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Left, a service rig crew performs maintenance and repair work on an oilfield pumpjack and well head site near Halkirk, Alta.. Right, panhandler Scott Johnson uses a humorous sign to get a smile in Toronto.

The rich, the poor, and the chasm between

Census data released Thursday show recent immigrants victims of widening income disparity as middle class stagnates

Single-parent households on the rise

Single mothers in Canada surpass one million; average income for mothers rises while average income for single fathers dips

Immigrants fall behind, says Statscan

Recent immigrants to Canada can't get jobs in their field, hit by dot-com bust

Seniors wealthier than before

Poverty down, incomes up among today's seniors compared to 25 years ago, census data reveal

Women better educated, still paid less: Statscan

Gender gap holds steady as booming oil, construction trades line pockets of male workers

Economic policies have failed the poor: critics

Census data show that rich get richer, poor get poorer, and middle class stays the same

Eight in 10 Canadians grant Statscan access to their tax records: census

Direct access to those records went a long way to improving the quality of the income and earnings data released Thursday, Statistics Canada said

Canada's visible minorities top five million

South Asians surpass Chinese as Canada's largest minority, new census data show; nearly half of Torontonians are visible minorities

Interactive map


Education, employment & commuting Popup

Local numbers on education, workforce age and how we get to work

Census 2006

John Lehmann

Learning to speak

The struggle to keep aboriginal languages alive

Reader feedback


Coming to Canada

Share your experiences of starting a new life in a new land

Immigrants in 'survival jobs' look for more

Armed with an MBA, Mohammad Bajwa, works as a security guard while looking for a job in a bank

Torch and twang helping ESL students learn language

Innovative new language program for skilled immigrants uses country and western songs, classical music to teach complex grammatical concepts


May 1, 2008: Income and Earnings 

Highly educated but poorly paid

Immigrants still lag in earnings, census data show

April 2, 2008: Ethnic Origin and Minorities 

Census: Wealth gap exposes fresh labour challenge

Immigrants, native-born youngest male adults will be identified by census as prime victims of 25-year trend in widening income inequality

Interracial relationships rise 30 per cent in five years

Represent a powerful and growing segment of the country's increasingly multicultural mosaic

Suburbs place to be for many workers: census

Fewer workers are concentrated in the downtown core of Canada's largest cities

Work force getting older, census shows

As baby boomers settle into retirement, the spectre of a labour shortage looms, analysts say

Facing up to a new identity

At five million and growing, visible minorities are maintaining ever stronger ties to their own culture

March 4, 2008: Labour Market and Education 

Immigrants better educated than general population

Newcomers account for half of those with PhDs in Canada

Men doing more dishes, but women still take on the lion's share

When it comes to housework as an extreme sport, women are more than twice as likely to clock long hours than men

More Canadians helping the seniors in their lives

More Canadians juggling work, responsibility for seniors, latest census figures suggest

Alberta draws in the best and brightest

While Alberta's booming economy benefits, other provinces worry about losing their best and brightest after footing the bill for education, 2006 census shows

Commuters stick to their cars instead of boarding public transit

Over the past five years only 216,000 more people decided to climb aboard public transit in Canada to get to work

More immigrants live and work in mother tongue

Large number of Canada's new immigrants are working in a native tongue which is neither of the country's official languages

Canada's changing work force: a snapshot

Employment growth the fastest among G7 nations as construction, energy and health-care sectors boost headcounts: Statscan

Men inch forward in housework, childcare, but still lag behind women: census

Divvying up of household tasks is more equitable than it used to be, but women still contribute more time to running the home

Jan. 15, 2008: Aboriginal Peoples 

Aboriginal numbers soar, census shows

Population of Indian, Métis and Inuit tops one-million mark; 45 per cent increase over a decade

'To forget and forgive'

Shirley Littlejohn recounts her difficult life on a Manitoba reserve, the residential school system that claimed her cousin, and the hope she has for the future

Definition of 'status Indians' questioned

Ottawa faces tough questions on how it classifies, spends on aboriginals

Being aboriginal vs. feeling aboriginal

Census seeks to distinguish between the two

Census offers detailed snapshot of aboriginals

But thousands not counted

Dec. 4, 2007: Language, Immigration, Citizenship 

Canadian census sees cities surging

The first wave of data from the 2006 national head count reveals Canada has the highest population growth of all G8 countries

Earlier Discussions: Census discussion

Director general of the census took your questions

Cities: Top 10 population growth gainers and losers

Milton, Ont., growth rate tops 71 per cent; Kitimat, B.C., falls by 12.6 per cent

The 64 languages of Census 2006

Statistics Canada made the Census available in 64 languages

Census gives Kitimat dubious distinction

B.C. mining town leads the country in declining population

Census highlights

Higher levels of immigration, Ontario and Alberta responsible for population increase

Sept. 12, 2007: Marital Status 

Canadians redefine the family

Latest census figures show significant increase in common-law and same-sex couples, single-parent households

No replacing traditional families

Canada's 2006 census shows that marriage is in decline, and common-law unions and single parenthood continue to grow. And that is not good for kids. Marriage is still the best framework in which to raise healthy, happy children.

Earlier Discussion: Census discussion

Director-general of census took your questions

Then they won't get married...

The number of couples choosing to live common law is outpacing those walking down the aisle, and many say their commitment is just as legitimate as any vows

Time to leave the nest

For past generations, people got serious — launched a career and started a family — in their 20s. Today, it is commonly reflected that the 30s are the new 20s. So what does that make the 20s?

Then your in-laws move in

A growing number of grandparents are sharing homes with the grandkids - many as part of a three-generation household

Earlier Discussion: The changing family

Timeline: Same-sex marriage in Canada Popup

Same-sex marriage

Voices: Same-sex marriage in Canada

Audio interviews with those who helped shaped the debate

July 12, 2007: Age and Sex 

Canada's senior moment

Work force aging so quickly that there are barely enough young people to replace those about to retire, Statistics Canada reports in age and sex portion of 2006 census

Earlier discussion: Seniors and the economy

The Globe's Heather Scoffield took questions

The challenge for employers

Aging work force will have businesses scrambling to retain experienced employees

Counting Canadians: The economic challenge of age

Within a decade, Statscan says, there won't be enough young people to replace those leaving the work force

The economic challenge of age

Within a decade, Statscan says, there won't be enough young people to replace those leaving the work force

Earlier discussion: The senior boom and Canada's economy

Globe reporter Heather Scoffield took questions

March 13, 2007: Population and Dwelling 

A nation of newcomers

The arrival of 1.1 million migrants gives Canada a population dynamic not seen since 1931. Most settle in or near major cities and have mother tongues other than French or English.

Canada's tenuous French connection

Soaring immigration rates, other factors put pressure on official bilingualism and French language outside Quebec, new census numbers suggest

Alberta's boomtown braces for more newcomers: census

Fort McMurray among the top destinations as Canadians move from around the country to work in the booming oilsands

Diversity at work: 77 employees, 27 languages

Engineering company proud of broad ethnic background of its employees

Toronto attracting many more new Canadians

The latest census stats show that immigrants make up 45.7 per cent of the Toronto area. Five years earlier, immigrants represented 43.7 per cent of the population

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