five touchdowns. Yes, it was against Miami, but those numbers stand out against anybody.

Murray rallied the Cardinals from a 24-6 deficit in the fourth quarter against Detroit, overcoming some early mistakes to produce tons of clutch plays.

"Once you kind of get in that rhythm, we're going quick, everything kind of just opened up," Murray said.

"We just got into a rhythm and we started playing better."

LOS ANGELES CHARGERS (1-0) AT DETROIT LIONS (0-0-1) The Chargers and Lions both worked overtime last week. At least L.A. got the win over Indianapolis.

Austin Ekeler had the winning, seven-yard TD run and finished with a career-high 154 yards from scrimmage. Ekeler became the first undrafted player to have more than 150 yards from scrimmage, two receiving and a rushing TD in the same game in 43 years.

Detroit has lost seven of the past eight in the series. Its best hope Sunday might be T.J. Hockenson, who had 131 yards receiving last week, breaking the record for a tight end in his NFL debut set 59 years ago by Monty Stickles.

PHILADELPHIA EAGLES (1-0) AT ATLANTA FALCONS (0-1) DeSean Jackson's return to Philly couldn't have gone much better.

He made eight receptions for 154 yards and a pair of 50-plus-yard TDs in sparking the Eagles' rally from a 17-0 hole against Washington.

"DeSean will tell you he's got practice speed and he's got game speed," coach Doug Pederson said. "Practice speed is around 16 miles per hour, and game speed is up to 22. He's a gamer. He's dynamic, he's electric and he loves when the lights come on. That speed is real, and we saw it Sunday."

What's real with the Falcons is hard to tell after an ugly loss at Minnesota, losing first-round pick guard Chris Lindstrom (broken foot).

MINNESOTA VIKINGS (1-0) AT GREEN BAY PACKERS (1-0) Twenty-two of the past 33 regularseason meetings have been decided by seven points or fewer, including both games last season.

Aaron Rodgers has seven career games with a passer rating of 130-plus against Minnesota, the most by a quarterback against one team in NFL history. But this one very much could be decided by the defences.

Green Bay's was staunch in its win at Chicago, with five sacks and lots of physicality. The Vikings has two picks, four sacks and kept Matt Ryan and the Falcons off balance in an easy win.

CHICAGO BEARS (0-1) AT DENVER BRONCOS (0-1) Vic Fangio designed the stingy and aggressive defence the Bears used last season to win the NFC North. He's now, at the age of 61, at last a head coach. His Broncos D, however, aside from linebacker Josey Jewell's career-best 14 tackles, was anything but dominant at Oakland.

Chicago's defence once more was very strong, this time with Chuck Pagano as the co-ordinator. Edge rusher Khalil Mack had 10 sacks, three forced fumbles and 14 tackles for a loss in eight career games against Denver while he was a Raider.

JACKSONVILLE JAGUARS (0-1) AT HOUSTON TEXANS (0-1) If there's one team that should be encouraged by an opening loss, it's the Texans. Yes, their prevent defence prevented victory at New Orleans, but it was Drew Brees, after all, performing magic on the other side.

Most encouraging for Houston was the spectacular combination of Deshaun Watson throwing to DeAndre Hopkins, and expect to see plenty more of that Sunday.

Star edge rusher J.J. Watt didn't play much of a role against the Saints, so expect to see him do so this time.

Pity the Jags, who felt they cured their longstanding quarterback troubles by signing Nick Foles, only to lose him early in falling to Kansas City. Just as bad, the ballyhooed D was hooey.

BUFFALO BILLS (1-0) AT NEW YORK GIANTS (0-1) Despite the names, the Jets and Giants are New Jersey teams. The Bills are the only real representative of New York State, and they woke up in the fourth quarter at the Meadowlands last Sunday to down the Jets.

They return in a rare bit of scheduling to play the Giants while thinking of a Big Apple sweep.

The Giants need to upgrade the pass defence that was torn apart by Dallas and ranks dead last. Yes, worse than Miami.

Associated Graphic

Both Alvin Kamara's New Orleans Saints and the L.A. Rams eked out tight wins over their Week 1 opponents.

BILL FEIG/THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Jacoby Brissett impressed in Week 1, allaying some Colts fans' concerns after Andrew Luck's retirement.

ROBERT HANASHIRO/USA TODAY SPORTS

Jameis Winston threw for 208 yards in the Bucs' Week 2 win over the Panthers. Carolina slips to 0-2 to start the season.

BRIAN BLANCO/AP

If the 49ers defence repeats its shutdown performance from Week 1, Jimmy Garoppolo and Co. might get to 2-0.

MIKE EHRMANN/GETTY IMAGES

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B16


EDWARD ROBERT ALBERT

"Eddie"

1921 - 2019

We regretfully announce that Eddie passed away peacefully on September 4th in the Salmon Arm Hospital at the age of 98.

He is survived by his loving wife Zoe; two stepsons Robert (Annie) of St Petersburg, Florida and Bruce (Carol) of Surrey, BC; 8 grandchildren Sean (Nicole) of Prince Rupert BC, Suzanne of Vancouver, BC, Roy, Mitchell of Rossland, BC, Jacqueline (Kyle) of Cumberland, BC, Danielle of Chilliwack, BC, Carrie (Doug) of Sardis, BC and Paige of Vancouver, BC; 12 great-grandchildren; and 1 great-great-grandchild. He is predeceased by his parents August and Amelia, brother Dan, two sisters Elsie and Sarah his daughter Barbara and two nephews David and Don Wolfe.

There will be no service by request.

Donations in Eddie's memory, if desired, can be made to Shriners Hospitals for Children (https:// http://www.shrinershospitalsforchildren.

org/shc).

Share memories and condolences online through Eddie's obituary at http://www.fischersfuneralservices.com

GEORGE LEONARD D'SILVA "Len"

August 19, 1925 August 31, 2019 It is with profound sadness that the family announces the passing of Len, Dad, Grandpa and Great Grandpa in his 95th year. Son of Henry D'Silva and Esther Sullivan.

Predeceased by his loving wife of 46 years, Maureen D'Silva (nee Wallis). Also predeceased by his older brothers Thomas, Albert and Harold. Len leaves behind a legacy of love, laughter, family, strength and perseverance to be carried on by his children Michael (Sherry), Susan (Brian) and Alan (Kim), his Grandchildren, Christopher, Shawna, David, Daniel, Jeremy, Aaron, Kaitlin and Emily and his Great Grandchildren Katelyn, Lucas, Avery, Carter and Zoey. Len was born and educated in Calcutta, India. He moved his family to England in 1961 in search of a better life. As a young executive, he then moved them again in 1967 to Canada where he worked at Manulife for over 25 years. He always believed that Canada was the best country in the world. His focus in his life was on his family for whom he created a great life. He supported his wife Maureen in her many illnesses.

He revelled in the accomplishments of his children and grandchildren and was always engaged in and supported their activities, accomplishments and aspirations. He faced many health setbacks in recent years and showed us what courage looked like. The service will be held at St.

Bonaventure Church (1300 Lesile Street, Toronto) on Monday, September 9, 2019 at 10:30 a.m. followed by reception. A private Interment to follow at the Mount Pleasant Cemetery. Donations in Len's memory can be made to the Sunnybrook Foundation. For more information please visit http://www.etouch.ca.

MARY GARDNER BEEMAN (née Whelen)

August 27, 1917 - September 2, 2019

Mary Beeman passed away peacefully, in Ottawa, after a long and fulfilling life. She was predeceased by her husband, Colonel (Ret'd) John Stanley "Jack" Beeman; her parents, Major (Ret'd) Otis Goodwin Whelen and Bessie Gardner; and her nephew, James Robert Lindsay. Mary will be missed by her sister, Anne Lindsay (Doug) of Red Deer; her nephews, Graham Lindsay (Terry) of Kingston and Michael Lindsay (Purnima) of Red Deer; her longtime friend, Mike Cano; and all the members of their families.

Born and raised in Ottawa, Mary was a graduate of Lisgar Collegiate Institute.

In 1939, she married Jack, then a Captain in the Royal Canadian Engineers.

Post-war, Mary always accompanied Jack as he continued his Army service in many different locations, including: Calgary, Edmonton, Whitehorse, Ottawa, New Delhi, and Saint John's. Upon their return to Ottawa and Jack's retirement from the armed forces they resided on Fairbanks Avenue and, later, on Queen Elizabeth Driveway.

In 2005, after Jack's passing, Mary moved into a retirement residence where she remained active and involved in the resident's community and the neighbourhood. She enjoyed walking, playing bridge, and cultivating flowers, maintaining a thriving collection of orchids. Mary was a thoroughly delightful lady, full of grace and determination. Her positive outlook and love for life were an inspiration to family and friends. She will be missed by all who knew her.

After a private funeral she will be interred beside Jack in Beechwood Cemetery.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Mary's memory made to Hospice Care Ottawa or the CNIB Foundation would be most appreciated by her family.

VALERIE FLORENCE MACLAREN

It is with sadness that the family announces the passing of our beloved mother and grandmother, Valerie Florence MacLaren, 86 years, peacefully and surrounded by family, at the Wenleigh Nursing Home in Mississauga, Ontario on August 17, 2019.

Born in Montreal to Florence and Cannon George Trueman, Valerie grew up in the borough of Hampstead and attended high school at The Study in Westmount. Valerie met her future soulmate and husband, the late Glen MacLaren, on a blind date that would lead to 55 years of wonderful memories together.

Valerie spent 20 very meaningful years working at the Palliative Care Unit at the Royal Victoria Hospital.

Valerie spent hours sharing her wonderful gift of playing classical music on her baby grand piano.

Among her other passions were creating detailed acrylic paintings (many of her works adorn family households today) and she was a voracious reader of mystery novels. Valerie had the great fortune to travel the world with Glen while he worked with Air Canada for almost 30 years. In 1999, Valerie and Glen moved to Guelph, Ontario where they would spend many enjoyable years of retirement.

Valerie is survived by her two sons, Paul Edgar and his wife, Arianna (Venditti) of Oakville, Ontario and Guy Trueman and his wife, Nicole (Albert) of Ottawa, Ontario. "Mynee" loved spending time with her three grandsons, Noah, Connor, and Ricky. Valerie's bright smile and generous ways will be deeply missed by her family and friends.

Memorial donations may be made in Valerie's name to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, 1-800-616-8816, or at Alzheimer.ca.

STEVE NAIMARK

On Wednesday, September 4,2019 at his home. Beloved husband of Marlene. Loving father and father-in-law of Ryan and Karen, Corey and Merav, and Ainsly. Dear brother and brotherin-law of the late Corrine and Harry Glanz of Montreal. Devoted grandfather of Emilie, Ashton, Aidan, Samantha, and Charlee.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Sunday, September 8, 2019 at 11:30 a.m. Interment Community Section of Pardes Chaim Cemetery. Shiva 424 Roehampton Avenue, Toronto.

Memorial donations may be made to the Diabetes Canada, 1-800-226- 8464.

DONALD JAMES JOSEPH STRUPAT

April 20, 1925 - August 31, 2 019 It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Don (Strupe) in his 95th year on Saturday, August 31, 2019 at the Sunnybrook Veterans Centre, Toronto, Ontario. Don was predeceased by his wife, Edith Louise (nee Thistle) Strupat, his mother, Rose Mary (nee Chittick) Strupat, his father, Ronald Julius Strupat, brothers, George, Ron and John, sisters, Helen (Caston) and Anna (Bruce). Don is survived by his spouse, Patricia Ann Spear. Don was a devoted uncle and great-uncle to many nieces and nephews who have been special to him. Don will be greatly missed by all of his family and his many close friends. He was loved and respected by everyone that he met.

Don encouraged everyone to strive to do their best, as he did all of his life.

Don will be fondly remembered for his intelligence, sense of humour, good nature, love of his family, generous and strong spirit, and for being a true gentleman. Don was born in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia where he spent his first two years with his family, up to his father's death. Don's mother Rose Mary (nee Chittick) moved the family to London, Ontario. Don attended the De La Salle Catholic Boys School while working at Labatt's and Central Aircraft, London, Ontario. He joined the navy at age 18 from 1943 to 1945. Don graduated from the University of Western Ontario in 1950 with a business degree. Don cherished all of his family and in particular his dear mother Rose who was the matriarch of the Strupat clan.

Don moved to Toronto after university and had a very distinguished career in the automobile industry. He was the past owner and President of Lawrence Park Motors in Toronto; the President of the Toronto Automobile Dealership Association for 1986 and 1987; and member of the Board of Directors; and was the past President of the Canadian International Automobile Show.

Don and his first wife founded the Edith and Donald Strupat Charitable Foundation. This foundation has provided financial support to various charitable organizations over many years.

An important part of Don's life was the 35 years of living as much of the year as possible at John's Island Club, Vero Beach, Florida. Don made many strong friendships in Florida, while enjoying the weather and variety of sports activities.

Don was a sports enthusiast all of his life. He was an honorary member of the Toronto Granite Club; member of the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club; Beacon Hall Golf Club; John's Island Golf Club, Vero Beach, Florida; and the loyal ancient Honourable Order of the Unicorn. At these clubs, Don shared his knowledge of sports by teaching others. He also developed strong friendships while demonstrating his ability and passion for all types of sports.

Special thank you to the LFSW 1st floor team at Sunnybrook Veterans Centre who have taken exceptional care of Don since he moved there on April 21, 2015. Thank you to Dr. Hung, the LFSE 1st floor team and the pastors who helped Don through the last two days of his life. Sunnybrook Veterans Centre provided Don with a safe, comfortable environment for four and one half years. The activities, entertainment, garden, and every team member provided Don with contentment.

Special thank you to Cecily Baker, who was Don's devoted caregiver during his time at the Veterans Centre. Cecily and Don had a special relationship and shared many laughs, walks and chats. Cecily ensured that Don was involved in the activities that Don loved, such as the sing-along groups and countless walks in the garden.

A Celebration of Don's Life will take place at 1:00 p.m. on Monday, September 30th at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W. Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville). Reception to follow. Interment at St. Peter's Cemetery, London, ON at a later date. In lieu of flowers, Don's wish is for donations to be made to the Alzheimer's Society of Ontario, 20 Eglinton Avenue west, 16th Floor, Toronto, ON M4R 1K8. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com We will miss his smile, laugh, wisdom, compassion, strength, will, and most of all his love.

We will cherish our memories in our hearts forever.

Happily together forever with his dear mother Rose, wife Edith, his brothers and sisters Love lasts forever

ZHENG WU (1960-2019)

Passed away on August 27, 2019 in Victoria, British Columbia after a short period of illness. He was Professor of Gerontology and Tier I Canada Research Chair in Aging and Health at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, British Columbia. He was Professor of Sociology at University of Victoria (1992-2018) and past Chair of the Sociology Department (2006-2011), and past President of Canadian Population Society (2008-2010).

Zheng's research interests reached across numerous demographic topics, with long-standing interest in family demography. His recent research program was concerned with trends and patterns of aging population in Canada, focusing on union formation and dissolution in later life, and physical and psychological wellbeing of older adults. His other research areas include immigration, social integration, and race and ethnicity. Zheng was an accomplished educator and scholar. Over his career, he published over 100 books, edited volumes, chapters in books and peer-reviewed journal articles.

Zheng is survived by his wife, Lanjing Li; brother, Jun; and sister, Fei. At his request, no funeral is to be held.

The Forgotten
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As the federal election gets under way, we must drill down into the data to uncover the people and places being excluded from growth and opportunity in this country. A failure to do so will cost us all
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By SEAN SPEER
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O1


Assistant professor at the University of Toronto's Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy and author of a recent paper by the Macdonald-Laurier Institute, Forgotten People and Forgotten Places: Canada's Economic Performance in the Age of Populism

I grew up in Thunder Bay in the 1980s and 1990s, so I was surrounded by evidence of the transition from an industrial economy to a knowledge-based one. Several grain elevators closed. Pulp and paper mills were also downsized or shuttered. The effects were felt throughout the community.

Signs of economic dislocation were all around me - it was impossible to avoid. Often they were quite personal. A neighbour's father lost his job. Or friends relocated to Toronto in search of work and opportunity.

Sometimes these experiences contributed to substance abuse or family breakdown or worse.

The stories were certainly familiar to me. I saw them up close.

And yet, as I got older and got involved in politics and policy, I too frequently forgot about them. My economic thinking - including about the role of markets, government and public policy - could fall victim to abstraction. I was swept up by rhetorical flourishes about economic liberty and too preoccupied with headline economic data. I could neglect the people I grew up with, whose struggles were concealed in the overall economic picture, which much of the time was quite bright.

Donald Trump's shocking election jolted me. It was a direct challenge by 63 million American voters to many of my intellectual and political priors. I've regularly said that this experience radicalized me. I really mean it. It has caused much greater introspection and intellectual humility about politics, economics and public policy. I've been thinking and writing about Mr. Trump's election, the economic causes of populism and the lessons for Canada ever since.

Readers will know that the President regularly talks about the "forgotten men and women."

They loomed large in his unorthodox inaugural speech in January, 2017, and he has kept it up in subsequent speeches and latenight tweets.

One can agree or disagree with the claim that Mr. Trump's agenda has advanced their interests.

The record is certainly mixed.

But it's hard to argue with his assertion that these people - namely, working-class people without postsecondary qualifications who tend to work in goodsproducing industries - had previously been neglected by the U.S.

political class.

Neither the left nor the right spent much time thinking about them.

The right was satisfied with a growing economy, rising stock market and other aggregate measures of economic performance.

That there may be people who weren't participating in these outcomes was basically ignored under the pretext of "a rising tide lifts all boats." The left had, by and large, moved beyond thinking about industrial employment and was more interested in the knowledge-based economy, which was ostensibly greener, more urban and involved with more highly educated, progressive workers. To the extent that the knowledge-based economy excluded working-class people, the invariable answer was more redistribution, including growing support to just "give people money."

Mr. Trump's election therefore hasn't just disrupted the political sphere. It has caused economists and other scholars to revisit their own assumptions and the various policy implications. We're living in a new age of heterodoxy.

And, as a reformed ideologue, I think it's a positive development.

There are a number of takeaways from this Trump-induced introspection. But one of the most important is that we cannot make judgments about the health of our labour markets simply by looking at the headline data. Otherwise we risk missing the people who felt so neglected that they voted to put such a flawed political actor in the White House.

These insights and experiences ought to inform and shape this fall's Canadian election - including the priorities of the various political parties. They should be a wake-up call for candidates and voters. We must put Canada's "forgotten people and places" closer to the centre of the political and policy agenda in the context of the current election campaign and beyond.

The first step, of course, is to understand who and what may be vulnerable to the forces of trade, technology and structural changes to our economy. Although Canada's overall labour market performance has been generally positive in the past two decades, the disaggregated picture is more complicated. There are various fault lines - including gender, education level and the urban-rural divide - that we must be more cognizant of in the development and implementation of public policy.

Most of Canada's recent labour market gains have been concentrated among women with postsecondary qualifications. Their relative gains have been stronger than those of men with postsecondary qualifications and have markedly exceeded the performance of non-educated men and women. Just consider, for instance, that 30 years ago women with postsecondary qualifications had a lower employment rate than men without postsecondary education and that now their employment rate is 10 percentage points higher than that of non-educated men.

This isn't to lament the strong labour market performance for educated women. It's self-evidently positive that women are participating more fully in Canada's economy. But it's to highlight the limits of judging the labour market based on an aggregate picture. It's the equivalent of observing that Wayne Gretzky (who had 2,857 career NHL points) and his brother Brent (who had four) are the highestscoring brothers in NHL history.

It misses a lot.

Delving into these data reveals some concerning economic trends for certain people and places in the country. Men without postsecondary qualifications, in particular, have experienced stagnant or even declining employment rates, labour force participation and market-based income. A similar yet less stark decline can also be seen for women without some form of postsecondary education. That people without postsecondary qualifications have been the primary supporters of political populism elsewhere ought to give pause to Canadian policy-makers.

The situation becomes even more acute if you take out a small number of major urban centres whose labour market performance has consistently exceeded the national average. It's striking, for instance, that rural employment is still below the pre-recession levels of 2008 and 2009 and yet it's up almost 15 per cent in our bigger centres. That's not a short-term blip. It's a sustained period of secular stagnation for our rural and remote communities - and a sign of an increasing place-based bifurcation that political parties cannot afford to neglect.

Another interesting finding relates to educational attainment in Canada. Policy-makers frequently boast about our world-leading rate of postsecondary qualifications. This is true. We do lead the OECD in this regard. But this misses two key points.

The first is that, notwithstanding our positive record, there are still 6.7 million working-age Canadians (25 to 64) without postsecondary qualifications, which is roughly the equivalent of the combined populations of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

It would be unacceptable for policy-makers to neglect three whole provinces, and it ought to be unacceptable to ignore these Canadians - especially in light of evidence that the contemporary economy is paying a higher and higher education premium and creating fewer and fewer opportunities for those without advanced education.

The second is that we also lead the OECD for having the largest urban-rural gap in postsecondary rates. So while people in cities are accumulating more human capital, we're witnessing a growing educational divide between our cities and towns that's contributing to broader economic and sociocultural differences that could ultimately exacerbate urban-rural tensions.

The key takeaway is that we cannot succumb to economic myopia. We need to go beyond the headline data to see who is being excluded from growth and opportunity. It's the only way to ultimately develop and advance an agenda for inclusive, broadbased growth in Canada.

With this in mind, what policies should the next duly elected federal government prioritize and pursue to make this broadbased growth happen?

The first is a rebalancing of public programming and support for those who pursue postsecondary studies and those who don't. We currently spend billions of dollars each year in the form of grants, loans, tax credits and subsidized tuition for the roughly 70 per cent who go to university and college - and virtually nothing for the 30 per cent who choose a different path. This is both patently unfair and shortsighted. The societal benefits of helping those without postsecondary qualifications establish strong attachments to the labour force are surely as large as supporting someone to obtain a marginal degree. Our public policy framework should therefore signal that we have as much collective interest in their success as those who choose to pursue postsecondary education.

The second is to affirm the importance of the natural resource sector. The industry has played a key role in sustaining employment and opportunity for people who are vulnerable in the modern economy. University of British Columbia economist Kevin Milligan has even attributed the strength of Canada's middle class to resource-based jobs. Yet these jobs are increasingly challenged by a combination of taxes, mandates and regulations in the name of environmental objectives, Indigenous reconciliation and other priorities. Harming the one part of the economy that has provided an outlet for "forgotten people and places" is bad economics and bad politics. Policy-making must therefore start with a clear recognition of the natural resource sector's role in economic inclusion and manage these trade-offs accordingly.

The third is the need to catalyze economic activity in distressed communities. Recent layoffs at the Bombardier facility in Thunder Bay have left the city with an economy disproportionately dependent on public-sector employment. There are dozens of places in the country facing similar circumstances. There is a role for public policy to help catalyze private investment and employment in these communities. The United States is currently experimenting with an Opportunity Zones model involving a combination of tax-based incentives to encourage private capital to flow to roughly 8,700 designated zones across the country.

It's too early to judge whether the initiative will be successful, but the policy has been designed with a careful eye to minimizing distortions and creating the conditions for sustainable, longterm investment. Canadian policy-makers should therefore consider adopting a similar model to spur capital investment in undercapitalized communities such as my hometown.

Most fundamentally, though, politicians and citizens must not lose sight of the people and places that aren't fully participating in our economy. It's a lesson I needed to be reminded of. I won't forget them again.

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PHOTO ILLUSTRATION: THE GLOBE AND MAIL. SOURCE IMAGE: ISTOCKPHOTO

In Thunder Bay, decommissioned grain elevators such as this one on the Kaministiquia River stand as monuments to lost prosperity. MELISSA TAIT/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Marie-Claire Blais is the next Virginia Woolf
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The Québécoise author, whose works are awash with the world's greatest injustices, describes the creativity behind her ambitious, often experimental novels
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By JADE COLBERT
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R8


On an evening cool by Caribbean standards, I meet the 21st century's Virginia Woolf in a bar off a boisterous street on an island 160 kilometres from Cuba.

Marie-Claire Blais's recent writing has all of Woolf's stylistic innovation and moments of ecstatic clarity. Her first novel to use this new style, These Festive Nights, opens with a long epigraph from Woolf's The Waves, a novel in which six interior monologues together form a song to companionship in the face of death. Blais's novels, too, are songs of individuality and connection, presented in stream-ofconsciousness sentences fluid in their motion from mind to mind, with wavelike crests in rhythm.

The Waves is often described as one of Woolf's more experimental novels. In These Festive Nights, Blais showed her desire to take the experiment further.

One of Canada's most decorated authors in either official language, Blais, 79, might still be best known among English readers for her explosive first novel, La Belle Bête (Mad Shadows), which she published at the age of 20. Blame it on the Two Solitudes: In la francophonie, her 60-year publishing career has earned her the title of Quebec's greatest living writer. In the lineage of writing by LGBT authors in Canada, she is an elder. And her project of two decades, a 10-novel cycle titled Soifs ("thirsts"), is the most ambitious thing attempted by a literary writer recently.

This summer, Anansi published the English translation of the eighth book in the cycle, A Twilight Celebration. In subject matter, Blais's latest novels are awash in the world's great injustices from the Second World War to the present. The Holocaust and Hiroshima, the global north's military misadventures in the global south, white supremacy, AIDS, the climate crisis - Blais's work acknowledges this bleak reality, despite which her characters find joy and connection. It's her engagement with these issues that makes Blais's Woolfian stream of consciousness feel fresh and new and also Blais herself a writer of our time. Another comparison to be made: In creative output, Key West, Fla., gives London's Bloomsbury a run for its money.

I met with the Québécoise author there in March, Blais's longtime home and the inspiration for the island at the centre of her novels about hope and despair in the late 20th and early 21st century. It was the writers who drew her to the island in the first place.

"I became friends with the poet James Merrill and all the people around him. I came to the city to give a reading and I thought, 'This is so extraordinary.' Elizabeth Bishop was before I came, but still all the wonderful writers were here, like John Hersey and James Merrill." To give a sense of the milieu: Journalist Hersey, best known for his book about the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, was a founding member of the Writers Compound, on a side street from where Blais and I meet. Hersey's co-founders were Invisible Man author Ralph Ellison, poet and Divine Comedy translator John Ciardi, and the second poet-laureate of the United States, Richard Wilbur. Wallace Stevens, Tennessee Williams, Ernest Hemingway, Shel Silverstein and Judy Blume - this is just a sample of the writers who have made Key West home.

Blais describes herself arriving at the end of the 1970s, as being "a little bit like a baby: You're young enough to absorb so many things.

At the same time, all these people I loved so, they were older." As her friends began to disappear, she wanted to immortalize them in her books. "Sometimes you have to make two or three characters into one, but I always try to be faithful to the writer or the painter as I met them. I hope to show them as they are."

In addition to writers and painters, Blais's novels depict practitioners of more ephemeral arts, such as drag. Several of the Soifs novels she dedicates to "Sushi, a remarkable artist." Sushi, a.k.a.

Gary Marion, presides as house queen at 801 Bourbon Bar. "Usually I try to meet all the people I write about," Blais says. "It was important for me to speak about unique people who are really living at night and doing these marvellous things that disappear, come back, disappear, come back." Of her characters who perform at the Porte du Baiser Saloon, she says, "I tried to illustrate Sushi's life at night, but not alone, with all his friends. And their compassion, because some of them died young."

Initially, she thought the cycle would be a trilogy, "and then I got so involved," finding more elements to return to in book after book, the cast ballooning to hundreds of characters. Written over two decades, the novels cover an equally large time span: Children from the early books by the later ones are grown adults with children of their own. "I like that," she says, "because I like to describe the grammar of the time we live in."

We meet at Mangoes, a restaurant-bar on Duval Street, the heart of Key West's nightlife. On this evening, several blocks of the street have been pedestrianized, making patios all the better for people-watching. Midway through our conversation, an emergency vehicle crawls by. In the pause for the blaring sirens, we both laugh ruefully. Blais says, "It's always like that."

That sense on the street of conviviality mixed with sadness and pain running to emergency permeates Blais's novels. Asked if she began the Soifs cycle to capture a time and place, Blais replies, "recapturing this wonderful time, yes, the political freedom and the revolution. It was a kind of paradise and, at the same time, there was all this human tragedy."

An irrefutable fact of both the place the author writes from and her fictional island community is the mark left by AIDS. "It was everywhere, but here it was very concentrated," Blais remembers.

As the Washington Post reported in 1989, Monroe County - of which Key West (then a population of 27,000) is the seat - experienced a higher rate of reported AIDS cases than either San Francisco or New York. The southernmost point in the continental United States at the end of a long archipelago, Key West's isolation from mainland society long made it a place where people who didn't fit anywhere else - gays and lesbians included - belonged. Blais remembers many young Canadians who found community here, as well as how the epidemic ripped through the town "like a tornado": "They came from everywhere to have more sexual freedom. The sad thing is, because they were free, they died. It was so cruel. It was terrible to associate love and sex with dying, especially for very young people." She lost a lot of friends. Those who know both the town and her books will recognize the Key West AIDS Memorial in Blais's cemetery by the sea.

From this painful time, she also recalls joie de vivre and "a great community feeling," as people came together to open a hospice so their friends could receive the best care and not die alone.

Consider how many of the titles in this cycle juxtapose levity with darkness or menace: festive nights, thunder and light, a choir of destruction, birth in a maelstrom, a Predators' Ball.

"I think it was Sheila Fischman," the translator of the first book, "who found the title for These Festive Nights. My book in French was Soifs, which means 'thirsty for everything' - spiritual, physical. I think the title in English, These Festive Nights, is remarkable because there is the festivity, but there is sadness." MARIE-CLAIRE BLAIS'S SOIFS CYCLE IN ENGLISH THUS FAR Translated by Sheila Fischman: These Festive Nights (1997) Translated by Nigel Spencer: Thunder and Light (2001) Augustino and the Choir of Destruction (2007) Rebecca, Born in the Maelstrom (2009) Mai at the Predators' Ball (2012) Nothing for You Here, Young Man (2014) The Acacia Gardens (2016) A Twilight Celebration (2019) - All published by House of Anansi Press

And now another chiaroscuro title, A Twilight Celebration, in which Daniel, a writer, travels for a conference in a small Scottish town that fetes international writers in a forest at dusk.

With this book, "We are very much in the inner soul of the writer," Blais says. It is a novel haunted by absences. At the conference: Daniel's yearning for his estranged son, Augustino, also a writer; writer friends from the island now dead; writers missing from the celebrations, "disappeared" by their home countries. Meanwhile, Fleur, a young composer, travels to Rome where his symphony is to be performed, only to realize the conductor doesn't comprehend the experiences, including homelessness, at the symphony's core. Fleur misses those who kept him warm on the beach at night. Back on the island, the newest performer at the Saloon cabaret is Victoire ("Victory"), a trans woman expelled from the military and stripped of honours, welcomed warmly by the queens but understandably chagrined that her unemployment has lead her to work among female impersonators.

Whether you choose to start with the first or the latest book in the cycle matters less than that you jump in with both feet. Shortly before beginning These Festive Nights, Blais developed a distinctive style of long sentences lasting several pages, punctuated by commas.

There are no paragraph or chapter breaks. This style serves several purposes, the writer says. At a time when each of us is preoccupied by "twenty-thousand things," the sentences "give the feeling that we are running." Influenced by both Woolf and Faulkner, this stream of consciousness is "obsessive, the way we are. We go and come back, the movement of our thoughts." It can pose a challenge to get used to.

Some advice: If you concentrate too much on trying to break apart the sentence, you will only end up frustrating yourself. Instead, relax your mind and listen for the rhythms of the sentence. Let its waves and swells carry you along its surface. It is common in these novels for two characters to have a conversation, only for one to get lost in thoughts about a third and their interaction with a fourth. "I became more and more in the habit of this kind of inner song that goes from you and I to them. It gives a feeling of a complete humanity, that we know we are all alike because we are all living dramas." She adds, "It seems important to me in these books to go in the direction that we are all so collective."

Associated Graphic

Marie-Claire Blais, 79, is one of Canada's most decorated authors in either official language, and might still be best known among English readers for Mad Shadows, which she published at the age of 20.

Laying claim
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There is no question that many Canadians have a small amount of Indigenous ancestry, but that does not justify race shifting, or the weaponization of Métis identity for the control of and access to land and resources
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By JEAN TEILLET
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O3


Great-grandniece of Louis Riel and an Indigenous rights lawyer.

She is the author of Métis Law in Canada and The North-West is Our Mother: The Story of Louis Riel's People, the Métis Nation.

N aming is important. Every group that takes any kind of collective action gives itself a name. A hockey team names itself, as does a political party. So, too, did Indigenous peoples. Originally calling themselves the Bois-Brûlés, Louis Riel's people chose Métis, a French word that means mixed, as the name of their nation and have used it since the 1830s. It refers to their unique culture in the Canadian North-West, with their own language, laws, history and traditions. Their stories are woven into Canadian history - stories that tell us their origins, how they lived and how they saw and continue to see themselves as a distinct Indigenous people.

Everyone - from historians to the courts to the federal and provincial governments - recognize the Métis Nation as one of the Indigenous peoples of Canada.

But if you are confused about Métis identity, it is hardly surprising. The federal government has no policy to deal with recent claims of Métis identity by individuals who are seeking to gain certain advantages, such as admission to law school or hunting and fishing privileges. This has created a powerful vacuum that leaves universities, charities, governments, First Nations and the Métis Nation vulnerable to dubious claims. The Supreme Court of Canada waded into the definition of Métis in the case of Daniels v. Canada in a manner that has made the confusion exponentially worse in the three years since the verdict was delivered. To make matters more complicated, the rise in popularity of genealogy and accessibility to DNA testing has led more people to claim Métis identity. It's a mess, quite frankly, and one that is growing.

The French have always used the word métis to describe people with mixed Indigenous-Canadian ancestry. The English generally called them half-breeds, which is an odious word for many reasons. We breed animals, not people. To call someone a half-breed is to call them a halfanimal, and it takes little imagination to know which half is meant to be the animal. Using the term half-breed also denies any collective culture or identity.

Eventually, this led English speakers to adopt the word Métis and apply it to all individuals with mixed ancestry. As changes to the Indian Act resulted in numerous First Nations losing their status, some of them began to call themselves Métis as well. The word became a catch-all.

After the inclusion of the Métis in the Constitution Act in 1982 as one of the "aboriginal Peoples of Canada," more individuals and groups began to identify as Métis.

In Newfoundland, for instance, a group of Inuit mixed-race people named themselves the Labrador Métis Nation (they were quite frank in stating that they chose Métis because the Inuit rejected them). In 2010 they renamed themselves NunatuKavut. Métis was never their desired Indigenous identity and was abandoned for an Inuit identity. At least this group is Indigenous.

Since 2003, tens of thousands of individuals who previously identified as "white" are now identifying as Métis. This new indigenization movement is surfacing mostly in Quebec and Eastern Canada. These individuals now claim Métis identity because they have done a genealogy and discovered an ever-sogreat Indigenous grandmother or other distant female relation.

According to Darryl Leroux, a professor at Saint Mary's University and author of the new book Distorted Descent: White Claims to Indigenous Identity, in one court case in Quebec, 75 per cent of the group claimed one Indigenous ancestor from the 1600s as their sole reason for claiming to be Métis. Twenty-five per cent relied on a non-Indigenous ancestor who was repurposed as Indigenous to support their case. It does not seem to matter to these recent converts that some 300 years and 20 generations have passed with none of their ancestors claiming Indigenous identity.

There is no question that many Canadians have a small amount of Indigenous ancestry.

But that does not justify race shifting. It does not make you Mi'kmaq today. It does not make you Métis. Indigenous identity requires a connection to a historic and contemporary community, because Indigenous identity is a living collective identity. You may be estranged from that collective today, but you must point to some Indigenous community that you or your ancestors were part of at some time in the nottoo-distant past. If you are only referring to a long-ago ancestor and now claiming to be Métis, there must be more. Where are the stories of your people? What did the collective name itself 300 years ago? What is their origin story? When and how did they act as a collective to advance or protect their interests? For that matter, what were their interests? All societies have some form of governance. How did their governance work? Give us specific names and dates and geography. To date, these people now claiming Métis identity have no answers to any of these questions. There is only the perpetual reference to that ever-so-great Indigenous grandmother and a claim to have hidden for more than 300 years.

As Adam Gaudry, a professor in the Faculty of Native Studies at the University of Alberta, has pointed out, these individuals are communing only with the dead, not the living. They are repurposing the identities of a long-dead ancestor. Some are even asserting that the Acadians were Métis. The Acadian story is a fascinating part of Canada's history, but the Acadians made no assertion of Indigenous identity.

One cannot go back in time and shift the race of groups or individuals who made no claims to be Indigenous in their own time.

This race shifting is not an idle or harmless hobby. It weaponizes Indigenous identity for a very specific purpose: control of and access to land and resources.

Prof. Leroux points out that in Quebec, one of these groups formed specifically to stop the Mi'kmaq from managing territory and another formed to stop Innu harvesting rights. The idea was simple: If you can't stop the government from giving the land and resources back to Indigenous people, find an Indigenous ancestor in your own genealogy. Become Métis and claim the same rights to lands and resources as First Nations.

Most of these groups (now numbering more than 30 in Quebec and Nova Scotia) formed in response to the opportunity they saw created in 2003, when the Supreme Court, in a case called R.

v. Powley, determined that Métis communities could possess hunting rights. Full disclosure: I was the lawyer for the Powleys.

At the time, it was a helpful determination for the Métis Nation.

But it opened a can of worms in Eastern Canada. Powley was not a case that was solely reliant on genealogy. Several experts agreed that there was a historical Métis community in Sault Ste.

Marie.

The Eastern claims are very different. Since 2003, there have been more than 50 court cases in which individuals in Quebec and the Maritimes have claimed Métis hunting and fishing rights.

The courts have rejected all of these claims. Judges have noted their "remarkable creativity" and have consistently held that claims to Métis rights require more than a genealogical claim and recent opportunistic selfidentification. One judge in Quebec famously stated that "it would be easier to nail Jell-O to a wall" than find substance in these "remarkably vague" Métis claims. But still they keep coming, and such is our age of political correctness that one is not permitted to critique these claims because self-identification has become an unassailable individual right.

The Supreme Court, in the Daniels case, made it worse in 2016.

The court held that all Indigenous people are within federal jurisdiction, including individuals with mixed Indigenous ancestry who self-identify as Métis separately from the Métis Nation.

The court deliberately disconnected Métis individuals from any requirement for community acceptance. In the court's judgment, self-identification and genealogy are the central requirements to be Métis. Daniels provided the necessary legal cover that has since legitimized the race shifters who began to arise after Powley.

So what is it like to be Métis today? If you are a citizen of the Métis Nation of the Canadian Northwest, very positive gains have been made as a direct result of the current government's decision to change Ottawa's relationship with Indigenous people, including the Métis Nation. Just this week, Minister of Veterans Affairs Lawrence MacAuley apologized on the government's behalf to Métis veterans of the Second World War and announced $30-million in compensation.

Core funding for Métis Nation governing institutions has been implemented, and land and resource negotiations have begun.

Self-government process agreements have been completed with most of the governing members of the Métis Nation. These agreements will facilitate a better standard of living for all Métis Nation citizens. They are new beginnings and signal the end of 200 years of denial and neglect. They are excellent work that needs to continue.

If you have just done a genealogy and found an Indigenous ancestor from the 1600s, or a DNA test that confirms an infinitesimal percentage of Indigenous ancestry, life might also look pretty good. Your daughter can get one of those coveted spots in law school that are reserved for Indigenous people. You might get special fishing privileges from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. You might be able to stop a First Nation land settlement. You might get a job with the government or a company anxious to hire Indigenous people. All these things are happening right now - and there is no sign that this race shifting will stop.

Associated Graphic

Jean Teillet, great-grandniece of Louis Riel, speaks on Nov. 16, 1994, at a ceremony in Regina marking the 109th anniversary of Riel's execution. Behind her is a monument erected in 1935 to honour the soldiers from Ontario who fought against Riel in 1885.

RUDY PLATIEL/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Correction

A photo caption for a Saturday Opinion article on Louis Riel and Indigenous rights incorrectly placed a ceremony in 1994 in Regina, when it was in fact in Toronto.

'IT WAS BLACKFACE AND THAT IS JUST NOT RIGHT'
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Trudeau says he began to view blackface as racist after becoming an MP
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By MARIEKE WALSH, MICHELLE ZILIO, KRISTY KIRKUP
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


OTTAWA WINNIPEG OTTAWA -- Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau said Thursday that he can't be "definitive" about how many times he wore racist makeup as he sought forgiveness from Canadians for the second time in less than 24 hours.

Mr. Trudeau went further with his second apology, acknowledging the pain and hurt that he caused, as the Liberal campaign tried to grapple with the release of images of him in racist makeup dating as far back as his high-school years. Since Wednesday evening, three cases have been disclosed in which Mr.

Trudeau wore brownface or blackface, revelations that sparked international attention and condemnation.

"I am wary of being definitive about this," Mr. Trudeau said at a Winnipeg media conference, when asked how many times he had done this. He said his hesitance stems from not remembering one of the cases already reported. The two photos and a video date from Mr. Trudeau's time in high school to 2001. On Wednesday, he said he had only painted his face twice. But then Global News published Thursday the video of him from the 1990s.

Mr. Trudeau suggested he doesn't remember because he didn't realize the significance of brownface and blackface.

"The fact is that I didn't understand how hurtful this is to people who live with discrimination every single day. I have always acknowledged that I come from a place of privilege but I now need to acknowledge that that comes with a massive blind spot."

He said his "layers of privilege" as a wealthy white man meant that he didn't see the racism behind his actions and "for that I am deeply sorry and I apologize."

"It was blackface and that is just not right," Mr. Trudeau said, for the first time using the term.

The 2001 photo, released by Time magazine Wednesday shows Mr. Trudeau dressed up as Aladdin, in a turban and robes and with his face, neck and hands painted brown. He was 29 at the time and a teacher at a private school that held an Arabian Nights-themed gala event where he was pictured.

On Wednesday, Mr. Trudeau told reporters that in 2001 he didn't realize wearing blackface or brownface was racist. "Now we know better," he said, suggesting he wasn't alone in his lack of awareness.

The practice though has been sharply criticized for decades.

Asked Thursday when he learned that the practice was racist, Mr. Trudeau didn't directly answer the question, but referenced his experience as an MP, which began in 2008.

"I've learned every day that it's unacceptable to engage in this sort of behaviour," he said.

Sunny Khurana, who attended the gala as a parent of students at the private school, said he didn't feel offended by Mr. Trudeau wearing racist makeup at the fundraiser and even posed for a photo with Mr. Trudeau and another turbaned Sikh.

"We never felt he was trying to look down on anybody or he was demeaning to anybody. It never came across like that," he said in an interview Thursday.

He added that many people were dressed up at the costume party.

"It's not really something to be mean or to hurt anybody. It's more of a party."

Mr. Khurana said people handed out that picture to media during the election campaign "for a reason."

"People are going try to use that to their advantage."

Mr. Trudeau also admitted Wednesday to wearing blackface at a high-school event in the 1980s. The photo obtained by The Globe and Mail shows him also wearing an Afro wig. He also appears in blackface in a video posted by Global News that the Liberal Party said is from the early 1990s.

Mr. Trudeau said he didn't disclose the incidents when he was vetted as a Liberal candidate or leadership contestant because "it was really embarrassing."

The images of Mr. Trudeau in brownface and blackface hit headlines around the world and ignited an intense political firestorm with less than five weeks before the Oct. 21 election. So far the polls have shown the Liberals and Conservatives locked in a fierce two-way race.

The latest numbers from Nanos Research show that the Conservatives have inched ahead sit at 38 per cent while the Liberals are at 35 per cent. The New Democrats, meanwhile, are at 12 per cent, the Greens 8 per cent, the Bloc Québécois 4 per cent and the People's Party of Canada 3 per cent.

The poll was sponsored by The Globe and Mail and CTV, with a total of 1,200 Canadians surveyed from Sept. 16 to 18. It has a margin of error of 2.8 percentage points, 19 times out of 20. Respondents were asked: "If a federal election were held today, could you please rank your top two current local voting preferences?" A report on the results, questions and methodology for this and all surveys can be found at http://tgam.ca/election-polls.

The pictures are a self-inflicted wound that can "only undermine Justin Trudeau's personal brand," Pollster Nik Nanos said Thursday. However, he said it's too soon to say whether that will translate into less support for the Liberals, because it's possible progressive voters will stick with the party if it looks like the Conservatives will win.

How voters react will likely break down along generational lines, Shachi Kurl, the executive director of the Angus Reid Institute said in an interview. Voters over 50 years of age will care much less than voters under 35, she said.

That distinction increases the risks for Mr. Trudeau because it's those exact people that the Liberal Leader needs to "lock down," Ms. Kurl said. Young voters gave the Liberals their victory in 2015 and she said the revelations mean more of them could drift to the NDP and Greens or simply stay home, which would benefit Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer.

"This is potentially devastating to Trudeau because it hits at an issue that that progressive young vote would not find any other way to see except for as profoundly wrong and profoundly unacceptable," Ms. Kurl said.

Speaking in Windsor, Ont., on Thursday, NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh said he is concerned that the pictures represent an "ongoing pattern of behaviour" for Mr.

Trudeau, adding that it is painful for many people to see the images.

"I think he's got a lot to answer for," Mr. Singh said. The pictures raise questions about who the real Mr. Trudeau is, he said.

He did not answer a question over whether he would shake Mr.

Trudeau's hand at the coming leadership debate in October.

"It's a difficult thing to think about," he said. "How do you respond to somebody, how do you look somebody in the eye that has mocked the lived reality that I've lived but more importantly that so many Canadians have lived?" In Saint-Hyacinthe, Que., Mr.

Scheer said Canadians might have been able to accept Mr. Trudeau's apology if he had been more truthful.

"Once again, we see with Justin Trudeau one set of rules for himself and one set of rules for the rest of us."

Mr. Scheer said a concerned individual flagged the video to the Conservative campaign and the Tories then turned it over to a "responsible media outlet" for verification. But he did not say how long his campaign had the video before giving it to Global News.

When asked if he had ever dressed in an offensive way, Mr.

Scheer said "no." He later said that he's not perfect, but he has not done anything "like this at all ... nothing that would rise to this level."

Mr. Trudeau is now trying to mend fences both with voters and behind the scenes with candidates and supporters. A Liberal official said Mr. Trudeau held a conference call with all candidates Thursday morning. He told reporters he spent Wednesday evening and Thursday morning speaking with community leaders, colleagues and supporters.

Liberal sources said the controversy has hurt morale on the campaign, which had been high until now. The Globe is keeping the sources' names confidential because they were not authorized to speak about internal issues.

One source said the party did not have an adequate strategy to deal with the fallout of the blackface controversy.

Mr. Trudeau was warmly welcomed at the local businesses he visited in Winnipeg Thursday. He was not confronted about the images by passersby as he toured around the city's downtown. In the crowd at his press conference, two men held signs reading "Justin Trudeau is not racist," while people broke out into scattered applause to some of Mr.

Trudeau's answers.

At a campaign event in Ottawa, Liberal candidate Greg Fergus, who has chaired an all-party black caucus of parliamentarians, said he spoke directly with Mr. Trudeau Wednesday evening and accepts his public apology.

"He gave me a call and we had a really good conversation about this," Mr. Fergus told reporters.

"It's going to be rough," he said. "People are feeling hurt."

There was a lot of confusion and hurt last night by the black community, he added. "I will say this to all of you: I don't believe that anybody has ever lived their lives without making an error, or without making errors."

Mr. Fergus said that Mr. Trudeau has demonstrated support for the black community in a number of ways, such as the inclusion of black civil-rights activist Viola Desmond on the Canadian $10 bill; Canada's support of the United Nations' International Decade for People of African Descent; being the first prime minister to formally acknowledge recognize the existence of antiblack racism; having a diverse cabinet and caucus and including budget measures to support the black community.

"I think those are really the measure of the man and that's the reason why I have confidence in his continuing leadership," he said.

With reports from Bill Curry, Janice Dickson and Xiao Xu

Associated Graphic

Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau, campaigning in Winnipeg on Thursday, apologizes a second time after the disclosure of video showing a third instance of him appearing in blackface.

SEAN KILPATRICK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

CENTRE: GLOBAL NEWS; RIGHT: WEST POINT GREY ACADEMY/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Election battle lines intersect in Trois-Rivières
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By LES PERREAUX, DANIEL LEBLANC
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TROIS-RIVIÈRES PRÉVOST, QUE. -- The epicentre of Quebec's shifting political forces that will help decide the 2019 federal election is in Trois-Rivières, an oft-forgotten, slowgrowing regional hub halfway between Quebec City and Montreal.

For the next six weeks and until the Oct. 21 vote, the city where Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer launched his campaign Wednesday will not lack for political attention.

Trois-Rivières is one of 14 seats currently held by the NDP where Conservatives, Liberals and the Bloc Québécois are trying to take advantage of New Democrat decline.

Montreal may be a Liberal stronghold and Conservatives enjoy a base in Quebec City, but in the vast vote basin stretching outward from the Montreal suburbs and eastward along the St.

Lawrence River valley through Trois-Rivières, two dozen ridings are up for grabs.

Trois-Rivières and other regional hubs such as Drummondville and Saint-Hyacinthe will be regular campaign stops and play a key role in deciding Canada's next government.

A city founded 400 years ago and forged on iron foundries and pulp and paper, Trois-Rivières spent the 1980s and 90s in steep industrial decline before recent mild recovery driven mainly by government investment and service industries.

Federally, the riding has spent a lot of time in opposition, backing Bloc or NDP MPs since 1993, when a Conservative government member held it.

In the 2015 election, each of the Bloc, Liberal, Conservative and NDP candidates received at least 10,000 votes in Trois-Rivières.

New Democrat Robert Aubin was re-elected with 19,193 votes, 1,000 more than a Liberal challenger.

Once decrepit with empty shops and crumbling pavement, the city now has a revitalized waterfront where cruise ships stop and a modern stone town square where decorative fountains spray along while passersby tinkle on a piano. Potential voters who mill about the square and the city, which is 96-per-cent francophone and 3.2-per-cent immigrant, have made no final decisions.

"It's pretty mixed up around here, personally I find it very complicated, not a simple decision at all," said Claude Lamy, a 61-yearold retiree who worked in the pulp and paper industry. Mr. Lamy said his NDP MP has done a good job, but he's leaning toward the Liberals and Leader Justin Trudeau, saying he hasn't done anything "catastrophically wrong" as Prime Minister while the other leaders are unknowns.

He remains open to a change of heart.

For the governing Liberals, which have 40 of 78 seats in Quebec, boosting their MP count is seen as essential to offset potential losses outside the province.

For the Conservatives, which currently have 11 seats in the province, the goal is to at least double that score.

Some of the country's most fickle voters will decide the outcome. In 2011, they abandoned the Bloc in droves and formed the Orange Wave, swinging massively to Jack Layton's NDP. In 2015, just four years later, after Mr. Layton's death from cancer, Quebeckers rallied behind Mr. Trudeau and the Liberal Party.

Many of these voters are again wondering if it is time for a change.

The Conservatives and Liberals have invested considerable resources in Quebec and have found dynamic candidates. But many voters are disappointed by Mr. Trudeau's four years in power, and unconvinced of Mr. Scheer's ability to do better. Many voters say they simply don't know him.

Interviews with voters show how both leaders are weighing down their parties.

The first thing on Gilles Rousseau's mind when he met Conservative candidate and former Olympian Sylvie Fréchette at a hamburger joint in the Laurentians, was attacking Mr. Scheer's intention to allow backbench MPs to introduce anti-abortion legislation.

But Mr. Rousseau, who voted Liberal in the last election, is unimpressed by Mr. Trudeau's disastrous trip to India last year, during which he and his family members wore local garb at a number of stops. "The image that he projected over the last four years is that of a clown who likes to dress up," the retired municipal worker said.

Neither he nor his wife, Nicole Fortin, are tempted by the Bloc.

They are typical Quebec voters who, polls say, are more likely than other Canadians to decide where to mark their X at the voting station.

"We still have to listen to what the leaders have to say," Ms. Fortin said. "Maybe a bit of change wouldn't hurt."

NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh's turban remains his defining feature in a province where secularism and religious symbols have been a dominant issue.

"They don't know Jagmeet, and they latch on to the one thing they know about him," said Mr.

Aubin, the NDP MP who is again running in Trois-Rivières.

"When it's demystified, there's a door that opens. ... Yes, it's an extra challenge in Quebec, but it's not insurmountable."

For Mr. Trudeau, his trip to India sticks with many voters.

"The image he projected when he put on his disguises in India certainly tarnished the credibility he should have as the person who occupies the function of prime minister," said Patricia Cossette, a health-care manager in TroisRivières.

Still, she hasn't ruled out voting for him. "He's incredibly accessible and open to people.

We've had others who were more distant and imposing. His human side is definitely his strength." Pollster and political analyst Jean-Marc Léger said the NDP support has collapsed in Quebec, which opens up three-way races between the Liberals, Conservatives and the Bloc to win the 14 NDP seats.

"It's like three armies are advancing, and the question is which one of them will invade the other's territory," he said. "Among francophone voters, it's nearly a tie between the three parties. ... It's hard to predict what will happen because a lot of the seats will be won with one-third of the vote."

Initial Conservatives gains in Quebec would likely come near Quebec City, where they could add two Liberal seats to the five they hold. Liberal and NDP seats in the Saguenay/Lac-Saint-Jean region to the north are also targets.

The Conservatives have adopted a nationalist message, saying they are willing to work with Quebec to hand over more immigration powers and allow the provincial revenue agency to collect federal income tax in Quebec.

The Conservative strategy also hinges on attracting strong local candidates. In Trois-Rivières, former mayor Yves Lévesque is running. North of Montreal, they have attracted the candidacy of Ms. Fréchette, who many Quebeckers remember for winning Olympic gold and silver medals in synchronized swimming in the 1990s.

Ms. Fréchette is representative of the voters the Conservatives seek: She voted for Mr. Trudeau in 2015, but became disillusioned over deficit spending and a sense he wasn't serious enough.

Ms. Fréchette knows her success in the riding of Rivière-duNord, north of Montreal in the Laurentian Mountains, will depend on name recognition. "People will vote for the Bloc or for Sylvie Fréchette," she said.

Still, she hopes to help Mr.Scheer break out of his shell and find a way to tell Quebeckers his values align with theirs. "If I could give myself one mission, it would be to humanize him," she said.

The Liberals hope to sweep the island of Montreal, which entails taking three NDP ridings and one from the Bloc in the eastern part of the city.

The Montreal strategy rests on Mr. Trudeau, who is popular in his hometown, but also Steven Guilbeault, a noted environmentalist who will argue Liberal climate change efforts are effective.

Liberal MPs have travelled the province in recent weeks with funding announcements. The Liberals are raising fears of massive cutbacks if the Conservatives form government, contrasting with Liberal deficit spending on infrastructure.

"We are in an expansionist mode, we are not simply trying to defend our positions," said cabinet minister Pablo Rodriguez, who is seeking re-election in Montreal.

The Bloc, with 10 seats, remains a wild card that could take advantage if the Liberals flag or if the Conservatives fail to break through. After years of infighting, the party has stabilized under Yves-François Blanchet, a former Parti Québécois cabinet minister and television analyst. It is running under the slogan "Le Québec, c'est nous" (We are Quebec) and a platform railing against Canada's dependence on non-renewable energy.

"The Bloc can create a surprise," said Alexis Brunelle-Duceppe, the son of former Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe and the party's candidate in Lac-SaintJean. "A lot of people are telling us they are willing to come back to the Bloc."

At an oldies concert on the lawn of a retirement home on the residential outskirts of Trois-Rivières, the Liberal candidate Valérie Renaud-Martin, a charismatic 37-year-old city councillor, recently shook hands and chatted with retirees in lawn chairs. Ms.Renaud-Martin said complaints about the SNC-Lavalin affair or the India trip are not what she usually hears.

"Honestly, what I hear about most is cannabis," she said, adding that many people in Trois-Rivières still worry about runaway use among young people. "People still haven't completely gotten used to [legalization]."

A range of political views were in the concert crowd. One woman was annoyed about Mr. Trudeau's liberal immigration rhetoric and the ever-present trip to India. A man had questions about Mr.Singh's turban while another worried about Mr. Scheer and abortion.

Hélene Mailloux sat on a bench near a pétanque pitch listening to the conversations and eating a hot dog like a spectator at a sporting event. "It's going to be close!"

Ms. Mailloux said. She remains undecided.

Associated Graphic

People walk above the boardwalk in the port near downtown Trois-Rivières on Wednesday. The regional hub is one of 14 seats currently held by the federal New Democrats where Conservatives, Liberals and the Bloc Québécois are trying to take advantage of NDP decline.

ANDREJ IVANOV/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

'It's up to us': A Mi'kmaq mother's killing drives Cape Breton community to action
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When Cassidy Bernard was found dead in her home last fall, she left behind twin baby girls - and a family and community that rallied to care for them. The people of We'koqma'q are pressing for answers and reforms to the systemic problems behind violence against Indigenous women and girls
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By LINDSAY JONES
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Thursday, September 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


The familiar voice fills the living room overlooking Bras d'Or Lake as if from another dimension. It's a low chant sung in Mi'kmaq, crisp with consonants, rising and falling to the tempo of Itsy Bitsy Spider, then tapering to a near whisper.

The recording plays while 16-month-old twins Paisley and Mya toddle into the arms of a circle of aunts and cousins, digging into their purses and flashing toothy grins. They are everyone's babies now.

"It's the way we were raised," grandmother Mona Bernard says. "In my culture, there's no such thing as an orphan. There's no such word in our language, only the Mi'kmaq word sitnaqn. It means that the child is growing up without the mom but with love."

The twins are still unaware of the tragedy that will burden the rest of their lives: Their mother, 22-year-old Cassidy Bernard, was killed, and they are victims of a crisis centuries in the making.

Some day, they will learn what happened - and the root causes behind their mother's death, too.

Released in June, the final report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls revealed how colonialist structures have led to the persistent and deliberate violation of human and Indigenous rights. The report can be seen as the backdrop to the tragedy that befell Cassidy and her family in the back bedroom of this beige bungalow last fall.

The youngest of four sisters and two brothers, Cassidy grew up on a nearby First Nations reserve.

It's home to many residential-school survivors and the site of federal government efforts to relocate the Mi'kmaq people of Cape Breton Island in the 1940s. Growing up was hard, Cassidy's sister Tyra Denny explains. The community was rife with physical and sexual abuse, alcoholism and violence, so the sisters were protective of the smallest and prettiest among them. "We didn't want no one bothering her, touching her," Tyra says.

Cassidy's life was full of potential. Smart and sassy, with wavy hair and gold-flecked brown eyes, she excelled at speaking and writing Mi'kmaq, ranking top of her class in high school and winning second place in a national science fair for a translation app. Accepted to three universities, she was excited to attend St. Francis Xavier University, but midway through her first year, a breakup with her childhood sweetheart sent her into a depression and she moved back home.

Soon after, she fell into a pattern of drug abuse and wound up in a relationship with a man her family was wary of.

But when Cassidy heard two heartbeats at the local clinic, she cried with joy, her sister Reneé Denny recalls. The twins were born healthy on April 28, 2018, by emergency C-section, and she raised them with the help of Mona in the house on the hill. The baby's father, who lives in another community, sometimes stayed, too - until he and Cassidy had a falling out.

In mid-October last year, Mona left home for a few days to visit family. Upon her return, she came up the steps the morning of Oct. 24 and immediately knew something was off. Cassidy hadn't answered calls or responded to texts. The door was still locked in the middle of the morning, and the house was silent.

At the end of the hall, she discovered her daughter in bed. She was tucked in, seemingly propped up, with makeup on. Her skin was cold. The sixmonth-old twins lay motionless in their cribs, and Mona thought they, too, were gone - until she saw Paisley's brown eyes track toward her. The babies were soiled and dehydrated. Too weak to cry.

It took the RCMP seven months to finally rule what everyone on the reserve already knew: Cassidy had been killed.

Forty-four Indigenous women were murdered last year, the second consecutive annual increase, according to Statistics Canada data released in July.

The numbers also reveal a troubling inequity: While Indigenous people make up 5 per cent of the country's population, they account for 22 per cent of homicide victims. The report attributes such staggering rates of violence to the effects of colonization: trauma, social and economic marginalization and a loss of language and culture.

It said the absence of all these murdered women creates a ripple effect that throws entire communities out of balance.

In the beige bungalow, Cassidy's absence has meant a baseball bat at every door. A knife under the bed. Paisley, who the family surmises saw the most, bursts into tears when she hears a bang or a loud scream.

But there is strength and unity under this roof, too, among the many hands raising the twins.

They diaper mid-romp. Dish up colourful plastic bowls of egg-fried rice. Sweep it off the kitchen floor minutes later. Sponge squirming bodies in the tub. Rock the girls to sleep. "If the shoe was on the other foot, I know she'd be here looking after my babies," says Reneé, who spends almost two hours daily driving to the home to care for the twins with her own toddler and preschooler.

Tyra also dropped her life to help raise the twins, leaving her job as a youth and family counsellor and moving home from Fort McMurray, Alta.

Efforts to reach the twins' father were unsuccessful.

The national inquiry report discusses how many Indigenous people are reluctant to reach out to police for help. When they do, it says, police show little to no awareness or understanding of the history and complexity of that relationship. Indigenous people are often viewed through a lens of pervasive racist and sexist stereotypes that ultimately blame them, especially girls and women, for the violence and difficulties they face. At the inquiry, RCMP Commissioner Brenda Lucki apologized to families and promised to do better.

The people of We'koqma'q, population 850, have been there for Cassidy's family throughout. In the weeks after her death, band officials offered a $100,000 reward for information leading to a conviction.

Chief Rod Googoo says there are too many unsolved cases of missing and murdered Indigenous women and he wanted to make sure the people in his community feel safe and supported.

"We can't just sit here, doing nothing, and let everybody else do the heavy lifting," he says. "We want whoever is responsible brought to justice."

The chief says the killing has also cultivated determination and commitment in his community to do better as people.

In mid-August, young people on the reserve painted signs that said "Justice for Cassidy" with images of red dresses - a symbol of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls - and posted them around town ahead of the Nova Scotia Mi'kmaw Summer Games. An instructor from a nearby martial-arts school offered free self-defence classes for young women.

Last fall, dozens marched across the causeway that connects the island to the mainland in memory of Cassidy and to raise awareness of other missing and murdered Indigenous women. Cassidy's family called for additional police services in We'koqma'q and other First Nations communities in the provincial legislature, an issue raised in the report.

In the wake of the report and its 231 "calls for justice," Cassidy's cousin Annie Bernard-Daisley says it's her duty to help implement them. She recently joined a committee run by a provincial non-profit advocacy group for Indigenous women and girls. "It's up to us as women that these calls to action come to life," she says. "Mya and Paisley and my three girls can live in a country where they don't have to stand for this injustice any more."

As for Cassidy and her case, the police will only say that the investigation is ongoing and complex, adding that they're in close contact with the family.

But the lack of answers leaves Cassidy's mother feeling stuck. Almost a year after finding her daughter's body, she still doesn't know how she died. She can't move on and dreads having to tell the twins about their mom's death, marring their innocence with this dark reality.

The recording of Cassidy singing Itsy Bitsy Spider will be a comfort, she says, something the girls can cherish. It's embedded in a pair of teddy bears, a gift from a cousin for the twins' first birthday. Cassidy recorded the nursery rhyme to help teach Mi'kmaq to young relatives. Now, it's one of the few things left of her.

