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GiveLife.ca

    

PRINT EDITION
BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page B18

WILLIAM ANDERSON It is with great sadness that the family of William (Bill) Anderson shares the news of his passing on Saturday November 2, 2019 at Oakville Trafalgar Hospital at the age of 71.

Bill will be lovingly remembered by his children Erin Anderson (Michael), Kathryn Anderson (Chris), his partner Carole Betzold and his lifelong friends Nigel and Anne Fuller. Bill will also be missed by his granddaughter Eliza. Bill had a long and rewarding career in urban planning and economic development with the City of Toronto, Province of Ontario and latterly the municipality of Halton Hill, but he very much enjoyed golf and travels with Carole post retirement.

A Celebration of Bill's Life will take place at Kopriva Funeral Home, Lakeshore Rd., Oakville on Sunday, November 17th. Visitation will be at 11:00, with service at noon and reception to follow. A private interment will take place at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, donations to Odette Cancer Centre Sunnybrook Hospital would be appreciated.

JOHN EDWARD BAXTER (Ted) Died peacefully in Stratford, Ontario on November 4, 2019. He was born in Summerside, PEI, on December 9, 1927, the son of the Rev. Harry and Vida (MacCullum) Baxter. He moved frequently with his family from place to place during his early years, and attended high school in Grand Falls, NB, where he was valedictorian of his graduating class in 1944.

He was a graduate of Mount Allison University (BA mcl) and the University of Toronto (MA). He taught French at secondary schools in Port Perry and in North York, at Victoria Park S.S. and Don Mills Collegiate, where he served as head of the modern languages department until his retirement in 1986. In 1980 he was appointed to a oneyear term as the first poet laureate of the City of North York. After retiring, he began working as a free-lance translator. His translations include several novels and short stories by Jules Verne (some previously untranslated into English), a short biography of Canadian poet A.M. Klein, a history of the FLQ, and more than 400 short biographical articles for the Dictionary of Canadian Biography.

Predeceased by his parents and his elder brother Robert, he is survived by his wife Barbara, his sister Dorothy MacLeod (Ian) of Charlottetown, PEI, his son David (Hope) and grandson Cody of Pickering, ON, his son Peter of Stratford, On and granddaughter Ji Won, and his daughter Michelle of Ajax, ON, and grandsons Luca and Liam.

MARY LOUISA BEATTIE, CAIB Peacefully, on Monday November 4 2019, age 65, in Markham, ON, after a brief but courageous battle with cancer. Predeceased by parents, Elizabeth (Beth) Agnes Mary (nee Tremayne) and Allan Leslie Beattie.

Greatly mourned by husband, Tony D'Ambrosio; children, Heather and Mark Plath; and sisters, Elizabeth (James Greenshields), Barbara (Frank Aiello) and Leslie (David Prescott). Ex-wife of Harold Plath. Beloved aunt to Daniel (Emily), Victoria (Mario LaValle) and William Aiello, and Ian and Eric Prescott. Devoted stepmother to Daniel D'Ambrosio (Kimberly), Sarah D'Ambrosio (Christopher Bekiaris), and Nicole Beverley (Kyle), and proud Nana to Lukas, Owen, Charlotte, and Leo. Fondly remembered by many cousins and other members of her extended family.

Mary graduated in 1973 from Brock High School in Cannington, ON, and went on to have a successful career in the insurance business. She retired in 2014 after 28 years with Thomas I Hull Insurance Ltd., having risen to the position of Vice President.

Mary enjoyed nothing better than being at the cottage with family and friends. Fond memories of campfires under the stars will always be treasured.

Heartfelt thanks to all the dedicated and compassionate staff who cared for both Mary and her family caregivers in the Southlake Regional Health Centre and Markham Stouffville Hospital, especially Doctors Trinkaus and Dai, and the nurses in the Palliative Care Units of both hospitals.

Celebration of life on Sunday, November 10, 4:30 p.m., at Chapel Ridge Funeral Home, 8911 Woodbine Ave., Markham, ON. Private burial to take place at a future date.

In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to the Canadian Cancer Society, The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), or another charity of your choice.

WENDY GALE BOARDMAN (nee Burden) The family is very sad to announce the passing of Gale Boardman on October 31, 2019, at the age of 76 in Sarnia, Ontario. Gale, daughter of Isabel and Eaton Burden, is survived by her husband, Wayne and her sister, Jill Mingay and families.

Sadly, Gale suffered from declining health over the past few years. Her delightful sense of humour will be greatly missed by all who knew her.

LOUISE DUPUIS 1929 - 2019 It gives us great sadness to announce that Louise Dupuis passed with peace and grace at the Bradford Valley Community, Bradford Ontario, on Friday, October 25, 2019, at the age of 90, surrounded by her loving family.

Louise was the daughter of Anthime Paulette and Jeanne Meloche.

Louise was predeceased by her loving husband, Hector Dupuis, Sisters, Pauline and Suzanne Paulette, brother, Claude Paulette and her son, Alain Dupuis.

She is survived by her children, Patrice Dupuis (Helen), Sophie Dupuis(Guy), Frederic Dupuis (Pamela) as well as her sisters Denise and Helene Paulette. She was the proud grandmother of Olivier (Malinda), Stephane (Fiona), Veronique, Christian, Daniel, Felix & Jeremy and Great-grandmother of Lincoln and Paxton.

Louise lived a beautiful life with Hector, the love of her life.

She was a devoted and loving mother, grandmother and great-grandmother.

A celebration of her life will take place on Friday November 15, 2019 at 4 p.m. in the Chapel of the: Mont-Royal Funeral Complex, 1297 chemin de la Foret, Outremont, H2V 1P9 (514) 279-6540 http://www.mountroyalcem.com The doors will open at 3 p.m.

to allow friends to offer their condolences to the family prior to the celebration.

In lieu of flowers, if friends so desire, donations can be made in Louise's name to the Alzheimer's & Dementia Society of Canada.

The Family would like to thank the staff at Bradford Valley Community for the wonderful care they provided to Louise.

PAUL ANTHONY FLAHERTY On November 6, 2019, Paul Anthony Flaherty, in his 63rd year, peacefully passed away at his home in Whitehorse, Yukon.

Paul was a loving husband, father, grandfather, son, brother, uncle, friend and mentor to many.

Paul was born in Toronto on January 12, 1957, the eldest of 6, to Christine and Bernard Flaherty, and is survived by his wife Helen of 41 years, children: Michael, Ryan, Courtney and granddaughter Lily, Jaclyn and Jessen, and Craig.

After graduating from the University of Western Ontario in London, Paul's career with Bell Canada carried him across Ontario and Quebec and ultimately to Whitehorse as the President and CEO of Northwestel for the last 18 years.

Paul always encouraged the pursuit of education at all levels and the healthy competition found in sport. These interests culminated into his roles as the Chair of the Board of Governors at Yukon College for six years and the Canada Games Board of Directors for eleven years.

Paul also had an extreme love for the north and discovered it thoroughly by foot, raft, canoe, snowmobile, air and dogsled.

In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Paul Flaherty Bursary at Yukon College, Maryhouse or the Whitehorse Food Bank.

Visitation will be held at Heritage North Funeral Home, 412 Cook St., Whitehorse, YT, on Friday, November 8th at 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m.

Funeral services will be held at Sacred Heart Cathedral, 406 Steele St., Whitehorse, YT, on Saturday, November 9th that 1 p.m. Reception to follow in the CYO Hall.

Interment will be held in Caledon, Ontario at St. Cornelius Church at a later date.

SHARON ANN FRANCIS (née MacIntyre) On Monday, October 21, 2019, surrounded by the love of her family and caregivers, Sharon Ann Francis passed away peacefully at her residence in Toronto, ON after a long journey with Alzheimer's disease.

Sharon brought light and laughter to the world. She was ever optimistic and a true force of energy. Known for her bright smile and warmth, she had tremendous empathy for others and a unique ability to personally connect with people she met. Sharon lived an adventurous and joyful life with her soulmate and husband of 53 years, Dr. Robert (Bob) Francis.

Sharon was born and raised in Sydney, NS with her large, very close-knit family and met Bob at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, NS while she was training to be a nurse. Sharon had a passion for helping others which she had the opportunity to do through a lifetime in the medical profession, as a nurse and partner to Bob as they founded Medcan together in 1987.

Medcan focuses on preventative and exceptional patient care, and today, employs over 500 people and is one of the largest medical clinics in North America.

Sharon's family was always at the heart of her universe.

She was a loving daughter and sister, devoted mother of her two children, and adoring and proud grandmother to her six grandchildren. Coming together for frequent large family gatherings with her siblings, Sharon always brought fun and dance.

Sharon is lovingly remembered and survived by her husband, Dr. Robert Francis, her children and their spouses Shaun (Stacy) and Ashli Paige (David Flueck), and grandchildren, R.J., William, Christopher, Elle, Brooke and John. She will be dearly missed by her siblings, Marcella MacPhail (Walter), Mary Cheryl Berry (Roderick), Angus MacIntyre (Mary Evelyn), her large extended family of in-laws, nieces and nephews, and her ever-loyal canine companion, MacDuff. Sharon is predeceased by her parents, John and Chris MacIntyre, and her infant sister, Maureen Dolores.

A private service to honor Sharon was held in Toronto, ON last week. A memorial service to celebrate her life will be held in the near future.

Sharon suffered from Alzheimer's disease; in 2017 Bob founded the Sharon Francis Institute for Regenerative Medicine (SFIRM), a charity that funds innovative research studies in regenerative medicine. Advances in science funded through SFIRM will be an enduring piece of Sharon's legacy.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Sharon's memory can be made at http://www.sfirm.ca.

MARGARET ELEANOR GIBSON (nee Mackay) May 26, 1924 November 3, 2019 BA Hons (Queens University, Arts 47), Wren (WWII Royal Canadian Navy, Halifax) Margaret Gibson died peacefully at Fairmont Home in Kingston, surrounded by her family, in her 96th year. Loving wife of 40 years to the late Dr. Frederick W.

Gibson, beloved mother of John Gibson (Kimberly Gibson), Sarah Gibson-Bray (Carl Bray) and the late Matthew Gibson. Much loved grandmother to Lauren and Grant Gibson and Emma and James Gibson-Bray.

Margaret had a smile that lit up any room. Raised in Brockville, Kingston and Ottawa, Margaret interrupted her studies at Queen's to serve as a Canadian Wren in the RCN Gunnery Training School in Halifax, during the Battle of the Atlantic. Pursuing a varied career in journalism, Margaret worked latterly as a reporter for the Globe and Mail, before joining her true love Frederick in Kingston, where he was to teach History at Queen's for over 30 years. A devoted daughter, wife, mother, grandma, and loyal friend, Margaret was deeply involved at Queen's, serving on Boards for Faculty Women, Ban Righ and Alumnae/ Alumni, as well as for St. Mary's of the Lake Hospital, Kingston Wrens, and Sydenham Street Church. Gifted with a curious and intelligent mind, Margaret loved children, books, the arts, nature, history, skiing, tennis, dancing, swimming, soft pussycats and a really good cup of tea.

Family and friends will be received at Robert J. Reid & Sons "The Chapel on the Corner", 309 Johnson Street (at Barrie St.)

on Friday, November 15 from 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. Please join us in a celebration of Margaret's life at Sydenham Street United Church, 82 Sydenham Street in Kingston, on Saturday, November 16 at 12 noon.

Memorial donations in Margaret's name may be made to the Frederick W. Gibson Prize in History (Queen's), the Ban Righ Foundation, Sydenham Street United Church or Friends of the Spire Inc.

A special thanks to the staff of St. Lawrence Place and Arbour Heights, Cheryl Foster and Heart to Heart Senior Services, and Dr. Kathie Kilpatrick and the staff of Fairmont Home, for their wonderful loving care and support. Online condolences may be made at http://www.reidfuneralhome.com

KATHARINE GRASS (nee Cochran) On November 5, 2019, just 2 months to the day before her 94th birthday, Katy left us to join our Dad, her husband Ruly (March 11, 2006). As well as her adult children, David (Deb Stephens), Bob and Sarah (Jim Kissick), she leaves six grandchildren, Virginia, Jeff and Will, Patrick and Diane, Doreyjean; and greatgrandchild Honor.

Katy assumed the role of family matriarch, in a long line of Grannie Grasses better known as GG. Daughter of Shrimp, Honor, sister of David Cochran, Katy enjoyed world travel especially to New York to watch her Uncle Hume Cronyn perform on stage and cherished her summers at Camp Tanamakoon. Her time at camp fostered her love of the outdoors. Her school years included Havergal College, Compton in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and Shaw Business College.

She enjoyed athletics including field hockey, basketball and skiing.

Following her father's extraordinary military career, during WWII Katy joined the Women's Royal Naval Service stationed on the east coast of Canada working in aerial photo reconnaissance. During this time, she developed lifelong friends who joined together for world trips and the infamous annual "Claude Balls" Golf Tournament.

Following her marriage to Ruliff, aka Toot, in 1949, she settled in to raise a household and pursue her passions through her volunteer leadership for the Toronto Garden Club Society and the National Ballet School Scholarship Fund. Her plate was full and didn't lessen when they moved to Calgary in 1981 where she created a flower design unit for the Four Seasons Hotel. GG and Toot then moved to Canmore and volunteered for the 1988 Winter Olympics as delegate hosts. GG loved hosting, welcoming with great warmth anyone who needed a place to "crash," loved the mountains of Canmore, skiing, hiking and golfing, never deterred by the bears or cougars. GG and Toot returned to Ontario in 2002, settling in Barrie to be close to friends and family.

Donations to a charity of choice or The Sunnybrook Foundation - Janet Grass Fund would be appreciated.

JASON BRIAN HOWE It is with profound sadness that we announce that Jason Brian Howe passed away in Scottsdale Arizona on July 1, 2019, at 47 years of age. Jason was the dear husband of Kimberly and proud father of Spencer and Madison. He is also survived by his grandmother, Alice Howe, Tillsonburg, ON; parents, Brian and Pat Howe, Lake Wales, FL; Dinah and Don Smart, Blenheim, ON; brother, James and Katherine Howe and daughter, Ella, Oakville, ON; mother-in-law, Jo-Anne Ainsworth Welsh, Toronto, ON; father-in-law, Bill Welsh, Ottawa, ON; and sisters-in-law, Kathryn Welsh, Oakville, ON and Kristine Welsh, Unionville, ON.

Jason was born in London, Ontario where he resided through his graduation from Western University before moving to Toronto, Calgary and Scottsdale.

He lived life to the fullest, filled every room with his enthusiasm and was passionate about his family, health and fitness, music and giving back to his community.

Jason will be forever remembered by his aunts, uncles, cousins and friends. May he rest in peace.

JULIA ANN KEELING (née Woodrow) Julia died peacefully on Sunday, October 20, 2019, after a long struggle with cancer. She was born on November 20, 1949, to the late Barbara and Donald Woodrow. She will be greatly missed by many people including her husband, David; her children and their families - Simon, Miche, Nyah and Cora; Jeremy, Willow and Archer; Nicholas and Tracey; Rachel, Steve and Rosalyn - the extended family, and numerous friends and colleagues.

A Service of Thanksgiving for Julia's life will take place on Saturday, November 9 at 1 p.m.

at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Road, Toronto, with a reception following. There will be a Visitation on Friday, November 8 between 7 and 9 p.m. at Humphrey Funeral Home, 1403 Bayview Avenue, Toronto.

In lieu of flowers, please make a donation either to La Leche League Canada, PO Box 147, Pickering, ON L1V 2R2 or to The Kensington Hospice, 38 Major Street, Toronto M5S 2L1.

CO NSTANCE MARY LANGSTAFF (nee Holland) 97 years young, Connie died peacefully on Sunday, November 3, 2019, at Belmont House.

She was the widow of the late T.

James Barr, W. Douglas Terry and Dr. James R. Langstaff. Mother of Margie Barr (Paul Fisher), Jennifer Barr (Phillip Saunders) and the late Hugh Barr. Nannie of James and Christopher Fisher, Alexandra Wharin and Tessa and Mark Saunders. Sister of the late Hugh Peter Holland.

Connie's children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren were her absolute joy.

Connie was born in Winnipeg and moved to Toronto in 1937. She attended St. Clements School and then graduated from Toronto General Hospital as a Registered Nurse, making lifelong friends along the way. Connie was a born nurse and loved taking care of others.

In 1948, she married Jim Barr and later settled in Thornhill, a community she loved and lived in until 2010. Connie was a wonderful wife, mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, friend and neighbour. She loved entertaining family and friends and her Sunday dinners were legendary. Many turned to her for her wise counsel. When asked, she offered sound advice, but always with love and compassion.

In Thornhill, Connie and Jim raised their children and had a close circle of friends. Their backyard pool was a focal point for informal entertaining, family celebrations - always with several black labradors in attendance and surrounded by Connie's beautiful gardens.

She never forgot a birthday, anniversary, graduation or other individual accomplishment and her small acts of kindness (and delivery of cookies) were appreciated by all.

After being widowed twice, Connie found love again, much to her delight, when she married Dr.

Jim Langstaff. His family was also very special to her.

For the last ten years, Connie lived very happily at Belmont House.

The family would like to thank the outstanding staff at Belmont, her devoted caregivers and her lifelong friend David who visited her every week.

A service for Connie will be held at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street, Toronto on Thursday, November 21st at 2:00 p.m., followed by a reception at the church. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made in Connie's memory to Belmont House Foundation or The Nature Conservancy of Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

JANE MERILYN LITT (née Hildebrand) December 22, 1927 November 2, 2019 Jane was raised in Toronto and Montreal, the daughter of Dorothea Roper and Edward Hildebrand, along with her brother Bruce. She attended Forest Hill and Bedford Park public schools in Toronto, Trafalgar School for Girls in Montreal (Head Girl, General Proficiency Prize and Latin Prize, 1944), McGill and McMaster universities, then the Ontario College of Education (OCE) in Toronto. At the start of her career she taught English literature at collegiate institutes in Clinton and Picton, Ontario. At OCE she had met Raymond Litt, a former RCAF pilot.

After marrying in 1953, they moved to Vankleek Hill, Ontario, where Ray was a high school science teacher.

They started a family, beginning with David and Andy, then, after they moved to Port Perry in 1957, Paul and Margaret. Their household at 324 Queen Street always included a Labrador retriever of notable personality. Jane taught English in Blackstock, Ontario (which boasted Ontario's smallest high school), then later became the assistant librarian at Port Perry High School. She was active behind the scenes in local causes, including the United Church Women, the campaign to save the old town hall, and the building of the new Port Perry library.

Her home was a welcoming sanctuary where a changing ensemble of neighbours, friends, kids' friends, and assorted others dropped in to visit. Jane's genius was empathy. She instinctively tended to the emotional wellbeing of everyone she knew. She appreciated and celebrated the good things life offered, and, when challenges emerged, was always ready to draw from personal experience or her wide reading a precedent for dealing with them, frequently supplementing it with an apt quotation from a poem. When family or friends were far away, she corresponded prodigiously. In retirement her many grandchildren became the beneficiaries of her emotional and cultural stewardship, learning lessons from Milton without recognizing their provenance. Jane contended with health challenges in her last three years. Prior to that she lived a rich, humane life.

And now the sun had stretch'd out all the hills, And now was dropp'd into the western bay; At last he rose, and twitch'd his mantle blue: To-morrow to fresh woods, and pastures new.

JOSEPH LOBO "Joe" March 12, 1925 August 7, 2019 Passed away peacefully at the age of 94, surrounded by his family in Porvorim, Goa, India. Beloved husband of and survived by his wife of 67 years, Bertha Lobo (nee Remedios, of Saligao, Goa).

Loving and caring father of his children Raymond (Maureen), Edmund (Lydia), Rosalind (Euclid) and Osmond (Sucheta). Loving and delightful grandfather to Christopher, Colin, and CarolAnne, Christabelle, Andrew and Annabelle, Charissa and Chayne.

He lived a long and fulfilled life.

He was born in Mombasa,Kenya and worked in Lira,Kampala and Entebbee in Uganda.

In 1970 he happily retired to his beloved Goa (Saligao and then to Alto Betim). He loved his long, winding strolls, worshipped his wife's cooking and was happiest in the company of family, meals and celebrations.

His life's creed was always, down to earth simplicity and heartfelt conscientiousness in word and in deed. This is his legacy and spirit.

ARTHUR FINLAY MACKENZIE December 6, 1919 November 2, 2019 A loving son, father, husband, brother, uncle and gifted teacher.

Fin was the fifth of seven children born into a missionary family stationed at the British concession in Tientsin, China. He attended the Canadian Academy in Kobe, Japan (1932-1937). As a Flight Officer in the RCAF during WWII Fin served as a navigator stationed in Cumbria, England.

Fin met his beloved wife June at the University of Alberta before continuing his graduate studies at the University of Toronto, Yale and the University of London.

In the 1950's Finlay managed Collette's Chinese Art Gallery in London, England before writing internationally renowned book about Chinese art.

Following June's death in 1960, he returned to Canada with his infant son, where Fin flourished as a muchloved art teacher at Aldershot Secondary School in Burlington, Ontario. In his retirement Finlay was an active member of the University of Toronto's Academy for Life-Long Learning.

A gentleman and a scholar, Fin was unwaveringly passionate about ideas, current events and thoughtful conversation. A talented and creative soul, Fin expressed his ideas by exploring a variety of forms of visual art including landscape painting, pen and ink sketching and pottery.

Finlay was preceded in death by his wife June Mackenzie (née Wiseman) (1924-1960) He is survived by his sister Louise McLean, his son Bill, and numerous nieces and nephews.

MURIEL PATRICIA MACNAUGHTON Our dearest Mom Pat, passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Tuesday, November 5, 2019, at the age of 98, in Toronto, ON. Predeceased by her loving husband of 49 years, Martin Paul Macnaughton (Mac), she was a loving mother of her children: Jennifer (Bill Stensson), Nancy (Rick Hilborn), Heather (Dave Dunphy), Carol (Russ Martin) and James. Proud grandmother (Grammy) to, Erik (Alexis Shand), Anna, Jane, Brita (Jordy Lacko), Ian (Nathalie Newby), Mackie (Shannon Blackman), Lisa (Tyler Laycock), Cameron, Ashleigh, Nicole, and great-grandmother of Mitchell, and Finley. Predeceased by her close siblings, Florence, Roderick, Phyllis and James, and her British born parents, Tracy Deavin LeMay and Florence Muriel Fereday Paget Mayne.

Pat was an accomplished duplicate bridge player, and did crosswords, suduko, and jumble every day. She loved all animals very much. Growing up, there was always a family dog and she cherished the many years she spent as a volunteer for the Toronto Humane Society. She was also an active member and sadly the last member of the Gordon Road Ladies Group, a ladies social group that was active for over 50 years. Pat was fortunate to spend every summer of her married life at our beloved cottage on Lake Simcoe. Her last visit was for our annual Thanksgiving feast 2019, where she was surrounded by her entire family right down to her great grandkids. She was funny, quirky and smart, embraced life to the very end and will be deeply missed by family and friends. The whole family loved her very much.

Services will be held on Wednesday, November 13th at 11:00 a.m. at St. John's York Mills Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Drive, North York, ON M2P 1H3 with lunch following the service. Donations may be made to the Toronto Humane Society at 11 River Street, Toronto, ON M5A 4C2. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

WILLIAM FLEMING MCCORMICK "Bill" Dad lived an extraordinary life that ended on Saturday, October 5, 2019 at the age of 99. He grew up in Galt, and attended The University of Toronto, (Trinity College). WWII interrupted his studies when he enlisted with the 1st Hussars. Upon completing two years of training in England Bill, as Commander of C Squadron, landed on Juno Beach on D-Day.

Although Bill's time in the war was brief, it was historic when he reached the furthest point into enemy territory during the D-Day invasion. Bill was injured less than a week later, but his courage and resilience through the war served him well in life. He was a recipient of the French Legion of Honor for his contribution in the war. He was forever mindful of the many soldiers who did not return home, and he strove to live his life in a way that honoured their great sacrifice.

Returning to Galt, Bill took over the family business from his father and uncle and built Galtex into a thriving textile company. Giving to the community was important to Bill, who became actively involved in the expansion of the Cambridge Memorial Hospital as Chair of the Building Committee.

He served as the Honourary Colonel of the Highland Fusiliers, was a supporter of Central Presbyterian Church and served on numerous boards.

Together with his wife, Marion, they travelled the world, visiting over 60 countries, but the spot he enjoyed most was their family cottage on Little Lake Joseph.

Family was central to Dad, as evidenced at the cottage where all were welcomed including their many friends. Dad enjoyed the outdoors, whether fishing in the North West Territories, hunting at the Griffith Island Club or playing a game of golf at the Muskoka Lakes Golf and Country Club.

Everywhere he went, Bill made friends through his genuine interest in others, his charm and his great wit.

Left to celebrate his life and to take enduring pride and inspiration from his legacy are his children, Elizabeth (David Edmison), Walter (Barbara); his grandchildren, Geoffrey Cardy, Baye Mahoney (Justin), Alexander Edmison (Dana), Jocelyn Edmison, Stephanie Edmison (Eden), William McCormick (Melanie), Maggie and Connor McCormick; and his great-grandchildren, Sophie and Maxwell Edmison and Grayson and Oliver Mahoney.

Remembered also by Cam Joyner.

Predeceased by his beloved wife, Marion (nee Dietrich), and his daughter, Margaret.

The family would like to express their appreciation to the marvelous caregivers who took such wonderful care of Bill; Regie and Joy, Zeny, Glenda and Maricel, Dr. Russell Goldman and Dr.

Jennifer Shapiro and The Temmy Latner Palliative Care Centre.

A celebration of Bill's life will be held at 3:00 p.m. on Wednesday, November 13th in Timothy Eaton Memorial Church, 230 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto, ON M4V 1R5.

In lieu of flowers, the family would ask that friends consider contributions in memory of Bill to the Juno Beach Centre, McDermott House Canada, or Vets Canada. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

BRUCE SCOTT MCCUBBIN February 22, 1941 - O ctober 29, 2019 Bruce was a force of strength, intelligence and kindness. His wife, Elizabeth will love and miss him always as will his sister, Heather; his children, Jill (George), Beth (Martin), Colin (Katie) and Sally (Clayton); and his grandchildren, Calvin, Pippa, Finn, Alice and Charlie. Bruce will also be missed by brothers-in-law, Bob (Brenda) and David, as well as all his nieces and nephews.

Bruce lead an active childhood in which sports, scouting and academics were significant. At Montreal High, by way of both luck and merit, Bruce was a member of a very special, multi-ethnic group of bright young men, the self-proclaimed 'inner circle', the class of 11B, 1958. Sixty years later, these friends still reunite. They continue to offer companionship, inspiration and care for each other.

An early memorable event in Bruce's life was hitchhiking with his friend Emmett from Montreal to Vancouver, seventeen year olds in their scout uniforms. It took them 4 days.

Bruce ran track, swam, and played basketball and football in high school.

At Mount Allison University in Sackville, NB, he played on the varsity teams.

Bruce met his wife Betty at Mount A. and also made the closest friendships of his life.

Bruce graduated from Mount Allison and Nova Scotia Tech with a degree in Electrical engineering in 1965. The same year, he headed back to Montreal, where Betty was employed at Air Canada, and they were married.

Bruce's professional life was very meaningful to him. He started his career as a Design Engineer at Imperial Tobacco, then held various senior positions with Imasco in both the US and Canada. A highlight was his term as President of Collegiate Sports and during this period he travelled extensively.

Time with his family was equally important. March break holidays, and New Year's skating parties with the old Mount A friends were annual family traditions. While living in Montreal, they summered at Lac Castor in the Laurentian Mountains with Bruce's parents and sister. More recently, he enjoyed curling with family and friends at the much-anticipated annual Christmas event.

In 1984, life at the Stony Lake cottage began, and many new and dear friends were made. Bruce was a warden at St Peter's on the Rock church, where his son Colin later married Katie, the daughter of another family on Stony.

In 1997, Bruce joined Moosehead Breweries in Saint John NB as President and COO and later became CEO. Working closely with the Oland family was one of the high points of Bruce's career.

Bruce served as Chairman of Mount Allison's Board of Regents. He truly enjoyed participating on the Boards of family-owned Maritime companies: Oxford Frozen Foods, Acadian Seaplants, Coast Tire and Ganong Bros.

Reluctant to leave, his last board meeting with Acadian Seaplants was in August 2019.

As Megan Grant wrote, in an article on the Olympics: "Good Sportsmanship is about winning with integrity and losing with grace. It's about respecting someone who beats you. It's about giving your all, playing fair, and walking away from the game with your head held high - regardless of whether you won or lost." The principles of sportsmanship informed Bruce's life and he passed down this philosophy to his children.

Bruce and Betty cherish their grandchildren, who arrived in 'two waves' Calvin, Pippa and Finn over 20 years before now three- and four-year-olds, Charlie and Alice. For the past 7 years Bruce has persevered, living with Parkinson's, never complaining. His spirit and influence never diminished.

He will be dearly missed by his wife and family. He was a hard-working and enthusiastic husband, brother, father, friend and colleague. A celebration of his life will be held in the New Year at Stony Lake.

GEORGE S.B. MOAD June 3, 1946 - October 31, 2019 George finished his earth walk when his big heart stopped beating.

George was a large man with a kind and generous heart, who lived his adventuresome life with gusto. A great friend to many, he was always 100% on duty, available 24/7, if they needed him.

Born in a now historically designated log cabin in Bourlamaque, Quebec, he and his older brother, Arthur (who survives him), lived in Mexico and Washington State before the family settled in Thetford Mines, Quebec.

George played drums in a rock band in Montreal and raced cars, which undoubtedly lead to his early and profound hearing loss. George moved to Ontario at the time of the FLQ Crisis.

Throughout most of his working life he was an entrepreneur. He travelled across Canada pioneering the then new media of "mall posters" in shopping centres. His survival after being speared and impaled in his car while driving along the west bound 401 early one rush hour morning was amazing - he then restarted his business against all odds. George was very determined, persistent and focused.

George believed that service to others was the best gift one could have in life. George was the driving force behind the 10th Toronto Cub Pack (at Christ Church Deer Park) in the late 70s/early 80s. As the Akela, his larger than life personality brought an immense sense of energy and excitement to the boys and leadership team, attracting them from throughout the neighbourhood. The pack was one of the strongest in the entire region. Monday night meetings, special outings and weekend camping trips were infused with his combination of fun-loving joie-de-vivre, no-nonsense drive to do things well, and great humour. He helped shape the lives of hundreds of boys and many still talk fondly about this big figure from these seminal growing-up years.

He was active in the Toronto Junior Board of Trade and the Toronto Jaycees. For the 1970 Grey Cup George arranged for Anne Murray to be its Honorary Chief Parade Marshall. He was involved in many projects such as the Santa Claus Parade and Policeman of the Month. With his insight and innovative thinking he could get anything done. The typing school he initiated for unemployed women in Regent Park was a huge success. Being named worldwide Jaycee Senator # 20451 was a shining moment in all his long list of accomplishments.

He was an expert networker. Armed with a rolodex of business cards from everyone he ever met, he thought nothing of approaching people who might normally have never given him the time of day. He had a real knack of connecting people in need with the right people to help. In retirement he continued his volunteer work - Meals on Wheels, Bob Rumble Centre for the Deaf - always wanting to make a difference and do things for others less fortunate. He had a special fondness for vets, the elderly and the personal success and growth of many young people. He was active in the Kerry Blue Terrier Club of Canada, serving on the Board, assisting with Rescue, doing hospitality and motoring to dog shows in Canada and the US.

He had a true love for politics both in Canada and the U.S. Although never shy about sharing his opinions, he was always open to well thought-out opposing views. He was a tireless supporter of local politicians whom he thought deserved his time, energy and good will. He was a great storyteller - people loved to listen to his tales - an engaging conversationalist and an attentive host who enjoyed parties, celebrations and having fun.

He was laid to rest in a private burial, wearing his Patton t-shirt with the theme from the movie "Patton" playing. A pair of doves circled the grave as his wife, Louise Lang, and their Kerry Blue, Betty Boop, looked on.

Donations to Speaking of Dogs Rescue, P.O. Box 8058, RPO Hurontario, Collingwood, ON L9Y 0H1 https://www.speakingofdogs.com/ or an animal charity of your choice would be appreciated. Please say a little prayer for George so that his soul can safely journey back to the light. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

THEHONOURABLE J. EDGAR SEXTON P. Eng . , LLB, QC .

Peacefully at his Brockville home on November 1, 2019, at the age of 83 with his family by his side. Beloved and devoted husband of Rosemary for 40 years. Cherished father and stepfather to Chris Sexton (Wendy Daniels), Jennifer Sexton (Pierre Binette), Stephanie Black (Mark Youngman) and Robin Black. Predeceased by his son, Tim. Loving grandfather to Jack, Gillian, Lindsay, Laila and Chloe.

Born in 1936 to George Beaumont Sexton MD and his wife, Irene (Griffith) of London, ON. Brother of Peggy MacKay and Barbara (Patrick) Munroe. Brother-in-law of Judy (Paul) Rivard, John (Deborah) Robinson and Minette Ross (Peter). Fond uncle of many nephews and nieces.

Edgar Sexton was one of Canada's foremost litigators. After obtaining an Engineering Degree at Queen's in 1958, he graduated in 1963 from the University of Western Ontario Faculty of Law founded several years earlier by Dean Ivan Rand whom he regarded as his first mentor. He articled at McCarthy's under renowned counsel John J. Robinette but chose to return to London, ON, his hometown, with his then young family to practise with a two-man firm. He returned to Toronto within a few years to join the McKinnon McTaggart law firm led by Bert McKinnon. When Justice McKinnon was appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal, Edgar Sexton left the firm to become counsel for Holden Murdoch. Several years later he was offered the job of head of litigation for Osler Hoskin where he worked for over two decades, becoming Chairman and Senior Partner of the firm. His clients included the Irving family of New Brunswick, the Federal Government and many large international corporations. While he was at Osler, the firm expanded to open offices in Calgary, New York, London, Paris, and Hong Kong. He was appointed to the Federal Court of Appeal in 1998 and served on the bench until 2011 when he turned 75. For the next few years he did mediation and arbitration work for JAMS and also consulted with the Canadian government.

Justice Sexton was a kind, thoughtful and measured man. He treated everyone he met with the same courtesy and respect, no matter who they were or where they came from. In his personal interactions, he had a calm, unruffled demeanour and a lovely amiable nature. Yet in the courtroom he could be a fierce and unyielding opponent. Once he took on a legal brief, he pursued it meticulously, fearlessly and relentlessly. With his strategic focus and logical, practical brain, he had an uncanny ability to distill vastly complicated cases into a few simple basic principles. He loved to work with his juniors and help them learn and he, in turn, learned a great deal from them. He had a self-deprecating sense of humour and loved to tell stories, sometimes the same ones more than once.

For many years he and Rosemary travelled the world, latterly on cruise ships. Golf was a favourite pastime and they were members of the Brockville Country Club, the Mid Ocean Club in Bermuda and the Longboat Key Club in Florida where he recorded his only hole-in-one. He also belonged to the Toronto Club and the Caledonian Club in London, England. Antique mahogany boats were another hobby and he spent many happy hours roaring around Charleston Lake in his 1941 Chris Craft named After Taxes. He also owned a dippy (disappearing propeller boat) called Empty Pockets but sold it after more than a few engine malfunctions left him stranded at the mercy of the elements.

Historic houses were another interest of his. He took great pleasure in his Rosedale residence (the Laura Secord house) on Castle Frank Road, and in Thornton Cliff, his thirty-room stone house, circa 1855,complete with slate roof and turret, located on the St. Lawrence River in Brockville. He and Rosemary also lived in scenic Rockcliffe Park, Ottawa during his time as a judge and spent six months a year at their house on Longboat Key, an island off Sarasota, FL.

One of his favourite places to be was Fisher Island on Charleston Lake, a 55-acre island acquired at the turn of the century by his grandfather, who did so by paying off the $100 tax bill of an indigent friend. Watching sunsets from the cedar deck of his cottage, a Scotch in hand, brought him much inner peace and contentment up to his last summer. In his final years, he suffered from advancing dementia. However, even as his memory declined, he never lost his sweet personality which, if anything, became more flexible and docile as he aged. As his mind weakened and his body failed and was racked with pain, he chose assisted dying before he could deteriorate any further and become a burden to his family. Words cannot describe the hole in our hearts that remains without his calm, steadying and blessed presence to guide us.

Arrangements are entrusted to the Irvine Funeral Home, 4 James Street East, Brockville. Messages of condolence may be sent online to www. irvinememorial.com. A gathering to honour Justice Sexton's memory will be held in Toronto at University of Toronto's Faculty Club, 41 Wilcocks Street, on May 7, 2020 from 1:30 to 5 p.m.

WAYNE LEO NARD LAING SIMMONS M a rc h 1 7, 1 92 0 N ove m b e r 7, 2 01 9

With infinite sadness, the family of Wayne Leonard Laing Simmons announce his passing on November 7, 2019, in his 100th year.

Cherished husband of the late Harriet Cronk Simmons. Dearly beloved father of Jane Calder (Dr. Iain Calder), Ottawa, Kathryn Burns (Dr. Robert Burns), Belleville and Dr. Maureen Simmons, Belleville. Adored grandfather of Bruce Calder (Patricia Calder), Andrew Calder (Christy Doucet) and James Calder (Jessica Fontaine), Ottawa; Robert Burns (Casey Sharp) Ottawa; Dr. Kathryn Burns (Robert Hellyer), Calgary and Christopher Johnson, Toronto. Proud greatgrandfather of Logan and Claire Calder; Ethan and Alex Calder; Sam and Asher Calder; and Blaire, Hugh and William Burns.

Trenton, Ontario was his home for his entire life. He graduated from Albert College in 1939. During World War II, he served in the Royal Canadian Navy in the North Atlantic. In February 1947, he was a member of the first Veterans' class to graduate from the University of Toronto with a BPharm. At the time of his father's death in 1954, he took over the family business, Simmons Pharmacy. After the store was tragically destroyed in a 1978 fire, he became a pharmacist owner for Shoppers Drug Mart, making its Trenton pharmacy one of the most successful in Canada.

He loved to travel but most of all he loved his cottage property on Lake Ontario where he enjoyed his time with family and friends.

There will be a private graveyard service. Visitation will be held at the Trent Port Marina on Saturday, November 16th from 1 to 4 p.m. Donations to his favourite charity, The Salvation Army, or to the Trenton Memorial Hospital Foundation would be appreciated.

The family gratefully acknowledges the exceptional and devoted care of his many caregivers in his later years, including Dr. Andrew Forbes and Dr. Joseph Campbell; Mary Jane Cunningham and Lisa Johnson. The family deeply appreciates the care given by Dr. Nadia Knarr, Dr. David de Grace and the wonderful staff at Trenton Memorial Hospital.

He was a kind, thoughtful and generous man who always made one smile. We are blessed to have had him in our lives.

For online condolences, please visit http://www.quintecremationservices.com

ANNE NOREEN SIMPON (nee Lelliott)

Peacefully on Monday, October 28, 2019 at St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, in her 88th year. Beloved wife of "Jack", Walter John. Daughter of the late Doris and William Lelliott. Loving mother of Maureen (Almos Tassonyi), Richard (Karen), Nancy (the late Douglas Austin), Jacqueline (Douglas Whitten) and the late Christopher (Kimberly Cail). Cherished grandmother of Craig (Kim), Bryan (Jenny), Lindsay (Mike), Michelle, Meghan (Jason), Marin (Joshua), Carleigh, Nicole (Ryan), Rory and Stephen. Devoted greatgrandmother of Matthew, Nora, Jordan, Xander, Liam and Harper. Sister of John (Vivian) Lelliott and the late William (the late Ada) Lelliott. Sister-in-law of Shirley (the late Paul) Simpson, the late Eilean (the late Harold) Carlaw, the late Shirley Seguire, and Bill Sequire. Anne will be sadly missed by her many nieces, nephews, cousins, extended family and friends.

Alongside Jack, she not only raised a family but built a very successful telecommunications business throughout their 68 years of marriage. She loved to travel and did so extensively with family, business and later accompanying Jack around the world for international and commonwealth fly fishing competitions. Together they made many friends across Canada and around the globe. Anne was an avid gardener, and took pride in her many plants, flowers and deck tomatoes.

A memorial service will be held on Saturday, November 9, 2019 at 1 pm at MacCoubrey Funeral Home, 30 King St. E. in Cobourg followed by a reception in the Funeral Home Reception Centre. With heartfelt thanks to Dr. Steven McLellan, Dr. Naresh Kumar, Dr. R. Chisholm, the many staff at St. Michael's Hospital who cared for Anne, and especially to Dr. Akshay Bagai, for his attentive and compassionate care for the past two years. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Heart and Stroke Foundation or to the charity of your choice would be appreciated. Condolences received at http://www.MacCoubrey.com

ROBERT PAUL SINGER April 26, 1926 November 2, 2019 Bob passed away peacefully with his wife of 72 years and family by his side. He was predeceased by his parents, Hazel and Joseph and brothers, Marshall (Betty) and Stuart (Rosalie). He will be dearly missed by his wife, Dickey (Mary- Susanne); sons, Tom (Joanne) and Peter (Cathie); and grandchildren, Carolyn (Brian), David (Karrie), Scott (Mia), Jennifer (Philip), and Jeffrey (Michelle). He was the proud Great-Grandfather of ten - William, Caleb, Liam, Teddy, Ana, Charlotte, Madeline, Leo, Olivia, and George.

Bob lived a full life in his 93 years. He was a graduate of Upper Canada College (1943) and the University of Toronto, Engineering (4T7) where he enjoyed membership of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. He built up a remarkable business and was proud to see his two sons and grandsons continue the 107 year-old family business legacy with Reinhart Foods and Thomas, Large and Singer. In his spare time he enjoyed curling (their team was a member of the exclusive 8-ender club!), golf, volunteering, and travel.

Bob was a gregarious man, building a wide circle of friends whether that was in Toronto, Lake Simcoe, Naples, Florida, or during his and Dickey's many international trips. Bob often jokingly referred to his love for dogs over people and had many dogs and granddogs over the years. He was very close to all of his Grandchildren - he took each on their first big trip, sparking their love of travel; never missed an important milestone event; or any opportunity to spend time with family.

Granddad, you will be deeply missed but we treasure the amount of time that we had with you. We hope you are with your beloved dogs and have finally found the "price of coal in Kukaramunga."

A private family service has been held. The family would like to thank the Integracare Team, Doctor Victor Cellarius and Doctor Russell Goldman from the Temmy Latner Centre and so many others who lovingly assisted in his care. In lieu of flowers, the family would appreciate donations to Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital Foundation, the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care or a charity of your choice.

BERNARD STAIMAN (Bernie) Passed away peacefully on Friday, November 8, 2019 at Bridgepoint Health. Beloved husband of the late Shirley Staiman. Loving father of Deborah, and Scott Staiman. Dear brother of the late Saul, and Sam Staiman, and Rose Gold. Loving Poppa of Eli (Lauren), Yael (Rob), A.J., and R e b e c c a . D e a r g r e a t - grandfather of Brooks. A graveside service will be held on Sunday, November 10th at 2:00 p.m. at Beth Tzedec Memorial Park, 5822 Bathurst Street. Shiva at 112 Hillsdale A v e n u e W . , T o r o n t o . Memorial donations may be made to Mt. Sinai Hospital Foundation 416-586-8203 or Bridgepoint Palliative Care 416-461-8252 ext 2771.

ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara. After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas. As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director o f B u s i n e s s E d u c a t i o n Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara P e n i n s u l a , i n c l u d i n g secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place. Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

DR. HELLE TUPHOLME (nee Solu) B.Sc., DDS 1944 - 21019

Beloved wife, cherished mother and grandmother, Helle passed away peacefully at her home in Niagara-on-the-Lake on October 30, 2019. Helle will forever be remembered by her devoted husband, Brian; her son, Michael and his wife, Meghan; her daughter, Kristi Ellenzweig and her husband, Jonathan Ellenzweig; as well as by her adored grandchildren, Paige and Brooke Tupholme and Heidi and Leo Ellenzweig. Helle also leaves her brothers, Peter Solu of Toronto and Mart Solu of Sarasota, Florida. Helle was born in Helsinki, Finland to parents Paul and Agnes Solu, who had fled from Estonia to Finland during the late stages of World War II, and who moved shortly thereafter to Sweden. In the early-1950s, Helle and her parents moved to Canada, settling in Toronto. There, Helle attended Swansea Public School and Humberside Collegiate Institute. She then obtained a B.Sc. degree at the University of Toronto before enrolling in the Faculty of Dentistry, also at the University of Toronto, receiving her DDS degree in 1971. Over the following thirty-seven years, Helle practiced dentistry in Toronto, opening and running several offices where she cared for a large and devoted following of patients. In addition to her practice, Helle was a part-time faculty member at the University of Toronto's Dental School and served on several committees at the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario. In Toronto, Helle and Brian were long-time residents of the Baby Point area where they enjoyed an active social life and where they raised their children, Michael and Kristi. Helle was actively involved in the Estonian Community in Toronto. Notably, in the early- 1990s, Helle, along with other members of the Estonian-

Canadian dental community of Toronto, made multiple trips to Estonia, taking with them dental supplies and leading instructional seminars while there, with the aim of helping to modernize the Estonian dental profession. Helle had many interests; she was an avid skier, loved travel, became an expert knitter in her later years, and she particularly loved spending summers with her family at their Georgian Bay island cottage. She loved to entertain and her culinary skills were legendary amongst her friends. Helle retired from dentistry in 2008, following which she and Brian moved to Niagaraon- the-Lake, where they made many new friends and enjoyed the community. In the last several years, Helle's health deteriorated somewhat, limiting her mobility, but being as determined as she was, she faced these challenges head-on.

A celebration of Helle's life will take place for family and friends prior to the end of the year - date and details to be announced. In lieu of flowers, donations in Helle's name may be made to The Estonian Foundation of Canada, The Kidney Foundation of Canada and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.

Arrangements entrusted to Morgan Funeral Home, 415 Regent St., Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON. Memories, photos and condolences may be shared at http://www.morganfuneral.com

DR. CICELY WILSON April 3, 1926 November 3, 2019

In her 94th year passed away peacefully. Predeceased by Art Wilson, and her sister, Myra. Loving mother of Janet, Helen and David, cherished mother-inlaw to Fernand, Michie, Paul, and Joanna, and proud grandmother of Amanda, Lucas, Marlow, Martine, Hilarie, Jesse, Amanda, Kathleen and Kayla. Great grandmother to Henry, Evan, James and Shea.

A strong, determined, yet elegant woman, Cicely was a pioneer. Born in London, England, she received her veterinary training at the Royal Veterinary College as the Second World War raged. After leaving war-torn England, she became the first woman veterinarian in western Canada. She quietly faced any barriers by proving she could do the job better than any man. Her plans to return to England changed when she met the debonair and charming Arthur. She was finally swept off her feet when Art proposed at the farm and confirmed his belief in the family. She opened her own clinic in Richmond Hill beside the church where she married Art, followed by three decades of practice at the renowned Secord Animal Hospital and at St. Clair Animal Hospital in Toronto.

Cicely's dedication, discipline and patience inspired her family to be creative and hard working. Cicely was so very proud that her daughter Helen and her granddaughter Kathleen both followed in her footsteps - three generations of female veterinarians.

Cicely and Art enjoyed an active 54 year marriage with a rich network of friends, and dancing, music, laughter and always a 5 o'clock vodka and scotch. They were never far from a tennis court and a golf course. Tennis for Cicely was a passion. She was on many inter-county teams, and played into her 80s. Her drop shot was wicked. She always said that her lifelong friends were made through tennis. She golfed to be with Art, but was talented enough to become the Senior Ladies Champion at Donalda Golf Club.

Like her golf shot, Cicely was straight as an arrow. She was ever fair, direct, independent, and intelligent. Yet she was curious with a broad world view and a good sense of humour. The family skied enthusiastically during the winter and treasured the annual family reunion each summer in Muskoka. She became our family matriarch after Art passed away.

In her later years, she enjoyed the warmth of the Arizona sun during winters and her passion became bridge. She proudly played five days a week in her Dunfield home with her bridge friends.

Mum always said getting old is not for sissies. Too true. The Dunfield residents and staff always treated Dr. Wilson with kindness, patience and respect. Florie Coish welcomed her to the Dunfield and Lawrence was a true friend to the end. A huge thank you to Jean, Yvonne, Malou, Gladys, Lemelyn, Grace, Luci, Clara and Eden for their loving care of Mum in her last days. The responsiveness of Dr. Amos and the Temmy Latner palliative team made it possible for mum to stay in her home for this last journey. Thank you all, from the bottom of our hearts.

In celebration of Cicely's life, please join us on Saturday, November 16, 2019, 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the Dunfield Retirement Residence, second floor, 77 Dunfield Ave., Toronto. In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the Ontario or Toronto Humane Society would be gratefully appreciated.

TONY YUKSEEN YAU March 13 1938 November 1, 2019

Our heavy hearts announce his sudden death. Brilliant PhD chemical engineer and the innovator of the deinking process for recycled paper. Loving husband of Cecilia (Heung) for 53 years, adoring and proud father of Deirdre and her husband Richard, and special playmate and cuddler to grandchildren Evan and Camilla. Forever loved and missed.

In lieu of flowers, please consider a memorial donation to the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. Visitation: Saturday November 16, 2019 from 9:30 a.m. - 10:30 a.m.

Holy Cross Catholic Funeral Home. Funeral service: Saturday November 16, 2019 at 10:45 a.m. Chapel of St. Joseph - Holy Cross Catholic Funeral Home.

ERIC BLITSTEIN Februrary 21, 1952 November 12, 2009 210th Yahrzeit

Forever in our hearts, Mom, Paula, Chana, Nina and your 13 grandchildren. Jonathan, Adam, cousins, friends, Future Electronic colleagues & LCC classmates.

JOHN SELTZER Born London, England March 17, 1927 - Died Toronto, Ontario November 10, 1993 Freeman of the city of London Sadly missed, lovingly remembered


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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Page B21

DEATHS MARY LOUISA BEATTIE, CAIB Peacefully, on Monday November 4 2019, age 65, in Markham, ON, after a brief but courageous battle with cancer. Predeceased by parents, Elizabeth (Beth) Agnes Mary (nee Tremayne) and Allan Leslie Beattie.

Greatly mourned by husband, Tony D'Ambrosio; children, Heather and Mark Plath; and sisters, Elizabeth (James Greenshields), Barbara (Frank Aiello) and Leslie (David Prescott). Ex-wife of Harold Plath. Beloved aunt to Daniel (Emily), Victoria (Mario LaValle) and William Aiello, and Ian and Eric Prescott. Devoted stepmother to Daniel D'Ambrosio (Kimberly), Sarah D'Ambrosio (Christopher Bekiaris), and Nicole Beverley (Kyle), and proud Nana to Lukas, Owen, Charlotte, and Leo. Fondly remembered by many cousins and other members of her extended family.

Mary graduated in 1973 from Brock High School in Cannington, ON, and went on to have a successful career in the insurance business. She retired in 2014 after 28 years with Thomas I Hull Insurance Ltd., having risen to the position of Vice President.

Mary enjoyed nothing better than being at the cottage with family and friends. Fond memories of campfires under the stars will always be treasured.

Heartfelt thanks to all the dedicated and compassionate staff who cared for both Mary and her family caregivers in the Southlake Regional Health Centre and Markham Stouffville Hospital, especially Doctors Trinkaus and Dai, and the nurses in the Palliative Care Units of both hospitals.

Celebration of life on Sunday, November 10, 4:30 p.m., at Chapel Ridge Funeral Home, 8911 Woodbine Ave., Markham, ON. Private burial to take place at a future date.

In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to the Canadian Cancer Society, The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), or another charity of your choice.

PAUL ANTHONY FLAHERTY On November 6, 2019, Paul Anthony Flaherty, in his 63rd year, peacefully passed away at his home in Whitehorse, Yukon.

Paul was a loving husband, father, grandfather, son, brother, uncle, friend and mentor to many.

Paul was born in Toronto on January 12, 1957, the eldest of 6, to Christine and Bernard Flaherty, and is survived by his wife Helen of 41 years, children: Michael, Ryan, Courtney and granddaughter Lily, Jaclyn and Jessen, and Craig.

After graduating from the University of Western Ontario in London, Paul's career with Bell Canada carried him across Ontario and Quebec and ultimately to Whitehorse as the President and CEO of Northwestel for the last 18 years.

Paul always encouraged the pursuit of education at all levels and the healthy competition found in sport. These interests culminated into his roles as the Chair of the Board of Governors at Yukon College for six years and the Canada Games Board of Directors for eleven years.

Paul also had an extreme love for the north and discovered it thoroughly by foot, raft, canoe, snowmobile, air and dogsled.

In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to the Paul Flaherty Bursary at Yukon College, Maryhouse or the Whitehorse Food Bank.

Visitation will be held at Heritage North Funeral Home, 412 Cook St., Whitehorse, YT, on Friday, November 8th at 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m.

Funeral services will be held at Sacred Heart Cathedral, 406 Steele St., Whitehorse, YT, on Saturday, November 9th that 1 p.m. Reception to follow in the CYO Hall.

Interment will be held in Caledon, Ontario at St. Cornelius Church at a later date.

SHARON ANN FRANCIS (née MacIntyre) On Monday, October 21, 2019, surrounded by the love of her family and caregivers, Sharon Ann Francis passed away peacefully at her residence in Toronto, ON after a long journey with Alzheimer's disease.

Sharon brought light and laughter to the world. She was ever optimistic and a true force of energy. Known for her bright smile and warmth, she had tremendous empathy for others and a unique ability to personally connect with people she met. Sharon lived an adventurous and joyful life with her soulmate and husband of 53 years, Dr. Robert (Bob) Francis.

Sharon was born and raised in Sydney, NS with her large, very close-knit family and met Bob at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, NS while she was training to be a nurse. Sharon had a passion for helping others which she had the opportunity to do through a lifetime in the medical profession, as a nurse and partner to Bob as they founded Medcan together in 1987.

Medcan focuses on preventative and exceptional patient care, and today, employs over 500 people and is one of the largest medical clinics in North America.

Sharon's family was always at the heart of her universe.

She was a loving daughter and sister, devoted mother of her two children, and adoring and proud grandmother to her six grandchildren. Coming together for frequent large family gatherings with her siblings, Sharon always brought fun and dance.

Sharon is lovingly remembered and survived by her husband, Dr. Robert Francis, her children and their spouses Shaun (Stacy) and Ashli Paige (David Flueck), and grandchildren, R.J., William, Christopher, Elle, Brooke and John. She will be dearly missed by her siblings, Marcella MacPhail (Walter), Mary Cheryl Berry (Roderick), Angus MacIntyre (Mary Evelyn), her large extended family of in-laws, nieces and nephews, and her ever-loyal canine companion, MacDuff. Sharon is predeceased by her parents, John and Chris MacIntyre, and her infant sister, Maureen Dolores.

A private service to honor Sharon was held in Toronto, ON last week. A memorial service to celebrate her life will be held in the near future.

Sharon suffered from Alzheimer's disease; in 2017 Bob founded the Sharon Francis Institute for Regenerative Medicine (SFIRM), a charity that funds innovative research studies in regenerative medicine. Advances in science funded through SFIRM will be an enduring piece of Sharon's legacy.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Sharon's memory can be made at http://www.sfirm.ca.

ROBB WARREN HINDSON C.A.

FEBRUARY 5, 1960 NOVEMBER 2, 2019 Much beloved and admired son of Mary Christine Hindson and Donald C. Hindson, survived by his sister, Donna Leslie and brother in-law Mark Opzoomer, aunts, uncles and many cousins.

Robb was a graduate of Markham District High School, obtained his HBA from the University of Western Ontario and received his C.A. designation under the tutelage of Clarkson Gordon.

Shortly thereafter, he joined the firm of Jones Gable (now Leede Jones Gable Inc.) where he remained for over thirty years as its Chief Financial Officer during which time he earned the respect and admiration and enjoyed the comradery of his partners, business associates and staff. As a proud and committed partner, he continued to offer advice and opinions from his bedside.

What drew him away from work, was the call of the north, his passion for skiing, snowmobiling, boating, cottaging and nature in all its forms. His dedication to nature and preserving the shoreline of Muskoka Lakes in their natural habitat was evidenced by his presidency for several years of the Lake Rosseau North Association and as Treasurer of the Muskoka Lakes Association. He was, for many years, a member of the National Yacht Club where he enjoyed sailing, a member of the Muskoka Lakes Golf and Country Club and Craigleith Ski Club where he was a regular with his dad or mother Saturday mornings and with his ski buddies the remainder of the weekend. In spring and fall, his favourite activity was transplanting trees at his Grey County farm, his property on Lake Rosseau and his treasured island in Temagami. In Toronto, he was actively involved and proud to serve many years as Treasurer for The Duke of Edinburgh's International Award Canada.

His family would like to extend their thanks to Drs. Doherty, Nolan, Lau and the respective teams at Sunnybrook Hospital who enabled him to regain his health for a few months so he could enjoy his friends, family, cottaging, boating and visiting his island in Temagami. They would also like to thank Drs. McLachlin, Prebble and Plume and the nurses at Collingwood General and Marine Hospital and Campbell House who kept him comfortable in his last weeks as well as the countless friends and relatives whose visits both at home and hospitals inspired him to fight on until cancer finally took its toll.

A private family service has been held and a Celebration of Robb's life will be held at a later date.

In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Muskoka Conservancy, 47 Quebec Street, Bracebridge, Ontario P1L 1P8 or to the Collingwood General and Marine Hospital, 459 Hume Street, Collingwood, Ontario L9Y 1W9.

Arrangements entrusted to Fawcett Funeral Home - Collingwood.

EDNA "TED" HOBSON (nee Kirk) Tireless volunteer, former president of ACW (Anglican Church Women), WWII munitions worker, war bride, crossword puzzle enthusiast, NASCAR fan, and general mover and shaker who amazed and ran circles around all those who knew her, passed peacefully with her terrific care team at Orchard Villa Long Term Care in Pickering on Wednesday, November 6, 2019 in her 100th year.

Beloved wife of the late George Earnest 'Ernie.' Cherished daughter of the late Fred Kirk and wife, Marie (nee Whittaker). Loving mother of Stuart Hobson and Daphne FitzGerald (Brian). Nana to Casey FitzGerald (Chris Steers), Kevin FitzGerald (Elizabeth) and Simon FitzGerald. Super-Nana to Thomas FitzGerald and honorary grandmother to countless more.

Ted had a remarkable life filled with good friends, good stories and good cups of tea.

A Celebration of Ted's life will be held on Tuesday, November 19th at two o'clock at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street (NW corner of Yonge & Heath). In lieu of flowers, donations to Parkinson Canada in memory of her late son-in-law, Brian FitzGerald or The Hospital for Sick Children would be appreciated.

JASON BRIAN HOWE It is with profound sadness that we announce that Jason Brian Howe passed away in Scottsdale Arizona on July 1, 2019, at 47 years of age. Jason was the dear husband of Kimberly and proud father of Spencer and Madison. He is also survived by his grandmother, Alice Howe, Tillsonburg, ON; parents, Brian and Pat Howe, Lake Wales, FL; Dinah and Don Smart, Blenheim, ON; brother, James and Katherine Howe and daughter, Ella, Oakville, ON; mother-in-law, Jo-Anne Ainsworth Welsh, Toronto, ON; father-in-law, Bill Welsh, Ottawa, ON; and sisters-in-law, Kathryn Welsh, Oakville, ON and Kristine Welsh, Unionville, ON.

Jason was born in London, Ontario where he resided through his graduation from Western University before moving to Toronto, Calgary and Scottsdale.

He lived life to the fullest, filled every room with his enthusiasm and was passionate about his family, health and fitness, music and giving back to his community.

Jason will be forever remembered by his aunts, uncles, cousins and friends. May he rest in peace.

