HIV among injection drug users
Globe and Mail Update
Saturday, August 11, 2001
In 2000, 31.8 per cent of the 15 to 19 year olds that tested positive for HIV were also injection drug users (IDU).
The proportion of reported AIDS cases among IDUs increased from 8.3 per cent in 1995 to 21.7 per cent in 2000
From 1996 to 1999, the estimated number of annual HIV infections among IDUs in Canada decreased from 1,970 to 1,430.
The proportion of HIV-positive injection-drug-using women has been consistently higher than among men, Health Canada reports The proportion of IDUs among adult female positive test reports was 38.5 per cent in 2000; the corresponding figure among adult male test reports was 22.4 per cent.
Most positive HIV test reports among IDUs in 2000 were among those aged 30-39 years (39.2 per cent).
Results from a 1999 survey among 159 IDUs using the needle exchange program in Victoria, B.C., showed that 21 per cent were HIV positive. This was significantly higher than the prevalence rate of about 6 per cent found in a small study in the early 1990s.
Since 1995, approximately one third to one half of women who have newly tested HIV positive were injection drug users.
source: Health Canada, HIV/AIDS Epi Update, May 2001