Mona keeps the bears high up in a bedroom closet most of the time. She brings them out only to help tell Cassidy's story, before returning them to the back bedroom. Without answers, the sound of her daughter's little disembodied voice, rising and falling, haunts her like a ghost.

Associated Graphic

Mona Bernard, right, holds teddy bears that play a recording of her slain daughter Cassidy singing a Mi'kmaq version of Itsy Bitsy Spider as her other daughters Tyra, left, and Reneé, centre, listen. Cassidy recorded the nursery rhyme to help teach Mi'kmaq to young relatives. Now, it's one of the few things left of her.

Reneé Denny, wearing a sweatshirt in honour of her late sister, Cassidy, bathes Cassidy's daughters along with her own toddler, Emerly, at her mother's home on We'koqma'q First Nation. 'If the shoe was on the other foot, I know she'd be here looking after my babies,' Ms. Denny says.

Cassidy's daughters Paisley, centre, and Mya, right, play under a blanket with their three-year-old cousin Macy.

Reneé holds Mya as her own daughter sits with her sister Tyra's boyfriend, Colby, during a rare quiet moment at her mother's We'koqma'q home. Reneé spends almost two hours daily driving to the home to care for the twins.

A photo of Cassidy with the twins is seen on her mother Mona Bernard's fridge. Mona was the one who found Cassidy dead in bed.

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B19


MICHAEL JENNER JEAN-MARIE

March 29, 1964 September 15, 2019

It is with great sadness that we announce the sudden death of Mike as a result of a tragic accident. Survived and much loved by his wife Margo Lowndes, proud father of sons Jenner and Douglas and daughter Melanie (Evan). Also survived by the extended Lowndes family, sister Wendy Reid (Jim) and many nieces and nephews.

"The Wease" was one of a kind, he was a (wannabe) meteorologist and a backyard rink master, who's ice was enjoyed by many over the years. He will be deeply missed by all who knew him.

A visitation will be held at the Mount Pleasant Visitation Centre, 375 Mount Pleasant Road (enter through the east gates) on Friday, September 20th from 3 p.m. - 6 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, a memorial donation may be made to the Heart and Stroke foundation or a charity of your choice.

DOROTHY PEARSON

Died peacefully in her sleep at Southlake Regional Health Centre on September 13, 2019, just a few weeks short of her 94th birthday.

Gone to join her beloved husband, Russell Pearson. Predeceased by her brother, Jack Sabin (Joan).

Devoted mother of Lynn Pelly (Brian) and Jane Pearson. Adored and loving Grandma to Heather Pelly, Kyle Pelly (Katie), Colleen Pelly (Brian Forbes) and Matthew Pearson. Much loved GG of Hudson and Sarah Pelly.

Friends of all ages were drawn to Dorothy, by her welcoming smile, ready wit, caring warm nature and willingness to make time for anyone. Many will miss Dorothy's company, whether relaxing at the cottage, playing cards, or on the golf course.

Dorothy spent her last few years at Hollandview Trail Retirement Residence in Aurora. Hollandview quickly became home, as she grew her circle of wonderful friends and received exceptional care from the dedicated staff.

Friends and family are invited to drop in to an informal gathering to celebrate Dorothy's life to be held at Hollandview Trail (200 John West Way, Aurora) on Saturday, October 19th from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to a charity of your choice in honour of Dorothy's memory.

KATHLEEN MARGARET RICHARDSON C.C., O.M.

May 5, 1928 - September 14, 2019 Kathleen Margaret Richardson passed away peacefully at 91 years of age with family and friends by her side on September 14, 2019 at the Grace Hospital in Winnipeg.

Kathleen was born in Winnipeg on May 5, 1928, daughter of the late James and Muriel Richardson. She was a much beloved younger sister to Agnes M.

Benidickson, the Hon. James A. Richardson and George T. Richardson, all of whom predeceased Kathleen. She will be fondly remembered by her sistersin-law, Shirley Richardson (James) and Tannis Richardson (George). Kathleen was adored by twelve nieces and nephews, twenty-nine great nieces and nephews, all their spouses and partners, and eighteen great-great nieces and nephews. Known simply as "Aunt", Kathleen was a confidante, counsellor, travel companion, storyteller, and picnic partner to all.

Educated at Riverbend School, Bishop Strachan School and the University of Manitoba, Kathleen graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree (1949) and received her Honorary Doctorate of Laws (1989). She was appointed: an Officer of the Order of Canada (1973); a Companion of the Order of Canada (1994); as well as a Member of the Order of Manitoba (2005). Kathleen also received: the University of Manitoba Jubilee Award (1975); the Edmund C. Bovey Award, Council for Business and the Arts in Canada (1991); Arts Champions Award for Arts Patronage, Winnipeg Arts Council (2007); and the Royal Canadian Academy of Artists Medal for outstanding contribution to the Arts (2007).

Kathleen served as a Director of James Richardson & Sons, Limited from 1954 to 1998. Following her retirement, she was appointed Director Emeritus in recognition of her outstanding contributions to the Firm. In addition to her lifelong engagement with JRSL, she held numerous other corporate Board appointments including: Director, Sun Life Assurance Company from 1978 to 1998; Director, Barclays Bank of Canada from 1984 to 1994 and Director, Gulf Canada Limited from 1977 to 1987. While in the vanguard of women serving on major corporate boards, it is for Kathleen's unwavering commitment to the Arts in Winnipeg and across Canada that she is most fondly remembered.

A longtime champion of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, Kathleen's volunteer support and service are credited with helping elevate the RWB to its worldclass status. She served as President of the Royal Winnipeg Ballet from 1957 to 1961 and Honorary President of the RWB from 1963 to the time of her passing. Among the numerous successes achieved on behalf of the RWB, Kathleen chaired the fundraising campaign for the Ballet's permanent home, which officially opened in downtown Winnipeg in 1988.

Kathleen's other community involvement included: National Executive Committee Pan-Am Games Society 1964-1970; Canada Council 19641970; Manitoba Arts Council 1969-1973; Board of Directors and Executive Committee, Institute for Research on Public Policy 1972-1978; Advisory Board, The Winnipeg Foundation 1971-1982; Co-Chair, Furnishings Committee, Dalnavert (Manitoba Historical Society's Macdonald House) 1970-1974 and subsequently, Dalnavert's Visitors' Centre Committee 2003-2007; Governor, Stratford Festival 1983-1986; Governor, Winnipeg Art Gallery 1983-1991; Manitoba Government's Education Review Commission in 1992; and Chair of Manitoba Foundations' Council 1999-2001.

Throughout her life, Kathleen remained a quiet philanthropist. She contributed to numerous worthwhile causes both personally and through her Foundation. Always preferring to remain anonymous, Kathleen's extraordinary generosity improved outcomes for individuals, organizations and communities across Canada. She believed strongly in the words often quoted by her mother, Muriel Richardson, "Unto whom much is given, much is also required."

To all her encounters and endeavours, she brought an abundance of common sense, infinite patience and a remarkable sense of humour. Businesswoman, community volunteer, champion of the Arts, proud Canadian, and much loved friend, Kathleen Margaret Richardson will be greatly missed by all who knew her.

Kathleen's family wish to express their deep appreciation to Francis Opina and Team KMR, the devoted caregivers who made it possible for Kathleen to enjoy her final years with grace and comfort; and to Joan Richardson whose affection and support for Aunt has been legendary and long-standing.

A celebration of Kathleen Richardson's life will be announced at a later date.

DAVID RAE SEALY "Dave"

(former Vice President of Borden Metal Products in Beeton)

At the age of 83 years, on September 15, 2019 we said goodbye to a man who loved skiing with friends, the rocks and trees of Georgian Bay, art, playing hockey, being involved in the community, and being connected to friends and family.

Dave's smile and gentle laughter will remain in the hearts of his children, Beth (Craig), Michele (Martin), and Craig (Garth); his cherished grandchildren, Natalie (Jessey), Neil and Ian; and his joyful great-grandchildren, Jaxon and Emmett. He is deeply loved by Jean and Jim Small and Diana Sealy, and his sense of fun will be missed by Jim and Darlene Sealy, all his extended family, and his many friends. Dave is predeceased by his loving wife Joan Sealy (McQuay), and his brother Paul.

Visitation will be held at Rod Abrams Funeral Home Tottenham on Friday, September 20, 2019 from 11:30 a.m. until time of Funeral Service in the chapel at 1 p.m. Interment will be held in Trinity Cemetery Beeton. In lieu of flowers, please consider donations to a local charity of your choice. To view Dave's full Obituary please visit www.

RodAbramsFuneralHome.com.

MARGARET IRENE WILLIS

December 9, 1923 September 14, 2019 Predeceased by her husband of 68 years, W. Harvey Willis.

Margaret stayed at home to raise their four children; Rodney, Timothy (Bente), Susan (Ralph) and Patricia. Grandmother of 10, and great-grandmother to 15 ("GG"). They were her pride and joy. She was predeceased by her twin sister, Daphne and younger sister, Georgina.

Margaret was an active volunteer in the community at St. Augustine Anglican Church and Holland Bloorview for 31 years. Margaret spent her later years at Revera, enjoying new friends and an active life. The family extends a thank you to the staff of The Donway - Revera.

A service will be held in The Anglican Church of St. Augustine of Canterbury, 1847 Bayview Avenue at 2:00 p.m. on Saturday, September 21st, followed by a reception. In lieu of flowers, charitable donations to St.

Augustine of Canterbury (Toronto M4G 3E4) or Temmy Latner Centre (#1001 - 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1W7) would be appreciated.

Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

DOREEN WILSON (née S ands)

Doreen Wilson, beloved wife of the late James (Jock) Wilson, passed away in Ancaster on Sunday, September 15, 2019, a week before her 89th birthday.

Mother of David (Irene), Michael (Sharon), Peter (Gareth) and Anne (David). Cherished grandmother of Sasha, Misha, James, Katie, Hayley, and Joan. Doreen was a passionate and gifted artist and well known in the arts community in Burlington and Hamilton. She left teaching to raise her family and continue her studies in art.

Doreen studied drawing and painting at the University of Western Ontario, The Art School of Toronto, The Three Schools of Toronto, The Dundas Valley School of Art, and the Ontario College of Art. Doreen loved to teach art and explore the creative spirit.

"When we create, we are saying "yes" to life ... we are at that moment, most ourselves, at home in the universe, positioned in space. One hopes that some of this feeling is communicated to others."

Staff at the Meadows Long Term Care Home are sincerely thanked for their kindness during Doreen's stay with them.

A Service of Remembrance will be held at St. Luke's Anglican Church, 1371 Elgin Street, Burlington on Saturday, September 21, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. followed by the interment at St. Luke's Cemetery.

Reception to follow. For those who wish, donations in memory of Doreen, to The Burlington Art Gallery, would be sincerely appreciated by the family.

http://www.smithsfh.com

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B16


JEAN APPLEBAUM

On Monday, September 16, 2019 at North York General Hospital. Beloved wife of the late Lewis Applebaum. Loving mother and mother-in-law of Stephen and Lily, Robin and Evy, Raymond and Ellace.

Loving sister of the late Esther, Gert, and brother Ken.

Sister-in-law of Max and May, Eve and the late Sid Bergstein, and Estelle. Devoted grandmother of Reuben, Lauren and Adam, Jessica and Jeff, Mark and Shelley, Jordan, Dana, Jared and Dane, Margaret and Rob (deceased), Stephanie and Tiernan, Victoria and Damion, and the late Benjamin.

Devoted great-grandmother of Marley Drew, Sienna Blake, Dylan Benjamin, Isabelle Gray, Evan, Alexis, Kaila, Paige, Alex, Jackson, Zach, Sean, Bella, Beatrice, Jack, Theo, Aubrey, Anthony, and greatgreat-grandmother to Alia.

At Benjamin's Park Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West, for service on Thursday, September 19th, 2019, at 1:00 p.m. http://www.benjamins.ca Interment at Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Shiva at The Terrace at Baycrest, 55 Ameer Avenue, on Thursday following Interment until 8 p.m. and Friday 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Limited parking at the Terrace. Pay parking available in Baycrest parking lot in the western spots adjacent to the Terrace.

ROBERT BELL "Bob"

On Thursday, September 5, 2019, Robert (Bob) Bell, loving husband, father, grandfather, brother and uncle passed away at age 82.

Born October 22, 1936 in Toronto, he lived most of his life there until moving to Goderich three years ago. He worked hard. His drive, tenacity and ambition allowed him to live a rich, full life, which he generously shared with his family and many friends.

A successful entrepreneur, salesman extraordinaire, golfer and pilot, he loved fresh air, a G&T on the dock in Muskoka, and sunset cruises with his grandchildren.

He was a great singer, dancer and host, a history buff, proud Scot and Tilley hat wearing traveller, a lover of long country drives and "Sunshine on my Shoulders".

He never stopped missing Sheila, his wife of 54 years.

After her passing in 2014, he took comfort in their enduring connection with every butterfly and rainbow he saw.

He will be missed and always loved by his daughters Kathryn and Sam, his "pinned on" sons Jeff, Dennis and Gavin, his grandchildren, Bryce, Camille, Erin and Malindi and the old and new friends he was deeply fond of.

Join us for a visit at The Old Mill on Thursday, October 10, 2019, 3-5 p.m.

SAUNDRA GLYNN (nee McKay)

Peacefully at the Arnprior District Memorial Hospital on Sunday morning, September 15, 2019.

Saundra Glynn of McNab/ Braeside passed away at the age of 82. Beloved wife and life partner of the late Paul Thomas Glynn (October 30, 2016). Dearly loved and proud mother of Mary Teresa (MT) Glynn and Caroline Glynn. Daughter of the late Jack and Mary (nee Whelan) McKay. Saundra will be fondly remembered by her family, the McKay's of Arnprior including Sheilagh Poole (late Phil), Peter McKay (Pat), George McKay (Heather) and especially Jana (James) Croskery. Predeceased by her brother, John McKay.

Born in Ottawa, Saundra spent much of her childhood living in Quebec and New Brunswick before settling in Arnprior. Saundra had a successful career teaching elementary and secondary school in Ottawa. It was during this time, while teaching at St. Joseph's High School on Broadview that she met her husband Paul. In the early 1970s, Saundra and Paul moved to Mississauga and while raising their daughters, Saundra was elected as a trustee and later Vice-Chairman of the Dufferin Peel Roman Catholic Separate School Board. Throughout her lifetime, Saundra was engaged in a number of social justice initiatives such as Catholics of Vision Canada. Upon moving back to McNab/Braeside, Saundra continued to be an active member of the community including the Arnprior Library Board, her local book club and her Cosmology group. Saundra was a devoted wife and mother who will be dearly missed by those whose lives she has touched.

Her final care has been entrusted to the Pilon Family Funeral Home and Chapel Ltd., 50 John Street North, Arnprior where visitation will be held on Friday, September 20th from 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 p.m.

and again on Saturday morning, September 21st from 10:00 a.m.

to 10:45 a.m. A Tribute to Saundra will follow in the Pilon Family Chapel at 11 o'clock. In memory of Saundra, please consider a donation to the Arnprior Library or the Arnprior Food Bank.

Condolences/Memories/Donations http://www.pilonfamily.ca

OSCAR GOODMAN

September 12, 2019, at home, after battle with cancer. Age 84. Survived by son, Mark Andrew; five step-children; 12 grandchildren; and one greatgrandchild. Beloved partner of Sheila (Davids) Meiteen for 32 years.

Oscar, a man of high integrity, was a strong contributor to Tikkun olam, and loved language and music.

Shiva will be Sunday, September 22 from 2-5 p.m., service at 7 p.m., and Monday at 2 p.m., 1404 - 15 McMurrich St., Toronto.

DR. NOEL DEEVES ROBERTSON

Professor Emeritus of Greek History and Religion at Brock University, died peacefully September 12, 2019 at the age of 83 at James Bay Care Center in Victoria, BC. He leaves behind his wife Laura Robertson of Victoria, children Eva, Emily, Sam (Robin) and Isabella, grandchildren Alexander, Kieran, Norah, Maura and Eleanor, sister Gail Mihlenstedt and many loving cousins, nieces and nephews.

Noel Robertson authored a large body of scholarly works, with an emphasis on ritual and the practice of religion in ancient Greek society. Among family, friends and colleagues he was known as a gifted storyteller and lecturer, whose talents were also bestowed on a generation of students. He read Latin, Greek, German and French and, throughout his tenure at Brock University, gave generously of himself in a number of leadership and service positions.

Born August 15, 1936, in Winnipeg, Manitoba to Alexander and Isabella Robertson, Noel and his family then moved in 1940 to Fort William, Ontario (now Thunder Bay). Noel earned a scholarship to study at University College, University of Toronto, (B.A., 1958), where he won the McCaul Gold Medal in Classics. He went on to Cornell University for advanced degrees in Classical Philology (M.A., 1959 and PhD, 1964).

While at Cornell, Noel joined an archaeological dig under the auspices of The American School of Classical Studies in Athens (1961-63). He met his wife, Laura Fahy - also a graduate student working on the dig- in Corinth, Greece. They married in 1964, the same year he completed his PhD and dissertation, 'Nemesis: the history of a social and religious ideal in early Greece'. In 1965, Noel was appointed Leyerhulme Fellow at the University of Bristol; Eva was born that year.

He continued to teach as a postdoctoral fellow at Cornell; Emily (1966) and Sam (1969) followed.

Isabella was born (1974), after Noel became, first Associate, then Professor of Classics at Brock University (1970-2002).

Noel edited 'The Archaeology of Cyprus: Recent Developments' (1976) and authored two more books, 'Festivals and Legends: The Formation of Greek Cities in the Light of Public Ritual' (1992) and 'Religion and Reconciliation in Greek Cities: The Sacred Laws of Selinas and Cyrene' (2009) in addition to some 80 articles and chapters. A member of the board of directors for the Canadian Archaeological Institute at Athens (1978-80), visiting research fellow at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia (1993) and Vice-President of the Classical Association of Canada (1994-96), Noel also chaired the Department of Classics twice while at Brock (1973-82; 1998-2001). He also served on numerous committees throughout his time there. Part of his extensive library was donated to the University of Victoria and can be enjoyed there in the Department of Greek and Roman Studies Reading Room.

A reception will be held at First Memorial Funeral Home, 1155 Fort Street, Victoria, BC at 2:00 pm on Tuesday, September 17, 2019.

Donations may be made to: The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 6-8 Charlton St., Princeton, NJ 08540-5232; email: ascsa@ascsa.org

NANCY TANIS ROBINSON (née Lash)

Peacefully on Friday, September 13, 2019 at the age of 75. Dear wife of Ian Robinson. Beloved mother of Tanis (Jonathon Feasby), Seanna (Dan Michaluk) and Airlie (Kevin McCann). Loving grandmother to Mack and Calvin Feasby, Hugo and Penny Robinson, and West and Nora Mae McCann. Sister of Timothy Lash and the late Marietta (aka Mouse) Lash; aunt of Zeb Reid (Becky).

Lover of all things Muskoka.

Touched the lives of so many with her charisma, warmth, generosity, fun and ability to light up the room. A Memorial Service will be held at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Rd. on Thursday, September 19th at 1:00 p.m.

with a reception to follow. In memoriam, donations to CAMH would be appreciated by her family.

MARGARET IRENE WILLIS

December 9, 1923 September 14, 2019 Predeceased by her husband of 68 years, W. Harvey Willis.

Margaret stayed at home to raise their four children; Rodney, Timothy (Bente), Susan (Ralph) and Patricia. Grandmother of 10, and great-grandmother to 15 ("GG"). They were her pride and joy. She was predeceased by her twin sister, Daphne and younger sister, Georgina.

Margaret was an active volunteer in the community at St. Augustine Anglican Church and Holland Bloorview for 31 years. Margaret spent her later years at Revera, enjoying new friends and an active life. The family extends a thank you to the staff of The Donway - Revera.

A service will be held in The Anglican Church of St. Augustine of Canterbury, 1847 Bayview Avenue at 2:00 p.m. on Saturday, September 21st, followed by a reception. In lieu of flowers, charitable donations to St.

Augustine of Canterbury (Toronto M4G 3E4) or Temmy Latner Centre (#1001 - 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1W7) would be appreciated.

Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

EVELYN MEAGHER

1920 - 2009

Ten years and you will always be Forever in our hearts Your loving family

'We want to make this place feel like home': Helping Indigenous youth feel safe in Thunder Bay
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Wake The Giant is a cultural awareness campaign and concert aimed at 'opening the hearts and minds of people' in the Northern Ontario city. But despite being widely embraced as an example of its inclusivity efforts, it also has its detractors, who worry it will take more work to solve deep-rooted issues
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By MOLLY HAYES
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A8


THUNDER BAY -- As a rock band warmed up behind him at the Thunder Bay marina Saturday afternoon, Nolan Asanabee showed off his dance moves to new friends at the back of the park.

Under his tracksuit, and a plastic lei he won at a local arcade, the 17-year-old wore a red T-shirt that was covered in signatures from those new friends.

"My fans," he joked, as the group posed for selfies.

Mr. Asanabee, from Sandy Lake First Nation, was part of a cohort of students visiting Thunder Bay from remote northern communities for Wake The Giant festivities, a cultural awareness campaign and concert to make Indigenous youth feel welcome and safe in the city.

It is a campaign that has earned hundreds of thousands of dollars in sponsorships, and has been widely embraced by the city as an example of its inclusivity efforts. But it has also been criticized as a Band-Aid solution to deep-rooted issues.

The concerns are ones that highlight the difficult work of reconciliation, and the challenge - in a city where even best intentions can be divisive - of making meaningful change.

Because for years in Thunder Bay, Indigenous students have not felt welcome. The city has received national attention for this over the past few years, with multiple reviews concluding that the town and its police service are plagued with systemic racism.

Three years ago, an inquest was held into the deaths of seven Indigenous teenagers who, between 2000 and 2011, died after travelling to Thunder Bay for high school. Six of those students went to Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School - the school Mr. Asanabee is likely to attend next year.

It's a daunting transition. To get their education, these students are forced leave their families behind and move to a city so much bigger than what they are used to that many are encountering streetlights for the first time.

Because DFC doesn't have a residence, the teens are billeted in boarding homes across the city and rely on public transit to get to and from class. In the community, they have faced racist slurs and discrimination by shop owners. It is dangerous.

But on Saturday evening, as drums and electric guitars blared in the background of Wake The Giant - and as he anxiously awaited the appearance of Ernest Monias, known as "Elvis of the North" - Mr. Asanabee said his nerves had been eased.

"I feel excited about it now," he said. "I met a lot of good people."

Wake The Giant was started by a group of teachers at DFC, in response to a long to-do list of recommendations that came out of the inquest to improve the lives of the students in the city.

Sean Spenrath, DFC's student success co-ordinator, says it was during a songwriting workshop with Toronto-based band July Talk a couple years back that the group realized how empowered the students were by music. The lyrics that the teens came up with - Mourning Keeps Coming Back, the song is called - were a jolting reminder of how much loss they had faced. Mr. Spenrath and his colleagues wanted to give them something to look forward to.

In Mr. Spenrath's view, the Wake The Giant slogan refers to "opening the hearts and minds of people in Thunder Bay; waking up from the slumber we've been in for the last decade."

It is of course, a nod to the Sleeping Giant rock formation, known to Ojibwa as Nanabijou or Spirit of the Deep Sea Water.

Today, the red-and-orange Wake The Giant logo can be spotted in the window of more than 300 local businesses in Thunder Bay - a decal that is meant to signal to students that that premises is a safe space for them; that they can go there for help, or shop freely without being followed around.

Jelena Psenicnik, who owns two restaurants in Thunder Bay, was happy to put the sticker in her windows. She is well aware of the racism in her city and was enthusiastic about the push for inclusivity. But months later, she sees the logo everywhere, and feels uneasy about how easy it was for her to get. She fears the gesture is too simple.

"Obviously anything that can be done to welcome the kids is fantastic. But [my concern is] whether it's a bit too nominal," she said.

"It's really a matter of making sure this is working, and that it's not just some sort of 'Hey, don't worry Thunder Bay, we got it.

We've got stickers all over town, so we're good.' "Sandi Boucher, a local motivational speaker and reconciliation expert, argues the campaign isn't just potentially shallow, it's dangerous.

Without a proper vetting process for these businesses, she fears

students could be misled to believe they are safe in a business premises where they are not.

"The only thing worse than not feeling welcome is being told you're welcome and then it turns out you're not," she said.

"It's just too easy." She is similarly skeptical about the value of a concert. She found it offensive that it was scheduled on the same day as the Full Moon Memory Walk, an annual event to honour missing and murdered Indigenous women. These types of scheduling conflicts happen "constantly," she says. "It's just a huge divide, and speaks to the basis of the intention in Thunder Bay."

Elder John Gagnon, from Aroland First Nation, who has worked at DFC for three years, felt optimistic, watching the crowd Saturday, that it was a unifying experience (all DFC students, and those visiting the school from northern communities, got into the concert for free).

"This festival here, this is what the city of Thunder Bay needs.

We need to get everybody on board, to get along. For the sake of the kids - for their safety," he said. To him, Wake The Giant means "you're waking up the people. Waking up the Giant. [We are] saying 'That's enough.' " Michele Solomon, a councillor at Fort William First Nation who spoke on behalf of Chief Peter Collins at the concert, agrees.

"Anything we can do to help young people feel better and thrive, I can get behind that," she told the crowd.

For Lewis Chapman, Saturday's event wasn't only the first big concert he attended, it was also his first big performance.

The 18-year-old, from Big Trout Lake, is in his second year at DFC and has been playing guitar for five years. When he learned that he and his classmates would have the opportunity to join July Talk on stage to play the song the band wrote with the students, he thought it was a "pretty cool opportunity."

And as thousands of people in the audience cheered them on, he couldn't help but beam.

"I'm not going to lie," he said.

As a young Indigenous man, he has found Thunder Bay to be "quite dangerous."

But as Mr. Chapman took in the festivities with his girlfriend, he felt hopeful that it might ease some of that intimidation for new students in the future.

"It's a cool event, I think it'll be awesome," he said. "Maybe this will warm [the new students] up to it."

Norma Kejick, executive director of the Northern Nishnawbe Education Council, has seen hundreds of students graduate.

But she has also been to too many funerals for students.

On stage on Saturday, she spoke of the hardships the students face in getting their highschool education. Out of the 24 First Nations communities she represents, only two have schools that go to Grade 12. Everyone else must travel to the city.

Ms. Kejick also addressed the criticism that the campaign has faced.

"I've heard comments from some people saying, 'Why do we have three white people running around the city slapping up logos on businesses?' " she said.

"Well, why does it always have to be us brown people - First Nations people - that have to be the first ones to try to reconcile?

If we're going to make change, we have to do it together."

Mr. Spenrath acknowledges that after the success of Wake The Giant, and the enormous amount of support it has received, he and his colleagues have a platform and a responsibility now.

Initially, they planned to use any funds raised toward a muchneeded new school and residence. But concerned that this could deter the federal government from putting up that cash, they decided instead to put it toward continuing the awareness campaign.

"We want to take the next year here to really focus on the logo project," he said, adding that they will be establishing a cultural sensitivity training package for participants moving forward.

"Our biggest goal now is to parlay [these connections] into potential part-time jobs for the kids," Mr. Spenrath said. "We want to make this place feel like home."

Associated Graphic

Below: Lewis Chapman, of Big Trout Lake, and his girlfriend, Regan Ferris, watch Coleman Hell perform on Saturday. As a young Indigenous man, Mr. Chapman finds Thunder Bay to be 'quite dangerous.'

PHOTOGRAPHS BY DAVID JACKSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Above: Thunder Bay's Coleman Hell performs at the Wake The Giant Music Festival on Saturday.

Right: Nolan Asanabee, from Sandy Lake First Nation, shows off a T-shirt covered in signatures from new friends made at the Wake The Giant festival. 'I met a lot of good people,' he says of the event.

Harmony Fiddler from Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School places a Wake The Giant sticker in the window of a Thunder Bay business in March.

Left: Festivalgoers enjoy Coleman Hell's performance on Saturday.

Below: Elder John Gagnon, who works at Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School, smudges the grounds at the music festival.

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Correction

A Monday news feature on Indigenous youth included an incorrect spelling of Nolan Aysanabee.

THE GREAT OUTDOORS
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Social-media platforms such as Instagram have helped boost the popularity of provincial and national parks. Despite the crowds, this is a good thing. Making nature more accessible should be part of our project of building a more equal Canada
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By MÉLISSA GODIN
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page O5


Multimedia journalist who reports on gender, climate change and human rights. She is a Rhodes Scholar, a National Geographic Explorer, and a GroundTruth Project Fellow.

A few weeks ago, my friends and I tried to reserve a camping spot at Garibaldi Provincial Park in British Columbia, only to discover that it was completely booked until early October.

For the past few summers, I have made a yearly pilgrimage to Garibaldi Lake, reserving my camping spot five minutes before arriving at the head of the trail. Although Garibaldi is one of B.C.'s pristine provincial parks filled with glacier lakes, windy hiking paths and snow-capped mountains, it can be difficult to access.

Getting to the picturesque Panorama Ridge is a 30-kilometre journey round-trip, which even for avid hikers can be quite tiring.

And yet, this summer, the trails were busier than I have ever seen them. Hordes of people wearing everything from hiking boots to platform heels climbed the path to the lake to get their well-earned photo next to the crystal blue water.

The number of visitors to the outdoors has hugely increased in the province. This year, B.C.'s parks have been visited 4,928,500 more times than they were in 2014-15. For outdoorsy British Columbians, this increase is extremely evident: Quarry Rock in Deep Cove is now monitored by a ranger to ensure that only 70 people are on it at a time, and it is next to impossible to get a parking spot in front of Joffre Lakes.

The increase in visitors is in part a result of initiatives by the provincial government to boost tourism to B.C. According to The Walrus, Destination BC - a provincial tourism agency - receives $51million a year to promote the beautiful outdoors. Their strategy involves paying social-media influencers to popularize various parks around the province.

Many in the outdoor community are upset that their favourite spots are now packed with visitors and frown upon anyone that geotags their hiking locations. Experienced hikers argue that Instagram has resulted in people going outdoors for the wrong reasons.

Frustrated by the rise of "insta" tourists, an anonymous 31-yearold man from Idaho created an Instagram account called Public Lands Hate You. At the time of writing, his bio reads "people 'doing it for the gram' are prioritizing profit, fame, and 'rad pics' over the health and future of our favourite places. Who else is fed up?" According to these critics, people are going outdoors to get the perfect photo for Instagram rather than to appreciate the quietness of the forest or the sweet smell of red cedar trees.

To an extent, people such as the man behind Public Lands Hate You are accurately identifying a change in the way people behave in nature. I was shocked last summer to arrive at the third Joffre lake to find a woman lying on a rock, posing in a silk dress.

Photos of parks are being posted at an unprecedented rate and Instagram influencers are capitalizing and commercializing nature.

As a result, it is fair to question whether people are going outdoors for fresh air or for the likes on Instagram. But in other ways, the growing popularity of nature may be a result of the outdoors becoming more accessible.

In Canada's recent history, some of the country's most beautiful parks have largely been enjoyed by the middle and upper classes. A tour guide at Banff National Park told me that the area was originally frequented by rich Europeans who paid upward of $35,000 for a month of vacation in the great Canadian wilderness.

Today, many of Canada's most beautiful outdoor landscapes are more readily available to the rich who live in proximity to these places or can afford to vacation in them. In Vancouver and its surrounding areas, for instance, many of the best hikes are situated between the North Shore and Whistler - two of the most expensive cities in Canada. The people who have access to these free hikes - who can squeeze it in before or after work - are those who live in these affluent areas.

"Where do you ski?" is the ultimate class question in Vancouver, with the rich typically gravitating toward Whistler, where a one-day lift ticket costs upward of $100.

I developed all my outdoor skills while participating in mandatory camping trips with my private school. Each student was expected to buy loads of gear that cost their parents a small fortune.

Every September, we - a group of smelly, privileged preteens - would set out into the forest with heavy backpacks and polyester clothing. We learned how to purify stream water and hang our bags of food in nearby trees. When we became young adults, we knew where and how to camp: We had camping stoves and dry bags in the back of our closets.

This is not to say that class is the sole indicator of whether someone will be "outdoorsy": There are many low- to middle-income communities throughout Canada that regularly engage with nature. On the whole, however, Statistics Canada found that "households' participation in outdoor activities close to home increased as the annual income increased, from 56% for those with annual incomes of less than $20,000 to 88% for households with annual incomes of $150,000 or more."

For people who do not grow up participating in outdoor activities, going into the wilderness - which, in British Columbia, is filled with bears and cougars - can be quite intimidating. It can also be dangerous for people who do not understand mountain safety.

But Instagram - which provides the exact location of trail heads and provides hiking tips to users - makes the outdoors more accessible. I recently overheard a woman on the St. Mark's Summit Trail tell her friend that until a few years ago, she didn't know these trails existed: She had assumed only avid outdoor folks with the right gear could do hikes. Instagram not only gave her information about where these trails were but also changed her vision about who could do them. While people may be discovering the outdoors because of Instagram, they are not necessarily going outdoors for Instagram.

Of course, Instagram is not lowering the prices of ski passes or the cost of outdoor gear - it is not changing the demographics of who lives in proximity to some of Canada's most popular outdoor destinations. But in its own limited way, Instagram may be demystifying the outdoors.

The increase in outdoor tourism may also be a result of major infrastructure projects that have made the outdoors more available to people of varying physical abilities. The Sea to Sky Gondola in Squamish, built in 2014, for instance, was designed to accommodate wheelchair users. Before the gondola, the views from Mount Habrich could only be seen after a 7.5-kilometre hike.

Now, people of varying ability levels can enjoy the jaw-dropping views of the Howe Sound. This summer, I visited Banff National Park and was impressed by how disability-friendly the park was: At Lake Louise, I watched two wheelchair users race around the boardwalk along the shores of the glacier lake. Although many parks remain out of reach for people with disabilities, projects such as the Sea to Sky gondola provide an interesting example of how the outdoors could be made more accessible.

Increasing the accessibility of the outdoors and national parks to the Canadian public can have public-health benefits: It gets people outside, exercising and breathing in fresh air.

Many, such as the man behind the Public Lands Hate You account, argue that the increasing number of people visiting the outdoors will result in ecological damage. But as Joel Barde says in The Walrus, there are ways in which ecological damage can be mitigated, such as turning parks into "training ground for new hikers." Having more people engage with the outdoors and gain a greater appreciation of nature could also be a powerful tool for getting people to care more about climate change and conservation.

Although there are many unanswered questions about how the increased number of outdoor visitors should be managed, the solution is not to judge new hikers for wanting to take photos.

They too are able to recognize the beauty of a glacier lake and want to see it for their own eyes, and yes, get that forbidden selfie.

The increased popularity of the outdoors is not simply a superficial, Instagram-driven phenomenon. Sure, people may spend a lot of time taking photos. Maybe a small group of people are going outdoors with the sole goal of getting the perfect shot. But perhaps people are going outdoors because suddenly, it seems like they can.

Increasing the number of people that can access the outdoors and national parks should be part of our project of building a more equal Canada. In a young country such as Canada that is still looking to define itself, the outdoors - and our relationship to it - is seen as central to our cultural identity.

One does not need to look far to find evidence of this. Until recently, our $5 bill depicted a group of people playing hockey on a pond rink. When I was last at the Calgary airport, a massive photograph depicted the back of a young, blonde woman as she paddled in one of Banff's crystal blue glacier lakes.

Although many Canadians opt out of outdoor activities as a matter of preference, others are not given a chance to decide whether the outdoors will be part of their Canadian experience. Maybe Instagram is helping give them that choice.

Associated Graphic

It's a 30-kilometre round-trip hike to reach Panorama Ridge in British Columbia's Garibaldi Provincial Park, but Instagram has plenty of posts from those willing to make the journey for a perfect view.

INSTAGRAM

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Vancouver developers sour on rentals
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Kerrisdale lot rezoning shows how demand for affordable housing runs up against rising building costs
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By KERRY GOLD
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H7


VANCOUVER -- In the leafy Vancouver west side neighbourhood of Kerrisdale, there is a lot at West 35th Avenue that has sat overgrown and empty for several years. There are small indications of future redevelopment, including a stack of lumber, orange fencing and a city application sign that shows a proposal for clustered white rental townhouses.

A single detached house used to sit on the 12,440-square-foot corner double lot. The old house was torn down three years ago and the property appears to have been for sale ever since. An MLS listing shows that it was purchased for $2.5-million in 2016.

The lot is now for sale, for $5.88million.

In the meantime, the owner has also gone to the trouble and expense of applying to rezone the property to allow for 12 rental townhouse units. The rezoning application is part of the marketing of the property. In July, 2018, just before the civic election, the former city council approved the project. Not surprisingly, there was neighbourhood backlash to it, says the architect who's designing it. But the mood for more density in neighbourhoods zoned for detached housing was strong, particularly with an affordable housing crisis. The low-density west side of the city is an obvious area for more density. Critics argued that the rents were not affordable.

Brian Billingsley, principal of B Squared Architecture, says that the expectation for affordable rental is counterproductive.

"The planners were really supportive of the project, they liked it and they kind of pushed it through really fast," Mr. Billingsley says. "We were one of the last batch to go through rezoning with the old council before the election. The only person who voted against the project was Adriane Carr for the very reason that she didn't think it was affordable. But dealing with the City of Vancouver, nothing is affordable and everything gets taxed all through the project. And I don't know how people think builders can absorb all the cost. It makes no sense to me."

It is one of the few residential detached houses in the city (called an RS zone) to be spot rezoned for multifamily housing.

The majority of detached houses that get rezoned are in areas that have been planned, such as the Cambie corridor.

The average starting rents for the project are $1,900 for a one bedroom and $3,700 for the three bedrooms, according to the city, which has set a long list of conditions to be met before the rezoning is enacted. Mr. Billingsley says he's almost met those conditions, and he believes that when it gets built it will provide housing for people who can afford those rents. As those people move from their less expensive apartments, it will then free up existing housing for others.

"There is a certain upward mobility being provided, right? And voting against everything because it's too expensive, that's not progressive either. That won't solve the housing problem in Vancouver or anywhere else."

However, one developer argues that the market for highpriced rental units is so small that the rental development business is not viable and his company is moving away from rental housing entirely.

Long-time developer Anthony Hepworth, president and chief executive of Pennyfarthing Homes, says his company has built every type of property but is no longer interested in rentals because the returns aren't great enough to cover the high costs. As a result, they've sold off all of their rental properties except for one.

"Rental for the most part does not make sense," says Mr. Hepworth, who has a PhD in engineering. He's been with Pennyfarthing since 1980. "It's a lousy business," he says of rental.

He says the problems are the high cost of land as well as climbing construction costs in the past three years. Pennyfarthing developed a rental building at 1450 Creekside Dr. in 1987 and the generously sized 1,150 units rent for around $3,000 a month. After 32 years, the rents have only doubled, he says. The water view building is in a desirable location, a five-minute walk from Granville Island. But at that rent, it can take a month or two to fill an empty unit.

"We are capped out at $3,000 a month. The potential for people to pay more than that, is very, very limited.

"Theoretically, there should be a lot of room for rentals to climb - and I think some people are betting on that. But there is a small market for that," he says.

Can the market provide affordable rental housing? Not for the majority, says Andy Yan, director of Simon Fraser University's city program. He calculates that rents for new units between $2,700 and $3,200 a month exclude 75 per cent to 80 per cent of renter households in the city. In other words, rental is not instantly synonymous with "affordable."

"The problem is when new market rental housing in the city is conflated and valorized, whether intentionally or not, as affordable housing that is immediately accessible for low-to-middle-income renters. It shouldn't be."

Mr. Yan says that half of renter households can afford a maximum rent of $1,256 a month, at best. The median household income for renters in Vancouver is $50,250. However, 27 per cent of renter households in Vancouver earn less than $25,000. According to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, affordable housing is 30 per cent of one's income. That means that one quarter of Vancouver renter households can afford to pay $625 a month, and that's at the high end of what they can afford, Mr. Yan says.

"That is so far out of the financial reality that the numbers don't work out," Mr. Hepworth says, when asked if he could supply that kind of rental. "I think we worked out the numbers for the west side of Vancouver and you need to get about $3.50 a square foot, so a 1,000 sq. ft. unit would be $3,500, and they don't build them that big. They build 800-foot units and you're still looking at $2,700 or $2,800 a month for that.

"Unless there is a dramatic increase in salaries, it's very hard to see many people who will be able to afford it."

He points to the fact that incomes have doubled since the 1980s, but condo prices have quadrupled.

Mr. Hepworth does not believe affordable housing is in Vancouver's future. The softened market has not translated into lower prices. The condo market has stalled and developers are holding properties until the prices return.

Some multifamily developers are looking to the United States for projects, he says. His own company has four properties on hold until the market goes back up, including one in New Westminster, B.C.

He is seeing properties intended for family housing sit undeveloped.

"I do know what has happened in the townhouse market, and people that bought townhouse sites in Cambie phase three, particularly south of 37th Avenue, all hugely over paid and all those projects are not viable. They didn't get started, because they haven't got the presales. They haven't got bank financing and their land costs are simply too high. So they are sitting there."

In order to build economically viable rental buildings, especially on the west side, you'd need to go to about 15 stories, says Mr. Hepworth, who believes spot rezonings are a solution.

But Vancouver Hospice Society executive director Simin Tabrizi would like to see more community consultation instead, especially if the spot zoning involves rental units that few can afford. Ms. Tabrizi was part of a major pushback against a rezoning proposal next door to the hospice, for 21 units of rental townhouses, at 4575 Granville St. That proposal was rejected and criticisms included the high rents proposed for the townhouses.

Ms. Tabrizi has proposed that the Society purchase the property and develop it for affordable short-term rental for seniors in the last years of life, a possible partnership with a government agency that could subsidize it.

The housing would offer care to people who would normally, and unnecessarily, be placed in hospital. She says it makes more sense than expensive rental because it would fulfill a need for a vulnerable group.

"The City has imposed stuff all over the place and I don't know how it benefits the city," Ms. Tabrizi says. "I think the [former] city council became a partner in the whole scheme around housing and speculation of housing, so whether that direction will change with the new council, or not, I don't know. I think the prevailing idea is that we desperately need housing, and so it's go-go-go.

But I think, really, it's time to pause a little and do away with this spot zoning and also really engage communities around planning."

Similar to many housing experts, Mr. Hepworth comes back to government funding as a solution, although he says it's still complicated.

"The only way you can get affordable housing is by subsidies.

Then it becomes, who gets the subsidy and how is it applied? It gets very difficult," he says.

"Of course, the federal government could also return to the days when it built subsidized housing for low and middle incomes," Mr.Yan says.

Associated Graphic

A lot on West 35th Avenue in Vancouver sits vacant. The site has been approved for 12 units of rental townhouses and holds the potential to more than double its value.

PHOTOS BY KERRY GOLD/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

In this First Nation in Northern Ontario, undrinkable water is a crisis of health and faith
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Neskantaga has lived under a boil-water advisory for nearly 25 years, with the recent breakdown of two pumps marking the latest blow to the isolated community. Despite lawmakers' pledges to fix the long-running issue, many residents are skeptical that a repeatedly delayed upgrade to the water-filtration system will change things
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By GEOFFREY YORK
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


NESKANTAGA FIRST NATION, ONT. -- After a quarter-century of Canada's longest boil-water advisory, the people of Neskantaga thought their water crisis could not possibly get worse.

They were wrong. The breakdown of two electric pumps has left the isolated First Nations community without any water in some of its homes this week and only a trickle of unchlorinated water in others. Its school has shut down, and nearly 100 people were flown to Thunder Bay on emergency evacuation flights on Sunday, with more evacuations scheduled for Monday evening.

Some residents are already reporting headaches and skin infections from the water, according to Chief Chris Moonias.

The federal Liberals have pledged to eliminate all of the 56 remaining boil-water advisories in First Nations communities across Canada by March, 2021. But the prolonged crisis at Neskantaga and other First Nations has raised doubts about whether or not that promise will be met.

In a media briefing on Monday, officials from the federal Indigenous Services department suggested the Neskantaga residents could take sponge baths with boiled water for hygiene. They said they expect a replacement pump to be installed by Wednesday to fix the problem. The evacuation flights were an unapproved "selfevacuation" by the community, they said.

Neskantaga, on the shores of Attawapiskat Lake about 450 kilometres north of Thunder Bay, has gone nearly 25 years without safe water in its taps - longer than any other community in Canada. It has become a lingering symbol of a crisis that still haunts more than 55 Indigenous communities across the country.

"This water supply is UNSAFE," warn the printed notices in Neskantaga, some of them so old that they are peeling and faded. "Any water that is going to touch your mouth must have been boiled."

Despite the health warnings, people are still getting sick from the tap water. The latest to become ill this summer were a powwow drummer and a visiting canoe paddler.

Last month, the local water plant operator, Wilfred Sakanee, climbed into his truck to distribute a stack of new warnings. He had printed 80 of them - one for every house and office in this community - in an effort to prevent more illnesses.

The Indigenous Services department has pledged that a new water treatment plant will be opened in Neskantaga by mid-October, providing safe water in the taps of its homes for the first time in a quarter-century. But among many residents here, there is understandable skepticism about the promise.

The new plant was first scheduled to open in the spring of 2018. The opening was postponed. Then it was due to open in March this year, and again it was delayed. (Among the reasons: a dispute between the construction contractor and the First Nation.)

"Although this project was delayed, we are now on track," said a statement this summer by Liberal MP Bob Nault, whose riding includes Neskantaga.

He called it "a historic turning point" for the residents of Neskantaga. "It's about time and long overdue. ... Canadians would find it intolerable not to have clean and safe drinking water - they simply wouldn't tolerate it."

In budgets over the past three years, the government has announced more than $2.5-billion in long-term funds for its plan to eliminate all long-term boil-water advisories at First Nations by March, 2021.

But in Neskantaga, where $8.8-million in federal money has been allocated for the new treatment plant, will the water be drinkable by October as promised?

"Nope," Mr. Sakanee predicts.

"They will have to do more testing. I probably won't drink it at first, until it's secure."

He wants the Oji-Cree community to maintain its backup sources of water for six months after the new plant opens, in case of problems with the new source.

"This is how we live," Mr. Sakanee says, pointing to a trailer filled with hundreds of cardboard boxes containing 10-litre jugs of water, trucked into Neskantaga at federal expense on an ice road last winter.

There is also a small-scale reverse-osmosis water purification system, in a wooden shack near the lake, where residents can fill jugs to haul away. But this system has occasionally broken down in the winter, sometimes forcing people to buy water from a privately owned grocery store. "It's like we're buying our own water," said Allan Moonias, a councillor in Neskantaga.

A water filtration system was built in the community in the early 1990s, but tests soon found that it was malfunctioning and the boil-water advisory was officially imposed on Feb. 1, 1995.

It's a story that has recurred endlessly across Canada in the decades since then.

Poor planning, mismanagement, inadequate monitoring, jurisdictional confusion and the challenges of remote locations have all contributed to the persistent delays in building treatment plants - and the plants often break down when they finally do open.

At the Slate Falls First Nation in Northwestern Ontario, the federal government opened a new $11.6-million water treatment plant in March, 2018. The plant was aimed at ending 14 years of boil-water advisories. But less than six months later, the Slate Falls advisory was imposed again because of what Ottawa called "technical deficiencies" in the equipment. The advisory was not lifted until July this year.

Four years ago, more than 100 First Nations across Canada lacked safe drinking water. Last month, according to federal data, 56 First Nations were still under long-term boil-water advisories, including 42 in Ontario.

Since November, 2015, the data shows, 87 long-term advisories have been lifted at First Nations across the country - but 39 new advisories have been imposed.

"There is more work ahead, but we're working shoulder to shoulder with communities to lift the 56 remaining advisories by March, 2021, as promised," said a statement last month by Indigenous Services Minister Seamus O'Regan.

In Neskantaga, the lack of safe water has hobbled daily life in countless ways.

For those without a vehicle, the journey to collect water in large jugs can take an hour or more. To boil large quantities of water, they need to buy gas for their stoves, another time-consuming task.

Boiling enough water for a shower or bath can take so much time that most people end up using the tap water for showers - and many have complained of skin rashes and infections as a result.

By October, if the new plant is completed on schedule, all of this could change.

But after decades without clean water, the people of Neskantaga are finding it hard to imagine the new era.

Some wonder if the pipes and taps will be still tainted, even if the water is clean.

Others predict that the new tap water will look different from the water in the jugs, provoking more apprehension in the community.

"It's going to be hard to convince people that it's okay to drink the tap water," Allan Moonias said. "It's going to take time. People will hesitate. They still have a trauma in them."

For anyone younger than 25, the tap water has never been safe and the jugs are all they have ever known. The older people have trained themselves to avoid the taps and their habits have become ingrained.

Now, the community is pondering the psychological hurdle of the switch to taps.

"How do we get people to trust the tap water?" Chris Moonias asks. "We need to figure that out. Twenty-five years is a long time."

One of the community's elders, 73-yearold former chief Peter Moonias, still remembers the old days when Ottawa provided water to the visiting teachers, nurses and trading-post workers in his community - but not to the Indigenous people.

He heard federal officials promising that this would be fixed when the community moved to a new location in the 1990s. Instead the boil-water advisory was swiftly imposed.

"It's the biggest human-rights issue here, even though it's not usually considered a human-rights issue," he said. "Everyone else in Canada has water, and we don't."

He points to a dozen boxes of 10-litre water jugs, stacked outside his door because there is no room inside his overcrowded house, shared by seven people.

"Is the water still good, sitting in the sun like that?" he asks.

Peter Moonias says he will be "very surprised" if the new treatment system is functioning in October as promised. But even if it does, it will be difficult to break the habits of a quarter-century.

"I never turn on a tap anywhere," he says. "It scares me."

Associated Graphic

Wilfred Sakanee, operator of Neskantaga's water plant, inspects the facility on Aug. 19.

Mr. Sakanee handles water jugs on his truck that were transported at federal expense.

Although health notices are displayed around Neskantaga warning of the water's condition, people are still getting sick, including a powwow drummer and a visiting canoe paddler this summer.

Neskantaga possesses a small-scale reverseosmosis water purification system that residents can use for water, but it occasionally breaks down in the winter, forcing some locals to buy water from a privately owned grocery store.

Neskantaga First Nation resident Marcus Moonias looks over the water jugs stored on his porch in August. As of last month, 56 First Nations were under long-term boil-water advisories, including 42 in Ontario, according to federal data. The federal Liberals have vowed to eliminate all 56 by March, 2021.

A land not so free
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Nicole Dennis-Benn talks about her new novel, which follows an undocumented immigrant's pursuit of the American dream, and the irony in the way people perceive the United States as a land of opportunity
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By DONNA BAILEY NURSE
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R11


Literary critic and a juror for the 2019 Scotiabank Giller Prize

Nicole Dennis-Benn's debut novel, Here Comes the Sun (Liveright), exposed the harsh reality behind Jamaica's image as an island paradise. Her second novel, Patsy, flips the script to interrogate the United States' reputation as a land of opportunity. Patsy, an undocumented immigrant, has abandoned her daughter in Jamaica to follow her best friend and lover to the U.S. She is in hot pursuit of the American dream. The Globe and Mail talks to Nicole Dennis-Benn about immigration in the United States, homophobia in Jamaica and the irony of islanders perceiving the U.S. as the land of the free.

How did the character of Patsy come to you? How did she evolve?

Patsy came to me as a woman writing letters home to her mother. At the time, I was teaching at the College of Staten Island and I had to get up early and commute by subway. I would be sitting with all these immigrants, Trinidadians and Jamaicans, hearing their accents. They were wearing uniforms. It was getting to be winter and advertisements started coming up on the subway for vacations at Sandals. These ads ran above our heads as we were travelling and I was struck by the irony of all of us immigrants here in the U.S. struggling to make ends meet, while all these ads were encouraging people to go to the countries we fled.

Patsy was a woman I imagined travelling with me as she went to work on the Upper East Side. For some reason, she wouldn't leave me alone. At that time, I was pushing out my first novel, Here Comes the Sun.

Why do you think she stayed with you?

I've never seen the lives of working-class immigrants documented on the page. Patsy is a woman running away from poverty, from motherhood, wanting to love the way she loves. She is reinventing herself, trying to find her place in the world. She's not like me, who came to America for school. She has no degrees, no documentation. These immigrants exist as nameless and faceless in a country where they have no social-security number.

The book feels especially timely.

Could you comment on Donald Trump's immigration policy?

The only thing I'd say is that the government has never been kind to immigrants without documentation, regardless of the administration.

This current administration is just more vocal.

In your novels, you represent the physical world so vividly. But I feel as though it is the hidden emotions of individuals and the atmosphere of a place that you most powerfully bring to life.

I tell my students that when you are writing characters, you eat and sleep with them. You have to walk around the block with them and see it through their eyes. For Patsy, I had to imagine what it would be like to catch the flu and have to wait in emergency because you have no health insurance. I had to think about where to store your money if you have no bank account. I had to imagine coming to a place that was a fantasy and the disappointment of seeing the reality.

You've said you thought about being a writer but you didn't think you could do it.

I was a big reader: Sweet Valley High, The Baby-Sitter's Club, Nancy Drew. But I did not see myself in literature. In high school, I was writing stories about blond girls and white picket fences. When I immigrated to America, I started writing down my feelings, just being lonely. That was how I got inside Patsy's head. Once in America, I was reading James Baldwin and Alice Walker and Toni Morrison and I wanted to do what they did. My professor at Cornell liked my essays and he said I should major in English. But I told him I just couldn't do that. I was in premed. The expectation was I had to have a good career.

I understand that you heard Toni Morrison speak at Cornell. What was that like? Also, how did you feel about her passing?

At the time, I took everything for granted. So I didn't really appreciate how huge she was, although I had her book Beloved which I had stolen from the library in high school. The event was sold out and so I had to stand out in the hall. I could hear her telling about the importance of staying true to yourself. I wish I had understood then how important it was to at least get my book signed.

I took it hard when she passed away. It was like a relative who had died. Toni Morrison brought me to literature. She showed me the complex lives of workingclass black women. She gave me licence to write about them.

One of the reasons black women's writing is so rich is because of the high degree of intersectionality. In the case of Patsy, she is black in a Eurocentric world, female in a male-dominated world, working class in a capitalist society and lesbian in a straight world. How are you able to manage these elements so seamlessly in your writing?

Somehow I was able to tap into all these elements of my own experience - black, female, working class, lesbian - and write them as truly as possible. All of these things are truly me and I am putting them into a Patsy or a Margot (from Here Comes the Sun).

How did you decide to use Jamaican language in the story? And why is the language so important to Jamaican people?

I am really adamant about putting our language back in our literature. Because growing up we were always made to feel ashamed of it. The language debates are still going on where, even now, one person in Parliament - I won't mention their name - is saying kids in school should be speaking standard English. Another is saying that so many kids are from rural Jamaica, they should be allowed to learn in a language they understand.

We shouldn't diminish and dismiss our own language. Like James Baldwin says, language is identity. Growing up, the poet Louise Bennett (Miss Lou) always used our language. That was her way of telling us that our language was us. She left the island and moved to Toronto when the language debates broke out. Now on TVJ [Television Jamaica] people like Simone Clarke and Dahlia Harris are speaking patois, reclaiming our language. In dialogue I have my characters speak in our dialect. To me, two Jamaicans, particularly working-class Jamaicans, would not be speaking standard English to one another straight through, unobserved.

In the novel, you celebrate the love between Patsy and Cecily. But the story also constitutes a harsh critique of Jamaican intolerance. I am a little afraid for you.

Every time I am writing about homophobia in Jamaica, I am holding my breath. But I can't not speak about it. In the 1990s, there were so many stories of men being brutalized because they were gay or of lesbians being raped.

When I went home on visits, I went to parties with upper-class LGBTQ people who, unlike the working-class gays, had the means to hide. The little girl in me is still working class and I still see things through that lens. Yes, there are changes happening. Yes, Jamaica had its first Gay Pride parade. But the conversation about homophobia has to shift to classism. If I go to the Calabash festival, the organizers can say, "Nicole and Emma (my wife), come and stay with me." But it is a completely different scenario for poor, young LGBTQ individuals, many of whom are rejected by their families and are living in the streets.

In Patsy, Jamaicans see the U.S. as the land of the free, which historically speaking, seems ironic.

America is sold to the world as a paradise. What people see is this beautiful portrayal of this white, upper-middle-class life. But there is also deep racism here. Writing Patsy, I had to incorporate my feelings about the fact that the place looks nothing like it does in the movie Breakfast at Tiffany's. I had to incorporate that reality into Patsy's experience. When she sees a white woman on the street fearing black men and (at the same time) talking about vacationing in Jamaica, she wonders, "Doesn't that white woman realize Jamaica is full of black men?" I wanted to point out these ironies.

In a way, I wanted to create a dialogue with African-Americans.

There would be no place for me here if it weren't for writers like Toni Morrison and Alice Walker and James Baldwin. Even so, we are still not free.

Associated Graphic

Nicole Dennis-Benn, seen in New York in May, says Toni Morrison 'showed me the complex lives of working-class black women.'

PHOTOS BY FRANCES F DENNY/THE NEW YORK TIMES

House rebuild was a personal journey
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'Starter dream home' filled with high-end finishes is for sale after owner splits with fiancé
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H6


TORONTO -- 171 Willow Ave.

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Asking price: $2,890,000 Taxes: $4,895 (2019) Lot size: 25 feet by 118 feet Agent: Daniel Shafro, Sutton Group-Admiral Realty Inc., Brokerage T he newly built house at 171 Willow Ave. is a study in bad timing.

"When we bought this house, it was in that ridiculous market," said Robert Spektor, the seller.

"Before we got to this house, we looked at 30 or 40 houses that were complete dumps and they were going for a million bucks."

He ended up buying Willow for $899,000 in January, 2017. From the beginning, the plan was to tear it down and build something better; he had sold his Parkdale loft and was ready for the next step.

"I had this idea of building a starter dream home for myself," he said.

There's a well-known pattern in Toronto where a small bungalow, sometimes 50-60 years old, is gutted back to one or two walls and a new monster home is built on top of the old footprint. It helps avoid development fees by classifying the resulting house as a renovation rather than a completely new build - not a small issue, as according to construction lobbyists at BILD, Toronto has the highest development fees in the country.

But when is a recently completed massive renovation not simply a flip? Mr. Spektor would argue it's when the owner had every intention of living there - before his fiancé left him.

Mr. Spektor doesn't want to get into the nitty gritty of the personal issues that ended his relationship in the middle of the two-year construction project, but as he shows off every near-obsessive detail in the house he hoped to start the next phase of his life in, it's hard to imagine he built this house for anyone else. But now, it's for sale - at a $2-million premium from what he paid for it. He won't say how much he spent, but there are many clues that this wasn't a house built on bargains.

"I'm not a builder, but I don't want crappiness," he said. "I learned when you tried to cut the corner, it ends up biting you in the ass."

THE HOUSE TODAY The house is set into a steep hill on Willow Avenue and the backyard rises toward the rear neighbours.

Once, it was a two-bedroom cottage with a faux-Tudor roof (the neighbour at 169 Willow is a good reflection of what it used to be).

Now, it's a three-storey modernist block on top of the original brickwork. The façade is clad in burned-wood siding with commercial-grade windows.

From the street it is not out of context; nearby, there are other modernist houses of similar shape, and the Douglas Fir window frames on the front of the house soften the charcoal and black of the other features. Still, Mr. Spektor struggled at the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal to get approval from neighbours who opposed his plans. "When we started this project," he said, "I could have gotten more lot coverage, but we took a modest approach. What we lost in size we made up in functionality." The house today has close to 2,800 square feet of living space, with four bedrooms and five bathrooms.

The living room is open concept, separated only by furniture features. The raw-oak floor stretches all the way from the front to the back door (about 45 feet of wood makes an impression). On the right is a staircase with a glass wall leading upstairs, below it is a staircase leading to the basement. The main-floor powder room is behind the stairs.

Mr. Spektor is the scion of the owners of Perfect Glass & Mirror Ltd., supplier of everything from showers and railings for low-rise homes to structural curtain-wall glass. The house is filled with the family firm's glass, in particular the higher-end Starphire product (the difference being you'll see a blue tint on the edge of a pane, unlike cheaper glass that has a greener tint from the iron content). The dining room table is from Starphire, as is the stair-wall (laminated, so it won't shatter), as are all the windows.

"It's double the price of regular glass. It's one of those products I don't push on people unless conditions call for it," said Mr. Spektor, who has worked for his father's company on and off for years. That's where he gleaned many of his ideas for the house; when consulting on a glass install at some high-end client, he was taking notes.

The kitchen is one of those areas where Mr. Spektor eschewed the classic flip-house aesthetic.

Rather than use a showier counter product such as carrara marble, he used Laminam ceramic slabs because his short-lived experience as a chef made him aware that marble stains. There are Franke plumbing fixtures, a Monogram fridge, custom cabinets. "I can't put in Wolf appliances and skimp, and do a kitchen for $15,000," Mr. Spektor said.

In the basement, finished out in classic man-cave style, he hid elements such as water service behind custom panels, and filled the utility room with a high-efficiency furnace and tankless water heater and a data hub that integrates all the digital-media needs (each bedroom has hard-wired Ethernet for smart TVs), as well as powering the WiFi, built-in speakers (indoor and outdoor) and integrated security system with both cameras and sensors.

The second floor is essentially all bonus to Mr. Spektor; since April, when he finished the house, he has lived mainly on the third floor. But the second level's three bedrooms and three-piece en suite make 171 Willow a family home. They are all spare: white walls, oak floors, but the light fills the space, thanks to a two-storey street-facing window that frames the atrium-like hallway. This architectural feature is one of Mr.

Spektor's favourites, and he had plans to put a hanging chair here, but is now content to leave that decision to future buyers.

At the top of the third-floor stairs is a door to the rear roofdeck, made out of Brazilian Ipe (a mahogany-like rainforest wood), that Mr. Spektor said is like "living in a treehouse." The mature trees here do frame the space and turn it into a calming oasis (albiet, one surrounded by neighbours higher on the hills).

The master suite looks onto the deck through a large window (another family product), which currently has no coverings: another concession to future buyer taste (for now, trees provide a decent privacy screen, although in the winter it could be a different story).

Behind the master is a deep walk-in closet, and on the other side of that is the gigantic master bathroom. This 20-foot-by-20foot space takes up the whole front of the house and has heated floors, with flush-mounted ceiling shower head and open glass stall, a free-standing tub and his and hers vanities. Here too, you can see some of Mr. Spektor's deeply personal fixations.

Take the drains: right now there are plastic covers but even though he's selling the house he's waiting on his tile contractor to bring in custom-cut tile plugs to clean up the look.

"It's been so stressful," he said.

"For everything I achieved in this house, I had to break my head and go through a million steps.

The amount of time and effort that it took, I literally lived here on top of my supers and my builders just to make sure that like everything looked right." Example?

"I'm a little bit of a perfectionist; [the powder room tile floor] was a 16th [of an inch] off level and I'm like, 'You guys have to change that right now,' " he said.

Would he ever rebuild a house from the ground up again? He acknowledges that he could face tax trouble if he went right into the rebuilding market again, and he stresses that he's not a builder, just a guy who had bad timing on when he would be ready for a dream home.

"I would never say never, but I think I want to focus on myself," once the house is sold, he said. "If the feedback is good and people like what I did, potentially I'll do a couple in the future."