JULIA ANN KEELING (née Woodrow) Julia died peacefully on Sunday, October 20, 2019, after a long struggle with cancer. She was born on November 20, 1949, to the late Barbara and Donald Woodrow. She will be greatly missed by many people including her husband, David; her children and their families - Simon, Miche, Nyah and Cora; Jeremy, Willow and Archer; Nicholas and Tracey; Rachel, Steve and Rosalyn - the extended family, and numerous friends and colleagues.

A Service of Thanksgiving for Julia's life will take place on Saturday, November 9 at 1 p.m.

at Grace Church on-the-Hill, 300 Lonsdale Road, Toronto, with a reception following. There will be a Visitation on Friday, November 8 between 7 and 9 p.m. at Humphrey Funeral Home, 1403 Bayview Avenue, Toronto.

In lieu of flowers, please make a donation either to La Leche League Canada, PO Box 147, Pickering, ON L1V 2R2 or to The Kensington Hospice, 38 Major Street, Toronto M5S 2L1.

VANDA KILPEN February 14, 1928 November 5, 2019 It is with deep sorrow we announce the death of Vanda at Meaford General Hospital.

Her partner Ann Cox, her family and friends will greatly miss her Joie De Vivre. Vanda's long and eventful life was characterized by her warmth, laughter and sense of adventure. A celebration of her life will be held at the Marsh Street Centre in Clarksburg on Wednesday, November 13th from 1 until 3 p.m. with refreshments provided. In recognition of the exceptional care provided by Dr. Sauriol and the staff, donations to the Meaford Hospital Foundation would be appreciated and may be made through the Ferguson Funeral Home, 48 Boucher St. E., Meaford, ON N4L 1B9 to whom arrangements have been entrusted.

http://www.fergusonfuneralhomes.ca No need for tears, I am at peace My soul is now at rest There is no pain, I suffer not For with your love, I was blessed MURIEL PATRICIA MACNAUGHTON Our dearest Mom Pat, passed away peacefully surrounded by her family on Tuesday, November 5, 2019, at the age of 98, in Toronto, ON. Predeceased by her loving husband of 49 years, Martin Paul Macnaughton (Mac), she was a loving mother of her children: Jennifer (Bill Stensson), Nancy (Rick Hilborn), Heather (Dave Dunphy), Carol (Russ Martin) and James. Proud grandmother (Grammy) to, Erik (Alexis Shand), Anna, Jane, Brita (Jordy Lacko), Ian (Nathalie Newby), Mackie (Shannon Blackman), Lisa (Tyler Laycock), Cameron, Ashleigh, Nicole, and great-grandmother of Mitchell, and Finley. Predeceased by her close siblings, Florence, Roderick, Phyllis and James, and her British born parents, Tracy Deavin LeMay and Florence Muriel Fereday Paget Mayne.

Pat was an accomplished duplicate bridge player, and did crosswords, suduko, and jumble every day. She loved all animals very much. Growing up, there was always a family dog and she cherished the many years she spent as a volunteer for the Toronto Humane Society. She was also an active member and sadly the last member of the Gordon Road Ladies Group, a ladies social group that was active for over 50 years. Pat was fortunate to spend every summer of her married life at our beloved cottage on Lake Simcoe. Her last visit was for our annual Thanksgiving feast 2019, where she was surrounded by her entire family right down to her great grandkids. She was funny, quirky and smart, embraced life to the very end and will be deeply missed by family and friends. The whole family loved her very much.

Services will be held on Wednesday, November 13th at 11:00 a.m. at St. John's York Mills Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Drive, North York, ON M2P 1H3 with lunch following the service. Donations may be made to the Toronto Humane Society at 11 River Street, Toronto, ON M5A 4C2. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

JUNE KATHLEEN MUIR June Kathleen Muir (nee Pinaud) passed away peacefully on November 5, 2019 at age 93 in Toronto, Ontario. June was born on June 9, 1926 to Victor and Kathleen Pinaud in Montreal.

June was predeceased by her son, James Muir (Mary Muir).

She is survived by her children, John Muir, Kathleen Young (Paul Young), Tom Muir (Pat Muir), June Ntazinda (Franco Ntazinda), Jocelyn Saunders (Blair Saunders) and her 10 grandchildren.

June was an avid learner who in her later years enjoyed learning about new technology, medicine and culture. She took great interest in people's lives - in their desires and families. She enjoyed debating politics, being in the outdoors and travelling.

In June's last few years she resided at Belmont House and was treated with great care by all staff. The family greatly appreciates their care and kindness to Mom. If you would like to make a donation in June's memory, please make a donation in her name to Belmont House Foundation or a charity of your choice.

June's interment will be at Mount Pleasant Cemetery attended by family.

THOMAS ARTHUR ROGERS Thomas Arthur Rogers, 82 of Ottawa, Ontario freed peacefully from Parkinson's Disease on Tuesday, November 5, 2019.

Born in Montreal to Muriel and Jack Rogers, Tom attended Bishops College School and later McGill. Tom was a respected member of the Toronto financial community as a technical analyst and later a financial planner. He was active in his church and a baritone in the Timothy Eaton Memorial choir. Tom loved time with his dog, Jiminy, whether it was hiking or occasionally sharing an ice cream cone.

Tom is survived by his son, John Rogers of San Diego, CA; daughter, Laura Gammage, son-in-law, Randy Gammage and grandson, Cole of Ottawa; predeceased by brother, John Victor Rogers of Calgary, Alberta.

His family would like to express their gratitude for the attentive, personalized care Tom received at the Perley and Rideau Veteran's Health Centre (Assisted Living division) and later the Glebe Center (Long Term Care).

A Memorial Service will be held at the Central Chapel of Hulse, Playfair & McGarry, 315 McLeod Street (at O'Connor) on Sunday, November 10 at 4 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please send donations to Parkinson Canada. We will remember Dad when the fall leaves turn, when dogs happily bark and when desserts are served.

Condolences/Tributes/Donations Hulse, Playfair & McGarry http://www.hpmcgarry.ca 613-233-1143 ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara.

After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas.

As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director of Business Education Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara Peninsula, including secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place.

Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

DR. HELLE TUPHOLME (née Solu) B.Sc., DDS 1944 - 2019 Beloved wife, cherished mother and grandmother, Helle passed away peacefully at her home in Niagara-on-the-Lake on October 30, 2019. Helle will forever be remembered by her devoted husband, Brian; her son, Michael and his wife, Meghan; her daughter, Kristi Ellenzweig and her husband, Jonathan Ellenzweig; as well as by her adored grandchildren, Paige and Brooke Tupholme and Heidi and Leo Ellenzweig. Helle also leaves her brothers, Peter Solu of Toronto and Mart Solu of Sarasota, Florida.

Helle was born in Helsinki, Finland to parents Paul and Agnes Solu, who had fled from Estonia to Finland during the late stages of World War II, and who moved shortly thereafter to Sweden.

In the early-1950s, Helle and her parents moved to Canada, settling in Toronto. There, Helle attended Swansea Public School and Humberside Collegiate Institute. She then obtained a B.Sc. degree at the University of Toronto before enrolling in the Faculty of Dentistry, also at the University of Toronto, receiving her DDS degree in 1971. Over the following thirty-seven years, Helle practiced dentistry in Toronto, opening and running several offices where she cared for a large and devoted following of patients.

In addition to her practice, Helle was a part-time faculty member at the University of Toronto's Dental School and served on several committees at the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Ontario.

In Toronto, Helle and Brian were long-time residents of the Baby Point area where they enjoyed an active social life and where they raised their children, Michael and Kristi. Helle was actively involved in the Estonian Community in Toronto. Notably, in the early1990s, Helle, along with other members of the EstonianCanadian dental community of Toronto, made multiple trips to Estonia, taking with them dental supplies and leading instructional seminars while there, with the aim of helping to modernize the Estonian dental profession. Helle had many interests; she was an avid skier, loved travel, became an expert knitter in her later years, and she particularly loved spending summers with her family at their Georgian Bay island cottage. She loved to entertain and her culinary skills were legendary amongst her friends. Helle retired from dentistry in 2008, following which she and Brian moved to Niagaraon-the-Lake, where they made many new friends and enjoyed the community. In the last several years, Helle's health deteriorated somewhat, limiting her mobility, but being as determined as she was, she faced these challenges head-on.

A celebration of Helle's life will take place for family and friends prior to the end of the year - date and details to be announced.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Helle's name may be made to The Estonian Foundation of Canada, The Kidney Foundation of Canada and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.

Arrangements entrusted to Morgan Funeral Home, 415 Regent St., Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON. Memories, photos and condolences may be shared at http://www.morganfuneral.com DR. CICELY WILSON April 3, 1926 November 3, 2019 In her 94th year passed away peacefully. Predeceased by Art Wilson, and her sister, Myra.

Loving mother of Janet, Helen and David, cherished mother-inlaw to Fernand, Michie, Paul, and Joanna, and proud grandmother of Amanda, Lucas, Marlow, Martine, Hilarie, Jesse, Amanda, Kathleen and Kayla. Great grandmother to Henry, Evan, James and Shea.

A strong, determined, yet elegant woman, Cicely was a pioneer.

Born in London, England, she received her veterinary training at the Royal Veterinary College as the Second World War raged.

After leaving war-torn England, she became the first woman veterinarian in western Canada.

She quietly faced any barriers by proving she could do the job better than any man. Her plans to return to England changed when she met the debonair and charming Arthur. She was finally swept off her feet when Art proposed at the farm and confirmed his belief in the family.

She opened her own clinic in Richmond Hill beside the church where she married Art, followed by three decades of practice at the renowned Secord Animal Hospital and at St. Clair Animal Hospital in Toronto.

Cicely's dedication, discipline and patience inspired her family to be creative and hard working. Cicely was so very proud that her daughter Helen and her granddaughter Kathleen both followed in her footsteps - three generations of female veterinarians.

Cicely and Art enjoyed an active 54 year marriage with a rich network of friends, and dancing, music, laughter and always a 5 o'clock vodka and scotch. They were never far from a tennis court and a golf course. Tennis for Cicely was a passion. She was on many inter-county teams, and played into her 80s. Her drop shot was wicked. She always said that her lifelong friends were made through tennis. She golfed to be with Art, but was talented enough to become the Senior Ladies Champion at Donalda Golf Club.

Like her golf shot, Cicely was straight as an arrow. She was ever fair, direct, independent, and intelligent. Yet she was curious with a broad world view and a good sense of humour. The family skied enthusiastically during the winter and treasured the annual family reunion each summer in Muskoka. She became our family matriarch after Art passed away.

In her later years, she enjoyed the warmth of the Arizona sun during winters and her passion became bridge. She proudly played five days a week in her Dunfield home with her bridge friends.

Mum always said getting old is not for sissies. Too true. The Dunfield residents and staff always treated Dr. Wilson with kindness, patience and respect. Florie Coish welcomed her to the Dunfield and Lawrence was a true friend to the end. A huge thank you to Jean, Yvonne, Malou, Gladys, Lemelyn, Grace, Luci, Clara and Eden for their loving care of Mum in her last days. The responsiveness of Dr. Amos and the Temmy Latner palliative team made it possible for mum to stay in her home for this last journey. Thank you all, from the bottom of our hearts.

In celebration of Cicely's life, please join us on Saturday, November 16, 2019, 2:30 to 5:30 p.m. at the Dunfield Retirement Residence, second floor, 77 Dunfield Ave., Toronto. In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the Ontario or Toronto Humane Society would be gratefully appreciated.


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CANADIANS ARE BEING DRIVEN TO DISTRACTION
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In the past decade, crashes have been rising sharply and cellphones are a major culprit. But getting drivers to put their devices down isn't easy and experts worry penalties aren't enough - attitudes about technology and safety need to change, Oliver Moore writes
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By OLIVER MOORE
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page A12

The triviality of the text messages is what has stuck with Rob Duttchen.

It was Aug. 15, 2009, when the Winnipeg police officer received a call from his mother, Carolee.

His 62-year-old father, Art, had beenhitbyanSUVwhilewalking their husky-cross in suburban Kingman, Ariz., where Art was a Lutheran pastor. The 16-year-old driver had been talking on the phone - after an extended bout of texting with her boyfriend about a sex-related bet the pair was considering - and allowed her oversized vehicle to drift across the road. She hit the dog, Hobo, first, then smashed into Art from behind, sending him flying.

While Art lay critically wounded - bleeding internally, his neck fractured - the girl made several more phone calls and sent numerous texts. About 15 minutes after the crash, she wrote: "i just dont want people feeling bad for me and stuff."

Art died that night, leaving behind Carolee, their four children and a church community full of friends. As for the driver, she had her licence suspended until she turned 18, and a punishment Rob Duttchen describes as essentially "house arrest for two years."

The senselessness of the conversation the girl was having still gets to him. "There was no reason to be driving and texting at the same time," the police sergeant says.

In the wake of his father's death, Sgt. Duttchen made it his mission to draw attention to distracted driving, which has emerged as one of the most dangerous and intractable road-safety issues Canada has ever faced.

After a brief dip, crashes related to distracted driving jumped nearly 20 per cent from 2009 through 2010, according to Transport Canada, and have stayedconsistentlyhigh-averaging nearly 85,000 annually - everyyearsince.InManitobaalone, there were 4,780 collisions related to distraction in 2012. By 2017, that had jumped to 15,403 - an increase of 222 per cent.

Distracted driving is broadly defined as performing any activity that might take your focus off the road - eating, fiddling with the radio, tapping co-ordinates into a GPS device. Particularly deadly is distraction related to a cellphone, which is designed to monopolize our attention. Accordingtoonewidelycitedstudy, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, talking on a handheld phone while driving more than triplestheriskofacollision.Texting increases it six-fold.

While the problem of distracted driving is one that's immune to easy fixes, there are a host of ideas for how to reduce this deadly behaviour and minimize the harm it causes, everything from more punitive enforcement to rethinking how we build cars and roadways. Jay Winsten, whose public-health project at Harvard University aims to combat distracted driving, believes it will take a combination of both technological intervention and a generational shift in behaviour to get it under control. "The evolution of social norms is important, and I think young people can help lead the way on that," he says.

As for Sgt. Duttchen, he is doing his part to change attitudes one driver at a time. If he catches someone using their phone while driving, they automatically get a ticket. But it's different when the driver is using a phone at a red light. Although that's also illegal, Sgt. Duttchen uses those instances to give drivers an uncomfortable warning about the possible outcome of their behaviour.

"I will tell them my father's story and that it's not worth the risk," he says. "Because the issue isn't just you. The issue is all the people around you." The last time we faced a crisis of this magnitude on the roads was two generations ago, with impaired driving.

Although driving drunk was criminalized in Canada in 1969, the practice remained stubbornly widespread. During one fourmonth period in 1977, for instance, Ontario Provincial Police found that more than half the drivers they stopped for traffic violations had been drinking; about 30 per cent of them were charged with alcohol-related offences.

The tide eventually turned, but slowly. There was a 44-percent drop in alcohol-related incidents from 1978 to 1986. Progress was made through a combination of roadside sobriety programs such as RIDE (Reduce Impaired Driving Everywhere), which was launched across Ontario in 1977, tougher penalties and stricter enforcement of the law.

Possibly the biggest factor in getting drunk driving under control, however, was a dramatic change in public attitudes. The advocacy group Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), created in California in 1980 and launched in Canada nine years later, helped put a human face to the issue. Police departments launched shaming campaigns, publishing the names of everyone charged with impaired-driving offences, which helped to further stigmatize the act.

The idea of the designated driver - a concept popularized in large part by Dr. Winsten - was a crucial part of the puzzle. The campaign roped in taxi companies,publictransitorganizations, bars and restaurants, and private individuals to prevent anyone from getting behind the wheel drunk. Dr. Winsten's Harvard Alcohol Project also took its campaign to pop culture, leading to impaired driving being featured in the plot lines of 160 episodes of prime-time TV between 1988 and 1992.

Gradually, public attitudes changed. What was once seen as atrivialcrime,aslongasthedriver got home safely, became more socially unacceptable. But we're notthereyetwithdistracteddriving. "You can comfortably talk publicly with strangers at a party about how, yeah, you're one of the worst offenders around with distracted driving and you've got to change your behaviour," Dr.

Winsten says. "You wouldn't say that any longer around drunk driving."

Until cellphones started to become ubiquitous in the 1990s, Canada's roads were on an improving safety trend - not just owing to a drop in impaired driving, but also thanks to stricter seatbelt laws, graduated licensing requirements and better-engineeredvehicles.Butarecentreport from the Ottawa-based Traffic Injury Research Foundation shows that over the past 17 years, distracted-driving fatalities have made up an increasing proportion of the deaths on our roads.

"In other words, the positive trend among non-distraction-related fatalities is not evident in the trend among distraction-related fatalities," the report states.

Experts began raising concerns about the dangers of mixing cellphones and driving early on. But good data on the risks werehardtocomebyandlegislators were slow to act. In 2003, Newfoundland and Labrador became the first province to enforce a ban on using handheld phones while driving.

Those laws have since spread across the country, but they're difficult to enforce since drivers typically have to be caught in the act of talking or texting behind the wheel. Unlike with impaired driving, you can't simply set up a RIDE-style checkpoint to determine who's been using their phone recently. In the event of a crash, investigators need a warrant to access a driver's phone records, even if an eyewitness confirms the person was using their device.

Charlie Klauer, an associate professor at the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, knows firsthand how common this behaviour is. She sees it in her experiments and watched itsprevalence explode. As part of her work, she outfits vehicles with camerasandsensorstostudydistracted driving in the real world.

Prof. Klauer ran two studies - one from 2003-04 and another from 2006-07. "In the first study, people weren't texting," she says.

"Nobody texted - not a single person. And in the second study, everybody did it."

The psychology of driving is complicated, which is one of the reasons distracted driving is such a difficult behaviour to stamp out.

The Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC), for instance, points to surveys that show 95 per cent of drivers acknowledge it's "very risky" to use their phones while driving. Yet, about one-third of drivers admit to doing just that at least once during their last 10 trips.

Itturnsoutthatpeoplearenotoriously bad judges of their own driving skills.

In one study, researchers at the University of Stockholm found that people had "a strong tendency ... to believe themselves to be more skillful and less riskythantheothers." Thisinflated belief in their own skills can intersect with distracted driving indangerousways."Foraportion of drivers, their ability to text message while driving might be one of the characteristics they believe makes them a unique and superior driver," U.S. researchers wrote in the Journal of Applied Social Psychology in 2014.

Experts say this is in part because the people who drive distracted usually don't suffer any fallout. The Traffic Injury Research Foundation released a report in September showing that the perpetrator is not the most likely one to die in a crash. "Unlike alcohol-impaired drivers, distracted drivers more often kill other road users in crashes than kill themselves," the report states.

In fact, distracted drivers might not even be aware they've had a close call - say, cutting off a cyclist or forcing a truck to veer into oncoming traffic - precisely because they're not paying attention.Andiftheydorealizewhat's happened, they might interpret the safe ending as testament to their superior driving skill, instead of a warning to be more mindful.

All this can lead to the conclusion that distracted-driving laws are an excellent measure - for other people.

A common attitude seems to be, "Yeah, great idea - that'll keep all those other people safe.

I'm good as it is," says Ian Pike, director of the BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit. "Because the prevailing attitude is that injury won't happen to them. 'I've done this a million times before and I got away with it, and I will likely continue to get

away with it' - until they don't."

The truth is, people are terrible at multitasking. Rather than juggling two or three actions at once, people are actually dividing their attention, flicking from one thing to the next, often not very effectively.

In a famous experiment from the late 1990s, people were asked to watch a video and count how many times actors in white shirts passed a basketball. In the middle of the video, a woman in a gorilla suit strolls though the action, pausing to beat her chest.

Asked later about the costumed actor, half of the test subjects admittedtheyhadn'tseenthegorilla.

This is a phenomenon known as inattentional blindness. When mentally focused on one thing, we can miss something else right in front of us - such as a child chasing a ball in the street or a car nosing unexpectedly out of an alley. This has been seen in driving simulators: people talking on the phone were asked to count fast-food signs out the window and couldn't fulfill that simple request.

Weknowinstinctivelythislack of attention can have lethal results, but because of human overconfidence, many of us believe we can manage the risk. Besides, our phones and the apps installed on them have become so alluring we sometimes feel we can't help ourselves.

Prof. Klauer has seen how quickly people's best intentions can fade. Even though they knew they were being watched, participants in her experiments took just a couple of hours to revert to their old habits. "They're in their own car, in their own environment," she says. "We all have our normal stuff we do when we drive."

Penalties for distracted driving are a patchwork across the country. In New Brunswick, it's a $200 fine for a first offence. In Prince Edward Island, it's as high as $1,275. In Nunavut, which banned texting and driving only this year, there is no penalty at all.

In the face of worsening distracted-driving statistics, a number of jurisdictions have brought in harsher penalties. Some of the toughest are in Manitoba, which last year introduced the country's first automatic three-day licence suspension for anyone caught using an electronic device behind the wheel, with a sevenday suspension for second offence. The stricter regime was accompaniedbyaneducationcampaign encouraging people to put down their phones and for passengers to speak up when drivers break the law. "The point isn't to make life awful for people; the point is to make it really clear that this behaviour has serious consequences," says Manitoba Infrastructure Minister Ron Schuler. A three-day licence suspension might not be much of a deterrentin,say,FloridaorArizona, he adds, but waiting for the bus in the depths of a prairie winter can be "a real cold experience."

Mr. Schuler admits it will take atleastayear,orpossiblyseveral, before they know whether the new approach is working. But earlysignspointedtothedifficulty in changing ingrained behaviour: Barely two months after the new penalties came into effect, police nabbed their first repeat offender.

There's some suggestion, though, that simply increasing penalties doesn't work. If someone is willing to risk a $300 charge, will raising that fine to $600suddenlyactasadeterrent?

It's not clear it will. "If you increase your fines to such a point, your concern always becomes, will police lay the ticket?" adds Graham Miner, director of highway safety in PEI. "I could write you a ticket for $100 for using a cellphone, but if it's $2,000 and it means you're going to lose your licence, will I write that ticket?" In British Columbia, where collisions are up 25 per cent since 2014,Attorney-GeneralDavidEby hasfloatedsomeideasthatmove beyond suspensions and fines.

Lastyear,heproposedtheideaof invalidatingsomeinsurancebenefits for people convicted of distracted driving. This is now done with those convicted of impaired driving, who are considered in breach of their insurance policy and on the hook for lawsuit settlements, medical expenses and vehicle repairs. A spokesman for the minister would only say that the idea is not part of the province's current approach to distracted driving.

Enforcement can go only so far, though. Because enforcement is intermittent and the practice so widespread, the chances of being caught remain slim. So even though penalties will always be part of the solution to distracted driving, other approaches could play a useful role."Distracteddrivingwillchallenge us in ways that traditional road safety interventions have not," says Robyn Robertson, president of the Traffic Injury Research Foundation. "Everyone's looking for the intervention that'll tackle the issue. It's not going to be one thing."

Let's face it: driving can get boring. That idea is central to a new distracted-driving campaign set to launch in April. The effort is being led by Dr. Winsten and his team at Harvard, and it's rooted in the notion that simply asking motorists to keep their eyes on the road isn't enough. They need to be actively engaged and looking around. This reflects the old ruleofthumbthatdriversshould be checking their mirrors every five to seven seconds, a practice not universally followed.

"The campaign will stress that the practice of attentive driving involves more than avoiding distractions or passively gazing at theroadahead;itrequiresactive, systematic engagement in the driving task to maintain 'situational awareness,' " according to a draft description of the campaign. The point isn't just that drivers need to be more aware of impending dangers. It's also about engaging their minds that little bit more, making them less likely to reach for their phones.

Technology might help, too.

Nichole Morris, a research scholar at the Center for Transportation Studies at the University of Minnesota, says her team has studied the effects of forwardcollision warning systems and invehicle messages that alert drivers if they get too close to the car in front of them. The researchers hypothesized these systems would leave drivers more susceptible to distraction. But they found the opposite. "If we can provide some driving-relevant information to increase their mental load, just ever so slightly, you can help eat up some of that additional attention that people feel like they need to do something with," Prof. Morris says. "If it's deployed really thoughtfully and carefully, we can actually load them up just enough so that they don't pick up their phone."

Tech assistance could also come in the form of telematics - a sort of automotive black box that tracks hard braking and other actions that might indicate distraction.Thepayofffordrivers could come in the form of a break on their insuarance rates.

The ICBC ran a telematics pilot last year that showed a 40-percent improvement in driver actions. Another such project, still under way, is geared toward trackingthebehaviourofinexperienced drivers, who the ICBC says are 5.6-times more likely than 20-year veterans to be in a crash. If the insurer sees an uptick in safe driving, it could rollout the system more widely.

A more drastic, even slightly sci-fi form of tech assistance is being planned by Volvo. Starting in 2020, the Swedish automaker will offer optional on-board cameras that monitor drivers' eye movements, watching for signs associated with both impairment and distraction. If a driver closes her eyes or looks away from the road for too long, a Volvo employee would call the vehicle to check in on the driver. In extreme cases, the car would slow itself to a stop.

There are also technological fixes on the smartphone side of things. Newer Apple iPhones, for instance, offer an optional "do not disturb" feature for drivers that blocks notifications while the car is on the move. So far, these features have seen limited uptake by users, and phone makers have resisted automatic notification blockers, arguing the technology isn't perfect and could inconvenience passengers and those using public transit.

Consumers have also pushed back at this concept, too reliant on their smartphones to imagine being disconnected.

Neil Arason, the author of No Accident: Eliminating Injury and Death on Canadian Roads, says tactics to minimize distracted driving are worthwhile, but that a bit of realism is needed as well.

Some drivers will always be willing to risk looking at their phones.Knowingthis,it'sincumbent on society to build a safer road network. That could mean installing median barriers on roads to prevent drivers from driftingintooncominglanes,and using radar speed cameras to slow motorists down and reduce the damage resulting from crashes.

For Todd Litman, head of the Victoria Transport Policy Institute,anindependentresearchorganization, there needs to be a greater focus on giving people alternatives to driving. With fully reliable and ubiquitous autonomous vehicles still years or decades off, the only way to do it, he argues, is to improve public transit options and position it deliberately as the choice for people who want screen time. That way, even if the trip takes longer, the time can be used productively.

"We can shake bigger fingers, we can be louder in our anti-distracted-driving campaigns," Mr.

Litman says. "Or we can be realistic and give travellers solutions that actually respond to their demands."

However, most of these initiatives, whether public-awareness campaigns or changes to driving infrastructure, could take years to have a measurable effect on deaths and injuries due to distracted driving. And if you talk to some of the people most directly affected by the issue, you'll hear tones of weary resignation.

One B.C. man, whose wife was killed by a driver who had been drinking and was texting his exgirlfriendatthetimeofthecrash, is furious that nothing seems to change on the roads - even among his own circle.

"My friends do the same thing, even after [my wife] died and they were at her funeral," says the widower, who is still strugglingwiththefalloutofherdeath and was granted anonymity because he didn't want national media attention. He has even caught himself instinctively grabbing for the phone when a call comes in from the seniors' home where his mother is a resident. "That [phone] buzzer is just like Pavlov's dog," he says. "If people dying won't change your mind, nothing's going to change your mind."

ButinWinnipeg,Sgt.Duttchen hasn't given up hope and he's confident he's making a difference. "If we can change the behaviour of one person at a time, our mission is accomplished," he says. "Because you don't know the compounding effect of that.

You don't know what you've prevented."

Associated Graphic

Jay Winsten, seen above in Boston, Mass., runs a public-health project at Harvard University that aims to combat distracted driving. He says it will take a generational shift in behaviour as well as technological intervention to help tackle the issue.

SCOTT EISENSCOTT EISEN

Sergeant Rob Duttchen holds a photo of his father, Art Duttchen, a Lutheran pastor who was killed in 2009 when a teen driver who was texting crossed a median, like the one seen at top in Toronto, and hit him while he was walking his dog in Kingman, Ariz.

ABOVE: JOHN WOODS/GLOBE AND MAIL; TOP: DEBORAH BAIC/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Sergeant Rob Duttchen, seen left in Winnipeg, says that if he catches a driver texting at a red light, he uses it as an opportunity to give them a warning about the possible consequences of their distracted driving by sharing his father's story.

JOHN WOODS/GLOBE AND MAIL

University of Minnesota research scholar at the Center for Transportation Studies Nichole Morris, centre, says her team found forward-collision warning systems, which alerted drivers when they were too close to cars in front of them, helped to improve driver focus.

MICHAEL MCCARTHY

Tuesday, November 12, 2019
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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Page B20

DEATHS J. LAVERNE BOND (née McConkey) On November 6, 2019, at age 99, Laverne, loving mother of Thomas and his wife Lynda, and Scott and his wife Debbie, and cherished grandmother of Emily, Chris, Alison (Mitch) and Peter was reunited with her late husband Alfred Bond, who passed away in 1999.

Laverne had a sharp mind but she had become very frail over the past year. Despite her frailty, she was determined to live on her own. She was fiercely independent, creative, embraced life and found humour to the end.

Laverne will be deeply missed by her family but will continue to positively influence all of our lives.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor Street W, at Windermere, east of Jane Street, on Friday, November 15, 2019. Visitation is at 10 a.m. and will be followed by a service in the chapel at 11 a.m. A reception will be held at The Lambton Golf and Country Club at 12:30 p.m.

If desired, donations in lieu of flowers may be made to Children's Wish Foundation of Canada.

HENRIETTA CHESNIE (née Farb) Passed away on Monday, November 11, 2019, at the age of 96. Beloved wife of the late Dr. Joshua Chesnie.

Loving mother and mother-inlaw of Dr. Debby Cooper, and Dr. Brian and Vicky Chesnie.

Devoted grandmother of Neri and Peter, David, Sarah and Zach, Nathan and Katie, Graeme and Rachel, and the late Joanna Cooper. Adoring great-grandmother of Joshua, Adam, Tyler, Charlotte, Claire, Canon, Emmalyn, and Blakely. Her greater family, her uncles, aunts, and many cousins all remained central to her core, throughout her entire life. She graduated with a degree in Physiotherapy.

She gave of her time to numerous charitable causes, participating in organizational roles at Mount Sinai Hospital, and Holy Blossom Temple, where she became the first female President of a Synagogue in Canada. At Holy Blossom Temple, 1950 Bathurst Street (South of Eglinton) for service on Thursday, November 14, 2019 at 10:30 a.m. Interment Holy Blossom Memorial Park. Shiva 44 Charles Street West, Toronto. Memorial donations may be made to the Joshua and Henrietta Chesnie Endowment Fund c/o Mount Sinai Hospital Foundation, 416-586- 8203.

DIANA DONALD (née Harrower) April 4, 1928 November 9, 2019 Beloved mother of 4 children, who just adored her - Rick, Rob (Karen), Nancy (Tim) and Dynah, grandmother of 9, and greatgrandmother of 5, with 2 more on their way. A friend to so many and counsellor to others. She touched everyone she met.

An extraordinary woman who beat cancer twice, and got her Masters Degree in Psychology at 60. She continued working well into her 80's because she loved helping others. They all remain friends and fans to this day. As well she was an author of 2 childrens books. She was the "block mom" to all her childrens' friends throughout her life. Young or old they sought her out.

Mom, we'll all keep dreaming of the fairies..

Service will be held at: Belvedere Funeral Home, 22025 TransCanada Hwy, Senneville Québec.

11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m. on November 15, 2019.

In lieu of flowers please send donations to the Children's Wish Foundation.

HEATHER ELIZABETH HEAPS (MacLEAN) March 6, 1943 November 10, 2019 Heather died peacefully on Sunday at Bridgepoint Palliative Care in her 76th year. Beloved wife of Frank, her husband of 53 years. Daughter of the late Elizabeth (Betty) and Dr. John MacLean. Loving mother of Ian (Niki), Angus (Josee), Cameron (Johna) and Cailey (James).

Cherished grandmother of Hugo and his brother Graeme, Magnolia and Ophelia (Ian), Kyra and Lucas (Angus), Shakeel, Samuel and Daisy (Cam), Mimi, Declan and Pippa (Cailey). Loving sister of Joanna (Al Gerdung, predeceased), Sheila (Brian Talbot) and Daphne (Doug Brown).

While Heather's death will be a profound loss to all who knew and loved her, her spirit will remain a positive influence on all of our lives.

She was born in Victoria, B.C., raised in Montreal and Knowlton, QC, educated at Smith College in Mass., U.S.A. (B.A., Fine Art and Economics) and U of T (M.Sc., Urban & Regional Planning), where Heather and Frank met.

Married in 1966 they lived in Toronto, Monaco, Ottawa, Montreal, St. Lucia and Vancouver before returning to Toronto.

Heather was a very caring and unselfish person, always with a ready smile. Respected and loved by all who knew her she was an inspiring and model wife, mother, grandmother, and friend.

She cherished her friendships with the Tea Ladies, the BVAA, her Vancouver connections, her Moore Park neighbours, her St. Lucia community, The Study and Smith College "girls," Longford cottagers and so many other connections that she built throughout her life.

After taking time off to raise her four children, Heather built and enjoyed a successful real estate business that saw her quickly recognized as one of Canada's top performers in her field. Heather's success was the result of the genuine and passionate care she shared serving her clients, many of whom became life-long friends.

She also impacted and enjoyed the comradery of her colleagues she met along the way.

Her favourite pastimes included time with family and friends, reading, gardening, enjoying the cottage and exploring at Longford Reserve, travelling and being involved with the many charities she cared deeply about.

Throughout her life, Heather felt a deep appreciation of nature from which she derived great spiritual inspiration. She stood out for her incredible ability to connect with people, both friends and strangers, her warm and open heart, unmatched hospitality, endless generosity, strong spirit and her incredible ability to always see the best in people.

Even until her last moments, she made sure the people around her knew how much she loved them.

Heather and her family are forever grateful to Dr. Neesha Dhani and the team at Princess Margaret Hospital and, in her final days, the palliative care teams from The Temmy Latner Centre and Bridgepoint Health. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to the Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation [Ovarian Cancer Medical Oncology Fund] via http://www.thepmcf.ca or call 416946-6560. Service at Christ Church Deer Park, 1570 Yonge Street, on Monday, November 18th at 11:00 a.m. followed by a celebration at the Donalda Club, 12 Bushbury Drive at 1:00 p.m. Condolences may be forwarded through http://www.humphreymiles.com.

WERNER HIRSCHMANN Died peacefully in his sleep, age 96, on November 7, 2019, at Toronto Western Hospital, with wife Diana at his side. Born in Düsseldorf, Germany in 1923, Werner emigrated after spending time as a prisoner of war in Gravenhurst. In Canada, he leveraged his math and physics degree to become a computing pioneer, helping shape the industry during his time at the University of Toronto, KPMG, the Bank of Montreal, and the City of Toronto. Werner had a lifelong passion for the sea, nurtured under the Atlantic ocean as Chief Engineer on several U-Boats including the U-190, above water sailing on Lake Ontario aboard Anita and the Thieving Magpie, and on land through his connections to the Canadian Navy, the NAC, the RCMI, and the Esquimalt Association.

Werner is survived by a constellation of family: son Mike (Wendy), from his first marriage to Ruth; Mike's children Steve (Julie), Tyler (Suzan), Samantha (Chris), and Niki (Jon); and their children Naomi, Maeve, Chase, Connor, Brooklyn, Emmerson and Jacob. He is also survived by a son from his marriage to Diana: Thomas (Sarah), with children Wilhem and Edie. As Werner would always say when the entire family gathered, "this is all because of me." Please join us in gathering, one more time, "all because of Werner," at The Boulevard Club, Saturday, November 23rd, 2 p.m. - 4 p.m.

JOHN T. BODEN HOLDER It is with great sadness that the family of John Holder shares the news of his passing November 11, 2019.

He passed peacefully at Hospice Georgian Triangle Campbell House with his family at his side. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; three children, David, Susan, and Mark and was also predeceased by his daughter, Valerie.

A service will be held At All Saints Anglican Church in Collingwood, Ontario on November 14, 2019 at 11:00 a.m. The church is located at 32 Elgin St. in Collingwood.

There will be a reception to follow immediately after the service. In lieu of flowers, donations to the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) or the Canadian Red Cross would be greatly appreciated.

MARGARET JORDIS NOKLEBERG/NIKIFORUK September 18, 1928 September 13, 2019 Margaret Jordis Nokleberg, the youngest of five siblings, began life on a farm in Barron Wisconsin in 1928.

Five years later the banks seized her home and her Norwegian émigré parents Emilie and Arthur divorced.

Arthur, a violin player, took Margaret out for a chocolate ice cream and then vanished from her life. Margaret and Emilie persevered during the Depression. Margaret excelled at school where the kids called her "Nockie." Her sister Astrid and her cheese making husband, Ernest, set the table with love and laughter.

After the war Margaret attended nursing school at the University of Illinois in Chicago where she met an aspiring young Ukrainian dentist from Saskatchewan, Gordon Nikiforuk. They married in 1950 as naïve as virgins. Ever the realist Margaret sent him an article on "How to Live With A Difficult Wife." It was an early happy wife-happy life manifesto.

After bearing two sons Margaret boldly returned to university as a mature student in the 1960s. She majored in history at UCLA and mastered Norwegian so she could talk to her ski-loving relatives.

(She proudly finished her degree at York University in 1971.)

But the craziness of California nearly killed her. She survived a house fire only when Bob Patrick, a burly neighbour, busted down the front door.

Then her beloved brother Chris died of a heart attack.

He spent nearly six months in a water-filled foxhole on the beaches of Anzio. She always claimed the war took years off his life, and she grieved him for months.

After moving back to Toronto Margaret returned to public health nursing and spent many years helping immigrant families in Toronto. When one of her sons became seriously ill, she founded "Parents for the Environmentally Sensitive" and battled the Ministry of Health to study the condition.

It relented and did so.

Her mother always told Margaret "you have to take the good with the bad," but when her marriage failed, she became a binge drinker.

Hallucinations and paranoia (early undiagnosed dementia) then crept into her life like a bad neighbour. A cloud of chaos and dread unsettled the family, and we became a Nordic soap opera.

But for all the trauma and tragedy, she loved life and prized its little and precious moments. A good cup of coffee at a fine restaurant. A sentimental musical. Boating on Drag Lake. Sitting by the beach in Costa Rica. Laughing about ridiculous things. The unconditional love of dogs.

Anything about Norway.

In many ways she prized the best of Norwegian virtues: courage, honesty, hard work, fidelity, hospitality, selfreliance and perseverance.

She is now at rest with her siblings: Astrid, Chris, Dagney, and Ethel. She survived her late husband, Gordon, by two months.

Her sons, Andrew and Christian, daughter-in-laws, Doreen Docherty and Mary Power, and their children, Aidan, Keegan, Torin, and Stephen and Erik wish her much happiness in the afterlife.

A celebration of life will be held at the Funeral Center at Mount Pleasant Cemetery on November 16th beginning at 12:30 with a Service at 1 p.m.

SYD LANYS Peacefully and surrounded by family, on Monday, November 11, 2019 at Mackenzie Health.

Beloved husband of Vicki. Loving father and father-in-law of Michael and the late Sandra, Sheryl, and lovingly remembered by Mehre.

Devoted grandfather of Zachary, Lindsay, and Sean. Dear brother and brother-in-law of Dorothy and the late Milton, Yetta and the late Lou, and the late Marty and Ruthie, and Izzy and Sandy. Dear brother-in-law of Bella and the late Paul.

Special thanks to Mackenzie Health Complex Care Unit, Doctors and Staff.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 12:30 p.m. Interment Beth David B'nai Israel Beth Am Section of Pardes Chaim Cemetery. Shiva 15 North Park Road, Thornhill.

Memorial donations may be made to the Syd Lanys Memorial Fund for Canadian Breast Cancer and for Bronchiectasis c/o The Benjamin Foundation, 416-780-0324, http://www.benjamins.ca YIO MARK SAAR November 23, 1925, Estonia My dad's final journey came to an end peacefully on October 30, 2019. He is fondly remembered by his loving family Leili, Elyn, Peter, Ross and Hayley. Special thanks to Doctors Rand, Beamish, Zalewski, Blouin and the staff at Hospice Peterborough for their wonderful care and compassion.

Arrangements entrusted to The Hendren Funeral Homes, Lakefield Chapel. A private burial has taken place. To family and friends, we invite you to a celebration of his life to be held at "The Regency Of Lakefield", 91 Concession St., Lakefield, on Saturday, November 23, 2019 from 2:00 - 4:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, memorial donations to Hospice Peterborough would be appreciated by our family and can be made by visiting http://www.hendrenfuneralhome.com or by calling 705-652-3355.

J. BLAIR SEABORN, CM In Ottawa on November 11, 2019, in his 96th year, after a full and rewarding life. Predeceased in 2011 by his loving wife, dearest friend and companion of over 60 years, Carol (Trow). Blair was the proud father of son Geoffrey (Jan de Pencier) of Toronto and daughter Virginia of Mont-Tremblant, and "J.B." to beloved grandchildren Emma (Rob Grundy), Claire (Michael Currie) and Adam Seaborn. He was delighted to have lived to see two great-grandchildren, Fraser and Sloane Grundy. He is fondly remembered by Carol's siblings, Virginia Ings, Allen Trow, Ben Trow and Marion Doheny. Born in 1924, the youngest child of the Reverend Richard and Muriel Seaborn of Toronto, he was predeceased by his siblings, Kitty (Smith), Richard, Jean (Bertram), Jack, Bob, Charlie and Ted, but is survived by nieces, nephews, their spouses, and their progeny too numerous to mention.

After the University of Toronto Schools, he studied political science and economics at the University of Toronto (Trinity College) where, following three years in the Canadian Army, he earned his M.A. in 1948. He entered the federal public service and spent the next twentytwo years at the Department of External Affairs with postings in The Hague, Paris, Moscow and Saigon, the latter as Canadian Commissioner for the ICSC in Vietnam. His life as a diplomat was followed by nineteen years in senior federal positions with the Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs (Assistant Deputy Minister), Environment Canada (Deputy Minister), the International Joint Commission (Canadian Chairman) and the Privy Council Office (Intelligence and Security Coordinator). After "retirement", he spent eight years as chair the federal Environmental Assessment Panel on Nuclear Fuel Waste Management. He was honoured to receive the Order of Canada in 2000. Blair was grateful to have had a long, varied and satisfying career, for the opportunity to contribute to the life of Christ Church Cathedral and other voluntary work; and for good health which enabled him to enjoy, into his 'nineties, numerous outdoor activities, membership in the Rockcliffe Lawn Tennis Club, the Five Lakes Fishing Club, the Rideau Club Round Table and weekends at his "dacha" in Mulgrave-et-Derry.

A man of enduring modesty and unfailing courtesy, he earned the great respect of his colleagues and the deep affection of friends and family.

A funeral service will be held at Christ Church Cathedral, 420 Sparks Street, Ottawa on Sunday, November 17 at 4:00 p.m., followed by a reception in Cathedral Hall. No flowers by request. If desired, donations in Blair's name may be made to Trinity College, Toronto or Christ Church Cathedral, Ottawa, for restorations.

GRAHAM FARRELL SIRMAN BA, MBA, LLB, LLM October 11, 1963 November 8, 2019 Cherished husband, father, son, brother, nephew, cousin and uncle, Graham died unexpectedly and tragically while hiking to the family cottage with his inseparable companion, his Landseer Newfoundland dog, Murphy.

Graham will be forever cherished by his devoted wife Allison, his sons William and Thomas, his sisters Lindsay and Hilary (Haig), and his parents Carol and Bill. He was a dear brother-in-law of Jill and Steve Conway, Debbie and Al Garrison, Clint and Susan Bowles, and Becky and Pete Moslinger. He was a beloved nephew, cousin and uncle to all in his extended Bowles and Sirman families.

A graduate of Napanee District Secondary School, Queen's University, St. Mary's University, Western University and Osgoode Hall, Graham practiced law for three years in Toronto before opening his own litigation practice in Kingston, Ontario, in 2002.

He was an accomplished intercollegiate and junior hockey player and his passion for the sport is surpassed by few.

Graham loved every minute of his involvement variously as a player, coach, General Manager and scout. He was an ardent reader of newspapers and books, particularly history and sports.

His greatest passion, however, was his family. Graham supported, loved, and was fiercely protective of Allison, William and Thomas in all aspects of their lives. He was constantly in arenas, watching his sons play across North America and Europe. Graham was modest about his own considerable accomplishments, but revelled in celebrating Thomas and William's academic and athletic successes. He loved to spend hours talking with them to help map out their futures.

Graham truly valued his many friends. He was unwaveringly loyal and happily made himself available to friends and their families at a moments notice.

Graham's life revolved around his family and friends and his death leaves an enormous void in our lives.

A service to celebrate Graham's life will be held on Saturday, November 16, 2019 at the Isabel Bader Centre for the Performing Arts, (390 King Street West in Kingston) at 11:30 a.m., following the service a reception will be held in the lobby.

A contribution to the Ontario SPCA and Humane Society in Graham's name, by those who wish, would be greatly appreciated by the family.

Arrangements in the care of Wartman Funeral Home Kingston Chapel Online condolences and donations at wartmanfuneralhomes.com ROCHELLE (RUCHEL) SWAYE It is with great sadness that we inform you of the passing of Rochelle (Ruchel) Swaye z"l, after a long, valiant battle with illness. Rochelle was 71 years old. Rochelle was loved by everyone who knew her.

She was the adored wife of 50 years to Gerald Swaye QC; beloved mother to Jason (Terry), Adam (Tanya), Marlyz and Jenna; Bubbie to Ryan and Erin; and loved by so many cousins, nieces and nephews, and friends.

She was predeceased by her brother, Harold Applebaum; her parents, Nissie and Thelma Applebaum; and her grandparents, Shima and Esther Boom.

Shiva will take place at the Swaye home, 19 Robinhood Drive, Dundas: Monday to Thursday 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. Evening services at the Shiva home, daily at 7:30pm.

WILLIAM JAMES (BILL) FAIRBURN September 24, 1934 November 13, 2016 It has been three years since we lost our adored husband, father, grandfather, brother, uncle and friend. Our memories remain ever strong. Bill taught us the value of family, country, and community.

He taught us the joy in embracing every day. He lived with meaning, intent and purpose. His generosity of time and spirit knew no bounds.

He will be forever missed. We will remain forever grateful to have been touched by the power of his enduring love.

The Fairburn Family


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Shopify: How high can Canada's latest tech darling fly?
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page B6

People are going to spend hundreds of billions of dollars online. And Shopify Inc., with its wildly popular software designed to run e-commerce websites, is going to take a good cut of the pie.

The big question is just how big Ottawa-based Shopify's slice will be. It's a $45-billion question, actually - the company's stock market value. Born 15 years ago and launched on stock markets in 2015, Shopify's rocketing share price has propelled it from upstart to Canadian champion, and it is now country's most valuable technology company by far.

Every decade, it seems, Canada produces a tech star that bursts onto the global scene with a hot new business and a stock price that flies into the stratosphere. In the 1990s it was Nortel Networks Corp. with its fibre-optics networking operations, which grew to be a giant that, at its peak, accounted for more than one-third of the value of the TSE 300 index (now known as the S&P/TSX Composite).

In the 2000s, Research In Motion Ltd., since renamed BlackBerry Ltd., soared in value as consumers around the world flocked to its groundbreaking smartphones.

Canadian investors know all too well how Nortel and BlackBerry wound up: They crashed and burned as their competitors caught up to them, or their markets shifted too fast for them to adjust.

Now, Shopify is Canada's tech darling and its huge stock market value makes it the country's 15th-largest public company, ahead of Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd. and energy giant Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

Obviously, Shopify and its ambitious co-founder and CEO, Tobias Lutke, want to avoid the fate of Nortel and BlackBerry. But daunting competitive challenges loom - enough of them, it seems, to raise questions about just how much risk Shopify investors are taking.

Just about everyone agrees that Shopify is a great company with a solid strategy. The bulls on Shopify's shares - and there are many - see a company with a best-in-class product, happy customers and an almost limitless opportunity as online commerce grows and Shopify expands its offerings to retailers. "To be honest, they essentially have no competition," Gus Papageorgiou, an analyst at PI Financial Corp., said in an interview.

Yet even though Shopify's share price has declined by more than 25 per cent since its peak this past August, the stock remains very expensive. The company has never turned a profit, and isn't expected to in 2020, so there's no way to value Shopify on its earnings. And investors are paying more than $20 for every dollar of sales Shopify records - which is more than twice the price-to-sales multiple for many other well-known growing tech companies.

Some analysts look at that lofty valuation and wonder whether Shopify can grow as quickly or as large as the stock price suggests it must - particularly if the company can't win over big corporate customers that might be able to develop their own systems, or can't compete with social media platforms, such as Instagram or Pinterest, that are adding e-commerce functions for online retailers "Any sane person would say, 'Can this company really grow revenues that fast for that long?' Morningstar analyst Dan Romanoff said in an interview. "There's not a lot of companies that have that kind of track record, to say that there's a precedent out there for that."

The company was born in 2004 when Mr. Lutke launched a business selling snowboards online and found that software options were lacking. He built his own e-commerce software, which he licensed to other retailers, then established Shopify in 2006.

The platform was enthusiastically adopted by budding entrepreneurs and small businesses who lacked the technical skills to develop their own online selling systems.

Shopify now boasts more than one million merchants on its platform - a number that has increased by 30 per cent in just the last 12 months.

Collectively, these merchants sold more than US$15-billion worth of stuff in 40 countries through Shopify in the company's third quarter ended Sept. 30.

Many of these merchants are tiny. But some, such as the BBC, Gatorade, Gund and KKW Beauty, a cosmetics company launched by Kim Kardashian West, are well-known brands that are boosting Shopify's profile as the company expands globally and embraces different languages and currencies.

In its early years, Shopify simply sold monthly subscriptions for its software, collecting extra money for each transaction a user processed. But over time, company has added new services, such as payment-card processing, online postage sales, point-of-sale hardware for its customers to sell merchandise in stores and even short-term business loans.

Shopify has also started moving up the food chain from serving the smallest online businesses to considerably larger ones. The bigger retailers are customers of the more elaborate "Shopify Plus" platform. Many analysts believe that no other company currently offers this one-stop approach-- and the platform gets better as it gets bigger.

Shopify's basic subscription fees range from US$29 to US$299 a month, depending on the complexity of the business and the features needed.

The Shopify Plus platform can cost US$2,000 a month. Shopify calls the rest of the new offerings "merchant services."

More ways to collect money from its clients, plus hooking ever-bigger retailers to the Shopify system, have made for a sexy growth story, and investors have responded. As of Friday, Shopify's shares are up 17-fold since its May, 2015, IPO on the New York and Toronto stock exchanges.

The company joined the blue-chip S&P/TSX 60 earlier this year. At Shopify's Aug. 27 Canadiandollar high of $543.76 on the TSX, the company had a market capitalization that topped $60-billion.

"By any measure, it's ahead of the competition.

It is the platform of choice for entrepreneurs, small businesses and increasingly larger businesses to launch their e-commerce operations. And we have no issue with that," Chris Silvestre, an analyst at Veritas Investment Research, said in an interview.

In a recent research report, however, Mr. Silvestre questions whether people are overestimating Shopify's potential customer base, referred to in financial-speak as the "total addressable market."

In a recent investor presentation, Shopify says it regards that total market as "anyone who wants to make more money from their site than what they pay for it."

More specifically, the presentation has an image of inverted pyramid with a huge number of entrepreneurs at the wide base at the top, and a small number of the biggest brands near the point at the bottom.

In the middle, US$70-billion of merchandise sold each year by small and medium-sized businesses. "The way it's shaped, it gives you the impression that there's a much bigger market out there," Mr. Silvestre says. "So, it really does leave a lot to the imagination."

But Mr. Silvestre says investors shouldn't plan on Shopify powering the websites of the world's largest retailers. By and large, they have complex needs, the ability and resources to develop their own solutions and the desire to retain control over them. Mr. Silverstre estimates Shopify is used in less than 4 per cent of the websites of the top 500 U.S. e-commerce retailers.

Mr. Silvestre also says Shopify faces a challenge when its merchant customers choose to depart from their own websites and sell on other platforms, such such as Amazon or eBay. Social media

sites such as Instagram and Pinterest are also developing payment tools and systems that allow users to buy things without ever leaving the app.

Shopify has apps that allow its customers to sell on those sites, as well as their own websites. But the Amazons of the world can take a much larger share of a merchant's transaction costs than Shopify collects when a customer sticks to its own Shopify-powered website.

Mr. Silvestre cuts the total e-commerce pie in half by subtracting the biggest retailers, and cuts the remainder nearly in half once again when estimating the effect of alternative platforms. The result, he says, is a total addressable market of just one-quarter of e-commerce sales - not all of them, as he figures some of the most optimistic investors may assume.

"I get [that Shopify has] a whole bunch of really fast growing amazing companies, amazing brands, organizations that want to go direct to the consumer," said Mr. Silvestre. "But there is a hard limit on the size of the opportunity, and that's the size of the total e-commerce market. And if we just start making some deductions, it becomes pretty clear that there is a limit to this market. And it's probably less than what people expect, very likely to be smaller than people expect."

What does that limit mean for Shopify's share price? Mr. Silvestre's US$275 "fair value" estimate, published Oct. 15, is now slightly below Friday's New York Stock Exchange closing price of US$297.73.

Other analysts, such as Mr. Papageorgiou of PI Financial, have a more bullish view of Shopify's total addressable market. He said it is essentially immeasurable. It's nearly impossible to quantify the number of merchants worldwide likely to spring up and start selling their products online.

Any estimate must also take into account the growth of companies after they join Shopify's platform, because their swelling top lines mean more fees for Shopify.

Mr. Papageorgiou points to Allbirds Inc., a San Francisco-based shoemaker and retailer. The company likely began paying about US$360 a year for the Shopify platform, but it's now generating an estimated US$100-million in sales a year. (The privately-held company doesn't release financial figures.)

Allbirds pays Shopify 0.25 per cent of sales, Mr.

Papageorgiou says, which translates to US$250,000 a year. That doesn't include the fees when the company's customers use a credit card to make a payment on its website.

"It's a very, very big market," Mr. Papageorgiou said.

In an interview, Harley Finkelstein, Shopify's chief operating officer, said the company estimated the size of its potential market prior to its IPO in 2015 at about 10 million SMBs (small and medium sized businesses) in the company's core market, and 46 million worldwide. That's still a tantalizing 10- to 46-times the size of Shopify's current roster of merchants.

But Mr. Finkelstein says that the early estimates didn't include merchants who don't see themselves as SMBs, which suggests that Shopify's total addressable market could be far larger.

"I don't think that when Kylie started she called herself a retail SMB," Mr. Finkelstein said, referring to Kylie Jenner, the reality-TV star who launched Kylie Cosmetics on Shopify. According to Forbes, Ms. Jenner's business generated an estimated US$360-million in sales last year.

Mr. Finkelstein said that if you add up the revenue generated by Shopify's U.S. merchants on the platform, the combined theoretical entity would be the third-largest online retailer in the United States. That puts the company behind Amazon and eBay, but ahead of Walmart and Apple.

Size now allows Shopify to create its wide suite of offerings at a great price. "This is important because what it allows us to do fundamentally is go and negotiate on behalf of these merchants in a way they couldn't do for themselves," Mr. Finkelstein said.

One of Shopify's newest offerings is "fulfillment": A merchant sells something, but Shopify is in charge of pulling it from inventory, packaging it and shipping it to the buyer. Unlike online postal services or even point-of-sales systems, fulfillment can require immense cash spending on land, warehouses, forklifts and employees. There's also a company called Amazon.com Inc. that has spent billions of dollars to first offer two-day "Prime" shipping, then same-day service and then some deliveries in just hours.

Shopify said it would spend about US$1-billion launching its fulfillment services, then in September announced a US$450-million deal to buy 6 River Systems Inc., a robotics company that promises to boost efficiency in those services. Mr. Finkelstein said any fears that Shopify is going to spend wildly and try to take on giant Amazon - which he describes as a "partner" in e-commerce, not a competitor - are wrong.

Amazon owns its warehouses, while Shopify is minimizing the cash outlay by partnering with third-party companies, he says. And while Amazon is rolling out expensive same-day delivery, Shopify is happy to stick with two days, which it expects is more than enough for its merchants.

Same-day delivery, Mr. Finkelstein said, "is probably more important for Amazon products - for toilet paper or detergent or diapers. But for a beautiful pair of shoes or a cool bracelet or great T-shirt, or anything, for that matter that is sold on Shopify, we think two-day delivery is going to be absolutely sufficient - and will delight consumers."

For now, Shopify's top-line revenue suggests it has been making the right calls. The total in the third quarter increased 45 per cent, year-over-year, to US$391 million. Analysts expect the company is on track to surpass US$1.5-billion in sales for 2019, also up 45 per cent from 2018. That's meteoric growth from 2014, its final year as a private company, when it recorded US$105 million in sales.

But already, Shopify is revealing some growing pains that could challenge some of the more optimistic scenarios underpinning the stock. Growth in year-over-year merchant solutions revenue, while still impressive, has slowed to 50 per cent from 68 per cent in the third quarter of 2018, according to RBC Dominion Securities. Similarly, growth in subscription revenue has decelerated to 37 per cent from 46 per cent a year ago.

Profits are another question. Many investors seem to believe Shopify can keep up a blistering sales pace for some time, and they assume the company will turn those sales to profits. To date, Shopify has not produced positive net income and, on average, analysts do not expect it to next year.

Shopify is a heavy user of stock in its employeepay programs, having awarded more than US$100 million worth in 2018. It releases an "adjusted" profit figure that removes the cost of stock-based compensation - and therefore, shows occasional profitability.

Analysts aren't anticipating that Shopify will generate real profits any time soon. Goldman Sachs analyst Christopher Merwin, for example, expects that the company will continue to invest in growth initiatives such as its fulfillment network and international expansion.

For now, investors will have to make do with operating income, a hypothetical measure of profit from its existing operations that doesn't include expansion initiatives. Mr. Merwin forecasts operating income will rise to US$330.3-million in 2022, up from an expected US$37.4-million in 2019.

Shopify's current stock price values the entire company at 22 times its sales for the past 12 months, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence. Among nine tech companies Veritas's Mr.

Silvestre assembled for comparison, none trade for more than 10 times sales. The median price-tosales ratio in the S&P/TSX Composite is less than three, according to S&P. (See chart.)

A gigantic run-up in Shopify's share price in early 2019 cooled some analysts' heels. Many made so-called "valuation calls" - in essence saying, "We love the company, but we don't love the stock at this price."

Todd Coupland, an analyst at CIBC World Markets, downgraded Shopify in June to a lukewarm "neutral" recommendation from "outperformer," arguing that the upside potential has been priced into the stock. He was one of four analysts who downgraded the shares to neutral from mid-May to late June, according to Bloomberg. Mr. Coupland reiterated this recommendation in late October, after Shopify reported its third-quarter financial results.

Ken Wong, an analyst with Guggenheim Securities Inc., wrote that after an "active week of investor dialogue" following his May downgrade, "we found that approximately 30 per cent of conversations were in the bull camp, 20 per cent questioned the multiple but see no definitive negative catalyst, another 20 per cent were clearly negative and 30 per cent that are watching events unfold on the sidelines, possibly looking for a better entry point."

The percentage of analysts who say Shopify is a buying opportunity has tumbled to 53 per cent, down from 68 per cent at the start of the year and 100 per cent three years ago, according to Bloomberg. Still, their average target price, a forecast for the next 12 months, is US$356.20, or nearly 20 per cent more than Friday's closing price.

The most cautious analysts say, however, that it's hard to see how Shopify, as successful as it has been, can keep this up.

Morningstar's Mr. Romanoff has modelled Shopify's cash flow over the next 15 years - a task, he acknowledges, would be easier with a more mature company. He says the fair value of the company's stock is just US$175, about US$100 below current prices.

