· Born in France; has lived in Quebec since 1967
· Lived in Africa, worked in Switzerland and taught English in Japan
· Has held diverse jobs and has an interest in public administration and how it can be improved through new thinking
· Received a Bachelor’s degree in History from the University of Ottawa in 1992
· Earned a Master’s degree in Public Administration from the École nationale d’administration publique (ENAP) in Quebec City in 2004.