Associated Graphic

The modernist block house at 171 Willow Ave. in Toronto has an open-concept living room, above, with raw-oak flooring that stretches from the front to the back door.

HOUSSMAX

Glass from Perfect Glass & Mirror Ltd. was used for the house's dining room table, left, windows and more.

PHOTOS BY HOUSSMAX

CHANGING THE YOUTUBE CHANNEL
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Blind social-media star Molly Burke has amassed a huge following that tunes in for her makeup tutotials, charismatic venting and sassy humour, Brad Wheeler writes
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By BRAD WHEELER
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


Can a superstar be an unknown? It's a legitimate question in a modern era of increasingly fragmented audiences, wider generational disparities, changing media consumption patterns and the demise of the pop-culture monoculture. Bob Dylan once asked how it felt to be a complete unknown, but perhaps there's no such thing any longer.

Take Molly Burke. She's a 25-year-old blind YouTube superstar and motivational speaker from Oakville, Ont., now based in Los Angeles.

She's been featured on NBC's Today with Megyn Kelly and in The Washington Post. Legally blind since birth, diagnosed with the genetic disorder retinitis pigmentosa as a preschooler and completely without sight for 11 years now, she gives online makeup tutorials, vents charismatically, inspires legions and has just released It's Not What It Looks Like, a memoirmeets-wellness title that quickly landed at the top of The New York Times bestselling nonfiction audiobooks list.

With 72,800 Twitter devotees, more than 800,000 Instagram followers and nearly two million subscribers to her YouTube channel, Burke joins the ranks of other young Canadian social-media sensations such as the YouTube-savvy Lilly Singh and the Instagram celebrity Donté Colley.

Her online, on-screen manner is freshfaced, honest and disarming. She's a heroine to her fans, having overcome bullying, depression, the loss of vision and, at the moment, insects.

"They're spraying my apartment for cockroaches," laughs Burke, on the phone from L.A., where she waits out the fumigation at her local Starbucks.

Burke's YouTube videos are empowering, irreverent blasts of self-help and useful displays of frustration.

Although she's known for her confidence and positivity, a big part of Burke's brand and appeal is her sassy humour. In a recent video, she candidly discussed things one should never say to a blind person.

"Have you tried seeing a naturopath?" (Yes, but not for her blindness.)

"Do you know my blind friend?" (Maybe, but probably not. "It's not a club," Burke says.)

"Can't you just get an eye transplant?" (No.)

"You're lucky your parents kept you." (Says Burke: "This is something nobody should say to anybody.") To those of older generations, statuses such as "social-media celebrity" or "online personality" are viewed with skepticism at best, dismissal and derision at worst. It's kids stuff, a fad, not real - give them a Bert Convy, now there was a star. Going viral is good thing? Not if you've lived through the Plague.

"I get it," Burke says. "There are online creators who do crazy things. They don't represent us well. They're the ones who get the press, though, and it turns people off."

Burke's celebrity is real, even if it is incomprehensible to people who grew up idolizing only Hollywood actors or those stamped with the "network television star" seal of approval. But where celebrities of the past were foisted upon a vulnerable public by questionable curators, today's "online creators," in the parlance, build up their audiences one mouse click at a time and, initially at least, with no machine behind them. "We carve our own career," says Burke, who began her public speaking career at 5 and has been doing it professionally since she was 18. "We have to build our own network and develop our own following. When we start out, we don't have teams of people behind us."

Burke now has a squad that includes video editors, an assistant, a manager and, perhaps most importantly, a mom.

"Molly needs help like anybody else," says Niamh Burke, a professional photographer who helps with her daughter's content-craving Instagram concern.

"This is a business."

Molly Burke is in the business of being Molly Burke. Many were initially drawn to a backstory that involved adolescent bullying and the creeping, unstoppable diminishment of her sight.

On her profile-raising television appearance with Kelly, Burke talked about going blind completely - "I had to mourn the loss of the girl I was" - and told the traumatizing tale of being abandoned by pranking schoolmates in a forest at 14.

"It's the part of my story that shocks people the most," Burke says of the bullying she endured.

"But people in the disability community laugh at that, because they know bullies go for the most vulnerable target, which are the people they perceive as being different."

If Burke no longer endures bullying, her everyday dealings with insensitivity and obstacles seem daunting - not to mention demoralizing for those who still hold out hope for the human race. "I don't think about being blind until someone makes me think about it," she says. Unfortunately, it's unavoidable.

The casual reminders of her condition include the Uber drivers who deny her rides because of her service dog (Gallop, a strapping mountain-dog-black Lab mix). When Burke goes on dates, the guy often is only interested in what it feels like to be blind. And then there are the people who talk to her mother instead of her about what she wants to eat. "These are the moments that frustrate me," Burke says. "My blindness changes their perceptions of me, my abilities and my independence."

To the unknowing people who might watch her videos or casually come across her on television, Burke's blindness is fairly undetectable. It's not something she dwells on, and many online comments about her are of the "I forget she's blind" variety.

Burke's response to those reactions? "I think, 'Yeah, me too.' I forget that everybody doesn't live the way I live."

Mind you, having a service dog dozing at her feet during the televised Kelly interview is a dead giveaway. "He's laying at my feet right now," Burke says, referring to the nap-happy pooch originally named "Gallup," after the polltaking titan George. "He's chronically sleepy when he's not working. But he's happy, you know?

He's always in a positive mood."

The dog's buoyancy is onbrand. The businesses that associate with Burke - Dove, Johnson & Johnson, Samsung, Allure magazine and audio-book creator Audible are among them - do so on the basis of her unsinkability and audacious determination, which are qualities she's always had.

According to her mother, Burke as a child was a persistent participator.

"It was heartbreaking to watch her at times," the elder Burke says. "She took tennis lessons because her brother played, and even though she couldn't see the ball, she wouldn't give up. She'd be up at the net and the instructor would try to throw the ball at her racquet. The other kids would be annoyed. They didn't understand."

According to figures supplied by her management, Burke's online audience is 94-per-cent female, with nearly half her fans in the 18-24 demographic.

"At the end of the day, I'm a 25-year-old woman who shares my life," says the magenta-haired motivator and die-hard Ed Sheeran fan whose most recent video involved IUD horror stories. "Yes, I'm trying to break down barriers and stereotypes about disabled people. But I'm a true girly-girl. I love sparkles and skirts and lipstick. I love shopping and fashion. It's reasonable that I attract a like-minded audience."

(Burke also loves Starbucks.

And although she has devoted more than one video to the caffeine-peddling chain, she has no commercial relationship with the Seattle-based company.)

There's one more thing Burke says you should never say to a blind person: "Can I pray for you?" Such an offer, while well intended, is offensive and comes off as condescending to her, she says. That she needs to be fixed is an assumption Burke wants no part of. "This is my life," she adds.

"People say they don't know how I can do my makeup without a mirror, but, honestly, I don't know how they couldn't."

Burke doesn't need your prayers, but she'll gladly accept your Instagram follow. If her status is confusing to you, think of it as the new math. "50,000,000 Elvis fans can't be wrong" was a famous 1959 marketing assertion. Burke's numbers (albeit much smaller) add up, too.

Associated Graphic

In addition to being a YouTube star with nearly two million subscribers, Molly Burke, seen with her service dog Gallop, has been a motivational speaker since the age of 5 and has recently published a bestselling audiobook, It's Not What It Looks Like.

CHRIS SANDERS/AUDIBLE/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Molly Burke's online audience is 94-per-cent female, and about half of those viewers are between the ages of 18 and 24, according to figures from her management.

CHRIS SANDERS/AUDIBLE/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Coming to terms with life after NXIVM
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After years of trauma, former cult recruiter Edmondson publishes memoirs to help explain what kept her from running away
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A15


Sarah Edmondson says it's hard to sit in a coffee shop - even to leave the house - any more without being recognized.

There's the woman who escaped that cult, the woman who was branded with that guy's initials on her bikini line. Or, worse, there's that woman who tried to get me to join.

The Vancouver actor has become inextricably linked with NXIVM (pronounce NEX-ee-um) and the poster child of cult escape, often fielding inquiries from other lost souls in similar situations.

Just that morning, she tells me, after dropping her older son off at school, she received a message through Instagram. It was from a woman looking for advice on exposing a cult she had escaped; the two women ended up on a call to discuss. "This was one of these one-touch, orgasm-based cults," Edmondson tells me, curled up on her large grey sectional sofa. "Do you know about these cults?" I did not.

Anyway, this was not the cult we were there to discuss. Her new-found notoriety is the reason we're meeting in the privacy of her apartment - a lovely twobedroom, done up in shades of grey with a giant floor-to-ceiling window that offers a view of Vancouver's False Creek, an ocean inlet. There are neatly stacked piles of books, including Great Yoga Retreats and 365 Meditations; Buddhas sit in the living room and the bathroom.

Edmondson's notoriety, bolstered in large part by the CBC podcast Uncover: Escaping NXIVM and the high-profile trial of NXIVM leader Keith Raniere (called Vanguard by his followers), is peaking again, with the publication of her memoirs.

Scarred: The True Story of How I Escaped NXIVM, the Cult that Bound My Life, opens with the horrific scene in which Edmondson and several other women were blindfolded and later branded.

NXIVM's resident physician enters and the first woman undergoes the procedure - what they were told, Edmondson writes, would be a dime-sized tattoo.

"When the iron first makes contact to her skin, Gabriella's whole body flips and tweaks, as if she's being electrocuted," Edmondson writes. The smell of scorched skin fills the air in the room. "Her mark is raised, red, and inflamed, like a hunk of meat hanging from one of the most delicate places on her body," she writes. (Gabriella is not the woman's real name.)

And yet, Edmondson persisted. "You are strong! You can do this," she told herself. Plus she had supplied NXIVM with "collateral" - nude photos and videotapes of her saying damaging things about family members, which the cult threatened to release if Edmondson didn't comply.

"Master, would you brand me?

It would be an honour," she was instructed to say. She told herself that having given birth, she could handle the pain. "But nothing could have ever prepared me for the feel of this fire on my skin. ... Lying here now, I can feel each millimetre of my flesh singed open," she writes.

This is the source of my No. 1 question that I ask again and again, in different ways, during our interview. I'm sure this is Cult 101, I tell her, but how does an intelligent, sensible woman get caught up in something like that?

And not run screaming from the room?

"That's a great question and that's ultimately one of the main reasons that I wanted to write the book," she tells me. She then moves into recruiter mode, trying out her old NXIVM spiel on me, displaying how she would get people to join what she had thought was solely a personal development organization. "I was really good at it," she tells me. In her book, she writes that she had the highest enrolment closing rate in the organization.

NXIVM's Executive Success Program (ESP) was embraced, in particular, by the acting community in Vancouver.

Edmondson earned a 20-percent commission on the people she enrolled. Enrolment was increasing exponentially; meetings were attracting 80 people a night, she writes, by the fall of 2009.

(Chairs from the centre now populate the party room at her condo complex.) Through some of the Vancouver actors, the group expanded deeper into Hollywood.

NXIVM attracted A-list celebrities, she writes, including one of the world's most beloved actresses, an iconic rock-'n-roll legend and Oscar-winning directors. In the book, she teases, but does not identify them.

"That actress who broke up her co-star's marriage in real life?

Yep."

When I ask why she doesn't identify these people, she responds, "partly legal, but also I don't want to cause anyone else more hurt. And I don't think it's fair."

The book is a chance for her to have control over telling her own story. It is a step-by-step look at how "a lost young actress searching for everything" became involved in the Albany, N.Y.-based organization, which offered personal growth, sense of purpose and community. How she rose through the ranks, met her husband, opened a Vancouver chapter. "NXIVM was everything to me," she writes.

And then how she fled - after 12 years, and laboured to expose the organization. Her decision came after the branding in 2017, an instruction to sign over the deed to her home, and the shattering of her beliefs in the organization and the man who led it.

"Your job is to create the illusion of hope," Raniere told her shortly after she was branded, she writes.

"It hit me. ... It was a fool's errand, all of it. ... It was all phony."

This year, Raniere was convicted on several charges, including racketeering and sex trafficking.

His sentencing had been scheduled for September, but has been delayed until at least next year.

Edmondson says she hopes he gets life in prison. "Anything else is not right - and also terrifies me."

Edmondson's publication date was moved up because of that sentencing; she finished the book with a newborn, the baby often strapped to her chest in an Ergobaby carrier while Edmondson wrote about these horrific events.

She has been applauded by many, but others remain loyal to Raniere and skeptical of her motivations, pitching that she's an out-of-work actress seeking attention.

"When I went public, it was never for attention. I had a very specific goal in mind and that was to shut it down. And free these women," she tells me.

At one point, she lowers her voice to a whisper, a habit that came when she thought NXIVM loyalists were spying on her.

There are still a handful of people she knows who remain loyal to Raniere.

"They believe in Keith, they don't believe us, they think we destroyed their community. They think that Keith was framed. And that this whole thing is a smear campaign and that the FBI planted evidence to take him down and that he's misunderstood and he's a martyr," she says, taking a sip of her coffee with coconut milk. "Oh, and that I'm playing the victim."

She says she has reached out and apologized to anyone who will talk to her.

Edmondson is now considering making this her life's work.

"When I was helping that woman today on the phone, I thought maybe that will be my thing; I'll help people get out of cults. I'll be like a cult buster."

And she is still acting.

Toward the end of our interview, her husband Anthony Ames returns home and starts making lunch while their baby Ace sleeps on his chest in the carrier. "You feel stupid; you feel like you've been duped," he tells me, calling what they've been through a roller coaster.

Edmondson asks if I would like to see the scar. She stands up, undoes her button-fly white pants and shows me the scar - now white, not red like it once was, but definitely there and far larger than the dime-sized mark she had been promised.

She points out the "K" and the "R," although I have trouble seeing the letters - the scar has healed and is white now. "Keith Richards," Ames jokes from the kitchen.

Edmondson has healed along with it.

"I love my life right now. I feel really strong after going through this. In some ways, I wouldn't change it. Even though I kind of wish I'd done other things with my 30s," she says. "I mean, I have this crazy story and this bizarre trauma in my life which will probably be with me to a certain degree. But I am stronger for it over all."

Associated Graphic

Sarah Edmondson

RCMP interview Wilson-Raybould on SNC
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Former A-G now says case should be re-examined: 'The public deserves to know'
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By ROBERT FIFE, DANIEL LEBLANC
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


OTTAWA -- Former justice minister and attorney-general Jody Wilson-Raybould met with RCMP investigators this week to discuss political interference in the criminal prosecution of SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., and is calling on the Trudeau government to waive cabinet confidentiality for her and all other witnesses to allow a thorough probe into potential obstruction of justice.

Ms. Wilson-Raybould told The Globe and Mail on Wednesday that RCMP officers from the national division in Ottawa, which handles sensitive political matters, had a formal interview with her in Vancouver on Tuesday. "I have had a meeting and I have been interviewed by the RCMP, and that meeting happened yesterday [Tuesday], and I am not going to comment any further on the nature of those conversations," she said. "Of course I am concerned about the government's decision to deny [the RCMP's] request for access to other witnesses. As a matter of principle, the RCMP should be able to conduct thorough and necessary investigations."

Ms. Wilson-Raybould said the meeting was at the request of the RCMP after several telephone conversations with her following the release of a report from Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion in August.

Mr. Dion said Prime Minister Justin Trudeau violated the Conflict of Interest Act when he and senior officials improperly pressed Ms. Wilson-Raybould to order the Public Prosecution Service to settle a fraud and bribery case against the Montreal-based engineering and construction giant.

Ms. Wilson-Raybould spoke to the RCMP last spring, but at the time, said she did not believe a crime had taken place. She now believes the case needs to be re-examined in light of Mr. Dion's report. "I believe the public deserves to know and to have full knowledge of this matter," she said.

Mr. Dion said in his report that the government refused to waive cabinet confidentiality for nine witnesses who said they had relevant information about allegations of political interference in the SNC-Lavalin prosecution.

The RCMP are facing the same situation as Mr. Dion did. The government says Privy Council Clerk Ian Shugart, who reports to Mr. Trudeau, will not waive cabinet confidentiality to allow the national police force to speak to witnesses and obtain cabinet documents relating to SNCLavalin.

The Liberal Leader rejected a call from Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer on Wednesday to allow anyone with knowledge of the SNC-Lavalin matter to discuss it freely with the RCMP.

Emerging from Rideau Hall after the issuing of the writs for a federal election on Oct. 21, Mr. Trudeau said the decision was Mr. Shugart's alone.

"We respect the decisions made by our professional public servants," he said. "We respect the decision made by the Clerk."

Mr. Scheer said in Trois-Rivières that it is within the power of the Prime Minister to offer a full waiver to the RCMP.

"He is not telling the truth when he says that it is not his decision," Mr. Scheer said. "It is his decision. He has the power.

He needs to stop hiding behind the Clerk of the Privy Council, take some responsibility, waive that privilege and let the RCMP do their job."

University of Ottawa law professor Yan Campagnolo said in an academic article on cabinet confidentiality that voluntary disclosure of cabinet documents must be "authorized by the Governor-in-council [cabinet] pursuant to the recommendation of the Prime Minister."

Former Liberal cabinet minister Jane Philpott, who stepped down after Ms. Wilson-Raybould resigned from cabinet over the SNC-Lavalin matter, said she would like to speak to the national police, but wants Mr. Trudeau to waive cabinet confidentiality.

"From what I understand about the initiative that they are undertaking, I believe that I have information that would be relevant," Ms. Philpott said in an interview.

"It is information that is subject to cabinet confidentiality, and so I, of course, would need that to be waived in order to be able to speak with them."

The RCMP have not officially launched a criminal investigation. The force has said it is "examining this matter carefully with all available information." It will pause the operation during the election campaign.

Ms. Philpott and Ms. Wilson-Raybould are running as Independents. They were ejected from the Liberal caucus in April.

Mr. Trudeau told reporters the government offered the "largest and most expansive waiver of cabinet confidence in Canada's history." An order in council dated Feb. 25 offered a waiver to Ms. WilsonRaybould and "any persons who directly participated in discussions with her" about the prosecution of SNC-Lavalin during her time as attorney-general. She was moved to Veterans Affairs on Jan. 14.

However, the public inquiry into the sponsorship scandal in 2004-05 received unconditional access to hundreds of pages of cabinet documents and heard testimony from all the ministers involved in deliberations on the national-unity initiative.

That inquiry's final report said: "Ordinarily, cabinet deliberations are secret and privileged, but the government agreed to waive this privilege by two orders-incouncil which permitted a full inquiry to be made of the question of how certain decisions were reached when the sponsorship program was first conceived."

Shortly after the release of the report into the sponsorship scandal in the fall of 2005, the minority government of Paul Martin was defeated in the House of Commons. Stephen Harper's Conservative Party came to power after the general election of January, 2006.

The Trudeau government's waiver allowed Ms. Wilson-Raybould to talk to the House of Commons justice committee and the Ethics Commissioner, but did not extend to events after she was moved or discussions involving other individuals.

The Ethics Commissioner found that a number of discussions between members of the Prime Minister's Office, ministerial staffers and officials at SNC-Lavalin were conducted without Ms. Wilson-Raybould's knowledge and therefore were not covered by the waiver.

A spokeswoman for the Liberal campaign, Zita Astravas, said the waiver in the SNC-Lavalin matter was unprecedented because the four other orders issued after 1987 did not include solicitor-client privilege. The attorney-general provides legal advice to the government, therefore such conversations are covered by solicitor-client privilege.

Asked on Tuesday if she talked to the RCMP about discussions she had with Mr.Trudeau and his officials after she was shuffled out of the justice portfolio, a time frame for which she remains subject to cabinet confidentiality, Ms. Wilson-Raybould said: "I really can't talk about discussions I had with the police." Ms. Wilson-Raybould and Ms. Philpott also disputed Mr. Trudeau's assertion that the Privy Council Clerk made the decision to deny the RCMP unfettered access to witnesses and cabinet documents.

"The final decision in matters like this is in the hands of the Prime Minister," Ms.Wilson-Raybould said.

Ms. Philpott said: "The Clerk is responsible to the Prime Minister and he is there to advise the Prime Minister fearlessly, but also to loyally execute the wishes of the Prime Minister."

Section 139 of the Criminal Code states a person who "wilfully attempts in any manner to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice in a judicial proceeding" is guilty of obstruction of justice.

NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh said Mr. Trudeau is giving excuses while the RCMP are being denied access to information.

"Canadians want to know the truth," Mr. Singh said in London, Ont. "Right now, it seems that more and more barriers are being put up by the Prime Minister. He's got to answer for that. I would hold a public inquiry. I would ensure that all the confidentiality was waived so that anyone who wants to come forward who has information about this scandal could come forward."

Mr. Scheer said the issue is not whether the SNC-Lavalin matter will affect public opinion polls, but whether Mr. Trudeau deserves a second mandate in government.

"We have been telling Canadians and showing Canadians how Justin Trudeau has consistently misled them," Mr. Scheer said. "He has lied, he has looked Canadians in the eye and said things that he knew were not true. We made the case he has lost the moral authority to govern.

What today shows is that you just cannot trust Justin Trudeau. He will say anything to cover up his scandals and will say anything to get re-elected." With a report from Kristy Kirkup

Associated Graphic

Former attorney-general and justice minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, seen in Ottawa in February, disputes Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's assertion that the Privy Council Clerk made the decision to bar the RCMP from accessing witnesses and documents.

SEAN KILPATRICK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

The Genesis business model helps the G90 stand out
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Niche brand's fixed pricing and online-focused retail experience only boost the case for this boldly designed luxury car
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By PETRINA GENTILE
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page D6


JORDAN, ONT. -- 2020 Genesis G90 BASE PRICE: $86,750 Engine: 5.0-litre DOHC V-8 with 420 hp and 383 lb-ft of torque; 3.3-litre twin-turbo V-6 with 365 hp and 376 lb-ft of torque Transmission/drive: Eight-speed automatic all-wheel-drive Fuel economy (litres/100 km): 15.4 (city); 10.2 (highway); 13.1 (combined) Alternatives: Mercedes-Benz S-Class, BMW 7-Series, Audi A8, Lexus LS, Porsche Panamera, Jaguar XJ, Tesla Model S

Sedans may be shrinking in popularity, but there's still growing competition in the luxury space. Genesis, the highend brand that falls under the Hyundai umbrella, stands out thanks to its no-hassle fixed pricing and a unique business model that reflects a changing shift in the automotive landscape.

Genesis is a young niche brand - it has been in Canada for only three years - but it has been busy.

To date, it has three sedans in its portfolio - the G70, G80 and G90.

For 2020, its flagship G90 gets a facelift that's more on par with a complete redesign.

Powered by a 5.0-litre naturally aspirated V-8 engine with 420 horsepower and 383 lb-ft of torque, the G90 comes with a long list of safety, technology and convenience features. At $89,750, the price may seem steep, but it's all-inclusive. There are no extra hidden fees - that price includes freight, shipping and five years of free maintenance. Unlike the competition, there are no confusing options to consider. In fact, the options are few. A factoryspecial-order G90 with a smaller engine (a 3.3-litre twin-turbo V-6) is available for $86,750 and a rearseat entertainment system with dual 10-inch seat-back-mounted displays is offered for $2,500.

That's it.

The purchase and ownership model are unique and refreshing, too - a welcome change for people who cringe at visiting a dealership to go car shopping. "It's all about respecting your time," Richard Trevisan, brand director at Genesis Motors Canada, explained during the Canadian press launch of the G90 in Jordan, Ont., about 100 kilometres west of Toronto. "We offer a better purchase and ownership experience." Genesis has followed in the footsteps of Elon Musk and Tesla.

It has no traditional dealerships.

Everything starts online through the Genesis website. You can book a test drive, configure a car, get a credit application for leasing or financing and even purchase a vehicle entirely online.

Like Tesla, it has three boutique retail shops set up in high-traffic areas, such as the Square One Shopping Centre in Mississauga.

If you want to test-drive a G90, it's simple. Book it online, and a driver and vehicle will come to your home, office, gym or spa - wherever you wish to go for a spin. You can even buy a vehicle from the comfort of your home.

And because it's a fixed price, there's no need to haggle with a commission-based salesperson.

Regular maintenance, such as oil changes, is also convenient and time-saving. A Genesis representative will pick up your car and leave you another Genesis vehicle to use while your oil change is being done. There's no need to wait for hours at a dealership, and there's no extra charge.

Along the winding country roads from Jordan to Ancaster, the G90 is powerful and nimble, hugging the pavement impeccably despite its large size and hefty 2,250-kg curb weight. It's well balanced, secure and sure-footed along curves and, at cruising speeds, extremely quiet and comfortable.

The full-time all-wheel-drive system is Canadian-made - it's developed by Magna International in Orillia, Ont.

At rest stops, the sight of the G90 triggered questions from many curious people who were unfamiliar with the vehicle and the Genesis brand. Trevisan admitted that there's work to be done to get the message out. In 2018, only 81 G90s were sold in Canada, but he's optimistic that number will climb with this refreshed version, even despite stiff competition from top-selling established competitors such as the Mercedes-Benz S-Class, which starts at $108,100.

"The business model really separates us from other brands.

We are also making luxury more affordable," Trevisan explained.

"In the G90, everything is part of the price. [At] our competitors, you'll see a price, but you'll have to add certain features, and the price keeps going up."

Bold and dramatic, the G90's new design is impossible to miss on the road, especially its gigantic front grille, which will be the new face of the Genesis brand moving forward. The interior is lavish, with plush Italian leather upholstery and natural wood accents.

The designers, engineers and executives aren't simply borrowed from its mother company, Hyundai. Genesis tapped veteran Luc Donckerwolke, formerly of Bentley, Audi and Lamborghini, to be the chief designer for Genesis and the entire Hyundai Motor Group, and Manfred Fitzgerald, who was director of brand and design at Lamborghini, to be the executive VP and global head of the Genesis brand.

And Genesis isn't resting on its laurels. It has ambitious plans to introduce a new vehicle every year, starting with an SUV next year. It also plans to open 30 brand showrooms across Canada in the next two years, the first in London, Ont.

The writer was a guest of the automaker. Content was not subject to approval.

RATINGS LOOKS Genesis calls this version of the G90 a facelift, but everything on the exterior has changed except for the doors. Up front, a massive, impossible-to-miss chrome crest grille with a new crosshatch diamond pattern steals the spotlight. Also new are quad-LED headlights, LED taillights and distinct 19-inch aluminum-alloy wheels. At the rear, dual exhaust outlets are integrated into the bumper, and the former Genesis winged logo has been replaced with its name, making the vehicle look similar to a Lincoln from the back. The rear doors are long and open wide, so it's easy to get inside. But be wary - in tight parking spots, it's easy to ding them against other cars.

INTERIOR An upscale interior offers modern touches, including a 12.3inch touch-screen navigation system and connectivity features such as a wireless charging port, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto.

The front driver's seat is 22-way power-adjustable; the front passenger's seat moves 16 ways.

The right rear seat - the best place to sit for a relaxing, chauffeured ride - moves 14 ways and has excellent leg room, thanks to a button that slides the front passenger seat far forward. The rear seats are vented and heated; however, there's no massage function. Two rear vanity mirrors are a nice touch.

PERFORMANCE The 5.0-litre V-8 is powerful, fast, well balanced and fun to drive.

Different driving modes (eco, comfort, sport and custom) let you change the engine and transmission behaviour, as well as the suspension and the steering feel. At cruising highway speeds, the cabin is quiet and comfortable. And the fuel economy isn't too bad, either; after a day of driving more than 200 km, the fuel economy rating was 10.8 L/100 km. Unfortunately, there's no auto start-stop button that kills the engine when stopped to save fuel. Most competitors have that.

TECHNOLOGY The G90 has a slew of standard safety technology features - high-beam assist, blind-spot collision-avoidance assist, forward collision-avoidance assist, rear cross-traffic collision-avoidance assist, reverse-parking collision-avoidance assist and safe-exit assist, which uses rear radar to detect if a bike or motorcyclist is approaching, making it unsafe to open the door. Another plus is a smart posture-care system, which lets you input your height and weight to determine the best driver's-seat position for your body.

CARGO Cargo space remains the same as in the last model - 444 litres, which provides ample room for several golf bags or shopping bags. The space is deep and has a pass-through system to carry longer items like skis.

THE VERDICT 8.5 Besides the bold design and lavish interior, a unique business model and fixed pricing make the Genesis G90 stand out from the competition.

Associated Graphic

The 2020 Genesis G90 boasts a new design that's impossible to miss on the road, and is powerful and nimble despite its large size.

PETRINA GENTILE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Hong Kong youth rebel against their pro-China education
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By NATHAN VANDERKLIPPE
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A6


BEIJING -- The people who taught Nancy Ho took pains to prepare her for life and work in China. Born in Hong Kong, Ms. Ho travelled to mainland China for her first of several school trips when she was 10. At home, she studied the Communist Party, its economic achievements and the role it has played in improving life in China. She learned Mandarin, the official language of mainland China. In higher grades, students from mainland China occupied more of the school seats next to her, while local leaders extolled the opportunities for the city's youth to profit from China's economy.

"The Hong Kong government is trying to tell us the Chinese government is good and we should accept it," said Ms. Ho, 20.

She is of the generation that grew up after the city's handover to China in 1997 after a century and a half of British control, knowing only Chinese rule and groomed to thrive under it.

It's also the generation that has staged the most tumultuous revolt against that rule, with posthandover youth making up large numbers of the black-shirted protesters whose aggressive tactics have set Hong Kong ablaze in violent clashes with police and transit authorities. This week, with local authorities proposing a ban on face masks after more than three months of unrest, demonstrators changed tack with hundreds gathering in shopping malls to sing a new protest anthem, Glory to Hong Kong.

In Beijing, authorities have pointed to failings in Hong Kong's education system as a key explanation for the protests, in which the Chinese flag has been repeatedly defaced. "We need to ask the question: Is the national knowledge education adequate?

And does it need improvement?" said Xu Luying, a spokeswoman for the Beijing-controlled Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, last week.

"This is a question that deserves high attention, and measures must be taken to address this matter."

But Beijing's plan to breed more loyalty to China in Hong Kong's classrooms is long-standing - and has achieved few of its aims. Indeed, scholars have found that young people in Hong Kong with the greatest knowledge of China are also those most hostile toward Beijing. For people such as Ms. Ho, greater exposure has fostered animosity, not favour.

"We think the education the Hong Kong government is giving us is propaganda," she said. Her views of the Communist Party and people from mainland China are deeply visceral.

"The more experiences we have with China, with the Chinese, the more we hate them," she said. "Because we are just so different."

It's an attitude that hardened as protests gripped Hong Kong this summer and sharpened a conflict with Beijing, which many demonstrators see as choking the liberties it has promised to uphold.

"Before this protest, young people seemed to 'accept' China more," said Samson Yuen, a scholar at Lingnan University who has surveyed the protesters.

He cited an appetite for Chinese cultural products such as the TikTok short video service. But, he said, "I don't think, given what has happened over the past few months, Beijing can easily gain their hearts and minds again."

The rejection of Beijing has defied concerted government efforts to engineer acceptance and participation. Numerous programs have sought to ease integration into the mainland.

The government of Hong Kong sponsors volunteer exchanges for thousands of young people each year "to enhance Hong Kong young people's understanding of the Mainland and strengthen their sense of national identity." It offers matching funds to young people setting up businesses that straddle Hong Kong and the mainland, while Beijing has eased admissions to mainland universities for students from Hong Kong. More than 570 Hong Kong schools have taken on mainland sister organizations, and 170,000 students joined exchange programs in the three academic years from 2014 to 2017.

"I will say we have a good sense of what China is," said Johnson Yeung, 27, an activist in Hong Kong. Like his mainland counterparts, he spent countless days in school memorizing the procession of ancient dynasties and studying Chinese social history and economic development.

But "the very fact that so many high-school and even juniorhigh students have become the major force of the protest means China's tactics have not worked," he said.

Indeed, the roots of the summer protests lie partly in a 2012 rebellion against a proposed moral and national education curriculum that was seen as an attempt to force pro-Beijing studies into schools. The curriculum was withdrawn, although many Hong Kong schools have introduced elements of its content.

But unlike China, where patriotic education is delivered in a heavily controlled environment, Hong Kong students have access to an open internet and uncensored media, where reporting on the internment of hundreds of thousands of Muslims in China's northwest Xinjiang region and the vast financial holdings of China's leaders undermine official narratives about the good work of the Communist Party and the selflessness of its top people.

The result is a broad-based spurning of China. Roughly twothirds of Hong Kong's young people would refuse to live or work in nearby mainland cities, according to a study published this year by the Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups; more than 15 per cent said they would be unwilling to go even as tourists.

A 2016 report for the Hong Kong government on the values of post-1990s young people found that a majority showed great interest in the culture of China, but less than two-fifths believe the political system works well. Only a quarter claimed a good understanding of political issues in China, but the most politically active were also the most negative, demonstrating "relatively in-depth knowledge about China" while also being "more critical," the report found.

That same year, a survey of 1,500 Hong Kong university students published by the London School of Economics found that 92 per cent held negative views of China's Communist Party.

Hong Kong University polling has found those who identify themselves as "Chinese" - as opposed to "Hongkongers" - at record lows since the city reverted to China, particularly among the young.

Protesters such as Mr. Chan, 23, who gave only a surname for fear of reprisals, say even friendship with mainland Chinese students is difficult. He studied abroad but formed closer ties with Germans, Brazilians and South Koreans than with students from China, who harshly criticized the protests in Hong Kong, dismissed Western media accounts of events in China as "fake" and presented Chinese state media as authoritative. "I honestly do not really have a relationship with them," Mr. Chan said.

Still, even some in Hong Kong see schools as the solution, particularly in a city where social media often deliver dim messages about Beijing.

"Our education is marked by fancy and sophisticated words like 'independent thinking' and 'critical analysis.' But we fail to teach our youngsters how to truly stay rational and self-assertive in the midst of a torrent of public opinion," said Deng Fei, the headmaster of Heung To Secondary School and a member of the Chinese Association of Hong Kong Kong and Macau Studies, a Beijing-backed think tank.

"The most urgent thing for us to do to help young people soften their misunderstandings and stereotypes of mainland China is to take them to China and let them witness the development of this country."

It's not clear, however, how that will succeed. David Zweig, a retired Canadian scholar, recently completed a paper on China's soft power in Hong Kong. Its title: Familiarity Breeds Contempt.

Worsening attitudes toward China might suggest Beijing "take a step back," said Mr. Zweig, who is now the director of Trans-National China Consulting Ltd. "But their strategy is to keep pushing it."

Ms. Ho offered one example of the risk in such a strategy. At 16, she attended a politics class at a school in Nanjing during a twoweek exchange trip.

It "was a horrible two hours," she said. She recalled the teacher telling students that China is a democracy and contrasting its free education and health care with the poor governance of Western democracies.

"It was totally ridiculous," Ms.Ho said. "I was actually watching people my age get brainwashed."

Associated Graphic

A pro-democracy supporter waves a British flag as protesters gather in Hong Kong on Friday. The city's youth are growing increasingly critical of Chinese control.

ANTHONY KWAN/GETTY IMAGES

Federal minister intervened on pay for infrastructure bank CEO
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Champagne applied his own 'broader criteria' but involvement 'a matter of cabinet confidence'
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By BILL CURRY
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Thursday, September 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1


OTTAWA -- Infrastructure Minister François-Philippe Champagne intervened in a decision by the Canada Infrastructure Bank's independent board regarding the performance pay of the bank's CEO, according to documents obtained by The Globe and Mail.

The documents show that, rather than accepting the board's recommendations, the minister applied his own "broader criteria" to assess Pierre Lavallée's performance.

How that intervention affected the chief executive's total compensation - if at all - is a matter of cabinet confidentiality, according to the government.

The cabinet set the salary range for the CEO position at $510,000 to $600,000 and also approved a regime of performance bonuses that would bring his maximum compensation to $1.5-million in the first year and up to $2.8-million by the fifth year.

The bank has come under fire for a lack of accomplishments and has faced questions from the start about its independence. The Liberal government created the CIB as an arm's-length Crown corporation and provided it with a $35-billion budget over 10 years. Its mandate is to attract large institutional investors such as pension funds to support Canadian projects, but it has awarded just a little more than $3-billion in funding and loans to date.

Its protection from political interference was a key point of debate in 2017, when the government passed the Canada Infrastructure Bank Act as part of an omnibus budget bill.

The government did not accept the advice of experts such as pension executive Andrew Claerhout, who recommended a governance structure similar to that of the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, which provides more independence for its board and CEO.

Citing privacy reasons, the bank and government officials refused to reveal the specific compensation paid to Mr. Lavallée and his senior staff. However, The Globe confirmed key details about the bank's payroll by obtaining hundreds of pages of internal documents through Access to Information requests, as well as by reviewing the bank's corporate plans and meeting with Mr. Lavallée for an in-depth interview. The bank spent $3.9-million in compensation on its 40 employees over the first three months of the current fiscal year.

The bank's board is responsible for reviewing the CEO's performance and making a recommendation on bonus pay to the minister, who then brings the matter to cabinet for final approval.

Letters and e-mails obtained by The Globe show that board chair Janice Fukakusa wrote to Mr. Champagne on July 4 - and again to his office on July 8 - documenting that the minister had decided to assess the CEO's performance based on conditions that went beyond the board's initial advice.

"Having received the board's recommendation on Mr. Lavallée's performance, I understand that you may wish to also take into account broader criteria and perspectives related to the CIB's performance during the performance cycle with regards to your advice provided to the Governor in Council," Ms.Fukakusa wrote, using the formal term for a cabinet decision.

Four days later, she followed up with an e-mail to Joseph Pickerill, Mr. Champagne's chief of staff, and copied Frederic Duguay, the bank's legal counsel.

"To confirm, the letter reflects the board's performance assessment based on the metrics agreed to. It is our understanding that the [minister's recommendation to cabinet] will be based on a broader assessment by the minister," she wrote.

Privy Council Office rules state that a minister can choose to disagree with a Crown board's recommendation for CEO compensation.

Neither the bank nor the minister's office would provide a full explanation of the minister's intervention. His office would not say whether Mr. Champagne's involvement led to Mr. Lavallée receiving more, less or the same pay than originally recommended by the board. Brook Simpson, a spokesman for the minister, said the issue "is a matter of cabinet confidence."

Mr. Simpson also said the minister's actions comply with the legislation that created the bank.

"The CIB is a Crown corporation, independent in its investment decision-making," he said in a statement. "This should not be taken to mean that it is independent from Parliament and public accountability."

The Auditor-General's Office has previously urged Ottawa to be more transparent about executive compensation at Crown corporations and to clarify the appropriate role for ministers responsible for such organizations.

Janice MacKinnon, a former Saskatchewan finance minister and University of Saskatchewan professor who recently led an independent spending review for the Alberta government, said Mr.Champagne's actions appear to justify the concerns of those who warned the bank needed more independence.

"They should not have gone down that road, because it can confirm fears that the government will be inserting itself into administrative decisions," she said. "If you can interfere with the compensation of the CEO - in a specific case, not just in a general policy sense - then are you going to be interfering in other ways?" Ms. MacKinnon said Mr. Champagne should explain why he got involved and to what end.

But former Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan CEO Jim Leech, who served as a federal adviser when the bank was created, said such fears are unfounded, arguing that the minister is meant to have a role in protecting taxpayer dollars. "I don't think it's terribly unusual," he said. "It's not bad to have a check."

The board's interactions with the minister took place in the same month that one of the CEO's top recruits - Nicholas Hann - resigned from the bank after just 10 months as head of investments. Mr. Hann made public comments to The Globe that were viewed by some in the industry as a thinly veiled criticism of Mr. Lavallée's leadership.

Documents obtained by The Globe show that setting executive compensation and bonus terms - as well as determining performance pay - has been a frequent topic of internal meetings at the bank over the past year.

The federal government does not produce an equivalent of the "sunshine lists" published by several provinces, so it is not possible to know the exact pay of the bank's CEO and senior executives.

The bank does disclose quarterly totals for compensation, which can provide a rough indication of pay levels. The $3.9million it paid its 40 employees over the quarter ended June 30 works out to annual pay of about $392,000 a head - which suggests several people at the bank are receiving more than $400,000 a year in compensation.

By way of comparison, Ontario's sunshine list identifies the pay of senior employees at Infrastructure Ontario, a Crown agency with a similar function and mandate to those of the CIB. Infrastructure Ontario CEO Ehren Cory is paid $503,873 in salary and taxable benefits - one of only four employees who are paid more than $300,000.

Mr. Lavallée became the CIB's first CEO in 2018, after working as the senior managing director and global head of investment partnerships at the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board. The CPPIB's annual report said he was paid $3.6-million in 2018.

In an interview, he defended the bank's compensation levels and said the new Crown corporation is not trying to outspend large pension funds in the hunt for top talent.

"I took a big pay cut from what I used to earn at CPPIB," he said. "So I did that not for the money. I did it because I think it's an important new institution ... one that, 10 years from now, hopefully people will look at around the world the way that people today look at the Canadian model of pension plan investment management as a model that they try to emulate."

The interview took place before The Globe obtained the documents indicating Mr. Champagne's intervention in the matter of the CEO's performance pay.

Mr. Lavallée said average compensation levels at new organizations are high initially and decline over time, as senior executives with comparatively high pay packages are hired first.

As more junior positions are filled at lower salaries, he said, the average salary will eventually come down.

The CEO said the bank aims to offer salaries and bonuses that are in line with market averages for comparable jobs, adding that a third-party group advises the bank on market rates.

Lamb Development delays downtown condo project
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Some presale contract holders with Bauhaus condo receive letter asking them to extend terms or take refund
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H13


TORONTO -- Lamb Development Corp. has begun offering deposits back to presale buyers in a downtown Toronto condominium apartment project, according to documents shared with The Globe and Mail.

A spokesperson for Lamb Development, owned by and named for condo impresario John Bradley Lamb, declined to comment.

As of Sept. 1, at least some of the holders of agreements of purchase and sale with Lamb Development Corp.'s proposed 218-unit Bauhaus condo project at 284 King St. E. have begun to receive letters, asking them to either extend the terms of the contracts or take their deposits back.

In recent years, thousands of presale contracts for condominiums apartments and townhouses have been cancelled by developers, usually in a process that involves applying to Ontario's newhome warranty regulator Tarion.

There's an alternative to cancelling an entire project, although it involves securing the co-operation of buyers.

"As it stands now, we do not believe we will be breaking ground for at least 2 years, with an estimated completion date of late 2025," reads the letter Lamb Bauhaus clients received. "Our date for waiving the municipal and provincial zoning approval, 80 per cent sales achieved, and approval for construction financing are maturing September 1, 2019.

We of course cannot waive the conditions."

The conditions referred to are clauses that allow the buyers to walk away from the project if the developer hasn't met deadlines.

The Lamb letters offer buyers an option: either extend the early termination date to March 1, 2020, or "opt out of your deal and have your deposit refunded." The letter directed buyers to contact Lamb staffers Debbie MacDonald or Jessica Russell. In recent years, Lamb has taken a similar approach to projects that faced planning delays: In 2018, presale buyers in a downtown condo called Wellington House received letters offering deposits back because "your unit no longer exists," thanks to planning changes to the building that had eliminated several apartments. Also in 2018, Lamb cancelled a downtown condo project called The James, later resold to buyers as The Woodsworth.

Land registry documents show that Lamb Bauhaus Inc., a company created to hold the land for Lamb Development Corp., purchased the building and land at 284 King St. E. in August, 2016, for $10-million, and immediately registered two $6.5-million mortgages against the property. The first was with Home Trust Company, which was to be due Sept. 1, 2019, and charged 4.75-per-cent interest; the second charged a much higher rate of interest - 45per-cent annual interest - and was registered to Quincey Investments Ltd., Fort 1 Inc. and a variety of numbered companies. The guarantors on that mortgage were Jawad Rathore and Vincent Petrozza, two of the principals in Fortress Real Developments Inc., a pioneer in syndicated mortgages that loaned $920-million from 14,000 public investors between 2009 and 2017. A court-appointed trustee is now administering many of those loans and trying to recover money for the investors.

In February, 2017, a further $6.7-million mortgage (charging 8-per-cent interest over a fiveyear term) was registered against the King Street property with Building & Development Mortgages Canada Inc., or BDMC, another lender connected to Mr.

Rathore and Mr. Petrozza's Fortress.

But in 2018, Ontario's financial services regulator got court approval to transfer control of BDMC to FAAN Mortgage Administrators Inc., to act as receiver for the outstanding $560-million in loans from 11,000 investors. FAAN has warned those lenders, many of them ordinary Canadians, may not be fully repaid in many cases.

In reports to the court, FAAN has said 24 of the 45 BDMC loans it manages have matured, but the principal has yet to be repaid and there are a dozen projects that face enforcement actions.

Lamb's projects were frequent recipients of Fortress and BDMC money; FAAN documents show that, as of 2018, several outstanding loans were registered to Lamb properties in Toronto. The Wellington House project (also delayed, awaiting city approvals) owed $6.3-million to BDMC and $8-million to Cameron Stephens Financial Corp.; the Harlowe building (completed in 2019) had three loans: $54.2-million with MCAP, $18-million with Aviva and a third mortgage with BDMC for $15.9-million. The Woodsworth, formerly The James, had $4.2-million owed to KingSett Capital Mortgage Corp. and $5.7million to BDMC. In December, 2018, Lamb paid $15,562,896 to settled the Harlowe debt and in April, 2019, the court approved a $4,842,541 settlement on the James/Woodworth loan.

There are 110 lenders in the Bauhaus syndicate loan from BDMC, and over the ensuing years there are multiple additions to the syndicate of creditors on the Fortress-connected loans, held in trust by Olympia Trust Company of Calgary and Vancouver-based Computershare Trust Company of Canada.

On Bauhaus, according to paperwork filed with FAAN, Lamb still owes $5.6-million to the BDMC syndicated loan, $6.1-million to KingSett Capital and $3.42million to the 45-per-cent interest Quincy group loan.

The Quincy loans have also undergone some changes, most recently on Jan. 9 with Fort 1 Inc., controlled by Tonino (Tony) Amendola (who was president of FMP Mortgage Investments, which surrendered its mortgage license in 2018) transferring its interest in the mortgage to 370271 Ontario Ltd. and Massimo Giovannetti, president of Royal Canadian Mortgage Investment Corporation. Quincy Investments Inc. is registered to 31 Densley Ave., the same address as Access Restoration Services run by brothers John and Joe Gagliano.

The Quincy group has appeared as a lender in several Fortress-organized projects over the years.

In July, 2017, Home Trust transferred its Bauhaus loan to Kingsett, and rather than being registered solely against the 284 King St. E. land, the loan from that point on was also registered against dozens of condominium apartments, many owned by companies associated with Mr.

Lamb. Mr. Lamb has described a similar approach to securing debt in a podcast he publishes on his website: In an episode from June, 2019, he discusses his first building project where he used his personally owned condos as collateral for loans.

Despite being unwilling to comment for this story, on his podcast, Mr. Lamb's offers candid views of the City of Toronto's planning regime.

"Virtually every property is a site-specific zoning, so you never really know what you're getting ... you're taking a chance in Toronto," he said. "In my case, they never agree with what we want to build - all our projects are slated to go to the OMB."

With Bauhaus, the city staff report on his proposal to erect a 32storey tower on a narrow slice of King Street East said it represented "overdevelopment of the site."

"The proposed development is inappropriate because the proposed height and tower setbacks would cause excessive negative impact on the adjacent 14-storey residential building to the east and its outdoor amenity space in terms of shadow, sky view, and privacy," the report reads. "The proposed development is also inappropriate because it would adversely impact the adjacent property to the west, does not provide new office space to replace the existing office space, does not provide a sufficient amount of indoor residential amenity space and does not provide a sufficient number of three-bedroom units."

Lamb's most recent submissions note that a planning approval has been granted for a similar height building just steps away: ODC Holdings (V) Ltd. won an OMB ruling to build a 34- and a 36-storey towers at 254 King St. E.

A hearing at the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal on the rezoning of the project is scheduled for Sept. 16.

Mr. Lamb also describes the drawbacks of preselling a condo before having site planning approved, a practice that has been connected to several condo cancellations in the GTA since 2017.

"In the past, I would always sell it in advance of zoning, because I always felt zoning would ultimately come," he said. "Now, I will never again sell in advance of zoning ... because you just don't know when it's going to happen."

Associated Graphic

A Lamb Development letter to holders of agreements of purchase and sale with the Bauhaus condo project in Toronto, seen in renderings above and below, says the project will not be breaking ground for at least two years.

RENDERINGS BY LAMB DEVELOPMENT

Prosecutors warned of court chaos in short-staffed Kenora
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By KATHRYN BLAZE BAUM, GEOFFREY YORK
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


TORONTO KENORA, ONT. -- Federal prosecutors warned their bosses that severe understaffing and disorganization in a Northwestern Ontario district were damaging the justice system in the expansive area and resulting in a "brutal quality" of service to Indigenous communities.

In a series of memos and e-mails to a Public Prosecution Service of Canada supervisor between May and October of last year, six Crown attorneys who were rotated into the Kenora judicial district reported a litany of concerns. The inconsistent and inadequate staffing they bluntly described is playing out against the backdrop of an escalating drug crisis and a revolving door of justices of the peace after two JPs in Kenora retired, one of them amid allegations of racism.

"Our office is known for being disorganized, unprepared and most importantly, absent," Crown attorney Jessica Corbeil said in a May 25, 2018, e-mail to Johanne Léger, a senior counsel and agent supervisor in the PPSC's National Capital Region Office in Ottawa. The e-mail was among the correspondence obtained by The Globe and Mail under access-to-information laws.

The Kenora judicial district, which includes 13 fly-in communities, is geographically sprawling and logistically challenging. Some remote First Nations hold fly-in court in their communities as infrequently as three times a year, so when a federal Crown is unavailable and other arrangements cannot be made, a case might be delayed for months. Delays can have serious implications for those facing charges: Although presumed innocent until proven guilty, they might be held at the Kenora jail until their case concludes, or, if they are released on bail, they may be required to remain in the city, far from their communities and support systems.

For years, the district was served by private-sector lawyers contracted to conduct prosecutions on behalf of the PPSC, an independent organization that exists outside the Justice Department.

Only briefly - from 2017 to 2018 - was there a full-time federal Crown attorney. After that person left, the PPSC could not find local lawyers to adequately staff the role, so Crowns started being rotated one at a time into a makeshift office in a Canada Post building, typically for two weeks at a time. Two local lawyers are also available on a part-time basis.

The Crown attorneys who were sent to Kenora last year enumerated the consequences of the staffing arrangement, including: an "unsustainable" workload; files in "complete disarray;" cramped office space and outdated resources; scheduling conflicts and missed appearances; the outsourcing of work to provincial prosecutors and private-sector lawyers; and lost credibility with defence lawyers, judges and Indigenous leaders.

While provincial prosecutors handle Criminal Code charges, federal Crowns in Ontario are responsible for prosecuting offences under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act.

"It was simply impossible to complete all the required tasks to provide high-quality service to local stakeholders - especially to local Aboriginal communities victimized by drug trafficking," federal prosecutor Timothy Radcliffe wrote in an Oct. 17 e-mail to Ms. Léger. In an earlier e-mail to his Crown colleagues, Mr. Radcliffe was more frank, referring to the "brutal quality of our service to the Indigenous communities surrounding Kenora."

In response to the prosecutors' concerns, the PPSC told The Globe it is planning to open a permanent office in Kenora. It will be staffed by two federal prosecutors and a legal assistant - the resourcing level that was advocated internally by several Crowns more than a year ago.

"We really can't do this anymore, with the volume of work, with one person," the region's chief federal prosecutor, Tom Raganold, said in a recent interview, noting that the rotation was always meant to be a shortterm solution. "We're doing everything we can to increase the service to the area and improve it."

One of the full-time prosecutors is expected to start in Kenora in October, but it could be months before the other two positions are filled, Mr. Raganold said. Until the federal Public Services and Procurement department secures a larger space for the permanent office, there is not enough room in the current location for more than one person to work. In the meantime, prosecutors and support staff at the regional office in Ottawa will continue to provide assistance to the Crowns in Kenora.

Criminal-defence attorneys say the Crown rotation is causing delays and complicating plea and sentencing negotiations, and First Nations leaders say the status quo is untenable in a region with an intensifying drug problem and an overwhelmingly Indigenous jail population.

This past spring, the Grand Council Treaty #3, which represents First Nations communities in Northwestern Ontario, wrote a letter to the PPSC urging the service to immediately create fulltime Crown positions in the district.

"The safety of Treaty #3 citizens and the epidemic of drugs in our territory is of the utmost priority in our Nation," Grand Chief Francis Kavanaugh wrote in the May 28 letter, which was obtained by The Globe.

Arthur Huminuk, the Grand Council's justice director, said the rotating Crowns do not have the time to foster relationships or develop a cultural understanding of the First Nations communities they serve.

"There's no way they can do their work effectively," he said.

"They're just zooming around."

A federal prosecutor might be scheduled to be in court in Kenora and a fly-in community at the same time. In those instances, the federal Crown can ask a provincial prosecutor or a contracted private-sector lawyer to act on the PPSC's behalf - a practice that occurs outside the district as well.

Kenora-based criminal-defence lawyer John Bilton said the situation is complicated by the fact that some of the files in the judicial district are managed remotely from Ottawa. "It's almost Wizard of Oz," he said. "It's hard to figure out who's behind the curtain."

Beyond the inconsistencies and confusion, Ms. Corbeil, who was one of the Crown attorneys who raised concerns, pointed to another consequence of the PPSC's reliance on others to prosecute its cases: "In rare cases, some of the decisions made are simply not what we would (or should) be making," she wrote in an e-mail dated Oct.

2, following a second stint in the district.

In the Kenora courthouse one recent day, it became apparent that justices of the peace, who preside over most bail hearings in the province, are also being rotated into the district for short periods. A spokeswoman for the Ontario Court of Justice said in an e-mail that an advisory committee is conducting interviews after Kenora's two full-time JPs retired, one in May and another, Robert McNally, this past December. By stepping down, Mr.McNally avoided a scheduled hearing into allegations of judicial misconduct. According to a 2017 court transcript, he told Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services lawyer Shannon McDunnough that her "ancestors probably scalped" British comedian Benny Hill.

Mr. Bilton said the state of affairs in the Kenora district is just one example of the disparity of services to Indigenous peoples.

"You can see this in every aspect of life in the North," he said.

"Pikangikum [First Nation] didn't get power lines until December of 2018. ... We're living in a country that says, 'First Nations peoples: You're secondclass.' " He described a multitude of challenges in the district: Fly-in court is unpredictable because of the weather; First Nations are grappling with addiction and poverty in the aftermath of historical injustices, including the Indian Residential School system in which Indigenous children were forcibly removed from their communities; and no additional judges are on hand to help if the schedule is overloaded at fly-in court, which might be held in a restaurant or school gymnasium.

Criminal-defence lawyer Laurelly Dale, who has offices in Kenora and Toronto, said the rotation is hindering her plea and sentencing negotiations, especially if a new prosecutor takes over before the matter is resolved. "I'm not trying to infer any sort of maliciousness on the part of the Crowns," she said.

"I actually have a lot of empathy for them because they're being parachuted into these situations."

Associated Graphic

Six Crown attorneys who were rotated into the judicial district in Kenora, Ont., above, wrote to Ottawa between May and October of last year to complain about an 'unsustainable' workload and outdated resources.

ALYSSA LLOYD/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

The growing thorn in Putin's side
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By MARK MACKINNON
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


MOSCOW -- One of the leading figures in a series of anti-government demonstrations in Moscow this summer says the opposition has won an important battle in the fight to restore democracy. But she says protesters will need to keep up street pressure on the Kremlin if they want to effect genuine change.

Lyubov Sobol, a 31-year-old lawyer, became the face of weeks of protest after the government barred her and a dozen other opposition candidates from standing in a Sept. 8 municipal election.

She was a thorn in the side of President Vladimir Putin and his inner circle for years before the demonstrations erupted, using her legal background to expose billion-dollar corruption in government tenders. But, like other Russian opposition figures before her, Ms.Sobol became a target as she grew in prominence. She was detained almost half a dozen times this summer and says she has been harassed while walking her five-year-old to school by men she believes were pro-government thugs.

She told The Globe and Mail the results of Sunday's city council vote - which saw pro-Kremlin candidates ousted in a surprising number of districts around the city - were a sign that Russian society is finally rising up after two decades of Mr. Putin's increasingly authoritarian rule.

"People have seen that you can actually show up and cast your vote and win," Ms. Sobol said in an exclusive interview this week, her voice still hoarse from a summer of shouting in protest. "The party of power is very weak, and that was manifest in this election."

What Ms. Sobol calls the party of power, a pro-Putin movement known as United Russia, actually won a majority in Sunday's vote, taking 25 of 45 city council seats.

But that was a drop from the 40 seats in the previous council, and the opposition - given the obstacles it faced - sees that as a triumph.

Part of the reason for the breakthrough in Moscow was a strategic voting campaign, which saw opposition leader Alexei Navalny call on his supporters to back whichever candidate had the best chance of defeating United Russia in their district.

It was a tactic that helped elect a group of Communist Party deputies, a result some opposition figures found distasteful because the Communists have more in common with Mr. Putin than the liberal-minded voters who back Mr. Navalny and Ms. Sobol. But Ms. Sobol said the result was a success because it revealed the depth of Russians' discontent with United Russia, a party Mr.Putin founded in 2001.

Ms. Sobol said the opposition will next target the country's 2021 parliamentary elections - either by the ballot box, if they're allowed to participate, or in the streets, if they're not. Another looming date is 2024, when Mr.

Putin is due to step aside after 20 years as either president or prime minister.

"We're ready for this challenge - Sept. 8 was a strong signal to the authorities, but it wasn't the final step," she said. "We'll keep doing what we've been doing. There's no ideal path, but we will persevere through any legal methods available to us, and street protest is one of those."

Battling against those who rule Russia has clearly taken a toll on Ms. Sobol, who politely tried, and failed, to stifle yawns and coughs through a 35-minute interview.

Her fatigue was understandable. When Mr. Navalny was jailed for 30 days after an unsanctioned demonstration in July, Ms. Sobol stepped up as the de facto leader of the protests.

She was detained on five separate occasions over the summer.

She was fined each time but escaped jail time thanks to a Russian law that spares women with young children the administrative detention (short prison sentences without trial) that is a favoured tool for punishing those who attend anti-government gatherings.

Ms. Sobol also staged a monthlong hunger strike this summer that she only ended - after losing 20 pounds from her already thin frame - out of concern for the health of one of her aides who had joined the strike in solidarity.

Her determination caught the attention, and earned the admiration, of many Russians. Denis Volkov, deputy director of the Levada Centre, Russia's lone independent pollster, told The Globe that Ms. Sobol had emerged over the summer as one of the opposition's most recognizable faces, both in Moscow - long an opposition stronghold - and beyond, where anti-Putin forces have struggled to make a dent in the President's popularity. (Pro-Putin candidates won all 16 gubernatorial races Sunday.)

Ms. Sobol is prominent enough now that Vladimir Zhirinovsky, a far-right supporter of the Kremlin, repeatedly referred to her by her nickname "Lyuba" during an anti-opposition tirade in Russia's parliament this week.

"Who is this Lyuba you speak about all day?" interrupted another deputy. "Sobol! The one they are putting in the place of Navalny!" Mr. Zhirinovsky replied.

A graduate of the prestigious Moscow State University, Ms. Sobol said she began her journey to political activism while working as a volunteer observer at polling stations during local elections early in Mr. Putin's rule. She said she was enraged by what she witnessed. "I wanted to work against the falsifications I saw happening."

In 2011, she joined Mr. Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation, which has stunned and mobilized Russians by exposing how Mr.Putin's inner circle had enriched itself throughout his time in power. (Mr. Navalny's group is largely responsible for the collapse in public support for United Russia, which he memorably branded the "party of thieves and crooks" - although Mr. Putin's personal approval ratings remain high.)

Ms. Sobol, just 23 at the time, was one of the first people Mr. Navalny hired onto his team. Mr. Navalny, who is also a lawyer, introduced her to his followers in a blog post: "You crooks should be worried. Soon, Lyuba will come for you."

Since then, she has used her legal skills to dissect how lucrative state contracts have been awarded, explaining her findings in broadcasts to the million-plus followers of Mr. Navalny's YouTube channel. She focused much of her work on Yevgeny Prigozhin, a tycoon and Kremlin insider known as "Putin's chef," who made much of his estimated billiondollar fortune through government catering contracts.

It would be hard to make a more dangerous enemy. Companies linked to Mr. Prigozhin have been associated with both Russia's alleged interference in the 2016 U.S. election and with mercenaries fighting on the side of President Bashar al-Assad's regime in the vicious war in Syria.

Ms. Sobol believes thugs working for Mr. Prigozhin were responsible for a 2016 attack that saw her husband injected with a poison that caused him to faint and go into convulsions. The case was never solved, and Mr. Prigozhin has threatened to sue Ms. Sobol for damaging his reputation with the allegation that he played a role in the assault.

Ms. Sobol says she has also been followed by men who conspicuously film her while she walks her daughter to school.

The Putin era has seen a string of violent attacks on opposition leaders, and Ms. Sobol admits that she is scared of what could happen to her and those around her. The insecurity that comes with being part of the anti-Putin opposition is evident on the door to the Moscow office of the AntiCorruption Foundation, which bears the scars of having been repeatedly forced open by police.

"I'm in a position where there are only two options: keep fighting or move to another country and change my name," Ms. Sobol said.

She's decided to stay and fight on. "I understand that if I leave, it means that they've won - and that would be a huge disappointment to the part of society that wants to see democratic change."

Associated Graphic

Lyubov Sobol, a 31-year-old lawyer, has been detained on five occasions for leading street protests.

MAXIM SHEMETOV/REUTERS

Russian opposition activist Lyubov Sobol votes at a polling station during the Moscow City Duma election on Sunday. Ms. Sobol says it was the experience of volunteering at a polling station that brought her to political activism: 'I wanted to work against the falsifications I saw happening.'

KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Former Ontario minister pins Hong Kong protests on 'outside' forces
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Michael Chan, in recent interview, praises police restraint while condemning the city's pro-democracy demonstrators
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By XIAO XU
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


VANCOUVER -- A former Ontario cabinet minister, who held the province's immigration and international trade portfolios under two Liberal premiers, has denounced acts of violence during the pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong as the work of foreign actors intent on undermining the state of China.

Former MPP Michael Chan, in a recent interview with Chinanews, a Chinese-statebacked news site, condemned the city's antigovernment protesters and applauded Hong Kong police for showing restraint in the crisis.

His assertions echo statements by Chinese officials as the protest movement in Hong Kong gathered steam. China has blamed "foreign forces" for manipulating the protests and interfering in Hong Kong affairs.

"I have been thinking, why are these young people so radical, so passionate [and] committed to do these things? And why so many people?" Mr. Chan said in an interview with Chinanews that was published earlier this month.

"If there is no deeply hidden organization in this, or deeply hidden push from the outside, there is no way that such large-scale turmoil would happen in Hong Kong in a few months."

Mr. Chan served in various portfolios for the Ontario Liberals, including as immigration minister, during his tenure in office between 2007 and 2018.

Last week, in an article posted on Mr.

Chan's public WeChat social-media account, he is quoted as suggesting demonstrators have been trying to enlist the Japanese for help with their cause. The article is titled "Exclusive interview with Michael Chan: Guerrilla actions."