The current share price, he argues, implies revenue growth of 25 to 30 per cent every year for the next 15 years. "I don't think they can grow that fast," he says. He says Shopify's annual revenue gain could slip to 23 per cent as soon as 2023. "But again, if you own the stock, or you want to buy, you obviously have to believe there's upside, and that's something that needs to happen to make the math work." Just how big is Shopify's potential market? Veritas Investment Research says Shopify won't get many customers from the 100 biggest U.S.

e-commerce retailers. As for small retailers, many use eBay, Amazon and other third-party marketplaces to sell goods. Shopify has apps that help merchants use those sites, but it collects much less in fees for those transactions. So after deducting those marketplaces from its calculation of Shopify's revenue opportunities, Veritas estimates the company may only be able to tap into about one-quarter of all online sales.


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DARK SIDE OF THE BOOM
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An explosion of U.S. TV and filmmaking in Toronto is squeezing Canadian creators out of the picture, Simon Houpt writes
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By SIMON HOUPT
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page R1

A cluster of black limousines gleamed in front of a sprawling warehouse near Toronto's Pearson Airport the other day, an incongruous vision of glitz along a dull industrial stretch of road.

Once upon a time, the low-slung building served as a primary distribution hub for the Canadian operation of Kraft Heinz, sending millions of tubs of peanut butter and KD mac & cheese out across the country. On this day, though, dignitaries nibbled on finger food crafted in a more refined key - braised beef short ribs with a maple-bourbon demi glaze; pan-seared cod with a Champagne yuzu sauce - while stars from the TV shows Star Trek: Discovery and In the Dark strolled a red carpet.

Bonnie Crombie, the mayor of Mississauga, stepped excitedly to the microphone and welcomed the guests to her burg on the western edge of Toronto, which she called Studio City North: "I like the sound of that!"

she beamed.

Crombie had reason to be enthusiastic. In less than 12 months, workers had retrofitted the old Kraft operation with 20,000 sheets of drywall, 21,000 soundinsulation panels and 42 kilometres of wiring, transforming it into CBS Stages Canada. The state-of-the-art TV and film facility, boasting six sound stages totalling 260,000 square feet, is the first dedicated production hub in this country for CBS Corp.

It is also the latest arrival in a galloping expansion of studio space under way in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA). By early next year, Mississauga alone will have 700,000 square feet of space across five studios. "These investments will put our city on the international map for film and television, and inject a renewal of excitement in our creative industries sector scheme," Crombie promised.

The unprecedented expansion is fuelled by an arms race among U.S.-based streaming services stockpiling an arsenal of programming to snag subscribers.

Deep-pocketed combatants making TV in the GTHA include Hulu (The Handmaid's Tale), CBS All Access (Star Trek: Discovery), Netflix (The Umbrella Academy, Titans) and Amazon (The Boys, The Expanse).

Employment in the sector is booming: Ontario Creates, a government agency which facilitates media production in the province, says the industry now supports approximately 37,000 fulltime jobs, up more than 15 per cent from 32,000 jobs in the summer of 2018. Vic Fedeli, Ontario's Minister of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, declared that the CBS studio, which will employ about 300 local craftspeople when fully booked, demonstrated the province is "open for business."

But as foreign business floods in, Canadian creators - who already struggle to get their projects made and seen in a marketplace of slick Hollywood product - are being squeezed as never before. Local suppliers are tied up serving U.S. companies, spurring growing concerns about a branch-plant industry smothering local talent. And while more studios are being built, there is still more demand for space than there is supply, leaving local TV producers and filmmakers priced out of the market as they try to get Canadian stories in front of the cameras and out to audiences.

Even owning a studio doesn't necessarily help. In the spring of 2018, Bell Media, which owns the CTV and CTV2 broadcast networks as well as dozens of specialty channels, purchased a majority stake in Pinewood Toronto Studios, currently the largest studio complex in the country. But Randy Lennox, the president of Bell Media, says the company is shut out of Pinewood for the foreseeable future, because the studio was already booked up before the purchase with shows such as Star Trek: Discovery, which runs in Canada on Bell's newly rebranded CTV Sci-Fi (née Space) channel.

"We can't get in," Lennox told The Globe and Mail in a recent interview. "It's a squatter's rights situation. Star Trek: Discovery is a massive undertaking at Pinewood for us."

"It's great that the show keeps getting renewed," he added. Still, he had hoped to make Pinewood "a community offering," where both Bell Media and Canadian independent producers can make their own content. That will have to wait.

According to data provided by Ontario Creates, the increased production activity in the province is due almost entirely to what is known as foreign location and service (FLS) productions: shows that are shot here with Canadian crews and technicians, but are not considered to be Canadian content because Canadians do not occupy enough of the key creative positions, such as writer, director, producer or lead acting roles. The stories are almost never set in Canada.

Such foreign productions increased approximately 23 per cent over two years, jumping from $847-million of spending in Ontario in 2016 to $1.04-billion in 2018; domestic production, meanwhile, rose a mere $5-million over the same period, to $847-million. The foreign-domestic split has gone from 50-50 to 55-per-cent foreign versus 45per-cent domestic in just two years.

That mirrors a growing imbalance between foreign and domestic production that is even more pronounced across the country. A report issued last spring by the Canadian Media Producers Association indicated that foreign production in Canada had risen 26 per cent from 2017 to 2018, to approximately $4.8-billion, while domestic TV and film production had fallen approximately 9 per cent in the same period, down to $3-billion.

(That latter figure does not include in-house production of domestic broadcasters.)

The increase in foreign spending, and the frenzy for studios, crews, locations, and other support services, is pricing Canadian creators out of the better facilities - and even Toronto itself.

"It is a bit of a bummer, in terms of certain vendors that we're used to going to that we've created relationships with over the years suddenly being not available or able to help us out, because Netflix is in town shooting 15 things," says producer Lindsay Tapscott. Last year, she and her producing partner Katie Nolan opted to shoot the indie drama The Rest of Us in North Bay, lured there by the provincial government's Northern Ontario

Heritage Fund, which rebates 50 per cent of a production's local spending, up to a $500,000 payment.

In a sign of mounting concerns, last summer, the federal Department of Canadian Heritage initiated a study of the effect of foreign location and services production activity on the domestic production industry. The results are expected later this fall.

Toronto-based production manager Robbie David says the squeeze is hurting his ability to do business. "I'm turning down shows right now, because I'm not going to be able to get a studio," said David, whose credits include the Canadian TV series Mary Kills People and the feature American Woman, which premiered at last month's Toronto International Film Festival. "This has been a problem for the last three years, and it gets worse - not every year, it gets worse every few months."

David says the industry's top priority should be new studios.

"They're building them in Toronto. But you can't just concentrate on Toronto anymore, it has to be all over Ontario." That's because the cost of studio rentals is tied in large part to the value of the underlying real estate. With the cost of land in Toronto continuing to rise, other locales are jockeying, trying to offer themselves up as legitimate alternative production centres.

Lennox told The Globe that Bell Media's Canadian version of RuPaul's Drag Race will shoot in Hamilton when it begins production this month. "I have four shows [shooting] in Ontario, none of which are in Toronto, for the precise reason it's not affordable - commensurate to the level of production that I'm speaking of," he explained.

The province hopes conditions will improve over the next few years as another dozen or so production facilities come onstream, helping to double the studio space in Ontario from 2.3 million square feet last year to as much as 4.6 million by 2022.

(Pinewood is in the middle of adding 200,000 square feet to its main campus in Toronto's Port Lands area.) Still, there is no guarantee foreign demand won't soak up all of the extra supply.

And even as construction continues, Canadian productions sometimes have to settle for the crumbs. Justin Cutler, the Ontario Film Commissioner with Ontario Creates, acknowledged that well-financed U.S. companies have tied up some of the highest quality studio space: Netflix, for example, has leased eight sound stages in two downtown Toronto facilities, totalling about 250,000 square feet.

"Ontario Creates has worked hard with some of the companies that have taken long-term leases, to understand when those stages are going dark [temporarily]," Cutler explained. "We've worked very closely with Netflix over the last month to get that stage availability back into the hands of domestic producers."

Looking for a longer-term solution, David joined a handful of industry players to form Aeon Studio Group, which last June announced a memorandum of understanding with the city of Hamilton to build a massive multiuse development on what are known as the Barton-Tiffany Lands. The city-owned site in the West Harbour area has a checkered history that includes heavy industry that likely left the land contaminated, requiring remediation. In 2010, the city demolished a handful of buildings there in hopes of constructing a new stadium for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats CFL team. But that wound up being built elsewhere, and the site has now sat desolate for almost a decade.

If the city and Aeon can agree on terms of a land purchase, the company hopes to build up to 500,000 square feet of studio space in what it is calling the Hamilton Studio District, a development that would include housing, retail and offices, and that councillors hope would help spur the city's creative renaissance. Aeon intends to open its first studio space, converting an existing building for 150,000 square feet, by next summer. By the time the development is complete - in anywhere from five to 20 years - Aeon expects it will support about 1,000 direct and spin-off jobs.

"We believe the quality of the facility we plan to build will make this attractive for productions, even if they have to spend an extra 20 minutes driving [from Toronto]," said Jeff Anders, one of the partners of Aeon.

After all, he explains, while studios are essentially commodities - landlords build and then rent out large, empty shells on a series of short-term leases - the quality of spaces can differ enormously. They depend on such quotidian factors as ceiling height (which can proscribe lighting possibilities and the size of sets) and the spacing of structural pillars: a restriction that can frustrate production designers.

"When we analyze the full stock of space [in Ontario], we think that half of the capacity is forgettable. It's either too lowceilinged, there are pillars throughout, sound attenuation isn't there, vibration control isn't there," he explains. "As a province with about one per cent of the global [TV and film production] market, I'm saying we could have and should have more."

He admits there may be some insurmountable hurdles, including the cost and logistics of site remediation. "There are still a lot of unknowns on the financial side of things. We believe this is a viable project. But it remains to be seen."

Back in Mississauga, Armando Nunez, the president and chief executive of CBS Global Distribution Group, played down concerns that Canadians might have about the explosion of American content swamping Canadian creators and their stories. "Hasn't that ship sailed?" he asked rhetorically, in an interview with The Globe. "I mean, through technology, you can be swamped by any content from any place in the world."

"We've always been sensitive to the idiosyncrasies of Canada as a market, and Canadian cultural sensitivities," he added.

"That is something over the years we've had conversations with our broadcast partners about.

But at the end of the day, the fact is that Canada has warmly and enthusiastically embraced American content - irrespective of where it gets made."

Fedeli, the Ontario minister and MPP for the riding of Nipissing, in Northern Ontario, says it doesn't bother him if this country's creators have to go outside of the major centres to make Canadian stories. He sees Toronto as a place where Canadians get trained on foreign productions and then work on smaller, domestic stories in places such as Parry Sound or his hometown of North Bay. "For Toronto, you really need this big horsepower of CBS," he said, during an interview with The Globe on the Chicago-set CBS soundstage of In the Dark.

Still, he added, "In the North, from our perspective, we really like to see the more home-grown productions." He pulled out his phone and flipped through photos of the new outdoor set in the municipality of Powassan of When Hope Calls, a spin-off of the Hallmark Channel series When Calls the Heart, which is being made for Hallmark's streaming service. "They've built an entire town!" he marvelled.

Certainly, places such as Powassan and Hamilton seem eager for the attention and business, prompting some Canadian creators to adapt their stories to the new locales. Filmmaker Atom Egoyan set his new film in Hamilton in part because he says he believed it would be logistically easier than if it were to take place in Toronto. Guest of Honour, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival last month, centres on a restaurant inspector who sometimes creates false health infractions in order to exert leverage over restaurateurs.

"On a very practical level, we needed access to a lot of restaurants, and in Toronto, a lot of those restaurants would not want to be identified with a food inspector who's coming in and finding faults: things that are not up to code," Egoyan told The Globe.

In Hamilton, however, "there was an openness. People were just so excited we were shooting there, so they weren't so stuck up on that. The places we went to in Hamilton were able to see: It's a story. They were just very open to us being there."

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY DREW SHANON

CBS Stages Canada, a state-of-the-art TV and film facility in Mississauga, is the first dedicated production hub in Canada for CBS Corp., part of an unprecedented expansion in studio space in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area.

GEORGE PIMENTEL

CBS's In the Dark is one of many TV series being filmed in Toronto - sometimes at the expense of local content creators.


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Universal health care on trial: What you need to know about a historic Charter challenge in B.C.
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For a decade, surgeon Brian Day has been fighting to undo laws barring patients from paying for medical care at private clinics like his. Here's a primer on how the case came to be, and how its outcome could affect you
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By KELLY GRANT
  
  

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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Page A8

A Charter challenge to the foundations of Canada's health-care system is finally scheduled to begin hearing closing arguments on Monday, 10 years after the pugnacious private-medicine advocate Brian Day asked the courts to undo a law that effectively bars patients from paying for necessary medical care.

At stake in the unusually long British Columbia trial - which has already consumed 179 days of court time over nearly three years - is nothing less than the survival of medicare's central organizing principle that hospital and physician care should be doled out first to those who need it most, not to those who can pay the most.

"It absolutely could set a precedent for the rest of Canada," said Rupinder Brar, a Vancouver addictions-medicine physician and member of the board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare, an intervening party in the case. "I think all Canadians should be very concerned because it's in the very fabric of who we are as a nation that we provide care for one another when we need it."

Dr. Day argues there is another, equally important principle at play: the Charter-protected right to life, liberty and personal security, which he argues is violated by interlocking legal provisions that effectively prohibit patients from buying private insurance or paying out of pocket to relieve their suffering when the public system can't help them in a timely way.

In an interview, the 72-year-old orthopedic surgeon said he has never been interested in dismantling Canada's public health-care system.

The marathon legal battle, he said, has always been about adding more private options to the public system, not unlike many European countries that provide faster access and spend less per capita on health care than Canada.

That position has made the Liverpool-born chief executive officer and medical director of the private Cambie Surgery Centre in Vancouver something of a bête noire to medicare's defenders and their political allies.

Two political parties under three premiers in B.C. have fought Dr. Day's claim; the federal government joined the case as an intervenor after Justin Trudeau's Liberals won the 2015 election.

"The only good thing about the trial process," Dr. Day said, "has been that it has moved it out of the realm of politicians. It's now in the hands of a judge. And that's that."

The question soon to be in the hands of B.C. Supreme Court Justice John Steeves is whether a handful of provisions in B.C.'s Medicare Protection Act violate Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

The B.C. law doesn't explicitly prohibit well-off patients from buying their way to the front of the queue. Rather, it dampens the market for private care by prohibiting physicians from "enrolling" to work in the public and private systems at the same time; by forbidding enrolled doctors from charging patients for publicly covered services; and by barring the sale of private insurance for medically necessary hospital and doctor care. (Private insurance is, of course, widely available for care not covered by Canada's "universal" system, which does not include prescription drugs, most dental care, home care and other services provided outside hospitals and physicians' offices.)

For more than two decades, the B.C. government looked the other way while Dr. Day's Cambie Surgery Centre, which opened in 1996, and other private surgical clinics bucked the law. The clinics did a brisk - and perfectly legal - business operating on patients exempt from the law, mainly injured workers whose care was paid for by the workers' compensation system. But the private clinics also treated regular patients who paid out of pocket for swifter diagnostic testing, specialists' assessments and surgeries, violating a law that Gordon Campbell, B.C.'s Liberal premier from 2001 and 2011, said in an affidavit his government chose not to enforce - just like its NDP predecessors.

"Allowing British Columbians to obtain private medically necessary services would not result in any harm to either the accessibility or viability of the public health-care system, as demonstrated by the experience over the past 20 years in British Columbia, when the prohibitions on access to diagnostic and surgical services were not enforced," Dr. Day's lawyers say in their final arguments, already submitted in writing. "Further, the government cannot justify imposing severe mental and physical harm on some residents on the basis of an ideological commitment to perfect equality in access to treatment, which is neither created by the legislation in question nor obtained in practice."

Although Cambie Surgeries Corp., along with a sister clinic and four patients, are technically the plaintiffs in the case, Dr. Day is undoubtedly its face.

The B.C. government, in its written closing arguments, said the history of the proceedings - which include an unsuccessful campaign by Dr. Day to block a provincial audit of his clinics - make it apparent that "the plaintiffs do not conceive of this as an actual bona fide constitutional challenge, but rather as a form of political theatre, and an attempt to force change on the health-care system for the financial benefit of the corporate plaintiffs."

That view is shared by Canadian Doctors for Medicare, the BC Health Coalition and a group of patients backed by the British Columbia Nurses' Union (BCNU), all of which are intervenors in the case. The BCNU set the stage for the case more than 15 years ago when the union agitated for the government to enforce the law against private clinics charging patients out of pocket for medically necessary care. Contrary to Dr. Day's view that private clinics act as a release valve for an overburdened public system, BCNU president Christine Sorensen fears that, if Dr. Day triumphs, public wait times will get worse, with private clinics cherry-picking uncomplicated patients and luring away health-care workers.

"And at the end of the day," Ms.

Sorensen said, "the physicians and nurses and other health-care professionals who work in these facilities can't be in two places at one time."

The BC Health Coalition, Canadian Doctors for Medicare and the patients and doctors who intervened with them, described in their written closing arguments how they believe shortages of anesthesiologists, nurses and doctors contributed to waiting lists in the public system. One doctor who testified in the case made $965,826 in 2016-17 working for Cambie and the Specialist Referral Clinic, another plaintiff in the case - about four times as much as what he usually earned in public billings.

The question of how private, paid-for options affect waiting lists is one of many that have been hashed out as more than 100 witnesses, including Dr. Day and patients on both sides of the case, testified in Justice Steeves's courtroom.

Exactly how much public money has been spent fighting the case, the B.C. government refuses to say.

The Canadian Constitution Foundation, a legal charity that describes itself as a defender of constitutional liberties, filed an access-to-information request to find out how much the provincial government had spent fighting the case from 2009 to 2017.

When the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner for British Columbia ruled the information should be released, the NDP government appealed to the B.C. Supreme Court and won, meaning the figure will stay secret. The Canadian Constitution Foundation has raised more than $5-million for Dr. Day's side of the case since 2011, said Joanna Baron, the foundation's executive director. She estimated nearly 200 people have contributed, some of them small donors who give $50 a month, others high-net-worth individuals who've given large sums to the cause.

One of those high-net-worth supporters is Anthony Fell, a former chairman of RBC Capital Markets who helped organize a fundraising lunch for the case at the Toronto Club last month.

Dr. Day and the plaintiffs' lawyer, Peter Gall, flew in to address the Oct. 8 gathering, which included co-host Prem Watsa, the billionaire CEO of Fairfax Financial Holdings Ltd., and former B.C.

premier Mr. Campbell, among others.

"Our system is high-cost and mediocre at best," Mr. Fell said during an interview, after retrieving a binder about Dr. Day's case from among the tidy rows in a glass case in his office at Toronto's Royal Bank Plaza. "The population is aging and the government can't afford to keep up. We see the major hospitals across this country - including on [Toronto's] University Avenue - doing what they call hallway medicine or hallway treatment. And that's not good enough."

It's true that Canada spent more on health care per person ($6,448) and as a percentage of GDP (10.7 per cent) in 2018 than the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development average ($5,175 a person and 8.8 per cent of GDP) and that Canada is often ranked poorly on wait times and access to physicians in comparative international research. However, there are deep divisions about whether Dr. Day's prescription for more privately paid-for care would cure would ails the system.

Debbie Waitkus waited 27 months for a date for spinal surgery for her son, Walid Khalfallah, at BC Children's Hospital, before she gave up and took the teenager to the Shriners Hospitals for Children in Spokane, Wash. He suffered a stroke on the operating table in 2012 and wound up paralyzed from the belly button down, a heart-breaking outcome his mother attributes, in part, to how severely her son's spine deteriorated while he languished in a Canadian queue.

Mariël Schooff, meanwhile, was told that she could wait as long as five years in British Columbia's public system for an endoscopic surgery to relieve the chronic sinus infections that had left her in excruciating pain. Fearing she couldn't wait that long, Ms. Schooff borrowed money against her home to pay $6,125.75 to have the procedure performed in a private clinic in 2002 (not Cambie) by the same doctor who would have, eventually, operated on her for free at a public hospital.

Although Ms. Waitkus and Ms.

Schooff both faced long waits in the public health-care system, they wound up testifying on opposite sides of the case. Dr. Day invited Ms. Waitkus to become one of the plaintiffs in the case, while the BCNU recruited Ms. Schooff, now 73, to become a patient intervenor. She testified that her sinus surgeon shouldn't have asked her to pay out of pocket for faster access at his private clinic.

For Ms. Waitkus, a community nurse in Kelowna, the case is not something she dwells on daily as she cares for her son, who is now 23 and attending a college program for adults with special needs.

Testifying on Oct. 4, 2016, she sobbed as she described the panicked months she spent begging anyone who would listen to schedule a surgery to correct her son's kyphosis, a dramatic forward bend in his spine.

Ms. Waitkus is deeply upset at those who suggest that Dr. Day's case could wind up undermining the public health-care system.

She said in an interview that she only wants more options for patients like her son. "We do have a strong public health-care system right now, we really do," she said.

"But waiting has become part of our health-care system." For his part, Dr. Day said he wishes he had never started Cambie or his long war with the B.C.

government. The experience has contributed to turning all six of his children, who range in age from 20 to 42, off careers in medicine. Two of three of his younger children would like to be lawyers, he said, laughing.

"I would have been personally much better off, both financially and familywise, if I'd never gotten into this," he said. "But now that we've come this far, we're not going to quit."

However Justice Steeves rules, the case is expected to be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada.

Associated Graphic

Dr. Brian Day holds a sign outside an under-construction Cambie Surgery Centre in 1995. The B.C. government of the day refused to allow British Columbians to purchase services there, so Dr. Day and others at the clinic targeted foreigners or those from out-of-province. But the clinic was still able to treat British Columbia residents for years.

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Dr. Day, seen in 2016, argues that the Charter-protected right to life, liberty and personal security is violated by legal provisions that effectively prohibit patients from buying private insurance or paying out of pocket when the public system can't help them in a timely way.

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Walid Khalfallah greets his mother, Debbie Waitkus, after a cycle ride in Kelowna. Mr. Khalfallah waited 27 months for a spinal surgery date before going to the U.S. for private care. Ms. Waitkus says patients need more options: 'We do have a strong public health-care system ... but waiting has become part of our health-care system.'

LUCAS OLENIUK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Dr. Rupinder Brar is on the board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare, an intervening party in the case between Dr. Day and the B.C. government. 'I think all Canadians should be very concerned because it's in the very fabric of who we are as a nation that we provide care for one another when we need it,' Dr. Brar says.

RAFAL GERSZAK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Mr. Khalfallah gets around Kelowna on a hand-powered cycle. He suffered a stroke on the operating table in 2012 and wound up paralyzed from the navel down, an outcome his mother attributes, in part, to how severely his spine deteriorated while he languished in a Canadian queue.

LUCAS OLENIUK/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


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Louisiana's sinking feeling: As coastline vanishes, locals scramble to save what they can
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At the end of the most commercially important freshwater highway in the U.S., the Mississippi River, thousands of square kilometres have been lost to the ocean. Engineering a solution will be costly - and it was human interference that caused the problem to begin with
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By LEYLAND CECCO
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Thursday, November 7, 2019 – Page A10

Ryan Lambert steers his aluminum skiff through the narrow channels of Louisiana's salt marshes at the edge of the Gulf of Mexico. His huntingdog,Logan,peersoverthesidefor birds, hidden among patches of roseau cane and windswept marsh grasses. Over more than four decades, Mr. Lambert has hunted and fished the waters. But the rapid changes to the landscape have left him deeply troubled as he scans the wetlands.

"We've already lost an area greater than theGrandCanyon,"saidMr.Lambert,who runs a fishing lodge in the town of Buras.

In May, the Mississippi River and its tributaries were flooded across its vast floodplain, which covers more than a million square kilometres. Towns and farmland far upstream were swamped, costing farmers billions of dollars and keeping residents on edge.

While land loss and flooding are distinct crises, they are nonetheless linked to asingleandprofoundlyimportantnatural resource: the mighty Mississippi River.

This heavily engineered freshwater highway, which generates billions in economic value, has increasingly punished many of the communities that rely on its waters.

Attempts to control the river's natural flood cycles have had short-term benefits, but the long-term prospects are bleak for those along its lower banks, and made bleaker by the new challenges wrought by climate change. It's unclear how much of the surrounding land can be saved, but, as relocation efforts get under way, the scenario serves as a cautionary tale about how much - or how little - we should tinker with nature. Other communities may yetlearnfromthemistakesmadewiththe Mississippi.

For thousands of years, the waters of the river have flowed unimpeded from evergreen forests in Minnesota, along the agriculturally rich midwest states and into thesouth,wheretheypassthroughstands of cypress trees draped with wispy Spanish moss, eventually emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.

Because of its slow and gently meandering route, it has become the most commercially important body of water in the United States. Each year, 175 million tons of goods move along its banks. By some estimates, the shipping traffic is worth in excess of US$500-billion. Farmers use it to get grains to China; oil and gas companies use it as a simple route for moving crude to global markets.

To ensure the orderly movement of goods, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers spent decades building a sprawling system of infrastructure along the Mississippi. The upper sections of the river and its two major tributaries are constrained through a series of locks and dams maintained by the Corps to ensure the river remains navigable.

On the lower portions, from Illinois to Louisiana, the river is so large that no dams are needed.

All of the river, including its southern section, is laced with dikes, to help direct the channel, and earthen levees, to keep the river from pouring out onto the surrounding land.

But flooding, for all of its destruction, has an important role. Large rivers naturally carry millions of tons of sediment and are responsible for creating thousands of square kilometres of farmable land when the floodwaters recede. The same cities that are protected by levees - New Orleans and Baton Rouge, along with the hundreds of towns and villages in the Mississippi Delta - exist because of countless sediment layers deposited by the river over thousands of years.

The fertile sediment of Southern Louisiana,likeanydeltaregion,hasatendency to sink as it compacts, requiring constant replenishment to remain above the creeping Gulf of Mexico.

But the levees - the engineering solution meant to prevent the river's natural nst flood cycles - stop the Mississippi's floodwaters from rebuilding land. As the Traght ically Hip sang three decades ago, New Orleans is sinking.

As almost a direct result of these earthen mounds GY, tracing the river, more than 5,000 square kilometres of coastline in Louisiana - which contains nearly half of America's coastal wetlands - have been lost over the past 80 years. Areas where cows grazed only a decade ago are now beneath the ocean, Mr. Lambert said. "I've watched all the land around here completely disappear."

After tracking the damage done in 2019, a handful of water experts agree that the Mississippi is growing larger and stronger, and it is only a matter of time before a large, cataclysmic disaster strikes.

In mid-May, the Louisiana government announced ambitious plans to help move residents away from "high-risk" areas, an admission implied among the 1,500 pages of the government report that the situation is worsening.

"We have to be realistic about the current and future effects of coastal land loss and plan today to develop Louisiana's next generation of communities," Democratic Governor John Bel Edwards said in a statement after the release of the report.

Already, relocation efforts have begun.

TheLouisianagovernmentwillspendmillions to move the Indigenous community of Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw near New Orleans, whose territory on the Isle de Jean Charles has vanished by 98 per cent since 1955 because of land loss.

And on a smaller scale, residents of Pecan Acres, a neighbourhood in Baton Rouge, are set to move to higher ground by 2021 - the result of a push to remove houses from "Flood City."

With only levees to protect it, Mr. Lambert's town of Buras, an outpost south of New Orleans, is in one of the highest-risk areas in the state.

AfterthedevastationwroughtbyHurricane Katrina, and a recognition that the Gulf will continue to approach the land unabated, most of the residents have already left.

"What's the use of saving something when no one's here?" Mr. Lambert said.

The state has allocated US$50-billion to fight coastal erosion, and already, a number of solutions are on the table. While experts agree that no single plan will save thecoastline,anumberofproposalstaken together could have a substantive impact.

Some plans include developing cuttingedge - but costly - machinery to pump sediment from the river to areas where it is needed most, and creating humanmade islands to keep the ocean water at bay.

Otherresidents-includingMr.Lambert - advocate breaking open sections of the levees to divert river water back into areas that have been overtaken by salt water.

There's evidence that this approach can work: When Hurricane Camille broke through levees in 1969, one of those gaps wasleftopen,allowingtherivertoresume the flows that had for years been halted.

Over decades, the sediment-laden waters quickly rebuilt the archipelagos of vegetation, luring back wildlife that had long ago fled.

But Mr. Lambert, who has the ear of influential politicians in state government from his years of lobbying as a business owner, faces stiff opposition from oyster farmers, many of whom eke out meagre incomes from their work. They would face financial ruin if Mr. Lambert had his way - with the freshwater from the river flooding, and subsequently destroying, their oyster farms.

Anddespitetheoptimismamongthose advocating for the leash around the river tobeloosened,thecurrentrealityrequires it be controlled as much as possible.

In late spring, a deluge of melted snow and heavy rains breached levees, inundatedmillionsofhectaresoffarmlandand flooded multiple towns. In Cairo, Ill., just south of St. Louis, the river remained in a flood stage for more than 150 days in a row.

Julywasnobetter,withahurricanebarrellingdownonNewOrleansandtheriver reaching dangerously high levels. Without levees, storm surges and widespread flooding would devastate the city, which sits below the river. A full-on disaster was avoided, largely the result of favourable weather patterns. But many believe it is only a matter of time.

Yi Jun Xu, a professor of hydrology at Louisiana State University, has spent years scouring the river, studiously examining sediment buildup in different sections of the Mississippi.

With all its dams, he says, the river is like a pipe growing increasingly clogged at a rate faster than it could ever be cleared.

At the same time, Mr. Xu and his colleagueshavewatchedwithnervousnessas the river continues to carry more and more water, a combination of runoff from farms upriver, increased precipitation and increased sedimentation. Their current prediction: The Mississippi River's rate of discharge - the amount of water flowing along its banks - could increase by as much as 60 per cent by the end of the century.

"I can't even imagine what that would mean," he said, after spending an August morning collecting sediment samples in the field. "This makes me really, really concerned."

Various scenarios he's mapped out from his research, including the buildup of sediment causing the Mississippi to shift course and join a neighbouring river, the Atchafalaya, have a doomsday feel to them and their implications - the unabated encroachment of salt water and larger floods - are all catastrophic.

And the billions that will be spent on trying to save land, or even rebuild it, is "money thrown down a deep hole," Mr.

Xu said. Even if there were a silver bullet, he says, competing interests - energy companies, political parties, fisherman and residents - make decisive action impossible.

"This is a fight against nature," he said.

"And it's really hard to fight against nature."

For government officials - and those who remain in communities along the river - a difficult, if not impossible, dilemma lingers: maintain levees that stop floods,ortakethemdowntoallowtheriver to rebuild the quickly disappearing land?

The bitter irony threading the twin crises - of land loss and flooding - is the fact that the genesis of problems are human interference in the river. By endeavouring to tame the waterway, the Corps of Engineers have inadvertently created a slew of new problems.

"As our engineering and technologies improved over time, I think we've come to believe that we don't exist within nature.

Instead, we feel that, in many cases, we exist above nature," said Matti Siemiatycki, director of the University of Toronto's school of cities.

As unsalvageable as the situation in Louisiana looks, it nonetheless provides a usefulsetofinstructionsforotherregions, as governments worldwide look to adapt to increasingly erratic natural resources pushed to the brink by climate change.

"Climate change and the extremes and thespeedatwhichtheseeventsnowcome on are really challenging our infrastructureandourabilitytoengineersolutions," Mr. Siemiatycki said.

In communities along the banks of the Mississippi, cities have begun to rethink their relationship to the river.

In Davenport, Iowa, officials have removed flood walls and levees, instead letting the river encroach further into the city. Any new construction has to be high elevation, letting the river run its course with reduced risk of flood damage.

Even in Canada, communities are revisiting their own natural resources.

The Toronto Region and Conservation Authority has ambitious plans to bring the Don River back to its more natural state, before it was contorted by city planners, in a billion-dollar project that will minimize flood risk for nearly 240 hectares of land at the mouth of the river.

In Quebec, where record floods devastated numerous communities this spring, new provincial rules give affected homeowners $100,000 as compensation for a damaged house - or $200,000 if they choose to move away from the river.

With a forced rethinking of how humans interact with natural resources, a much more holistic approach with neighbouring waterways can be attained, Mr.

Siemiatycki said.

Whileengineeringwillcontinuetohave akeyroleinfutureplanning,plannerswill need to think twice. Fights against nature aren't winnable; the only question is how - and when - to finally co-operate.

The author's reporting was made possible partly through a fellowship from the Institute for Journalism and Natural Resources.

Special to The Globe and Mail

SLIPPING AWAY

For decades, the coastline of Louisiana has slipped below the Gulf of Mexico. While the land loss is a combination of natural factors, including the subsidence of delta regions, both human interference in the river, as well as rising sea levels, have exacerbated the problem. Since the 1930s, Louisiana has lost nearly 5,000 square kilometres of land, through a combination of natural factors and human interference. If no action is taken, an estimated 10,300 sq. km. of coastline could be lost by 2050.

Associated Graphic

*2015 Rand Corp. analysis is based on model results for land loss from four future without-action projections developed for the 2012 Coastal Master Plan using 2010 as the base year

Ryan Lambert surveys new marsh growth with his dog, Logan. Mr. Lambert runs a fishing lodge in the town of Buras, La., an outpost south of New Orleans that is in one of the highest-risk areas in the state.

In a natural flood cycle, sediment helps to replace land lost to subsidence and sea-level rise. But the levees designed to control floods of the Mississippi River also prevent the land from being rebuilt. Here, sediment is seen spilling from a broken river barrier.

PHOTOS BY LEYLAND CECCO/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers spent decades on large and expensive infrastructure projects that sought to control the flow of the Mississippi, a crucial trade route. Ironically, the very infrastructure meant to prevent the river's natural flood cycles has played a key role in curbing the rebuilding of land.

Near New Orleans, a row of fishing cabins lies near quickly disappearing land. Some advocates have suggested breaking open sections of the levees to divert river water back to areas that need the sediment. But without levees, storm surges and widespread flooding would devastate cities such as New Orleans.

The extent of flooding is seen at a house near Vicksburg, Miss. Several water experts agree that the Mississippi River is growing larger and stronger, and it is only a matter of time before a large, cataclysmic disaster strikes.

Louisiana State University hydrology professor Yi Jun Xu says the billions that will be spent trying to save land, or even rebuild it, is 'money thrown down a deep hole,' and that even if there were a solution, competing interests would make decisive action impossible.


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The rise and fall of Alberto Salazar and the 'power' of his Nike Oregon Project
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page S1

W hen Alberto Salazar launched the Nike Oregon Project in 2001 he had one simple goal: to do whatever it took to break the African stranglehold on distance running.

"It's like in war," Salazar once said of his approach to coaching.

"The soldier has to learn how to fight and do everything - be physically fit, be a one-man army. But then you try and equip him with every bit of top science - everything you can - to keep him alive. That's what we do."

Salazar had spent a lifetime trying to beat the Africans - through punishing workouts as a top American marathoner in the 1980s and bizarre experiments later as a coach of some of the world's best runners. His will to win was so strong that he once collapsed at the end of a race and was given last rites.

His big breakthrough came at the 2012 Olympics in London when two Nike Oregon Project runners, Mo Farah of Britain and Galen Rupp of the United States, took gold and silver, respectively, in the 10,000 metres. That ended years of dominance by Africans who had won all but one medal in the event since 1988. Soon athletes from all over, including Canada's Cam Levins, were flocking to the NOP's complex in Portland, Ore., to learn Salazar's secrets.

The glory didn't last long. Salazar's unorthodox training methods eventually caught up with him and on Sept. 30 the U.S.

Anti-Doping Agency slapped him and the NOP's medical adviser, Houston endocrinologist Jeffrey Brown, with a four-year ban after an arbitration panel found they had committed several doping violations. The USADA investigation had taken six years and it uncovered a host of dubious activities at the NOP, including widespread misuse of prescription drugs, a strange experiment involving testosterone and improper injections of a substance that eased muscle fatigue.

Salazar and Brown had "demonstrated that winning was more important than the health and well-being of the athletes they were sworn to protect," USADA chief executive Travis Tygart said.

The sanctions have rippled across the sports world. Nike closed the NOP last month and the company's chief executive, Mark Parker, stepped down to become executive chairman. The head of UK Athletics has been fired and the organization is probing its ties to Salazar.

This week, the World Anti-Doping Agency confirmed that it has launched an inquiry into the NOP and it's considering retesting some of the stored blood and urine samples of the club's runners.

The case has cast a dark shadow over the Oregon Project's athletes, even though none has tested positive for banned drugs or been accused of wrongdoing by the USADA. "There is no allegation against me. I've not done anything wrong," Farah told reporters last month. Levins, who spent three years at the NOP and left in 2017, was unavailable for comment but he has said that he was injured for most of his time with Salazar. "I have the utmost faith in Alberto and my former teammates that they're clean and have high morals," he told reporters in 2017.

Salazar said he was shocked by USADA's findings and plans to file an appeal at the Court of Arbitration for Sport. "I have always ensured the [world anti-doping code] is strictly followed. The Oregon Project has never and will never permit doping," he said in a statement. His supporters note that the sanctions pertain to relatively minor violations of procedure and don't involve any direct doping of athletes. Nike, too, is standing by Salazar and has insisted that Parker's resignation as CEO had nothing to do with the NOP case. The company added that it will "continue to support Alberto in his appeal, as a four-year suspension for someone who acted in good faith is wrong."

Salazar has been a divisive figure in track circles for years and the sanctions have been largely welcomed as a longoverdue punishment for someone who constantly bent the rules. "Salazar had become the apotheosis of a certain approach to sport, which is that what you should be doing is right up to the edge of the rules," said Alex Hutchinson, a Canadian journalist and former athlete who writes about the science of endurance and fitness, including for The Globe and Mail. "And that led him to do a lot of grey-area stuff, which is the kind of stuff that makes me and many, many other people uncomfortable."

He added that Salazar had also become a target for many people because of his association with Nike. "Salazar has come to stand in for a company that a lot of people feel is a bully and a force not necessarily for good," Hutchinson said.

Documents filed as part of the USADA action paint a picture of a driven coach whose win-at-all-costs mentality led him astray. The three-member panel of arbitrators said Salazar was not motivated by bad intentions and they marvelled at how meticulous he was at checking the rules with anti-doping officials, although he often looked for a way around them. They concluded that his desire to provide the best training possible "clouded his judgment in some instances, when his usual focus on the rules appears to have lapsed."

Salazar had always been someone who sought every possible advantage. He was among the first American athletes to train at high altitude in the 1970s and he later built a contraption he could use at home in Massachusetts to mimic the same scarcity of oxygen. He tried lotions used for racehorses to reduce muscle inflammation and he has acknowledged using testosterone briefly in 1991 when he was trying to revive his running career.

His innovations proved successful up to a point. He won the New York City Marathon three times in the 1980s. But he also suffered years of injuries, illness and a deep depression that led him to contemplate suicide. "I pushed myself as far as my body could go," he said in a lengthy article in 2015 when some allegations about the NOP first surfaced. "In fact, I trained and ran so hard it nearly killed me and I still suffer today the negative physical effects of my excessive training."

Through it all, Salazar has enjoyed the unwavering backing of Nike. The shoe giant sponsored him as an athlete and gave him a marketing job when his career finally ended in 1996. The company even put his name on a building at the company's headquarters in Eugene, Ore., in-between one named after golfer Tiger Woods and another one for basketball great Michael Jordan. When Salazar hatched the plan for the Oregon Project in 2001, after lamenting about the sorry state of U.S. distance running to a Nike executive, the company jumped in with millions of dollars. It also hired Salazar's two sons, Alex and Tony, to work at the NOP.

With Nike's deep pockets at the ready, Salazar was free to pursue his wildest ideas. He built an altitude house at the Nike complex in Portland and installed underwater treadmills, laser-therapy machines and supercold cryosaunas to help runners recover faster. With the help of the doctor, Brown, he put several athletes on massive doses of vitamin D, Testo Boost and thyroid medication in a vain attempt to increase their testosterone levels.

For many athletes, life at the NOP was a dream. They had access to Nike's vast resources, including research labs, state-ofthe-art equipment, a team of masseurs and financing for trips around the world to compete and train. Brown flew on the company's jet to the 2008 Olympics in Beijing and several athletes were paid US$200,000 a year or more by Nike plus bonuses. Many excelled, especially Farah, who went from a decent runner to a fourtime Olympic and six-time world champion. Levins, too, set the Canadian record for 10,000 metres in 2015 while training under Salazar.

The NOP quickly became known in track circles for its vast resources and stunning workload. It wasn't uncommon for NOP runners to do a workout after races while rivals looked on in amazement. "We thought, on the one side maybe these guys are getting those results because they're working really hard," recalled Canadian distance runner Reid Coolsaet. "And on the other hand, maybe they were able to work that hard because they were able to recover better than a normal human being."

The NOP group largely kept to themselves, following strict orders from Salazar not to discuss their training regime. Salazar worried constantly about competitors spiking water bottles or rubbing testosterone gel on the back of an NOP athlete so they would test positive. He ordered NOP runners to lock up their bottles and never high-five or touch anyone after a race. Salazar's fear was so strong that when Rupp mentioned that someone had slapped him on the back after a race, the coach immediately organized an experiment with his sons to see if a casual slap of testosterone gel could lead to a positive test.

It took several applications before Salazar was finally convinced that it couldn't.

Not everyone inside the NOP felt comfortable with Salazar's methods. Panic spread among some members of the group in 2012 after health officials issued a warning that the overuse of a nasal spray containing calcitonin, which is used to strengthen bones, could increase the risk of cancer. Many NOP athletes, including U.S. marathoner Dathan Ritzenhein, had been using the spray regularly on Salazar's advice that it would fend off stress fractures. "Is this some kind of joke?" Ritzenhein said in an e-mail to an NOP assistant coach after he ordered the runners to stop using the spray because of the cancer risk.

"I have been taking this for the last four years!" Another NOP runner, American Olympian Kara Goucher, became so concerned about the overuse of prescription drugs she reported it to the USADA and testified against Salazar during the arbitration hearing. "I was a part of a culture that was so manipulative and so controlling and so wrong," she told reporters last month. "Your entire life is dependent on the power of this brand."

For other NOP athletes the limit had come in 2011 when Salazar became obsessed with an energy drink from Britain called NutraMet, which claimed it could boost performance by 10 per cent. The key ingredient was L-carnitine, a natural substance found in many foods that can slow the depletion of glycogen in muscles, a key energy source, by increasing the amount of fat that's burned. Salazar called it the "greatest legal sports supplement ever" and he t bought up the company's initial supply. He also lobbied Nike executives to acquire NutraMet so that no other athletes could have access to it.

When he discovered that it would take six months of drinking NutraMet to show results, Salazar arranged for assistant coach Steve Magness to take the supplement intravenously to see if there would be an immediate impact. Magness agreed and his running improved instantly. Salazar was so excited he e-mailed the results to Parker and Lance Armstrong, the Nikesponsored cyclist who would later be banned for life for doping. "Lance, call me asap! We have tested it and it's amazing! You are the only athlete I'm going to tell the actual numbers to other than Galen Rupp. It's too incredible. All completely legal and natural," Salazar wrote. He soon had six NOP athletes, including Rupp, taking NutraMet intravenously. Later he would say the drink provided little benefit.

Magness and others worried about the legality of what they were doing. While Lcarnitine isn't banned by the USADA, it can only be administered in maximum doses of 50 millilitres every six hours. Magness had received one litre and he told the USADA that he believed the athletes had also received doses above the threshold.

During the arbitration hearing Salazar insisted that he followed the doping rules when giving the supplement to the athletes. But the panel found that Salazar and Brown had tampered with records and disguised how much the runners had received.

It's unclear when Salazar's appeal will be heard or if there will be any further fallout from the USADA's revelations or the WADA investigation. But some athletes, such as Coolsaet, aren't sure that this will be the end of the 61-year-old Salazar.

"I really don't know," Coolsaet said. He paused and added: "I hope it would be the end of his coaching career but I wouldn't be surprised if he came back."

Associated Graphic

Nike Oregon Project runners Mo Farah of Britain and Galen Rupp of the U.S. win gold and silver, respectively, in the 10,000 metres at the 2012 Olympics in London. It marked a breakthrough for coach Alberto Salazar, as African athletes had won all but one medal in the event since 1988. 'I've not done anything wrong,' Farah told reporters last month, as Nike closed the NOP.

OLIVIER MORIN/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES


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Have military medics gotten their due?
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page O5

Ted Barris is an award-winning journalist, broadcaster and author whose books include Dam Busters: Canadian Airmen and the Secret Raid Against Nazi Germany and, most recently, Rush to Danger: Medics in the Line of Fire.

Kevin Patterson is a specialist in internal medicine and author whose books include News from the Red Desert and Outside the Wire: The War in Afghanistan in the Words of Its Participants.

They held their discussion over e-mail in October and November.

TED BARRIS: In the course of writing Rush to Danger, I reflected on the media and popculture mythology to which I was exposed as an adolescent in the 1950s and 60s. I grew up watching war-movie classics and, as a university student, watched the sitcom M*A*S*H, about medical teams in the Korean War. But I've always found myself driven to read more, dig deeper, search further for the real figures that might have motivated the creators to build such iconic wartime characters. And they're there. As an example, I was struck by the doctor Major Clipton, played by James Donald, in The Bridge on the River Kwai. In the movie, Clipton does his best to keep malnourished, disease-ridden and injured POWs alive, while Colonel Nicholson, played by Alec Guinness, seems bent on building the Japanese commandant's railway bridge, no matter how many of his fellow POWs it takes. In fact, the real doctor saving lives in the face of the Japanese using Allied prisoners as forced labour on the Siam-to-Burma railway was a Canadian: Dr. Jacob Markowitz. And Dr. Markowitz's experimental medicine - using exclusively makeshift utensils and jungle remedies - ends up being even more fantastic than any Hollywood screenwriter's imagination.

He performed 3,800 transfusions, 7,000 procedures and probably saved more than 5,000 men from certain death during the railway's murderous construction in the Second World War.

Truth is stranger than fiction.

KEVIN PATTERSON: I agree, it is surprising how rarely military medics have been depicted in detail in literature and in film. In the 18 years of war that have followed 9/11, we have seen many treatments of snipers, for instance - American Sniper was the highest grossing film in 2014 [in the United States].

But that role - killing from a distance - is so much less heroic. Medics are more exposed to danger, and their role, treating both friendly and injured combatants, is more complicated and nuanced. Is it because filmmakers and writers are preoccupied with the narrative power of death-dealing?

A close examination of the medic's role will necessarily depict the horror of war, and perhaps filmmakers are uncomfortable with that. But one would think that less bellicose artists would find this a natural and fascinating topic.

U.S. Third Army fighting under similarly bitter conditions in the Battle of the Bulge, as the Allies pushed the Germans back through the Ardennes and past the former Siegfried Line inside Germany. The episode accurately showed actor Shane Taylor (as medic Roe) nearly freezing to death, with no winter clothing or lined boots for himself or his fellow medics, and worse, meagre medical supplies for his wounded - scrounging for dressing packs, scissors, drugs and even keeping syrettes of morphine from freezing by wedging them in his armpits. More than any other depiction of army medics, I related to that one. It was my father's story in frigid technicolour, dealing with what he called "mass cals" (massive casualties) and little to treat them with but common-sense medicine.

PATTERSON: I think you're on to something important when you emphasize how Band of Brothers and some other depictions forefront the essential and defining aspect of war - suffering. The cinematography in the opening minutes of Saving Private Ryan - also made before 9/11 - shocked viewers with its muted colours and its frank unsparing examination of agony. Giovanni Ribisi's character, medic Wade, was one of that film's principal characters. Medics are the first and most intimate observers of the worst thing humans do to one another, and any narrative lens that is interested in the horror of war will tend to dwell on their point of view. Other films that gave prominent roles to medics included 2001's Black Hawk Down and We Were Soldiers, which was released in 2002, but written before 9/11.

It seems to me that depictions of war made after 9/11, especially in the first years of the war, were more likely to be drawn to ideas of righteous revenge. Here, we've mostly been discussing films, though. Are there novels and non-fiction works you can recommend to readers interested in the complex role of military medics? What secondary sources moved you, as you were preparing to write your book?

BARRIS: Probably because military medicine experienced such radical change, but also because medics, nurses and others wrote down what they saw on or near battlefields so vividly at Bull Run, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, journals from the U.S. Civil War proved among the most striking to me.

Once read, I can't ever erase such views of carnage as that of former journalist, and later army commander, Carl Schurz. He noted in his Reminiscences (1863) "stretchers coming in dreadful procession" and surgeons with rolled up sleeves, bloodstained aprons and "knives not seldom held between their teeth" and the "beseeching eyes of the dying boy who recognized me, says with broken voice, 'Oh, General! Can you not do something for me?' And I can do nothing but stroke his hands and utter some words of courage and hope, which I do not believe myself." But on the other hand I was attracted to the memoirs of Jonathan Letterman, the Pennsylvania doctor-turned-medical-officer who drags the army brass kicking and screaming into officially accepting field ambulances, real surgeons (not quacks), hygiene; and behind the lines, hospitals with stewards, nurses and cooks to attend the wounded.

Some called him a "medical dictator" for his unflinching directives to Union Army strategists who demanded ammo over ambulances, but as the Army of the Potomac's chief medical officer, Letterman is credited with changing "a vast sea of misery" into medical treatment of wounded "at least equal to the best of the fighting men in gallantry." His impact on military medicine was the 19th-century equivalent of penicillin, or the Black Hawk medivac helicopter in Iraq and Afghanistan.

PATTERSON: Your mention of helicopter evacuation for combat casualties is interesting. This has made a dramatic difference in survival rates in the combat injured. This began in Vietnam, but the technique was more fully developed in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Medics played a very important role, too, in the recent improvements in outcomes by providing early stabilization and resuscitation, including even surgical procedures on the battlefield such as chest tube placement and tracheostomies prior to evacuation. I saw this done regularly in Afghanistan, but I've never seen such techniques delegated to nonphysicians in the civilian sphere. The stereotype of military culture is that it is intensely hierarchical and conservative, but in this instance it seems less so than civilian medical culture, where physicians keep these skill sets largely to themselves. More broadly, the position of the medic/medical assistant/corpsman doesn't really have an analogue at all in civilian life. Physician assistants and EMTs in civilian life do not operate with the same autonomy as their military counterparts. Part of this is pure pragmatism - the volume of trauma seen in war dwarfs that in civilian life. But I wonder if there may be inspiration to be found in the military experience for making health-care hierarchies more horizontal in the broader world. Are you aware of medics who have advocated for this, upon leaving the military? Did you find that medics often remained in health care after finishing their service?

BARRIS: Your point about helicopter evacuation and its impact on survival rates among combat casualties is a vital one. Somewhere in my research about medical practice during the Korean War, I unearthed statistics to support your thesis. Mortality rates during the Korean War were 34 per 1,000 wounded; it had been 66 per 1,000 in the Second World War. That statisticians went on to say that a wounded soldier in Korea benefited from greater accessibility to air-evacuation transportation, the advent of better medication - especially antibiotics - and quicker access to surgical and emergency treatment. Those advancements on the battlefield are borne out in an interview I conducted with Dan Harden, a United States Air Force veteran of military deployments to to Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan. During 122 different medieval missions overseas, Major Harden's emergency ward was the back of a Black Hawk helicopter, where both he and his wounded patient were harnessed into position; and as Harden attended his wounded with oxygen, suction, ventilation, intubation, intravenous or transfusion, the chopper was flying at 140 miles an hour across the desert to deliver Harden's patient to a contingency operating base for life-saving surgery.

Harden told me, "If a wounded soldier was alive after injury, and a medic arrived in that critical time, a patient had a 97-percent chance of survival." I can think of field ambulance medics at Ypres losing up to 5,000 in the German chlorine-gas attacks of April, 1915, or the medical officers in Japanese POW compounds along the so-called Death Railway in the jungles of Burma where up to 4,000 POWs died of disease, injury or exhaustion, or the 916 Canadians that Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps medics could not save on the beaches of Dieppe in August, 1942. Those medics would have sacrificed everything to be able to enjoy a 97-per-cent survival rate among their wounded. But small-box ventilators (gas masks), anti-bacterial drugs and medevac choppers weren't around to deliver such miracles then.

PATTERSON: These successes in improving the survival rates among the (Western and Allied) war wounded are probably underappreciated. And the refinements in trauma care in war have spread to the civilian sector, not just in the most recent wars, but for a century now. Nevertheless, to describe the effect of war, especially on health, in any sort of positive sense is uncomfortable.

The excess mortality - including knock-on effects - in Iraq following the invasion may have been almost seven hundred thousand, according to the British medical journal The Lancet. These wars have been the worst decision the West has made in the past half-century. That said, military medics are in an interesting position. When I was a medical officer, we were taught that our role was to preserve the operational capability of the military. Simply put, soldiers are more likely to fight aggressively if they see that they will be cared for, once wounded.

BARRIS: I have one last thought on the point about medics and their service being underappreciated. I think even the medics themselves felt inadequate. More often than not, they took the casualty rates extremely hard. With seemingly very little positive in the aftermath of a battle, medics grasped at whatever small victories they could rationalize. Two such medical officers - Laurence Alexander with the Calgary Tanks, and Wesley Clare with Royal Hamilton Light Infantry - went into beaches of Dieppe on Aug. 19, 1942 - of 4,963 Canadians in action at Dieppe, 3,367 were killed, wounded or taken prisoner. Neither Alexander nor Clare managed to get off the beach. In fact, Alexander never left the tank landing craft bringing his medical crew and tank crews ashore; he spent the entire morning dashing from one wounded case to another all aboard the landing craft. And in the end, of his original assault group of 117 military men and 13 naval men, he managed to save but 30 soldiers and three navy personnel. Meanwhile, Clare gathered the wounded and dying RHLI troops in the lee of another bombed out landing craft just up from the surf. He'd been unable to save 197 of his regimental brothers, but chose to surrender the remaining handful, including himself, to ensure that at least a few survived the slaughter. He spent the rest of the war with those he'd saved in German POW camps in occupied Europe. And the Calgary Tankers whom Alexander saved never forgot him, either. When Doc Alexander returned to Alberta after the war, the veterans who returned with him made it their business to seek the doctor out to deliver their children and be their family doctor.

Small but meaningful thanks for saving them from the "nine bloodiest hours in Canadian military history" at Dieppe.

Associated Graphic

ILLUSTRATION BY LUIS MAZON


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'LIKE A MOVIE': CHINA'S STAGED STREET SCENES
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In Xinjiang, state authorities are said to screen and pay people to play roles for visiting delegations, Nathan VanderKlippe reports
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Tuesday, November 5, 2019 – Page A1

One day last October, eight local officials entered Zumuret Dawut's home in Urumqi, the regional capital of northwestern China's Xinjiang region. They came to ask her elderly father to pray - and they promised to pay.

They said, "We will give you 20 renminbi for each time you pray," Ms. Dawut recalled in an interview.

"You will need to pray five times tomorrow. So we will give you 100 renminbi" - about $18.50.

Her 79-year-old father was puzzled. He had long since stopped attending the local mosque out of fear the authorities would see his religious observance as a sign of radicalization and place him in an indoctrination centre, as the government has done with hundreds of thousands of Muslims in the region. The mosque was considered closed.

But the officials and police said an inspection tour was being arranged that would bring dignitaries from around the world to Urumqi and they wanted the visitors to see people praying.

It amounted to staging a show, Ms. Dawut said, to create the illusion of a free and open society - part of a campaign, she and others said, of showing visitors orchestrated scenes of people in peaceful religious observance.

To quell international anxieties about Xinjiang, one of China's most important assets has been government loyalists who have defended the indoctrination centres and, according to people interviewed by The Globe and Mail, have staged intricately managed scenes filled with pedestrians, street vendors and drivers played by people - police officers, teachers, retirees - who have been screened by the authorities and assigned roles.

Ms. Dawut watched as the officials taught herfather,aformerworkerattheBureauof Non-ferrous Metal Industry, what to say if hewasaskedquestions.Hewastorespond, "We are not prohibited from praying" or "We are not prohibited from entering the mosque."

Last fall marked an important moment forChina'santi-radicalizationcampaignin Xinjiang, which is home to a large Muslim population of ethnic Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Hui and others. Before then, Chinese officialshaddeniedreportsthattheyhadconstructedanetworkofprison-likere-education centres dedicated to the forced indoctrinationofMuslims.

But on Oct. 16, 2018, China's state-run Xinhua news agency published a lengthy interview with Shohrat Zakir, chairman of the Government of Xinjiang Uygur AutonomousRegion.HesaidtheChinesegovernment, faced with "complex and grave circumstancesaswellasthepressinganti-terrorism desire of the people," had created a "vocational education and training programaccordingtothelaw"designedto"get ridoftheenvironmentandsoilthatbreeds terrorism and religious extremism and stop violent terrorist activities from happening."

Withthatinterview,Chinabeganalengthy process to counter critics who have labelled the Xinjiang indoctrination centres "concentration camps," dedicated to expungingreligiousbeliefsandethniccultural identity, and replacing them with Communist Party ideology and adherence to Chinese President Xi Jinping. More than a million people have been placed in such centres, according to U.S. government estimates.

Mr.Zakir,however,likened the centres to "boarding schools" that offered free Mandarin language instructionandtraininginvocationalskillsthatwould"helptrainees find employment." But that was only the beginning.

In the months that followed, localofficialshaveguidednumerous groups through Xinjiang - journalists and diplomats from dozens of countries, as well as Chinese foreign-affairsofficialsposted aroundtheworld-toseeforthemselves.

What unfolds when visitors arrive is "like a movie," said a Uyghur woman from Ghulja,knowninChineseasYili,acitynear theborderwithKazakhstanthathasbeena major nexus of the Xinjiang political indoctrinationeffort.ThewomanlivesinEurope, but The Globe is not disclosing her nameoutofconcernforretributionagainst herfamilymembersstillinXinjiang.

She described watching a friend sitting in her living room and memorizing 50 assigned questions and responses. The friend, a Chinese-language teacher, had been asked "to perform as a civilian walking in the street" for a coming inspection visit,thewomansaid.

Accordingtothepaperstheteacherwas studying, if asked where local centres for political indoctrination and skills training could be found, she was to reply: "I do not knowthelocation."

Another authorized response said: "There are no camps and only one school where they provide vocational skills and training,"thewomanrecalled.

Her friend was frustrated because she was being forced to memorize responses sheconsidereduntrue,thewomansaid.

And the teacher was not the only one preparingforavisit.Friendsofthewoman in the local police force were also rehearsing, dressing as civilians and preparing to drivebusesandtaxis,andbuyandsellvegetablesfromstreetsidevendors.Ifaforeign visitor arrived, the street would look normal.

Police friends described similar scenes toMs.Dawut."Theyappointedpeopletogo on the street and pretend to be vegetable vendors, or shop owners or bus drivers.

These are all characters that they arranged," she said. Police officers, too, pretended"tobecouplesoutshopping."

Ms. Dawut left China in January and is now in the United States. Last month, she testified on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly about her time inare-educationcentrewhere,shealleged, she suffered ugly mistreatment. Her accounthasbeenraisedbeforeasubcommittee of the U.S. Senate foreign-relations committee. Chinese authorities have disputedherstoryandavideohassurfacedof her brother denying she spent time in one of the centres. Ms. Dawut believes he was coerced.

To buttress her account to The Globe, she provided the names of two police officers who visited her father to order him to the mosque to pray. The person who answeredthephoneatalocalpolicestationin Urumqi confirmed that men with those namesworkedthere,butasuperiorofficer then hung up when The Globe sought to askquestionsabouttheirwork.

Another account of such staging comes from a Westerner who has lived in Urumqi andrecalledlocalpoliceofficerscomplaining about being ordered to drive taxis duringconferencesthatbroughtinlargenumbersofforeigners.TheWesternerisnotbeingidentifiedbyTheGlobetoavoidendangeringtheirfriendsinXinjiang.

