China targets second Canadian in wake of Huawei CFO arrest
Michael Spavor is missing after being questioned by Chinese officials
By NATHAN VANDERKLIPPE, ROBERT FIFE, STEVEN CHASE
Thursday, December 13, 2018 Print Edition, Page A1
BEIJING OTTAWA -- Michael Spavor, a Canadian whose company brings tourists and hockey players into North Korea, has gone missing in China after being questioned by officials, two sources say.
His disappearance comes days after Beijing warned Canada could face "serious consequences" over the arrest of Chinese executive Meng Wanzhou, and the detention of former Canadian diplomat Michael Kovrig.
Mr. Spavor lives in China, where he runs Paektu Cultural Exchange. He gained fame for helping arrange a visit to North Korea by former NBA player Dennis Rodman. Mr. Spavor met North Korean leader Kim Jongun on that trip.
It is not clear what has happened to Mr. Spavor, or whether he himself is the subject of interest by Chinese authorities in what could be a reprisal for Canada's arrest of Ms. Meng, chief financial officer of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Mr. Kovrig, a former diplomat working as an analyst for the International Crisis Group (ICG), was seized in Beijing on Monday.
Ms. Meng was released on $10-million bail Tuesday.
Chinese police and state security can detain and interrogate people they consider witnesses in criminal investigations.
Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said at a news conference on Wednesday that a Canadian whom she did not name had contacted government officials after being questioned by Chinese authorities.
"We have not been able to make contact with him since he let us know about this," Ms. Freeland said. "We are working very hard to ascertain his whereabouts and we have also raised this case with the Chinese authorities and we are in touch with his family."
Ms. Freeland said she did not want to say anything more, calling it a "delicate situation and I want to respect the privacy of that individual and that individual's family."
Late Wednesday, Global Affairs confirmed that Mr. Spavor is the missing Canadian.
Mr. Spavor and Mr. Kovrig know each other, according to two people familiar with them.
Mr. Spavor was expected to land in Seoul on a flight from China on Monday, but did not arrive, a person who knows him said. In his most recent Facebook post, at 12:12 a.m. on Dec. 10, he talked about new opportunities. "I'll be in Seoul from Monday the 10th for a few days for new consulting work :)" Although Mr. Spavor regularly spends time in North Korea, he is not particularly interested in the isolated regime's politics, said Andrei Lankov, a North Korea specialist who is a professor at Kookmin University in Seoul. Mr.
Spavor just "likes North Korea. He believes that this place is misunderstood. And he sees himself as a person trying to become a bridge between North Korea and the world."
If Mr. Spavor has been detained, Prof. Lankov said, "it's a sign that the Chinese are going crazy."
Mr. Kovrig was detained by the Beijing arm of the Chinese state security apparatus, ICG said in a statement. The group "has received no information about Michael since his detention and is concerned for his health and safety."
Canada does not know where Mr. Kovrig - who is on special leave from Global Affairs and so does not have diplomatic immunity - is being held, federal officials told reporters in a briefing.
Separately on Wednesday, Ms.Freeland criticized U.S. President Donald Trump for saying he is open to using the arrest of Ms.
Meng as a bargaining chip in trade negotiations with China.
"Our extradition partners should not seek to politicize the extradition process or use it for ends other than the pursuit of justice and following the rule of law," Ms. Freeland said.
Ms. Freeland said Ms. Meng's lawyers could raise the President's remarks in the extradition hearings, and that the Canadian judge might also consider them in deciding whether to send Ms.
Meng to the United States. Ms.Meng is accused of misleading multinational banks about Huawei's control of a company operating in Iran, putting the banks at risk of violating U.S. sanctions and incurring penalties, court documents said.
Sources say the Trudeau government is weighing whether to issue a new travel warning to Canadians visiting China.
Ms. Freeland told reporters Canadians are currently urged to exercise a "high degree of caution" when considering whether to visit China. She urged Canadians to check the government's travel website for updates.
On Wednesday, the Beijing News reported that Mr. Kovrig is being held and investigated by Beijing state security, and is "suspected of participating in activities that harm China's national security. The case is now under review."
Ms. Freeland said she had raised Mr. Kovrig's arrest with China's ambassador to Canada, Lu Shaye, and that Canada's ambassador in Beijing, John McCallum, has spoken to the country's Foreign Ministry.
In an opinion piece for The Globe and Mail, Mr. Lu called the arrest of Ms. Meng "premediated political action" and a "witch hunt" against Huawei, which is one of China's premier high-tech firms.
"Those who accuse China of detaining some person in retaliation for the arrest of Ms. Meng should first reflect on the actions of the Canadian side," he wrote.
China has strongly protested against her arrest to U.S. and Canadian officials. Ms. Meng is the daughter of Huawei's founder, Ren Zhengfei, who is closely connected to China's ruling Communist Party.
Ms. Meng reacted to her release with gratitude and defiance in a recent post on WeChat, a popular Chinese-language social-media platform: "I am in Vancouver and back with family ... I am proud of Huawei and I am proud of my motherland."
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has acknowledged he knew in advance about the arrest of Ms.
Meng, but said there was no political involvement. Justice Department officials honoured an extradition treaty with the United States, which requested her arrest, he said.
In an interview with the Reuters news agency on Tuesday, Mr.Trump suggested he would intervene in the U.S. Justice Department's case against Ms. Meng if it would serve U.S. interests.
"If I think it's good for what will be certainly the largest trade deal ever made - which is a very important thing - what's good for national security, I would certainly intervene if I thought it was necessary," he said.
Mr. Trump's comments put the extradition case against Ms. Meng in some jeopardy, Dalhousie University law professor Rob Currie said. "He has given her arguments, for sure. This adds a little oomph to the prospect of arguing it's a political offence, or at least a politicized prosecution."
Ms. Meng's lawyers now have new arguments to use at two separate stages of the case.
They can ask a judge to block the extradition as an abuse of process that violates Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Or they can ask Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould to refuse to sign a surrender order because Ms. Meng is being pursued for an offence of a political character.
By law, the minister must refuse to extradite a person facing political charges - and the courts can overturn the minister's decision if it is deemed unreasonable.
With a report from Campbell Clark
Michael Kovrig, far left, stands alongside Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang at a ceremony in Beijing in August, 2016. Mr. Kovrig was seized in Beijing on Monday. WU HONG /EPA
Michael Spavor WANG ZHAO/AFP/GETTY IMAGES
Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou arrives at her probation office in Vancouver on Wednesday. Ms. Meng, whose arrest on Dec. 1 has prompted criticism and warnings of 'serious consequences' from Beijing, was released on $10-million bail Tuesday.
JIMMY JEONG/THE GLOBE AND MAILFriday, December 14, 2018
A front-page photograph on Thursday incorrectly identified a Canadian embassy official as Michael Kovrig.