He said in the article that Japanese media reported an interview with a Hong Kong protest leader who travelled to Japan and mused that "Japan could send a selfdefence force on the grounds that they could protect the overseas Japanese." Mr.

Chan went on to say the report was strongly condemned by Hong Kong residents and added that the protest leader has denied ever saying such things.

The protester Mr. Chan referred to, Agnes Chow Ting, stated on her socialmedia accounts on Sept. 5 that she made no such claims and demanded the Japanese media delete the report.

Any reference to a Japanese military presence in Hong Kong is especially inflammatory among the Chinese community, because of Japan's brutal treatment of Chinese citizens during the Second World War.

"That protest leader is actually taking the initiative to ask the Japanese army to occupy Hong Kong again in order to guard ... 'freedom and democracy.' This is incomprehensible," said the article on Mr.

Chan's WeChat page.

This article was also published under Mr. Chan's byline at 51.ca, a prominent Chinese-language online publication in Canada.

Efforts to reach Mr. Chan through his public WeChat account were not successful.

Repeated calls and e-mails to Mr. Chan's lawyers and workplace were not returned to The Globe and Mail. According to the Seneca College website, Mr. Chan sits on the board of governors.

In 2010, Mr. Chan was considered so close to the Chinese consulate in Toronto that Canada's intelligence agency feared he was at risk of being unduly influenced by foreign officials. A senior intelligence official later met the province's top bureaucrat to formally caution the province about the minister's conduct and the risk of foreign influence.

Dalton McGuinty, who was then premier, dismissed the Canadian Security Intelligence Service's concerns as baseless and kept Mr. Chan in cabinet. His successor, Kathleen Wynne, similarly dismissed the concerns and said the federal spy agency's suspicions lacked substance.

CSIS's concerns about Mr. Chan were never disclosed publicly at the time, nor was Mr. Chan named as the subject of the CSIS briefing. They were revealed in a 2015 report by The Globe.

When asked earlier this September about Mr. Chan's interview with Chinanews, Ms. Wynne said she hadn't spoken to Mr. Chan "for months."

"We are no longer part of a caucus; I haven't spoken to him for some time. He is a trusted colleague, but I have not had a conversation with him about the issues in Hong Kong, in China."

After the Globe article appeared in 2015, Mr. Chan said CSIS's concerns were "ludicrous" and "totally false" and he brought a legal action against The Globe.

"There is a persistent theme that there is a perceived risk that I am under undue influence and that I am an unwitting dupe of a foreign government," he wrote in an open letter. "This is offensive and totally false."

When he left politics last year, Mr. Chan joined the law firm Miller Thomson. A spokesperson for the firm said earlier this month that Mr. Chan no longer worked there.

In the Chinanews article, Mr. Chan said the violence in the movement in Hong Kong has been severe, and if there were similar unrest in Western countries, police would have "already fired bullets toward crowds."

Protesters have accused Hong Kong police of excessive use of force, but Mr. Chan disagreed.

"It's the opposite," he stated. He said the restraint and courage of Hong Kong police should be praised, according to the article.

The months of unrest in the Chinesegoverned, semi-autonomous city were prompted by a bill that would have allowed people in Hong Kong to be extradited to mainland China for trial. Many saw the extradition bill as an erosion of rights promised under a "one country, two systems" framework when the former British colony returned to Chinese rule in 1997.

The bill was first suspended, but after the tensions in the city kept escalating, Hong Kong's leader, Carrie Lam, announced on Sept. 4 that the government would withdraw the bill.

Hong Kong protesters have said the bill's withdrawal was too little, too late.

In other remarks in the Chinanews interview, Mr. Chan noted about 300,000 Canadians are living in Hong Kong.

"If the system in Hong Kong is really that unfree, undemocratic, feeble and bad, then why do these 300,000 [Canadians] live there? "One country, two systems will not change. If whoever says Hong Kong wants to be independent and separated, then there is no discussion needed. Hong Kong belongs to China. This is unnegotiable."

Some Chinese Canadians, especially those who have ties to Hong Kong, found Mr. Chan's remarks appalling.

Gloria Fung, president of Canada-Hong Kong Link, said Mr. Chan's remarks sound like the Chinese regime's propaganda.

"It's very clear that he is not using Canadian values nor the universal values of Western democracies in making all these comments. Rather, he abides by the values of the Chinese Communist Party," Ms.

Fung said. "That is troublesome."

It was not the first time Mr. Chan publicly supported China's stand on the Hong Kong issue. Last month, Mr. Chan spoke at a rally in Markham, Ont., expressing support for Hong Kong police, the government and Beijing.

Ms. Fung, who also lives in the Toronto area, said although Mr. Chan has stepped down from the political arena, he is still actively engaged in pro-China events.

The rally, organized by the Confederation of Toronto Chinese Canadian Organizations, attracted a few hundred attendees from the Chinese community. Online pictures and videos show that leaflets resembling the Liberal Party's old paid membership forms were distributed at the event.

Braeden Caley, spokesman for the Liberal Party of Canada, said the party had no involvement at the event. He said Mr.

Chan has no formal role in the federal party.

The area that Mr. Chan once represented provincially is now held federally by Small Business Minister Mary Ng. A spokeswoman for Ms. Ng said the minister was aware of the rally, but declined to comment on whether Mr. Chan's views are shared by many of Ms. Ng's constituents.

Ms. Ng said in a statement that it is important that the situation in Hong Kong be de-escalated, and there is a diversity of views among Chinese Canadians as to how this can happen.

Associated Graphic

Police spray anti-government protesters with a blue liquid to help them identify those marching in defiance of a government-ordered ban Sunday near a state complex in Hong Kong.

ATHIT PERAWONGMETHA/REUTERS

Former Ontario minister Michael Chan, centre, seen in Nanjing, China, in October, 2014, said in a recent article that 'Hong Kong belongs to China. This is unnegotiable.'

QILAI SHEN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Ottawa blocks RCMP on SNC inquiry
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Mounties investigating possible obstruction of justice, source says Government cites cabinet confidentiality, denies access to witnesses and documents Probe to be frozen during election campaign under RCMP internal guidelines
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By DANIEL LEBLANC, ROBERT FIFE
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Wednesday, September 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


OTTAWA -- The RCMP has been looking into potential obstruction of justice in the handling of the prosecution of SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., but its examination has been stymied by the federal government's refusal to lift cabinet confidentiality for all witnesses, The Globe and Mail has learned.

This means individuals involved in the matter cannot discuss events or share documents with police that have not been exempted from the rule of cabinet confidentiality, according to sources, whom The Globe agreed not to identify so they could discuss the RCMP inquiries.

In Canada, the principle of cabinet confidentiality is intended to allow ministers to debate decisions freely in private. As a result, discussions involving cabinet matters must be kept secret unless a waiver is granted. In the SNC matter, the Liberals say that the Clerk of the Privy Council, who heads the bureaucratic agency that serves the Prime Minister's Office, made the decision not to offer a broad waiver to either the RCMP or to the Ethics Commissioner, and that the PMO played no role.

A source who was recently interviewed by the RCMP told The Globe that investigators indicated they are looking into possible obstruction of justice.

The Criminal Code says obstruction of justice occurs when an effort is made to "obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice in a judicial proceeding."

The national police force will pause the operation because of the coming election campaign.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is scheduled to go to Rideau Hall Wednesday to ask the GovernorGeneral to dissolve Parliament and call the vote for Oct. 21, and the RCMP has a policy to suspend politically sensitive operations during campaigns.

Justice Department spokesman Ian McLeod said the decision not to offer a broader waiver for the RCMP "was made solely by the Clerk of the Privy Council as guardian of cabinet confidences." Mr. Trudeau's director of communications, Cameron Ahmad, said the PMO was not involved in the decision.

Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion faced the same obstacle as the RCMP in his investigation into the SNC-Lavalin affair earlier this year, stating in his final report that nine witnesses were unable to provide full testimony because government allowed only a limited waiver on cabinet secrecy.

Mr. Dion found that Mr. Trudeau breached the Conflict of Interest Act. His report said the Prime Minister and senior federal officials improperly pressed Jody Wilson-Raybould when she was justice minister and attorney-general to order the director of public prosecutions to settle bribery and fraud charges against SNC-Lavalin without a trial.

The Department of Justice confirmed Tuesday that the RCMP received "the same access to cabinet confidences and privileged information" as the Ethics Commissioner and the justice committee of the House.

An order in council dated Feb.

25 offered a waiver to Ms. WilsonRaybould and "any persons who directly participated in discussions with her" about the prosecution of SNC-Lavalin during her time as attorney-general. She was moved to Veterans Affairs on Jan. 14. The waiver allowed Ms.

Wilson-Raybould to talk to the justice committee and the Ethics Commissioner, but did not extend further.

The Ethics Commissioner's report said a number of discussions between members of the PMO, ministerial staffers and officials at SNC-Lavalin were conducted without Ms. Wilson-Raybould's knowledge, and therefore were not covered by the waiver. The former minister is running as an Independent in the riding of Vancouver-Granville.

The RCMP has not officially launched a criminal investigation. The police force has said it is "examining this matter carefully with all available information." The examination is in the hands of the RCMP's national division, which is in charge of sensitive cases.

Last month, Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer said "significant grounds" existed for an investigation into whether Mr.Trudeau's action constituted obstructing justice.

Former RCMP commissioner Bob Paulson, who retired in 2017, said it will be difficult for the Mounties to complete their examination unless the government waives cabinet confidentiality entirely.

"The government is entitled to assert privilege ..." Mr. Paulson said in an interview. "If [the RCMP] were serious enough, they could probably get a search warrant, but that would probably be shot down by the courts.

The privilege is pretty strong at the cabinet level. I have not had an experience where we succeeded in getting cabinet documents that the government didn't want us to have."

He added: "In my experience, particularly, cabinet privilege is overasserted and I guess more widely applied than it deserved."

Mr. Paulson, who said he has no information on the RCMP probe, said it makes sense that the Mounties would focus on obstruction of justice.

"It strikes me there is sufficient information to be pursued," he said. "One need to only read the section [of the Criminal Code] on the elements of the offence and to put that against what the public record is and I think you have something that needs to be explored."

Mr. Paulson said the RCMP brought in new rules after an investigation came to light during the 2005-06 election campaign that may have contributed to the defeat of the Liberal government of Paul Martin. During the campaign, the RCMP sent a letter to the NDP saying it would conduct a criminal probe into allegations that Liberals leaked information to the financial markets on how they intended to handle the taxation of income trusts.

The force later announced that it would avoid discussing criminal investigations during election campaigns.

"We have a sensitive investigation policy that addresses this very thing. If the writ is dropped and particularly during the writ period - unless there is some compelling public reason to keep investigating - they are not going to keep investigating. Certainly if they are, they would be wise to just shut up about it," Mr.

Paulson said.

The RCMP started looking into the SNC-Lavalin issue after The Globe revealed on Feb. 7 that officials in the PMO put pressure on Ms. Wilson-Raybould to order prosecutors to negotiate a deferred prosecution agreement in the case, which would avoid a trial in exchange for a financial settlement.

In his report, Mr. Dion said he had been hampered from conducting a full investigation because nine witnesses were prevented from sharing information they felt was relevant. "In the present examination, I have gathered sufficient factual information to properly determine the matter on its merits," he wrote. "Because of my inability to access all cabinet confidences related to the matter, I must, however, report that I was unable to fully discharge the investigatory duties conferred upon me by the [Conflict of Interest] Act."

These nine people, whom he did not identify, told him revealing this information would breach cabinet confidentiality.

The Privy Council rejected Mr.Dion's request for a waiver.

A lawyer for Mr. Trudeau told Mr. Dion the Prime Minister played no role in Privy Council Clerk Ian Shugart's decision to deny the request.

Still, Mr. Trudeau has publicly supported the decision. "The decision by the Privy Council to not further extend into less relevant or non-relevant elements of cabinet confidentiality or solicitorclient privilege is an important one that maintains the integrity of our institutions and our capacity to function as a government without setting troublesome or worrisome precedents," he said last month.

Mr. Paulson said RCMP investigators are entitled to talk to any witnesses, but can't they compel people to talk to them if the government refused to waive cabinet confidentiality.

"It is up to the people to either assert privilege or decline to talk to us. My philosophy has been to be aggressive in pursuing the people who had information and then having them assert whatever reason they had not to talk to us," he said. "The witnesses generally talk to police unless they were protecting privilege."

Associated Graphic

The Prime Minister's Office says it had no role in the decision by the Privy Council Clerk to prevent individuals from talking with the RCMP about the SNC-Lavalin affair.

BLAIR GABLE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Justin Trudeau, seen in Ottawa in March, and his office maintain that the Prime Minister played no role in the Privy Council Clerk's decision to deny broad waivers of cabinet confidentiality to either the RCMP or the Ethics Commissioner.

BLAIR GABLE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST HAD A GIFT FOR LEADERSHIP
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He was recruited to launch Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute, and later established the renowned Ontario Brain Institute, where he was founding president and scientific director
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By WENCY LEUNG
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


Donald Stuss truly intended to quit working when he retired for the first time. After stepping down in 2010 as vice-president of research at Baycrest and founding director of Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute, a Toronto brain-research centre that became world-class under his leadership, Dr. Stuss took his partner, friends and children for a trip to Italy. The vacation was to celebrate what he believed was an end to his illustrious career in neuropsychology as a researcher, clinician and organizational leader.

"He said to me ... 'We've got to slow down now,' " his partner, Lourenza Fourie, said. "Clearly, the complete opposite happened."

In his 70s, Dr. Stuss went on to achieve some of his greatest accomplishments, including establishing the renowned Ontario Brain Institute (OBI) as founding president and scientific director. He also expanded his hefty collection of accolades, including being named an officer of the Order of Canada in 2016 and receiving the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science's prestigious Donald O. Hebb Distinguished Contribution Award in 2016.

Until the final days of his life, he continued to give lectures, write papers, mentor young scientists, collaborate with his peers and care for patients with the insight, empathy, warmth and joie de vivre that were his defining characteristics.

"He was always unselfishly trying to help things evolve that could do good for mankind," said his friend and colleague, cognitive neurologist Sandra Black, who considered him a professional "soulmate."

"He really was the most unnarcissistic, dedicated person I have ever met."

Dr. Stuss died at his home in Toronto on Sept. 3, at the age of 77, due to complications from cancer. He leaves his partner, Ms. Fourie, a clinical neuropsychologist with whom he shared a joint practice; and his two children, David and Leanne, with his former wife, Kaaren Stuss (née Kummer).

Dr. Stuss did not begin his career in neuropsychology until middle age, following a circuitous path that led him first to become a monk, a high-school teacher and a guidance counsellor.

He was born on Sept. 26, 1941 in Sudbury, and grew up in Kitchener-Waterloo, Ont., where his Ukrainian-Canadian parents ran a diner attached to their home called Anne's Lunch. He spent his formative years at the lunch counter, learning the value of hard work and how to treat others from his mother, Anne, a woman known for her great hospitality and homemade chicken noodle soup.

A bright student with a rebellious streak, Dr. Stuss left Kitchener to join a monastery in Mundare, Alta., soon after graduating from high school as class valedictorian. The move was contrary to his father's wishes for him to become a doctor or lawyer.

Life in the Basilian monastery, run by a Ukrainian sect of the Catholic church, was austere and "sounded relatively unpleasant," says David Stuss, adding the six years his father spent in the seminary were filled with hard labour, such as constructing buildings, and long stretches of silent contemplation. But there, Dr. Stuss came across the writings of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, a Jesuit priest and paleontologist, which helped shape his view of the world.

Teilhard, whose ideas were considered heretical to the church, believed in evolution, but that evolution occurred with a purpose toward a collective human consciousness. Although Dr. Stuss never explicitly discussed why it was so important to him, David Stuss says he believes Teilhard's Christian, yet scientific, vision of trying to perfect oneself in concert with others became a through line in his father's life's work.

With little opportunity to put the ideas he was learning into practice, Dr. Stuss left the monastery to earn a degree in philosophy at the University of Ottawa and St.

Paul's University. He became a high-school teacher and football coach in Peterborough, Ont., Kitchener and Ottawa. As a teacher in Peterborough, he met his future wife, Kaaren, who was working as a nurse at a hospital where he received knee surgery.

The two were married for 28 years and maintained a respectful relationship after they parted, Ms. Stuss said.

"He was an extraordinary person," she said. "I was really, really lucky that he came to the hospital to have his knee fixed."

Dr. Stuss eventually also became a highschool guidance counsellor, but went back to study psychology at the University of Ottawa because he felt he lacked the knowledge to fully help the students he was counselling. He went on to do a postdoctoral fellowship in Boston, where he worked with the famous U.S. neuropsychologist Edith Kaplan.

Upon returning to Canada, he worked at the Ottawa General Hospital and later became a professor at the University of Ottawa.

In 1989, he was recruited to Toronto to establish the Rotman Research Institute. In doing so, he also demonstrated his knack for leadership. His modus operandi was to first come up with a set of principles that would then guide him in setting up and running an organization, said his friend, colleague and former graduate supervisor, Terrence Picton.

For instance, "when he [led] the Rotman Research Institute, the most important thing was the people," said Dr. Picton, professor emeritus at the University of Toronto, explaining this led him to ensure the institute invested in good scientists, instead of focusing on research projects. "Then, if he got good people, they would get their own funding for research."

Dr. Stuss also had an uncanny ability to get people to work together on scientific problems, he added.

"That was the thing he was really a genius at," Dr. Picton said, adding he also later brought this gift to the OBI, an organization designed to foster collaboration and the sharing of scientific findings to improve patients' lives.

As a researcher, Dr. Stuss gained prominence for advancing the understanding of the various functions of the frontal lobes of the brain. His approach, which involved laboriously studying patients with "lesions," or injuries, in certain parts of the brain and observing their patterns of behaviour, may be "old-fashioned" today, but remains fundamental to understanding the brain, said Dr. Black, director of the Hurvitz Brain Sciences Research Program at Sunnybrook Health Sciences and executive director of the Toronto Dementia Research Alliance.

Dr. Stuss published a long list of thoughtchanging papers and co-authored books, The Frontal Lobes and Principles of Frontal Lobe Function.

What drove his research, however, was the desire to translate his findings to helping people, Dr. Black said, adding he succeeded in helping many people struggling with frontal-lobe issues through his trailblazing work in cognitive rehabilitation.

After ostensibly retiring a second time when he left the OBI in 2016, Dr. Stuss had no end of projects and meetings. Yet he was no slave to work. He was a bon vivant - a world traveller, a keen outdoorsman and a lover of fine wine and dancing. His vast collection of music included classical, heavy metal and a heavy dose of James Brown.

Ms. Fourie said he once threatened to fire a staff member for always staying late at work.

"He said, 'If you don't have balance and you don't go home for supper, you cannot work here,' " she said, explaining that he firmly believed in the need for solitude and contemplation, which he called keeping a "monastery of the mind."

Ms. Fourie said she and Dr. Stuss met at a conference in South Africa in 2003 and became inseparable thereafter.

Dr. Stuss appreciated life's simple pleasures and took joy in connecting with people of all walks of life, including a homeless man he befriended in his neighbourhood, Ms. Fourie said. A private memorial for him, for close friends and family, was attended by more than 100 guests.

"Whenever Don Stuss crossed your path ... he became a friend," Ms. Fourie said.

Associated Graphic

Upon coming out of retirement in his 70s, Donald Stuss, seen in 2018 with Governor-General Julie Payette, added to his already impressive collection of accolades, including being named an officer of the Order of Canada and receiving the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science's prestigious Donald O. Hebb Distinguished Contribution Award in 2016.

SGT JOHANIE MAHEU/RIDEAU HALL

RADICAL PATRON LIVED AND BREATHED CANADIAN FOLK MUSIC
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He co-founded festivals across Canada and helped to create Winnipeg's West End Cultural Centre
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By JANA G. PRUDEN
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B23


Mitch Podolak was 13 when his older sister, Alice, took him to a Pete Seeger concert at Toronto's Massey Hall in 1961. There, his life changed.

"Something happened that day," Mr. Podolak would recall in a 2013 interview with the CBC. "I caught something that day from Pete."

What he caught was not only a love of the banjo and folk music, but also a political ideology and way of seeing the world that would shape the rest of his life.

"He was just transformed. He just got his worldview, right then and there," says Mr. Podolak's son, Leonard. "He called himself a communist, and I think in terms of the actual original vision of what communism was supposed to be, that would be accurate in certain respects of his life.

But he was really a Pete Seegerist."

Mr. Podolak's belief in the power of music became a guiding force in his life, and affected the lives of countless others through the cultural events and institutions he created and helped to create. His efforts included cofounding the Winnipeg Folk Festival and the Vancouver Folk Music Festival, forming a record label to release Stan Rogers's first album and the creation of Winnipeg's storied West End Cultural Centre.

Mr. Podolak died in Winnipeg on Aug. 25, at the age of 71, of complications from septic shock.

He leaves his wife, Ava Kobrinsky, his three sons, Leonard, Zeke and Max, three grandchildren and extended family.

Mr. Podolak was born in Toronto on Sept. 21, 1947, the youngest of three. In interviews, Mr. Podolak described himself as a "red-diaper baby" and his parents as socialists and "workingclass radicals." His father immigrated to Canada before the Second World War and one of his grandfathers died in the Holocaust.

After his father passed away when he was nine, Mr. Podolak struggled. He left school in Grade 8, although tests later showed him to have a genius-level IQ. After seeing Pete Seeger perform, he pawned his clarinet for a banjo.

In his teens, Mr. Podolak began working at the Bohemian Embassy, a Toronto coffee house at the heart of the 1960s folk revival in Canada. There, he refused to book a young Neil Young because he thought Mr. Young couldn't sing, a decision Leonard Podolak says became one of his father's "larger regrets."

By his early 20s, Mr. Podolak was a political activist and avowed Trotskyist, travelling the country to start branches of the Young Socialists Alliance and the League for Socialist Action. He met Ava Kobrinsky in Toronto, and the two soon married and returned to her hometown of Winnipeg in the early 1970s.

They would have one son, Leonard, and adopted two teenagers, Max and Zeke Preston, after their mother died in the early 1990s.

It was in Winnipeg that Mr. Podolak and a friend applied for a grant to host a free folk music concert as part of the city's centennial year celebrations in 1973.

The Winnipeg Folk Festival was born. The event was not only about music. Mr. Podolak believed in music as a way to spread ideology - even to spark revolution - and he brought political organization to his approach to festival planning and the broader tenets of the event. In those years, every performer was paid the same amount and volunteers and performers were treated equally. Mr. Podolak said he modelled the volunteer system on the Bolshevik Party of 1917.

"He used to tell every volunteer crew that they were the most important crew," Leonard says.

"And, the thing is, none of it was a lie."

A 1984 book about the Winnipeg Folk Festival said Mr. Podolak created it "almost as a singular act of bravado."

Mr. Podolak was a perennial presence amid the sea of blankets and bodies at the festivals at Birds Hill Park, a large man with wild hair and beard, dressed casually in a black T-shirt and jeans, sometimes hitched with suspenders.

He was variously described in news stories as a "folk festival guru," a "bearded, chain-smoking radical," a "chubby working-class hero," a "banjo-playing... Trotskyite who could pass for a biker," part of "a cabal of deranged artist types" and "a transcontinental telephone screamer and cajoler, ego masseur, bully-boy, fiscal conjurer, seat-of-the-pants strategist, romantic and catalyst."

Among the tributes that have flooded in since his death, he's been called "folk music's radical patron."

Mr. Podolak left his position with the Winnipeg Folk Festival in 1986 after years of heavy rain dampened attendance, put the festival in debt and stressed Mr.

Podolak, who said he would start dreaming about rain in January.

Leonard says his father's decision to leave the festival was also influenced by the death of his friend Stan Rogers, who died in an airplane fire in 1983.

In addition to his vital role in creating the festivals in Winnipeg and Vancouver, Mr. Podolak helped with the creation of several others, including the folk festivals in Edmonton and Calgary, and the Winnipeg International Children's Festival. In 1987, he led the transformation of a church in Winnipeg's core into the West End Cultural Centre, which would become another beloved city institution.

His most recent endeavour was Home Routes, which connects performers with circuits of home concerts. Leonard says the organization maintained the ideals to which Mr. Podolak had adhered throughout his life, including that everyone was paid the same.

"My dad hated capitalism so much," Leonard says. "So, so much. He believed the profit motive was the root of all problems, and that people should be treated as fairly as possible."

Friends and family recall Mr.Podolak's roaring laugh and his love for good food. Although he could be brash and was famously opinionated, Leonard says his father was also open to changing his mind - even accepting electric guitars at the Winnipeg Folk Festival, a significant shift at the time.

Mr. Podolak had little patience for rules and bureaucracy, joking on more than one occasion that he thought "after the socialist revolution, we'd hang the last capitalist with the guts of the last bureaucrat," and rebelling even against the strictures of the ideologies to which he subscribed.

"I'm a communist. My own kind of communist," he said in a story in The Globe and Mail in 1986. "I belong to my own political party. That's the Mitch Podolak communist party. One member. No dues, no committees, and no damn meetings."

Mr. Podolak had struggled with his health since a fall in 2016, and his condition deteriorated rapidly this past summer.

Before his death, family and friends gathered at his bedside in Winnipeg, singing and performing.

Mr. Podolak was buried quickly, in the Jewish tradition. A broader memorial will take place in November, fittingly during an upstart Winnipeg arts festival. Leonard says the event will be called the 2nd Annual Winnipeg Crankie Festival Honouring Mitch Podolak, and will include performances, workshops, classes and variety shows over three days. Plans are also being made to create a foundation in Mr. Podolak's name.

"His main mission was to make change, and make the world a better place," Leonard says. "There's a lot he couldn't do anything about. But what he did do affected a lot of people, and a lot of people that don't even know it affected them. He mentored hundreds, he created work for thousands and he created fun for millions."

Asked by a reporter in 1993 what he would like his epitaph to say if he was "called tomorrow to that big folk festival in the sky," Mr. Podolak responded: "I hope it says something like: 'He taught a lot of people a lot of music.' " This summer, more than 76,000 people attended the Winnipeg Folk Festival, breaking all previous attendance records.

Associated Graphic

Mitch Podolak, centre wearing a baseball cap, was variously described over the years as a 'bearded, chain-smoking radical,' a 'chubby working-class hero,' and part of 'a cabal of deranged artist types.'

DAVE LANDY/THE WINNIPEG FOLK FESTIVAL

A couple opt for gentle density
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Downsizing Kitsilano pair decide to split their beloved home into a multiunit property
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By KERRY GOLD
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H6


VANCOUVER -- Realtors and developers had been knocking on their door, trying to tempt them to sell their home at an attractive price, but a downsizing west side couple decided to maximize the potential of their land and pocket the profits themselves.

Graham and Lee Laxton had run one of the city's most popular bed and breakfasts since Graham retired from his job as manager of Vancouver Lawn Tennis & Badminton Club. After 18 years running the Greystone Bed & Breakfast, they'd seen 12,000 guests pass through their doors.

But Graham no longer wanted to flip pancakes and cater to guests with an increasing litany of food sensitivities.

Also, the couple wanted to downsize. They'd raised their kids and didn't need the 4,000square-foot character house on the corner lot at 2006 W. 14th Ave. Their house is in Kitsilano, east of Arbutus near Shaughnessy, on a street lined with character houses, large trees and gardens. The area is highly walkable, with stores along Arbutus and Broadway and it is centrally located to downtown.

It's also zoned RT-8, which encourages retention and renovation of existing buildings as long as they maintain the architectural style of the old neighbourhood. To retain the houses, homeowners are allowed to convert them to multiunit properties, with infill. As a result of the long-established zoning, Kitsilano is generally praised as one of Vancouver's most successful examples of gentle density and livability.

The Laxtons decided to capitalize on the opportunity that gave them the ability to stay in their neighbourhood by developing their 50-foot-by-125-foot lot into three large strata units and a 1,200-square-foot laneway house for themselves.

On a sunny afternoon, they stand in the shell of their old house, of which only some of the original structure and fireplace remain. It's an emotional experience. Graham says there were tears when they first saw their beautiful and pristine character home gutted and sitting on blocks. In order to meet the building code, they had to gut it down to the studs and rebuild a lot of it, but they intend to return the exterior to its original 1910 craftsman glory.

"We came to the conclusion eventually that the area we wanted to live in was here and the city had been encouraging people to do away with single family homes of this size and go into strata units, that sort of thing, so we looked at the possibilities and it made sense," Graham says.

"The zoning was correct here."

Adds Lee: "We have 40 years of neighbours, so we know everyone."

Graham says the two two-level units will pay for construction costs and they'll likely rent the basement suite to generate income. Their laneway house will be mortgage free and if all goes according to plan, they could have about $1-million profit after spending more than $2.4-million in development costs.

It means they can age in place, with the community they know, without having to move into an apartment. They are currently renting an apartment nearby and are counting the months until they can return.

"We had so many friends who had sold the family home and they would say to us, 'We moved to an apartment and regret it.

Don't do it. Whatever you do, don't do it,' "says Lee, who works at VanDusen Botanical Garden.

"They bought something, and for their own reasons didn't like it, it was too small, or whatever."

However, it's not an easy process, they agree. Graham says they could have sold it for about $4million when the market was at its peak. The house has probably decreased in value to about $3.5million, he estimates.

Their builder Jim Perkins, of FairTradeWorks, says it's daunting to take on such a four-year project and it needs proper know-how and a lot of planning.

It took more than two years just to get the development permit from the City and the Laxtons experienced unexpected costs, such as a recent $50,000 bill from BC Hydro.

The undertaking works best for people who've benefited from the equity of long-term ownership.

"The Laxtons are people who bought a long time ago and have a ton of equity in the home and the house is mortgage free and they can comfortably manage the development," says Mr. Perkins, who is also a developer in Ontario, but only does construction in B.C., where he's based. He started out working for his father's large construction firm in Britain and has restored and renovated many west side Vancouver homes. On the Laxton project, he is working with architect Jim Bussey of Formwerks. Mr. Perkins is making it part of his business model to help homeowners such as the Laxtons develop their own properties.

Mr. Perkins believes that homeowners will develop higher quality homes than a lot of builder-developers who pay top dollar and are forced to cut corners in order to achieve any profit.

Long-time homeowners have equity, but are also emotionally invested in the neighbourhood.

"There is always developer demand on the west side and they know what the homeowner paid for the home years ago, so they make big offers that sound enticing," Mr. Perkins says.

"But where are you going to go? You spend your entire life paying off the mortgage, looking after the property, so it makes sense that that the homeowner should maximize the profits in their estate, right? Rather than unloading for what seems like an attractive price, you say, 'Hold on, let's look at development opportunities,' keep the homeowner in the deal, let them make the money and reap the benefits that they've put into the neighbourhood for decades.

"It's not for the faint-hearted - it's a long road, it's emotional, it's stressful and there's a huge amount of money involved," he adds. "There's risk involved, because even when they started the market has changed. So I think it's great that these guys at this age have taken this on to make sure they can come home again, right? I think it's a great example of someone being a maverick and a pioneer."

Because the Laxtons involved their neighbours, there weren't any objections.

"When we first put the development sign up, we had all the neighbours over with our architect and they could ask any questions they wanted, so there were no surprises," Lee says.

"They were all very supportive because they knew we weren't going to destroy the neighbourhood. They knew we loved it here.

They were emotional about the gutting of their beloved house, which was stripped of almost all of its old features in order to be moved 12 feet forward, brought up to code and divided into two two-level units and a basement unit.

Market conditions are always changing, but they hope to sell each of the units in the main house for about $1.5-million. Lee is more optimistic than her husband that they should be able to get around $1,200 a square foot.

They've even had friends that have shown interest in buying in.

"We have faith in where we are - location, location, location," she says.

"We are 15 minutes from downtown, so for working people it's a great neighbourhood. I think it will appeal to a broad spectrum.

"It's definitely not for the faint of heart. But at the end of the day, we're pretty sure we'll be able to say that it was all worthwhile."

Associated Graphic

Graham, left, and Lee Laxton visit their house, which is undergoing renovation, in Kitsilano, B.C., on Sept. 5. Graham says the renovation has been an emotional process, but the conversion of their home will allow them to age in place with the community they know without having to move into an apartment.

PHOTOS BY RAFAL GERSZAK/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Wilson leads Seahawks past Roethlisberger-less Steelers
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B12


PITTSBURGH -- Russell Wilson threw for three touchdowns, including a 28-yard rainbow to D.K. Metcalf midway through the fourth quarter, and the Seattle Seahawks held off the Pittsburgh Steelers 28-26 on Sunday.

The Steelers lost starting quarterback Ben Roethlisberger to a right-elbow injury late in the first half and fell to 0-2 for the first time since 2013, despite solid play from backup Mason Rudolph, who threw a pair of second-half touchdown passes to Vance McDonald.

Roethlisberger began flexing his right arm after an incompletion late in the second quarter. He stayed in to finish the drive before jogging to the locker room.

When the 37-year-old QB emerged for the second half, he was wearing a white cap while Rudolph, taken in the third round of the 2018 draft, took the first meaningful snaps of his career.

Rudolph completed 12 of 19 passes for 112 yards, the two scores and an interception, but couldn't quite keep pace with Wilson and the Seahawks (2-0).

Wilson was 29 of 35 for 300 yards and the three TDs, becoming the fifth-fastest quarterback in league history to reach 200 career touchdown passes (114 games). Wilson also ran four times for 24 yards, most of it coming on Seattle's final drive as the Seahawks protected a two-point lead.

COLTS 19, TITANS 17 NASHVILLE Jacoby Brissett became the latest Indianapolis quarterback to top Tennessee, throwing a four-yard touchdown pass to T.Y. Hilton with 4:38 left.

Brissett had come up empty for Indianapolis against Tennessee, losing both games he started against the Titans in 2017. After Andrew Luck retired with a perfect 11-0 record against the Titans, Brissett picked up right where Luck left off. He passed for 146 yards and three TDs. The Colts (1-1) also sacked Marcus Mariota four times on a day when Adam Vinatieri, the NFL's oldest player and career scoring leader but in an early-season slump, missed two extra points. It was Indianapolis's 14th win in its past 16 games against Tennessee over all.

RAVENS 23, CARDINALS 17 BALTIMORE Lamar Jackson kept the Cardinals guessing all afternoon, supplementing an effective passing attack with more than an occasional jaunt out of the pocket. Jackson threw for 272 yards and two touchdowns, and ran for 120 yards in a showdown between two of the league's most exciting young quarterbacks. After achieving a perfect passer rating and throwing five TD passes in a season-opening 59-10 rout of Miami, Jackson wasn't quite as sharp through the air, but far more effective with his legs. He ran 16 times (including two kneel-downs at the end), juking and twisting past defenders for key gains - especially when the Cardinals were dropping back in passing situations. The 2016 Heisman Trophy winner outdid the 2018 Heisman winner, Arizona rookie quarterback Kyler Murray, who went 25 for 40 for 349 yards, but fell short of carrying the Cardinals to a second straight fourthquarter comeback.

TEXANS 13, JAGUARS 12 HOUSTON Justin Reid stopped Leonard Fournette on a twopoint conversion attempt with 36 seconds left. Houston led by 13-6 in the fourth quarter when Jacksonville rookie Gardner Minshew led a long drive that included an 18-yard run on fourth-and-10, and he capped it with a four-yard TD pass to DJ Chark.

BILLS 28, GIANTS 14 EAST RUTHERFORD, N.J. Somewhat maligned Josh Allen ran for a touchdown, threw for another and the Bills claimed the bragging rights of New York. Buffalo has its first 2-0 start since 2014, and only the third in 11 mostly fruitless years. Devin Singletary scored on a 14-yard run and Frank Gore iced the game with a oneyard plunge into the end zone with 5:53 to play, as the Bills completed the New York/New Jersey sweep at MetLife Stadium. They beat the Jets last weekend.

49ERS 41, BENGALS 17 CINCINNATI Jimmy Garoppolo tied his career high with three touchdown passes and the 49ers completed a sweet and satisfying week in the Buckeye State. Rather than return to the West Coast after their opening 31-17 win in Tampa Bay, the 49ers headed to Youngstown, Ohio, where they worked out on a soccer field, enjoyed a local ice cream shop and rested at a Holiday Inn. Then they started their trek west with a resounding and notable win. The 49ers improved to 2-0 for the first time since 2012. The Niners piled up 573 total yards, their highest total in seven years.

PACKERS 21, VIKINGS 16 GREEN BAY, WIS. Aaron Rodgers threw two early touchdowns on a day and put on quite a show - particularly early. Rodgers completed nine of his first 10 passes for 134 yards and two touchdowns, and had a perfect 158.3 rating through the first quarter.

He finished 22 of 34 for 209 yards.

The Packers improved to 2-0 under new coach Matt LaFleur after opening the NFL's 100th season with a victory at rival Chicago.

They also beat the Vikings (1-1) for the fifth time in the past seven games at Lambeau Field.

COWBOYS 31, WASHINGTON 21 LANDOVER, MD. Dak Prescott carved up the Washington defence with his arm and his legs, completing 26 of 30 passes for 269 yards and three touchdowns and rushing for 69 yards. A week after putting up a perfect 158.3 QB rating, Prescott responded from an interception to lead Dallas (2-0) on consecutive touchdown drives of 97, 83 and 75 yards. He's the first Cowboys quarterback to compile seven touchdown passes in the first two games of the season since Don Meredith in 1966.

LIONS 13, CHARGERS 10 DETROIT Matthew Stafford threw a go-ahead, 31-yard touchdown pass to Kenny Golladay midway through the fourth quarter and Darius Slay made an interception in the end zone with 1:03 left.

Detroit (1-0-1) overcame Stafford's two interceptions, Slay giving up a lot of receptions and Matt Prater missing an extra point and a field goal. Rivers was 21 of 36 for 293 yards and an interception as the Chargers fell to 1-1.

CHIEFS 28, RAIDERS 10 OAKLAND Patrick Mahomes bounced back from the first scoreless opening quarter of his career in the regular season by throwing four touchdown passes in a near perfect second period that led the Kansas City Chiefs to victory. The Raiders (1-1) held Mahomes in check for the opening 15 minutes before he carved up an overmatched defence with big play after big play in the second quarter for the Chiefs (2-0). Mahomes didn't take long to strike, finding Demarcus Robinson open on a blown coverage for a 44-yard touchdown pass on the first play in the second quarter. He didn't slow down from there.

BEARS 16, BRONCOS 14 DENVER Eddy Pineiro kicked a 53yard field goal as time expired, giving the Chicago Bears a wild win over the Broncos and their former defensive co-ordinator Vic Fangio, whose gutsy twopoint call 31 seconds earlier had given Denver the lead. The Broncos (0-2) thought time had expired when Mitchell Trubisky stepped up and threw a 25-yard pass to Allen Robinson on fourthand-15 from his 40-yard line. Robinson was tackled at the Denver 35 by Chris Harris Jr. The clock showed all zeroes and both teams milled around on the field not knowing whether to celebrate a win or lament a loss. Then referee Adrian Hill announced there was one second remaining and Chicago was using its last timeout.

Pineiro's winner sent the Bears (1-1) streaming back onto the field in celebration of a victory that seemed so unlikely after they'd surrendered the lead moments earlier.

Associated Graphic

Russell Wilson of the Seattle Seahawks scrambles out of the pocket against Pittsburgh Steeler T.J. Watt on Sunday. Seattle held off its opponent for a 28-26 victory.

JUSTIN BERL/GETTY IMAGES

Beer is turning industrial streets into thriving locales
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Craft breweries are cropping up in recently rezoned areas and helping to revitalize those communities
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By FRANCES BULA
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B6


Wesley Kampff and Peter Inouye sit outdoors, sipping contentedly on glasses of cold craft beer at a small wooden bar. The Sour No. 3 is excellent, Mr. Inouye concludes. "Light, refreshing, crushable."

The two friends - Mr. Kampff, a health-care worker from Langley and Mr. Inouye, a retail worker who lives in downtown Vancouver - met at Beere Brewing Co. for the day. Their goal was to make the rounds of North Vancouver's "brewery district."

Their route takes them along the lower streets of the North Shore - a small industrial area that grew up around the shipbuilding operations that went on here for decades. When the shipping industry started to decline, up popped a succession of tire outlets, transmission repair shops, commercial sign manufacturers and martial arts studios.

These days, however, these industrial areas have become home to a growing number of craft breweries.

"Part of the attraction to North Vancouver is always the scenery - the mountains and ocean views offer a beautiful landscape," Mr.Kampff says.

He is not alone in his belief that the area has much to offer, or that it's the ideal spot to allow for new, local businesses to start and grow.

This spring, North Vancouver city councillors decided to relax the city's industrial zoning rules governing the waterfront to allow for new types of businesses - such as local craft brewers.

RELAXING CITY RULES TO GIVE PEOPLE WHAT THEY WANT As manufacturing operations, breweries were always permitted in North Vancouver, but up until recently, they were only allowed to serve tiny samples of suds to their customers. No on-site areas to enjoy a cold pint. No lounge where patrons could unwind and relax and, certainly, no food service to help stave off the inevitable hunger.

As the city has changed and grown, so have the needs and wants of residents. As with other municipalities in the area (and across the continent), local zoning requirements were revisited and relaxed in order to allow for entrepreneurial growth.

"Consumers wanted to sit and have a pint," City of North Vancouver Mayor Linda Buchanan says. "[Changing the zoning rules] gave more of what customers wanted."

Being able to open up a customer area - where people can sit, sample the suds and enjoy the vibe - has been critical to success, says Simon Koldyk, who opened Streetcar Brewing's space in July.

Mr. Koldyk's business is a microbrewery - a tiny place in an alleyway under a home-and-bath store. Because the allowable size of the lounge area is dictated by a brewery's total square footage, Streetcar's backdoor lounge can only accommodate two long tables for service.

In spite of the limited space, Mr. Koldyk was wary of being inundated by new customers in his first weeks of opening, to the extent that he decided to open only from Thursdays to Sundays.

"Now, breweries are so popular that, in the first couple of weeks they open, some run out of beer," Mr. Koldyk says.

"I know of one that had to close down for two days [because of a suds shortage]."

To safeguard against this scenario, Streetcar is sticking to very limited opening hours, at least until it can build up some inventory. (Making beer takes eight hours for the first phase, but it needs a further two to three weeks to ferment.)

DISTRICTS GROW AND FLOURISH WHEN CRAFT BREWERIES MOVE IN The breweries are just one of several ways in which North Vancouver has been trying to entice people across the water to visit the North Shore - particularly to an area that locals refer to as the Shipyards District. In addition to an influx of new businesses and several street festivals, their efforts to date have also contributed to the creation of a privately funded art gallery on the waterfront, with another new museum also under construction in the same area.

For brewery operators, as well as for North Vancouver's main business organization, it's mostly good news - just as it has been for the collection of breweries that have sprung up in Vancouver's Mount Pleasant and East Powell industrial districts and in the old train station district in Port Moody, an eastern suburban city that is now a go-to destination for beer drinkers since becoming accessible via rapid transit three years ago.

"It's been a positive thing for Port Moody," says Parkside Brewery owner Sam Payne, who opened his brewery around the same time as the Evergreen rapid transit line came into service. His is one of about half a dozen similar operations lining the same industrial-zoned street in the city, an area that now attracts a steady stream of interest to its popular brewery tours.

BREWERIES CAN'T EXIST ON THEIR OWN The chief executive officer of North Vancouver's Chamber of Commerce, Patrick StaffordSmith, says he believes that a brewery district needs to have a particular set of conditions in order to thrive.

In North Vancouver, the brewery district works because it is sandwiched between the very successful regular business area of Lower Lonsdale and a new swathe of dense residential development to the north, plus it's close to public transit. Other areas, such as Port Moody, rely on the public transit accessibility.

"You need a location that supports walking traffic," Streetcar Brewing's Mr. Koldyk says. "Some craft beer is heavy in alcohol, and people drinking it don't want to be driving."

Mr. Stafford-Smith points out that businesses around an industrial zone like the idea of breweries moving in and developing the area. "The industrial zone is a buffer between the port and residential. So, the businesses around are quite in favour of development in these areas because it brings traffic to the community, making it a neighbourhood asset." He adds, "it's rejuvenating areas that weren't the most desirable."

BEER DISTRICTS HELP GROW THE FUTURE, ACCORDING TO URBAN THEORIES Urban studies theorist Richard Florida identifies the 21st-century phenomena is for cities to focus on attracting the "creative class."

As such, many cities are creating or encouraging the creation of specialized districts to encourage new businesses to cluster and grow. Those clusters help small craft-brew operations to have more pull and impact.

The exploding popularity of craft beer and breweries is a trend that's been building for a while.

Mr. Florida recently highlighted how the number of craft breweries in the United States increased from 27 to a whopping 4,225 between 1985 and 2015. The top cities for brewery clustering in districts were Portland, Ore., Denver and Charlotte, N.C., according to Isabelle Nilsson, Neil Reid and Matthew Lehnert in an article written for the Professional Geographer.

Mr. Stafford-Smith also sees the sharing of business zoning space as a positive. He points out that the breweries' customers tend to visit at times when industrial businesses aren't operating, making for efficient land use.

However, like others in Vancouver, he does worry about manufacturing and auto repair businesses being crowded out because of the continued erosion of the region's dwindling industrial territory.

Mr. Stafford-Smith is also concerned about the proliferation of craft breweries in the Lower Mainland. "Inevitably, there will come a time when there are too many craft breweries."

For the time being, that doesn't seem to be the case and, right now, it means that locals and those who follow the craft brewery growth are happy about how this business class has not only grown but helped once-isolated and undesirable communities to also become sought-after growth destinations.

Associated Graphic

Simon Koldyk of North Vancouver's Streetcar Brewing, where he is seen above and below in July, says he's aware of other breweries that had to close down for a couple of days because they ran out of beer. For that reason, he says his microbrewery is sticking to limited opening hours until it can build up some inventory.

DARRYL DYCK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

New vehicles unveiled at Frankfurt auto show
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Amid a changing political and social landscape, European automakers are doing everything from playing it safe to reviving old icons and creating new ones for the electric era
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By MATT BUBBERS
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page D2


There's a whiff of desperation in the air at Europe's biggest car show. As automakers at the International Motor Show (IAA) in Frankfurt whip the sheets off next year's supposedly game-changing vehicles, it's clear they're trying harder to win over new customers.

"First, this IAA - and the social and political environment - are very different from previous events," said Bernhard Mattes, president of the German Association of the Automotive Industry, in a news conference ahead of the show.

It's not just because of Donald Trump's trade wars, declining vehicle sales across the world, Brexit, the pressure of meeting the Paris climate targets, the financial strain of big investments in electric and autonomous technology or even the protesters planning to block entrances to the auto show in the coming days - it's all of the above. It all adds up to a rocky road ahead for the car business.

As a driver, this is the reason you'll see an odd mix of new vehicles in showrooms next year as car companies hedge their bets.

At one end of the dealership, you'll see automakers playing it safe, hawking a fresh range of aggressive, sporty SUVs. At the other end, you'll see those same automakers trying to stake out the moral high ground with new electric vehicles.

ELECTRIC AMBITION Volkswagen has much to prove after its emissions cheating scandal. The company is trying to do a pivot to electric and go green. Of course, actions speak louder than advertisements. The first meaningful step in the company's new direction is the launch of the compact ID.3, an affordable, purpose-built electric hatchback.

There will be three versions, with driving ranges from roughly 300 km to 500 km. VW's factory in Germany will be able to churn out 330,000 electric cars a year by 2021.

There's no Canadian price yet, nor even a confirmed plan to sell it in North America. "We are considering the opportunity such a vehicle might bring for our market," a spokesperson for VW Canada said. In other words, it may arrive eventually, but not next year. If VW wants to put Dieselgate in the rear-view and create an "e-car for the millions, not just millionaires," as the company claims, it will need to put the ID.3 on sale in North America at a price that undercuts rivals.

Mini used the Frankfurt show to finally unveil its first proper production-ready electric vehicle. They'll start rolling out of the factory later this year. Its range and performance aren't exactly class-leading; the company estimates 235 km to 270 km of range and acceleration from 0-100 km/h in 7.3 seconds.

It won't win over Tesla fans, but if it's priced right, it could tempt returning Mini customers out of gas-powered machines.

Audi's luxurious E-tron electric SUV is still brand new, but the company is already launching a follow-up. The new E-tron Sportback shares the same drivetrain - so you can expect a similar 329 km range - but features a sleekerlooking fastback shape. Same car, different clothes. It will be in showrooms next year, with a skyhigh price near $100,000.

More ambitious from Audi is the AI:Trail, a clever electric-SUV concept with a cabin-forward design that maximizes space in a high-tech, lounge-like interior. It could preview an electric offroader, but don't expect it in showrooms any time soon.

Mercedes and Hyundai also showed off interesting electric concepts. The Mercedes Vision EQS is an advance look at a coming electric luxury sedan, a more eco-friendly alternative to the company's flagship S Class.

Hyundai's 45 concept was a surprise highlight at the show.

The compact all-electric hatchback evokes the brand's first car - the prosaic Pony - but updates its styling for a sleek Blade Runnerstyle future. Its simple, boxy lines and hard edges offer a modern take on eighties nostalgia. If Hyundai knows what's good for it, the company should greenlight this concept for production as soon as possible.

MORE OF THE SAME Gasoline is still the fuel of choice for most drivers, and that's not going to change in the next model year. Despite the focus on EVs at this auto show, car companies are still very much committed to selling profitable, gas-hungry SUVs and performance cars.

There will be no shortage of these in 2020.

Land Rover is looking to the past for salvation. The iconic Defender is the SUV that launched the brand, and next year it's finally making a return to Canada.

Back in the 1950s, the original Defender was little more than a wartime Jeep with a British accent.

Land Rover is eager to prove the 2020 model is just as rugged as the original, despite the fact that the new Defender is a family friendly luxury ute. It will come in two- and four-door models with seating for up to seven people. The design looks a little soft compared with the square-jawed, ruggedly handsome original, but we have no doubt this practical new SUV with a famous name will find many happy customers.

BMW and Mercedes are also launching aggressively styled new SUVs of their own. The midsize BMW X6 is a fastback version of the latest X5 SUV. The Mercedes GLE Coupe is, of course, not actually a coupe, but rather a fastback interpretation of the mid-size GLE SUV. Which of those two German juggernauts you prefer will likely come down to brand loyalty. Elsewhere on the Mercedes show floor was a new entry-level three-row SUV, the GLB. How exactly Mercedes crammed seven seats into this tiny thing we're not sure, however the third row is strictly for children, or very short yoga enthusiasts.

Audi used the Frankfurt show to boost the Audi Sport subbrand, the one responsible for the high-performance RS models. It's out to prove it belongs in the same breath as BMW M and Mercedes-AMG. The all-new RS7 fastback sedan should please those with deep pockets and a need for speed. It has all-wheel drive, room for the whole family and 600 horsepower from an updated twin-turbo V-8. Rumour has it the RS6 uber-wagon, which shares the same engine, may finally come to Canada to challenge Mercedes' mighty E63.

Last but not least, there will be a bumper crop of supercars next year.

Ferrari took the roof off two of its most popular cars. The midengine F8 and front-engine 812 Superfast are both now available as convertibles.

Lamborghini finally caved and added a mild-hybrid system to one of its supercars. The Sian supplements its V-12 engine with an electric motor that draws power from a supercapacitor instead of a more traditional lithium-ion battery. The result is 808 horsepower and 0-100 km/h in under 2.8 seconds.

To celebrate the fact a modified Chiron recently became the first supercar to officially break the 483 km/h barrier, Bugatti unveiled a limited edition Chiron Super Sport 300+. It shares the bodywork and engine of that record-breaking car, and despite the fact there's almost nowhere on earth you can drive that fast, the $5-million-dollar special edition is sure to sell out. Clearly the tumultuous social and political environment hasn't put a damper on billionaires' appetite for automotive exotica.

Associated Graphic

At the Frankfurt auto show, Lamborghini displayed its supercar Sian, above, which is supplemented with a mild-hybrid system. Meanwhile, Mini unveiled its first proper production-ready electric vehicle, below left, which has an estimated range of 235 km to 270 km. Audi's AI:Trail, below right, is a clever electric-SUV concept that has a cabin-forward design with a high-tech, lounge-like exterior.

TOBIAS SCHWARZ/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

POLICEMAN WROTE LYRICS TO 1970S POWER BALLAD WILDFLOWER
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The hit song, originally recorded by Skylark, sold more than a million copies, and was subsequently covered by more than 70 other artists, including Johnny Mathis and Blake Shelton, and sampled by Tupac Shakur and Drake
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By TOM HAWTHORN
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B18


One night in 1970, Dave Richardson's exhausted girlfriend returned home after a devastating nursing shift during which two patients had died. She went off to cry.

Mr. Richardson, a police officer who dabbled in poetry, scribbled some verse to capture the moment. His opening lines read, "She's faced the hardest times you could imagine, and many times her eyes fought back the tears."

In about 15 minutes, he had composed a six-stanza poem, which also included the line, "Let her cry for she's a lady."

The words written in a rush by Mr. Richardson, who has died at 77, would become some of the most performed in Canadian popular music. With an expressive melody composed by the guitarist Doug Edwards, the song Wildflower was a massive hit for the band Skylark in the spring of 1973.

The song reached No. 9 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, the magazine attributing its success to "unusually sensitive poetics about the soul of everywoman." It sold more than one million copies and, by 1991, had garnered more than one million plays on radio stations.

In the years since, more than 70 artists have covered the power ballad, including the O'Jays, Johnny Mathis, Color Me Badd and the Neville Brothers, who performed a reggae-flecked version at Woodstock 94. It has been rendered as a jazz instrumental and Blake Shelton recorded a live country version. Various recordings have also been sampled by urban music artists, including Tupac Shakur, Kanye West and Toronto rapper Drake.

The lyricist attributed his unlikely success to a divine power. "I always felt that all I did was hold the pen in my hand and God did the writing," he once said. In time, religious visions called him to the Holy Land. He spent a decade feeding the homeless in Jerusalem.

Thomas David Richardson was born in the small Ottawa Valley city of Pembroke, Ont., on Jan. 25, 1942. He was the third of four sons born to the former Harriet Ruth Stewart and Henry (Harry) George McNaughton Richardson.

The senior Mr. Richardson had been a steel worker as a young man before buying the Old Spain Tea Room in Charlottetown. He enlisted in 1940, serving as an instructor with the Royal Canadian Engineers during the war, including seven months overseas in Britain. On his discharge, an officer noted the company sergeant-major's "magnetic personality" and possible future interest in politics.

He moved the family to Victoria in late 1945. Four months later, he was dead at the age of 40 of Hodgkin's disease. With four young boys at home, Harriet took an $18-a-week job waiting tables at a downtown café. In time, she bought Betty's Cafe.

In 1964, Dave Richardson joined the Calgary police department. Two years later, he was hired as a constable in the Victoria suburb of Saanich, which was then still semi-rural.

He wrote in his spare time and, late in 1968, one of his compositions, Reaching Far Too High, a power ballad, was recorded in London by Vancouver nightclub performer Judy Ginn backed by a 30-piece orchestra. Shani Wallis, who starred as Nancy in the movie version of Oliver!, also recorded a version of the belter.

"I've always had an interest in music and started to write poetry when I was 15," Mr. Richardson said at the time. "As a boy, I was fascinated with lyrics."

After another song was recorded, Forever Waits Beyond by silky Edmonton singer Judy Singh, it was clear this policeman was working a second beat as a fledgling pop lyricist.

The young officer liked to hang out at the Old Forge, a basement nightclub at the Strathcona Hotel in downtown Victoria, where he was known as DTC, shorthand for Dave The Cop. He befriended a young keyboardist, who had played for the Foundry Brass house band before touring England in Chuck Berry's backup band while still a teenager. David Foster would become a world-famous record producer known as the Hit Man.

Mr. Foster took a sheaf of Richardson poems with him when he relocated to Vancouver with his wife, the singer B.J. Cook. Their band, Skylark, had a turnover in personnel and the new guitarist, Mr. Edwards, skipped a night at the movies to work on some songs. As he read the policeman's ode to his girlfriend, a melody popped into his head.

The song was included as the penultimate track on the B-side of the band's eponymous debut album. The label, Capitol Records, released a different song as a single. It went nowhere. So did a second song. The album was stiffing.

At 50,000-watt radio station CKLW in Windsor, Ont., disc jockey Rosalie Trombley put Wildflower in heavy rotation, a rarity for an album track, building enough demand for the song that the label finally relented by issuing a regional 45-rpm single. The record climbed the soul charts in Detroit and New York before breaking out in Cleveland and Philadelphia. Once it crossed over to Top 40 radio stations, it began a 21-week stay on the Billboard charts fuelled in part by a soulful, and much imitated, vocal by Donny Gerrard.

The song was also included in the group's follow-up album, unimaginatively titled Skylark 2, which garnered barely any notice.

Mr. Richardson continued working as a police officer.

An informant once told him a $10,000 bounty had been put on his head. The gruesome crimes he investigated, including the murder and sexual assault of a teenager whose nude body was left near a golf course, took a toll.

After retiring with the rank of staff sergeant, he offered counselling services to those suffering from addictions, mental illness and hunger as a lay minister working the streets. He credited his renewed Christian faith with rescuing himself from alcoholism.

In Jerusalem, he spotted a name in a list rendered as "Summer, Les." His own publishing company was named Summerless Music, so he sought the person out. Lesley Summer was an Australian woman with degrees in English and theology who was also doing charitable work for a Christian organization. Six years ago, she wrote his story in a self-published, as-told-to book, The Hand that Writes the Love Song: Also Holds a Gun. The couple marked the 10th anniversary of their Jerusalem wedding in June.

Mr. Richardson died of a brain hemorrhage on Aug. 25 in Victoria. He leaves his third wife; two daughters, Andrea Richardson and Laura Vanderford, from his second marriage to the former Deborah (Debbie) Nickel; two grandchildren; and younger brother Doug Richardson, a retired chief of police in Victoria. He was predeceased by two older brothers. A first marriage to Arlene (Jo) Richardson, the nurse who inspired his famous song, ended in divorce.

Mr. Richardson, as lyricist, and Mr. Edwards, as composer, were inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2011.

On at least one occasion, Wildflower caused Mr. Richardson some grief. His fellow officers had planted a bug in a car carrying two young suspects in a brutal double homicide. When the song came on the radio, the volume was cranked and the eavesdropping police officers could no longer make out the conversation.

To submit an I Remember: obit@globeandmail.com Send us a memory of someone we have recently profiled on the Obituaries page.

Please include I Remember in the subject field

Associated Graphic

Lesley Ann Richardson and Dave Richardson, seen at their wedding in Jerusalem in 2009, met in the city after Mr. Richardson retired as a police officer and moved to Israel. They marked their 10th anniversary in June. Ms. Richardson wrote his story in a self-published book, The Hand that Writes the Love Song: Also Holds a Gun.

TAL SILVER/COURTESY OF THE RICHARDSON FAMILY

Tuesday, September 17, 2019

'My heart is full'
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Margaret Trudeau is ready to mine her life story for laughs - and tears - in her new JFL comedy special
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By JOHANNA SCHNELLER
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A16


'Nobody's ever tried to direct me before, except maybe Pierre Trudeau," Margaret Trudeau says mischievously. "And we know how that worked out."

Trudeau makes her living as a public speaker, turning her struggles with mental illness (and powerful men) into inspirational lectures. But the gig we're discussing in this phone interview is different: On Sept. 19, she'll appear at the Just For Laughs comedy festival in Toronto, right up there with Carol Burnett, the Broad City duo and John Mulaney. To say it will not be her usual audience is an understatement.

So Trudeau has been working with her old friend and producer, Diane Alexander, and her director, Kimberly Senior ("so lovely, and so bossy!") to shake her out of her comfort zone, mix up the chronology of her life and play her material for laughs as much as tears. It fits nicely into this current confessional moment in stage shows - Hannah Gadsby's Nanette, Chris Gethard's Career Suicide, Bruce Springsteen's oneman show. And it's working; it earned raves in Chicago and Montreal.

At 70, Trudeau's voice is girlish and bubbly, punctuated by long, breathy sighs when things turn serious. She murmurs asides that are often hilarious, and you can hear her italics. Every sentence is like an expedition: She'll start in one direction (say, sadness) and then tumble into irony and selfawareness before taking a sharp turn toward joy. Here are highlights from our conversation.

I hear that you feed the audience questions to ask you.

They're the questions I thought people should have asked me all along. There are serious ones about mental health, like, "When did you first know you were bipolar?" But I also have someone ask, "Has it been difficult being so good-looking and admired all your life?" Of course, I thank her for that deep, probing question.

But it's a real one. We're in the #MeToo days, but in my generation, in the seventies and eighties, beauty was the price of admission.

But you rebel against that, right?

You lead the crowd in chanting "F off"?

Oh, that would be rude if it were "F off." Goodness no, it's just "F you." And you and you and you.

All you who stood in my way. It's an exclamation of our anger as women. We were so bullied, pulled back, held back. Told, "You can't do that, don't try." You can only suppress "F You" so long before a rebel is born. At the end, I turn it to what it should be about, not our anger but our love.

Five screens behind you show photos of you through time.

What's that like?

The evidence, shall we say, of all that I've been. I have too many photos; I should have a bonfire.

They weigh you down sometimes. But that's what the piece is about as well: how you can get beyond all your grief, hurt, mental illness, everything, how you can move on, how you can get your life back, how you can recover. I pull away all the pretense and everything that just doesn't matter, and get down into the heart of what does. I do make people cry, and I'm sorry for that.

But sometimes tears are helpful.

Is any part of the show tough for you? For example, you talk about your son Michel, who died at 23 in 1998.

Even after all these years, the tears wash down my face. Death is final, there are no more pictures. So every time, I open my heart to that particular pain.

Do you still speak to him, in your mind?

Oh my goodness, yes. He's always right there with me. Anybody who grieves knows this. It's about time. Time doesn't take pain away. Time buries it deep in a sacred place in your heart, which you can visit and feel extraordinarily sad - but at the time of your choosing, instead of in the middle of the highway when you hear a song. At the beginning you're so raw with your grief, your loss, that you can't control it. Then it gets easier.

How do rate your eldest son, Justin, as a politician?

I'm so beyond politics I can't tell you. But I was watching the recent G7 closely, of course, as a proud mom and proud Canadian. He takes such good care of himself, my boy, he's slim and tall. His socks and ties are impressive. These are things moms look at. But more than that, I see the deep warmth in his eyes that continues, even under terrible critical stress. Justin's able to keep hold of his deepest principles, his heart. So mom is always proud. [She laughs.] What a silly question to ask me! Do you worry about him?

I don't worry for any of my children. I learned that one of the biggest regrets people have at the end of their lives is worrying about things that never happened. I trust that my loved ones are working as hard as they can, being the best they can be, and I'll help them get there. But I can't worry. I wouldn't be able to be mentally well.

You were 18 when you met Pierre Trudeau. How do you feel about that girl now?

She was lovely! She came out of North Vancouver, the hippie movement, the anti-war movement, and was thrown into crusty, old, formal, stuffy Ottawa. I was, "Whaaat?" I'd been raised as a feminist by my mother. And suddenly I'm confronted with a husband who I loved so much, who changed so many things in his policies, but at home, uh-oh, no, no, barefoot in the kitchen for Maggie. He wasn't willing to allow me to work, study or do anything more than what he defined as my role. It was the beginning of me getting courage, but also the beginning of me breaking down.

Do you have any regrets?