Last December, the Uyghur service of Radio Free Asia reported that a businessman from Ghulja had described concerted effortsinthatcitytopreparefor"aninspection team coming soon," including doorto-door visits by officials who would teach people "what to say." Those unwilling to comply were told they would have "three generations of their family blacklisted."

A former Chinese state media worker also told The Globe it was not uncommon forlocalpropagandaauthorities to arrange for government workers to act as civilians at important events. AfterspeakingwithTheGlobe, police interrogated the man for hours, asking him questionsthatindicatedtheyhad a recording of the telephone interview.

Beijing's efforts in Xinjiang, however, have not always succeeded in convincing others that indoctrination facilities are akin to boarding schools.

Albanian-Canadian journalist Olsi Jazexhi travelledtoXinjianginAugustonanall-expenses-paid trip funded by Chinese authorities. A vocal critic of the U.S., he expected to agree with China's account of its treatment of Muslims. In Xinjiang, however,hecametobelievelocalauthoritieswere shadingthetruth.

"They want to give to the world the impression that people here are well fed, are happy with the Communist government, and are singing and dancing and we are all brotherandsisters,"hesaid.Buttheofficial guides"wereplayingwithus.Theywanted us to reveal to the world a fake story," he said."Everythingwasstaged."

For example, he said, he asked Uyghur detainees: "Do you still believe in Allah?" Theyrespondedthattheyhadrejectedreligion in favour of belief in science and the Communist Party. "This shocked me very much," Mr. Jazexhi said. "I saw from their eyes they were horrified and scared. They were constantly looking at their Chinese teachers for guidance and to check if their answerswerecorrect.

"Withthesecamps,whattheyaredoing is they are trying to forcefully and very quickly assimilate the Uyghurs into Han Chinese."

Others have come to much different conclusions. In March, the Council of Foreign Ministers under the Organization of IslamicCo-operation,afteravisittoChina, adopted a resolution that "commends the efforts of the People's Republic of China in providingcaretoitsMuslimcitizens."

Kadambini Sharma, an anchor and foreign-affairs correspondent for India's NDTV,wasonthesametripwithMr.Jazexhi. She was struck by the state financial investment she witnessed in Xinjiang - part of a campaign that has been faulted for bulldozingculturalrelics.

But, Ms. Sharma said in an interview, "there is new construction going on, houses - freebies, everything. Everything youcanthinkoftoluresomeonebackfrom what you think is not right, it's happening there." And, she said, "these kids who are there, they see the folly of their ways, and most say they don't believe in religionanymore.ThatissomethingIfindveryinteresting."

Still, she was left wondering: Will that religious rejectionremain"evenwhenthey have left those vocational trainingcentres?" Chinese media have reported other favourable comments from visiting delegations. In January, a Kazakh diplomat told Xinhua, ... which paraphrased his comments, that "the Chinese government and regional government in Xinjiang have created good conditions for trainees, and they haverichfoodaswellastime forsports.

"The vocational education and training centres in Xinjiang are not 'concentration camps,' as described by some Western media, but schools to help those influenced by extreme thoughts to eliminate the harmful thoughts and learn vocational skills,"LeelaManiPaudyal,Nepal'sambassadortoChina,saidduringavisitinAugust.

"Every student I saw here is happy. They learn not only laws and regulations, Standard Chinese, but also professional skills, which I believe will give them an edge to adapttothesocietyaftergraduation."

Xinjiang authorities began to detain large numbers of Muslims in 2017, placing someinjail-likefacilitiessurroundedbyhighwallsandrazorwire.Theconditionswere so grim that some attempted suicide, according to accounts from former detainees.

But some time between October and December last year, the fences and razor wire disappeared from the Kashgar Vocational Education Centre, one of the facilities that has welcomed numerous delegations. What successivevisitorsseeisoften surprisinglysimilar.Videoreviewed by The Globe shows that, since January, multiple delegations of foreign correspondents, including Mr. Jazexhi,havebeentakentothe same room with the same teacher and what appears to be at least one of the same detainees dressed in the same distinctive clothing - thatofadancer.

Another facility, the Wensu County Vocational Training Centre, is relatively new, with satellite imagery showing that construction was completed in August or September, 2018, according to an analysis per-

formed for The Globe by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Researchers at the institute have identified four places in Wensuthattheybelieveareusedforindoctrination and training. The one visited by journalists, including Mr. Jazexhi in August,appearstobethesmallest and least institutional in appearance.

One Xinjiang official told Mr. Jazexhi that about 500,000 people have been placed in 68 internment camps, a figure Chinese officials have not made public before (The Globe verified his account with another c journalist who was on the trip). But he is not sure that numberisreliable.

In Urumqi, meanwhile, one Western researcher photographed police taking e away Uyghur dancers after a performance at the Grand Bazaar, one of the region's central tourist attractions, a even though authorities s haveuseddanceasademonstration of contentment and unityintheregion.

"This is not what dance troupes do - getting into police cars without licence plates," said Hanna Burdorf, a Newcastle University PhD student researching language education for Uyghur children in Xinjiang. She shared her photos with The Globe.

"In my opinion, this means that these dancersarebeingcontrolledbythegovernment,"shesaid.

Ms. Burdorf has been to Xinjiang three times in the past 18 months, most recently late this summer. What she found on her most recent trip is that the heavy security presence across the region had fallen considerably from view. In Urumqi, armoured police vehicles no longer patrolled streets at a walking pace, sirens blaring. Security checks were noticeably less strict.

It looked as if "a kind of normality had returned to Urumqi,"shewroteinanarticleabouttheexperience.

In Kashgar, surveillance cameras have been removed from inside the Id Kah mosque, China's largest, as it is transformed into a tourist attraction. The harsh contours of an invasive surveillance state may no longer be needed, Ms. Burdorf said, becausethepressureofthepast few years has left a lingering fear that "has penetrated people'smindssodeeplythat itworksasameansofcontrol even with less visible means of surveillance." One taxi driver said he would be "in really big trouble"ifhekeptacoinfromanArabcountry thatsheaccidentallygavehim.

"InthisplaydirectedbyChina,Xinjiang hasjustswitchedtoaprettierstageset,"she wrote.

Associated Graphic

Pedestrians pass a mosque in Urumqi, the regional capital of China's Xinjiang region, in September.

HECTOR RETAMAL/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

Above: A Uyghur woman, centre, enters a bazaar in China's northwest Xinjiang region in May. Multiple sources have told The Globe and Mail that China stages intricately managed scenes in the region, filled with pedestrians, street vendors and drivers played by preapproved residents, to quell international anxieties about Muslim indoctrination centres.

Left: A woman walks below surveillance cameras in Akto, in the Xinjiang region, in June. Hanna Burdorf, a Newcastle University PhD student researching in Xinjiang, says that through the pressure it has exerted over the past few years, China is now able to maintain control even as it strips away some of its most visible means of surveillance. PHOTOS BY GREG BAKER/ AFP/GETTY IMAGES

A screen shows images of Chinese President Xi Jinping in Kashgar in June. Critics say Xinjiang's indoctrination centres are dedicated to expunging religious beliefs and ethnic cultural identity and replacing them with devotion to the Communist Party.

A propaganda painting depicts a hammer squashing terrorists on the wall of a military hospital near Kashgar. China maintains that its re-education centres are meant to 'get rid of the environment and soil that breeds terrorism and religious extremism.'

Uyghur men walk toward Kashgar's Id Kah mosque before Eid al-Fitr prayers in June. Surveillance cameras were recently removed from inside the mosque - China's largest - as it is transformed into a tourist attraction.

The Chinese flag flies behind razor wire at a housing compound near Kashgar, in the Xinjiang region. Authorities began detaining large numbers of Muslims in 2017, placing some in jail-like facilities surrounded by similarly imposing barriers.


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BIRTH AND DEATH NOTICES
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Page B16

J. LAVERNE BOND (née McConkey) On November 6, 2019, at age 99, Laverne, loving mother of Tom and his wife Lynda, and Scott and his wife Debbie, and cherished grandmother of Emily, Chris, Alison and Peter was reunited with her late husband Alfred Bond, who passed away in 1999. Laverne had a sharp mind but she had become very frail over the past year. Despite her frailty, she was determined to live on her own. She was fiercely independent, creative, embraced life and found humour to the end.

Laverne will be deeply missed by her family but will continue to positively influence all of our lives.

Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor Street W, at Windermere, east of the Jane subway, on Friday November 15, 2019 from 10 a.m. until time of the funeral service in the chapel at 11 a.m. If desired, donations may be made to Children's Wish Foundation of Canada.

GARY JOSEPH BRUNER April 28, 1946 November 8, 2019 It is with deep sadness we announce that Gary Bruner slipped away into eternity surrounded by his loved ones, after a three year battle with colon cancer. Gary fought to live longer but the monster that is cancer would not relent.

Gary was born in Toronto, practiced law for over 40 years and enthusiastically travelled the world. He lived life to the fullest and will be missed by his family, colleagues, and numerous friends worldwide. Gary was the loving husband of Aleksandra Spalvins and the devoted father to three children, Barry (Liat) of Tel Aviv, Cory (Dayna) of Toronto and Sondi (Timothy Harris) of Vancouver. Gary was the proud grandfather of Mason, Leah, Nolan and Noam. He also leaves his first wife, Barbara Citron, the mother of his children. Gary will be sadly missed by his siblings, Harvey (Rosemary) and Debbi (James Wallace); nieces, Katie, Emily and Nicole; and nephew, Kevin. He is fondly remembered by his good friend, John Lister. Gary was predeceased by his parents, Norman and Anne Bruner.

Gary was the perfect child.

During his formative years, he was often at the top of his class. After school Gary would help his father at the family convenience store. He was responsible and could always be counted on to do the right thing. Gary obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the University of Toronto and with the flip of a coin decided to continue his education at York University where he studied law.

If there was one thing that Gary loved more than the art of law, it was the joy of travel.

On their holidays together, Gary and Aleks gallivanted around the world. They visited a multitude of countries and saw sites that most people only read about in books. The friendships they formed were lasting. The most memorable highlights, however, were the two six month cruises that Gary took around the world in both directions. He savoured every moment.

Gary was pragmatic and realistic as well as being a thoughtful and kind person.

He loved music especially the Beatles and Motown, and in particular the tunes of Smokey Robinson. Gary will be remembered for his integrity, his voice of reason, his sense of humour and for always offering cup of cappuccino. He will be missed.

Heartfelt thanks to the dedicated and incredibly compassionate team at Sunnybrook Hospital. Their humanity is an example to us all.

Following the private cremation at Mount Pleasant Cemetery on Wednesday, November 13, 2019, friends and family are invited to a celebration of Gary's life at his home, 165 Danforth Avenue at 3:30 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations in Gary's memory may be made to the Sunnybrook Foundation, Odette Cancer Centre.

STEFANIA HURKO (nee Deychakivska) 1924 - 2019 Stefa was a lively, creative soul, engaged and inspired by her deep love of her Ukrainian culture.

Her children, Marijka, Andrew (Olenka), and Roman (Carmen) will miss her spark. Husband, Eugene, predeceased her in 1979.

Born in the ancient village of Yamnytsia in western Ukraine, Stefa's early life was happily embedded in a strong patriotic family, and rich cultural traditions that were the wellsprings of her long life. But her budding adulthood was marked by war, the terror of Bolshevik and Nazi occupation, and flight for survival across continents.

Freedom of spirit, and a belief that beauty can save the world, nourished her through harrowing struggles in wartime Europe, and immigration to Australia and finally Canada.

Stefa finished pedagogical studies in Ukraine, and worked briefly as a teacher until the outbreak of the Second World War. Amid the shifting borders and front lines, she joined the political movement for the independence of a free Ukraine.

She spent 1941-42 in German occupied eastern Ukraine as a member of the underground "pokhidny hrupy" to build support for the independence project. From 1944-1947 she was a courier for the Ukraine Supreme Liberation Council's (UHVR) foreign delegation in western Europe.

She would see that dream fulfilled only in 1991 when Ukraine declared independence.

After the war, Stefa found herself in a Displaced Person (DP) camp in the American zone of Germany, where she married Eugene. In 1949 they emigrated by ship to Australia and settled in Adelaide; then with two young children in tow, immigrated again in 1956 to Canada where their third child was born, and Stefa worked at the University of Toronto library until her retirement.

Stefa began writing poetry at an early age, and was captivated to the core by the great poet Taras Shevchenko, whose words she knew by heart to the end of her days.

During sleepless nights, she often burned the midnight oil after a hard day's work, pouring to paper her painful emotions, and spiritual insights. We are grateful now to have this gift, her body of poetry, and the thousand songs she seeded into our hearts for our own journey through life.

Stefa's lyrical poetry was first published in 1962 in the Ukrainian Canadian press, and collections followed over the decades. She also wrote plays, and political satire. Her creative work is represented in the Anthology of Ukrainian Poetry in Canada.

She was an active and engaged member of the literary Ukrainian community in Toronto, and an ardent supporter of human rights campaigns to free political prisoners in the Soviet Union.

In 1991 Stefa was a volunteer worker in Kyiv, where she translated English and French documents for the cultural commission of Ukraine's new parliament.

Our family is grateful to all of Stefa's fine caregivers; the nurses and doctors at Humber River Hospital, and the palliative team at St. Joseph's Hospital in Toronto.

Mama, we will always remember "slukhajte tyshu" (listen to the silence) youtube.com/watch?v=xMsdc1SZy1U Friends may call at the Turner & Porter Yorke Chapel, 2357 Bloor St. W., at Windermere, east of Jane subway from 6-9 p.m.

Wednesday. Panakhydia will take place at 7:30 p.m. Funeral Rite will be held at St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Church, 4 Bellwoods Ave., on Thursday, November 14, 2019 at 8:30 a.m. Interment Park Lawn Cemetery.

MARIAN DRYDEN PATON (née Grierson) Born in Guelph, Ontario March 26, 1928, died November 9, 2019 in Ottawa.

Predeceased by her husband of almost 65 years, David S.

Paton and her youngest son, Gordon. Survived by her sons, David G. Paton of Ottawa (Susan Padmos) and John G. Paton of Sterling Forest, New York (Holly Holderman) and grandchildren Crysler Paton (Daniel Ludwin), Garnet Paton (Samantha Martin) and Norah Paton. Her great-grandson Gil Ludwin gave her much joy in her final months. She will be missed by her sister Jean Hillis (Don Hillis), her sister-inlaw Marion Paton and her nieces and nephew; Dawn and Leslie Benson, Jennifer and Peter Hillis.

Marian grew up in Guelph and lived most of her life in Toronto and Mississauga. She loved animals; her cats provided her with great comfort. She was a gifted rug hooker - her award winning rugs are truly works of art.

Many happy days were spent at the cottage on Lake of Bays. In retirement Marian and Dave realized their dream of an old stone house and moved to Merrickville.. With the onset of Marian's dementia, they left their beloved Stonecroft Cottage, moving to Manotick Place and then Park Place in Ottawa.

Many thanks to her caregivers and the staff at Park Place where she was treated with compassion and respect in her final months. Donations in her memory may be made to the Alzheimer's Society or your local Humane Society.

JOANNE STEINBERG Peacefully, Joanne Steinberg (nee Pascoe), passed away at her Toronto home on Sunday, November 10, 2019, after a courageous battle with cancer.

Joey was an inspiration to all who met her, and a beacon of strength to her family, as well as to her extended close circle of friends.

Adored wife of Michael, mother and mother-in-law of Hayley, and Daniel and Diana, and cherished grandmother to Damon and Romy. Beloved daughter of Eve and the late Dr. William Pascoe, sister and sister-in law to Lynda and Jonas Prince, Lawrence Steinberg, and Debbie and Peter Aronstam. Beloved aunt, cousin and friend. Joey graduated with a Bachelor of Applied Arts from Ryerson. She worked commercially in the field of Food Sciences before joining her father in his medical practice as his full time receptionist, a labour of love for her for many years. She continued working as a medical receptionist, and eventually she became her husband Michael's bookkeeper. Her artistic and culinary talents were well known and were demonstrated in numerous endeavours.

She pursued various artistic activities and businesses (painted sweatshirts, stencilled pots and pot planters). Joey was known far and wide for her cooking and baking, especially her coconut birthday cakes and Score bar cookies. She had an extensive circle of friends, and was always happy to help her friends with their Simchas. She made time for volunteer work with charities like Meals on Wheels, Out of the Cold, and the Canadian Cancer Society, and was an avid tennis, golf and bridge player. Our family appreciates the loving care provided to Joey by the doctors and nurses from Princess Margaret Hospital, her family doctor and dear friend Dr. Debra Birnbaum, her dedicated palliative care workers from the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care, and all of her devoted and supportive friends. We also wish to thank Joey's primary caregivers, Eden and Gloria, especially Eden who cared for her for several years with love and compassion, as well as her long standing trainer and good friend Diane.

At Benjamin's Park Memorial Chapel, 2401 Steeles Avenue West (3 lights west of Dufferin) for service on Tuesday, November 12, 2019 at 12:30 p.m. Interment in the Holy Blossom Temple section of Pardes Shalom Cemetery. Donations in honour of Joanne's memory are welcome at The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, (416) 946- 6560 or the Dr. William Pascoe Medical Education Fund at the Baycrest Foundation, 416-785-2875.

PETER STRUCKEN Born in Bonn, Germany on January 3, 1933 and died in Oakville on November 8, 2019.

"Tampa", as he was known to his grandchildren, died peacefully at Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital, surrounded by his loving family. He is survived by his loving wife Heather, sister Marion Hahn, children Lisa (Hugh Kerr), Chris, and Emma (John Castelhano), and grandchildren Liam, Fraser, Julia, Mathias and Danielle.

Peter spent his business career as Export Sales Manager at Stelco, in Canada, England and Switzerland.

While travelling the world, he developed a taste for good food and wine, which he generously shared with family and friends. Peter had a wonderful, slightly off-colour, British sense of humour, and loved a good joke. His interesting "Tampa-isms" that we all use on a daily basis will keep him in our hearts forever. Please join us for a celebration of Peter's life at Oakview Funeral Home, 56 Lakeshore Road West, Oakville, on Friday, November 15, 2019, from 1 p.m. to 3:30 p.m., with remembrance speeches at 2 p.m. Refreshments will be served throughout. In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to a charity of your choice.

Online condolences may be left at oakviewfuneral.ca


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ONTARIO PROFILES
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Algoma University Sault Ste. Marie, Brampton, Timmins Tuition and fees: $7,332.04 Undergraduate students: 1,372 Undergraduate graduation rate: 52 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $16,197 With its main campus situated on the site of a former residential school, Algoma University has a special mission to cultivate crosscultural learning between Indigenous and other communities, which is based on Anishinaabe values. The small university offers more than 20 programs, but since it doesn't have any graduate degrees, undergraduate students are able to jump in on faculty research projects.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Brock University St. Catharines (main), Hamilton Tuition and fees: $6,675.75 Undergraduate students: 16,566 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69.1 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $15,926 Located in the historic Niagara region, Brock is a mid-sized university with more than 19,000 students in seven faculties. In addition to the degree programs, BrockU provides more than 40 coop programs, in which 15 per cent of full-time students participate, as well as other opportunities to engage with the community beyond academics. Outside of class, students can cheer on the Brock Badgers and get involved in a variety of clubs and extracurricular activities.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Carleton University Ottawa Tuition and fees: $7,427.65 Undergraduate students: 27,152 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69 per cent, based on a seven-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,130 Carleton University is located on Algonquin territory, on an official UNESCO World Heritage Site in Canada's capital city. Carleton offers more than 200 undergraduate programs, with access to the unique resources provided by its close proximity to government institutions, libraries and media.

As a research-focused university, Carleton works closely with its community partners to identify emerging areas of importance.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Lakehead University Thunder Bay, Orillia Tuition and fees: $7,569.68 Undergraduate students: 7,164 Undergraduate graduation rate: 77.8 per cent (year rate unknown) Average debt at graduation: $18,084 Founded in 1965, Lakehead University offers a range of degree and diploma programs across 10 faculties. Lakehead promises a wholesome university experience, with a blend of academics and rich social and recreational activities. This past year, a student-led community project, Enactus Lakehead, created two programs to address the unique financial needs of communities in Northwestern Ontario.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Laurentian University Sudbury Tuition and fees: $7,684.85 Undergraduate students: 8,100 Undergraduate graduation rate: 71.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,998 Laurentian University is a bilingual university offering more than 120 undergraduate programs across five faculties, with many programs and degrees offered in French. Class sizes are kept small and numerous programs offer hands-on experience, field work and co-op placements.

Laurentian has one of the highest postgrad employment rates in the province, as 94 per cent of undergraduate students find employment within six months of graduation.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ McMaster University Hamilton, Burlington, Kitchener, St. Catharines Tuition and fees: $7,988.81 Undergraduate students: 26,504 Undergraduate graduation rate: 79.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,705 Based in Hamilton, the fourthlargest city in Ontario, McMaster University is a research-intensive university that's home to more than 70 research centres and institutes. Although the school has a focus on its medical-doctoral program, McMaster offers more than 25 degree programs across six faculties. Aside from academics, McMaster has more than 250 cultural, academic and social issues clubs on campus and more than 30 varsity athletics and intramural options.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: +++ Nipissing University North Bay (main), Brantford Tuition and fees: $7,791.94 Undergraduate students: 4,487 Undergraduate graduation rate: 86.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,289 Nipissing University is a primarily undergraduate university offering arts and science, education, professional and a few graduatelevel programs. It's one of the smaller universities in the province, which allows for interactive classes and a personalized, student-focused approach, with online and blended learning options available.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ OCAD University Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,703.40 Undergraduate students: 4,200 Undergraduate graduation rate: 64.6 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,341 Originally established as the Ontario School of Art in 1876, OCAD University is one of the oldest and largest educational institutions for art and design in Canada. It currently offers 17 undergraduate programs in three faculties, ranging from advertising and graphic design to drawing and painting, and environmental design to Indigenous visual culture. It's also home to 18 research labs and nine galleries.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Ontario Tech University Oshawa Tuition and fees: $8,283.16 Undergraduate students: 9,536 Undergraduate graduation rate: 71.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,423 Recently rebranded from the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, one of Ontario Tech University's primary focuses is the application of technology for greater societal good - "tech with a conscience." It offers 60 undergraduate programs in seven faculties, co-op and internship options, as well as opportunities for undergraduate students to work on research projects with faculty.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: N/A Queen's University Kingston Tuition and fees: $7,943.44 Undergraduate students: 20,185 Undergraduate graduation rate: 86.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,220 Established in 1841 by the Royal Charter of Queen Victoria, Queen's University is one of Canada's oldest universities. The midsized institution, located in Kingston, is a full-spectrum, researchintensive university offering 125 degree programs across eight faculties. The campus is home to a network of six libraries, as well as various museums and arts facilities. With many opportunities to get involved in student government, more than 300 clubs, 13 varsity teams and 20 recreation clubs, Queen's has a high student satisfaction rate.

Affordability: $$ Experience: +++ Ryerson University Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,076.14 Undergraduate students: 36,748 Undergraduate graduation rate: 72.2 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,019 With more than 125 research institutes and labs, Ryerson commits to being a city builder by researching the core challenges facing urban centres. Students can choose from 62 bachelor programs and get involved in any of the 70-plus student groups. Ryerson students can also apply traditional academic knowledge from their coursework into a new experiential Zone Learning model, where they can develop their own startups, causes, companies or ventures in one of 10 zones.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ Trent University Peterborough, Oshawa Tuition and fees: $8,458.51 Undergraduate students: 9,622 Undergraduate graduation rate: 63.1 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $17,391 Nestled in Peterborough, with access to 30 kilometres of hiking trails and just a 90-minute commute from downtown Toronto, Trent University is one of the province's smaller universities. It has a student to faculty ratio of 18 to 1 and more than 100 programs across the arts, sciences, social sciences and professional studies.

There are 12 varsity teams, three varsity clubs and more than 130 student clubs and groups from which to choose.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: ++ University of Guelph Guelph (main), Toronto and Ridgetown Tuition and fees: $8,399 Undergraduate students: 26,741

Undergraduate graduation rate: 79.6 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $15,810 With campuses that span urban hubs and rural settings, the University of Guelph is a research-intensive university offering more than 85 undergraduate majors.

More than a thousand experiential learning opportunities are available, with more than 3,500 students involved in co-op education. Students looking to get involved in campus life have the choice of more than 200 clubs and 19 intramural sports options.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: +++ University of Ottawa Ottawa Tuition and fees: $7,310.84 Undergraduate students: 35,515 Undergraduate graduation rate: 68 per cent, based on a seven-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,230 Located in the heart of Canada's capital, the University of Ottawa is the largest English-French bilingual university in the world, offering more than 450 programs in 10 faculties. UOttawa supports more than 22 centres and institutes that lead research on a range of areas, such as equity, diversity, cybersecurity, governance, health, aging, immigration and artificial intelligence. The school also has the second-largest co-op program in the province.

Affordability: $ Experience: ++ University of Toronto Toronto (main), Mississauga, Scarborough Tuition and fees: $8,252.83 Undergraduate students: 71,930 Undergraduate graduation rate: 75.6 per cent, based on a six-year rate Average debt at graduation: $17,513 Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto is Canada's largest university. It offers more than 980 programs at the undergraduate, graduate and PhD levels across three campuses, and it ranks as the top university in Canada (13th in the world) for postgraduate employability. U of T is renowned for its prowess in research and it is home to 44 libraries, with the third-largest library system in North America.

Affordability: $$$ Experience: ++ University of Waterloo Waterloo (main), Cambridge, Kitchener, Stratford Tuition and fees: $7,779.10 Undergraduate students: 34,002 Undergraduate graduation rate: 81.1 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $16,127 The University of Waterloo combines innovative experiential learning, impact-driven research and traditional academics, with program offerings across six faculties. The university opened its doors in 1957, with engineering and co-operative education as its cornerstones. Today, it's home to the world's largest co-op program of its kind.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ University of Western Ontario London Tuition and fees: $7,704.05 Undergraduate students: 23,579 Undergraduate graduation rate: 81.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $19,485 Located in London with a campus varying from historic gothic style to modern buildings, Western offers more than 90 undergraduate programs across its 12 faculties.

These range from arts, humanities and social science to education, engineering and health sciences, at the undergraduate, graduate and PhD levels. Western has a keen focus on research, with some of its current work focused on neuroscience, domestic violence and wind engineering research.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++ University of Windsor Windsor Tuition and fees: $7,488.02 Undergraduate students: 12,283 Undergraduate graduation rate: 75.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $18,772 The University of Windsor enrolls students in 190 undergraduate programs, 65 graduate programs and six professional programs.

The student-to-faculty ratio at UWindsor is 26 to 1. Last year, University of Windsor students invested 1.25 million total hours of service to the communities of Windsor and Essex County through structured experiential education programs.

Affordability: $$ Experience: + Wilfrid Laurier University Waterloo (main), Brantford, Kitchener, Milton, Toronto Tuition and fees: $7,983.32 Undergraduate students: 17,970 Undergraduate graduation rate: 76.5 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate (average across all programs) Average debt at graduation: $16,845 With nine faculties, more than 20 research centres and institutes and a 25-to-1 student-to-faculty ratio, Wilfrid Laurier's programs connect hands-on learning with co-curricular experiences. Co-op work terms, community service learning and volunteer activities are embedded in many programs.

Outside of class, students have 250 clubs and groups from which to choose, as well as 3,000 volunteer opportunities through the students' union.

Affordability: $$ Experience: N/A York University Toronto (main), Glendon Campus (French) Tuition and fees: $7,743 Undergraduate students: 49,659 Undergraduate graduation rate: 69.4 per cent, based on a sevenyear rate Average debt at graduation: $15,104 With 25 interdisciplinary and collaborative research centres, York University describes itself as "Canada's third largest interdisciplinary research and teaching institution." The school offers more than 5,000 courses across 10 faculties and has more than 200 partnerships with international universities. York U plans to have an experiential education component be a part of each program it offers. It currently has more than 8,000 experiential opportunities.

Affordability: $$ Experience: ++


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Why Trump has failed to revitalize U.S. steel
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Good times for workers didn't last under the President, whose tariffs contributed to slower economic growth and declining demand
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By BANI SAPRA, PAUL WISEMAN
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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Page B9

WASHINGTON -- U .S. President Donald Trump's move last year to tax imported steel triggered jeers, but also cheers. Its goal - to raise steel prices - threatened to hurt the legions of U.S.

manufacturers that depend on steel.

But at least it would benefit U.S.

steel companies and the Americans who work for them. That was the idea, anyway.

Yet Mr. Trump's 25-per-cent tariffs, it turns out, have done little for the people they were supposed to help. After enjoying a brief tariff-induced sugar high last year, U.S. steelmakers are reeling.

Steel prices and company earnings have sunk. Investors have dumped their stocks.

The industry has added just 1,800 jobs since February, 2018, the month before the tariffs took effect. That's a mere rounding error in a job market of 152 million and over a period when U.S. companies overall added nearly four million workers. Steelmakers employ 10,000 fewer people than they did five years ago.

"Even with these very high tariffs, the industry has not been able to take advantage," said Christine McDaniel, a senior research fellow at Mercatus Center, an economic think-tank at George Mason University.

Mr. Trump's pledge to rejuvenate the steel industry had helped him win votes in the 2016 election in such key states as Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. His inability to deliver a boom for the industry raises doubts about how he'll fare in those states in 2020.

Voters will be weighing whether to move on from Mr. Trump or reward him for at least taking the fight to foreign steel mills.

What's caused steel prices to fall are factors ranging from lower demand - owing to a weaker global economy - to the industry's own rush to boost production after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect.

For the first few months after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect, steel prices did rise. The price of a metric ton of hot-rolled band steel hit US$1,006 in July, 2018, according to the SteelBenchmarker website, which tracks steel prices.

Since then, it has plunged to US$557 - lower than before the tariffs.

The President's campaign against foreign steel has been overshadowed by his trade war with China over Beijing's industrial policies, which are widely seen as predatory. But the steel tariffs came earlier, and demonstrated Mr. Trump's willingness to overturn seven decades of U.S.

free-trade policies and aggressively target imports.

By taxing imported steel, Mr.

Trump risked raising costs for the many U.S. industries that use steel, straining ties with U.S. allies and defying the limits of his authority to unilaterally punish trading partners.

Even before Mr. Trump, steelmakers had enjoyed unusual protection from imports. In moves that often predated Mr. Trump, the U.S. has imposed more than 180 taxes on steel from 35 countries from Brazil to Belarus. The argument has been that these countries dump steel at artificially low prices or unfairly subsidize their steelmakers. Cheap Chinese steel has been virtually banned from the U.S. market.

But Mr. Trump was determined to revive heavy industries such as steel and protect them from what he termed unfair foreign competition. He installed a veteran lawyer for the steel industry, Robert Lighthizer, as his top trade negotiator.

The impulse to protect steelmakers was, in some ways, odd.

After all, the economic benefits of protecting steel are modest: The industry employs just 142,000 people. By comparison, Home Depot alone employs 400,000.

And the newest steel plants are highly automated. They don't need nearly as many workers as steelworks of the past did, so the potential job gains are limited.

Then there's the China problem. Over the past two decades, Chinese steel producers have flooded world markets, driving down prices. But the U.S. already shuts out most Chinese steel. The result is that any U.S. steel tariffs would deliver punishment elsewhere - notably to U.S. allies, and steel suppliers such as Canada, Mexico and South Korea.

Nevertheless, Mr. Trump's trade team decided steel was worth fighting for. For decades, good-paying steel jobs had lifted millions of blue-collar workers into the middle class.

One of them, Doug May, spent 43 years working at U.S. Steel's Granite City plant in Illinois before retiring. Since the Great Recession, that plant has idled and restarted its furnaces at least twice. Despite the instability, Mr.

May says the Granite City plant provided a solid job.

"You can really raise a family," he said. "I sent three boys to college working there."

Initially, steelworkers cheered the tariffs.

"Right after Trump made the announcement, U.S. Steel announced that they'd be restarting one of the two furnaces they'd idled," Mr. May said. "Everybody was pretty excited."

Mr. Trump had unsheathed an unconventional weapon. Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 gives the president broad authority to tax imports that their Commerce Department decrees a threat to national security. Section 232 tariffs are also hard to challenge at the World Trade Organization. The WTO grants countries broad leeway to determine their national security interests.

Past presidents used Section 232 power very sparingly. This was partly to avoid encouraging other countries to block imports on dubious national security grounds.

But at Mr. Trump's cue, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross declared foreign steel a menace to the country's national security.

The Pentagon ostensibly went along, though the defence secretary at the time, James Mattis, said the military needed just 3 per cent of U.S. production of steel and aluminum, and that imports didn't hinder its ability to protect the country. Mr. Mattis also warned that the tariffs could have a "negative impact on our key allies."

In March, 2018, Mr. Trump went ahead with tariffs of 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum. U.S. trading partners quickly lashed back with retaliatory tariffs. The European Union imposed 25-per-cent taxes on U.S.

bourbon and tobacco.

Mr. Trump's aggressive use of Section 232 tariffs - and his threat to impose them on foreign cars, too - has sparked a backlash in Congress, which is weighing legislation to curb presidential power to tax imports on national security grounds.

With its tariffs, the administration aimed to make U.S. steel mills busier. The goal was to raise capacity utilization from around 73 per cent to 80 per cent. Indeed, imports fell. U.S. steel prices surged. Plants increased production. Steel company profits surged through 2018.

In January, Mr. Trump boasted on Twitter: "Tariffs on the 'dumping' of Steel in the United States have totally revived our Steel Industry... A BIG WIN FOR U.S."

The good times didn't last.

The first sign of trouble showed up on the stock market.

Shares of steelmakers had topped out on Wall Street in February, 2018, before the tariffs hit. Since then, the NYSE Arca Steel Index has plunged 32 per cent.

The combined earnings of U.S.

Steel, AK Steel, Steel Dynamics and Nucor tumbled more than 50 per cent in the first two quarters of this year. Capacity utilization dipped back below Mr. Trump's 80-per-cent target in July and August.

And the tariffs have so far done nothing to blunt China's dominance. China accounts for 54 per cent of world steel production.

The U.S., 5 per cent.

Growth is slowing in the U.S.

and worldwide, partly because Mr. Trump's own tariffs have raised costs and escalated uncertainties for businesses. China's economy, the world's second-biggest and for decades a reliable engine of growth, has been decelerating under the weight of Mr.

Trump's tariffs and deliberate government policies to curb debt.

Slower growth means less business for steel mills.

"Market demand right now is relatively soft," said Charles Bradford, an independent steel analyst.

The World Steel Association forecasts that U.S. demand for steel will slow from 2.1-per-cent growth last year to 1 per cent in 2019 to 0.4 per cent in 2020.

The steelmakers themselves may bear some blame for their problems. Flush with optimism after Mr. Trump's tariffs took effect, they went on an expansion spree, creating a capacity glut that Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst Timna Tanners calls "Steelmageddon."

"They overestimated how much steel they'd need," Ms. Tanners said. As the supply of steel overwhelms demand, prices typically fall.

"We're shooting ourselves in the foot now because of all the extra capacity being built," said Mr.

May, the former Granite City steelworker.

At some plants, layoffs and closings have followed. U.S. Steel is idling its tin mill in East Chicago, Ind. Bayou Steel Group is laying off 376 and closing its mill in LaPlace, La.

"It seems like it kind of backfired," said Mark Perry, a scholar at the conservative American Enterprise Institute. "Any kind of revitalization of U.S. steel just hasn't happened."

The Commerce Department, which has overseen the tariffs, said in a statement: "Since tariffs were imposed, the American steel sector has seen increased growth and investment, which will, in turn, ensure a stable domestic supply of the materials that are crucial to our nation's security. It is true that industry conditions globally have weakened recently, but their effect on the U.S. industry would be worse without these measures."

Ned Hill, a professor at Ohio State University who studies economic development, said he thought Mr. Trump's steel tariff campaign was doomed to fail because the market would inevitably move to counter the higher costs.

And far more U.S. industries consume steel than make it. A study last year by researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, Davis, found that industries that are heavy users of steel - and stand to suffer when tariffs raise steel prices - employ two million workers.

That's 14 times the number of workers in the steel industry.

More than 800 manufacturers have petitioned the administration for exemptions from the tariffs so they can buy imported steel products that are hard to get from U.S.-based suppliers, according to research by Mercatus's Ms. McDaniels.

But U.S. steelmakers can object to the exclusion requests. And through July, Commerce had approved fewer than half the requests.

Steel-consuming companies have sought alternatives. Some have moved production overseas, where steel imports aren't subject to Mr. Trump's tariffs. Or they've reduced their steel purchases or substituted alternatives from plastic or composite materials.

Critics note that former president George W. Bush also sought to protect the steel industry by imposing tariffs in 2002. Rebuked by the WTO, Mr. Bush withdrew the tariffs the next year. While Mr.

Bush's tariffs were in place, the industry actually lost 14,000 jobs.

Citing the Bush experience, 15 former chairs of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, including several from Republican administrations, had urged Mr.

Trump not to impose steel tariffs.

"The diplomatic costs might be worth it if the tariffs generated economic benefits," they wrote.

"But they would not. Additional steel tariffs would actually damage the U.S. economy."

"Anyone that understood economics," said Ohio State's Mr. Hill, "knew there was no way [Mr.

Trump's steel tariffs] would work any longer than a year."

Associated Graphic

An operator watches as a ladle backs away after pouring red-hot iron, as part of the process of producing steel, at U.S. Steel's Granite City Works facility in Granite City, Ill.

JEFF ROBERSON/ASSOCIATED PRESS


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MAPLE LEAFS GM BECAME ONE OF HOCKEY'S MOST BELOVED FIGURES
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During his tumultuous time in Toronto working for Harold Ballard, his teams made the playoffs in eight out of 10 seasons, but he never saw his name engraved on a Stanley Cup
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By TOM HAWTHORN
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Page B23

Jim Gregory challenged Canadian chauvinism by importing two Swedish hockey players for the Toronto Maple Leafs, an important step in turning professional hockey into a global game centred on skill rather than thuggery.

Mr. Gregory, a hockey executive who has died at 83, was a creative thinker in a sport mired in an antediluvian culture. It was his ill fortune that a foremost proponent of the old ways happened to be his employer, the irascible and unpredictable Harold Ballard. For a year, Mr. Gregory had meetings with the boss at the latter's temporary residences, the Kingston Penitentiary and the medium-security Millhaven Institution, while the team owner was serving a sentence for fraud.

Mr. Gregory spent 10 years as general manager of the Maple Leafs, a time during which he acted as a one-man firefighter snuffing Mr. Ballard's many arsons. In a tumultuous decade, which would be best captured in a farcical episode in which a fired coach was rehired three days later only to be ordered to wear a paper bag over his head (he refused), the beleaguered Mr. Gregory managed to put teams on the ice that made the playoffs in eight of 10 seasons.

Two of Mr. Gregory's draft picks - offensive forwards Darryl Sittler in 1970 (No. 8 over all) and Lanny McDonald three years later (No. 4 over all) - were central to Toronto's exciting style through the 1970s and both went on to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. He also drafted Tiger Williams, another fan favourite and a noted scofflaw who became the league's all-time leader in penalty minutes, a nod to the realities of an era in which star players needed to be protected by brawlers.

At the time, the Canadians who ran NHL teams felt Swedish players were too soft to survive the league's cutthroat game.

Based on the scouting of Gerry McNamara, the Leafs signed winger Inge Hammarstrom and defenceman Borje Salming. The forward averaged more than 20 goals a season in four campaigns with the Leafs, a modest contribution, while the fearless Mr.

Salming became an all-star and a Hall of Famer who combined mobility and scoring talent with a rugged disposition.

Mr. Gregory was a squat, stocky man with a dark complexion, a permanent five o'clock shadow and a thick black unibrow. He offered a calm, soft-spoken presence at Maple Leaf Gardens, a home to the hockey team as well as to travelling circuses, not to mention the circus conjured by the owner's whims and prejudices.

"A lot of things Harold did were erratic," Mr. Gregory once said.

"He wasn't patient a lot of the time."

The team the general manager tried to build was eviscerated when more than a dozen players fled to the rival World Hockey Association, where offers of higher salaries were not matched by the parsimonious Mr. Ballard.

As a National Hockey League executive, Mr. Gregory encouraged the use of video replay on controversial plays. For more than three decades, he read aloud the names of picks in the annual NHL entry draft, making him a familiar face to generations of hockey fans.

As chair of the Hockey Hall of Fame selection committee, Mr.Gregory had the pleasant task of informing newly elected members of the good news. When he was too sick to attend meetings in 2007, the committee voted to induct him into the hall as a builder in recognition of his half-century as a hockey executive and administrator.

After a decade of poor health, including a serious heart attack suffered in the NHL's Toronto offices in 2009, which left him in critical condition, Mr. Gregory died at his home in suburban Toronto on Oct. 30. He leaves his wife of 60 years, the former Rosalie Bruno, whom he met on a blind date. He also leaves a son and three daughters, 13 grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, two brothers and two sisters. He was predeceased by a brother.

James Michael Gregory was born on Nov. 4, 1935, in Port Colborne, Ont., and grew up in Dunnville, a town 35 kilometres to the west. He was one of six children born to Henry Gregory, a stationary engineer from Salford, England, near Manchester, and the former Catherine Cecilia Gandour, known as Pearl. She was a bookkeeper before her marriage and one of five daughters born to Michael Gandour, a Dunnville fruit and confectionery merchant originally from Lebanon. Henry Gregory, whose own father died in Malta in 1915 of wounds suffered at Gallipoli, signed up for military service soon after the outbreak of the Second World War, though he was never sent overseas as he wished.

In Dunnville, population about 5,000, young Jim starred as a track athlete, as well as on the football gridiron, the baseball diamond and the hockey rink. Eager to play junior hockey, he followed three cousins to St. Michael's College, a private Catholic boys' school in Toronto known as a hockey hotbed. One of his roommates in Tweedsmuir House was Dick Duff, who would go on to win six Stanley Cup championships (twice with the Maple Leafs and four times with the Montreal Canadiens).

Mr. Gregory's own dreams of playing in the NHL were stymied by his poor skating. The Grade 12 student was twice cut from the school's junior-B hockey team and the youth was prepared to leave the school to try out for a team in Hamilton when persuaded by homeroom teacher David Bauer, soon to be ordained as a priest, to help out with the St.

Mike's junior-A team by keeping statistics and buying equipment.

(Father Bauer went on to create a Canadian national amateur hockey team composed of studentathletes to compete at the Winter Olympics in 1964 and 1968.)

In 1959, by which time he was working as a sales representative for the consumer products manufacturer Colgate-Palmolive in Toronto, Mr. Gregory was hired by Conn Smythe to handle minor hockey teams in winter and to work in the Smythe family sand and gravel business in summer.

Mr. Smythe nicknamed his new hire Pope, a reference to his Catholicism.

Mr. Gregory was an assistant coach and manager under Father Bauer when St. Michael's won the Memorial Cup as Canada's junior hockey champions in 1961. The Basilian priest led the team in a prayer of thanks in the locker room after the final game. Three years later, Mr. Gregory coached the Toronto Marlboros to the Memorial Cup championship with one of the greatest junior hockey teams ever assembled. Eleven of the Marlies went on to play in the NHL. In 1967, the Marlboros again claimed the junior title with Mr.Gregory as general manager.

The 1966-67 season was a hectic one for Mr. Gregory, who also filled in as acting Maple Leafs general manager for 10 games while Punch Imlach recovered from illness. Those Leafs won the Stanley Cup in Centennial Year, the most recent championship for the storied team.

After a year as coach of the Vancouver Canucks of the Western Hockey League, Mr. Gregory spent a season as a scout before being promoted to replace Mr.

Imlach as Toronto's general manager.

Mr. Imlach won four Stanley Cups for Toronto in the 1960s, but by 1969 the team was tired and in disarray.

The ownership was also in turmoil, as three owners - Mr.

Smythe's son Stafford Smythe, newspaper baron John W. Bassett and Mr. Ballard, a long-time friend of Stafford's - jockeyed for control after an RCMP raid led to charges being laid against the younger Smythe and Mr. Ballard.

Mr. Bassett sold his shares and Mr.

Smythe died suddenly at the age of 50, leaving Mr. Ballard as principal owner shortly before he was jailed.

The Leafs needed rebuilding.

Early in his tenure, Mr. Gregory shocked fans by trading veteran defenceman Tim Horton to the New York Rangers for future considerations (which turned out to be veteran goalie Jacques Plante and wingers Denis Dupéré and Guy Trottier).

Unlike many of his counterparts in the expanded, 12-team NHL, Mr. Gregory was impressed by novel European approaches to the game. He marvelled at the Soviets practising deflections for more than two hours. In practices, he encouraged the development of patterns of play, instead of mere scrimmages.

He was also keen to sign other Europeans, notably Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson, but Mr.

Ballard was reluctant to spend more money on Swedes. The pair instead signed with the Winnipeg Jets of the WHA, where they were scoring sensations alongside Bobby Hull on what was the dubbed the Hot Line.

The upstart league's raids also cost the Leafs the likes of veteran goalie Bernie Parent, centre Jim Harrison, defencemen Jim Dorey and Rick Ley, as well as veteran winger Paul Henderson and Dave Keon, a stalwart for the Leafs who had first played for Mr. Gregory at St. Mike's.

Savvy draft picks compensated somewhat for the loss of talent, as Mr. Gregory grabbed defenceman Ian Turnbull in the first round (No. 15 over all) of the 1973 draft and solid goalie Mike Palmateer with the 85th pick of the 1974 draft.

A willingness to experiment led to the hiring of Roger Neilson to replace Red Kelly as head coach in 1977. Captain Video, as Mr. Neilson was known, introduced the study of videotape to the game. He was also a rule-bender and a tactician of rare creativity.

Mr. Ballard fired the innovative Mr. Neilson after a game in 1979 before reinstating him because he was unable to find a replacement. The owner ordered Mr.Gregory to tell the coach to come out behind the bench wearing a paper bag, which was to be lifted to reveal his identity as the game started. The humiliated coach refused.

At the end of the season, Mr.Ballard fired Mr. Gregory to replace him with Mr. Imlach. Mr.Gregory learned of his dismissal only when the NHL front office called to offer him a job. He became the director of the league's Central Scouting Bureau.

When a 1988 university research paper accused the NHL of discriminating against FrenchCanadian hockey players, Mr.Gregory, who was in charge of the league's 16 scouts, disputed the claim.

"I think if you were to ask the 21 teams, they'd tell you they tried to pick the best guy," he said. "It doesn't matter if he is Chinese, Japanese, Lebanese, or Quebecese (sic)."

Mr. Gregory held a variety of titles with the NHL over 40 years, often serving as the league's ambassador. He was one of hockey's most beloved figures, a man who salvaged unused notebooks after each draft for distribution to needy schoolchildren.

He estimated he had witnessed more than 6,000 hockey games.

His one great regret was in not having his name engraved on the Stanley Cup, an honour he should have received for his temporary role as general manager in 1967.

Associated Graphic

Leonard (Red) Kelly, then coach of the Toronto Maple Leafs, left, talks with then-general manager Jim Gregory in 1973. Mr. Gregory himself coached the Toronto Marlboros junior hockey team to two Memorial Cups before taking over for Punch Imlach as the general manager for the Maple Leafs. He had previously filled in as acting GM for the team for 10 games in 1966-67 - the most recent season in which they won the Stanley Cup.

JOHN WOOD/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


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RISING AGAIN
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Italy in 1919 was the birthplace of a genocidal ideology that still shapes our world - and inspires the strongmen who rule an increasingly large part of it, Taras Grescoe writes. What can we learn from those who resisted?
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By TARAS GRESCOE
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page O3

Taras Grescoe's latest book is Possess the Air: Love, Heroism, and the Battle for the Soul of Mussolini's Rome. He lives in Montreal.

O n Sept. 12, 1919, a short, bald, bow-legged former parliamentarian rode into the city of Fiume in a red sports car at the head of a column of mutineers from the Italian army.

For 16 months, Il Duce, as he was known to his followers, turned the port on the Croatian coast into a pirate city-state. Black-shirted veterans, who hailed their leader's balcony orations with straight-armed Roman salutes, terrorized the local population.

Opponents were forced to choke down castor oil, and schoolchildren were gunned down for failing to shout, "Viva Italia!" At the height of the occupation, it was widely believed their leader could have marched on Rome with 300,000 veterans and seized control of the Italian state.

It wasn't to be. Fiume would prove to be Gabriele d'Annunzio's last hurrah. Italian troops eventually besieged the city, d'Annunzio's legionaries surrendered and the decadent poetnovelist would live out the rest of his life in a kind of internal exile in his sprawling palazzo on the shores of Lake Garda. The occupation would go down in history as d'Annunzio's ultimate beffa - a prank and spectacular feat of daring by a brilliant self-promoter. Although he and his followers were responsible for creating the aesthetics and thuggish tactics of what would become fascism, the occupation of Fiume was a sideshow, one that would have no long-term impact on the history of Europe or the world.

What it did do, though, was provide cover for something much more virulent. Europe was transfixed by d'Annunzio's occupation, but six months earlier, in a rented hall in Milan's Piazza San Sepolcro, a former schoolteacher named Benito Mussolini, who had been expelled from the Socialist party for his support of Italy's entry into the First World War, presided over the founding of the Fasci di combattimento, a movement that "declared war against socialism ... because it had opposed nationalism."

This inauspicious meeting, attended by just more than 100 veterans, intellectuals and pro-war syndicalists, marked the true birth of fascism, the most noxious and genocidal ideology of the 20th century. Mussolini, who would usurp the title of Il Duce from d'Annunzio, would carry out his successful March on Rome, where the King would appoint him prime minister. In the name of fighting Bolshevism, the Fascisti would kill 3,000 socialists, torture tens of thousands of Italian citizens and run an equal number out of their communities. Within three years, Mussolini was in a position to declare himself "personal dictator" of Italy. In the two decades that followed, Italian Fascism, by a conservative estimate, sent one million people to an early grave.

"The March on Rome," Adolf Hitler would later acknowledge, "was one of the turning points in history. The brown shirt probably would not have existed without the black shirt."

The German version of fascism would launch a global conflict that killed as many as 85 million people - about 3 per cent of the world's population at the time.

A century after fascism was born, authoritarians are once again on the rise around the world. The failure of American leadership has produced a global moral vacuum that has emboldened the leaders of Turkey, Hungary, Brazil, Russia, the Philippines, India and other anocracies and authoritarian regimes to strong-arm neighbouring polities and victimize migrants, religious minorities, Indigenous populations and LGBTQ citizens.

To consolidate their power, the "killer clowns," as British journalist George Monbiot labels such self-serving buffoons as Boris Johnson, cater to the basest prejudices of their electorates.

Tweet by tweet, Donald Trump - a would-be strongman only precariously held in check by the institutions of U.S. democracy - has torn apart the web of international agreements painstakingly woven by the generations who lived through the rise of dictatorships and were determined to prevent the return of global conflagration.

I've spent the past three years researching a book about how people responded to the first iteration of populist authoritarianism, Italian Fascism. As I immersed myself in newsreels, archives and eyewitness accounts of everyday violence, I was repeatedly chilled by the consonances with our time.

At a moment in history when Italians were feeling powerless and betrayed by the political establishment, Mussolini held forth a muscular program for restoring national pride - he wanted to Make Italia Grande Again. Unlike Mr. Trump, who has built nothing, Il Duce spent 20 years remaking Rome in the image of his paragon of ancient glory, Caesar Augustus. Il Duce excoriated - and eventually shut down - the free press, and established a oneway conduit to the Italian people through radio broadcasts and speeches from his balcony on the Palazzo Venezia. Mr. Trump, who communicates with his base via Twitter and Fox News, has focused on disparaging what he calls #fakenews from the White House and his Mar-a-Lago resort.

Mussolini encouraged, and selectively reined in, the violence of his Fascisti thugs, implying that only his authority prevented them from running amok. Mr.

Trump has whipped up supporters at his rallies to eject protesters and has offered approval for the white supremacists who murdered and maimed at Charlottesville. Even the Italian dictator's mannerisms - chin and chest thrust out, arms crossed, shouting down opponents - eerily echo those of the U.S. President.

During the course of my research, I repeatedly asked myself: Are we living through a replay of the circumstances that birthed fascism in Europe a century ago?

The answer: Not exactly.

These are very different times. In the 21st century, we face monster storms, wildfires and rising sea levels spurred by ever-increasing greenhouse gas emissions; the relentless slow boil of population growth; international migration brought on by conflict and environmental degradation; and the very real threat from never-dismantled nuclear arsenals. All of which foster a climate of anxiety exploited by strongmen who appeal to people who feel powerless in the face of change.

"History," as U.S. historian Timothy Snyder writes in his slender but crucial 2017 volume On Tyranny, "does not repeat, but it does instruct." History also offers us lessons in what to watch out for, and how to act, in a time when right-wing demagogues are once again on the rise.

For Mr. Snyder, who painstakingly documented mass killings by the Soviets and Nazis in Poland, Ukraine and Belarus in Bloodlands, "most of the power of authoritarianism is freely given": A complicit population obeys in advance, instinctively anticipating the wishes of a repressive leader. "When the pro-leader paramilitary and the official police and military intermingle," he warns, "the end has come." Such was the case in Italy in the early 1920s, when local police and the military rode in the same trucks as Blackshirts in murderous "punitive" raids against labour leaders. (Mr. Snyder suggests this is a real and present danger in the United States, with its armed state militias, highly militarized police forces and privately run prisons.)

The challenge lies in preventing things from ever reaching such a state. And that can only be achieved through the unglamorous work of defending the institutions that make democracy function, among them an independent judiciary, a free press and a vital civil society. Many Italians acquiesced to totalitarian dictatorship because they were disgusted with liberal politicians who had proved corrupt, ineffectual and all too willing to lead their country into a costly war. "Italians felt the need to get rid of their free institutions," the brilliant historian Gaetano Salvemini observed, at the very moment when they "should step forward to a more advanced democracy."

We can learn a lot from the Italian anti-fascists who sacrificed their careers, their freedom - and in some cases, their lives - to oppose the hate, violence and warmongering they saw taking over the public life of the country they loved. Salvemini's rigorous policy was to heap contempt on every Blackshirt he met and relentlessly expose their hypocrisy and lies in the voluminous writings he produced when he was forced to flee into exile. The Florentine anti-fascists Nello and Carlo Rosselli, after a daring motorboat escape from island exile, organized an effective campaign of resistance and propaganda from Paris, before being gunned down by the goons of the Italian secret police on a roadside in Normandy.

The subject of my book, Italian-American poet Lauro de Bosis, took another path. At a time when the Fascists had choked off all sources of information from the outside world, de Bosis organized a samizdat-style series of chain letters denouncing the regime, then bombarded the heart of Fascist power in Rome with anti-fascist manifestos from the cockpit of a small plane, before flying off into the night.

These are shining examples of resistance, but they also lay out a blueprint we can follow in our everyday lives. Here are some lessons I learned from the original anti-fascists: Don't take freedom for granted - vote in elections at every level and value, protect and participate in the free institutions that underlie democracy.

Systematically denounce expressions of xenophobia and hatred (even if they are camouflaged in spurious philosophical language, as is the case with Quebec's Islamophobic Bill 9, which would force new immigrants to take a "values test.") Don't be befuddled by propaganda and misinformation; read widely - preferably books and legitimate journalism - and verify authorship, which these days means avoiding the echo chamber of prejudice-confirming blather on cable news and social media. Practice kindness, dialogue and connection, and cultivate real relationships with the people who surround you, rather than succumbing to the politics of division. Finally, stand up for, and stand by, the people that populist demagogues seek to exclude and scapegoat, whether they are Mexican migrants in El Paso, Tex., or observant Muslims in Montreal.

De Bosis, whose daring flight maddened Mussolini, turned himself into the anti-d'Annunzio. His act of courage was not designed for personal glory, but to puncture a toxic status quo - the illusion that an authoritarian dictatorship controlled everything, including the sky over Rome.

"It is those," Mr. Snyder reminds us, "who were considered exceptional, eccentric, or even insane in their own time - those who did not change when the world around them did - whom we remember and admire today."

And that is why, in the 21st century, the most admirable thing any person of conscience can do is to resist, with words and actions, the would-be authoritarians who marshal fear and hatred to prevent us from doing what we know is right.

Associated Graphic

Generations before U.S. President Donald Trump brought a nationalist message to American politics, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, known as Il Duce (the Leader), had his own vision to Make Italia Grande Again.

TALLANDIER/BRIDGEMAN IMAGES

Tuesday, November 12, 2019
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A NEAR-DISASTER UNITED MISSISSAUGA
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Sunday marks the 40th anniversary of a 106-car freight train derailment and fire that caused 20,000 people to seek shelter in malls, and grocery stores to give out free food and supplies, as the then-five-year-old city banded together as a community
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By BEN COHEN
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page A16

I t's been called the "Mississauga Miracle" - the greatest Canadian disaster that never was.

Forty years ago this Sunday, a 106-car Canadian Pacific freight train loaded with propane, chlorine and other toxic chemicals derailed and caught fire in the suburban city, unleashing blasts of poison clouds that took almost a week to clear. The emergency prompted the largest peacetime evacuation in Canadian history as more than 226,000 people fled.

Yet there were no casualties.

Many remember it as a unifying event for Mississauga, then just five years old. About 20,000 people took shelter in public spaces such as the Square One and Sherway Gardens malls. Local grocery stores and businesses offered free food and supplies, and many residents say there was a real sense that the sprawling community west of Toronto had finally become one.

To mark the 40th anniversary, The Globe and Mail spoke with people who fought, watched, fled and reported on the derailment.

(The job titles below are those the interviewees held in November, 1979.)

Cyril Hare, Mississauga chief fire inspector: I lived about a mile south of where the train wreck was. My wife and I had some friends over at the time and one of our friends looked out the back window and said, "Your house is on fire!" I jumped outside and said, "Oh my God!" There I am, the chief fire inspector, and my house had caught fire.

Gord Bentley, Mississauga fire chief: I was looking for the keys to my fire-service vehicle after I heard about the crash. Then I saw the sky light up.

Mr. Hare: The deputy fire chief, Art Warner, was at his son John's wedding that night up in Brampton. Somebody went outside, looked south and came back in and said, "There's a big fire going on down in Mississauga!" So Art said, "I gotta go." He showed up at the scene in a tuxedo.

Barry King, Mississauga police staff inspector, command post co-ordinator: I was just returning from downtown Toronto with my wife and family in the car. Then we saw the fire. It was horrendous. You couldn't see any part of the sky that wasn't red.

Mr. Hare: I rushed out and jumped in my fire department car. Immediately we realized that there were propane tanks involved and that we were going to have huge explosions very soon.

Mr. King: The police radio was crackling non-stop. Everybody was calling at the same time.

Mr. Hare: Trying to get people to leave was almost impossible, because everybody wanted to come out and see the fire. A young dispatcher came up to me and said, "What should I do?" I said, "Well, there's going to be the biggest explosion you ever saw in your life, so get behind something!"

Joe Zammit, 12-year-old observer: The sky was orange, just orange. My father said, "Get some clothes on, let's go see what the heck this is about."

Mr. Hare: The relief valves on the propane-tank cars were pouring flames. People don't realize how loud they were - they were shrieking like jet engines. Then they changed pitch. If you know what to listen for, you know that means they're about to blow. I started hot-footing it down the road. Everyone saw the guy in the white hat running. They said, "He knows something we don't," and they all started running with me.

That's when it happened. A huge flash of light and a shock wave that knocked us all in the ditch.

Mr. Zammit: We could feel this massive wave of heat just come through us. My father looked at me and said, "Son, this is no place for us."

Mr. Hare: After the explosion, there was no problem getting the public to leave.

At this point, 27 cars were still attached to the burning train. Train brakeman Larry Krupa rushed the flames and uncoupled two tankers, allowing his father-in-law, engineer Keith Pruss, to separate the remaining cars from the train. Mr. Krupa was recommended for the Order of Canada for his bravery and inducted into the North American Railway Hall of Fame.

Hazel McCallion, mayor of Mississauga: I was in bed at the time, and my son heard the explosion.

