Making the Business of Life Easier

   Finance globeinvestor   Careers globecareers.workopolis Subscribe to The Globe
The Globe and Mail/
Home | Business | National | Int'l | Sports | Columnists | The Arts | Tech | Travel | TV | Wheels

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

  This site      Tips


  The Web Google


  Where to Find It

Breaking News
  Home Page

  Report on Business



Read and Win Contest

Print Edition
  Front Page

  Report on Business




  Arts & Entertainment



  Headline Index

 Other Sections

  Births & Deaths






  Facts & Arguments




  Real Estate









  Food & Dining




  Online Personals

  TV Listings/News

 Specials & Series
  All Reports...

  Where to Find It
 A quick guide to what's available on the site



  Customer Service

  Help & Contact Us



 Web Site

  E-Mail Newsletters

  Free Headlines

  Help & Contact Us

  Make Us Home

  Mobile New

  Press Room

  Privacy Policy

  Terms & Conditions


Off the Vine

A brief history in wine
From the mountains of Iran at 5400 B.C. to winning awards in France

Around 6000 BC The first wines are produced in Caucasia and Mespotamia. Archaeologists claimed they had made a major step forward in understanding Neolithic winemaking when they found a yellowish residue inside a jar excavated at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe in the northern Zagros Mountains of Iran. The jar, with a volume of about 9 liters was found with five similar jars embedded in the earthen floor along one wall of a "kitchen" of a Neolithic mudbrick building, dated to ca. 5400-5000 B.C

3000 B.C. Egypt and Phoenicia start wine production. The wild grape doesn't grow in Egypt, but is likely bought through trade with Palestine.

Between 1000-950 BCAncient Greeks cultivate vineyards throughout Spain, Italy and the Greek Islands

During 50 BC - AD 500 Wine production grows to include most of Western Europe, Southern Russia and parts of Britain. After the fall of the Roman empire, wine was produced by Europe's monasteries

Mid 8th Century Emperor Charlemagne advances the art of wine. He orders that crushing of wine grapes no longer be done with the feet, but that a mechanical screw press be used. Wine is no longer to be stored in skins, but in wooden kegs instead. Viticulture becomes so successful during Charlemagne's reign that there is an excess of wine. Thus, "banvin" has to be imposed, which means none of the tenants could sell their wine until the lord had sold his own. 1200 Wine production is halted in Spain during Moorish rule, and is not started again until the 14th century

1224 King of France organizes the 'battle of wines'

Between 14th and 16th centuries Europe has no supply of clean drinking water, wine becomes a staple in the daily diet

17th century Champagne is invented. Improved glass-making makes wine more transportable and more easily stored.

Late 1800s Tragedy strikes European wine makers with the spread of phylloxera. The insect is a serious pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, forming galls on leaves and roots of grapevines. It is believed that this insect originated in the Eastern United States, where damage is now most prevalent on leaves of French-American hybrid grapevines. High populations of foliar phylloxera can result in premature defoliation, reduced shoot growth, and reduced yield and quality of the crop

19th and 20th centuries New world vineyards in California, Australia, South America and Canada gain international acclaim. Many of the vineyards are started by imported or hybrid grapes related to those in Europe.

sources: University of Pennsylvannia and Louis-Jadot's History of wine

7-Day Site Search

Breaking News

Today's Weather


Michael Posner
Ethnic laugh lines
Jeffrey Simpson
Health care: Do we know better than everyone else?

Paul Knox
The rise of anti-anti-Americanism


Editorial Cartoon

Click here for the Editorial Cartoon

Home | Business | National | Int'l | Sports | Columnists | The Arts | Tech | Travel | TV | Wheels

© 2003 Bell Globemedia Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Help & Contact Us | Back to the top of this page
[an error occurred while processing this directive]