I had postpartum depression after Sacha [her middle son with Pierre, born 1973]. Pierre and I did seek help, but that man didn't know what it was. We know now, if you can close neural pathways that are newly opened to depression, you won't fall into relapses all your life, as I have. My neural pathway is a huge chute, and I have to pay attention, always, at the front door.

So there needs to be a lot of honesty among young mothers and their doctors, because immediate treatment can make all the difference, for the rest of your life.

Are you ever frightened of your mind, of becoming ill again?

My treatment was dual - pharmacological to balance my chemical brain, plus cognitive behavioural therapy - and as I was starting to live as a healthy person, I felt like I was walking on a tightrope to make sure every little choice I made every day was a good one, so I wouldn't fall.

Now, it feels like I'm on a big, beautiful boardwalk next to the sea. I have to be careful. But I have vision, I have light.

Is there a man in your life?

I had two marriages, and both were very happy until they were not. It won't happen. I'm very, very old. And I'm content. My heart is full, full, full. It's pretty high being on stage, so when I get home, I'm very glad it's just my two cats.

Oh, I'm a cat lady. I know, I know.

Special to The Globe and Mail This interview has been edited and condensed.

Associated Graphic

Margaret Trudeau

After a deluge, Pakistani farmers say their crops are a casualty of the Kashmir standoff
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With fields flooded by a dam release on the Indian side of the Sutlej River, people from both countries are trading accusations about who's to blame
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By SALMAAN FAROOQUI
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


KASUR, PAKISTAN -- The water stretches as far as the eye can see from Mirza Mukhtiar's front yard, forming a river wider than a four-lane highway where his field of crops used to be.

All of it is floodwater that overflowed into Pakistan last month after an Indian dam upstream released a buildup of water from monsoon rains.

"All our crops, all of our feed for cattle, whatever food that we had to eat has been ruined," Mr. Mukhtiar said last month from his village in the Kasur region of Punjab. He was with a group of his neighbours, many of whom are returning to their homes after a week in emergency camps to survey the damage. They didn't have much else to do but sit in the shade and smoke from a hookah after seeing the extent of their loss. "It's going to take at least three months for us to begin setting up our land again. ... All the money we've spent on our farm has gone to waste."

There was flooding along the Sutlej River in both India and Pakistan, but the incident has sparked outrage among Pakistani government officials and local farmers, who say they weren't warned about the release of dam water on the Indian side of the border. Pakistani officials have said India is actively causing problems with Pakistan's water supply, at a time of worsening relations in the wake of India's month-long security lockdown and communications blackout in Indian-administered Kashmir.

The Indus Waters Treaty has long been a contentious issue between India and Pakistan, and threats over water supplies have been made when relations are at their worst. The treaty was negotiated in 1960 to dictate how water from the Indus River network is shared between the two countries.

In February, the Indian Transportation Minister threatened to stop sharing excess river water with Pakistan after an attack by a Pakistan-based militant group killed 40 Indian paramilitary police the same month.

India's lockdown on Kashmir came at the same time as its decision to strip the region of its many rights to autonomy, a move that Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and his government have heavily criticized.

While Pakistani and Indian officials don't specifically acknowledge any connection between the dam release and tensions over Kashmir, the farmers who have been affected believe the events are related.

"It happened all of a sudden, and this is the first time water like this has flooded our land in three years," said Zubair Ahmed, a resident in the Kasur region who was on his way to an emergency medical camp because his son had an ear infection after the floods. He said previous floods were also a result of a water release from an Indian dam.

"They purposefully released the water here. India has done this because of Kashmir."

"THEY FEEL HAPPY TO CAUSE TROUBLE" When the water first started rushing to Pakistan, the director of Punjab's disastermanagement agency only found out from an Indian TV broadcast that was spotted by one of his staff.

"It was just by chance that we saw this video clip, and we were put on alert by ourselves," said Tariq Masood Farooq, director of the Provincial Disaster Management Authority in Punjab. He said his agency had to scramble to evacuate more than 20,000 people and set up more than 150 relief and medical camps. One person died and 48 were injured as a result of the flooding.

"Had we been informed in advance by India, whether they were going to release extra water, we would have prepared ourselves in a better manner and a lot of hassle and damage could have been avoided."

Mr. Farooq said his agency has tried to discuss its complaints over communication in the past, but a consistent state of animosity between the two countries prevented them from finding a solution.

"They feel happy to cause trouble in Pakistan," he said. "So they enjoy when they see the flooding in Pakistan."

The Indian Foreign Ministry rejected Mr. Farooq's claims, maintaining that the Indian government is fully compliant with the Indus Waters Treaty. "To the best of my knowledge, we have been sharing the [water release] data," said Raveesh Kumar, spokesman for India's Ministry of External Affairs, in an e-mail. "India is fully compliant with all the provisions of the Indus Water Treaty. ... There is a mechanism of Indus Commissioners who remain in touch on a regular basis."

"WE WILL NEVER LEAVE THIS LAND" The remnants of previous conflicts in the region are visible in the villages of Kasur.

The main roads connecting communities are lined with bunkers that were developed during wars between India and Pakistan.

The entire country goes tense with any significant development in Kashmir, but perhaps nowhere more than regions such as Kasur, where threats over the Indus Waters Treaty have a direct impact on people's livelihood. "Each acre of ruined land represents 15,000 to 20,000 rupees [approximately $130 to $170] in damages," said Muhammad Shaid, another farmer from the same village as Mr. Mukhtiar.

"Then we'll have to spend all that money all over again, and to do that we'll have to sell some of our possessions because for us, it's a necessity to plant again."

But the cost to buy new crops and replant is out of reach for many locals. The loss, combined with the spread of illness in the area, left people agitated throughout the region.

Mr. Shaid was also convinced that the floods were connected to Kashmir. "But they can drop as much water on us as they like, we will never leave this land," Mr.Shaid said. "We're not afraid of India.

We've fought three wars and I've even seen them myself, I've heard the sounds of gunfire and seen people die."

Pakistani citizens have been vocal about their opposition to India's clampdown on Kashmir. On Aug. 30, people across the country observed a "Kashmir solidarity hour," where traffic lights turned red to stop vehicles for half an hour in a gesture aimed at Kashmir and the international community. Mr. Khan, the Prime Minister, led a demonstration in Islamabad the same day, saying the Pakistani people supported the struggle of Kashmiri people.

Chants about freedom for Kashmiri people can be heard throughout the day on TV and radio broadcasts and even by children. In Kasur, farmers also widely expressed their support for the people in Indian-administered Kashmir. But the losses they believe they've faced at the hands of India have left them with their own sense of anger. "We believe, by Allah, that the losses they've tried to inflict on us will be multiplied on them," Mr. Mukhtiar said.

"When you inflict pain on others, it'll return onto you."

Associated Graphic

Right: Flooding along the Sutlej River caused outrage among Kasur farmers, some of whom are seen in Pakistan, who say they weren't warned about the dam release on the Indian side of the border.

Top, middle: Kasur resident Zubair Ahmed, seen sitting at a doctor's office with his son last month, says his son had an ear infection after the floods.

Pakistani farmers, such as the two seen in August in the Kasur district, began to return to their villages at the end of last month after floods from a dam release destroyed their fields.

Left: Farmer and local resident Majid Hussain stands in front of his flooded field in Kasur, Pakistan.

Middle and above: Rural areas were hit hard by the flooding. The Indian government denies violating the Indus Waters Treaty and says it has been in contact with Pakistani officials about possible dam releases.

Housing project opens Thunder Bay's fault lines
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As city seeks solutions to homelessness and poverty, one initiative has become the focus of fierce debate
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By GEOFFREY YORK
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A22


THUNDER BAY -- Beth Ann Cryderman lets nothing stop her. On a street plagued by armed gangs and drug dealers, she dares to run a community garden - and has made it successful enough to produce bags full of vegetables for her neighbours this year.

The 59-year-old former hairdresser has worked tirelessly on campaigns to persuade local authorities to evict gang members and close the crack houses on her street. But what really upsets her is the possibility that Thunder Bay City Council could kill a rare initiative to help the homeless in her neighbourhood.

"I can't believe it," she said tearfully at a recent community meeting, recalling the hostility she has endured from the housing project's opponents.

Later, sitting in front of her small bungalow, she points to a nearby park where a teenaged boy died by suicide and a neighbouring house where a stabbing occurred.

"People don't understand the trauma that we have," she told The Globe and Mail. "That housing would provide help - and we're going to turn it away?" The project, just three blocks from her home, would include transitional housing units for as many as 58 young homeless people, between the ages of 18 and 29, along with counselling and life-skills training to help them get off the streets. Most of its residents will be Indigenous people.

The project has sparked a fierce debate touching on Thunder Bay's most sensitive issues: race, crime, urban planning, neighbourhood politics and the region's growing drug crisis.

All those issues are intertwined in the housing battles that have erupted this summer in Thunder Bay and another Northwestern Ontario town, Kenora, where officials ordered the temporary shutdown of a largely Indigenous homeless shelter that has been opposed by many residents and business owners.

A recent federal survey in 61 cities and towns across Canada found that almost a third of the homeless are Indigenous. The survey estimated more than 470 people were homeless in Thunder Bay last year - a relatively large number in a city of 110,000 people - and about two-thirds were Indigenous. One-third said addiction or substance abuse was a contributing factor to their homelessness.

While the city has emergency shelters for the homeless, there is a severe shortage of affordable housing, with long waiting lists for subsidized housing. The new transitional project in Ms. Cryderman's neighbourhood is aimed at filling the gap between shelters and permanent housing.

Earlier this year, Thunder Bay City Council agreed to sell an empty parcel of city land to one of the project's partners, Ontario Aboriginal Housing Services, at a reduced price. But construction cannot begin until a crucial vote on its zoning.

The site, adjacent to the local headquarters of Emergency Medical Services, is largely surrounded by suburban streets of bungalows, apartment blocks and social housing.

In July, at a public meeting of about 250 people to discuss the project, one resident near the planned site complained that he didn't feel safe because his home had twice been broken into "by natives." Jeers erupted, and another man interrupted him, telling him the house had been broken into "by people."

The zoning issue is expected to face a vote at City Council in September. But after two community meetings where emotions ran high, nobody is quite sure how the vote will go. "It will be tough," City Councillor Brian Hamilton told The Globe. The project's supporters shouldn't assume the vote will be a "slam dunk" in their favour, he said. "I think we need to do a little more exploration of it." One of his council colleagues told him his calls are running 95 per cent against the project, he said.

Thunder Bay's daily newspaper, The Chronicle-Journal, recently published a column giving a "thumbs down" to the housing project, portraying it as a threat to the safety of children in local schools and sports fields.

At a community meeting in June near the proposed site, most people spoke vehemently against it. The project could heighten the risk of crime and damage the property value of nearby homes, the opponents argued.

Ms. Cryderman said she felt she would be "tarred and feathered" when she spoke in favour of the project at the June meeting, where about 200 people were largely opposed to it.

"It blows my mind that people think it would be dangerous," she said. "These are white privileged people who are opposing it. They're trying to stir people up and scare people. They're making it out that we're going to cause crime, but we've gotten rid of six crack houses here."

Her own story is one of resilience and resistance to crime. For the past five years, the adjacent unit in her semi-detached house was occupied by gang members from Southern Ontario who sold drugs in the neighbourhood. She was once woken up by a buyer who had stumbled through the wrong door. "I want a 40 of crack," the buyer told her in her bedroom.

After taking photos to document the drug use at the house, Ms. Cryderman and her neighbours were finally able to persuade the city housing authority to evict the tenants.

At the June meeting, she was upset when the project's opponents said it would be located near "those people." She felt it was a dismissive insult about the social problems in her neighbourhood.

"We are a community and we do a lot of good things," she told The Globe, describing a food bank she helped to run. "There's crime all over our city, it's not just in this area. You can get meth in any district of this city."

City councillors who oppose the housing project have complained that it is too close to two schools and the Boys & Girls Club of Thunder Bay, all of which would be within two blocks of the new housing.

One councillor, Albert Aiello, told local website TBNewsWatch the housing should not be near the schools and the youth recreation centre because the project's expected residents "share a lot of the characteristics that would deem them at risk." To have it in "close proximity" to the schools and the centre is "just not good judgment," Mr.Aiello told the website.

Mr. Aiello, who is also the executive director of the local Boys & Girls Club, did not reply to messages from The Globe.

The proponents of the project - a coalition of Indigenous groups - say the transitional housing could reduce crime if it follows the pattern of similar housing projects across North America. In the Northern Ontario town of Sioux Lookout, for example, police data showed the residents of a transitional housing project had dramatically fewer interactions with the police after they moved into the building, they said.

The Thunder Bay project would have 24-hour staffing and curfews to ensure security, and its residents would be required to abstain from alcohol or drugs, they said. "Let's not pretend that Thunder Bay is not in crisis," said Cora McGuire-Cyrette, executive director of the Ontario Native Women's Association, one of the proponents of the project.

"But this is an opportunity for change," she told the July meeting. "It's an opportunity to show the world that we're more than a crisis."

Associated Graphic

Beth Ann Cryderman, working above in a community garden a few doors down from her home last month, says people in the neighbourhood 'don't understand the trauma that we have. That housing would provide help - and we're going to turn it away?'

FRED LUM/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

HARVARD DEAN WAS PROUD TO BE CANADIAN
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He overcame his initial culture shock at the elite Ivy League institution and thrived there, becoming a wise leader and supportive mentor to many
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By FRED LANGAN
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B20


John McArthur was headed for life in the forests of British Columbia when the woman in his life hinted she wasn't up for living "in the north woods."

Instead, Dr. McArthur, who died on Aug. 20 at the age of 85, became the dean of the Harvard Business School. It wasn't a straight line.

John Hector McArthur was born in Vancouver in March 31, 1934, and grew up in suburban Burnaby, B.C.

His father, Hector, was a government grain inspector, his mother, Elizabeth, a stay-at-home mother.

John went to Burnaby South high school, where he was a football star. And he was tough, according to one of his classmates, Ritchie Eustis, who later became a Hollywood screenwriter.

"He was the terror of the 12th grade," Mr. Eustis told the newspaper USA Today. "He was a real tough, volatile guy, a good linebacker, and he was said to have been the smartest kid ever to graduate from our high school."

From the mid-eighties to early nineties, Mr. Eustis wrote and produced a sitcom for ABC called Head of the Class, set in a Manhattan classroom. John was the inspiration for the character Eric Mardian, a rebel genius in a leather jacket, played by Brian Robbins.

During the summers and after school, John worked in a local sawmill owned by the Koerner family, Jewish immigrants from Czechoslovakia. He was just sweeping floors, but they spotted his promise and offered to back him if he went to university.

He took them up on it and studied forestry at the University of British Columbia. He also played football on a semi-pro team, the Vancouver Blue Bombers, and had offers to play professional football. There was no future in that, and no money in it back then. His girlfriend from high school, Natty Ewasiuk, was the one who talked him into dropping out of forestry and switching to commerce.

"I was a little concerned because I could see that most people who took forestry ended up in the north woods," Dr. McArthur said in a 1985 interview. "My friend [his future wife, Natty] wasn't interested in going into the north woods."

Dr. McArthur was married by the time he graduated from UBC in 1957. He applied to three top business schools in the United States: Harvard, Stanford and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He and his wife rejected Stanford because California was too much like B.C. and they picked Harvard because it had a prettier campus than MIT.

The tough kid from Burnaby experienced major culture shock when he arrived at the hallowed Ivy League institution.

"He arrived in class the first day wearing a bright pink shirt, only to discover the dress code was sports coat and tie," wrote Jeffrey Cruikshank in a 2008 profile. "The first time he dared to speak in class, he used the Canadian pronunciation of the word 'schedule' and was none too gently mocked by his professor and classmates."

Another classmate with a foreign accent was James Wolfensohn, an Australian, with whom Dr. McArthur became close friends. Mr. Wolfensohn went on to become president of the World Bank and enlisted Dr.

McArthur as a trusted adviser.

Dr. McArthur completed his MBA in 1959, then earned his doctorate; he started teaching at the university in 1962.

Harvard Business School is one of the top schools of its kind in the world. It invented the "Case Study" system, in which students are presented with a realworld business problem and then set out to solve it.

Dr. McArthur was named dean of the Harvard Business School on New Year's Day, 1980, and held the post for 15 years. Although he worked in one of the most elite American institutions, he never stopped being a proud Canadian.

"It was an extraordinary thing: You could go down to Harvard, and you could have a group of academics around the table and, in every conversation, he would get in his Canadian roots and the fact that he was a Canadian and the values that he was so proud of," says Kevin Lynch, former Clerk of the Privy Council, and now vice-chairman of BMO Financial Group.

Although he lived in Boston, Dr. McArthur travelled back to Canada several times a year to see family members and work on various corporate and not-forprofit boards, including the Asia Pacific Foundation, where he served as chair.

Jack Austin, a retired senator and former Liberal cabinet minister, said Dr. McArthur went out of his way to recruit Canadians for the Ivy League school.

"John went out to various universities in Canada looking for top students to come to the Harvard Business School," Mr. Austin said.

During his tenure, Dr. McArthur was credited with creating a more diverse student body at the business school - more women, more international students.

"He was a great recruiter and talent scout," says Carol Lee, a successful businesswoman from Vancouver who graduated from the Harvard Business School. "I met John at an event at UBC, where he was getting an award, and he encouraged me to apply to HBS. I know he did this with others as well. Once I arrived on campus, he always looked out for me. He really supported the students from Canada and later set up the Canadian Initiative for HBS."

There is a John H. McArthur Canadian Fellowship that provides financial assistance to Canadians to allow them to attend Harvard Business School. A prestigious professorship and student residence also bear his name.

His style as dean and on the boards he sat on was that of the teacher: question rather than dictate.

"He always asked two things: 'What is the purpose of what we are doing' and the second question was, 'Are we making an impact?' Those are two pretty good questions to ask, and I always thought that John led as much by his questions; it was never by directive, it was by questions that forced you to confront the reality, good or bad," Mr. Lynch said.

John McArthur's position at the Harvard Business School meant that he was a superstar in corporate America and supremely well-connected. He had a string of corporate directorships: He sat on the boards of Bell Canada, Telesat Canada, Chase Manhattan Corp., Teradyne Inc. and others. He also was a founding board member of the Canada Development Investment Corp., set up in the Pierre Trudeau era.

Although Dr. McArthur was a free-market capitalist, he understood government involvement in industry.

His doctoral thesis at Harvard was how the government of France directed and invested in that country's economy.

After he retired from Harvard in 1995, he stayed on many boards and started working with his Australian friend from his early days at Harvard. By this time, James Wolfensohn was president of the World Bank, one of the most important financial institutions in the world, the backbone of the world order following the Second World War.

Dr. McArthur had honorary doctorates from seven universities in Canada, the United States and Spain, and was an officer of the Order of Canada.

He leaves his wife, Natty; daughters, Susan Radovsky and Jocelyn Swisher; and four grandchildren; as well as his brother, Kenneth.

To submit an I Remember: obit@globeandmail.com Send us a memory of someone we have recently profiled on the Obituaries page.

Please include I Remember in the subject field

Associated Graphic

John McArthur delivers opening remarks at an event for the 2019 John H. McArthur Distinguished Fellowship at the University of Toronto in January.

COURTESY OF APF CANADA

Saturday, September 14, 2019

Picturing a stress-free retirement
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Ruth wonders whether she will have enough to live on when she retires two years from now
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By DIANNE MALEY
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13


A few years ago, Ruth was teaching at a university, earning good money.

"I worked very hard for 15 years ... but was denied tenure in the wake of a cut to postsecondary education in the provincial budget," Ruth writes in an e-mail.

"My income went from $120,000 to zero overnight." She's a single woman with two teenage boys and no child support.

Since then, she's been doing some part-time teaching, earning about $17,000 a year, plus some freelance editing that brings in about $11,000 a year. She's been renting out rooms in her house to students eight months of the year to make ends meet.

"I'm proud that I managed to keep my house, which required severe belt-tightening and penny-by-penny financial management," Ruth writes. "It worked."

It's unlikely she'll get another full-time job, Ruth adds, because universities are relying more and more on part-time, sessional instructors, and also because of her age. She is 58.

Naturally, Ruth finds it galling to have to keep working for the same university for a fraction of the pay, no benefits and no pension because she is no longer a member of the pension plan. "I would like to know if it will be possible for me to retire from exploitative work when I turn 60."

Her retirement spending target is $42,000 a year.

We asked Robyn Thompson, president of Castlemark Wealth Management Inc., to look at Ruth's situation. Ms. Thompson holds the certified financial planner (CFP) designation.

WHAT THE EXPERT SAYS Ruth "is mentally operating out of scarcity and insecurity, when in fact she has the freedom of choice," Ms. Thompson says.

"She needs help weighing her options and looking to the future."

In addition to her mortgagefree house, Ruth has investment assets of about $460,565, too much of which is cash and cashequivalents. Her TFSA is 100-percent cash and equivalents earning 0.5 per cent to 1.5 per cent a year. She has no RRSP.

Ruth did not take advantage of the registered retirement savings plan during her high-income years because she was concerned she would be taxed at a higher rate when she retired. When she needed advice, she went to the local bank branch, where her "adviser" sold her mutual funds.

"The lack of planning to maximize tax-free growth, and the absence of a financial plan to provide clarity and direction, are the two biggest weaknesses in her situation," Ms. Thompson says.

Ruth has no idea what she is paying in fees or how her investments are performing. She doesn't know whether she will have enough to live on when she retires two years from now. "This lack of planning is costing her significantly in tax-free growth, tax minimization, high mutualfund fees and peace of mind."

The mutual funds in her nonregistered account have a blended management-expense ratio of 1.74 per cent, high for the value she is receiving, the planner says.

Her blended rate of return is 5.3 per cent, in line with the historical rate of return on a conservative portfolio. Ms. Thompson is assuming a 4-per-cent rate of return to be on the cautious side.

Because Ruth is not comfortable managing her own investments, she should look for a discretionary portfolio manager to oversee them, the planner says.

That designation is important.

Portfolio managers are held to a higher standard than salespeople, in that they have a fiduciary duty to act in their clients' best interests.

With her level of assets, Ruth would pay in the range of 1.25 per cent to 1.5 per cent annually. That fee should include portfolio management, full financial planning and tax planning, Ms.

Thompson says. The portfoliomanagement fees are usually tax-deductible for non-registered accounts, which comprise the bulk of Ruth's investments.

Ruth needs to stop using her TFSA as a piggy bank, shifting instead to growth assets to take advantage of the tax-free growth within the account, Ms. Thompson says. Money for living expenses should come from a chequing or savings account instead.

Any surplus cash flow should go to the TFSA. Ruth should withdraw money from her non-registered account to make the maximum contribution to her TFSA annually.

The planner suggests Ruth cut her cash holdings to 5 per cent, raise her fixed-income to 65 per cent, and increase her stock allocation to 30 per cent. Her new portfolio should be spread across laddered guaranteed investment certificates; corporate and government bonds or bond exchange-traded funds; solid, income-producing real estate investment trusts; and blue-chip, dividend-paying preferred and common stocks or stock ETFs.

"Targeting a conservative return of 4 per cent net of fees, at age 60, her projected non-registered investments will total about $416,190 and her TFSA $67,720, for a total of $483,910."

To minimize sequence of return risk - the risk that withdrawals from her investment accounts will cut the overall rate of return on her portfolio - Ruth should use the distributions from her investments (interest, dividends and capital gains) for living expenses instead of selling assets, Ms. Thompson says.

Next, the planner looks at Ruth's future income sources. At 60, Ruth will get an indexed defined benefit pension of about $19,300 a year, with a bridge benefit of $3,350 a year to 65. In addition, she will get Canada Pension Plan benefits of $6,180 a year.

About $22,500 a year would come from her non-registered savings and investments, for total income of $51,330 a year.

She'll pay about $9,000 in income tax, leaving her with $42,330 a year, in line with her target. She would stop renting to students and working at that point. Ruth will begin collecting Old Age Security benefits at 65.

As it turns out, Ruth has nothing to worry about. "Ruth is in a position to meet all of her retirement objectives and then some," Ms. Thompson says. "Her disciplined approach to remain debtfree, take on part-time employment and rent out rooms in her home worked in her favour."

Finally, Ruth is worried about her children and is considering giving them the family home, where they could rent to students to help pay the bills. The planner weighs Ruth's plan to borrow against the house to buy a fourplex, costing in the range of $750,000, and live in one of the units. The benefits of an owneroccupied fourplex include the potential for rental income to cover expenses for the entire building and provide positive cash flow, Ms. Thompson says.

"But the disadvantages include becoming a landlord, responsible for tax, insurance, maintenance and repairs, advertising, screening applicants, collecting rents and paying legal and accounting fees." She would likely have to hire a property-management firm, which would add to the expenses.

"Ruth doesn't need to buy a fourplex to meet her lifestyle needs," Ms. Thompson says.

"She's looking for a stress-free retirement plan. Getting into commercial real estate as a landlord doesn't meet that criterion."

At age 90, Ruth's projected net worth is estimated at $1.9-million, of which her house will comprise $1.4-million and her TFSA the balance of about $475,000.

Want a free financial facelift? E-mail finfacelift@gmail.com.

Some details may be changed to protect the privacy of the persons profiled.

Associated Graphic

AMBER BRACKEN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B17


JOHN D. FOSS

Passed away peacefully in hospital on Wednesday September 11, 2019 in his 80th year. Survived by his brother Roy Foss (Inge), children John (Rachel) and Sarah, and their mother Helen. Predeceased by his sister Linda. Devoted "Papa" to Addison and John James "JJ", Adrianna and Nathan. Always a dapper dresser, John was the quintessential "car guy", a passionate people person, and a Cadillac man to the end.

He will be greatly missed by his family and friends.Visitation at R.S. Kane Funeral Home, Wednesday, September 18th from 6-8 p.m., 6150 Yonge Street, Toronto. Mass will be celebrated Thursday, September 19th, 1 p.m. at Blessed Sacrament Church (Yonge Street south of Lawrence). In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Canadian Cancer Society.

MALCOLM MURRAY "Mack"

Mack left us on September 14, 2019 as he said "honoured by the love that surrounds me".

Mack was born and raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the third of four sons born to Liliane and Murdo Murray. He graduated from Daniel McIntyre Collegiate Institute in 1945 and he married the love of his life, Doreen, in 1952.

Together they raised four children, Lisa de Wilde (Jim), Keith Murray (Rhonda), Alix Box (Tom), and Jennifer Murray (Andrew Ross). Seven grandchildren gave "Mackie" endless delight: Margaux, Daniel, Lauren, Sean, Rachel, Luke and Jack. He rejoiced in his two great-granddaughters, Avery and Layla.

Mack spent his working life with Canadian General Electric (later CAMCO). He considered himself very fortunate to have had many different opportunities with CGE; in 1966 Mack and Doreen moved their young family from Winnipeg to Montreal, and then to London, Toronto, Montreal and finally to Oakville, Ontario in 1976. It wasn't easy to leave Winnipeg with four young children, saying goodbye to family and friends, but they both desired the best opportunities for their children and for Mack, everything was about his family.

Mack personified decency and kindness. One of his proudest accomplishments was to serve on the Organizing Committee for the Pan-Am Games in Winnipeg in 1967 for which he was recognized for his community service by the City of Winnipeg. He believed in what the Games meant for his city and his country. He was a proud Canadian who watched the CFL and never the NFL. He was an avid reader and followed current events and politics, consuming newspapers and headline news in enormous quantities.

Mack loved the Winnipeg Jets and enjoyed watching the Blue Jays and the Leafs with Doreen. He was passionate about amateur sport, and the values it instills in young people. He coached track and field and basketball as a young man in Winnipeg and volunteered with hockey and little league baseball in Oakville for many years after he retired. He was recognized with the Community Spirit Award for Sport Development in Oakville in 2004.

Mack loved to sing: earlier this month he was teaching Avery how to sing "You are my Sunshine", singing along with her. Mack was an active member of "The Entertainers", the Oakville chapter of the Barbershop Harmony Society; he revelled in the weekly practices and the annual concert, writing the last cheque for his annual dues at the beginning of August.

We are grateful for the kindness and support of Dr. Healey and the nursing team at The Del Manor, Oakville, especially Claudia, Teresa, Arlina, Paula May and Derek and the other care staff who supported him, Mirabelle, Arlene, Andrea, Christie and Rose and the nurses, Jennyfer and Alex on 5C of the Oakville Hospital.

A service to celebrate Mack's life will be held on September 19th at 3:00 p.m. at Glen Abbey Golf Club, 1333 Dorval Drive, Oakville. Canadian Open Room (Parking Lot D).

Please arrive between 2 and 2:30 p.m.

NANCY TANIS ROBINSON (née Lash)

Peacefully on Friday, September 13, 2019 at the age of 75. Dear wife of Ian Robinson. Beloved mother of Tanis (Jonathon Feasby), Seanna (Dan Michaluk) and Airlie (Kevin McCann). Loving grandmother to Mack and Calvin Feasby, Hugo and Penny Robinson, and West and Nora Mae McCann. Sister of Timothy Lash and the late Marietta (aka Mouse) Lash; aunt of Zeb Reid (Becky).

Lover of all things Muskoka.

Touched the lives of so many with her charisma, warmth, generosity, fun and ability to light up the room. A Memorial Service will be held at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Rd. on Thursday, September 19th at 1:00 p.m.

with a reception to follow. In memoriam, donations to CAMH would be appreciated by her family.

MYKHAILO ROMACH "Michael"

1925 - 2019 It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of Mykhailo Romach on September 13, 2019, in Toronto, at the age of 94. Dear husband of Olha, and father of Myroslava (Edward), cherished grandfather of Kateryna (Andrew), Anna (Andriy), Alexandra (Ryan) and treasured great-grandfather of Zakhar.

Michael was born on January 18, 1925 in the village of Luchyntsi, Ukraine. He completed his first year of medical school at Lviv University in 1944 but was unable to conclude his studies because of the war. He married Olha Isak in England in 1951 and they immigrated to Canada that year. They had one daughter. He completed a Bachelor of Arts with distinction (College Gold Medal) and a Master of Arts degree in Chemistry at the University of Toronto. He worked as Head of the pharmaceutical laboratory in the Health Protection Branch, Government of Canada for over 30 years. During his entire life in Canada, he was a committed activist and volunteer in the Ukrainian-Canadian community.

His leadership skills were valued as President of the Ukrainian National Federation, first in the Toronto Branch and later at the National Office. For many years he was also a widely respected member of the executive of the Ukrainian Canadian Congress, a member of the Board of the Ukrainian Credit Union, a member of the Board of the New Pathway newspaper and President of the Olzhych Foundation. He received numerous awards for these community and humanitarian activities. He will be remembered by all who knew and worked with him for his quiet dedication, hard work and honourable nature.

Visitation will be held at Cardinal Funeral Home, 92 Annette Street, Toronto from 6-9 p.m. on Tuesday September 17, 2019 with a Panakhyda at 7:30 p.m. Funeral mass will be at the Ukrainian Catholic Church of the Holy Protection of the Mother of God, 30 Leeds St. (Ossington and Bloor Sts.), Toronto on Wednesday, September 18, 2019 at 10:00 a.m.

followed by interment at St.

Volodymyr Ukrainian Cemetery in Oakville.

In lieu of flowers, donations to the UNF Foundation (145 Evans Ave., Toronto, M8Z 5X8) or the Ukraine Paediatric Fellowship Program Fund, SickKids Foundation (525 University Ave., Toronto, M5G 2L3) would be greatly appreciated.

AUDREY MARY SOUTHEY

Peacefully in her 94th year on Monday, September 9, 2019 in the comfort of her home.

Beloved wife of the late Fred.

Dear mother of Susan Teskey and her husband Mark and Jane Southey and her husband Rob Gordon. Loving grandmother of Sean, Kevin, Sara, Turner and Hudson "Bubba". Great-grandmother of Mila and Macy. She will be missed by her dear friends Jim, Brenda and Jeremy Holden. She was the cherished mom of her fur baby Dixie.

At the personal request of Audrey, cremation has taken place. Funeral services are being held in private. As an expression of sympathy donations to the Heart & Stroke Foundation of Ontario.

Online condolences at rskane.ca

As sales lag, B.C. developers turn to incentives
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Bonuses, including Teslas, are being offered to both buyers and real estate agents
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By KERRY GOLD
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H9


VANCOUVER -- A developer is taking his marketing approach to an unprecedented level with the offering of a $55,000 Tesla electric car to the buyers of his townhouses.

Sean Hodgins, president of New Westminster, B.C.-based Century Group, came up with the idea to help sell the remaining 10 townhouses at his Viridian project in South Surrey, B.C. The promotion begins Sept. 12 and ends Oct. 31 at midnight. The Tesla Model 3 midsize sedan retails for around $55,000, he says. His company has entered into a deal with Tesla to supply the cars for the promotion, as well as to install charging stations at the 10 townhouses.

Because the townhouses have already been prewired for charging stations and electric cars are gaining in mainstream popularity, Mr. Hodgins says the offer makes sense. He says the gambit is not motivated by the slowing housing market, although he's aware that that is how it appears.

"They might say that, and that would be fair comment, because I think some people want to look at it in some ominous way, but we're really proud to do it," he says. "If it helps us sell one of our townhomes, and it helps people transition from their very expensively run gasoline car, and it helps Tesla promote their brand as well, then that's a cool thing.

"But the market will tell us over the next few weeks here if it speaks to people."

The Real Estate Board of Greater Vancouver said earlier this month that sales of detached homes, condos and townhouses totalled 2,231 in August, up 15.7 per cent compared with the same month in 2018, but 9.2 per cent beneath the 10-year average for August.

Century Group launched the Viridian project in the fall of 2017 and has sold 47 units over the past couple of years. The terraced townhouses overlook the Nicomekl River in upscale Rosemary Heights and construction finishes at the end of the month. Century has been increasing the townhomes' prices since they launched and Mr. Hodgins says the market is picking up as downsizers finally sell their houses.

But the last few units are often the most difficult to move, he adds.

"We want to be finishing the project," he says, "and pricing is strong on the market right now. It still might be a bit of a buyer's market ... but it's levelled off."

Prices for the townhouses range from $1.1-million to $1.4million and square footage from around 1,800 square feet to 2,300 sq. ft.

Mr. Hodgins, whose father started the company in 1957, says he has never done anything similar to this before and he can't think of another developer who's done it.

Other marketers have offered car-share memberships or iPads.

But it's more common for marketers and developers to offer incentives to realtors to bring in the buyers.

Since the market slowed, realtor Ian Watt says he's received many e-mails offering lucrative bonus commissions to bring in buyers on particular projects. He criticizes the approach.

"If it's priced correctly, it will sell," Mr. Watt says. "You don't need to bribe the realtor into duping your client into overpaying. It's a sign of the times. Either the place is overpriced, or the market is slow, or both. In a hot market, you don't have to do that."

The bonus commissions typically range from 4.5 per cent to 6 per cent and are limited-time offers.

In February, marketers for the Paramount condo project in Richmond, B.C., offered realtor commissions of 4.5 per cent and up to $100,000 to help sell a unit.

"This is the God of Fortune event you don't want to miss!" the offer said.

In May, a marketer was offering a commission of $101,280 to sell a three-bedroom, $1.688-million townhouse on 7305 Granville St. In July, an agent who helped sell a three-bedroom unit at the Etoile in Burnaby, B.C., stood to earn up to $100,000 in commissions.

At Richmond development the Oak in June, OMG - the marketing arm of Park Georgia Realty - boasted that the 16 townhouses were being sold at "only" $1.35million, in June. At the time, OMG was offering a promotion of $100,000 to realtors who could sell a three-bedroom unit and $50,000 for anyone who could sell a two-bedroom unit, on top of the flat 2-per-cent commission.

OMG marketing coordinator Kevin Kam, who sent the e-mails out to certain realtors, says the campaign didn't work. Only three of the 16 townhouses have sold.

"It didn't work out as expected. Not to get into details, but the project we are selling wasn't attractive in terms of the price point we were offering it at. I think it was just bad timing because the market was down at the time and we were trying something new."

Since June, sales have picked up, Mr. Kam says. But the bonus incentives have worked elsewhere, so it is something he says they would do again, because it gives more exposure to the project and incentivizes realtors.

"There are examples of bonuses working in Richmond, where they offered $100,000 to any realtor who sold their townhouses. It just didn't work with this one.

"I think developers just had their financials set for a certain market two or three years ago and when they released the product it was bad timing when the new taxes came in and the [mortgage] stress test and it screwed everyone over because they projected a certain number and released it at that number. It was bad timing."

He says such offers can also work out for the buyer if the realtor splits the bonus, but that's up to the realtor.

"We tell the realtor they can split the bonus with the buyer.

For example, a $100,000 bonus can take $50,000 off the price and the $50,000 can go to the realtor.

But it really depends on how the realtor wants to sell it to their client."

Legally, the realtor must inform the buyer about any commissions that they will be earning as part of the deal, Mr. Watt says.

Mr. Hodgins says he'd rather incentivize the buyer to adopt a new lifestyle mindset.

"I don't want to sound too dramatic, but they are exiting their single-family house, they have the two-car garage, the two cars, and this is just a transformative moment. They are changing their lifestyle, they are looking at the idea of an electric car as part of this and we are wrapping it all up for them. We are trying to appeal to that kind of buyer who wants that.

"It is an experiment for sure and it will be very interesting to see what the response is over the next few weeks."

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Sean Hodgins, president of Century Group, is offering a free Tesla sedan with each purchase of the remaining 10 townhouses at his Viridian project in South Surrey, B.C. The houses have already been prewired for charging stations and Mr. Hodgins thinks the incentive will help people transition away from gasoline cars.

PHOTOS BY CENTURY GROUP

The terraced townhouses overlook the Nicomekl River in upscale Rosemary Heights with construction expected to be finished by the end of the month.

A 106-year-old Toronto condo oddity
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Residents of the six-unit building, which is called one of the best-kept secrets of the Beaches, have formed a close community in a place that's bursting with character
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H8


49 Benlamond Ave., No. 2, Toronto UPPER BEACHES

Asking Price: $899,000 Taxes: $3,139.39 (2019) Square footage: 1,200 square feet Maintenance fees: $550 monthly Agents: Pasqua Amati, broker, Re/Max Hallmark Realty Ltd.

Brokerage THE BACKSTORY There are many ways to live in a condominium in Toronto - highrise, mid-rise, townhouse, own, rent - but there aren't many condominium buildings that were built more than 100 years ago. As it happens, that's just one of the many unusual features of 49 Benlamond Ave. in Toronto's Upper Beach neighbourhood.

"I love living in a place originally built in 1913, I love all of the features, all of the adornments, all of the quirks, all of the moulding and the trim and the high ceilings and pocket doors. ... I love having a wood-burning fireplace," said Anne Louise Bannon of the six-unit building. She bought a garden-facing secondfloor apartment five years ago, but even though she's selling, she will be moving literally steps away to the ground-floor streetfacing unit in the building, which she purchased from her former neighbour in April. She's moving in part because she's having issues with her knees, and she's staying so close because she's come to love the little Benny community.

"I feel very blessed to have found this place," she said. When she and her husband, Rick McMillan, a stage and screen actor who died in early 2017, bought the condo they were downsizing because of his terminal illness. "We thought we had some time," Ms. Bannon says, her voice cracking with the still-raw memory. Standing in the sunroom at the rear of the apartment - a wall of windows shaded by 100-year-old oak trees - surrounded by her husband's Dora awards and other accolades (framed letters of appreciation from notables such as Robertson Davies), there are tears in her eyes. "He spent a lot of time here, especially near the end ... he was very happy to be lying on the couch with the sun coming in, people would come over during the day ... he loved it. I'm very grateful for this place."

THE HOUSE TODAY Realtor and friend Pasqua Amati calls "The Benny" one of the bestkept secrets of the Beaches neighbourhood. The units turn over infrequently, sometimes without ever being listed. The building was converted to a condo only in 2002, and was a co-op and rental apartments in its early decades.

It was built in two phases by Toronto builder Alexander McLeod, first a three-apartment building that was later twinned. There are two main staircases, one for the rear units and one for the front (there's a little-used central fire stairwell that connects all the units). It doesn't feel like a condo building: people keep their jackets and bikes in the wide and well-lit common hallways, as though they were roommates and not co-owners.

The exterior is buttery yellow brick and tan-painted wood and green eaves, larded with Edwardian/Victorian flourishes. It has a stately feeling like a courthouse that has been converted to housing.

The apartment is 1,200 square feet, hardwood floors throughout. Through the front door is a central sitting room with woodburning fireplace. The two bedrooms are accessed by a doorway straight ahead off the central sitting room, the master is 12-by-10feet and the second bedroom is 13-by-9 feet. Pieces of Anne and Rick's life and careers adorn the walls.

Back through the sitting room, through the pocket doors (with glass panels, to let the light through) is a dining room with a bay-window and charming builtins, and the doorway to the kitchen. The kitchen is galley style, renovated in recent years, with laundry and new counters and updated cabinets.

The back of the unit is the sunroom, a glass panelled frame suggests this was once disconnected from the main unit, but now is a sun-filled annex. The unit's only bathroom is in the rear-corner.

Tasteful and well-maintained homes of this era often feel like time machines. It's hard to be clear what's a modern feature and what's original, but much of the house looks like it could have looked the same way at any moment in the last 90 years.

"For 1913 this would have been really swish. ... I mean it's swish now," Ms. Amati said.

The kitchen is updated, the bathroom, too, with glass-walled shower, there's an air-conditioning unit (not all the Benny apartments have one), and the original single-pane windows do have storm windows out the outside for a little thermal protection.

A two-bedroom condo of similar size in Toronto's core is $1million to start. You might get a gym, but your fees might also be higher. Here, the tiny board has agreed to a $550 a month fee for heat, water, parking and things such as snow removal and some yard care.

Ms. Amati says the kind of people approaching her about the condo are often down-sizecurious. "People of a stage in life, retired, semi-retired, they want to sell their big beach house that has this feel but don't want to lose all of their space."

THE BEST FEATURE Buying into The Benny isn't simply a matter of passing the stress test and getting your deposit cheque in order. This six-unit condo building is a community, and the ladies (and gentleman) who make it are like a startup looking for "fit" as much as anything else. Ms. Bannon says she feels a responsibility to her building mates to ensure the buyer can join that team.

"We're often in the garden together, we'll have barbecues or I'll come home from work and everyone will have a glass of wine. 'We're going to pitch in for pizza and call the neighbours,' " said Ms. Bannon. "It really is a respite as well ... I have a very busy life as a vice-principal of an allboys school. I live with 860 boys every day, which I love, but it's very nice to come home to this quiet."

Sitting in the yard talking to The Benny members, some who have been in the building since the co-op days of the 1990s, one resident says she'll only be leaving the building "feet first." Fellow condo board member Jane tried living in a high-rise with an elevator and a pool off Yonge Street, but it wasn't for her. "Nobody says hello to each other" in those big buildings, she said.

These neighbours meet to discuss condo issues, but also just for traditions such as the annual Halloween table out front where they sit in costume to greet and treat the neighbourhood children. It's a building with incredible heritage character and also human character.

"I love the ghosts that are in the walls, I love thinking about the people who lived here and what it was like," Ms. Bannon said.

"It's got a grand history, it seems to attract very colourful people."

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The building at 49 Benlamond Ave. in Toronto was converted to condos in 2002, and was a co-op and rental apartments in its early decades. The second-floor unit has a dining room, above left, with a bay window and charming built-ins, and an updated kitchen.

PHOTOS BY ALEXANDER ROTHE

The $500-million discount at the heart of Sidewalk Labs deal
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Proposed project asks governments to give up millions of dollars in real estate value, and it isn't clear what exactly the payoff will be worth
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By ALEX BOZIKOVIC
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A9


Sidewalk Labs promises to create "a global model for urban innovation" in downtown Toronto. And its proposal is full of enticing promises: green energy, wooden highrises, affordable housing.

One problem is that all this comes with a big price tag. The company's proposed deal asks governments to give up $500million in real estate value to make it work.

I've come to that number after consulting real estate industry sources and unpacking some figures that Sidewalk has made public. This raises some serious questions. How much of a subsidy should governments be offering to the Sidewalk Toronto project? And how will that investment serve the public good?

The company's proposal for Toronto is complicated and, so far, poorly defined. But in part, it's a real estate development involving a big swath of land that is mostly in public ownership.

Back in 2017, the company answered an invitation from the public corporation Waterfront Toronto, which oversees the redevelopment of Toronto's Port Lands, to develop a specific 12acre site dubbed Quayside and also to be an "innovation partner" for a larger area.

Sidewalk also proposes to develop a second site, a nearby 20acre plot, which it dubs Villiers West. That's gutsy, because this land is not currently for sale and it is perhaps the best real estate on the entire Toronto waterfront - with spectacular skyline views and a big park next door.

All this land, on the lake at the doorstep of downtown Toronto, is worth a lot of money. Sidewalk wants a large portion of that value to subsidize its project.

The Quayside and Villiers West sites contain roughly 5.8million square feet of development potential. If that was sold for the highest possible price, approved for predominantly highend housing developments, it could be worth $1.25-billion.

That scenario is only theoretical. Waterfront Toronto always sells land to developers at a discount in return for a promise to deliver on public goods - such as affordable housing - that will reduce the profitability of its project.

For all its developments, Waterfront requires that 20 per cent of residential units be affordable housing. And in the case of Quayside, it wants the new development to reflect "urban innovation." This will lower the price of the land.

By how much? In the current policy environment, the two sites should be worth approximately $1-billion combined. And it appears Sidewalk wants to pay just $500-million for both sites.

In January, real estate consulting firm MacKenzie Ray Heron & Edwardh conducted an appraisal of the Quayside site. (Its client was the developer Julie Di Lorenzo, a former Waterfront board member and vocal critic of Sidewalk.) Its report, which I have seen, assesses the value of the Quayside site alone at $570-million. That accounts for the affordable housing requirement.

But the buildings Sidewalk proposes at Quayside are smaller than would be allowed by the zoning now in place; their plan only uses 2.7 million square feet of the allowed density, leaving 400,000 square feet unused. This is leaving money on the table. It's extraordinarily unusual.

Pino Di Mascio, Sidewalk's director of planning, explained that the project's architectural and urban-design aspects would be substantially better than those that would be provided by a more typical development.

"We're trying not to apply the conventional developer lens," he said.

The Villiers West site is harder to assess because it does not yet have development approval from the city. Sidewalk proposes to build approximately 2.75-million square feet of structures here, predominantly office space.

In determining its value, I spoke to three real estate industry sources, all with experience in land valuation and large-scale development. None of them agreed to speak on the record, for fear of jeopardizing potential business relationships with Sidewalk. Their consensus was that value of this site would be approximately $400-million, placing the total land value for Sidewalk's proposed development at nearly $1-billion.

Here, too, Sidewalk wants to change the planning approach that's in place, building more office space and less housing. This also lowers the value of the land, and for what? It's not clear to me that a highly secure tech-company office is a good thing in this particular neighbourhood. City planners and consultants have envisioned a different mix of uses.

Sidewalk will not publicly state its offer and Waterfront Toronto won't comment on specifics as its negotiations with Sidewalk continue. But there are hints in the 1,500-page Master Innovation and Development Plan, released in June.

With respect to Quayside and Villiers West, the MIDP allots a combined $1.09-billion value for the land and "soft costs," an industry term that includes taxes and consultant fees. Two of my development-industry sources estimated that such soft costs, for a project of this scale would be $570-million to $600-million.

That implies that Sidewalk wants to pay approximately $500-million for the land.

Once you look at other details in the MIDP, you see Sidewalk seeking other pots of public money. Its proposal calls for "performance payments" if certain goals of the project are reached. And it suggests that instead of paying all of the city's usual (and very high) development charges, it directs some of those funds toward the "digital infrastructure" and features of its neighbourhood's public space. In other words, largely to its own benefit. But these requests at least are in the open. The land cost is a big black hole in the plan.

Not surprisingly, Sidewalk disputes my analysis, without citing specific numbers of its own. The MIDP makes a convoluted argument, which Sidewalk spokesperson Keerthana Rang summarizes as follows: "We expect the deal would take into account the affordability, sustainability, job creation and other goals laid out by Waterfront Toronto," she said.

"This is similar to other affordable housing deals that the city enters into with developers."

In other words, Sidewalk wants to get valuable land at a discount in exchange for delivering various public goods that it says Waterfront Toronto has asked for. This is fair - to a degree.

But what exactly are those goods? And what are they worth?

These are the key questions here.

Back in 2017, the then-chief executive officer of Waterfront Toronto, William Fleissig, articulated a vision for Quayside as a site for innovation. The idea was that Quayside would help reshape Toronto as a global hub for city-related tech. Now, Sidewalk is promising to do that, making big claims about the economic development that its efforts will bring.

But the Toronto waterfront is already being reshaped right now. What is currently underused land is going to be a riverside and lakeside neighbourhood, full of parks and ripe for development. With or without Sidewalk, things are happening.

Its promises should be seen in this context.

Andrew Tumilty, a spokesperson for Waterfront Toronto, said that "land value is a key issue" in the agency's discussions with Sidewalk. "While we are working to evaluate if the Quayside proposal has viable solutions for several of Toronto's pressing challenges, any agreement will need to make financial sense," he said in an e-mail. "The waterfront belongs to everyone, and Waterfront Toronto is committed to preserving its value for generations to come."

Good. And that means crunching the numbers and asking hard questions about what's being bought and sold.

To infinity and beyond
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A meditative and philosophical work, James Gray's new film is the antithesis of modern audience expectations
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A15


Ad Astra CLASSIFICATION: PG; 122 MINUTES Directed by James Gray Written by James Gray and Ethan Goss Starring Brad Pitt, Liv Tyler and Tommy Lee Jones 4 STARS

Why are our best filmmakers going to outer space?

It was a question posed online the other day by film-festival programmer Miriam Bale, sparked by the new-found extraterrestrial enthusiasm of such previously earthbound auteurs as High Life's Claire Denis, First Man's Damien Chazelle and, as of this weekend, Ad Astra's James Gray.

Surely these respected, art-houseleaning filmmakers don't need the CGI bells and migraines that come with making outer-space cinema, right? But the answer, as first articulated by film writer Karina Longworth, is obvious: "It's a way of getting movies about human relationships made that studios otherwise wouldn't touch."

Even with its rocket launches and zero-gravity trappings, I am still shocked that a studio got close enough to even flick a finger at Ad Astra. A meditative, philosophical and deliberately quiet work in all senses of literal and figurative volume, Gray's new film is the antithesis of modern audience expectations. It is not only a rebuke to the concept of outerspace spectacle, but an upending of the easy cynicism that has defined so much of the shapeless, empty product rolled out by the major studios over the past few years. And it is fabulous.

Of all today's best working filmmakers, Gray's journey to space was inevitable, too. While the writer-director's first five films, from Little Odessa through The Immigrant, all took place within the roughly same 15square-kilometre patch of New York, it was increasingly clear that Gray possessed the skill, the fiery yearning, to tell as big a story as the galaxy. Geography was a comfort of Gray's early work, but it was never a defining element - his intense, finely calculated dramas were layered and rich enough to adapt to whatever environs he happened to place them in.

This truth was borne out when Gray thrust himself into the sweltering chaos of the Amazon with 2017's The Lost City of Z, and it is even more clear in Ad Astra. The new film is easily Gray's most ambitious, bare-your-soul work, and one of the finest films of the year, too.

Taking place in a near future where the entire population of Earth seems to be united in a common cause - finding intelligent life beyond our stars - Ad Astra opens on one of the planet's cooler customers: astronaut Roy McBride (Brad Pitt). The well-respected scientist spends his days working for the militarized force known as SpaceCom and is renowned for his unflinching nature - even when he's falling from the top of a satellite to the Earth below, as he does in the film's first few minutes, Roy's heart rate never rises above 80 beats a minute.

This calm presence does not extend to his personal life, though, as Gray inserts quick flashes of a marriage gone awry, and Pitt's voice-over frequently betrays his many self-doubts and frustrations.

Gray and his co-writer (and long-time friend) Ethan Goss are tremendously skilled, though, in their balance of character and narrative, emotional shading and world-building, as they quickly toss Roy into a save-the-Earth mission that reveals just as much about Ad Astra's fictional landscape as it does the tiny ticking motions that keep Roy moving. A devastating electrical storm known as "the surge" has suddenly hit Earth, and it just might be because of the Zeus-like machinations of Clifford McBride (Tommy Lee Jones), an astronaut who decades ago led a deep-space mission to Neptune and never returned - and who also happens to be Roy's father. So begins a Heart of Darkness-esque story that pits destiny against duty, selfishness against sacrifice and toys with whether it is heavier to disappoint the world or disappoint your father.

There are many ways in which Gray's vision could tip into pretentiousness or cliché. And very infrequently, it does, as when Roy's narration slips in a line about the "sins of the father." (As with Ridley Scott's Blade Runner, there's surely a cut of Ad Astra out there that is free of Pitt's voiceover; 20th Century Fox would be wise to make it a Blu-ray extra.)

But at every other moment, Ad Astra completely takes over your senses, overwhelming in only the way the most focused of filmmakers can. For large stretches of the film, Pitt's hero is completely alone - but Gray doesn't isolate his audience or treat the inherent torture of long-haul distance as a sadistic pleasure. His journey to the stars is one meant to be taken collectively by an audience, each viewer bringing their own baggage for one very heavy and distant voyage.

Mostly, Gray accomplishes this by simply trusting his audience, a method as sound as it is also unheard of in today's cinematic marketplace. Every plot point and drop of narrative colour is onscreen, but never hammered home in exposition-heavy monologues or shoved down our throats as if we are too dazzled by special effects to simultaneously track a story's details. (This marriage of VFX and narrative results in some wickedly funny set design, as in SpaceCom's lunar outpost, which has room for both dystopic, grey modules and a neon-lit Applebee's restaurant.)

Crucially, it all makes sense.

Unlike Ad Astra's most obvious relative, Christopher Nolan's Interstellar, Gray's science is sharp, his world's rules clear. The film will leave you clutching your heart, but it won't leave you scratching your head.

Thank goodness, too, for the presence of Pitt. While Gray has found tremendous success with the live-wire intensity of frequent collaborator Joaquin Phoenix (The Yards, We Own the Night, The Immigrant), the director's partnership with Pitt might be his greatest. The actor can play calm and collected for anyone, but Gray pushes him with a relentlessness that the actor may not have previously known. Roy is a character obsessed, or made to obsess by his SpaceCom minders, with being "stabilized." (He's frequently asked to submit to psychological evaluations, as if a robot that might inevitably blow a circuit.) But Pitt finds the tension, the live-wire danger, in being too stable for too long and offers a thousand tiny explosions over the course of just two hours.

Despite the four stars that sit atop this review, Gray's film is not unimpeachable. There is the narration that wears out its welcome and an embarrassing frustration when it comes to almost anything involving Roy's ex (Liv Tyler, cast seemingly for her history as another left-behind astronaut's wife in Michael Bay's Armageddon).

But I still left Ad Astra feeling the best kind of dizzy - my perspective shifted, my footing unfamiliar, the world something imperceptibly new. I came back down to Earth, but I'm not sure that I wanted to.

Ad Astra opens Sept. 20.

Associated Graphic

Brad Pitt stars as well-respected scientist and astronaut Roy McBride in James Gray's latest film, Ad Astra.

The movie takes place in a near future where the human race has come together to search for intelligent life in outer space.

FOOD FOR THOUGHT
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In the hands of conceptual designers like Marije Vogelzang, eating out can satisfy your sense of adventure as much as your appetite
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By ANYA GEORGIJEVIC
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P42


DURING DINNER PARTIES, Marije Vogelzang often has trouble explaining what she does, even though it has a lot to do with the act of eating together. "People think that I make pretty food or that I make cookbooks," she says. In fact, Vogelzang is an eating designer, an emerging vocation that combines conceptual spaces and meals to spark moments that make us reconsider everything from food sustainability to social rituals.

As idiosyncratic as it sounds, eating design is a growing field and Vogelzang is considered to be a pioneer of the discipline. The experiences she creates are sometimes unusual and often awkward, as was the case with her Seeds installation, developed in collaboration with Caesarstone for the Interior Design Show in Toronto last January.

In the installation (which will be remounted later this September at IDS Vancouver), visitors were offered a sticky ball of fruits and seeds by a disembodied hand sticking through a hole in a composite quartz panel.

Before eating the mystery concoction, they were given a headset and asked to choose between two types of seeds, rice or barley, which would determine their experience as they walked through a series of vignettes staged in a sea of suspended satin ribbons. The journey, "narrated" by the seed itself, felt poetic as it followed the path from grain to food. In one vignette, you were invited to catch a drop of water, in another to grind seeds for flour before receiving a piece of flatbread.

"As a designer, you have to choose a material. And when you use food and use it in a positive way, you can actually have an effect on the world," says the Dutch designer. "Food can be the fantastic, perfect agent for human interaction or for creating rituals or creating a deeper understanding of other things."

Vogelzang's experiences often leave audience members in a contemplative state. Her work can also be political. A three-day performance called Eat Love Budapest featured 10 Roma women who anonymously shared their histories while feeding strangers food with personal meanings. In a collaboration with the Museum Rotterdam, Vogelzang recreated recipes from the Second World War, complete with ration cards, and fed them to survivors who hadn't eaten them in seven decades.

In the more lighthearted Sharing Dinner, created in collaboration with Droog Design, guests were served incomplete meals to encourage sharing between strangers. Her Faked Meat series questions the desire to make vegetarian substitutes look like animalbased food by inventing new species rendered in soy protein.

But it's the psychology of eating that has fascinated Vogelzang since she was a child. She would make simple hors d'oeuvres for her parents' friends, purposely all different. "I would really observe who would pick what. I think it's not necessarily the food itself that was my trigger but more what you can do with food," says Vogelzang.

While studying product design at the Design Academy in Eindhoven, she began experimenting with food as a design material. "At that time, this whole notion of conceptual design started to rise and that meant that as a designer you didn't necessarily have to make products. I was actually really not good at making stuff," she says. "Once I started doing stuff with food, I got so excited because suddenly you have this material that is not only tangible but you can smell it, you can taste it - it actually becomes a part of your body. After a while, I understood that whenever you work with food, you are actually working with something that connects the whole world."

After graduating in 2000, Vogelzang worked for famed industrial designer Hella Jongerius, but food was always in the back of her mind. In 2004, she launched Proef (meaning "test" in Dutch), a design studio and restaurant in Rotterdam. "I was using the guests as guinea pigs for new ideas. Sometimes that was really nice and sometimes it was really horrible." A year later, she converted Proef into a regular café and opened a second location in Amsterdam, where she also moved her studio.

The restaurant concept - the food, the interior, even the server uniforms - changed every six weeks. One iteration was centred around apples, another time they only served food that grew in the dark. "At that time, the whole notion of a pop-up restaurant just didn't exist yet. People had no idea what they were coming to," she says. "Sometimes they were really disappointed because they had a nice experience a few weeks before and they wanted to bring their friends to have the same experience again and then it all changed."

The Amsterdam restaurant thrived for six years until Vogelzang sold it so she could focus on her design work. In 2014, she became head of the new Food Non Food Department at the Design Academy Eindhoven, her alma mater.

According to Dr. Francesca Zampollo, the founder of the International Food Design Society and the founding editor of the International Journal of Food Design, food projects stand out in the world of conceptual design because they capture our imagination, often through social media. "Eating design thrives to be at the forefront of intuition, wonder, exploration," she says.

"It shows us how we could consume food, or new, informative, inspiring ways to think about food itself." As restaurant spaces morph into more immersive environments and the food industry explores how to use sustainable approaches to push itself creatively, it's possible that eating designers such as Vogelzang will eventually be as important to an establishment's success as an accomplished chef.

Vogelzang works on five or six large-scale projects a year, and many of her experiences involve participants feeding each other. "It's a very sensitive power balance," she says. "I was just really excited trying to understand the psychology and then trying to find a way to have strangers feed each other without it being uncomfortable. After a while, I found out that the way to do it is to make sure there is no eye contact."

Her designs often include a barrier between the feeder and the receiver, sometimes with just a hole cut out for the mouth or the hand.

Despite having no eye contact, she recognizes that an immediate bond is formed between strangers. "People are so sweet to each other. Because sometimes you see strangers just cleaning the other person's mouth with a napkin, even though they don't know each other," she says. "It makes me so happy to see."

Associated Graphic

Food designer Marije Vogelzang (above) installed a vending machine outside her Dutch studio where fans can purchase her tableware and other work. At the Interior Design Show, her Seeds installation with Caesarstore (left) invited guests to experience the life of a seed, from grain to food.

In a Sharing Dinner installation (above and near right), guests were served partial meals to encourage them to share with their tablemates. In Eat, Love, Budapest (far right), Roma women hidden from view served guests and told stories. A dinner in Rotterdam (bottom right) focused on recipes from the Second World War.

Vogelzang's cat Surimi (right) eyes a dish of noddles accented with small porcelain sculptures meant to disrupt a diner's sense of portion size. For the Faked Meat series (above) new species of animals are made out of soy.

Thursday, September 12, 2019

Playing for Spain hardly a sacrifice for Gasol
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Fresh off the Raptors' NBA championship run, the centre didn't hesitate when the call came to join the national team for the FIBA World Cup
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By LORI EWING
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THE CANADIAN PRESS
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Wednesday, September 11, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B16


SHANGHAI -- Marc Gasol remembers the day the coveted invitation to join Spain's storied national basketball program arrived in the mail. He was maybe 14 or 15 years old at the time.

"[Me and my friends] were all very excited, and we all called each other on the house phone - we didn't have any cellphones back then - we all asked our friends if they got the letter, too.

We were all so thrilled when we got it," Gasol said.

The Toronto Raptors centre told the story Tuesday just moments after lifting Spain to a 9078 victory over Poland and into the semi-finals of the FIBA World Cup. Gasol had 10 points, seven assists and, at plus-22, had Spain's best plus/minus.

The Spanish national team has occupied a huge space in Gasol's heart for the better part of the past two decades. That's why just a week after the Raptors captured the NBA championship, and Gasol partied like a rock star at the championship parade, the 7-foot-1 centre - whose 34-yearold legs clearly could've benefited from an extended break - reported for national team duty.

"June 19 to the 26th. That was my week off, and then I had to get ready for this," Gasol said.

"It's not easy, it's not ideal, but we are one game away from a final game, so it's all worth it."

Spain's victory came on the same Shanghai Oriental Sports Centre court that, only a night earlier, had seen Canada's World Cup campaign end with a loss to Germany in the classification round. Canada, which boasts the second-most players in the NBA behind the United States, had just two of its 17 NBAers on the invitation list in China in Cory Joseph and Khem Birch.

"Yeah, that's surprising," Gasol said.

"It is a sacrifice," he added.

"It's not easy to give up your offseason when you want to work on stuff, when you want to work on your body, heal your body after a really tough long season. All of a sudden, you're joining the national team and you're committed for 10 weeks out of the summer.

"It's definitely not ideal. But it's totally worth it, because you only get to do this for so long." Spain is unbeaten at the World Cup, steamrolling past Tunisia, Puerto Rico, Iran, Italy and Serbia to earn its quarter-final berth.

It will next play the winner of Wednesday's quarter-final between Australia and the Czech Republic in the semis.

"It's [a] great feeling to be in the top four of the world in such a competitive and demanding competition like this, with so many great teams out," said Spain's long-time head coach and Raptors assistant Sergio Scariolo. "I would say it's a good time to [take] one day off and rest and enjoy this, and then prepare the next one."