He went up on the roof to see it and when he came down he said, "Mom, I think City Hall blew up."

Mr. Hare: I was surprised we weren't killed. When it blew up and I saw that flash, I thought, "Well, this is it." But then everybody got up and nobody was hurt.

Minutes later, a second explosion launched a tanker hundreds of feet into the air. It landed about a kilometre away.

Mr. Bentley: There were three major explosions in all, as you might call them. We call them BLEVEs, boiling liquid expanding vapour explosions - very common with propane that's been superheated. We lost the Parks and Recreation building - it was on fire before we even got there.

Ms. McCallion: Within a few minutes of the explosion, the fire chief called me and told me about the derailment and that people in the immediate area had been evacuated to Square One, which had opened up its facilities. The people there were in their night clothes because the police wouldn't even give them time to get dressed. So I got up and I went to Square One.

Mr. King: We set up a command centre upwind of the crash so that we wouldn't inhale any of the chlorine. We determined there that we needed help, so we called Toronto, we called York, we called Halton and we called the OPP.

Ms. McCallion: I went to the command centre and I didn't go to bed for three nights. The train had to be constantly monitored because it was emitting chlorine, and we needed to evacuate areas depending on which way the wind blew because chlorine is so deadly.

Mr. Bentley: We decided early on that it was futile to try to put the fire out, so we took a defensive position and tried to protect the buildings in the area. At the start, the fire was very large, potentially impossible to put out. We were hitting it with 5,000 gallons of water a minute.

The fire finally went out after burning for more than two days. Thirtyfive pounds of chlorine were also leaking out of a damaged tanker every hour. It took three days to deal with the chlorine, and eight firefighters had to be hospitalized for chlorine inhalation.

Mr. King: I went down with one firefighter near the train, and this puff of chlorine gas waved over toward us. It just looked like a funny little cloud. He got a real dose of it and down he went. I don't believe he ever went back to work. I had a tenth of what he had, but it was just enough to sear me. I was coughing up green phlegm the whole week. Doctors told me I would start feeling the effects of the chlorine when I got older. I started feeling it around 51. ... Now I can only walk my dogs past three or four houses before I have to sit down.

Mr. Bentley: Getting rid of the chlorine was quite an operation.

It was vacuumed out into a 250foot pipeline we had built so that the chlorine flowed into a tanker truck, which was loaded up with sodium. When the chlorine hit the sodium it made salt water. We were able to then dump it out.

Mr. King: I think we were on a high at the time doing it. I don't mean getting excited, going, "Gee, this is great." We were really hyper-focused.

Mr. Bentley: All together, I put in 186 hours on duty in 10 days.

Mr. Hare: I left home on Saturday night just before midnight and I didn't come home again to see my wife until the following Friday night. We slept at the fire hall and rotated 12-hour shifts. At the station, back at the scene, at the station, back at the scene. My house was in the evacuation zone so there was no real going home.

John Stewart, Mississauga journalist: It was a once-in-a-lifetime story and still the most memorable moment in my career.

Mr. King: There really was hardly any criminal activity. It made us wonder, "Are we missing something?" And the other thing is there was nobody injured. We had to evacuate a hospital with 500 people in it and three or four nursing homes that had about 100 people each - those were the toughest. But no one got hurt.

Mr. Stewart: Everybody in Mississauga has a derailment story. My favourite? There was this woman who had evacuated to her friend's house, but she left her tickets to the opera back home. So she canoed across the river to go get them.

Mr. Zammit: After we were evacuated, we had to go back because I needed to get my heart medication from my house. The police escorted us through an absolutely empty city. Road after road of absolute nothing. Ghost town. I'll never forget that.

Ms. McCallion: Prior to the derailment, municipalities were not mandated to have an emergency plan. We had one, but other municipalities didn't. As a result of the Mississauga derailment, it became mandated by the province.

Now everyone has one.

Mr. Hare: Because of what happened, there's a lot more legislation on the transportation of dangerous goods and workplace hazard information.

Mr. Bentley: Most people couldn't even pronounce Mississauga prior to this. People just knew that it was some place up in Canada near Toronto. Because of the international coverage, and the way it was handled, the incident put the city's name on the map.

Associated Graphic

Firefighters are seen directing jets onto several burning cars carrying toxic chemicals such as chlorine and propane after a Canadian Pacific freight train derailed in Mississauga on Nov. 10, 1979.

TIBOR KOLLEY/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Firefighters battle the freight-train blaze in Mississauga early on Nov. 11, 1979. The derailment also caused 35 pounds of chlorine to leak out of a damaged tanker every hour, resulting in the hospitalization of eight firefighters.

DENNIS ROBINSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Hazel McCallion, seen above during a news conference on Nov. 16, 1979, was in bed when the derailment occured and her son told her that from the roof, it looked as if City Hall had blown up. The blaze prompted OPP officers, such as the one at top wearing a gas mask, to evacuate 226,000 people.

PHOTOS BY DENNIS ROBINSON/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


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Sherman on the other side of rivalry game
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Ex-Seahawk now has a big role in 49ers' league-leading defence
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By ROB MAADDI
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page S12

The last time the San Francisco 49ers had a winning record for a home game in November, Colin Kaepernick was their quarterback and Russell Wilson and Richard Sherman ate turkey legs at midfield to celebrate a victory for Seattle.

That won't happen Monday night when the unbeaten 49ers (8-0) play host to the Seahawks (7-2) in the biggest game in this rivalry since Thanksgiving, 2014.

The 49ers lost to the Seahawks 19-3 that night to fall to 7-5. They finished 8-8 that year and hadn't won more than six games until this season.

Sherman is on their side now, playing a huge role for the NFL's top-ranked defence. The threetime All-Pro cornerback is part of a secondary that's No. 1 against the pass. San Francisco has allowed the fewest yards per game (241) and second-fewest points (12.1). But the Niners will be without linebacker Kwon Alexander.

Jimmy Garoppolo has played well and could have three starters joining him in the starting lineup.

Bookend tackles Joe Staley and Mike McGlinchey and fullback Kyle Juszczyk are expected back from injuries, bolstering the league's second-ranked rushing attack.

They'll face a defence that has struggled. Seattle ranks 22nd in points allowed, 25th in yards allowed and 25th in sacks. Jadeveon Clowney only has two sacks, though he faces double teams quite often.

But the X-factor for the Seahawks is Wilson. He's playing at an MVP level. Wilson has 22 TD passes, only one pick and leads the league with a passer rating of 118.2.

Week 10 began Thursday night with the Oakland Raiders' 26-24 home victory over the Los Angeles Chargers.

Josh Jacobs scored on an 18yard run with 1:02 remaining to give Oakland the lead. Derek Carr led the Raiders (5-4) down the field methodically 75 yards after Philip Rivers threw a 6-yard pass to Austin Ekeler that gave the Chargers (4-6) a 24-20 lead with 4:02 remaining.

New England (8-1), Houston (6-3), Philadelphia (5-4), Jacksonville (4-5), Denver (3-6) and Washington (1-8) have a bye this week.

DETROIT (3-4-1) AT CHICAGO (3-5) The battle for last place in the NFC North features a pair of teams that combined for one win in October. The Lions have lost four of five after a 2-0-1 start. Their only win in that span came against the Giants two weeks ago. The Bears have lost four in a row following a 3-1 start.

Detroit has the third-ranked passing offence in the NFL. Matthew Stafford is second in the league in touchdown passes (19) and fifth in passer rating (106.0).

On the opposite side, Mitchell Trubisky and the Bears have the third-worst passing offence, averaging 186.3 yards per game. But the Lions have the third-worst pass defence, giving up 295.3 yards a game through the air.

BALTIMORE (6-2) AT CINCINNATI (0-8) Bengals quarterback Ryan Finley makes his first NFL start, replacing Andy Dalton. Finley won't have seven-time Pro Bowl wide receiver A.J. Green back from ankle surgery. Green has missed the first eight games. The rookie will face the first-place Ravens behind a poor offensive line facing a blitzing defence.

The Ravens are coming off a convincing 37-20 victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots.

Their defence held Tom Brady in check and Lamar Jackson threw for a TD and ran for two more.

Jackson had 153 yards rushing in Baltimore's 23-17 win over the Bengals last month.

BUFFALO (6-2) AT CLEVELAND (2-6) The Bills are off to their best start in 26 years, feasting on losing teams. Their wins have come against clubs that are 9-43 combined while both losses were to teams currently with winning records.

They'll face the Browns, who've proved to be overhyped entering the season. Baker Mayfield, Odell Beckham Jr. and Co.

were a fashionable pick to win the AFC North, but these are the same old Browns. They appear to have deeper issues beyond poor performance on the field.

Buffalo has the league's thirdranked defence, led by sack leader Jordan Phillips and a strong secondary, and quarterback Josh Allen already has 12 rushing TDs in his first 20 games.

ATLANTA (1-7) AT NEW ORLEANS (7-1) Both teams are coming off a bye heading in opposite directions.

Drew Brees returned after missing five games and picked up where he left off, throwing for 373 yards and three TDs against Arizona.

Not much has gone right for the Falcons, but they do have the league's top-ranked passing offence. Matt Ryan is expected to return from an ankle injury that sidelined him one game. Coach Dan Quinn's defence has struggled since he took over co-ordinator duties, but he made a coaching switch during the week off, shifting receivers coach Raheem Morris to the secondary. Atlanta has allowed the third-most points per game (31.3).

NEW YORK GIANTS (2-7) AT NEW YORK JETS (1-7) North Jersey bragging rights are on the line when the Giants switch locker rooms at their home stadium to be the "road" team against the Jets. Things are only slightly better for the Giants, who briefly enjoyed success after rookie Daniel Jones replaced Eli Manning. But they've lost five in a row.

The Jets are a mess under firstyear coach Adam Gase, who is already on the hot seat. Sam Darnold has taken a step backward from his rookie season and twotime All-Pro Le'Veon Bell hasn't run for more than 70 yards in his first eight games with his new team.

The real loser in this game might be the team that hurts its draft positioning by winning.

ARIZONA (3-5-1) AT TAMPA BAY (2-6) Rookie quarterback Kyler Murray has helped the Cardinals look promising, though it hasn't translated into many wins. Murray hasn't thrown an interception in five games and has been a dualthreat passing and running. Kenyan Drake ran for a team-high 110 yards and caught four passes for 52 yards in his debut with the Cardinals last week, though David Johnson could return for this game.

The Buccaneers have had trouble finishing games. They took leads into the fourth quarter of three of their six losses, including a 40-34 overtime loss at Seattle last Sunday. Jameis Winston bounced back from two poor games to post his fifth performance with a passer rating in the 100s this season.

KANSAS CITY (6-3) AT TENNESSEE (4-5) Patrick Mahomes might return under centre after dislocating his kneecap on Oct. 17. The Chiefs are 2-1 with Matt Moore, including the game he finished when Mahomes got hurt. Kansas City needs to stay close to the Patriots (8-1) going into their Week 14 matchup to have a chance at home-field advantage.

The Titans are 2-1 since Ryan Tannehill replaced Marcus Mariota, but they were sloppy in a loss to Carolina last week. They also lost cornerback Malcolm Butler to a wrist injury.

Tennessee will have to rely on Derrick Henry's running to keep Mahomes off the field and limit Kansas City's offence. The Chiefs have the fourth-worst run defence in the league and allowed 161.7 yards a game on the ground in their three losses.

MIAMI (1-7) AT INDIANAPOLIS (5-3) Brian Hoyer is expected to make his first start of the season filling in for Jacoby Brissett as the Colts host the Dolphins, who are no longer winless.

Hoyer stepped in after Brissett injured his knee and tossed three TD passes, but Adam Vinatieri missed a 43-yard field goal with 1:14 left in a 26-24 loss at Pittsburgh. Now Indy will likely have to rely on the 11-year veteran for a while until Brissett returns.

Another veteran, Ryan Fitzpatrick, led the Dolphins to their first win, throwing three TD passes in a victory over the Jets. Miami will need more FitzMagic against the Colts because two of the team's best young players won't play. Running back Mark Walton was suspended for four games and receiver Preston Williams has a knee injury.

CAROLINA (5-3) AT GREEN BAY (7-2) Aaron Rodgers and the Packers are coming off their worst game this season, a 26-11 rout at the Chargers. Rodgers questioned the team's preparation on a trip to California. They should be focused back at home and with a bye week coming.

The Panthers are Kyle Allen's team now that Cam Newton is officially out for the season. Allen is 5-1 as the starter and getting his sixth win won't be easy at Lambeau Field. He'll rely on Christian McCaffrey, who could be in for a big day against Green Bay's run defence. McCaffrey is second in the league in rushing and the Packers allow 127.7 yards rushing a game.

LOS ANGELES RAMS (5-3) AT PITTSBURGH STEELERS (4-4) Jared Goff, Todd Gurley and the rest of the Rams' offence have a tough task against Pittsburgh's defence. The Steelers are second in the league with 22 takeaways and third in sacks with 29. Minkah Fitzpatrick already has four interceptions since joining the team, including a pick-6 last week.

The Rams won't have receiver Brandin Cooks, who is out with a concussion. Gurley hasn't rushed for more than 65 yards since Week 1, but Los Angeles has relied on its passing attack, ranked fifth in the league.

Mason Rudolph makes his sixth start in Ben Roethlisberger's absence. He's played well, keeping the Steelers in the playoff chase.

MINNESOTA (6-3) AT DALLAS (5-3) This will be a matchup of strengths as Dallas has the league's top-ranked offence led by Dak Prescott, Ezekiel Elliott and Amari Cooper while the Vikings have the No. 7 defence. On the flip side, Minnesota's eighthranked offence takes on Dallas' sixth-ranked defence.

The Cowboys are seeking their third straight victory. They had consecutive lopsided wins against division rivals. They begin a stretch of tough games, playing five of their next seven games against teams currently with winning records.

The Vikings look to bounce back after their four-game winning streak was snapped in Kansas City. Kirk Cousins has 14 TD passes and only one pick in the past seven games, and Dalvin Cook leads the NFL in rushing with 894 yards.

Associated Graphic

San Francisco 49ers cornerback Richard Sherman runs with the ball against Washington in Landover, Md., on Oct. 20.

ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES

Tuesday, November 12, 2019
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Sherman on the other side of rivalry game
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Ex-Seahawk now has a big role in 49ers' league-leading defence
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By ROB MAADDI
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page S12

The last time the San Francisco 49ers had a winning record for a home game in November, Colin Kaepernick was their quarterback and Russell Wilson and Richard Sherman ate turkey legs at midfield to celebrate a victory for Seattle.

That won't happen Monday night when the unbeaten 49ers (8-0) play host to the Seahawks (7-2) in the biggest game in this rivalry since Thanksgiving, 2014.

The 49ers lost to the Seahawks 19-3 that night to fall to 7-5. They finished 8-8 that year and hadn't won more than six games until this season.

Sherman is on their side now, playing a huge role for the NFL's top-ranked defence. The threetime All-Pro cornerback is part of a secondary that's No. 1 against the pass. San Francisco has allowed the fewest yards per game (241) and second-fewest points (12.1). But the Niners will be without linebacker Kwon Alexander.

Jimmy Garoppolo has played well and could have three starters joining him in the starting lineup.

Bookend tackles Joe Staley and Mike McGlinchey and fullback Kyle Juszczyk are expected back from injuries, bolstering the league's second-ranked rushing attack.

They'll face a defence that has struggled. Seattle ranks 22nd in points allowed, 25th in yards allowed and 25th in sacks. Jadeveon Clowney only has two sacks, though he faces double teams quite often.

But the X-factor for the Seahawks is Wilson. He's playing at an MVP level. Wilson has 22 TD passes, only one pick and leads the league with a passer rating of 118.2.

Week 10 began Thursday night with the Oakland Raiders' 26-24 home victory over the Los Angeles Chargers.

Josh Jacobs scored on an 18yard run with 1:02 remaining to give Oakland the lead. Derek Carr led the Raiders (5-4) down the field methodically 75 yards after Philip Rivers threw a 6-yard pass to Austin Ekeler that gave the Chargers (4-6) a 24-20 lead with 4:02 remaining.

New England (8-1), Houston (6-3), Philadelphia (5-4), Jacksonville (4-5), Denver (3-6) and Washington (1-8) have a bye this week.

DETROIT (3-4-1) AT CHICAGO (3-5) The battle for last place in the NFC North features a pair of teams that combined for one win in October. The Lions have lost four of five after a 2-0-1 start. Their only win in that span came against the Giants two weeks ago. The Bears have lost four in a row following a 3-1 start.

Detroit has the third-ranked passing offence in the NFL. Matthew Stafford is second in the league in touchdown passes (19) and fifth in passer rating (106.0).

On the opposite side, Mitchell Trubisky and the Bears have the third-worst passing offence, averaging 186.3 yards per game. But the Lions have the third-worst pass defence, giving up 295.3 yards a game through the air.

BALTIMORE (6-2) AT CINCINNATI (0-8) Bengals quarterback Ryan Finley makes his first NFL start, replacing Andy Dalton. Finley won't have seven-time Pro Bowl wide receiver A.J. Green back from ankle surgery. Green has missed the first eight games. The rookie will face the first-place Ravens behind a poor offensive line facing a blitzing defence.

The Ravens are coming off a convincing 37-20 victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots.

Their defence held Tom Brady in check and Lamar Jackson threw for a TD and ran for two more.

Jackson had 153 yards rushing in Baltimore's 23-17 win over the Bengals last month.

BUFFALO (6-2) AT CLEVELAND (2-6) The Bills are off to their best start in 26 years, feasting on losing teams. Their wins have come against clubs that are 9-43 combined while both losses were to teams currently with winning records.

They'll face the Browns, who've proved to be overhyped entering the season. Baker Mayfield, Odell Beckham Jr. and Co.

were a fashionable pick to win the AFC North, but these are the same old Browns. They appear to have deeper issues beyond poor performance on the field.

Buffalo has the league's thirdranked defence, led by sack leader Jordan Phillips and a strong secondary, and quarterback Josh Allen already has 12 rushing TDs in his first 20 games.

ATLANTA (1-7) AT NEW ORLEANS (7-1) Both teams are coming off a bye heading in opposite directions.

Drew Brees returned after missing five games and picked up where he left off, throwing for 373 yards and three TDs against Arizona.

Not much has gone right for the Falcons, but they do have the league's top-ranked passing offence. Matt Ryan is expected to return from an ankle injury that sidelined him one game. Coach Dan Quinn's defence has struggled since he took over co-ordinator duties, but he made a coaching switch during the week off, shifting receivers coach Raheem Morris to the secondary. Atlanta has allowed the third-most points per game (31.3).

NEW YORK GIANTS (2-7) AT NEW YORK JETS (1-7) North Jersey bragging rights are on the line when the Giants switch locker rooms at their home stadium to be the "road" team against the Jets. Things are only slightly better for the Giants, who briefly enjoyed success after rookie Daniel Jones replaced Eli Manning. But they've lost five in a row.

The Jets are a mess under firstyear coach Adam Gase, who is already on the hot seat. Sam Darnold has taken a step backward from his rookie season and twotime All-Pro Le'Veon Bell hasn't run for more than 70 yards in his first eight games with his new team.

The real loser in this game might be the team that hurts its draft positioning by winning.

ARIZONA (3-5-1) AT TAMPA BAY (2-6) Rookie quarterback Kyler Murray has helped the Cardinals look promising, though it hasn't translated into many wins. Murray hasn't thrown an interception in five games and has been a dualthreat passing and running. Kenyan Drake ran for a team-high 110 yards and caught four passes for 52 yards in his debut with the Cardinals last week, though David Johnson could return for this game.

The Buccaneers have had trouble finishing games. They took leads into the fourth quarter of three of their six losses, including a 40-34 overtime loss at Seattle last Sunday. Jameis Winston bounced back from two poor games to post his fifth performance with a passer rating in the 100s this season.

KANSAS CITY (6-3) AT TENNESSEE (4-5) Patrick Mahomes might return under centre after dislocating his kneecap on Oct. 17. The Chiefs are 2-1 with Matt Moore, including the game he finished when Mahomes got hurt. Kansas City needs to stay close to the Patriots (8-1) going into their Week 14 matchup to have a chance at home-field advantage.

The Titans are 2-1 since Ryan Tannehill replaced Marcus Mariota, but they were sloppy in a loss to Carolina last week. They also lost cornerback Malcolm Butler to a wrist injury.

Tennessee will have to rely on Derrick Henry's running to keep Mahomes off the field and limit Kansas City's offence. The Chiefs have the fourth-worst run defence in the league and allowed 161.7 yards a game on the ground in their three losses.

MIAMI (1-7) AT INDIANAPOLIS (5-3) Brian Hoyer is expected to make his first start of the season filling in for Jacoby Brissett as the Colts host the Dolphins, who are no longer winless.

Hoyer stepped in after Brissett injured his knee and tossed three TD passes, but Adam Vinatieri missed a 43-yard field goal with 1:14 left in a 26-24 loss at Pittsburgh. Now Indy will likely have to rely on the 11-year veteran for a while until Brissett returns.

Another veteran, Ryan Fitzpatrick, led the Dolphins to their first win, throwing three TD passes in a victory over the Jets. Miami will need more FitzMagic against the Colts because two of the team's best young players won't play. Running back Mark Walton was suspended for four games and receiver Preston Williams has a knee injury.

CAROLINA (5-3) AT GREEN BAY (7-2) Aaron Rodgers and the Packers are coming off their worst game this season, a 26-11 rout at the Chargers. Rodgers questioned the team's preparation on a trip to California. They should be focused back at home and with a bye week coming.

The Panthers are Kyle Allen's team now that Cam Newton is officially out for the season. Allen is 5-1 as the starter and getting his sixth win won't be easy at Lambeau Field. He'll rely on Christian McCaffrey, who could be in for a big day against Green Bay's run defence. McCaffrey is second in the league in rushing and the Packers allow 127.7 yards rushing a game.

LOS ANGELES RAMS (5-3) AT PITTSBURGH STEELERS (4-4) Jared Goff, Todd Gurley and the rest of the Rams' offence have a tough task against Pittsburgh's defence. The Steelers are second in the league with 22 takeaways and third in sacks with 29. Minkah Fitzpatrick already has four interceptions since joining the team, including a pick-6 last week.

The Rams won't have receiver Brandin Cooks, who is out with a concussion. Gurley hasn't rushed for more than 65 yards since Week 1, but Los Angeles has relied on its passing attack, ranked fifth in the league.

Mason Rudolph makes his sixth start in Ben Roethlisberger's absence. He's played well, keeping the Steelers in the playoff chase.

MINNESOTA (6-3) AT DALLAS (5-3) This will be a matchup of strengths as Dallas has the league's top-ranked offence led by Dak Prescott, Ezekiel Elliott and Amari Cooper while the Vikings have the No. 7 defence. On the flip side, Minnesota's eighthranked offence takes on Dallas' sixth-ranked defence.

The Cowboys are seeking their third straight victory. They had consecutive lopsided wins against division rivals. They begin a stretch of tough games, playing five of their next seven games against teams currently with winning records.

The Vikings look to bounce back after their four-game winning streak was snapped in Kansas City. Kirk Cousins has 14 TD passes and only one pick in the past seven games, and Dalvin Cook leads the NFL in rushing with 894 yards.

Associated Graphic

San Francisco 49ers cornerback Richard Sherman runs with the ball against Washington in Landover, Md., on Oct. 20.

ROB CARR/GETTY IMAGES


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The last temptation of Martin Scorsese
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The Irishman is a thrilling, visceral crime story in the vein of the director's most popular work - but it's also something deeper
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By BARRY HERTZ
  
  

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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Page A18

The Irishman CLASSIFICATION: R; 210 MINUTES Directed by Martin Scorsese Written by Steven Zaillian Starring Robert De Niro, Joe Pesci and Al Pacino

It is unexpectedly and entirely delightful that so much of 2019 has revolved around Martin Scorsese, age 76. In one corner, there is Martin Scorsese, Cinema Champion, raging against the emptiness of the comic-book movie and doing so with the determination and vigour and tohell-with-all-of-you fire of an artist who knows he is absolutely right. In another corner there is Martin Scorsese, Medium Innovator, pushing the digital limits of what the screen is capable of containing, and forcing audiences to ask themselves if this is the cinematic future we desire. And in another corner, there is Martin Scorsese, Industry Disruptor, partnering up with Netflix, Hollywood's greatest modern foe, in half a bid to change the way movies are made, half a bid to burn easy cash in order to achieve what was previously an impossible-to-realize vision.

For so much of this very long year, we have spent time talking about what Scorsese says, what he thinks and how those cinematic principles might, and should, ricochet across the zeitgeist. We've drawn battle lines and allegiances, we've hardened our artistic philosophies and we've tied ourselves into all manner of unnecessary cultural knots. But now, with the longawaited release of The Irishman, we finally get the opportunity to discuss what Scorsese has actually done. And it is glorious.

All of this should have been anticipated. Without argument, Scorsese is one of our greatest working filmmakers, and has spent the past decade not only reaffirming this thesis through his own genre-resistant work (including this past spring's wiggly Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese), but by also lending his weight to the schemes of others (in 2019 alone, he produced Joanna Hogg's The Souvenir and the Safdie brothers' Uncut Gems, both all-timers).

If there is still any doubt as to Scorsese's artistry, The Irishman will put skeptics to bed. Or six feet under.

Partly a continuation of the career-long conversation he's been having with audiences about the evil that men do, and partly a reflection on regret - life's most profound inevitability - The Irishman is the film that Scorsese has been working his whole life toward. Much like the director's most popular work, this is a crime film, thrilling and visceral. But The Irishman represents something deeper, too. It's as much a companion piece to the propulsive, addictive violence of Goodfellas and Casino as it is to the meditative lacerations of Silence, the punishing doubts of The Last Temptation of Christ and the spiritual suffering of The Age of Innocence.

Weaving together several different timelines - but never enough that the narrative is confusing to follow - The Irishman follows the misdeeds of Frank Sheeran (Robert De Niro), a reallife hit man for the Philadelphia mob who first cozies up to the head of the Bufalino crime family (Joe Pesci), and eventually becomes an enforcer for Teamsters chief Jimmy Hoffa (Al Pacino).

As the story crosses decades, Scorsese and his screenwriter Steve Zaillian use Sheeran as a narrative means of dipping in and out of the East Coast underworld, painting as expansive and disturbing a portrait of American avarice as has ever been produced.

And then comes The Irishman's final half-hour, when Scorsese and De Niro, his long-time and most trusted collaborator, engage in a dialogue not only with immorality, but with cinema's eternal appetite for it. It is stirring and daring work that will be remembered long after, say, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (sorry, Groot).

While every performance in The Irishman is exceptional, it is amusing that De Niro, ostensibly the title character, gets crowded out by nearly everyone else - Pacino, for starters. The Irishman marks only the third time De Niro and Pacino, the two heavyweights of American acting, have ever shared the screen, and Scorsese exploits the occasion for all it's worth.

Taking a match to the deliberately muted combustion of Michael Mann's coffee-shop meetup in 1995's Heat, The Irishman slams the two performers up against one another like it's the most naturally incendiary pairing in the world. Which it is.

(I believe that we, as a human race, have collectively decided to never speak about De Niro and Pacino's other team-up, 2008's Righteous Kill.)

As Sheeran, De Niro is all tightly coiled nerves and brutal protectiveness - a snake waiting for his prey to make one wrong move. As Hoffa, Pacino is a spittle-spewing beast, stomping over everything and everyone to get his way, the volume turned as high as the creature can muster.

It is a glorious pairing, even if the camera clearly lusts for Pacino more, especially when the actor is slurping down ice cream (Hoffa devours enough onscreen sundaes that I was worried for Pacino's blood-sugar levels) and dancing in and out of an Irish accent (one that coming from another performer's mouth might sound sloppy, but here favours the impression of deliberate imprecision - of a man who can swing back and forth from folksy humbleness to brash theatrics whenever it suits his needs).

De Niro and Pacino are not exactly revelations here - we know the heights that each man can hit when given the opportunity and the discipline. The actual surprise should be reserved for Pesci, who works so delicately against the expectations Scorsese himself once helped engineer.

Pesci's Russell Bufalino is not the crazy clown of Goodfellas, nor the brash hothead of Casino. He's not even the more sympathetic, but still aggressive, Judas of Raging Bull. Russell is an entirely new skin for Pesci to slip on, tightly pulled but still combustible. Pesci's soft voice and immovable presence combine to create a force that never has to be reckoned with, because everyone already wisely assumes the chaos such a provocation might cause. It is a performance so good that it stings - maybe none of us, not even Scorsese, knew just what a gift Pesci is until this moment.

If The Irishman was only a three-hander between De Niro, Pacino and Pesci, then that would be enough. But Scorsese fills his cast out with a staggering number of familiar faces, all doing excellent work in the margins. Harvey Keitel, looking as hair-trigger volatile as ever, gets a choice walk-on role as an oldschool Philly mafioso. Meanwhile, Stephen Graham, Bobby Cannavale, Jack Huston, Domenick Lombardozzi and Ray Romano, all veterans from either one of Scorsese's HBO series Boardwalk Empire and Vinyl, bounce off the walls, clearly having the time of their lives. (Yes, you read that right: Ray Romano, Master Thespian.)

Perhaps the tidal wave of talent was made possible by the sheer amount of money Scorsese was able to wring out of Netflix (reportedly US$159-million, a staggering sum these days for a film not about a superhero). Either way, it is great fun to watch The Irishman and think of how much joy Scorsese must have had setting fire to so much of the streaming giant's cash reserves.

Midway through the film, Scorsese has Sheeran and his co-conspirators toss a dozen taxi cabs in a lake, a shot that must've cost at least a couple hundred thousand dollars.

And then, because he seemingly decided that's not enough onscreen destruction, Scorsese follows up the scene with Sheeran's goons setting an entire fleet of cabs ablaze.

The money has been slightly less well-spent on the film's much-discussed digital effects, which "de-age" performers so that De Niro and Pesci can play the same characters decades younger. A scene featuring De Niro as a twentysomething Sheeran in the Second World War is distressingly silly - his face waxy and creepy. Thankfully, that moment is a brief one, and the trick becomes more natural the longer the film goes on. Still, there is an aspect to the actors' age-appropriate physicality that no amount of CGI can mask. Audiences, and Scorsese himself, know that the younger De Niro was powered by a manic and jittery onscreen electricity, leaping off the screen in Mean Streets.

Here, there's a pronounced ricketiness to the supposedly youthful version of Sheeran - an autotuned lumbering that should be a natural sprint.

Speedier, though, is just how quickly The Irishman acts as a definitive closer to the perennial argument that Scorsese is somehow glamorizing the lives of criminals. With the exception of Sheeran's morally disgusted daughter, Peggy (Anna Paquin, who does a lot with how little the guy-heavy screenplay offers), The Irishman is consumed with damning its characters: horrible men who do horrible things for the advancement of no one but themselves. Goodfellas, Casino, The Departed and The Wolf of Wall Street each offered similar condemnations, but The Irishman delivers a more lasting, aching pain that should quash anyone's fantasies of crime. But if anyone needs even further evidence, Scorsese provides it in a literal manner here, too: Every time Sheeran meets a new mafioso, Scorsese throws a few quick lines of text on the screen detailing their ultimate, and untimely, deaths - a sick joke for those who are sick jokes themselves.

The only challenge The Irishman presents, then, is convincing skeptics to sit down for its entire 210 minutes (or, you know, 28 minutes more than the infinitely soggier Avengers: Endgame). For all the consternation about The Irishman's length, the film truly breezes by, its only mild narrative hiccup being a bit of unnecessary internecine mob rivalry involving (Crazy) Joe Gallo (a slice of history flicked at in Goodfellas).

Yet, even this diversion is filmed so energetically, and cast so well thanks to Sebastian Maniscalco's flip-the-bird energy as Gallo, that I am actually scrubbing this criticism from the official record. Which means that The Irishman is nearly perfect.

Here is to 2019: the Year of Martin Scorsese. It was a long time coming.

The Irishman opens Nov. 8 at the TIFF Bell Lightbox in Toronto; Nov.

15 in Vancouver, Ottawa, and Montreal; Nov. 22 in Calgary and Edmonton; and Nov. 27 on Netflix.

Associated Graphic

Martin Scorcese's The Irishman follows the misdeeds of real-life hit man Frank Sheeran (Robert De Niro), weaving together several different timelines. It also brings together an array of incredible performances, not only from the incendiary pairing of De Niro and Al Pacino in their third time sharing the screen, but from a staggering number of other familiar faces.


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'You don't look like a veteran,'
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Stigma against those who are outside the 'traditional' veteran ideal remains all too common, writes Kelly S. Thompson. This Remembrance Day, let's make sure that Canada's soldiers, like the rest of the population, are celebrated for their differences
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By KELLY S. THOMPSON
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page O1

she said.

'Oh no?' I tried to keep my voice even, pretending I hadn't had my former officer status questioned a million times before.

'And what does a veteran look like?' Kelly S. Thompson is a former captain in the Canadian Armed Forces and the North Bay, Ont.-based author of Girls Need Not Apply: Field Notes From the Forces.

A trip to an insurance agent is often tedious, but rarely a matter of existential anxiety. Yet, there I was, in 2012, sitting sheepishly in one of Vancouver's provincial insurance offices, the walls sporting posters urging us to drive safely and the staff appearing typically disengaged - and my nerves were showing in my tense face, mottled from crying all morning.

My purpose there was simple - applying for a veteran's licence plate, which allowed for free parking in the city suburbs. I have always been a sucker for free parking. But the reason for my stress was much more complicated: I had been a civilian for all of nine months, and even after eight years of being Captain Thompson, I was convinced I hadn't earned the designation.

I wasn't yet 30 years old; I hadn't seen war. I didn't even feel entitled to the depression that led to my medical military release; my colleagues had been forced to hurt other people and had seen friends torn apart on battlefields, so who was I to feel this way? An overwhelming feeling of inadequacy clawed at my throat whenever anyone called me a veteran.

My dad, on the other hand, was a real veteran, in my eyes: silvery hair, wrinkled skin and a chest full of war medals from his peacekeeping service in the Golan. So when he encouraged me to obtain the form to have my military service validated for the licence plate, I decided to gird myself and make the drive down to this office.

It didn't quite go as planned.

The insurance agent looked down at the form, her neon fingernails glowing under the office's fluorescent lights. She snapped her gum.

"You don't look like a veteran," she said.

"Oh no?" I tried to keep my voice even, pretending I hadn't had my former officer status questioned a million times before. "And what does a veteran look like?" "You know, old. Like, Second World War kind of old. And you're a girl." That last bit was said with sass, as though my gender and military service could not square with what she was reading on the paper in her hand.

Emboldened, I raised an eyebrow while I signed here and there on the paperwork she handed back to me, my loopy cursive signature apparently unbecoming of soldierness. "I'm a woman, actually. Not a girl."

The agent pounded her date stamp with a thwack, dug through her filing cabinet of poppy-painted metal plates and handed me one, shrugging, as I held its weight in my hand.

She didn't need to tell me that I don't fit the military mould: I knew it from the day I enrolled as an 18-year-old, just after 9/11.

Among my friends, my passion for magenta lipstick is renowned, as are my funky haircuts, my dedication to art and my love of story. Artsy-fartsy was the term my dad used to describe me, as did many of my male military colleagues. And even though I come from a place of privilege, with my white skin and cisgender expression, even I struggle with the veteran label when I stare back at the mirror. What I see doesn't compute with what society expects me to be.

Just a month before the fiasco at the insurance office, I'd felt impossibly out of place while paying respects during my first civilian Remembrance Day. My beret slipped awkwardly on my new civilian hairstyle, and I could see firsthand, compared with my former comrades on the other side, how much I didn't belong. I wondered about the other veterans who stood next to me at the cenotaph, sporting their own medals and military headwear.

We spanned all ages, races, gender expressions and other experiences.

We, the invisible veterans.

It isn't difficult to understand why the stereotype of the elderly, male, war-hardened veteran exists. Throughout the World Wars and in many of the years following, wartime propaganda stoked fears about the enemy, and our heroic soldiers were portrayed through physically strong, white, muscle-bound men (and later, some women, also white). Television, movies and even former Canadian Armed Forces recruitment videos have also defined military service using hypermasculinized characters. That image has been honed by media, but it has also in turn driven the predominantly white and male demographic of our military.

But there's a new veteran in town. In fact, there has been for quite some time.

Veterans Affairs Canada defines a veteran as "any former member of the Canadian Armed Forces who successfully underwent basic training and is honourably discharged." That's a pretty broad view, but a necessary one, especially when it comes to challenging our soldier stereotype. And indeed, by that definition, Veterans Affairs Canada reports that we have just less than 650,000 living veterans in the country, with fewer than 50,000 of them having served during the Second World War and in Korea. So the "new" veteran is the predominant veteran these days - reflecting a force that has grown more diverse through the years.

That diversity has not materialized overnight. Instead, it emerged through incremental shifts, both in terms of social advocacy and technology. Drones, tracking systems and weapons developments mean war is no longer a contest of sheer brute strength; it now requires a broader definition of a soldier who serves with a broader range of skills, knowledge and experiences. As a bonus, this effort to create a more capable force has led to a military that better reflects the country we have become.

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms has also provided inclusivity gains in the Forces' recruiting system by criminalizing discrimination based on a number of factors, including race, gender and sexuality, eliminating some barriers for marginalized people. Sandra Perron, the first female infantry officer in the Forces, challenged the Charter in 1990 to allow women into combat roles and since then, the Canadian military continues to evolve. While any military operates on the idea of unity, the Canadian Armed Forces are working to understand how that differs from assimilation, and how diversity is a boon to success, not a strike against it. Our soldiers, like the rest of the population, should be celebrated for our differences - age, health, gender expression, sexuality, racial group, length of service, combat or noncombat.

But stigma against those who are outside the "traditional" veteran ideal remains all too common. And sadly, that's even the case within certain military circles, in which some gate-keeping veterans are of the belief that there's a hierarchy of "real" veterans, like some kind of credibility test judged according to deployment time or combat seen.

Channelling the spirit of this thinking, a city councillor in Hamilton, Ont., advocated revising a free veteran parking policy in 2015 so that the benefit was only extended to "true veterans" - former soldiers over 60 "who have served for this country and put themselves in harm's way."

The amendment was soundly rejected, but it did prompt councillors to earnestly discuss the potential for "abuse" by "bad apples."

There has been real-world impact when ideas about what a soldier does and doesn't look like are limited. The Forces' PTSD policies and care procedures, for instance, only recently encompassed military sexual trauma in part because of a growing recognition of women in the military.

Countless LGBTQIA2+ members were released for homosexuality in the 1990s, and then were pressed into silence - robbing them of any public acknowledgment of their service. And that carries on after one's military career, when any treatment and care needed becomes a matter of debate and evidence-gathering, rather than affirmations of gratitude. "There have been structures that have supported that kind of view, of 'what is a veteran,' and 'what is legitimate PTSD,' " said Elaine Waddington Lamont, mental-health director at Women Warriors' Healing Garden, an organization that provides peer support and art therapies to female identifying, LGBTQIA2+, Indigenous veterans and persons of colour. "We need to honour all of those people, whether they fit the stereotypes or not."

For all its faults, social media has been a great tool for dispelling these stereotypes. Instant access to information lets curious Canadians see a broader spectrum of soldiering, allowing a better understanding of the military's contribution as well as the faces and stories of our troops.

And the benefit is twofold, as newer members are able to see firsthand accounts of actual military life and the real-life impact on their own futures. Major Tanya Grodzinski, an associate professor at Royal Military College of Canada, sees this firsthand as she educates the next generation of soldier. "The public didn't perceive [the military] as doing all that much," said Maj. Grodzinski of the years following the Second World War. "Now, the public has a greater understanding of what the armed forces is about and what they're doing."

The technical definition of a Canadian veteran does not discriminate between certain kinds of soldiers with certain kinds of experience. It chooses instead to value commitment to a cause and sacrifice for a country, no matter what that commitment and sacrifice looks like.

Canadian civilians can expand their understanding of veterans, to help in this cause. Start conversations with that person in uniform sitting nearby. Reach out to Legions for military speakers to participate in classrooms or events. Ask questions of veterans who might not look or act the part, but still have plenty of experience and wisdom to share.

And above all, remember that military service is more than war - there is humanity in there, too.

It matters what we call people who serve, and that we reflect and respect their services equally. I thank all soldiers for their service to their country - even those who feel unseen.

Associated Graphic

Kelly S. Thompson, a veteran who was a captain with the Canadian Armed Forces, is seen on Tuesday. Ms. Thompson, who grew up in a military family, writes about the new generation of veterans.

FRED LUM/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Tuesday, November 12, 2019
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British co-founder of Syria's White Helmets found dead in Turkey
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By MARK MACKINNON
  
  

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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Page A1

LONDON -- James Le Mesurier, a former British soldier who rose to prominence as the co-founder of the White Helmets group that rescued victims of Syria's civil war, was found dead Monday outside his apartment in Istanbul.

The cause was not immediately known. Mr. Le Mesurier was in his 40s. Turkey's official Anadolu news agency reported that he had fallen from the balcony of his home in the central Beyoglu neighbourhood.

Mr. Le Mesurier's White Helmets have been credited for saving thousands of lives but now they and the cause from which they sprang - a Syria freed from the violent regime of Bashar alAssad - are on the verge of defeat.

Mr. al-Assad's forces have regained control of most of the country, and his military and its Russian allies continue to treat the White Helmets rescue teams, which operate in rebel-controlled areas, as legitimate military targets.

Three days before his death, the Russian Foreign Ministry publicly accused him of being a British spy with connections to alQaeda, the latest broadside in a long and vicious made-inMoscow disinformation campaign. Turkish police have opened an investigation.

Mayday Rescue, a non-profit organization founded by Mr. Le Mesurier, posted a statement asking the media to give his family privacy and to "refrain from unnecessary speculation about the cause of his death until the investigation is completed."

The White Helmets, which are formally known as Syrian Civil Defense, confirmed the death through their Twitter account.

"We also must commend his humanitarian efforts which Syrians will always remember," the statement said.

Raed Saleh, the group's leader, said the White Helmets would continue their work despite the loss of "a real friend" in Mr. Le Mesurier.

In a series of interviews over the past 16 months, Mr. Le Mesurier, a charismatic raconteur who was well known to diplomats and aid workers across the Middle East, told The Globe and Mail how he had helped shape a ragtag group of Syrian volunteers into what became the White Helmets, an organization that would go on to be credited with saving tens of thousands of lives.The group was nominated for the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize.

Mr. Le Mesurier, a father of two, had long been a thornin the side of both the Kremlin and Mr. al-Assad. The White Helmets, who carried out their rescue missions with GoPro video cameras attached to their namesake headgear, played a critical role in mobilizing international criticism of the Syrian regime and its Russian allies by providing evidence of atrocities, including the use of chemical weapons and barrel bombs against civilian areas.

Mr.Le Mesurier openly acknowledged having served in the British military,but said his career in intelligence was limited to asix-month secondment during a NATO mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina. He said the White Helmets had no affiliation with any of Syria's warring parties, although some co-operation was necessary to allow the rescue workers access to the scenes of recent attacks.

After leaving the military in 2000, Mr.Le Mesurier briefly worked for the United Nations before launching a new career in the non-profit sector, focused on helping stabilize countries recovering from conflict.

Syria became his primary focus following the 2011 outbreak of that country's civil war.

From the start of Syria's civil war, Western governments were keen to see the end of the al-Assad regime, but worried about providing direct military assistance to the rebel groups that opposed him, which included some of the religious fundamentalists who would later form the backbone of the Islamic State. Western governments favoured "democracy promotion" programs, including media training and good governance sessions, aimed at preparing Syrians for the day after the civil war ended.

The intention was good,but the effort did little to help those under daily bombardment by Mr. al-Assad's air force and artillery.In an interview, Mr.Le Mesurier, recounted a January, 2013, meeting in Istanbul that brought together Western donors and some of the Syrian recipients of the democracy assistance."One of the guys from Aleppo picked up a laptop and put it over his head and said,'I don't want a [expletive] laptop when I'm being bombed every day.'" After some brainstorming, those present at the Istanbul meeting - including Mr.Le Mesurier and Mr.Saleh, the future leader of the White Helmets-decidedto focus on supporting what many Syrians were already doing in an ad hoc fashion around the country: looking for survivors in the wake of regime attacks, and doing what ever they could to save those still living.Turkish earthquake-response teams were brought in to teach the Syrians the basics of how to save as many lives as possible in the wake of a catastrophe.

Western governments,including Canada, which provided the White Helmets with $7.5-million in support over two years, bought into the idea.

The first group of Syrians to receive the earthquake-rescue training was sent back with GoPro cameras so that they could record their activities for training purposes. It was only when the videos came back,Mr.Le Mesurier said,that the newly formed White Helmets realized another important role they could play.

"When we saw the footage we realized this was a really good way of being able to show more people what was happening," he said.

Videos recorded by the White Helmets, and distributed through the group's Twitter account, helped reveal the suffering of the people of Aleppo during the four-year-long siege that eventually saw the regime, aided by countless Russian air strikes, retake the largest city to have fallen under opposition control. Another White Helmets video in April, 2018, alerted the world to the use of chemical weapons in the city of Douma,leading to punitive American cruise missile strikes against Mr. al-Assad's forces.

The impact of the White Helmets' videos was made apparent by the ferocious disinformation campaign launched by the Russian and Syrian governments.State media in both countries painted the White Helmets as an improbable alliance between Western intelligence and Islamic extremists.

In a Friday news conference, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that Mr.Le Mesurier was a"former agent of Britain's MI6,who has been spotted all around the world."

Some of the accusations were wilder: "Moscow Urges London to Clarify Whether Founder of 'White Helmets' Had Links to Al-Qaeda," read a Friday headline on the Kremlin-run Sputnik news service.

Mr.Le Mesurier saw such propaganda attacks as testament to the effect the White Helmets were having.

The al-Assad regime and its Russian allies wanted the world to see Syria's war as a black-and-white struggle between the government and extremist groups such as al-Qaeda and the Islamic State.

"Everytime the world was looking at a video of the White Helmets responding to a bombing,it undermined that narrative," Mr. Le Mesurier said over lunch in London late last year. "So what do you do? You undermine the White Helmets and the governments that have been supporting them.Inside Syria,the message that is pushed is that the White Helmets are an MI-6/CIA construct....In the West, you say the White Helmets are alQaeda and that all these rescues are faked."

Mr. Le Mesurier rejected the idea that Mayday Rescue and the White Helmets were anything but what they appeared to be - a group of people trying to do something good in the middle of a horrific war. "Our motto was simple: what will save more lives?"

In recent months, most of Mr. Le Mesurier's communications with The Globe were focused on the plight of 10 White Helmets members and their families, 48 people in all,who remain stranded in the Azraqrefugeecamp in Jordan.

The families, who were evacuated from Syria as part of a cloak-and-dagger operation last summer that Mr.Le Mesurier helped co-ordinate along with Canadian diplomats, were initially told they would be resettled to Canada, but have been left in Azraqbe cause of unspecified security concerns.

"Everyone involved up and down the chain is hopeful it's going to be resolved ASAP,"Mr.Le Mesurier wrote in May.

In a tweet, Global Affairs Canada expressed sympathy with Mr.Le Mesurier's family."Mr.Le Mesurier served with dedication, his loss will be felt deeply. His critical role in July 2018 White Helmets rescue brought many to safety in Canada."

Associated Graphic

Members of the White Helmets walk in the rubble outside a health facility that was hit by a reported Russian air strike in the town of Urum al-Kubra, Syria, on Aug. 31.

OMAR HAJ KADOUR/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Above left: A Turkish police officer leaves the Mayday Rescue offices on Monday in Istanbul, after the discovery of the body of the organization's co-founder, James Le Mesurier. BULENT KILIC/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES

Above middle: Members of the White Helmets recover a body from the rubble of a building after a reported government air strike in the village of Benin, about 30 kilometres south of Idlib in northwestern Syria, on Aug. 20.

ABDULAZIZ KETAZ/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Above right: The sealed entrance of a home reportedly belonging to James Le Mesurier, where he was found dead in the Karakoy district of Istanbul on Monday. BURAK KARA/GETTY IMAGES BURAK KARA/GETTY IMAGES

Left: The White Helmets carry an injured man as Jaish al-Islam fighters and their families arrive at the Abu al-Zindeen checkpoint near the northern Syrian town of al-Bab in April, 2018. ZEIN AL RIFAI/ GETTY IMAGES

Middle left: Syrian refugees stand in front of their homes at Azraq refugee camp in Jordan, in December, 2018. Most of White Helmets co-founder James Le Mesurier's recent communications with The Globe were focused on 48 people who remain stranded in the camp. MUHAMMAD HAM/REUTERS

Middle right: Mr. Le Mesurier talks to the media during training exercises in southern Turkey in March, 2015. ASSOCIATED PRESS


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Treasures from the past
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Vancouver museum exhibition features family's belongings and heirlooms looted during the Second World War
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page R10

VANCOUVER -- F or about 20 years, the boxes sat in the storage room of Michael Hayden's Vancouver home, unopened. He had found them in a basement room behind the garden of his father's home in Cape Town, South Africa, after his sudden death in 1984. They had been shipped there, originally from Germany, and had never been opened by his father either, not since the boxes had arrived after the Second World War. There were about 15 of them, all from the 1940s. The information inside would give Hayden - one of the world's foremost geneticists - a new purpose in life.

"I could feel the gravity of what was in there," Hayden, 67, says. "I knew there was going to be a big burden and an obligation to come from opening them. And I wasn't ready. I think I was fearful, too. I knew this was going to be a burden, and a very personal burden."

Gertrud and Max Raphael Hahn, Hayden's grandparents, were wealthy residents of Gottingen, Germany, a university city that has been home to dozens of Nobel Prize laureates. Max ran a successful business that included a leather factory and a real estate empire; the Hahns owned about 40 per cent of the buildings in the town. They were prominent members of the Jewish community - Max was president of the synagogue - and deeply patriotic Germans: Max had been a senior procurement official for the German army during the First World War.

And they were great collectors - of art, fine furniture, antiques - and a collection of Judaica that is said to have rivalled those of the Rothschilds and Sassoons.

At about 2 a.m. on Nov. 10, 1938, Nazis armed with axes broke into the Hahn home, smashing doors and windows, destroying their belongings and forcing Max and Gertrud half-naked into the street, while bystanders hissed and yelled, calling them "filthy Jews" and "pig Jews." Their home was ransacked and many of their possessions were stolen.

This horrific night became known as Kristallnacht - the night of broken glass - a government-sanctioned series of Nazi pogroms in Germany and Austria that saw hundreds of synagogues burned, Jewish businesses destroyed and Jewish cemeteries desecrated. There were dozens or hundreds of deaths (the number is disputed) and some 30,000 Jewish men sent to prisons and concentration camps.

Max was one of them.

He was sent to jail for nearly nine months, during which much of his property, including his silver Judaica collection, was confiscated. The family also sold possessions to the local museum, under duress, as they were stripped of their wealth and livelihood.

Even while in prison, Max worked for the return of his prized Judaica items, thinking they could help fund the family's future life somewhere outside Germany. He was not successful.

There were more pressing concerns. In 1939, the Hahns managed to get their children, Rudolf and Hanni, 19 and 17, to safety in England. In early 1941, they shipped some precious items that remained, including a piano and violin, and many documents to Sweden and Switzerland for safe storage in neutral countries.

By the time Max and Gertrud tried to leave Germany themselves, later that year, it was too late. In December, 1941, they were deported by train to a concentration camp in Riga, Latvia. Gertrud, who was diabetic and without her medication, may have died on the way in the cattle cars. It's believed Max was shot in the Bikernieki Forest in March, 1942, and buried in a mass grave, like thousands of other murder victims. No records of their deaths exist.

Michael Hayden grew up without grandparents. He had a vague notion that they had been killed during the Second World War, but he knew no details about their deaths and very little about them.

Those boxes, left unopened for all those years, held answers to questions he didn't know he had.

One night in the mid-2000s, at around 3 a.m., he went down the stairs of his Vancouver home and started opening them. He's not sure what compelled him that night. Was it his state of mind?

Was he ready to confront the past?

Did his curiosity finally win out over his fear? In any case, he felt ready to know more.

The containers held thousands of documents that painted a rare and urgent picture of life in Nazi Germany for a prominent Jewish family - his own.

Inside, Hayden found about 50 letters sent during the war between Max and Rudolf; petitions that Max had submitted in response to anti-Semitic laws enacted by the Nazis; and photographs and lists of the art and other objects that had been stolen from the Hahns or sold under duress while under Nazi rule.

Hayden, who doesn't speak German, hired a historian who is fluent in the language to help him deal with the contents. The documents were a treasure trove of information about his family, but they also contained clues - and evidence - about his grandparents' stolen property.

That's when he decided he would search for it.

The first time Hayden visited Gottingen, it was long before he knew about the boxes - or much of anything about his father's life. He was in his 30s, travelling with his father. They visited a childhood friend of Rudolf's, who was very welcoming. It was the first time Hayden had ever heard his father speak German. The man brought out a photo album from their shared childhoods. There they were as kids. Then, a few pages in, there was a photo of his father's friend, in an SS uniform.

Since opening the boxes, Hayden has been working with the Gottingen Museum and other German institutions for several years, looking for what is left of his family's treasures. There have been a lot of obstacles - restitution can be a fraught endeavour - but a few dozen items have been identified as having belonged to the Hahns. Last year, in a moving ceremony, the first of these treasures was returned - a remarkable silver gilt kiddush cup - one of very few items of Judaica seized by the Nazis that had not been melted down for the precious metal. The cup was discovered in a basement vault at a Hamburg museum in 2018 and returned to the family last November.

"I felt a sense of great triumph and justice," Hayden says. "It was a great occasion to restore that and to give some respect to [my grandfather] and an item that I knew he loved and he must have handled."

In three-dimensional silver, the cup depicts three scenes from the biblical story of Jacob. The date of its carving, 1757, is engraved on the base. There's a rude red number splashed next to it, assigned by one of its Nazi thieves.

This is one of the items being displayed for the first time at an exhibition that opened on Friday at the Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre. Treasured Belongings: The Hahn Family and the Search for a Stolen Legacy includes many extraordinary items that belonged to the Hahns, including a 17th-century Passover Haggadah and precious secular art, such as an original work by the artist Max Liebermann.

The museum was interested in creating the exhibition not just because of the Hahns' compelling, tragic story, but also because of the contemporary resonance.

Their story is a lens through which to view reconciliation and repatriation in the aftermath of catastrophic injustice.

The show also includes historical context, as well as family photographs and original letters. In one, written right after Kristallnacht - Nov. 11, 1938 - Rudolf, writing from Hamburg, tries to comfort and encourage his mother back in Gottingen. He ends it with a quote. "We will not let this get us down!"

Michael Hayden is a world-renowned medical researcher who has accumulated many titles and accolades over the course of his career. He is the founder and director emeritus of the Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics at the Department of Medical Genetics at BC Children's Hospital and the University of British Columbia, and Killam Professor and Canada Research Chair in Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine. He is one of the world's leading experts on Huntington's disease. He has been named to the Order of Canada, the Order of British Columbia and the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame, as well as many other honours. When I asked him about if he has unwittingly inherited characteristics from the grandparents he never knew, he paused and then said yes.

"And some of it is deeply comforting. Because I'm a deep collector and partly what I've done, in the eighties I started collecting DNA and body parts from patients who died of certain genetic diseases. And I did it very methodically. Today we have the largest DNA bank and organ bank in the world that is supporting global research into Huntington disease."

He also collects other things - including, similar to his grandfather, Haggadot (the books used during the Passover Seder).

What motivates Hayden's quest for his family's belongings is not financial restitution - or even the lost items themselves. He was eager to learn about Max and Gertrud and illuminate their identities, their individuality.

"I'm really driven from a perspective of wanting to rescue my grandparents from obscurity and wanting to restore them to their particularity and distinctiveness and to rescue them from complete anonymity," he says.

"These were just two of six million, my grandparents, but for me I wanted to get away from generalizations. ... I'm really just trying to understand: What's the genetic legacy? What's the legacy of courage and personality? Who were these people? And giving them a face.

"That's what's driving me. And somehow it's also a search for who I am."

Treasured Belongings: The Hahn Family and the Search for a Stolen Legacy is at the Vancouver Holocaust Education Centre until Nov. 27, 2020.

Associated Graphic

Gertrud and Max Hahn


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THE LURE OF THE FLY
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Fly fishing's supposed renaissance isn't really new, says Mark Kingwell, but it's welcome anyway
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By MARK KINGWELL
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page O1

Mark Kingwell is a professor of philosophy at the University of Toronto. His books include Catch and Release: Trout Fishing and the Meaning of Life and, most recently, Wish I Were Here: Boredom and the Interface.

S eventeen years ago, I stumbled onto a new passion. After years of trying, my brother Sean persuaded me to join him and our father on a fishing trip in the high lakes near Kelowna, B.C. I was a reluctant convert to angling - in an article and, later, short book I published about this trip, I repeated a mantra: "fishing is stupid." Not to be invidious, there was a section called "golfing is also stupid."

I still feel that way about golf, more or less, though I don't mind hacking around a course now and then as long as nobody is judging me. No length off the tee, but a decent short game.

Fishing, on the other hand, is now one of the ruling themes of my life. I have come to love and depend on the annual rhythm of the trout season, the equally metronomic beauty of casting a long fly line, and the indescribable thrill - though often described, including by me - of having your tiny surface-borne fly whacked by a big brown or cutthroat teased up from its low-water hideout.

They say that, in sports writing, the smaller the ball, the better the prose. Golf, baseball and cricket have produced the finest leisure literature we know, with the beautiful game, soccer, a close fourth if you include masters such as Eduardo Galeano. But volleyball, basketball and American/Canadian football have yet to find their towering voices. (Just to forestall potential angry responses: I agree that Friday Night Lights is pretty darn good. But it is no Beyond a Boundary or The Boys of Summer, still less The Eternal Summer.)

Literature about fly fishing is voluminous, and centuries long.

Izaak Walton's deathless The Compleat Angler has spawned a library, but Dame Juliana Berners was writing about fishing in the 14th century, well before Walton's early 17th.

Fishing is as old as the Bible in the West, and honoured in the Babylonian saying that the gods do not deduct from our allotted span the days spent fishing.

My own tiny contributions include my aforementioned book, in retrospect the awkward work of a beginner, and then some more recent efforts in magazines including that most elegant of periodicals, Gray's Sporting Journal, publication in which has brought me more pride than placing an essay in the famously picky Journal of Philosophy.

Fishing educates desire, among other things.

Which brings us, by a crooked line, to the present.

Anglers and non-anglers could not help but notice a recent New York Times article that suggested fly-fishing was displacing birdwatching as the millennial hobby of choice in these screen-dominated days.

I will go on record as admitting I did not know birdwatching was even a thing among youngsters, but I guess Jonathan Franzen can take some credit there - although, for my money, the sage of that pursuit is the late Graeme Gibson, a true conservationist. I happened to hear his voice not long ago in a repurposed conversation with Michael Enright as I was driving home from Jackson's Point, Ont., where I had scattered my mother's ashes. His wisdom spoke not just to our sadly disappearing birds, but also to the heedless human decision-making that has brought us here.

Anyway, since The Times article appeared, people have asked me what I think about the "new trend" of fly-fishing. My responses have broken into four main parts.

First, trend pieces, and indeed trends, are always pretty silly. If younger people are taking up fly fishing, great - I hope they enjoy it, and commit to the conservation efforts that all principled anglers bring to the water. The reason we happily pay licence fees is because we know that the gathered revenue helps preserve ecosystems that give us joy. Likewise the catch-and-release, singlebarbless-hook rules that govern some of the best rivers and streams on the continent. This isn't just difficulty for its own sake, although it is surely very difficult to bring in a large brown on a barbless hook. It is, rather, a gift to everyone, present and future.

Second, though, if you think fishing will cure your screen addiction, or technological immersion, because you have to put down your phone and take up silken line and silver hook (that's Donne, for those keeping score) - well, think again.