Phoenix Suns guard Ricky Rubio led the way with 19 points Tuesday, passing Argentina's Pablo Prigioni to become the FIBA World Cup career leader in assists. Prigioni had 106 assists in 24 games, while Rubio's nine assists Tuesday give him 115.

Spain worked like a well-oiled machine, and when Gasol tapped a volleyball pass out to Rudy Fernandez for a three-pointer, it gave the Spaniards a 56-44 run and prompted a delighted roar from the crowd of 12,400.

Gasol captured a World Cup title with Spain in 2006, beating a Greek team that upset the U.S. in the semi-finals. He also captured silver medals with Spain at the 2008 and 2012 Olympics, losing to a pair of American teams stocked with NBA players.

He's the oldest player on a Spanish team that's heavy on experience.

"In this tournament, experience is the key," Rubio said.

"Experience in those tough moments, when you have experience and Poland makes a 7-0 run, different teams will look at each other and say, 'What are we doing?' We came together, and that's what team means.

"In those tough moments ... you don't get nervous, coach has been with us for a long time and you know exactly what he wants to run. I know exactly what my teammates want, and that experience helped a lot tonight."

Spanish fans occupied a huge section of the arena. In red-andyellow wigs, and wearing Spain's flag like capes, they sang along loudly to Marcha Real. Their beloved team gave them plenty to cheer about.

Spain led 22-18 after the first quarter, took a 46-41 advantage into the halftime break and led 67-58 with one quarter left to play.

Poland cut it to four with 5 minutes 30 seconds to play before Gasol - with a Poland defender in his face - found Rubio open on the perimeter. Rubio's three-pointer put Spain back in full control with a couple of minutes left to play.

In the tunnel to the locker room after the win, Jorge Garbajosa - a former Raptor who's now the secretary-general of Spain's basketball federation - waited with a hug for each one of his players.

"It's something that doesn't happen overnight, that commitment," Gasol said. "It's a long process, and I'm sure that eventually [Canadian] guys will find that passion because it is a sacrifice."

Gasol was acquired in the February trade that sent Jonas Valanciunas, CJ Miles and Delon Wright to Memphis, and his savvy playmaking and smarts on the defensive end helped him an immediate contribution. The three-time NBA all-star averaged 9.4 points and 6.4 rebounds in 24 playoff games with Toronto.

While he was huge on the court, the big Spaniard put on an MVP performance during the team's championship parade. He chugged beer and wine at the encouragement of fans. He did the "billionaire strut" atop a doubledecker bus.

He's the lone big-name player from the Raptors 2018-19 rebuild that stuck around for another season. He signed a one-year player option on his contract worth about US$25.6-million, about a week before superstar Kawhi Leonard left for the Los Angeles Clippers and Danny Green departed for the L.A. Lakers.

In China, Spain hopes to keep the United States from capturing a third consecutive title. The U.S.

team beat Spain by nine points in an exhibition game last month.

Then, finally, Gasol might get a breather.

Raptors coach Nick Nurse has been keeping an eye on Spain at the World Cup. With the NBA season fast approaching - training camp opens on Sept. 28 - Nurse is concerned about fatigue.

"He's more of a, 'When are we going to be able to integrate him in?' " said Nurse, who coached Canada at the World Cup. "Because he'll probably need some preseason time off, right?" Gasol will have earned it.

Associated Graphic

Spain's Marc Gasol manoeuvres in the paint to get off a shot over Poland's Damian Kulig during a FIBA World Cup quarter-final game in Shanghai on Tuesday. Gasol opted for an abbreviated off-season to join the national team after the Raptors' NBA Finals run in June.

ANDY WONG/REUTERS

AN ICON CROSSES THE POND
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The Land Rover Defender has always been in excruciatingly limited supply in Canada, resulting in the vehicle becoming a much-sought-after collector's car. Now, the all-new model is set to take over the North American market
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By JEREMY FREED
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page D1


GAYDON, ENGLAND -- Weekend warriors, backcountry adventurers and aspiring gentlemen farmers, rejoice. After decades of deprivation, the Land Rover Defender will finally be available in Canada. Why is this a big deal? For those unfamiliar with the legacy of this burly, boxy and beloved British four-by-four, here's some essential background.

Shortly after the end of the Second World War, Maurice Wilks set out to develop a new kind of off-road vehicle.

Wilks, who was chief engineer at the British car manufacturer Rover Company, was a devoted fan of the Willys Jeep and, being the patriotic chap that he was, wanted to see if Rover could build something just as good on British soil. One day at the beach, or so the legend goes, he sketched on the sand a box on wheels - he was an engineer after all, not a designer - and an icon was born.

Wilks's vision was for a simple, tough and reliable vehicle like his Willys that could go anywhere. The vehicle he unveiled in 1948 at the Amsterdam Motor Show, called simply the Land-Rover, was true to those ideals.

Rebranded as the Defender in the early 1990s (to better differentiate it from the growing family of Land Rover models), it would remain in uninterrupted production until the final vehicle rolled off the line in 2016. The all-new 2020 Land Rover Defender, redesigned from the ground up and unveiled this week to much fanfare at the Frankfurt Motor Show, reveals just how far Wilks's idea has come.

While technology and tastes changed dramatically over the vehicle's 68 years of production, the Defender itself stayed pretty much the same, much to the joy of its countless fans and owners around the globe (including, famously, the Queen of England and most of her extended family).

Unlike its more luxurious Range Rover siblings, the Defender was designed as a workhorse and remains so at home in Great Britain, where it's a ubiquitous sight on farms, country estates and job sites.

Here in Canada, however, Defenders have always been in excruciatingly limited supply, resulting in the vehicle becoming a much-sought-after collector's car. Despite their ubiquity elsewhere, only a handful of Defenders were sold new in Canada over a two-year period in the early 1990s. As a result, low-mileage models that find their way to Canadian shores now reliably fetch several times what they would in Britain. This makes them far too valuable for most people to ever dream of mucking them up, let alone subjecting them to the ravages of Canadian winter roads.

With North America predicted to be the 2020 Defender's biggest market, the new model is designed to take rarity out of the equation and give adventuresome urbanites exactly what they want.

"A difficult task, replacing an icon," observes Gerry McGovern, Land Rover's chief design officer. His solution to this challenge was to acknowledge the vehicle's rich and storied past while moving unapologetically toward the future.

"We're very mindful of our heritage, but at the same time we can't be held back by it. [The Defender] is about looking forward."

As such, the 2020 Defender immediately appears much more new than old. Its boxy silhouette, short overhangs and abbreviated wheelbase still draw clearly from Wilks's fabled sketch (and the Jeep that inspired it), but it's a thoroughly modern vehicle in every other way. Rounded corners, metallic accents and a satin exterior finish recall the graceful lines and luxe details of modern bestsellers such as the Range Rover Evoque, suggesting this new Defender is intended to be as much at home at the valet stand as in the backcountry.

"What we tried to do is give it that sense of boundless adventure that comes with a Defender," says interior design director Alan Sheppard, who came to Land Rover after serving as chief interior designer for Rolls-Royce.

While the outgoing Defender's cabin was famously austere, the new one sports a die-cast magnesium dash panel boldly stamped with the word Defender; a massive infotainment screen dead centre; and a suite of high-tech voice-controlled software with full 4G connectivity. Visible screw heads punctuate the door panels, giving a deliberately utilitarian look, but this feels more like an homage to utility than the real thing, especially when paired with the optional opengrained walnut-trim door pulls.

"It's not the rough old Defender that it was," Sheppard admits, pointing out that there are now more USB ports than there are seats. "I think people expect a bit more comfort now."

Despite concessions to comfort and convenience, the makers of the 2020 Defender are quick to point out that the vehicle has still got it where it counts, with off-road chops to satisfy the most ardent adventurer (and more than enough to get you out of your driveway after a big snowfall). It can, Land Rover claims, clamber over boulders, wade through up to 900 millimetres of water and conquer gradients up to 45 degrees, all while carrying 300 kilograms of gear on its sturdy roof rack, should you so choose.

When the new Defender finally comes to Canada next spring, there will be two engine choices: either a 2.0-litre turbocharged inline-four engine that creates 296 hp, or a 3.0-litre inline-six turbo available as a 48-volt "mild hybrid" with an electric supercharger that creates 395 hp.

Jaguar Land Rover has a company-wide mandate to offer an electrified version of all its models by 2020, and the Defender is no exception. North America will not, however, get the diesel engines sold elsewhere. There will be no manual transmission offered, with only an eight-speed automatic transmission available.

There will also be two physical sizes of the SUV. The two-door will be known as the "90" and the four-door as the "110." In Canada, we'll get the four-door for sale first, which can seat either five or seven people. The two-door can seat two, four or five people, and if a special folding middle seat is ordered that replaces the centre console in the front row, it can seat six.

Only five of six trim levels will be available in Canada, varying from basic to luxurious. Pricing starts at $65,300, ranging up to $93,600 for the most kitted-out trim.

It's a far cry from the cheap, utilitarian four-by-four Maurice Wilks envisioned, a fact that will no doubt continue to drive vintage Defender prices through the roof. But the 2020 Defender is also quite a bit better in just about every measurable way. And more important for Canadians, we don't need to be related to the Queen any more to get our hands on one.

With reports from Mark Richardson The writer was a guest of the automaker. Content was not subject to approval.

Associated Graphic

The 2020 Land Rover Defender is a thoroughly modern vehicle, with rounded corners, metallic accents and a satin exterior finish.

Land Rover says its 2020 Defender can climb over boulders, conquer gradients of up to 45 degrees and wade through up to 900 millimetres of water, all while carrying 300 kilograms of gear on its roof rack.

'Everything is gone': Bahamas is in ruins
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International aid effort ramps up in country devastated by Hurricane Dorian; Ontario woman among the 30 confirmed dead
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By NICK BROWN
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REUTERS
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


An international relief effort gathered pace on Thursday to help stunned residents of the Bahamas, where the Health Minister predicted a "staggering" death toll from Hurricane Dorian, now churning northward off the coast of South Carolina.

Aerial video of the Abaco Islands in the northern Bahamas worst hit by the thenCategory 5 hurricane showed widespread devastation, with the harbour, shops, workplaces, a hospital and airport landing strips damaged or decimated.

The death toll from Dorian was officially 30 while authorities continued to retrieve and register bodies, Health Minister Duane Sands told local media. But he said the final toll would be far higher.

"Let me say that I believe the number will be staggering," he was quoted by The Nassau Guardian as telling Guardian radio. "... I have never lived through anything like this and I don't want to live through anything like this again."

Dr. Sands said he has asked for help from the World Health Organization and others. The United Nations has estimated more than 76,000 people were in need of humanitarian relief after the most damaging storm ever to hit the island country.

The family of a woman from Windsor, Ont., says she has died in the Bahamas as a result of Hurricane Dorian. A GoFundMe page has been set up to raise money to bring the body of Alishia Sabrina Liolli, 27, back to Canada.

The organizer says extra funds will be donated to help rebuild the school she worked at in the Bahamas. Ms. Liolli moved to the Bahamas in 2013 to volunteer at Every Child Counts, a vocational school that helps children with autism.

She later helped build a new school with the organization and has since been running the program that helps adults with autism.

Hours before Dorian pounded the Bahamas and obliterated entire neighbourhoods, Ms. Liolli asked her friends and loved ones on social media to pray for her family and the small island she called home.

"I'd be lying if I said I wasn't terrified; but the dogs, chickens, husband & children are inside and everything is batted down the best we could!" she wrote on Facebook at 11:42 p.m. on Saturday, just before the full thrust of the storm hit. "I love you all - please pray for our Bahamasland, especially our Abaco. We will keep everyone updated as best we can!"

On Thursday, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) said it was organizing an airlift from Panama of storage units, generators and prefab offices for two logistics hubs, as well as satellite equipment for emergency responders, and has bought eight metric tonnes of ready-to-eat meals.

The UN agency has allocated US$5.4-million to a three-month emergency operation to support 39,000 people, said Hervé Verhoosel, senior WFP spokesperson.

"In a first phase, WFP will focus on the immediate procurement and distribution of up to 85 MT of ready-to-eat meals for the most affected communities," Mr. Verhoosel said.

A flight from the U.S. Agency for International Development landed early on Thursday with enough relief supplies to help 31,500 people, bringing hygiene kits, water containers and buckets, plastic sheeting and chain saws.

Also arriving was a disaster assistance response teamplane that included a fire and rescue team to help in the search for survivors, USAID's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance said on Twitter.

Total insured and uninsured losses in the Bahamas amounted to US$7-billion, including buildings and business interruptions, according to a preliminary estimate by Karen Clark & Co., a consultancy that provides catastrophic modelling and risk management services.

With telephones down in many areas, residents posted lists of missing loved ones on social media. One Facebook post by media outlet Our News Bahamas had 2,500 comments, mainly listing lost family members.

One survivor on the Abaco Islands, Ramond King, said he watched as swirling winds ripped the roof off his house, then churned to a neighbour's home to pluck the entire structure into the sky.

"'This can't be real, this can't be real,' " Mr. King recalled thinking. "Nothing is here, nothing at all. Everything is gone, just bodies."

Canadian forecasters say the storm system is expected to severely affect parts of the Atlantic provinces this weekend.

The Canadian Hurricane Centre says the most likely track projection brings Dorian south of the Atlantic provinces on Saturday, pushing through eastern Nova Scotia late in the day.

The forecast calls for severe winds and rainfall to have major effects for southeastern New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, western Newfoundland and Quebec's Lower North Shore, with a chance of a storm surge that may affect parts of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

Most regions will experience some tropical storm force winds, with wind speeds that could reach hurricane force to the south of the forecast track and the possibility of hurricane force northwesterly winds behind the storm.

The Netherlands' ambassador to the United Nations tweeted the country was sending two naval ships with supplies from St. Maarten, a Dutch island about 1,770 kilometres southeast of the Bahamas.

A British Royal Navy vessel was providing assistance, and Jamaica was sending a 150-member military contingent to help secure Abaco and Grand Bahama, officials said. Volunteers also ferried supplies to the islands in a flotilla of small boats.

Cruise lines responded as well.

The Bahamas Paradise Cruise Line said it would transport first responders, medics and journalists for free to Freeport on Thursday, returning to Florida on Friday with any Bahamians who have documents to enter the United States. "It's a humanitarian trip.

We're also taking donations that have arrived in the port [in Palm Beach]," said Francisco Sanchez, a sales representative for the cruise line.

Royal Caribbean's Empress of the Seas said it was delivering 10,000 meals of chicken, rice and fruit to Grand Bahama.

Dorian killed one person in Puerto Rico before hovering over the Bahamas for two days with torrential rains and fierce winds that whipped up 3.7- to 5.5-metre storm surges.

On Thursday, the storm was barrelling north-northeast just off the southeastern U.S. coast, moving at about 11 km an hour, with maximum sustained winds fluctuating between 175 and 185 km/h, between a Category 2 and Category 3 storm.

The storm was about 80 km east-southeast of flood-prone Charleston, S.C., at 11:30 a.m. ET, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said.

REUTERS, WITH FILES FROM THE CANADIAN PRESS

Associated Graphic

Women walk through rubble in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian in Great Abaco on Tuesday.

DANTE CARRER/REUTERS

A flooded parking lot in the Abaco Islands is seen on Wednesday. Total insured and uninsured losses in the Bahamas in the wake of Hurricane Dorian amount to US$7-billion.

MARCO BELLO/REUTERS

Dorian's aftermath in the Bahamas is seen from a U.S. Coast Guard helicopter on Wednesday.

ERIK VILLA RODRIGUEZ/ AFP/GETTY IMAGES

A man surveys damage on Tuesday in Great Abaco Island, among the areas of the Bahamas worst hit by Hurricane Dorian.

DANTE CARRER/REUTERS

Women embrace in Nassau on Wednesday after one was rescued from the Abaco Islands.

JOSE JIMENEZ/ GETTY IMAGES

Trudeau controls waiver of cabinet confidentiality on SNC
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Retired justice Gomery says disclosure of cabinet confidences 'a political decision'
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By DANIEL LEBLANC, ROBERT FIFE
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


OTTAWA -- Legal and political experts are rejecting Justin Trudeau's statement that it is up to Canada's top bureaucrat to decide whether to lift the veil of cabinet secrecy over the SNC-Lavalin affair, saying that waiving confidentiality is a political decision in the hands of the prime minister.

Retired judge John Gomery, who led a public inquiry into the federal sponsorship program in 2004 and 2005, said he was initially rebuffed by senior bureaucrats when he asked for access to cabinet minutes related to the national-unity initiative, which was marred by fraud and corruption. The Liberal prime minister of the day, Paul Martin, eventually overrode the senior bureaucrats and agreed to provide access to all available information.

"It is a political decision," Mr. Gomery said in an interview. "Their usual rules are there is no disclosure of what goes on in cabinet. Like every rule, there are exceptions. I had one of them, and we'll find out if there will be another one in the SNC-Lavalin case."

A report by Ethics Commissioner Mario Dion said the Prime Minister violated the Conflict of Interest Act when he and senior officials improperly pressed Jody WilsonRaybould when she was attorney-general to order the Public Prosecution Service to settle fraud and bribery charges against SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., the Montrealbased engineering and construction giant.

Ms. Wilson-Raybould met with RCMP investigators this week to discuss political interference in the criminal prosecution of SNC-Lavalin, and is calling on the Trudeau government to waive cabinet confidentiality for her and all other witnesses to allow a thorough probe into possible obstruction of justice.

Mr. Trudeau and other federal officials have said Privy Council Clerk Ian Shugart, who reports to Mr. Trudeau, decided to offer only a limited waiver to the Ethics Commissioner and the RCMP for their inquiries into the SNC-Lavalin matter.

Governance expert and University of Moncton professor Donald Savoie said the Privy Council Clerk is the custodian of cabinet secrets, a tradition that was established in 1957. He said this role would prevent Mr.

Shugart from unilaterally waiving confidentiality over discussions on the prosecution of the Montreal-based firm.

"The Clerk has no choice but to play by the rules as the custodian, but cabinet can decide to release whatever it wants to release. More to the point, the Prime Minister runs cabinet and he can quite easily say, 'I am going to release people from cabinet confidence,' " Prof. Savoie told The Globe and Mail.

Mel Cappe, who was clerk of the Privy Council Office from 1999 to 2002, said every clerk will advise every prime minister against waiving privilege. "The purpose of the confidence is because the oath of office of every minister says that they will speak their mind in cabinet," he said in an e-mail.

"The quality of cabinet decision-making depends on candour."

Mr. Cappe said Mr. Trudeau made a "bad decision" earlier this year by lifting some constraints for Ms. Wilson-Raybould to testify before the justice committee. Being selective on what to waive "will always look political."

Yan Campagnolo, a professor of common law at the University of Ottawa, said that except in matters before the courts, the decision to release cabinet secrets is made at the political level through an order in council adopted by cabinet ministers.

"Outside the context of litigation, the only individual with the political authority to authorize the disclosure of cabinet confidences is the prime minister," he said.

Former Saskatchewan premier Brad Wall said cabinet confidentiality should be respected in most instances, but not when the RCMP are knocking at the door. When he was premier, the RCMP and the province's auditor-general requested cabinet documents involving a government project called the Global Transportation Hub.

"In order for them to receive access to these documents, I had to waive cabinet confidentiality, which I did because it was the right thing to do," he said in an e-mail.

Justice Department spokesman Ian McLeod said this week that the decision to offer only a limited waiver to Mr. Dion and the RCMP "was made solely by the Clerk of the Privy Council as guardian of cabinet confidences."

On Wednesday, Mr. Trudeau said: "We respect the decision made by the Clerk."

Mr. Dion has said cabinet confidentiality prevented nine witnesses from giving full testimony for his investigation this year.

The Trudeau government lifted cabinet confidentiality for Ms. Wilson-Raybould, and those who had direct communications with her, for the duration of her time as attorney-general so she could testify before the House of Commons Justice committee.

Her testimony is covered by parliamentary immunity and cannot be used by the RCMP. The waiver does not apply to other individuals or the time after Ms. WilsonRaybould was shuffled to Veterans Affairs on Jan. 14.

"The Prime Minister is the only person with the authority to broaden the scope of that order in council if it is deemed too narrow," Mr. Campagnolo said.

At a news conference in Victoria on Thursday, Mr. Trudeau rejected calls from Ms. Wilson-Raybould and former Liberal cabinet minister Jane Philpott for a broader waiver to the RCMP.

"We actually took an unprecedented step in giving out a waiver that allows for all issues relating to this matter to be discussed at committee, to be investigated, to be followed up on," Mr. Trudeau said. "We know that it was important for people to be able to examine what happened in this matter and that is why we took that step."

In early September, 2018, Ms. WilsonRaybould was informed that the Director of Public Prosecutions, Kathleen Roussel, had decided not to invite SNC-Lavalin to negotiate a deferred prosecution agreement as a way to avoid a criminal trial.

Asked why he tried to overturn Ms.

Roussel's decision but abides by Mr. Shugart's decision, the Liberal Leader said: "The job of a prime minister is always to stand up for the public interest, to stand up for people's jobs. That is what I did and what I will always do."

NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh has challenged Mr. Trudeau to let Ms. Wilson-Raybould and everyone else with relevant information speak freely with the RCMP.

"Canadians deserve answers, but Justin Trudeau is still putting himself and his corporate friends first," Mr. Singh said in a statement. "It's time for Justin Trudeau to let Jody Wilson-Raybould tell her whole story."

Mr. Gomery said his request for access to cabinet documents "was dismissed contemptuously" when he was discussing his terms of reference with bureaucrats in 2004.

"I said I want to be sure that I have access to the minutes of the cabinet meetings. The deputy minister of justice said that is out of the question, that is simply never done," Mr. Gomery said. He added that the eventual lifting of cabinet confidentiality for his inquiry was key to getting to the bottom of the sponsorship scandal.

"This frankly was one of the reasons our inquiry was successful, because we were able to get into the cabinet confidences issue and actually got the minutes of cabinet meetings that were extremely revealing," Mr. Gomery said.

With a report from Kathryn Blaze Baum

Trudeau apologizes for wearing racist makeup
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Liberal Leader expresses remorse after 2001 photo published of him wearing brownface, acknowledges similar incident in high school
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By MARIEKE WALSH, MICHELLE ZILIO
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Thursday, September 19, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


OTTAWA HALIFAX -- Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau admitted Wednesday that he twice dressed up in racist makeup, and apologized for a practice he says he now knows is wrong.

"I shouldn't have done that. I should have known better but I didn't and I'm really sorry," Mr.Trudeau said in a Halifax press conference on his campaign plane.

"I didn't consider it a racist action at the time but now we know better. And this was something that was unacceptable and, yes, racist."

Time magazine published a yearbook photograph on Wednesday showing Mr. Trudeau in brownface when he was 29.

Mr. Trudeau said he dressed up in an Aladdin costume and wore "makeup" at an Arabian Nightsthemed gala in 2001 in Vancouver. The event was held by the private school where he was a teacher.

He avoided using the term brownface, but the 18-year-old photo shows him with his face, neck and hands painted brown and wearing a turban and robes.

Mr. Trudeau also admitted that he wore "makeup" in high school when he performed the Jamaican folk tune Banana Boat Song.

The controversy comes one week into a five-week election campaign in which Mr. Trudeau is asking voters for a second term in government.

The Liberals have made the social-media history of other parties' candidates a major issue in the first eight days of the campaign and have called for several Conservative candidates to be ousted.

Mr. Trudeau suggested to reporters that public perceptions about the practice have changed since he dressed in brownface in 2001 - an assertion El Jones, a lecturer at Saint Mary's University, called "ludicrous."

"Justin Trudeau may not have been aware that this was racist 20 years ago, but certainly people who are affected by it have been well aware for centuries," Ms.Jones said.

Mr. Trudeau's apology was criticized by his former colleague Celina Caesar-Chavannes, who left the Liberal caucus earlier this year.

"The privilege continues. There is no excuse for this. Apology is a first step. You should be aware of the history of #blackface and racism in this country and others. Apparently #diversityisourstrength? Deeply disappointed," Ms. Caesar-Chavannes said.

Dressing in blackface or brownface has a long and painful history. The racist practice is often used to portray people through "degrading and dehumanizing stereotypes," Ms. Jones said.

Mr. Trudeau said he has been making calls to colleagues to apologize for his actions and chart a course forward, but said it's not cause for him to resign.

"I'm going to be asking Canadians to forgive me," he said.

One of the people Mr. Trudeau called Wednesday was Liberal candidate Omar Alghabra, who was born in Saudi Arabia to a Syrian family. In an interview Wednesday night, Mr. Alghabra said the Liberal Leader apologized and asked for his advice.

"I told him to be upfront and to own the mistake," said Mr.Alghabra, who acknowledged being upset and concerned by the photo, but also ready to forgive.

"As disappointing as it is, it's not that hard for me to get over it, because I've seen him act in public and in private and I've seen what he's done for many people who are marginalized or being victimized by stereotypes or racism."

Canada is in its first election campaign in which one of the main parties is being led by a person who is a racial minority. NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh is a turbaned Sikh, who took the helm of the party two years ago.

After seeing the picture of Mr.Trudeau at the 2001 event, Mr.Singh made a statement where he expressed the pain and hurt that many visible minorities feel when they see this imagery.

"The people that see this image are going to think about all of the times in their life that they were made fun of, that they were hurt, that they were hit, that they were insulted, that they were made to feel less because of who they are," Mr. Singh said in Mississauga.

Before seeing the actual picture, Mr. Singh said dressing up in blackface or brownface makes a "mockery" of racialized people who, because of the colour of their skin, "face challenges and barriers and obstacles in their life."

Mr. Singh said the picture shows a "pattern of behaviour" from the Liberal Leader. "We see one Mr. Trudeau in public, that I'll be honest with you seems really nice, very friendly, very warm in public, but behind closed doors, he seems like a different Mr. Trudeau."

The NDP Leader pointed to Mr. Trudeau's comment at a fundraiser to First Nations protesters where he thanked them for their donation when they were escorted out for protesting.

"Who is the real Mr. Trudeau?" Mr. Singh asked.

Ms. Jones said Mr. Singh's presence in the campaign puts Mr.Trudeau's use of the racist makeup in stark context. During the campaign, Mr. Singh has been faced with questions about whether Canadians are ready to vote for a party led by a leader wearing a turban.

"Racialized people are constantly faced with these stereotypes and have to prove that they are not those stereotypes, whereas white people can put on these costumes and stereotypes for fun," Ms. Jones said.

Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer said he is "extremely shocked and disappointed" by the revelations.

"Wearing brownface is an act of open mockery and racism. It was just as racist in 2001 as it is in 2019. What Canadians saw this evening is someone with a complete lack of judgment and integrity and someone who's not fit to govern this country," Mr. Scheer said from Sherbrooke.

The National Council of Canadian Muslims had earlier called on Mr. Trudeau to make a "complete apology" for the "reprehensible" picture.

"While we recognize that this picture was taken many years ago and that people can evolve and change, it is critically important that the Prime Minister apologize for taking part in blackface and commits to doing better in the future,"said Mustafa Farooq, the association's executive director.

Green Party Leader Elizabeth May said she is "deeply shocked by the racism" shown in the picture. "He must apologize for the harm done and commit to learning and appreciating the requirement to model social justice leadership at all levels of government. In this matter he has failed," she said on Twitter.

Mr. Trudeau said he's "pissed off" at himself and disappointed in his past actions.

With a report from The Canadian Press

Associated Graphic

Justin Trudeau says he regrets wearing racist makeup when attending Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, a private high school in Montreal. In a photo obtained by The Globe and Mail, he is shown performing a Jamaican folk tune. A 2001 yearbook photo, right, published by Time Magazine, shows him wearing brownface at a gala in Vancouver. Below, the Liberal Leader apologizes Wednesday.

SOURCE: TIME MAGAZINE; SEAN KILPATRICK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

During a scrum on his campaign plane in Halifax on Wednesday, Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau makes a statement about a 2001 photo of him wearing brownface.

SEAN KILPATRICK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Bradley's future with Toronto FC uncertain as season nears its end
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By NEIL DAVIDSON
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THE CANADIAN PRESS
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B15


TORONTO -- While Mitch Marner's contract dominated Leafs Nation for months, Michael Bradley's future with Toronto FC has been kept under the radar.

Bradley, 32, wanted it that way so as to avoid distractions during the season and the MLS club has honoured his wishes, declining comment this week when asked about the captain's future.

TFC supporters made their feelings known by hoisting a giant banner honouring Bradley in the south stand of BMO Field prior to Sunday's win over Colorado. Underneath the tifo, which showed Bradley applauding the fans, a smaller banner read "Your City. Your Legacy. Our Captain Forever."

For some, it served as a reminder that unlike fellow designated player Jozy Altidore, who signed a three-year contract extension in February, Bradley's status is TBD.

Bradley still isn't commenting on contract negotiations, at least not directly. But the former MetroStars, Heerenveen, Borussia Moenchengladbach, Aston Villa, Chievo Verona and AS Roma man makes no secret of his love for Toronto.

"My position is I love the club, love the team and love the city," the U.S. international said Tuesday when asked about his future in Toronto. "And I've never felt more at home anywhere in my life than here, in every sense - in a sporting sense, in a family sense. That part, that's an incredible feeling.

"When you walk out on the field the other night and see a banner like that, it gives you goosebumps. It's another reminder of how lucky I am to be here to play for this club, to captain this club. ... So I'm not going to talk specifically about contracts or negotiations or anything in that way, because I said at the beginning of the year that I didn't want anything taken away from the team and the focus of what we're trying to do.

"Everything will get sorted out in the right time. But again, I love it here. I've loved every second here and I certainly hope that I'm going to be here for a long time still."

Over to you, general manager Ali Curtis.

While the cone of silence reduces headlines, it does not help season-ticket subscribers wondering about their captain as the deadline to renew approaches later this month.

Contract negotiations with former star Sebastian Giovinco did not go well prior to this season, and now the mercurial Italian is picking up a hefty paycheque in Saudi Arabia. TFC officials have to weigh the risk/reward of retaining a 32-yearold midfielder who has become the club's driving force on and off the field.

Re-signing Bradley bucks the league trend of acquiring young stars who might be sold for a profit down the line. But the durable Bradley, with his off-the-chart commitment and work ethic, brings plenty more to the table, albeit at a price.

Bradley shields the Toronto backline. While no Andre De Grasse, he has a good turn of speed over a short distance - which serves him well in his disruptive defensive efforts. He can deliver a pass on a dime, often setting the table for counterattacks.

Bradley is relentless, detail-oriented and very competitive. He does not suffer fools lightly.

Before every home game, Bradley can be spotted inspecting the pitch well ahead of kickoff. And when players take the field for warm-ups, the relentless captain is seen reinforcing the message of the day.

Toronto (12-10-9) is 1-3-3 without Bradley in league play this year. It's been an uneven season, with holes in the roster being filled late. But Bradley has been in top gear as the team finds its rhythm in the final weeks of the campaign.

Bradley, whose family has made Toronto its year-round home, is nearing the end of his sixth season with the club and a contract that is paying him US$6.5-million in 2019, tied for second (with Los Angeles Galaxy's Giovani dos Santos) behind Galaxy star Zlatan Ibrahmovic's US$7.2-million.

He joined from Roma in January, 2014, introduced at a news conference alongside England forward Jermain Defoe, who came via Tottenham. Defoe was the star attraction, as shown by the double-decker bus parked outside the then-Air Canada Centre, complete with an accompanying "It's a Bloody Big Deal!" ad campaign.

Defoe lasted just one season, scoring 11 goals in 19 regular season games before returning to England in a deal that brought Altidore to Toronto.

Bradley, however, has been a constant. Over his six seasons here, Bradley has played 190 regular-season games (14,267 minutes), as well as 12 playoff games.

He joined a team that had gone 6-17-11 the previous year and had never enjoyed a winning season. TFC went 11-15-8 in his debut 2014 season and 15-15-8 in 2015, making the playoffs for the first time.

Toronto went all the way to the MLS Cup final in 2016, losing to Seattle before winning the championship the next season in a rematch with the Sounders.

Put it another way. Toronto won 51 regular-season games in its first seven seasons in MLS. In the past six, with Bradley in TFC colours, it has won 82.

The club is no one-man band. But Bradley has been a huge piece of the puzzle.

Veteran defender Ashtone Morgan says Bradley has set the tone for the club, helping change the culture of what had been one of the league's doormats into a champion franchise.

"At first it took us a while to get used to him and his mentality, but I feel he's just a true professional," said Morgan, Toronto's longest-serving current player. "For younger guys to see day to day how to treat your body, how to approach every day on the calendar year for a football season, you definitely need to look at Michael.

"He's one of the first guys in and one of the last guys to leave - every day. So he definitely puts the work in and applies himself. His leadership is second to none. People at first might see him and they won't fully understand him, they might think he might be too tough or too hard on you, but he is who is for a reason. He's a true professional and he's our captain."

And while more than a few reporters have felt Bradley's laser-like eyes bore into them, rookie winger Jacob Shaffelburg sees another side of the skipper.

"He's been really good to me," he said, citing times when Bradley has stayed after practice to work with him.

And Shaffelburg says his teammates see Bradley's sense of humour.

"He's a good mix. He can joke around a bit," the 19-year-old from Port Williams, N.S, said. "He jokes around with me trying to [grow] a beard. I'm trying to get one, but he always makes fun of that. Maybe one day, I'll be able to get one as good as his."

"A great leader," he added.

Where nobody knows your name
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Escaping to warm weather is a seasonal tradition for Canadians, but to really get away, Heather Greenwood Davis opts for Bequia - a destination that's a little less popular
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By HEATHER GREENWOOD DAVIS
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P10


'Hi sister, where are you from?" a young local calls out to me.

It's not the first time. On the streets of Port Elizabeth, in Bequia, I stand out. The constant raising and snapping of photos on my iPhone is a dead giveaway that I'm a tourist.

"Canada," I call back as I continue on my way.

About an hour later, as I'm making my way down one of the side streets, I see him again - this time walking with friends. He waves as if we're old pals, before telling me about the dance club that will be a hot spot tonight. As I leave, he smiles and offers, "see you soon."

He's not wrong. Bequia is a small island - 18 square kilometres to be precise - and Port Elizabeth is its only town. Within the few hours I spend exploring the harbourfront, sipping a cold drink on the covered deck of a coffee shop and perusing handmade earrings, I'll see my new friend at least a half dozen times.

What I won't see is hundreds of tourists.

It's a surreal experience and it's one of the reasons I wanted to see this place for myself.

Bequia (rhymes with "sashay") is one of 32 islands and cays that make up St. Vincent and the Grenadines. People don't come here because its cheap or easy. They come because it's hard and exclusive.

But unlike some of the minimalist, Miami Beach-esque islands that surround it, Bequia - about 180 kilometres west of Barbados and 16 kilometres south of St. Vincent - feels Old World Caribbean. Goats outnumber people, you won't find any of the chain restaurants you're used to and while hotels offer meal-plan options, they aren't exactly allinclusive.

Locals can trace their history back to Amerindians, who came to the islands on dugout canoes; Caribs who followed; French and British occupiers and even Blackbeard the pirate. Sugar and cotton plantations, as well as traditional hunting and shipbuilding have all supported islanders over the years, but today, tourism plays a key role in sustaining the roughly 5,000 locals who call it home.

Still, the island seems to have managed to avoid the overtourism that plagues so many of its neighbours. There's no question that cruise ship dollars and increasing tourist numbers, have offered poorer countries incredible economic benefits. But, in return, they often find themselves catering to the masses with whitewashed experiences that share little of their island's essence. Local culture gets overshadowed by canned Bob Marley tunes and omelette stations (without a hint of local ingredients) as everyone heads to the same island resorts year after year.

These days, it's not uncommon to flee a Canadian winter, only to end up in a place that, thanks to its popularity, feels like a warmer version of home.

Smaller islands, such as those in the Grenadines, are finding their calling in offering niche, authentic opportunities for the jaded among us. Places where you experience the island as it is, quirks and all.

It helps that there are no direct flights here. Guests have had to arrive from St. Vincent or Barbados - either on a 45-minute hop over flight or hour-long ferry - or settle for a short stopover on one of the cruise lines that frequent the area.

As long as there is no ship in port, the streets, I'm told, are much as I've found them today - filled with locals out doing their shopping, relaxing in open air street-facing cafés and chatting.

It's a community that hasn't been created for tourists. They are here, whether you are or not.

It's one of the things that drew Bengt Mortstedt, a Swedish entrepreneur to the island in the first place.

At the time, he was looking for a good retirement spot. When he saw the beach on Friendship Bay on a sailing trip, plans changed. Instead of the family villa he had initially planned, he built a 12-room bed and breakfast between the trees in 2009.

And then that quickly morphed into something bigger. Mortstedt became the island's largest employer, hiring locals to help run his now 57-room offering, despite having no hotelier experience.

Today, the Bequia Beach Hotel offers a vintage respite on the edge of the Atlantic in Friendship Bay where mainly repeat, in-the-know clientele tuck in for a week or more at a time. Mortstedt is very much a part of the place, though you'd be hardpressed to pick him out from the guests - a mix of Europeans, Canadians and Americans - relaxing on the outdoor breakfast veranda.

That kind of interaction is par for the course on the island.

There's no one, outside of churchgoers on Sunday, where I see anyone dressed in anything fancier than a collared T-shirt and pressed shorts, and most of those are tourists.

But the island offers more than a chance for casual days.

Because tourism has yet to completely overthrow all the local industries, they continue to thrive. At market stalls in town you'll find handmade caftans and tunics from the local ladies at Bequia Threadworks - a social enterprise that launched last year. Fruit stand sellers chat easily among themselves and only stop to throw a compliment or two your way.

The community also holds strong to some of the traditions that tourists may be uncomfortable with. A whaling tradition that dates back centuries is revived each Easter when locals set out to catch a whale in the waters off the island's shores. Once caught, the whale is brought out to Sample Cay where the meat, a local delicacy, is shared. The practice is limited and sanctioned by the International Whaling Commission, and arguably the biggest celebration of the year.

It's hard to imagine the festivities that would surround that event tonight. Twinkling multicoloured lights overhead cast a low glow over an open dance floor at the hotel bar. Cool rum drinks are passed around through the warm night air and the sound of laughter and soft whispers come from around the open air veranda. As the classic lovers' rock reggae starts to play, it is clear that the island has taken hold of the room.

In the end, I never manage to accept the nightclub invitation, opting to sway to the beach rhythms instead. At night, I fall asleep with balcony doors open, the sound of the waves crashing against the beach and the feeling that I've secured my own piece of paradise far from the maddening crowds.

Special to The Globe and Mail The writer travelled as a guest of Bequia Beach Hotel. The organization neither reviewed nor approved this article.

Associated Graphic

Bequia Beach Hotel offers stunning views of Friendship Bay.

Left: The writer looks out over Port Elizabeth, Bequia's only town. The island, in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, has managed to avoid the overtourism issues that plague many of its Caribbean neighbours.

PHOTOS BY HEATHER GREENWOOD DAVIS/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Light-filled home in a Rosedale enclave
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The home of Rana and Richard Florida has plenty of 'places to sit and enjoy'
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By CAROLYN IRELAND
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H8


TORONTO -- 83 Bin-Scarth Rd., Toronto ROSEDALE Asking Price: $7,495,000 Taxes: $27,151.32 (2019) Lot Size: 36-by-437 feet Agents: James Warren, Christopher Killam, Gary Goba (Chestnut Park Real Estate Ltd.) THE BACK STORY In 2005, the ravine property at 83 Bin-Scarth Rd. in Rosedale had fallen into disrepair after years of use as a rooming house.

The circa-1912 house had a traditional gambrel roof and a charming turret, but the red-brick exterior was coated in grime and paint was peeling from the oldfashioned porch and wooden soffits.

From the end of the Second World War through the energy crisis of the 1970s, many of Rosedale's stately mansions and century homes were divided into apartments and rooming houses, explains James Warren, real estate agent with Chestnut Park Real Estate Ltd.

The Toronto-based design firm Studio Pyramid spent more than a year returning the dilapidated building to a single-family dwelling, with a thorough renovation inside and out.

The newly remodelled home was on the market when Richard and Rana Florida made the decision to move from Washington to Toronto in August, 2007.

At the time, Mr. Florida had just accepted a post at the University of Toronto, where he joined the Rotman School of Management.

Looking back, Ms. Florida recalls the couple trying to decide whether to settle in Rosedale or the Beaches neighbourhood on Lake Ontario. They opted for the quiet enclave of Rosedale when they found the house set in a culde-sac at the end of Bin-Scarth, she says. The couple liked the original plaster mouldings in the century home and the fact that it is filled with light, Ms. Florida says. For the professor and urban theorist, the location means he doesn't have far to travel to U of T's main campus.

Friends who visit from New York's Upper East Side and Connecticut are amazed that Toronto has neighbourhoods with so much land in the centre of the city, Ms. Florida says. "All of our friends who come to visit think it's one of the most gorgeous neighbourhoods in North America," she says. "The trees alone make it so magnificent."

THE HOUSE TODAY Today, the house has six bedrooms and five bathrooms in approximately 3,761 square feet of above-ground living space.

Studio Pyramid turned a maze of units into a more open and modern home with 10-foot-high ceilings and elongated windows.

The main floor has a formal living room with a wood-burning fireplace and French doors that open to the exterior, where a terrace with wrought-iron railings replaces the original front veranda.

There's a formal dining room at the centre of the home and a kitchen with built-in appliances and a marble countertop.

The combined breakfast room and family room have lots of built-in cabinets and a wall of windows overlooking the garden.

"You can see it's a really happy family home because there are lots of places to sit and enjoy," Mr. Warren says.

The newly renovated house didn't need more than a few tweaks after the couple moved in, Ms. Florida says.

They upgraded light fixtures throughout the house and installed communications wiring that allows the sound system to be controlled from a smartphone.

Many of the closets have been remodelled. The couple had a new hardwood floor installed on the first level and added the thick marble countertop in the kitchen, she says.

The couple also did some redecorating when, several years after they settled into life in Canada, their daughter Mila was born. A year later, baby Valentina came along.

On the second floor, the girls' bedroom has French doors opening to a Juliet balcony. Another room at the front of the house is currently used as a play and dressing room for the children, but could be turned into another bedroom, Mr. Warren says.

The master suite at the rear is cantilevered over the backyard.

A large bedroom has doors opening to a deck overlooking the garden. There's a sitting area with a gas fireplace and built-in shelves.

The ensuite bathroom has a free-standing oval tub and a walk-in marble shower.

Upstairs, the third floor provides three more bedrooms and a bathroom, but the Floridas mainly use that level for writing and other academic pursuits.

Today, Ms. Florida runs the couple's Creative Class Group consulting company from her third-floor office.

The two have each authored several books in their third-floor studios: Prof. Florida revisited his 2002 bestseller The Rise of the Creative Class and wrote The New Urban Crisis.

Ms. Florida wrote her 2013 tome Upgrade, while the house provided the backdrop for many of the couple's intimate dinners and elaborate fêtes, which were photographed for her book Creative Entertaining.

Outside, the sheltered porch at the rear provides shade in the summer months while heaters make it cozy heading into fall.

The former garage was falling down so Studio Pyramid winterized the structure and turned it into a pool cabana with a stone floor. French doors open to the garden.

The red brick driveway that once led to the garage is now a sheltered spot for alfresco dining.

Up to 12 guests can sit at the large outdoor table, Ms. Florida says.

THE BEST FEATURE The couple hired Mark Hartley Landscape Architects to transform the backyard with the addition of a swimming pool, surrounded by a terrace and gardens.

The saltwater pool and spa sit right atop a leafy slope that descends from the pool's edge to the valley floor below.

Pools on the ravine are hard to come by, Mr. Warren says, because they have to be constructed in line with conservation rules designed to protect the natural setting.

Today, rows of 50-foot European Beech trees stand in the garden, which has been the setting for many parties, Ms. Florida says.

Ms. Florida says she and her daughters take regular afternoon swims in the summer.

"Every day, we're in there after naps."

Associated Graphic

Since the intial remodelling, the couple have made upgrades of their own. They installed new hardwood flooring on the first level and added a thick marble countertop in the kitchen.

The once-dilapidated 83 Bin-Scarth Rd. in Toronto was revived and remodelled into a single-family unit by the time Rana and Richard Florida moved in from Washington in 2007. Ms. Florida says their friends from south of the border are amazed that Toronto has neighbourhoods with so much land in the centre of the city.

PHOTOS BY SILVERHOUSE REAL ESTATE PHOTOGRAPHY

Ms. Florida says there were only a few tweaks to make inside once they had moved in, such as installing wiring that allows the sound system to be controlled from a smartphone. But outside they transformed the backyard by building a swimming pool surrounded by a terrace and gardens.

The master suite cantilevers over the backyard, with its large bedroom opening up to a deck overlooking the garden.

PHOTOS BY SILVERHOUSE REAL ESTATE PHOTOGRAPHY

What buildings made of timber mean to the urban jungle
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By ALEX BOZIKOVIC
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R1


ARCHITECTURE

Karim Khalifa wants to show me some nuts and bolts.

"Do you know what a rabbet joint is?" asks the director of building innovation at Sidewalk Labs. As he speaks, he unscrews a piece of hardware holding together two huge chunks of laminated Douglas fir.

A rabbet joint, it turns out, is a channel cut into a piece of wood - into which you can insert some hardware to hold a structure together. We're in the company's Toronto office, where their vision of an all-wood neighbourhood is being demonstrated with an assembly glue-laminated wood and mass plywood panel. More than a set of pretty drawings, it's real.

Or is it? The Google sister company's effort to build an entire urban neighbourhood out of "mass timber," or engineered wood products, has been inching closer to reality since it was announced two years ago. But there are basic questions still to be resolved, and the end result - while interesting - will be much more prosaic than the marketing suggests.

Wood is a central part of the Sidewalk Labs pitch in Toronto.

The company's effort to build an innovative urban neighbourhood has faced all sorts of complications; in particular, its ambitions to use "urban data" have raised privacy and intellectual property concerns. Wood buildings, on the other hand, are easy to love.

So Sidewalk is shouting "Timber!" It wants to build about six million square feet of offices, homes and retail space, using engineered wood components that have been precut and partly assembled in a factory that Sidewalk promises to build in the area. "Wood is efficient to ship," Khalifa says, "and quite easy to manipulate with machinery and, especially in today's world, with robotics."

It's an exciting and ambitious vision. But it rests on a large assumption: that Sidewalk, essentially a startup company, is able to quickly design and build a production line that works technically and economically.

If it succeeds, the promised gains are considerable. First, sustainability: Wood is far less carbon-intensive than steel or concrete. Second, it looks amazing.

And third, it could be cheaper to produce. There's little debate about the first point. But the second and third come with big question marks.

First: what you'll see.

The handsome drawings Sidewalk has released of its proposed new neighbourhoods by Heatherwick Studio - purely conceptual - show a woodsy paradise, mid-rise treehouses with wooden beams crisscrossing above a sunny street and balconies in which fingers of timber reach up to embrace their inhabitants.

This is almost certainly a fantasy. Wood does not do well when exposed to the elements, particularly in a climate as prone to extremes as Toronto. This is especially true for softwoods such as pine and Douglas fir, which are inexpensive and from which mass timber is predominantly made.

Khalifa is willing to admit to some spin. "All renderings are sexier than the reality," he says with a grin, "and I'm not saying we aren't taking part in that."

Those Heatherwick drawings could be realized, he suggests, with a mix of hardwood. The balconies could be made of Accoya, a commercially available product made from softwoods that are chemically treated. "Would we actually end up building as much as is shown there?" he asks rhetorically. "Probably not."

If you dig into the company's more detailed plans - not included in the 1,500-page printed version that it released in June - they suggest this prosaic reality.

Three architecture firms, Heatherwick, Snohetta and Michael Green Architecture, designed what the first piece of the development would look like.

The proposal from MGA, which has by far the most experience building with mass timber, actually puts much of the wood behind glass. Mass timber columns rise up from the ground, and after about 10 feet or three metres, are partly sheltered by a glass curtain wall.

"We've left the wood exposed where we can reach it," Khalifa says.

That's important, because wood will probably need to be sanded and refinished every three to five years.

Such details matter. Russell Acton, a Vancouver architect whose firm Acton Ostry has been a pioneer in mass timber, suggests Sidewalk and its consultants haven't yet resolved the details of production and building maintenance.

"If they get down to those tough decisions about detail and operations budgets," he says, "they may find it doesn't work so well."

Khalifa rejects that suggestion.

"We have an excellent team of engineers, architects, cost consultants," he says, "and we're confident that we can solve these problems." In other words, there's work that they aren't releasing to the public. Fair enough. But the multifaceted Sidewalk Labs proposal has been in the works for two years now and yet - despite releasing a forest's worth of verbose and vague documents - they haven't yet put forward the kinds of detailed drawings that allow their proposed buildings to be scrutinized in detail.

The same vagueness applies to the numbers. As with any idea in architecture, their mass-timberprefab thesis has to work both technically and commercially to have an impact. Sidewalk's dual promise was to create buildings that are both very tall and cheaper than other means of construction - and, so, to create a market in North America for mass timber, and to produce "value" that will subsidize affordable housing.

But what will mass timber cost?

Khalifa acknowledges that masstimber construction is currently more expensive than steel or concrete structure. But the company's stated promise is that with economies of scale in Sidewalk's own factory, this will change.

Thus, Sidewalk says it needs approval to build about six million square feet of buildings in mass timber. That's more than double what they were asked to do by the government agency Waterfront Toronto. Wood, and its economics, are baked into the plan. And the economics of that plan are murky.

If this sounds complicated, it is.

Architecture is never only about aesthetics; it's also about business and science and politics. The very complexity of the Sidewalk Toronto proposal, including its tech and regulatory aspects, turns the usual puzzle of development into five-dimensional chess.

Which means, I think, that it's a mistake to focus too closely on the nuts and bolts I saw this week.

Mass timber holds much promise, and Sidewalk has hired some brilliant architects to take advantage of its possibilities. But what they'll actually build is another question: one that's exciting but, as yet, unresolved.

Associated Graphic

Wooden columns and beams made of mass timber are one of the innovative design and building features of the proposed Quayside development by Sidewalk Labs. However, the logistics of using wood, especially in a climate such as Toronto's, may not be feasible.

FRED LUM/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Left: Metal cleats will be used to connect the wooden beams and columns. Mass-timber construction is currently more expensive than steel or concrete, but Sidewalk has promised that the cost will change.

PHOTOS BY FRED LUM/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

WHERE I SAW THE CONSTELLATIONS
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During my umpteenth brain MRI, I find solace by singing Bobcaygeon. I wonder if Gord Downie did the same, Diana Davidson writes
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By DIANA DAVIDSON
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A17


'Okay. We're going to start," a voice comes through the headphones.

I lie still because my head is clamped down. I see the plastic cave around me.

I close my eyes and try to imagine I'm somewhere else: a tanning booth, shivasana, under a warm duvet with someone I love on a fall evening like this one.

Deep breaths in, deep breaths out. This is my 16th time at an Edmonton hospital having an MRI on my brain. I've been doing this for more than 10 years. So much has happened since then: My son has gone from a baby to a teenager, I published a novel, I survived divorce and other heartaches, I found love again and married the best man I have ever known. I have lived many lives since I had my first grand mal seizure, my first MRI and received a diagnosis of a low-grade tumour in my temporal lobe. Keeping count of the MRIs helps me feel less anxious about what they could tell me. Only the first one brought any significant news. The past decade or so has brought so much change to my life, but these MRIs have been a constant.

"Would you like the radio on?" a technician asks from an adjacent room into my headphones.

"No thanks." I've had the radio on before and it makes me more anxious. Instead, I sing one of my favourite songs to myself: Bobcaygeon by the Tragically Hip. Gord Downie died of brain cancer in the fall of 2017 after a long public illness. I wonder how many MRIs he had to endure.

The machine I am inside will take pictures of my brain. Over the past decade, I have seen my brain on many computer screens in neurology offices. The MRI makes my brain look like layers of petrified wood from an ancient forest. My lesion, the bits of brightness in the grey matter, looks like a snowflake. It is almost beautiful.

The test begins. The first noise is like a drum playing behind my eyes. The noise lasts for what I think is a few minutes. A sharp, penetrating sound then replaces the rhythmic whirring; if this second sound had a shape it would be two jagged-edged drill bits spinning concentrically and coming together at a point on my skull. I sing in my mind, "I left your house this morning / About a quarter after nine / Could've been the Willie Nelson / Could have been the wine."

The outside noises stop for a moment. Someone stands beside the machine. She lets me out of the tunnel. I can't meet her eyes because I can't move my head. She adjusts the IV in my arm and the syringe bumps against the inside wall of a vein.

"All right?" someone asks.

"Yes," I say from inside my clamp. I don't know if she hears me.

The woman goes back to her booth and the machine pulls me back inside.

I try to be still but the paper sheet crinkles under my bum as I adjust my legs. I continue to sing to myself, "So I'm at your house this morning / Just a little after nine / 'cos it was in Bobcaygeon."

I hear a voice say, "No moving please."

I do my best to comply.

"We're going to start the contrast dye now. It will be uncomfortable but not painful."

I wait. Nothing. Then chilled Vaseline stretches the walls of a vein, heat moves from tailbone to tongue. "It was in Bobcaygeon where I saw the constellations / Reveal themselves one star at a time."

"You may feel like you're urinating," a voice says, "but you're not."

I know this sensation from previous exams. It is still unnerving. Fake wetness between my legs doesn't soak the worn, green hospital gown I am wearing.

I hate this test, this reminder of some ominous potential. My neurologist has explained, "This lesion is in an area of your brain that controls speech and comprehension. If we operate, you could lose your ability to speak. To understand. And we don't yet know what this is. It may not be that harmful.

Let's monitor it and see." He has said, "It is smaller than a pencil eraser." And this minuscule spot or lesion or tumour has necessitated that I take fog-inducing anti-convulsant drugs for the rest of my life and that I have magnetic images of my brain made and analyzed on a regular basis. But I am well and alive and for both these things, I am grateful.

I close my eyes again and see stars. I sing Downie's achingly beautiful line again, "Where I saw the constellations reveal themselves one star at a time." When I close my eyes and see the pulses of light behind my eyelids, I try to transcend to another space beyond the inside of my head and the inside of this machine.

I am in the tunnel for another 15 minutes, based on how many times I can sing all the lyrics to Bobcaygeon in my head, and the machine makes images of my brain now lit up by dye. The sounds are different than they were before - sharper and punctuated with loud sudden bursts of grinding and squealing. It is harder to keep the song's melody in my head. I hope the lesion hasn't gotten any bigger than a pencil eraser.

"All done," the voice says.

The machine spits me out. The woman comes back and unclamps my head. She helps me sit up.

"We'll just get this IV out and then you're free to go!" She tries to sound cheerful. She presses a cotton ball on the place of puncture on my arm and unfurls a Band-Aid to hold it in place.

"You did well," the woman says as if assessing me on some skill, "You were brave." She smiles like all of this is normal and hands me a plastic cup of water.

"Thanks," I hear myself answer. "I have one every year."

I leave the machine, go to the dressing area, strip, crumple the mint-green gown in a hamper, get dressed and go outside the metal doors with neonyellow radioactive stickers. It isn't courage that gets me through these MRIs, it is perseverance. I should get the results in a few weeks. I always hope, obviously, for no change.

I make my way out of the hospital and struggle to remember where I parked. I stand still and take a deep breath. I look up at the stars twinkling in the blue-black fall sky. I wonder if Downie sang to himself during his MRIs, during his treatments and indignities, as his loved ones said their goodbyes. I hope he got to. Tonight the stars sparkle. I see the Big Dipper. Polaris flickers. I sing the first few bars of Bobcaygeon in the dark.

Diana Davidson lives in Edmonton.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY DREW SHANNON

TIFF 2019: Catch these gems while you can
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Here are 10 movies at the Toronto film festival that may not screen again for months or years - if ever
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A14


The Toronto International Film Festival is, by explicit design, all things for all moviegoers.

For the Oscar fanatics, there are the splashy Hollywood titles that hope to become major players in this fall's awards race (Tom Hanks in A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood, Renée Zellweger in Judy, Adam Driver in Marriage Story).

For art-house devotees who couldn't afford a ticket to Cannes this past spring, there are the acclaimed international productions that have been causing fainting spells among critics (South Korea's Parasite, France's Portrait of a Lady on Fire, Spain's Pain and Glory). And for those who stay up far too late and were raised on old copies of Fangoria, there's the Midnight Madness run of gonzo extravagances (including, naturally, a Nicolas Cage horror movie, Color Out of Space).

But there is also a dedicated group of TIFF-goers who are here for the fleeting chance of seeing something truly unique: films that come to the festival without distribution attached, and thus may never again be glimpsed by the general North American public. (Or, more likely, they risk sitting on a shelf for months before enjoying a quiet release.) These blink-and-miss-'ems are sometimes hard to pinpoint among TIFF's 245 feature films, given that you need to be aware of the ins and outs of distribution and sales agents and international rights and, this year, the hunger of new content-starved streaming platforms.

Luckily enough, The Globe and Mail has made it easy for you by highlighting 10 films that are screening at TIFF and - unless an eager distributor comes along over the next 11 days - may take some time to resurface in Canada and the United States. Catch them while you can.

Bad Education: Cory Finley made a mark with his bored-killer-teenagers thriller Thoroughbreds in 2017, and now returns with a black comedy about a real-life embezzlement scandal that tore apart a Long Island high school.

The cast is certainly heavy enough to draw interest from North American distributors (certain territories in Europe are already booked), with lead performances from Hugh Jackman, Oscar-winner Allison Janney and Ray Romano.

The Burnt Orange Heresy: In theory, Giuseppe Capotondi's adaptation of Charles Willeford's thriller should find an eager North American buyer at TIFF's market. It boasts marketable stars (Widows's Elizabeth Debicki, The Square's Claes Bang), a propulsive plot revolving around stolen art, a critical boost from closing the Venice film festival and a genuine rock star (Mick Jagger, who pops up in a supporting role). The film already has some European territories secured for distribution, but it's an open question when North Americans will get to see it outside of its TIFF gala premiere.

Coming Home Again: Director Wayne Wang has an impressive and varied filmography at his back (including The Joy Luck Club, Smoke and Maid in Manhattan), so there's a good chance that his new feature, based on Chang-rae Lee's New Yorker short story about a Korean-American man caring for his ailing mother, will find life outside Toronto. But there's certainly a bragging-rights upside to boasting about how you were the one to see it first.

Crazy World: Including this Ugandan action film is a bit of a cheat: It was originally produced in 2014 and it has only now been translated for an international release. But Crazy World is also likely TIFF's biggest one-off event, given that it's anyone's guess when audiences will again get to experience the cinematic madness of this "Wakaliwood" epic from director IGG Nabwana.

Jallikattu: Ask any TIFF programmer or insider for the under-theradar film they're truly looking forward to, and this Malayalam epic leaps to the top. The conceit of Lijo Jose Pellissery's film seems straightforward enough - "a buffalo escapes a remote village and causes a frenzy" - until you get to the second half of that log-line, which includes the words "ecstatic violence." Distribution is lined up for the United Arab Emirates, but for now, Toronto is the only chance audiences are getting to witness what all the excitement is about.

Our Lady of the Nile: Atiq Rahimi's adaptation of Rwandan author Scholastique Mukasonga's novel looks to balance coming-ofage themes (it takes place at an all-girls Catholic school) with political foreshadowing (it's set in 1973, about two decades before the civil war that tore Rwanda apart). Afghanistan filmmaker Rahimi knows his way around adaptations thanks to his 2004 debut Earth and Ashes, and hopes are likely high that his latest can crack the foreign-language market.

Rocks: Sarah Gavron's docudrama about a British schoolgirl forced to suddenly care for her family is opening TIFF's Platform program. But whether the director's latest will be acclaimed right out of the gate (like her 2007 TIFF selection Brick Lane) or slink into the background (like her 2015 film Suffragette) is an open question - and one curious distributors are likely interested in hearing an answer for.

Sound of Metal: Heavy metal plus Riz Ahmed may seem like an unlikely equation, but hopes are high for Darius Marder's drama following a drummer who begins to lose his hearing. Playing TIFF's Platform program, Sound of Metal should be able to draw enough curious distributors based on Ahmed's career ascent alone. The guitar thrashing and pounding percussion is just an added bonus.

Synchronic: Although Justin Benson and Aaron Moorhead's new film isn't in TIFF's Midnight Madness program, its conceit surely sounds like a good 12 a.m.

fit: In New Orleans, two paramedics (Anthony Mackie and Jamie Dornan) come across a new synthetic drug that goes beyond altering consciousness into something more extreme. Billed as a genre-bending neo-noir, Synchronic should benefit from its name-brand lead stars and a plot that could lure in curious genre enthusiasts.

True History of the Kelly Gang: There have already been 11 films about the 19th-century Australian outlaw Ned Kelly, but never one based on Peter Carey's Booker Prize-winning novel, and never one starring Russell Crowe. Australian director Justin Kurzel knows from bloody family drama - whether that be 2015's Macbeth or, um, 2016's Assassin's Creed - and besides fellow countryman Crowe, the cast is filled with tough men acting even tougher (including Charlie Hunnam, Nicholas Hoult and George MacKay as Ned). Non-U.S. distribution has been secured, but sales agents are training their eyes on a North American distributor.

The 44th edition of the Toronto International Film Festival runs through Sept. 15 (tiff.net)

Associated Graphic

Above left: Coming Home Again, directed by Wayne Wang, tells the story of a Korean-American man caring for his ailing mother. Above right: In Lijo Jose Pellissery's Jallikattu, 'a buffalo escapes a remote village, causing a frenzy.' Left: Bad Education, from director Cory Finley, features a cast of heavyweight actors, including Hugh Jackman, centre.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF TIFF

Marner's deal underlines why Leafs must win this season
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By CATHAL KELLY
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10


TORONTO -- Now that they've outsmarted Mitch Marner into taking a US$11-million per year deal, the Toronto Maple Leafs are collectively paying their top four players about US$40-million annually.

That doesn't leave much for everyone else, and though they may love the game, they aren't going to play it for free.

The Boston Bruins have been kicking the Leafs like a can down the playoff road for a few years now. They pay their top quartet about US$28-million, and just convinced defenceman Charlie McAvoy to take a cut-rate bridge deal (US$14.7-million for three years). Boston has done what Toronto can't - getting its players to buy into an one-for-all culture rather than a multilevel-marketing operation.

The Tampa Bay Lightning - the most talented, most humiliated and therefore most dangerous team in the NHL - notch in around US$33-million. Through a different route, the Lightning have managed the same thing.

That leaves the Leafs in what's known around your house as a budget crunch. Except your house isn't competing for anything.

And when someone comes home to your place and says, "Bad news. We have to get rid of the car," your kids aren't going to say, "Mom, dad, we appreciate all you've done for this organization, but we're gonna have to go with a different approach. We wish you all the best of luck with your next family."

There are two ways of looking at this right now - the Leafs have secured their future; or, the Leafs have bought themselves a golden parachute (since gold has a way of getting you to the ground a lot faster than you'd intended).

That window of contention people are always talking about didn't just open. Instead, it's starting to close. The club has this season, and this season only, to prove it has made the right choices.

This is what happens when you take risks, which should always be applauded in sport. But doing the right sports thing is not synonymous with doing the correct thing. You don't know a right thing is correct until it works out.

If it doesn't, it was wrong by definition.

Signing John Tavares to the biggest contract in club history was the right thing, but it created a grab-all-you-can-for-yourself atmosphere for everyone else.

William Nylander was emboldened to climb onto the contract barricades. Rather than put him in hockey jail for a year, the Leafs gave him what he wanted. That doesn't look so smart in retrospect.

Auston Matthews got paid, which is also right, but a simultaneous deal wasn't done with Marner - even if was just a nod and a wink - setting up a second opportunity for off-season brinksmanship.

The Leafs did all the right things, but in the wrong order.

Whether the ordering of it was their choice (it wasn't), that's how you end up paying more for your elite talent than any team has before. And it still ends you up in a financial pickle that cannot be solved by saying, "We didn't want to do it this way." Try that one at the mortgage department of your bank and see how far it gets you.

Another problem, with creating a situation in which siblings rush to grab as much of mom and dad's money as possible, is that no one is particularly satisfied after getting what they want.

When he'd done his deal, Marner did the usual "I bleed blue" routine, while also complaining about how hard this all was. He told TSN some kid yelled at him in a park.

This year, with front-loaded bonuses, he'll make more than anyone in the NHL. Maybe it's not yet time for him to be writing The Sad Ballad of Mitch Marner.

On the European continent, if you don't play well, the more unbalanced fans will sneak into the stadium overnight and dig you an imaginary grave, or throw flaming Vespas at you from the stands. North Americans - professional athletes, as well as all the rest of us - have a very poor basis from which to bemoan their lot in life, but it has never stopped them.

Getting the paperwork in order is great and all, but now the Leafs have to win. Not should win, or would love to win, or believe they can win. But must win.

Because if they don't win - and a single postseason round is no longer the benchmark - the operation begins to blow smoke and pop rivets.

The first thing that will happen is a power struggle within the hierarchy. The coach comes under enormous pressure. The GM only slightly less so. That struggle inevitably begins leaking out into public. It usually ends with someone packing all their stuff into boxes.

Then you have to go out and secure your remaining talent with reduced resources. It's great that new arrival Tyson Barrie looks like the real deal. It will seem somewhat less so if the Leafs lose again and he then asks for a substantial raise. Getting defencemen under contract will imminently become a crisis for the team.

Goalie Frederik Andersen is not the best Leaf, but he is the most important. If he gets hurt, the team's top backup option is three jumbo bags of flour strapped into pads.

Andersen's going to be looking for a raise in a couple of years and, based on the way Kyle Dubas & Co. have been splashing around cash, he's unlikely to limit his financial aspiration.

This could conceivably work if the salary cap rises steeply, but that's a basis for prayer rather than planning.

The worst thing about being short of money (rather than honest-to-God poor, which is a unique hardship) is the worrying.

Worrying is contagious and non-conducive to performance.

It brings out the best in some people, but the Leafs - historically and presently - have not yet shown themselves to be those sort of people. Expectations seem to eat them from the inside out.

None of them - up and down the organization, top to bottom - has felt pressure like this before.

By April, it will be the weight of the world.

Once there, they probably have to get through the Bruins or the Lightning, and maybe both.

Things haven't got easier since the last time they got this bit wrong, despite the hurrah-ing over recent administrative successes. They've got harder.

Then we'll see if all this money has bought the Leafs something that becomes precious material under extreme stress, or something more brittle.

Associated Graphic

With his front-loaded bonuses, Toronto Maple Leafs right wing Mitch Marner - seen with Leafs general manager Kyle Dubas in Paradise, Nfld., on Saturday - will earn more than anyone in the NHL this season.

PAUL DALY/ THE CANADIAN PRESS

FINE CHINA
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The more-is-more look of historic porcelain might seem at odds with today's minimal interiors. But many ceramicists are embracing an over-the-top approach to spice up their collections
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By MATTHEW HAGUE
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page P40


The Porcelain Room at the Palace of Aranjuez, just outside of Madrid, is a wonder to behold.

Aside from the floor, which is a mosaic of vibrant marble, ceramic sculptures encase almost every inch of the Rococo space. Parrots and monkeys flit between palm trees on the walls and ceiling; mini statues of Chinese porcelain merchants, some toting beautiful parasols and fans, can be spotted amongst the vibrantly coloured flowers.

The room, a former games parlour for princes and princesses, was built in the mid-18th century as a testament to porcelain's importance to the Spanish royal court. During the Age of Enlightenment, the country's ceramics were so prized and were such a valuable trading commodity that the techniques of local manufacturers were considered official state secrets.

To modern eyes, all the finery, in its unabashed baroque glory, begs a big design question: Whatever happened to opulence? It's easy to walk into a ceramics store and feel that today's pottery is either rustic, minimal or sappily sentimental. But a group of young porcelain artists are using technology like 3-D printing to explore unexpected themes from sex to climate change through bold porcelain pieces well-suited to contemporary interiors.

Toronto's Lana Filippone is one such practitioner. At first glance, her pieces have a Victorian quality. The Under the Rose series features bunches of flowers framed by the kind of delicate, carved moulding common in 19th-century mansions. When you look closer, though, Filippone's macabre - even occult - sensibilities have more in common with the fashion collections of Alexander McQueen than the historic pieces filling the table for a state banquet at Buckingham Palace. The centres of the roses feature unblinking eyes and the petals support giant, gold-dipped bees, tiny skulls and obelisks.

In addition to a gothic aesthetic, her objects also have a distinctly modern purpose. A few years ago, at the Louvre in Paris, Filippone unveiled new pieces drawing attention to Canadian species at risk. One wall hanging, a sumptuously rendered relief of an owl in a gilt frame, is both gorgeous and ghostly, underscoring the sad idea that one day soon, the only place to see such majestic creatures might be in museum shows, not nature.

Filippone's interest in the natural world is echoed by other, much larger porcelain producers. Spain's Lladro, long famous for dainty figurines (often, men and women swooning in each other's arms), recently released a domed table lamp covered in silver dragonflies.

The fixture elevates the importance of the insect to the level of art.

Similarly, if more abstractly, American designer Ted Muehling has collaborated with Nymphenburg, one of Europe's longest-running ceramics houses, on his Tortoise collection, tableware whose undulated forms are patterned after reptilian shells.

The spirit of subversion is a mainstay of Toronto's Pansy Ass Ceramics. The studio is run by partners Kris Aaron and Andrew Walker and produces the kind of tchotchkes any grandma or grandpa would love: white bowls and vases adorned with pretty floral patterns. What makes their wares a little less old-timey, though, are the not-so-subtle references to carnal pleasures. A bunch of roses might be painted next to gilded ball gags popping out of a sculpted mouth that, Dali-style, protrude uncannily out of nowhere. Some of their vases take their shapes from sex toys.

"In the past, porcelain collections were seen as symbols of status and wealth in a patriarchal society," Aaron says. "We thought it would be the perfect avenue to approach under-represented ideas on gender and sexuality. We work with themes like homoerotic pleasure, fetish and shame and try to represent them in beautiful ways. We like to think we're creating objects that people can display proudly in their homes." Clearly many people agree. Pansy Ass counts actor Amy Sedaris and singer Elton John as fans.

Japanese artist Hitomi Hosono is another emerging designer whose work is part of high-profile collections. Her obsessively detailed, hyper-realistic ceramics can be found at the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum in London, as well as the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum in New York city. Her international dealer, Adrian Sassoon, regularly sells out of her work despite the steep price tags (a small box might cost close to $4,000).

Among today's ceramists, her work is perhaps the closest in detail to her baroque forbearers. There's no apparent irony, just a sense of the surreal, as though the bowls and vases are somehow bursting to life, sprouting foliage like a well-fertilized summer garden. Achieving that dynamism isn't easy. Even the smallest vessels can take three or four months to hand produce.

Hosono's labour intensive approach might be one reason that ornate ceramics fell out of favour. It takes an extremely special artisan to maintain such incessant focus in a world where faster is deemed better. Some designers, however, are embracing new technologies to bring back historic intricacy.

For his Curves:Stacks series of vases, American ceramicist Bryan Czibesz uses a 3-D printer he built himself to extrude the kind of mind-bending shapes that would be hard to achieve otherwise - complex curves that organically fold in and out, a bit like sea coral or a Frank Gehry building.

Likewise, Turkish artist Emre Can also uses a 3-D printer to produce complex pieces. His Seljuk series is based on traditional Turkish latticework and the interlocking star patterns found in Middle Eastern architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries. Yet instead of pure homage, he's abstracted the reference by twisting and skewing it, and washing it with ombres of blue.

"The most important thing in these pieces is to combine the past and the future," Can says. "The Seljuk star is a traditional motif, but I added new shape to these forms. I didn't know what the forms would look like. I wanted to do something completely experimental."

Associated Graphic

The Porcelain Hall at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez in Madrid was done up in an explosion of ceramic details by Italian sculptor Giuseppe Gricci to emphasize the importance of fine pottery to 18th-century Spain. It's enjoying renewed awareness thanks to its very social media-friendly aesthetic.

In this mirrored photo illustration, a collage of ceramic pieces reflects the medium's new opulence. Lana Filippone's work (vignette in gold frame, flowers, eyeball and bee details) ornately raises awareness of species at risk, while a Lladró table lamp focuses more on the decorative form of dragonflies. A Bryan Czibesz vessel (bowl with interlocking detail) achieves its intricate look with the help of a 3-D printer, as does the Seljuk Unity Raku Vase by Emre Can (tall piece with undulating channels). Hitomi Hosono's A Pine Tree Tower (sculpture with pine needle texture), Pansy Ass Ceramics' floral gag bowl and Ted Muehlin's branch candlesticks each offer an unexpected take on porcelain art and housewares.

Thursday, September 12, 2019

U.S. shale oil boom goes sour as investors balk at runaway growth
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By TIM SHUFELT
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1


The energy bust that clobbered Canada's oil patch has spread south of the border.

For years, the U.S. oil and gas industry remained resilient even as its Canadian counterpart fell out of favour with investors and global energy giants fled the country.

But now, high fliers in the U.S. oil industry have succumbed to a bear-market playbook well known in Canada.

Market sentiment has turned against the sector, bankruptcies have jumped, drilling is in sharp decline and exploration and production (E&P) stocks have crumbled, all despite a 20-per-cent rise in U.S.

crude prices so far this year.

The U.S. shale revolution is in turmoil.

Investors have grown intolerant of unrestrained production by companies that favour growth over profitability, fuelled by a constant influx of capital.

In a world awash in oil supply, investors are increasingly demanding something else of U.S.

energy companies - rising profit margins, shareholder payouts and cautious growth.

"Investing in oil and gas companies has historically been driven by growth in production. All of a sudden, investors are saying, 'I'll give you money, but I want a dividend and I want near-term returns,' " said Peter Tertzakian, director of the ARC Energy Research Institute.

Over the past five years, the Canadian oil patch has slashed costs and remade itself in accordance with those principles, although you can't tell that from their stock prices, which remain historically depressed. Canadian producers continue to grapple with a powerful confluence of negative forces, including environmental concerns around carbon emissions, competition from alternative energy sources and pipeline constraints.

The shift in global oil markets from scarcity to abundance in recent years can be largely traced back to the U.S. shale oil boom.

The use of hydraulic fracturing to extract oil from shale deposits has transformed the energy market over the past decade and made the U.S. the largest oil and gas producer in the world.

Surging shale production was the primary contributor behind the global oil glut that emerged in 2014, sending U.S. crude prices from more than US$100 a barrel down to a low of US$26.

Canadian energy never really recovered. The group of E&P stocks in the S&P/TSX Composite Index is trading nearly 70 per cent below its 2014 peak.

The latest example of oil patch hardship came last week when Obsidian Energy Ltd., formerly called Penn West Petroleum Ltd., said it's exploring "strategic alternatives" after a failed asset sale. Once one of Canada's largest producers, Obsidian's market capitalization has fallen from more than $12billion in 2011 to less than $100million today.

U.S. oil and gas stocks were also hammered by the 2014-15 oil sell-off, but shale production subsequently rebounded.

Last year, U.S. crude output grew by 17 per cent over the prior year, hitting an average of nearly 11 million barrels a day. And shale production grew at a quicker pace last year than in the boom period of 2011-14, according to the International Energy Agency.

"They've been able to do these things as they haven't had the same sort of political pipeline risk as Canada," said Patrick O'Rourke, an energy equity analyst at Altacorp Capital Inc.

Despite dismal equity performance, in an era of easy money, shale companies have largely been able to access the capital they need to drill at will.

Critics have long maintained that the shale boom, financed by heavy borrowing with little regard for profitability, is unsustainable.

Last year, only seven out of 29 U.S. shale producers made more money than they spent on drilling and payouts to shareholders, according to Thomson Reuters.

This year, however, the U.S.

shale oil industry seems to have hit a wall.

Highly leveraged companies are struggling to service their debt while the costs of refinancing have spiked, contributing to a rash of bankruptcy filings.

As of July, high-yield energy bond issuance had fallen by 40 per cent over the prior year, according to Fitch ratings.

Several shale companies are cutting budgets and staff, while scaling back on drilling plans.

The U.S. now has 898 working rigs, which is down by 17 per cent from the start of the year, according to energy-services company Baker Hughes. In Texas, home to much of the Permian Basin - the heart of the U.S. shale boom - there were almost four times more rigs drilling at the end of 2018 than there are now.

And over the past year, the average valuation on independent E&Ps within the S&P 500 index has fallen by half.

"Investors have been burned for quite some time, and they're calling for free cash flow and returning capital to shareholders," said Morgan Kwan, vice-president at RS Energy Group in Calgary.

Canadian producers have responded to a similar call on this side of the border. Since the collapse of oil prices started in 2014, the industry has consolidated, paid down debt, pared back costs and deferred growth plans.

"The Canadian industry has become very good at bringing this stuff out of the ground at much lower cost than back in 2014," Mr. Tertzakian said.

"Many of these companies have higher cash flow today than they did with $100-per-barrel oil."

West Texas Intermediate currently trades at about US$55 a barrel.

Most producers are currently restricted by mandatory production cuts, which were put in place by the Alberta government in 2018 to help address the pipeline-capacity shortage and reduce the discount on Alberta crude. In August, curtailment was extended to the end of 2020.

Over the past two weeks or so, Canadian energy stocks have received a bit of support, with E&Ps rising by about 15 per cent.

That barely puts a dent in the losses realized over the past five years, but could be an early sign of investors recognizing value in the oil patch, Mr. O'Rourke said.

Although a solution to the sector's transportation problems is nowhere in sight, aside from increasing the capacity to ship oil by rail, there is still U.S. demand for oil sands exports, Mr.

Tertzakian said.

U.S. sanctions against Venezuela's national oil company have left U.S. Gulf Coast refiners without a key supplier of heavy crude.

But even a pipeline is no silver bullet. After years of underperformance, the industry needs to regain the faith of investors by demonstrating it can abide by this new paradigm of profitability over growth, Mr. Tertzakian said.

"Show me you can do it over and over again without any problems."

Associated Graphic

An employee works near a drill pipe in Midland, Tex., in mid-February. Despite remaining resilient for years, the U.S. oil and gas industry is in turmoil as investors have new demands for the country's energy companies.

NICK OXFORD/REUTERS

Beautiful, sustainable
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Environmentally conscious homeowner seized the opportunity to build a house for herself and her family that is not only LEED Platinum-certified, but stylish and eclectic
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By MATTHEW HAGUE
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H6


OTTAWA -- Nadine Martel's house, around the corner from Ottawa's Westboro Beach, has impressive sustainability stats.

Compared with the typical home, Ms. Martel's place produces 65 per cent less greenhouse gases and requires 75 per cent less water to irrigate the landscaping (including the blueberry bushes on the green roof). Further helping cut carbon, it's a mere 500 metres from the nearest public transit, although the garage also has an electric charging station for a Tesla or two. Because of the above, it's certified LEED Platinum, one of the country's most stringent designations for environmental design. There are only 109 other LEED Platinum homes in Ontario, and 845 across Canada, according to the Canada Green Building Council.

A house with such eco-credibility could only suggest two things.

One, an environmentally obsessed homeowner. Which, in this case, is accurate. Ms. Martel is a management consultant who has spent much of her career focusing on energy efficiency.

That's why when she had the opportunity to build a home for herself - as well as her husband and kids - just more than three years ago, she wanted to live by the ethos she professes to her clients.

Unfortunately, it might also suggest that the place looks, well, weird, possibly with the dated hippie-aesthetic that often comes part and parcel with green design (think a geodesic dome topped with straw bales and adobe). Such aesthetic drawbacks have long plagued sustainable architecture.

Over the past decade, many articles have been written bemoaning that exact fact, including a 2009 piece on Treehugger.com, a champion of all things ecofriendly, simply called Why Is So Much Green Architecture So Ugly?

"We wanted the house to be LEED Platinum," Ms. Martel says.

"But we also wanted to have a comfortable, pleasant house to live in."

To achieve the right balance, Ms. Martel engaged a LEED consultant to help with the finer points of the designation. She also started talking to a contractor, the Lake Partnership, and an architecture studio, Linebox, both of whom had worked together before to successfully build slick, contemporary homes. All of this before she even found the right site.

The team helped Ms. Martel evaluate the properties she was considering, both from a sustainability as well as an aesthetic perspective. At the outset, the one she eventually bought had much higher potential for the latter, particularly because of the location. It overlooks the Ottawa River, steps from the neighbourhood beach. It is also closer to Ottawa's financial district than Ms. Martel's previous home, which was a key reason for moving. ("It used to take three buses to get into the core," she says, whereas now it only takes one.)

Complicating the picture, though, was that there was an existing house on the property that was the opposite of sustainable.

Originally, Ms. Martel wanted to reduce the energy required in any major construction project by renovating, not replacing. But because the pile was poorly built, with walls like sieves, it was extremely inefficient to heat and cool. Her LEED consultant told her that in the long run, it would take less greenhouse gas emissions to start over than to try and fix such a big problem - advice that ultimately helped persuade her to close on the property.

"It was a 1970s, suburban cut and paste bungalow," says Andrew Reeves, Ms. Martel's architect and the founder of Linebox.

"At one point we talked about just trying to reuse the foundations, but they not well constructed enough so we had to strip them out. We did, however, go to extremes to re-use and donate as much as possible from the original house to eliminate unnecessary waste."

In the replacement house, a lot of the sustainability features are technical and in the background - such as the heat-recovery systems and grey-water cisterns that reduce the amount of new energy and fresh water required to keep the place going. Likewise, with the architecture, the massing is a composition of intersecting volumes, in part to match the eclectic context of the surrounding street. But the boxes also help with passive heating and cooling, creating a design of solid, sun-rebuffing cubes and more open voids that let the light pour in.

"It's funny to me that sustainability and architecture have been separated from each other," Mr. Reeves says. "To me, good design should automatically consider things such as heating, cooling, wind and sun. We wanted the house to fit with the neighbours, meet zoning requirements and avoid going to the committee of adjustments. We also did a lot of light studies to understand how the massing we wanted would work with the sun."

Inside, careful attention was paid to use finishes that are both stylish and sustainable. The floors are a beautiful, blonde oak. Typically, such hardwoods take a lot of energy to grow, let alone process and ship. But Ms. Martel sourced the surface from a local shop that specializes in reclaimed lumber, hauling the timbers up from the floor of the Ottawa River, where they had been submerged, likely after falling off a logging boat more than 200 years ago. Elsewhere, ash was used that had been felled locally to limit the spread of the invasive emerald ash bore beetle, preventing the material from simply being put into a wood chipper. The distinct grey bricks that wrap around both the interior and exterior of the house were sourced locally from an Ontario masonry, cutting down on the energy to import them from Europe or the U.S.

In addition to the home's underlying pragmatism, there is also a poetry in the spaces. It's particularly evident in the central atrium, "which is the social hub of the house," says Mr. Reeves, as it connects the upstairs bedrooms with the ground floor living areas including a music room. On one wall, stairs cascade down with a hard rail that is meant to look like piano keys, facing a wall of windows framing the river. "They're amazing windows," says Ms. Martel. "They're huge and they're triple glazed. They also look out at a beautiful view."

Associated Graphic

Nadine Martel's sustainable home in Ottawa, designed by architecture studio Linebox and contractor Lake Partnership, is composed of intersecting volumes that help with passive heating and cooling to create a design of solid, sun-rebuffing cubes.

PHOTOS BY JUSTIN VAN LEEUWAN

In the central atrium of Ms. Martel's house, stairs cascade down with a hard rail, crafted to look like piano keys, facing a wall of windows that frame the Ottawa River.

Ms. Martel's house produces 65 per cent less greenhouse gases and requires 75 per cent less water to irrigate the landscaping than the typical home. Inside, the floors are made of blonde oak sourced from a local shop that specializes in reclaimed lumber.

A philosopher for troubled times
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Martha Nussbaum argues in her latest book that dignity flows not from the ability to make moral decisions, but rather from sentience itself
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By AIDAN JOHNSON
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R10


'The gates of the cosmic city," Martha Nussbaum writes, "must open to all." The "cosmic city" here is the global community envisioned by the cosmopolitan - the citizen whose loyalty is to the whole of humanity. In her new book, The Cosmopolitan Tradition, Nussbaum argues that if aspiring global citizens are true to the best arguments for the universal human dignity they claim to revere, a particular consequence ensues: The circle of those held to have moral rights expands.

The cosmopolitan will thus be obliged to work for deep and real freedoms, for fellow beings whom cosmopolitan ethics has historically excluded or slighted: migrants, the mentally disabled, non-human animals.

The Cosmopolitan Tradition is profound, beautifully written and inspiring. It proves that Nussbaum deserves her reputation as one of the greatest modern philosophers. For Nussbaum, dignity flows not from the ability to make moral decisions, as the Stoics (architects of the cosmopolitan way) long held. Rather, dignity flows from the awe-inspiring fact of sentience. Nussbaum argues that cosmopolitan ethics can only be set right by a searching re-evaluation of who that ethics assigns dignity to (and of what that "vague" dignity is, and is not). Doing this intellectual work is hard. But the reward, it turns out, is a true cosmopolitan view: a map to a "cosmic city," where we all have the resources to lead good lives.

The rights of migrants, for their part, are in a strange limbo pursuant to the cosmopolitan tradition. Indeed, the tradition is silent on the question of migrant rights. For the tradition does not acknowledge the power and claim of national boundaries - those very real barriers that are the migrant's stumbling block. The basic solution Nussbaum sketches is a renewed, accidentally ironic respect for the legitimacy of national sovereignty on the part of the aspiring global citizen, combined with a real but limited place for international law.

There has been something rotten in the idealized "cosmic city," Nussbaum says, since Diogenes the Cynic first mapped that vision's outline in fourth century BCE.

In calling himself "cosmopolitan," Diogenes evoked a global citizenship that rejects rank, wealth, gender and city itself as worthy recipients of fealty. His claimed loyalty was to all people, everywhere.

Nussbaum sees this "Cynic starting point" to cosmopolitanism as good. But Diogenes saw voluntary poverty as a core virtue. As Nussbaum observes, this policy provides no basis for the redistribution of wealth needed to create real justice, and to make equality practical. Nussbaum's criticism of the cosmopolitan tradition proceeds from this admirably pragmatic concern.

The Stoics refined Diogenes's proposal - in ancient Greece and Rome, but also in the modern Stoic-influenced cosmopolitan tradition. (Nussbaum focuses illuminatingly on Grotius and Adam Smith as examples of key thinkers who corrected much in the Stoic cosmopolitan tradition, while at the same time building on it.) The ancient Stoics envisioned "the cosmic city" as the true, global community of humans, understood as bound together with a divine moral energy giving rise to universal rights and obligations. But Nussbaum has worries about how the Stoics conceive of the human dignity so admirably protected by those global duties and rights.

The Stoics held dignity to be totally invincible, so long as the capacity for moral decision-making remained intact. The idealized Stoic sage could truly flourish - lead an excellent life - in any situation, so long as she exercised her moral reason wisely, that is, dispassionately. She just had to keep her cool. For the Stoics, the victim tortured on the rack is not in a truly worse situation that the person who is spared, for both have intact moral capacity.

Nussbaum responds to the flaws in the Stoic approach in a few ways. Bitingly, she observes that torture (and bad luck in its many forms) can indeed sap or shatter our ability to think morally and indeed our ability to think at all. And, more to her central point, Nussbaum here amplifies her concerns about Diogenes's voluntary poverty. The Stoics suggest that we all ought to be cosmopolitan, not minding our own material deficits nor those of the rest of humanity - that multitude whose moral capacity we nonetheless honour.

But, as Nussbaum argues, this accidentally elitist view provides nothing for the systems of education needed to build up people's moral reason. Nor does it provide for health care and other services essential to making the idea of human dignity mean something coherent. In these ways, the Stoics (and their modern heirs) fail cosmopolitanism's potential. Part of the genius of Nussbaum's book is that it makes these ancient arguments sing in a contemporary key.

Nussbaum is perhaps most famous for her articulation of the Capabilities Approach - an ethical framework for social development that focuses on the freedoms humans need for physical and spiritual flourishing.

In The Cosmopolitan Tradition, Nussbaum proposes that morally serious people have to start respecting and facilitating the capabilities of non-human animals, too. This is one key way to the potential purification of cosmopolitanism.

"The idea of justice," Nussbaum writes, "thus becomes, so to speak, not just horizontal, extending over the entire globe, but ... vertical (though this is something of a misnomer, since no animals are lower or higher than others in the evaluative sense), extending into the depths of the oceans and high up into the air, and embracing many different creatures."

Nussbaum does not go so far as to say that dignity, and thus rights, ought to be assigned to plants.

She limits her explicit expansion of cosmic "citizenship" to non-human animals. This is regrettable. At the shocking rate at which rare plant species are being lost, and at which the Amazon is burning, we need a true language of rights for wildflowers and trees. But Nussbaum's view of "perception" and "ability to move" as markers of "creatures" with dignity provides a basis for inclusion of plants in the future. And, on the flip-side, if the world were to embrace Nussbaum's proposals for animals, fragile ecosystems would be preserved, and their plant "citizens" with them.

We still have opportunities to realize the corrected and practical vision of global citizenship that Nussbaum offers.

We have a federal election in Canada this fall - a democratic race, in which several credible parties are debating the most important national and global issues. The United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration began this year, building on the work and spirit of the UN Decade on Biodiversity just ended. If we are true to the revised, and thus authentically universal and loving cosmopolitanism for which Nussbaum argues, that new Decade may well bear fruit.

The Cosmopolitan Tradition: A Noble But Flawed Ideal BY MARTHA NUSSBAUM HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS 320 PAGES

Associated Graphic

Martha Nussbaum accepts the Prince of Asturias Award for Social Sciences in Oviedo, Spain, in 2012.

JUAN MANUEL SERRANO ARCE/AP

Forget a recession - the real challenge is slow growth
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Economists, analysts say signs point to stagnation rather than disaster, but that doesn't mean everything is peachy
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By IAN MCGUGAN
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B10


A growing number of people are beginning to think about what was once considered unthinkable - the prospect of zero, or even negative, interest rates in the world's largest economy.

Alan Greenspan, the former chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve, said last week it is only a matter of time before the subzero rates in Europe and Japan spread to the United States. Jamie Dimon, chief executive of JPMorgan Chase & Co., the biggest U.S.

bank, told an investment conference on Tuesday his company is already analyzing how to deal with zero interest rates, on the remote chance they do arrive.

Then on Wednesday, U.S. President Donald Trump added his two (negative) cents, using his Twitter pulpit to urge the "boneheads" at the Federal Reserve to cut interest rates to "zero, or less."

What should investors make of this chatter? If zero rates, or negative rates, do come to pass, the big winners would be bondholders, since the price of bonds goes up as rates fall.

The problem with this investing thesis is that it is by no means certain rates will fall much from here, no matter what Mr. Trump tweets. While falling interest rates and recessionary fears were the overriding market themes in August, sentiment has shifted in September. It now appears that those betting on big rate cuts may have gotten a bit ahead of themselves.

Investors spent August rushing into the supposed haven of bonds because of spiralling fear about a slowing global economy and a potential U.S.-China trade war. One key indicator, the difference between yields on two-year and 10-year Treasury bonds, inverted its typical pattern late in the month. This is usually a reliable sign of a U.S. recession ahead.

But the latest economic news doesn't suggest a recession is imminent. The jobs markets in Canada and the United States continue to chug along, with unemployment levels hovering around half-century lows. Canadian home starts have bounced back; U.S. retail sales are holding up well. Factories around the world are struggling under the threat of a trade war, but the much larger services sector is still soldiering ahead, according to surveys of purchasing managers.

So much for apocalypse now.

Bond yields have crept upward in recent days as investors emerge from their bunkers. North American stock-market indexes are holding near record highs. And the inversion in the spread between 10-year and two-year Treasuries has ended.

The market's sudden change of heart doesn't mean everything is peachy, but does suggest that maybe, just maybe, investors had grown too obsessed with the possibility of a sudden 2008-style crash.

"None of the usual causes of recession appear to be lurking on the horizon in the world's major advanced economies," Neil Shearing, group chief economist at Capital Economics, wrote in a note this week. Rather than an outright recession, he said, "the bigger threat is a prolonged period of low growth and low inflation."

Analysts at Citigroup have a similar viewpoint. "Our base case has been for a sustained period of global economic stagnation," Jeremy Hale wrote. His team argues that more rate-cutting by central banks will continue to support stocks, while the tariff war between the United States and China continues to cast a pall over world trade. Over all, the Citigroup researchers recommend holding slightly less in stocks than normal, but they aren't running for the hills.

Their lack of panic reflects, in part, the lack of obvious havens.

Bonds are the traditional refuge for nervous investors, but the recent fall in bond yields means many bond investors are now locking in a loss if they hold bonds to maturity.

In comparison, stocks - especially ones with good dividend yields - look rather tempting. In Canada, the United States and most other advanced economies, major stock indexes now pay out more in dividends than government bonds offer in interest payments. Why settle for a measly 1.4 per cent in interest from a 10-year Government of Canada bond, when you can buy an index fund that tracks the S&P/TSX Composite Index and get double that payout in dividends?

Bonds still make sense if you believe central banks will aggressively cut interest rates to spur flagging growth or if you are convinced a recession lies directly ahead. However, neither possibility seems as likely as it did a month ago.

The trade tensions between the U.S. and China remain a major cause of worry, but the announcement earlier this month that the two sides would resume face-to-face talks in October has offered hope the two countries may yet strike a deal.

Meanwhile, the recent flurry of decent economic data has dimmed expectations for a big rate cut at the Fed's meeting on Sept. 17 and 18. Markets had once hoped for a cut of half a percentage point. Now, a quarter-percentage-cut seems far more likely. In addition, the futures market is now predicting less than a 50per-cent chance of a rate cut by the Bank of Canada before mid-2020.

Some commentators are sounding more optimistic - at least, if you define an optimist as someone who doesn't expect an imminent recession.

Mr. Shearing at Capital Economics argues that recessions usually have one of six causes: central banks raising interest rates, governments cutting spending, the bursting of a debt bubble, the bursting of a housing bubble, a balance-of-payments crisis or a banking crisis. None of those factors are ringing alarm bells right now, he says. Central banks are cutting rates, governments appear prepared to spend more, and it's hard to spot an obvious bubble that could crash the global economy.

In the United States, the most likely scenario is a slowdown, not a recession, according to Dean Baker, senior economist at the Center for Economic and Policy Research in Washington. The U.S.

economy has evolved away from sectors, such as home building and auto production, that are prone to big swings, he said in a recent analysis. It now depends more on areas, such as medical services, that don't gyrate with the business cycle.

Growth will slow as a result of trade tensions and the fading impact of Trump tax cuts, but "there is not an obvious recession story on the horizon," Mr. Baker wrote.

So, what is an investor to do in this scenario? A slowing economy would be bad news for the frothiest sectors of the stock market. However, it would be neutral to good for bonds even if rates don't head to zero. In this uncertain environment, tilting your portfolio toward bonds and defensive, dividend-paying stocks isn't exactly an exciting strategy, but it makes more sense than the alternatives.

Trade minister says EDC must learn from past business 'mistakes'
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By MATTHEW MCCLEARN, GEOFFREY YORK
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


International Trade Minister Jim Carr has told Export Development Canada to improve its human-rights, transparency and anti-corruption practices, and said in an interview with The Globe and Mail that the federal agency had made "mistakes."

In a letter to EDC's board conveying his expectations for 2020, Mr. Carr cited EDC's "unfortunate involvement" in a 2015 loan of US$41-million to support Bombardier Inc.'s sale of a luxury jet to the Gupta brothers, who have been at the heart of a corruption scandal that toppled Jacob Zuma from South Africa's presidency.

He also referenced a World Bank audit, which accused Bombardier of colluding with officials at Azerbaijan Railways to win a rail-signalling contract.

Meanwhile, a review of Bombardier's anti-corruption policies by law firm McCarthy Tétrault, which began in July, has triggered a halt in business between the company and EDC. The Crown corporation said it "cannot speculate" how long the review will take; Bombardier confirmed to The Globe that it won't request any more loans until it's complete. Mr. Carr said recent public admissions by EDC marked a culture shift. "The early evidence, from our perspective, is that mistakes were made, lessons have been learned and they are now being applied," Mr. Carr said in the interview. "Compared to where I believe we have been, we're in a better place."

EDC supports Canadian exporters with a variety of financial services including loans, guarantees and receivables insurance. A Globe investigation this year highlighted its support for companies facing allegations of corruption, human-rights violations and environmental damage, and identified apparent lapses in EDC's due-diligence procedures and favouritism for politically influential clients.

Bombardier is EDC's top customer. According to a Globe analysis, EDC has issued 229 loans since 2002 that supported Bombardier, worth somewhere between $20billion and $47-billion. (EDC only discloses broad ranges of possible value for its transactions.)

That's an average of about a dozen loans each year, most of which support aircraft sales. EDC announced only two loans to Bombardier this year, the latest on June 10.

Earlier this year, EDC revealed that it had suspended all support for SNC-Lavalin in 2014 after a series of corruption allegations involving that company. That suspension ended in 2017 after a review satisfied EDC that SNC had taken "significant corrective actions." (The suspension wasn't disclosed at the time; Unlike the World Bank, EDC does not publish a list of debarred companies.)

EDC declined to comment on whether it had placed any restrictions on Bombardier. "Right now, we're focused on the thirdparty review," wrote spokeswoman Shelley MacLean in a statement.

The agency reports to Parliament through the Trade Minister, but the government says its wholly owned agency operates "at arm's length." Critics have accused the government of allowing EDC to operate without proper oversight, even when its activities clash with the federal government's priorities and obligations.

Mr. Carr said that the government's main responsibility regarding EDC is to select its leadership. EDC board chair Martine Irman was appointed in late 2017; former Bombardier executive Mairead Lavery became president and chief executive officer in February. She replaced Benoit Daignault, whose fiveyear tenure was marked by several controversial transactions, including the loan involving the Guptas.

"We've changed the leadership of EDC and we're very pleased with the direction that new leadership is taking," Mr.

Carr said.

There are indications of closer federal supervision since Mr.

Carr assumed his post in the summer of 2018 - although some of the improvements seemingly underline previous oversight gaps.

The government appoints EDC's board. Last year, a report by the Auditor-General deemed EDC's corporate governance deficient because terms of eight of its 12 board members had expired, and one position was vacant. That has been rectified: EDC reports that there are no vacancies on its board, nor directors with expired terms.

EDC is in the midst of a oncea-decade legislative review, a process that in the late 1990s and 2000s had been largely outsourced to consultants. For the latest review, officials in Mr.

Carr's department assumed a direct role in authoring a report examining EDC's performance in fulfilling its mandate.

Released in June, that report noted that because the government had no representatives on EDC's board, federal departments couldn't access board briefing materials. It recommended that information henceforth be supplied regularly. In his letter to Ms. Irman, Mr. Carr demanded EDC provide him with those materials.

EDC declined to comment on whether it would comply. "This is a new request," it said in a statement. "We are committed to working with the minister and officials to make sure the government has the appropriate info to exercise good governance. Those conversations are under way."

Both EDC and Mr. Carr's office reported increased communication with each other during the past year. Mr. Carr's letter noted that Ms. Lavery had "initiated regular calls with the Deputy Minister of International Trade and the Deputy Minister of Finance," and encouraged her to continue doing so.

Patricia Adams, executive director of non-governmental organization Probe International, has been a vocal EDC critic for decades. "Nothing meaningful has changed in their behaviour," she said.

Karyn Keenan, director of Above Ground and another longstanding EDC critic, said she'd observed no significant modifications to EDC's policies on transparency, corruption, human rights and the environment.

Above Ground objected to several of EDC's transactions this year, including the two loans to Bombardier. It also protested against a loan of between $500million and $1-billion announced in May that benefited Teck Resources Ltd., a company Above Ground has accused of "significant pollution problems" in British Columbia and elsewhere.

"I wonder if Minister Carr is aware of the frequency with which EDC supports companies that are associated with very credible allegations of corruption, human-rights abuse and environmental damage," Ms.

Keenan said. "There's only one logical conclusion, and it's that EDC cannot be trusted with the level of discretion it has." She called for greater federal oversight, including assigning the Auditor-General to review the performance of EDC's internal controls concerning human rights and environmental matters.

EDC operates under less supervision and regulation than private-sector financial institutions. It is not subject to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act, nor oversight from the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI). Asked whether Mr. Carr supported applying these to EDC, a spokesperson responded that "these are excellent questions for consideration through the legislative review."

Associated Graphic

A review of Bombardier's anti-corruption policies has triggered a halt in business between the company and Export Development Canada.

JUSTIN TANG/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

A composition of cubes in the country
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Architect Craig Race and his high-school vice-principal see eye to eye on designs for the educator's dream home
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By DAVE LEBLANC
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H4


COBOURG, ONT. -- 'You see them come in as little Grade 9s - big eyes and scared of the world - and you see them all dressed up at prom and graduation, ready to take it on, and from there, their talent just goes like this," says Hastings and Prince Edward District School Board superintendent of education Laina Andrews as she creates an upward arc with her hand.

Sitting a few feet away at the kitchen island, one of those former big-eyed kids - now a tall, regular-eyed, married architect with a second child on the way - cradles a cup of coffee and tries to remain humble, even though he's obviously proud of the home he designed for Ms. Andrews in 2016.

The last time Craig Race and the tanned, athletic, sixtysomething spent this much time together, she was his vice-principal at CDCI West in Cobourg, Ont., and Mr.

Race was an eager - if slightly annoying - member of student council.

"He wasn't in the office a lot," she counters with a laugh. "[But] they were always trying to get away with doing crazy things that I had to really think about before I said yes or no."

When Ms. Andrews looked up Mr. Race 15 years later, he was a rising star at Toronto firm Sustainable, and she was searching for land in the Cobourg/Port Hope area (about 100 kilometres east of Toronto) after having a less-thansatisfactory experience building a custom home. "I never felt that the house was together ... there were things missing and [Mr.

Race's] eyes looked at it and he said, 'Yeah, I see what's missing.' "Perhaps things were "missing" because this builder's home used architectural technologists rather than an architect; perhaps it was because Ms. Andrews isn't your average client. She knows exactly what she wants, and, more importantly, what she doesn't. What offends her sensibilities? "Wasted things" in a design: Why trap all that air above one's head in a complex, McMansion-style roof if it's unusable? Why have curly-cue moulding on a baseboard when "I just need something to hide where the floor meets the wall."

That's not to say ornament doesn't have its place. As a lover of heritage architecture, today's mixing-and-matching drives her crazy also: "When you've got Victorian filigree on an Arts-andCrafts home, for example; when you've done this mish-mash Colonial with modern features or Roman columns or something like that." Strong words such as these require a strong architect. Thankfully, Mr. Race is no shrinking violet; his views on wasted space and willy-nilly builders so aligned with hers, the first series of sketches proposed got the nod of approval, even though the final "Meadow House" looks somewhat different.

It all started with the meadow north of Cobourg, of course, and where to place the dwelling. With a neighbour on one side, a treelined country road on the other, and a vast, flowered and forested area sporting fiery sunsets on 21/2 sides, that was a no-brainer. And after the team brought in fill (from the many subdivisions being built nearby) to raise that portion of the lot a few feet, it became even better.

The first design consisted of a no-nonsense, double-height box with long vertical windows. Nice, but "boring," says Mr. Race, who included an alternative that "twisted" the upper box 90 degrees to cantilever it over the ground floor; while that cantilever was lessened over the next few months, what was built is still a striking, yet simple, way to achieve visual interest while also providing a sun-shading device.

Since a garage was required, Mr.

Race used it as the "third element in the organization of cubes," and then created a "quasi-fourth element," a sheltered entry-point.

Exactly two materials clad everything: Low-maintenance Maibec wood siding and standing-seam galvanized aluminum, which never meet: "We didn't want any two boxes that were touching having the same cladding," offers Mr. Race, "so it goes wood-metalwood-metal and improves the composition."

The inside composition is just as lovely. A mottled concrete floor - the serendipitous result of tarp-

ing and sand blowing underneath while curing - lies underfoot in the generous foyer and extends into the kitchen, which features cabinets clad in rich cherry wood that weren't so rich when Ms. Andrews first saw them. When delivered, she remembers, they looked blond, and she "almost had a coronary." She was assured, however, that the wood would tan naturally: "It was quite incredible, it keeps darkening," she enthuses.

A long strip window over the soapstone-clad sink counter allows her to see who's coming up the drive, and three sliding doors on the long wall drink in views of the meadow: "Everywhere you look out has a different feel to it," she says.

Up the unfussy, open-tread stairs - the mid-century-inspired handrail and pickets were created by a shop teacher at one of her schools - and what's notable in the two bedrooms are the deep walk-in closets and generous ensuites. While both sport repurposed mid-century credenzas as vanities, only the one belonging to the master enjoys a Juliet balcony.

"Although the house is simple, it is not short on storage space and the amenities," Mr. Race says of the 1,600-square-foot building.

On the deck outside - which feels like an "infinity deck" because of how it floats over a drop in the landscape - Ms. Andrews and her daughter watch wild turkeys, deer and the many pollinators go about their business. It's a view that can make one pensive: "I think people think that to build something that's not a traditional home costs more," Ms. Andrews finishes, thinking about the very reasonable $300 per square foot she spent on Meadow House. "But it's not about the materials you use, it's about how you use them, and it's about hiring somebody who knows how to use them.

"I've spent a lifetime loving architecture and loving [the] design of houses more than most people, but I'm still not qualified to put this together."

Thankfully, one of her former students took it on, and soared.

Associated Graphic

Above: The kitchen's cabinets are made of cherry wood, which tans naturally over time. Right: The mid-century-inspired handrail and pickets on the stairs to the second floor are the creation of a shop teacher at one of the schools Ms. Andrews oversees as superintendent of education.

PHOTOS BY ROBERT WATSON PHOTOGRAPHY

The boxes that make up Laina Andrews's home are clad in Maibec wood siding and standing-seam galvanized aluminum.

ROBERT WATSON PHOTOGRAPHY

Liverpool faces tough test in Napoli to open Champions League defence
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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Tuesday, September 17, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B13


DORTMUND, GERMANY -- Defending champion Liverpool and Barcelona open their Champions League campaigns with difficult away games on Tuesday as Europe's top club competition returns.

Liverpool travels to Napoli, where it lost in the group stage last season, while Barcelona visits Borussia Dortmund as the Spanish giant renews its search for a first European title since 2015.

Last season's surprise semifinalist Ajax is also in action, playing Lille at home, while Europa League champion Chelsea welcomes Valencia to Stamford Bridge.

Here's a look at Tuesday's group games: GROUP E Liverpool knows from experience that it can't take anything for granted at Napoli, where it lost 1-0 last season before beating the Italian side by the same score at Anfield to advance to the knockout stages.

"The manager said it was probably our worst game of the season," fullback Trent AlexanderArnold said. "It is a really tricky place to go. The fans are really hostile."

Forward Divock Origi is out after twisting his ankle in Liverpool's 3-1 win over Newcastle on the weekend, and teenager Rhian Brewster has taken the Belgian striker's place in the squad. Midfielder Naby Keita and goalkeeper Alisson Becker remain sidelined.

Napoli coach Carlo Ancelotti has several new, enticing options in his second season. Substitute Fernando Llorente made his debut and set up Dries Mertens's second goal in a 2-0 win over Sampdoria on Saturday.

"Llorente is a complete forward. Because he is so tall, everyone thinks he's just an old-fashioned centre-forward, but he can play football and has great technique," Ancelotti said. "I have many options available to me in attack now."

Mexico winger Hirving Lozano has also impressed, meaning Ancelotti can rest the veteran attack trio of Mertens, Lorenzo Insigne and Jose Callejon.

Austrian champion Salzburg plays host to Belgian counterpart Genk in the other Group E game.

GROUP F Dortmund fans are hoping Spanish forward Paco Alcacer can keep his scoring streak going against former side Barcelona. Alcacer netted again in his side's 4-0 rout of Bayer Leverkusen on Saturday to maintain his record of scoring in every competitive game so far this season - seven goals in six games for Dortmund and three in two games for Spain.

Barcelona star Lionel Messi is unlikely to feature owing to a lingering calf injury.

Messi trained with his teammates for the first time on Sunday, a day after the team's 5-2 win over Valencia in the Spanish league.

The injury has prevented Messi from playing this season, but young sensation Ansu Fati could make his Champions League debut. The 16-year-old Fati is already a fan favourite after becoming the youngest Barca player to score in the Spanish league and the youngest to score at its Camp Nou Stadium.

Slavia Prague's daunting task to emerge from the group begins at Inter Milan, which has been the most consistent squad through three rounds of Serie A.

Centre forward Romelu Lukaku has been standing out after his 65-million ($94.7-million) transfer from Manchester United, and Alexis Sanchez made a short but impressive debut off the bench in Inter's 1-0 win over Udinese on Saturday.

"It's a long road ahead of us, we have a lot of work to do and won't get caught up by easy enthusiasm," Inter coach Antonio Conte said.

GROUP G Lyon opens its Champions League campaign at home to Russian champion Zenit Saint Petersburg, widely considered the weakest of the competition's eight top seeds.

Zenit has not played in the group stage since 2015-16, when it beat Lyon home and away. However, playing abroad has since become a problem for the side, which has won none of its past nine away European fixtures dating back to 2017.

Zenit signed winger Malcom in the summer from Barcelona, but he has missed the club's past four league games with hip problems and seems unlikely to return against Lyon.

Lyon has not impressed in the French league so far. Centre-half Jason Denayer's return could be a much-needed boost for coach Sylvinho, who has been frustrated with the attitude of his players recently.

Lyon's 2-2 draw at Amiens on Friday was the side's third consecutive game without a win and its second straight draw after giving away a lead.

It lead to some stern words from Sylvinho, who is in his first season as coach. The former Arsenal and Barcelona left back rebuked his players and urged them to improve both their intensity and concentration starting against Zenit.

"Of course I'm worried. We need the mentality to win and keep on winning," Sylvinho said.

After being an unused substitute on Friday, Memphis Depay is expected to take his place in attack beside the in-form Moussa Dembelé and Netherlands teammate Denayer, who has reportedly shaken off a minor foot injury.

Benfica plays host to German side Leipzig in the other Group G game.

GROUP H Valencia arrives at Chelsea in crisis after last week's firing of coach Marcelino Garcia Toral by Singaporean owner Peter Lim over planning discrepancies. Former Real Madrid assistant Albert Celades made his debut as coach on Saturday with a 5-2 defeat at Barcelona.

"The only way to rebound is to keep working hard," Celades said.

"We'll give our best."

Chelsea counterpart Frank Lampard begins his bid to win the Champions League as coach after lifting the trophy as a Chelsea player.

After taking over from the fired Maurizio Sarri, Lampard leads Chelsea in only his second season in management. The first was spent in the second tier at Derby.

Meanwhile, Lille coach Christophe Galtier is under no illusions about the task facing his side away to last season's semifinalist Ajax.

"We know how good a side they are and how difficult it will be," Galtier said. "I won't give more importance to the Champions League than to the [French] championship."

The match features two teams with a strong reputation for giving talented young players the chance to shine.

The 21-year-old Jonathan Ikone, who recently scored on his France debut, and 23-year-old Jonathan Bamba are expected to line up in a Lille attack that likes to hit teams with fast counterattacks.

Ajax, meanwhile, will have to cope without two of its key players from last season - centre back Matthijs de Ligt and midfielder Frenkie de Jong - who were both sold in the summer.

Associated Graphic

Former Real Madrid assistant Albert Celades, seen in London on Monday, inherits a Valencia team in crisis after coach Marcelino Garcia Toral was fired last week.

TONY O'BRIEN/ACTION IMAGES VIA REUTERS

Film company alleges funding pulled over Bannon ties
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Studio behind Huawei-inspired drama contends it's being penalized by Ottawa for tapping former Trump aide as U.S. distributor
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By CRAIG OFFMAN, STEVEN CHASE
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A5


A Canadian film company is accusing the federal government of interference after an arm'slength regulator suspended funding for its completed docudrama about the row between Ottawa and Beijing over the detention of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou.

The Toronto production company, New Realm Studios, said Tuesday that the Canada Media Fund is in breach of a finalized contract and that Ottawa and the CMF are penalizing it for its association with former Donald Trump aide Stephen Bannon, who is helping with U.S. distribution.

Days before the English-language teleplay Claws of the Red Dragon was set to air on the cable channel New Tang Dynasty Canada (NTD-Canada), the channel's U.S. counterpart announced on Aug. 23 that Mr. Bannon, a vociferous critic of Beijing, would join the project as an executive producer, acting in the capacity of U.S. distributor.

New York-based New Tang Dynasty, which supports Mr.

Trump's confrontational approach to Beijing, retains the U.S.

rights and hoped that Mr. Bannon's experience and contacts in the film business would help them find channels free from the kind of political interference that would arise if they had partnered with a multinational corporation.

According to New Realm, widely disseminated news of Mr.

Bannon's association with the docudrama prompted discussions between the federal government and the CMF, whose officials subsequently notified the producers of the suspension on Aug. 28.

In their view, Mr. Bannon's U.S. citizenship made the production ineligible for the $200,000 subsidy.

They also raised questions about his character.

"At the beginning of the conversation, [the CMF] said they got questioned by the government of Canada," said producer Sophia Sun, who spoke with a panel of CMF officials. "They told me that, unfortunately, they have to cease the funding pending an investigation first. We were supposed to receive that money just around that time."

Ms. Sun said the CMF's point person on the call, director of programs and policy Rod Butler, did not specify which government official or ministry he had spoken with.

The federal government did not directly address questions about whether Ottawa had interfered in the funding for the docudrama.

Instead, Simon Ross, press secretary to Canadian Heritage Minister Pablo Rodriguez, said the CMF is an independent organization responsible for making its own funding decisions. "We will continue to respect its independence," Mr. Ross said, referring further questions to the fund.

In response to a series of queries from The Globe and Mail, the CMF, which receives its funding from Ottawa and private broadcasters, issued the following statement: "Given the ongoing, internal review of the project's eligibility, the CMF can't speak about the possible outcomes of this evaluation," said Valerie Creighton, the CMF's president and chief executive.

"Funding has been paused until CMF completes its review and is satisfied that the project meets all eligibility criteria. Non-Canadians in key creative roles would render the project ineligible for CMF funding. The subject-matter of the content does not affect a project's eligibility."

In conversations with Mr. Butler, Ms. Sun said, he apparently voiced concerns about Mr. Bannon's nationality. In order to receive funding from the regulator, a production must be fully homegrown - part of a point system called 10 out of 10, in which all the main people must be Canadian. With Mr. Bannon attached to the project as an executive producer - suggesting he helped make the teleplay - the project was no longer eligible for a subsidy.

The producers argue they had filled the requisite production quotas and that the CMF had already signed off on it. Mr. Bannon, they say, was involved solely for the purposes of U.S. distribution.

In regard to this role, Canadian Broadcasting Regulatory Policy stipulates that "[t]he duties of foreign executive producers shall be limited to noncreative, non production-related functions. Such functions could include arranging financing and foreign distribution."

According to Ms. Sun, Mr. Butler also raised Mr. Bannon's character as an issue. "If there's a murderer, and you put him on the show as executive producer, what would the funder think?" she recalled him saying.

The CMF would not confirm the account. The Globe also queried Mr. Butler.

"Mr. Bannon is involved on the U.S. side for the purpose of distribution, which is very common in this business," said Joel Etienne, an executive producer of the teleplay. "They should know that. We did all the production here. The production is 100per-cent Canadian and was completed before Mr. Bannon signed on."

Documents provided to The Globe and Mail show that on July 30, the two sides agreed that the CMF and NTD-Canada shared domestic rights and that NTD-U.S.

had distribution rights.

A human-rights lawyer who recently lost the Conservative nomination bid for the riding of York Centre, Mr. Etienne says Ottawa and the CMF have deliberately conflated production and distribution for political purposes. "What is the government's business in getting involved?

Clearly this is interference and censorship."

The two-part teleplay depicts the travails of a Chinese-Canadian journalist covering the diplomatic fallout of a Chinese executive's detention in Vancouver.

The reporter is threatened with reprisals against her parents, who are visiting China, unless she backs off. And to complicate her life, she lives with an ambitious businessman who works for the Huawei-like company depicted in the teleplay. As part of its ripped-from-the-headlines content, a dead ringer for former ambassador John McCallum struggles to free two Canadian expats in Chinese custody.

In an interview with The Globe, Mr. Bannon said he has held five screenings in Washington for select groups of 50. "To a person," he said, "none of the people there knew about the Canadian hostages held in China."

In response to the CMF pulling funding, he said Canadians should be really proud of this film. "It's a great way to access the story, and they put it together on a shoestring budget. It's about everyone's search for the truth, just like the journalist's own search. It's about wellmeaning people who awaken to the threat of Huawei."

Mr. Bannon, who said he has no financial stake in the project, said he aims to expand on it with five additional episodes that involve a grand jury in the Western District of Washington State, which indicted Huawei on 10 counts of intellectual-property theft.

Associated Graphic

From left: Joel Etienne, Kevin Yang and Sophia Sun are seen at New Realm Studios on Sept. 9. The company's new film is based on Canada's detention of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou.

FRED LUM/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Three developers to launch Yorkville high-rise - perhaps area's last one
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By SHANE DINGMAN
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H2


TORONTO -- Three major real estate developers in the Greater Toronto Area are teaming up for what they believe could be the last high-rise condominium to be built on Yorkville Avenue, in a project that reflects many of the risks facing large-scale developers.

"This is not a business any more for the faint of heart or short of capital," said Ed Sonshine, chief executive of RioCan, Mr. Sonshine said Riocan has a 50-per-cent stake in the project branded 11 Yorkville. It took three years and six separate transactions to assemble the land for proposed 62-storey building. "Howard [Sokolowski of Metropia, which has a 25-percent share] brought me the opportunity. It was a risky process: You had to buy the buildings one by one, it was a fairly risky venture.

"Typically we start with land we already own; only two times has Riocan done it [assembled land] in the last decade. I eventually said to Howard: If this doesn't work out it's not going to kill Riocan, but it might kill you!"

Mr. Sokolowski, a 35-year veteran of residential developments (first in low-rise with Tribute Communities and now with condo construction at Metropia) saw it as an opportunity to build something special, on a site that's also likely to maximize the rewards. "This is up there with some of my very interesting projects. ... I'm only interested in doing unique projects now," he said. He said Tribute's calling card was "full-fledged communities" of 1,000 housing units or more, and at Metropia he has continued to search for that kind of neighbourhood defining scale.

"While Yorkville is a single tower, it's a very large tower. It is the highest-end project that Metropia has done in high-rise world, Yorkville commands a different level of finish and spec." The plans hinged on the final and most expensive piece of land the partners were able to acquire, 21 Yorkville, which will allow for the creation of a narrow park, gifted to the city, that will create a pedestrian corridor between Cumberland and Yorkville.

"This is the most expensive land, on a per-square-foot basis, that we've purchased," said Todd Cowan, co-founder and managing partner of Capital Developments, which joined the project midway through the acquisition phase. "When we looked at this site, this is probably the last tower site in one of the greatest tower addresses in all of Canada ... it's a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity."

The partners were unwilling to say how much they paid for the assembled land, but data from market analysts Altus Group suggest it will have likely cost the trio close to $130-million.

The combination of heritage features and existing uses on the other Yorkville Avenue parcels is what convinced Mr. Sokolowski that this could be the last highrise-development spot on the street.

"It's hard to substantiate that comment - you can never say never," said Ray Wong, vice-president, data operations, data solutions at Altus. According to Mr.

Wong, Altus rates Yorkille as one of the priciest areas to develop in the country. Altus calculates that land was appreciating rapidly as the group worked: Yorkville land sales doubled from $131 a buildable square foot in 2014 to $271 a square foot in 2018 (at the same time, the Toronto-wide average went up just 85 per cent to $124 a square foot from $67). All of which means a future developer, if determined enough, might find a way to build another tower. "It takes a certain amount of time and patience, but it probably can be done," he said.

The condo units themselves will likely more than pay for the hefty upfront costs, but the site will also feature some flagship retail space for Riocan to manage, as well as 81 rental apartments that have to be replaced (the current proposal is that 20 of those units be affordable).

The average price of homes sold in these area codes is $1.6million, according to the TeranetNational Bank House Price Index. 11 Yorkville is projected to have 593 apartments available, from 400 to 1,140 square feet. Although pricing per square foot has not been announced, Mr.Cowan said there will be units available for less than $1-million.

"Yorkville is the best street in Canada in terms of aspirational luxury living," Mr. Sonshine said.

"I'm not kidding myself; a large number of the buyers are going to be investors who are going to rent it out."

One area where the partners may have some disagreement is on the question of how those investors might rent those units out - by long-term lease, or short-term via such sites as Airbnb.

"In my opinion, [Airbnb] cheapens the building," Mr. Sonshine said. He said that a nearby building where he owns a condominium apartment recently amended its bylaws to ban shortterm operators. He wouldn't be opposed to barring rentals shorter than six months from the declaration documents.

"I'm not against Airbnb," said Mr. Cowan, who nevertheless felt as though 11 Yorkville wouldn't be a hotspot for the service. "Me, personally ... I don't believe in a building at this level of finish and level of prestige you're going to see a lot of Airbnb."

Mr. Sokolowski is the most tolerant: "We've taken a position [that] it's not our call ... we'll leave that up to the ultimate residents of the building."

The other hot-button issue in the city is condo cancellations and construction costs, both of which are issues the partners have been working to solve before opening any units up for sale.

"Cost growth is pretty unprecedented ... I, personally, have not seen inflation in a market like this before," said Mr. Cowan, who says the price inflation is worse even than the postcommunism construction boom in Central Europe (of which he had direct experience). "We're very well along [on Yorkville], the construction drawings are already advanced, we're already tendering for some construction subtrades."

"My partners would never consider going to the market until we had a real handle on what our construction costs would be," Mr. Sokolowski said. "When a project doesn't go ahead - and they sold units to purchasers - it's a stain on the industry. I look at it with some disdain; I'm not going to pass judgment, but it's not going to happen on my watch."

Associated Graphic

Toronto's 11 Yorkville development is projected to have have 593 apartments, and one of the developers says there will be units available for less than $1-million.

RIOCAN LIVING/METROPIA/CAPITAL DEVELOPMENTS

The future lands with a thump in Cayuga
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Small Ontario town gets a thoroughly modern heritage centre and library
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By DAVE LEBLANC
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H3


CAYUGA, ONT. -- Just down from the road from the LCBO, the Royal Canadian Legion (Branch 159) and an antique store, the most prominent corner in Cayuga, Ont.

(population 1,700), boasts a sparkling new addition.

Where Talbot Street West - also known as Highway 3 - bisects Cayuga Street into north and south, the new Haldimand County Library and Heritage Centre sits, beacon-like, and attracts patrons from nearby Fisherville, Sweets Corners, Canfield Junction and Empire Corners.

And these farming communities south of Hamilton clearly weighed heavily on Hamilton architect Bill Curran's mind as he and his staff put drafting pen to paper, figuratively speaking, a few years ago: "Small towns tend to be more conservative, and also in a small town, with the building committee you're under a lot of scrutiny ... so they were very concerned about their reputations and delivering the right thing," says the affable, whitehaired architect, who could pass for comedian Steve Martin's younger brother.

"So, yeah, I'd say it definitely can be harder to work in a small town than in a big city, to advance more unusual architectural ideas, but they trusted us and they went for the walk with us."

Right now, Mr. Curran and I are walking the circumference of this handsome building, but despite the interesting choice of cladding, his mind is still on those farmers. "It's all about the river," he says, pointing to a stand of trees that block our view of the Grand River, about a hundred metres away. "This was a navigation hub on the Grand River, before the railways, and there were locks on the river; this was the regional banking centre for all the farmers."

It's why Their + Curran Architects chose a rough, hand-cut, red brick from Ohio along with corrugated metal siding for that cladding. The brick, laid in a common bond pattern, echoes what's found on the columnedand-pedimented law office across the street, as well as the row of retail buildings along Cayuga Street North. The siding, he says, is "a very good reference" to the grain silos, barns and storage buildings dotting the landscape.

A few things, however, mark the library and heritage centre as thoroughly modern: the pronounced, ship's-prow-like roof overhang on the western side, which associate Kyle Slote says was one of the project's "most complicated details"; the giant window wall that dissolves the building's corner underneath; and the jaunty, jazzy quartet of rectangular windows to the left of the window wall. Peek inside a few of those windows, and the sexy, Italian "Big Bang" light fixture by Foscarini also suggests that this is a place unlike anything Cayuga has seen before.

Finally arriving at the door - "We fought hard to have a front door on the street," Mr. Curran says, adding that it's expected most patrons will arrive by car and use the eastern entrance - and of interest are artifacts on display in a small window to the right. The handiwork of Haldimand County Museum & Archive's Karen Richardson, who formerly curated a much smaller space in a much older building, these pieces hint at what's to come in the generous, bright and airy space that houses the collection now.

So, if one isn't in a hurry to check out the latest Stephen King novel, a quick pivot to the right gets one lost in Ms. Richardson's display cases filled with everything from a surveyor's chain, bootjack and carpenter's compass, to an old typewriter and a mastodon tooth. Look up and one is rewarded with paintings, a spinning wheel, barrels and an old hotel door that was lovingly restored by Dundas-based heritage expert Alan Stacey. (Of course, one might be here for a meeting of the ukulele club, which meets in the flex space to the left of the front door.)

"I found a ledger and it contained a lot of the information of what some of the first donations were [in 1933], and that's what you see here," Ms. Richardson explains. "That's why it's very eclectic."

And speaking of eclectic, that the library and the museum have peek-a-boos into each other is no accident, Mr. Curran says: "When you're tight for space you have to make use of every cubic foot; that's why we snuck in displays everywhere we could ... the ambition for the building was far beyond the square footage that was available, and money, as always."

There was ambition to eschew the "spare and sterile" look of many modern buildings by adding colour via big wall graphics (by Jamie Lawson of Poly Studio, which remind this author of the work of American illustrator Charley Harper), by creating visual interest by leaving the roof trusses exposed (and, indeed, adding well-placed skylights to light them) and creating a funky children's reading area full of hidey-holes, colourful upholstery, jellybean-shaped light fixtures and storage cubbies.

"During the design process, I made blanket forts with my kids and took measurements to find the optimal space that still felt child friendly, but could accommodate adults as well," Mr. Slote remembers. "The times I've visited the library, these are nearly always in use."

Other cheap-and-cheerful touches, such as a teen area banquette with a wooden slat roof that mimics that of the building, a coffee station for patrons and carpet "planks" that allow for a herringbone pattern, mean this is a building that may look expensive, but actually came in at a very reasonable $400 a square foot.