You can't solve your ills on the water, you can only confront them. As sports coaches like to say, games build character, but they also reveal it. They say a round of golf will tell you more about a person than would be revealed in 10 conversations. A half-day on the water will do the same, with falls and hookwounds thrown in.

Third, we've been here before.

Whenever something makes it into The New York Times, it's a pretty clear sign that it is old news. Or, if that's too harsh on the Gray Lady, consider the last time fly-fishing was big news: It was just after the release of the 1992 film A River Runs Through It, based on Norman Maclean's 1976 novel of the same name - what some Montana guides still derisively refer to as "the Movie." The slim book itself is modest and lovely, the film grandiose and bloated.

Of course, Brad Pitt is at his most handsome, and there are memorable themes of fathers and sons and Indigenous racism; but the fishing scenes are duff. In one Montana lodge, I saw a poster of the film, with Mr. Pitt's character executing the "shadow casting" that made his brother admire him as an artist. Yet the illustrated casts were absurdly contrary to the laws of physics, and shadow casting is just false casting - likely enough to scare a fish off, not bring it closer. My late friend Paul Quarrington, himself a deft angler, used to say that the best fly you can have in your box is the one that stays in the water longest.

Fourth, yes, there is a class system in fly-fishing, just as there is in golf and skiing and other pursuits that swap money for experience. So I can tell you that I own 13 fly rods, in different lengths and weights, including a split-cane one given to me by the writer Luc Sante, who got it as a wedding present long ago and never used it. I have six reels and dozens of flies, not to mention five flasks, 11 knives and two pairs of binoculars. I have fished for trout, steelhead, walleye, perch, bass, pike and bonefish in British Columbia, Ontario, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Kent, Hampshire and the Bahamas. New Zealand, Argentina and Scotland are on the wishlist.

But I can also tell you that, while my pals now say I cast better than the brother who got me into this state, I still can't double-haul with any reliability, and I miss hook sets as often anybody else in their mid-50s. I have created leaders and tippet full of "wind knots," that euphemism we use to describe sloppy casting; and not long ago, with a big cutthroat trout on my fly, I engaged a full-drama goofy slackstick routine that almost cost me the photo op. I have fallen in rivers and lakes more than once, and ended up in the hospital twice. (Dislocated shoulder and bone-deep laceration, if you're keeping score about that.)

Ars longa, vita brevis, the saying goes, derived from some even more euphonious Greek penned by Hippocrates. The craft is long, but life is short. We're all beginners, even when we hint at expertise.

One reviewer of my original fishing book thought I sounded pretentious, like someone who "fished wearing a beret." I haven't worn a beret since leaving the Boy Scouts in 1977 and I can't imagine any angler favouring one. I wear a battered baseball cap I've had since 1999. I don't think it's pretentious to think about what you're doing in any terms that make sense to you. I happen to think fly-fishing is beautiful - not a poesis but a techne. And yeah, I prefer single malt whisky to rot-gut in my flask, and I know that all my fishing buddies are excellent cooks who will produce gourmet meals at the end of each day's streamstalking. What can I say? I'm blessed. But that blessing takes nothing away from anyone else's style: This is not a zero-sum game. Be a trout bum if you want, I won't judge.

So I hope these new millennial anglers, if they really exists outside the lines of The New York Times, will join us in a lifetime of conservation, fellowship and happiness. I imagine some will let dust gather on their rods before they even darken the cork of the handle.

That's okay with me. If there is peace and reflection on the water, everyone wins.

And here's a small tale from just a few months before the Times story appeared. Some downtown Toronto design-company guys, young people I would have stacked away as trendy urbanites, invited me onto their fly-fishing podcast, So Fly. These boys are millennial Canada: smart, racially diverse, funny.

They also fish like masters. They don't need the imprimatur of The New York Times, or me, or anybody else. They just love to fish.

Amen.

Listen, think, gear up and get wading. That's all, and that's everything.

Associated Graphic

Salmon flies from the book Favorite Flies and Their Histories by Mary Orvis Marbury, 1892 PUBLIC DOMAIN


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Northern Ontario's turtle tussle pits scientists against quarry builders
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Threatened species caught in the middle of conflict that is testing province's new policy on endangered wildlife protection
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By IVAN SEMENIUK
  
  

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Monday, November 4, 2019 – Page A1

To her colleagues, Gabriella Zagorski is the "turtle whisperer."

In the wetlands of Northern Ontario, she can approach a turtle with such stealth that it won't see her coming. "If you move really slowly, then they think you're a tree or something," said the 24-year-old field biologist. "It can take up to an hour sometimes."

Ms. Zagorski's patience paid off two years ago when she was working on her master's degree at Laurentian University in Sudbury and began looking for Blanding's turtles - a rare and globally endangered species - in a soggy pocket of provincial Crown land about 150 kilometres west of the city. Over two summers, she and her teammates found 56 Blanding's turtles concentrated in an area that measures about three kilometres across. The unexpected find makes the site one of the richest and most densely populated refuges for the species ever found in Canada.

Now, Ms. Zagorski's turtles are caught in a showdown between a company that is seeking to turn the site into a quarry and local residents who oppose the project. The dispute has divided the township of North Shore, a picturesque stretch of rocky inlets and forested wetlands along the northern rim of Lake Huron where Ms. Zagorski's study site is located.

This week, North Shore's municipal council is expected to ratify a 3-2 vote to rezone the area for mineral extraction. If the rezoning is approved, it will be up to the province to say whether the quarry can go forward.

The decision will become an early test of how species protection in Ontario is likely to be conducted under new legislation passed by Ontario Premier Doug Ford's government last June.

Inthemeantime,thebrewingcontroversyhas already taken some strange turns, including one last year when Ms. Zagorski and her supervisor, biologistandprofessorJacquelineLitzgus,found themselvesaccusedoffalsifyingtheirdataabout turtles at the site.

Those charges were levelled by a consulting firmthatwashiredtoconductanenvironmental assessment of the site on behalf of the quarry company. In a letter to Laurentian's vice-presidentofresearch,thecompanywrotethatthescientistshadcommittedresearchmisconductand askedtheuniversitytoinvestigate.Theletterwas copiedtomunicipalandprovincialofficialsconnected to the approval process for the quarry.

The university determined the complaint to be without merit and did not launch a misconduct investigation. Dr. Litzgus, a long-time faculty member who is known for her work in turtle ecology, saw the broadside as an attempt to undercut the scientists' credibility with decision makers."It'smind-bogglingtomethatthiscould have happened," she said. "Researchers shouldn't be attacked for collecting data that mightprotectaspeciesatriskinaccordancewith the law."

Without naming their accusers, the scientists included mention of a "defaming attack" when theypublishedtheirfindingsinOctober'sedition ofresearchjournalGlobalEcologyandConservation.Theynotedthat"afterseveralexchangesbetween lawyers, a letter of apology and a retraction of the accusations was received from the consultant."

Public documents obtained by The Globe and MailshowthatTullochEngineeringwastheconsulting firm that made the allegations in March, 2018, on behalf of the quarry company, Darien Aggregates, and its majority owner, Rankin Construction Inc. of St. Catharines, Ont.

The matter is playing out against a shifting landscape of provincial regulations.

Under Ontario's Endangered Species Act, proponentsofaprojectthatcouldnegativelyaffecta listed species can apply for an "overall benefit permit." To obtain such a permit, the proponent must take specific actions that helps the species elsewhere to an extent that outweighs any

negative effects the project might cause.

This year, the Ford government amended the act to provide another way for a project to get a green light. In principle, the change would allow the quarry to proceed as long as the company contributes money to a provincial conservation fund-anapproachthatcriticshavedubbed"pay asyouslay." Conservationgroupssaythechange has dangerously weakened Ontario's species laws.

"We are concerned that it will make the act nothing more than a paper exercise that doesn't actually protect species," said Josh Ginsberg, directoroftheEcojusticeenvironmentallawclinic at the University of Ottawa.

RhondaKirby,aNorthShoreresidentwhoopposesthequarry,saidsheisamongthosepreparing to challenge the council's intentions to rezone the site. She has launched an advocacy group, the North Shore Environment Resource Advocates, and a GoFundMe campaign to raise money for legal costs.

Ms.KirbyandherhusbandwerenamedinTulloch's letter of complaint in part because their propertybecameastagingareaforthescientists, which the consulting firm argued was a conflict of interest. Ms. Kirby said the support they provided had no bearing on the scientists' results andthatTulloch'scomplaintwasallaboutsilencing independent information about the site. "It was a schoolyard-bullying tactic to get the researchers to back off," she said.

Tullochhassincereferredquestionsaboutthe letter to Rankin Construction.

TomRankin,thecompany'schiefexecutiveofficer, who was also a signatory to the letter of complaint, dismissed the Laurentian study, which he said offered no new information. He added that the placement of the quarry would not affect the turtles.

"There's enough land that we don't have to touch their habitat," he said.

In an interview with The Globe, Mr. Rankin reiterated one of the letter's claims that the Laurentian study was biased because one its co-authors,DouglasBorehamoftheNorthernOntario SchoolofMedicine,isalsoaNorthShoreresident who opposes the project.

Dr.Litzguscounteredthatthestudydatawere collected using well-established protocols - the samethatshehasappliedforyearsatstudysites across the province. In their study, the scientists notedthatTulloch'srelationshiptoitsclientputs itinaperceivedconflictofinterestthatmayprevent it from presenting an accurate portrayal of endangered species at the site.

That dynamic is a familiar one in Canada, where companies seeking approval for projects are typically the ones who underwrite assessments, forcing consultants to walk a fine line betweentheirclients'interestsandenvironmental regulators.

Dr.Litzgussaidhergroup'sstudywasconducted with far more rigour and transparency than Tulloch'sassessment,whichyieldedahandfulof Blanding's turtles. And, contrary to the company's claim, it demonstrates there is an abundant population at the site that overlaps with and would be adversely affected by the quarry, she said.

Known for their boxy shells and bright yellow chins, Blanding's turtles once ranged widely across the Great Lakes region and U.S. Midwest.

Asagricultureandurbanizationhavesteadilyreduced their habitat, their numbers have declined.

Although they can live more than 75 years, theyareslowtomatureandtheireggs,whichfemales deposit and bury in loose soil, are frequentlydevouredbypredators.Thespeciesrelies on females surviving over many years to maintain a stable population. Studies suggest that road kills have played a particularly devastating role in reducing that population over the years.

Ms. Zagorski, who returned to the site in Septembertoretrievetransmittersshehadplacedon some of the turtles to track their movements, said the discovery of so many members of the species in one location underscores the importance of the habitat, even though it lies on the northern fringe of the turtles' traditional range.

"Thispopulationisagoodindicatorofwhatan untouchedareaalongtheCanadianShieldwould looklike,becauseit'sneverfaceddifficultieslike roadsandhabitatdestruction,"Ms.Zagorskisaid.

She added that northern wetlands are poised to become even more important for the threatened species as its range is affected by climate change.

Dr. Litzgus said she first learned of the site in the fall of 2016, when Ms. Kirby's son contacted hertoaskquestionsabouttheturtlesthere.Afew monthslater,Dr.BorehamranintoDr.Litzgusat an academic meeting and asked if she would be interested in investigating the site.

The suggestion turned into a project for Ms.

Zagorski,whichDr.Litzgussawasanopportunity to inform plans for mitigating the quarry's impact on local turtles and test their effectiveness.SheofferedtopartnerwithTulloch,writing in an e-mail that the project would help Darien satisfyrequirementsforanoverallbenefitpermit whileensuringthebestprotectionfortheturtles and their habitats. The consulting firm was receptive at first, but that was before anyone realizedjusthowmanyBlanding'sturtlesMs.Zagorski would find.

TherevelationcameasDarienwasworkingto persuade the township to support the development of a quarry for trap rock, a fine-grained stonethatisusedinbuildingroads.Theeffortincluded flying everyone on the five-member municipal council to the Niagara region to visit a quarry Darien operates there. The company has said a new quarry in North Shore could bring 20 to 25 jobs to the community when it is operating at full capacity.

Gary Gamble, a councillor who voted against rezoning,saidhewasnotpersuadedbythecompany'scasebecausehesaidmostnewrevenuein the community is now tied to retirees who are building homes on the waterfront.

"Economically,Ithinkaquarrywouldbedetrimental to that," he said.

Ms. Kirby said she is concerned that the council is underplaying the environmental consequencestheprojectwouldhave,addingthatTulloch's responses to questions about how they wouldreducethatimpacthavebeentakenatface value.

"Councilseemstothinkthat[theconsultants] have answered all the questions but they're not taking all the research into account," she said.

And while the Laurentian study is now published and available to decision makers, it's not clear how that evidence will be weighed at the provincial level.

Ms. Zagorski, who is now based at the Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton, recalled that when Dr. Litzgus first approached her about the project,herinitialreactionwastosay:"Youmean I'm going to spend two years studying these turtles and then they're all going to die?" Now, she sighs, "I just hope my data will help people make an informed decision."

Associated Graphic

'Turtle whisperer' Gabriella Zagorski, left, and field technician Shannon Millar wade through the wetlands of Northern Ontario with a Blanding's turtle.

GINO DONATO/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Ms. Zagorski, left, Ms. Van Den Diepstraten, centre, and Ms. Millar, prepare to search a wetland area in Northern Ontario for turtles. Ms. Zagorski says the wetlands are poised to become even more important for Blanding's turtles as their range is affected by climate change.

Ms. Zagorski had originally offered to partner with consulting firm Tulloch Engineering to help quarry company Darien Aggregates satisfy requirements for an overall benefit permit while ensuring the protection of the turtles and their habitats.

Master's student Gabriella Zagorski along with field technicians Shannon Millar, centre, and Heather Van Den Diepstraten search for Blanding's turtles in Northern Ontario. They found 56 of the globally endangered species over two years in a densely populated three-kilometre stretch that is now a proposed quarry site. PHOTOS BY GINO DONATO/ THE GLOBE AND MAIL

Blanding's turtles once ranged widely across the Great Lakes region and U.S. Midwest, but increasing agriculture and urbanization have caused their numbers to decline.


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CANADIAN AIRMAN HELPED LAUNCH THE GREAT ESCAPE
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While detained in a POW camp during the Second World War, he was responsible for making sure guards didn't discover the tunnels, and covertly getting rid of dirt from the digging
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By FRED LANGAN
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page B23

In the make-believe world of the 1963 film The Great Escape, Steve McQueen played a heroic baseball-playing American. While the story of the mass escape from a prisoner of war camp during the Second World War is true, that character never existed at the North Compound of Stalag Luft III. In real life, Canadian officer Bill Paton was the star pitcher on the baseball team at the POW camp, and while the Germans watched them play, the prisoners secretly scattered earth from the tunnels on the ball field.

Flight Lieutenant Bill Paton, who died in Toronto on Oct. 25 at the age of 101, was one of the last Canadian survivors of the Great Escape. The RCAF officer was not one of the 80 men who made it out through the tunnel in the largest Allied prison break in the war. Only three of the escapees, two Norwegians and a Dutch airman made it out of occupied Europe; the rest were recaptured.

The Great Escape infuriated Hitler, and he ordered the survivors shot; 50 of them were murdered, six of them Canadian.

There were about 800 Canadians at the camp, and all of them were members of the Escape Committee. Anyone who signed up for sports, baseball, hockey or even boxing, was automatically a member. Sporting events distracted the German guards, who loved watching Canadians play sports, especially boxing.

The Great Escape was 11 months in the planning.

The camp was for captured Allied airmen, mostly British, Canadian and from other Commonwealth countries, along with a few Americans and those of other nationalities. It was operated by the Luftwaffe, the German air force, near Sagan in Silesia, in what was then the southeastern part of Germany; today it is Zagan in Poland.

Ted Barris, a Canadian author who wrote the bestselling book The Great Escape: A Canadian Story, says the Allied airmen were treated relatively well in the camp, in part because the head of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Goering had been a pilot in the First World War.

That gave them the limited freedom they needed to carry out the construction of the escape tunnels. Baseball and other sports were part of the ruse.

"Since plenty of the officers had played international or professional sports, including ... Phil Marchildon and Bill Paton, the sports grounds at the North Compound buzzed with tournaments," Mr. Barris wrote. "But beneath that veneer remained a secret society of officers - about a third of whom were Canadian - intent on breaking out of the camp."

William Edgar Paton (pronounced PAY-ton) was born in Toronto on July 27, 1918. His father, James, was a printer who specialized in calendars; his mother, the former Josephine Beeny, was a housewife. He grew up on Bastedo Avenue in the east end of Toronto.

At Riverdale High School, Bill Paton was a star pitcher on the baseball team and after graduating he played for semi-professional teams.

"He played semi-pro in the Beaches [a Toronto neighbourhood]. He played there before and after the war," his son John says.

Mr. Paton joined the Royal Canadian Air Force in August of 1941.

Like many volunteers, he wanted to be a pilot, but when the RCAF discovered he was a math whiz, they suggested he become a navigator, since having a quick mind with numbers was essential in plotting flights between England and occupied Europe.

After training in Western Canada, under the Commonwealth Air Training Scheme, Flight Sergeant Paton was sent to England, where he was assigned to 431 Squadron, flying Wellington bombers out of Yorkshire. The Wellington was a twin-engine aircraft, and it was relatively slow compared with the four-engine "heavy" bombers, the Halifax and the Lancaster, which were just arriving in service for Bomber Command.

By the time of his seventh mission, he was a Pilot Officer, the lowest commissioned rank in the RCAF. On the night of April 16, 1943, his Wellington took off from the field in Burn, Yorkshire. It was shot down over Hochspeyer in Rhineland, in the west of Germany. The tail gunner was killed, and the five crew members who survived were taken as prisoners of war.

Plt. Off. Paton landed in a tree and injured his hips, which would bother him for the rest of his life.

His immediate problem was an angry German woman whose son had been killed in an Allied bombing raid. She tried to stab the Canadian officer with a pitchfork as he hung by his parachute in the tree. The injuries on his face from landing in the tree can be seen clearly in the photo on his prisoner of war ID card.

Plt. Off. Paton spent 25 months in detention as a prisoner of war.

For almost a year, he and the other inmates worked on an elaborate escape plan. The tunnels were known as Tom, Dick and Harry.

Some of the prisoners worked digging tunnels, others including Plt.

Off. Paton were called "stooges," charged with security, making sure the tunnels were not discovered. The guards looking for signs of escape were known as "ferrets."

"The stooges were beating the ferrets at their own game," Ted Barris wrote. The camp commandant suspected a breakout was coming but did not know how or when.

Then there were "penguins," whose job it was to disperse the dirt. Plt. Off. Paton was also a penguin, finding ingenious ways of dumping it.

"The biggest problem they had was getting rid of the dirt from the tunnels. They used to have these pants that had pockets, and they would release the earth. Which is why they started playing baseball and football as a way to get rid of the earth on the fields without the Germans really noticing," says his son John, who spent seven years putting together a book on his father's war experiences. "I spoke to people in Austria and Poland. One [German] historian, Uwe Benkel, did quite a bit of research on Dad.

He even found parts of the plane.

We still communicate back and forth."

On the night of March 24, 1944, men dressed in civilian disguises, with false identification papers made by a Canadian forger, started to leave through the narrow tunnel. They came out on the other side of the wire. Eighty of them made it out into the woods that surrounded the camp before the escape was discovered. Four were captured right away at the tunnel exit. All but three were captured, and 50 were murdered on direct orders from Adolf Hitler, their bodies cremated and buried outside the camp.

As the Soviet Red Army closed in on Germany, the prisoners were marched out of the camp in late January, 1945. On Feb. 4, 3,000 prisoners from Stalag Luft III arrived at another camp in Marlag in the west of Germany. British troops liberated Plt. Off. Paton and others just weeks before the end of the war.

"He had to go back to England for a medical checkup and debriefing before he could come home," his son said. By the time he arrived in England he had been promoted to Flight Lieutenant, the equivalent of Captain in the Army.

After the war, he returned to work at Canada Life, where he became the manager of mortgage services and was a star on the company baseball team. He married Marie Russell in 1948.

Flt. Lt. Paton continued to be a semi-professional pitcher and was hired by local teams. His son John remembers him planning the family vacation around his baseball games. The family would go to Orillia in time for an annual baseball tournament at Couchiching Park.

"Every morning at the cottage, he would practise pitching, and I would catch. Then he went to the tournament, dressed completely in black, and teams would come up and offer him money to play for them," John Paton said.

Flt. Lt. Paton retired when he was 63, and he and his wife spent winters in Florida, in a community called Maple Leaf Estates. Always a great athlete, he took up golf. When he was in his early 80s he "shot his age," that is, he recorded 80 strokes in an 18-hole game, considered quite an achievement. He scored five holes-in-one.

He was alert until the end of his life, though his wartime hip injury caused him to be in a wheelchair for the last few years.

Flt. Lt. Paton leaves his wife, Marie; their children, John, Gordon and Beverley; and six grandchildren.

Associated Graphic

Pilot Officer Bill Paton - back row, third from left - a Second World War veteran who took part in the Great Escape, was a member of the baseball team at the Nazi POW camp Stalag Luft III. Sports were played at the camp to distract guards from the prisoners' escape plans.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE FAMILY

Plt. Off. Paton, who spent 25 months in detention, was liberated by British troops along with other surviving prisoners shortly before the end of the war.


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Growing pains in the Fraser Valley
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Home buyers seeking affordability are driving a development boom in one of the fastest-growing suburbs in Canada, but some residents are concerned about the township's ability to handle the influx
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By FRANCES BULA
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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Page H5

VANCOUVER -- Thirty years ago, a big chunk of undeveloped land in Langley, B.C. would have meant one thing to Kent Sillars: hectares of single-family homes.

That's what people wanted when they moved to this oncerural Fraser Valley community, about an hour's drive east of Vancouver. And it was what his company, Vesta Properties, started by building.

This year, Mr. Sillars's company is finishing the construction of a very different kind of project on the 30 hectares of land it owns next to 200th Street in Langley's Willoughby neighbourhood.

There will be only 73 stand -alone houses among the 2,000 homes in the development, which is being renamed Latimer Heights. The other 1,927 units will be townhouses, duplexes, rowhouses and condos. There will also be some office space mixed in and a "main street" filled with, Mr. Sillars says, European-style shops that will complement what he calls a Parisian style of building.

"Single-family is no longer the staple of housing for the Fraser Valley," Vesta's president says.

"The townhouse is the new single-family."

But it's not just the form of housing that's different. It's the style of the neighbourhood, which Mr. Sillars repeatedly calls an urban village: a place where those living in the condos and townhouses can go to a butcher or a dentist within walking distance or hike along trails around the manufactured pond instead of having to get into a car for absolutely everything.

It's a style that is has been increasingly popular since the early 1980s, ever since a new wave of community planning, called the New Urbanism, favoured the idea of recreating small-town-style neighbourhoods in built-fromnothing subdivisions.

Cities such as Vancouver have created new developments, including Olympic Village, along those lines, and one decade-old project in central Surrey was officially labelled an urban village.

The region's two main universities have also tried to create a small-town, main-street feel in the massive developments they've allowed on their land.

Latimer Heights will be the biggest and most rurally located of anything in that genre in the Lower Mainland.

It's also part of a general trend in region that has seen builders move more and more to multifamily rather than single-family developments.

In the 15 years between the 2001 and 2016 censuses, there were only 800 new stand-alone houses added to the township of Langley, but almost 10,000 "ground-oriented" other types of housing and more than 2,000 apartments.

For younger people looking for affordable homes in an increasingly costly region, the new style is welcomed.

Tom and Kerrin Baxter, 29 and 30 respectively, will be moving this January from Kerrin's parents' basement in Walnut Grove to one of the corner, three-bedroom townhouses in the development at the relatively modest price (for the Lower Mainland) of $630,000 - half what a single-family house would cost there.

For Mr. Baxter, who grew up in a real, not manufactured, village in England's West Sussex, the concept of Latimer Heights was appealing. And it was the right price.

"We don't want to be house poor. We love to travel. This was just more sensible," said Mr. Baxter, a registered massage therapist and personal trainer working in the next-door suburb of Surrey.

But he also worries about the rapid pace of development, bringing traffic congestion and massive transformations of the landscape, that he sees all around him, even though he is inevitably part of it.

"Even in the eight years I've been here, there's been incredible change," he said.

That's something that many residents, both old and new, are worrying about in Langley.

The township, a large municipality that is separate from the smaller and historic city of Langley it surrounds, is one of the fastest-growing suburbs in Canada With a 12.6-per-cent increase between 2011 and 2016, when its population reached 117,000, it grew as quickly as Calgary, the country's fastest-growing large metro.

It expanded even more than suburban Surrey, often seen as the growth capital of southern B.C.

A decade ago, the big growth area in Langley was Walnut Grove, north of the Trans-Canada Highway that cuts through the township. Now it's Willoughby, south of the freeway, where only 40 per cent of the land planned for development has been built, including Latimer Heights, with another 60 per cent still to come.

And an area called Brookswood, a more typical single-family area even further south, is due for rezoning soon.

The construction boom is unlikely to abate, given that house prices in central Vancouver have only receded a little and that Langley is supposed to be getting a SkyTrain rapid-transit line at some point in the next decade, connecting it to the rest of the region in a way that the current bus system doesn't.

But that explosive growth has brought a lot of unhappiness, as the township grapples with a rapidly changing mix of people, adding many younger households to an existing mix of real farmers (75 per cent of the township's land is in B.C.'s famous Agricultural Land Reserve), horsey types and retirees wanting a rural spread, along with traditional families and kids in subdivisions.

The civic election last October saw several councillors elected with a decided not-so-fast attitude to development and a few who came close, such as Michelle Connerty.

"I go to every council meeting and see 753 trees coming down and none of them saved. [The Willoughby area] doesn't have sidewalks or complete roads and a brand-new school there already has 10 portables on it," said Ms.

Connerty, who has lived with her husband and three children in Brookswood for about eight years.

She says Latimer Heights is one of the better-planned developments - "people I talk to who really know real estate think it's a great idea" - but that doesn't make up for the fact that the township is drowning in its own growth.

One new councillor who swept in with the second-highest number of votes, Eric Woodward, campaigned specifically on trying to come up with a more coherent approach.

"We allow development on any property in Willoughby, with no co-ordination or phasing, no infrastructure." Both he and Ms.

Connerty say the township is not asking developers for enough in contributions to help pay for needed community services, including roads and parks. They also say development needs to be slowed down until schools are built.

A sign of how divisive the rapid pace of development has become is that several councillors and the mayor were criticized this week when it was made public that they accepted personal contributions from several prominent developers (including relatively small amounts from Vesta) who have had projects approved in the township the past four years.

One former mayor, Rick Green, said he believes everything the council voted on should be reversed and new votes held where council members recuse themselves if necessary.

But Mayor Jack Froese says the criticisms are ill-informed.

"I find it kind of preposterous that they think $1,000 influences my decision." (A legal opinion he said he had just received on Monday specified that a donation is a violation of the law if a council candidate makes a specific promise to a contributor for something in return.)

Mr. Froese said he is unabashedly pro-development, for a good reason.

People are moving to Langley in droves and they need housing as fast as it can be built.

He acknowledged that, when development goes at the pace it does in Langley, there are problems. The roads, schools and parks don't keep up at first.

But, he said, if the township financed those up front, that would be hard on local taxpayers.

So, the township waits for developers to provide their contributions as projects roll out.

Langley township ran into some trouble in the last recession, edging toward bankruptcy, when it financed a lot of the infrastructure for the then-developing area of Walnut Grove and had to carry it for much longer than anticipated because of the housing crash.

So the mayor continues to say the way development is proceeding in the township is happening the most fiscally prudent way, even if it means short-term discomfort.

"There's always the growing pains. But the developments like Vesta are important to house the people we know are coming. If you slow development down, all we do is increase the price of housing."

Associated Graphic

Latimer Heights will be a mix of townhouses, duplexes, rowhouses and condos, with only 73 stand-alone houses among the development.

Vesta Properties is building a 2,000-unit development in Langley, B.C., called Latimer Heights, a rendering of which is seen above.

IMAGES COURTESY OF VESTA PROPERTIES


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After 75 years, a French village liberated by Canadians still feels true patriot love
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A Canadian soldier's return to France decades after the war forged a fresh bond between his family and the community he helped free from Nazi occupation - a bond still honoured today
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By TU THANH HA
  
  

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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Page A8

L ike many in his generation who fought in the Second World War, Keith Crummer didn't share much with his family after he returned to Canada in May, 1945, having seen action as an infantry officer in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

"My father never talked about it. Never, never, ever, ever talked about it," his eldest daughter, Diane Teetzel, recalled - although she once saw him in the basement watching the movie adaption of The Longest Day, the bestseller about the Normandy landing. "Tears were rolling down his face. I just shut the door and let him be."

Then, a trip 45 years ago to France brought Mr.

Crummer back to Criquebeuf-sur-Seine, a Norman village his regiment liberated in 1944. The Canadian soldiers had arrived just after the Germans nearly executed 63 local hostages.

When Mr. Crummer visited in 1974, he showed up unannounced. However, "word got around that my father was there and the mayor at the time came to him ... and they had a big celebration," Ms. Teetzel said.

Criquebeuf's mayor later sent a letter, thanking Mr. Crummer. "You and your brave soldiers have left an enduring memory and friendship in all our hearts," it said.

Ms. Teetzel said her father was "flabbergasted, absolutely flabbergasted" by the villagers' kindness.

r, Although Mr. Crummer has since died, his name still resonates in Criquebeuf decades later, and a deep friendship now bonds the locals and his family.

Tucked against a tributary of the Seine River, Criquebeuf is a small community off the beaten path in Normandy. Visitors who make the 90-minute drive from Paris enter through a street still lined by old stone houses, Rue des Canadiens.

Then, past the town square, named Hostages Place, sits a bridge that in August was renamed after Mr. Crummer.

Two weeks ago, friends from Criquebeuf visited Ms. Teetzel in Chatham, Ont. Her family greeted them at the train station with a French flag. It was a gesture mirroring the hospitality she received when she went to Criquebeuf this summer and witnessed the renaming of the bridge to honour her father's memory.

"We've become a big family. ... It's a beautiful friendship," said Marie-Josée Heitz, one of the three Criquebeuf residents visiting Ms. Teetzel.

Mr. Crummer was a 28-year-old employee at Chatham's Union Gas Ltd. when he enlisted as a private at the start of the war in 1939. He was commissioned as an officer and, by 1944, was a major with D company of the Lincoln and Welland regiment. They landed in France at the end of July, as Canadian and British soldiers still laboured to break out of the bridgeheads they established on D-Day, June 6. The regiment struggled in its first offensive operations. But within weeks, the bulk of the German military in Normandy had been surrounded and defeated in the battle of the Falaise Pocket and the Allies rushed toward the Seine and Paris.

"Am in a little French house close to the road where our army is tearing by at a great pace," Mr.

Crummer wrote in one letter to his wife, Frances.

"We have been going night and day as you will have heard by now. The enemy is on the run burning his bridges behind him. We are not missing his convoys, passed through one the other night which stretched for at least 15 miles, every vehicle was destroyed, words cannot express the destruction." On Aug. 24, the Lincoln and Welland moved within 30 kilometres of the Seine, though muddy grounds and blown-up bridges slowed their advance. In Criquebeuf, meanwhile, the villagers were in danger.

Germans retreating by the village believed a local resident had wounded one of their soldiers.

They rounded up 63 men into a church and prepared to execute them. It was no idle threat. In three occasions that summer, the Germans massacred hundreds of civilians in retaliation against the French Resistance. They hanged 99 men in the town of Tulle and deported another 149 to concentration camps. The following day, they killed 642 at Oradour-sur-Glane, then destroyed the village. The day after the Criquebeuf round-up, the Germans slaughtered 124 residents of the township of Maillé.

In Criquebeuf, Simonne Roman, who was then 13, remembered that the villagers came to ask her mother, Anne Fleck, to intercede. Ms. Fleck worked as a custodian for a wealthy Paris family that kept a summer mansion in the village. She spoke German because she was from Lorraine, a border area claimed by Germany. Ms. Roman said her mother arrived as the Germans were setting up machine guns and grenades to execute the hostages. For 45 minutes, Ms. Fleck pleaded with the officer in charge. She told him the villagers had never created problems before. "Maybe you have children," she said, reminding the officer that both he and the villagers had children waiting at home.

Eventually, the officer told his men to leave the hostages and move on because the Allies were approaching. Ms. Roman remembered her mother returning to the mansion. "She was so relieved but very stressed, the poor dear."

Two days later, according to the regimental diary, the first elements of the Lincoln and Welland entered the village. The Germans were still shelling the area. The Canadians fired back with their own artillery.

Taking an abandoned boat, soldiers under Mr.

Crummer's command used shovels as paddles to reach the other bank of the Seine. "My company was the first Canadian troops to cross the Seine and stayed over all night," the major later wrote home. They held on to their bridgehead on the far bank without reinforcement for 12 hours, despite shellfire and some street fighting when a convoy of enemy vehicles passed by around midnight, Canadian military records say.

In the following weeks and months, the Lincoln and Welland faced more bitter fighting, in the canals of Flanders and the ice and mud of the Dutch island of Kapelsche Veer, in the winter of 1945. Mr.

Crummer was wounded, then returned to Chatham to be a manager at Union Gas.

His wife had French relatives and friends. In 1974, they visited Georgette Testard, a Parisian cousin who had a holiday home in Elbeuf, eight kilometres from Criquebeuf. So Mr. Crummer decided to drop by the village.

Mr. Crummer died in 1990. In the summer of 2014, Ms. Teetzel saw there were many events in France marking the 70th anniversary of the Normandy campaign. She looked at the letter from Criquebeuf and wondered if the village had organized anything.

She found the town hall's phone number and tried to get through in her best French. They con-

nected her with Ms. Heitz's son-in-law, Damien Bellière, a municipal councillor who informed her that the village's celebration was scheduled to begin within days.

On short notice, Ms. Teetzel and one of her sisters, Joan Crummer-Rolland, flew to France, where they were greeted at Roissy airport by Mr. Bellière and his brother-in-law, grinning and holding up a large Canadian flag. "Joanie and I, we just knew this was going to be the most incredible four days of our lives."

But that was only a start, because five years later, in August, it was now 29 members of the Crummer family who were able to make it for Criquebeuf's 75th anniversary celebration.

They met Ms. Roman, daughter of Ms. Fleck, who had saved the hostages, and agreed that her mother was a hero who deserved a medal.

There were fireworks. Bells tolled. Re-enactors wore vintage uniforms. Large banners with Mr.

Crummer's photo and the Lincoln and Welland regimental badge adorned the town square.

In an interview, Ms. Heitz's daughter Bonny said it was important that Criquebeuf's children could put a face to their Canadian liberators, a concrete reminder why their village still existed rather than be like Oradour-sur-Glane - never rebuilt and now a haunting memorial of Nazi atrocities.

Mr. Crummer, she said, represents "my village's freedom. ... He was someone who crossed the Atlantic to risk his life for our country. They were men who enlisted to free a land that wasn't even theirs."

Associated Graphic

Below: Major Keith Crummer, at right, is seen during a military exercise in Canada before he was sent overseas.

Top: Criqueboef as it appears today. Above: What the village looked like in 1958.

ABOVE: PHYLIPPE DETOISIEN

Below: Criquebeuf has renamed a bridge after Keith Crummer. Here, a Canadian flag hangs beside the plaque erected in his honour.

DAMIEN BELLI

Criquebeufsur-Seine holds a celebration In August, 2019, to mark 75 years since it was liberated by Canadian troops.

DAMIEN BELLI


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The healing power of the war-vet play Soldier On
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page R1

I n the spring of 2011, Cassidy Little, a medic with Britain's Royal Marine Commandos, was on patrol in Afghanistan's Helmand province when a hidden explosive blew apart one of his legs and left him riddled with injuries.

"I lost my leg below the knee on the right side," Canadianborn Little says.

"I have a massive skin graft and some nerve damage up my left side and I'm missing another chunk on the upper part of my right leg. I had a double fracture to my pelvis, a mild brain injury and a semi-detached retina in my left eye. And as a result of all this trauma, I now have type 1 diabetes."

Bearded and relaxed, Little is totting up his wounds while cheerfully sipping beer during a Skype call from Zante, Greece. He jokes that his wife has forced him "at gunpoint" to take a family holiday before he begins his next tour of duty.

That tour is a theatrical one.

He's headed back to Toronto this month to perform in Soldier On, a new British play by and about war veterans that runs at the Baillie (formerly Berkeley Street) Theatre.

Toronto already knows Little from The Two Worlds of Charlie F., a previous British show involving vets that Mirvish Productions brought to the Princess of Wales Theatre in 2014. It was a remarkably candid and surprisingly lively mix of drama, black comedy and song and dance, in which Little played the lead role.

"It was pretty exciting," he recalls of that gig, but also a bit overwhelming. Although he'd done some acting in his native Newfoundland prior to joining the Royal Marines, Little had never fronted a major production before. "I was like a deer in the headlights," he admits. "This time, I'm coming back with a lot more experience." Thanks to Charlie F., his career has since taken off across the pond, with roles in feature films and TV series and a winning stint on Strictly Come Dancing, the original British version of Dancing with the Stars.

"He's a bit of a celebrity over there," says Thomas Craig, nursing his own preferred poison, a gin and tonic, at a favourite pub in Toronto's Beaches neighbourhood. "He just did Corrie [the venerable British soap Coronation Street] last year." The Yorkshireborn Craig, best known as crusty Inspector Brackenreid on CBC Television's long-running Murdoch Mysteries, co-stars with Little in Soldier On.

You could say Little is a "poster veteran" for successful reintegration into civilian life. His way back was through the theatre. He was still recuperating from his injuries at the British military's Headley Court rehabilitation centre in the English countryside when he was cast in Charlie F. Like that production, Soldier On is part of an effort not simply to spotlight talented vets, but to use theatre as a means of healing.

Soldier On, in fact, is a piece of meta-theatre about vets putting on a play about vets, revealing how the creative process helps them deal with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Jonathan Lewis, its playwright and director, says it was inspired by his experience creating a play with the military community in Plymouth, England.

Psychologists have found that creating narratives about trauma is a way to compartmentalize and manage it, Lewis notes. "It's not a cure, but it helps in the process of building self-awareness and letting go of the pain and damage," he says during a phone interview from London. "It helps you rebuild. But it also does the same thing for the audience - it provides a catharsis."

Not that the play is all heavygoing. Lewis adds that it's full of humour, music and dancing. "It's been called the military Full Monty," he says.

The show is produced by Amanda Faber, one of Charlie F.'s co-producers, and the non-profit Soldiers' Arts Academy. It premiered in early 2018 with a tour of Britain, followed by a five-week run last fall in London at Andrew Lloyd Webber's off-West End venue, The Other Palace. "We've been getting these incredible standing ovations wherever we do it," Lewis says. "It's been thrilling to be a part of it." A Canadian military vet, tech entrepreneur Roland Gossage, saw the play in London and decided to bankroll a Toronto remount.

"It addresses PTSD in a way I'd never seen before," he says. The 16-member cast is a mix of vets and professional actors.

The production playing the Baillie will feature members of the original British company - including Little and Craig - as well as some Canadian actors new to the show: Merle Newell, Janaya Stephens and singer-actor Scotty Newlands, who has an armed forces background as well.

Craig, who lives in London when not shooting Murdoch Mysteries, says the vets are essential to the ensemble - and not just ones such as Little who having acting experience. "Even the guys who've never been onstage before bring a quality to the play that you wouldn't get if it was just entirely professional actors," he says.

"You'd miss that reality that they bring to it. You know that they've lived what they're talking about."

Little portrays a vet named Woody, whose clownish behaviour hides a seething anger and resentment. "He did a lot for his country and he feels he didn't get anything in return," Little explains. He understands that anger himself. "Early days, when I still had tubes and metal bits sticking out of me, I was angry," he recalls.

"If you're expecting a long career in the military and that's shortened by a very large explosion, it's natural to feel that way, and maybe to feel a little sorry for yourself, too."

Today, he counts his blessings - a supportive family, a burgeoning career - and his incredible luck.

Three other men, two fellow Royal Marines and an Afghan interpreter, didn't survive the blast that took off his leg.

When Charlie F. played Toronto five years ago, Canada was just wrapping up its military involvement in Afghanistan and the after-effects of war were on the public mind. Lewis knows that's not the case now, either here or in Britain.

"When the body bags aren't coming back and it's not making headlines, people tend to forget about [a war]," he says. "But of course, the guys who fought in it are still suffering. Our rates of suicide in the military and among the ex-military are out of control."

In Canada, the story is the same.

Although there are no official statistics, an investigation by The Globe and Mail revealed that, as of 2016, at least 70 Canadian soldiers and vets had died by suicide after serving in Afghanistan. The Canadian military and federal government have since jointly launched a mental-health strategy to combat suicide risk.

Lewis, who attended Britain's Sandhurst officers' academy as a young man, says the traditional stiff-upper-lip culture of the military is part of the problem. "The prevailing attitude is to 'man up' and not complain. That's what we're trying to tackle with this play," he says. "And it's great that we've got people like Cassidy and other veterans involved, because it's giving a green light that it's okay to talk about this."

In Soldier On, the macho attitude is represented by Craig's character, an ex-sergeant major tasked with helping the director of the play-within-the-play. "I start out hating the whole idea of it, thinking it's a waste of time," says the burly actor, whose own military experience is limited to playing many soldiers on stage and screen. "By the end, I want to be in the play. It's quite a character arc!"

The Soldier On squad hope to take the show elsewhere after its Toronto debut. Lewis and Gossage have met with a representative of Arts in the Armed Forces, the charity set up by Hollywood actor Adam Driver, a former U.S.

Marine, with a view to a possible off-Broadway engagement.

Little adds that the play is relevant to more than just a military audience. PTSD can also be experienced by police, paramedics and other "first responders" and by anyone who has undergone significant and disturbing trauma. "Many people can relate to the stories that are being told here."

Soldier On runs Nov. 26 to Dec. 8 at the Marilyn and Charles Baillie (Berkeley Street) Theatre in Toronto.

(canadianstage.com)

Associated Graphic

Cassidy Little, left, and Thomas Craig star in Soldier On, a British play by and about war veterans.

PAUL RANDALL


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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Page B17

DEATHS PATRICIA ALYCE ARCHER May 22, 1922 - November 1, 2019 Patricia passed peacefully at Briton House, Toronto. Pat was the beloved wife of the late Frederick Archer and loving mother of George (Kristine Lee) and Jim (Marcia). She was the proud Gran to Nate, Taggart (Ash) and Tracy (Stephan) and greatgrandmother to Rory and Cameron. We express our thanks to the folks at Briton House and her three angels, Sylvia, Merna and Yvonne, for their wonderful care.

You will be missed.

A service will be held at the Humphrey Funeral Home A.W.

Miles - Newbigging Chapel, 1403 Bayview Avenue (south of Davisville) at 1:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16th.

Reception to follow. If desired, donations in Pat's memory may be made to Leaside United Church or the charity of your choice. Condolences may be forwarded through: http://www.humphreymiles.com.

DIANA DONALD (née Harrower) April 4, 1928 November 9, 2019 Beloved mother of 4 children, who just adored her - Rick, Rob, Nancy and Dynah, grandmother of 9, and great-grandmother of 5, with 2 more on their way.

A friend to so many and cousellor to others. She touched everyone she met.

An extraordinary woman who beat cancer twice, and got her Masters Degree in Physcology at 60. She continued working well into her 80's because she loved helping others. They all remain friends and fans to this day. As well she was an author of 2 childrens books. She was the "block mom" to all her childrens' friends throughout her life. Young or old they sought her out.

Mom, we'll all keep dreaming of the fairies..

Service will be held at: Belvedere Funeral Home, 22025 TransCanada Hwy, Senneville Québec.

11:30 a.m. - 1 p.m.

JOHN BARRY GILBERT MD, FRCP (C) Born November 15, 1934 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, died on November 7, 2019 in Dallas Texas at the age of 84.

Raised in Brockville, Ontario Dr. Gilbert received his postsecondary education at the Royal Military College of Canada and the University of Toronto, graduating from the latter with his MD in 1961. He took post-graduate training in internal medicine and anesthesia at the University of Toronto teaching hospitals and served as a general practitioner in the remote mining town of Manitouwadge, Ontario. In 1967, he held a research fellowship in Anesthesiology at the Tufts New England Medical Center, during which year he passed the examinations to become a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada. He was then appointed to the clinical staff of the Toronto Western Hospital and the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Toronto. He became a diplomate of the American Board of Anesthesiology in 1971. He came to the USA in 1977 to serve as Director of Anesthesia Services at Rush Memorial Hospital in Meridian MS. In 1982 he served on the faculty at Southwestern Medical School and the staff of Parkland Hospital in Dallas TX. He spent the remainder of his career on the staff of Baylor University Medical Center in the private practice of Anesthesiology.

Barry married the love of his life Susan Aileen Phin in 1960. He is survived by his wife Susan, children Diana (Tipton), Kathleen, Julie, John and Stephanie (Heeney), his sons-in-law John Tipton, Timothy Heeney, daughter-inlaw Amy Gilbert, grandchildren Sarah Tipton, Joshua and Benjamin Gilbert.

The service will be held at 3 p.m.

on Thursday, November 14th at the Church of Holy Communion, 17405 Muirfield Drive, Dallas 75287 with a reception to follow in the Parrish Hall.

In lieu of flowers, the family asks that you consider making a donation in Barry's name to the Church of the Holy Communion http://holycommuniondallas.org/, Alzheimer's Association https:// act.alz.org/, or Austin Street Center https://www.austinstreet.org/ BIRGITTE NIELSEN-WORRALL July 12, 1948 November 5, 2019 It is with great sadness the family announces the passing of Birgitte at the age of 71. Beloved wife of the late James Worrall. Loving sister of Hans. Dear step-mother of Anna Jane, Brian, Brenda and Ingrid. Birgitte graduated from the University of Toronto, Victoria College, 1970. She was inducted into the University of Toronto Sports Hall of Fame as a member of the 1968-69 Women's Volleyball Team. Birgitte was a professional freelance photographer and her work was featured in several publications. Funeral Service will be held at Saint Thomas's Anglican Church, 383 Huron Street, Toronto, on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 10:30 a.m.

A reception will follow in the parish hall. If desired, donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

Online condolences available through http://www.turnerporter.ca Life Celebrations by GIUSEPPE PAONESSA Patriarch. Immigrant. Father, grandfather and great-grandfather.

Giuseppe was born in Calabria, Italy in 1927. He was a man of two worlds. He built a home and family in his native Italy, marrying his wife Maria in 1949.

Post-World War II, he was part of the generation of Italians that saw that the prospects for his future descendants laid abroad.

At great personal sacrifice, Giuseppe and Maria uprooted their family and moved to Ontario, Canada; a country where they did not understand the language and had no promises of work. They were the ultimate prospectors, lead by a notion that things may be better in this new country.

With perseverance and hard work, Giuseppe and Maria built a prosperous home for their family and together made a second life for themselves in Canada. Giuseppe died peacefully, at home, with family by his side, on Friday, November 8, 2019, at the age of 91. Beloved husband of Maria for 70 years. Loving father of Rosa.

Proud grandfather of Carlo, Maria and Joseph and great-grandfather to Sofia, Aida and Victor. Giuseppe will be missed. Friends may call at the Turner & Porter "Peel" Chapel, 2180 Hurontario St., Mississauga (Hwy 10 N. of Q.E.W) on Monday, from 2-4 and 6-9 p.m. Funeral Mass will be held at St. Catharine of Siena Catholic Church, 2340 Hurontario St., Mississauga, on Tuesday, November 12, 2019, 9:30 a.m. Interment Glen Oaks Memorial Gardens. For those who wish, donations may be made to Canadian Cancer Society or Lung Association.

Online condolences may be made through http://www.turnerporter.ca ESTHER MARGARET STEKETEE (nee Scott) Passed away peacefully at her place of residence on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

She leaves her stepson, Jim (Jo). Lovingly remembered by her step grandchildren Devin (Leanne), Garrett (Lisa) Sabrina (Johnny), Jackson, Jade, Justin and Vanessa. She is the great-grandmother of Tayler, Jaxon, Aiden, Jacob, Noah, Freya and Amelia. She was preceded by her beloved husband Richard, P. Eng and her stepdaughter Kathey loved and remembered by her daughter-in-law, Patricia Steketee, as well as Janice Kantor, Ann and Dave Parker, Sue and Jack Ward, Tennis Reynolds, her relatives and many friends.

Esther was a graduate of Victoria University and received her Master's Degree at the University of Niagara.

After graduation she was employed by the T. Eaton Company; worked in the executives offices add-on various merchandising areas.

As a result of this experience, Esther later owned and operated a boutique in Niagara on the Lake. In 1961 she entered the teaching profession and spent 13 years as an instructor and Director of Business Education Departments in a variety of locations surrounding the city of Toronto, the Niagara Peninsula, including secondment to the University of Toronto.

Esther was co-author and author of business textbooks, education consultant for a television program on business procedures, served on curriculum committees and conducted workshops on teaching methodology. As the result of Esther's contribution to business education, in 1979 she received the Robert Hillmer Award, an award given each year for an outstanding contribution to business education in the province of Ontario.

Esther was known for her sincere, caring personality, and throughout her career assisted physically and emotionally handicapped children and their pursuit of meaningful and independent lives.

Esther was a member of the Boulevard Club, Burlington and Thornhill Golf and Country. Although time and opportunities were limited, Esther's leisure time included piloting an airplane and skydiving.

Private cremations and burial have taken place.

Donations to a charity of your choice would be appreciated.

BETTY FRANCES PRESCOTT October 23, 1937 to November 10, 2018 Beautiful Betty, You deeply touched all of us with your kindness, compassion and love. We are honoured to have had you in our lives. Greatly missed by: Michael Prescott (husband), Nancy and Jonathan (children), Nancy Nyman (sister), Sally Jordan (best friend) and her many friends across Canada, in Victoria, Nelson, Winnipeg, Toronto, Windsor, Ottawa, Montreal and Nova Scotia. Forever in our hearts, Your Loving Family.


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The tale of TFC's revolving door of 'keepers
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The loss of starter Frei in 2012 and 2013 kicked off a domino effect on Toronto goalies that's continued into 2019
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By NEIL DAVIDSON
THE CANADIAN PRESS
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page S10

SEATTLE -- W ith Quentin Westberg expected to start in Sunday's MLS Cup final, Toronto FC will have used three different goalkeepers in its three trips to the championship game over the past four seasons.

Seattle's Stefan Frei knows all about Toronto's revolving door in goal. He was part of it during his five-year stint north of the border.

Frei will make his third start in four seasons in the championship game, all against Toronto. Clint Irwin, Alex Bono and Westberg will have shared TFC's championship game starting duties over that series.

Toronto drafted the Swiss-born Frei 13th over all in the 2009 MLS SuperDraft, its third first-round selection after midfielder Sam Cronin (second) and Canadian forward O'Brian White (fourth).

After three years as Toronto's starter, Frei lost his job to injury in 2012 and the fine play of Joe Bendik in 2013. That essentially set off a domino effect on TFC goalkeepers that has continued into the 2019 season.

In December, 2013, with Frei's US$200,00 contract expiring, Toronto dealt its onetime vice-captain to Seattle for a conditional draft pick while rewarding Bendik with a new deal.

Frei, who played under seven managers at TFC, was Toronto's all-time leader in appearances across all competitions (99) at the time. Frei has gone on to play more than 30 regular-season games in each of his six seasons with Seattle - 191 matches in total.

Here is a look at the TFC revolving door for 'keepers since Frei's arrival.

2009-11 Frei was the undisputed No. 1, playing 26, 28 and 27 regular-season games respectively. But a deep bruise to the bone by Frei's knee in 2011 opened the door to backup Milos Kocic (who played eight games that season).

2012 One game into the season, Frei broke his left fibula near the knee in a freak training accident - catching his leg in the grass while going after a ball during a wet training game at BMO Field.

Because of the break, a ligament near his ankle was put under stress and ruptured. That, in turn, put pressure on the tibia, which separated slightly from the fibula near the ankle. Frei had surgery to repair the ligament and insert two screws to tighten the two bones.

Frei had started the opening leg of the CONCACAF Champions League quarter-final against the Los Angeles Galaxy but Kocic had played both games since.

Kocic, whose season was complicated by the arrival of triplets late in the season, played 27 regular-season games in 2012. Toronto brought in Bermuda international Freddy Hall on trial with only 17-year-old Quillan as a backup.

Kocic was traded to Portland after the 2012 season, along with forward Ryan Johnson, in exchange for Bendik and the third overall pick in the 2013 SuperDraft (which turned out to be Kyle Bekker) and allocation money.

Toronto had yielded a franchise-worst 62 goals in compiling a league-worst 5-21-8.

2013 A healthy Frei looked forward a new start.

"And it is finally here ... I have been waiting for 2013 since last March. It's going to be a good year," he tweeted But injury struck again. In February during TFC's first preseason game in Florida, Frei got clipped by the boot of Columbus rookie striker Ryan Finley as he dove for a ball.

"Besides a very bent nose at the moment, we don't know," manager Ryan Nelson said of the initial diagnosis.

Frei had surgery in Orlando two days later, returning to practice wearing a protective mask to shield his surgically repaired nose. Bendik took advantage of his opportunity to play.

"Nobody's guaranteed a spot here and everybody understands that," Nelsen said.

Bendik played 33 regular-season games in the 2013 season. Frei played one.

In September, Toronto acquired Chris Konopka from Philadelphia in advance of the league roster freeze in September, all but signalling the end for the more expensive Frei. Bendik and Konopka were both on US$46,500 that season.

Asked if it was fair how he lost his job, Frei replied: "That's a question you're going to have to ask the head coach. He was the one that made that decision.

"I tried to stay professional, tried to work my butt off in training. That was pretty much all I could do. And that's all I'm going to say to that."

As Nelsen liked to say, possession is nine-tenths of the law.

2014 Nelsen threw a curve ball in February by signing 34-year-old Brazilian international Julio Cesar.

The Cesar loan was a marriage of convenience. He had fallen down the depth chart at Queens Park Rangers and needed games to stay on track to start for Brazil and the World Cup. For Nelsen, it was a chance to get a seasoned world-class goalie at a reduced price.

The veteran Brazilian had won five Italian titles, seven Italian cups, the Champions League and the FIFA Club World Cup. He was named Serie A Goalkeeper of the Year twice and nominated for the Ballon d'Or award in 2009.

Bendik took a backseat to the popular Cesar before returning to his No. 1 role in July when the Brazilian left with a unspectacular 34-0 record and two shutouts.

2015 What comes round goes round.

Konopka took over as No. 1 after filling in for Bendik while he was sidelined by a foot injury early in the season. Konopka ended up playing 21 games to Bendik's 13. At the end of the season, Toronto declined Konopka's option and sent Bendik to Orlando City for a conditional draft pick.

"Thank you Toronto for an awesome 3 years!" Bendik tweeted. "It has been consistently entertaining to say the least!"

Toronto had looked to the future by taking Syracuse's Bono sixth overall in 2015 SuperDraft.

2016 In January, Toronto acquired Irwin in a trade from Colorado to further shore up a defence that had given up a league-high 58 goals the previous season.

Irwin, an MLS all-star the previous year, was the fourth significant acquisition for Toronto this off-season after the arrival of centre back Drew Moor from Colorado, right back Steven Beitashour from Vancouver and Canadian midfielder Will Johnson from Portland.

TFC gave up a 2016 third-round draft pick, a conditional 2017 firstrounder and targeted allocation money to get Irwin, who had 25 shutouts in 92 appearances in all competitions for Colorado over the last three seasons.

Irwin made US$97,000 the season before, a cap-friendly amount for a starting 'keeper. But his starting role was interrupted by a quadriceps strain in late June.

In all, Irwin started 19 regularseason games while Bono started 15. Irwin returned for six playoff matches, including the MLS Cup playoff loss in a penalty shootout.

2017 Toronto rewarded Irwin with a new contract in February, giving him a two-year deal with an option. But Bono grabbed the starting job and hung onto it after Irwin went down with a hamstring strain in March sustained after his left foot jammed in the wet BMO Field turf as he came out to make a save. Bono played 29 regularseason games while Irwin saw action in five. Bono was in goal for five playoff games including the MLS Cup win.

2018 Bono, the undisputed No. 1, started 27 games with Irwin accounting for the remaining in seven. In November, Toronto declined Irwin's contract option before trading him back to Colorado the next month for a second-round draft pick. With a salary of US$221,300, he was expendable.

2019 Bono started the season as No. 1 with Toronto bringing in Westberg, a veteran French-born American. Bono started the first four games before Westberg was handed his first start in Seattle in April. The two split the next two games then Westberg took over, playing the next 25 matches.

Westberg, listed at 6 foot 1, has proved to be Mr. Reliable and is seen as one of the best distributors of the ball in the league.

"As for their goalkeepers, they've gone through a few throughout the years. I think they're always had good pieces. I don't know why they're moving on from them," Frei said of Toronto.

Associated Graphic

TFC players share a lighthearted moment during a training session in Tukwila, Wash., on Friday. The team faces the Sounders in the MLS Cup final in Seattle on Sunday.

TED S. WARREN/AP


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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Page B23

DEATHS PAMELA JANE CULBERT (nee Rollason) February 1, 1943 November 8, 2019 The family of Pamela Jane Culbert are sad to announce the passing of their wife, and mother, at her home at Eagle Lake. Pamela leaves five children, Tracey (Kevin), Lindsay (Blair), Jenni, Kelly (Don), Fraser (Kim); husband of 54 years, Peter; and one brother, Peter (Sue) in Alberta.

Eleven grandchildren will miss their Grandmother.

Pamela attended Branksome Hall in Toronto for her high school years. She then graduated with her R.N. from Sick Children's Hospital in Toronto in 1964. In 1966, she moved with her husband, Peter, to Western Canada. They settled in the Cariboo-Chilcotin in 1968 and spent a busy career with her children and her husband Peter's medical practice. While living in Williams Lake, BC, she sat on the board of the Cariboo Friendship Society, the board of Share B.C., and was the last constituency president for the Progressive Conservative party.

As well as a wife and mother, Pamela was the COO and CFO for Peter's medical practice, and considered herself the CEO of the family. Pamela was also a Girl Guide and Pathfinder leader while residing in Williams Lake.

For the last eleven years, she resided in the Chilcotin at Eagle Lake which is nestled on the edge of the Coast Mountains. It was a home and a place that she loved.

A Celebration of Life will take place at the Tatla Lake Church on December 7th at 1 p.m.

In lieu of flowers, donations to one of the following would be appreciated. St. Luke's Anglican Church, Alexis Creek; ALS Society of Canada; West Chilcotin Health Care Society, Tatla Lake, BC.

She will be missed by her family and community.

PETER ANDREW KUDLA May 27, 1956 November 9, 2019 After a long fight with blood cancer and ALS, Peter passed away surrounded by his family. He was a fighter until the very end. Peter is survived by devoted wife, Catherine (neé Hunter), of 38 wonderful years; daughters, Diana Kudla Byers (Michael), Erin Kudla (William); grandson, Hunter; as well as his four siblings and their families. Peter was predeceased by his parents, William and Rhona (neé Evans) Kudla.

Visitation will take place at the Oshawa Funeral Home, 847 King Street West on Friday, November 22nd from 2:00 4:00 p.m. and 6:00 - 8:00 p.m. Funeral services for Peter will be held in the Chapel on Saturday, November 23rd at 11:30 a.m., small reception to follow.

Memorial donations may be made to either the Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia Foundation of Canada (wmfc.ca) or the ALS Society of Canada (als.ca).

SYD LANYS Peacefully and surrounded by family, on Monday, November 11, 2019 at Mackenzie Health.

Beloved husband of Vicki. Loving father and father-in-law of Michael and the late Sandra, Sheryl, and lovingly remembered by Mehre.

Devoted grandfather of Zachary, Lindsay, and Sean. Dear brother and brother-in-law of Dorothy and the late Milton, Yetta and the late Lou, and the late Marty and Ruthie, and Izzy and Sandy. Dear brother-in-law of Bella and the late Paul.

Special thanks to Mackenzie Health Complex Care Unit, Doctors and Staff.

Services were held at Benjamin's Park Memorial, 2401 Steeles Avenue West on Wednesday, November 13, 2019 at 12:30 p.m.

Interment Beth David B'nai Israel Beth Am Section of Pardes Chaim Cemetery. Shiva 15 North Park Road, Thornhill. Memorial donations may be made to the Syd Lanys Memorial Fund for Canadian Breast Cancer and for Bronchiectasis c/o The Benjamin Foundation, 416-780-0324, http://www.benjamins.ca JACK MCFADYEN June 13, 1935 November 11, 2019 Jack's time with us ended on November 11, 2019, but he will live on forever in our memories.

His was truly a life well-lived.

An only child, Jack was born in Toronto and raised by his mother, Lu while his father, Mac served as a Burma Bomber; this gave Jack a life-long love of World War II history. Jack's personality and life view were heavily influenced by his childhood heroes from movies and literature; to the end of his life he would tear up watching "Shane" or reading "The Catcher in the Rye." Jack was an incredibly well-educated person who could recite poetry learned in childhood, and knew the Latin root of any word. Following graduation from the University of Toronto and time in the RCAF Reserves, he travelled the world twice over before meeting his wife Stella - also a teacher - in Nairobi, Kenya. They married and returned to Canada with their first-born, Sophie. Three more children soon followed - Katie, Darcy and Jamie.

The family enjoyed many happy years on Courcelette Road. Stella was a wonderful mother and wife and Jack had a long and successful teaching career, including several years as President of the Toronto Teachers' Federation.

Jack and Stella enjoyed early retirement together, travelling and welcoming nine grandchildren.

Jack continued to be a loyal and loving caregiver to Lu and Mac.

Sadly, we lost Jamie in 2006 and Stella in 2012, but Jack recovered and continued to live life to the fullest, moving to Uxbridge where he made new friends and spent his final years breaking down barriers and crusading against political correctness. No one who met him will ever forget him.

Please join us at a celebration of Jack's life at Low & Low Funeral Home, 23 Main Street, Uxbridge (905-852-3073), on Sunday, November 17, 2019, from 1:004:00 p.m. In lieu of flowers, please consider a donation to CAMH in memory of Lu and Jamie, or to the Alzheimer Society of Durham Region in memory of Stella.

Online condolences may be left at http://www.lowandlow.ca DR. ELLEN F. SPEARS D.V.M.

(née Thomson) After a prolonged medical illness which she faced with courage and determination, and a relatively short acute deterioration, Ellen passed away on November 9, 2019 in her 85th year. She was surrounded by the love of her family and friends.

Daughter of the late Dr.

Andrew Thomson and Lally Thomson, she was born in Toronto, attended Branksome Hall and graduated from the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) in 1958. Beloved wife of Dr. John Spears for 61 years, and loving mother to Andrew (Laleh Moshiri), Jennifer Léger (David Léger), Ian (Sarah Atkinson) and Martha. She was adored by her nine grandchildren and two greatgrandchildren.

Following graduation from OVC, Ellen worked for two years at the Defence Research Board in Kingston. A remarkable mother to four children, she also gave generously of her time to her church (Bloor Street United), the CNIB, the Daily Bread Food Bank, the Victor Home/ Massey Centre, The Toronto Children's Chorus, and the Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild of which she was a founding member.

For those in need, be they musicians, refugees, or family, she provided a welcoming home and the respect she thought all people deserved. Ellen lived a life devoted to serving and caring for others. She did it informally, with a thousand acts of unheralded kindness to both friends and people she had never met but who needed a helping hand.

Throughout her life, Ellen loved spending time with family and friends at Leith, Ontario. There was always room for one more at the dinner table and an extra bed could always be found. This love of the blue waters of Georgian Bay and its spectacular sunsets has been passed on to her children and grandchildren.

The family is grateful for the care Ellen received at the Princess Margaret Hospital (myeloma division), the kind, supportive care she received from the first floor staff at Christie Gardens and her caregiver Madeleine.

Cremation has taken place.

In lieu of flowers, a contribution to the charity of your choice would be gratefully appreciated.

A service of thanksgiving and a celebration of Ellen's life will be held a Bloor Street United Church (300 Bloor Street West) at 3:00 p.m. on Saturday, November 16, 2019 with a reception to follow at the church.

An opportunity to visit with the family will be hosted at the home of Ian Spears and Sarah Atkinson (8 Hewitt Avenue, Toronto, ON M6R 1Y3) on Friday, November 15 from 2:30-5:00 p.m. and 6:00-8:00 p.m.

We miss you Eno.


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Goodbye to cold, lifeless office towers
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Amazon's new location in Vancouver helps redefine how office space is designed across Canada
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By FRANCES BULA
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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Page B6

The traditional office tower lobby, faithfully replicated by Hollywood movies and 20th-century corporations everywhere, brings to mind vast open spaces filled with granite or marble, banks of elevators and an imposing desk where a security guard sits, monitoring various cameras. While common, this dated style of lobby could easily be described as "empty" or "lifeless." And it's why Oxford Properties Group, in conjunction with its key tenant, Amazon, opted to do something completely different at its 402 Dunsmuir St. property in Vancouver.

As part of the Oxford Properties Group portfolio, a major player in the commercial office towers, the new office complex for Amazon is located at the edge of Vancouver's expanding business district and is scheduled for completion sometime next year.

Rather than replicate the lifeless office-tower lobby, Amazon and Oxford Properties Group opted to create more of a café feel.

To help create a space where people gather, the lobby includes an actual café, complete with baristas, amid what Patrick Fejér - senior design principal with B+H Architects, the Toronto-based firm that designed the ninestorey building now under construction - describes as an "agora-style staircase." Designed like a Greek theatre, the staircase descends into the lobby in a way that encourages people to gather - whether it's to sit, have lunch, do a bit of work or hold a short meeting.

This meeting space will connect seamlessly with the bikeparking lockers, as well as the elevators.

Another design feature was to leave the concrete elevator cores exposed and highlight this architectural structure with strategic touches of blackened metal.

"We call it the un-lobby," Mr.Fejér says. "It will be this new communal hub to the building."

TREND TOWARD REDESIGNING THE COLD, LIFELESS OFFICE-TOWER LOBBY Design innovations like the ones being incorporated into this lobby are trending with more frequency throughout Canada's downtown business districts - the product of an extended office-building boom combined with employers desperate to attract and retain the millennial and Gen X talent that their business success increasingly relies on.

Big companies such as Oxford, GWL Realty Advisors Inc. and others in Vancouver are leading the way, incorporating such perks as spa-like bike rooms - individual, wood-paneled bike lockers, complete with showers and clothes-drying facilities - sitstand desks that can be raised and lowered according to an employee's needs, operable windows that can be opened and closed (to help prevent the claustrophobic effects of breathing endlessly recycled air), upscale fitness rooms, green-filled courtyards, and outdoor gardens on multiple floors.

It's not just tech firms that are embracing this new style either, says Robert Kavanagh, vice-president of asset management for GWL.

"The tech companies are the ones growing, so they need more space, but law, mining, financial services are doing it to change their image," Mr. Kavanagh says.

Vancouver Centre 2, a tower being constructed by GWL near the major downtown intersection of Georgia Street and Granville Street in downtown Vancouver, has already secured its first three tenants, one each from the fields of tech, mining and financial services. In addition to the spiffed-up lobby, intentionally outdoors-y spaces, bike lockers, change areas and e-bike charging stations, the seventhfloor patio of the new building will be a designated dog-friendly space - evidently another nonnegotiable amenity for attracting employees.

"The office as a typology is being challenged by new modes of working," Mr. Fejér says. "Office designers are increasingly borrowing ideas from the hospitality industry to make workplaces more appealing. The UX, or user experience, is key."

WHY VANCOUVER IS LEADING THE OFFICE-BOOM The new approach is particularly dominant in Vancouver, the city that has seen the most dramatic increase in office space throughout the unprecedented, Canadawide office-building boom of 2014 to 2018. During that time, Vancouver's downtown core saw its normal pace of growth increase by an average of 400 per cent, outdoing the other gateway cities of Toronto and Montreal, as the region transitioned away from resource company head offices in favour of tech entities, says Stuart Barron, the national director of research with Cushman & Wakefield, a global commercial real estate services company.

Today, office buildings are still going up at a blistering pace - 4.3 million-square-feet currently in Vancouver, 10.5 million in Toronto and 2.1 million in Montreal (with vacancy rates, respectively, of 1.3 per cent, 2 per cent and 6.4 per cent).

This unprecedented growth has come as retiring baby boomers are being rapidly replaced by younger generations coming in.

The fact that members of this upand-coming cohort tend to work, play, socialize and commute to the office much differently than their predecessors is something that employers in these biggest growth sectors are sitting up and paying attention to as they compete for staff.

A survey recently conducted on behalf of GWL, among almost 600 office workers in its buildings, revealed that a mere 8 per cent of Vancouver's under-35 population favoured personal cars for getting to work, and that almost 60 per cent of under-45s relied on public transit. Respondents also expressed a desire for more places to hang out at work, such as courtyards and spaces for yoga classes.

PRACTICAL REASONS FOR CHANGING THE OFFICE-SPACE CULTURE Employers are taking these kinds of preferences into account for very pragmatic reasons, as society as a whole becomes increasingly aware of the different ways that younger employees behave.

"The better the workplace experience, the lower your turnover rate," says Wendy Waters, GWL's vice-president for research services and strategy.

"Millennials want two to three places to work," says Maury Dubuque, senior managing director at Colliers International in Vancouver.

That preference might relate to the continuing dominance of the open-office concept that, even though it is frequently derided, does not seem to be going away, and from which this emerging style seems to provide some escape.

Looking around at his own company's employees, Mr. Dubuque says, "Our young people need quiet space for mindful, thoughtful explorations."

One company that emerged as a trailblazer for this new kind of office experience was WeWork.

Founded in 2010, the American startup was one of the first of the new breed of lucrative new business models: firms that lease out space in downtown buildings, redesigning it to be hip, and then renting it out to space-hungry tenants - from individuals to small companies - in need of flexible office space on a shortterm basis.

Despite recent troubles - WeWork's scheduled IPO hit a roadblock this year when the firm's valuations dropped from US$47billion to US$8-billion, according to Bloomberg, and the firm's CEO was removed from his leadership role - WeWork's unique approach to setting up and marketing its office space demonstrated that "people actually want a nicer experience and they will pay for it," Ms. Waters says. "This is the shift to the experience economy."

In many cases, WeWork's presence in an office building has turned out to be a bonus for cotenants that may need to temporarily expand their operations to accommodate, for example, a big project or sudden surge of new business that is not guaranteed to continue.

NEW OFFICE-AMENITY TREND ISN'T RESTRICTED TO DOWNTOWN CORES This trend towards upscale, hotel-like amenities hasn't been limited to just the downtown cores in Canada's three biggest cities, either. Brokers and industry analysts say it is also happening in suburban districts or high-vacancy cities where competition for tenants runs high. Having a nicer package of amenities to offer employees is a selling point in a tough market.

"In Calgary, everyone's putting in fitness centres because there's a 25-per-cent vacancy rate," Ms.

Waters says.

But is everyone really going this way? Not necessarily, Mr. Kavanagh says. "There's still plenty of traditional office tenants in Vancouver [and in Canada] who just want the elevators and the heating to work."

Associated Graphic

The new office complex for Amazon, top, is located at the edge of Vancouver's expanding business district and is to be completed some time next year. In designing new office spaces, employers are catering to younger generations. 'Our young people need quiet space for mindful, thoughtful explorations,' says Maury Dubuque, senior managing director at Colliers International in Vancouver. TOP: B+H ARCHITECTS; ABOVE: GWL REALTY INC.


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Responsible getaways
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From Aruba to the Arctic, these destinations are making environmental practices part of their appeal
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page P8

1. THE IDYLLIC ISLAND ESCAPE Aruba's Bucuti & Tara Beach Resort sits on 14 acres of beautiful white sand beach. The 104-room resort is stunning and it's also a pioneer in sustainable tourism.

Named the world's most sustainable hotel by Green Globe, a Los Angeles-based sustainability certification agency, Bucuti & Tara became the Caribbean's first carbon-neutral resort last year.

Thanks to the largest solar panel installation the government of Aruba will allow, plus smaller measures, such as energy-efficient appliances and purchasing carbon offsets from a local wind farm, the resort has been able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero.

"Global warming, climate change is a major threat to the islands,"owner and CEO Ewald Biemans says. "Everybody needs to make an effort, especially those of us who are in the travel business."

Guests are provided with a reusable water canteen upon check-in, a program launched six years ago that has kept nearly 300,000 single-use plastic water bottles from Aruba's landfills each year (the country currently does not recycle plastic). To further reduce the use of plastics, rooms feature dispensers for shampoo, conditioner and lotion instead of individual containers.

Sustainability initiatives such as these make good business sense - tourism accounts for the majority of Aruba's economy - and appeal to guests, Biemans says.

The resort also organizes monthly beach cleanups, which guests are invited to participate in. Many guests choose instead to lounge by the pool or swim in the Caribbean Sea, but some guests always volunteer, and Biemans is happy to reward them. "In return they get a bottle of Champagne for contributing to the environmental conservation of the island," Biemans says.

For more information, visit bucuti.com.

- DAVE MCGINN

2. SETTING SAIL Cruising has never been more popular - 30 million people around the world are expected to go on cruises this year, up from 17.8 million in 2009.

But with demand surging, the cruising industry has come under fire for its environmental impact.

"All travel companies are part of the problem with climate change, and we've got to be part of the solution," says Leigh Barnes, the chief purpose officer at Intrepid Group, a Melbourne, Australiabased company that operates several brands, including Peregrine Adventures,whichoperates 10 charter itineraries across Asia and Europe.

Their nine-day sustainable cruise to Thailand, for example, takes passengers to small islands off the country's west coast, including Ko Phayam,SurinTaiand KhoaLak,where you can swim in the Andaman Sea and then dine with locals in villages.

To promote sustainable cruising, Peregrine uses smaller boats that each accommodate a maximum of 50 passengers, generating less waste than larger boats.

The company has been carbon neutral since 2010 thanks to carbon offset projects including fighting deforestation in Kenya and purchasing carbon credits from a wind farm in Turkey. Last year, Peregrine banned all single use plastics from its cruises, which means no plastic water bottles ors traws.Instead,passengers are provided with refillable water bottles. To further reduce the carbon footprint of the company's cruises, Peregrine sources 90 per cent of each trip's food locally.

Through the Intrepid Foundation, a not-for-profit entity set up in 2002,the Intrepid Groupis also raising money for aseaweed farm off the coast of Tasmania. By matching donations dollar for dollar, the foundation has so far raised more than $400,000 for the project. "Seaweed is the fastest growing plant in the world and it's really good at sequestering, drawing carbon out of the atmosphere," Barnes says.

For more information, visit peregrine adventures.com.

- D.M.

3. A NURTURING RETREAT TO NATURE There are few things more quintessentially Canadian than paddling in local waters, and family owned Owl Rafting teaches guests the intricacies of whitewater rafting, the finesse of canoeing and the importance - both historical and modern-day- of this country's waterways.

The company has two locations:one in Ottawa,which offers day trips and overnight excursions down the 12-kilometre Rocher Fondu rapids of the Ottawa River. The other, Madawaska Kanu Centre, teaches whitewater kayaking and canoeing in the Madawaska River,just east of Algonquin Park.

Both locations are committed to green practices, including how they prepare and buy food, as well as in the day-to-day operation of their ecolodges. They both use reusable plates and cutlery, have solar-assisted showers and composting toilets (which reduce 90 per cent of sewage waste), grow their own produce, maintain their own livestock and only buy local when they need something they don't have on hand.

In Ottawa, a busier water thoroughfare,the company also organizes an annual shoreline cleanup, with volunteers picking up garbage left behind. "Our business revolves around healthy waterways so we do our utmost to respect them," says Vincent Boyer, a manager with the company.

Visit owlrafting.com for more information.

- GAYLE MACDONALD

4. THE EPIC ARCTIC TRIP - It has been called the polar bear - capital of the world and there is - no question that Churchill, Man., is one of the best places to indulge - in a passion for these cuddly looking predators in the Arctic tundra, - their natural habitat, on Hud- son's Bay's rugged coast.

Seal River Heritage Lodge is - the flagship ecolodge of tour ops erator Churchill Wild, which - prides itself on a minimalist, suse tainable and responsible ap- proach to luxury Arctic safaris a that allow travellers to get up close and personal with bears,be- lugas, caribou, Arctic foxes, birds - and countless other Arctic species. Most of the daily excursions, d for instance, are conducted by w foot to minimize impact on the s environment and interference - with the wildlife.

The lodge runs primarily on - solar power, operates greywater s recycling systems, maintains a - strict waste, water and compost e program and offers locally for, aged foods as well as organic prod duce grown in a recently built d greenhouse in southern part of n the province. Smaller changes include using biodegradable clean- ing products and energy-saving - lights and appliances. Each trip is - capped at 16 guests to lessen the p footprint and resources used.

Churchill Wild's founders and - owners,Mike and Jeanne Reimer, o have been hosting Arctic safari t trips since 1993. In 2015, two of - Churchill Wild's three lodges,Seal River Heritage Lodge and Nanuk - Polar Bear Lodge, became members of the National Geographic Unique Lodges of the World, a collection of hotels dedicated to protecting the surrounding habitats and cultures.

Visit churchill wild.com for more information.

- G.M.

5. A PLACE IN PARADISE Taking a "green tour" may not seem like a priority after making the long journey to Tetiaroa, an atoll not far from Tahiti, in the South Pacific, but at premium luxury resort the Brando, getting a view of the back of the house is something the staff are exceptionally proud to show off and something they suggest every visitor see.

It's easy to be impressed by the spacious villas, five-star service and unmatched blues of the ocean - this is a place where Leonardo DiCaprio and Barack Obama have each vacationed - but Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design platinum-certified Brando wants guests to have equal admiration for the sustainability efforts of the property.

In French Polynesia, air conditioning accounts for 60 per cent of resort electricity bills; in response the Brando uses seawater air conditioning, chilled water from the ocean's depths, as the coolingsourceforits35villas.The Brando has the largest solar field in the country, which produces two-thirds of the island's energy.

Currently a generator, fuelled by coconut oil and other biofuels, is usedfrommidnightto8a.m.,but the goal is to be on natural power round the clock. Rainwater is collected and used for laundry, glass is ground and used inpaving projects and the compost program is so successful the resort sells its extra to a company in Tahiti.

All staff must sign a commitment to the company's environmental charter and if guests want to get around they must do so by bicycle or on foot. Make no mistake, Tetiaroa is paradise and The Brando a once-in-a-lifetime tropical escape. But those who manage the property know without the island there would benodraw and so they make protecting it part of the appeal.

For more information, visit the brando.com.

- MARYAM SIDDIQI


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The Trump impeachment hearings better be a small-screen blockbuster
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These proceedings will be sliced, diced and derided by Fox News and other Trump-supporting outlets - that's why sensational testimony is essential from the get-go
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By JOHN DOYLE
  
  

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Tuesday, November 12, 2019 – Page A13

TELEVISION I n the matter of the public impeachment hearings starting Wednesday and going live on TV, it is important to be prepared. Specifically, be prepared for a nothing-burger.

This assertion shouldn't startle anyone. Even the Democrats hoping to convince the American public that U.S. President Donald Trump and a gaggle of cronies pressured Ukraine to announce an investigation into former U.S. vice-president Joe Biden, in return for preauthorized military aid, know what's on the line. As CNN's Lauren Fox reported the other day, an anonymous senior Democrat told her, "The first hour of a hearing and the first hearing has got to be a blockbuster."

The possibility of a TV blockbuster turning into a nothingburger is very real. Televised hearings in Washington are nothing new. The TV theatre of it is familiar, but the TV dynamics have changed.

In 1973, the Senate Watergate hearings unfolded when there were three network TV channels, plus PBS, then in its infancy, and there were hundreds of newspapers with millions of readers.

The three U.S. networks rotated live coverage and PBS rebroadcast each day's complete proceedings in the evening for those unable to watch during the day.

Part of the attraction was the array of colourful figures in the Nixon administration that viewers had only read about.

Tens of millions watched the evening coverage on PBS, anchored by Robert MacNeil and Jim Lehrer, who did almost no punditry or commentary and merely summarized what had happened and outlined who the players at the hearings were.

Sometimes they interviewed experts on the U.S. government's internal workings.

Yet the Watergate hearings were a monumental event in recent U.S. history. In part that was because, although it was live television, the story wrote itself.

Democrats who were alleging that Richard Nixon and his team had acted nefariously were careful to build a case, step by step.

The hearings opened with testimony from, and the questioning of, bit-players in the story, and moved up the chain of command to Nixon's inner circle. It was gripping TV because it played out as a slow-burning drama moving ever closer and closer to the Oval Office.

The setting and the story told contrasts sharply with today's U.S. political and media landscape. But it's not just about the gap in time. Even the most recent televised impeachment hearing, aimed at impeaching Bill Clinton, also took place in a vastly different atmosphere.

For a start, the Clinton saga started in January, 1994, with an independent counsel investigating financial irregularities in the dealings of the Whitewater property company and the involvement of the Clintons, and their business partners. In August of that year, the independent counsel was replaced by the more combative and conservative Kenneth Starr. At the time Starr started work, Monica Lewinsky was still in college. Also, at that time Paula Jones had only just filed a sexual harassment suit against Clinton based on his alleged actions in 1991.

It would be several years before what started as a land-development entanglement exploded into a sex scandal. But when it exploded, it certainly meant fireworks. Just before Christmas, 1997, lawyers for Jones subpoenaed Lewinsky, hoping to prove a pattern of behaviour by Clinton. In an affidavit, Lewinsky denied an affair with Clinton, hoping to avoid testifying. But her friend Linda Tripp had taped their phone conversations and offered the tapes to Starr. Within months, there was a full-blown sex scandal and the public was hearing about the secret tapes, oral sex in the Oval Office and the porn magazine Penthouse was in court arguing its right to publish nude photos of Jones. By the time that impeachment hearings were on live TV, there was enough sensational detail to guarantee an audience hungry for more.

The Clinton saga was like a lurid, high-stakes soap-opera. New and sensational developments came out of the blue. It was water-cooler conversation. It was about a guy denying having sex with "that woman." It was both lascivious content and relatable: the cheating husband and the intern, and all the lies woven around that.

What connects the Clinton impeachment hearings narrative to this week's event is the crucial role of the internet. In January, 1998, the little-known conservative news aggregation site Drudge Report carried a report claiming that Newsweek had sat on a story about president Clinton's relationship with Lewinsky.

That item kick-started a frenzy of coverage and it emboldened mainstream news outlets to cover the sex scandal. In The Washington Post, media columnist Howard Kurtz wondered whether "the furious pace of the coverage has all but shattered traditional media standards."

It did. The internet was in its infancy, but the Clinton scandal established the Drudge Report as an influential outlet. Just as, ironically, the very sober PBS had been made to seem essential by the Watergate scandal. The Fox News Channel was also in its infancy, established in 1996, but only available in about 10 million homes and most of those homes were not in the major east or west coast markets.

The big live TV event that begins on Wednesday has nothing like the context that framed the Watergate and Clinton hearings.

(The top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, Bill Taylor, and another senior diplomat, George Kent, will appear first. The hearings will resume Friday with the former U.S.

ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch testifying. All will be asked what they knew about Trump and Rudy Giuliani's dealings with Ukraine.) Fox News will play a significant role. It already has its own narrative: Trump's quid pro quo with Ukraine might have been mildly inappropriate, but it's not at the level of impeachment. For good measure, Fox also takes the view that nobody really cares about the Ukraine scandal. Fox News's Jesse Watters on Friday shouted: "No one can find Ukraine on a map!"

Each cable news outlet will construe the hearings in its own way, with its own biases and inclinations. Twitter will play a role, as it has since the start of the Trump presidency. Other social-media sites will undercut the relevancy of the live televised hearings with wild conspiracy theories floated and witnesses attacked. CNN's Jake Tapper has already been the subject of a bizarre Twitter smear campaign alleging that he's close friends with the lawyer representing the whistle-blower whose report brought the Ukraine scandal to light. Tapper says he's never met the lawyer, let alone been friendly with the man. Meanwhile, regular CNN pundit Max Boot called Fox's Sean Hannity the "de facto minister of propaganda" for the Trump administration in the matter of Ukraine.

It's a fevered atmosphere, with the further demonizing of Trump, ahead of next year's election, at the heart of it. The likelihood of an actual impeachment is remote. What those pushing for impeachment really want is to expose is Trump's quid-proquo as a shakedown and outright bribery, and typical of his behaviour. And they want it on live TV to be convincing. Career civil servants will testify. Perhaps they have shocking revelations, and perhaps the public will shrug. After all, these hearings will be sliced and diced and not so much analyzed as they will be derided by Fox News and other Trump-supporting outlets.

That's why blockbuster testimony is essential from the getgo. Those who wanted to feed on proof of Trump's nefariousness expected their fill from the Mueller report and Robert Mueller's testimony, and they got a nothing-burger. That TV drama amounted to dull content and anyone with high hopes for this one should remember that.

Associated Graphic

Members of the Senate Watergate Committee are seen during a hearing on Capitol Hill in Washington as they listen to witness Robert Odle, foreground, in May, 1973. The hearings were held when there were only three network TV channels and PBS. The major networks rotated live coverage, with PBS rebroadcasting the proceedings in the evenings for people who missed them.

PHOTOS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS

The Senate Watergate Committee listens as Lieutenant-General Vernon Walters testifies in August, 1973. Tens of millions of people watched PBS's evening coverage of the hearings, which were a monumental event in recent U.S. history.


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Seeing the world anew with Emily Carr
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Audain Art Museum exhibition traces the painter's journey through France and how her work changed once she became exposed to modernist techniques
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By MARSHA LEDERMAN
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page R8

WHISTLER, B.C. -- In 1910, Emily Carr travelled to France on a transformative trip that would expose her to new techniques and landscapes, and have a dramatic influence on her work. The trip led to "fresh seeing," a phrase that would come to serve as the title of a lecture she would give about the experience years later in Victoria. (The phrase was hers; the lecture was given that title when it was published in 1972.)

It's also been incorporated into the name of a new exhibition at the Audain Art Museum that brings together work that emerged from this seminal trip.

Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast includes work by influential teachers Carr encountered in France; paintings she made while there and after the trip; and, in a particularly illuminating part of the exhibition, work she made before the trip in British Columbia, and new versions she created after she returned with those fresh eyes.

The exhibition brings together more than 50 of her paintings - many of which belong to private andcorporatecollectionsandare being exhibited for the first time in decades. It also breaks new groundinEmilyCarrscholarship, led by guest co-curator Kathryn Bridge, a noted Carr scholar, and the museum's Gail & Stephen A.

Jarislowsky Curator Kiriko Watanabe, who separately travelled to France to conduct research by walking in Carr's footsteps.

Emily Carr travelled to Paris with her sister Alice, who had learned French for the occasion; Emily did not speak the language. They rented a small apartment in the Latin Quarter, and Carr began art classes a short walk from home. But Carr's health issues made the city intolerable, and she moved to the small medieval town of Crécy-enBrie with one of her instructors, Harry Phelan Gibb, and his wife.

The group later moved to Brittany.

Bridge travelled to these places with photos of Carr's work on her iPad and went about conducting detective work. She was able to match some of Carr's paintings with their actual locations-somethingthatwasnotas easy as it sounds, given the generic titles these paintings were later given, mostly by the executors of her estate. Carr shipped home likely 100 oil paintings and watercolours or more, but few sold during her lifetime.

ItisamazingtoseeCarr'swork next to photos taken during Bridge's trip. Carr's oil on board Crécy-en-Brie, 1911, shows the samedetailsasthe2018photo-a wrought iron balcony, small washing sheds. In another instance, Village by the Sea, 1911, is installed next to a photo of the same view in Saint-Michel-enGrève taken in 2018; Bridge discovered that Carr would have had to make quite a trek up a hill and around the water in order to sketch the village from that perspective. The watercolour over charcoal Village Square with Cross No. 1, 1911, is exhibited next to photo from Bridge's trip of a small church in Lanriec, clearly showing the same monument.

Other paintings from France are paired with historical photographs of the same setting, also dug up by Bridge.

The exhibition, and the excellent accompanying catalogue, quote extensively from Carr's own writing - drawing largely from her original, unpublished manuscripts.

Matching the text with the paintings also led to discoveries about Carr's time in France. The 1911 oil Four Children in a Breton Cottage is displayed with a piece of Carr's writing. She describes a stone cottage on a hill - a woman with four children, a big open hearth with a huge iron pot hangingoverthefire,theearthen floor swept clean: just what you see in the painting.

The exhibition also documents the transformation in Carr's work. In Le Paysage (Brittany Landscape), 1911, the blue sky is a modernist expression, with

bold blue brush strokes against exposed board; the landscape is highly textured, created with layers and layers of paint; and the trees and cottages are boldly outlined.

It is an astonishing contrast from the first painting in the show, an example of what was likely Carr's earlier work in France, a small, darker oil on board, Old Mill House, Near Paris, c. 1910, that is more conservative and realist in tone.

Le Paysage was last exhibited more than a century ago, in 1913, at the Island Arts and Crafts Club in Victoria. It was also one of two works of Carr's that were included in the prestigious 1911 Salon d'Automne in Paris. Carr was one of only three Canadian artists in the show.

She may have been encouraged to submit the paintings by Phelan Gibb who, before Carr movedon,toldher:"'Ifyougoon [with your painting] you should be one of the women painters of the world,'" Carr wrote. "I held my breath and looked at him in pure amazement."

After 16 months away, Carr arrived in Victoria in November, 1911, with a new painting style - a radical transformation over such a brief period of time. Back home, she returned to some of the work she had made in British Columbia documenting First Nations culture, creating new versions with a new modernist style.

The show includes several before-and-after examples. War Canoes,AlertBay,1912isaknockout; a bold and colourful oil version of the more conservative, sombre watercolour Carr had made in 1908. The difference transcends the aesthetic. As Watanabe points out in her catalogue essay, the original conveys the mood of a deserted seaside. For me, the 1912 version feels more alive - depicting a living, vibrant culture.

That is not to say the early watercolours aren't remarkable - or historically valuable. Carr's work in these communities offers an important historical record. As Gitxsan artist Ya'Ya Heit, interviewed by Watanabe for the show, says, "I see where my family poles were. I see what the village was like. ... There's life with those poles - that's part of Emily's accomplishment."

In the summer of 1912, Carr travelled for six weeks up the Northwest Coast to First Nations communities in British Columbia, visiting Gitxsan, Wet'suwet'en, Haida and Kwakwaka'wakw communities - some of which were very remote. The exhibition concludes with some of the works that emerged from that trip.Carrbelievedhernewwayof seeing enabled her to better capture this world - even if the work wasn't necessarily popular with her B.C. audience.

Carr delivered that "Fresh Seeing" speech to the Women's Canadian Club of Victoria in 1930 - a rare public address that coincided with a major exhibition, her first in her hometown. In that address, she tells the audience that she knows many of them "cordially detest" modern art, but then she works to persuade them. "The art world was fed up, saturated with lifeless stodge - something had to happen," she told them. "And it did."

Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast is at the Audain Art Museum in Whistler until January 19. It is at the Beaverbrook Art Gallery in Fredericton Feb. 29 - May 31.

Associated Graphic

Emily Carr's painting Le Paysage (Brittany Landscape), 1911, is one of many paintings being shown at Emily Carr: Fresh Seeing - French Modernism and the West Coast that has not been part of an exhibition for decades. In the case of Le Paysage, it was last exhibited more than a century ago in 1913 and was one of Carr's works included in the 1911 Salon d'Automne in Paris.

TREVOR MILLS/ VANCOUVER ART GALLERY

Guest co-curator of the exhibition Kathryn Bridge travelled to the same places Emily Carr visited on her journey through France and took photos of the locations to pair with the art - no easy feat given the vague titles bestowed on much of Carr's work by her estate, such as Village by the Sea in the case of the painting above. The painting depicts a view of Saint-Michel-en-Grève, France, seen below. At the Audain Art Museum, the painting is installed next to a photo of the village taken in 2018.

ABOVE: AGNES ETHERINGTON ART CENTRE, QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY; BELOW: K. NEARLY

Upon returning from France, Carr reworked some of her older paintings in her new modernist style. At the Audain exhibition, the conservative, sombre watercolour version of War Canoes, Alert Bay from 1908 is juxtaposed with a bold and colourful oil version from 1912.

ABOVE: TOM AND TERESA GAUTREAU COLLECTION; BELOW: RACHEL TOPHAM/VANCOUVER ART GALLERY


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PCs revive GTA West highway plans amid changing transportation future
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Monday, November 4, 2019 – Page A6

URBAN AFFAIRS REPORTER -- The GTA West has been called the last crucial missing link in Toronto-area highways, and at the same time dismissed as a relic of an outdated approach to transportation infrastructure.

The idea of a roughly 50-kilometre stretch of major new highway to the west of Toronto has been kicked around for many years. The former provincial Liberal government suspended and eventually killed the planning process. Once the Progressive Conservatives took over, though, they were quick to bring the environmental assessment back to life.

The route currently being studied for the proposed Highway 413 - often referred to as GTA West - was released in September and a series of public meetings wrapped up last month. It would link Highway 401 with the 410 and 400.

"We're trying to bring relief to drivers across the province," Transportation Minister Caroline Mulroney said in an interview last month, adding the GTA West is meant "to address congestion in the area and to provide needed transportation infrastructure."

There is currently neither a price nor timeline for the GTA West, although it can be expected to cost billions and take years to build. And even some supporters wonder whether it's the right idea for a changing transportation future.

The 401 is the busiest highway in the country, and establishing a new link to other highways could speed up travel through this area, at least initially.

But while the province's figures show significant travel time reductions if this highway is built and others widened, the modelling doesn't account for the likelihood these changes would provoke more driving. Building any highway is by nature an expensive bet on a particular future.

But it can also act to help create that future, by giving people more reason to drive.

"Congestion doesn't get fixed by building highways," said Geoff Kettel, president of the Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods, which represents a number of residents' associations across Ontario. "It's not good planning. It's continuing the sprawl and not trying to build a more compact community."

MIXED FEELINGS In June, Brampton West MPP Amarjot Sandhu brought a motion to the Ontario Legislature, asking that the GTA West planning process be restarted. This had been in the Tory platform and, with a majority government, the motion passed easily.

This project seems an obvious bread-and-butter issue for a Progressive Conservative Party that has worked to position itself publicly as a close friend to drivers.

"The population is increasing rapidly ... and we definitely need [this] highway to reduce the congestion," said Mr. Sandhu, who says his constituents are clamouring for the project. He dismissed the idea that a new highway would simply attract more drivers.

In Brampton, Councillor Michael Palleschi says, the project is very popular with his constituents, who are sick of traffic. In June, that city's council backed his motion supporting the process, but he concedes he has mixed feelings.

"Am I a believer that we need another 400-series highway in the west end [of the Greater Toronto Area]? I don't know," Mr.

Palleschi said, adding that he's a father with young children who wants to see a future with more transit, cycling and walking, one in which people have less need to drive.

He acknowledged, though, that this future could be some time off, and that freight shipment through the area needs to improve. While the province is increasing GO commuter rail service across the region, more trains do not appear to be coming quickly to Brampton. So maybe another highway, while not ideal, is needed.

"If we're just going to sit on our hands and not do anything, and wait for the future to dictate what we're going to do, we're going to be reactive," the councillor said.

"Let's actually get out and do something. Let's say that these lanes are going to be for autonomous vehicles, these lanes are going to have strictly goods movement. Let's be progressive and not sit back and wait."

That uncertain future was one reason the Liberals turned away from the highway in the first place. Back in 2015, then-transportation minister Steven Del Duca pointed to the rapid changes in transportation, including the increasing sophistication of driverless vehicles, as reason to suspend the environmental assessment.

"The world of transportation I think is actually at the sort of front edge of a disruptive transformational period," he said in an interview at the time. "The reason that we paused is just take one step back, pause, collect our breath, take a look at it and make sure that as we go forward with all of our transportation planning that we get it right."

INDUCED DEMAND One big uncertainty is how this road would affect traffic patterns.

In a landmark 2011 study, Gilles Duranton and Matthew Turner, both then at the University of Toronto, found a one-to-one relationship between increases in road capacity and in the total number of kilometres being driven.

The phenomenon is called induced demand: A bigger road offers more supply and thus makes driving more attractive, which encourages people get behind the wheel. Traffic does not get better. More people get where they're going, but not any faster, often leading to calls to expand again.

Although decades of evidence from around the world show this, it is often disregarded. Ms. Mulroney, who became Transportation Minister in June, said in last month's interview she had yet to be briefed on the concept.

"Induced demand is the great intellectual black hole in city planning, the one professional certainty that everyone thoughtful seems to acknowledge, yet almost no one is willing to act upon," urbanist Jeff Speck writes in his book Walkable City.

According to the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO), traffic modelling for the GTA West did not take induced demand into account.

A 2013 consultant report done for the MTO showed that each variant of the GTA West being considered - combined with widening sections of Highways 400, 401, 407, 410 and 417 - would result in a roughly 20-per-cent decrease in travel times between a number of spots deemed urban growth centres. But this figure does not consider the possibility the new road capacity would attract people not currently driving, which the MTO says would be too difficult to project.

"Quantifying 'induced demand' (or the new trip generation) requires assumptions on elasticity which [are] typically not built into these modelling frameworks," spokesman Bob Nichols wrote in an e-mailed statement. "It is recognized that the literature on travel demand forecasting and practice contains an extensive debate on 'induced demand.' " Critics warn that disregarding the effect of induced demand in pursuit of expanded roads can lead to increased tailpipe emissions, more people trapped in slow commutes, greater sprawl and the loss of land that might otherwise be protected or used for other purposes.

When the GTA West environmental assessment was relaunched this year, Halton Hills Mayor Rick Bonnette said in a letter to Ms. Mulroney that his community has long had to set aside a huge swath of land on which the highway might eventually be built.

In an interview, he called it "a huge concern" for the city's tax base that land which might be used for industrial purposes has been effectively locked in limbo for years.

"Close to 1,200 acres have been protected for eight years," he said. "It's land that the town would want to have as employment lands."

Mr. Bonnette said that the environmental assessment, if it is going to be done, should be completed expeditiously. But he questioned the need to restart it at all.

He said that his community recently declared a climate emergency and is desperately in need of transit. And more than once in an interview he paraphrased a famous Lewis Mumford quote that expanding roads to beat congestion is like loosening your belt to fight obesity.

"If they're going to continue to build highways, they're going to have to look at another highway as soon as this one's done," he said.

Associated Graphic

The proposed GTA West highway would link Highway 401, seen above in 2014, with the 410 and the 400.

MICHELLE SIU/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


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All that is right, and wrong, with journalism
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Farrow's book is a devastating, depressing and infuriating testament to how media handle big stories
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By BARRY HERTZ
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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page R12

Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators BY RONAN FARROW LITTLE, BROWN AND CO., 448 PAGES W ork in entertainment journalism long enough and you're bound to accumulate a Harvey Weinstein story: even in Canada.

My anecdote is extraordinarily benign. After editing and publishing an article by Globe and Mail contributor Johanna Schneller about the financial woes plaguing the Weinstein Company (TWC) in May, 2017, I received a distressed e-mail from the head of publicity at TWC informing me that "Harvey would very much like to speak with you today." I immediately offered up my availability and braced for one of the film producer's infamous outbursts.

Nothing happened - no call received, no verbal lashing. I knew that our story was unimpeachable - all the facts were checked and sourced, and the piece contained nothing outrageous other than summarizing TWC's string of flops - but I still breathed a sigh of relief that I wouldn't have to face the telephonic wrath of Hollywood's favourite bully.

Five months later, with the publication of exposés by Jodi Kantor and Megan Twohey in The New York Times and Ronan Farrow in The New Yorker, it became startlingly and nauseatingly clear just how little I actually knew about Weinstein. And now, with the publication of Farrow's Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators, it is clear just how much so many others did know - and why they might have chosen to keep their secrets so closely guarded.

It was almost inevitable that Farrow, who won the Pulitzer Prize for public service for his New Yorker work, would write a book detailing his Weinstein investigation. The tale is a publisher's dream - a behind-the-scenes dive into what happens when noxious Hollywood power collides with big-media indifference.

And in Catch and Kill, Farrow delivers, racing through the missteps and breakthroughs of his reporting as if he were on fire, skewering so very many along the way.

Weinstein certainly gets the worst of it. Through interviews with Rose McGowan, Annabella Sciorra, Rosanna Arquette and Mira Sorvino - some of whose recollections might induce posttraumatic stress among readers who are victims themselves - Weinstein comes off as an insatiable and horrifying predator, a true monster. (His criminal trial for two counts of predatory sexual assault, one count of first-degree criminal sexual assault, one count of first-degree rape and one count of third-degree rape is set to begin in January; he has pleaded not guilty.)

But Farrow did not write Catch and Kill to only tell the world what his and Kantor and Twohey's work already detailed. Farrow is also, even mostly, occupied with shining a big fat light on all those who protected Weinstein. Those who ignored him. Those who went out of their way to look the other way. The result is astounding and sickening at the same time, a celebration of all that is right with journalism - even as it exposes all that is so very broken.

If NBC News had ended up breaking the Weinstein scandal, then Catch and Kill might not have existed. When Farrow started to work on the story, he was an anchor and reporter for the television giant. Around June, 2016, he was working on an investigative series dubbed "The Dark Side of Hollywood?" but was having trouble getting traction on topics.

Soon, though, Weinstein's name began to surface in research and Farrow pursued sources who could corroborate whispers of sexual harassment and assault.

Yet, for every inch Farrow and producer Rich McHugh came closer to securing the story, NBC took one step back. Anyone even mildly familiar with the Weinstein narrative knows that NBC eventually had nothing to do with bringing the story to light. What Farrow's book makes clear, in precise and damning detail, is just how much NBC tried to bury it.

Much of the blame is left at the feet of Noah Oppenheim. Farrow portrays the NBC News president as slick but weak-willed, a man more interested in the privileges of Hollywood (he wrote the screenplays for Jackie and The Maze Runner) than journalistic integrity. Over the course of the book's first half, Farrow illustrates Oppenheim's every attempt to kill the story, which neatly echoed the Matt Lauer scandal that happened to be brewing inside Oppenheim's own shop at the time and would blow up shortly after the Weinstein stories were published. Also coming under intense scrutiny are Oppenheim's boss, NBC News and MSNBC chairman Andy Lack, producer David Corvo and MSNBC president Phil Griffin, the latter described by colleagues as infamously lewd, at one point brandishing a zoomed-in image of a television personality's "wardrobe malfunction" in one meeting. (In a memo to NBC staff this month, Lack said Farrow's book paints "a fundamentally untrue picture" of the network.)

Other boldfaced obstacles float into Farrow's orbit, too, with the reporter incriminating everyone from highly respected lawyers to various Hollywood publicists to the men running American Media Inc. (publisher of The National Enquirer) to Hillary Clinton as being responsible, to varying degrees, for Weinstein's reign.

And then there's the other half of Catch and Kill, which dives into the unbelievable efforts of Israeli security firm Black Cube to derail Farrow's investigation. The story of his reporting is fascinating. The story of how it almost never came to light is disgusting.

Unfortunately, there is another element to Catch and Kill that isn't as essential. While Farrow had little choice but to insert himself into the story - is anybody going to trust a book about sexual assault in the entertainment industry by the son of Woody Allen and Mia Farrow that doesn't mention his own family's history nor his own privileged proximity to celebrity?

- the author does himself no favours by doing so while wedging himself between the tropes of a would-be spy-vs.-spy blockbuster.

Certainly this kind of behindthe-scenes story demands a firstperson perspective, but Farrow could have just as easily emphasized the sincere doggedness of his own reporting rather than lean on the faux-breathlessness of an airport-thriller genre. Frequently, his writing slips into hard-bitten cliché and headscratching attempts at literary flourish ("She assembled this sentence like she was reading characters off a newly unearthed cineform tablet" or "I looked out of the window. Across the street, the lights were off and the dance studio was in shadow" or any of the chapters where he reconstructs conversations between two private detectives hired to make his life hell). It is not paranoia if everyone is indeed out to get you, as is the case here. But that doesn't excuse Farrow's hyperbolically suspicious prose.

Then there are the repetitive cheap shots he lobs at his foes (I haven't been exposed to this much hate for the Natalie Portman-starring Jackie since my last round of drinks with Toronto film critics), the too-cute detours into his fraught-but-supportive relationship with political podcaster Jonathan Lovett (he hid a marriage proposal in an early draft, which thankfully did not survive to the final version) and the occasional spot of slipshod fact-checking (he gets the job title wrong for a well-known Hollywood Reporter editor) that look especially bad given the demands of the subject matter.

Toward the end of the book, Farrow writes about a regular practice at the National Enquirer that had the publication buying up the rights to negative stories about famous personalities for the express purpose of burying them: "catch and kill." Given that reality, and the behaviour described at NBC, the fact that we're reading Farrow's book at all - as well as Kantor and Twohey's She Said, which in an echo of the reporters' original Weinstein scoop timing was published just before Catch and Kill - is a testament to the power of unrelenting journalism. A devastating and depressing and infuriating testament.

But a testament all the same.

Associated Graphic

Producer Harvey Weinstein leaves a New York courthouse in August. Ronan Farrow's book explores his investigation into Weinstein's alleged sexual assaults.

SHANNON STAPLETON/REUTERS

Wednesday, November 13, 2019
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Bills keep up solid start with win over Washington
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Monday, November 4, 2019 – Page B11

Rookie Devin Singletary had 95 yards rushing, including a two-yard touchdown, and the Buffalo Bills are off to their best start since 1993 after a 24-9 win over Washington. Josh Allen had a touchdown pass and scored on a one-yard plunge for the Bills, who improved to 6-2 - a record built on victories over some of the NFL's worst teams. The Bills' wins have come against teams that entered this weekend with a combined record of 7-31. And their latest came against a team that's already fired its coach and was down to its third quarterback, with rookie first-round pick Dwayne Haskins making his first career start. Washington (1-8) matched its worst start since 1998. Singletary took advantage of his most playing time this season, appearing to displace Frank Gore as Buffalo's featured running back. With three catches for 45 yards, Singletary had a team-leading 140 yards from scrimmage.

Allen went 14 of 20 for 160 yards, including a six-yard touchdown pass to Cole Beasley. Haskins finished 15 of 22 for 144 yards passing and no turnovers while starting in place of Case Keenum, who is in the NFL's concussion protocol.

STEELERS 26, COLTS 24 PITTSBURGH Adam Vinatieri missed a goahead 43-yard field goal with 1 minutes 14 seconds remaining, helping the Pittsburgh Steelers escape with a victory. Vinatieri, whose 55-yard kick last week against Denver gave the Colts their third straight victory, pulled his attempt left of the uprights as the Colts (5-3) fell out of first place in the AFC South. Mason Rudolph threw for 191 yards with a touchdown and an interception for Pittsburgh, and Minkah Fitzpatrick returned an interception 96 yards for a score as the Steelers (4-4) won their third consecutive game.

TEXANS 26, JAGUARS 3 LONDON Deshaun Watson's most impressive throw went backward - a flip under pressure to running back Carlos Hyde, whose seven-yard gain set up Houston's first TD in a 26-3 runaway over the Jacksonville Jaguars. Hyde finished with 19 carries for 160 yards for the Texans (6-3), including a 58-yard run that looked headed for a touchdown until Jags safety Jarrod Wilson stripped the ball at the two.

Watson, meanwhile, finished 22 for 28 for 201 yards and a pair of one-yard touchdown throws, along with 37 yards running. He did it all with his left eye still swollen and red, a week after getting kicked in the face just before throwing the winning touchdown pass against the Raiders.

PANTHERS 30, TITANS 20 CHARLOTTE Christian McCaffrey had 166 yards from scrimmage and scored three touchdowns, and Carolina bounced back from an embarrassing defeat with a victory over Tennessee. Kyle Allen, who threw three interceptions in last week's 51-13 loss to the San Francisco 49ers, threw TD passes of seven yards to McCaffrey and 12 yards to Curtis Samuel to improve to 5-1 this season as Carolina's starting QB. Carolina's defence forced three turnovers and sacked Ryan Tannehill four times one week after allowing the 49ers to run for 232 yards and four touchdowns.

DOLPHINS 26, JETS 18 MIAMI GARDENS, FLA. Ryan Fitzpatrick threw three touchdown passes, two of them to rookie Preston Williams, and Miami got its first win of the season by beating former coach Adam Gase and New York. Fitzpatrick completed 24 of 36 passes for 288 yards and led the Dolphins to their highest point total of the season.

It was also Miami's fourth straight win over the Jets - the first three of those coming with Gase being the coach on the winning side. Not this time. The Jets went 11 plays on the first drive of the game for a touchdown and a 7-0 lead, and their highlights were few and far between the rest of the day. The Jets (1-7) fell below Miami (1-7) in the AFC East standings based on the head-to-head tiebreaker.

EAGLES 22, BEARS 14 PHILADELPHIA Carson Wentz threw for 239 yards and one touchdown, Jordan Howard ran for 82 yards and a score and Philadelphia held on for a victory over Chicago. The Bears had just nine yards in the first half and trailed 19-0 before David Montgomery had a pair of one-yard TD runs to make it a one-possession game in the fourth quarter. But Philadelphia put it away with 16-play, 69-yard drive capped by Jake Elliott's 38-yard field goal. Wentz completed all four of his third-down passes on the drive for first downs. The Eagles (5-4) have won two in a row after a pair of lopsided losses. The Bears (3-5) have lost four straight.

RAIDERS 31, LIONS 24 OAKLAND Derek Carr threw a nine-yard touchdown pass to rookie Hunter Renfrow with 2:04 remaining and Karl Joseph broke up a fourth-down pass in the end zone with three seconds left to give the Raiders a win over the Lions in their first game back in Oakland in seven weeks.

After surviving an odyssey that forced them to travel about 32,000 kilometres for four road games and a neutral site game in London, the Raiders (4-4) came back home for the first time since losing to Kansas City on Sept. 15. They put on quite a show for the fans, who are hoping the Raiders can put together a successful season before their planned move to Las Vegas next year. Carr's clutch pass to Renfrow gave Oakland the win to start the crucial three-game homestand.

SEAHAWKS 40, BUCCANEERS 34 (OT) SEATTLE Russell Wilson hit Jacob Hollister on a 10-yard touchdown on the opening possession of overtime, and Seattle rallied for a win over Tampa Bay. Wilson continued his brilliant season, tying his career high with five touchdown passes as Seattle (7-2) overcame Jason Myers's missed 40-yard field-goal attempt on the final play of regulation and never gave Tampa Bay a chance in the extra session. Wilson was 5 of 8 for 70 yards in overtime, capping the winning drive by hitting the reserve tight end across the middle for his second touchdown of the game. Wilson finished 29 of 43 for 378 yards. It was his third career game with five TD passes and capped Seattle's wild second half after trailing 21-7 midway through the second quarter.

CHARGERS 26, PACKERS 11 CARSON, CALIF. Melvin Gordon scored two touchdowns, Michael Badgley kicked four field goals and Los Angeles dominated Green Bay. Los Angeles (4-5) snapped a three-game home losing streak in what was easily its best game of the year. The offence moved the ball consistently in Shane Steichen's first game as co-ordinator, and the defence kept Aaron Rodgers and the Packers out of the end zone until midway through the fourth quarter. The Chargers rushed for a season-high 159 yards and averaged 4.2 yards per carry.

Philip Rivers completed 21 of 28 passes for 294 yards and Mike Williams had his first 100-yard receiving day in his three-year career with three receptions for 111 yards.

Hunter Henry had 84 yards on seven catches. Rodgers was 23 of 35 for 161 yards as the Packers (7-2) had their four-game winning streak snapped.

BRONCOS 24, BROWNS 19 DENVER Fourth-year quarterback Brandon Allen sparked Denver's stagnant offence, throwing for two touchdowns in his first career NFL start and leading Denver past stumbling Cleveland. In his first start in 1,402 days, Allen threw a 21-yard pass to Courtland Sutton and a 75-yarder to rookie tight end Noah Fant, and Phillip Lindsay ran nine times for 92 yards and a touchdown. The Broncos (3-6) didn't truncate the playbook with Joe Flacco (neck) on injured reserve, and Allen threw for 193 yards on 12-of-20 passing.

Denver's defence stifled quarterback Baker Mayfield all afternoon as the Browns fell to 2-6.

Associated Graphic

The Houston Texans' Carlos Hyde charges ahead against the Jacksonville Jaguars on Sunday.

KIRBY LEE/USA TODAY SPORTS


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Gesundheit reimagines Jewish prayers for secular listeners
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On her next release, the indie-folk artist brings her own work as cantor to the fore, imbuing traditional songs with her ethereal sound
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By TABASSUM SIDDIQUI
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Thursday, November 7, 2019 – Page A16

When Daniela Gesundheit was a young girl growing up in Los Angeles, while her Jewish parents would attend their Reform synagogue, perched high up in the mountains, she'd often duck outside to partake in her own form of spirituality: communing with nature.

"I always had a hard time with communal religion," admits Gesundheit, an acclaimed singersongwriter best known for her indie-folk band Snowblink, noting that while she attended a Jewish day school and learned Hebrew through her youth, her family wasn't particularly observant, practising their own pieced-together traditions over the years.

So it's perhaps surprising that Gesundheit's new musical project isn't more of the dreamy melodic soundscapes that made Snowblink mainstays on the Toronto indie scene, but rather an album of traditional Jewish prayer songs usually performed during High Holidays services.

Born partly out of Gesundheit's work as a cantor (someone who leads the musical liturgical segments of Jewish religious services) at Toronto's Shir Libeynu congregation for the past 12 years, Alphabet of Wrongdoing maintains the original melodies and text of traditional Jewish prayers and blessings on the themes of reckoning, forgiveness, mortality and atonement, while reimagining them for a secular audience. Another twist: In Orthodox communities, these prayers are traditionally performed by men.

"I would sing this music every year in a ritual context, and be so moved by it, and feel everyone around me be so moved by it - I kind of avoided recording it for a long time, because it felt so important," Gesundheit says during a recent visit to Toronto for the High Holidays (she moved back to L.A. a few years ago, but returns often to reunite with her musical peers here).

Her path to discovering the beauty in liturgical Jewish music began during her time studying at Wesleyan University in Connecticut. She eschewed joining any of the Jewish groups on campus in favour of creating her own rituals, listening on Yom Kippur to every version of Kol Nidre (All Our Vows) - the Aramaic chant typically recited at synagogue on the holiday - that she could find at the school library. That appreciation for the deep poetry and strong melody inherent in Jewish prayer songs led her to write her senior thesis on the music of Jewish grieving rituals (renowned writer Maggie Nelson was Gesundheit's adviser after none of her male professors would take on overseeing the paper). After becoming a musician and moving to Toronto, Gesundheit found a spiritual home in Shir Libeynu, an inclusive synagogue space open to all, which has welcomed female rabbis and cantors over the past 25 years.

"Daniela brings soulful meaning to all the liturgy," Shir Libeynu rabbi Aviva Goldberg says.

"She is able to access the core meaning of the words of the prayers with an honest clarity and accessibility even for those who do not understand the language."

"I've always kept my cantorial work and other music separate for a long time, but a few years ago, it felt like I needed more integration, to bring those lives together," Gesundheit says. "The record's been done for a while, and it took me months to even send an e-mail about it to anybody - I was scared, truthfully, to be very publicly Jewish."

The initial seeds for Alphabet of Wrongdoing were planted a few years ago, when fellow Toronto musician Jennifer Castle asked Gesundheit to perform some prayers before a show in L.A. as a way of "purifying" the space. Afterward, "all these supercool art kids came up and wanted to talk about it, and the response was one of such curiosity and intrigue that it sparked the idea for me that it was possible to share this music with people and there could be meaning to it," Gesundheit says.

Alphabet of Wrongdoing features 18 tracks, most of which will be familiar to Jewish listeners used to hearing the prayers at synagogue services - although perhaps not quite in this way. Instead of the often forceful, booming presentation favoured by traditional cantors, Gesundheit's ethereal voice (which long-time friend and collaborator Feist has said is like "clear glass") underscores the solemnity of the material. Accompanying her are sparse but striking melodies and instrumentation from collaborators such as Dan Goldman (Gesundheit's musical partner in Snowblink), Basia Bulat, Sarah Pagé, Alex Lukashevsky and string arrangements by Owen Pallett, performed by the Macedonian Symphonic Orchestra. "I think the thing I'm doing that I haven't been able to find before is the ultratraditional melody sung not in an operatic, grandiose way, but just in my simple, whisperin-your-ear kind of voice," Gesundheit explains.

"It's important to me that it's for a secular audience," she says, noting that she listens widely to spiritual music that isn't from her own tradition, such as gospel and Hindu devotional songs. "Of course Jewish people resonate with it, which I'm so excited about, but it's not for religious spaces - I wanted these experiences to be for everyone."

Gesundheit recognizes she may face some backlash, particularly from more traditional members of the Jewish community who believe women are forbidden from singing in front of men.

"I've looked into that in Orthodox Judaism, and it all comes down to men not wanting to be aroused by women's voices, or that it was distracting from their spiritual pursuits," Gesundheit says. "So if I had been born 70 years earlier in my grandmother's shtetl in Lithuania, none of who I am would have come to be - I couldn't have done any of the things I'm meant to be here to do.

I'm so grateful I was born into the situation I was, but how many women's voices have we lost to that?" Disrupting the traditional paradigm of having a group of men singing in the centre of the synagogue also affects the way the meaning of these songs of atonement is understood, Gesundheit explains. "In the prayer Alphabet of Wrongdoing, you recite all the sins in alphabetical order - it's one thing for a group of men to stand up and say together: 'Oh, yeah, we've been bad,' like a frat," Gesundheit says, laughing, "but it's quite another thing to have a woman stand up who's maybe been the recipient of some of that wrongdoing - it's just a different perspective. I hope it cracks people open in an emotional way.

"Most people, even really observant Jews who might disagree with my approach, if they're paying attention they'd understand how important [this music] is to me," she continues. "I'm not trying to disrupt for fun or frivolity.

I've done some pretty deep investigations, and if I've made some changes, it's because I think they're meaningful changes."

Gesundheit, who plans to release the full album early next year, recently posted the first two tracks, All Our Departed (El Malei Rachamim) and All Our Vows (Kol Nidre), online and hopes to perform the songs live for audiences who might be more familiar with Snowblink than the synagogue.

In yet another take on tradition, she collaborated with Toronto clothing designers Horses Atelier to create a performance outfit made of Jewish prayer shawls.

For Gesundheit, a dual Canadian-American citizen, the rise of anti-Semitism and other bigotry both in her homeland and elsewhere around the globe make her new project feel both timely and necessary.

"I want to collaborate with the equivalent of me in a Muslim community, or other people who have reworked their tradition and are looking for all the ways we can come together and not pull further apart - I really hope that's what this [album] does."

Special to The Globe and Mail Daniela Gesundheit will perform a launch concert for Alphabet of Wrongdoing at the Music Gallery in Toronto on Jan. 30, 2020

Associated Graphic

Daniela Gesundheit, seen at the Toronto home of collaborator Johnny Spence last month, found a spiritual home in Shir Libeynu, an inclusive synagogue space open to all, after moving to Toronto.

GALIT RODAN/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


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Backup quarterbacks find their footing
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Fajardo, Evans and Adams Jr. stepped up after a rash of QB injury drama
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By DAN RALPH
THE CANADIAN PRESS
  
  

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Wednesday, November 6, 2019 – Page B16

Cody Fajardo, Dane Evans and Vernon Adams Jr. have made 2019 the year of the backup CFL quarterback.