While it might seem as if the future landed with a thump at Cayuga's most prominent intersection to a certain segment of the population, it's a thoughtful, handsome future that blends many functions as effortlessly as it nods to the past while looking forcefully ahead. And, besides, finishes Mr. Curran: "We're not designing for the 60-year-olds of Cayuga, and the [staff] are already telling us it's a huge success."

Associated Graphic

The materials used for the Haldimand County Library and Heritage Centre echo those of nearby buildings. The brick is reminiscent of that used on a law office across the street and on retail buildings nearby, while the corrugated metal siding references the grain silos, barns and storage buildings dotting the landscape.

PHOTOS BY TOM ARBAN

The children's reading area of the library, above, has hidey-holes, colourful upholstery, light fixtures that look like jellybeans and storage cubbies. The heritage centre portion of the building has an eclectic array of local artifacts curated by Haldimand County Museum & Archive's Karen Richardson.

Incitement connects words with the violence they cause
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By SIMON HOUPT
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A14


The TV and film writer Ron Leshem has a confession to make: His new film, a taut and distressing psychological thriller about the man who assassinated Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin in November, 1995, isn't really about Israel in 1995.

After all, Incitement, which makes its world premiere Saturday night at the Toronto International Film Festival, comes at a moment in which the sorts of nationalistic, intolerant strains that radicalized the young law student Yigal Amir, and led him to shoot Rabin backstage at a peace rally, appear to be metastasizing across the globe.

"It's not only the Israeli story at all, it's about people losing faith in democracy," Leshem said the other day over the phone from Mexico, where he had gone for a brief pause before the frenzy of TIFF. "It's this wave of nationalism, and even fascism. And you see this in so many countries, even in Europe today."

Still, Incitement is a damning indictment of Israeli society and its particular inciting elements. It opens in the fall of 1993, as Amir (played by Yehuda Nahari Halevi) skeptically watches a live broadcast of Rabin and the Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat striking a tense peace agreement at the White House.

Six months later, when Jewish settler Baruch Goldstein kills 29 Palestinian Muslims at prayer, and is beaten to death by survivors, Amir sneaks away from his home - and his father, a Torah scribe who decries the attack - to attend Goldstein's funeral.

There, he overhears a small group of rabbis discussing biblical justifications for the massacre, as well as for the elimination of Rabin. Over the ensuing months, Amir throws himself into street protests which heat up and boil over, fuelled in part by Palestinian suicide attacks and Israeli political leaders such as (the current prime minister) Benjamin Netanyahu, who is glimpsed in news footage from the time declaring that Rabin cares more for the safety of Palestinians than his own people.

"In blood and fire, we will get rid of Rabin!" demonstrators scream at a rally, as some wave a placard of the prime minister made up in Nazi garb. "Rabin is a traitor!"

Many Israelis were in favour of the Oslo Accords peace treaty, recognizing it as the best hope for the future of both their country and their Palestinian neighbours. "There was huge optimism in the air," recalls the film's co-writer and director, Yaron Zilberman (A Late Quartet), on a separate phone call last week from Tel Aviv.

"It was an unprecedented period, like the breaking of the Berlin Wall, or when you have Nelson Mandela and [F.W.] de Klerk, or Anwar Sadat making peace with [Menachem] Begin, where enemies suddenly make peace.

It's huge, and I think it affected everyone spiritually, and everyone was on a new path of optimism. And this murder - not only did it stop that, but it actually went in reverse."

Amir is sometimes cited as a cautionary figure in Western politics. Three years ago, when Donald Trump mused that "Second Amendment people" might do something about Hillary Clinton, The New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman warned that his rhetoric echoed that of some who incited Amir.

"Good," says Zilberman, when told this. "In the most direct way, I see incitement everywhere."

"You know, Donald Trump says something, and then you wait a week or two later, you see something happen. It's so obvious, connect the dots. He says something about the whole Mexican issue and then you see somebody shooting Jews because they are 'supporting illegal immigrants.' It's so one-to-one that it's so obvious that you can't understand why people don't talk about it more."

The film's development began more than five years ago, when Leshem and Zilberman contracted researchers to interview all of the key players, including Amir himself and his family.

But how to craft a film that looks deeply at Amir - at his family, at his friends, at his own dashed dreams and troubles that may have helped spur him on the path to assassin - without making him into something of a hero?

Zilberman says he shot the film in a claustrophobic 4:3 aspect ratio - the squarish dimensions of a classic television set - rather than a cinema widescreen 16:9, which Zilberman says brings to mind "the cowboy on the horse, the robber in the car.

Here, you are really locked down into the world of the person, into his head."

He also limited his camera angles, frequently shooting over the shoulder of Amir, or obliquely at him, rather than directly on.

Finally, while Zilberman does use music in the film, he refrains from using a melody, which he says tends to confer a heroic element to those it plays under.

Still, he wants the audience to sympathize with Amir - because, otherwise, what's the point?

"Everybody I spoke to about this project before it happened, we all talked about it like walking in a minefield," he explains. "You take too many steps in one direction or the other direction, you explode. You really have to walk a very thin line.

"Which means: If the empathy is good empathy, then you fall in love with a murderer - what does that mean? Am I saying that it's great that he killed Rabin? I think it's horrific! But if you go too much into, here's a crazy person who did crazy things, then there's nothing to learn from it.

"We see that, by the way, in America with all these crazy lunatics that go out and shoot.

There's always some kind of disregard for who they are - they're 'pure evil,' 'pure idiots' - instead of looking for a second. Not because we want to feel for them, but because we want to learn how this happened, and maybe understand certain things.

"For example, maybe these particular people, when they hear a politician's rhetoric, they take it and they shoot. They do something with it. And we're going to connect and talk about it seriously, which is what this movie is trying to do. Until you see the connection, you're avoiding the truth - and by that, exposing us to the next shooter."

Incitement will have its world premiere Sept. 7 at 9 p.m. (all times ET). It also screens Sept. 9 at 11 a.m. and Sept. 15 at 1:15 p.m.

Associated Graphic

Psychological thriller Incitement depicts the lead-up to the 1995 killing of Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, from the worldview of his assassin, Yigal Amir.

COURTESY OF TIFF

I KNEW I'D LOSE MY HAIR - BUT AT 17?
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At first it seemed unfair, but I'm now a student of the ways of the bald ... with all the confidence I ever needed to succeed, Zac Easton writes
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By ZAC EASTON
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A17


Twenty-four-years old. Remember? The youth. The energy. The lust. The whole world just waiting for you to sink your teeth into it and become something.

Well, that's me right now. Just another wideeyed 24-year-old idiot floating around the universe. And honestly, this idiot's doing just fine. College grad, career with benefits, deeply in love and I've stopped inhaling Pizza Pops half-naked in my mom's basement (now I do that in my downtown apartment). There's just one thing missing from this proverbial "prime" I currently find myself in: my hair.

I started losing my hair at 17. Now, it's all gone.

Going bald was the doom I seemed destined for.

Family events, whether it was Christmas with Mom's side or barbecues with Dad's, were like conventions for male-pattern baldness. I used to look at old photo albums with my grandmother and pick out my ancestors in every worn-down, sepiatoned picture, completely unaware of who they actually were. Stocky, pointy nose and a shining chrome dome? That's an Easton.

Next page, Gramma.

My hair, when it was attached to me, went through its own special phases. There was the bleachedblond highlight phase during the boy-band epidemic of the early 2000s, which, by the way, perfectly complimented my puka-shell necklace. Then came the emo bangs of my middle-school days. Yes, that was a good look: chubby, prepubescent goth boy stuffed into skinny jeans.

After that, I toned it down with Bieberesque wings during my early highschool triumphs.

Then, at just 17, I began to enter the great recession: My hair started falling out. It began with a strand on my pillow.

Then a small clump flew off in the hot air of a blow dryer. My once, luscious locks were turning to a frail, coiff-y hair-do, barely sitting on top of my skull.

I was too young for this. I mean, I knew it would happen someday but not this early. I should be in the pharmaceutical aisle shopping for my first pack of condoms, not my first hair-loss cream.

I started wearing hats to hide my shame and combing my hair over to cover my embryonic bald spot. The reactions to my hair loss were enough to stifle the already vulnerable confidence of a testosterone-doused teenager such as myself. It's strange how a look can hurt more than words, maybe because it makes your own brain do the heavy lifting of putting yourself down.

My self-esteem was plummeting. I knew I had to do something. I could either fight it with the chemical ingenuity of hair-loss-prevention treatments or give in and shave it all off.

In every applicable sense of the meaning, I was at a loss. I was going through all the usual hoopla a late-teen has to go through and, on top of everything, whatever was on top of me was falling out.

I went to the one resource I knew who could offer sound advice, my follicly challenged father. In a George Costanza meets Gandalf sort-of way, my bald prophet spoke: "Zac, I knew you were going to be bald from the moment you had hair. I never questioned any haircut you got because I knew someday it would all fall out. Just like mine did, and my father's did, and his father's before him did. There's nothing to be ashamed of. You don't need it."

Wait. I don't need hair? I'd never thought of it like that. I need my heart. I need my brain. My legs, maybe. But my stupid hair? That's not a part of what makes me, me. It was a revelation. My breakthrough. Like a flaming phoenix with thinning feathers, I was reborn.

And with that, I was ready. It was time to start the first day of my hairless life. I locked myself in the bathroom so no one could interrupt this intimate, deeply personal moment. I stared in the mirror, repeating over and over that everything would be okay. I scrounged through the cabinet under the sink and pulled out my dad's electric buzzer. It came in a fancy leather case, a case that seemed far too ritzy to carry just a cordless shaver. It clearly belonged to a pro. The vibrating buzz of the razors, moving back and forth in hyper speed sent a nervous shock pulsing through my veins. I mean, imagine right now, shaving off every single hair on your head. Nerve-racking, right? Now think of yourself doing it before you were old enough to legally enter a bar.

I took a deep breath, shut my eyes and began to move the buzzer against the back of my scalp, slowly bringing it to my dwindling hairline on-the-run. Like a suburban father cutting his lawn, I continued to move the hair mower in an orderly fashion, each section I completed made me feel more and more free. Once I finished, ear-to-ear, temple-to-temple, front-to-back, I opened my eyes.

Beautiful. Spherical. Smooth. Sensational.

Dammit, I loved the way I look. It's like I was born to be bald. I ran downstairs, parading my new (lack of) hairstyle around the house. My mother applauded and cheered. My father looked at me the same way he did when I scored the overtime winner at my peewee hockey championships: sheer pride. As if to say, welcome to the club, my son. You did it.

And now, I carry this hairless head high. I'm a student of the ways of the bald. Studying the greats, like Stanley Tucci, Mr. Clean and a personal hero, Dwayne (The Rock) Johnson. I shave my head down to my scalp every Sunday with a fourblade razor, eliminating anything even close to resembling a hair. I keep my canvas clean and tanned to avoid looking like Dr. Evil or that dancing guy from the Six Flags commercials.

From a red-faced teenager, with a will as soft as his feathery hair, I became a proud bald man. I'd enter my 20s ready to take on anything that came my way, and it's all because I realized, thanks to my dad, that to do what you want, you have to own who you are. I lost all my hair but gained all the confidence I ever needed to succeed. Not to mention all the money I save on haircuts.

Zac Easton lives in Winnipeg.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY ADAM DE SOUZA

It's been a long time coming
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After the five-year project to build a modernist family home, Tory Crowder and Shawn Thomas reflect on their experience and what, if anything, they learned along the way
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By JOHN LORINC
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Friday, September 20, 2019 – Print Edition, Page H4


TORONTO -- On a recent Sunday morning, Tory Crowder and Shawn Thomas's home in Toronto's Etobicoke area looked and sounded a great deal like, well, a home.

Two of their three kids had just come back from overnight camp, which meant the second floor had turned into a riot of half-finished laundry while the walls downstairs echoed with excited kid talk.

There was evidence of some poolside activity from the night before. And a few breakfast dishes sat on a kitchen counter.

Conspicuous by its absence was the overhang of relentless decision-making that dominated the couple's days and nights since they began building a modernist dream home on a pleasant lot next to the Park Lawn Cemetery, near the Kingsway.

They were finished.

All in, the project took almost five years, from their very first inquiry to architect Graham Smith, of Altius, with construction and landscaping ongoing since the spring of 2017. The 2,700-square-foot project, a teardown, took longer and cost more than they'd expected. In fact, a midrise condo on a stretch of Bloor Street not far away went up faster.

"I'm not sure what we learned," said Mr.Thomas, a wealth advisor, as he sat on the couch in the living room. "The process was a lot more intensive than I expected it to be, but we've come out the other end really happy with the result."

Over the past two and a quarter years, I've watched their house evolve from a muddy gash in the half-frozen ground to a done deal. This dwelling contains not only their stuff and their kids, but also the seemingly endless choices, course corrections and anxious moments that were as integral to the project as the open-concept kitchen and the windows with the expansive backyard views. Their fingerprints are on this place in a way that no subsequent owner's ever will be.

As with many Toronto new-builds these days, the four-bedroom house has a decidedly modernist aesthetic, reflecting their tastes. Mr. Smith's cool, modular design ties together the interiors and the exterior, done in a multitone grey stucco, with the rear landscaping picking up those themes and carrying them all the way to the cabana/fully equipped home office situated at the back of the backyard.

The house is fitted out with plenty of smaller domestic luxuries: Two of three kids' bedrooms have their own sinks, for example, and the numerous hardwood pocket doors, supplied by a family company founded by Ms.

Crowder's father, not only maximize space, but use high-tech roller mechanisms to prevent banging.

Because they went in with a somewhat constrained $1million budget, Ms. Crowder and Mr. Thomas opted for a slightly smaller floor plate than would be typical for a suburban tear-down. The final cost came in at about 20 per cent higher than their original estimate, Mr. Thomas says.

Going in, Mr. Smith advised them to stick to the plan he'd devised. But practically speaking, that plan contained a great many forks in the road, mostly choices between various types of materials with a range of price points, but also a couple of layout and structural questions - e.g., the raison d'être of a first-floor dividing wall and the location of the dining room - that had to be resolved.

"Every day there was a $1,000 option for us," Ms. Crowder says.

"Some of them we did say 'yes' to," Mr. Thomas adds. "But you have to be careful what you say yes to.

You have to make sure you're going to value it."

The kitchen, for example, went quite a bit overbudget, as kitchens do. But it's the social hub of their home, so they've got no regrets. However, by trying to value engineer some of the costs out of the basement - a cavernous play space - they ended up with a heating system down there that doesn't quite work when the temperature drops.

Reflecting on that serpentine process, Ms. Crowder says her regret is not hiring a designer to steer the project through all that decision making. Their general contractor, David Le Provost, she adds, often played that role informally. "He really put things into perspective for us without trying to push us." Mr. Thomas, however, points out that finding a general contractor with design chops isn't something they should have counted on going in.

"We were lucky," Ms. Crowder adds.

What did help a great deal, they both say, were digital 3-D renderings, especially those created by their kitchen contractor, Paragon Kitchens, in Guelph, Ont. By contrast to architectural renderings and floor plans, such images better conveyed the end goal. As it turned out, Paragon's images were almost eerily accurate: Put away all the counter detritus and it is difficult to distinguish the rendering from a photo of the actual kitchen, which, Ms. Crowder adds, functions exactly as intended.

In some cases, however, all those carefully laid plans couldn't quite anticipate the way the space is actually being used.

The cabana-home office, as it transpired, has turned rather quickly into a hang-out space for the kids, who like to retreat there and watch movies. "I haven't done that much in here because this is one of those spaces that gets used for everything," Ms.Crowder says.

The learning, ultimately, may be that all the sometimes contradictory design advice can only go so far. Mr. Thomas and Ms. Crowder, who, after all, are the experts in the way they live, both came to realize that there was no ready way to outsource all those decisions that cropped up at regular intervals during the protracted construction process. In many cases, they just had to gut it out.

"My view is that where it's a big thing, you need to rethink and understand the consequences of the different options," Mr. Thomas reflects. After all, he adds, "It's your home. You're going to have to live in it forever."

This is the 10th and final installment of The Globe and Mail's series on the construction of this house. Previous stories are available on globeandmail.com.

Associated Graphic

This 2,700-square-foot house at 14 Glenaden Ave. in Toronto was designed by architect Graham Smith of Altius and built by general contactor David Le Provost.

TESSA LINDEN

The homeowners, Tory Crowder and Shawn Thomas, had input into the design and look of their four-bedroom house with a modern aesthtetic, as they made endless choices and course corrections during the build.

China urges new envoy to reflect on Canada's 'mistakes'
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Beijing urges release of Huawei executive as PM criticizes use of detentions as a tool
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By NATHAN VANDERKLIPPE
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A1


BEIJING -- China is blaming the Trudeau government for soured relations with Canada, and urging Ottawa to "reflect on its mistakes" - a sharp rebuke from Beijing that coincides with the appointment of a new Canadian ambassador who will press for the release of two detained Canadians.

The Chinese government offered no sign of new warmth toward Canada on Thursday, hours after Ottawa said it would dispatch to Beijing a new ambassador who has ties with China's elite.

"Relations between China and Canada have encountered serious difficulties, and the responsibility lies entirely with the Canadian side," Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Thursday.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau criticized China's use of arbitrary detentions, which, he said, is often intended to achieve the Chinese government's goals.

Mr. Geng confirmed that China has approved former McKinsey & Co. global managing director Dominic Barton as Canada's top envoy to China, saying Beijing hopes he can help stabilize the cross-Pacific relationship.

That relationship is in its worst state since the Tiananmen massacre in 1989.

But he showed no sign of a changed tone from Beijing, urging Canada to "reflect on its mistakes" and immediately release Meng Wanzhou. The arrest of the Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. executive in Vancouver last December set in motion a series of hostile actions, including the arrest in China of Canadians Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor.

At a livestreamed event with Toronto Star journalists later in the day, Mr. Trudeau said: "Using arbitrary detention as a tool to achieve political goals, international or domestic, is something that is of concern not just to Canada but to all our allies, who have been highlighting that this is not acceptable behaviour in the international community because they are all worried about China engaging in the same kinds of pressure tactics with them."

The reaction from Beijing, and Ottawa's focus on arbitrary detentions, underscored the difficulty facing Mr. Barton. His success as ambassador will depend, in part, on his ability to secure the release of Mr. Kovrig and Mr. Spavor and revitalize Canada's trade ties with the world's second-largest economy after Beijing blocked imports of some key Canadian agricultural goods.

Some Canadian corporate leaders welcomed the nomination of Mr. Barton, a globe-trotting consultancy chieftain who has occupied some of the world's most exclusive business circles - a trusted confidant of the Trudeau government who also understands the intricacies of working in China.

Business and political leaders have long bemoaned Canada's comparatively anemic economic relationship with China, relative to other allies and democratic powers.

Mr. Barton has lived in Shanghai, and his experience in China has given him rarefied access. McKinsey has worked for large numbers of China's top state-owned entities. Mr.Barton has rubbed shoulders with the country's wealthiest and most powerful at the prestigious China Development Forum.

He has been a member of the advisory board of Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management, whose honorary members include Wang Qishan, one of Chinese president Xi Jinping's most trusted lieutenants. The board holds annual meetings with top members of the Chinese political establishment including, in 2013, Mr. Xi himself. State media reports do not make clear which meetings Mr. Barton attended.

But the leaders he has met individually include Chen Jining, a former minister for environmental protection and now Beijing mayor, and Zhou Zhongshu, president of China Minmetals Group, the biggest metal and minerals trader in the country.

That experience has given him insight into Chinese power structures unmatched by any previous Canadian envoy to China. It has also offered him personal contact with corporate leaders who have access to enough resources to substantially elevate trade between Canada and China.

Yet it's not clear how much that experience will benefit Mr.Barton as ambassador in a country that is strictly hierarchical, and often reserves access to top leaders for those considered equivalent in rank. Tensions between Canada and China may also obligate Mr. Barton to deliver critical messages.

"The first time that he has instructions to say things that displease the Chinese leadership - which, if Canada is sticking to its national interest, will happen pretty quickly - I think the value of that prior access is going to diminish," said Rory Medcalf, a former Australian diplomat and intelligence analyst who is head of the National Security College at Australian National University.

Dispatching diplomats who Beijing perceives as friendly is a risk for Western democracies, he said.

"If in any way the Chinese feel that they are now going to have someone who is in fact more sympathetic to a businessat-all-costs attitude, then obviously they will see an opportunity there to dilute Canada's independence on security issues - and to break the solidarity between Canada and other democracies on security issues," he said.

In Hong Kong, too, the appointment of a corporate leader to Beijing raised concern.

"Somebody well-versed in doing business with China can be an advantage, provided you do not allow business interests to compromise your stance as regards defending Canadian values," said Anson Chan, a former chief secretary in Hong Kong who has criticized China's Communist rulers.

She has a dim view of the posture corporate leaders have tended to adopt toward China. "In order to make money, business people have been quite willing to close their eyes to some of the other things going on [in China] that they would not in normal circumstances accept from any other country," she said.

At the same time, critics question whether Mr. Barton's selection as ambassador signals a new desire by Ottawa to emphasize trade over other priorities, such as advocacy on behalf of Muslims in western China who have been placed in internment camps for political indoctrination and skills training.

"I see this as a victory for Beijing and capitulation on the part of the Canadian government," said J. Michael Cole, a Taipei-based senior fellow at the Macdonald-Laurier Institute.

On Wednesday, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said Mr. Barton will sever all corporate ties, and has engaged in extensive discussions of human rights in China.

Ms. Freeland said she and Mr. Barton met on Wednesday, and the plight of Mr. Kovrig and Mr. Spavor was the first thing they discussed. She said that in regular consular visits, Canadian diplomats tell the two men, among other things, about the government's efforts to secure their release. She said that is a "source of solace" for them.

A person who answered Mr. Barton's e-mail at McKinsey said he is not accepting media interviews.

With a report from The Canadian Press

Win over Senegal revives Canada at FIBA
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Hope for last-chance Olympic qualification restored as Joseph takes charge in rescue victory
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By LORI EWING
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THE CANADIAN PRESS
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B15


CHINA -- Canada's men's basketball team finally has a World Cup victory - and some positive momentum in a FIBA World Cup tournament that had been a non-stop narrative of disappointment.

Cory Joseph will take it.

"It's always good when there's a little bit of light at the end of the tunnel, that's always good," the Sacramento Kings guard said.

Two nights after a heartbroken Joseph looked as though he wanted to hop the next plane home, he poured in 24 points - 11 of them in the third quarter - to lift Canada to an 82-60 victory over Senegal for the Canadians' first World Cup victory in 17 years.

Kevin Pangos chipped in with 13 points, Melvin Ejim had 11 and Khem Birch hauled down 10 rebounds to go with six points for the Canadians, who trailed by as many as 13 points early but turned the game around with a dominant third quarter.

No. 23 Canada hadn't won a World Cup game since beating Venezuela to finish 13th at the 2002 World Cup in Indianapolis.

The team went a woeful 0-5 in Turkey in 2010.

"We leave here with some confidence off a win, and got a couple of games to play, and we gotta go play them," coach Nick Nurse said.

The Canadians, who finished third (1-2) in Group H, now fly to Shanghai for two important classification games they hope will earn them an invitation to one of the second-chance Olympic qualifying tournaments next June.

"Obviously [Thursday's win] keeps our Olympic qualifying tournament opportunities alive, and I think it just infuses us with a little bit of positive energy around," said Ejim, whose son Miles was born on Sunday, hours before the team played Australia in their tournament opener.

"We've obviously been down those last two games, but every time you get a win and you realize that it's not that bad, we have goals in front of us that are still attainable, I think [that] tends to change the direction we were going in. This [win] is going to be big for us going into these next two games."

It had not been the FIBA World Cup that Canada would have drawn up: A killer preliminaryround group labelled the "Group of Death." Numerous NBA noshows.

The Canadians already had their work cut out for them before they touched down in China.

Needing to beat at least one of 11th-ranked Australia or No. 7 Lithuania to advance, they lost both games - 108-92 to the Aussies and 92-69 to Lithuania - killing their hopes of earning one of the seven automatic Olympic berths up for grabs.

The Canadians play Jordan on Saturday and Germany on Monday. A pair of victories should earn them a spot in one of the last-chance events.

"Definitely," Birch said. "Those next two games are really important. We needed a win ... a win like this gives us more confidence."

Mouhammad Faye had 14 points to lead 33rd-ranked Senegal (0-3).

Canada got off to a sluggish start against a long and athletic Senegal team as a three-pointer by Xane Dalmeida gave Senegal a 13-point lead late in the first quarter. Canada trailed 22-11 to start the second.

"We got a lot of good looks, we didn't make a lot, but the best thing that we did in that first quarter is we kept rebounding and we kept limiting them and their opportunities," Ejim said.

"So when we went on our run, we weren't in so much of a hole because we had limited them to one-shot opportunities. So as long as we continue to do that ... we play our style, we'll always have a chance no matter what the score is."

Canada found its form in the second. Consecutive three-pointers from Brady Heslip and Pangos capped a 22-4 second-quarter run to give Canada its first lead of the game. Joseph scored on a pull-up jumper to stretch the Canadians' lead to five points, and they went into the halftime break up 33-32.

A Pangos three put Canada up by 10 with 3 minutes 11 seconds to play in the third. The FC Barcelona point guard connected on another shot from deep with 53 seconds left in the quarter, and Canada cruised into the fourth at Dongguan Basketball Centre up 59-46.

"We came out in the third quarter and we just picked up our energy, picked up our aggressiveness. We were able to get a couple more stops, stopped them from crashing the boards a little bit," Joseph said. "And in terms of my 11 points, my teammates did a good job, I was able to get a couple to go, and they did a good job of setting screens and finding me when I got a little bit hot."

The Canadians, who were too passive on the boards in their first two games, outrebounded Senegal 47-35.

"There was an emphasis for us just to crash the boards, starting with me and the bigs. ... I think we did a good job today. We hit them early and got some rebounds and I think they kind of stopped going [to the boards] late in the game," Ejim said.

In the late game, Australia beat Lithuania 87-82 to lock up first place in Group H.

Despite losing to both teams, Nurse said there were take-aways from those games.

"I think we got a really good look at obviously two of the best teams in the world, right?" Nurse said. "You get a chance to see what they look like, and go out there and grind it out with them and bang against them, and then you just keep playing, right? I thought we had some great stretches in both the Australia and Lithuania games, and just had too many really bad stretches."

The results of the other World Cup groups say plenty about how tough Canada's preliminaryround opponents were. Canada swept Brazil and beat Venezuela and the Dominican Republic in World Cup qualifying. Those three countries advanced out of their World Cup groups against teams way down in the world rankings.

Associated Graphic

Canada's Cory Joseph drives to the basket during a 24-point performance against Senegal on Thursday at the FIBA World Cup in Dongguan, China. The Canadians finish with a 1-2 record in their group and next travel to Shanghai for two important classification games.

ZHIZHAO WU/GETTY IMAGES

JUST LIKE THAT, I WAS A LITTLE BROTHER
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An online DNA test introduced me to a family connection I never would have expected, Robert Imbeault writes
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By ROBERT IMBEAULT
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Wednesday, September 18, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A18


What causes us to love our siblings? Is it parents who tell their children to love each other? Or is it some unexplainable connection? What if you never knew a sibling existed and only met them for the first time after 46 years? What's the protocol for love then?

Two years ago, I shipped my spit to a company that promised to breakdown my lineage. A few weeks later, I reviewed the results online. The findings corroborated what my parents had told me. I'm a hefty dose of French and Italian with an unmeasurable melange of English, Scottish and possibly Greek DNA. A multicultured cocktail to be sure.

Months later, I received a message through the lineage site from a woman named Julie who believed we might be cousins based on the similarity of our DNA. It turns out that the website compares the DNA of their members to find matches. After a disquieting moment of considering the lack of privacy of my private data - which is something I must have unwittingly agreed to when I accepted the website's terms and conditions (the same terms and conditions I neglect to read everywhere else), I read Julie's note.

Julie explained that she was looking to learn more about her birth father. She asked if I could help connect any family dots given the site claimed we were likely first cousins. Julie possessed her birth certificate, which indicated where she was born - St. Jean, Que. - and her date of birth, 1969. The field labelled "Father" sat empty. Julie managed to find her birth mother, who refused to help and abruptly ceased communicating with her.

My own personal earthquake shook when my mother mentioned that in 1969, my father was 16 years old and going to school in St. Jean. A second earthquake two classes in magnitude greater rocked me when my father confirmed that his first girlfriend at the time shared Julie's birth mother's name.

Julie and I agreed to conduct another DNA test, a half-sibling test, from a third party to confirm what we suspected to be true. The test was surprisingly easy to find. Evidently verifying half-sibling DNA has become so commonplace it's borne its own niche industry. While we waited for the results, we took our relationship to the next level: Facebook. When I saw a photo of Julie for the first time, our resemblance served as visible evidence of our sibling status. I recognized her high cheekbones and deep-set hazel eyes as my own. We spoke almost every day asking about each other's lives.

Julie had grown up in a loving adoptive family who cared for her deeply, and I told her about my upbringing, the family she didn't get to know. Julie was raised in Colorado and was now living with her husband in Phoenix. I grew up in Montreal and now live in Ottawa. As more weeks passed, the second DNA test became a formality. It came as no surprise when it revealed a positive match. Just like that, I had an older sister, and Julie, a younger brother. We decided to meet in person a few months later in Portland, Ore.

When I received the text message that Julie and her husband had arrived, my wife and I, with our toddler in tow, walked to their hotel. The sun was heavy, uncommonly warm for Portland. As we approached, I handed my wife my phone, asking her to record the meeting. As soon as I let go of the device, I looked up to see Julie and her husband walking through the doors to meet us. I could feel subtle trembling as we held each other tightly. "It's real," I thought to myself.

Our long, warm embrace felt like home. I didn't expect the tears, but there they were leaving shiny, wet trails down my face. It wasn't sadness; it was the sense I'd returned to a familiar place after being gone a long time. It was nostalgia without memory.

The next few days and nights we were inseparable. We explored Portland through its food and parks while discovering our shared idiosyncrasies, such as our smiles, the way we laughed and our silly sense of humour. Our spouses were quick to confirm these findings as we indulged in our giddy enthusiasm.

A connection has blossomed into something more as I got to know Julie. We've developed an adult-sibling relationship. I check in periodically, update her on my life and tease her, when appropriate, like a good brother. I'm still waiting for her to buy me alcohol for my next party, and at some point, I'll have to borrow her car only to return it with an empty tank of gas.

Learning I had a sister brought with it a miscellany of emotions. Confusion, anger, excitement, joy; all of which were held at bay by a deep moat of skepticism. When the DNA results confirmed things, skepticism stepped aside. I decided that the revelation was a joyous one, worth celebrating even. I welcomed her kindness and thoughtfulness more than I would have done from a stranger. But why? What caused this overnight acceptance? Dare I call it love? Did the tidal wave of unconditional love from my own new fatherhood spill over to include my new sister?

I believe the answer is akin to my DNA lineage, a hefty dose of acceptance with an unmeasurable mélange of the rest. I accepted the fact that Julie was my biological half-sister and I accepted Julie. I'm also excited to extend my daughter's village.

More than a year later, although the excitement has dwindled, an inexpressible phenomenon persists. My baseline for happiness has risen. I have someone new to become close with, to learn about, to learn from and with whom I can open up. I feel comforted knowing she is only a quick text away and can look forward to more visits, more shared meals, more joyful hugs. The experience of discovering someone new has also reminded me of the importance of the family already in my life. I've tended to cast aside connections with my mother, father, younger sisters and grandmother, but these can, luckily, be remedied with a simple phone call or a visit.

I'm fortunate in not only finding Julie, but in renewing the ties so important to me and to those I love.

Robert Imbeault lives in Ottawa.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY CHELSEA O'BYRNE

For salmon stymied by B.C.'s Big Bar landslide, survival depends on help from above
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Populations along Fraser River were already in decline before giant rocks landed in their path this past summer. Here's how a rescue effort is taking shape
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By WENDY STUECK
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Thursday, September 12, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A10


VANCOUVER -- In late June, fisheries officials learned of a landslide along the Fraser River near Lillooet, about 250 kilometres by road northeast of Vancouver.

Rocks, some as big as cars, had sheared off a 125-metre cliff and lodged in the river, creating a five-metre waterfall below.

For wild salmon, it might as well have been a brick wall.

The Fraser River is a migratory path for five species of wild salmon, which return to fresh water from the ocean to spawn.

The fish are a food and cultural mainstay for First Nations, the backbone of B.C.'s sport and commercial fisheries and essential food for other species, including endangered killer whales.

Even before the slide, Fraser River salmon were in trouble.

Chinook - big, powerful fish that are a dietary mainstay for killer whales - are at risk of disappearing. Federal assessments last year found 12 of 13 Fraser River chinook populations to be at risk.

This year's sockeye run has been dismal.

Harvests have been cancelled or restricted and, this month, labour and First Nations groups called for federal disaster relief for fishing-dependent communities.

So the slide could hardly have come at a worse time, or place.

As long-term questions rumbled - Could it have been detected sooner? What impact would it have on future runs? - the immediate focus was clear.

Save the fish.

A TOUGH SPOT The Big Bar slide is at the foot of a cliff. Even assessing the site was a challenge. Before anybody could go about blasting or moving rocks to help fish get through, loose rock had to be removed from cliff walls.

Rock scalers tackled the wall with hand tools.

Helicopters dumped water from giant buckets to sluice loose debris.

As of early September, an estimated 2,000 cubic metres, or 300 truckloads, had been removed.

The river flow is unpredictable, making basic tasks - such as installing sonar counters to see if any fish were making it upstream - a challenge.

In July, flooding on the Chilcotin River, north of the slide site, sent water and debris downstream.

Canyon walls form a wind tunnel and summer temperatures in the area can be scorching.

THE PLAYERS British Columbia did not declare a provincial state of emergency over the Big Bar landslide, as it did for wildfires in August, 2018. (The province ended that state the next month as weather cooled.)

But the approach to tackling the slide has had the hallmarks of emergency response, including a co-ordinated effort featuring federal and provincial governments, First Nations and a number of agencies, all working from a command centre in Lillooet.

There have been up to 180 people working on the response, ranging from hydrological engineers to helicopter pilots to wildfire-service employees who carried flopping, slippery fish from nets to buckets for transport by helicopter.

THE OPTIONS To a layperson, it might seem simple: Blow up the slide so fish can get through. But the site had to be assessed, a helipad built. By early September, the team was still working on getting an excavator to the site.

Teams weighed the possibility of moving fish by helicopter, by truck or with a fish cannon, a device that would essentially shoot the fish over the slide.

The door was thrown open for advice.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was tapped for technical suggestions (the agency had little to add to what teams on the ground were already doing, officials said on a recent technical briefing). A suggestion from a Yinka Dene member resulted in a plan to ship up to 200 Early Stuart sockeye to a rearing facility in Chilliwack. (Early Stuarts, which migrate to the Stuart Lake system near Fort St.

James, are one of the stocks flagged as "of concern" by federal authorities.)

Over the past couple of months, crews built a road for trucks. Helicopter transports began, shuttling fish caught using seining, dip-netting and a fish wheel, a system of buckets that turns with the river's current.

Glitches were tackled as they happened. Cultural and archeological assessments were part of the process. As water levels dropped, workers were able to start moving rocks, using hand tools, small blasts and muscle to create new pathways for the fish.

The rock moving involved "lots of physical labour and lots of kind of playing chess," Sam Fougère, a senior engineering geologist with BGC Engineering, said in a Sept. 6 technical briefing.

"If we are not sure what is going on, we actually just look at what the fish are doing," Mr. Fougère added. "Within minutes of doing work, they will either make passage through that section we are working on or they won't. And we have to do additional work."

WHAT'S NEXT In early September, the momentum appeared to shift. Salmon were swimming past the slide. The fish included pink salmon, which are smaller and weaker than chinook and sockeye that had been making their way past the obstacle.

In a Sept. 11 update, the incident command team said 160,000 fish had swum past the landslide since the response began.

Over the preceding six weeks, more than 60,000 salmon had been captured and flown by helicopter upstream of the landslide.

With monitoring showing that 85 per cent of salmon were making their way past the slide, the command team put transport operations on hold.

If there are problems with pinks - about 800,000 are expected in coming weeks - transports could start up again.

The incident command team estimates it moved about a third of the chinook and a quarter of the sockeye that arrived below the slide between the time the response began in June and early September, when it was put on hold because most fish were getting through.

For some sockeye, the only spawners this year will be those moved by human crews.

Associated Graphic

A helicopter flies past the site of the Big Bar landslide along the Fraser River near Clinton, B.C., on July 18.

REUTERS

Members of the B.C. Wildfire Service aid efforts to move salmon up the Fraser River in July.

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Fisheries Department workers Michael Graham, left, and Stuart LePage rush to place a salmon in a vessel to be lifted by helicopter and moved up the Fraser River.

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

As of Wednesday, the incident command team says 160,000 fish have swam past the landslide since the co-ordinated response along the Fraser River began.

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS

Don't call Roger Deakins an artist
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In Toronto for the premiere of The Goldfinch, the British cinematographer offers life lessons on vision, awards and luck
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Friday, September 13, 2019 – Print Edition, Page A16


You know a Roger Deakins shot even if you have no idea who Roger Deakins is.

Think of the vast snow-drenched emptiness of Fargo or the sunset cartel assault in Sicario or the neon-lit Shanghai fight scene in Skyfall. The British cinematographer has been shooting movies for almost four decades and has, through his repeat collaborations with such filmmakers as the Coen brothers and Denis Villeneuve, helped define the look of what we'll call the "Prestige Motion Picture." With Deakins's name attached, no matter how wobbly the script or thin the performances, the film's visuals are bound to transfix.

This Friday, Deakins's latest project, The Goldfinch, arrives in theatres - and while the adaptation of Donna Tartt's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel disappoints in almost every other sense, it scores on an aesthetic level: You wouldn't think there'd be a new, interesting way to shoot the inside of, say, an airplane cabin, but Deakins, 70, excels in exposing details others would miss.

In Toronto this week for the world premiere of the film, as well as to receive the Variety Artisan Award at the inaugural TIFF Tribute Gala, Deakins spoke with The Globe and Mail about art, awards and luck.

You have 14 Oscar nominations, and one win, last year, to your name. And now you're accepting this TIFF award. But at this stage in your career, do you have much need for awards?

They're icing on the cake. It's doing the work that's important, and what's been important from the beginning. I don't want to be the one going up there, anyway. It was great to win an Oscar [for Blade Runner 2049], but also horrible. It's terrifying to find a thing to say, and you feel like such a fool. It's funny. A few years ago, Joel Coen said to me, "God, what does it feel like? How did it happen? We're part of the establishment now." We never really wanted to be.

So you consider yourself outside the mainstream?

I do feel terribly like an outsider.

I'm uncomfortable now, I'm uncomfortable at film festivals, I'm uncomfortable going to any meeting, actually. I'm only comfortable when I'm behind a camera and shooting.

How do you deal with the other side of the job, then, which is promotion obligations such as this?

I'm here to support a film I care about, it's as simple as that. It is nice going to festivals, don't get me wrong, just as it's nice going to the Oscars. I get to see friends I haven't seen for a while, like for the Blade Runner 2049 year, I ran into Gary Oldman, who I had only seen briefly once since I worked with him on Sid and Nancy all those years ago. But I still don't feel part of those events.

I've read that you don't consider yourself an artist, but a storyteller.

I don't know what art really is.

Not really. What is art? Is it a painting on a wall? I don't know.

Anything that somebody does to the best of their ability you could call art in some way. I think filmmaking is communication.

You're trying to provoke an emotional response in your audience in some way. I don't know if that's art or not. It's a funny word, "art."

On your personal website, you say "there are no rules." Not even basic technical ones?

I don't think there are. I think any photographer or cinematographer has to be true to their own vision, their own sense of composition, their own interpretation of what they see around them.

There are no rules, no. I think a lot of people who go on the website are in awe, that they think there's a process or a kind of magic. They think that if they just learn it ... you know what I mean? That there's some magic formula or secret to it. There's not. It's basically hard work.

Why did you start the website?

We were doing a Q&A one time and so many came up afterward, because they're shy during the actual session, to ask questions. I said, why not just do a website, and people can ask questions and then it becomes a forum, a discussion for everyone to get the benefit. At Q&As, I just want to be at home, and it's much easier to answer questions this way. Some go, "Oh my god, Roger is actually answering," and I go what's the big deal? Whatever you want. I'm not someone in an ivory tower. I was very lucky how I got into the business, so you have to be open to those questions, those moments.

What was the defining moment of luck for your career?

You could say it happened right at the beginning, when my dad would play cartoons for me with this old projector that he kept from the war. Or maybe he stole it. But he brought it back from Germany, and we watched cartoons on it, and from there, I joined the film society at school, and that all turned me on to movies. I didn't know what I wanted to do with my life, but I didn't want to carry on with my dad's business - he was a builder.

So I went to art college, and there's another crucial moment there, when a friend of mine said the [National Film and Television School] is opening up, and he was applying, so I did, too. Neither of us got in, but afterward I went for an interview with the principal and was told if I applied next year, they'd give me a place. So I got in, but my friend didn't. And that's what clinched it for me. I had no connections, and I was quite shy. I wasn't going to go to London and beat on doors. That moment changed things completely for me.

This interview has been condensed and edited.

Associated Graphic

Cinematographer Roger Deakins - seen with his wife, Isabella James Purefoy Ellis, at the world premiere of The Goldfinch at the Toronto International Film Festival on Sunday - says he still feels 'like an outsider' and never really wanted to be a part of the film-industry establishment.

MARIO ANZUONI/REUTERS

Move over, S&P, there are some new indexes on the block
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By ROB CARRICK
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B11


The uncontested benchmark for the Canadian stock market is the S&P/TSX Composite Index, but a growing number of exchange-traded funds and index funds are following a different path.

To save money, they're tracking new or lower profile benchmarks such as the Solactive Canada Broad Market and FTSE Canada indexes. Big considerations in choosing ETFs are fees and popularity (as measured by trading volumes and assets). But the underlying index matters, too. You want an index that is well diversified in both stocks and sectors.

One of the latest ETF players to look beyond the S&P/TSX Composite Index is TD Asset Management, which is part of TorontoDominion Bank.

TDAM proposed recently that the Canadian equity fund in its well-regarded e-series of index mutual funds switch to the Solactive Canada Broad Market Index from the S&P/TSX Composite Index.

The TD Canadian Equity ETF (TTP) made a similar switch in late 2018.

"When making the decision to change to a new benchmark, we looked at different factors including sector weightings, correlation and performance," a TD spokesman said by e-mail.

The Solactive Canada Broad Market Index is also used by the Mackenzie Canadian Equity Index ETF (QCN), which began trading in January, 2018. Solactive, based in Frankfurt, describes itself on its corporate website as offering "German index engineering."

ETFs in Canada originally tracked widely followed indexes such as the S&P/TSX Composite and then branched into competing but similar indexes, into socalled smart beta funds that screen for stocks with particular attributes and into actively managed funds run by a portfolio manager.

Index-tracking ETFs stand out for cost-conscious investors because they have the cheapest fees. The introduction of new indexes to compete with incumbents in the Canadian, U.S. and international equity categories has helped feed this low-fee trend, said Daniel Straus, head of ETF research and strategy at National Bank Financial. Index providers such as Standard & Poor's and MSCI are the gold standard in creating robust indexes, but their licensing fees can weigh on the cost of running an index fund.

"If the asset manager can switch to a cheaper index, they may be able to more easily post a lower fee or collect more [profit] margin or some combination of the two," Mr. Straus said.

TD's spokesman confirmed that the switch to the Solactive Broad Canada index results in lower index-licensing costs, savings that are being passed along to investors through lower fees.

The management-expense ratio for TTP is 0.06 per cent now, down from 0.08 per cent in 2017.

The index change will also contribute to a drop in the management fee (a major part of the MER) for TD Canadian Index Fund-e to 0.25 per cent from 0.3 per cent.

QCN and TTP trailed other index-tracking Canadian equity ETFs for the year through Aug. 31 with total returns (share price changes plus dividends) of 15.4 per cent.

Both the BMO S&P/TSX Capped Composite Index ETF (ZCN) and the iShares Core S&P/ TSX Capped Composite Index ETF (XIC) made 17.1 per cent. The Vanguard FTSE Canada All Cap Index ETF (VCN), tracking the FTSE Canada All Cap Index, made 16.4 per cent.

Short-term numbers such as these are trivial, but they raise the question of how alternatives to the S&P/TSX Composite Index will perform. Mr. Straus suggests this shouldn't be a big concern if you're looking at traditional index-tracking ETFs.

"One of the dirty little secrets of passive index analysis is that, so long as best practices are followed, most passive indices arrive at the same place via different directions," he said. "The end result is that even though one index is provided by FTSE, one is provided by S&P and one is provided by MSCI, they are almost identical. You can see that in terms of their performance and their portfolios and their correlation."

Where performance of traditional index ETFs does differ somewhat is in the comparison between funds tracking indexes focusing on large companies and those representing a broader slice of the market. Both the Vanguard FTSE Canada Index ETF (VCE), tracking the FTSE Canada Index, and the iShares S&P/TSX 60 Index ETF (XIU), following the S&P/TSX 60 Index, focus on big blue chips and they have both outperformed over the past five years.

The advantage for large-cap stocks isn't a permanent one - XIC and XIU have almost identical 10-year returns (both around 7.1 per cent).

But large stocks do tend out outperform now and then in the Canadian market.

The sameness of the broad market indexes tracked by Canadian equity ETFs can be seen in their portfolio holdings. The weighting for financial stocks in the S&P/TSX Composite and Solactive indexes is in the low-30per-cent range, and Royal Bank of Canada (RY), TD (TD) and Enbridge Inc. (ENB) are usually the top three holdings.

A notable exception can be found in the ETFs of some FTSE indexes - VCE, tracking FTSE Canada, has a financials weighting of 42 per cent and VCN, based on FTSE Canada All Cap, is at 37 per cent.

VCE has been a strong performer in the past five years, but that heavy financial weighting would be a concern if banks, insurers and investment firms were thrashed like they were in the 2008-09 crash.

One of the biggest weaknesses of the Canadian stock market is that it's dominated by financials and resource stocks while offering negligible exposure to dynamic sectors such as technology and health care. Competitors to the S&P/TSX Composite Index offer no solution to this shortcoming.

TTP, with its underlying Solactive index, has an exposure to tech and health care of 5.9 and 0.2 per cent, respectively. XIC, based on the S&P/TSX Composite, has a weighting of 5.4 per cent in tech and 1.6 per cent in health care.

VCN has a weighting of 3.6 per cent in tech and 0.5 per cent in health care.

New indexes for investing in the Canadian stock market are a welcome addition to the marketplace because they help sharpen the level of fee competition in the ETF and index fund business. Are they better investments than the incumbent indexes? In the Canadian market, they seem to offer more of the same.

Associated Graphic

ISTOCK

TESLA, MEET YOUR MATCH
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The automaker's famed battery electric vehicles have seen no direct competition - until now. With the forthcoming Taycan, Porsche goes head-to-head with the Model S, Mark Hacking reports
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By MARK HACKING
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Friday, September 6, 2019 – Print Edition, Page D1


ATLANTA -- Let's get the hyperbole out of the way right from the get-go: The 2020 Porsche Taycan is one of the most important production cars of the 21st century. The reason? This forthcoming allelectric sedan could deliver equal or better performance than the Tesla Model S - and it's a Porsche.

That's an important distinction.

Since the introduction of the Model S in 2012, "traditional" automakers have struggled to understand the feverish, unwavering and, at times, seemingly irrational support for Tesla from early adopters, investors and technophiles alike. Without question, Tesla has been a disruptive force in the industry, jump-starting the modern-day battery-electric vehicle (BEV) movement. To this point, though, the company's ability to disrupt has hinged on a few critical factors.

Among the most significant: No BEVs compete directly with the three Tesla models - at least, not in a head to head, dollar for dollar, kilowatt-hour-to-kilowatt-hour type of way.

But with the forthcoming Porsche Taycan, billed internally as "the world's first fully electric sports car," the Tesla Model S may have a direct competitor - and it may have met its match.

When the first BEV from Porsche hits the market, there will be two models to choose from: the Taycan Turbo and the Taycan Turbo S. (For clarification, neither model features a turbocharged engine. The nomenclature is intended to mirror that used for the Porsche 911 model line.) The difference between the two comes down to the output of the electric motor mounted on the front axle.

Both the Turbo and Turbo S feature the same 93.4 kWh battery pack, a network of lithiumion cells mounted in the floor to ensure a low centre of gravity. Both also have electric motors at the front and rear axles, giving the Porsche all-electric, all-wheel drive. Nothing revolutionary so far, but let's dig deeper into the technical details.

The Taycan has been engineered for "repeatable performance" - compared with the Tesla Model S P100D, it's slightly slower from a dead start and has less overall range.

However, it should have far more consistent performance.

In its famed "ludicrous mode," the Tesla can hit 100 kilometres an hour in a revelatory 2.5 seconds, but it would be unlikely to match this time immediately thereafter owing to battery-cooling challenges. The engineers at Porsche have spent the better part of four years tackling these precise challenges.

First, they opted for a permanent magnet synchronous motor for both axles. This design is more expensive than other types of motors, but it's more compact, more efficient and better able to manage heat. Next, the engineers linked a twospeed transmission to the electric motor at the back, which allows for maximum acceleration in first gear, and a higher top speed and longer range in second gear. (The front motor uses a single-speed transmission.)

The Taycan also features 800-volt technology and pulse-controlled inverters for both motors to manage the juice from the battery pack.

The Turbo S employs a larger inverter for the front axle motor, which allows for the increase in power and performance.

Lastly, there's an intricate thermal-management system that's designed to keep the battery within the optimal temperature range when driving, and when the Taycan is plugged in and recharging.

But enough with the words - let's get to the numbers.

The Taycan Turbo produces 616 horsepower and 627 lb-ft of torque, all of that available from a standstill. With the overboost function of the electrified powertrain, the horsepower jumps to 670 for brief spells. The claimed zero-to-100-km/h time is 3.2 seconds and top speed rings in at 260 km/h. For the Turbo S, the numbers are more eye-popping: 750 horsepower when in overboost, 774 lb-ft of torque, the same top speed and the zero-to-100 km/h sprint in 2.8 seconds.

At the end of the technical presentation, attendees had the chance to ride shotgun in the Taycan Turbo S around the Porsche Experience Center, a test track facility in Atlanta. Based on this run, my belief is that Porsche is being conservative with the acceleration figures - my gut, which is still in the back seat of the car somewhere, says a time of 2.5 seconds is closer to the truth.

As evidence that the objective of repeatable performance has been achieved, the Porsche team put up some even more impressive numbers during development. There's the new lap record for BEVs around the Nordschleife race course in Germany, which now stands at 7 minutes 42 seconds - a fast time made more newsworthy when you consider there's been no official attempt made with a Model S. The Taycan also completed 26 consecutive sprints from zero to 200 km/h on an airfield in Germany. The news here: The last run was only 0.8 seconds slower than the first.

Finally, there was an endurance test that took place at the Nardo Technical Center in Italy.

Over the course of 24 hours, the Taycan completed 3,425 kilometres at an average speed of 143 km/h. Of note: This run included recharging sessions - and this is another area where Porsche looks to excel. When hooked up to a high-speed charger, the Taycan is expected to vault from a 5-percent charge to an 80-per-cent charge in just 22.5 minutes.

In terms of range, the Taycan may not be able to match the Model S. The Turbo offers up to 450 km in range according to testing standards in the European Union or roughly 400 km in U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency terms. But the goal for Porsche has not been to match Tesla, measure for measure. The goal has been to engineer a BEV that drives like a Porsche. So there are only two big question marks left: how the 2020 Porsche Taycan drives and how much it will cost.

Special to The Globe and Mail The writer was a guest of the automaker. Content was not subject to approval.

Associated Graphic

In creating the battery-electric 2020 Taycan, Porsche opted for a permanent magnet synchronous motor for both axles, which is more compact, more efficient and better able to manage heat than other types of motors.

The 2020 Porsche Taycan, above, boasts 800-volt technology and pulse-controlled inverters for both motors to manage the juice from its battery pack.

E is for Edward
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In the weekly series The Enthusiast, The Globe and Mail's writers offer a window into their own private cultural lives: what they're watching, reading, seeing and listening to. This week, Kate Taylor discusses her love of Edward Gorey
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By KATE TAYLOR
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R4


During the brief period when I lived in a university dorm, I had a postcard stuck on my door that served as a kind of nameplate. "K is for Kate who was struck with an axe," the caption read, underneath an illustration of a small girl gruesomely impaled and abandoned in a snowy clearing with a trail of bloody footprints leading away from her little body.

Fans of the illustrator and author Edward Gorey will recognize the reference: The bloodied Kate is K in The Gashlycrumb Tinies, one of Gorey's several alphabets and probably the best-known work in his oddball oeuvre of small picture books. The alphabet begins with "A is for Amy who fell down the stairs/B is for Basil assaulted by bears," and continues through the children's many improbable deaths.

I had only pinned up the postcard because I found it funny and, aside from recognizing that I prefer my comedy black, have never thought much about why Gorey's work so delights me. Or not until this summer when I read a recent biography of the man - only the latest in the string of Gorey books, cards and coffee mugs that friends and family have bestowed over the years. Mark Dery's Born to Be Posthumous: The Eccentric Life and Mysterious Genius of Edward Gorey is a biography stuffed with literary and visual analysis of his remarkable art. (Details on his early life, on the other hand, remain sparse.)

Judging by his painstakingly cross-hatched illustrations of Edwardian orphans, you might have assumed Gorey was prewar and British. In fact, he was an American who was born in 1925 and came of artistic age in the 1950s. He grew up in Chicago, studied French at Harvard after a brief stint in the military and lived most of his creative life in New York before wider success - he created the animated title sequence on PBS's Mystery! - allowed him to buy a retreat on Cape Cod in the 1980s. His work is so idiosyncratic he might not seem to fit any pantheon or zeitgeist, but Dery convincingly inserts him into the cultural context of the late 20th century.

He points out that Gorey's work belonged to the blossoming of American children's book illustration in the 1950s. That movement produced Dr. Seuss and Maurice Sendak and, recognizing children's wild natures and fantastical imaginations, marked a distinct departure from Dick and Jane, let alone the moralizing Victorians. But no publisher - and Gorey had many - was ever willing to position the macabre books as children's literature. They would have remained the object of a small adult cult if the Gotham Book Mart had not begun producing Gorey merchandise in 1977. I was not the first Gorey fan introduced to his work by a postcard.

To those who wondered if he grew up in a garret, Gorey was fond of replying he had a banal Midwestern childhood - but it doesn't sound a happy one. He was the only child of a single mother who doted on his evident genius while his father, a Chicago newspaper man who decamped when Gorey was 11 or 12, was uncomprehending of an increasingly eccentric young man.

Before his parents' divorce, the family moved continually within Chicago for reasons unclear, and then afterward between that city and his mother's wealthier family in Florida. Gorey's grandmother had been committed to an asylum before his birth - perhaps because she was mentally ill or perhaps because Grandpa wanted to be rid of her. It was a fractious family, relatives report, and from there, Dery spies a source for the dark glances, heavy sighs and retreats to asylums that populate such Gorey treasures as The Unstrung Harp, The Object-Lesson and The Fatal Lozenge.

Dery places those off-kilter tales with their dreamlike settings and fanciful non-sequiturs - "It was already Thursday but his lordship's artificial limb could not be found," - in the tradition of 20th-century surrealism. I had never thought of Gorey as heir to Marcel Duchamp or Luis Bunuel, but he shares the surrealist's quest for the unconscious and the ineffable. One favourite expression was "O, the of it all!" with the subject simply missing.

His biographer also judiciously applies some queer theory to position Gorey's prancing characters and miniature books (and obsessive dedication to the choreography of George Balanchine) as a rejection of macho modernism. His delicate art made him the very antithesis of a Norman Mailer or a Jackson Pollock.

Gorey's work is camp and so was his persona. By his 20s in New York, he had a well-established style: Heavily bearded, he spoke in melodramatic tones and wore full-length fur coats paired with sneakers as well as rings on every finger. This was the figure who left his newsman father scratching his head. Today, we would instantly identify Gorey as gay and his largely unrequited crushes were always on other men, but when pressed, he said he was asexual. He had numerous friends but few intimates: The extravagant persona was a guise and many of Dery's sources note he kept everyone at arm's length. "Gorey was a man full of locked rooms whose art is about what isn't said and isn't shown," he writes. No wonder some observers found it deeply erotic.

Both here, and on the subject of Gorey's childhood, Dery is admirably restrained when it comes to psychological speculation: I wouldn't have been able to resist the temptation to draw stronger links between his itinerant childhood, solitary adulthood and unusual art. It occurs to me now that The Gashlycrumb Tinies, featuring youngsters just around the so-called age of reason, is not really about the death of children but about the death of childhood. And might that not be ascribed to the nostalgia of a precocious and peripatetic boy who didn't really have one?

Gorey's settings are period, but the effect is timeless: As a student, I was unaware that the amusing alphabet (published in 1963) was already about as old as I was. Emerging as a reaction against the monolithic art and morality of the 1950s, Gorey's satire felt increasingly contemporary as postmodernism's ironic positions went mainstream in the 1980s. Today, irony is an even more powerful cultural force and, 19 years after his death, Gorey's work remains as provocative as ever. Born to be posthumous indeed.

Despite political tensions, Canadian health clinic finds success in China
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By NATHAN VANDERKLIPPE
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Monday, September 16, 2019 – Print Edition, Page B1


BEIJING -- A posh Canada-branded wellness clinic has opened on the outskirts of Beijing, ushering wealthy clients into a space modelled after a pioneering Winnipeg facility - one of the more striking signs that China remains open to business for those aligned with Chinese priorities.

Canada Wellness Institute (CWI) opened its first medical fitness facility in China in 2015 with Chinese partners. Last week, it inaugurated its second inside a luxury hotel, another step in an ambitious plan to open 100 locations across the country in the next three years, each fitted with AI-powered analytical equipment, hospital-grade treadmills and attentive medical staff ready to cater to local elites.

CWI is based on a similar facility built by a Winnipeg hospital and has become an unlikely flag-bearer in China - unlikely because the flag it bears has provoked rage in China since the arrest in Vancouver last December of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou.

But the appetite in China for Canadian expertise, at a moment when Beijing is newly preoccupied with improving health care, underscores the opportunity some firms have continued to find there. While government-imposed measures have blocked imports of Canadian canola and pork, local purchasers have brought in twice the volume of Canadian lobster this year and significant new volumes of Canadian wheat. Over all, China's imports of Canadian goods are up 5 per cent this year, according to the latest Statistics Canada figures, which cover the first seven months of the year. Beijing's trade war with the United States has driven some buyers to Canadian products in their hunt for goods with lower tariffs.

"In areas where Canadian companies, including small and medium enterprises and educational institutions and healthcare providers, line up with Chinese priorities, there still are tremendous opportunities," said Graham Shantz, president of the Canada China Business Council.

The appeal of Canada's brand provides other opportunities as well - Canada Goose and Tim Hortons have expanded in China amid the current dispute.

And CWI chief executive Carrie Solmundson has discovered the enduring value, too, of trading on past ties, including the image of Norman Bethune, the Canadian doctor to Chinese Communist forces who was famously eulogized by Mao Zedong.

Both Canada and China have publicly funded health-care systems. In addition, "we bring that history of the relationship in health, going back to the days of Norman Bethune," Ms. Solmundson said.

Indeed, at the grand opening ceremony for her clinic's Beijing location, she was twice likened to the revolutionary hero.

"Carrie is our modern-day Bethune. The more the public gets to know people like her, the greater the possibility there will be to improve relations between China and Canada," said Zhou Shenglai, chairman of the Disease and Health Management Committee at the Chinese Hospital Association.

Dr. Zhou has been among China's leading advocates for cooperating with the Canada Wellness Institute, or CWI, a notfor-profit company formed by Seven Oaks Hospital, Winnipeg's largest community medical centre. In 1996, Seven Oaks built a wellness institute that offers massage, nutritional coaching, personal training, sports rehabilitation, weightloss services and programs for chronic disease management.

That institute caught the attention of Chinese hospital administrators seeking to build similar services, particularly under the Healthy China 2030 plan, announced by President Xi Jinping in 2016, that has made the enhancement of "national well-being" one of Beijing's core goals. That political imperative has provided opportunities for private interests, who hope to spread the wellness institute model across China - and perhaps other countries as well.

"We had the opportunity in Winnipeg to, over 20 years ago, develop and trial and refine a model that we had no idea at the time would have application internationally," said Ms.

Solmundson, who was previously the chief executive of Seven Oaks.

The Healthy China 2030 plan includes a number of targets, including a reduction in premature mortality from major chronic diseases - to 12 per cent in 2030 from 19.1 per cent in 2015 - as well as an almost 50-per-cent increase in the number of people who exercise regularly.

Both fit the wellness institute model and Ms. Solmundson envisions Canadian studies playing a role in improving Chinese lives.

"We have a chronic disease research and innovation centre in Canada, working together with hospital partners" in China, she said. One of their objectives: "How do we move the needle on hypertension. That's the biggest health risk here right now facing China."

Disease prevention, not just treatment, is particularly appealing to Chinese medical leaders.

"Our hospital has long been interested in preventative medical measures," said Yin Zhichen, general manager of Xuanwu Hospital, which has built a heart and brain condition microclinic at the CWI site in Beijing. He envisions saving on treatment costs by pursuing a more holistic view of health - precisely the language Ms. Solmundson uses.

"Of all the companies in all the countries, we have seen the biggest potential and the most similarities with this Canadian company," Mr. Yin said.

For the Canada Wellness Institute, that has provided access to some of China's wealthiest people. At the Beijing site, yearly memberships sell for $5,500, half the average annual disposable income in the city. Clients come from the top 1 per cent or 2 per cent in the city. The site itself is located at the Jinmao Eastern Garden Hotel, in a remote part of Beijing populated by expensive villas and an Olympic rowing and paddling centre. Depending on their size and location, such institutes cost between $2-million and $20-million to build, said Kong Fei, CEO of More Health, China's largest digital health-services company.

(More Health is a majority owner in the joint venture working to build 100 such locations; Canada Wellness Institute has a 25-per-cent stake, while technology startup Getwell owns 10 per cent.)

There are obstacles. Preventative care - in the form of a facility that looks like a high-end gym - is a "revolutionary concept for traditional Chinese people, who are used to only going to the hospital when they are seriously ill," Mr. Yin said.

Frictions between Canada and China, too, "are the biggest risk" to building out new CWI locations, Dr. Zhou said. "A deterioration in relations hurts civil co-operation very badly."

Still, the grand opening for a Canadian-backed facility in Beijing offered a sign that behind the headline-grabbing political dispute, business continues.

With reporting by Alexandra Li

Five operas for Canadians to catch this fall
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The season will see ambitious revivals, fresh twists and rare productions of works spanning centuries - in venues spread across the country, Jenna Simeonov writes
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By JENNA SIMEONOV
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Special to The Globe and Mail
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Saturday, September 14, 2019 – Print Edition, Page R2


RUSALKA, CANADIAN OPERA COMPANY, OCT. 12-26 Antonin Dvorak's Rusalka, it turns out, has something for all types of opera fans. The story, sung in the composer's native Czech, is a fairy tale named for the water nymph who falls in love with a human prince. It's not a direct adaptation, but Rusalka shares some key plot points with The Little Mermaid - enough to appeal to first-time operagoers who don't feel like bei