All three began the season as backups, but when opportunity knocked, they answered the call and have become emerging CFL stars heading into the 2019 playoffs.

"That's the beauty of sports, you don't really know what you have until these guys get an opportunity to show what they can do," said Khari Jones, the Montreal Alouettes' rookie head coach and a former CFL quarterback. "I know how hard it is, how much you have to do to even be halfway successful.

"I root for quarterbacks even when they're on other teams, which is weird. But I know how tough it is, so I appreciate it when guys play at a high level."

Fajardo, Evans and Adams all got their chance to play because of injury. They've led their teams - Saskatchewan, Hamilton and Montreal, respectively - to a combined 38-16 record with the TigerCats (CFL-best 15-3 mark) and Roughriders (13-5) finishing first in the East and West. Montreal (10-8) is in the postseason for the first time in five years and will play host to Edmonton in the East semi-final on Sunday.

Quarterback injuries were a dominant CFL storyline as all nine opening-day starters went down. That forced every club to play backups, with some going three or four deep under centre.

"You'd like to keep the league's best players healthiest because they're the most exciting," Winnipeg offensive co-ordinator Paul LaPolice said. "But I think it's good to see people play, because when an older guy retires or moves on, people wonder, 'Who's the next guy?' "This is actually good, to see guys get opportunities to play so you can evaluate them."

Sophomore Nick Arbuckle was thrust into the spotlight June 29 when he rallied Calgary past B.C.

36-32 after starter Bo Levi Mitchell (pectoral muscle), the CFL's top most outstanding player last year, was injured.

Arbuckle went 3-3 under centre, and when Mitchell returned, the Stampeders (12-6) were still contenders in the West before finishing behind Saskatchewan.

Winnipeg wasn't as lucky. The Bombers were 7-2 and atop the West Division when veteran Matt Nichols suffered a season-ending shoulder injury.

Winnipeg went 3-6 with backup Chris Streveler. But veteran Zach Collaros rallied the Bombers past Calgary 29-28 at IG Field in their regular-season finale Oct. 25 and is expected to start in the West Division semi-final at McMahon Stadium on Sunday.

Collaros contributed to Fajardo becoming the CFL's feel-good story this year. Collaros was Saskatchewan's starter but suffered a concussion early in its seasonopening 23-17 road loss in Hamilton.

Fajardo came in and was 12-4 as the starter, resulting in Saskatchewan trading Collaros to Toronto in July before the Argos dispatched him to Winnipeg last month. With Fajardo ailing (oblique), rookie Isaac Harker led the Riders (13-5) past Edmonton 23-13 on Saturday to clinch first in the West for the first time since 2009.

Fajardo, 27, who'd been a backup previously with Toronto (201617) and B.C. (2018), threw for a CFL-high 4,302 yards with a stellar 71.5-per-cent completion average.

The Riders rewarded him in October with a two-year contract extension, and last week Fajardo was named the team's outstanding player nominee.

"He's a pretty humble guy, but he's got some swagger to him and some confidence," Riders rookie head coach Craig Dickenson said of Fajardo. "You just don't see it displayed on the outside so much.

"He comes from blue-collar roots and I think that shows through when he talks to people."

Fajardo admits this season has been a whirlwind. But he's intent on finishing it the right way - hoisting the Grey Cup.

"I don't think I'll realize what kind of happened until after the season," he said. "But honestly, I'll trade all of those things for a Grey Cup.

"There's nothing better than hoisting a cup over your head, which I've had the privilege to do [2017 with Toronto]. The bond you build in that locker room when you win a Grey Cup with guys, it's different, it's special."

Hamilton's historic season - the 15 wins are a single-season club record - appeared in jeopardy July 26. Starter Jeremiah Masoli, the East Division's top player last year, suffered a season-ending knee injury in a 23-15 home win over Winnipeg.

That forced Hamilton to look to Evans, a second-year player with one CFL start under his belt.

The Ticats were 5-1 with Masoli, their undisputed offensive leader who'd thrown for 1,576 yards and nine TDs while scoring four himself.

Evans, 25, lost his first start of 2019, a 24-19 road decision to Fajardo and Saskatchewan on Aug.

1. But he led Hamilton to five straight wins and nine of 10 over all before backups Hayden Moore and David Watford guided the Ticats past Toronto 21-18 on Saturday night to finish the regular season 9-0 at Tim Hortons Field.

The 6-foot-1, 218-pound Evans threw for 3,754 yards with 21 touchdowns and 13 interceptions.

He added 161 yards rushing (4.7yard average) with three TDs.

Hamilton's Orlondo Steinauer, who tied the CFL record for most regular-season wins by a first-year head coach, said the Ticats were quick to support Evans when he became the starter.

"Quarterback is by far the hardest position to play," Steinauer said. "You have to please everybody, and we have some guys who want the ball, which is great.

"But they've supported him, they've given him grace. Tommy [offensive co-ordinator Tommy Condell] has given him grace.

He's not going to play perfect [but] I haven't seen repeated mistakes. I'm proud of him, but not surprised."

Adams's path to success is much more compelling. Twice he contemplated retirement after stints with Montreal (2016), Saskatchewan (2017) and Hamilton (2018), which tried converting the 5-foot-11, 200-pound quarterback to receiver.

"I'm a Vernon Adams Jr. fan," Steinauer said. "I was fortunate to watch him in training camp last year ... what I saw was just a positive teammate who'd do anything.

"I remember him running routes, punting the ball. Just a fun person to be around. He's an easy person to follow and I see that in Montreal."

Adams Jr. re-signed with Montreal in 2018 after leaving Hamilton. He began the year as the Alouettes' backup but replaced injured starter Antonio Pipkin in the club's season-opening 32-25 road loss to Edmonton, completing seven-of-10 passes for 134 yards with a TD and interception.

Adams was 10-5 as the starter, guiding Montreal to second in the East Division and double-digit victories for the first time since 2012. He was named the Alouettes' outstanding player nominee (3,942 yards passing, 24 TDs, 394 rushing yards, 12 touchdowns).

"He's just a winner," Jones said.

"That's one thing you want to be known as a quarterback, a guy who finds ways to win games.

"He never gives up, he fights, he makes plays with his feet and throwing the ball."

Jones isn't surprised to see Fajardo, Evans and Adams all emerge as bona fide CFL stars.

"You almost have to see it because guys get older and guys change," he said. "Once you get that opportunity and show you can play, then the league kind of changes over.

"It's a fun time to see a new crop of guys develop, but it takes time. They were backups for a while, and now they're getting their opportunity and making the most of it."

Associated Graphic

Roughriders quarterback Cody Fajardo, right, was named Saskatchewan's outstanding player nominee last week.

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS


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Trump pushed for 'crazy' plan to trade military aid for Biden probes: Diplomat
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New disclosure at historic impeachment hearings reinforces U.S. President's key role in pressing Ukraine to discredit rival
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By ADRIAN MORROW
  
  

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Thursday, November 14, 2019 – Page A1

WASHINGTON -- In the first public hearing Wednesday of the U.S. congressional impeachment inquiry into Donald Trump, more evidence was added to the growing case against the President, reinforcing his central role in pressing Ukraine to discredit his potential Democratic challenger, Joe Biden.

The top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine says Mr. Trump pushed one of his emissaries for an update on investigations the President wanted Kyiv to launch into his Democratic political opponents.

After the previously undisclosed conversation, acting Ambassador William Taylor said that the emissary, U.S. ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland, confided that Mr. Trump "cares more about the investigations" than about U.S. policy in Ukraine.

Mr. Taylor, who testified alongside senior State Department official George Kent, laid out in detail a "crazy" plot to withhold nearly US$400-million of badly needed military aid to press Kyiv to announce the investigations. And both men made the case for why this effort - pursued through an "unofficial channel" of diplomacy that Mr. Trump's allies set up - undermined U.S. national security and foreign-policy goals.

"Withholding security assistance in exchange for help with a domestic political campaign in the United States would be crazy," Mr. Taylor told the House intelligence committee.

"I believed that then and I believe it now."

The historic hearings make Mr.Trump only the fourth U.S. president to face formal impeachment proceedings.

While much of the substance of Mr. Taylor's and Mr. Kent's testimony had already been revealed in closed-door depositions, the dramatic public airing of their disclosures has the potential to seize public attention and pave the way for the Democratic-controlled House to move forward with efforts to push Mr.Trump out of office.

In a July telephone conversation, Mr. Trump asked Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate conspiracy theories concerning Mr. Biden and supposed Ukrainian help for the Democrats in the 2016 election.

The inquiry is trying to determine whether this request - and Mr. Trump's alleged withholding of military aid - constitutes an abuse of power by soliciting foreign interference in the 2020 vote.

"The matter is as simple and as terrible as that," Democratic intelligence committee chairman Adam Schiff said.

"Our answer to these questions will affect not only the future of this presidency but ... what kind of conduct or misconduct the American people may come to expect from their commanderin-chief," Mr. Schiff continued.

Mr. Kent bluntly undermined Mr. Trump's argument that the President had legitimate reasons to ask Mr. Zelensky to investigate Mr. Biden, one of the Democratic candidates vying to face Mr.

Trump in next year's presidential election. Asked by Daniel Goldman, a lawyer for committee Democrats, whether there were any grounds to believe Mr. Biden had committed wrongdoing in Ukraine, Mr. Kent said "none whatsoever." He also said there was "no factual basis" for the conspiracy theory that Ukraine colluded with the Democrats in 2016.

"I do not believe the United States should ask other countries to engage in selective, politically associated investigations or prosecutions against opponents of those in power," Mr. Kent said.

"Such selective actions undermine the rule of law, regardless of the country."

From the time he arrived in Kyiv this spring, Mr. Taylor said, there was an "informal channel" between Mr. Trump's allies, including his personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani, and Ukraine that circumvented normal diplomatic contacts.

At first, he said, back-channel operatives tried to trade a White House invitation to Mr. Zelensky in exchange for the investigations. Then, over the summer, Mr.

Trump ordered the military aid to Ukraine frozen. Kyiv has relied on the help for its fight against Russian-backed insurgents.

Mr. Taylor said he learned from Mr. Sondland, the EU ambassador, that the President would not release the aid until Mr. Zelensky announced the investigation. Mr.

Taylor said Mr. Sondland claimed that there was "no quid pro quo," while at the same time telling him that Mr. Trump felt Ukraine "owes him something" and had to "pay up" before he would "sign the cheque."

By withholding aid, Mr. Taylor said, the U.S. was failing to help a key ally attempting to contain the Kremlin's authoritarian expansionism. The day after Mr. Zelensky's call with Mr. Trump, he said, he visited the front line of the Ukrainian fight against Russian-backed forces. "More Ukrainians would undoubtedly die without the U.S. assistance," Mr.

Taylor said.

Mr. Taylor revealed the conversation between Mr. Trump and Mr. Sondland that he only recently learned about from a member of his staff. The staffer, he said, overheard Mr. Sondland speaking by telephone with Mr. Trump the day after the President's call with Mr. Zelensky. Mr. Trump asked Mr. Sondland about "the investigations," Mr. Taylor said, and Mr. Sondland told him the Ukrainians were "ready to move forward."

Afterward, the staffer asked Mr. Sondland what Mr. Trump thought of Ukraine. "Ambassador Sondland responded that President Trump cares more about the investigations of Biden, which Giuliani was pressing for," Mr. Taylor said.

At a White House news conference Wednesday, Mr. Trump appeared to deny making this call.

"I know nothing about that," he said. "I've never heard it. Not even a little bit."

The President also said he had not watched even "one minute" of the testimony.

Jennifer Rodgers, a former federal prosecutor, said the conversation was significant because it undermines one potential defence for Mr. Trump: That his overzealous emissaries made demands of Kyiv without his approval. Mr. Taylor's account shows Mr. Trump co-ordinating the push.

"This is now the President himself saying this thing that they were trying to distance him from," said Ms. Rodgers, who now teaches law at Columbia University. "This is an important piece of evidence."

Republican members of the committee repeatedly pointed out that Mr. Taylor had not spoken directly with Mr. Trump, and his understanding of the bartering of military aid came indirectly from others.

Devin Nunes, the top Republican on the committee, also took up the conspiracy theories Mr.

Trump had pushed on Mr. Zelensky, saying that there should be a probe into "Ukraine's election meddling against the Trump campaign" and alleged that there had been a "three-year-long operation by the Democrats, the corrupt media and partisan bureaucrats" to take down Mr.

Trump.

Ravi Perry, chair of the political-science department at Howard University in Washington, said such a strategy at the hearing could prove effective. While the Democrats largely stuck to laying out a lengthy series of facts, the Republicans instead went for emotional attack lines that could play well as sound bites for their base.

"I wish I could say that the facts matter, that people realizing the details of the Ukrainian connection matter. In a normal, preTrump world, those facts would have mattered," he said. "But in the Trump world, what matters more is perception and winning the headline battle."

The hearings continue Friday with Marie Yovanovitch, a former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine who says she was ousted by Mr. Giuliani. Next week, the committee will hear from eight more diplomats and administration officials.

Associated Graphic

William Taylor, the top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, and George Kent, a State Department official, appear before the impeachment inquiry in Washington.

DOUG MILLS/THE NEW YORK TIMES

William Taylor, the top U.S. diplomat in Ukraine, appears before the House intelligence committee in Washington on Wednesday. Mr. Taylor told the committee that U.S. President Donald Trump withheld almost US$400-million in military aid to press Ukraine to announce an investigation into potential presidential challenger Joe Biden.

ERIN SCHAFF/THE NEW YORK TIMES

Left: House intelligence committee chairman Adam Schiff speaks with Devin Nunes, the committee's top Republican, during the hearings.

LEFT: SAUL LOEB/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES;

Above: Republican Representative Jim Jordan, seen arriving at the hearings, criticized the entire investigation into the President, lamenting that Congress won't get a chance to question the whistle-blower 'who started it all.'

ABOVE: J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE/AP


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Small investors face losses amid Toronto developer's debt woes
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Dimitrios Neilas faces legal fights on two fronts as his projects are now subject to court actions from creditors
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By SHANE DINGMAN
  
  

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Friday, November 8, 2019 – Page H7

TORONTO -- A real estate developer who raised tens of millions of dollars from dozens of individual investors bundled into syndicated mortgages to fund Toronto-area condominium buildings is facing an investor revolt on one project and insolvency on another.

Dimitrios (Jim) Neilas, chief executive officer of Storey Living Inc., is facing legal fights on two fronts as projects he has pushed - known as the Adelaide Lofts in downtown Toronto and the OpArt condos in Oakville - are now subject to court actions from creditors seeking to sell land parcels that he had hoped to make into condominium or rental properties. At stake are millions of dollars for small investors whose loans are not registered and not protected in an insolvency process, or in the settlement deals proposed by the debtors.

A review of court documents related to the projects shows that while Mr. Neilas and the syndicated mortgage lender controlled by him - Hi-Rise Capital Ltd. - for years purchased land and bundled small investors into syndicated loans, starting in 2017 his lending business underwent a "freeze" and the funds for his stalled projects dried up.

The cause of the freeze is not outlined, but in 2017 the syndicated mortgage business was attracting more and more scrutiny from regulators as project failures and financial losses related to Fortress Investment Group transfixed markets. In April, 2017, regulatory control of syndicated mortgages was transferred to the Ontario Securities Commission. In 2011, Mr. Neilas received a lifetime ban for dealing securities from the OSC related to real estate investment activities.

Amid the court documents is a scathing report filed by Ontario's Superintendent of Financial Services: "The Neilas entities have apparently received in excess of $13-million in fees from the funds entrusted to them on a failed project on which construction has not even started," reads a factum document written by John Finnigan, the lawyer for the Superintendent. "The Adelaide Project and a number of other similar projects were devised, promoted, developed, and administered by a vertically integrated series of companies owned and controlled by Jim Neilas and his family."

Noor Al-Awqati, the chief operating officer of Hi-Rise Capital Ltd. and principal mortgage broker for the company, denied some of those claims in an April 3, 2019 affidavit, saying Hi-Rise has received no fees from the Adelaide project since at least September, 2017. He admits to the 14 per cent commission paid on the initial investments, but said Hi-Rise transferred 10 per cent or 12 per cent of each commission to third-parties who referred the investors. He also said that after 2017 Hi-Rise was no longer taking in new syndicated investor money.

The Adelaide project began in in 2012, when Mr. Neilas submitted a rezoning application for 263 Adelaide St. W., Toronto, to put a condo tower on top of a heritage warehouse built in 1915.

On Feb. 18, 2014, a holding company controlled by Mr. Neilas registered a $40-million syndicated mortgage against the property. The syndicated mortgage was amended on July 10, 2015, to increase the authorized principal amount to $60-million.

In 2017, the Adelaide Street Lofts proposal was revised to feature a 47-storey tower.

After the "freeze," Mr. Neilas engaged the Bank of Montreal in 2017 to find a way out of its various loans, and while he was able to sell a nearby property, Adelaide languished and was removed from the market.

In February, 2018, the trust agreement (or syndicated mortgage) on Adelaide matured, but the 642 individual lenders - who had contributed between $25,000 to $893,000 each - did not receive their principal back, and since that time interest payments have ceased, according to affidavits from the lenders.

Late in 2018, Mr. Neilas and HiRise engaged in a deal to finish the condos in joint-venture agreement with prominent Toronto builder Lanterra Developments that would offer about $73-million for the transaction.

Because the terms of the deal would require substantial losses to the syndicate investors that Hi-Rise's loan documents do not appear to have foreseen, it needed to obtain permission from the lenders.

In March, Hi-Rise Capital made an application to the Ontario Superior Court of Justice under the Trustee Act, to appoint legal counsel from Miller Thomson LLP for the syndicated lenders in hopes of finding a restructuring deal investors could live with. According to filings, HiRise has loan participation agreements (LPA) and mortgage administration agreements (MAA) with the syndicated investors that are hazy on the subject of how to write-off a chunk of that debt. "The terms of the LPA do not appear to contemplate situations like this where Hi-Rise wishes to discharge the syndicated mortgage even though the proceeds being realized may not be sufficient to repay Investors in full," the filing from the court-appointed lawyers says.

By early 2019, Hi-Rise claimed the principal on the mortgage stood at $52-million and the unpaid interest owed to investors was $12.9-million. It had also taken out a second mortgage from Meridian Credit Union for $16.4million. The joint venture deal would fully pay off Meridian, but the non-registered syndicated investors would get only about 60 per cent of their principal back - and none of the interest owed - and even then, not right away (a $15-million no-interest debenture was offered to investors, payable in six years).

The deal preserves a 25-percent interest in the site for Mr.

Neilas's company (giving 75 per cent to Lanterra) and could see it receive $22.8-million if the project is finished. Lanterra's projected profit on a finished building was $66-million.

Miller Thomson recommended the lenders vote against this deal: "The sale and solicitation process for interest in the property was designed to maximize transaction value for the property, and not to maximize Investor recoveries."

On Oct. 23, 404 of the investors (61 per cent of the lending pool) were able to cast a vote to accept or decline the deal. Only 29 per cent (representing $10,202,272 in value) voted in favour; 70 per cent (representing $24,542,125 in value) voted against.

Neither Mr. Neilas nor any of the parties in the court documents who The Globe and Mail attempted to contact responded by press time.

In the case of the Oakville project, the failure to make interest payments on a small $2.5-million loan from credit union FirstOntario has resulted in the appointment of MSI Spergel as a receiver on the property.

Insolvency papers filed by Spergel show that in February, 2013, Mr. Neilas's companies 54 Shepherd Road Inc. and 60 Shepherd Road Inc. borrowed $15-million from Hi-Rise Capital Ltd., and then on May 16 of the same year added a second mortgage of $8-million.

Court records show that the $15-million loan ballooned to $35-million, and the $8-million loan now has a balance of $3.5million.

The FirstOntario loan came later, but was registered as the primary lender, which means the far larger syndicated mortgage - and the individual investors - are second-in-line for any repayment. That could mean that a sales process may not fully protect the investments of those individual lenders.

So far, excavation on only the Oakville site has begun. That pit is all Mr. Neilas has to show for the millions in loans from small investors, and his hopes of building about 200 condo apartments.

Thus far, the Oakville site has not been placed on the market for sale.

Associated Graphic

The 263 Adelaide St. development, above, is one of two projects for which Dimitrios Neilas purchased land and obtained syndicated loans. However, starting in 2017, Mr. Neilas's lending business underwent a 'freeze' and the funds for his stalled projects dried up.

RENDERINGS BY HI-RISE CAPITAL LTD.

So far, excavation on only the Oakville, Ont., OpArt project has begun, and that pit is all Mr. Neilas has to show for the millions in loans from his investors.


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Business leaders pay thousands to dine with Ontario Premier
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By JILL MAHONEY
  
  

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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Page A1

TORONTO -- Doug Ford had several private dinners with business executives who paid $20,000 each at a charity auction for face time with the Ontario Premier.

Two of the companies that secured access to Mr. Ford - technology firm OnX Enterprise Solutions and retirementhome provider All Seniors Care Living Centres - were also lobbying to do business with the province. In addition, after dining with Mr. Ford, real estate developer Sam Mizrahi asked for a meeting to discuss Ontario Place, the mothballed theme park the government is planning to overhaul.

The "intimate private dinner" packages provided deep-pocketed individuals and companies an exclusive audience with the Premier. The dinners are not subject to political fundraising rules since the funds went to charity, but raise ethical concerns because they are akin to trading cash for access, observers say.

The Globe and Mail requested government records relating to dinner packages with Mr. Ford that were auctioned off at the Toronto Police Chief's fundraiser last year under the province's Freedom of Information law.

A spokeswoman for the Premier said Mr. Ford is proud to support Victim Services Toronto, which helps crime victims and received money raised at the gala, but did not answer questions about whether he was lobbied at the private dinners.

"As he has said many times before, no one can buy or unduly influence Doug Ford," Ivana Yelich said in an e-mail.

Mr. Ford is planning to attend this year's Chief's Gala on Thursday and will again donate private-dinner opportunities, Ms. Yelich said. He is the first Ontario Premier to provide such an item for the auction, according to Allison Sparkes, a police spokeswoman.

Allowing wealthy individuals and companies to pay for exclusive audiences with the Premier risks eroding the public's faith in government, even when the money benefits a charity, said Ian Stedman, a lawyer and government-ethics expert who is doing a PhD at Osgoode Hall Law School.

"It smells funky because it's a weird way for the Premier to give people access to him," he said. "As a premier, don't put yourself in a position where people can look at you and say, 'What are you doing? Selling access? What did you talk about?' " Duff Conacher, co-founder of Democracy Watch, called the dinners a clear case of trading cash for access, despite the charitable beneficiary. "It's still giving an opportunity for someone to buy access to you and that's the problem."

Ontario Integrity Commissioner J. David Wake declined comment on the dinners through a spokeswoman.

However, in previous annual reports, Mr. Wake urged MPPs to exercise caution when donating opportunities for face time to charity fundraisers. He recommended politicians reserve the right to later turn down purchasers if meeting with them would be inappropriate. (Ms. Yelich declined to say whether Mr. Ford contacted Mr. Wake beforehand or whether he asked to deny successful bidders if he saw a potential conflict of interest.)

The dinners with Mr. Ford were sold in a live auction last November after Mr. Ford gave a speech lauding police. The packages - for 10 guests at a Toronto steakhouse or Italian restaurant - were given a value of "priceless" in the item description, which noted that lobbyists must register with the Office of the Integrity Commissioner.

After the first three dinners sold quickly for $20,000 each, two more packages were added, and went for $21,000 each, Ms.

Sparkes said. A sixth dinner was sold for $20,000 several days after the event. However, only five meals took place after one was cancelled. In all, the dinners raised $101,000 out of the event's total of $653,420.

Other auction items included trips, sports games with Chief Mark Saunders and fishing expeditions and a lunch with federal Minister of Border Security and former Toronto police chief Bill Blair. MarieEmmanuelle Cadieux, a spokeswoman for Mr. Blair, said he was not lobbied at the events, but she declined to release the names of the successful bidders. Ms.

Sparkes said the lunch was sold for $8,000 and two fishing trips went for $5,000 each.

OnX Enterprise Solutions, which is also known as OnX Canada, bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as part of its "charitable contributions" to Victim Services, spokesman Roger Hamshaw said. He said the Torontobased IT company is a proud sponsor of the Chief's Gala. OnX president Paul Khawaja and other employees dined with Mr. Ford and Chief Saunders on March 20.

In early February, the company hired lobbyists from Hill+Knowlton Strategies with the goal of "bringing I.T. solutions to the government that will stabilize costs, reduce spending and improve the experience of users of government services," according to the provincial lobbyists' registry.

Mr. Hamshaw declined to answer questions about whether OnX executives lobbied Mr. Ford at the dinner and whether the company has had contact with government officials since the meal.

Government financial statements for the 2018-19 fiscal year show three payments to OnX Enterprise Solutions of between $111,000 and $116,000 each. Two contracts, signed in early 2018, were for ministry software and IT services and the other payment was for IT purchases for the Legislative Assembly, officials said.

Another dinner with Mr. Ford was purchased by Michael Kuhl, president of development at All Seniors Care Living Centres, when the company contacted organizers several days after the fundraiser, Ms.

Sparkes said. That meal took place June 4.

The Toronto-based company, which operates 31 retirement homes in five provinces and is developing several others, hired Loyalist Public Affairs in August, 2018, to lobby the Ontario government. Its goal was: "Discuss innovative solutions for improving healthcare and ending hallway medicine, including how retirement homes can play a role in freeing up hospital beds." (The relationship was terminated in August, 2019, according to the lobbyists' registry.)

Mr. Kuhl did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Mr. Mizrahi, who is building a luxury condo and hotel tower in downtown Toronto that is slated to become the country's tallest skyscraper, had dinner with Mr. Ford on Jan. 29, according to government records.

The next day, Mr. Mizrahi e-mailed the Premier's then-chief of staff to arrange another meeting, in part about Ontario Place.

Less than two weeks earlier, the government had said it was accepting proposals to redevelop the Toronto waterfront property into a "world-class" entertainment destination.

"I look forward to our continued vision in making Ontario and Canada even greater on the world stage and getting together again soon to discuss various initiatives including Ontario Place," Mr. Mizrahi wrote.

Mr. Mizrahi did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Another dinner was bought by Mina Bechai, chief executive of Synoptic Medical Assessments, which provides expert witnesses for legal cases. Mr. Bechai said he wanted to support Victim Services, which helped him after he lost his fiancée and best friend in car accidents. During his Feb.

26 meal, Mr. Bechai said he and Mr. Ford shared "personal stories," but did not discuss his business.

Colin Taylor, co-founder of aPriori Capital Partners, a private equity fund manager, said he bought a dinner with the Premier to support Victim Services and that his British-based company "has no dealings" with the Ontario government. In the end, Mr. Taylor was not able to attend the Oct. 9 meal and police event organizers donated it to others, he said.

In addition, George Friedmann, owner of the Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, bought a dinner package with Mr. Ford but a date could not be found in the time frame he wanted, he said. The meal was cancelled and no payment was made.

With a report from Stephanie Chambers

Associated Graphic

Ontario Premier Doug Ford stands beside Paul Khawaja, president of OnX Enterprise Solutions, at the 2018 Chief's Gala fundraiser in Toronto. An OnX spokesman said the company bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as a means to donate to Victim Services.

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Business leaders pay thousands to dine with Ontario Premier
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By JILL MAHONEY
  
  

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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Page A1

TORONTO -- Doug Ford had several private dinners with business executives who paid $20,000 each at a charity auction for face time with the Ontario Premier.

Two of the companies that secured access to Mr. Ford - technology firm OnX Enterprise Solutions and retirementhome provider All Seniors Care Living Centres - were also lobbying to do business with the province. In addition, after dining with Mr. Ford, real estate developer Sam Mizrahi asked for a meeting to discuss Ontario Place, the mothballed theme park the government is planning to overhaul.

The "intimate private dinner" packages provided deep-pocketed individuals and companies an exclusive audience with the Premier. The dinners are not subject to political fundraising rules since the funds went to charity, but raise ethical concerns because they are akin to trading cash for access, observers say.

The Globe and Mail requested government records relating to dinner packages with Mr. Ford that were auctioned off at the Toronto Police Chief's fundraiser last year under the province's Freedom of Information law.

A spokeswoman for the Premier said Mr. Ford is proud to support Victim Services Toronto, which helps crime victims and received money raised at the gala, but did not answer questions about whether he was lobbied at the private dinners.

"As he has said many times before, no one can buy or unduly influence Doug Ford," Ivana Yelich said in an e-mail.

Mr. Ford is planning to attend this year's Chief's Gala on Thursday and will again donate private-dinner opportunities, Ms. Yelich said. He is the first Ontario Premier to provide such an item for the auction, according to Allison Sparkes, a police spokeswoman.

Allowing wealthy individuals and companies to pay for exclusive audiences with the Premier risks eroding the public's faith in government, even when the money benefits a charity, said Ian Stedman, a lawyer and government-ethics expert who is doing a PhD at Osgoode Hall Law School.

"It smells funky because it's a weird way for the Premier to give people access to him," he said. "As a premier, don't put yourself in a position where people can look at you and say, 'What are you doing? Selling access? What did you talk about?' " Duff Conacher, co-founder of Democracy Watch, called the dinners a clear case of trading cash for access, despite the charitable beneficiary. "It's still giving an opportunity for someone to buy access to you and that's the problem."

Ontario Integrity Commissioner J. David Wake declined comment on the dinners through a spokeswoman.

However, in previous annual reports, Mr. Wake urged MPPs to exercise caution when donating opportunities for face time to charity fundraisers. He recommended politicians reserve the right to later turn down purchasers if meeting with them would be inappropriate. (Ms. Yelich declined to say whether Mr. Ford contacted Mr. Wake beforehand or whether he asked to deny successful bidders if he saw a potential conflict of interest.)

The dinners with Mr. Ford were sold in a live auction last November after Mr. Ford gave a speech lauding police. The packages - for 10 guests at a Toronto steakhouse or Italian restaurant - were given a value of "priceless" in the item description, which noted that lobbyists must register with the Office of the Integrity Commissioner.

After the first three dinners sold quickly for $20,000 each, two more packages were added, and went for $21,000 each, Ms.

Sparkes said. A sixth dinner was sold for $20,000 several days after the event. However, only five meals took place after one was cancelled. In all, the dinners raised $101,000 out of the event's total of $653,420.

Other auction items included trips, sports games with Chief Mark Saunders and fishing expeditions and a lunch with federal Minister of Border Security and former Toronto police chief Bill Blair. MarieEmmanuelle Cadieux, a spokeswoman for Mr. Blair, said he was not lobbied at the events, but she declined to release the names of the successful bidders. Ms.

Sparkes said the lunch was sold for $8,000 and two fishing trips went for $5,000 each.

OnX Enterprise Solutions, which is also known as OnX Canada, bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as part of its "charitable contributions" to Victim Services, spokesman Roger Hamshaw said. He said the Torontobased IT company is a proud sponsor of the Chief's Gala. OnX president Paul Khawaja and other employees dined with Mr. Ford and Chief Saunders on March 20.

In early February, the company hired lobbyists from Hill+Knowlton Strategies with the goal of "bringing I.T. solutions to the government that will stabilize costs, reduce spending and improve the experience of users of government services," according to the provincial lobbyists' registry.

Mr. Hamshaw declined to answer questions about whether OnX executives lobbied Mr. Ford at the dinner and whether the company has had contact with government officials since the meal.

Government financial statements for the 2018-19 fiscal year show three payments to OnX Enterprise Solutions of between $111,000 and $116,000 each. Two contracts, signed in early 2018, were for ministry software and IT services and the other payment was for IT purchases for the Legislative Assembly, officials said.

Another dinner with Mr. Ford was purchased by Michael Kuhl, president of development at All Seniors Care Living Centres, when the company contacted organizers several days after the fundraiser, Ms.

Sparkes said. That meal took place June 4.

The Toronto-based company, which operates 31 retirement homes in five provinces and is developing several others, hired Loyalist Public Affairs in August, 2018, to lobby the Ontario government. Its goal was: "Discuss innovative solutions for improving healthcare and ending hallway medicine, including how retirement homes can play a role in freeing up hospital beds." (The relationship was terminated in August, 2019, according to the lobbyists' registry.)

Mr. Kuhl did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Mr. Mizrahi, who is building a luxury condo and hotel tower in downtown Toronto that is slated to become the country's tallest skyscraper, had dinner with Mr. Ford on Jan. 29, according to government records.

The next day, Mr. Mizrahi e-mailed the Premier's then-chief of staff to arrange another meeting, in part about Ontario Place.

Less than two weeks earlier, the government had said it was accepting proposals to redevelop the Toronto waterfront property into a "world-class" entertainment destination.

"I look forward to our continued vision in making Ontario and Canada even greater on the world stage and getting together again soon to discuss various initiatives including Ontario Place," Mr. Mizrahi wrote.

Mr. Mizrahi did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

Another dinner was bought by Mina Bechai, chief executive of Synoptic Medical Assessments, which provides expert witnesses for legal cases. Mr. Bechai said he wanted to support Victim Services, which helped him after he lost his fiancée and best friend in car accidents. During his Feb.

26 meal, Mr. Bechai said he and Mr. Ford shared "personal stories," but did not discuss his business.

Colin Taylor, co-founder of aPriori Capital Partners, a private equity fund manager, said he bought a dinner with the Premier to support Victim Services and that his British-based company "has no dealings" with the Ontario government. In the end, Mr. Taylor was not able to attend the Oct. 9 meal and police event organizers donated it to others, he said.

In addition, George Friedmann, owner of the Windsor Arms Hotel in Toronto, bought a dinner package with Mr. Ford but a date could not be found in the time frame he wanted, he said. The meal was cancelled and no payment was made.

With a report from Stephanie Chambers

Associated Graphic

Ontario Premier Doug Ford stands beside Paul Khawaja, president of OnX Enterprise Solutions, at the 2018 Chief's Gala fundraiser in Toronto. An OnX spokesman said the company bought a dinner with Mr. Ford as a means to donate to Victim Services.

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Ominous signs for Vancouver's commercial real estate
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Part of why leasing has slowed is because the city is running out of room, especially bigger chunks of space many companies want
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By FRANCES BULA
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Page A6

VANCOUVER -- The official picture of Vancouver's office-tower scene is blindingly bright: almost zero vacancy, more companies clamouring for space, and near euphoria over the city's transformation from a resources-only town to a rapidly growing tech centre that is filling up commercial buildings faster than they can be put up.

But beneath the positive buzz, which was on full display at a major real estate conference in the city recently, there are some concerns at how leasing - and potentially the city's economy - is slowing down.

There are ominous clouds on the horizon, say some real estate analysts, ranging from the possible impact of global trade wars to the precariousness of WeWork, a company going through some high-profile struggles that was involved in the biggest downtown lease deal this year. There are worries the peak has been reached and the downhill is coming.

The slowdown is hitting the country's two major big office markets, Toronto and Vancouver.

But it could potentially have the biggest impact in Vancouver, where there has been explosive expansion in recent years. There are half a dozen new office buildings under construction - from Amazon's remake of the old Post Office on Georgia Street and Westbank Corp.'s stacked-boxlike tower across the street to the new Vancouver Centre II Tower on Seymour Street - and a potential wave of six more.

"Growth is decelerating down to zero. Downtown Toronto and Vancouver have been shifting to neutral," said Stuart Barron, the national director of research for commercial brokerage Cushman & Wakefield in Toronto. (Montreal started its office boom after the other two and isn't showing the same signs of braking yet.)

He noted that Vancouver went through an incredible boom during the past four years, with the downtown absorbing 730,000 square feet a year of office space, as companies expanded or new companies came to town - a 500per-cent increase over previous long-run growth averages. The vacancy rate for downtown office space is 3 per cent, an almost unheard-of rate and the secondlowest among major office markets in North America. (Only Toronto's is lower.) The vacancy rate for the whole region is 4.8 per cent, the lowest among area markets, including San Francisco and New York.

Downtown tenants absorbed about 180,000 square feet of space per quarter until the end of the first quarter in 2019. Since then, the absorption has dropped to 6,000 square feet per quarter in the six months, said Mr. Barron.

Maury Dubuqe, a senior managing partner at the Vancouver offices of Colliers International, said he is noticing a distinct gearing down, too.

"There's been a pause the last three of four months and some uncertainty these days."

After presiding over a mostly optimistic panel on North America's Hottest Office Market at the Vancouver Leasing Conference, JLL executive vice-president Mark Trepp acknowledged, as well, that the market has taken a "bit of a breather" in recent months.

"People don't know: Is this the beginning of a new trend or a bit of a pause?" he said.

Everyone at the conference stressed that part of the reason for the slower leasing activity is because the city and the region are running out of space, especially the bigger chunks of space that many incoming or expanding companies want. So there's no space to lease, which affects the statistics.

But that's not the whole story.

Mr. Barron noted that tech companies are still barrelling ahead and smaller companies are picking up space steadily in lower-rated buildings, but the big traditional sectors - law, accounting, engineering, financial services - are not.

"Medium-sized companies and more traditional drivers of growth are far less likely to expand within the current environment," he said. "Decisions to expand by some traditional industry sectors are being postponed in some cases."

More traditional companies are getting nervous about the increasing international trade fights, particularly between the U.S. and China, and a sense that prices are reaching their peak for office space, observers said.

Another factor: Vancouver's painfully expensive housing market. One leasing expert after another called it the number one threat to the city's economic health.

Then there's the WeWork issue.

The U.S.-based company operates on a model of leasing space at the going rate in existing office buildings, fixing it up to be appealing to people who want hip spaces that are available shortterm and in small chunks, and then renting it out at even higher rates - up to $100 or $120 a square foot. The highest price for a longterm lease in the newest office tower in Vancouver is $60 a square foot.

New York-based WeWork occupies or is committed to occupy a tremendous amount of space in the Vancouver region. It was the company behind the biggest lease deal in 2019, when it signed a long-term lease for 170,000 square feet in the under-construction B6 tower by BentallGreenOak and it has also committed to 77,000 square feet at Station Square in suburban Burnaby.

That's on top of 262,600 square feet that it already manages in four downtown buildings, including two Bentall towers, 42,000 square feet in the hipster Main Street tech hub owned by Westbank's Ian Gillespie and Hootsuite's Ryan Holmes, 52,000 square feet at Marine Gateway in south Vancouver near the Fraser River, and 59,000 square feet at Station Square in Burnaby.

But WeWork has been in turmoil recently, as it tried to take the company public this past August. The initial public offering failed because of investors' doubts about its profitability.

That doubt has led to public speculation that the company might run out of the money needed to pay for all the office space it has leased throughout North America - and that could affect the real estate market in many cities. In New York alone, WeWork is the biggest single tenant, with seven million square feet.

It's a tricky business, say brokers, because of its business model, where it takes on a multiyear lease and then rents space to temporary tenants.

"It's difficult to pair long-term liabilities with short-term commitments," said Ted Mildon, the director of leasing at Oxford Properties, as the conference panel pondered the future of the popular model of co-working spaces.

In spite of that, most brokers say they're still very enthusiastic about Vancouver's office leasing future, especially as the city continues to get stronger in the technology field.

It's far from the biggest techjob city in North America, where San Francisco, Seattle and Toronto come in ahead. But Vancouver was rated the fastest growing technology city in the 2019 CBRE report on technology talent, with a 43-per-cent growth in jobs the past five years.

A new wave of building developers appear ready to bet on that, knowing that 55 per cent of what is being built now is already preleased.

On the horizon: Bentall 7, Mr.

Gillespie's planned new building at the Creative Energy site on Beatty Street, a tower for the long-vacant West Georgia Street site owned by Austeville Properties, a potential office building on the former Plaza of Nations site near the city's main stadiums by False Creek, a new building at 1166 W. Pender St. by Reliance Properties and, if it ever gets approval from the city, a new tower next to Waterfront Station downtown by Cadillac Fairview.

There could be room for all of that, many think.

"We added 13,600 new tech jobs the last two years," said Mr.

Mildon. "Canada has good immigration policies, the city has good time zones, good language skills.

I feel like there's no stopping this train."

Associated Graphic

The leasing real estate slowdown could potentially have a big impact in Vancouver, where there has been explosive expansion in recent years

DARRYL DYCK/THE CANADIAN PRESS


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Browns hold off Bills to end four-game slump
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Monday, November 11, 2019 – Page B15

CLEVELAND -- Baker Mayfield threw a seven-yard touchdown pass to Rashard Higgins with 1:44 left as the Cleveland Browns snapped a four-game losing streak - and took some pressure off first-year coach Freddie Kitchens - with a 19-16 win on Sunday over the Buffalo Bills.

The Browns (3-6) rallied for a win that kept their season from completely collapsing. Cleveland survived more problems in the red zone, but sealed the muchneeded win when Buffalo kicker Stephen Hauschka's 53-yard field-goal attempt was short with 22 seconds left. Earlier, Hauschka missed a 34-yarder. Quarterback Josh Allen had two touchdown runs for the Bills (6-3), who were off to their best start since 1993. Mayfield finally delivered a clutch drive after Allen's one-yard sneak put the Bills ahead 16-12. On second-andgoal, he threaded his TD pass to an open Higgins, who had been suspiciously missing from Cleveland's game plan this season after being one of Mayfield's favourite targets last season. It was Higgins's only catch. Mayfield had his second straight solid game, completing 26 of 38 passes for 238 yards and two TDs. He didn't throw an interception for the second week in a row.

However, Cleveland struggled again to complete drives as the Bills stopped them on 12 plays inside the three-yard line, holding Cleveland to three points. Browns running back Kareem Hunt made his debut for Cleveland and picked up 74 combined yards. The 24-year-old was eligible after completing an eight-game NFL suspension for two violent acts, including shoving and kicking a woman while he played for Kansas City.

TITANS 35, CHIEFS 32 NASHVILLE Ryan Tannehill threw a 23-yard touchdown to Adam Humphries with 23 seconds left, and Tennessee Titans blocked a last-second field goal attempt to beat Kansas City and spoil the return of NFL MVP Patrick Mahomes. The Titans (5-5) only had a chance to take the lead after a bad snap by the Chiefs on Harrison Butker's fifth field goal attempt of the day.

The snap caught holder Dustin Colquitt by surprise, and he threw the ball away in desperation for an intentional grounding call, setting the Titans up at their own 39.

Tannehill scrambled for 18, hit Anthony Firsker for 20 yards and then found Humphries who ran in for the TD. Tannehill also ran for the two-point conversion for a 35-32 lead. The Chiefs (6-4) had a final chance with Mahomes. He drove them down, setting up Butker for another field goal try from 52 yards. Joshua Kalu blocked the kick with his left hand, and the Titans poured onto the field to celebrate.

FALCONS 26, SAINTS 9 NEW ORLEANS Matt Ryan passed for two touchdowns and Atlanta ended its sixgame slide with a victory over the Saints that stopped New Orleans's six-game winning streak. Atlanta's defence stunningly dominated New Orleans' normally stout offensive line. Coming in with an NFL low seven sacks all season, the Falcons sacked Drew Brees six times, with Grady Jarrett, Vic Beasley Jr., Adrian Clayborn and De'Vondre Campbell all getting involved. Jarrett finished with a team-high 21/2 sacks. It was the second time this season the Saints were held without a touchdown at home, but the first time with Brees under centre.

New Orleans also failed to score a TD in a 12-10 victory over Dallas in Week 4 with Teddy Bridgewater filling in at quarterback. Ryan, returning from an ankle injury that sidelined him in the game before the Falcons' Week 9 bye, was 20 of 35 for 182 yards.

RAVENS 49, BENGALS 13 CINCINNATI Lamar Jackson threw for three touchdowns in a near-perfect passing performance and added a sensational 47-yard scoring run, Marcus Peters got his third pick-six of the season - this one off rookie Ryan Finley - and Baltimore won its fifth in a row, routing winless Cincinnati. The Ravens (7-2) followed their eye-opening victory over the previously unbeaten Patriots by quickly pulling away from the NFL's last winless team.

It was the Lamar Jackson show from the start - a 49-yard completion on his first throw. His only incompletion in the first half was on a spike. Jackson finished 15 of 17 - a club-record completion percentage - for 223 yards and a perfect passer rating of 158.3, his second of the season. Jackson threw five TD passes and had a perfect rating during a 59-10 opening win over the Dolphins. The AFC North leaders have won five in a row for the first time since 2013.

BEARS 20, LIONS 13 CHICAGO Mitchell Trubisky tied a season high with three touchdown passes, and Chicago withstood a late charge by Detroit with Jeff Driskel filling in for injured quarterback Matthew Stafford, beating the Lions to snap a four-game losing streak. Detroit ruled out the 31-year-old Stafford hours before kickoff because of hip and back injuries, ending his streak of 136 consecutive starts. It was the first time he missed a regular-season game since 2010. Chicago improved to 4-5. Detroit (3-5-1) lost for the fifth time in six games.

BUCCANEERS 30, CARDINALS 27 TAMPA Jameis Winston threw for 358 yards and one touchdown, helping Tampa Bay rally to snap a four-game losing streak with a victory over Arizona. Matt Gay kicked three field goals and Peyton Barber scored on a one-yard run to finish a 92-yard, game-winning drive by Winston.

Barber's TD with less than two minutes left was set up by a booth review that determined Cardinals safety Jalen Thompson committed pass interference against Mike Evans in the end zone, giving Tampa Bay a first down at the Arizona one.

JETS 34, GIANTS 27 EAST RUTHERFORD, N.J. Le'Veon Bell scored a go-ahead one-yard touchdown early in the fourth quarter after a 33-yard pass interference penalty on DeAndre Baker, and the Jets rallied and then held on to beat the Giants for Big Apple bragging rights. Sam Darnold threw a touchdown pass to Jamison Crowder and ran for another score, and Jamal Adams scored on a 25-yard fumble return on a strip-sack as the Jets (2-7) bounced back from an embarrassing 28-16 loss last week at previously winless Miami. Daniel Jones threw a career-high four touchdown passes, but couldn't prevent the Giants (2-8) from losing their sixth straight game. It's their first six-game skid since 2014.

DOLPHINS 16, COLTS 12 INDIANAPOLIS Ryan Fitzpatrick scored on an 11-yard run in the first half and the Miami defence made a late stop to preserve a victory over Indianapolis. The Dolphins (2-7) have won two straight after a miserable start and earned their first win at Lucas Oil Stadium since 2013. Indianapolis (5-4) has lost back-to-back regular-season games for the first time since October 2018. With starting quarterback Jacoby Brissett out because of an injured left knee, the Colts offence sputtered. Indy gained just 300 total yards and Brian Hoyer was picked off three times, with Miami scoring 13 points off those turnovers.

STEELERS 17, RAMS 12 PITTSBURGH The Steelers defence spoiled Aaron Donald's homecoming and derailed the Los Angeles Rams' momentum in the process. The Steelers forced four turnovers - including a 43-yard fumble return for a touchdown by safety Minkah Fitzpatrick - in an ugly victory that pushed their winning streak to four games and dealt the Rams' chances of chasing down Seattle and San Francisco in the NFC West a serious blow.

Associated Graphic

Patrick Mahomes of the Kansas City Chiefs looks to pass against the Tennessee Titans in the second quarter at Nissan Stadium on Sunday in Nashville.

BRETT CARLSEN/GETTY IMAGES


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Where have all the female golf pros gone?
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Canadians Henderson and Sharp will continue to star on the LPGA Tour in 2020, but the supporting cast around them is disappearing
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By JEFF BROOKE
  
  

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Saturday, November 9, 2019 – Page S3

TORONTO -- C anada will have just two women playing regularly on the LPGA Tour in 2020, down from five this year, as many of the country's other top pros have stalled or regressed, fallen victim to injury or, in one case, quit the game altogether in a pique of despair.

The smaller contingent for 2020 is not a good sign for Canadian women's golf at the highest level but people in the game are hoping it is more of an aberration than a trend that should be of concern.

"It looks overwhelming but it's just one of those things," said Brittany Marchand, whose sophomore slump this year on the LPGA Tour relegated her to the second-tier Symetra Tour for 2020. "I don't know what the reason really was for everyone to kind of go off the rails at the same time."

Superstar Brooke Henderson and resurgent veteran Alena Sharp have easily kept their fulltime playing cards for 2020. Henderson, 22, has won twice this season and posted 10 other top-10 results, while 38-year-old Sharp sat in a respectable 54th place on the tour's money list heading into this week's Toto Japan Classic, the penultimate event of the 2019 season.

That is Sharp's highest finish since the peak season of her 15year LPGA career, in 2016, when she ended the season in the 41st spot.

With the two of them playing so well and garnering so much attention, especially nine-time LPGA winner Henderson, the casual fan may not notice the struggles on Canada's second rung of talent.

Marchand, Anne-Catherine Tanguay and Jaclyn Lee are among those coming off disappointing seasons.

All LPGA regulars in 2019 and in the prime years of their 20s, they finished outside the top 100 on the money list and lost their full-time cards.

"I think this year was ... a little bit of an outlier," Marchand continued. "I feel like every year with Canadian golf, with women's golf, we've been slowly improving. We've [been] getting more people on tour. There's just been a lot of aspects that just kind of happened all in the same year."

Marchand made two cuts in 17 starts as her efforts to improve her swing and distance backfired.

She had to return to the LPGA's qualifying school last month but didn't advance far enough in the three-stage marathon to win back her card.

Meanwhile, Tanguay and Lee were set back by injuries.

Tanguay, who played regularly on the LPGA Tour in 2016 and 2018 as well, announced recently she's taking next year off to recover from back and other ailments, tend to personal matters and "re-evaluate my priorities."

Tanguay's sabbatical also brings an end to her dream of representing Canada at the 2020 Olympics in Japan. Henderson and Sharp, Canada's two highestranked players, now are locks for the two spots available. They also wore the Maple Leaf at the 2016 Games in Rio.

Lee has a shorter (and more certain) recovery target. She shut down her rookie season in the summer with a wrist injury, but has resumed practising lightly and is expected to play in 2020.

As with Marchand, she's destined next year for the Symetra Tour, although she will be able to make five LPGA starts on a medical exemption.

"There are things you can control and things you can't. From our perspective, to lose any player, never mind a bunch of them in one season, is not ideal," said Tristan Mullally, head coach of the Canadian women's national amateur team and the "young pro squad," which comprises a handful of nascent professionals who show the most potential to reach or stay at golf's highest levels.

He pointed out most of the players who've had setbacks grew up together as amateurs and moved into the pro ranks at roughly the same time. "When there's a natural fall-off, it tends to also happen together."

To boost the things it can control, Golf Canada is hiring two assistant coaches for the amateur and young pro squads to fortify player development and better support team members during the playing season, Mullally said.

Statistics provided by the LPGA Tour show there's been an average of about eight Canadians a year with tour "membership" this century, with a high of 13 in 2000 and a low of five in 2015.

While not all members get to play full-time on the tour because of their status (all tours have a pecking order of priority to get into events), the numbers still clearly show a weaker representation.

The ebb in the women's game coincides with a surge on the men's side. Nine Canadians teed it up on the PGA Tour in the 2019 season, believed to be a record for the country, and eight have status for 2020.

Marchand, Tanguay and Lee were among the six women on the young pro squad this year.

As the three dropped off the LPGA Tour, no replacements stepped forward.

Former LPGA player Rebecca Lee-Bentham made a return to competitive golf after a hiatus of more than two years but she didn't win her card at Q school.

She's Symetra bound.

Former amateur star Maddie Szeryk, a dual U.S.-Canadian citizen who plays under the Canadian flag, launched her pro career this year and was the country's top performer on the Symetra Tour, reeling off four top-10 finishes and placing 19th on the money list.

Her success earned her a spot in the third stage of Q school, which wrapped up last Saturday in Florida, but she failed to secure one of the 45 LPGA cards for 2020 that were available. She'll have to return to the Symetra next year.

Maude-Aimée LeBlanc was Canada's other Symetra standout in 2019, finishing the season at 30th on the money list. But the veteran, at 30, has decided to pack it in rather than chase the LPGA Tour, where she played for much of this decade before losing her full-time playing privileges in 2018.

"Over time, I realized it wasn't my dream and it didn't make me happy even after good performances," LeBlanc wrote on her Facebook page in announcing her retirement. "I didn't like the person I was on the golf course and I've always wanted to do something more rewarding than hitting a little white ball."

LeBlanc's cri de coeur might symbolize the gloomy mood in some parts of Canadian women's golf these days, but hope always springs eternal heading into an off-season, with a fresh new year ahead.

The upside of players dropping down is that the feeder Symetra Tour will be well stocked next year with pros who've tasted the LPGA (including Marchand, Lee and Lee-Bentham) as well as promising up-and-comers such as Szeryk and rookie pro Selena Costabile. Their goal will be to place in the top 10 on the money list and earn a promotion to the LPGA Tour for 2021.

"It's still right there," Szeryk said of Canada's standing among golf countries. "There's still a lot of Canadians on tour, quite a few on Symetra. So you never know how many will make it to LPGA [after] next year. I think we'll encourage each other."

Associated Graphic

Brooke Henderson hits a shot during the final round of the Taiwan Swinging Skirts LPGA tournament last Sunday. The 22-year-old has won twice this season and posted 10 other top-10 results. However, the number of her fellow Canadians on the LPGA Tour will shrink next year.

PAUL LAKATOS/IMG/AFP VIA GETTY IMAGES


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Equestrian star suspended for positive doping test
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Tokyo Olympics spot in doubt for Canada's show jumping team as Nicole Walker blames result on drinking coca tea
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By ANDREW WILLIS
  
  

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Wednesday, November 13, 2019 – Page A1

TORONTO -- Canada's equestrian jumping team is likely to lose its invitation to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo after rider Nicole Walker tested positive for a banned substance, cocaine, at last summer's Pan American Games, a result she blames on coca tea.

Ms. Walker, 26, was a top performer at the Pan American Games in Lima in August and her scores helped the four-member show-jumping team qualify for the Tokyo Games.

On Tuesday, regulators at the Fédération Équestre Internationale in Switzerland announced Ms. Walker is provisionally suspended from the sport after turning in a positive result for benzoylecgonine, a chemical produced when the body metabolizes cocaine, from a test administered in Lima on Aug. 7, after the finals of the jumping competition.

Canada placed fourth in the event.

Panam Sports Organization, which governs the Games, is conducting a separate investigation into Ms. Walker's positive drug test.

Mark Laskin, the leader of Canada's equestrian jumping team at the Pan Ams, said Ms. Walker believes her failed test stemmed from drinking coca tea, a legal and common pick-me-up in South America.

Ms. Walker, the daughter of businesswoman Belinda Stronach, has appealed the finding. If Panam Sports upholds her positive test, her scores from the Lima Games will be dropped from the team's total, and the Canadian equestrian team will no longer qualify for the Olympics, according to people close to the team.

Ms. Walker declined to comment but said on Tuesday in an Instagram post: "I was shocked and devastated to hear about these results. I do not use illicit drugs, ever."

She continued: "My Canadian teammates, my team in the barn, our horses and I, have all put a lifetime of effort toward an Olympic goal and I would never do anything to jeopardize that for my teammates or for myself."

The stakes are high for the team, as the positive doping test and a cancelled trip to the Tokyo Games would mean cuts in funding from the Canadian Olympic Committee and the potential loss of corporate sponsors.

Ms. Walker is royalty in horse circles. She went into the Pan Ams as reigning Canadian showjumping champion. She is also the daughter of Don Walker, chief executive officer of autoparts maker Magna International Inc., and his former wife Ms. Stronach, both of whom made supportive statements on Tuesday.

Ms. Stronach runs a global horseracing business built by her father, Frank Stronach, a prominent racehorse owner and Magna's billionaire founder.

According to multiple people in the equestrian community, Ms. Walker is a hard-working and grounded athlete who does not use recreational drugs.

"Nikki is focused, dedicated and has enormous integrity," Mr.

Laskin said in an interview on Tuesday. He said the entire squad has supported Ms. Walker since she informed them of the positive test earlier this fall. "Nikki would never knowingly do anything to jeopardize her career or the team," Mr. Laskin said.

The FEI said on Tuesday that Ms. Walker exercised her right to request an appeal hearing before the Panam Sports disciplinary commission. "Once the disciplinary commission has made a decision on the disqualification of the athlete, and Team Canada's final placing, the FEI will be in a position to make any necessary reallocation of the Olympic quota place," the Swiss body said.

Teammates are rallying to Ms.

Walker's side and accept her explanation for the failed drug test.

"I am a very big fan of Nikki Walker. She is a very serious and highly disciplined equestrian rider," said equestrian veteran Ian Millar, who has represented Canada in a record 10 Olympic Games.

"She has represented Canada with honour and distinction.

There is zero, and I mean zero, chance of Nikki ever putting herself or her teammates in harm's way," he said.

In Lima, Ms. Walker placed fourth among 50 Pan Am riders, the best individual performance on a veteran Canadian jumping team and critical to carrying the entire squad to next summer's Olympics.

Over the years, Canadian equestrians have won five Olympic medals for jumping. The Tokyo Games could potentially be an emotional experience for the group, as three-time medallist Eric Lamaze is hoping to compete as an individual athlete after announcing this past summer that he is dealing with a brain tumour.

Prior to the Lima Games, Canada's athletes were warned that they are responsible for everything they ingest. Inadvertently breaking the rules has cost Canadian athletes in the past. Rower Silken Laumann and three teammates lost their Pan Am gold medals in 1995 after Ms. Laumann turned in a positive drug test from taking an over-thecounter cold medication.

In late September, Panam Sports said in a news release that 15 athletes tested positive for a banned substance. The body has already disqualified seven of the athletes for doping at the Games - three were stripped of gold medals - while athletes, including Ms. Walker, appealed the other eight tests.

The appeals are expected to be resolved by the end of November.

"Nikki is an outstanding team member and I am more than certain there is another explanation for this positive test," said Mr.

Laskin, but he added it is unclear how a positive test result that came from drinking coca tea would be viewed by regulatory bodies such as Panam Sports and FEI.

Coca leaves are the source of cocaine. However, the leaves can also be boiled to make coca tea, known in Peru as mate de coca. It is a legal drink with a mild kick. It is common for Peruvian hotels and restaurants to serve a cup of mate de coca to tourists to combat jet lag and altitude sickness.

Medical studies show drinking one cup of coca tea can result in a positive drug test for up to 24 hours.

For athletes, there's precedent of positive drug tests from coca tea. In 2005, for example, the Jockey Club in Britain commissioned a study of the beverage after several jockeys tested positive for cocaine and claimed it was a result of drinking coca tea.

There were three other athletes on the Canadian Pan Am jumping team - Erynn Ballard from Ontario, Alberta-based Lisa Carlsen and Mario Deslauriers from Quebec. Ms. Carlsen and Mr. Deslauriers, both 54, competed in the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, and Mr. Deslauriers also rode in the 1984 Los Angeles Games. Ms.

Ballard, 38, has not competed at the Olympics. She also had a strong showing in Lima.

Mr. Deslauriers said in a news release that Ms. Walker "is a great teammate - organized, professional, hard-working and always ready to help out. She is an outstanding ambassador for our sport."

He added: "I believe 100 per cent there is another explanation for these test results."

Ms. Walker and her horse were the country's featured jumpers going into the Pan Am Games.

"Wearing the red jacket brings added pressure, but it is an incredible feeling to have a whole nation behind you," Ms. Walker said in a news release this summer.

Ms. Walker delivered in Lima.

Her fourth-place finish was just short of bronze - she finished behind an American athlete by less than a two-second margin in a four-rider "jump off" for the final medal. Brazil's jumping team won gold, while Mexico took silver and the United States went home with bronze.

Associated Graphic

Nicole Walker, riding Falco Van Spieveld, competes in August at the Pan American Games in Lima.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES

Nicole Walker competes during the 2019 Pan American Games in Lima on Aug. 7. Ms. Walker has been provisionally suspended from competing on Canada's show-jumping team in the 2020 Olympics after testing positive for a banned substance.

RAUL SIFUENTES/GETTY IMAGES FOR FEI


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Equestrian star suspended for positive doping test
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By ANDREW WILLIS
  
  

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